HEre begynnys a schort & breue tabull on thes Cronicles And ye must vnderstond yt eueri leef is markid vnder with A. on .ij.iij. &̄ iiij. & so forth to viij. all the letters. an what sum eu (er) ye fynd shortli writ [...]n in this table. ye shall find oppenli in the same letter.

  • ¶The ꝓheme. a. ij.iij.
    • The warke of the first vi. dais
    • Adam the first man.
    • Eua the first woman.
    • Seth son to adam.
    • Delbora sustre to Abell.
    a. iiij.
    • ¶Abell son to adam.
    • Cayn and Calmana sustre & wyfe to cayn Chaynan.
    • Malabeell Iaret Enoch of the line of crist.
    • Matusele Lameth of Cristis line.
    • Tuball the first grauer: Iabe fond Pauilions first. Neoma fond weuyng.
    a. v.
    • Noe. The ship The raynbowe
    • Chaam· Sem. Iapheth: noe his sonnys.
    a. sex.
    • Arphaxat and his childer.
    • Chus and his childer.
    • Sale and his sone.
    • Hebar and his childer.
    • Iacten Nemroth and Suphen the bylders of the toure of ba­bylon.
    a. vij.
    • ¶How gentelmen began.
    • Saruch of Cristes line
    • Belus kyng of babilon:
    • Ninus kyng of babilon.
    • Thare of the lyne of crist.
    a. viij.
HEre begīnes ye secūd ꝑt and continues to brute
    • Abraam and his brether and ther progeny.
    • Abraam wyues.
    • Melchesadeke kyng of salem.
    • Symyranus of babulon.
    • Ninus kyng of babulon.
    • Arrius kyng of babulon.
    b. one.
    • Ysaac of the line of crist. and of his wyues and his sonnys of Gomorra and Loth wife
    • Iacob of the line of crist and hys wyues and therprogeny.
    • Xerses kyng of Babulon.
    • Armauictre after him▪
    • Belocus kyng of babulon.
    • Innacꝰ the first kīg in grece
    • [Page]Phoraniꝰ kyng after him
    • Iudas of the lyne of crist
    • Beleus kyng of asserio (rum)
    • Athalas an astronomyer
    • Sarapys kyng of grekis
    • Omogires put first oxen to the ploughe
    • Beleus kīg of babulon.
    • Pharao kyng of egipt
    • Amythus kyng of babulon.
    b. ij.
    • Pharao kyng of egipt
    • Aram of cristes lyne iob the holy man
    • Moyses the iuge of israell
    • Aron the bysshop
    • Dasrus the kyng of babulon
    • Cicropos king of athenas
    • Amynadab of cristes lyne
    • Moyses the first iuge
    • Aron the first bisshop
    • Pharao kyng of egipt
    • Nason son to aminadab when the law of god wos yeuen in the synay
    • Salmen of cristis lyne iosue the iugge
    • Eleasar bisshop
    • Othonyell iugge.
    b. iij.
    • Aoth iugge.
    • Ianas the first kyng of ytaly
    • Amictus kyng of babulon.
    • Boos of the line of crist
    • Sangar iugge.
    • Delbora iugge
    • Phenyes bisshop.
    • Saturnus kyng of italy.
    • Pycus kyng of italy.
    • Gedyon iugge
    • Boccy bisshop
    • Abymalech iugge·
    • Tola iugge
    • Boccy bisshopp
    • Iae [...] iugge.
    • Rannus kyng of Ytali.
    b. iiij
    • Latinus kyng of italy.
    • Tauranus kyng of babulon
    • Laamydon kyng of Troy
    • The new syn of israell.
    • Osy bisshop
    • Ebessam iugge.
    • Abiolon iugge
    • Abdon iugge
    • Anthanys kyng of babulon.
    • Agamenon kyng in grece.
    • Eneas kyng of italy.
    • vlixes an eloquent man
    b. v.
    • Obeth of cristis line
    • Samson iugge
    • Iesse of cristes line.
    • Saull kyng of israell
    • [Page]Ascanius kyng of itali.
    • Syluius kyng of itali.
    • Off venys and homere
    b. vi
HEre begynneth the secū de parte and the kīgdō of bretan:
  • Albyon first womā that was in englond. b. vij & viij.
  • Brute kyng of bretan c i.ij.iij. & iiij
  • Lotrin kyng of bretan c v
    • Madan kyng of bretan
    • Memprice kyng of bretan
    • Dauit kyng of israel
    • Ab [...]athar bisshop
    c. vi.
    • Sala [...]on kyng of iues sadoch bisshop
    • Roboas kyng of iues
    • Achimias bishopp
    • Ieroboas kyng of israell
    • Asa kyng of iues
    • basa kyng of israell
    • Helathe kyne of israel
    c. vij.
    • Ebrac kyng of bretan
    • Brute grenesheld
    • Lyell kyngꝭ of bretan
    • Iosephat kyng of iues
    • Ochosias kyng of israell
    • Lud ludybras
    • Bl [...]dud kyngee of breten.
    • Ior [...]m kyng of iues when helias wos rauychd in to paradise
    • Asarias kyng of iues
    c. viij.
    • Ioram kyng of israell
    • Iehen kyng of israell
    • Athalia kyng of iues
    • ioam kyng of iues
    • ioathae kyng in israell
    • ioam kyng in israell
    • Leir kyng of breteyn
    d. i. & ij.
    • Amasias kyng of iues
    • iereboam kyng of israell
    • Ozias kyng of iues
    • Abdias a prophet
    • Zacharias
    • Phosaia kynges of israell.
    • Morgan & Conadag kynges of breteyn
    d. iij
    • Rygnold & Gorbodian kyngꝭ of breteyn
    • Ferres and Porres kynges of bretayn
    • Scater & Dawalier & Rudac kynges of bretayn
    d. iiij.
  • [Page]
    • Gloten.
    • Doneband and Belin and Brenne kynges of bretan.
    d. vi
    • Corumbatrus kyng of bretan
    • Ioatham kyng of iues.
    • Amarias bisshopp.
    • Olympyas war set in grece.
    • Acham kyng of iues
    • Ozee kyng of israell.
    d ·vij.
HEre begynneth the thrid parte and continues to the passion of crist.
    • Rome wos byldid by romulꝰ.
    • Ezechias kyng of iues
    • Sadoch bisshop.
    • Manasses kyng of iues
    • Numa kyng of rome.
    • Amon and Iosias the kyngꝭ of iues.
    • Azastas bisshopp
    • Tobias the holy man
    • Tulyus kyng of rome
    d. viij.
    • Nabegodonosar of babulon:
    • Ancus kyng of rome
    • Daniell the ꝓphet.
    • Ioathas and Ioachym and
    • Sedechias the kyngꝭ of iues.
    • iosedech pissh̄opp
    • Abacuke ꝓphet
    • The transmigracion.
    • Priscus tarquinus the kyng of rome
    e. i.
    • Nabogod kyng of babulon.
    • Seruyus kyng of rome
    • Regusar kyng of babulon:
    • Balthasar kyng of babulon.
    • Darius kyng of babulon
    • Cirus emprour of ꝑses
    • Tarquinus suꝑbꝰ kīg of rome
    • Lucres the wyfe
    e. ij.
    • How the romans gouernyng wos changed aft (er) the kyngꝭ.
    • Zorobobell the duke
    • Esdras prest
    • Cambises kyng of ꝑces
    e. iij.
    • Ereneides kyng of ꝑces
    • Darius kyng of ꝑces
    • Abiuth of cristis line
    • The senatours at rome were ordeyned.
    • Artharxerses and Xerses the kyngꝭ of parsa (rum)
    • Segdianus of parsa (rum)
    • Eliachym of cristis line.
    • Edras an holy man
    • Neomias the butteler
    • Permenides Socrates
    • [Page]Donnotritus and Ipocras philosophiers.
    • Azor of the line of crist
    e. iiij
    • Camyllus dictor of rome
    • Darius kyng of ꝑsi..
    • Plato a philosophir:
    • Titus dictator of rome
    • Gayus a senatour
    • Marcus a senatour
    • Arthraxarses kyng of ꝑses.
    • Amasus and Darius kyngꝭ of parses
    • Iudas bisshopp
    • iohannes a bisshopp
    • Aristotilis & Senocrate phi­lophiers.
    • Guentholen. Seisell Kymor
    • Howā Morwt kīgꝭ of breton
    e. v.
    • Grondobodian. Artogaill &
    • Hesid xxxiij kīgꝭ of bretan
    • Lud kyng of bretan
    e. vi
    • Sadoch of cristes line
    • Iudas bysshopp
    • Eneas bisshop
    • Manilius
    • Alexander kyng
    • Achim of the line of crist.
    • Symon bisshopp
    • Eleazarus bishop
    • Dolobela emylius marcus
    • Genucius cōsules of rome
    • Thelomeꝰ kyng of egipt
    • Elyud of cristis line.
    • Omias bishopp
    • Symon bishopp
    • Semꝓmꝰ. Appiꝰ Gu [...]us. artilius. senateurs of rome
    • Ptholoꝰ kyng of egipt.
    • Ptholoꝰ kyng of egipt
    • Haneball kyng of peno (rum).
    • Lucateꝰ. Semꝓ [...]ꝰ Fulmus
    • Capio consules at rome
    e. viij.
    • Epiphanes kyng of egipt
    • Antiocus kyng of [...]urri
    • Onyae bishopp
    • symon biship
    • eleasar of the lyne of crist
    • Onias bishop
    • Paulus▪ scipio senatours at rome.
    • philometer kyng of egipt
    • Mathothias an holy man.
    • Iudas machabeus
    • ionathas his brother
    • Anthiochus kyng of [...]u [...]ri.
    f. i.
    • Quitus
    • Marchus & Tyberius wer se­natours at rome.
    • Mathan of cristes lyne
    • [Page]Iohannes bisshop
    • Publius. Lucius lucius and
    • Luciꝰ senatours at rome
    • Ptholomeꝰ kyng of egipt:
    • Aristobolus kyng and prist
    • Alexander bisshop
    f. ij·
    • Seruiꝰ. lucius Fabius senatours at rome
    • Ptholomeꝰ kyng of egipt.
    • Iacob of the line of crist
    • Alexander wyfe and bishopp.
    • Hircanus kyng of iues
    • virgill the gret poete
    f. iij.
    • Oracius solustiꝰ Quintus &
    • Gayus consules at rome.
    • Pompayus. marcus. & iulius wer dictatours at rome
    • Caton. philosopher
    • Cassibelon kyng of englond
    • Androgen kyng of englond
    • Ioseph of the line of crist
    • Antigonꝰ bissh̄opp
    f. iiij & v.
    • Octouian emprour
    • The housbondis of seint anna
    • Herod ascolonyta
    • Kymbalin kyng of englōd.
    f. vi
HEre begynneth the iiij. parte continuyng to the comyng of the saxons.
    • Cristis natiuite.
    • Pilate the iuge.
    • pilatis natiuite
    • Ouidius. Naso
    • Tyberius the emprour
    f. vij & viij.
    • Mathia the apostill
    • Iudas scarioth.
    • The makyng of the crede
    • The iiij. euangelestis
    • Petre the first pope
    • Gayus emprour
    g. i & ij.
    • Gynder king of englond
    • Armager kyng of englond.
    • westmer kyng of englond
    • Coill kyng of englond
    • Claudius the emprour
    g. iij &̄ iiij
    • Iamys the apostill
    • Nero the emprour
    • Iuuenalis the poete
    • Lucanus the poete
    • Iamys the losse
    • Lynus a marter & pope
    • Galba the emprour
    • Otho emprour
    • vitelyus emprour
    • vaspasianus emprour
    • [Page]Cletus a marter pope
    • Titus emprour
    • Domician emprour
    • Clemens a marter pope
    • Nerua emprour
    • Traianꝰ emprour
    g. vi.
    • Anaclitꝰ a marter pope
    • Plenius orator
    • Euaristus a mart (er) pope
    • Alexander a marter pope
    • Sextus a martpr pope
    • Adrianus emprour
    • Eustachius emprour
    g. vij.
    • Thelesphorus a marter pope.
    • ignius a marter pope
    • Antonius emꝑor
    • Pompaiꝰ historiofragꝰ
    • Pius a martir pope
    • Auicetus a marter pope
    • Galienus a lech
    • Marcus emꝑor
    g. viij.
    • Lucie kyng of englond
    • Asclepades kyng of englond.
    • Coill kyng of englond
    • Constans kyng of englond
    • Constantin kyng of englond
    h. i. &̄ ij.
    • Octauyan kyng of englond
    • Maximian kyng of englond
    • Gracian kyng of englond
    • Constantyne kīg of englōd
    • Constance kyng of englond
    h. iij.iiij.v. and vi.
    • Sother a marter pope
    • Elentherius a mart (er) pope
    • Marcius emꝑor
    • Lucius· comodꝰ war emꝑors
    • Helius emꝑor
    • victor a marter pope
    • Zepherius a marter pope
    • Origines the clarke
    • colistus a marter pope
    • Antonius emꝑor
    • Antoniꝰ marcus emꝑs
    • Alexander emꝑor
    • vrbanus a marter pope
    • poncianꝰ a marter pope
    • Anteros a marter pope
    h. vij.
    • Maximianus emꝑor
    • gordian emꝑor
    • philip emꝑor
    • Decius emꝑor
    • Fabianus a marter pope
    • cornelius a marter pope
    • Lucius pope
    • gallus emꝑor
    • valerian emꝑor
    • Stephanus a marter pope
    • Sextus a marter
    • Dionisius a marter pope
    • [Page]Felix a martir pope.
    • Claudius emꝑour
    • euticianus a martir pope
    • Aurelius emprour.
    h. viij.
    • Tacitus emꝓur
    • Probus emprour.
    • Carus emprour
    • Diaclycion emprour.
    • Maximian emprour.
    • gayus pope and martir.
    • Arcellinus pope and martir.
    • Marceylus pope and martir.
    • eusibius pope and martir.
    • Melchiades pope and marter.
    • galerius emprour.
    • Syluester pope.
    • Constantyn the emprour
    • Seint Nicholas.
    • Athanasiꝰ made quicū (que) vult
    • Marcus pope
    • Iulius pope
    • Constantinus emprouro
    • Liberius pope.
    • Felix pope
    • Iulianus emprour
    • Ioninianus emꝓur
    • valentinan emprour
    • Domasus pope
    • valens emprour.
    • Augustinꝰ rethoricus.
    • syritius pope
    • Theodosius emꝑour
    • Claudianus poeta
    • Archadius empror
    • Honorius emprour.
    • Ierom the doctour
    • sanctus herachides
    • iohannes crisostamꝰ.
    • Anastasius pope.
    • innocenciꝰ pope.
    • Zozimꝰ pope.
    • Bonefacius pope
    • Celestinꝰ pope
    • Theodosius emprour
    • Sextus pope
    • Leo pope
    • Marcianꝰ emprour
HEre begynneth the v. ꝑte & cōtinues to the co­myng of the daynes
    • vortiger kyng of englond
    • vortimer kyng of englond
    i.v vi vij viij. & k.i.
    • Aurelambros kīg of englond.
    • vter kyng of englond
    k. ij iij iiij v & vi.
  • Arthur kyng of englond k. vij & viij. &̄ all. l
    • Constantine.
    • [Page]Adelbright
    • Edell
    • Curan
    • Conan
    • Cortif.
    • Guimond kīges of englond
    • Sycwith.
    • Elfride
    • Br [...]cinall
    • Cadewan
    • Edwyne
    • Cadwalyn
    • Oswald
    • Oswy kynges of englond
    all. m.
    • Offa
    • Osbright
    • E [...]le
    • seint edmond
    • Edelfe
    • Eldred kynges of englond
    n. i.ij and .iij.
Here begynneth the popis ye Emprours & othir noble thīgꝭ in the tyme of the saxons being in englond
    • Leo he first pope.
    • Hillarius pope
    • simplicius pope
    • Zeno emprour
    • Felix the thrid pope
    • Gelasius pope
    • Anastasius emprour
    • Anastasius pope.
    • simachus pope
    • Claudianus kyng of fraunce.
    • Honorius a pope
    • Iustinus emprour
    • Pricianus gramaticus
    • Iohannee pope
    • Feliy pope
    • Iustinianus emꝓur
    • Bonefacius the secund pope.
    • iohannes the secund pope
    n. iiij.
    • Agapitus a confessour
    • siluerius pope a mart [...]r
    • virgilius pope
    • sinodus quarta.
    • Pelagius pope
    • Iohannes the thrid
    • Iustinus the secund emꝓur.
    • Tyberius the secūd emprour.
    • Benedictus pope
    • Palagius emprour
    • Mauriciꝰ emprour
    n. v.
    • What tyme seint austyn come in to englond
    • Focas emprour
    • Gregorie the first pope
    • Saninianus pope
    • Bonefacius the thrid pope▪
    • Eraclyus emprour
    • [Page]Deus dedit pope
    n. vij.
    • Bonefacius the first pope
    • Machomite ye duke of sarisēs
    • Constantine the thrid emꝑour
    • Martinꝰ the first emprour
    • Eugenius a pope.
    • vitilianus a pope:
    • Adeodatus pope
    • Constantine the iiij emꝑour
    • Demus a roman pope.
    • Bonefacius pope
    • Agatho pope
    n viij.
    • Leo the secund pope
    • Benedictus the secund pope.
    • Iustinianus the secund pope
    • iohannes the v▪ pope.
    • Zeno pope
    • Sergyus pope
    • Seint beede.
    o. i.
    • Leo the secund pope
    • Liberius emprour
    • Leo the thrid pope.
    • iohannes the sext pope
    • iohannes the vij▪ pope·
    • Iustinianus the secūd emꝑour
    • Sysynnyus pope.
    • Constantine pope.
    • Philip the secund emprour
    • A [...]astasius the secūd emꝑour
    • Gregorius th [...] secūd emꝑour
    o. ij.
    • Theodosius emprour
    • Leo with Cōstantinne emꝑour
    • Gregorie the thrid a pope
    • Constantinus emprour
    • Zacharias a pope
    • Stephanus the secund pope
    o iij.
    • Paulus a roman pope.
    • Constantine the secund pope.
    • Karolus magnus
    • Stephanus the thrid pope
    • Adrianus pope.
    • Leo the fourth▪ emprour
    • Constantine the emprour
    • Nichohaus the emprour.
    o iiij.
    • Karolus magnꝰ ye first sent
    • Leo the fourth pope.
    • Lodewyke emprour.
    • Stephanus the fourth pope.
    • Pascall pope.
    • Eugenius the iiij pope.
    o. v.
    • valyntinus pope.
    • Gregorie the iiij. pope.
    • Letherius the emprour
    • Sergius the secund pope
    • leo the v. pope.
    • Benedictus a roman pope
    • lodewycus emprour
    • [Page]Iohannes a woman pape
    • Nicholaus pope
    • Adrianus pope
    o vi.
HEre begynnys the sext ꝑt continuyng to the co­mīg of the Normans
    • Alured kynd of englond
    • iohannes the viij pope
    • Karolus the secund emprour
    • Martinus pope
    • Adrianus the thrid pope
    • stephanus the .v. pope
    • Karolus the thrid emprour
    • Ernulphus emprour
    o: vij. &̄ viij
    • Formosus pope
    • Bonefacius the sext pope
    • stephanus the sext pope
    • iohannes the ix pope
    • Theodosius the secund pope.
    • iohannes the x. pope
    • Benedictus the fourth pope
    • Leo the iiij: pope.
    • Cristoforus the first pope
    • Lodewycus the thrid emꝑour
    • beringarius & Conradus were emprours
    • Kyng Edward mart (er) of ēglōd
    • sergyus the thrid pope
    • Anastasius pope
    • Laudo & iohannes the x. popes
    p. i.
    • Henri emprour
    • Adelstone kyng of englond
    • Edmōd kīg of englōd
    • Eldrede kyng of englond
    • Edwyne kyng of englond
    • Leo the sext pope·
    • stephanus the xi: pope
    • Martyne the thrid pope
    • Agapitus pope
    • iohannes the xij. pope
    p ij.
    • Edgar kyng of englond
    • Beringariꝰ the thrid emꝑour
    • Lotherius emprour
    • beringarius the .iiij. emprour
    • Leo the viij. pope:
    • iohannes the xiij. pope
    • benedictus the sext pope
    • Otto emprour
    • Otto the secund emprour
    • seint Edward of englond
    p iij iiij & v.
    • Eldred kyng of englond
    • swyne kyng of englond
    • bonus pope
    • bonefacius pope
    • benedictus pope
    • iohannes the xiij. pope
    • Gregorius the v. pope▪
    • [Page]Otto the thrid Emprour.
    • Siluester the secund pope.
    • iohannes the xviij: pope.
    • Iohannes the xix. pope.
    • Henricus the first emprour:
    • Benedictus pope.
    • Iohannes the xx: pope.
    • Knoght kyng of Englond.
    p: vij.
    • Edmōd yrenside kīg of englōd
    • Knought kyng of englond.
    • Benedictus the ix: pope
    • Conradus the emprour
    • Harold harefote of englond
    • Hardeknoght kīgꝭ of englōd
    p viij. q on ij. & iij.
    • Siluester the thrid pope.
    • Damasus the secund pope.
    • Kyng Edward confessour.
    • victor the secund pope.
    • Henri the secund emprour
    • Stephanus the .ix. emꝑour
    • Benedictus pope:
    • Henricus the thrid emprour.
    • Nicholaus the secund pope.
    • Alexandre the secund pope.
    • Harrold kyng of englond
    q iiij v vi vij &̄ viij.
HEre begynnis the vij ꝑt continuyng to our dais yt is to say to the regne of king Edward the iiij
    • Wyllm conquerour
    • Gregorius the vij: pope.
    • victor the thrid pope
    • vrbanus pope.
    • willm Rous kīg of englond
    • Henri Beauclerke kyng
    • henri the fourth emprour
    • Gelasius pope.
    • Calixtus pope
    • honorius pope.
    • Locharius emprour.
    • hugo de sancto victori
    • The ord (er) of sent iohn̄ baptist
    • Innocencius pope
    • Stephanus kyng of Englōd
    • Celestinus the secund pope
    • Lucius pope
    • Eugenius the secund pope
    • Petrus lumbardus
    • Petrus commestor
    • Fredericꝰ the first emprour.
    • Anastasius pope: all r.
    • henri the secund
    • Adryanus the iiij pope
    • Alexander the thrid pope
    • Lucius the thrid pope
    • vrbanus the thrid pope:
    • Gregori the viij:
    • Clemens the thrid pope
    • Richard the first kīg of englōd
    • henricus the v. emprour
    • [Page]Celestinus the thrid emprour.
    • Innocencius the thrid emꝑour.
    • willm of paris
    • Franciscus in itali
    s. i.ij.iij. & .iiij.
    • Kyng iohn̄ of englond
    • Fredericus the secūd emprour
    • Honorius the thrid pope
    • Kyng henri the thrid of englōd
    s. v.vi.vij viij. &̄ all. t
    • Gregorius the ix pope.
    • Celestinus the iiij pope
    • Innocencius the iiij pope
    • Thomas de aquino
    • Albertus magnus.
    • Eustacius
    • Boneauenture
    • Alexander pope.
    • vrbanus pope
    • Ricardus emprour
    • Clemens the iiij. pope
    • Gregorius the x pope
    • Innocent the v. pope
    • Adrian after him
    • Iohannes the xxi pope
    • Nicholaus the thrid pope
    • Rodulphus emprour
    • Martin the iiij emprour
    • Nicholaus del [...]a
    • Honorius the iiij. pope
    • Nicholaus the iiij. pope
    all u. & x i.ij.iij.iiij. & v.
    • Celestinus pope
    • Bonefacius pope
    • Benedictus the xi pope
    • Adulphus emꝑor
    • Albertus emprour
    • Clemens pope
    • Iohannes the xxij. pope▪
    • Henri the vij. emꝑor
    • Kyng edward the secund
    x. vi vij viij. & all. y and all z. and & .i.ij.
    • Lodowycus the iiij. emprour.
    • Iohanes maundeuell
    • Benedictus pope
    • Kyng Edward the thrid
    • Clemens the sext pope
    • Karolus the fourth emꝑor
    • Innocencius the sext pope
    • vrbanus the v.
    • Gregorius the xi. pope
    • wenselaus emꝑor
    • vrbanus pope
    • Bonefaciꝰ the ix. pope
    [Page] & .iij▪iiij.v.vi.vij. & viij and all 9. and all A capitall B C. & D. i.ij.iij. &̄ iiij
    • Kyng Richard the secund
    • Innocencius the .vii.
    • Robert emꝑor
    • Iohannes the xxiij. pope
    • Sigmūd emꝑor
    D. v.vi.vij.viii. and all E capitall
    • Kyng Henri the fourth
    • Martin the v.
    • Eugenius pope
    • Kyng henri the fifth
    • Felix the v: pope
    • Albertus emprour
    • Fredericus the [...]hrid emꝑor
    • Nicholaus the v. pope
    all F. G. and H. i.ii. iii and iiij.
    • Kyng henri the sext
    • Calixtus the thrid pope
    • Pryntyng of bokes
    • Pius the secund pope
    • Paulus a venicion pope
    • Sixtus the fourth pope.
    H. v.vi.vii.viii. & all I. and K. & so endith this boke.
Here endith the tabull

The Prolog

[...]N so myche that it is necessari to all creaturis of cristen religyon. or of fals religyon [...]s gētyles and ma­ [...] [...]homytes to knaw theer prince or prynces that regne a pon them. and the [...]m to obey. So it is commodyus to knaw theer n [...]ill actis or d [...]ys. and the circumstās of theer lyu [...]. Ther fo [...] ī the yeer of our lorde .M.iiijC.lxxxiij. And in the xxiij. yeer of the regne of Kyng Edward the fourth at Saynt Albons so that a [...]en may knaw the actys naemly of our nobull kyngys of Englond is cōpylit to gether thys book. &̄ moor ouer is translayt [...] latin ī to englich froom the beg [...]ng of the world the [...]ynage of crist: from Adā till it be cōm [...] to Dauid. &̄ from Dauid the kyngys of israel &̄ of Iuys: the h [...]gh byschoppys in theer days wyth the Iuges and ꝓphettis. The iiij pryncipall Reames of the worlde. that is to say of Babulon: of Perces. of Grekys. and of Romans. &̄ all the Emꝑoures of Rome or [...] by o [...]dyr and theer namys. and mony a no­tabull fadyr: wyth cer [...] of ther actys breuyatly as moor planly is dec [...]t in the chapytur n [...]t aftyr. And heer be rehersit the namys of the autors of whom thees Cronyclys ben translatte moost naamly. Galfridus Munmoth monke in hys boke of Brute. Saynt Beed ī the actys of Englond I [...]m̄ Beed in hys boke of tymys. Gyldas in the actys of Bretan Wyl­liam Malmisbery monke in the actis of kyngys of Englond &̄ bisshoppys. Cassiderus of the actys of Emꝑours and bisshoppys. Saynt Austyn de Ciuitate dei Tytus Lyuyus de gestis Romanorum Martyn Penytēcia [...]y to the pope in his Cronyclys of Emꝑours &̄ bysshoppys. And namly Theobaldus Cartusiencis contenyng in hys boke the progresse off all notabull fadyres from the begynyng off the worlde vn to oure tyme wyth the notabull actys of the saem. ¶In thys neew translacion ar contened many notabull and meruelles thyngys▪ &̄ the [...] been legged by auctoryte of mony famous clerkys

[Page]And that eu (er)y man may knaw how thes croniclis be ordyrt ye shall vndyr stond that this boke is deuidit ī to vij partys. Off the wych the fyrst ꝑte cōtenys from Adam till Brute cam in to bretan ¶The secūd parte contenes from brute cam fyrst in to Englond vn to the cyte of Rome was byld be romolꝰ. ¶The therd part cōtenes sethyn rome wos byld vn to Crist wos born of our lady mari ¶The fourth from thens vn to the cōyng of the saxons ī to englond ¶The fyft part from thēs vn to the cōmīg of the danys ¶The sext part from thens vn to the cōmyng off the normās ¶The seuīt part from the Normās vn to owr tym the wich is vndir the regne of kyng Edward the fourth xxiij yer whos nobull croniclis be custū may not be seen ¶And so in e (er) ­uy part of thes .vij. partes is shewed the most and necessary ac­tys of all the kyngis of Englond &̄ ther namys wrettyn abooe in the margent that euery man may fynd them soon. And afor the kyngꝭ of englōd actis be writī. ther is writī ye linage of crist from Adā till that crist was borne of our lady with the egh bysshopp &̄ the iuge that war ī that tyme. &̄ certan of ther actis ne­cessari. till it be cūmyn to crist wos borne. And aftir that cryst wos borne &̄ peter wos pope of rome is shewed be ord (er) the namys of all the popys and Emprours of rome afoor and aftir wyth certan off ther actis breuyatly. And mony other dyu (er)es thyngis &̄ in̄uellus ī thes mens days fallyng. And it is shewid eueri thīg in his place how mony yere it fell aftyr the begynyng of the worlde and how long afoor that Crist was borne. And when that I cum to crist wos borne then it is wrettyn how long any thyng fell aftyr the Natiuite of crist. And this is the ordyr off thys boke and the thyngis that be spokyn of.

And to men desyryng to haue aueray knawlech of thes Cro­nyclis or of any other hit is necessary to knaw sex thīgꝭ [Page] ¶The first is the statye of thīgꝭ. &̄ thos ben ij. con is fro the begynnyng of the world vn to cryst: the wych is cald the state of demacion. The secund is from cryst to the end of the world the wych is cald the state of reconsiliacion ¶The secund thyng is the diuision of tymys. &̄ thoo be iij. c [...]n is a foor the law of Moises. anodir is vndyr the law of moyses. anodir is vndyr the law of grace aftyr cryst dyed ¶The iij. is the gou (er)nyng of kyngdomes &̄ as for that ye most knaw that all thogh thar war iii [...]. principall kyngdōys that is to say of Babulon of Perses of Grecis & Romans neu (er) the lees os to the course of the world &̄ the ordyr of holy scriptur the fyrst gouernyng wos vndirfadyrs from Adam vn to Moyses. The secund vndir Iuges fro moises vn to saul The thyrd vndyr kyngꝭ fro Saul vn to Zorobobel. The forthe vnd (er) Bisshoppis fro zorobobel vn to crist ¶The iiij. is the diu (er)site of lawis and thos war .v. The fyrst wos the law of Natur &̄ that wos cōmyn to all men. The secūd is the law or the custum of Gētils when that vndir kyng Nyno be gan the pepull to worshype fals goddys. The thyrd vndir the law writtyn roos the law of Iues when circūcision diuidyt the iues from odir pepull. The iiij. vndir Crist roos thhe law of cristyn men wheen fayth and grace of the sacramentis informyd ye lyffe of mē. The v. vndir Machomyte roos the law of Sarysons &̄ torkys. The sext is the nobulnes or vnnobulnes in dedys. and as to thes it is to knaw that vij. ꝑsons be red of whom the dedys mony tymes har had in mynd in hystoryes. That is to wete of a Prince ī his reame. of a Knyght in batell. of a Iuge in his place. of a Bysshope in the clergy▪ of a Polityke man in the pepull. of an Hus­band man in an howse. and of an Abbot ī his chyrche. And of thes ar wretyn mony tymes the laudes of good men. and the punychmentis of the curssit men. The sext is the trew cowntyng of the yeris. and as to that it is to be knaw that ther war viij. maner of nombring or cōtyng of the yeris iii. aftyr the hebreus ii [...]. [Page] aftyr thee Greky. con. aftyr the Romans. and. con. now aftyr the Cristyn men. The hebreus iij. maner of wyse begynyth thar yere. aftyr the Hebreꝰ ther is the yere vsuall begynyng at Ianuary the wych they vse in connandys and bargans makyng. And the yere lefull begynnyng at Marche the wych they vse in ther ceimonyes. And the yere emergens from May begynyng when they went from Egypte. the vse in ther Cronyclys &̄ Calculacionis ¶The Grekys nomburth ther yeres iij. maner of wyse. fyrst to the glory and ioy of ther victory. Contyth thar yeres from the destruccion of Troy the fyrst the secund the therd the fourth etc ¶Then aftyr the cheualry be gon at the hyll of Olympus the notefied ther yeres aftyr the same Olimpiadū &̄ wat Olimpiodes is ye shall knaw after in tha boke. The iij. when they be gan to haue lordshyp of all the world they notefyed theer yeres thes māer of wyse. In the yere of the regne of grekys the iiii. the x. the xv. etc. as is it opyn in the boke of machabeorum ¶Then after the Romans gou (er)nyng the world. cōtyt or nō ­buryt ther yeres Ab vrbe cōdita ¶The last of all cristyn mē cowntitt ther yeres from the Incarnacion of Crist. and be cause we be criseyn men. we vse most to nomb [...] fro the begynyng off the world vn to crist wos borne. And fro crist wos borne. vn to our tyme. and this ordyr is kepyt in all the boke of euery thyng in his place as it is sayd a foor.

Pars Prima
Hic incipit fructus temporum

[...]E cause thys boke is mad to tel what tyme ony thyng notabull wos. Theer foor the begynyng of all tymes chortly shall be tochit. For thee wych aftyr docturs it is to be knawyn that .iiij. thyngꝭ war made fyrst. and in on ty­me and of oon age. that is to wete the Heuyn imperyall. An­gyls nature. the mater of the .iiij. Elementis. and tyme. And that docturs call the werke of the creacion. the wich wos made afor ony day or nyght: of the myghty powr of god: and wos made of nothyng ¶Then after foloyth the werke of the diuysion thee wich wos made ī iij. of the fyrst dayes: ī the wich is shewed the he wisdōe of the maker ¶Then after foloith the a rayng of this wark ī the wich is shewed the goodnes of ye creature the wich wos maed iij. of the next days foloyng. vt (pꝪ)patet clare ī textu. gen primo ¶The fyrst day god mad: &̄ deuidyt the lyght from the dyrke­nes ¶The secund day god mad: and ordanyt the firmamente and deuidyt the water from the water ¶The thryd day god mad in the wich he gedyrit the watrys in to oon place: and the erth to apperit ¶The fourth day god mad: ī the wich he ordant thee son the mone: and the sterrys· and put them in the fyrmament. ¶The fythe day god mad: in the wich he ordant fysshys and follis: and gret whallis in the awter ¶The sext day god ordant in the wich he mad best and man ¶The seuent day god maad and in that day hee restyt off all werkes that he had ordant. noot os in werkyng beyng wery. bot he sessit to make mo new creaturys. vide plura (genes )Genesisprimo.

Be it know that Adam the first man of whom it is written in this first aage next folowing: leuyd ixC yere and .xxx. and he gate xxxij sonnis and as mony doghtires

Anno mūdi .i. Et ante xpī natiuitatē .vM.C.lxxxxix.

Adam Eua

Here begīnith the first aage durīg to the flood of Noe

In the fyrst yere of the world the sext day god maad Adam. ī the feld of Damascen. &̄ Eua of his rybbes putiyng them ī ꝑadyse. and bad them to kepe heys cōmandment that they shuld not ete off the frute of lyffe: vndyr the payn of dethe. and the same day when they had synnyt a noon he kest them owte of paradyse in to the lond of cursitnes that the shuld lyff ther wyth swetyng &̄ sorow tyll thei dyed. vide plura gen. primo. ¶This Adam wos an holy man: all the dayes of his lyfe. gret penance and deyly he dide. and he commandyt his chyldyr to lyff ryghtwysly. and naamly that they shuld auoyd in all wyse from the cumpany off Cayn: and his chyldyrn. ner that they shuld not mary wyth non̄ of them. This man Adam wos owr fyrst fadyr. and for co syn he put vs from paradyse. bot throw his holy conuersacion: and pe­nance: he gaff vs an exampull to cum to the kyngdom of heuyn And he that wyll nott folow hys holy conuersacion &̄ exampull. for co syn ryghtwysly he can not complayn on hym in so mych as we doo many. [...]eth son to Adam wos borne aftyr the begyn­nyng of the world .C. and xxx. yere and leuyd .ixC xij. bot moyses ower skeppis a .C. yere of thos in the wich Abell weppit ī the vaale of plorocion: ny ebron▪ this Seth for the oyle of mercy to be gettyn went to paradise. [...]elbora wos syster to abell

[Page]Abell wos slayn of Cayn his brother. this Abell the fyrst marter be gan the chyrche of god. This man aftyr: austyn mad the cite of god. &̄ he wos the fyrst citysyn of that cite. & be cause that hee wos ryghtwis owr lord resauyt his offyring [...]alma­na wos systir and wiffe to Cayn. this cayn wos a cursat mane and he mad the fyrst erthli cite that eu (er) wos in this world: in thee wich: he put his pepull for drede in so mych os he vsit rauyn and violens for he trustit sych thingꝭ to be doon to him os dyd to odir ther for he put hym and his in to sekir place. this man slew hys brother abell for enuy. and he wos punyschyt of god: and wan­dyrt a bowte ī a dispare. &̄ efter wos slayn of Lameth ablynd mā

Anno mūdi iiijC.xxxv. Et an̄ xpī natī iiijM.ixC.lxxiiij.

ENos of the lyne of crist: leuyd .ixC. yere and v. this E­nos be gan to call the name of owr lord. hit myght hape he fond sum wordis of prayer. or mad sum ymages for god to bee worschippit as is now in the chyrche. Chaynā leuyd aftir ixC yere and .x

Anno mūdi vijC.lxxxxv. Et an̄ xpī natī .iiijM.iiiiC. &̄ iiii

MAlaleel of the lyne of crist leuid .viiiC.lxxxxv Iareth of the same lyne leuid .ixC lxii. Enoch of the saame lyne. leuid ccc. yere and lxv. This Enoch wos a rightwis mā and pleeset god. and for his grett holines our lord translait hym in to paradise. wher he leuis with Heli. in gret rest of bodi and saule. tyll the cummyng off Ante crist. Then they shall go for­th for the comfortacion off good men. And they shall be crow­nyt with the crowin off Martirdoome.

[Page]Matusele of cristis lyne leuyd ixC: lxix. This Matusale wos the olddyst man that euer ony scriptur has mynd of. for when hee had leuyd neer vC. yere. owr lord said to him: byld the an howse now and thu will. for yet thu shall lyffe vC. yere. And he ons­ward & sayd for so lytill a tyme as vC. yere. I will byld no howse bott rest vndyr trees and heggis &̄ ther slepit os he wos wontt to doo a for tyme.

Anno mūdi .M.iiijC.liiii. Et an̄ xp̄i natī .iijM.vijC·xlv▪

LAmeth wos of age vijC.lxxvij. This lameth the fyrst agaynes natur and good maners ordant that a mane myght haue .ij. wyffes in doyng of his a woytery. and he wos so or punyshit of them. for they gaff hym mony a strype. for it his so. that by what thing a man synnys: by the same he is punyshit ¶This lameth slow Cayn not wyllīgli. bot when he wos old and blynd. he wos lad of an child. the wich trouyt that he had se­en a wyld best. &̄ sayd to his master that he shuld schote. and so he slew Cayn. wher for he beete his chyld so soorthat the chyld also wos deed ¶And it is to be knaw that all craftys orscyens liberall. or hond craftis or of physike: seruyng to the curiosite off man: ar red that they wor foundyn of the chyldor of lameth. and for they dred the ꝑell to cum of the flood and the fyer. ther for Tuball grauyt the same craftys in .ij· pelours. the theon woos of marbull and tho odyr of tyell or breke. Tuball fond fyrste the craft to wyrke gold and siluer: and yrne. and wos the fyrste grauer that euer wos. Iabe fond fyrst tentoria for scheper dys and pauylyons for odyr men. Iuball fond fyrst the crafte to play a pon an harpe and organs. & odyr musik instremētis he vsyt. Noema fond the craft fyrst to weue lyne and wollyne clothe and to draw thredys of wooll &̄ flax. and a for that tyme the pepull vsytt the skynnys of bestys for ther clothys

Anno mūdi ·M.viC.xlii. Et an̄ xpī natī .iiiM.vC.lvn.

The shype of Noe had ī lenght iiiC. cubettis. ī bred .l. in alty­tude xxx. vide plura Gen. 6 knaw ye after doctoris that a conueniēt payn this tyme wos ordant to the world. For thē lechory habundyt the wych defollyt māys body. And ther by water the erth wos wasshyt and clēsud

In the signe of the promys that god mad to man that ther shuld neu (er) be sych a flod agayn. And the rayn bow has ii. principall colurs. the wich represēt the ii. Iugemē tis: The watyr colur repre­sentis the flode that is passit the fyeer colur be tokyns the Iugement to cū: &̄ fy [...]re the wych we certanli abyde

In the end of the world be cause couetues shall habunde: by fyer it shall be brenet: gold and syluer by the fier is wonte to be clens yt.


Here begīnith the secunde aage of the world durīg to habr [...]ham

This Noe wos a ryghtwys man and fond grace a nēdys god. When Noe wos vC. yere of age he had gettyn Chaam Sem and Iaphet that tyme by the cumandment off god he be gone to make a schyp. and he made it parfite in a hundyrth yere. And the .C. yer completyt our lord god apperyt agayn to hym. and commā ­dyt hym. that he wyth his wyffe &̄ his chyldyrn and the wyfes of them shuld entyr the schyp wyth all maner of bestys. and all maner of folis all so. etc.

And a noon the flod cam. and stode a bown all hillis xv. cubit­tis. vide plura gen .7. Aftyr the flode. a gret drunkīnes betyd [Page] vn to Noe. and thurgh the occasion of that drunkynnes he ble­ssit his ij sōis. Sem and Iaphet. for the fadyrs honor that thei haad to hym. &̄ for the honest shame that they couyrt meekly ther fadyr membyrs whan that he wos droyng. and his son Cham for his skornnyng and his vnreuerens he cursed. And heer aft [...]r sent Austyn: is mad the fyrst mencion of bondage. And of no­bulnes contrary to hit. for Noe sayd that Cham shuld be (ser)uand in bondage to Sem &̄ Iaphet. for his vnreu (er)ens. Nerye shall not trow that all that descēdit of Cham war vnnobull men. and of no power. for they be gan fyrst to be myghty men oon the erthe as it is opyn of Nemroth &̄ the kyngꝭ of Chanaon and asco (rum). Nerall of Sem and Iaphet war vertuꝰ and nobull and mygh­ty men when almost euerych oon fel in to the crime of ydolatry. and war oft tymes oppressit of odyr men. Bot this blessing and this cursyng has a respec to vertu and vyce. for the whe [...]cch a mā is cald truli a nobull man or a vnnobull man. for he that is vertuus is a nobull man. and he that is vnu (er)tuus is not nobull. The same maner of wyese. tho that foloyt the fayth of Abrahe rather war cald his chyldyr then the Iues the wich carnally descendit from hym. Neuer the leesse they had a spirituall preualeg of god for the fadyrs m̄yttis and his blissyng And of the [...] iij. sonnys of Noe: he beyng alyue. aftyr the hystory of Philoīs war borne .xxiiij.M. &̄ C· men with owte wemen and chyldyr. and the had oon them iij. Princes Nenroth. Iectan and Suphen.

Anno mūdi .ijM.iiC.xlii. Et an̄ xp̄i natī .iiM.viC.lvii.

SEm son to Noe the secund yere aftyr the flode gat ar­phaxat. &̄ odyr whyle he is cald Melchesedech. the wych fyrst after the flod mad the cite of Salē. &̄ now is cald Ierusalē Cham his brother obtenyt affr [...]can▪ &̄ gat sonnys ij Chus & Mescaym. and thes ij gat sonnys & dowttrys. and many a region [Page] wos of them and mony of them to vs be wnknaw. for the enhabytte in the occidētall ynd. Iaphz wos brother vn to cham and wos blessit of his fadyr. and he had vij sonnys. s. Gomer Magog Maday Ianā Tuball Mosog and Iras. And thes gat sonnys and doghtrys. and of them cam mony a region. vide plura gen. ih. Arphaxat son to sem leuyde iiiC xxx yere. &̄ gat Elam Assur Lud &̄ Arā. &̄ they gat mony a sone & doghter vt (patꝪ)patet gen. This assur be cause he wold not rebell agaynes god in the bylding of the towor of babulon as nemroth dide. Ther for he wos dreuyn vn to the lond of Sennaar a lond that wos st­rawnge to hym &̄ wos not afor enhabit. the wich wos callid af­tyr his name Assuria. &̄ ther he bildit a cite aftyrward namitt Niniue. the wich wos the metopolō of al the kyngdom of assuri (rum) [...]hus son to cham wos fadir to nemroth. this nēroth woe agyāt of .x. cubettis long &̄ he be gon to be myghty ī the world and he is callid a bus [...]wys hunter afoor god. this man be gon that wri­chyt vyce of couetues by hys tyrānyde. wyth the wych euer moor aftir this world is fulfyllyd. and the principall kyngdom that he had wos babulon. and he had archad. edissa. selencia. &̄ the lond of sennaar. Sale sone to arphaxat leuyd iiijC xxxiij yere and of hym in scriptur is no thyng wrettyn bot that Moyses nōburs hym in the lyne that cumys of cryst. ¶This Sale gat a son that wos namyt Heber the wych aftyr the hebreus had the sprete off ꝓphecy. And of thys heber the hebreus be namyt For the hebreus tong boode allon ī hys hows ī the ꝯfusion of the langage. And that langage was callid manys langage. the wyche eu (er)y man vsyett a for the toure of Babulon was bildyt ¶This Heberhade .ij. sonnys &̄ oon wos callyd Iectan a nother Phaleg this Iectan thurgh ensaumple of Nemroth descending froom Cam toke the pryncehood a pon the chyldrin of Sem. &̄ he had .xiij. sonnys. bot this pepul aftyr Iherom ar not knaw of vs for farnes of the cuntre or mutacion of the pepull or of sum other cause

Anno mūdi .ijM.viC.xliij. Et an̄ xp̄i natit .ijM.vC.lvi

Phaleg leuyd .ijC.xxxix. yeer this


Phaleg wos the yōger sone of hebar. &̄ ī his dayes wos made the ꝯfusion of langage. For in his howse a bood the olde tong allon: &̄ that wos ebreu wherfor aftyr Sant Austyn in hym appe­rith a greett stedfastnes of rygthtuys­nes. for this house wos free of that pa­yen. as not consentyng to the byldyng of the tour. Et (ser)m Augus. ther weer lxxij. generacions &̄ so ther war. lxxij langage. Iectan brother to phaleg of Sem Nemrothe Prince of Cam Suphen of Iaphet. Thes in Pryncis wyth thaer pepull gedyrid them to gedyr ī the felyde of Sennaar dreding the flood to cum a gayen. and sayde: let vs bylde a Touer. of the wych the altytude shal̄ extend to heuyn &c Gene. .ii. our lord saw the fulysh̄nes of the Towr of Babulō pepull: meruelusly for the payne of theer syn: he confundyt the tong of theym. so that no man vnderstood watt an other sayd. &̄ so they waer disparpuld by all the world. Of the malis of this Nemroth bookys be wrytyn full. &̄ after the ꝯfusion of the lang­age· he went to the lond of ꝑsis. and thor he toght them to worsh­yp the fyer as god. And he laft his sone belus ī babulon. the wych succedyt hym. and so fro thens his ꝓgeny obtenyt that kyndō. vn to the tyme of mony ayere aftyr: ¶This tyme be gan mōy kyngdōys. &̄ the most of them all wos the kyngdom of Scitarū bot ther war so rued pepull in it: that hit was neu (er) had in worship. [Page] And it wos amyghtty region of distās ¶A bowte this tyme be gan the kyngdom of Egypt. the wich wyth dyu (er)se alteraciōs māy tymes wos chongit. And it is spokyn of ofttymes ī scriptur Nobulnes or Gentilmen abowte this time be gan. And this nobulnes wos ordant for mony causis ¶The fyrst c [...]use wos necessite. for when mankynd grouyd soor. & men war redy to do il it wos necessari to wythstond the malys of cursit pepull. agōys good men. therof a man is callid a gentylman or a nobull man as be foor odyr in vertuys notabull. wher of Gerom sayth. I se nothyng ellis ī nobulnes or in gētilmen. bot that thay er bonden in a certan necessite: that thay shall not recede fro the vertu and the gentylnes of theer nobull awnssetory ¶The secuede wos the dyuse worsh̄yppyng of the pepull. For no man worshyppyt then. bot as his naturall reson gaff. &̄ they knew not rightwysly what they shuld worshyp. all though they leuyd pessabuly e­mong them self▪ for they war so dull of wytte that they culd ponder no gre [...]t thyng. bot that wos pubplychit be the commyn pepull. wherfor it wos expedient for ther peesse to be kepit. that they shuld haue pryncis of nobull byrthe ¶The thyrd cause ꝓcedit off sum senguler strength· Mony tymes the comyntees war greuyde thurgh ēnys comyng apon them And then they sayd. that who sū eu (er) wold defend them fro thes pellys. he shuld haue the ryght of nobulnes for hym &̄ his ayres for eu (er) more: And in this man (er) of wyse mony ar red to be nobull men ¶The fourth cause off nobulnes wos grett habūdans of good. sū tyme the pepull wos holdyn wyth grett penury of meete &̄ drinke. &̄ then they toke thē and thayres to sum rich man. that thurgh that conant they shuld tēꝑ the grete stratnes of ther hongyr. &̄ aftir that they shuld knaw hym as ther lord &̄ a nobull man ¶Also. ther be fond certayn nobull men be the ꝓuision of god. tho thay war bot fewe of the wych some a bood ī vertu as Dauit &̄ sū faylit a non as Saul &̄ Ieroboan. Also it is red that mōy war nobull men by [Page] tyrannyde &̄ violens of the wich sum war distryet a non. and sū a bood in stabulnes as Paynyms myght

Ao mūdi ijM.ixC v. Et an̄ xp̄i natī .ijM.ijC.lxxxxiiij.

SAruch lyneally descendyt from Adam to Abraham. and Nachor wos hys sone &̄ lyuid an hundyrth &̄ xlviij yere. And a bowte this tyme Ydolatri be gan myghttely. And yf ye reuolue &̄ loke the hystoryes ye shall fynd that iij. thyngꝭ principall broght men to ydolatri. that is to wete the affeccion that they had to deed men. Dreed &̄ flatyring a nendys thaer prīces &̄ the dyligens of craftimen a boute sculptures or grauyngis. dulys then entyrt the ydolis. and gaf ownswars to the pepull. and thes spretis cōformyt the errur of the pepull myghtily. In so mych that who sū eu (er) wold note cōforme hym to ther reson he shuld suf­fir the payn of deth. also wos addit to thes thyngꝭ: the dissauyng laud of poettys. the wych wrecchys and dampnyt men in to heuyn wyth ther gay writyngis exaltit. And that same tyme when du­lys be gan to speke so farly and so mekely to man. the good lorde of his grett marcy send his angils: that thay sh̄uld speke to hys eleckyt men in visibely. lest that all man kyne shuld ꝑych wyth that muscheuus errower. Belus sonne to Nemroth this tyme wos Kyng of Babulon. &̄ he was the fyrst kyng of this world. and this man wos he whom the errur of pepull fyrst trawit shuld be a god. wher for diuse pepull namyt hym diuersly. &̄ sū cald hym Bell. sum Baall. sū Baalim. sum Beelphagor. &̄ sum Beelsabub. and this vnhapy errur stood in man kynd moor thē ijM. yere. Ninus son to belus the secund kyng of Babulon or of assurio (rum) regnyt liiij. yere. and this Ninus desyryt to haue lordshyp &̄ worshyp. &̄ to that entent that he myght be lord of all the cūtre a boute hym: and he gaaffe batell̄ to all̄ that dwellit ne a bowte hym. And be cause that tyme the pepull wos rude: &̄ had [Page] not the connyng of feghtyng: nor armur. a noon he subduyt vn to hym all Asiam. &̄ ther wos maad the fyrst monarch ī the est ꝑti. &̄ when his hart wos sory for the deth of his father Belꝰ: hee maad to be maad to hym for his comforth an ymage of his fadyr to whom he gaafe so myghti reuerens: that what sum euer gylty man had fleed to that ymage ther shuld no man do vn to hym no hurte. And he pardonythim of all his trespase. And thurgh his ensampull: mōy a mā be gan to worshype the deed ymag of ther deer frendys. Then thees malicius spretis seyng the curiosite off the pepull: hyde them with in them: and gaafe onswars to the pe­pull. and said they war goddys: and commandit them to do reu (er)ēs vn to them: as god. thus that vnhappy syn of ydolatri wos broght in. the wich repugnyt myghteli to goddis magesty. &̄ ī so myche this madnes grew: that he shuld suffir the payne of deth: thatt sayd they warmen: bot goddys:

Anno mūdi iijM.C.xiiij Et an̄ xp̄i natī ijM lxxxv.

THare son to Nachor leuyd ijC &̄ v yere. this Thare aft (er) the deth of Aram went from vr of calde and passit in too Charram with his childyrn &̄ his neuens. and it is sayd be cause he woldnot worshipe the fier as Nemreth had taght he wos flemyt the cuntre. And the comyn oppynion of the Hebreus is that Nē roth regnyt ther the wich wos cald. a nodir name. Amraphel the kyng of Sennaar: wom long tyme after this Abraham awrcā vt dicitur. (Genes )Genesis.xiiij.

Anno mūdi iijM.C.lxxxiiii. Et an̄ xpī natiuitatē ijM xv:

Heer begynnith the deuoit &̄ holy story of owr Patriarkis the wich worshippit the u (er)ay god. &̄ ī ther worshipping thai taght it vide plura gen 12. vs (que) ad finē. this Abrahā a faithfull louer of god: wos born the xliij yere of Ninus kyng of babulō. & knaw [Page] ye that the lxxv yere of Abrahā thurght the myghty glori of the hee god:


Here begīnith the threde aage of the worlde durīg to dauid

the word of merci decēdit apon mankynd for then be gane to appeer the oraculꝰ of the ꝓmisse of god. vide aug. 16 de ci. de Itm gen ih. for this tyme holy ā gels apperit to vs ī form of mankynd ¶This abrahā had .ij. brether. Arā &̄ Nachor. &̄ aram gatt Loth a rightwes mā &̄ an holi. &̄ he de (ser)uyt to be visit with angels as his hunkil abrahā wos. &̄ for this loth abrahā smoot iiii. kyngꝭ for they toke loth vt gen 14. of whom on was said to be Nemroth bot he is cald heer amraphell ¶And abrahā had mony wiffes as Sarar &̄ agar. &̄ his childer &̄ his brether had mōy childer. bot for vs that writte cronyclis: it is not necessary to speke of all mē: bot of the noble faders. (sed) vide plrāfīe gen. Mel­chysedech this tym wos kyng of Salē. this mā wos cald a right wis kyng. for hys excedyng holines. &̄ he offirt bred &̄ wyne to abrahā ī signe of a gret mysteri. he wos also the prest of the he god Semyramis the thrid king of Babulō this ordāt an army &̄ went ī to ynde: &̄ obtenet that cūtre. &̄ so by all Asiam the kīg­dom of Assurio (rum) wos dilatit. &̄ he multiplied the cite of Babulō myghteli. &̄ maad wallis a bowt it. this Semyramis had a wyff &̄ he for soke hiir. &̄ it is wreten that sche wos slain of hiir sone Ninus. be cause sche ꝓuokit him to the vnleful cōcupicēs. sic dicit aug. 18 de ci dei. &̄ ye maister ī his storys sayes that sche weddit hiir awn son. &̄ he gat a child on hiir. the wich ordant bobu­lon to be the heed of his reme. Ninus the iiij. kyng of babulō wos son to gret Ninus. of this man litill is wreten bot that he slow his own modir as it is sayed a foor. Arrius wos the. v kyng of babulon. and vnd (er) hym wos borne ysaac.

[Page]Ysaac sone to Abraham of the lyne of crist leued .C.lxxx. yere. This Ysaac had a wife cald Rebecca. &̄ on hir hee gat ij: sonnys. Esau &̄ Iacob. this esau sould his enheritons to his brother Iacob. &̄ he wos the fadyr of Ydumeo (rum). &̄ he had in possession the hille of Seir. &̄ put fyrst maris to assys. wher of wos gēdyrte mulis ¶A bowte this tyme: xxx: lordschippis &̄ Gomorra forther horrobli syn war owerthrow. the wife of Loth lokyng bacward: turnet ī to a salt stone. shewis that no mā ī the way of deliberacion shuld desyre thyngꝭ past. hee augꝰ. de ci. dei▪

Anno mūdi iijM.iijC.xliij. Et an̄ xp̄i natī .M.viijC lvi

Iacob leued .C.xlvij yere this Iacob had iiij wyfes or sū ꝯcubynes that is to wete. Lyā. Balā. Zelphā &̄ Rachell lyam wos the fyrst wiff. &̄ she wos blereit. and she baar hym sex sonnys. s. Iudas. Rubē. Symeō. Leny. Ysachar. Zabulon &̄ a doghttyr that heyt Dina. Bala (ser)uand to lya and ꝯcubyne to Iacob baar him .ij· sōnys. s. Dan and Neptalim. Rachel the secūd wieff to Iacob wos barran long tyme. and at the last she bare hym .ij. sōnys. Ioseph and Beniamyn Zolpha (ser)uand to Rachel baar Iacob ij sōnys. Gad and Aser. and eu (er)ychoon of thes maad a trybe: of whom ī this place it is not necessary too speke. vide plura gen. Ioseph son to Iacob wos borne lxxxx yere of his fadre age & he leued .C. yere & on Xerses this tyme wos kyng of babulō vnd (er) whom wos born Iacob & he wos the: vij kīg of babulō. Armauictre wos kyng aft (er) him & aft (er) sent aug. in that mānys dayes our lord apperit to Ysaac: ꝓmysing him tho thyngꝭ the wich h [...] ꝓmysed to his fadre. Belocꝰ the ix. kyng of babulō wos aft (er) this mā & vnd (er) this belocꝰ or ī his tyme our lord speke with iacob promising hym that he had ꝓmysit to his fad (er) the wich war ij.s. the possessiō of the lond of ꝓmission & chanaan &̄ the bn̄diccion of al pepull ī his seed the wich is our lord thū crist [Page] Abraham a boute this tyme decessit &̄ wos bereed ī hebrō. Inachꝰ the frist kyng that eu (er) was ī Grees wos this tyme. foor then the kyngdō be gone. Phoronius wos kyng after hym and he ordant lawis to the grekys. etc.

Anno mūdi iijM.iijC.iiij. Et an̄ xpī natī .M.vnC.lxxxxix.

Ivdas sō of Iacob descēdit of hym: &̄ of this tribe of Iudas cā the kīgꝭ ꝓgeni &̄ at the last crist our lord ¶Iudas gat Phares &̄ phares Esrō. &̄ of thes mē litil his had īscript bott Math rehersis them. Beleus ī this phares days wos kyng of Assurio (rum) or of babulō &̄ he wos the .x. kyng. vnd (er) wh [...]m ysaac decessid Athlas the gret Astronomyer wos also the wich is said to beer vp heuyn on his shuldre: for the veray knaulech of ye sterris: Sarapis wos the thy [...]d kyng of arguio (rum) or of Greco (rum). [...] this sarapis wos called other wisse apis. and he cā ī to Egyppit with a myghty nauy. &̄ ther decessit: &̄ wos made of ye blind gētyles the egipcions: the grettest god emongꝭ them. &̄ that tyme be­gan ameruelꝰ suꝑsticion ī ydolatri of a calfe of .ij. colours. the wich they called Apem. & that calf deyd: the dulis ꝓcurrit a lyke calf to that· for to be maid. that they myght dessoue the rude pepul &̄ aft (er) that it come that the chyld of israel did on the same wise. vt patet. &̄ what thīg cold be more wrechit or folisshir ī mā hauīg resō Argus wos the .iiij. kyng of grekis aft (er) whō the nobul cite of argꝰ toke his nāme Cicropis edefied Athenas ī grecia &̄ this cite wos ye noricher of liberal sciens. &̄ of mōy phelosoforꝰ. yet they wordes saiued by dulys. &̄ gret suꝑsticiosite ī the cite wos maid: vide augꝰ. et mirabilē fabulā reꝑies Omogires the fyrst mā put ox sin to the plough. Beleꝰ this tyme wos kīg of babulō. &̄ he wos the .x. kīg of that region. &̄ vnd (er) hym died ysaac Pharao wos kyng of Egipt the wich resayuyt Ioseph &̄ exaltet hym: for the īterpretaciō of his dremes. vide scīsiāz pulcherimā (que) historiā gen 41. etc. Amythus wos the xij. kyng of babulō. vnd (er) whome [Page] dyed Ioseph a blessit mā ī chastite Pharao emonophis aboute Esrom dayes wos kyng of Egypt. & this pharao knew not Io­seph ner nōe of his linage. & he cōmandet the child of israel to be drenchynt. as it is had exodi po. & ye that be clerkes loke that boke for we that be none: pas to the Croniclys. bot a boute this tym the hystory of exodi be gone.

Anno mūdi iijM vC xliiij. Et an̄ xp̄i natī .M.vC lx.

Aram son to Esrom of the lyne of crist wos aboute this tim & he got Aminadab. Naason: of thes mē litill is wrete ī scriptur & therfor: I ꝓcede to other maters Iob that holi man & of al paciens the ensampyll. a boute this tyme wos born: of ye lyne of nachor the brother of habrahā. & he leued mōy yeres. &̄ aft (er) that god had visit hym. &̄ had assayed hys paciēs. he leued .C.xl. yere ꝑ augꝰ greg & lir. Moyses abowt this tyme wos born. & the child of israel war ī gret tribulacion & bondage. &̄ Moyses wos put ī the wat (er) to be drounet Aron a boute this tyme wos borne Dafrus wos king of babulō. & he wos the xiiij. kyng &̄ Moyses ws borne vnd (er) hym ī egipt Cicrops wos the fyrst kīg of Athenas. & aft (er) Sent austī that tyme mōy lesyng war wre­tyn ī the histories of the grekys. the wich cōmīli war lesse then the cōmyn faame sayes. of a litell thyng they wret a grett mater be cause to shew tther connyng. for ther wos the vniu (er)site of grekys

Ano mūdi iijM viC lxxxviij. Et an̄ xpī natī .M.vC xi.

AMynadab son to Arā of crist lyne wos this tyme. thys amynadab fyrst aft (er) moyses with a fool fayth entyrd ī to the reede see. &̄ dred not whē mōy a hūdrith war ferd lest they shuld be drenchit. &̄ therfor he de (ser)uyt to bring forth the kyngꝭ linage of whom decēdit our lord Ihū crist. Moyses wos the fyrste iuge of israel that eu (er) wos. &̄ he wos iuge xl. yere. this moyses was the most excelent ꝓphit that eu (er) god made &̄ the most notabil [Page] writer of stories. &̄ of his louyng heuyn &̄ erth speeke. for he saw almyghty god clerli fais to fays. the wich in this freel lyef wos neu (er) fondē īscriptur bot of hym &̄ paule the apostell. Aron thee fyrst bisshope leued a .C.xxiij yere. this Arō wos called of god ī to the dignyte of the hee prest or of a bisshope. &̄ wos ordāt the eternall testamēt to hym self & to al that come aft (er) hym for ye gret pouer of presthod. when he wos an .C.xxiij yere of age. he decessit &̄ wos bereid ī the hill of hor. &̄ his son Heleazarꝰ succedit hym ī the bisshoprike· Pharao boccharis this tyme wos kyng ī egipt & this Pharao wold not her the cōmādment of god. ner delyu (er) the child of israel. wherfor he wos ponichit with x. plagis vt (pꝪ)patet exo. And afterward he with all his hoost: wos drounet ī the reid see Naason son to Aminadab wos prince of the tribe of Iudas ī the dissert ¶And a bowt this tyme ye law of god wos geuē ī the hill of sinay. &̄ the boke of leueticū wos wretyn: and a nod (er) boke wos called nume (rum). &̄ the tabernacul wos ordand. The boke of deuteronamiū wos made: Balaam wos ꝓphet &̄ wos slayn.

Anno mūdi .iijM vijC xxv. Et an̄ xpī natī .M.iiijC lxxiiii

SAlmen of the line of crist wos abowte this tyme &̄ he had a wife that heyt reab. Moyses abowt this tyme decesset. the wat (er) of fleme iordane wos dry. Iericho wos take: the son stoid ī the firmamēt īmeuabull. historia libri iosue īcipit & iudicum. Iosue the secūd iuge ī israel wos a myghty mā ī batell &̄ the fryst ī desert he awer com amelech. &̄ aft (er) Moyses of god he wos ordant iuge of israel of whom the batels: the werkes: &̄ the religius lyfe ye may se ī the boke of Iosue wretē. Eleazar wos the se­cund bysshop: &̄ he &̄ iosue deuyded the lond of ꝓmision to the child of israell. &̄ of hym decēdit the bysshoppis vn to crist a few exceppyt Othonyell of the tribe of Iuda wos the thryd iuge. and this man delyuered the children of israel fro the oppression of thee Reame off Mesopotomie. the wich he ower come in batell. thys [Page] man toke axam to his wyefe. the wiche asked the vale londis a bown &̄ be nethe of hir fad (er) caleph. vt (pꝪ)patet iudic prio. Aoth wos the iiij iuge ī israel. this mā subduid eglō the kyng of moab: and deliu (er)it the child of israel. this wos a myghty man in batell and he vsyd the ton hond as well as the tother for his right hond ¶A bowte this tyme the kīgꝭ of Italy be gone. and mony tymes ther names be changet. of the wich the ꝓgenite of the romans mo [...] clerly is shewed Ianas wos the fyrst kyng of ytaly. and aft (er) ­ward of the rude gentilys he wos worshyppit as a god. and they fenyd hym to haue ij faces. for they worshippit his fest in the be­gynnyng of the yere as he war the ende of the last yere. and the begynnyng of the fyrst yere. and of hym the mone of Ianuary has his name. Amictus wos the viij kyng of babulon vndyr whom Iosue decessit.

Anno mūdi iijM vijC lxxv. Et an̄ xpī natī .M: iiijC xxiiij

Boos son to salmon of the lyne of crist wos this tyme. bott of hym is lytill wretten bot that Math nombres hym iij the genology and as docturs sayth ther wos made skyppīg of namys be twyx Boos &̄ Obeth for at the leste be twyx them war CClxxij yere the wich tyme to on man may not be referred. &̄ ther for heyr mony thynges is spoken or I cum to the lyne of crist a yane. Nicholaꝰ de lyra dt ꝙ sūt tres boos vnus post alium Sangar wos the v iuge of israel bothe leued no yeres. Delbora wos the vi. iuge this Delbora wos a womā. and for thee grace of hir ꝓphecy wos gyffen to hir honour that she iuget israel she by the cōmādment of god called Baruch that he shold go fe­ght with the enmys of israel and the child of israel gat the victory a yans Iabin the kyng of Chanaan and Cizaram the prīce of his cheualry and he destrued hem vt (pꝪ)patet iudicū 4o. Phenies wos bisshop. and this Phenies yet a yong man for goddis sake [Page] slew mony lecherus men And therfor our lord wos plesit wit him Saturnus this tyme wos kyng in Italy. and he wos the secū de kyng ther. this Saturmis is sayed to cum from the lond of cretens in to Ytaly. whom by ydolatri thurght a meruelꝰ blendnes they sayed wos no man bot a god. And yet they sayed that hee regnet vpon them as ther kyng and he taught mē fyrst to donge ther feeldys and of Saturnus the romās war cal̄led saturniam. P [...]icus wos son to Saturnus and or he wos kyng in Italy he wos kyng in Laurentyn: and after his decesse of the gētilis wos worsshippit for a god.

Anno mūdi iijM viijC lxxv. Et an̄ xp̄i natī .M.iijC xliiij

GEdeon the vij Iuge off israel wos this tyme. this Ge­deon subduyt iiij. kynges. s. Oreb: Zebee. Zeb: and Salmana. And hee subduyt Madean to israel. vide plura iudi cū .6.7. et .8.

Bocci wos Bisshope in isthel: then: Abymelech the: viij iuge in israel wos naturall sone to Gedyan and he wos not called of god bot malyciosly toke on hym the Prinshod of israel and he slew lxx of his brether wherfor he endit his lyfe myscheuusly vt patet iudicum. 9 Tola wos the ix Iuge in israel and this man gydit hym after the olde gouernans of iuges by thee maner of dyreccion and counsell. moor then by domynacion. Bocci wos bisshop a bowte this tyme: bot of hym lytell is wre­tyn Iayr the x iuge of israel had xxx sonnys: whom he made princes of xxx citees. And be cause thes war good men and rulit to the plesour off god. Therfor in the dayes of thees .ij. men isreel drew to our lord And therfor all thyng come and wos in prosperite and welche.

Fannus wos the iiij kynge of Italy and he wos kyng of Laurentyn [Page] b [...]the Latinus wos kyng in Italy after Fānus and of thys Latinus wos called the kyngdō of latinorum ¶And Carmentis doughter to Euandri foond fyrst latyn lettyrs. Thauranus a bowt this tyme wos kyng of babulon or of asseriorum and vnder thys man Troy wos destruyed fyrst. The oc­casion off the batell off Troy be gone for a lytell thyng. in so myche as Lamydon kyng of Troy: reseyued not Hercules and Iason wyth dew honour as they shold haue be resaiued. and off so lytell a trespasse how mony harmys and hurtys grew. Sibil­la delphica a for the batell of Troy proficyed how a chyld shuld be borne of a virgin wyth owt mannys seed. Laamydon kyng of Troy wos slayn: And hys doughtyr xiona wos taken in to grees lond. for the wych foulyth myghty batell and most ferfull myscheuys vide historiam troianam. Hercules wyth Iason destruyd Ilyum or Troy. the wych a none after wos bylded of Pryamus son to Laamydon This hercules did mony meruelus thynges. and mony myghty batelles. and infenyte lesinges be fennyt on hym· at the laste when he had ower come mych pepull hee wos soor hurt in werre. And when he myght not suffyr the payn of his soor with the wych he wos greued. hym selfe he ron in to the fyer and when he wos deyd he wos worshyppyt emonges the goddis of the gentyles myghttely.

Circa annū mūdi iijM ixC lxxv Et an̄ xpī natī .M.ijC xxiiij

After the deth of Iayr iuge of israel: the pepull of israell addyt new synnys to ther olde: And our lord toke them ī to the pouer of the Phyl̄ystiens: and to ye chylder of amon xviij yere and they war grettly oppressit. and then they cryed to owr lord Then iepte wos enspyred wyth all myghtty god: And faught a ganes. Amon and. Sedicios pepull off the hyll off Effraym: And for an vnprudent voy hee slew hys owne [Page] doughter fullishly & did sacrifice to god with hir. iudicū. 11: & 12 Ozy this tyme wos bysshop in israel and he wos of the seed of Aron by the line of Eleazari the wiche deed through the ꝓuisiō of god the bysshoprike turned to the lyne of Ythamaran. C xx yere in the wich line Hely wos the first hee bisshope. & Abiather wos the last Ebessam wos iuge in israel vn. yere: and he wos the xij. iuge. and he wos named other wise Boos the wych wed ruth Abialon the xiij iuge of israel wos iuge x yere. and vndyr thes tymes the chyldir of israel warqwiet. and therfor no notabull thynges was done in theys dayes Abdon the xiiij iuge gouerned in israel viij yere. and a bowte this tyme the histori of Ruth wos wreten Authāis this time wos kyng of asseri (rum): & Priamus kyng of Troy son to Laomidō byldet his cite a yane meruelusly strong and be gone batell with the grekys in to hys owne hurt. and he had a son wos called Hector a lefull gettyn son bi his wyf Eccuba. this man wos faythfull and wysse: and in cōꝑabull of strengh & nobulnes: this Priamis had a nother son wos called Paris the wich toke a way fro the lond of grekis Helena wyfe to Menelayus the kyng Agamenon the kyng brother to menelay the leder of all the grekis oost faught a yans Troy and at the last he won the cite falsly & to the grekys the most shame &̄ sklandir that myght be. for certanly that myght be cald a vnhappy batell wher no man gewes louyng to the grekys. bott eu (er)y man reportis sham. Eneas wos kyng in Itali iij yere. &̄ this Eneas after troy wos destuyt of the grekys come in to Ytaly wyth xx schyppys. and did myghty batelles ther: and this mā had wedit Priamus doughter Elinsuram. and he wos made A god thrugh the errour of the cōmyn pepull and of this man come Iulius cesar & Octauianus augustus. Vlixes an eloquent man emong all the grekys after mony parrellys on the see. wēt home to hys Penolopem the most faythfull: And the most chas­tyt woman that is red off: and the grekys parychit wrecchytly [Page] aftir they had destruyd Troy bothe on the wat (er) & on the land os they went homward a yane ¶And that wos thee principall date of ther writyng aft (er) that victori. for the wrot ther histores &̄ o­dyr writyngꝭ sic. Anno primo uel secūdo &c. post troiam captam And that wos the .iij. yere of Abdon iuge of israel.

Circa annū mūdi iiijM.xxv. Et an̄ xpī natī .M.C.lxxiiij.

OBeth of cristis lyne son to Boos is rehersset in Math. Samson the xv. iuge regnet xx yere. this Samson wos the most strong man that euer wos. And he delyuered israel from the Phylistians and for hys meruelus strength mē trowed he had beyn hercules Eteiꝰ mirabilia oꝑa vide iudicū .13.

Anno mūdi iiijM lxxv. Et an̄ xpī natiuitatē .M.C xiiij

IEsse son to Obeth of the lyne of crist: odyrwyse called Ysay fadre to Dauid thys tyme leued a noaull man in honesty no kyng ne gret gouerner bot of hym mony tymes is made mencion in holy scriptur: for of hym descendit crist our saueour. Thys tyme Hely wos iuge and bisshop in israel: the wich had ij. sonnys Ophni and Phinees. and for he coreket them not suf­ficiently He and they were ponysshit bothe of our lord. for they were slayn of the Philistions: and Hely feell of his seit and brake his nec. This hely wos iuge next after Samson: and not of the linage of Aron that wos fyrst Bisshop of god electe bot off Ythamar the linage duryt .C.xx yere. in the wych lynage Hely wos fyrst bisshope and Abyathar the last. vide plara primo regum.

This tyme Saull wos kīg in israel̄ aft (er) the master in hys histories &̄ Iosephus ī his viij. boke this Saule wos first kyng ī israel̄ and regnet xx yere. the wich or he wos kyng wos a good man and electe off god bot afterward wrecchytly he fayled. And he wos slayn and his iij. sonnys in the hyllys [Page] of gylboy. In the tyme of saul. Samuell wos Iuge: & prophet in israel an holi man &̄ borne of a baran moder mony a day. &̄ he mynystred a foor our lord from a child to his age. &̄ wos not hee Bisshope. bot he iuget israel all the dayes of his liffe. &̄ wos the veray prophet of god .ij. kynges he anoyntet. Saul fyrst &̄ after Dauid. this Samuell alone and Moyses ar red that thei prayed for ther enmys in all the old testament. Of thys Samu­ell. and Saull be dyuerse opynions Isodyr sayth that Samuell and Saul ruled israel xl yere and Iosephus in his viij boke and the master ī his hystories sayn Samuel to be Iuge xij yere aloon. & aft (er) hym: saul to regne xx yere. plura vide prio regum Ascanius the vij. kyng of ytaly wos son to Eneas & beldit the cite of Albion &̄ he wos cald the kyng of Albano (rum). ¶Thys asconyus got Siluiꝰ the viij. kyng of Italy. the wycch siluius was fadir vn to Brute kyng of bretan now called Englond. And I leef of the kyngꝭ of Italy for they did bot litill nobull thynges tyll it be cōmen to Romulꝰ &̄ remꝰ that rome wos bilded. And then shall thos kyngꝭ cū a yane & we ꝓcede to the cronicls


Here ye may se how Englond fyrst began at albion

of englōd for the wich this boke namly is maade. And ve­nis and Padua wor bylded a bowte this tyme of the resudw of the troyans Homere the gret poete a bowte this tyme wos: the wyche wrotte and fened glori­usli mony a lesyng.

¶Incipit regnum britanie nunc dict anglia.

¶Afor yt I will speke of Brute it shall be shewed how ye lōde of englōd wos fyrst namd albiō &̄ by what c̄chesō it vos so namit [Page] IN the nobull land of Sirrie ther wos a nobull kyng & myghty &̄ a mā of gret renōe that wos called Dieclisian yt wel &̄ wortheli him gou (er)ned &̄ ruled thurgh his noble chiualri So that he ꝯquered all the landes about hym so that almost all the kynges of the world to hym were entēdāt. Hit be fell thꝰ that this Dioclisian spoused a gētill damisell that wos wōd (er) fair that was his emes dought (er) labana: & she loued hym as reson wold so that he gat vpō her xxxiij. doughtres: of the wich the eldest wos called Albine &̄ thees damiselles whan they comē vn to age bi­comen so fair that it wos vōder. wher of Dioclisian anōe let make asompnyng &̄ cōmaunded by his lettres that all the kynges that helden of hym shold cum at a certain day as in his lett (er)s were cōteyned to make a riall fest ¶At wich day thider they cōen &̄ brought with hem amirallis princes &̄ dukes: and nobull chiualrie. The fest wos rialy arayed and ther they leued in Ioye &̄ myrthe ynough: that it wos wond (er) to wit. And it befeell thus that this Dioclisian thought to marie his doughtres among altho kynges that tho were at that solempnite. &̄ so they spakene &̄ ded that albine his eldest doughter &̄ all hir sustres richely were maried vn to xxxiij. kynges that were lordes of gret honour &̄ of pouer at this solempnyte And when the solempnite wos done eu (er)y kyng toke his wyf & lad them in ther own cōtre &̄ ther maad hem quenes. and it befell thus afterward that this dame albine bicome so stoute & so sterne that she told lytell pris of her lord & of hym had scorne and desspyt and wolde nat done his will butt she wold haue hir owne will in dyuerse matres and all hir other sustres euerychone bere them so euel ayenst ther lordes: that it was wondyr to wytt & for as moch as them thought that ther husbondes were nought of so hy ꝑage comen as ther fadre. But tho kynges that were ther lordes wold haue chastized them with fair maner vpon all loue and frendshipp that they shold amend ther [Page] lith er ꝯdycions: but all wos for nought for they diden ther own wyll ī all thyng that them liked: & had of poer wher for tho. xxxiij kyngꝭ vpon a tyme & often times beten ther wyfes for they we­ned that they wold amended ther tatches & ther wilkednes bot of soche cōdicions they were that for fair speche & warnyng they didden all the wors and for betynges eft sones mochel wers wher for the kyng that had wedded Albine wrot the taches & ꝯdicions off his wyf [...] albin and the letter sent to Dioclision hir fadre. & whē the other kyngꝭ herd that Albines lord had sent a lett (er) to Dioclisian. anone they sent lettres enseled with ther seales the ꝯdicions & taches of ther wyfes. ¶When the kyng dioclisian saw and herd so many playntes of his doughtres he wos sore ashamed & become wond (er) angre & wroth toward his doughtres & thought bo­the nyght and day yf he tho myght a mend it: that they so misded and anone sent his lettres vn to the xxxiij. kynges that they sho­ld cū to hym & bring with hem their wyfes eu (er)ychone at a certane day: for he wold ther chastise hem of ther wikkednesse yf he myght in any maner of wise So that the kyngꝭ comen all at that tyme and day that tho wos sette bitwene hym and the kyngꝭ. Diocli­sian them vnd (er) song with moche honour &̄ maad a solēpne feste to al that were vnd (er) his lordshipp. &̄ the thrid day aft (er) that solēp­nite the kyng Dioclisian sent aft (er) his xxxiij. doughtres that they shold cum &̄ speke with hym ī hys chambre &̄ when they war come he spake vn to them of ther wikkednes &̄ of ther cruelte &̄ spituesly hem reꝓued & vndernam &̄ to hem he said that yf they wold nat be chastised they shold his loue lese for eu (er) more. And when the ladies herden all this they be comē abasshed and gretli aschamed & to ther fadre they said that they wold make all amendes & so they deꝑted out from ther fadres chambre. & dame Albine that wos the eldest suster lad hem all to hir chambre and tho made void all that wer theryn so that no lefe wos among hem but she and hir sustres yfere: Tho sayd this Albine my faire sustres wel we know that [Page] the kyng our fadre vs hath reproued shamed and despyseed for en­chesone to make vs obedient vn to owr housbandes. but certes that shall I neu (er) whiles that I leue sith that I am come of a more hier kyngꝭ blod then myn housbond is. &̄ whan she had thꝰ said. all hir sustres said the same. &̄ tho saied Albine full well I wot fair sustres that owr housbandes has plened vn to our fader vpō vs wherfor he hath vs thꝰ soule reproued &̄ despised. wherfor sustres my counsell is that this nyght when our housbandes bene a bedde all we with one assent: cutten hir throtes &̄ than we may bene in pees of hem &̄ better we moo doo this thing vnder our fa­dres power than ower where ells. And anone all the ladis con­sented &̄ grāted to thys cōsell. &̄ when nyght wos cōyn the lordd &̄ ladies went to bedde &̄ anone as ther lordes were in slepe: they cutte all heir housbondes throtes. &̄ so they flow them all. when at Dioclisian the kyng her fadre herd of this thing. he bicome hugeli wroth ayenst his doughtres &̄ anōe wold hem all haue brenet ¶But al the barons &̄ lordes of sirrie: coūceilled not so for to doo suche stretnes to his owne doughtres: bot onli shold voyde the lond of them: for eu (er) more: so that they neu (er) shuld com ayene. and so he dyde ¶And Dioclisian that wos ther fadre anōe cō maunded them to gone in to shypp: &̄ deliu (er)ed to hem vitailles for half a yere. And whan this wos done: all the sustren went in to the ship &̄ sailed forth ī the see: & bitoke all ther frendes to Appolyn that wos ther god· And so long thee sailed in the see till at the last they come &̄ arreued ī an yle that wos all wyldernesse. &̄ when dame Albion wos come to that lond &̄ all hir sustres thys Albine went frest forth out of the shypp: and saied to hir other sustres: for as moche ꝙ she as I am the oldest suster of all this cōpany &̄ fyrst this land haue takē: &̄ for as moche os my nam is Albine I will that this lond be called albiō aft (er) myn own name &̄ anōe al hir sustres grāted to hir with a good wyll Tho vēt out al ye sustres of ye ship: & tokē the lond albion as hir suster cald it [Page] And ther they went vp &̄ downe and fonde nether mā ne womā ne child but wyld bestes of diuerse kyndes. and when ther vitalles war dispended and thei failled: they fedde them wyth herbes: &̄ frutes in seson of the yere. and so they leued as they best myght and aftee that they token flessh of dyuerse bestes and bycame wonder fat and so they desired mannys compane: and mānys kynde that hem failled. and for hete they woxen wonder coragious of kynd so that they desired more mānys companie then eny othyr so­lace or myrthe whan the deuel that ꝑceuyd and went by dyuerse contreys and nōme bodi of the eir: and likyng natures shad off men: and come in to the lande of Albion. and lay by thoo wymē and shad tho natures vpon them: and they consaued after &̄ they broght forth Geantys of the wich one wos called Gogmagog. and an other Langherigan. and so they wer named by diuerse names. nad in this maner they come forth: and wer borne horri­ble geantes in Albion. and they duelled in caues: and ī hylles at ther wyll: and had the londe of Albion as them lyked: vn to the tyme that Brut arriued: and come to Totnes that wos in the yle of Albion. and ther this brute conquered: and skomfi­ted thes geantes aboue sayd.

¶Here be geneth now how Brut was goten: and how he slewe fyrst his moder. and after his fader: and how he conquered Albi­on that after he named Bretan after his owne name that now is called Englond: after the name of Engist of saxonie. Thys Brute cam in to Bretan a bowte the .xviij. yeer of Hely

BE it knaw that in the nobull cite of greet Troy: theer wos a nobull Knyght and a man of grete pouer: that wos called Eneas and when the cite of Troy was lost and destroed thurgh them of Grece: this Eneas with al his meyne fled thens: and comeī to Lumbardy: that tho wos lord and gou (er)nour [Page] of that lond a kyng that wos called Latyne. and a nother kyng ther wos that wos called Turocelyne that strongli wered vpō th­is kyng latyne that often tymes did hym moche harme And whē this kyng latyne herd that Eneas was comen he vnd (er)feng hym wyth mochel honour & hym with helde for as moche as he had herd of hym & wist well that he wos a nobull knyght and a worthy of hys body &̄ of hiy dedes: this Eneas helpet kyng Latyne ī his were &̄ shortly for to tell so well & so worthely he did: that he slew Turocelyne &̄ discomfited hym &̄ all his pepull. And when al this wos done: kyng latyne yaf all that lond that wos turocelinis to thys noble man Eneas in mariage with Lauyne his doughter the most faire creature that any man wist: and so they lyued to geder in ioye and myrthe all the dayes of theyr lyfes tyme. and after Asconyus son to Eneas wedded a wyfe and vpō hyr he begat a son that wos called Silueyn &̄ this silueyn whan he colde sum resun of man vn wittyng his fadre and a yenst his wyll acquentyd hym with a damysell that wos cosyn to Lauyne that wos kyng latynes dougter the quene that wos eneas wyfe and brought the damysell wyth chylde. and whon Ascanius his fad (er) it wist anone let enquere of the wisest masters and of the gret­test klerkes what chyld the damisey shold bring forth and they ansuered &̄ sayed that she shold bring ofrth a son that shold kyll bothe his fadre and also his modre: and so he did: For his moder dyed in beryng of hym. And whan this chyld wos borne: his fad (er) let calle hym Brute: and the masters siyd that he shold doo moche harme &̄ sorow in mony dyuerse places: and after he shold come to gret honour and worshyp: This kyng ascanius dyed when god wold and Silueyn his son resaued the lond and made hym wonderly well beloued amonges his pepull. and whan Brute thatt wos Siluenus son wos xv. yere olde he went vpon a day wythe his fadre for to play &̄ solace &̄ as Brute shold a shote vn to an hert hys harew myshapped & glaced & so ther Brutkel led his fad (er).

¶How Brute wos dreuen out of the lond and how he helde hym in Grece.

And when this myschance befell: all the pepull of the lond made sorow ynowgh and war sore an angreyd and for encheson therof they driuen Brute oute of the lond & wold not suf­fer hym amonges them: and he saugh that he myght not ther a bide & he went from thens in to grece: &̄ ther he fond vij.M. men that were of the lynage &̄ kynred of Troy that wor comē of gret blode as the stori telleth as of men & womē &̄ child the wich wer all holden in thraldom &̄ bondage of the kyng Pandras of grece for the deth of Achilles that wos bitrayed &̄ slayn at troy. thys Brute wos a wonder fayr man & a strong and huge of his age and of glad cheyr and sembland &̄ also worthy of body and wos wellbeloued emonges his pepule. This kyng Pandras herde speke of his goodnes and his condicions and anone made hym du­ell with hym so that Brute bicome wond (er) priue &̄ moch beloued with the kyng: so that long tyme brute duelled with the kyng: so at the last they of troy and brute spakyn to gedre of kynred and of lynage &̄ of acquantance and ther plened them vn to brute of ther sorow and of ther bondage and of mony other sh [...]mes that ye kyng Pandros had them done: &̄ to brute they sayn vpon a tyme ye ben a lord of our linage &̄ a strong man & a myghty be ye ou [...] captayn & lord &̄ gou (er)nour &̄ we wyll be cume your mē and your commandmentes done in all maner of thinges and bryng ye vs oute of this wrecchitnes and bandage &̄ we wil fyght wyth the kyng for trouth wt ye grace of the gret god we shall hym ouercome and we shall make you kyng of the lond and to you done homage &̄ of you we shall holde euermore. Brute had tho gret pite of ther bondage that they were brought yn: and preuely went hem from the kynges court: and tho that were of Troy wē &̄ put them in to wodis and in to montaygens and them the helde and sent vn to kyng Pandros that he shuld yeue them leu [Page] sauely for to wend out of the lond for they wold no longer duelle in his bondage: The kyng Pandras wax tho sore annoyd and tho swore that he wold slae them eu (er)ychone and ordeneyd a grett pouer and went towardes them all for to feght but Brute and his men manli them defended and fersly foughten and kylled al the kynges men that none of them ascaped and token the kyng &̄ hym helde in prison and ordeyned counsell bi tweyn them what they mygth done: &̄ sū said that he shuld be put to deth and sū said that he shuld be exiled out of the lond and sū said that he shuld be brent ¶And tho spake a wyse knyght that was called Mempris and said to Brute and to all tho of Troy yf kyng Pādras wold yelde hym and haue his lyfe I councell that he yeue vn to brute that is our duke and our soferayne his doughter Gennogen to a wyfe and in mariage with hyr an hondreth shippes wel araied and all hys tresour of gold and siluer of corne and of wyne and as moch as os nedeth to haue of o thyng and other and than go we oute of his lond &̄ ordayn we vs a land elles where for we ne none of our kynred that comen after vs shall neuer haue pees in this lond amonges them of grece: for we haue slayn so mony of ther kynghtes and of other frendes that euermore were and contake shold be amonges vs: brut tho and all his folke consented well to that counsell and this thyngꝭ they tolden to kyng Pādras and hee for to haue his lyfe graunted as moch as they axid: and a none yaf vn to brute gennogen his douter to wyfe & an hūdreth shippes with os myche os them neded of all vitalles os befor wos ordenyd: brute tho toke his wife and all is men that for soke the lond of grece and went them vn to the see. and had wynd and wedre at ther wyll: and com the thrid day in to an Ile that wos called Lorgres: this brute anone sent of his mē a lond for to aspye the man (er) of the contre & they found a nold Cite al wasted &̄ forlet that nas therynne nether mā ne woman ne no thyng duelling & ī the mydell of this cite they founden an [Page] old tempull of an feier lady yt wos called Diane the goddesse &̄ they comē ayene vn to Brut & told hym what they had seyn and found & they cōselled hym gone & doo sacrifice vn to dame Dian for she was woned to yef ansuer of what thyng yt eu (er) men prayed hir &̄ namli vn to them yt hir honoured wt sacrifice Brut wēt to yt ymage &̄ sayd Diane noble goddest lady yt all thyng hast in myght &̄ ī thy pouer wyndes waters wodes feldes &̄ al thyng of the world &̄ all man (er) of bestes yt ther ī ben to you I make my prayer yt ye me cōcell &̄ tell wher & ī what place I shall haue a counabull duellyng for me &̄ for my pepull & ther I shall make ī honor of you a welfaier tempyll & a nobull wher ī ye shall eu (er)more be ho­noured. when he had done his praer Diane ansuerd ī this man (er): Brute ꝙ she go euē forth thy wey ou (er) the see ī to fraunce toward the west &̄ ther ye shall find an Ile yt is called Albion & yt Ile is bicompassed all with ye see & no mā may cū therī: bot it bene by shippes: & ī yt lond wer wōed to be geantes bot now it is not so bot all wyldernes and that lond is destenyed &̄ ordant for yow and for your pepull.

¶How Coryn becōe brutes mā &̄ how kīg goffar wos discōfid

WHen Brute hade this ansuere of diane the goddesse anōe he let the ancres wynd vp & sayled ī to the high see &̄ whē he &̄ his men had sailed xx. dayes and mo they fond fast beside a cost of the see a thousand mē of the lynage and kynred of Troy and ther souerayne &̄ ther mast (er) of all was called Corin. and whan Brute wist whennes they weer he tho toke them with moch Ioye ī to his shippis &̄ led them forth with hym. this Corin ther becōe brutes mā & to hym dyd homage &̄ so long they sailled forth ī yt se till they comē ī to Gascoyne and anōe they arriued ī the hauen of liegers and ther they duellid viij. dayes them for to rest &̄ ther sayles to amende ther that it wos nede: tydyngꝭ sone come to kīg Goffar that was lord of the lond how yt moch pepill of strange [Page] lond were arreuid in to his lond in the hauen of liegers wher­for hee was sore angreyd and anoyde that they come and arriued in his lond with out his lysens and his leue. And anone he ordeyned hym a gret pouer for to dryue out Brute and to shend him and all his pepull: bout it was so that kyng Goffar wos discomfited and all his pepull: and hym self flede in to Fraunce: ther to seke helpe and socour. ¶And in that tyme regned in fraunce xij. kynges: and a xi. of them assemaled a gret pouer for to help Goffar and for to fight ayenes Brute: this Goffar duelle with them of fraunce halfe a yere and more. And in the mene tyme when goffar was in fraunce. Brute and hys companye destruyed all the lond of Gascoyne and let take all tresour that kyng goffar had and ther let bryng it all in to his shippes And th­is Brute founden in that lond a fair place and couenabull & theyr brute made a faire Castell and a strong. ¶When that this wos done kyng Goffar come fro fraunce and xi. kynges with hym and brought with them .xx: M. men for to fyght wt Brute & his compani and brute had but vijM. and iijC. men: & neuerthelees when the ij. hostes mett to gedre: brutes folke thorgh help of hym selfe and of Turyn his cosyn &̄ of Corin that well and manly hym defended and fought so tell that lytell tym they had kylled of the fraunshemen ijM. and mo. anon all tho that were alyue fled a way ¶And in this batell Turin brutes cosyn was slayn and brute let enteer hym worthely whan he had space &̄ leyser in the Castell that he had made: and tho let call that same castell Tours for be cause of the name of Turin that ther wos entyred and yet in to this day ther is a nobull Cite that is c [...]lled Tours. And when kyng goffar wist that Turin wos deyd he cō ayene with his men and after yaf a strong batell vn to brute. bot brute and hys men were so wery for fighttyng that they my­ght no longer endure bot to meegre hym and all his. and than [Page] Brute went ī to his castell with all his men &̄ made the yates fast for to saue them and for to take consell amonges them what were for to do Brute and Corin yaf counsell and ordeyned that corin priualy shold goo oute and bussh hym in a wod til the morne So that in the mornyng whan brute shold fight with his eny­mys Corin shold cum with his folke in one side and sla and do all the harme that he myght And in amornyng in the dauyng of the day Brute went out of the castell &̄ faught with his enmys and they fersly defendid bot with ī a litell tyme brute and his folke slew viijC. of gofears men. and then come Corin with the busshement and smot to ground he & his compani all that wold stond or a byed so that that kyng goffar and his comp [...]nye war descomfited and fast they gun to fle. And Brute and Corin with ther companye fersly them persoed and kylled moo of them in the fleyng than they did in batell ¶And in this maner Brut had the victorie and nertheles brute made moch sorow for his co­syn Turin that ther wos slayn and other also that he had lost of his men that is to say vijC. and xv. the wich nobulli he let entier in the some castell of Tours ther wher that he had entyred Turin his cosyn.

¶How Brute arriued at Totnesse in the Ile of Albion. and of the batell that wos by tuix Corin and Gogmagog.

WHen all this wos done Brute wold no longer ther duell for to fight nor for to lese no mo of his pepull For kyng Goffarus pepull mygth euery day encresse mo and mo And bruttes lassenned and therfor he toke all his men and went vn to the see & had wynd and weder at ther will. And the fyfte day afterwaard they arriued in an hauen at Totnesse and comen in to the Ile of Albion and ther nether man nor woman as the stori tels [Page] the fond: but Geautes and thei woned in hillis & in caues. &̄ Brut saw the lond wos fayr and at his likyng and wos good also for him and for all his pepull as Diane the goddesse had hym behight. And ther wos brute wonder glad and late assemble vpon a day all his folke to make a solempnie sacrifice and a gret fest in honour & reuerens of Diane the goddesse of the wich he had counsell first for to cū in to this lond And whan that they had thar solempnite done: as they vpon a day sat at ther mete ther come in vppon them sodanly xxx. geantes and kylled of brutes men xxx. Brute and his men anone sturten vp and fought wt the geantes and kylled them euerychone: bot one that was called Gogmagog: and he was master of all the geantes and he wos stronger and heyr than ony of the other. And brute keped hym for encheson that he shold wrestyll with Corin that was brutes mā: for he wos gretter and hyer than ony of Brutes men from thee gredyl sted vpward ¶Gogmagog and Corin vndir toke ther for to wrestyll: and so to gedre they went and wrestilled a long tyme but at the last gogmagog held Corin so fast that he brake ij. ribbbes of his side wherfor Corin wos sore angri and ther he toke gogmagog betwix his armes and kest hym doune vpon a ro­che so that gogmagog brak all to peces &̄ so he died an euell deth and therfor the place is called yit vn to this day the faut of gog­magog And then after brute yaf all that cuntre vn to Corin & ther corin called it after his name Cornwalle: and his men be called Cornwailles and so shuld men of that contre be called for eu (er) ­more And in that contre duelled corin and his mē and thee made tounes &̄ houses &̄ inhabited the lond by ther own wyll.

¶How Brute made London & called this lond britane and scotland Albyne and Walis Cambir.

[Page]BRute and


his mē wēt forth &̄ saw aboute in dyuerse places wher yt they myght fynd a good place and couenabull yt they myght make a Cite for hym & for his folke Soo at the last they come by a fayr Riuer that is called temys & ther Brute biganne a fair Cite and let calle it new Trey in mynd and remembrance of the gret Troy from the wich place all theer linage was comin ¶And this brute let fell doune wodes and let erye and sawe landes and let maw doune medoys for sustenā ­ce of him and also of his pepull: and he departed the lond to them so that euerychon haad a parte and a certayn place for to duell in And then Brute let call all this lond Bretene after his owne name and his folke he let call bretons And this Brut had gotē on his wife Gennogen iij. sonnys that war worthy of dedes the fyrst wos called Lotrin ye secund Albanac and the thred kambar And brute bore croune in the cite of new Troy .xx. yere aft (er) ye tyme that the cite was made: and ther he made the lawes that ye bretons holden And this brut wos wonderly well belouyd emōg all men: And brute sonnys also loued wonderly well to gedeer ¶And whan brute had sought all the lond in length &̄ also ī breyd he found a land that Iuned to bretane yt wos in the north and that land brute yaf to albanac his son and let call it Albanie aft (er) his name yt now is called Scotland ¶And brute fond an other contre toward the west and yaf yt to Cambar his other son and let call it Camber after his name and now it is cald walys. and whan brute had regned .xx. yere as be for is sayd [Page] then he died in the cite of new Troy.

¶How Lotrin that wos brute son entroed wyth moch honour and gouerned the lond well and worthely

AFter Brute regned Lotrin his son that wos the secund kyng in bretane the wich be gane to regne the secund yere of Samuell. and this lotrin wos croned kyng with moch solemnite of all the land of bretane and after whan he wos croned kīg Albanac and Cambar his .ij. brether went a gayn ī to ther own contre and ther they liued with mekyll honour and worshyp. and Lotrin ther brother regned and was kyng and gouerned it well and wyseli: for he wos a good man and wonderly well beloued of all his land And it be fell so that Albanac duelled in his owne lond with mekell hoonour and worshipe: and then come kynge Humbar of Hunlond with a grett pouer and ariued in albine and wold haue conquered the land and by gone to were vpon kīg Albanac & hym kylled in batell. ¶when albanac wos slayne the pepull of yt land fled vn to Lotrin and tould hym for he wos kyng of bretan how that his brother wos slayn and prayed hym of his help and of his socour for to a venge hys brother deth.

¶Lotrin ther anone let assemble all the bretans of kent of do­uer in to derewent of Norfolk and Southfolke of keftefen and lyndessey and when they war all ensembled they sped them fast to ward ther enmys for to yef them batell. and lotrin had sent to Camber his brother that he shuld come vn to hym with all thee pouer that he myght make hym for to help. and so he did with a good wyll and so they come to gedres and toke ther way preualy for to go and seche Humbar wher they myght hym fynde.

¶And so it befell yt this Humbar wos by side a wat (er) yt wos a gret reuer with his folke hym for to disport & ther come Lotrin [Page] and Cambir his brother with all ther folke sodanly or that ony of that other wist ¶And whan Humber saw them cū he wos sore adrad For as moch as his men wist it not afore: and also they were vn arayed And anone Humber for drede he lepyd ī to the wat (er) and drenched hym self and so he died and his men wer all slayn that none of them ascaped: And thefor is that water called Humbar and euermore shall be for be cause that this kyng Humbar ther in was drenched.

And after that Lotrin went to his shippis and toke ther gold & siluer and os moch as he fand vn to hym self and all that other pylfre he gaf vn to other folke of the host and they fond in one of the shippis a fair damysell that wos kyng humbars dought (er) and she wos called Estrild ¶And whan Lotrin saw hir he toke hir with hym for hir fayrnes▪ and for hir wos ouer taken with loue &̄ wold haue wedded hir. This tidīges come to Corin and anone he thought to aueuge hym vpon lotrin Far os mych as Lotrin had made counand for to spouse Corins douhhter that was called Guentolen And corin in hast went to hym vn to new Troy & thꝰ he sayed to Lotrin. now certes quod he ye reward me full euell for all the paynes that I haue suffred and had mony tymes for Brute your fadre: and therfor sen that it is so I wyll a uenge me now vpon you and he drew his fauchon an hight and wold haue slayn thys Lotrin the kyng but the damisell went by tweyn them and made them acorded ī this man (er): that Lotrin shold spouse guendolen that wos Corins doughter And so Lotryn did And nertheles whan that he had spoused Guentolen Corins doughter preualy he come to Estrilde and brought hir wich chyld &̄ gate vpon hir a doughter the wych was called Abren ¶And hit befell so that anone after that Corin dyed: and after when he was deid Lotrine for soke Guendolen that wos his wyfe. and made Estrilde quene. And ther guentolen that was his wyffe [Page] went from thens all in gret ire and wroth vn to Cornwaill and ther seised all the lond in to hir owne hond: for as moche as she was hir fadres eyr: she vnder toke feautes and homages of al the men of the lond and afterward assembled a gret host and a gret pouer of men for to be a venged vpon Lotrin that was hir lord: and to hym come and yaf hym a strong batell: and ther wos Lotrin hir hosband slayn and his men discomfited in the v. yere of his regne. Guentolen let take Estrile and Abram hir doughter and bynd them b [...]the h [...]nd &̄ fete &̄ kest them bothe in to a water and so they drenched wherfor that water was euer more called after Abram after thee name of the damysell that was Estrildis doughter: and englyssh men calleth that water seuern and walsh men callis it Abram vn to this day ¶And when this was done Guentolen let croune hir quene of all the lond: &̄ gou (er)ned the lond full well and wysely vn to the tyme that Ma­dan hir son that Lotrin had goten vpon hir were of xx. yere of age that he myght be kyng: and so the quene regned xv. yere: and tho lett she croune hir son kyng & hee regned & gouerned the lond well and worthely And she went in to Cornwall and ther she duelled all hir lifes tyme.

¶How Madan regned in pees all his life.

THys Madan son to Lotrin regned on the bretans xl. yere The wich be gone regne the xv. yere of Saull. And th­is Madan liffed in pees all his dayes. & got ij. sonnys Mēpris &̄ Maulyn. Then he dyed and lyeth at new Troy.

Anno mūdi iiijM.C.xxij. Et an̄ xpī natītatē: M.lxxiiij.

Dauid the secund kyng in is­reell regned thys tyme a man

Daui [...]

Here begīnith the fourte aage durīg to the transmigracion

chosyn after the desyre of god. And he wos a noynted in hys yong age by Samuell. and aft (er) the deth of Saull he regned ·xl. yere. this Dauid wos as a meruell in all man kynd: In whome euer was y found so moche power and so mochel humylyte So mochel nobulnes an so mo­che mekenes: So gret a charge of seculari thynges. And so pure and dewoute a contemplaciō of spyrituall thynges So mony men to kyll. And so mony teres to wepe for his trespas. plura vide primo regum.

Abiathar this tyme wos bysshope: and he fled fro Saull vn to Dauid and he wos glorius wyth hym all his dayes. Gad Nathan and Asaph: war prophettes than: and Nathan wos brother son to Dauid.

¶How Mempris slew his brother Maulyn.

THis Mempris and his brod (er) maulyn str [...]ue fast for thee lond &̄ mēpris begone to regne the xxxv. yere of Dauid and for enchesō yt he wos the eldest son he wold haue had all the lōd and Maulyn woldnat suffre hym so yt they toke a day of loue &̄ acorde ¶And at this day Mēpris let kyll his brother thurgh treson and hym self afterward held the lond and anōe let croune [Page] hym kyng and regned. and aft (er) became so lither a mā that he destroid ī a while all ye mē of his lond: and at the last he bicame soo wikked and so lecherous that he for soke his owne wyfe and v­sed the synne of sodomye wherfo: almyghti god wos gretly dis­plesyd and wrothe with hym and vpan hym toke vengeance for be cause of his wikkednes. For on a day as he went forth on hu­ntyng in a forest ther he lost all his men that wos with hym and wist not what he shold done: and so he went vp and doune hym self alone and cried after his men bot they war gone and ther come wolfes anone and all to dreu hym in peces when he had rened xxiiij. yere. and when his pepull herid that he wos so deyd they made Ioy and myrth y nowgh and anone mada Ebrac his son kyng and he regned with moch honour.

Anno mūdi iiijM.C.lxv. Et an̄ xp̄i natītotē. M xxxiiij.

SAlamon the kyng of Pees of the gyft of our lord had a synguler excedyng a bown all men that euer wos in thys world bot alonly god in wisdom &̄ in riches. indayntethis &̄ in glory. and famyliarite with god. And all thogh Moyses and Dauid Peter & Paule Ierom and Austyn and othee moo ex­cedit hym in holines. bot yet they excedit hym not in Glori and reches. And this mā so excedīg all mē wrechitly fell. Of thys Salamon is red in a pystill of sent Ierom that he got a chyld on the doughter of Pharao at xi. yere of his age. vide plrā regū Sadoch this tyme wos bisshop And for he declynet not to thee he part of Adonie Dauid son: bot wos with Nathan for Salo­mon. &̄ Abiather on the other parte wos deposit.

Anno mūdi iiijM.ijC v. Et an̄ xpī natītatē ixC.lxxxxiiij.

ROboas succedit Salamon his feder in his kyngdome. bott not in wysdome: he wos dessaued thurgh thee counsell [Page] of yong mē. & lost x. tribꝰ ī so mych yt he awnsuaid not ye pepul wisly as it is opyn t (er)cio regū. A chymyas wos bysshope: and wos the son of Sadoch. vt (pꝪ)patet primo paroliopo.

Reges israel incipiunt. Iherobaas regned kīg ī israel xxij: yere. And he wos fyrst of ye housold of Salamō &̄ a good man. bot whē he wos made kyng he wos a myscheuꝰ mā ī ydolatri. &̄ made israel to syn ī ydolatri: &̄ mōy gret vncōuemētis war done al­most to the destrucnon of all israell. for he wos the fugour of ma­chomyte. plrā vide 3o regū. Abdias ye son of Roboas regned ī ye Iuri iij. yere &̄ other whil a good mā: and holpen by god and oethr whyle wrechedli disposed ī ydolatri: &̄ therfor our lord suffred him to regne lityll tyme. vt (pꝪ)patet 3o regū et 2o paralipo.

Anno mūdi iiijM ijC xxv. Et an̄ xp̄i natītatē ixC lxxiiij.

Asa the son of Abdias regned xvi yere. ī the begīyng of his regne he wos a rightuis mā &̄ walked as Dauid did &̄ he ower com ye Ethyopes: &̄ destruyd Ydoles Bot after that he wos suorne to ye kyng of Syrie benedab. for Baasa kyng of israel: thē be gon feyght aganes hym. the wich displesed god. w­herfor he send to hī the ꝓphet Anani: whom he put in presō and therfor he had ye goute strongli & died therof. vt (pꝪ)patet 3o regū 2o pa. Azarias son to Achonias wos bisshop. Nadab kyng of israell regnet ij. yere the wich begon to regne the secūd yer of Ase kīg of Iues &̄ did nought os his fad (er): and Basa ower thrugh hym & rened for hym. vt 3o regū. Basa kyng of israel regnet xxiiij yer the wich begone to regne the iij. yere of Ase kyng of Iues & hee walked ī the synnes of Ieroboā &̄ kylled Iehen the ꝓphet. Hela the son of Basa rened ī israel ij. yere &̄ Zamri slew hym & regned vij. dayes Amri renet xij yer. &̄ did noght as his predicessores did Acha son to amri: regned on isral̄ xxij yere: &̄ aboon all that wos a foor hym he wos cursit for wickid Iesabell ruled moor then he: &̄ meued hym to folow hyr. vt (pꝪ)patet icio regū.

¶Off kyng Ebrac the wich be gone to regne the xv. yere of [...]ala [...] and how he conquered frrance.

This Ebrac regned lx. yere &̄ a strong man he wos and a myghty. and this Ebrac thurgh hys myght and helpe of hys bretons conquered all fraunce and wan ther so moche gold and siluer that whan he cō a yane in to this lond he made a cite after his own name let call it Ebrac that is called euerywyk & this kyng made the castell of maydenes that now is called Edenburgh This kyng had xx. sonnys &̄ xxiij. doughtres by diuerse wymen goten & thyes sonnys wer called as ye shall here Brute. Grenescheld. Margand: Seisell Morghwyth: Flēgham Bladud Iakyn Kynbar Rocelm Spadogh Godeher [...] Thorinnan Gldaugh Iorkanghut Haibor Ketin Rother Kaier and assaruth And the dougtres highten os ye shall heyr after Elegine Ymogen Oghdas Guenbran Gnardich Augarell Guenthold T­angustel Gorghon Michel Medhan Mailour Ondur Cambredan Ragan Renthely Neest Cheghan Skaldud Gladꝰ Heber hyn Abalaghe and Blandan &̄ thees were tho xxiij. doughtres &̄ the bretheren bicame good knyghttys &̄ worthy ī mōy contres.

¶Off kyng brute grenesheld the fyrst sone of Ebrac kyng

AFter the deth of kyng Ebrac: regned Brute grensheld his son xxx. yere that wos Ebrakes fyrst son that well & nobully regned and whan tyme come he died & lieth at yorke.

¶Off kyng Leyl that wos Brute grensheld son.

And whan Brute grensheld wos deyd rened his son Leyll. xxij. yere & he made a fayr towne &̄ let calle it Karlille aft (er) his name & he wos a worthy mā &̄ welbeloued of his pepul & whā he had regned xxij. yere he dyed &̄ lieth at Carlille. and ī his tym regned kyng Salomō ī Ierusalem &̄ made the nobull tempull &̄ to hym comi Sibelle quene of Saba for to here & see yf it wer so­th that men speken of the gret & nobull wit &̄ wisdum of kyng Salomon & she fond it soth that men had hir told:

Anno mūdi iii [...] M ijC lxvi. Et an̄ xpī natī .ixC.xlij

IOsaphat kyng of Iues wos a good man &̄ a rich & a de­voyt ī the way of our lord: &̄ regnet xxv yere & did no ill bot to the curset kyngꝭ of israel gaf helpe. And other litel thingꝭ &̄ therfor our lord was with hym. vt (pꝪ)patet 2o para. Helyas thee gret prophet wos this tyme an holi man that wos lifted vp in to ꝑadise with gret solas in a chayr Macheas &̄ Abdias ꝓphesied with hym Ochosias son of Achab renet in israel .ij. yere &̄ send to Belsabub god of Acharan to be heeled for the wich he dyed after the sayeng of helie. vt (pꝪ)patet 4o regū.

¶Off kyng lud ludibras that wos kyng leyles son.

And this kyng Lud ludibras made the cite of Cantorbery & Wynchestre &̄ he regned xxxix yere & then he dyed & lieth at wynchestre.

¶Off kyng Bladud that wos ludibras son how he regned and wos a good man and a nygromancer.

And after this lud ludibras regnet Bladud his son a gret nigromancer and thurgh his craft of nigromanci he made the meruellus hote bath as the gest telleth and he regned xxi. yere and lyeth at the new Troy.

Anno mūdi iiijM ijC lxxxxi. Et xpī natī. ixC viij.

IOram kyng of Iues son to Iosophet regned viij yere this Ioram wos a cursed man &̄ had a good fad (er). he kylled is brether &̄ wrecchedli leuyd os did the kyngꝭ of israel. Therfor he wos sor corecked &̄ dyed vnhappeli. vt (pꝪ)patet 2o paralo. This tym Helias wos rauichitī to paradise Ochosias or Asarias kyng of iues regnet .i. yere. &̄ leued noght as his fad (er) did & anōe wos slayn. with all the hows of Achab. Athalya moder to asarias toke the the kyngdom and kylled all the kynges blude: & rened x. yere. and the vij yere of Ioiada bysshope she wos slayn 4o reg [Page] This asarias and his son Ioas & his neuu Amazia Matheꝰ the gospeller puttis not in the line of crist for ther giltis. Io­ram kyng of israel regnit xij. yere the wiche began to regne the xviij. yere of Iosaphat. for his brother Ochesie. and cursitli he leuyd &̄ was slayn of Ien wt all his fad (er) is housold vt (pꝪ)patet Iehen anountit of the child of helise opon is il̄ kyllit Achariā the kīg of Iuys. and Ioram the kyng of israel. & Iesabell mod (er) to ioram and .lxx. child of Achab. and .xlij. bredir of Azari. &̄ all the prestis of baal. &̄ he regned xviij. yere. Athalia mod (er) to Azari kyng of iues: doght (er) to Achab regnit on the iuys .vi. yere. and killet the kyngis blud of Ioram. except Ioas the son of azari the wich was keppet emong shepꝑd. &̄ aft (er) she was slayn.

Ano mūdi iiijM.iijC.ix. Et an̄ xpī nat .viijC.lxxxxiij·

IOam son to achazie regnit in the iury .xl. yere whom io­iada the Bish̄op crownit kyng at .vij. yere of aage. and he leued wele as long as he was rulet by ioiada bot aftir he forsooke god and marterit Azarias that tyme byshop son to ioiada for he blamit hym that he forsoke his god. plura vide 2o paralo. Ioathas son of iehen regnit in israel .xvij. yere: in whos da­ys helise the ꝓphet d [...]d: and he began to regne the .xx. yere of io­as. vide plura 4o regū. Ioam son of Ioathas regnit ī israel xvij. yere & he trobuld [...]zia plura vide 4. regū 13.

¶Off kyng Leir son to bladud &̄ of the ansuer of his yongest doughter that graciousli was maried to the Kyng of fraunce.

AFter Kyng Bladud regned Leir his soon and this Leir made the toune of leycestre: & let call the toune after his name. & he gou (er)nit the [...] wele &̄ nobulli This king Leir had iij. doughteris the first [...]d Gonorill. the secunde Rigan &̄ the therde C [...]d [...]ll. and [...] yongest doughter was fairest and best of ꝯdicions. The kyng hir fad (er) became an old man &̄ wold yt [Page] his doughteres were maried er that he died. but first he thoght to assay wich of hem loued hym most &̄ best: for she that loued him best shold best be maried & he axed of the fyrst doughter how well she hym loued. and she aunsuerd &̄ saied better then hir own lyffe Now certes quod hir fadre that is a gret loue Then axed he of ye secūd doughter how moch she hym loued and she saied more and passing all the creaturs in the world ꝑ ma foy quod hir fad (er) I ma no more axe: and tho axed he of the thrid doughter how mych she hym loued: certes fad (er) quod she my sustres haue told you glosyng wordes: but for so the I shall tell you trouth For I loue you os I aught to loue my fad (er) and for to bring you more in c (er)tayn how I loue you I shall you tell: as moche as ye bene worth so moch shall ye be loued ¶The kyng hir fader went that she had skorned hym and become wond (er) wroth and suore by heuen &̄ erth she shold neuer haue good of hym: bot his doughtres yt loued hym so moch shold be well auaunced and maried And the fyrst dought (er) he maried to Maugles kyng of scotland: and the second he marid to hanemos Erle of Cornewaell: and so they ordined and spak bitwene them that they shold depart the Reame bitwene them two after the deth of kyng Leir ther fad (er) so that Cordeill his yongeste doughter shold nothyng haue of his lond: but this Cordeill wos wond (er) fair and of good condicions and maners yt thee kyng off fraunce Agampe herd of hir speke and sent to the kyng Leir hir father for to haue hir vn to his wyfe. and prayed hym therof. and kyng Leir hir fader sent hym word that he had departed his la­nd and yeffen it all vn to his two doughtres be for saied. and he saied he had no more land wher wyth hir to mary ¶And whā Agampe the kyng of fraunce herd this aunsuar he sent anone a yene to Leir and sayed that he axed no thyng withhir bot only hir clothyng and hir body And anone kyng leir sent hir ou (er) the see to ye kīg of fraūce And he ressaued hir with moche worship and with solempnite he hir spoused & made hir quene of fraunce.

¶How kyng Leir wos driuen out of his land thurgh his folke &̄ how Cordeill his yongest doughter helped him ī his nede.

THus it befell afterward that tho .ij. eldest daughtres wold not a bide tyll leir ther fad (er) wos deid but wered vpon hym whilles that he wos on liue and did hym moch sorow &̄ sham wherfor they benōme hym holi the ream and bi twene them had or deyned that one of them shold haue kyng Leir to seiourne al his liue tyme with xl. knyghtes and squyers that he myght wurship fulli go and ride whedd (er) that he wold & ī to what contre that hym liked to play and to solace. ¶So that Manacles kyng of scot­land had kyng Leir with hym in the maner os is a boune saied and or other half yere wer passed Corneil that wos his eldest doughter and quene of Scotland was so a noyed of hym and of his pepull that anone she and hir lord speke to gedre wherfor his knyghtis half and his squers from hym wer gone and nomo left wt him bot only xxx. ¶And when this wos done Leir bi gon for to make moch sorow for encheson that his estate wos empeired. &̄ men had of hym more scorne and despiet then eu (er) they had before wherfor he not wist for to done. and at the last thoght that he wold weind in to Cornwaill to Rigan his other dought (er) And when he was come the Erle and his wife that wos Leirs dought (er) hym welcomed and with hym made moch Ioye and the er he dwelled wt xxx. knyghtis & squyers And he had not duelled ther scarsly xij. month that his dought (er) of hym was weri and his companye and hir lord and she: of hym had gret scorne and despitte: so thatt from xxx. knyghtes they brought vn to .x. and afterward had he but .v. and so they left hym nomo ¶Than made he sorow ynouh: and saied sore wepyng Allas that euer he come in to yt land and saied yit had me better to haue duelled with my fyrst doughter And anone he went thens to his fyrst dought (er) a g [...]ne: bot anōe as she saw him come she suore by god and bi his holi name and by as moch as she myght that he shold haue nomo with hym [Page] but one knyght yf he wold ther a bied Then begon Leir ayene to wepe and made moch sorow &̄ said tho alas now to long haue I leued that this sorow and myschefe is to me now fallen. for now am I pooer that sū tyme wos rich: bot now haue I no frend ne kyn that me wyll do ony good ¶But whē I was riche all mē me honoured and worshipped & now eu (er)y mā hath of me scorne &̄ d [...]spite. and now I wot well that Cordeill my yongest doughter saied me trought when she said as moch as i had so mych shuld i beloueid and all the while that i had good so long wos i loued and honoured for my riches: but my two doughtres glosed me tho. & now of me thei set litell pris and soth told me Cordeill bot i wold nat beleue it ne vndiyrstond and therfor i let hir go fro me as a thyng that i set litell pris of: and now wote i neuer what for to done sith my ij. doughtre haue me thus dissaiued that i so moch loued: and now most i nedes seche hir that is in an other land that lyghly i let hir gone fro me with out any reward or yeftes and she said that she loued me as mich os she aght to loue hir fad (er) by all maner of reson and tho i shold haue axed hir nomore: and tho that me other wise behightyn thurgh tber fals speche now haue me desauid: in this maner Leir long tyme began to make his mone and at the last he shop him to the see and passed ouer in to fraunce and asked and aspied wher the Quene myght be fonde and men told hym wher she was And whan he come to the Cite that she was in preualy he sent his squyer vn to the quene to tell hyr that hir fadre wos comen to hir for gret neides ¶And when the squyer come to the quene he told hir euery dele of hir sustres from the begynnyng vn to ye end· Cordeill the quene anone toke gold and siluer plente and toke it to the squyer in counsell that he shold go and bere it vn to hir fadre and that he shold go in to a c (er)tan Cite and hym aray and wasshen and than cum ayene to hir &̄ bring with hym an honest companye of knyghtes xl. at the leyst with ther menye: and than he shold send to hir lord the kyng and [Page] sayne that he were comen for to speke with his dought (er) & hym for to seen: and so he did ¶And whan the kyng and the quene he [...]d that thei com. with mych honour they hym rossayued And ye kīg of fraunce tho let send thurgh all his reame and cōmanded that all mē shold bene als entendent to kyng Leir the Quens fadre in all maner of thynges as it war vn to hym self when kīg leir had duelled ther a moneth and more he tolde to the kyng and to the quene his doughter how his two eldest doughtres had hym serued. Agampe anone let ordeyne a gret host of fraunce men and sent in to bretan with Leir the quenes fad (er) for to comquer his la­nd ayene and his kyngdom. And cordeill also come with hir fader in to bretane for to haue the reame after hir fadres deth And anone they went to ship and passed the see and come in to bretan and foughten with the felous and them scomfited and kylled. &̄ tho had he his lond ayene and aft (er) leued iij. yere and held his ream in pees and afterward died &̄ Cordeill his doughter hym let ētyr with mekell honour at Lecestre.

Anno mūdi iiijM iijC xlix. Et an̄ xpī natītatē viijC liij.

AMasias son to Ioam regned on the Iues xxix. yere aft (er) the wich the kyngdō of Iues wos wt out kyng xiij. yere This man worship the goddis of Seyr. vt (pꝪ)patet 2o para. 2 [...].

Ieroboam son to Ioam rened on isreell xli. yere y with was manly and victorius for he ouer come the kyng sirie &̄ restorid israell & damaske aft (er) ye word of Iono ye ꝓphet: bot he wos not good ther foor sayeth Austyn yf good men regne thay ꝓphet mony mē &̄ yf ill men regne they hurt mony men.

Anno mūdi iiijM iijC lxxxviij. Et an̄ xpī natītatē viijC xi

OZias or Azarias son to Amasie regned on the Iure lij yere. the wich leued well a for our lord. Off hym is no ill thyng wretyn. bot that he vsurpit the dyngnyte of prest hoid vnd (er) [Page] Azari. the wich he for bed hym. for the wich cause our lord strok hym with a leper. vt (pꝪ)patet. [...] o. para. Ozee bisshop and ꝓphet was this tyme the fyrst of the xij. is send a yanes the x. tribis. Io­hell the secund of the xij. ꝓphesied of iuda. Anias the iij. ꝓphised agās mani peple ¶Abdias the iiij. of the xij. ꝓphesied agayns edom Iacharias son to Ieroboā regned ī israell vi. monethis the wich be gan to regne the xxxviij. yere of Osias: and wos nought in his leuyng as his predicessurs war. And zelluz kylled hym. and regned a moneth. And Manahen kyllid hym & toke his kyngdom. vt (pꝪ)patet 4o regū This manahen regned x. yere yt wich be gon to regne the xxxix. yere of Osias. and he ruled him myscheuysly and our lord toke hym in the poer of the kyng of assurio (rum). &̄ he payed to hym .M. talentis of siluer. vt (pꝪ)patet 4 regū. Phaseia son to manahen regned in israell ij. yere And he bee gan to regne the .l. yere of Osias & he wos noght ī his leuyng. Phasee slew Phasaia & regned xx. yere. And he be gan to regne the lij. yer of Osias and did as other cursed men did. plura vide 4o regū. And after this. israell wos with owttyn ony kyng viij. yere.

¶How Morgan and Conedag that wos nevus to Cordeil werred wpon hir and put hir hir in to preson.

WHen that kyng Leir wos deid Cordeill his yongest doughter regned: the x. yere of Osias kyng of Iuri And aft (er) hir ragned Conedage. the xv. yere of Osias. And Cordeill yt wos Leir yongest doughter aft (er) the deth of hir fader had all ye lōd v. yere and in the meyn tyme died hir lord Agampe that was kyng of fraunce and aft (er) his deth she left wedo. And ther come Morgan and Conedag that wer Cordeill sustre sonnys and to hir had enmite for as moch as ther aunt shold haue the land. So that bitweyn them they ordeyned a gret pouer and vpon hir wered gretly. and neuer they rest till they had hir taken &̄ put hir vn to deth: and tho Morgan & Conedag seysed ale the land &̄ deꝑtid it [Page] bitwene them. And they held it xij. yere▪ and when tho xij. yere were gone ther bi gane bitwene them a gret debate so yt they we­red strongly to gedre yfere & eu (er)y of them did other moch disese. for Morgan wold haue all the land fro beyond humbet that Conedage held. but he come ayenst hym with a strong pouer so that Morgan durst not abide but fled awey in to wales and Cone­dage pursued hym &̄ toke hym and kylled hym. And tho come co­nedage ayen and seysed all the lond in to his hand and held it &̄ regned after xxxiij yere. & tho he died &̄ lieth at new Troy.

¶And be cause the mater contennys most comediusly to ged (er) of the kynges of bretan now called Enegland for the tyme of them is not certenly knawyn what tyme of the world thes kynges foloyng regned. Therfor they shall be to geder: tyll it be comen vn to Guentolen kyng of bretan now called Englond.

¶How Reignold yt wos Cōadag son regned aft (er) his fad (er) &̄ ī his tyme it reyned blode iij. dayes ī tokennyng of gret deth.

ANd after this Conedage regned Reignold his son that was a wise knyght and an hardy and curtes that well &̄ nobully gouerned the lond and wonder well made hym beleued of all man (er) of folke and in his tyme it rayned blode that lested iij. days as god wold and sone after ther come gret deth of pepull for hostes with out nombre of pepull foughten tyll that all myghty god therof toke mercy and pytty and tho gan it cese and this Reignold regned xxij. yere &̄ died & lieth at Yorke.

¶How Gorbodian regned in pees that wos reignold son. & aft (er) he died and lieth at yoik.

ANd after this Reignold that wos Gonedag son rened Gorbodian that wos this Reignold son xv. yere &̄ then he died & lieth at yorke.

¶How gorbodian had ij. sonnys & how that one slew the other for to haue the heritage: And how ydoyne ther modre killed thatt other wherfor the land was destruied.

[Page]WHen this Gorbodian was deid his .ij. sōnys yt he had be­come stout & proude & eu (er) wered to ged (er) for ye land: &̄ the one was called Ferres &̄ other Porres. And this ferres wold haue all ye land: but ye other woldnat suffre him this ferres had a felons hert & thought thurgh tresō to slee his brother but preualy he wēt ī to fraunce & ther abode wt the kīg Syward till vpō a tyme whan he come ayene &̄ fought wt his brother ferres: but ful euell it happed tho for he was slayn fyrst. whē ydoyne ther mod (er) wist yt Porres was deid she made gret sorow for enchesō yt shee loued hym more thē that other &̄ thought him for to kyll preualy ¶And preuely she come to hir son vpō a nyght wt ij. knyues & therwith cut his throt & ye bodi also ī to small peces who herd eu (er) suche a cursed mod (er) yt kyllid with hir owne handes hir own son and long tyme aft (er) last the reproue &̄ shame to the mod (er) yt for en­chesun of that one son she murdred the other &̄ so lost them bothe.

¶How .iiij. kynges courtasly held all Breten and what be ther names ye shall heyr after

WHen the ij. brethern war deid they nad left behynd them nother son ne dought (er) ne nōe other of the kynred yt myght haue ye heritage &̄ for as moch as ye strangest mē driuē & scomfited ye feblest &̄ toke all ther londes so that in eu (er)y cōtre they had gret were &̄ strife vnd (er) them but emong all other thynges ther were amōges them ī ye contre that ou (er) come all tho other &̄ thurgh ther myght &̄ strenght they tuke all ye londes &̄ eu (er)y of them tok a c (er)tayn cōtre & ī his contre let call hī kyng &̄ con of thē was cald Scater &̄ he wos kīg of scotland & yt other wos called Dawaliere &̄ he was kīg of loegers &̄ of all the land that wos Lotrins thatt wos Brutes son The thrid was called Rudac and he was kyng of walis And the iiij. was called Cloten &̄ was kīg of Corne­waill. but this Cloten shold haue had all the land by reson for be cause thar wos no mā that wist nōe so right heir os he was: butt they that were strongest set litell bi hem that wer of lesse estate [Page] and therfor this clotē had nomore lād amōg hem but cornwaill.

¶Of kyng Donebant that was Clotens son wone the lond

THis Cloten had a son yt was called Doneband that after the deth of his fadre by come an hardy man and a fair and a curteys so that he passed all the other kingꝭ of fairnes &̄ of worthenesse. And a none as he was knyght he wist well th­at when his fader lyued he was most rightfull heir of all the lōd and shold haue had by reson but other kynges that were of moch more strength than he toke from hym his lond ¶And aft (er)ward this Doneband ordeyned him gret pouer and conquered fyrst all the land of Logeris a and aft (er) he wold haue conquered all the land of scotland and wailles: and Scat came with his mē and yaf him batell and Rudac come ayene with his walys men for to help hym. but so it be fell that Rudac wos kylled & also Scater ī playn bataill and so Doneband had the victorie and con­querid all the land and well maintined it in pees and in quiete that neuir befor it was so well mayntined.

¶How doneband was the frist kyng that euer bore croune of gold in bretan.

THys Doneband let make hym a croune of gold and wered the croune vpon his hede as neu (er) kīg did bifore and he ordyened a statut that and a man had done neu (er) so moch harme and myght comē in to the tempull ther shold no man hym mysdo but gone ther in safete and in pees and aft (er) goin to what lond or cūtre that hym plesed with owt ony harme▪ and if ony man sett any hond vpon hym he than shold lese his life. And this Doneband made the toun of Malmesberi and the toune also off the vise And when he had regned well & worthely xl. yere. then he died and lyeth at new Troy.

¶How Bronne and Belin deꝑted bitweyn them the lond after the deth of Doneband ther fadre and of the were be twix them.

[Page] ANd aft (er) yt this Doneband wos deid: his sōnys yt he had deꝑted the land bitweyn them as ther fad (er) had ordeyned so yt belyn his eldest son had all ye land of bretan: from humbar sou­thward. And his brotherbrenne had all the land from humber to Scotlād: but for as moch that Belī had the better part Brenne therfor waxed wroth & wold haue had more of the lond &̄ belyn his brother wold greunte hym nomore wherfor cōtake & were a roso betweyn them two. But brenne the yonger brother had no myght ne strenght a yens belyn: &̄ therfor brenne thurgh cōsell of hys folke wēt fro thens ī to norwey to the kyng Olsinges & prayd him of help & socour for to cōquer all ye lond vpō belin his brother vpon that connaund that he wold haue his doughter to wise &̄ the kyng Olsinges him grāted. & belyn anōe as his brother wos a go to norway he seysed ī to his hond all the land of northhūberlōd &̄ toke all the castelles &̄ let them be arayed: and keped the costes of the see that brenne shold not arriue ī no sied but yt he war take ¶The kyng ol singes let assemble a gret host and deliu (er)yd his doughter to brenne & all the pepull yt he had ordeyned. &̄ this damisell Samye had long tyme loued a kyng that wos called Gutla­ghen and to hym she told all hir counsel̄ how yt Brenne shold hir haue & hir lede with hym for eu (er) more & so he shold lese hir but that she myght for sake brenne. And whan gutlagh had herd this tydīg he lay for to aspy brenne with as mony shippis as he myght ha­ue so the two fletes metten to gedre and long tyme they faught so that Brenne turned ayene and wer discomfited And kyng gutlagh toke Samye and put hir in to his shyppe and brenne sham fulli fled thens as a man discomfitied ¶And this kyng gutlagh wold haue went in to his owne contre but ther come vpon hī sych a gret tempest that ·v. dayes lasted so that thurgh that tempast he wos driuen ī to breten with: iij. shippis and no mo. &̄ tho that keped the costes on the see toke Gutlagh and Samye & all his folke & them presented to belyn: &̄ belyn put them ī to preson.

¶How Belyn drofe out of this land kyng Gutlagh of Dē marke and Samye.

HIt was not long after that brenne come ayene with a gret nauye & sent to his brother belyn yt he shold yeld ayene his land to his wife & his folke & his castels also: or els he wold destru his land. belyn drad no thyng h [...]s malas &̄ wold no thyng do aft (er) that he had said: wherfor brenne come with his folke & fou­ght wt belyn & brenne was discōfited &̄ his folke slayn &̄ him selfe fled with xij. mē ī to fraunce And this belyn yt wos brennes b­rother wēt then to yorke and toke counsell what he myght do with kynd gutlagh for kyng gutlagh profered to be come his man and to hold his land of hym yeldyng bi yere a .M. pound of silu (er) for eu (er) more &̄ for sikernesse of this cōuenyant to be holden Gutlagh shold bring hym good hostages &̄ to him shold do homage & all his folke And yit he shold swere vpon a boke that it shold neuer be broken ne saled. ¶Belyn tho bi counsell of his folke grāted hym his axyng And so gutlagh become his man and belyn vnder toke of him his homage by an oth &̄ bi writyng the same con­uenantes. and vpon thes couenants kyng Gutlagh toke samie and his folke &̄ went thens & turned ayene to Denmarke: eu (er)mor aft (er) were the couenants holden and the truage payed till the tyme that Honelus was kyng of Denmark and also of this land thurgh his wife Gildeburgh that he had spoused for sho wos ye righ heir of this lond ¶This belin duelled tho in pees and worshipfully hym held among his barons and he made iiij· riall weyes one from the Est in to the west and that was called watling stret and an other from the northe vn to the south and that wos called Ikelme strete and ij. other weyes he made ī bossyng thurgh out the land that on is called fosse and that other fossedike and he maintened well the good lawes that Doneband his fadre had made and ordened in his tyme as befor is saied.

¶How a cordment wos made be twene Brenne and Belī thurgh Cornewen ther mod (er).

BRenne that was Belenꝰ brother: had long tyme duellid in fraunce and ther had conquered a gret lordshyp thurgh mariage For he wos duke of Burgoyne thurgh the dought (er) of the duke Fewyn that he had spoused that wos right heir of thee lond and this Brenne ordeyned a gret pouer of his folke and also of fraunce and come in to this land for to fight with Belī his brother and belin come ayens hym with a gret poer of bretōs &̄ wold tho haue yeuen hym batell but ther mother Cornewyn that tho liued had herd that: that on brother wold haue destruyed that othir and went bitwene hir sonnys and them made accorded wt moch peyne ¶So that at the last tho .ij. bretheren with mych blis went to gedre in to new Troy that now is called London &̄ ther they duelled a yere and after they toke ther counsell for to go &̄ conquer all fraunce &̄ so they did: and brent tounes and destrued the land bothe in length & in breyd & the kyng of fraunce yaf them batell with his poer but he wos ouer comen & yaf truage vn to Belin and to his brother. ¶And after that they wēt forth vn to Rome and conquered rome and all Lumbardy & Germani and toke homage & feaute of Erles Barons & of al other: and after they come in to this land of bretan and duelled with ther b­retons in Ioye and rest and tho made Brenne the toune of bristowe and sith he went ouer to his own lordshipp and ther dueld he all his life and belin duelled atnew Troy &̄ ther he made a fair gate that is called belynges gate after his own name and whē this belyn had regned nobuly xi. yere he deid & lieth at new Troy

¶How kyng Cormbatrus kylled the kyng of denmarke for encheson that be wold not pay hym his truage.

ANd after this Belyn regned his son Cormbatrus a good mā & a worthy & the kyng of Danmark wold not pay [Page] vn to him his truage that is to saye a .M. pound as he had sworne bi oth for to pay it & also by writing recorde to Belin his fad (er) wherfor he wos euell a payed &̄ wroth &̄ assemled a gret host of bretons &̄ wēt in to denmarke & slew ye kyng Gutlagh &̄ brought ye land ī subiecciō all new & toke of folke feautes &̄ homage and aft (er) wēt ayene ī to his lond &̄ os he come forth bi Orkeney he fōd xxx. shippes full of mē &̄ womē be side the cost of ye see &̄ ye kyng axed what they war And an Erle that wos master of them all curtesly aunsuerd vn to the kyng & said yt they war exiled out of spayne &̄ so yt they had trauelled half a yere &̄ more ī the see to wit yf they myght fynd any kyng ī ony land yt of them wold haue pite or merci to yeue them any land ī ony contre wher ī they might duell &̄ haue rest &̄ becum his liege mē & to hym wold do homage & feaute whilles yt he leued &̄ to his heiers aft (er) hī. &̄ of him &̄ of his heirs holden yt land And whē the kīg this hard he had pite off them &̄ yafe them an Ile all wildernes ther yt no man was du­ellyng saue only wyld beestes and the Erle thanked moch thee kīg. &̄ becom his man & did hym homage &̄ feaute &̄ toke all his folke & went ī to the same yle. and the Erle wos called irlamall &̄ therfor he let call the land Irland aft (er) his owne name. This kīg Cormbatrus com ayene in to his land and regned xxv. yere and after he deid and lyeth at new Troye.

Anno mūdi iiijM iiijC xl. Et an̄ xp̄i natītatē vijC lvi.

IOathan son to Osias regned in the iure xvi. yere. Off this ioathan nothyng is wreten of bot that he toke not a way excelsa os other did. vt (pꝪ)patet 2o para. Amarias wos bysshoppe. And Ysoyas the nobull prophet wos in his dayes. Olympias with the grekes be gan the fyrst yere of ioathā aft (er) iosaph̄ꝰ. & aft (er) Beda Troy wos destrued .cccc.vi. yere afor the fyrst Olymphias be gan vnd (er) E [...]alo a iuge of Athens. in the wich Core (bus) gat the cheualri a monges all men. Olimpꝰ is [Page] the name of an hill in Grecia. the wich for his preciosnes is called the hyll of god. And after Ierom on Olimpias cōtenes fulli iiij yeres. in the wich iiij yeres iiij yerly pinces ar made. & thes Olimpiades ar places ordant to the worship of Iupater vndyr the hyll of Olympo. And the law of them is this that who sū eu (er) is best in any cheualri· what gyfte som euer he desyeres hee shall haue.

Anno mūdi iiijM iiijC lvi. Et an̄ xpī natītatē vijC xliij.

ACham the son of Ioathan regned on the Iues xvi yere of this Acham no thyng that is good is wretten. for he forsoke our lord. And our lord stroke hym with his own pepil strongly. and with the kynges of Syrri. vt (pꝪ)patet 2o para. 28. Achitob this tyme was bysshope. Ozee kyng of israell regned ix. yere the wich be gone to regne the xij. yere of Acham kynge off Iues. This Ozee dred not god for he leued noght. And he wos the last kyng of isreell. and in the ix. yere of his regne he was takyn of Salmanasar. & israell was translait in to Assirias. vt habetur 4o regū .17.

Anno mūdi iiijM iiijC lxiij. Et an̄ xpī natītatē vijC xl.


AFt (er) Euseby Rome was made ī ye hill of palatyn ye iiij. yere of acham kīg of iues of ij brether Romolus & Remus xi.liln̄ Maij. the vij Olimpiades begynnyng. Iosopꝰ &̄ Beed saith the vi. Olympiades & so they dyffer a yere. Neu (er)thelesse it is red other mē to haue regned a bout ye place myghtely ī Italy. yt is to wite ianꝰ: picꝰ Famꝰ Latinꝰ ye wich vn to Eneas regned about. CC. yere [Page] Then afterward from Enee to this Romolꝰ it wos regned vndir. xv gouernours iiijC xxxij. After that fro the cite wos made vn to the last yere of Tarquyn ye prode it wos regned vnd (er) vij kynges About ijC. and xliii. yere. Then afterward vnd (er) Se­netours and counselers vn to Iulius Cesor Emprour by iiijC: lxiiij. yere Romolus the fyrst of romans of whom the be called in latyn Romans made the Cite to be named Rome after his na­me: the wich gedyrd to gedir the pepull on eueri side an .C. off the saage men & wytte he choise. thrugh the counsell of whom all thyng he disposed the wich he named sennetours for the tyme off ther age. And he made ther names to be wreten in goldyn letters: wherfor we writte nobull faders and thynges so yet· Also he cald A.M. men of armys the wich he named milites a nuo millenario bot thes war no nobull blude. ¶Therfor as sent Austyn sayth de ciuitate dei And also ther wos long were be twix ye Sabyns and them for Romolꝰ toke mony women of the nobyll blud of sabyns: and maried them to that vn noble blud of this romulus Orosius writtis mych ill. vt (pꝪ)patet ī libro suo ¶About this tyme Merodoch the kyng of babulon send grete geyftys to Ezechie the kyng of Iues. vt (pꝪ)patet 4 regū 2 [...]. And than the kyngdom of babulon begone.

Anno mūdi iiijM lxxij. Et an̄ xp̄i natītatem vijC.xxvii.

EZecheas xiiij. kyng of Iues a good child of a cursed fad (er) regned with a ꝑfite hart to our lord: And he restored thee hows of god and ther wos nonē lyke hym a for ner after emong the kynges of Iues. Therfor our lord god glorified hym for when Sennacherib the kyng of Assurio (rum) cam ayens Ezechye with a myghty host. our lord stroke his pepull &̄ slew. C: lxxxv of fightynh men. and Sennacherib fled shamfully. vt (pꝪ)patet 4o re­gum 19. et 2 para. 33. Sadoch this tyme was hee bisshopp ther.

Anno mūdi iiijM vC.i. Et an̄ xp̄i natītatē viC lxxxxviij.

MAnasses kyng of Iues regned lv. yere and he wos an ill chyld of a good fad (er). for he did more cursitly thē any yt wos a for hym. for be slew the ꝓphetes of god: that the stretys in Ierusalem war all bludy: And he made Ysae the ꝓphet to be sawyd in peeses with a saw of tre: wherfor the kyng of Assurio (rum) wastyd the Iuri & toke Manasses &̄ put hym ī preson &̄ after Ma­nasses repented his trespas: & cried for mercy to our lord. and wos herd. then he was restored to his kyngdō and he a mēdit his lyffe. vt (pꝪ)patet. 4. regū 21: et .2. para .33. Sel̄lum wos bisshop: &̄ Echias after hym This tyme the vij. wysemen had worschip in greke. s. Tales Solon Chylon Poriandꝰ Eldobolꝰ Bias Pitacꝰ This Talꝰ fond fyrst the defaute of the son & the mone vide plura augꝰ .8. de ciuitate dei. Numa the secūd kyng thys tyme regned in Rome xlij. yere the wich wos a gret worshypper of fals goddis he fillid Rome so full that he myght haue no place for hym self to duell in. ¶This man put Ianuary &̄ February to the begynnyng of the of the yere. vide plrā ī augꝰ de ci. Aboune all reson it is meruell that sich men so excedyng ī witte in all thynges that wos ill resedit fro the knaulegh of vera g [...]d Amon kyng of Iues regned .ij. yere the wich was nought in his leuyng: and he wos strekyn of his seruandis and he dyed with owte eny repentans.

Anno mūdi iiijM vC lviii: Et an̄ xpī natītatē viC xli.

IOsias the son to Amon at viij yer of age be gan to regne &̄ regned xxxi. yere a good child of a ꝑuerse fadir. ī his yong age he sought the grace of god. And in that grace lauda­bully a bood tyll his end: his relegius lyffe and his holy werkis ye may se. [...]. regū .22. et 2 para. 34 Azastas the son of El­chie wos bishope Tobias a bowt this tyme died &̄ he wos an verey holy man: and he proficied the destruccion of Ierusalem. Tulius hostilius wos the thred kyng in Rome. And Sent [Page] Astyn saeth ī his boke de ciuitate dei. that from Rome wos made vn to August the Emprour: ther was so cōtinuall batel yt it wos taken for a meruell and they were on yere with out batell except xlij. yere in Nume dayes ī the wich wos cōtinuall pees &̄ this Tuliꝰ be cause he had rest he did cursedly to his nebrus. and then he wos slayn and all his houshold with a stroke of ligh [...]īyng Nabegodonosor this tyme wos kyng of babulon a manly mā and a victorius: for he was the scoourge of our lord to ponych the synnys of mōy pepull. This man wos king of babulō and afterward he conquered the kyndgom of assurio (rum). and made it one monarche. But mony way scriptur spekis of this man now good and now ill And for because scriptur cōcludis that he endyt his lyfe ī the louyng of god bi the prayer of Daniel &̄ ī the knaulege of one veray god sū docturs sayeth he is saued &̄ sū sayeth it is doute. Ancus Marciꝰ the iiij. kyng of rome regned xxiij yere. This man for grace and trist that he had to Tarquinus Priscus made hym the gou (er)nour of his chyld. & ayres & he ill rewardit hym Daniel yet a child deluyed Sent susan· and s [...]oed in the cōsait of the kyng with his felouys and aftirward he descussit the drenmys of the kyng: and wos made a mā of gret honesti vt (pꝪ)patet dan primo Ioathas the secund sone of Iosie regned on ye Iues iij. monethes & wos made kyng bi the pepull: & he wos not good. And Pharao toke him & lede hym in to Egipt &̄ made hys heldir brother kyng· vt (pꝪ)patet 4o regū 23.

Anno mūdi iiijM vC lxxxviij Et an̄ xpī natītatē viC xi.

IOachym or Ieconyas the son of Iosie wos made kynge of Iues by Pharao & regned xi yere. &̄ be cause he liued noght. ne herd not the ꝓphettis Nabegodono (ser) toke hī &̄ made hī his (ser)uand iij. yere And he rebellid a yens hym afterward and he toke hī and was aboute to haue led him vn to babulon bot his consell wos changed & so Nabegodonser kylled hym ī Ierusalem &̄ kest his bodi ower the walles after the prophesy of Ieromy. and [Page] toke with hym the vesell of our lord and put them ī his tempull. vt (pꝪ)patet 2o para. vlt. Samias wos bisshop vrias ꝓphet was slain of Iecony the kyng &̄ ieromy wos p̄sēt Ioachim son to Ieconias regned ī the Iure iij. monethes and leued nought & ther­for a none he wos meuyt that he shuld regne no longer: And wos bonden and translat ī to Babulō & mōy wt hym wer translayt. vt (pꝪ)patet 4 regū 24. Daniell Ananyas Azarias Misa­ell Ezechiell &̄ Mardochius. all thes with Ioachym ye kīg wer led ī to babulō yong child for be cause they wer of the nobull blode

Anno mūdi iiijM viC. Et ante yp̄i natītatē viC:

SEdechias the thrid son of Iosie regned on the iues xi. yere This sedechy wos a myscheuꝰ man ī his leuyng and he wold not here Ieromy the ꝓphet. Therfor he ꝑyschet wrecchidli And all the iury wt hym. And his [...]en wer put out: and his chylder wer slayn. vt (pꝪ)patet 4o regū Iosedech the son of Azarie wos bisshop. &̄ wos trāslayt fro ierusalē bi Nabogodonosor ī to babulō Abacuk ꝓphesyed ayenes Nabuch at babulon. &̄ ther be oppynyons what tyme this abacuk wos. This abacuk broght mete to Daniell whē he was put to the Lyons aft (er) ierom: & here endis ye fourth age &̄ the history of regū This tyme the tempull of Salamon wos brent of ye Caldees


Here begīnis the fifte aage of the world during to the Natīte of crist

&̄ ierusalem wos destruyed. this tempull stood iiijC xlij. yere yt is to wete fro the fyrst makyng the wich was made the fourth yere of Salamō. And fro that destruccion the wich wos made by Tytus that is to wete xlij. yere after the passion of Criste Priscus torquinꝰ the v. kynge of Rome regned &̄ he made Capit [...]lliū [Page] quasi caput solū For in the gronde werke wos found a hed with out ony body as for ꝓphesy of thynges to cū. For ther aft (er) ­ward the senatours sat as on heed of all the world ¶This tyme iij. chyldir wer kest in to a fornes brynnyng: &̄ with a myracull thei war deliu (er)ed as it it is schewed in dan prio Nabogodono (ser) the son of Nabogodonosor the myghty. regned ī babulō This mā made an hyngyng gardyn wt myghty costys for hys wiffe. and mony meruelꝰ thinges he did: so that he wold be named to excede Hercules in his gretnes &̄ strength Enylmerod [...]ch brother to the later Nabagodono (ser) regned in babulō. This mā toke Ioachym out of preson & worshippit him. and his fad [...] deed body after the counsell of this man: he deuidet to an hūdyrth gripes lest that he shold rise from deth to lyue. Nota The play of the Ches wos found of Xerse a philosophur for the correccion of Enylmerodach this tyme the kyng of babulon a gret tyrant the wich was wont to kyll his own maisters and wyse men. And for he durst not rebuke him oppynly. with sych a witty game he procurt hym to be me [...]ke

Anno mūdi iiijM viC xxxiiij. Et an̄ īxp̄i natītatē vC lxv.

SAlathiell of the line of crist wos son to Ieco [...]y the king of Iues the wich he gat aft (er) the transmigracion of babulō as Marke the Euangelest saeth Seruius Tuliꝰ the sext kīg of Rome was of a bond codecion on the mother syed: for she was a captiue madyn: bot she was of the nobull blude. This mā had gret louyng: and nobully he bare hym in euery place iij. hellis to the cite he put & diked the walles round a bowt Regusa [...] Sab­usardach and Balthasar wer bretheren the wich regned on after a nother and wos kynges in Babuloo: and Balthasar wos the last kyng in babulō the wich wos slayn of Darius & Cyrus· Plura vide daniel̄ quinto.

[Page]DArius vnkyll to Cyro felo ī the kyngdō with Ciro. occupied the kyngdom of babulō Darius translatit the kyngdom of babulons Caldees in to the kyngdō of ꝑsa (rum) &̄ medo (rum). Cyrus was emprour xxx. yere This cyrus held the monarch hoill at perses: of this man ꝓphesied Ysaias. & he destruyed ba­bulon: and kylled Balthasar the kyng of babulon. and he wor­schipped gretly Daniell. the Iues he send home ayene that they shold bilde the tempull of god. vt (pꝪ)patet esdre primo.

Babulon that strong castell was destrued &̄ his pouer was taken fro him. as it wos ꝓphesied. This wos the fyrst cite and thee grettest of all the world. of the wich incredebyll thyngꝭ ar wretē and this that wos so strong ī on nyght wos destrued. that it myght be shewed to the power of god. to the wich power all other be bot a sparke &̄ dust. For it is saied for sothe that it wos incredabull to be made with mans handis or to be dethruyed with mans strenght. wherof all the world myght take an ensample. and it wold or myght be informyt. Tarquinus suꝑbus wos the vij. kyng of Rome & he regned xxxv. yere This man ꝯsaued fyrst all thes tormētis wich ar ordeyned for malefacturs. as exile: p̄sō weilis & galowis. fettres &̄ manyclys. chynes & colers. & sych other. Ther for his gret pride & cruelnes: god suffrid him to myschefe. and in what man (er) wyse it shall bi shewed ¶He had a son of the same name. the wich son dofouled a worthy manys wiffe: thei called hym Collatyn. & his wyffe wos called Lucres. This Tarquynꝰ yt wos this seuynth kīg son a foor saied. come vn to this ladyes howse. absent hir howsbond to soꝑ. &̄ to logīg: and when all wer a slepe he rose with a suerde in his hond: &̄ wt strengthe & feir he rauychid the womā. And whē he wos go ye nexte day aft (er) she send vn to hir fadre & to hir housbond for she was off gret kynne. and thus she saied vn to them ¶This kyngꝭ son come heder. os a freynd of whom I had no mystrist. and thus he has defilyt my chastyte. and lost my name for eu (er)more. then hir [Page] frendys se hyr wepe and petuysly cōplayn. &̄ they cōforthid hir os the cold. And saied it wos no velany vn to hir for it wos ayenes hir will. she answered & sayd· yet shall ther neu (er) woman excuse hir bi Lucres for thou she cōsentyd not to thys deed: yet shall she not dye wt out payn: for that deed. And wt that word she had a knyffe redi vnd (er) hir mātill with wich she smote hir selff to the hert And for this cruelnes and this petuꝰ deth: the pepull of Rome a rose and exiled this kīg for eu (er)more: &̄ all his ꝓgeny and thꝰ sees sit thes kynges of rome &̄ neu (er) wos none after:

¶Of the gou (er)nans of Rome till the Emꝑours be gan.

AFtyr this tyrant wos deid. the romans ordeyned yt ther shuld neu (er) be kyng more ī rome. Bot they wold bi gou (er)ned fro yt forth bi consules. So whē thos kīges had regned CC. yere & xl. they made this statute yt .ij. consules shuld be chosen. and they shuld goueren the cite & the peepull. and for this cause thes tow wor chosen: that yf on of them wold make any excesse: thee other shuld gou (er)ne him. For ther wos no thyng obeyed bot yf they cōsented both: also they shuld not stond ī ther dīgnite passyng on yere for this cause. that for dominacio [...] of long tyme they shuld not vsurpe vpō them more then wos righfull. In all this tyme the Empyre of rome was not dilatid passyng xij. myell: ne had no lordshipp passing xij. myell The fyrst consules yt wer made the called Luciū & the other Brutū. and thes two mē did gret thīgꝭ in ther tyme: but yet the pepull bare heuy of ther dominacion. wher foor the chose an other man the wich shuld haue more auctorite then they. & thei clepeed hym dictator ¶In this same tym ther wos a gret discencion be twix the pepull and the senate. wherfoor they chosin Tribunas wich war Iuges ou (er) the pepull &̄ defendit hem from wrong as sayeth Ysid. For the dictator when he was chose. he lasted ·v. yere and the tribunas war remeued euery yere ¶Bot ye must vndir stond that ye shall not haue heir after [Page] all the consules namys yt gou (er)ned Rome be twix the sesyng of ye kynges and the beginyng of the Emꝑours: for it war to long to write specially whē they wer eu (er)y yere new: sen yt oon man my­ght be chosen so oft tyme as we red. And also for the endurynge of ther gou (er)nance: for they wer gou (er)nours of Rome. vC. yere &̄ lxvij. So the most famus men of thes shall be rehersed aft (er) the forme of cronyclis. & os they stond ī the boke wos ychon aft (er) other Incipit historia libri Esdre

Anno mūdi iiijM viC lix. Et ante cristi natītatē vC xl.

ZOrobobell after the cōmandment of god founded the tempil &̄ made it ꝑfite bot it wos long after. vt (pꝪ)patet esdre. 6o. Aftir the pepull of Ierusalē come fro babulon thes ij. ruyled Ihesus the hee prest os gou (er)nour: & Zorobobell as duke. And thys maner of gydyng was kepid vn to Herodes tyme that the hee prestis shuld be principall: and the dukis vnd (er) them. bot the dukes wos eu (er) of the tribe of iuda: after the prophesi of Iacob. and vnd (er) that good gydyng of prestis it is not rede the pepull to haue rece­dit fro the varay truthe of faythe as they did afoor in the tyme off Iues and of kyngis. for then mony tymes they ran to ydolatry. Esdras the prest of the kynrad of Aron this tyme excedid mē ī holynes throgh whos gret wisdō all the Iues stait was holpin Cambises the son of Ciri regned on the kyngdom of Persa (rum) the wich commaunded myghtili the tempull of Ierusalem shold not be bildid ayene. his fadre cōmandid it shold be byldid: This Cambises made a cursed Iuge to be fleid or hilt: a lyue &̄ mad his son to sit on his fad (er) skyn: that thurgh that drede he shold drid falshed and iuge rightwisli ¶This Cambises had mony na­mys in holx scriptur. in the boke of Esdri Artharxerses or assuorus in historia Iudith: yt wasdoon vnd (er) hī he is called Nabogodonosor for Olifernes the prince of his cheualry subdued mony landes to his lord. and at the last he come vn to Bethelem & ther wos slayn of Iudit a woman vt (pꝪ)patet iuddith 2 et 13.

[Page]Ereneides regned in Persis half a yere. Darius regned at the perses the wich bi the mocion of Zorobobell cōmaundid thee werke of ye tēpull to be take ayene. &̄ ꝯmaunded his princes that on no wise they shuld let it. bot shuld help it in all yt they could vide plrā ī esdre ho: de ho tēpore ābiguū pp̄ diu (er)sitatē docto (rum).

Circa annū mūdi iiijM vijC xxxiiij. Et an̄ xp̄i natī. iiijC lxv

ABiuth son [...]o Zorobobell of ye lyne of crist wos a bowt this tyme· for of him and of other foloyng vn to Ioseph nothyng is had inscriptur: but that Matheu the euangelest nombris them in the genologi: And therfor the certayn tyme of them dewly cannot bi knaw. Ioachī wos bisshop this tī aft (er) iosophꝰ wos called Iosedech vndir whom ierusalem wos belded ayene vt dicit et ho idem (pꝪ)patet Neemie 12.

In the .CC.xliiij yere after that Rome wos made: Thee Romans ordyned .ij. Cōsules in the steid of ther kyng ye wich shuld gouerne on yere aloin· lest that bi tariyng they shuld be proude. And yt the on shuld corec the other yf he excedit or errit. Brutus wos the fyrst Consuler and Lucius the secund. &̄ then was ther a man that was called Dictator the nome of an office the wych shuld go with the pepull ayens ther enmys. Titus puphius Marcus consules. Then after the Romans complayned gretli on the condecions of the consules. and then the power was put to .x. men to an excedyng cost to the comyn pepull. for eu (er)ych on of them went like a kyng and need caused them to leue that dygnite. And they tristed neuer to rest. the were wos so strong ayens them Artharxerses wos kyng of Persa (rum) vnder whome Esdras come to Ierusalem. & Neemias wos butteler to the same kyng whom aft (er)ward he sent to bylde the walles of Ierusalem. Xerses rened aft (er) hī ij. monethes Segdianꝰ vij monethes after hī & lityll they did.

Circa annū mūdi iiijM vijC lix. Et an̄ xp̄i natītatē iiijC xl

ELiac hym is rehersed in the lyne of crist ī Math. po. and more of him is not had in scriptur. Esdras an holy man and a conyug and worshipfully wos had emong the pepull. thys man come fro babulō with odyrr. And he meued with veray cherite went ayene to bobulon that he myght wyn mo of Israell and saaue the sawles and bring them home with hym. In this tyme he repared the law and the holy bokys. the wich the caldes had brent. And an happy wittynes to all the world he left in scriptur. He fond new litters and lighter in faccion. the wich thurgh the holy gost fulfilled he come ayene to ierusalē with a gret multitude. & with the kynges preualeges that he shuld teche the pepull yt law that he had repayred. And ther he died in a good age. Neemias an hebru butler of kyng Artraxerses at his lord commandment went from babulon in to ierusalem. wher he yaf xij. yere the ledīg of pepull. And the v. yere he be gon to repare the yates and the wallis of Ierusalem: the wich werke he endit in .ij: yere and iiij monethes. and that with gret inpedimentes. for the halfe of the pepul stoed armeid with out the Cite to withstond the pepull of odyr naciōns intendyng to destruy them. And the other part labured in armes holdyng in the ton hond stonys for wallis. and ī the notobull odyr hond a swoord or ne by it. vide plrā libo suo Permenides phelosophurs and namly in morall thynges war a bowte this. Socrates a phelosophur the wich vndirstoed mych of the power of god. &̄ he wos Plato maister. Democritus Ipotras and odi [...] of whom the nobull werkis a boode.

Circa annū mūdi iiijM viijC ix. Et an̄ cristi natī. iijC lxxxx

AZor is rehersed in the lyne of crist in mathe primo. Bot nothyng off his dedes is wreten in the scriptur. Elyasib or Elysaphat succedid Ioachym in the bysshoppryke. vt dicit Eusebius et magister histor [Page] Camillus wos Dictator at Rome in whoes days myscheuys playes wer ordand that the pestelans shuld sees at Rome. Off thes playes Sent austyn tretis delygently in repreuyng the falshed of the goddis. The wich desired to be plesed with sych writch it playes. So shamfully thes playes wer vsed with naked men &̄ womē: that honest mē ne womē wold not be at thos playes ne yet behold them. vide plura in Augꝰ de ciuitate dei.

Darius nothus regned at the perses .xix. yere. Plato thee diuyn phelosopher: And Aristotill his discipull wos this tyme nobull and famus clerkis.

Tytus quintius wos Dictator at rome: and he wos a couetus man whom Austyn de ciuitate dei bringes in a yens couetus and prewd cristen men. Gayus wos a sonetour vnder whome was a gret batell a yens the kyng of Tusco (rum). and viijM. men of them wor taken. Marcus valerius was an other senetour thee wich with .lxM. Romans fought with the fraunshmen and had the victorie and mony of them kyllid. Artharxerses kyng of ꝑses called a yene to his empyre Egipt. and he put Nactanabo ye kyng in to Echeopiam &̄ mony Iues ī to transmigracion: also he send vagosū a prince ower flumiordan to aske a yene the tribute that was for yefen to Esdra that was the vij: yere rent pp̄ sabbā tre. Arsamꝰ succedit hym and regned an yere. Darius the son of arsamy regned with the ꝑses xxiiij. yere This darius wos a myghty man and a bold the wich asked of the Grekis a tribute. And that wos the cause of the descruccion of the Monarch of ꝑsa (rum) for it was translatit to the grekes after the prophesy off Daniell. for it is sayid that Darius brought xvC.M. fightīg men. whom all alexand (er) slew. Iodas the son of Elyzaphat was he bisshop ī ierusalē in tyme of Mardachn: Iohēs his son succedid him Aristotiles the most sotell and famust Ppiloso­phur leuyd this tyme. Senocrate the most chast phelosophur was this tyme with dyuers other mo.

¶Bi cause the kīgꝭ of bretan next aft (er) leued ī peese most pte & lytyl of them is wretē. therfor they shall be set to ged (er) tyll it be cōmī to Cassibulon kīg of Breton the wich wos brother to Lud

ANd whan Crombatrus was deid regned Guentholen yt wos his sō a man of good ꝯdicions &̄ welbeloued & he gouerned the lond well and wiseli and he regned xxvi. xere and after he died and lyeth at new Troy.

¶How kyng Seisell regned and well gouerned the land after guentholen.

ANd after this Guentholen regned his son Seissel well &̄ wortheli & well gou (er)ned ye lōd as his fad (er) had done befor him & he regned xv. yere and died and lieth at new Troy.

¶How Kymor regned after Seissell his fader and he begat Howan that regned after his fader in peese.

ANd after Seissell regned his son Kymor well &̄ nobli xix. yere in peese and then afterhym regned howan hys son x. yere and then he died and lieth at Ikaldoune.

¶How kyng Morwt died thurgh myschaunce thurgh a best.

AFter this howon regned Marwith &̄ become so weked &̄ so sterne tyll at the last gret vengeance come to him. for as he went vpon a tyme by the see side he mete a gret best yt wos blake & horibull & hideus & he wened that it had bene a whale of the see & bent an arblast &̄ wold haue slayn that best with his quarell but he myght not smyte hym And when he had shot all his quarelles the best anone come to hym in a gret hast and hym deuored a lyfe and so he died for his wickednes thurgh vengeaunce of god after that he had regned ix. yere.

¶Of Grādobodiā yt wos morwith son yt made Cāmbregge.

AFter that this Morwith wos deid the Bretens crosned Grādobodian his sō: &̄ this grandobodian long tyme reg­ned ī goodnes & made tēpuls & tounys & this grādobodiā made the toune of Cambregge &̄ the toune of Grauntham &̄ wos wel [Page] beloued of rich & poer for he honourd the rich & helped the poer. this Grandobodian had iiij. sonnis Arthogaile Hesidur Higamꝰ & Petitur & when he had regned xi. yere he died & lieth at new troy

¶Of Artogaill that wos grādobodians son how he wos made kyng &̄ sieth put doune for his wikkednes.

AFter Grandobodian regned his son Artogaill v. yere & he become so wikked &̄ so sterne yt the britons wold not suffre hym to be kyng but put him doun &̄ made Hesidur his b­rother kyng & he bi come so good &̄ merciabull that men hym called kyng of pytte ¶And whē he had regned v. yere he had so grete pitte of his brother Artogaill yt wos kyng before. &̄ anōe he forsoke his dignite &̄ toke his brother the croune ayene: &̄ made hī kyng ayens all the britans will ¶And afterward Artogaill become so good of cōdicion yt he was welbeloued of all ye land for he become so bonair & fre and did right & reson to all man (er) of men and he regned vi. yere and died and lidth at grantham.

¶How Hesidur wos made kīg aft (er) ye deth of his brether

AFter the deth of Artogaill the britons crouned an other tyme Hesidur but his ij. bred Higamꝰ & Petitur had of him gret spite & scorne and ordined them help for to were vpon the kyng ther brother and so they toke hym an put in to prison ye secūd yere of his regne &̄ they deꝑted all the land be twix them both but higamus leued but vij. yere &̄ tho had petitur all the lond & he made the toune of Pickering.

How the Britons come and toke Hesidur out of prison & made hym kyng the thrid tyme.

ANd when this petitur was deid bretās toke hesidur anoon &̄ made hym kyng the thrid tyme and tho regned he īpees xiiij. yere and aft (er) he died and lieth at Karleill.

How xxxiij. kīgꝭ rened ī pees eche aft (er) od (er) raft ye deth of hesidur

AFter the deth of hesidur regned xxxiij kīges ich aft (er) other ī pees &̄ wt out ony long tariyng I shall tell thē all and [Page] how long eche of them regned as the stori telleth ¶The fyrst kyng of tho xxxiij. was called Gerbodia & he regned xii yere and aft (er) him regned Morgan ij. yere and aft (er) him rened Cighnus vi yere: &̄ aft (er) him regned Idwalan viij yere &̄ after hym regned Rohugo xi. yere &̄ after regned voghen xiij yere and after hym regned Catill xv yere and aft (er) hym regned Porex ij yere and aft (er) hym regned Cherin xvij yere: and after hym regned Coyll xij. yere and after hym regned Sulgenis xiiij yere and aft (er) hī regned Esdad xx: yere and after hym regned Andragie xvij: & after hym regned vrian v. And aftei hym regned Elind ij. yere And after hym regned Eldagan xv yere and after hym rened Claten xii yere and after hym regnid Ouirgunde viij yere and ofter hym regned Mortan vi yere and aftir hym regned Bledagh iij yere and after hym rened Caph i. yere And after hym regnee Gen ij yere and after hym regned Seysell &̄ kīg Bled xxii yere And kyng Tabreth xi yere and Archinall xiiij yere: and Croll xxx yere: and Rodingu xxxij yere and Hertir v yer & Hanipir vi. yere &̄ Carpour vij yere and Digneill iii. yere &̄ Samuell xxiiij yere &̄ Rede ij. yere & Ely vii. monethes thys Ely had iii. sonnys Lud Cassibalā & Enemyon.

¶How Lud wos made kyng aftir the doth of Ely his fader.

AFter the deth of Ely regned Lud his son & gouerned wel the lond and moch honoured gud folke & tēpred & amēded wikked folke This lud loued more to duell at Troy then ī any other place of the lond wherfor the name of new troy was left and tho wos the cite called Ludstone But the name is changed thurgh variance of letters and now is called London And this kīg made in the cite afayr gate &̄ called it lud gate aft (er) his name & the folke of the cite ar londeneres and when he had rened xi: yere he died and lieth at London &̄ he had .ij. yong sonnys that oon wos called Andraghen and the other Tormace. but they coude nether speke ne go for yongth and therfur the Bretans crouned [Page] a strong knyght thas was called Lud that was Cassibalamus brother &̄ made hym kyng of bretane now called Englond.

Circa annū mūdi iiijM viijC lxxxiiij Et an̄ xp̄i natī. ijC xv.

SAdoch of ye lyne of crist is nōbred ī math po. bot inscript ther is nomore mēcion of hī Iadꝰ ye son of Iohn̄ was he bisshop ī ierusalē. This tyme kīg alexand (er) rened ye wich wos wroth wt ye pepull of ierusalē: & come to ye cite: Thē Iadꝰ arraed ī his pōtificall ornamēts ran to meyt hī: & he sodāly wos plesed & worshipped ye bisshope. and wt pees & Ioye entrid the cite: &̄ he made to be brought to him ye boke of Daniell: &̄ the ꝓphesi to be exponyd to hym: ye wich was spokē of hī &̄ yt doon. he ioyed strōgly for all thyng ye wich he had herd bi the drem ī dew ordir wos fulfilled. & it wos likly to hym: yt he shold be ye same ꝑsō. of whō da­niell ꝓphesied. &̄ of yt he toke more hardynes to fight wt Darius kyng of ꝑsa (rum). and he did the sacrafis. &̄ cōmanded the Iues to aske what they wold haue: & he granted that they shold kepe ther own lawis &̄ at the seuent yere shold be wt out tribute. vide mrm̄ ī histo. The host of Alexand (er) as Orosius sayth wos xxxijM of foote men. and iiijM hors men. and schippes .C.lxxx. And it is vn c (er)tayn whedre it is more meruell that he shold conquer al ye world wt so lytell a pouer. or how yt eu (er) he durst go vpō them wt so lityll a pouer And ther wos of alexand (er) &̄ his host slayn thee kyng of ꝑsa (rum). Et vt orosiꝰ dicit quīquies decies cētena milia. Enias the son of Iadi wos bisshop aft (er) his fad (er) Manilius Papiriꝰ &̄ Fabiꝰ wer cōsules at Rome This papiriꝰ whhen he wos a chyld he wos veray wisse. &̄ he fenyd mony a fayr lesing that he myght keip his master cōsell & the senetours. & when he cā to a man. he wos so nobull a werur: that when the Romās dred Alexand (er) he was chosen to go a yenes hī. &̄ of the goddis he chargit not. bot he scorned &̄ rapreued the goddis: sayng a fore yt vn happy thingꝭ shold fall: &̄ yt to his gret louīg holy docturs saeth. [Page] Incipit Monarchia greco (rum) et cessat monarchia persarum. KYng Alixandre thys tyme be gone to be lord of all thee world: and he wos called gret alexander for his gret victory the wich he had in so litell tyme. it wos an euident iugemēt of the wroth of god: ayens synners of that tyme. certanly sum myraculs our lord did for hym in helpyng of his pouer: for the se of Pāphilicon wos deuided to hym: as in olde tyme the reid se to the iues when he pursecutit dariū. Also at is prayer the hilles of Caspij war schit: that certayn of the cursed iues myght neu (er) cum [...]wt. bot at the last in babulon with venum he was poysumt and dyed: the xxxiij. yere of his age. And the v. yere of his monar­ch. the xij. yere of the kyngdom of macidon. Nōnd that when Alexander was deid thos xij. to whom he deuydet his kyngdom myght not a corde. And then by gone infenite batellis. and at the last iiij· obtened all the kyngdō. vide plrā in orosio.

Anno mūdi iiijM ixC ix. Et ante xp̄i natītatē .CC.ix.

AChym of the lyne of crist son to Sadoch is nombreid in Mathe prio. &̄ of hym his nomore had inscripture Symon wos bisshop this tyme an holy man and also rightwys he wos named of the pepull. Eleazarus wos bisshop after symō This man send to Ptholameo kyng of Egipt lxxij. lerned men of euery tribe sex to interpret the law of the iues. the wich translatit from hebru in to greke thurgh a gret myracull that so moni men shold ī lxxij. dayes translate all holy scriptur with on acorde vide augꝰ de ciuitate dei. Dolobela Emilius Marcus Curius Genutius this txme wer counselers at Rome. This do­lobela conquered Sammtes and after mony batelles had. And Marcus subduit Epirotas and kylled xxiijM. of his men and then fled kyng Pirro the wich kyng send vn to hym for pees & offyrryng vn to hym gret yeftes

And then thys Consull ansuered & saied ther shall no batell [Page] cause me to fle. nor no mōy corrupt me. for I had leu (er) cōmaund richmen to do this & this. then be rich my self ¶Tonutiꝰ sob­duit the cite of Argiuo (rum): and a legion of rome knyghtis he se­nd to rome: & caused them to be betyn oppynly ī ye meddis of thee marketh for they had them not lefully to the court of rome. for thee law was then kepid so stratly at rome: that and they fayled to do ther dew ob (ser)uans ī u (er)tu: they shold be penychid. Thes romans & mōy a foor and aft (er) war the most nobull men aft (er) the worldis ho­nesty that myght be. and ī all maner of u (er)tu circūspectt as holy dacturs saieth. that they put thor sampuls to cristen men: bot not the intencion for they lacked the key of fayth: Incipiunt reges Egipti quia al̄ [...] nō pt fī cōtinuaciō: & ītexūtur reg sirie Ptholomꝰ Philodolphꝰ this tyme was kīg ī Egipt. This philodolphus wos the veray worshipper of on god. and full gracius to the Iues. of whom xxM and C he delyu (er)ed out of captiuite and that he did that he myght pleese the god of israell. of whom he had herd the meruels. and his law he desiered to haue. ner it myght not be translayt in to no other langage: bot of deuote mē. and that with a dew reu (er)ens and a solempnite. certan men attempt to haue wreten it emonges the gentile stories: whom the plage off god stroke tyll they repented. This kyng send vn to Eleazer the bisshop send to hym lerned men the wich he did gladly. vide plura in magistro historio.

Anno mūdi iiijM ixC lix. Et ante criste nātiuitatē ijC xl.

ELiud of the line of crist gat Eleasar as it is opyn ī math primo. And more in scripturis not had of hym. Onias bisshop was son to Simon Symon was bisshop after hym the wich was a veray relegius man. he reformed the tempull of god in to better: and encressid the cite of ierusalem with mony other good thīges Sēꝓmus Appyus Claudius Gueus Gaiꝰ Artiliꝰ regulꝰ Eīliꝰ Fabiꝰ this tyme war ceneturs at rome [Page] This Semꝓmus fought ayens ye cūtre of Picc̄tes: &̄ almost the cheualry on bothe ye ꝑtes war slayn except a few Romās that left a liue & subdued the cūtre Appius Claudiꝰ subdued Syr­acusanas &̄ the cūtre of Penos &̄ put gret tributis to them Artiliꝰ Regulꝰ a nobull cenytour ower come iij. kyngꝭ. & lxxiij. ci­teys subduit And a dragon of a .C.xv. fote he kyllyd. aft (er)ward whan he wos ou (er) cruell ayenes his emnys &̄ denyeng to yef them pese. bot if they wold pay a myghty tribute. they almost beyng ī a dispare fought ayenest him: and ou (er) come hym &̄ his host & toke hym. and neu (er)theles yet they wold fayn haue had pees bot this most fayethful mā had leu (er) dye ī paynes gret thē to yef rest &̄ pees to curset pepull. his louyng sent Augꝰ hogely exaltis Emulius fabiꝰ &̄ gaius wold haue deliu (er)ed Regulꝰ bot the obtened not. Ptholomeas eugites this time wos kīg of Egipt a victoriꝰ prince & a myghty: this man subdued Syriam &̄ Ciciliam &̄ the most ꝑte of Asie and toke ther goddis & brought them in to hys cuntre. Ptholomeus Philopat (er) son to Eugetes regned ī Egippt xvij. yere. This man fought ayenes ij. brether. s. Seleneū & gret Anthiocū & he ꝓstatit mōy a M. bot neu (er)theles he p̄ualit not. vide plrā in iohē suꝑ daniel̄

Haniball the most cursed kyng of Peno (rum) or of Affricano (rum) myghtely hated the Romās: for he destrued them almost to the vtt (er)mast end & neer the cite of rome he destruyed. and so mony noble men of Romans he kylled at on tyme: that iij. busshell of goldī ringes he drow of ther fyngeres. Also ī acertayn water of the slayn bodies of thes romans: he made as it wer a brige that his host myght pas: and at the last Cipio the noble senytour direckid his host to hym: and scumfited him and almost Cipio host off Romans war slayn. Lucatiꝰ consul Symꝓnyꝰ valeriꝰ Fulniꝰ lutinꝰ gaius & Scipio reuled at Rome. this tyme the romans had pees on yere alon and it wos taken for a myracul that they had so long rest. for afoor this tyme ī iiijC &̄ xl. yere the [Page] Romans had neu (er) rest. Thes consules when the yere wos done congregatit all the strenght of Ytaly and they had in ther host viijM. armed men. for dreed of the frenchmen whom they dred st­rongly: and aft (er)ward the romans subdued them. Epiphanes the son to Philopator regned in egipt xxiiij. yere Cleopatra do­ughter to gret Anthiocus wos his wife Antiochus magnus this tyme rened at Syrry the wich did moch myschefe to the Iues. vt (pꝪ)patet math. Onias this tyme wos bisshop in Ierusalem this Onias for the tyrannyde of Antiochus fled with mony Iues in to Egipt fenyng hym to fulfyll the prophesi of Ysaie 19. that is to wete to bild the tempull. Bot in that he synned for he sayed other wysse then he thought. The kyng of Egipt graciosly resaued him and gaff hym the lond of Helipolees and ther he bild his tempull Symon his son was bisshop at Ierusalem aft (er) that his fader was flede.

Circa annū mūdi v·M.xxxiiij. Et an̄ xp̄i ntītem .C.lx.v

ELeasar of the lyne of crist was a bowt this tyme of hī no thyng is wreten in scriptur bot that math. nombres hym. vt (pꝪ)patet primo. Onias Pius wos to the Iues bisshop this tyme an holy man. & welbeloued with god and man. and not alonli with good men: bot ill mē also. at the last vn righwisli wos slayn of Andronito· vt (pꝪ)patet 2o Machabeo (rum). 4o Paulus Therencius: Scipio Affricanus: this wer senetous at Rome. thes ij. ereckyt an host a yenest Haniball & ther almost the romans hoope died for ther wos slayn xliiij.M. romans. And this no­bull man Cipio offricanus brought a yene the state of the Romans pepull the wich stoode in a desspare eu (er) to haue rekou (er)ed. for he fought with Haniball manleli and scumfited him. all Spayn he ouer come. all Affricam he subduet. gret Antiochus he brought to be his (ser)uand. al Asiam he made tributary to the remans This man so nobull & so victorius bi his own vn kynd cūtre [Page] was owtlayed &̄ ther he died Philometor the son of Epiphanes of Cleopatra regned ī egipt xxxv. yere. this kyng yet a child nobull Antiochꝰ hogely oppressit wt mōy dissaytes. bot ye romans sent legats the wich cōmāded antiaco yt he shold sese of his tyrannyde a yenst hym. And Marcꝰ publiꝰ made a cerkill a boute Antiochi thꝰ sayng The senetours of Rome & ye pepul cōmā dith the that thow go not out of this cerkell till thow haue anwsar to this mat (er) This antiochꝰ seyng yt he myght not cōtinu his tyranyde sayed yf it be thꝰ cōmādid me of ye senetour & romans pepull. I must nedis turne ayene. & so woed angre he wos yt he lost the seege of Alexand (er) &̄ turned to the poer releuys of ye Iues vengyng hym vpō them: be cause he myght not vēge hym an no myghtier pepull. vtꝪ ī lio machabeo (rum) primo et 2o.

MAthathias an holy mā & of all louīg most worthy hated ī his hert & ꝯu (er)saciō al synners: alonly tristyng ī our lord god of israel. vtꝪ prio macha. 2o And this man had v. sōnes of the same loue vn to god. This mā wos not bishop ī israel. bot his iij. sōnes wer. Iudas machabeꝰ wos bishop iij. yere and he wos son to Mathathias. This macabeꝰ was the most named mā yt eu (er) wos ī israell. the wich had neu (er) none like hym a foor ne aft (er). he wos ī batell a myghty man. and offred hī to dye a mart (er) for the lawys of god: Ionathas his brother succedit hym xix. yere the wich grew ī u (er)tu & gou (er)ned & stedfast stode ī the lawis of god: and aft (er) falsly was slayn of Criphone & ij. of his sōnys. plrā vide iuda et frē eiꝰ libro macha. Antiochꝰ Epiphanes son to Antiochꝰ the myghty this tyme was kyng of Syrry. this mā from the heed vn to the fort wt ī &̄ with out all was cursed. And therfor he was figured to antecrist. mōy mart (er)s cruelly he made. and falsly he disposid hym to entyr ī to Egipt as his fad (er) did bot he obtened not. For the romans lettyd hym. his most vnhapy werkes. &̄ how he wos ī hostage at Rome: & how ye ꝓphesi of daniell is completed in hym ye may se in the boke of machabeo (rum).

[Page]Qvintus Flaminius. Marchus Catho. Thiberiꝰ Gra­ccꝰ weer senetours of Rome. this tyme was so contiunall and so mych batell. that lerned men of Gentyles and off the trew fayth bothe wer wery to writte the actys or haue them in mynde ī the wich batellis men merueled gretly on the stedfastnes of the Romās. that no tribulacion no drede no herdnes myght feere them bot euer contynuid in batell. And certanly thes Romans aft (er) the worldis honesty they wer the most wise men that wer. And therfore the Machobees desired ther companye.

Circa annū mūdi vM lix. Et ante xp̄i natītatē .C·xl.

MAthan son to Sadoch of the lyne of crist gat Iacob. vt (pꝪ)patet Math .1o. Symon son to Mathathias wos bisshope viij. yere This symon was a veray wise man: and from hys youth vn tyll his age wos eu (er) of good conuersacion euer more u (er) ­tuus. &̄ at the last he was slayn of his brother Elay. vt (pꝪ)patet prio machabeo. Iohannes Hyrcanus son to Symon wos aft (er) his fadir xxix yere. a nobull man as all the kynred wos be fore hym This man aftir his decesse left his wife a veray wysse woman And his .v. sonnys to gouerne the Iuri. of whom the holdest wos called Aristobolꝰ an vnpacient man and an vnhappy. His own mother with .iij. of his yonger brether he presenit. and slew them thurgh honger: and so a loyn he leued kyng and bisshop on yere. vide plura libro machabeo (rum): Publius Lucinius Luciꝰ Emilius▪ Lucius Lucinius Lucius Censorinus. wer cōsu­les at Rome: in whos tyme the Cartagines and the Romans wered strongly: bot the romans sabduit them intendyng to haue destrued the Cartagines vtterly. Bot emong the Romans ther wos a notabull wisse man calldd Cipio nauta. and emong mony notabull consellys .ij. he gaffe specealli to be had ī mīde: The fyrst that Cartago shuld not be destrued. that thurght the occasion of forand batellis. a inward concord shuld a bide emong the Romans. and a ꝑpetuall strength for continuall exorcise of batell [Page] The secund that in no wise the teathur shuld be belde in Rome for he sayed that was the most enmy that myght be to the pepull yt vsid were. for that place nuryched slouthe. and prouoked lechory And how wisely this notabull man yaf counsell. the tymes foloyng declare. vide plura ī augꝰ de ciuitete dei et oro. libro quarto Yet for all this counsell that nobull cite of Cartagie wos des­truyed of Cipio and the senetours: and it brent xvij. dayes continually. mony men ther wer sold: and mony men ran in to the fyer willely ¶Corinthus this same yere wos destruyed of thee romans: the wich wos the richest cuntre of the world. Ptholomeus this tyme regned in Egipt. and wos famulier with thee romans. And so long he and his predicessurs regned as they kepyd fidelite to the romans. and knaw euery man that ther was no other cause that the pouer of the romans encresed so strongly a bown odir pepull. bot vertu the wich abundantly regned in them and nomli rightwisnes: the wich a bown all thyng they vsed. And as long as they keped mesurnes and loued rightwisnes. so long they wer neuer ouer comen. And os soon as they wer corrupped. it is red thei wer eu (er) ower comen: Hit is had ī a certayn reuelacion of god shewed to Sent Briget that our lord god beris witnes to thes oold Romans: that noon in this world of puer naturall reson leued more rightwisly. And what lyghttis of faythe they shewed in the tyme of cristyn relegion shall by shewed afterwerd. Regnū iudeo (rum) restituitur.

ARistobolꝰ wos the fyrst kyng and prest ī the Iuri: This man regned on yere a loyn. and toke to hym the dyame of the kyngdom: And he held hym not content with that that his fadre yaf hym ī hys testament. bot he put his modir ī preson: and his bred: & therfor he periched wrechidli with his brother antigonꝰ the wich wos of his counsell and helpet hym. vide mrm̄ ī historiis ¶Antigonꝰ brother to the kyng wos slayn thurgh the enuy of the quene Alexander wos bisshop after aristobolus and he [Page] stood xxvij. yere And he wos all a tyrend. all though he appe­red sobur ī the begīyng. bot he made it knawyn what he wos ī his stomoke· for he slew his own bred: and ī xij. yere he slew .l.M of the old saage fadres of gret u (er)tu. be cause they told hī his mysgydyng: Then whē he shuldie hed left ij. sonys bi hynd hī Hircanū & Aristobolū: bot c (er)tanly he saied his wyfe shuld regne for she stood ī the grace of the pepull. Seruiꝰ Flaocꝰ Lucius Ce­lius Fabius Publiꝰ. this tyme wer senetours at rome this tyme batels emong them self be gan. of the wich the fyrst cause &̄ the begīyng wos Graccꝰ a myghty mā well knawyn wt nobull romans: bi gan to seke a cause a yenes them. And be cause that he myght do nothīg a loyn to them. he meued the comyn pepull to thē sayng: that all ye lōdes & possessions shuld be deuyded equaly: &̄ also the money etcc. And for that cause ther wos an īsurreccion ī the wich Graccꝰ wos slayn. & mony myscheuys fell aft (er) vide orosiū ¶In the tyme of thes mē ther wos a child born at Rome hauyng iiij. feete iiij armes ij facesse & iiij een. The hill of Ethna spytted out flamyng fyer horobli. & destrued the places ne abowt it. ¶&̄ thes mē bering ruel Cartago was cōmādid to be restored: &̄ it wos fulfilled of the romans pepull &̄ ther wos myhhty batell ī the cite of rome ¶Fabiꝰ wt a lytell host ower come the kyng of Armenie. & ther wer drynched a C lxxxM. in the wat (er) of reme. Ptholomeꝰ Alexand (er) wos kyng ī Egipt In his tyme wos borne Lureciꝰ a poeyd the wich aft (er)ward wos mad for luffe of women & slew hym self Ptholomeꝰ son to Cleopatre regned aft (er) hym vnd (er) whom Salustiꝰ the nobull writer of histories wos borne Ptholomeꝰ dionisiꝰ wos aft (er) this man And ī his tyme virgyll and Oracius wer borne.

Anno mūdi vM C xxx iiij. Et an̄ xp̄i natītatē Cv.

IAcob natural fad (er) to Ioseph of the lyne of crist is rehersit in Luke and Mathe: And litell of hym is had īscriptur Alexandra wyfe to Alexand (er) wos bisshop ī the Iuri ix yer [Page] And she did mych tyrannyde. all yef she wos made bisshop bi hir senyt holy relegiō. & Hircanū hir son she ꝓmotit to the bisshoprik & she ordant yt he shuld regne aft (er) hir ¶This womā ī ye line of the bysshoppis is put for the cowntyng of the yeres. not at she vsed the office of a bisshop: for it wos not lefull to hir. Hircanꝰ son to Alexandra regned xxxiij yere. This Hircanꝰ aft (er) ther decesse of his mod (er) succedit ī the kyngdom. In the wich he had ly­till ꝓsperite for ꝑcialite of the pepull. for anōe he wos owercumē and aft (er)ward he wos restored thurgh the help of the Arabees. & then he was made trubutari to the romans. &̄ so he was ī perse a lityll tyme. bot not ī the name of kyng. at the last he died wricchydly for he wos begyled thurgh the fraude of Partho (rum). the wich antigonus hyered ayenes hym. vide plene mrm̄ histori ¶The hereci of the Pharaseys a bowt this tyme began: And emong them war iij. sektis in the Iuri Pharasey Saducey &̄ Essey all thes wer deuided fro the cōmyn vse of the Iues. &̄ wer īseckt wt mōy errours. for they sayed that they wer holier thē other men for they leued stratlyer thē other men did. vide plus alias.

Virgill the most excelēt of poetis wos magnified thys tyme &̄ meruelus thinges he did And emong other when that Neopol̄ wos vexit with dethly payn of myghty wormys. virgill kest an worme made of gold in to a ponde or a water and it lay a c (er)tayn seson ther. And when it was take vp ī to the toun all the cite was full of wormys. & till the worme of gold was put ī to the water ayene. they had īfinite wormys: and whē it was ī the wat (er) all the wormys went ther way ¶Also it is wreten ī the croniclis of Rome that virgill by conyng cōdēsit or thicked the ayre so that he walled his gardyn with the ayr. &̄ he made a brige of the ayr bi the wich he mygh pase eu (er) tyme yt he lyst: also he askyd marcel­lū Neopolicanū neueu vn to the Emꝑour yf he wold haue a bride taght to kill all birdes: or a fle taght to driue all fleys out of the [Page] cite And this Marcell shewed this to the Emprour. and he desyrid to teche a fle to kyll all fleys. for the comyn pepull wer soor auexed with fleys. and mony other meruellis he did. vide mrm̄ radulfū cestern. Oracius Flaccꝰ & Salustius Crispꝰ historicꝰ wer this tyme Quītus Cipio Gaius Luciꝰ this tyme war cōsules at rome Pompeꝰ Marcꝰ Crassus and Iuliꝰ Ce­sar this tī wor dictats at rome. for os it is sayd afor ther wos mōi dygnites ī rome of the wych sū dureth on yere. sū ij. yere And emong all the dignites the Dictators excedit. for itduret vyer Bot whē the comyn pepull & ye lordshipis of rome encresing wer made iij. dictators And this tyme wos Pompeꝰ Iuliꝰ & Mar­cus Crassꝰ dictators And because Pompeꝰ wos of gret honour and aged he boed at rome to kepe the comyn pepull of Rome. Marcꝰ crassꝰ wos send to subdu &̄ fight wt the regiō of Perthꝰ & thurgh tresō he wos taken & slayn Iuliꝰ cesar wos send to ye west part of the world to subdu them. and he had wt hym vij. le­gions of pepull and whē that he had subduit Lūberdi & Fraunce his v. yere wer spendid the wich wer assyngned te him &̄ no lōger. Ther bi his own autorite he toke other v. yere on hym: ī the wych he subduid Cassibolon the kyng of Bretan and the fraunche men that rebeled ayenes hym This same Iulius aft (er) he had cōquered thes cūtreys. vn to rome he roed ayene for to be ressa­ued with certayn worship as cōquerours wor be foor hym. bot it wos denied hym: and also the entre of the cite. by īstigacion of a lord called Pompay. Wherfor this Iulius cesar wos a noyed and with fors of myght entyred the cite. &̄ robbed the comyn tresour. And led it with hym. and deꝑted it emong the v. legiones that wer his (ser)uandes. Then went he in to Spayn to fight ayen this Pompoy: for pompay had the gou (er)nans of cartago. bot aftar that iornay ī Itali pompay & he counterd to ged (er) in the wich batell pompay fled vn to the kyng of Egipt: and that same kīg for speciall luffe that he had vn to this Iuliꝰ cesar. smot of pompays hed [Page] and send it vn to Iulius cesar. yet for all the enmyte that was be twix thes two. Iulius weppid when that he saw this pōpayes heed. This Iulius was excedyng in witte a foor other men and he fought in batell lij. tymes. this man aloyn excedit Marcus crassus the wich is sayed to haue foughten xxxix. tymes Thys man toke fyrst the empire of Rome a pon him when Pompay & other nobull men of the romans wor slayn. And at the last the v. yere of his Empire this iuliꝰ cesar the ruler of all this world was slayn in the counsell house thurgh treson of his lordis.

Cathon the most named Phelosopher seyng Iulis cesar haue the victori whom he fauort not. at a toune called vticam slew hī selfe. iuxta illud ¶Mauult cato mari: quam deroget vrbis honori. Bot for that after augustyn he wos not excused of syn ¶This time the Iuri wos trebutori to the romās for ꝑcialyte of ij. bretheren. s. Aristobolus and Ercanus bothe of them for enuy of odirkest them to the Romans that they myght regne. ¶This tyme iij sonnes appered in heuyn toward the est parte of the world the wich be lytill and lytyll wer brought in to on bo­dy A gret signe it wos. that Affrica. Asia &̄ Europa shuld be brought in to on Monarch. and that the lordship of Anthom the senetour and Lucus Antonij shuld turne in to on lordship Marcus Cicerio Tulyus the most excelent retricion wos con­sull of Rome this tyme.

¶How that the Bretons graunted vn to Cassibolan that wos Ludd brother the land. In whos tyme iulyus cesar come twyes for to conquere the lond of bretan:

AFter the deth of kyng Lud regned his brother Cassibolon and become a good man and mych belowed of his bretōs so that for his goodnes and curtesie they graunted hym the reame for euermore to hym and to his ayres. And the kyng of his goodnes let norisch worthely bothe the sonnys that wos Ludis his brother: and after made the eldest son erle of Cornwaill &̄ [Page] the yongest son he made erle of London And while this kyng cassibulon regned come Iulius cesar that wos Emprour of Rome ī to this land wt a pouer of romans and wold haue had thys land thurgh strength: but Cassibalon ouer come hym ī batell thurgh helpe of the bretons and drofe hym out of this land and he went ayen to rome and assemled a gret pouer an other tyme and come ayene in to this land for to gif batell to Cassibalan bot he wos discomfitied thurgh strenght of the britons and thurgh helpe of the erle of cornwaill and the erle of London his brother and thurgh help of Gudian kyng of scotland and corbond kyng the kyng of north walles and of Bretaill kyng of southwales: &̄ in thys batell wos slayn Nennon that wos cassibolams brother wherfor he made moch sorow And so went Iulius cesar out of this land with a few of Romans that were left on lyue And tho Cassibalan went ayene to Londō & made a fest vn to all his folke that tho hym had holpen and when that this fest was done. ther euery man went in to his own cuntre.

¶Of the debate that wos bitwix cassibolom an the Erle of Londō & of the truage that was paied to Rome.

ANd after it befell thus vpon a day yt the gentilmen of ye kynges houshold and gentilmē of ye Erles houshold of l̄ondon after mete went in fere for to play and thurgh debate that arose emong them: Enelyn that wos the erles cosen of London kyiled Irenglas that wos ye kynges cosin wherfor the kyng swore that Enelyn shold be honged bot the Erle of London yt was Enelyns lord wold not suffre hym wherfor the kyng was gretly vexid and wroth towarde the Erle and thought him to destru & preualy the Erle sēt lettres to Iulius cesar yt he shold cum ī to this land for to helpe hī & hī a venge vpon the kīg &̄ he wold help hym with all his myght And when that the Emprour herd this tidyngꝭ: he was full glad &̄ ordeyned a strōg pouer and come a yene the thrid tyme in to this land: and the Erle of London helpe [Page] hym with vijM. men and at the thrid tyme was Cassibalon ouer comen and discomfited and made pees to the Emprour for iijM. ponde of syluer yeldyng by yere for truage for this land for euer more. And then half a yere after passed the Emprour weent vn to rome and the erle of London with hym for he durst not abid in this land. and after Cassibolan regned xvij. yere in pees & tho he died the xvij. yere of his regne and lieth at yorke.

¶How that the lordis off the land after the deth of Cassibolan and for encheson that he had no heir made Andragen kyng

AFter the deth of Cassibolon for as myche as he had none heir of his lefull body begottyn: the lordes of the lond bi ye comyns asent crouned Andragen Erle of Cornwaill and made hym kyng and he regned well and worthely and he wos a good man and well gouerned the lond and when he had regned viij. yere then he died and lieth at London.

Circa annū mūdi vM.C.lix. Et xp̄i natiuitatē xl.

IOseph of the lyne of crist abowt this tyme wos borne and after wos husband vn to our lady Antigo­nus was Bysshope this tyme in the Iuri. This Antigonus was son vn to Aristoboly. and on euery side he was fals. for he obeyed not to the Romans and a gret plage he brouaht vn to the land for to destruy Hircanus his vnkyll that he mygh regne kyng And so Hircanuu was expulsed. and Falelus wos kylled· and Herod wos flemyd. bot whē Herod come vn te Rome and told to the Senetours all thes thynges. The Emprour creatit hī kyng sēdīg with hī an host the wich toke ierusalem. And Antigonum the Bysshope taken led to Anthony the senetour the wich made hym sekyr. And so wos Herod confirmed in to his kīgdō. &̄ he a strang regned on the iues. And so the kīgdō of the iues seesyd as Iacob had said. Titꝰ liuiꝰ historicꝰ and [Page] Ouidius wer this tyme. Incipiūt imꝑatores augusti [...]et dictus est Augustus quia augebat populū.

OCtauian wos Emꝑour of rome lvij. yere vi. monethes and x. dayes. This Octauian Neuew to Iuly wen he wos a yonge man toke the Empire vpon hym. His florichyng youth he spend in were .vM. batels he did. And chortly aft (er) mony batels he brought all the world in to on monarche: This mā had no felow: And in his dayes pees was ī all the world thurgh the prouision of the veray god: that the temporall pees myght glorify the Natiuite of our sauyour crist ihesu. This Octauian wos the fayrest man that myght be. and hegh in witt: the most fortunate in all thynges: and he lakked not the vice of his fleshly lust This man made all the world to be mesured. and the .lij. yere of his regne wos our lord Ihesu crist borne the sauer of this world: the wich granteth eternall pees to his louery ¶Hic nota secund ieroīmū. that Anna and Emeria wer sistirs. and of Emeria wos borne Elezabeth mother to Iohn̄ baptiste: & she wos fy [...]st wedded to Iochym of whom she toke Mari mother of crist ¶The secūd housbond wos Cleaphe: & he gat on hir Maria Cleaphe the wich wos wedded to Alphe. of whom procedid Iamys the lesse Symon Cananeus. Iudas Taddeus &̄ ioseph the wich is called Barsabas ¶The thrid tyme anna wos wedded to Salome. of whom she toke Mari salome. the wich was weddid to Zebedi. &̄ of them cō iamis the more and iohn̄ the Euāgelist. the first mari wedded ioseph brod (er) to Cleaphe a fore sayd. ¶Thys tyme Sibilla tiburtina ꝓphesied of crist And sayed to the Emꝑour august that he shold not trow that he was god aft (er) the fulychnes of the panyms. And ther she shewed hym a fayr virgyn in heuyn holdyng a chyld in hir armys & sayed to hī: This chyld is gret thē tho. & therfor do hī worshipe: ¶The [Page] Monch of Rome a bowt this time mightili encresed And whē it wos so that bi all the world in diuerse ꝓuynsis batiles wer rased sodanli all men meruellyng. they wersesid: & put them holly to the prince of rome. that opynly it myght be shewed: that sych a vniuersall peese come neuer by labur of batell. bot of the power of the veray god. That in his Natiuite peese shuld regne in all the world Herod Ascolonita wos kyng ī the Iuri xxxvij yere This Herod ydumeus wos the fyrst strang kyng that regned on the Iues: The maister ī historiis sayes he wos a nobull mā and faythfull in the begynnyng. and in all thyng he had hym nobully. He wos veray gentyll vn to the romans and to the pepil that louyd peese. And in his old age: when he wold awr mekyll pleese the Romans. And herd of the byrth of crist. dredyng to be expulsit of his kyndoom as a stranger wrycchitly he fell and kylled the Innosentis and diuerse of his own chylder. And at the last wos hatfull to all pepull. and fell seeke and died wret­chydly ¶Mari the mother of crist was borne a foor ethe Natiuite of crist. xvi yere. or ther a bowte.

¶Of Kymbalyn that wos Androgeus son a good man and well gouerned the lond of Bretan.

AFter the deth of Androgen regned Kymbalin his son yt wos a good man and well gou (er)ned the lond in moch ꝓsperite and pees all his lyfes tyme and in his tyme wos borne Ihesu crist our sauyour of that swete virgin Marie This kyng Kymbalin had ij. sonnys Guidar & Armoger good kynghtes and worthy and when this kyng Kymbalyn had rogned xxij. yere then he died and lieth at London.

Xp̄s natꝰ ē ex virgine maria. ano mūdi vM C lxxx xviij.

IN the begynnyng of the xlij. yere of Octauian the Emperour the wich be gan to regne in marrhe. And the xxxi. yere of Herod. vijC li yere after that rome was belded The sext moneth from the consauyng of Iohn̄ Baptist the viij. kalend of Aprill. The sext fery. at Nazareth of galalee of the virgin Mari wos ꝯsaued crist our saueour. & the same yere was borne.

Xp̄s na­tus est

Here beginnith the sexte aage during to the ende of the world

And heir begyneth at Cristes natiuite the sext age duryng vn to the finall iugement of our lord god. hauyng yeres as mony as our lord knaweth ¶When yt our lord Ihesu crist wos borne a well of oylle sprang be yonde Tybur by Rome: and ran all the day ¶The goldyn ymage fell the wich Romalus had made: and put it in his palas: sayng this y­mage shall not fall vntil a mayd beyr a chyld: ¶When Herod dissposed hym to kyll the chylder of israell. He was commanded by the letter of the Emperour to cum vn to rome. to onswer to the accusasion of his childir Alexiū and Aristoboli ¶And ther wer iij. herodes gretli spaken of: for ther yll dedis. The fyrst wos callid ascolonita. And vnd (er) this man was borne crist: and the chylder of israell wer slayn. The secund wos called Antipas. son to the fyrst Herod. vnder whom Iohn̄ baptyst wos hedit. and Crist suffyrd deth.

And thee thred wos called Agrippa: sone to aristoboly sone [Page] to the fyrst Herod: the wich kylled Iamys and presenyd Peter ¶The fyrst Herod when he saw his sonnys Alexium: and aristobolem thurgh the pretens of his letter by the Emperour send. striue for the succession off his kyngdom. He disposed and made Antipatron that wos hys fyrst be goten sō to be bi for them. and when they wer talkīg of the deth of ther fadir. he kest thē away. & they went to the Emprour to complayn of the wrong of ther fadre ¶And in thee meyn tyme the iij. kynges of Colan come by Herod vn to Ierusalem. And when that they come not a yene by hym. he thought that they war asshamed for to cum ayene by hym for be cause that they wer dessaued and that they fond not the chyld as he trowed. Therfor in the meynseson he sessed to kyll the chyldyr off israell. And than he went vn to Rome for thee citacion of the Emperour: and he toke his way by the cite of Tarsum. wher he brent the shyppes in the wich the iij. kynges of Colan shuld haue sailed in to ther own cuntre. ¶Then aft (er) a yere and certayn dayes: this Herod come fro rome a yen [...]e. acorded with his sonnis. and for the confirmacion of his kindō he wos made much boldyr. And then he kylled all the chyldir of Bethelem that wer of ij. yere of age and vndir· yt had space of on nyght of aage. and emong thes was ther oon of his own chylder. And Aristobolus and Alexiū wer had suspeckyt. In so mych as they promysed a barbour a gret reward that he shuld take an [...] [...]ut ther faders throte when that he did hym shaue. And when this Herod herd this he was greued: & ther he kylled bothee his sonnys. and herod agrippa his son. he ordand to be kīg. wher foor Antipat (er) his holdest son wos a bout for to pusyn hys fadre the wich Herod agrippa vndyr stoed: and presenit ther hys brother the wich the Emprour herd and sayed that he had leueyr be an hog off Herodes then for tyll be on of his sonnys. For hys hoggys he sporeth. and his sonnys he kyllis. And when thatt [Page] Herod wos lxx. yere off age He wos strikyn with a gret sekenes in his hondes and in his feit and ī his mēbres that no leche myght cū to hym for stynke and so died So Antipater his sune in prison herd tell this: and ioyed gretly. And therfor that cause he wos slayn ¶Then stroffe Archelaꝰ an Herodes for the succescion of the fyrst Herod: a fore the Emꝑour The Emperour ther thurgh consell of the senetours: the half of the iuri & idumya gaffe to Archelaꝰ. vndir name of a tetrarche. The other partte he deuided ī to too: Galali he yaf to herod antippe. And Ituriā and Traconitidē he yaf to Philippe herods brether ¶And that same yere crist come frō Egippt: &̄ Archelaꝰ was accused mony tymes of the iues: and was exiled ī to viēnam ī to fraunce. & in that place wer set iiij: tetrarches to the repreuyng of the īstabulnes of the Iues ¶And yt same yer Octouiā the emꝑour died

Anno Cristy xij.

IHesus crist at xij. yere of age herd the doctors ī the tēpull Our lord ihū crist at xxx yere of age was baptised. Ihesu crist the lord of all thynges

INRI. Crux xp̄i.

at xxxiij yere of age: and iij. monethes dyed for his seruandes: Anninus Rufus wos Bysshop ī ye Iury a bowt this tyme Valerius graccꝰ wos after hym .xi: yere: this man opynly sold the bisshopryke: and he that most yaf had it: And so ther wos mony ī a litell while. Poncius Pilatus wos Iuge &̄ proctur ī the iuri vnder the Emꝑour &̄ vndyr this man: Iohn̄ thee baptist be gan for to preche ¶And our lord suffered deth: the wich he dampned to deth vn rightwisly for dreed of the Emꝑour [Page] Tyrus a certayn kyng gat a child on Pila a poer mās doughter the wich mā heght Atus & this child of his mod (er) name & his belser put to gedir wos called Pilatus This pilatꝰ ye iiij. yere of his age wos send to his fad (er) the wich kyng of his lefull wyffe had gotten a child euyn of age with pilate. And because this lefull goten child as they ꝓceded in age excedit this basterd pilatꝰ [...]he was full of enuy & kyllid his brother: the lefull getyn child Wherfor his fad (er) send hym to Rome for plege for his tribute yt he payed vn to rome. intendyng he wold neu (er) redeme hym ¶In the wich tyme the kynges son of fraunce wos pleage for his tri­bute. the wich excedid hym in strengthe & cheualri also he kylled hym. Therfor the romans send Pilate as a ꝓphetabull man for the commyn well. to the Ile of ponto. to taam the curssed pepull the wich kylled eu (er)y Iuge that come to them. And he that cursed man gou (er)ned that vnhappy pepull. what with thretyng and with ꝓmys and wt law. and with yeftes that none of them durst contrary to his plesour wherfor he was called pilat of ponto ¶He­rod antipa yong in his conu (er)sacions. with yeftes and messīgers drew hym to hym: And made hym prince of the Iure vndir hym And this tyme pilat gedered mych money: And Herod not knawyng he went to rome. that he mygit res [...]ue of the Emꝑour yt herod had yefen hym. Wherfor Herod and Pilat wer enmys to gedre. vn to the passion of our lord. when that pilat send Ihesus crist vn to herod clothed in a white cloth then they wer made frendys. Ouidius Naso in ponto a bout this tyme died the .iiij. yere of his exile. Tibirius this tyme wos emꝑour at rome &̄ he regned xxiij yere. And he leued ī the yere that our lord ihesu crist died and sūwhat after. This man was in all his werkes gret­ly a vised. that ther shuld be no thyng sodenli done. wysse in wer studious in bokis. fayr of spech. frech in witt Saue he wold oft tyme feyn hym selfe to do thyngis that he wold not wer done of od (er) ¶This emꝑour vndir stode and trasted in crist &̄ worshio [...]d [Page] hym for god. Sum men saieth at the last he wos cruell a yenes pepull. bot it wos a gret reson of pety that he was eu (er) gracius to his subiectis & poer men. And he had pees all his dayes. &̄ all pe­pull that saied ayenest cristyn folke with out ony mercy he destrued And he exiled Pilat for euer. then he decessed and a wors succedid hym. After Eusibe it is wretin our lord at xxx. yere of his age chose his xij. apostilis. the wich made our cred yt is our beleue. And they made hit aft (er) the resureccion of crist: and aft (er) the holy gost was send vn to them. when thei had chosin Mathia the a postill and ich on of them made aꝑte as it is shewed heir aft (er). ¶And this mathia wos chosyn be twix ye day of the ascension and witsonday in the place of Iudas scarioch ye tratur of the wich iudes ī an histori is thꝰ red ¶Ther was a certayn man ī ierusalem yt heyght Rubē and after sent Ierom he was of the tribe of Ysachar. and his wyfe het Ciborea: the wich on a c (er)tā night whē he wold lustili knaw his wife. she dremed yt she shuld bere a child of myschef & yt child shuld be a t̄t (ur) to his kīg & to all the peple of yt regiō. &̄ when ye chyld wos borne & called iudas. his fad (er) & his mod (er) abhorrit as well to kill ther child as to nurysh a trator to the kyng and all his pepull. Therfor they put hym in to a panyer or a leep in to the see. And he floyd to the ile of Scaryoth wher the lady of that place had no child by hir housband. & she fened hir to be with child bot she faled. And aft (er) in a lityll se­son the same lady & quene cōsaued a child of hir husbond. &̄ when that he wos of age. iudas mony tymes angred him &̄ caused hī to wepe ye wich ye quene sawe. And bet iudas mōy tymes. & after she knawlech that iudas wos not the kynges son ne hers. wherfor iudas kyllid the kyngꝭ son. & he dred the payn of the law. &̄ fled wt c (er)tan exiles to Ierusalem. &̄ when he come ther he gat hym in to Pilates couurt that wos iuge. And because that oo cursed mā drew to an other therfor he drew to pilate. &̄ stoid gretly in hys fauoure. And vpon a certan day when pilat lokyt owt of hys [Page] pales ī to an orcherd of a mans that wos called Rubē the wych wos verey fad (er) to Iudas Pilat desired to haue appuls: & iudas went to gedre apuls & ruben ran to iudas for to lette hym because he toke his appuls wt out ony leefe: and aft (er) yt they had chyed. this iudas smot his fad (er) on the heed wt a ston &̄ kylled him. and iudas fled a way secretly aft (er) yt deed. bot is wos saied yt ruben died sodenly: Then Pilat yaf to Iudas all ye goodis yt Rubē had & Ciboria Rubēs wife yt was mod (er) to Iudas. And he delt not curtasly with hyr as a man shuld do wt his wiffe: and for yt she wepid & weiled for she had put hir son to the see: & yt she was maried a yenest hir will. it was ꝑsaued that iudas had kylled his own fad (er) & weddie his own moder: Then Ciboria his mod (er) &̄ wife meuyd hī to leef his syn. And then he fol [...]ed crist. & he for gafe him his sinnys. &̄ made him his proctor &̄ a postel. and how fals he wos to crist it nedith not to rehersse. And that same yere Mathew wos chosin &̄ the holy gost wos send ī to them as is said afor The apostils or they wer sparpild ī to all the world they gedyrd them to ged (er) ī to Ierusalem. &̄ made the credo heir foloyng that is our belefe.

Credo ī deū patrē omnipotētē creatorem celi et terre
Et in ihesum xp̄m filium eius vnicū dominū nrm̄
Qui cōceptus est de spiritu sc̄o natꝰ ex maria virgine
Passus sub pōcio pilato crufixꝰ mortuus et sepultus
Descendit ad īfer­na tercia die resu­rexit a mortuis
Ascendit ad celos sedet ad dexterā dei ptīs omnipotentis
Inde vēturus est. iudicare viuos et motuos
Credo in spiritum sanctum.
Sanctam ecclesiam catholicam.
Sanctorum commumonem remissio­nem peccatorum.
Carnis resurec­cionem
Et vitam eteernam

[Page]IHesu crist our saiueour roos from deth to lyue and saied to his discipules all the power in heuen and erth is geuyn vn to me. And go ye thus ī to al the world and preche and teche wn to eueri creatur. And I shall be with yow to the end of thee world ¶Her he chose him lxxij discipules. And he had xij apostolis the wich he send ī to al the world to p̄che. ne it is not red that ther war mo ord (er)is emong the discipuls of crist. Of whom thee prestys and bysshoppis in the chirche of god yit kepe the forme. for to the appostill: the bisshoppis succede. and to the discipuls prestis. to the wich ij. ordirs all the chyrche is geuen as a godly gerarche. vt patet in decreto Damasie pape.

  • Iohēs wrot in Asia ī greke lāgage In princi­pio erat verbum etcc.
  • Lucas wrot ī grecia in greke lāgage Fuit in diebus herodis regis iude sac (er)dos etc
  • Marcus wrot ī ytalia bot ī greke langage. Initiū euāgelii ihū cristi etcc
  • Matheꝰ wrot in the Iuri ī hebru langage. Liber gen (er)acōis ihesu cristi &c

¶Her begyneth the ordir of popys of Rome: and continuys as the lyne of crist did afoor. for ī th [...] god l [...]st hi [...] [...]. Anno domini xxxiiij.

PEtur a Iue the fyrst pope wos a blissed man and a glo­rius postyll of crist: he wos heed of the chyrche after Ierom xxxvij yere. And he held his bisshoprik in the est v. yere and said masse he made our lord and alone said the pater noster ¶Thē after he come to Anthiociam. and ther he a boed vij yere techyng the way of trowth. and Symon magus he flemed a way. that seson he prechid to the pepull that wer circumsisit the wych wer in pōto of galati. Capadecia. Asia Bithinia ¶Thē he herd yt Symon magus deludit the romans. thurgh the lufe of the faith he come to Rome in the iiij yere. of Claudius the emprour. and ther he preched the word of god. and shewd the falsed of Symon magus. and turned mony aman to the fayth. Then he send his prechours bi diuerse prouynse: by whom cristyn relegion was myghtyly encresed ¶He ordand the fest of lentyn a fore estyr. and the aduent. and the emyring dayes to be fastid of all cristē pepull in to the merour of the frist and the secund comynge of our lord. Then when he had be pope at Rome xxv yere & vij moneths & viij dayds: he was slayn of Nero. eiꝰ plurima oꝑa vide actibꝰ apostolo (rum). Gayus this tyme wos Emprour at rome and regned iij. yere and x monethes This Gayus wos full vicius in leuyng for ij of his own systres he mysused and on of them hee gat a doughter. wich child he set be twix the keis of Iupit (er) in the tempull. and fened afterward that iupat (er) had be gettyn hyr wher­foor he did cry thurgh the cuntre that all men shuld worshyp hyr as a goddesse ¶This mon also made an ymage like hym self and send it to oon Patronie presedent at ierusalem vndir the romans cōmaundyng hym that he shuld compell the Iues to doo worship therto. And for thes enormytes and mony other owr lord suffyrd hym to be slayn at Rome in his own pales.

¶Of kyng Gynder that was kymbalin son that wold nott pay the treuage to Rome for the land that Cassibalon had granted and how he wos slayn of a romayn

ANd after the deth of this Kymbalin regned Gynder hys sun a good man and a worthe and wos of so hygh hert yt he wold not pay to Rome that tribute that kyng Cassibalon had graunted vn to Iulius Cesar: wherfor the Emprour that wos tho that wos called Claudius cesar: wos sore annoyed and ordāt a gret power of remans and com in to this land for to conquere the tribute thurgh strength and for to haue it on the kyng: but this kyng Gynder and Armager his brether assembled and gedired a gret host yfere of Britons and yaf bataell to the Emprour Claudius and kylled of the romans gret plente: The emprour had afterward one that wos called Hamon that saw ther pepull theer whaerfast slayn and preuali kest a way his own armes and toke the armes of a d [...]ed breton and armed him with his armuro and come in to the batell to the kyng: and sayed in this maner Syr be ye good of hert for goddis loue for the romans that be your enmys anone shall be slayn and discumfited euerychon: &̄ the kyng yaf no kepe vn to his wordes ne his speche for because of the armes yt he had vpon hym and wened it had be a Briton but the tratour eu (er) held hym next the kyng: and preualy vnder the shulders of his armes he smot the kyng wherfor he was deid and fell doune to the erthe: Whan Armag (er) saw his brother deid he caste away his armes and toke to hym his brothers armes and come in to the botaill among the Britons & bad them hertely for to fight and fast lay a doune the Romans: and for the armes they wened it had be kyng Gynd that afore wos slayn that they wyst not: then begone the Britans fersly for to fight and kyld the romans so at the last the Emprour for soke the felde &̄ flede as fast os he myght with his folke in to wynchestre and the fals traitour Hamon that had slayn the kyng fast anone gan for to [Page] fle with all the hast that he myght and Armager the kynges bro­ther pursued him full fersly with a fers hert and drofe hym vn to a water and ther he toke hym: and anone smot of bothe hand &̄ hede and feet and hewed the body all to peces and tho let cast him in to the water wherfor that water was called Hamanus hauen and afterward ther was made a fayr toune that yet standeth yt is called southamton And afterward Armager went to Wynchestre for to seke Claudius cesar the Emprour of Rome and ther Armager hym toke: and Claudius the emprour thurgh concel of his romans that with him left a lyue made pees with armager in this maner as ye shall here that is to say how that Claudius the Emprour shuld yeue vn to armager Gennen his fair doughter for to haue to wife so that this land fro that tyme forward shuld be in the empreurs poer of rome uppon suche conueant that neuer afterward no Emprour of Rome shuld take none other tribute of this land bot only feaulte and they wer acorded And vpon this conand Claudius cesar sent to reme for his doughter Gennen and when she wos comen claudiꝰ cesar yaf hir to Armager to wife and armag (er) spoused hir at london with mych solempnite &̄ myrth & tho was Armager crouned & made kīg of Britan

¶Of kyng Armager in whose tyme sent Petre preched in Antiochie with other apostoles in diu (er)se cuntreis.

THis Armager regned well and worthely and the lond gou (er)ned: and Claudius cesar in remembrans of this acord and for reu (er)ence and honour of his dought (er) made in this lond a fair toune and a castell and let call the toune after his name Claucestren that now is called Gloucestre and when this wos all done the Emprour toke his leue and tho went to Rome and Armager tho was kyng and gou (er)ned the lond well and nobely all his lifes tyme and this Armag (er) gat a son of his wife thatt wos called Westmer &̄ whiles that this Armager regned sent Petre preched in Antioche and ther he made a nobull chyrche in [Page] the wich he sat fyrst in his chair and ther he dwelled vij. yere &̄ aft (er) he went to Rome and was made pope till that Nero the Emprour let martir him: and tho preched opanly all the apposteles in diu (er)se landes the right fayeth And when Armager had regned xxiiij. yere he died and lieth at london.

¶How kyng westmer yaf to Berynger an yland forlet and ther this berynger made the toun of Berewike.

ANd after this Armager regned his son Westmer that wos a good man &̄ a worthy of body & well gou (er)ned the land. Hit befell so that tydyng come to him on a day that the king Rodrik of Gascoine was come in to this land with a houge host of pepull and wos duellyng in staynsmore And when kyng westmer herd tho tydynges he let assemble an houge host of britans and come to the kyng Rodrik & yaf hym batall &̄ kyng westmer kylled rodrik with his own hondes in playn batall And whē kyng rodrikes men saw that ther lord wos deid they yolden them all to the kyng westmer &̄ bicome his men for eu (er) more &̄ he yaf them a cōtre that wos forleten wher ī they myght duell &̄ thed (er) they wēt &̄ duelled ther all ther lifes tyme &̄ ixC men ther were of them &̄ no mo left at that batell. Ther gou (er)ner and prince wos called beringer and a nō he began a toun yt they myght ther ī duell & haue resoorte and let call the toune Birewyke vpō twede and ther they duelled & become riche but they had no women amonges them &̄ the bretons wold not yef ther doughtres to thestrangers wherfor they went ower see in to Irland and brought with them women and ther they them spoused but the men koud nat vnd (er) stond ther langage ne the speche of thes women &̄ therfor they spoken to geder as scottes and aft (er)ward thurgh changyng tber lanhages. in all fraunce they war called tho scottet and so shulde that folke of that cuntre be called for euer more

¶How kyng Westmer let arere a stone in the entring of westmerland ther that he slew rodrik and ther he begon fyrst housing

[Page] ANd aft (er) this bataill that is aboue saied whē Rodrik wos deid kyng westmer in remēbrance of his victorie let arere ther be sydes the way a gret stone on hygh and yet hit standeth &̄ eu (er)more shall stand & he let graue ī the stone lettres yt thꝰ saied The kyng westmer of britonne killed in this place Rodrik hys emmny ¶And this westmer was the fyrst that bylded house & toune ī westmerland & at yt stone begīeth westmerlond yt westmer let call aft (er) his own name ¶And whē westmer had so done he duelled all his lyfes tyme ī that contre of westmerlōd for he loued that cūtre more then ony other cōtre And when he had regned xxv. yere he died and lieth at Carleill.

¶Of kyng Coill that wos westmer son that held his lond in pees all his lifes tyme.

AFter this kyng westmer regned his son Coill a good mā. &̄ a worthi &̄ of good cōdiciōs & well gou (er)ned his lōd & off all me he had loue &̄ pees & ī his tyme wos neu (er) cōtake debate nor were ī Britan & he regned and wos kīg in pees all his lifes tym & whē he had bene kyng xi. & ere he died an lieth at yorke.

CLaudiꝰ wos emꝑour at rome next aft (er) Gayꝰ: &̄ he reg­ned xiiij. yere &̄ viij. dayes This mā come ī to gret bre­tan now called englōd for to chalāge the tribut wich thei did deni vn to the romans &̄ aft (er) gret batels ther wos be twix ye emꝑour Claudiꝰ: and Armag (er) kīg of britan. and aft (er) a cordmēt made yt this Armag (er) shuld wed Claudiꝰ doughter &̄ after thes ij. shuld eu (er) life ī pees. ī tokē wher of this claudiꝰ named the cite wer they wer weddid after hī & called it Claudicestre: we call it Gloucestre ¶This Claudiꝰ had iij. wifes: & on Petiua the fyrst wyf he gat a doughter yt heyght Antōia The first wife decessed &̄ he weddit messalinā and gat a son yt height britanicꝰ &̄ octauia a dought The thrid he wedit agrippma: hauīg a son yt height nero Claudiꝰ wedit his doughter octauia to nero his wifes son: this [Page] claudiꝰ for luf yt he had to agrippma his last wife he killed messalina his fyrst wife. lest she shuld haue holp britanicꝰ hir son & his to the empyre. yet agrippma the last wife of Claudius dred lest hir housband wold haue proferred Britanicus and haue deposed Nero his son. Therfor she poysunied hir housband Claudius and Nero was ꝓmotit to the Empire and this s [...]me Nero yaf his mother sich a reward a yene. for he poysunied britanicū and kyld his own motber and his wife octauia. Iamys the more the apostil this time was slaī of Herod agrippa & Petre wos presīd. vt (pꝪ)patet actuū 12. ¶The body of sent Iamys by myracull wos brought in to Galeciam of spayn. Nero after claudiꝰ wos emꝑour & he regned xiij. yere & vij monethis This nero wos a cursid mā &̄ made gret wast ī the empire: he wold not fish bot with nettis of gold and ropis of sylke. a gret part of the lordis off Rome he kylled. he wos enmy to no men bot to good men. he kylled his brod (er) &̄ his wife. his mother and his master. he killed also Petre and Paule. he wold neu (er) wer on cloth ij. timys. all his horsse and his mulis wer shod wt sylu (er). And at the last he did set an gret ꝑte of Rome on fyere. sū says to se how Troy brened. and sum sayeth the romans cōplayned the stretes wer to narow. and whē he had brent a gret part of rome. Nero sayd ther wos space to bild ther stretis wyd (er). then the Senatours wt the cōmyn pepull com vpō him to kyll hym. and he fled by nyght ī to subbarbis of the Cite and hid him a mong the vines. And he hered karlys and begers cū bi hym &̄ sayed & they wist wher the Emꝑour war he shuld neu (er) skape them. Nero thought it shuld be gret derogacion to his name & he wer slayn of chorlys. And on a gret stake he ran hī self to the hert and died &̄ ther wos bereid. & dules keped his body mōy a day after. &̄ did gret hurt to the pepull. tyll by a myracull of our lord ye bodi wos fond &̄ take a way: &̄ then the dules voydet Seneca wos this tyme mast (er) to Nero. Iuuenalis peeta. Lucanus poeta.

[Page]Iacobꝰ ye las ye apostil bisshop of ierlm̄ wos slaī of ye iues ye sext yere of nero. ye euāgelist marcꝰ wos mart (er)ed first yer of hī

Circa annū cristti lxxiiij.

LInus Ytalicus wos pope of Rome x. yere and iij mone­this and xiij. dayes This Linus & his successari Cletꝰ thurgh ther holy cōu (er)saciō war made to mynist (er) the tresur of ye cherche to the pepull. Petre beyng a liue: and pet (er) attendit to pray and prechyng It is red of this Cletus that he wrot fyrst in hys lettris Salutē et apostolicā bn̄diccōem ¶Afoor this tyme wer mōy a discipul of petre slayn vnd (er) Nero Galba this tyme wos emꝑour & he regned vij. monethis. This mā wos made emꝑour bi the pouer of spayn ī the same land. Nero leuyng. and aft (er) ye deth of Nero brought to Rome. &̄ ther wos slaī of amā yt come wt whete to rome. he smot of his heed & bore it to him yt wos emꝑour next. seyng all his mē &̄ nōe of them helpyng him ¶In this mānys days com the gret retriciō to rome fro spayn & wos fyrst that eu (er) taught ye science opynli. his name wos Quītilian Otho regned aft (er) hym. &̄ he regned bot iij. monethes. for on vitellus yt wos presedent of fraunce chalanged the empyre· and in Itali be tuyx thes tow wer iij: gret batels and ī ye fourth batel Otho saw he shuld be ower cūmyn. and ī gret dispare he kiled him self. Vitellus regned aft (er) this Otho and he regned viij. moneth for he was a foloer of Nero most speciall ī glotony. &̄ ī synging of fowll songes. and at festis ettyng out of mesur that he myght not kepe it. Vaspasianus regned nex aft (er) him ix. yere &̄ x monethis & xij. dayes The wele gou (er)ned men of rome seīg the cursit successiō of nero: send aft (er) this vaspasian vn to Palystī. for ther he wos & his son Titꝰ wich had beseged ierusalē. &̄ whē he herd yt Nero was deid by whom he wos send vn to Ierusalem and herd of thes cursed men regnyng at the instance of the wise men of rome not wyllely toke vpon hym the Empire. and a none as he was commyn to Rome he ower come this tyrand Otho and let [Page] hym be draw thurgh rome. and aft (er) in tybyr tyll he wos deid. and then let hym saile with owt sepulture. for this the pepull desiered ¶This man was curit of waspes in his nose a none as he be­leued in our lord ihū. and that wos thecause why he went to Ierusalem to venge cristes deth. xxxij tymes he fought with his enmis and died the yere of grace lxxix.

Anno domini lxxxiiij.

CLetus amertyr wos pope xi yere. This Cletus wos a ro­man and gretly he loued pylgramage to senctis. sayng it wos more prophet to the helth of mannys sowle. to visit the place that sent Petre wos in: then to fast ij yere. He cursed all tho men lettyng sych pylgramech or concellers contrari therto. at the last he wos martired vnd (er) Damician the emprour. Titus son to vaspasianus wos emꝑour this tyme. and regned iij. yere and he a bode styll at ierusalem aft (er) the aleccion of his fadre. and dist­rued the cite and killed ther as the stori saieth with batall & hungyr xiC.M. Iues and an C.M. he toke. and sould xxx for a peny. be cause they sold crist for xxx penys: and brought thens althing that wos precious. and put them in his house at Rome wich wos called Templum pacis. bot now is that place fall down for the most ꝑty: and all thes gret Iuels be distributit to certā cherchis in Rome. ¶This Titus w [...]s so full of u (er)tu that al men louyd hym. so ferforth that they clepit hym the most delecta­bull of men. he wosfull liberall to all men in so mych that he said oftī tymes: that ther shuld no man go fro an emꝑour with a he­uy hert. bot he shuld sumwhat haue of his peticion. he wold be sori that day in the wich he had granted no man ne no benefite. when that he wos deid eueri man that wos in Rome weppyd for hym as that they had lost ther fadre.

Domycian brother to Titꝰ regned aft (er) hī xiiij yere & v. monethes. fyrst he wos esy. and aft (er)ward full vnresonabull: for mich of the senate wos distruid bi his malis. & also mich of his kynrad [Page] he began the secund persecucion after Nero ayenst cristyn men: In the wich persecucion Iohn̄ the Euangeliste was exiled in to Pathius after the Emprour had put him in to an tun of oyle brinnyng and hurt hym not. So thys man was not the folower of his fadir vaspasian ne his brother Titus. bot rather like Nero and his kynred. And for thes wicked condicions he wos slayn in his own palace at Rome in xxvij. yere of his age Clemens a martir wos pope ix. yere and he succedid Cletus This Clemens fyrst of sent Petre as it is saied wos ordand to be successari to hym· And for ꝑell he wold Lynū and Cletum shuld be popis a for him. lest that thurgh that ensampull prelatis shuld ordane vndir them who sum euer they wold. ¶This man made the lyfe of Martirs to be wreten be regions. and he made mony bokys: he ordant that a child sh̄uld be confirmed as soon os it myght manerly after it was cristyned. and at thee last he was martired vndir Traian.

Nerua wos Emprour after Domician on yere and ij. mone­thes. and when he was chosen he meuyd the senat to make a law that all thyng wich Domician commandit to be keped. shuld be brokyn. by wich meane sent Iohn̄ Euangelist wos lowsit out of his exile and suffred to cum ayen to Ephase This man did a nother thyng right commendabull. that he assined so wise a man as Traian wos to gou (er)ne the pepull after hym Nota Traianus hyspanicus was Emprour xix. xere This Traiā mony men sayed he wos the best emong all the emprours bot ī on thyng alon he was vicius. in so mych as he for the luff of the fals goddis wos a bout to distruy the cristyn fayth: iugyng in hī self so: most to plese god. Sum men sayth not by hym self bot by other he ꝑsued cristē fayth. &̄ ī ye end of his lyfe he did bot few to deth. ¶And al his lauuīg I set at noght. bot at Sent Grego­ri meuyd with pytte wepyng and prayed vn to owr lord god for hym yt he wold haue marci vpō hī &̄ bi his prayer haue hī out [Page] of hell: in to wich place he was damned. And now if he be saued or not. agret alteracion is emong docturs. And to vs that writes croneclis is no part of our charge to determyn. Bot all the est part of the world babulon. Selencia. Te vtter partes of thee ynde. Germayne the secund after Alexander he held vndyr ¶In all thes thinges so peteus and so mekly he gydid hym: to euery man as a kyng. he wos gentyll. &̄ to no man vngētill ye wich is red of few. All his dayes he leued that he wos the most worthe man in all his empyre. And he thought and saied eu (er) more that no man wos more vn worthy to be emprour then he.

Anno domini .C.iiij.

ANacletus a martir wos pope ix yere and he was a greke he monyschyd all cristen men. that prestes shuld be wors­shipped a bown all other men. sayng that prestys doyng sacrifice to god shuld be borne out. and not vexid bot be worshipp [...]d. and prestys when they sayed masse they shuld haue witnes with them an namly bisshoppis ¶Also he decreid that clerkys shuld wer no berdys ne long haer. also that a Bisshop shuld be consecrityt of iij. and diuerse other thynges at the last the xij yere of Traiā he wos martyred and beried by the body of sent Petre ¶Ple­uius the secund oratory: &̄ phelosophur wrot mych thynges This man meuyd Traian that he shuld with draw the sentens yeffen a yene cristen folke. writtī to hym that they shuld do no ill bot take heed to the vertu. bot that they shuld rise a foor day and wors­hip ther: secretly in the nyght.

Evaristus a greke and a Martir wos x. yere vij. monethes pope after Anacletus. This man ordand that man and womā shuld be weddit opynly. and at the shuld be blyssed opynly off thee prest and fadre and mother And he was martired thee .iij. yere off Adrian and beried by sent Petre Alexander a Ro­man was Pope viij. yere and v monethes This Alexandre the most parte off thee Senetours he conuerted vn to our lord [Page] And he ordant that holy water shold be kest in cristyn menys howses. and that bred to syng with shuld be made of clere bred. & yt ī a litill quantite. At the last he was martird vnd (er) Adrian that wos the Emprour and mony of them he conuerted to the faythe. Sixtus a Roman wos pope x. yere and iij. monethes. This man ordant sanctus sanctus sanctus etc. shuld be sayed in the masse: and at the holy thynges of the chirche shuld not be towched bot of mynisteris of the cherche. Also that the corpraxe shuld not be made of sylke. bot of puere lyn cloth wouen and not died. and that a woman shuld not toche the holy vessell off the awter ne the pall. ¶Also he ordand that if any bisshoprik wer vacant. that no byshope shuld be resaued in to his benefice bot wt ye popis lett (er)is. also yt no masse shuld be sayed bot on an awter. &̄ at ye last he wos martred. Adrianus wos Emprour xxi: yere This adrian in mony thynges is commendit: to cristē mē other while he was graciꝰ. &̄ certayn of them that wold not do sacrifice to the fals godes he kylled. he was a vniusall mā almost in all sciens: pees he had all his dayes bot with the Iues: &̄ mōy a law he made ¶And than he commandet that cristyn mē shold not be dampned to deth bot with dew processe. Ierusalem he sub­duid a yene: &̄ prohibyt that no Iue shuld dwell ther in. bi no wisse: Cristyn men he suffred ther to dwell. ayenes his will hee come to the empire. bot he gou (er)ned him veray well. When the senetours prayed hym to call his son Emprour after hym. he sayed it is enough to me that ayenest my will I haue regned. whē I haue not de (ser)ued. for the empire of rome shuld not go bi successiō of blod bot to sich men as deserues it. thurgh ther merittis. mōy tymes he regnes vn vertuisly that is a kyng borne· and vertu shuld cū be foor his kyngdom Eustachius otherwyes called Placidus. and therospita hys wiffe and ij. of ther sonnys▪ [Page] of whom meruelus thynges be red wer martird bi ye cōmādment of Adriā. This placidꝰ wos master of the emꝑours knyghtes ¶Ierusalem wos restorid be Adrian and made largyr: so yt the place wher crist died wos with in the wallis. the wich wos with owt befoor. And this is the thrid beldyng a yene of that ci­te. for it wos thries destrued .s. of Caldeis in the tyme of Ze­dechie. of Anthiacus in the tyme of Machabeorum. and of Titus in the tyme of vaspasian.

Anno domini .C.xliiij.

TElesphorus a roman wos pope xi. yere This man ordand this Angels ymne to be song in the masse .s. Gloria in excelsis deo etc. and the gospell to be red a fore the sakring: and on cristynmes day iij. masses to be songne. And he ordand ther shuld no masse be sayed a foor iij: of the cloke. and at the last he wos martird: and beried at Sent Petrus Ignius a greke was pope iiij: yere This man ordand that a chyld shuld haue a godfather and a godmother at baptim and confirmacion ¶Also that no Archebysshop exceppit the pope shuld condem­ne his suffrigan bot yf that the cause wor shewed in the prouynciall cōcell of bisshoppis. thē he wos martird & beried at petrus. Anthonius Pius wos Emprour xxij. yere with hys sonnys Aurolio and Lucio. This man was myghtyly wysse: a naturalli fair of speche. the wich lyghtly ī on mā is not found. nota. Excedyng men in wysdome commynly ar not fayre speched ner peesfull namely off nature. nor contrariwyes. Excedynge men in fayer spechee commynly ar les then wyse. This man was meued with bothe thes properteys. Therfor mony kyngdomys the wych recedid from other Emprours wyllely to thys man turned a yene: And to cristī mē wos nō so gentyll. He sayed thurgh the ensampull of Cipio: I had leuer kepe on heyre of a man then kyll an hundreth of my enmys. And sū mart (er)s wer made [Page] vnder hym. bot it wos made thurgh the commandement of thee Emprours a for. ¶And the cristyn pepull wor so hayetfull vn to the Bisshopis and to the prestes of the tempull of the fals goddys: that the prouoked the Princes all way a yenes them. For they supposid that the cristen fayth shuld destruy them. ¶Therfor it wos no meruell all though ye prīce wos ilplesed for they saied all ther goddis wor dules: yf lawyr Iugis pursuit cristen folke. and martired them. ¶This tyme xM: martres wor crucified in Armenia in a hegh hill called arath Pompeꝰ trogꝰ. isto tempore historias tocius orbis a nino vsque ad octaui a [...]um deduxit.

Anno domini .C.liiij.

PIus italicꝰ wos Pope xi. yere & iiij. monethes and xij. dayes This man ordend the fest of ester euer more shuld be halued on the sonday. And also an heritike commyng fro the selite of the iues shuld be res [...]ued. &̄ be baptisit Then he wos mar­tired and beried in Sent po [...]s Auicetꝰ wos pope after Pi [...]s almost x. yere This man made mony decrees of the canon and for bisshopis vt ī ca· violatores etc. Galienꝰ a lech getyn ī [...]gamo wos in gret fame at rome the wich not allonli exponed the bokes of ypocras bot he put mony of them to his bokes. And of this man is saied for his discrete abstynens the wich he hused he leued an .C.xl yere. he neu (er) ete ne dranke his fyll. n [...] abs [...]inē ci [...] he neu (er) toke raw frutis: alwa [...] he had a sweit brethe. he died a lonli thurgh age and no seknes Marcus Antoniꝰ the trew. &̄ Lucius Comodꝰ wer Emprours xix. yere Thes ij toke the em­pire after Antoni the meke. And then began ij. ēprours to regne: bot Luciꝰ comedꝰ decessed. and Antoni wos empror ther a lone the wich wos a victorius man and a nobyll Bot that hee made the iiij ꝑsecucion to kyll cristyn men. This marcus wos of so gret sadnes and stedfastnes that for no chawnce he loogh neu (er): ne changed no cheir: nother for gladnes ne for sorow. [Page] ¶And when he wos a childe he wos of sich manhoed that on a certayn tyme whē he loked his tresor &̄ had not the wich he myght giffe his knyghtes &̄ his men: when he went to fight ayenes the Germans: the Sclauos &̄ Sarmatas. he wold hurt ne greue no body: bot had leu (er) to sell his wifes goldyn vessell. & hir araymēt. hir beddyng all hir riall stufe: thē take tax of the senetours or of his ꝓuynce vnd (er) hym. bot he gat the victori of his enmys: and recou (er)ed all ayene: and relesed the ꝓuyncis of ther tributis. And thos that wold sell hym his wefes tresor ayene· he restored them ther monay. and thos that wold not he neu (er) greued them. bot the tabuls of ther dettys be twix hym and them. he briynt opynli in the marketh place and changed them at they helped hī ī his necessite

¶How kyng Lucie regned aft (er) his fadre that was a good mā and after he become cristen.

AFter kyng Coill regned Lucie his son that was a good man to god &̄ to all the pepull. he sent to Rome to the appostell Eulēthre that tho was pope and saied that he wold become a cristen man and resaue baptym in the name of god. and turne to the right faieth and beleue ¶Eulenthre sent .ij. legats that wer called Pagan an other Elibayn in to this lond and bapti­sed the kyng &̄ all his mayne and after went from toune to toun and baptised the pepull tyll al the land was baptised and this wos in the yere: C.lvi. after the incarnacion of our lord Ihū crist. And this kyng Lucie made tho in this land ij. arche bisshoppes on at Canterberi an other at Yorke and other many bysshoppis that yet be in this lond ¶And when thes ij. legates had bap­tised all this land they ordeyned prestys fer to baptise chyldren &̄ for to make the sacrament and after they went ayene to rome &̄ the kyng dulled in his land and regned with mekyll honour xij. yere and after died and lieth at Glocestre.

¶How this lād wos lōg wt out a kīg & how britōs chose a kīg

[Page]THis kyng Lucie had none heire of his body begoten thatt was after ward gret harme and sorow to the land. For aft (er) this kīg Lucis deth none of ye gret of ye lond wold suffre an other to be kyng but leuyd in were and debate emonges them selfe .l. yere with out kyng But it befell afterward yt a gret prīce come fro rome in to this land that was called Seuerie. nought for to were: bot for to saue the right of rome. But nerthe les he had not duelled half a yere ī this land bot that the bretons hym kylled: and when tho of rome wist that Seuerie wos so slaī they sent an other gret lord in to this lond that wos called Allec yt was a strong man and a myghty of body &̄ duelled ī this land long tyme & did moch sorow to the bretons. so that aft (er) for pure malece they chosen them akyng emenges them that wos cald astlepades & assemled a gret host of bretons and went to London to seche Allec and ther they fond him and killed hym and all hys felows & one yt wos called walon defendid hym fersely & fought long wt the bretons but at the last he was discōfited &̄ the bretōs toke him and bond hym handes & feet and cast hym in to awater wherfor that wat (er) afterward was called eu (er)more walbroke. ¶Tho regned Astlepades in pees till on of his Erles yt wos called Coill made afair toune ayenes the kynges wyll and let call the toune Colchestre aft (er) his own name wherfor the kīg wos full wroth & thought to destruy him and begon to were vpō hym &̄ brought gret pouer of mē & yaf the erle batell & the Erle defendid hym fersly with his power: &̄ slew the kyng him self ī that bataill &̄ tho wos Coill crowned and made kyng of this land. ¶This Coill regned and gou (er)ned the reame well and nobilli for he wos a nobull man and welbeloued among the bretons When tho of rome herd that Astlepades was slayn they wer wō der glad and sent an other gret prince of Romans that wos cal­led Constance and he come to the kyng Coill for to chalengf the tribute yt wos wōt to be payed to rome. And ye kīg answerd wel [Page] and wisely and sayed that he wold pay to rome all that right and reson wold with full good wyll And so they acorded tho with good will and with out any contake and so bothe they dueled to ged (er) in loue ¶The kyng Coill yaf to hym his doughter Elene vn to haue hir to his spouso that wos bothe fair and wise and good &̄ weli lettred. And this Constance spoused hir ther with moch ho­nour. and it befell sune afterward that this kyng Coill dyed in the xiij. yere of his regne and lieth at colchestre entired.

¶Of kyng Constance that wos a Roman that was chosen kyng aft (er) the deth of coyll for as mych that hed spoused Elene yt wos kyng Coill doughter

AFter this kyng coill Constance was made kyng &̄ crouned for as mych that he had spoused kyng coilles doughter that wos heir of the land the wich constance regned well &̄ wortheli gou (er)ned the land and he begat of his wife Elene a son that wos called constantine & this kīg bore trew faieth and trewly did vn to them of Rome all his life: and when he had regned xv: yer then he died and lieth at yorke

¶How constantine yt wos kīg constancis son &̄ ye son of seynt Elin gou (er)ned and ruled the land and was Emprour of rome

AFter kyng constance deth regned constantine his son and the son of sent Eline that fond the holy crose in the holy land and how constantine become Emprour of Rome. Hit befell so in that tyme ther was an emprour at rome that wos a Sarzyn &̄ a tyrant thas wos called Maxence that put to deth all that beleued in god &̄ destruyed holy chrche by all his pouer and slew all cristen men that he myght fynd. And emong all other he let marter sent Katrin & mony other cristī pepull that had drede of deth yt fled &̄ come in to this lond to kyng constantine and told hym of the sorow that Maxence did to cristīte wherfor Constātine had pitte and gret sorew made & assemled a gret host and agret pouer and went ouer vn to Rome and ther toke the cite and kylled all [Page] that ther wos in. that wer of mysbeleue that he myght ther fynde And tho wos he made Emprour and was a good man and gou (er) ned hym so well that all londes to hym wer attendaunt for to be vnd (er) his gouernance ¶And this duell &̄ tyrant Maxence yt tyme wos in the land of Grece and herd this tydynge hee become wode and sodanly he died and so he endid his lyfe when Constā tine went from this land vn to rome he toke with hym his mod (er) Elyne for the moch wisdom that she coude and iij. other gret lordes that he most loued that on was called Hoell and an other was called Taberne and the thrid Morhin and toke all his lōd to kepe vn to the Erle of Cornwaill that was called Octauian ¶And anone as this Octauian wist that his lord was duellyng at Rome he seised all the land in to his hand and ther wt did all his will among hygh and law and they held hym for kīg whan this tydynges come to Constantine the Emprour he was wonder wroth toward the erle octauian and sent Taberne wyth xijM. men for to destruye the Erle for his falsenes and they ariued at portesmouth ¶And when octauian wist that: he assē ­led agret pouer of bretons and discōfited Taberne: and taberne fled thens in to Scotland and ordened ther a gret pouer and com ayene in to this land an other tyme for to yef batell to Octauiā ¶When octauian herd tell that: he assemled a gret power and com ayen towardes Taberne as moch as he myght so that thos ij. hostys metten to gedre vpō stanysmore and strongly smot to gedre. and tho wos octauian discomfited and fled thens vn to Norway and Taberne seysed all the land ī to his hand tounes &̄ castelles & as moch as they ther had. And sith octauian come a yen fro norway wt a gret pouer &̄ seised all the land ī his hand & drofe out all the romans and wos tho made kyng and regned.

¶How Maximian that was the Emprours cosyn of Rome spoused Octauians doughter and wos made kyng of this land

[Page]THis Octauian gouerned the land well and nobully but he had none heir saufe a doughter that was a yong chyld that he loued as moch as his lyfe: and for as mych thatt he waxed seke and wos ī poynt of deth & myght no longer regne he wold haue made one of his nepheus to haue ben kyng the wich was a nobull knyght and a strong man yt wos called Conan meriedoke &̄ he shuld haue keped the kynges doghter &̄ haue maried hir whē tyme had bene but the lordes of the land wold not suf­fer it but yaf hir councell to be maried to sum hygh mā of gret ho­nour and than might she haue all hir lust And the cōsell of thee Emprour Constantyne hir lord. and at this counsell they ac­corded and chose tho Cador of cornwaill for to wende to ye emꝑ­our for to do this message &̄ he toke the way &̄ went to rome & tolde the emprour this tydyng well &̄ wysely &̄ the emꝑour sent in to this land wt him his own cosyn yt wos his vnkyll son a nobull knyght and a strong that wos called Maximian and he spoused Octauians doughter and wos crouned kyng of this land.

¶How Maximian that wos the emprours cosyn conquered the land of Amorican and yaf it to Conan meriedok.

THis kyng Maxmian becom so riall that he thoght to conquere the land of Amarican for the gret riches that he herd tell that wos in that land so that he ne left man that wos of worthines knyght squyer ne none othir man that he ne toke with him to gret damage to all the lond for he left at home behynde him no man to kepe the land bot toke them with hym fro this land xxxM knyghtes that wer doughty menys bodies and went ouer ī to the land of Amorican & thor slew the kyng yt was called Imball & cōquered all the lond ¶And whē he had so done he cald Conan &̄ said for as mich os kīg Octauian haue made yow kīg of bretō & thurgh me ye werlett and distrobled yt ye wer not kīg I yeue yow this land of amorican and yow ther of maketh the kynge [Page] ¶And for as moch as ye ben a Breton I wyll that thys land haue the same name and no more be called Amorican but bi called litell bretan. and the land fro whens we ben comen shall be called moch bretan ¶And so shall men knaw that on bre­tan fro that other. Conan meridok thanked him hendely and so wos he made kyng of lytell bretan. ¶And when all this was done Maximian went fro thens vn to Rome and was tho made Emprour after constantine and Conan meriedok duelled in ly­tell bretan with mych honour and ther let ordand ij.M. plough men of the land for to erie the land to harow it and for to sowe it and [...]effed hem richely after that they wer. ¶And for as miche os kyng Conan and none of his knyghtes ne none of his other pepull wold not take wyfes of the nacion of fraunce hee tho sent in to gret breten to the Erle of cornwaill that men cald Dionothe yt he shuld che [...]e thurgh out all this land xiM. of madens that is to say viijM. for the mene pepull and iijM. for thee grettest lordes that shuld them spouse. ¶And whē Dionoth vnd (er) stode this he made acōmandement thurgh out all the land of bretan and as mony os the nōbro come to he assemled to ged (er) of maydens: for ther wos no man that durst withstonde his com­mandmētes for as mich that all the land was take hym to warde and to kepe to done all thinge that him good liked ¶And when thes maydens wer assemled he let them cum be fore iym att London and let ordan for them shippes hasteli &̄ os mich as thē neded to that vyage and toke his own doughter that wos called vrsula: that wos the fayrest creature thot any man wyft and he wold haue sent hir to kyng Conan that shuld haue spoused hir &̄ made hir quene of the land. but she had made preuali to god a vowe of chastyte that hir fadre not wyst ne no other man els that wos leuyng vpon ethr.

¶How vrsula and xi.M. maydens that wer in hir company went toward litell bretan and all they wer martired at Coloyn

THis vrsula chose vn to hir company xi.M. maydens that of all other she wos ladie and mastresse and all they wēt in to shipp at on tyme in the water that is called thamse and cō manded hir kyn and all hir frendis to almyghty god. and sailed toward litele breton. bot whē they wer comen in to the hygh see a strange tempaste arose as it wos goddis will. ¶and vrsula wt hir shippes and hir company wer driuen to Hundland thurgh tempast and ariued in the hauen of the cite of Colonie. & the kyng of the land that wos called Gowan was tho in the cite: & when he wist the tyding that so mony faier maydens wer ther arriued. he toke Elga his brother and other of his houshold wt hī & wēt to the shippis to se that faire company and whan he saw thē so faire he and his companie wold haue ou (er)layne them &̄ a take fro them ther maydenhod but vrsula that good mayd concelled prayed warned and taught them that wer hir felowes that the shuld defend them with all ther myght and rather suffre deth than suffren ther bodi to be diffoylled So that all tho maydens become so stedfast in god that they defended them thurgh his grace so that nōe of them had pouer to do them shame ¶Wherfer the kīg Gawan wax sore anoyed yt he for wroth slew them eu (er)ichō anōe right &̄ sower all tho maydens martred for the loue of god & lieth at coloyn

¶How kyng Gowan come for to destruy this land & how a man of gret power thot wos called Gracian defended the land.

WHen all this wos done kyng Gowan that wos a Sara­zen called his brother Elga and said to hym that he shuld go to conquere the land that all tho fair maydens wer in borne. ¶And he ordened tho a gret pouer of Pehites of denmarke of orkenay and of norway and they come in to this land and brenttounes &̄ slew folke &̄ cast a doune chirches and houses &̄ relegiō [Page] and robed the land in length &̄ breed &̄ put to deth all tho that wold not forsake the right beleue and cristyndom ¶For as mich os ther wos no souerayn that moght them helpe. For the kyng Maximian had taken with hym all the worthi men whē he wēt to conquere litell kretan And in the same tyme that ye here now tell was sent Albone martired thurgh the woed tyrant Dioclician in the same place wher is now an abbaye made of sent Albone whiles yt he wos apaynem ¶But he conu (er)ted hī to god thurgh the predicaciō of a clarke & a wise mā yt was called ancibell that wos herbored a nyght in his house And this was after the Incarnacion of Ihū crist. ijC.xxvi. yere: and mē shuld vnd (er)stand that sent albone suffred his martirdō be fore that sent Edmūde wos martired. and therfor is sent albone called the fyrst marter of Englond. ¶This Gowans brother &̄ his folk yt wer sarazenes wēt thurgh out the land &̄ destrued all thīg yt they found &̄ no thīg they spayred. whē this tydyng come to rome how that kyng Gowan had begon for to stroye this land the Emꝑour and tho of rome sent a strong mā &̄ of gret pouer yt wos called graciā with xxiiijM. men well fightīg for to cast out thos sarezenes of this lande. and all they ariued at portes mothe. ¶Maximian myght not cū hym self for as moch os he wos chosen Emꝑour aft (er) the deth of Constantine that wos sent Elene son ¶Whē this gracian wos ariued wt his host he let a spi preueli wher the kyng gowan myght befounde and he vpō hym sodanli as they lain ther beddes & descomfited hī &̄ slew them ī ther beddis eu (er)ichone that none of them ascaped safe gowan that fled with moch sorow in to his cōtre ¶Sone aft (er) it befell yt Maximian wos slayn at Rome thurgh treson And when Gracian wyst that tydyng he let croune hym kyng of this land.

¶How gracian made hym kyng whan Maximian was slaī and afterward the bretons kylled hym for his wikkednesse.

[Page]THis Gracian when he begone to regne he become so wik­ked and so sterne and so moch sorow did to the bretons yt they slew hī emong them ¶Tho kyng gowan had vnd (er)stond that gracian was slayn and done to deth he assembled a gret pouer &̄ come ayene ī to this land. & if he had first done harme tho did he moch more: for tho destrued he all this land & ye cristē pepull yt wos ī moch bretan so yt no mā wos so hardi for to nempne god &̄ he yt so did anōe he was put to strange deth ¶But the bisshop of lōdon that wos tho yt was called gosselin scaped & wēt thens to them of Rome to sech socour to help to destru the sarazenis yt had destruyed this lond ¶And ye romās saied yt they had be so oft annoyed for ther sendyng aft (er) folke ī to bretan all for to help the bretens & they wold no more so do ¶And so the bisshop gos­seline wēt thēs wt out ony socour or helpe And tho went he to the kīg of litell bretan yt was called Aldroie &̄ this was the thrid kyng aft (er) gowan meriedok as be for is sayed ¶The bisshop prayed this kyng Aldroie of helpe and socour And the kyng had pitte in his hert when he herd how the bisshop fled &̄ how that the cristyn men wer so slayn in gret Bretan thurgh the paynems and sarazenes he graunted hym Constantine his brother hym for to helpe with pouer of folke and them did araye hors armur and sh­yppes & all thīg that them neded to that viage ¶And when all thyng was redy he called the bisshope &̄ to hym sayed I take you heir to helpe &̄ socour Cōstantine my brother vpō this couenaut that if god yef hī grace ye paynems &̄ ye sarazenes to shend & discomfited that than ye make hym kyng: And the bisshop it grauntid with good will ¶Constantine &̄ the bisshop toke lefe of the kīg Aldroye &̄ betoke him to god and toke ther men xijM. and went to ther shippes and sailed toward gret bretan and ariued at totnesse ¶When the Bretans herd the tidynges yt to them come socour they wer strongly holpen &̄ ordeyned them a huge nombre of pepull and come to them and vnd (er)fenge hem with [Page] mekyll honour. Gowan anone as he wyst of this thynges he asemled all the sarezenes and come ayenest them & yaf them batal and Constantine slew hym with his own hondes and all tho other sarazenes wer discomfited and slayn that nōe of them asscaped but tho that were conu (er)ted vn to god.

¶How Constantine that was the kynges brother of litell briton wos crouned kīg of myche breton for his worthenes.

ANone after the bataill they went to london and crouned ther constantine and made hym kyng of this land and the bysshoppe Goselin sette the croune on his heed and annoyntid hym os it befalleth for a kyng to bene and tho bigan cristyndom ayene ī this land and anōe this kyng constantine when he wos creuned anone after he spoused his wife thurgh counsell off the bretons and he begat iij. sonnys on hir ¶The frist wos cald Constance and that other Aurilambros and the thrid vter: this Constance the Eld (er) brother when he come to age he made hym a monke at wynchestre. This Constantin ther fadre thurgh tre­sone wos slayn For it befell on a tyme that a Pehite come to hym vpon a day in message as it were. and sayed that he wold speke with the kyng preuali in councill The kyng let voied his chambre of the men that ther wer withyn and ther a bode no mo bot the kyng and the Pehite &̄ he made a countinance as tho hee wold haue spoken with ye kīg ī his ere and ther he kylled hym wt a long knyfe & after that he went quaīteli owt of the chambre in to an od (er) chābre so at the last no man wyst wher he wos bicomen ¶When the kynges men wyst that ther lord wos so deid they made so moch sorow they not wist what to done ¶For as my­che as his .ij. sonnes Aurilombros and vter wer so yonge that nōe of them myght be kyng & the thrid brother wos mōke at wenchestre as is saied befoor But vortiger that wos Erle of westsexe thought priuyly in his hert thurgh quētance to be kyng and went to wynchestre ther that Constance was monke &̄ to hym [Page] sayed Constans quod he your fadre is deid and your ij. bretheren that ben with Gosseline the bisshope of london to norissh: ben so yong that none of them may be kyng ¶Wherfor I councell yow that ye forsake your habit and come with me &̄ I shall make sych a meyn vn to the bretons that ye shall be made kyng.

¶Of Constans yt wos kīg Cōstantine son that was mōke at wynchestre and how he wos made kyng after his fadres deth thurgh consell of vortiger that wos Erle of westsexe for as mich as Aurilambros and vter his ij. brether wer but yong of age: And vortiger let sle hym to be kyng hym self.

THis vortig [...]r consceled this Constance so mych tyll he forsoke his Abbot and went with hym: and anone after he wos crouned kyng by assent of the Bretons.

¶This kyng Constance whan he wos crouned and made kyng he wist ne knew bot litell of the world na coude no thing wat knyghthod axed. and he made vortiger his chief mastir and conceller and yaf hym all hys pouer for to ordeyne and to do as mych as to the reame apertened So that hym self no thyng entermelled but onli bare the name of kyng ¶When vortiger saw that he had all the land in his warde and gouernall at his own wyll he thought a preuy treson and to sle Constance the kyng that he myght hym self be crouned and made kyng and regne and let send after a hundreth knyghtes of Pehetes the worthiest of al the land and them heeld wyth hym for to duell as to be kepers of is body as he wold wende thurgh the land to ordeyne thynges that apperteyned to a kyng ¶And this vortiger honoured so mo­ch the hondred knyghtes and so moch yafe them of gold and silu (er) and so riche iuelles robes hors and other thynges plente wherfor they held hym more lord than they did the kyng ¶And vortiger told them yf he might be kīg. ye as it wer thurgh treson: he [Page] wold make hem richest of the land So at the last thurgh gret yeftes that he had yefuen largeli: they cried thurgh the court thatt vortiger wer better worthy to be kyng than Constance. wherfor vortiger made semland as he had bene wroth and he departed thens from the court and saied he most gon elles where for thinges that he had to done. and so the tratour saied for encheson that they shuld hym slee. that is to say constance. ¶When this vortiger wos gone it befell sone after that tho hundreth knyghtes of Pehites broken the dores ef the kynges chamber and ther they hym slew &̄ smote of his heed and bore it to vortiger ther that he duelled and when vortiger saw that heed: he wepped full tenderly with his eye and nerthelees he wos somedell glad of his deth. ¶And anōe let take the houndreth knyghtes of Pehites and bynd ther handes be hynd them an led them to London & ther they wer dampned to deth as fals tratours. And anone after all the bretans of the land bi the commune assent crouned vortyger and made hym kyng of the land.

Anno domini .C.lxxiiij

SOther a martir wos pope after Auicetū ix. yere the wich decreit that a Nūne shuld not towch the pall of the awt (er) ner pit in sence ther to. And that she shuld were a wompull about hir heed. and mony ꝑellis he saw a bout matimony. ther for he ordand that no woman shuld be called a lefull wyfe bot if she wer blessed of the prest. Elentherꝰ a martir wos pope aft (er) So­ther xv yere the wich ordand that cristyn men shuld furese no mete resonabull that wos mannys mete. Nota. Also that no man vn acused in acrime shuld be put from his dignite or his degre til he was conuyckyt. thurgh ensampull of criyst. the wich keppid styll Iudas scaryoth not a cused. And crist knaw hym gylty And what sum euer he did among the apostils for the dyngnite of his seruis a boode firme and stabull. And he send also Legatis vn to Lucie the kyng of Bretan the wich baptised hym [Page] and his pepull. And Fagus and Domianus legates the wich the pope sent fyrst preched in englond. and this cristyndom durit in Bretan .CC. yere vn to the tyme of Dioclision the em­prour. when sent Albone wos martired Marchus Antonius and Lucius Comodus wer emprours. bot marcus dyed anone and Lucius comodus regned: Comodus wos called profitabull of scorne. for he wos to eu (er)y man vnprofitabull. he wos yeffen vtterly to lechori. mony senetours and cristyn men he made for to be kylled. he dampned his own wife to deth for age. he died a sodā deth with stranggilling among maydens. Helius ꝑtenax after this man wos emprour sex monethes and wos a man of gret discrecion. whom Iulian the gret lawyer killed. And he entrid the empire and was slayn the vij. moneth of Seuerꝰ. Victor a martir was pope after Elentheriū x. yere and for the discorde of the pascall tyme he called a counsele in alexander wher be was pre­sent that tyme. & mony other. wher he decreit that Estyr day shuld be keped on the sonday bot he most kepe the change of the mone of aprill. And that wos to differ fro Iues. for mony bisshopis of the est a boid. that tyme the same day the Iues did haloe yt fest ¶Also he ordand that in tyme of neede child might be cristyned ī eu (er)y place &̄ ī eu (er)y wat (er) Zepherinꝰ a marter &̄ a Roman wos pope aft (er) victor ix yere This man ordaud that cristen pepull of xij yere age & a bown shuld resaue his god on estyr day ons [...] yere. Also he ordant that all ye vessell of the awter shuld be glas or tyn and not tre os ī old tyme the cōsecracion of the glorius blode wos made ī tre vessell And this tyme passit and the worship of the chirche grew & glasin vessill wer ꝓhibit▪ vt (pꝪ)patet de conse. di pri ca. Origines the nobull clarke wos this tyme & he wrot so mych that sent Ierome saied hym self to haue red of Origen warke iiijM. volumys wt out pystils. he translatit the bybyll from hebru in to greke. and did mōy other gret thīgꝭ And of this Origene Samson Salamon & Traian is a gret [Page] questiō amonges docturs if that they be dampned or saued. Ther forre thos thynges that with out perrill we be not bondyn to kn­aw. ner the chirche is not certified of them. and therfor let them be aloynly commytted vn to god. Calistus a marter and a roman was pope after Zepherinus v. yere and he ordand the cimi­tori. in via apia. wher moni a .M. martires is beried. Also hee ordand the fast of the emering dayes: to be keped Antonius Aurelius wos Empeour iij. yere And this man lacked no kīd of lechory: and at the last he wos martired emong a gret multitude of pepull for his myssecheuus leuyng. Antonius macus re­ned after hym vij yere This man leued obstinatl [...] and therfor he wos kylled as wos his predicessur Alexander wos Emprour after Antonius and regned xiij. yere This man bi instance of his mother a cristin woman & the techyng of Origen the wiche come to Rome to conuert hir· wos made so good vn to cristyn mē that he soffrid them to haue ther counsels and ther prayers by them selfe. bot neu (er) the lase in his tyme the cursed officers of hym made mony martirs.

Anno domini .CC.xliiij.

VRbanus wos pope after Calisto viij. yere and old &̄ yong wos veriy vertuus. And all the halouyd vessell to the chirche he made of gold or syluer. This man laft his pope heod &̄ went to Agrippam &̄ xi.M. virgins with hym &̄ the clargy said he laft not his dignite for holines. bot for appetite of thos virgins &̄ wrote hym not in the boke of popis. And ther he a virgin wos martired with thos virgins Poncianus a marter succedid vrbanus &̄ he ordant that psalmys shuld be saied day & nyght in thee chirche of god. And that a prest shuld say confiteor a fore thee masse. Anteros a martir wos pope aft (er) this man This man ordand that a bisshop myght be remeued from on vn to an other And he made the lyfe of martirs to be writtyn and he wos slayn and beried in the cimitory of seut calixt.

[Page]Maximiaꝰ wos chosin emprour̄ at Maguncia of the host and not bi the senetours &̄ regned iij. yere and destruyed the chyrche myghtely and was slayn for Origen Gordian regned after hī sex yere and of hym is lityll writtyn. bot he wos slayn. Hijs diebus Celus dux colchestrie in asclepio rignat in britannia ann­is quasi triginta vsque ad aduentum constancij. latiM vacat Philip wos emꝑour after hym: and this Philip choesse to hī Philip his son and they regned vij. yere And they wer the fyrst Empr [...]urys that euer wer cristyned &̄ after slayn of the host. They bequethe all hyr tresour in ther deth that hit shuld be disposid to poer men. And sent Laurens at the assynacion of his master the pope deꝑtid this tresour a bowt rome. the wich was gret cause of his martirdome. vt quid dicunt.

Decius wos emprour iij. yere and in all thinges a tyrant. for he entyrid the empire when he & the host had slayn ye ij Philippis his lordis. And after that he was slayn wyth hys son. Fa­bianus a marter and a roman wos pope after Anteras xij. yere This wos a veray holy man. for when cristyn men stood to a bide the eleccion of the pope. sodenli a white dowe or a culuur decendid on his heed sayng vn to hym thow shall be pope of rome. this man ordend that creme eu (er)y yere shuld be haloid vpō sher thursday also he deuided regions to dekyns the wich shuld writte the lyffe of martirs. and at the last Decius kylled hym Cornelius a martir and a roman wos pope aft (er) Fabius iij. yere th­is man toke vp the bodyes of Petre and Paule. and with gret honour put them in worschipfull places with beata lucina Lucius wos pope aft (er) Cornelius iij. yere and of hym lityll is writtyn Gallus with his son volucianus wer Emprours ij. yere. and they fought with Emilianus. and wer slayn. and Emilianꝰ the thrid moneth wos slayn. Valerian wos Emprour with his son Galiene xv. yere. This man wos vertuus and manly in the begīnyng bot aft (er) he wos geuyn to vice. & moch wricchidnes [Page] and so was his son Galiene. This valerian went vn to ye lōd of Perse. and ther: for the gret blod of martirs wich he had spied wos takyn of the kyng of Perci. And whē he had take hym he put out bothe his euyn and kepid hym in gret bondage. and to thys intent he kepyd him. that when so eu (er) he shuld ryde this valerian shuld ly doune. And he shuld set his feet vpon his bake when he wold take his horse. This herd Galiene his son that wos left at rome. and yt caused him that he wos not so cruell ayenes cristyn men ¶And here wos the viij ꝑsecucion of the chirche made by thi Emprour. and made the romans to lees ther kyngdoms thee wich wer neuer recouered ayene to the emprour. and a gen (er)all pestelans wos thurgh out all the world for ther trespas Stephanꝰ a merter after Lucius wos pope iij. yere This man ordaned yt no man shuld vse no haloed clothis bot to the worship of god. Sextus a marter and a roman wos pope after Sstephanus ij. yere This man ordant that the masse shuld be sayed vpon an autor. the wich a fore wos not. and then he died. Dyonisius a roman was pope aft (er) hym ij. yere This man deuided perichys & chyrche yerdes and assigned to chirchis certayn prestis. Felix a martir wos pope aft (er) Dyonisius ij. yere He ordaned that for the memori of martirs masses shold be sayed. Also he ordant thee Dedicacion of the chirche eu (er)y yere shold be sayed

Claudius was Emprour after valerianus: he subduid Goth as nobully and then he desseset.

Anno cristi .CC.lxxiiij.

Euticianus a mertir wos pope after Felex viij yere This man ordand that corne and benys shuld be blissed on thee auter And he bereid iijC &̄ xl iiij. martirs with his own hondes Aurelius wos Emprour after Claudius v. yere This Au­relius fyrst to cristī men wos gentyll. wherfor he had the victori in eu (er)y place gloriusly. And when he wos dessaued by cursit mē and pursued cristīmen myghttely and namly in fraunce for ther [Page] he a bood and aft (er) that he had neu (er) good fortune bot was slayn. And this wos the ix. persecuciō of ye cherche and cristin fayeth. Tacitus wos Emꝓur after this man and he wos. bot he regned bot iij. monethes and then slayn in Ponto. Probus wos Emprour after hym .v. yere and iiij. monethes This man recou (er)ed fraunce a yene the wych was occupyed with barbory men. &̄ he yaf them and pānonias licens to haue vynyerdes. And whē he had made almost all thynges well in pees he sayed knyghttes wyth in a litell tyme shall not be necessari. And anone after hee wos slayn at Syrmiū. Carus and hys ij. sonnys Carmus and Numerianus wer Emprours after Probus. bot soyn war they deid &̄ ther fadre wos dronchid and the .ij. sonnys wer slayn all thes .iij. regned bot ij: yere Dyaclician and Maximian cō after thes iij. Emprours tho on regned in the Est and the other in the west. the fyrst thing that Dioclecian did he brent all the cristyn menys bokys that myght be fonden. Thes .ij. tyrantes did more harme to cristyn men then euer did ony other. for .x. yer lasted ther persecucion. and os we red with in .xxx: dayes xxM. men wer slayn for cristis cause. And ī Englond all faith wos almost destruyed in that tyme of Maximian. Gaius wos po­pe after Enticianꝰ This man ordant that no man shuld accuse a bisshope or an other clarke to an seculari iuge. and that a pagon or an herityke shuld not accuse a cristyn man. also he or­dant that he that wos worthe shuld ascēde gre by gre to his ord (er)s fyrst benet then collet subdekī dekī &̄ then prest. And at the last he wos martired vndyr Dioclicion. ¶arcellinus amartir wos pope after Gayus xi. yere and .iiij. monethes This man wos persecutit soor. and for dreid of deth he offrid iij. cornys of encense to the sacrifice of the ydols. And afterward he opynly repentid. and suffyrd the payn of deth for the fayth of the chyrche of god. His bodi lay vn beried iij. dayes for dreid of the curse of god. and aft (er) thurgh a uision of sent Petre &̄ Marcell he was beried [Page] at Peturs foote. Marcellꝰ was pope aft (er) Marcellinus v. yere This man ordand that a gouernall consell myght not be ordant with out the awtorite of the pope. vt (pꝪ)patet. i7.di.c. sinodū. Also he chose xv. cardinals in the cite to berie men and cristyn. at the last whē he had keped bestys longe tyme in a house closid in with them bi the commandment of Maximian he died for fawt Eusibius a marter wos after this man ij. monethes and certayn dayes. This man of a layman was made pope and he or­dand that no lay man shuld accuse his bisshop bot if he went fro his fayth. vt (pꝪ)patet 2.9.7.c. lairos. Nota This tyme sent Albō wos martired in Bretan this albon when he was a pagon. he loged a certayn man: the wich conuerted hym to the fayth. and after wos iuget vn to deth: and mych pepull he turned vn to our lord that wer negh the water the wich he made dri thurgh his prayer and he suffred deth negh the cite of verelom. vide plura ī vita sancti albani. Melchiades a merter succedid Eusibius iiij. yere This man ꝓhibit that men shuld fast on sonday or on thursday in so mych as pagons fast thos dayes. at the last he was martired as all his predicessors wos ¶And knawe ye that ther weer .xxxiij. popes of roome martired yche on after other Petre wos the fyrst and this Melchiades wos the last. And thē it wos laudabull for a man after Gregori to desire a bisshoprik Galerius wos Emprour after Dioclicion ij. yere. and ano­ther with hym called Constancius. so wos the Empyre in tho dayes deuidee. This Constance aft (er) he had conquered all Spaȳ he come in to gret breton and ther he wedded a kynges dought (er) of whom he gat gret Constantine. and this same constacius died in Breton and lyeth at Yorke os martin says in his crounycls And left on lyue Constantine that wos getyn of Elyn. And wos kyng of Bretayn and of fraunce

Circa annū domini .iijC.viij.

SIluester wos pope aftet Melchiades This was a glorius confessor and mony ways he worsshipped the chirche of god what in writyng what in myraclis. he resauyt the patri­mony of sent Petre that is to say the kyngdom of Ytali wyth ye cite of Rome of Constantine the emprour. and to the worsship of the chirche of god he turned it. he baptized Helyn &̄ the Iues and then decessed a confessur Constantine the myghtty was Emprour this tyme. This wos a glorius man and a victorius in bataill. in gouernyng of the commyn pepull wos veray wisse. And in the necessite of the beleue he was with out compayr dewout His pytty and his holines be so writtyn in the bokys of holi doc­turs: that with out dowt he his to be nowmbred emong sentis. & the grekys sayn that in the end of his lyfe he wos made a monke and more ye may heir of hī in the crounyclis of englond for hee wos kyng ī englond. Helena the quene moder to Constantine repayred a yene the holy crosse this tyme and she made lxx. colleg and she glorified the state of all holi chirche. Nycholas the bys­shop of mirree cete an hole man wos this tyme. Athanasius wos this tyme bisshop in Alexandrin a glorius doctor made the cymbalum Quicumque vult saluꝰ esse etcc: Marcus was pope aftar Siluester ij. yere and viij. monethes This man ordaned the cred shuld be opynly song in the chirch. And at the bishop of hostiense shuld consecrate the pope. and that he shuld werre a pall Iulius wos pope after Marcus xi. yere This man wos exiled x. yere and after suffred deth vnder Constātyne the secūd Eonstantinus with his ij. bretheren regned xxiiij. yere And in his last end he wos ꝑu (er)tit bi the heryse of the aryanes. by a bisshope called Eusebi and he pursued the chirche of god strongly the end of this man wos this. As he shuld go to constantinople to a gret counsell ī the wich he thought to haue condempned the bishop and the clerkys of trew beleue. he went be fore vn to a chambyr [Page] to a voyed sich thynges as natur requireth. and anone sodenly his bowels fell from him. and ther he wos deid os ye now here. Liberius was pope after Iulius xix. yere &̄ vij monethes thē wos the secūd discorde of the chirch be tuix Liberyn and Felix for the heerysi of the arrians the wich fauyrred Leberius. Then Constancius the Emprour called ayene liberyn from his exile be cause he fauered thees herise. and the chirch deiecit Liberyn. and toke Felix in to pope and the odir wos expulsit os an harityke of the chirch. bot felix obtenet not. for the emprour put ī Liberiꝰ and expulsit felix: Felix wos pope after the deth of this liberin and he declared Constantin the emprour an heritike and a none after he wos martyred ¶And here wos the fyrst that euer thee chirche of Rome had an infamet pope. for all the predicessurs of all this liberin wer sentis. and yaf holy sampuls Iulianus apastota wos aft (er) constantyn emprour ij. yere and viij monethes he was cleped apostata for hee fled this Constantyne wiche killep his brether and for fere of deth wos made a cristyn man and a monke. bot afterward by the counsell of a negromē (ser). he asked the duell whether he shuld be emprour or not The duell said that he shuld be emꝑour vpō a condiciō yt he shuld for sake his cristin faith. and be vttyr emny to cristī men. and so he did for he yaf le­ue to the Iues that they shuld byld ayene the tempull in spite of the cristyn mē. and he toke all the goodis yt cristī mē had & dis­truied mōy of them. Ioninianꝰ wos emꝑour aft (er) hym viij monethes: for when Iulian wos deid the host chose hym emꝑour. & he was a cristī man &̄ he said it wos not lefull to a cristī mā to be a lord ou (er) so mōy hethī pepull. Thei ansuerd and saied rather thē he shuld forsake the empire they wold be cristined. And thꝰ toke he the dyngnite. bot sone he wos deid &̄ ī meruelꝰ maner. for hee wos laid ī a close house aft (er) his iornay made all of stone newly whited wt lyme. in the wich they made to his comforth as they thought a fyer of charcoill. and of the ayre of thes ij. in the mor [...] [Page] he was fond deid. Valentinian with his brother Balent was Emprour after Ioninianus xi. yere for he departed the empire &̄ yaf his brother the est and keped hym self the west part. This ba­lentinianus wos a lord with Iulian apostata: & it happid him on a tyme for to go in to a tempull of fals goddis for to doo sacrifice and mynisteris stood therwith water haloid after ther gise with the wich they strenkilled the lordis This valentenianus smot the minister that kest the wet (er) vpon hym. and sayed he wos rether defouled ther bi then clensed. be cause of this Iulian did exile hī. Bot our lord god for his opyn confession of his name rewarded hym with the empire. His brother valent fell in to the opinyō of the arrianes and died in that herici This same valent leuid iiij yere aft (er) valentinianus with Gracian the emprour ¶This tyme leuyd sent Ambros.

Anno domini .iijC.lxiiij.

DAmasꝰ wos pope aft (er) Felix xviij. yere and ij. monethes This wos an eloquent man in metyr and he wrot mony stories of pepis and martirs. He ordand that gloria potri shuld be sayed in the end of the psalmes &̄ that wos at the prayer of sent Ierom And thurgh the mocion of this pope ierom translait thee bibill from hebreu in to latyn and then he dicessed a confessur. Valens with Gracian and valentinianū wer emprour iiij: yere in this tyme wer chirchis opynd ayene &̄ cristyn men had leue to renew the seruys of god that wos defended a fore with Emprours infecked with harecy. as wos valens and other werfor the chirche had no liberte when valens wos on liue ¶A Sy­nodus of an. hundreth and .l. bisshoppis was gedred vnd (er) Da­mase pope at Constantinople ayenes Macedomū an heritike the wich deuyed the holy gost to be veray god. And then wos the credo made that is song on holydayes in the chirche. Augustinus a Cartaginēs of affrica wos this time. He wos as nobull a retricion as myght be· and in all phelosophy and poetre īcōporabull. & [Page] all thyng that any phelosophur fond ī his youth he vnd (er) stood wt litill labour & a bowt this tyē he wos send to mediolanū wher hee was turned anone of sent Ambrose and baptised. This man grew vn to a nobull doctor of the chirche. And not long after that he wos bisshop of Yponens. and ther he leuyd liij. yere and mykyll diuinite he wrote. vt (pꝪ)patet in libris suis. Siritius wos pope aft (er) Damasus xv. yere. he dampned haritikis and litell els is writtyn of him. Theodosius son to Gracian with valantyne his vnkell wos Emprour xxvij. yere This man wos a cristyn man and gracius and in gou (er)nance like to Traian. soon wroth and a none reconsiled. This man on a day when he wold haue gone to haue herd masse sent Ambros ꝓhibit him the entre of the chirch till he had penance and made satisfaccion for the slayng of the xxx. knyghtes the wich he slew in anger at Constantinople. wherfor they made a law that the sentence of a prince shuld be deferit xxx: days of thos that shuld do exicucion if they myght fall in the grace of the prince with in xxx. dayes. ¶A bout thys tyme wos a child borne in the castell of Emons from the nauyll &̄ a bown deuyded ī to ij. bodies hauīg .ij. hedis & ij. wittis. so yt the on slepīg or etīg the oder slepid not ne ete not. And whē they war ij. yere of age the on decessid &̄ the other leued iij. dayes after. Claudianus poeta wos this tyme Arcadius &̄ Honorius regned xiij. yere &̄ in ther tyme rome wes ne distruyed bi an kyng called Alaticus of the wich destruccion rose a gret blasphemy of the romans for they sayed they fared neu (er) well sethyn crist come to rome &̄ be rafeed them ther goddis by ye preching of Pet &̄ Paule. And yit this Archadius subduit all his emnys by the pouer of god: &̄ shed no blud. A yene this blasfemy sent Austyn made that solemp werke the wich they call. de ciuitate dei. Honorius wos emprour with Theodosius his brother son xv yere and he wos a man of holy lyfe. for ij. wifes he had. and wt bothe yit he died mayden. he louyd specialy ye chirch & hated hari­tykys [Page] Ierom died this tyme at Bedlem the yere of his aage lxxxxi. Sanctus Herachydes the wich wrote vitas patrū to Lansum episcopū wos this tyme Iohannes Crisostamus wos exiled of Endochia the wiffe of Archadij and thurgh heyt of the sone he wos deid Anastasius wos pope aft (er) Siritius iij. yere. This man ordand that eu (er)y man shuld stond at the redyng of the holy gospell: and that he that wos a manyd man shuld not be prest Innocencius wos pope aft (er) Anastasiꝰ. This man ordant that seke men shuld be anoynted with holy hoyl. and at masse the kys of pees to be yeffen: he dampned Pelagin an haritike &̄ mony other thinges did: vt (pꝪ)patet 26. q. i.

Anno domini iiijC.xiiij:

ZOzimꝰ was pope aft (er) Innocent ij. yere &̄ viii. monethes This man ordant that clerkys shuld be no tau (er)ners. ne sel no wyne and that a bond man shuld not be made prest with out the licens of his lord Bonifacius a roman wos pope aft (er) Zoziuū iiij. yere This man ordand that a woman shuld not toch ye pall of the awter. ne shuld not wasshe the awter Celestinus a roman wos pope aft (er) Boniface viij. yere &̄ ix. dayes the wich ordand the psalme a fore masse. s. Iudica me deus etcc. and at the begīnyng of the masse shold be saied with a verse of a psalme and at the graell and at the offertory shuld be saied a fore the sa­kirryng. this same man send sent Patryke to Ireland to cōu (er)te that land. and Palladiū a dekyn of Rome to the scottys to be cōu (er)tid. &̄ ī the iiij. yere of this mā ther wos a genn (er)all Synody at Ephisina of .CCC. bisshoppis a yenes Nestoriū an heritike Theodosius the yonger with valentinan his neue regned xxvij yere In his tyme wos the fest ordined wich is called Aduīcula. scī Petri ¶And in his tyme died sent Austyn in the yere of his age lxxvi. ¶And this tyme wos rased the vij. slepers the wich sleped ·CC. yere This man died at Constantinople and [Page] ther wos beried ¶This tyme the Soxons entrid Englond &̄ anone be litell and litell they grew vp myghtely. And at the last they obtened all the land. Sextus a Roman was pope after Celestinꝰ viij. yere This was an holy man and a meeke and litill of hī is writtyn bot that he byld scā maria maior. Leo Tuscus a confessur was pope aft (er) Sixtū xxi. yere This man was as holy as ony man .v. tymes or more in a day he wold say masse. and on a tyme aft (er) it be fell when a certayn woman kys­sid his hand he wos temped with hir. and for the trespas that he had done. vn to his pennance he made his hand to be strekyn of And when the noese rose vpon hym that he myght not say masse os he wos wont to done. he wos right sory: and allonly betoke hī to our lady in prayer to help hym. ¶And our lady restored hym his hand a yene. & than he sayed masse os he was wont to do­ne & so that myracull wos opynly shued to all pepull ¶And in the tyme of this pope Marcian the Emprour beyng ther. wos congregate at calcedeny the iiij. vniusall Sinody of viC. & xxx bisshoppis a yens Eusticem the Abbot of constantinopolitō: &̄ Alexandrinū epm̄ qui negauerūt in xp̄o veram carnem fuisse & eciam negabant carnis nrē resurreccionem. And after he had made mony notabull sarmons and epistils he decessid. Marcianꝰ and valentinianus wer emprours this tyme vij. yere. in whoys tyme wos the gret Sinody a foro rehersed when Eusticem and Dioscurus wer condempned.

¶In the tyme that Marcianus wos emprour in rome vorti­ger wos kyng in Bretan now called Englond. in whoys tyme the Saxons come in to bretan and made mony kynges. that is to wit as is playn by the crouniclys vij. And be cause it is tediꝰ to mannys reson to reherse mony diu (er)se namys to gedre os vij. kynges of englond & in on tyme the emprours and popys. Ther for the cronyelis of englond shall be set to geder tyll it becūmyn [Page] vn to Alured in whoys tyme the Danys com ī to Englond and the popys and the emprours and other thynges in thee same tyme shall be set to gedre.

Circa annū domini .iiijC.xl ix.
¶How the wardeyns that had tho childrin to kepe that were Constantine sonnys lad them to lytell Bretan for the treson &̄ the falsenese of vortiger.


Here begīnith the fift parte du­ring to the cōing of the danys

Thys tyme come the Sax­ons that wer pagons fyrst in to bretōnow called englond. vnder vortiger the wich wos crouned kyng of this lond. This time tho that had thies. ij chylder in kepyng the wich was Constantine sonnys that is to say Aurilambros and vter thurgh ordinance of Goslī that was bisshop of london. after ther faderes deth that is to say Constan­tine durst not duell ī thys land with thos chyld but conueyd th­em vn to the kyng of lityll Breton: for as moch as he tho wyse the treson of vortiger that tho wos made kynd thurgh whom constance ther eldyr brother wos slayn. wherfor the hundreth kny­ghtes of Pehites wer put to deth and beren all the blame. as that vortiger had not wist ther of nether to consented ¶And so the kepers of thos tow childer dred lest vortiger wold put them to deth thurgh his treson and falsnes as he had done ther brother be forne. And therfore they wer lad ouer in to litell bretan &̄ the kyng them resaued with moch honowr and let them to norissh. &̄ ther they duelled till they become fair knyghtes and strong and [Page] fers and thought to be auenged vpon the deth of Constantine ther brother when they saw ther tyme and so they did as ye shall here tell afterward. ¶Hit wos not long aft (er) yt the tidīges come ouer see to the kynred of tho hundreth knyghttes of Pehites that wer dampned & put to deth thu [...]gh vortig (er) ī this land therfor they wer wōdirly wroth & suore yt they wold be auenged of ther kīnes deth: and come ī to this lond wt a gret pouer &̄ robbed ī mōy pla­ces &̄ killed &̄ did all the sorow yt they myght. Whan vortig (er) it wist: he made moch sorow & was sore anoyd. And ī an other place also tydynges come to hī that Aurilambros & vter his brother ordined & assembled a gret host for to cum in to mekell bretan yt is to say in to this land to be auenged vpō Constance ther brothers deth So that ī on half & in that other he was brought in to so moch sorow that he ne wist whider to wende.

¶How Engist and .xi. thousand men come in to this land to the whom vortiger yafe a place that is called Thongcastell

ANd sone after this sorow tydyng come to vortig (er) yt a grete nauye of strangers wer ariued ī the cūtre of kent he wylt not whens they wer ne wherfor they wer come in to this land ¶The kyng sent anone a messenger thider that sum of them shold cum & speke with hym for to wit what folk they wer & what they axed & ī to what cūtre they wold goo ¶Ther wer ij. bre­ther masters &̄ princes of yt strong cōpany yt on wos cald Engist and yt other Horsse Engist went to the kyng and told him the encheson wherfor they wer comen ī to his land ¶And sayed syr we be of a cuntre that is called Saxonie that is the land of Eermayne wher in is so moch sorow that of the pepull be so mony that the lond may not them susteyne ¶And the masters and princes that haue the lond to gouerne and to rule. they make to cum before them men and women that boldest ben amonges them for to fight and that best may trauaill ī to diuerse landes [Page]And so they shul them yef hors and hernes armuri &̄ all thing that them nedeth and aft (er) they shall say to them that they gone in to an other contre wher that they mowe lyuen as ther auncestres did them be fore. ¶And therfor sir kyng yf ye haue ought to do with our company we be come in to your land &̄ wyth good wil you will serue and your land kepe help & defend from your enmys yf that ye nedeth. ¶When vortiger herd this ty­dyng he sayed he wold gladly them withold vpon sich couenant if they myght dalyu (er) his land of his emnys he wold yef them rese­nable londes wher they shuld duell for eu (er) more Engist thonked goodly &̄ in this man (er) he and his companye xiM. shold duell with the kyng vortiger and moch they did thurgh ther boldnes they deliu (er)ed the land clene of his emnys Tho prayed Engist the kyng of so mo [...]h land that he myght make to hym a cite &̄ for hys meny ¶The kyng ansuerd. it wos not to done with out conceill of his bretons. ¶Engist prayed hym eftsones of as moche place os he myght compas so with a thonge of a skyn wher vpon he myhht maake a maner for hym to duell on. ¶And the kyng hym granted frely ¶Tho toke engist a bull skyn and cut it as smale as he myght all in to on thuong all a round and ther with compassed he os mych land as he had vpon a faire cas­tell and when this castell was made he let call it Thwong castell For as mych as the place wos marked wt a thwong.

¶Of Ronewen that was Engistes doughter and how the kyng vortiger spoused hir for hir bowte.

WHen this castell was made and full well arayed Engist preualy did send by letter in to the cuntre wher he come fro after an hondreth shippes fyllid with men that wos strong & bold and also well fightyng in all batellis. and that they shuld also bryng with them Ronewen his doughter that wos the fairest creature that a man myght se ¶And when thos pepull wos comē [Page] that he had sent aft (er) he toke them in to the castell with moch Ioy And hym self vpon a dey went vn to the kyng and prayed hym ther worthely that he wold cum and see his new maner that he had made in the place that he had compassed with a thuong of the skyn ¶The kyng anone graunted hym frely and with hym went thid (er) &̄ wos well a payed with the castell &̄ with the fair werke. & to ged (er)s ther they eten and dronk wt moch ioy ¶And whan nyght come that the kyng vortiger shuld go ī to his chamare for to take ther his nyghtes rest: Ronewen that wos Engist doughter come with a cup of gold ī hir hand and kneled be fore the kyng and saied to hym wassaill. and the kyng wystnot what it wos to mene ne what he shuld ansuer for as moch as hym self ne none of his bretons coud no english speke ne vnd (er) stond it: but spekyn in the same longage that bretons done yit. ¶Neutheles a latimer told the kyng the full vnd (er)stondyng therof wassale: and that other shold ansuer drynk haill. ¶And that wos the fyrst tyme that wassaill and drink haill come vp in this land. and from that tym vn to this tyme it is well vsed in this land.

¶The kyng vortiger saw the fairnes of Ronewen and his armes laid a bowt hir nec and iij. swetly kytsed hir. and anone right he wos a namered vpan hir: that he desired to haue hir to wif and asked of Engist hir fadre ¶And Engist granted hym vpon this couenant that the kyng shold yef hym all the cūtre of kent that thhe er myght duele in & his pepull ¶The kyng him graunted preuely with a good wyll and anone after he spoused ye damysell. and yt wos moch ꝯfusion to him self. ¶And ther­fore all the bretons become so wroth for be cause he spoused a womā of mysbeleue. wherfor they went all from hī &̄ nothyng to him toke kepe ne help hym in thing that he had to done.

¶How vortimer that wos vortigers son was made kyng &̄ Engist wos driuen out. and how vortimer wos slayn.

[Page]THis Engist went in to kent and seised all the land in to his hond for hym and for hys men and by come in a lityl whyle of so gret pouer and so moch pepull had that men wyst not in lytell tyme wich wer the kynges men and wych were Engist men wherfor all Bretons had of hym dred and sayed amongꝭ them bot yf that they ne toke other counsel be twen hē all ye land shuld be betrayed thurgh Engist and his pepull vortig (er) ye king had be goten on his fyrst wife iij. sonnys the fyrst wos called vortimer yt secūd Catagren & the thrid Passent. ¶The britons eu (er)ychon by on assēt chose vortimer to be ther lord & souerayne & counceller ī eu (er)y bataill & crouned hī &̄ made hī kīg &̄ wold suffre vortig (er) no longer to regne for enchesō of the aliance bituix engist &̄ hī. The britōs ordined a gret host to driue out engist & his cō panie of the land &̄ yaf hī iij. batallis yt fyrst wos ī Kent ther he wos lord The secūd wos at Tetford. &̄ the thrid ī a shire athis half Cooll ī a more. ¶And ī this botell them met Catagren &̄ horne Engistes brother so that ych of them slew other. Bott for as moch os the cūtre wos yef lōg by for to horne thurgh vortiger. tho he spoused his cosin ther he made a fair castell that is called horncastel after his own name ¶And vortimer wos so annoyed for his bred deth catagrē yt he wos deid ī sich a man (er). Wherfor anōe he let fell ye castell to gronde ¶And aft (er) yt he ne left night ne day till he had driuē out engist & all his pepull of ye lād &̄ whē Engist wos driuē a way Ronewen his dought (er) made sorow y nowe & quentely spek to them yt wer next ye kīg vortimer & priueyst wt hī. & so moch she yaf hī of yeftes yt he wos enpoisened &̄ died at london the iiij. yere of his regne and ther he lieth.

¶How the bretōs chose an other tyme vortig (er) to be ther kīg &̄ Engist come in to this land and they fouhten to gedre.

AFter vortimers deth the. Britons by hir commune assēt eft sones made vortiger hir kyng vpon this conuenient [Page] that he shold neu (er) after suffre Engist ne none of his. eftsones to come ī to this land ¶And whē all this wos done Ronewen the quene preuely sent by letter to Enegist that she had enpoisend vortimer &̄ that vortiger hir lord ayene bare the croune &̄ rened and that he shuld come in to this land well arraied with moche pepull for to a venge hī vpon the britons and to wynne this land ayein: ¶And whan Engist herd this tydynges he made gret Ioye and apparelled him hastely with xv. thousand men yt wer doughty in euery bataill and come in to this land ¶And whan vortiger herd tell that engist was come ayene with a grett pouer in to this lond· he assemled his bretons and tho went ayens engist for to haue yef hym bataill and his folke. ¶Butt Engist drad him sore of the Bretons For thei had driuen him beforne and discomfited hym with strength wherfor this engist prayd hym a loue day. &̄ sayed he wos not cūyn in to this lād for to fight. but for to haue his land ayen if he might accord wt the bretons and of them to haue luffe and grace ¶The kīg vor­tiger thurgh counsell of his bretons graunted a loue day & thus it wos ordeyned thurgh the bretons. that the saame day shuld be holdin fast be side Salisberi vpon an hyll. ¶And engitt shuld come thidre with iiij. hundreth knyghtys with out mo: And the kyng with as mony of the wisest men of his land ¶And at yt day the kyng come with his counsell as it wos ordined but Engist had warned his knyghtys preualy and them commanded that euery of them shuld put a long knyfe in his hosyn. & whan he saied fair sers now is tyme to speke of loue and pees euery mā a none shuld draw out his knyfe and sle a breton and so they killed a thousand lxi. of knyghtes and with moch sorow mony of them ascaped ¶And the kyng vortiger ther hym self tho wos taken and lad to Thongcastell and put in to prison: and summe of Engistes men wold that the kyng had bene brent all quyke. [Page] ¶And vortiger tho for to haue his lyfe granted them as moche as the wold axe and yaf vp all the land tounes Castelles cites and brughes to Engist and to his folke ¶And all the bretons fled thens in to wales &̄ ther they held them styll. And Engist went thurgh the land and seysed all the lond wt fraun­chisos and ī eu (er)y place let cast a doune chirches &̄ houses of religione &̄ destruid cristīdom thurgh out all this land &̄ let change the name of the land: that no man of his wer so hardy aft (er) yt tym to call this lond britan but call it Engist land &̄ he deꝑted all the land to his men & ther made vij. kīges for to strenght the lād that the bretons shuld neu (er) cū aft (er) ther ī ¶The fyrst kyngdom wos kent ther that Engist him self regned and wos lord &̄ mast (er) ouer all the other ¶The other kyng had southsexe that now is chichestre. The thrid kyng had westsexe. ¶The iiij. king had Estsexe ¶The v. kyng Estangill that now is called Northfolk Southfolk Merchemerich that is to say the Erldom of Nicholl ¶The vi. had Lecestre shiere Northhamtō shiere. Hertford and Huntyngdon ¶The vij. had Oxunford Gloucestre Wynchestre Warwik and Derbyshire.

¶How vortiger went in to wales and bigan ther a castell that wold not stond with out morter tempred with blod.

WHen Engist had deꝑted all the land in this maner betwen his men and deliu (er)ed vortiger out of prison and suffred him frely to gone whidre that he wold and he toke his way and went in to wales ther that is bretons dulled for as moch as that land was strong an wekked to wyn And Engist neu (er) come ther ne neu (er) know it befor yt land. vortiger held him ther wt his bretās & axed concell what hī wos best to doo ¶And they yaf hī con­cell to make a strōg castel yt he might hī self ther ī kepe &̄ defend if nede wer ¶Masōs ī hast tho wer fet &̄ bigan the werk vpō ye hill of Breigh. but c (er)tes thꝰ it be fel all the werk yt ye masōs made a day doun it fel the nyght &̄ thei wist not what it might be [Page] ther of the kyng wos soro anoyed of that chance and wist not w­hat to doen ¶Wherfor he let send after the wisest clerkis and also lerned mē yt wer thurgh out wales that myght be found. for they shuld hym tell what wos best to done. ¶For they shuld tell wharfor the foundment so failed vnder the werke and that they shuld hym tell what wos best for to done ¶And the wisest men long tyme had studied they sayed to the kyng that he shuld done seke a chylde borne of a woman that neu (er) had with man to done and that chyld he shuld sle and temꝑ with his blod the mort of the werk & so shuld the werke eu (er) endure with out ende.

¶How the kyng let sech Merlin thurgh out all wales for to speke with hym.

WHen the kyng herd this he commanded his mesangeres anone to wend thurgh out all wales to seke that chyld yf he myght hym fynd. and that they shuld hym bring forth with thē vn to hym and in recorde and in witnes of this thyng he had tak them his lettres that they ne wer destrobled of no man ne lette. ¶And tho the messangeres went thens and sped so fast thatt they come in to a toune that was called Karmardine and os they passed forth ther way they funden ij. child of xxiiij. yere age chydīg yf [...]re with hasty wordes. and on of them sayed to that other Donebat quod he ye do all wrong to chide or strife wyth me. ¶For ye haue no wit ne no resō as I haue. Certes Merlī ꝙ he of your wit ne your reson I make no force for mē tell ꝯminly that ye haue no thyng of god almygfty sith ye had neuer fadre but eu (er)y mau knaweth well who was your mother ¶The messingers of the kynges vortiger when they herd this strife be tuix the tow gromes they axed of them that stood besides them whens that Marlyn wos borne and also who hym norisshed and the folke hem told that a gret gentyll woman hym bare in Karmardīe that wos called Adhan. but neuer myght man wit who was his fadre ¶When the kynges messangeris herd this tydyng they [Page] went anone to hym that wos wardayne of the toune and toold hym the kynges will and his letter shewed hym wherfor they wer comen theder. ¶Merlyn and his moder anone wer sent be fore the wardayne of the toune & he cōmanded them that they shuld gone to the kīg as it wos ordand by his massengers ¶Mer­lyn and his moder went thens &̄ come vn to the kyng &̄ ther they wer vnderfonge with moch honour and the kyng axed of that la­dy yf that child wer hir son and who hī begate ¶The lady ansuered full tendirly wepyng and sayed she had neuer company of man worldly ¶But sir quod she os I wos a yong mayden ī my faders chambre and other of gret linage wer in my cōpany: yt often tymes wont to play & solace. I beleft allone in my chambre & wold not gone forth for byrnyng of the sone ¶And on a ty­me ther come a fair bachelar &̄ entrid in my chambre ther that I was allone. but how he come in to me: & wher I wist it neu (er) ne yit wot it not For the dores wer fast barred & with me he did game of loue For I ne had myght ne pauer him to defend fro me. &̄ oft he come vn to me in the fore sayed man (er) so that he begot this child: but neu (er) myght I wit what he was

¶Of the ansuere of merlin wherfor the kyng axed whi his castille myght not stond that he had be gonne ner proue.

WHen Merlin had herd all that his mother had said he spake to the kyng in this man (er). ¶Sir how I wos begoten ax ye no more. for it falleth not to yow ne to nōe other to wit but telleth me the encheson wherfor I am to you brought and wherfore ye haue sent aft (er) me. Certis quod the kyng my wise cown­celers haue done me to vnd (er)stond that the mort of a werke that i haue be gone behoueth to be tempred wt your blod or the foundamēt shall faill for eu (er) more· ¶Sir quod Merlin will ye sle me for my blod to temꝑ wt your mort. ye quod the kyng or els shall neu (er) my castell stand as my councelars done me to vnd (er)stand [Page] ¶Tho ansuerd merlyn to the kyng Sir he sayed let them cum by fore me tho wise concelers and I wyll preue that they say not well ne trewly. ¶And when the wise mē wer com Marlī axed if his blod wer the encheson to make the werke stand and endure All thos wise wer abashed and coud not ansuer ¶Merlyn tho sayed to the kyng Sir I shall you tell the enchesō wherfor your werke thꝰ faleth &̄ may not thand. ¶Ther is vnd (er) the montayn ther that ye haue belden your tour a gret pond of wat (er) & in ye botom of ye pond vnd (er) the wat (er) ther is .ij. dragōs yt on is white that other reed yt fighten to gods ayens your werke ¶Doo ye myne depe till your men come to the pond and doth your men take a way the wat (er) all out & then ye shall se the dragons as I haue you told that to ged (er) fightē ayens your werke ¶And this is the encheson wher fore the fundament faleth ¶The kyng anone let digge vnd (er) til yt mē come to yt pond &̄ let done a way all yt wat (er) & ther they fond ij: dragons as Marlyn had them told that egorly foughten to ged (er)s. ¶The white dragon egrely assayled the reed &̄ laid on hī so strongly yt he myght not endure bot with drew him & rested ī ye same caue. ¶And when he had a while restyd hym he went before &̄ assayled ye reed dragon angrely & held hī so sore yt he myght not ayens hī endure but with drew hī & restid And aft (er) come ayen ye white dragon & strongly fought wt the reed dragon & bote hym euell and hym ou (er)come that he fled from thens and no more come ayen.

¶Off the syngnificacion of thas .ij. dragons thot wer in thee bottom of the ponde that foughten to gedre.

THis kyng vortig (er) and his men that saugh this batayll had gret meruell and prayd Merlyn to telle hym what it myght betoken ¶Sir quod Merlin I shall yow tell. ¶The reed dragon betokeneth yourself and the white betokeneth the folk of Saxonie that fyrst ye toke and held in your land thatt fightten ayens yow and yow haue driuen and enchaced. [Page] ¶But bretons of your linage ouer comen them and driuen them a way and sithen at the commyng ayene of the saxons they recouered this land and held it for eu (er) more and driuen out the britons and did with this lond all ther will and destruyed cristīdō thurght out this land. ¶Ye had first ioy with ther cūmynge but now it is turned to you gret damage & sorow ¶For tho. ij brethern of Constance that wos kyng the wich ye let sla. Shall cum bi for a quinzeme passed with a gret pouer from litell bretō and shul a venge the deth of ther brother &̄ they shall brin yow fyrst with sarow And afterward they shall sle a gret part of Saxons &̄ shall driue out all the remenant of the land &̄ therfor abyed ye here no longer to make castell ne none other werke bot anone go els wher your life all for to saue. to god I you by take treuth I haue sayed to you of thinges that shall be fall. ¶And vnderstond ye well that Aurilanbros shall be kyng bot he shall be enpoysened and litell tyme shale he regne.

¶Of kyng Aurilambros how that he pursued vortiger and Engist and how they diden.

MErlen and his modre deꝑted from the kyng and turned ayen to Karmardine. ¶And sone aft (er) tydyngꝭ come to the bretons that Aurilambros &̄ vter his brother wer ariued at Tottenesse wyth a gret host. ¶And anone thee Bretons assemled them and went to vnderfonge Aurilambros &̄ vter wt gret nobulnes and had them vn to london & croned aurilambros & made him kyng and did vn to hym humage And anon he ax­ed wher vortiger that was kyng myght be founden for he wold be avenged of his brother deth and aft (er) he wold were vpō paynems ¶And they told hym that vortig (er) was in wales & so they lade hym thid (er)ward. ¶vortiger wist well that tho brether come hī to conquere and fled thens ī to a castell that wos cald Gerneth that stood vpon an hygh mantayn and ther hym held [...]. ¶Au­rilambros and vter his brother & ther folke had beseged thē castell [Page] full long tyme for the castell was strong & well arayed ¶Soo at the last they kest wildfyre and brent houses and men and all ther aray and os mych os was with in the castell. So that vortiger was brent among all other and so he died with moch sorow. ¶Tho was Engist in Kent and regned ther and hard this tydyng and anone fled &̄ wold haue gone in to Scotland for to haue had socour. But aurilambros and his men met with him ī the northcuntre and yaf hym bataill and Engist and his men defended whiles that they myght. but he &̄ his folke wer discomfited &̄ slayn. and O [...]ta his son fled vn to yorke. and Aurilambros hym foloed egrely & Otta a litell while ayens him stod. but aft (er) ward he put hym to his merci. ¶And arilambros vnd (er)feng hī &̄ to him & to his men yaf the cuntre of galeway ī Scotlond and ther they duelled ¶The kyng arilambros wēt thurgh out ye lond & put away the name of Engistland that engist aft (er) his name had called it before Tho let he it call ayen gret bretan and let make ayen chirches houses of relegion Castelis cites & burghes &̄ tounes that the Saxons had destruyed and come to londō & let make the walles of the cite wich Engist and his folke had casten doune. ¶The bretons lad hym to the mount of Anbrian som tyme was an house of religion that tho wos destruyed thurgh paynyms. ¶Wher of a knyght that was called Anbry that some tyme wos found of the house and therfor the hyll wos called the mount of brian and after it wos called Ambresbury and shall so be for euermore.

¶How Aurilambros did redresse the lond of gret Bretan that was destrayed thurgh the Saxons.

HOw the kyng aurilambros let a mēd &̄ redresse the house of Amlesburi and ther in put monkes but now ther bennonnys a littell from the plaace that wos called Salisburi ther that the Saxons kylled the Bretans wher Engist and he shuld haue made a loue day ī wich tyme ther wer slayn a .M.lxi. [Page] knyghtes thurgh treson of engist. ¶The kyng therof had gret pitte. and th [...]ught to make ī mynd of them a monumēt of ston that myght endure to ye wordes end. and of this thing they toke ther counsell what ther of wos best for to done. ¶Tho spake to the kyng the bysshop of london that wos called Ternekyn that he shuld enquere aft (er) Marlyn. for he coud best tell how this thīg myght best be made· and merlin aft (er) wos sought &̄ foūd &̄ come to ye kyng ¶And the kyng toold hī his will of the monumēt yt he wold haue made ¶Tho ansuerd Merlin to the kīg &̄ sayed ther bene gret stonys ī Irland &̄ long vpō ye hill of kyan yt mē called Geāts karoll &̄ if they wer ī this place as thei be ther. they wold endure for eu (er) more ī remēbrance of thoo knyghtes yt heir be entered ¶Per ma [...]oy ꝙ the kīg as hard stones be ī my land as ī Irland ¶Soth qd merlin ¶But ī all your land ther be none soch For geantes set them for grete good of them self.

For at eu (er)y tyme that they wer woundet or ī ony man (er) hurt they wesshen the stones wt hote wat (er) and than they wesshe them ther with and anoon they wer hole.

¶How the bretons wēt for to sech the gret stons ī Irland.

WHen thes bretons had herd of this thing they went & swore emong them that they wold gonne seche tho stonnes & toke with them vter the kynges brother to be ther cheftayn &. vM men and Merlin counselled them for to go vn to Irland and. so they diden. ¶And when the kyng of Irland that wos cald Guillomer herd tell that strangers wer ariued ī his lond he assē bled a gret pouer &̄ fought ayens them. but he & his folke was discomfited ¶The bretans went be for till they come to the moūt of Kylian and climed vp vn to the moūt. ¶But when they saw the stones & the man (er) how they stood they had gret meruell and sayed bitwyn them self that no man shuld hem remeue for no strength ne engyne so huge they wer & so long But merlin thurgh his craft he remeued them &̄ brought them ī to ther shippes &̄ come [Page] ayene in to this land And merlin set the stones ther that the kīg wold haue them and set them in the same maner that they stoden in Irland ¶And when the kyng saugh that it was made he thanked Merlyn and richeli him rewarded at his own will and that place let call stonhenge for eu (er) more

¶How Passent that wos vortigers sone & the kyng Guillomer come in to this land and how a tratour that was called Cappa enpuysened the kyng Aurilambros.

ANd men shall vnd (er) stand stat Passent that was vortigers sone leued in the same tyme and come in to this land with a gret pouer and ariued in the north cuntre and wold ben a venged of his faders deth vortiger. ¶And strongly trusted vpon the componye that he had brought with hym out of the land of Germayne and had conquered all the north cuntre vn to yor­ke. ¶And when kyng Aurilambros herd this he assembled a gret pouer of Bretons and went for to fight with passent. and he wos discomfited and all his pepull. but passent ascapped thēs wt sum of his men and fled thens in to Irland and come to kīg Guillomer and prayed hym of help and socour. The kyng gran­ted hym with good will. and sayed that he wold help hym vpō yt couenant that I my self must gone with you with all my pouer in to breton. and I wold me a venge vpon the Bretons rath­er for they cum in to my land. and token the stones with strength that is called Geantes karoll. The kyng guillomer let ordē his shippes and went to the see with xv.M. men and ariued in wales and be gon to rob and moch sorow did. ¶Hit befell so that kyng arilombros lay seke at wynchster and myght not helpe him self So that he sent in his name vter his brother with a pouer to helpe wales and thed (er)ward he went as moch os he myght The kyng of Irland and Passent had herd tell that Aurilam­bros was seke and to hym ther come a Sarizen that was called Coppa and sayed Sir duell ye her all in pees with your host &̄ [Page] I be hyght you thurgh my quentize that I shall sle the kyng aurilambros that is seke. Then sayed Passent if ye doo so I shal yow richely auaunce This ttoraur Coppa put vpon him an abbyt of Relegion and let shaue hym a brod croune and come vn to the kynges court and sayed that he wold help the kyng of hys maladie· Tho sayed the tretour Coppa vn to the kyng Sir ben of good comforth for I shall yef you sich a medicin that ye shall swete anone right and lusten to slepe and haue good rest &̄ thee tratour yaf hym sich poysin to slep anone right and died in hys slepyng. & ye trator sayed that he wold gone out in to the feld till he wer a waked. and so scapped he a way. for no man had to him suspeccion for be cause of his habbit that he wos in clothed and also for his brood shauynne croune. but when the kynges men it wist that he wos deid they become wondir sori and fast sought the tratour But they myght not fynd hym. for that Coppa tur­ned ayene to the host fro whens that he come.

¶When Aurilambros was deid a sterre in the morne wos seī with a clere light and at the bught of the beme wos seyne the hed of an horribull dragon.

WHen the kyng Aurilambros wos thus deid &̄ enpoysened at wynchester. on the morne aft (er) that he wos deid a bowt the tyme of prime ther was seyne a stere gret and clere and the beme of that sterne wos bright (er) then the son and at the bought of the beem a pered a dragōs heed &̄ out of his mouth come ij. huge lightes that wer as bright as ony fier brennyng ¶And that one beme toward france and stryght ou (er) the see thiderward. ¶And out of that beym rome vij. bemes full clere & long as it were the light fier ¶This sterne was seyn of mony a man but none of them wist wat it betokened ¶vter that wos the kynges brother yt wos ī wales wt his host of bretōs saw yt sterre &̄ ye gret light yt it yaf. he wōdred ther of gretli what it myght betokē &̄ let call Merlī & prayed hī for to tell what it myght betoken.

¶Of the betokenyng of the stere.

MErlin saw that starre &̄ beheld him long tyme and sithen he quoke and weped tendirli And sayed alas alas that so nobull a kyng and worthy is deid. ¶And I doo you to vnd (er) stand that Aurilambros your brother is enpeysened and that I se well ī this sterre. &̄ yourself is betokēd bi the heed of the dragō that is seī at the bought of the beem. that is yourself that shal be kyng &̄ regne ¶And by the beem that standeth toward the est is vnd (er)stōd yt ye shall get a son that shal conquere al fraunce & all the landes yt belongeth to the croune of fraunce that shal be a worthier kyng &̄ of more honour than eu (er) wos ony of his auncetours ¶And bi the beem that strechys toward Irland is betokened that ye shall get a dought (er) that shall be quene of Irland. ¶And the vij. bemes betokene that ye shall haue vij: sonnis & eu (er)ichon of them shall be kyng & regne wt moch honour & abyde ye no longer heir but goth & yef bataill to your enmys &̄ fight wt them bodely for ye shall ou (er) cū them and haue the victori ¶vter thanked hertely Merlyn & toke his men and went toward his en­my &̄ they foughten to gedre mortali & so he discomfited his enmy & them distroyed. And him self kylled Passent that wos vortig (er) son ¶And his bretons killed Guillomer yt wos kyng of Irland &̄ all his men. ¶And vter anone aft (er) that bataill toke his way toward winchester for to done entere Aurilambros kīg that wos his brother: ¶But tho was the body borne to stonhē ge with moch honour that he had done made in remembrance of the bretons that ther wer slaī thurgh treson of Engist. that sam day that they shuld haue bene accordid & in the same place they entered aurilambros the secūd yere of his regne with al the worshipe that myght belong to sich a kīg of whos soull god haue me [...]ci

¶Of vter pendragon and werfor he was called so ye shall here And how he was ouer take wyth the loue fe Igerne that was the [Page] Erle of Cornewaill wife

AFter ye deth of aurilambros: vter his brod (er) wos crouned and regned well and worthely and in remembrance of the dragon that he wos likened to he let make ij. dragons thurgh councell of his bretons. &̄ made that one for to be borne before hī when he went in to bataill. and that other to abide at winchester in the bisshoppis chyrche: ¶And for yt cause he wos called euer aft (er) vter pēdragō. ¶And Otta that was Engistes son com­mendid vter bot lytell. that wos made new kyng and ayens him begon to meue were. and ordined a gret company of his frendis & of his kin & of Ossa his brother & had takē all the land frō humber vn to yorke. but tho of yorke held strongly ayenes them and nold not suffer them to cū ī to ye cite nother to yeld the cite to hē & he beseged the toune anōe right & yaf therto a strong assaut bot they of the cite hem keped well &̄ strōgly ¶And whē vter herd ther of he come thed (er) wt a gret pouer for to help & rescu the toune &̄ put away the sege & yaf a strōg bataill & Otta &̄ his cōpany them defēdid as well as they myght but at the last they wer discōfitid & the most ꝑt of them slaī. &̄ Otta & Ossa wer takē & put ī prison at london ¶And vter hī self duelled a while at yorke &̄ aft (er) he went to london. &̄ at the estir aft (er) he wold bere croune & hold a so­lempne fest. and let somen all his Erles and Barons that thei shuld cum to that fest and all tho that had wyfes shuld bringe them also to that fest and all comē at the kynges cummandmēt as they wer cummaundid ¶The fest wos richely arrayed &̄ holdyn and all worthely set to mete after that they wer of astat so that the erle Gorloys of Cornwaill & Igern his wif set [...] ̄ al­ther next the kīg. &̄ the kīg saw the fairnes of that lady that she had. ¶And wos rauysshed for hir beaute &̄ oft he made to hir nyse sembland ī lokīg & laughyng. so at the last the erle ꝑceyued the preue lokīg &̄ laughyng & the loue bitwen them & ros vp frō ye [...]a [...]ullull ī wroth & teke is wife. &̄ called to hī his knyghtes. [Page] &̄ went thens all in wroth with out takīg leue of the kīg The king anone sent aft (er) hym that he shuld cum ayen and goo not thens in despite of hym. ¶And the Erle wold not cum ayene ī no man (er) of wise ¶Wherfor the kyng wos full wroth and in wrath hym deffied as his deidly enmy. And the Erle went thens in to cornewaill with his wife in to the Castell of Tyntagell. ¶And the kyng let ordin a gret host & come in to Cornwaill for to distruy the Erle if that he myght. but he had put hym ī sich a castell that was strong and well arayed of Tyntagell & wold not yeld hym to the kyng. and the kyng anone beseged ye castel & ther duelled xv. dayes yt neu (er) myght sped & eu (er) thought vpō Igerne & vpō hir laid so moch loue yt he not wist to done So at ye last he called to hym a knyght that was callid vlfyn yt wos preue with him & told hī all his councell and axed of him what wos best for to done ¶Sir qd he doth send aft (er) Merlyn anone for he can tell you the best counsell of ōny man leuyng. Merlin anone was sent aft (er) & come to the kyng and the kyng told him all his councell & his will ¶Sir qd Merlin I shall done so moche thurgh craft yt I can yt I shall make you cū this nyght ī to ye castell of Tyntagell & shall haue all your will of that lady.

¶How vter bigat on Igerne that wos the Erlis wife of cornewaill Arthur kyng.

MErlyn thurgh craft that he coud changed the kynges fi­gure ī to the liknesse of the Erle &̄ vlfyn garlois his chā berlayn in to the figure of iordan that wos the Erles chambir­layn So that yche of them wos transfigured to od (er) lekenesse. ¶And when Merlyn had so done he sayed to the kyng Sir qd he now may ye go sodenly to the castell of Tyntagell & axen en­tre ther & haue your will: The kīg toke priueli all the host to gou (er)ne &̄ lede to a knyght that he mich loued & toke his way toward the castell & wt hī toke vlfȳ his chābirlayn &̄ merlin ¶And when they come theder the porter went that it had bene hys owne [Page] lord &̄ when tyme come for to go to bede. ¶The kyng went to bede with Igerne the Erles wife & dyd with hir all his will and bigat vpon hir a son that wos called arthur. ¶And vpō the morow the kyng toke his leue of the lady and went ayen to hys host: ¶And the same nyght that the kyng lay by Igerne in bedde yt wos the Erles wife. the kynges men yaf a gret assaut vn to the castell and the Erle and his men manli them defended But at the last it befell so that in the same assaut the Erle hym self wos slayn and the castell taken. ¶And the kyng a none turned ayen to Tyntagell and spoused Igerne with moch honor and made hir quene. and sone aft (er) tyme come that she shuld be deliu (er)ed and beyr a child a son that wos called Arthur. and aft (er) he gat a doughter that was called Amya: &̄ when she come of age a nobull Baron that was called Aloth that wos lord of leons wed hir ¶When vter long tyme had regned ther come vpon hī a gret sekenes as it wer a sorow ¶And ī the meyn tyme tho yt had to kepe Otta that wos Engist son and Ossa his brother that tho wer in prison: they let them gone for gret yeftes yt they hom yaf and went with them. ¶And when tho .ij. bretheren wer ascappid and come ayen in ther own cūtre They ordined an grert pouer and begon to were eftsones vpon the kyng

¶How kyng vter chese Aloth to kepe the land of breton whiles that he wos seke. for as moch as he myght not for his seknes

ANd for as moch as kyng vter wos seke and myght nott help hym self he ordined Aloth son of Eleyn that tho was chosen for to be wardeyn and cheftayn of all his folke and so he anone and his bretans assemled a gret host and yaf batell to Ot­ta & to his folke. but Otta at the last wos discomfitid ¶Hitt befell thus afterward that thes bretons had dedignacion of A­loth & wold not to hī be attendant: wherfor the king wos anoid wond (er) s [...]re & let put hym in a litter in the host emonges folke: [Page] ¶And they lad hī to veroloyn that tho was a fair cite. ther yt sent Albon wos martired & aft (er) wos yt cite destroied wt paynīs & thurgh were. &̄ thed (er) thei had sēt Otta & Ossa & ther peple & entrid ī to the toune & let make fast the yates & ther thei held them. &̄ the kīg come &̄ them beseged & made a strōg assaute. but tho yt wei wt in māli them defended ¶The kīg let ordeyn his gōnes and his engynes for to brek the walles &̄ the walles wer so strōg yt nothīg myght them mysdoo ¶Otta &̄ his pepull had gret despite yt a kīg liggyng ī a lytter had them beseged: & they toke concell a monges them for to stand vp ī the morow &̄ cū out &̄ yef batall to the kīg & so they did &̄ ī yt batall wer both Otta & Ossa slayn. & all tho other yt ascapped a lyue fled ī to scotland & made Colegū ther chyftayn. &̄ the saxons that wer on lyue &̄ ascaped fro the ba­taill brought ayan a gret strength & emōges them they sayed. yt if kīg vter wer deid they shuld well cōquere ye land & amonges them they thought to enposin the kīg & ordeyned mē for to do this dede. and yaf them of yeftes gret plente this thyng to done and they ordined hem thid (er)ward ther yt the kīg was duellīg & clothed hem ī pouer wede the bett (er) all for to sped therlyd purpose but neu (er) theles for all ther falsnes & quātize they might neu (er) cū to nyghthe kīg: ¶But so at the last they aspied yt ye kīg drāknōe oth erlycour but only wat (er) of a cler wel yt was negh beside ¶And thes fals tratours vpō a day preuali wēt to ye wel & put therī poyson so yt all ye wat (er) was enpoysened. and anōe aft (er) os the kīg had dronkyn of ye wat (er) he begō to fuell &̄ sone aft (er) he died &̄ os mōy as dronk of that wat (er) died also ¶And anōe as this wos aspied folke of the toune let stop the well for eu (er) more ¶When the king wos dred his folk bere hī to Stonhenge with gret solempnite of bisshoppis & of barōs that werther hī to bery besides Aurilambros his brother & aft (er) turned ayen tho eu (er)ychone & send after Arthur his son &̄ they made him kīg of the land with moche reu (er)ence after his fadres deth xvij. yere of his regne.

¶How Arthur that wos the son of vter was crouned after his fadre deth and how he drofe Colegrin and the Saxons and Cheldrik of almayne out of this lond

WHen Arthur wos made kyng of ye lond he wos bot yong of age of xv. yere. but he wos fair and bold and doughty of body and to meke folke he wos good and curtas and large off spendyng and made hym wonderly well beloued among all men ther that it wos need. ¶And when he begone to regne he swore that ye saxons neu (er) shuld haue pees ne rest till that he had driuē them out of the lond. and assembled a gret host and faught wt Colegrī the wich aft (er) the time that Otta wos deid the saxons mayntened. & this Colegrin wos discomfited & fled vn to yorke & toke the toune and ther hym held. ¶And the kyng beseged hī ther but he myght nothyng sped. for the cite wos so strong. and they with in the toune kepped the cite well and orpedly. ¶And in the meyn tyme Colegrin let the toune to Bladulf & fled hym self to Cheldrik that wos kyng of Almayne for to haue of him socour &̄ the kyng assemblid agret pouer &̄ come & ariued in scotlond with .v.C. shippis. and whē arthur wist of this tidīg that he had not pouer &̄ strength y nough to fight ayens Cheldk he let be the sege & went to london and sent anone his letters to the king of litill bretan that was called Hoel his nepheu his sustres son that he shuld cū to hī wt all the pouer yt he myght and he assemblid a gret host & ariued at southinton. ¶And when kīg arthur it wist he wos glad i nough &̄ went ayens them & them resaued with moch honour so that thos ij. hostes met & assembled them and toke ther way euen vn to Nichol that Cheldrik had beseged but it wos not taken ¶And they come vpō cheldrik & his pepull or they wist wer yt they wer &̄ them egrely asseilled. ¶The kīg cheldrik &̄ his meny defēdid them māly bi ther pouer. but kīg arthur & his mē kylled so mōny saxōs that neu (er) wos seyne sich slaught (er). ¶And Cheldrik &̄ his men yt wer left a [Page] lyue fled a way. ¶And arthur them pursued and droue oute them in to a wod that they myght no ferther passe Cheldrik & his men saw well that they wer brought in to moch disese &̄ them yold to arthur in this man (er) wyse that he shold take ther hors and ther armur & all that they had they must onli gone ō fote in to ther shippis. and so they wold gone home in to ther own land and neu (er) cū ayen in to this land. ¶And vpon assurance of this thyng they yeuen hym good hostag [...]s. ¶And arthur by coūcell of his men granted this thyng and resaued the hostages and ther vpō the other wēt to ther shippes: ¶And when they wer in the hy see the wynd changed as the deuell it wold and thei turnd ther nauy and come a yen to this land and ariued at Totnesse & wēt out of the shippes and toke the land & clen robbed it & moch pepull slew and taken all the armur that they myght find and so they wēt forth till thei come vn to Bathe. but the men of the toune shittē fast ther yates and nold not suffre them to cum with in the toun and they defendit them well and orpedly ayens them.

¶How Arthur yaf bataill vn to the Saxons when they com ayen ī to this land &̄ beseged the toune of bathe &̄ them ou (er) come.

WHen arthur herd this tydyng he let hong anone the hosta­ges and left Hoel of bretan his nepheu for to kepe the marche toward Scotlond with halfe his pepull. and hym self wēt to helpe and rescu the toune of Bathe and when he come thed (er) hee yaf a strong bataill to Childrik and kylled almost all the peple that he had· for no man myght hym withstond ne endure vnd (er) thee stroke of his swerd. ¶And ther bothe wer slayn Colegrin &̄ Bladud his brether ¶And Cheldrik fled thens and wold ha­ue gone to his shippis. But when arthur it wist he toke .x.M knyghtis to Cador that was Erle of Cornwaill for to let &̄ stop his cumming. ¶And arthur hym self went toward the marche of scotlād. for messing (er)s told hī yt the scottys had beseged Hoil of bretan ther that he lay seke and therfor he hasted hym thed (er)ward [Page] ¶And Cador pursued aft (er) Cheldrik & toke him er he might come vn to his shyppis and kylled Cheldrik and his pepull. ¶And when Cador had done this viage: he hasted hī ayen as fast os he myhht towardes Arthur. and fond hym in Scotland ther that he had rescued Hoel of britan. But the scottys were fer wt in Mounref. And ther they held them a while but arthur them pursued &̄ they fled thens in to Lymoigne that wer in thatt cūtre lx. iles and gret plente of briddis &̄ gret plente of Egels that wer woned to cry and fight to ged (er)s and make gret noyse whan folke come to rob that land and weren as moch os they my­ght & so they did for the Scottis wer so gret rauenours yt they toke al yt thei might fīd ī ye lād of Lymoign wt out ani sparīg & ther with charged ayen the folke in to Scotland for to wende.

¶How kīg arthur axed of merlin the auēturs of vi. of the last kīgꝭ yt wer to regne ī englond & how the land shuld enden▪

SIr qd Merlin. in the yere of the incarnacion of ihū crist .M.CC.xv. shall come a Lamb out of Wynchestr yt shall haue a white tong &̄ trew lippis: &̄ he shall haue writē in his hert holinesse. ¶This Lam shall make mony goddis houses. & he shall haue pees the most ꝑt of his lyfe And he shal make on of the fairest places of the world that in his tyme shall not fulli be made an end of. ¶And ī ye end of his life a wolf of a strange land shall do hym moch harme &̄ sorow thurgh wer but at the end the lamb shall be master thurgh help of a red fox yt shall cum out of the northwest & him shall ou (er) cum &̄ the wolf sh­all dy in wat (er). And after that tyme the Lamb shal lyue no while bot he shal die ¶His seede shall be in a strange land. &̄ thee land shall be with out a gou (er)nour a litel̄l̄ tyme.

ANd after this tyme shall come a dragon melled wyth mercy and eke wyth wodenesse and that shall̄ haue an berde as a goot that shall̄ yef ī englond shadow & shall̄ kepe the land [Page] from colde &̄ hete &̄ his on foot shall be set in wyke &̄ that other in london and he shall enbrace in habitacions and he shall opyn his mouth toward wales &̄ the trimbilyng of the hidour of his mou­th his eres shall strech toward mony habitacions and cūtres and his breth shall be full suete in strange land ¶And ī his tyme shall the reuers renne blod and with brayn. &̄ he shall make ī places of his land walles that shall do moch harme vn to his seed aft (er) his tyme ¶Then shall ther cum a pepull owt of the north west during his regne that shall be lad thurgh out a wikked hare that the dragon shall doo croune kyng that aft (er)ward shall fle ower the see with out cummyng ayene for dred of the dragon. ¶&̄ ī that tyme the son shall be as reed as blode as mē shall se thurgh out all the world yt shall be tokyn gret pestylence and de­th of folke thurgh dynt of suerd and that pepull shall bene fader les tile the tyme that the dragon die thurgh an hair that shall me­ue ayens hym were vn to the end of his life that shall not fully be endit ī his tyē ¶This dragō shal be hold ī his tyī the best bodi of the world and he shall die by sides the marches of a strange land & the land shall duell fad (er)les wt out a good gou (er)n and men shall wepe for his deth from the Ile of shepey vn to the hauen of mareil ¶Wharfor alas shall be ther song of fadroles folke that shall ouer lyuen in his land destruied.

ANd aft (er) this dragon shall cū a goot out of kar that shal haue hornes and a berd of siluer and ther shall cum out of his nosthrell a domp that shall be tokyn hunger &̄ sorow and gret deth of the pepull and moch of his land in the begynnyng of his regne shall be wasted ¶This goot shall go ou (er) to france and shall opene the flour of his lyfe and deth In his tyme ther shall a rise an Egle in Cornwaill that shal haue fetres of golde that of pride shal be with out pere of the land &̄ he shal despise lordes of blood and after he shal flee shamfully by a bere at Gauersech and aft (er) shal be made breggis of men vpon the cos­tes [Page] of the see and stonys shuld fall fro castels &̄ mony other tou­nes shall be made playn ¶In this tyme shall seme that ye bere shall brenne &̄ a bataill shall be done vpō the armes of the see in a feld ordeyned as a sheld ¶And at that bataill shal die mōi whitte heedis wherfor his batal shall be called the white batiill. ¶And the forsayed bere shal̄ done this goot moch harme &̄ it shal̄ cū out of the southwest & of his blod: than shal̄ the goot lese moch. &̄ of his land. till at the time that shendship shal̄ hī ou (er) cū and than shal he clothe him in a lion skyn. and than shal̄ he wyn that he had before lost and more ther to ¶For a pepul̄ shal cū out of the northwest that shal̄ make the goot so soyr a drad & hee shal a venge him of his enmys thurgh cuncel of two owles that fyrst shal̄ be in perel for to be vn done. but the old owle shall wend away a certayn tyme. and aft (er) he shal cum ayen in to this land ¶Thes two owles shall do gret harme to mōy on & so thei shal̄ councel the goot to arere were ayens the forsayed bere. &̄ at the last the goot & the owles shal̄ cum at burton vpon trent and shal̄ wend ouer and for dred the bere shal fle. and a swan with him fro his company to burton toward the north & ther they shall be wt an hard shoure and than the suan shal̄ be taken & slayn wt sorow and the bere taken and heded alther next his nest that shall stand vpon a broken brige on whom the son shall cast his bemys. and mony shall hym seke for vertu that from hym shall cū ¶In the same shal̄ die for sorow and care: a pepul of his land so that mony landis shal be vpō him the more bolder afterward. and thos two owles shal do moch harme to the forsayd flour of lyfe &̄ hir sh̄al̄ lede in to distresse so that she shall passe ou (er) the see in to fraunce for to make pees betwen thee goot and the flourdelise and ther she shall duell til a tyme that hir seed shal cum & sech hir & they shall be styl till a tyme that they sh̄al hem clothe wt grace and they shall sech. the owles &̄ shal put them to despitous deth ¶And after shall this goot be brought to disese and grett [Page] anguissh. and in sorew he shall leue all his life.

AFter this Goot shall cum out of wyndesore a bore that shall haue an hed of a white lions hert and pytuus lokīg ¶His visage shal̄ be reste to seke mē. his brest shal be stāch­īg of therst to them that be thersty. his worde shal be gospell his bering shal be meke as a Lamb. ¶In the fyrst yere of his regne he shal haue gret payne to iustifie them that be vn trew. And in his tyme shall his land be multiplied with aliandes. ¶And this bore thurgh fersenesse of hert that he shal̄ haue shall make wolfes to becum lambis: and he sh̄al̄ be called thurgh out the world bore of holines fersnes of nobulnes &̄ of mekenes and he shal done mesurably all that he shal do vn to the burgh of Ierusalem and he shal whette his teth vpon the yates of Pa­ris and vpō iiij landes. Spayn shal tremble for dred Gascoyne shall swet. in fraunce he shal put his winge. his gret tayll shall rest in Englond softely Almayn shall quake for dred of him. ¶This bore shal yef mantels to ij. tounes of Englond and shall make the Reu (er) rene with blod and brayn. & he shal make mony medous reed. and he shall get as moch as his auncestres did: and or that he be deid he shal beyr iij. crounes and he sh̄al put a land in to gret subieccion and aft (er) it sh̄al be releued but not in his tyme. ¶This bore aft (er) he is deid for his doughtynes shal be ētered at Coloyn & his land shall be than fulfilled of al good AFter this boor shall cum a lamb that sh̄al haue feet of leed and an heed of bras and hert of a loppe a swynes skī and an hard and ī his tyme his land shall be in pees the fyrst yer of his regne he shal do make a cite that all the world sh̄al speke ther of ¶This Lamb shall lese in his tyme a gret paart of his land thurgh an hidous wolfe but he shall recou (er) it & yeue an lordship to an Egle of his land and this egle shal well gouerne it till the tyme that prid shall him ou (er) cum Alas the sorow For he shal die of his brethers suerd and aft (er) shall the land fal to the [Page] forsayd lamb yt shall gou (er)ne the land ī pees all his lifes tyme &̄ aft (er) he shall die and the land be fulfylled of all maner good.

AFter this lamb sh̄al̄ cum a moldwarp cursed of goddes mouthe a caytyfe a coward an hare. he sh̄al̄ haue an El­derly skyn as a goot and vengeaunse shal̄ fall vpō him for syn ¶In the fyrst yere of his regne he shal haue of all good grett plente in his land and toward him also. and in his land he shal̄ haue gret presyng til̄ the tyme that he shal̄ suffre his pepul̄ lyue in to mich pride with out chastisyng wherfor god wyl̄ be wroth. ¶Than shall arise vp a dragon of the north that shall be ful̄ fers and shal̄ meve were ayens the forsayd Moldwarp and shal̄ yef him bataell vpō a stone ¶This dragon sholl gadre ayen in to his company a wolf that shal̄ cum out of the west to meve were ayens tho forsayd moldwerp in his sied and so shall the dragō and he bynd ther tayles to ged (er) ¶Than shal̄ cum a Lion owt of Irland that shal fall in companie wt hem. and than shall trembull the land that shal be called Englond as an aspyn leef. &̄ in that tyme shal castels be fellid doune vpō Thamyse and it shall seme that seuerne shall be dri for the bodies that shall fall deid therin. The iiij. cheif flodes in Englond shall ren in blod. &̄ gret dred shall be and anguissh yt shull arisen: ¶After thee Moldwarp sh̄al fle and the dragon ¶The lion and the wolfe shal thē driue a way. & the land shall be with out them. And ye moldwarp shall haue no man (er) pouer saf onli a ship wher to he mawend ¶And aft (er) that he shall gone to lond whan the see is wt draw And aft (er) that he shall yef the thrid part of his lond for to haue the fourth part in pees and rest. and aft (er) he shal life in sorow all his lifes tyme ¶And ī his tyme the hote bathes shal̄ becō cold. and aft (er) that shall the molwarp die auentou [...]sli and sodanli A las for sorow. for he shall be drowned in a flod of the see: his seed shall become fadreles in strange lond for euermore. And [Page] than shall the land be deꝑted in to .iij. partes. that is to say to the wolfe to the dragon and to the lyon. ¶And so shal it be for euer more. and than shall this land be called the land of con­quest And so shall the rightfull heyris of englond ende.

¶How Arthur ouer come Guillomer that was kyng of Ir­land and how the scotes become his men.

WHen Guillomer that was kyng of Irland hard tidyngꝭ that kyng Arthur was entred at Glastenbury. he ordey­ned a gret pouer of Irissh men and come to the see with his Irissh pepull and so come in to Scotland ouer the see. and ariued fast by ther that kyng Arthur wos with his host and anone as he wyst ther of. he went towardes him. and yaf him bataill. and ou (er) come him anone right. and guyllomer fled with his men ayen in to irland. ¶And when this was done &̄ he discomfited Arth turned him ayen ther that he wos in to the place ther that he had left the Scotys and wold haue them all slayn. But the bisshoppes abbotes and other folke of the cuntre and ladies open heed cō befor kyng arthur and cried him mercy and sayed sir gentill kȳg and myghty haue mercy and pytte vpon us. And os your selfe be of the right law to hold and maynten cristindom. for full gret dishonour it shuld be to kyll them that beleueth in al̄ myghty god as ye done and for goddis loue haue mercy and pytte of vs: and suffre vs for we haue had moch sorow and pyne for the Saxones has mony tyme passed thurgh our lond. bot that is not ynough to you for often tymes they haue vs done serow and disese. ¶For our casteles they haue taken and our bestes slain and eten. and moch harme they haue vs done: and if ye wold vs now kyll hit wer no honour to a kyng to kill them that cries him mercy. ¶For ynough ye haue done to vs and has vs ou (er)cūmyn and for the loue of god that ye wyll suffre vs for to life &̄ haueth merci of cristē peple yt beleuen ī crist os ye doo ¶whē kīg arthur [Page] herd this sorow he had pytte of them. and yaf them liyfe and lym with out any more harme. and they fell doune to his fete &̄ than kyd him and become his leige men and he toke of them homages. ¶And aft (er) that kyng arthur turned ayene with his host and come vn to yorke. and ther his bydyng made during that viage ¶And tho yaf he all loegers to Aloth that had spoused his sustre and other yeftes gret plente and tho was Gawen his co­sin bot of yong age and to all his other men that him had seruid in his were he yaf rich yeftes. and he thanked them moch all of ther good seruesse.

¶How kyng arthtr spoused Gūnore that wos gūnores cosī Erle of cornwaill and aft (er) he conqured of guillomer all Irland

WHen Arthur had brought his land in pees and rest and in good state and all wos well in eu (er)y cuntre. tho toke he &̄ wedded a wife that was called Gūnor &̄ made hirquene a fair lady and a gentill that Cador the erle of Cornwaill had norisshid in his chambre that wos his own cosin but neu (er) they had child to gedre and neu (er)theles kyng Arthur loued hir wond (er) well and derly ¶And anone os wynt (er) was passed he let assemble agret host and all his barons. and sayed that he wold wend in to Irland for to conqure the land: &̄ he taried not long that he ne passed ou (er) in to Irland ¶And Guillomer the kyng let assemble a gret host and yaf bataill to kyng arthur. But Guillom wos discomfited and yeld him to the kyng and become his man and to hī did feaulte and homage and of him held all that land fro yt ty­me forward ¶And aft (er) passed kyng arth forthermore and cō quered Gutland & Island and toke homages of folke and of ye land &̄ ther duelled xij: yere in pees and regned with ioy & myrthe and ther wered no man ne woman vpon hī. ¶And he become so curtas and large and honorabull that the Emprours court of Rome ne none od (er) thurgh out all the world wos not accompted to kyng Arth that ony man wist of: ne none so well pr [...]sed. [Page] ¶And therfor the best knyghtis of all man (er) landes come vn to him ther for to duel̄. and he them ressaued with good will and reuerence. ¶And all the knyghtys weren so good: that nomā knew the werst: And therfor kyng Arthur made a round table that when they shuld sit to ther mete: all shuld be elike hie and euenly serued at the tabull: yt none of them shuld make a vaūce yt on werhier than an other ¶And kyng arthur had at thatt table Britons &̄ Frenshmē Normans &̄ Flemynges Burgōs Mausers &̄ Loherms. & of all the landes a this half of monte go rye & of his lād of breton &̄ of ye gret Cornwail̄ of wales & of Irland &̄ of scotland &̄ shortely to tell of all the lādes yt wold worship cheualrie seche come to kyng Arthurs courte.

¶How kyng Arthur went in to Fraunce and conquered yt land of Froll that was a Roman and how he him kylled.

SYth it befell that kyng Arthur thurgh conceill of his barons and lordis wold go to conquire all fraunce that tho was called Galle thurgh romans that tho held that land in ther pouer and in ther gou (er)nance. &̄ the romans had take yt land to a nobul̄ knyght & a worthy of bodi yt wos called Froll &̄ when he wist yt arthur come: he ordend an host & a gret pouer &̄ fought wt the kīg. and he &̄ his folke wer discōfyted & fled vn to Paris. &̄ entred the cite &̄ closed the yates & ther hem held. ¶Arthur wyst yt frol̄ wos gone to paris he pursued aft (er) & come thed (er) &̄ hī bese­ged: but the Cite was so strong & wel̄ araied & tho yt wer therin defēded them well & manli ¶Kȳg arthr duelled thermore thē a moneth & ther wos so moch peple ī the cite &̄ dispēdid al̄ ther vitails yt wer with ī. &̄ so gret hunger bicom amōges them yt they died wond (er) thikke withī the cite for hunger and come [...]on to Frol and prayed him to be accorded with kyng arthur for to haue pees and they wold yelde them vn to him and the toune also. ¶Froll saw that no longer he myght hold the toune ayens ther wil̄ & trust gretli vpō his own strēgth &̄ sēt to kīg arthur that [Page] he sh̄uld cum fight with him body for body. and so shuld they deꝑte fraunce betwene them two. ¶Kyng arthur anone grāted it &̄ wold not that none of his peple vndertoke the bataill for hī ¶And vpon the morn bothe come well araied with out paris ther that they shuld fight and anone they smyten to ged (er)s so fers­ly & so well they foughten in both sidis that no man coud deme the better of them ¶And so it befell that Froll yaf Arthur such a stroke that he kneled to the ground wold he nold he. and os frol̄ withdrew his swerde he wounded kyng Arthur in the forhed that the blood fell doune by his eyn and his face: ¶Arthur anone stert vp hertely when he felt him hurt as a man that semed almost wo [...]d: and he toke Tabourne his good suerd &̄ drow it vp an high. &̄ yaf Froll such a stroke that ther with he clafe his hed doun to the sholdres so that his helme myght not be his warent. & so he fell doune deid in the place. ¶And thē tho of the cite made gret sorow for froll. and eu (er)ichon yeld them to kyng Arthur & the toune also. and become his men and did to him humage and feaulte. &̄ he vnd (er)fenge them and toke of them good hostages. &̄ kyng Arthur aft (er) that. went forth with his host and conquered Augien and Angiers Gascoyn Pehito Nauerne & Burgon Berri Lotherne Turyn and Peithers. and all the other land of fraunce he cōquered holli ¶And whē he had all cōquerd &̄ taken bi humages & feautes he turned ayen to Paris &̄ ther he duelled long tyme. & ordined pees long tyme ou (er) al̄ the cūtre & thur­gh out all fraunce. ¶And whē pees wos made ou (er) al̄ thurgh his noble kynghthod yt he had. & also for his own worthines. ¶And no mā werhe neu (er) so gret a lord durst not meue were ayenst hī nod (er) to arise to make ye lōd of france ī quiet. & ī pes he woned ther ix. yere & did mō [...] gret wond (er)s &̄ reproued mōy proud men & lither tirantis them chastised afterther deseruise.

¶How kīg arthr auaūced al̄ his mē yt had trauild ī his (ser)uis

[Page] ANd aft (er)ward it befell thus at Estren ther that he held a fest at Paris. & richly he gan auaunce his knyghtis for ther seruice that they had him holpen in his comquest ¶He yafe to his stoward that wos called Key Augien and Angiers. And to Bedeler his botler he yaf Normandie that tho wos called Neustrie. and to Holdyn his chamberlayn he yaf Flaund (er)s and Mance. and to Dorell his cosyn he yaf Boloyne. and to Richard his nephu he yaf Pountif. and to all other he yaf lar­ge landis and feys after they wer of estate. ¶And when arthur had thus his knyghtis feffed. at auerill next after sueyng he come ayene in to Bretan his own land and after at whitson­tied nex sewyng be councell of his barons he wold be cronned kīg of Glomergon and held a solempne fest and let sompne knyghtis Erles and Barons that they shuld come thedre eu (er)ychon. &̄ ther was Scaterkyng of scotland Cadwere kyng of southwales ¶Guillomer kyng of northwales. Maded kyng of Irland Malgamus kyng of gutlande Achilles kyng of Iseland Aloth kyng of denmarke Gonewas kyng of norway and Hell his cosin kyng of dorkeny Cador kyng of litell breton Morwith erle of cornwaill Mauran erle of gloucestre Guerdon erle of wynch es tre Boell erle of harford vrtegy erle of oxford Cursall erle of bath Ionas erle of chestre Eneral erle of dorsestre Kimare erle of salusberi Waloth erle of cante [...]beri Iugerne erle of chichestre Arall erle of leicestre and the erle of werwik and mony other mo riche lordis ¶Bretons also ther come mo that is to say Dip­pon Donaud Gennes and mony od (er) that be not named heir wer at that fest and mony afair fest kyng arthr had holden be forne but neu (er) none such ne so solempne. and that lasted xx. daies wt moch honour and myrth.

¶Of the lett (er) that wos sent from Rome for prid to kīg arthr

THe thrid day as kyng Arthur sat at his mete amang his kynges and amonge them that sittyn at the fest byfo [...] [Page] them come in xij. eldren men of age richeli arayed. and courtesli they salued the kyng and sayed they come from Rome sent os be messangers fro the Emprour. and toke to him a letter that thus moch was to vnd (er)stōd: ¶Gretly vs meruyleth arthur thatt thow art ons so hardy with eien in thi heed to make open were & contake ayens vs of Rome that owne all the world to deme for thou hast neu (er) yit be forne this tyme proued ne assayed thy stren­gth of the romans. and therfor thou it shall in a litell tyme: ¶For Iulius sesar conquered all the land of Bretan & toke ther of truage and our folke haue it long y had. and now thurgh thi prid thou witholdes it: ¶Wherfor we of rome commaunde the that thou it yeld ayen. and yit hast you more foly done: that thou hast slayn Froll that wos our ba [...]on of fraunce all wt wro­nge. ¶And therfor all the communs of Rome warneth the and commaundeth the vpon life and lymme: that thou in hast be at rome amendis for to make of thy mysdedis that thou hast done ¶And it be so that thow cum not. we shall passe the hill of Ioye with strength: and we shall the sech wher eu (er) thow may bee founde and thow shalt not haue a fote of land of thyn own that we ne shatt destruy it. & aft (er)ward with thi bode we shall doo all our wyll: ¶When this lett (er) was red: & al̄ men it herd: they wer annoied all at wer at that solempne fest. &̄ ye bretōs wold haue slaī the messang (er)s: but the kīg wold not suffre them. &̄ said yt thee messangers shuld haue no harme: & may bi resō nōe de (ser)ue: but cō māded them to be worshipfulli (ser)ued. &̄ aft (er) mete he toke cōcell of kyngꝭ erles & barons. what ansuer he myght yef ayen to the mes­sangers &̄ they cōcelled him at onys that he shuld assemble agret pouer of all the landis of wich he had lordship. and māly auēge him vpō the Emprour of the dispite that he had send him such an lett (er). &̄ thei swore by god &̄ by his namys that they shuld hī pursue & brenne as moch as they myght. and sayd that they [...]old neu (er) faill kȳg Arthur. & rather to be deid. And they let write a lett (er) [Page] to send to the Emprour by the same messangers in this maner.

¶Off the bold ansuere that kyng Arthur sent to the Em­prour of Rome and to the romans.

VNderstondeth amonges you of Rome yt I am kyng arthur of Breton and frely it holdis & shall hold and att Rome hastile I will be. nat to yef you truage: but for to axen truage: For Constātine yt was Eleyns son that was emporour of Rome and of all the honour that ther to belongeth. And Maximian king: cōquered all france & Almayn: & mount ioye passed. & cōquered all lumbardie. & thes ij. wer myne auncestres and that they held & had. I shal̄ haue thurgh goddis will.

¶Of ye reu (er)ance yt kīg Arthr did to ye Emꝓurs messang (er)

WHen this letter was made and enseled. kyng Arthur to thes messangers yaf gret yeftes: And after that the messangers toke ther leue and went thens and come to the court off Rome ayene & told the Emprour how wortheli they wer vnd (er)fong and also of sich a rial companie that he had him to serue. and how he wos more riale serued than the Emprour of Romo or ony ky­ng leuyng in the world. ¶And when the Emprour had ou (er) seyne the letter and herd what was ther in and saw that Arthur wold not be ruled aft (er) hym. He let assemble and ordeyne an huge host for to destruy kyng Arthur yf that he myght ¶And kyng arthur as touching his pouer and parti ordeyned his pouer and knyghtes of the round table.

¶Of ye kīgis &̄ lordis yt cō to helpe kīg arthr ayēs ye Emꝓ [...]

THe kyng of Scotland and of Irland and of Gutland of Denmarke and of Almayne eu (er)y of them had x.M. men The duke of Normandie Gascoyn flandres Pehito and of Boloyne had iiijM. Gerin of Charthres had xM. Hoell of bretā had xij.M. &̄ hī se [...]f of his own land xijM. and of arbalastters and of archers and of other folke in foot that no man coud the [...] [Page] nombre And when all wer redi for to wend kīg Arthur his lād & Gūnore his wife toke to kepe to on of his nephus that was a wyse knyght and an hardi that wos called Mordred. but he was not all trew os ye shal̄ heir afterward. kyng Arthur toke all his reuame to this Mordred saf onli the croune▪ ¶And aft (er) that kyng Arthur toke his host and went to southamton ther yt the shippis wer brought & the folke assembled and they did go vn to the see and had wynd &̄ wedre at will and os sone as they my­ght they ariued at Har [...]let. and os sone as they myght they went to lond out of ther shippis and spred all ou (er) the cuntre:

¶How kyng arthur fought with a Geant in spayn that the wos called Dinabus that kylled Eleyn that wos kyng Hoels cosyn of litell Breton:

KYng Arthur had not duelled in the cuntre but a lytell tyme that men him told that ther wos comen a gret Gegn [...] in to spayn and had rauisshed fair Eleyn that was cosyn vn to Hoel̄ of lytill bretan and had brought hir vpon an hill that is called the mount of sent Barnard and ther was no man ī that cuntre so bold ne so hardy that durst with him fight ne cum nye the place ther that the geant dulled that was called Dinabꝰ and moch sorow he did ī the cuntre ¶When kyng Arthur herd this tydyng he called Key and Bedewere and cūmanded them to gon preuely and espy wher the geant myght be [...]unden & they come to the Rinage ther that men shuld go to the mount that wos all enclosed about with wat (er) and yit is and eu (er) shal be. ¶And thei saw abrinnyng fire vpon the hyll. and ther was also an other hill nygh that. and ther wos vpon that an other fire brennyng ¶Key and Bedewere come to the next hill and [...]ōden a widew openhed sittīg besides a tombe sore wepyng &̄ gret sorow made. & oft she sayd eleyn elein: & Key and bedewere axed what she was and wherfor she made so moch sorow. and who say in that tombe [Page] O qd she what sorow and mysauentur fair lordes seke ye her: for if the geant may you heir fynd: he will you sle anone. ¶Be styll good wife qd they: ther of dismay ye not. but tell vs the soth whi that thow makest so moch sorow and wepyng ¶Sirs quod she: for a damysell that I norisshid with my brest yt was called Ellin: that was nece to Hoell kyng of breton. And heir lieth the body in this tombe that to me wos takn to norisshe. ¶And so ther come a deuell a geant. and rauisshed hir and me also: and lad vs both with him away. ¶And he wold haue forlayn that mayd that wos so yong and tend (er) of age. But she myght it not suffer. so gret and so houge as the geant was ¶And for certis if he now cū os he is wont to do. he will yow both now kill: and therfor wend ye hens. Then bespake thes two messengers: and sayed vn to hir. wherfor go ye not from hens. ¶Certis syrs quod she when that Elin wos deid the geāt made me to abyde to done and haunte his will. and me must nedes it suffer: and god it wote I do it not with my will for me had leu (er) to be deid. than with him to deill. so moch payn & sorow I haue when he me forlieth. ¶When Key & Bedewer had herd all that this woman them told. They turned ayene and come to kyng arthur and told him all yt they had seyne & he [...]d Arthur anōe toke them both wt hī & wēt preueli by nyght yt nōe of his host wist & come on morow erli to the geant & faught wt hī str [...] ̄gli & at thee last hī slew ¶And arthur bad bedewer smyt of his heed: & bri­ng it to ye host to shew them for a wond (er) for it wos so gret & huge ¶Whē thei come ayen to ye host. they told wherfor they had be out &̄ shewed to hem the heed: &̄ eu (er)y mā was glad & Ioifull of ye worthy dede yt kīg Arthur had done yt wos ther lord ¶And Hoell wos ful sorowful̄ for his nece yt wos so lost: &̄ aft (er) whē he had space he let make a fair chapell of our ladi ou (er) Elins tombe,

¶How kynh Arthur yaf bataill to the Emhrour in the wich bataill the Emprour him self was slayn.

[Page]ARthur and his pepull had tydynges that the Emprour had assembled a gret pouer as well of sarasyns as of paynȳs & cristī men. wher of the nombre wos lxxx.M. hors men: wt fo [...] men ¶Arthur and his pepull ordined fast forth in ther way toward the Emprour and passed Normandye and fraunce: vn to Burgoyne and wold haue gone to the host. for men told him yt the Empronis host wold cum to Lucie. ¶The Emprour and his host in the begynnyng of August remeued from Rome and cam forth right the way toward the host. Tho come kīg Arthurs espies & sayed if that Arthur wold he shuld fynd the Em­prour ther fast by. ¶But they sayed that the Emprour had so gret pouer with hym of kynges of the land and of paynyms and also cristyn pepull: that it wer bot foly to kyng Arthur to metē with them: for the espies told that the emprour had .v. men or vi ayenest on of his. ¶Kyng arthur wos bold and hardy and for no thyng him dismade and saied. go we bodile in goddis name ayens the Romans that with them lede sarasens and paynyms that no man (er) trust they haue in god: but only vpon ther strength ¶Go we now and sech them sharpely in the name of almyghty god. and sle we the paynyms and cristyn men that be ayenes vs with them: for to distruy cristyn men. And god shall vs help them to ou (er)cum. For we haue the right oppynyon. and therfor haue we trust in god. and doo we so that the enmys that be to cristī dom and to god. may be destruyd and ou (er) cūmyn. and that men may recorde the worthines of knyghthod ¶When kyng Arthur had thus saied: they cried all with an high vois. ¶God that is fadre almyghty worsshipped be thy name with out end amen. And grante vs grece well for to do & to destru our en­mys yt be ayens cristīdō. In ye name of the fad (er) the son & ye holi gost amē. & god yef him neu (er) grace ne worship ī the world ne m̄ci of hī to haue that this day shall feynt wel for to smyt &̄ egreli &̄ so they riden softeli & ordyned his wynges well and wysely. [Page] ¶The Emprour herd tell that kyng Arthur & his folke wer redy araied for to fight with him and thed (er) they come and he ordined his wynges ī ye best man (er) that he myght and more trust vpō his strength than in god almyghty and that wos seyn aft (er)ward ¶For when tho ij. hostis meten the Emprour lost iiij. of his folke ayenst on of Arthur. and so mony wer slayn what in that on parti and in that other that it was gret pitte to wit & be hold. ¶In this bataill wer slayn thurgh kyng Arthur v. kynges of the paynyms and of other wond (er) moch pepull ¶And kȳg Arthurs men foughten so well that the romans & paynyms had no more strength to withstond them then xx. shepe ayens v. wolfes ¶And so it befell that in this bataill ī the showre that wos wonder hard &̄ long during in that on side and ī that other the Emprour amonges them ther wos slayn. but ther wos no man that wyst for veray sothe who hym slew.

¶How kyng Arthur let entere his knyghtes that he had lost ther in bataill and how he sent the Emprours body to Rome that ther wos slayn in bataill.

WHen the Romans wist that the Emprour wos deid they forsoke the feld and the paynems also. And kyng arthr after them chased till it wos nyght: and so mony of them kylled that it wos wonder to tell ¶And tho turned kyng Arthur ayen wen it wos nyght. and thanked god of his victori. And in the morow he let loke and see al the feld for his knyghtys that he ther lost that is to say Borel erle of maunt Bedewer and Key and Ligiers erle of Boloyne vrgeti erle of baac Aloth erle of wīchestre Cursael erle of chestre and aft (er) holden erle of flaunders thes wer the gret lordes that kyng arthur lost in that batail wt other worthy knyghtes them emong. ¶And sū he let entire in abbeis by the cuntre sū he let be borne ī to ther own cūtre ¶And the Emꝑours body he let take & put vpō a bere & sēt it to rom and sent to say the romās that for briton and france wich thatt [Page] he held: other truage wold he none pay And if they axed hī ony other truages. right soch truage he wold them pay ¶The kīg let ber Key to kenen his own castell &̄ ther him entired. &̄ Ligier wos borne to Boloyn ther he wos lord And Holden wos borne to flaundres and ther he was entered ¶And all the other he let entere with moch honour in abbais &̄ in houses of relegion in thee cuntre ther that they werdeid. ¶And arthur him self soiour­ned that same yere in Burgon with his host. &̄ thoght the same yere f [...]loyng to pas the mount of Ioye: &̄ haue gone to Rome al for to take the cite and haue put the romans in subiecciō but thee wykked tirand Mordred him let as after ye shall heir.

¶How the tratour Mordred to whome kȳg Arthur toke his land to kepe and his Castelles. and he held hem ayens hym

WHen kyng Arthur had taken to Mordred his Reame to kepe & was gone ayens the Emprour of Rome &̄ was passed the see. Mordred anone toke homages &̄ feautes of all them that wer ī this land. & wold haue had the land to his owne vse. &̄ toke castels about and let them be araied ¶And aft (er) this falsnesse he did an other gret wrong. for a yens the law of cristīte he toke his own emes wife os a tratour shuld & ordined hī a gret host ayens arthurs cōyng to hold the lond ayens hī wt strongth for eu (er)more And to slee kyng arthur if he myght &̄ sent by ye see & be land & let assemble panyms & cristī pepul. & he sent to saxons &̄ to Danys for to help him ¶And also Mordred sent to Childrik to done men to cū to him out of saxoyne: yt was a worthy duke & hight hī if that he brought wt hī mich pepull he wold grante hī in heritage for eu (er)more all the land frō beyond hūber to scotlād And all the land that Engist had of vortig (er)s yeft: when that he spoused his doughter ¶And Cheldrik come wt a gret strength & pouer of pepull. &̄ Mordred had assembled also ī his halfe that they had xlM. of strong knyghtes when that they had nede.

¶How Arthur enchased Mordred the tratour and how he wos slayn and also kyng Arthur wounded to deth

WHen this tydynges come to kyng Arthur ther that he w [...] as in Burgoyne he was full sore anoyed and toke all fraunce to hoel for to kepe with halfuendel of his men and prayed him that he wold it kepe till he come ayene: for him self wold wēd ī to Breton. and a venge hī vpon Mordred that was his tratour and forth went his way. and come to whitsand and made hys men to gone in to ship and wold haue ariued at sandwich. and brought with him a gret host of fraunch men also with his owne land men. But or that he myght cum to lond with his pepull yt wer comen out of his shippes Mordred wos comen with all hys pouer. and yaf a strong bataill. so that kyng Arthur lost māy a man or that he myght cum to land ¶For ther was Gawen his nephu slayn and Augnissell that held Scotland and mony other. wherof kyng Arthur wos full sori: But aft (er) that they wer comen to lond Mordred myght not ayens them endure. but anone wos discomfited and fled thens the same nyght with his men and vpon the morne come to london bot tho of the cite wold not suffre him to cum in. and from thens he fled to winchestre &̄ ther he him held with his pepull that come with him ¶Kyng Arthur let take the body of Gawen his cosyn and the body of Augnis­sell and let them be borne in to Scotland in to ther own cuntre & ther they wer entired. ¶And aft (er) anone kyng Arthur toke his way to distruy Mordred. and he fled thens in to Cornewail ¶And the quene Gūnor that wos kyng arthurs wife thatt tho sogerned at yorke and herd that Mordred wos fled thens & that he might not endure ayens king Arthur. she wos soradrad and had gret dout and wist not what wos best all for to done. For she wyst well that hir lord kyng Arthur wold neu (er) of hir haue mercy For the gret shame that she had him done. and toke h [...] way preuali with iiij. men with out mo and come to Karlion & [Page] ther she duelled all hir lifes tyme & neu (er) was seyn amonge folke hir life during. ¶Arthur wist that Mordred wos fled in to Cornwaill and let send aft (er) his men in to scotland and northhū berland vn to humber and let assemble folke with out nomber & come fro thens in to Cornwaill to sech and pursue aft (er) Mordred ¶And mordred had assembled to him all the folke of cornwail and had pepull wt out nombre and wist that Arthur was commyng and had leu (er) to die and take his chaunce th̄en longer fle. & aboid and yaf an hard bataill to kyng arthur and to his pepull so that so moch pepull was slayn what of that on side and of yt other that no man wist who had the bettir parti. ¶But so it be fell at the last that Mordred wos slayn and all his folke and ye good chiualri that kyng arthur had gadred and norishid of diu (er)s landis and also the nobull knyghtis of the round tabull that so moch was prased thurgh out all the world werther slayn. and arthur him self was wounded to the deth. but he let him be borne in a litter to a vyoun to be heled of his woundes & yet the bretons supposen that he liueth in an other lond. and that he shall cum yit and conquere all breton. ¶But certis this is the prophesi of Merlin he sayd that his deth shall be dowtous: and saied sothe for ther of yit mē haue dout & shul haue for eu (er) more as mē sayen ¶For men wot not whed (er) that he is on lyue or deid. ¶Arthur was borne to Auyon the xxij. yere of his regne aft (er) th̄e Incarnacion of our lord thū crist vC. and xlvi. yere.

¶How kyng Arthur deliu (er)yd the reame vn to Costantine the son of Cador his Niphu:

WHen kīg Arthur wist that he myght regne no longer he let cum before him Costantine that wos Cadors son erle of Cornewaill his cosin & to him bitoke all his reame and to him sayed and bad him therof to be kyng till that he come ayen for as moch os he had none heire of his body begoten and harme wos [...]t that so nobull a kyng and so doughty os he wos had no child [Page] of his body begoten. But all thyng that god wyll haue done must be done. whos name be blissid with out end Amen.

¶How kyng Costantine was wered of Mordredes ij. sonnis

THys Costantine wos a nobull knyght and a worthy of bodi & tho ij: sonnys that Mordred had begoten had grete envy vn to Costantine that tho was crouned kyng. ¶And so it befell that they begon to meue were ayenes hī & assembled a gret host of them that wer be fore with mordred: and had bene driuen away: and that did moch sorow thurgh all that land. that [...]on brother ordeyned him to london for to take the cite· and that other to wynchistre: ¶But Costantine come to london and slew him that was ther. and aft (er) he wēt to wynchestre & slew him that ther was also So that bothe his enmys wer deidAnd when Costantine had regned worthel [...] iiij. yere then he died and lyeth at london.

¶Of the kynges Adelbright and of Edell.

AFter kyng Costantines deth ther wer ij. kynges ī bretan that on was called Adelbright yt wos a danoys & he held the cūtre of northfolke &̄ southfolke. yt other hight Edell &̄ waas a bretō. &̄ he held Nichol̄ Līdesei &̄ al̄ the lād vn to hūber ¶Thes ij. kīges fast wered to ged (er)s: but aft (er) they wer accorded & lo­ued to ged (er) os thei had be bore of o bodi ¶The kīg Edell had a sustre that wos called Orewenne. &̄ he yaf hir thurgh gret frend­ship to kyng Adelbright to wife. And he begat vpon hir a doughter that was called Argentill. and in the thrid yere aft (er) come vpō hī a stronge sekenes yt nedes he must die. ¶And he sente to kyng Edell his brother in law that he shuld cum &̄ speke wt hī &̄ he come to him wt good will ¶Tho prayed he the kyng & ꝯiured also ī the name of god. that aft (er) whē he wer deid. he shuld take Argentill his dought (er) & the land: & yt he keped hir well &̄ norisshe hir in his chambre. ¶And when she wer of age she shuld be maried to the strongest and worthiest man that he myght find [Page] and than he shuld yeld vp hir land ayene. ¶Edell it granted and by oth cōfermed hys prayer. & whē a delbright was deid and entered: Edell toke ye damisell argentill: & norisshed hir ī his chambre. &̄ she become ye fairest creatr yt might lyue or ony mā find

¶How kīg Edell maried ye damisell to a knaue of his kichē

THis king Edell that wos vncle to the damisell Argētil̄ bethought how that he myght falsli haue the land frō his nece for eu (er) more & falseli ayenest his oth thought to dissaue thee damisell and to marie hir to a knaue of his kichen that wat cald Curan &̄ he become the worthiest &̄ strongest man of body that ony man wist in ony land that tho leued. and to him he thought hir shendfulli haue maried: for to haue had hir land aft (er)ward. bot he wos clen dissaued. ¶For this Curan wos Hauelockes fō that wos kyng of Kyrkelane in denmarke. and this Curan cō quered his wifes lond aft (er)ward. &̄ slew kīg Edell that wos his wifes vncle: and had all hir land: os in an other place it telleth more openli & he ne regned bot iij. yere for saxons & danys hī killed: and that was gret harme to all breton. &̄ bretans bore him to Stonkenge & ther they him entered with moch honour.

¶Of kyng Conan that wos Curan cosin.

AFter this curan regned Conan yt was his cosī that wos a wond (er) proud knyght and regned & coud haue no man (er) of loue but eu (er) he was medelyng with his pepull. and toke his vn kill with were & killed his ij. children. ¶The saxons wered ayens him often tymes but he them ou (er) come. And so he wos in pees all his lifes tyme: & he regned xiiij. yere and after he di­ed and lieth at London.

¶Of kynge Cortif and of Gurmond that come thurgh thee paynyms in to briton.

AFter this conan regned his cosin Cortif yt was bihated of all his pepull and nothyng beloued. And this cortef lost all Britan thurgh were. and in his tyme fell that gret [Page] myschef in breton that cristyndom wos destroyed and all the britons wer driuen owt of the land. & the land lost w [...]th out ony recouer. but aft (er)ward left the lōd to saxons. as ye aft (er)ward shal heir ¶For in that time ther wos a paynyme yt was called Gurmond that wos the kynges son Daufrikes of the paynymys folke that had the reame aft (er) his fadre: and wos kyng sauf he be­quaeth and yaf it to his brother. & saied that he nold neu (er) be kyng but yf he myght get and conquere a reame ī a strong cūtre. ¶For he wos bold & strong of bodi: &̄ of him ꝓphesied Merlȳ & sayed that he shuld be a wolfe of the see. and he let assemle pay­nyms with out nombre and let a ꝑell shippis &̄ wēt by mōy landdis & toke homages &̄ feautes of mony: &̄ so he went bi the see & conquered mony diu (er)se londis ¶So that he come to Irland and cōquered yt land. that oft tymes wered vpon bretons: and bretons vpon them. &̄ oft wonen and oft losten: And yef hosta­ges to bretons. and so they sent to Gurmond ther that he was in Irlond that he shuld come in to Briton & help them ayens the britons. to help them to deliu (er) that land of them. &̄ thei wold him hold gladly for ther lord. for he wos a paynym and the wer paynims and the bretons wer cristin. well ought he them for to help so as they wer all of on lawe: ¶When Gurmond herd this prayer he hasted hī as moch as he myght & ariued ī scotland & come ī to Northhūberland ther yt the saxons wer duellīg. & thei cōfirmed ye cōnauntes bi twen them yt wer made bi othes & be hostages for to beir him trew fay & hold him for lord &̄ pay to him truage by yere. ¶Tho began the saxons & the affricans to destruy rob &̄ brenne tounes & destru all thing ī as moch os they myght. and spared nether man ne woman ne chyld lered ne lewed. bot al̄ thei kylled & cast doune tounes castels & chirches. ¶And so put they all the land ī gret destruccion. &̄ as sone os thei might fleyn they fled thens as well poer as rich bisshoppis abbotes chanons· &̄ all other gret and small sū in to litell briton and sum in to Cornewaill. [Page] all tho that shippis myght haue.

¶How kyns Gurmond drofe the kyng Cortif to Chechestre and killed the bretons: and thurgh quentise get the toune

COrtif the kyng sled thens in to Chechestre that tho was a good cite and a strong: &̄ ther held him xx. dayes. And this Gurmond come and it beseged. but the cite was so strong yt he might not get it by no maner of wise ne engyn that he myghte done. ¶Tho bythought thei vpon a gret quētise for to brenne the toune. they made engynes with glew of nettes and toke peces of tunder and of fier and bond it to the sparous fete and after­ward let them fle. And they anone right flow and logged them in the toune ther that ther nestis wer. and in stakkes & ī euys­singes of houses. & the fyer began to tende &̄ brend all ye toune ¶And when the britans saw that. ī eu (er)y side they hied thē out & faught bot anone they wer slayn &̄ discomfited & whiles the bataill dured the kīg priueli hid hī &̄ stale a way ī to wales & mē wiste neu (er) wher he become. and so was the toune of chechistre taken and destruied: ¶And after Gurmond went and destruied cities and tounes that neu (er) wer afterward made a yene as it is seyn yit in this land in mony places

¶How this lond was called Englond for the name of En­gist: and how mony kenges wer made aft (er) in the land.

WHen Gurmond had destroied all the land thurgh out hee yaf the lond to the Saxons. and anone thei toke it with good will For the saxons long tyme had desiered it for as moche as they wer of Engistes kynred that fyrst had all the land of Breton: and lete them be called Englissh men for be cause of Engistes name And the lond they let call Englond in ther langage & the folke bene called englisshmen for os moch os ī his tyme it wos called Engist lond when he had conquered it of vortiger that spoused his dought (er). but from the tyme that Brut come first ī to Englōd this lōd was called Breton & the folk britons [Page] But sith the tyme that this Gurmond eftsons conquered it & yaf it vn to the saxons. and thei anone right changed the name os by fore is sayd. ¶And whē this wos done Gurmond passed ouer in to fraunce. & ther cōquered mony landis & destruyed all cristen pepull ther that he come. and the saxons duelled ī this land &̄ bigane fast it to inhabit at ther own will. and they wold haue made new kynges & lordis but they myght neu (er) assenten to haue only o kīg for to be to them entendāt. &̄ therfor thei made mony kxnges in diu (er)se shires as it was ī Engistis tyme ¶The fyrst kyng dō wos Kent &̄ that other southsex &̄ the thrid westsex and the fourth estsex and the v. Northūberland & the vi. Esta­ngle that is to say Northfolke and southfolke and the vij. Me [...] chenrich &̄ yt is the erldom of Nicholl huntyngdō herford glousestre winchistre warwyke & derby. &̄ so deꝑted the englissh al̄ englond in vij. ꝑtes. ¶And aft (er) yt it befell that tho kyngꝭ we­red oft tyme to ged (er) & eu (er) he yt was strongest toke hym that was febelest &̄ so it wos long tyme yt they had no kīg crouned emōg them ne no cristyn man wos tho amonges them ne cristyndom nother ¶But wer paynyms till that sent Gregori wos pape of Rome that had seyn child of the naciō of Englong ī the cite of Rome that wer wond (er) fair creaturs &̄ had gret will & desire them to behold. &̄ axed of the marchantis whens thei wer & of what nacion: & men told him yt thei wer of Englond. & englissh they wer called: bot they and all ye pepull of englond wer paynyms. &̄ beleued not vpon god ¶Alas qd sent gregori well mow they be called englyssh for thei haue the visages of Angels &̄ therfor well ought thei to be cristē ¶And for this cause sent gregori sent ther sent Austin ī to englond: &̄ xl. good men wt hī yt were of good lyfe &̄ holy mē to preche & teche & to cōuert the english pe­pull & them turne to god. & that was ī the vi. yere that sent gregori had bene pape of Rome: yt is to say aft (er) the Incarnaciō of our lord ihū crist v.C.lxxxv. yere as the cronicles telleth.

¶How sent Austyn baptised and conuerted kīg Adelbright and the bisshoppis that he made his felawes.

WHen sent Austyn come fyrst in to Englond. he ariued ī the Ile of Tenet. and so passed forthe and come vn to Cantorberi and ther soiourned and kyng Adelbright of kent ye wos of the lynage of Engist. fair vndirfenged sent Austyn & his felaws with moch honour. and them fonden all that them neded And more ouer he yaf them a fair place that now is cadled the abbay of sent Austin. in wich place he lieth him self shiyned ¶This kyng Adelbright wos a good man. &̄ wyth good will herd sent austyn predicacions and yaf him leue to preche thurgh out all his land of kent to turne and conu (er)te to him all thee pepull that he might. ¶It befell so aft (er)ward thurgh goddis grace: that in litell tyme the kyng him self was conu (er)ted to god & all his pepull of his land was baptisid ¶And in the meyn w­hile the pepull turned them to god: sent Austyn come to Rochestre & ther he preched the word of god. And the paynyms therfor hī scorned. and cast vpō him reigh tailles: so that all. is mantell was honged full of thes reigh tayles ¶And for more dyspite they cast vpon him the guttys of reighes and of od (er) fische wher­for the good man sent austyn wos sore annoied and greued and prayed to god that all tho child of that cite that shuld be borne aft (er)ward that is to say ī the cite of Rochester. might haue tailles and so they had. ¶And whē the kīg herd of this vengeaunce yt wos fallen thurgh sent austyns praier He let make an hous ī honour of almyghty god. wher in women shold be deliu (er)ed of ther child at the brigges end. ī the wich house yit womē of the Cite bene deliuered of chyld. ¶When sent Gregori had herd tell how the Englissh pepull wer turned to god & ꝯu (er)ted. he sēt vn to sent austyn. his pallione bi a bisshop yt wos called Paulin and mad [...] hī premat & Erchebisshop of englond & sent worde that he shuld ordein and make bi shoppis ī the land ¶And anone as [Page] austyn had the palliō of the dignite of the Ersbishop he made: ij. bisshoppis of his felaws yt come wt him frō rome yt on was cal­led Mellyt & he duelled at londō. and yt other wos called Iustī yt held the dignite of rochester & this bisshop Mellit tho wēt to p­reche ī to Essex & baptised the kīg of the cūtre yt wos called Syc­with yt wos kīg Adelbrightis cosin his sustres son ¶This Iustī wēt to preche ī southsex & turned moch of the peple to god And sent austin hī self preched thurgh out Englond.

¶How sent austyn wēt ī to wales ther yt the bretons wer. & how they nold not be obedient to the Erchebisshop of cantorbury

WHen all Englond wos baptised &̄ turned to god sent austyn went in to that land ther that the bretons wer for to kepe them from englisshmen that is to say in to wales. and ther he founden monkes and abbeys and vij. bisshoppis ¶For ye britons destroied all way the cristyn pepul yt sent austī had ꝯu (er)ted & he saied to the bisshoppis yt he wos a legat of rome & p̄ ­mat of all englōd & yt thei shuld bi all resō to hī be obediēt. & they saied they nold not ¶But to the erchebisshop of Carliō the wold. they nold neu (er) for no man (er) thīg be obediēt to the englishmen ¶For the englishmen thei said bene our adu (er)saries &̄ our enmis &̄ haue driuē vs out of our cūtre & we be cristī men &̄ eu (er) has bene &̄ the englismen haue eu (er) bene paynyms bot now of late yt they be cōu (er)ted ¶Sent austyn might of them none onsuer haue otherwise. but said pertely that they nold neuer them meke to him ne to the pope of rome. ¶And sent austyn turned ayene tho to kyng Adelbright that was kyng of Kent. and told him that his folke nold not be to no man obedient bot to the erchebisshop of karlion ¶And whē the kīg herd this he wos sore annoied & said yt he wold them destruy and sent to Elfrid kyng of Northhūberlād that wos his frend that he shuld cum to him with all the pouer yt he myght and that he shuld mete him at Leycestre and frō thens they wold gone in to wales and ther destruy the Erchebisshopp [Page] of Carleon and all tho that had refused sent austyn.

¶How king Adelbright and the kīg Elfrid kylled brecinal that wos a kyng of bretons that held the contre of Leicestre

IT befell so that ther wos a kyng of Breton that held the cuntre of Leicestre and all the cuntre about▪ his name was Brecinall ¶And this bretō herd tell yt tho ij. engli [...]h kinges wold mete ther at leicestre for to wend ī to wales. he let ordī all the pouer yt he had to fight with thes .ij. kīges but litell it availed hī for his folke that he had wer slain &̄ him self fled &̄ lost his landis for euer more. ¶And thes ij. kyngꝭ adelbright &̄ Elfrid duelled a while at Leicestre & deꝑtid ye land amōges them & toke homages & feautis of folkè of the cūtre: &̄ aft (er) thei wēt toward wales & tho of wales herd tell of the scomfitur yt Brecinal had at Leicestre and wer wonder sore a drad of tho ij. kynges. &̄ toke and chose amonges them good men and holy. of Hermytes monkis & prestis & of other pepull gret plenti that went barefote & wellewerd for to haue merci of thes ij· kynges ¶Bot tho kīgꝭ wer so sterne &̄ so wicked that they nold neu (er) speke with them. bot kylled them eu (er)ychon ¶Alas for sorew for they ne spared hem no more thā the wolfe doith the shep: but smyten of ther hedis eu (er) ychon & so thei wer all martired that to them come that is to vnderstand v.C. &̄ xl. & aft (er)ward they went from thens to Baugore for to kyll all thoos that they myght ther find of the bretons ¶And when ye bretons herd that: they assemled &̄ ordeined all ther pouer for to fight with them. Tho wos ther abaroū ī wales yt wos called Bledrik of cornewaill that sū tyme was lord of Denshyre but the kyng Adelbright had driuen him out īto wal̄es. & aft (er) ther he yef them bataill. & at that bataill wos kyng a­delbright slayn &̄ Elfrid woūded sore & for soke the feld &̄ ye most ꝑte of his pepull slayn. and elfrid fled ī to northhumberland that wos his own land ¶And after the pepull of Leicestre­shire [Page] made with strength Cadewan yt wos Brecynals son kīg of Leicestre and he aft (er) regned nobulli & with gret honour.

¶How Cadewan kyng of Leicestre and Elfride kyng of northhūberland wer frendis. and of the debait that after wos betwē Edwyn and Cadwalyn that wer both ther sonnys.

ANd after that this bataill wos done. the Bretons assē led them and went thens. and come to Leicestre and made ther Cadewan that wos Brecinales son kyng of Leicestre &̄ of all the cuntre. and he toke homages &̄ feautes of al̄ ye folke of the cūtre. &̄ aft (er) yt he assemled a gret host &̄ sayed he wold go in to Northhūberlond to destruy kig Elfrid & sle hī if he might &̄ whē he wos comē thid (er). frendes wēt so betwen them &̄ made them accorded ī this man (er) That Elfrid shuld hold all ye land frō hūber vn to scotland. & Cadewan shuld haue al̄ ye land athis side hūber to the south. and aft (er) yt they become good frēdis all ther lifes tyme &̄ loued to ged (er) as they had be ij. brether ¶And this Elfrid had a son ye wos called Edwyn yt had &̄ held all the land of northhū berland aft (er) his fad (er)s deth as his fad (er) had holde all his lifes tyme ¶And Cadewan had an other son yt wos caled Cadwalyn yt held his fad (er)s lond as he it hel̄d whiles he wos a liue &̄ they loued to ged (er) as they had be brether. ¶And ye loue lasted bitu­ix them bot only ij. yere: &̄ aft (er) began debate bitwen them thurgh a lither ēuyus cosin of cadwalyns yt wos caled briens. so thatt they assemled a gret host ī both ꝑtes: & at the last it befell yt cadwalyn wos discomfited & edwyn hī pursued &̄ droue hī from place to place: so at the last he fle ī to Irlond ¶And this od (er) destroyed his lōd: & cast doune casteles & brent his man (er)s &̄ deꝑted all cadwalyns lond among his frendis ¶And long tyme aft (er) come cadwalyn ayene frō Irlond wt a strong pouer & in playn bataill kylled Edwyn & all his frendis &̄ namly tho that with held his londis thurgh Edwynes yift.

¶How kyng Oswold wos kylled thurgh kyng Cadwalyn & Peanda. and how Oswy that wos sent Oswaldes brother regned after him and kylled Peanda

WHen that Edwyn wos slayn Offris his son vndertoke the were ayens Cadwalyne his eme so that this Offris died during the were ¶And after the deth of Offris tho reg­ned a gentill cristyn man that moch loued god almyghty. that had all the land of Northhumberland by heritage that was cald Oswald. and he wos kyng of all that land. ¶But for as moch as he wos frend to Edwyne and held a gret part of the lād of Cadwalin. this same cadwalyn wered vpon him and drefe him toward scotland ¶And when Cadwalyn saw that he wold not abyde Cadwalyne nold no longer hym pursew but toke some of his folke to Peanda his brother in law and prayed Peanda to pursew after Oswald till that he wer taken and slayn And Cadwalyne turned home ayene ¶When Oswalde herd the tyding that Cadwalin turned home ayene: he wold no longer fle but aboid Peanda & yaf him bataill & Peanda wos discomfited and fled and come ayen to Cadwalyn and sayed that he wold neuer hold o fote of land of him but yf so were that he wold a venge him of Oswald. ¶Cadwalyn let assemble a gret host for to fight wt Oswald. so that he & Peanda come to North­hūberland &̄ yaf bataill vn to Oswald & in the same bataill was oswald slayn and his heid smyten of. and after he wos entered at the abbay of Bardeney ī wich place god hath wrought for him mony a fair miracull both ther &̄ els where ¶And anone Os­wy his brother seysed all the land in to his hond that wos thys Oswaldis &̄ the folke of Northūberland loued hī wond (er) well & held him for ther lord· but he had men of his kyn worthy ynough that wold haue deꝑted the land. and they wered to gedre well and for as moch as they wer not strōg ynowgh they come to Pianda [Page] and prayed him of helpe and socour and biheght him of that land largely vpon this couenaunt that he wold them gou (er)ne and helpe &̄ counceill. ¶Peanda herd ther prayer: and so spake with the kyng Cadwalin that he shuld ordeyn a gret host and fast ordeyn him in to Northhumberland for to fight with Oswy ¶And Oswy was a meke man and mich loued pees and charite & prayed Peanda of loue and pees. and ꝓferrid him of gold and silu (er) gret plent [...] ¶And this Peanda was so proud that he nold graunte him pees for no maner thyng: but for all thing he wold wt him sight. So at the last ther was set a day of batall ¶And Oswy eu (er) had trast vpon god. And Peanda trast to moch vpon his pride and vpō his host yt he had. and to ged (er) they smyten egrely. but Peanda anone wos discomfited & slayn. and this was aft (er) the Incarneciō of our lord ihū crist viC. & lv. yere And this Oswy regned xxviij. yere. and a kyng yt wos called Os­wyne that wos Peandais cosin wered vpō king Oswy &̄ to gedre foughten. but Oswy had the victori of Oswyne & oswyne was discomfited & slayn and lieth at Tynnemouth.

¶How kȳg Cadwaldre that wos Cadwaleynes son regned aft (er) his fadre and was the last kyng of Bretons.

AFt the deth of Cadwalyn regned his son Cadwaldre wel̄ and nobulli and his moder was the suster of kyng Pe­anda ¶And when he had regned xij: yere. he fell in to a gret sekenesse. and than wos ther a gret descorde by twen the lordis of the lond. that euery on of hem wered vpon other And yit in that tyme ther fell so gret derth and scarcite of corne & other vitailles ī this land yt a man might go iij. days or iiij. fro toūe to toune yt he shuld not fīd to bie for gold ne salu bred wyne ne none other vitaill: wherwith a man myght leue. but onli the pepull leued by rotes of herbis. for other lyuyng had thei nōe so mich wos it faillid all a bout. fisshis wildbestes & all other thing. so that yit to this missauēt (ur) ther fell so gret mortalyte &̄ pestilence emōg [Page] the pepull. by the corupcion of the eir: that the leuyng pepull ne sufficed not to beri the deid bodies: for they died so sodenli both gret and small. lord and sarnand: os thei [...]ten & goyng &̄ spekyng they fell doune &̄ died: so that neu (er) wos herd of more soden deth emonge the pepull. for he yt went for to beri the deid bodi: wt the same deid bodi wos beried ¶And so thei that might fle fled &̄ for soke ther landes &̄ houses as well for the gret hunger derth &̄ scarcite of corne &̄ other vitall: as for the horibull mortalite &̄ pestilence ī the land. & went ī to other landis for to saue ther lyues: & left the land all desert and wast so that ther wos not any man to trauell and till the land ne eir ne sow the land· so yt the lond wos bareyne of cornes & al̄ other fruytes for defaute of tillers: And this mis­souētur dured .xi. yere &̄ more yt no man myght e [...] ne sowe.

¶How Cadwaldre went out of this land ī to lytel̄ britan.

CAdwaldre saw gret hunger mortalite and pestilence and the land all poer. and failyng cornes and other vitales and his folke perysshid and saw also the most pert [...] of his land all wasted and voed of pepull He apparailled him and his folke that wer left on lyue. and passed ou (er) in to lytell Breton with a lytell nauye vn to kyng Aleyn that he moch loued that wos his cosin. and that his fadre had moch loued in his tyme ¶And as they saled in the see. he made gret lametacion. and so did all tho that wer with him. and sayed. ¶Dedisti nos domine tanquam oues esca (rum) et in gentibus dispersisti nos. ANd than began Cadwaldre to complayn hym to his folk pytuusly and said ¶Alas said he. to vs wrecches and Caytyfes is sorow: for owr grett synnys of the wych we wold not amende vs while we had space. & now repentaunce is comt vpon vs: thoro myssauentur wich chaceth vs out of our own reame and propre soyle fro. &̄ out of the wich some tyme Romans Scottis Saxōs ne Danys might not exile vs ¶Bot what a [Page] vailleth it now to vs that before tyme of tsythes haue gotē mony other landes sith it is not the will of god that we abide & duell in our own land. God that is veray Iuge that all thinges knaweth befor they be done or made. he seith that we wold not [...]esse of our synnys: and that our enmys myght not vs ne our linage exile fro: & out of ye reame. he wold that we amēded vs of our folies and that we sene our proper defaultes: And ther for hath shewed to vs wrath and wyll chastise vs of our mysdedys Sith that he doth vs without batalll or strength of our enmys bi gret companyes wricchedly to leue our own reame and ꝓper land ¶Turne ayene ye Romans. turne ayene ye Scottis. turne ayene ye Saxons: turne ayene ye Fraunsois: now sh̄eweth to you Bretan all desert: the wich your pouer myght neu (er) make desert ne yet your pouer hath not put vs now in exile. but only the pouer of ye kīg almyghty whom we haue oft offendid by our folies the wich we wold not leuen vn till he chastised vs by his diuine pouer Among the wordes &̄ lametacion that the kyng Cade­waldre made to his folke they ariued in litell Briton and come to kyng Alyne beforsayed ¶And the kȳg resaued him with Ioye. and made him to be serued wonder nobully. and ther he duelled long tyme after ¶The englissh pepull that wer lefte on lyue and wer ascaped the gret hunger and mortalite lyued in the best wise that they myght. and moch pepull sprong and come of them. ¶And they sent in to Saxonie wher they wer borne to therfrendes for men women and chyldren to restore the cites with pepull. and the townes that wer all voyed of pepull and for to labour trauell and tyll the erth ¶When the saxons had herd this tydyng they come in to this land wondirthykke in gret companyes. and he [...]berd them self in the cuntre all a boute wher that they wold: for they found no man them to lett ne wyth stond ¶And so they waxen & multiplied gretli and vsed the customes of the cuntre wher of they wer comen and the lawys [Page] and the langage of ther own land ¶And they changed the names of citeis tounes castelles and burghis and yaf them names and called them os they now be called. ¶And they held the Countees the Baronages lordshippis and trees in man (er) as thee Brotons be fore tyme had compassed them. And among other gret ꝯpanies yt com from Germayn in to this land come the noble quene that was called Sexburga with men and women without nombre. and ariued in the cuntre of Northhumberlond and to­ke the lond from Albiō vn to Cornwaill: for hir and for hir folke For ther was none that myght them let· for all wos desilat & wid of pepull: but it wer a few pouer Bretonis that wer laft on mountans and wedes vn till that tyme ¶And fro that tyme forth lost the bretons this reame for all ther days. and the En­glissh pepull begone to regne and deꝑted the land bitwen them and they made mony kynges about bi diu (er)se partes of the land os heir bene deuised the first of westsex the secund Merchenrich: thee thrid Estangle the fourth kent: the fifth southsex ¶All thos regned in this land aft (er) Cadwaldre wos passed out of this land &̄ duellid in litell breton with kyng Aliyn his cosin and trewe frend ¶And when he had long dulled ther and had knawynge that the mortalite and pestilence wos ou (er) passed and that the lond wos replenysshed of alyen pepull he thought to turne ayen in to his lond. and prayed kyng Alyen his cosin of socour and helpee that he myght be rastored ayen to his own proper reame and fyrst dyngnyte and kyng Aleyne graunted him his askyng. ¶Then did he apparrell him to take his way and viage in to this land and prayed god almyghty deuoutly that he wold make to him demonstracion yef his prayer in to this land wer to hym plesaunt or none ¶For ayenes the will of god almyghti he wolde no thing done. Whan he had thus deuoutly made his prayer a wis fro heuen to him sayed: and bad him leue that Iornay a way in to Englond. and that he shuld go to the pope of Rome [Page] For it was not the will of almyghty god that bretons regne more in breton ne neuer recou (er) the land vn to the tyme that thee prophecie that Merlin saied before be fulfilled. and that shold neuer bene vn to the tyme wer cummyn that the reliques of his body shall be brought fro Rome and translait in to breton. And whan the reliques of other sentis that haue bene hid for the ꝑsecu­cion of the paynyme folke shall be funden and openli shewed than shall they recou (er) ther land ayene: the wich they haue so long tyme lost thurgh ther desertes. ¶When Cadwaldre had herd this ansuere he meruailled gretli and told it to kyng Aleyne ¶Than kyng Aleyne did send for the clarge of his lande and made thē to bringe the stories and prophecies that Merlyn and Sibill had sayed in ther prophecies. ¶And when he knew that the ꝓphesy that festome had ꝓphecied of the Egle and other ꝓphecies accor­ded to the dyuine ansuer that Cadwaldre had herd he councellid to leue his pepull and his naue. and submitte him to the disposicion of god. and done all that the angell had commanded him. ¶Than Cadwaladre called Ynor his son: and Yuory his cosin that was his sustres son: and saydd to them: Taketh saied he my folke and my naue that his heir all redy and passe ye in to wales: and be ye lordis of bretons that no dishonor come to them by interrupcion of the paynyms folke for defaute of lordis. ¶And then he him self left his reame of Bretan and his folke for eu (er) more. and toke his way vn to the pope of Rome Ser­gius the wich worsshipped him moch. and so he wos confessed and toke pennaunce for his synnes ¶And he had not longe duelld ther that he ne died the .xij. Kalend of May the yere of grace .v.C.lxxix.

¶How kyng Offa wos soueraxn a boue all the kynges of Englond ana how euery kyng wered vpon other.

IT befell so that all the kynges in that tyme that wer in ye lond as thei of Westsex Merchenrich Estāgle of kēt [Page] and of southsex and of other costes eche wered vpon other and he that was most myghty toke the land of him that was most febel ¶But ther was a kyng amonges them that wos called Offa that wos sent Oswaldes brother. This offa conquered all the kynges of the land and regned a boue them all. ¶And so grete wos the were in eu (er)y cūtre bitwen kynges that no man might wit how the lond went ¶But abbotis Priours & men of relegion writen the lyues &̄ dedis of kynges and how long eu (er)y of them regned and in what cuntre. and in what man (er) eu (er)y kyng died. &̄ of bisshoppis also And ther of made gret bokes and let call them the cronicles. And the good kyng Alured had that boke in hys warde and let bring it vn to wynchester and let it be fast tached to an piler that men shuld it not remeue ne bere it thens. so that eu (er)i man myght it se and ther vpon loke. ¶For ther in be the liues of all the Kīges that euer wer in Englond

¶How the kyng of Northhumberland Osbright for lay the wyfe of Buerne bocard thurgh strength. and after this buerne conquered the kyng with pouer and strength.

ANd thus it befell in the same tyme that ther wos a king in Northhumberland that wos called Osbright and soiorned at Yorke. and this kyng went hī vpon a day in to a wod him for to disporte. and when he come ayene. he went priueli in to a good mans hous that was called Buerne. &̄ the good man of that place wos gone that tyme to the see. ¶For often tymes he wont ther to aspie theues and robers that oft tymes wer wōt to cum in to the land to rob brene and sle. ¶The lady yt w­as buernes wife was a wonder fair woman. and the kyng com vn to hir when that hir housbond wos absent. And so she trastid none harme vn to the kyng: and welcomed him with moch honour. and worthely him serued in all thing. ¶When the kyng had eten. he toke the lady by the hand & leed hir ī to a chamber & sayd that he wold speke with hir a councell: &̄ all the folke frō the [Page] chamber he made void saf only the lady & he. but the lady wist not wherfor he it did till that he had done al his will. And whē he had done this dede he turned ayene to yorke. & the ladi he left ther wō der sore wepyng for the dede that the kyng to hir had done. ¶And whē hir lord was comē home & saw hir wepe & sich som & mornyng make he axed of hir what she had done & why she ma­de such sorow. ¶Sir qd she queinteli & falseli the kīg Osbri­ght me hath done shame & velonye ayens my will· & told hī the trewth how the kīg had hir forlayne wt strength wher for she sayd she had leu (er) to be deid than lyue. ¶Fair leef be styll ꝙ he. for ayenes strength febelnesse is litell worth. & therfor of me shalt thou neu (er) the lasse be loued. and namly for thou hast told me ye trewthe. ¶And if almyghty god grante me lyfe. I shall the well auenge. ¶This Buerne was a gret man & a myghty lord. & wos well beloued & gret frindis had. and let send for the grettest lordis of ye land & to them made his ꝯplayn of thee dispite that the kyng to hī had done. & said yt he wold be auengid how so eu (er) yt it wer. & all his frendis concelled & grented to wend vn to yorke ther that the kyng wos: ¶And buerne toke hys meyne & come to the kyng. And whē ye king hī saw he called hī courtasly Buerne by name. & buerne him ansuerd and to him saied. Sir I you defy and yelde vp feutes hoomages and londis and os moch as I haue holden of you. and so fro this tyme forward I wyll neu (er) of the nothing hold. & so he deꝑtid from the kyng with out more speche or ony a bydyng. & toke loue of his frēdis &̄ wēt in to Denmarke: & plened to the kyng Godryne & told hī of the dispite that kīg Osbright to hī had done of his wyf: & praid him of socour. and help him to auenge. ¶When kyng Godrine of denmarke and the danois had herd the complaynt of this Buerne and of the preier that he had. they wer right wond (er) glad ī hert. for as moch that they myght find a cause for to gone in to Englond for to were vpō the English men. & also for to auēge [Page] Buerne of the dispite that the kyng Osbright had done vn to his wife. ¶And for as moch os Buerne wos sibbe to the king of Denmarke Anone they let ordeyne a gret host of men & let ordeyne them shippes and as moch as them nede to haue to that viage. ¶And when all the host was redy. the kyng made his ij: bretheren cheftaynes that wer nobull knyghtes of body and also bold. that on was called Hunger & yt other Hubba.

¶How the Danys toke yorke and kylled the kyng Osbright and afterwarde kyng Elle.

WHen all thyng wos redy tho ·ij. bred token leue of the kīge Godryn and went toward the see. for to wend ouer in to Englond as fast as they myght spede. Now is Buerne so well comforthed and fast hyed him with the Danois that they bene ariued in the north cuntre and comen thurgh out Holdernesse. and destruyed all the cuntre and brenned tounnes and robbyd fol̄ke: and kylled all that myght be taken till that they comen vn to yorke. ¶And whē kyng Osbright saw them cum. he toke his pepull that he had with him and come out of the cite. and fau­ght with them. but no foyson he nad ayens them and moch was the pepyll that ther wos slayn in bothe ꝑtes. and kīg Osbright him self ther wos slayn: and the cite anone wos take. and the danois went in. ¶And ther wos also an other kyng in northū berland that Buernes frēdes had chosen and held him for king a man that wos called Elle: for as moch as they wold not to king Osbright bene entendant. for the dispite that he had done vn to buerne ther cosin ¶Hit befell thus that the kyng Elle was gone to the wode him for disporte and of venison sum he had take and os he sat in the wode at mete to a knyght he sayed: we haue well sped and moch venisan taken. ¶And with that word come in a man. and to him sayed. yf ye so moch of venison had wonnen. an hondreth tymes so moch more ther ayens ye haue lost ¶For all this cuntre the Danois haue get. and take the cite [Page] of yorke. and ayens you sh̄uld it hold that neuer ye shall not cū therin. And for so moch they hauen slayn king Osbright. ¶When kyng Elle herd thes wordis. he let assemble all thee folke of the cuntre and ordeyned all the pouer that he myght haue and wold haue gete the toune of yorke with strength but the danois comen out anone & yaf hī a strong bataill and kylled the king Elle and the most parte of his pepull that he had brought with him: and the same place ther they wer slayn shall eu (er) more be called Ellecroft and that place is a litell from yorke. ¶And tho rested the danois neuer tyll they had conquered all northhumberland and in that cūtre they made wardeyns and went ferther in to the land and toke notyngham and ther they abyden all thee wynter and did the sorow that they might ¶And after whē somer tyme come they remeued from Notingham and come ī to Nycholl and to Lyndesey and to holand ¶For no man myght them withstond so moch pouer and strength they had

¶How sent Edmund the kyng was mertired.

ANd so fer had the danois passed from cuntre [...]on to cuntre and eu (er) more brennyng and robbyng and destruyed al̄ yt they myght till they come vn to Thetford ¶And in that cuntre they founden a cristyn kyng that moch loued god and his werkis that wos called Edmund. And he wos a kyng of Northfol: ke anp southfolke. ¶This sent Edmund kyng ordined as moch folke as he myght and fought with the danois but he and his folke wer discomfited and the kynd him self driuen vn to thee castell of framelynham. ¶And the danois him pursued and comen vn to the same castell And when kyng Edmund saw yt the castell myght nat them withstond. he come ayens them with whom the danois first speken· and anone they axed of him wher kyng Edmond was. now for sothe quod he when I was ī the catf tell ther was the kyng and when I went out of the castell he wē out also and whether he shall ascape or die att godis will myght [Page] it be. ¶When sent Edmunde had neuenid god by that they wisten well all that it was him self: and anone Hubba and Hū gar toke him and sayd that he shuld god for sake and all cristyn law as mony other had done him beforne. ¶And sent Edmond said that he nold neuer but rather he wold suffre deth for goddis loue and his lawis to kepe. Tho toke they king Edmund and bond him vn to a tre and made ther ardheres to him shote with arous till that his bodi stykked as full of arows as an vrchon is full of prickis but for all the payn that they him did. he nold neu (er) god forsake. and in the same payn and turment he died & betoke his sowle to all myghty god ¶And when they saw that he wos deid they smyten of his heed: and of this maner os ye haue hard was sent Edmond martired

¶How Hubba and Hungar toke the toune of Redyng.

WHen sent Edmond was martired hungar and hubba wēt thens with all ther danois vn to Redyng ¶And os they went thederward they brenned tounnes and cites and kylled all cristy [...] pepull that wold not god forsake and cast doune churches and come to Redyng and toke the toune and ther held them till that the kyng Edelf of westsex come theder with all his pou­er for to take the toune: Tho comen out the danois for to yef ba­taill to kyng Edelf and at that bataill wos kylled an erle of da­nys that was callee Cidrak. vpon the morow come the kyng Eldred & his brother Alured with a stronge pouer and a gret host. ¶And the kyng Edelf come ayen that had foughten the day before to that bataill ¶And the danois tho comme out for to fight with them: and the bataill wos wonder strong. for mony a man wos ther slayn. And the danois that day had the victorie and the kyng Eldred & his brother Alured that day wer discomfited ¶But the iiij. day aft (er)ward the danois and the englissh-foughten to gedre an other time vpon Ekeldene And ther wos slayn a kyng of denmarke that wos called Rafing & iiij. erles [Page] of gret pouer: And that day had the danois sh̄ame for thei wer driuen vn to engilfeld. ¶And the xv. day aft (er) the danois & the englisshmen foughten an other tyme at Rafyng. & ther wer the englisshmen discomfited & from thens a danois yt wos cal­led Roynt went to redyng with his host and distroid all yt he myght take. And kyng Eldred faught with hī. but he wos woūdit so wherfor he was deid. &̄ he regned but v. yere &̄ lieth at wōburn

Popis & ēꝓures regnīg ye time of ye saxōs begīne now

Circa Annū dnī .iiijC.xl.ix.

LEo the fyrst was emprour after Marcianus xvij. yere. In his tyme wer the rogacions days ordand a fore the assencion of sent Mamert bisshop of vyenne. the pope of rome att that tyme heit leo. a nobull clerke & with hym had mony clerkys. Hillarius wos pope after Leo vij: yere this man ordant thatt no bisshop shuld ordeyn his succersari. vt (pꝪ)patet. 8.9.1. Simplicius wos pope aft (er) hī. The wich ordand yt no clarke shuld take no garment to be clothed in: after the seckit or man (er) of a lay man: thurgh the reson of his office or of his benefyce. Zeno wos emprour after Leo xv. yere and this man wos an heritike and cruel ayenes cristin men. and in this mans days the bodied of sent Mathew the Euangelist & sent Barnaby the apostell. wer fō den and with them the gospell that sent Mathew wrott. ¶About this tyme ther wos a certayn comyn woman that bare vij. chylderat o byrth. of the wich on wos made aft (er) the kyng of Lumbardy. Felix the thrid wos pope after Symplicius iij. yere & viij moneches This man ordand that respite shuld be gyuen to a man that wos accused. that he myght a vyse him how he shuld ownsuar. and that the Iuges & the accusers shuld besych. and that they shuld take all suspeccion and spot. Gelasius a romā wos pope after Felix v: yere This ordand the canō of the mase the preface. ymnes tractus orisons as sent Ambros made them & that ordirs shuld be yefen iiij tymes of the yere Anostasius [Page] wos emproure aft (er) Zeno xxvij. yere. & he wos a cursed man &̄ an heritike and hatfull to god and man. & he wos slayn wt leght tinyng. and in his tyme dred sent Patrike the fyrst bisshopp of Irland in the .C: &̄ xxij: yere of his age. & his felow wos the abbot of columba & seynt Brigida. whom sent patrike mode a Nū and they wer beried in on tombe &̄ at diu (er)se times and this is ther Epitaphe. ¶Hij tres in gelido: tumulo tumulantur in vno Brigida patricius: atque columba pius.

Anastacius a roman wos pope aft (er) Gelasius ij. yere &̄ iij. monethes The wych ordād yt no prest for wroth ne hato shuld leue of to say his dyuine (ser)uys in the chirche. excepped the masse. and he cursed the emprour Anastasy for he wos an heritike. and it is writtyn of hī: that aft (er)ward he turned for dred to the opinyon of the emprour. and he his called the secūd ill famed pope yt is in ca­tholico pontificū: and a fore him wos Liberius-famed ī heresi

Anno domini iiijC.lxxxxiiij:

SYmachus wos pope aft (er) him xv: yere. &̄ with him wos ordand an other pope that wos called Laurencius &̄ be tuix them was a gret discencion and they bothe put thē to the Iugemēt of Theodoria the kyng. &̄ he iuged that he that wos fyrst ordend and that most men of the chirche sayd with: shuld be pope. & Simachus preualid. the wich louyd the clergy and poer men: and foor Pascalius the Dekyn Cardinall held ayenes Symachum wt the part of laurens to his deth. therfor he was put to the panys of purgatori to kepe the baththes aft (er) his deth. as Gregori sayth in his boke of diologys. This man ordand that gloria in excelsis shuld be sayd euery sonday and festys of martirs Nota yt englond long tyme was cristyn a fore fraunce. Clodanius the fyrst cristyn kyng of fraunce was this tyme baptised of sent Remigio and he had a cristyn woman to his wif &̄ she meued him mony tymes to the faith. &̄ sayed he shuld be for tunabull &̄ victorius & he wold turne. & so he wos & neu (er) a fore. [Page] Hornusda wos pope aft (er) Simachū ix. yere this man wos of gret merci and gret almys to poer men. and ornamentis he yaf mony to chirchis: And he reconsiled the grekys the wich wer cursed for ther herisi. Iustinus was emprour aft (er) Anastacius &̄ he regned ix. yere and wos a veray cristyn man. And all yt eu (er) the emprour Anastasius had done ayanest the chirche. he reuokit & obeied the pope Hornusda & called ayen the bisshoppis yt wer exiled by his predicessurs. ¶Priscianꝰ grāmaticꝰ wos this tyme. And this yere the wich is lxxi. fro the cūyng of ye saxons began the kīdom of west saxon & Cerdico wos king. Iohēs wos pope after Hornusda iij. yere &̄ ix: monethis. and Theodoricꝰ the kyng of Itali an heritike toke the pope wt other senatours & send thē to the emprour Iustīyan det (er)mīyng yt &̄ he wold not let the heritikes be ī pees [...]he shuld kyll all the cristī folke in Italy And aft (er) he tuke pope iohn̄ & Symachū patriciū and Boyciū the senatours &̄ killed them in prison. bot Bois defēdit him by the reson of the autorite of the senatours. & he send hī to the cite of Papy for ꝑpetuall exile. wher he made the [...]ae. de ꝯsulacōe phīe. And at the last at the cūtre of mediolanesis he cau­sed Bois throt to be cut & so he decessed Felix pope succedit iohn̄ iiij. yere This man cōmanded that seke men shuld be annelid afore ther deth. bot crist ordand it fyrst. Iustinianus wos em­prour xxxviij. yere This man drew the law of the romans or of Ciuyll out of almost ij.M. bokis &̄ cccM. versis ouer long & ill acording ī to on volym of xij. bokys. and called it Iustynyan. He made also the digestis and deuided theym in to iij. bokis Bonifacius the secūd wos pope aft (er) Felix ij· yere &̄ litell of hī is writtyn Iohannes the secūd wos pope after Boniface and this man had a gret strife with Iustynyan the emprour. whed (er) that Crist wos ij. naturs or on. The pope sayd he had ij. naturs on of god aij other of man. The emprour sayd other cōsent to vs or thou shall goo to ꝑpetuall exile. The pope ansuerd. I desyred [Page] to cū to Iustynyan the most cristyn emprour. bot os me semeth i haue found Dioclycion the ꝑsuer of custyn. bot c (er)tanly I dred not thy males ne I feir not thy thretynges. Then the emprour me­ked hī self & fell doune to ye grond &̄ askid mersi &̄ absolucion.

Anno domini .vC.xxxiiij.

AGapitus a confessor wos pope after Iohn̄ ij. yere This Agapitus turned Iustinian fulli fro the artur of the euticetis This man ordand that ꝓcessions shuld be done on sondayes and then he died at constantinopolī. Siluerius a martes wos pope after this man iij. yere he was exiled fro cristin faith & slayn by the proctour of Theodory. for he wold not restore the bisshop of Athyns an herityke to his benefice ayene. Virgilius wos pope after him .xvij. yere And he entrid ill in to his benefice. bothe gou (er)ned him well. And he suffred his ꝑsecuciō paciētly. & he wos exiled from rome: and at the last after gret passions of Theodora in constantinopolī died.

Synodus quarta constantinopolitana contra theodorum et omnes heriticos alios fuit isto tempore. Ista sinodus dampnauit heresim theodori. qui dixit alium esse deum verum. et alium cristum. Et quod beata virgo non sit dei genitrix. set hominis tātū Pelagius was pope after virgilius iiij: yere and x: monethis This man ordand that heritikes Sasmatykys and Renega­tis shold be ponysshed by the secular pouer. Iohēs the thrid wos pope after this man xiij. yere Of this man lytell is writtyn bot that he restored the chirche yerde of the apostils Philip & Iacob: Iustinus the secund after iustinian wos emprour xi yere This man dispised poer men. he robbid the seneturs he was yesen to all couetusnes. so that he made chystis of yrne for toke: pe his monay iij. then anone he fell in to hericy and waxed owt of his mynde and than wos chosen Tiberiū a good man for to gouerne the comyn pepull.

Tybirius the secund wos emprour after Iustinus vij. yere. [Page] This man was a vertuus man. He yaf innumerabull good to poer men: in so moch that his wife mony tymes chyden with hym And sayd that he kest a way the goodis of the empyre as stons. And he ansuerd ayen & sayed I trust in god yt owr chystys shal neu (er) lake of monay. and we put tresour ī to heuen. and vpon a certayn day when he went by his palasse at Constantinopolī. he se in the marbyll pament a cros grauen and thought it shuld not be trodyn vpō. and cōmanded yt stone to be lifted vp: for yt cros shuld be put ī ye hertis of foithfull men: &̄ ther he found īestimable tresur of gol̄d. this man subdued Harsas & died blissidly. Benedictus wos pope after Ion. iiij. yere This man suffred gret ꝑsecucion of hunger pestylence &̄ enmys. This man broght mony a thousand quartir of whete from Egipt whē Rome wos besegid by kyng Albanac: & almost lost for vetaill: wherfor they wrotte on his graue. this epitaphi. Magna tuis monimēta pater benedicte reliquis. virtutum titulus et decꝰ atque dolor. Pelagius wos emprour after benedictus v. yere. ī his tyme rome was beseged by the Lūbardies &̄ litell he did in his days. Mauriciꝰ wos emprour after Tiberiꝰ xxi. yere This was a veray cristī man &̄ subdued Parsas &̄ Armenias & ī the lat (er) end of his days he descordyd with sent gregorie & ītendid for to haueslayn him: And then appered aman ī rome clothed ī a relegiꝰ ha­bit holding a naked suord ī his hand: and cried about the citte· in this wise The emprour shall be destruyd: the wich the emprour herred & he corecked him self of his trespase & praid god to withdraw his sentens: to whom our lord apered ī his slepe & said: will thou that I spair the now or ī tyme to cum. And he wos a louer of wricchis & sayd. yef me heir my rewarde. Then he wos empror aft (er) mony day And when he shuld haue corecked his knyghtis: for ther extorcion that they did that asked him why that he wold not pay them ther wages. And so they fell at veryans and chose Foca for to be the Emprour. and kylled him and his iij. sonnis [Page] ¶This tyme sen Austyn come in to englond and ordeyned ij. archebisshoppis. Tat is to say of london and of yorke. by ye cummandement of sent gregorie. ¶And remembre that mony tymes is made mencion of diuerse regions and cuntres that oft tyme they haue ben turned to the faith. for al way the faith a bood not ī them for diuerse causes. So it is of englong fraunce. persia. Iuri. And in this thyng rome wos preuelegit for ther thee faith of petre neu (er) failith.

¶Focas wos ēprour after Maurici his master whom he and other slew. and because he began yll he endid nought. for in his dais the Romans faught strongly ayenest the Perses. and the romans wer discomfited and lost mony a prouynce. and at thee last he was ower commen and slayn of Eraclyo. for os he did vn to other men so wos he done to.

Anno domini vC.lxxxiiij.

GRegori the fyrst a roman and a monke was pope after Pelagius xiij. yere This man was called Gregorius magnus for mony thinges that the excedid in. he passed other mē in pouer in riches in uertu. in nobulnes in wisdom in holines in fame and in experiens. And vnder this man the ill thynges off cursednes passed: wer sesed. and mony a nobull boke he wrett to the in comporabull prophet of all holy chirche. he wos on of the prī cipall docturs of all the iiij. docturs of the chirche. This man for sothe allon with sent Fabian after sent Petre wos chosin of god in all the ordyrs of the popis of reme· Mony thynges he ordened in the chirche as is shewed in his register. Deꝰ ī adiutoriū for to be a fore the begynnyng of the howris he commanded to be sayed. he renuhed & made all the officis of the chirche in a fayrer and a more compendius maner the wich abideth yit vn to this day and it is called Gregorianum. And schortly for to cōclude on this holy man. mannys tong cannot expresse lyghtly the louynges of this man. what in writtyng and also in exampuls [Page] & vertuus dedis. Saninianus was pope after Gregorie on yere and v monethes. this man ordant the ryngyng of bellis at the houres of the day. bot this man bacbote sent Gregorie for his liberalite that he had to poer men. and thought he se sent grogorie rebuke him thris for it: and the fourth tyme he lie in his bed and thought sent gregorie smote him on the heed and he waked and died anone. This wos the thrid pope emong all the popis the wiche is notit to die a dredfull deth. Bonefacius the thrid wos pope after Saninianus viij. monethes: he ordend that none but white clothes shuld be put on the auter. Bonefacius the fourthe was pope iiij. yere and viij. monethes. This man purchesed of the emprour foca: the cherche of sent petre of Rome sh̄uld be the hede of all the chirches in the world. for a fore Constantinopol in wos the heeid cherche. Also he gat lysanse that the chirche called Panton the wich wos dedicatit to the honour of Neptimꝰ and other fals goddis: wher cristyn men mony tymes wer slayn of de­uel̄s: myght be dedicatit to the worship of all senttis in heuen. This man ordend that monkis myght vse the office of prechīg cristinyng and confession: Eraclius wos emprour aft (er) Foca xiij. yere. And in the thrid yere of his regne. Cosdras the kīg of Perses brent Ierusalem and other worshipfull places. Za­chary ye patriarke wt mich pepull he toke ī to captiuite. The part of the holy cros the wich elena left ther he toke wt hī ī to his cuntre. bot the xij. yere of Heraclii Cosdras wos slayn of heraclij. & the cros wos brought ayen. the pepull wer deliu (er)id & whē heraclius wold haue entred ye cite proudly. ye yatis of ye cite bi pouer of god schet ther self &̄ the emprour mekid hī to god a boue: &̄ thē ye yat opyned & thē was the fest of the exultaciō of the cros made. Deꝰ dedit. wos pope aft (er) boniface iij. yere. this wos an holy mā for on a c (er)tayn day whē he kyssed a leꝑ anōe the leꝑ wos holl. This tyme: a Citisin of London thurgh the mocion of ethylbright byldid a chyrch of sent petre ī ye west ꝑte of londō ī a place that [Page] wos called thornnye bot now it is called westmynster.

Circa annum domini .viC.xliiij.

BOnefacius the fifth wos pope after Deus dedit v. yere the wich ordand that no man shuld be take out of the chirche yerd. and litell els of him is writtyn. Nota machomitū Machomite the duke of Serasens and Turkes wos this tyme And he was the desauer of all the world: a fals prophet. the mes­sanger of the deuell. the fore goer of Antocrist. the fulfiller of heresy. and of all fals men the meruelest. of whom the dominacion thus begane: ¶Ther wos a certayn famus clarke at rome and could not sped in his maters that he desired to haue sped in then he resedit from Rome ouer the see and procured mony a man to go with him. Emong whom was this fals machemite a grete man of witt. And this clarke promysed him to make hī du­ke of his cuntre if he wold be gided after him ¶Ther he norisshed a dowfe and put all the corne that the dowfe eten in to ma­chomites eire. And so this dowfe had neuer no mete bot in his ere ¶The certain clarke on a day called the pepull and meuede them to chese sych a prince as the holy gost wold shew to them in forme of an dowfe. And anone this clarke secretly let fly this dowfe. the wich after his old custom that he wos wont to fell a none to the shulder of machomite. and put his byll in his eere And when the pepull see this. anone he wos chosen duke of that pepull. & whē he wos made duke of this pepull of corosame he said that he wos the weray prophet of god. Thē he made a boke of his law that wos called Alcharon. bot he did it by informacion of iij of his maisters to whom the deuell mynisterid the auctorite and the cunnyng. ¶The fyrst master wos a Iue: a gret astronomier and a negremē (ser). the secūd wos Iohn̄ de anthiochia. The thrid wos sergius an heritike. And thes iij. made an vngraciꝰ law. &̄ a vn happi. and what sum euer was harde of beleue. and [Page] tedyus to done: thei left that out of the law. & they put that thīg ī ther law. the wich the wordly men weir ꝓne & redy to do. that is to say Glotonye Lecchorye rapyn and such other. And also this machomyte ordend that a man shuld haue as mony wyfes as he myght ocupye and fynd and refuse them twys or thries or iiij. tymes and take them ayen. and mony meruelus and fals thynges he mode in his law. the wich wer to long to reherse heir bot they be playn ī his boke of Alchorō. And eu (er) he wrotte ī his boke that our lord spake to machomyte his prophet sayng on this wisse or on this. ¶Thus by his fals menys he dissaued the pepull. And when his maisters and he had made this that wos so delectabull. He wrotte it in a boke with letters of gold. and also he noresshed a myghty Camell secretly in a preuey place. and alonli with the hondis of machomyte wos alway fed. and ther priuely he tyed this boke of the law that he had made: about the camales neke. and put this camell forth on a tyme in to the feldes a fore day. And this camell ioyed in his liberte for he wos neuer lowse a fore: ¶And he wold suffre no man to cum and toche him. &̄ so ther wos a gret fame of such a camell: and all the pepull ran to se him. Emonge whome wos this machomyte. ¶But when the camell se him that had fed him all way. anone he ran vn to him: and he had taught this Camell a foro tyme to fall doun on his kneis and lykke his handis. and so he did a fore all tho pepull. ¶The pepull then cried and sayd that ther was a veray ensample that he wos the trew prophet of god. Then they y prayd machomyte to opyn that holy boke with his holy handis: the wich wos send from heuen. euer more to be kepid. in the wich boke is shewed how the peple shall woyrshyp god. And machomyte sayd this boke wos writtyn with angels hand. So by thes fals menis he turnd ther to his lawis all the land of Persi. and all the Est imperiall a yenes Heraclyum the Emprour. and he occupyed [Page] vn to the end of Alexandre. & Egipt. Libia. Arabia. & Sirea Then after he infecked all Affrican. and bot that the grace of god with stode him he had infeckid all Spayn & fraunce and mony other thynges he did: that wer to moch to writte in this boke Constantine the thrid the son of Heraclij was Emprour xxvij yere This Constantin wos a cursed man a gret tyrant & an heritike fals sotell &̄ odyus to cristī men. ne he yaf no place to pope Martin and he raised a gret host ayenest the Lumbardis &̄ ther he lost the feld and fled to rome. and honorabel̄y wos resaued of the pope vitilianus and othir of the cite. and he rewarded not them lyke after ther m̄etis as a prince shuld haue done. bot vsed forth tyrannydy and heresy wherfor at the last he was slayn in a bath of his own knyghtys the wich nold no lenger suffre his tyrannydy And so he wricchedly lyued. and died vnhappely Martinꝰ th [...] fyrst wos pope aft (er) Theodo (rum) vi. yere This Martin wos a veray holy man and strongly strofe for the faith of god. And when he sayng masse: on a certayn day at the autyr. ther pursued him to kyll hym. a man wos called Spatarius of Olymphe. &̄ whē hee wold haue smyte him he was blynd sodenly. This same man cald a sinody in the cite of rome. & dampned Syrū. Alexandrū ser­giū. Pyrum & Paulū heritykes. wherfor Constantin the em­preur exiled him & he died a seint. Eugenius a roman wos pope aft (er) Martyn almost iij. yere: &̄ was an holy man: bot of him litell actis is writtyn. Vitellianus wos pope after him xiiij: yere This man made the sōg that the Romans vses and accord [...]d it also with the organys. and he also had the grace of the Emprour the wich wos wroth with his predicessours. neuer the­lesse afterward he stode not in his concorde. ne hedir to I cold not find that euer the chyrche of Rome had fully after the deth of Constantyn the myghty. the lorsh̄yp of the cite and of other the wich he yaf to the chyrche.

Anno domini viC.xliiij.

ADeodatus a roman wos pepe aft (er) vitilian iiij. yere and ī his days was translat the bodi of sent benedicti with the body of his suster scolastice fro the hill of cassyn to the monast (er)y of floriecens nigh aurelian. Constantin the faurth wos Emprour aft (er) his fader Constantin the cursed man ¶This constā tine wos a good man. &̄ he hated heritikes ou (er) all thing· the chirche he repairid. &̄ grace he reconsiled ayene to the chyrch of rome. & he wt ye pope gedred to ged (er) the sext gen (er)all Sinody ī the wich wos graunted to prestes of greke to vse ther lefull wynys. And to the pristes of the est. for cause of gret heet: bot not to thos of thee west ꝑti by no menys. For they amytted chastite in the tyme of sent gregori ¶And eu (er)y mā mei adu (er)tise &̄ pond (er) how moch the goodnes of a prince is worth to the quyete state of the chyrche: & to the promocion of the fayth. And also the cōtrari. how moch the males of a prince hurtith. that thīg. thes ij. Constātines ye fader and the son sh̄ewyed opēli. ¶For in the fadres days the chryche neu (er) had rest. and ī the sonnis time it wos quiet. Yi [...] neu (er) the [...]es our lord suffred the sarisens and the bulgars to entyr this Emprours land that he myght not them withstond. bot that he made his pees with them: and payed yerli to them a truage. so mighteli p̄uailid yt cursed secte of machomyte. & aft (er) he died blissedli. Nota. That ther w [...]r sex gnal sinodys & most principal̄ of the wich ye auctorite is equall to the gospell: for the truth of the gospell is declarid by thē: ayenes the sex principall heresys ye wich strongly trobled the chyrche. for the sotilty of thos heritikes. to desaue sympyll men. ¶This tyme died sent Cede of lychfelde the thrid yere of his bisshopprik. Demus a roman wos pope aft (er) Adeodatus iij. yere. of this man litill is writtyn. Bonefacius wos pope aft (er) him and lytill of him is writtyn bot yt he leued lyke a prest. Agatho wos pope after him: and he wos a veray holy man. for on a day when he kyssed a lepyr. the lepyr a none [Page] wos made holl. Iste &̄ de consensu principis iussit celebrari sextā synodum aput cōstāntinopolī .CC.lxxx. epō (rum) in qua asseret duas naturas et duas voluntates esse in cristo: Leo the secund wos pope after Agatho iij. yere This leo was an holy man. and sufficiently taught in latyn and greke. This man ordened that the pax shuld be yeuen aft (er) agnus dei. &̄ died a blissed man. Benedictus the secund was pope after Leo almost iij. yere: This man about al thing wos vertuꝰ: and his nam concordid with his dedis. & in his tyme was a gret pestelence. Iustinianus the secund wos emprour this tyme &̄ he wos a veray good man a prudent and a large. & he encresed the empire of rome myghttely. bot he charged the office of the chirche ou (er) moch. mony lawys he made and afterward he waxed not good. for he ītē did to haue let tid the decreis of the sext sinody. & to haue trubylled the chirche. wherfor the .x. yere of his empire he was taken of Leo the prince of Patricio &̄ Tybirio. & they cutten of his nose and his tong: &̄ exiled him to crisonā: Ther wos ther then a gret turbacion in the chirche for strife & heritikes. ¶And knaw al men when verians fal̄lith be twix gret lordis: then arruris be multiplied: for ther is no man that coreckith them therfor that is oft tyme preued in the chirche. Then aft (er) fell a verians be twix Leo and Tibere. & Tibere preualet. & he exiled Leonē &̄ cut of his nose the thrid yere of his empire &̄ regned for him. Iustiniā fled to the sarasens & the bulgars. the wich restored him ayen to his empire: & kylled Leo & Tibere the wich fauored heritikis: thē this same Iustynian reformid hī self to the chirche of god & haad gret repentans. bot he venged him to cruelly on his adu (er)saries so that he wold haue kylled ther innocent child: therfor he wos slayn with his son: of Philipe whom he exiled:

Anno domini viC.lxxxiiij.

IOhannes the fifthe was pope aft (er) Benedictus on yere he wos a good man bot he decessed anone. Zeno wos pope [Page] after him. and he wos a varay holi man for he wold not medill with seculer materis. and in bewte he was as an āgell: quiet in vertuus and meke in sawle: and verey demure in the langage of his religius liffe. This man wos chosin at the last with one accorde of the chirche and laymen. bot ther wos a gret distynccion. for the clargi intendid to haue chosen Perys the archbisshopp. &̄ the host of lay men wold haue had Theodo (rum) a prest. Bot at the last the holy gost turned the will of all this pepull in to this holy maij. Sergius wos pope ix. yere This man wos vertuus &̄ comendabull in his liffe and ī his eleccion a gret discorde was. for on parti of the clarge chose Theodo (rum). and an other ꝑti Pascalem. bot os our lord wold at the last they turned all to this man. This man translatyt the body of sent Leo. he also fond a grett ꝑte of the holy cros bi miracull and he cristyned Cadwalidus the last kyng of bretayn He commanded agnus dei to be said or sōg thris at masse. & decessed blissydly▪ Nota Sent Beda the worsshipfull prist wos this tyme aman of gret fame in englond the wich wos take the vij. yere of his age to Benedict the ab­bot of Gyrwyens monasteri to be taught. And then aft (er) to Colfrido the abbot aft (er) the deth of benedict. And at xix. yere of hys age he wos made dekyn of thebisshop of yorke: And at xxx ye­re he wos made prest in the wich yere he began to writtē So he cō tenuyd all the tyme of his lyffe in that monastari in geuyng his laburs to writyng and forscriptur to be exponed .lxxviij. bokis he made the wich he nombris in the end of his englissh boke ¶This man wos eu (er) in labour other ī prayer or ī syngyng daly in thee chirche or to lerne or to teche or to writ. for the wich thīg mē may Iuge bi reson he wos neu (er) at Rome. all yef sum men say that he went to rome. that he myght se that bokis accorded with the doc­trine of the chiyrche Bot it wos certain that he wos blynd &̄ wēt to preche & had a (ser)uand yt was not good. and made hī to prech to a mighty multitude of stonnys and sayed that thei wer men: and [Page] when all his sermond wos done the stonnys ansuerd and saied amen. But that he went to rome thries. &̄ fond writtī iij. arris & iij. effis & exponyt them. hit wos neuer found ī no boke of autorite. Ther wos aft (er) the talkyng of the pepull such a writyng on the yates of Rome: R R R. F F F. and such an exposiciō Rigna Rome Ruent. Ferro Flama & Fame. But it is cer­tan that Bede wos desired to cum to rome by the writyng of sergij the pope: vn to Colfrid his abbot. And this bede translatid ye gospell of sent Iohn̄ in to englesh tonge and decessid blyssedly: The fame sayeth that now he lieth at Deuelyn with sent Cuth­berto And ther is beried with him the knawlege of the dedis of englond almost to the conquest. Leo the secund was emprour and litell of him is writtyn Liberius was emprour after him vij. yere the wich rose ayenest Leo and entrid his kyngdom. and kepid him in prison as long os he regned: In his tyme Iustinian the secund the wich in old tyme was exiled to cresonam: opynly sayd he wold recou (er) his empire ayen. wherfor the pe­pull of that cuntre for the loue of Liberius wer about to kyll that Iustinian: wherfor he fled to the prince of Turco (rum) and weddid his sister. and thurgh the help of his brother and the Bulgares he recou (er)id his empire. and kylled Liberiū and Leonem the vsurꝑ of his reame: and as mony tymes almost as he wyped any drope from his nose the wich they cut of. So mony tymes ne: he made on of his enmys to be kylled Leo the thrid wos pope after Sergius ij: yere This man wos made pope by the pouer of the romās and was not put in the nombre of popis: for he yll entred. bot he did no yll. Iohēs the sex a greke wos pope after him: And he wos a martir bot of whom and wherfor the cause is not found in historiis. it is said that it wos of the dukys of Lumbardy for thei wer emnys vn to the chirche myghtely

Iohēs the vij. a ronan wos pope after him iij. yere bot nothing of him is writtyn. Iustinianꝰ the secūd wos emꝑour ayen [Page] with his sonne Tibiri vi. yere And this wos he the wich wos reued the empire a fore bi leo. And when this man wos restored ayen he toke him to the right faith. and worchipped the pope Constantin and certanly he destrued Creson the place wher he wos exiled to. and all that duelled in it except child he killed them. and he come ayene an other tyme to haue kylled the Innocentis. and the men of that cuntre made ther a captayn a certayn mā wos called Philip an owtlay the wich anone went to him in bataill and kyllid him for hys cruelnes ayenes thos children. Sysynnius was pope xx. dais and then was gret strife and he decessid bot lytill of him is writtyn. Constantin was pope aft (er) him .vij yere This man was a verey meke man & so blissid: that of all men he wos loued: he went ower the see to Iustimian the emprour. &̄ wos resaued with gret honour and died a blissed maij: Philippe the secund wos emꝑour on yere. the wich fled ī to Scisilya for the host of the romans. and he wos an heritike. and cōmanded all picturs of senctis to be distruid wherfor the Romans kest a way his coyn. ne wold not resaue no monay that had his ymage or his name writtyn vpon it. Anastasius the secund after he had kylled Philipp was emprour iij. yere. This man wos a cristin man: and he leued well bot be cause he put out philippis eyn &̄ kylled him aft (er)ward. Therfor Theodosius faught ayens hym & ower come hī. &̄ thē he wos made a prest & leued so quyetly.

Anno domini vijC.xiiij.

GRegorius the secund wos pope aft (er) Constantyn xvij-yere This Gregorii wos a chaste man & an nobull man in scripture: And about this tyme the popis began to deell more tēꝑally with the emprours then they wer wont. for ther falsenesse &̄ therherici. and also for to remeue the empire fro oo pepull to an other. as the tyme requerid. This man cursed Leo the emprour: be cause he brent the ymages of sentys. This same Leo commandid Gregori the pope. that he shuld brine chirches and destruy them [Page] And he set nothing of his sayng. bot commanded the contrari manly. And so it is opynli shewed: that the destruccion of the empire of roome wos the cause of herise. For certanly faithfull peple with ther prelatis with on wyll: drew to the pope. and constranit the Emprours to leffe ther tyrannyde and therherise. ¶And this tyme in the est parte of the world strongly failed the veray faith. for that cursed law of fals machomyte.

Theodosius was Emprour and regned bot on yere. and he was a veray cristyn man: and euyn os he did. so was he done vn to. for Leo deposit him and made him a prest.

Leo the thrid with Constantin his son. wos emprour xxv yer This Leo when he wos myghty he deposit Theodosiū. and reg­ned for him. and wos desaued bi a certayn apostata. the wich bad him that he sh̄uld take and brene all the ymages of sentys. wher fore he wos ponysshed bothe in bataill and in pestylence. and with other infortunes. and because he wos a cursed of gregori and bode ther in the iij. days. therfore the pope with comyn pepull toke fro him all the west parte of his empire. commandyng that no man shuld obay him. ne socour him. be cause he leued like an aritike· ¶Holy men sayd ayenest him: and mony bi him wos martired and exiled: and at the last in his mysbeleue he died writchedly ¶And in this mans dais bot that Karolus marcellus holp the cristyn faith and faught manly ayen the saresens and drofe them bacward ī to spayn the wich they had subduid. Els they had entred ī to fraunce. ¶And Karolus slew .iijC.M. sarasons and mo: & of his pepull wer slayn bot xvM. Nō. This man for the continuall bataill toke to lay men: the tresour of the chirche. whe [...]for sent Euchery the bisihop of Aurilian as he wos in hys prayers saw that same Karolum in saule and bodi payned in hell. And the angell that shewed the bisshop this man. sayd that that wos the iugement of all thos that toke away the goodis of thee chirche. or of poer men: And to fortefi that at the bisshop sayed [Page] and to preue it. The abbot of sent Dionis went to the sepulc [...] ther that Karolus wos beried. and opyned the chist that he lay ī And ther they se a dragon go out bot he had no bodi. Gregory the thrid a Roman was pope after Gregori the secū de. The wich conformed the worshippyng of the ymages of sentis with the cunsell almost of .M. bisshoppis. and he cursed horibly all the dispysers of thes ymages: as the emprour and other that wer of that condicion. Constantinus the fifthe wos emprour after his fader Leo .xxxv. yere He was a cursed man and a pure heritike. so that he did sacrifice to deuels. he pursuid the chirche: & nothyng that is good of him is writen. and so by the sufferans of god the chirche wos trubelled long tyme. ¶About this tym wer mony merueles And ther wer meruelus erth quakis. and certaij cites that wer set on mountens: they wer remeued &̄ borne a way with the hilles in to the feldis sex myle thens as they stod and the cites wer not broken ne hurt. In the land of Mesopotanyan the erth wos brokyn bi the space of ij. myle. And also ther wos a Mule that spake ī a mannys voce. ash fell from heuyn. And in the see of Pontico ther wos ysse for gret frost. that was xxx. cubittis of thyknesse. And sters fell from heuyn so myghtely: that men trowed that the end of the world had bene comen. all thes betokened meruelus thingꝭ to cum:

Anno domini vijC.xliiij.

ZAcharias wos pope after Gregori x. yere This Zachari wos a nobull man. and arayed with all u (er)tu. with all men he was loued. for his mekenes and he desposed the kyng of Fraunce Hydery and put ī his place: Pippinū: for he was more ꝓphetabull. here ye may se what pouer the chirche had that tyme the wich translatid that famus kyngdom from the verey heyres to the kyngdom of p [...]pyn: for a lefull cause. vt habetur. [...]h. q. h. alius. Stephanus the secund a roman wos pope after Zachari .v. yere This man in all thing wos prophetabull vn to the chirch [Page] as well in word os in doctrine. And he gouerned the spiritual­te and the temparalty nobully: he wos the louer and the defender of poer men. This man anoynted Pippinū the kyng of fraunce and send him ayenes the Lūbardis. that he shuld compell them to restore the chirche of such goodis as they had with holdin from them long tyme vnrightuysli the wich he did. He also translat the empire of the grekis to the frenshmen

Paulus a roman was pope after him x yere This was a ve­rey holy man. for he did gret almos to faderles childer & prison (er)s wedouys and other poer men that he myght be a folower of sent paule. Constantine a roman the secund wos pope aft (er) Paule ij yere This Constantine wos a lay man. and sodenli was made a prest os a tyrant. and toke on him the dignite of the pope. and with a gret sclander to the chirche he was pope a litell tyme. bot the faithfull men put him out. and put out his eeyn. And this wos the fyfth infamyd pope emong so mony hed (er) to: so the holy gost yt holy apostyls seet kepid in all honour and holines. ¶Infenit martirs wer made this tyme by Constātin the emprour for he was such an heritike. and men trowe that ther wos neu (er) no emꝑour ne no pagon that kylled so mony marters And this tyme the chirche wos trubled sore. And verey preciusly bought the worshipyng of the ymages of sentys for the gret sheding of blod of martyrs And certanly that cursed emprour was not vn ponysshed for when that he died. he cried with an horabull voise. and said I am takyn to a fyer that is vnhabull to be distruid. and so he yelden vp the gost to eu (er) lastīg payn ¶The empire of rome was deuydid about this tyme. for Stephen the pope tranlatid Itili & other to Karolum yet a yong man: And Constantyne held the lond of Grece wyth other landis ower the se with a gret labur And mony rebellyng ¶This tyme Karolus magnus wos a nobull yong man and he began for to regne vpon fraunce [Page] And was the son of Pippini. and his mother wos called Berta Stephenus the thrid was pope iij: yere and he a mendid all the errurs of Constaotine. and degrated all thos ye wich that Constantine ordand in a gouernall synody

Anno domini vijC lxxxiiij:

ADrianus a roman wos pope after Stephyn xxiiij. yere. This man wos myghtely worsshippid of the pepull. no man grettyr a fore him. In honour riches and byldyng: This man set ij. solom synodis. The frist of iijC: and .l. fadyrs The secund in rome with a .C.l. fadyrs. beyng present Charles the kyng of fraunce: to whom it was granted the leberte of eleccion of the pope. and to ordane the apostils seet

Leo the fourth regned emprour with the grekis v. yere This Leo was a cursed man. bot not so moch os his fader wos. and he was a couetus man. and he toke away a certan croune of a chirche and put it vpon his hede. and anone he was corruppid wyth an axis and so dicessid. & he had a cursed wiffe the wich regned after him with hir son

Constantine wos emprour after Leo and he wos a meke mā and put away his mother fro the kyngdom that she might take heed vn to hir womens warke. botshe with a fenyt rankyr put out his eeyn afterward: and hys childireyn also. and regned ayens iij: yere and at the last she wos about to haue be weddid: &̄ whē the grekis ꝑsauyd that she wold be weddid to gret Karolus. thei toke hir and shethir vp in a monastari and toke Nichofe (rum) to be ther emprour ¶The v. vniusall study the wich in old tyme was translait from Athyns vn to Rome a bout thys tyme was tranlatyd vn to Paris bi Karolus kyng of fraunce. Nichoferus wos emprour after Constantine. He wos a vere nygoij &̄ was exaltid to his empire by the grekis. bot he ꝓfettit not. for in his tyme all the est impariall wos brought to nought For the Romans put them vnder Karolus magnus. ¶Ierusalem [Page] a bout this tyme wos recouerid by Karolum with all the holy land And the seckit of sarisens wos distruied strongly for the destruccion of wricchis come then.

Michaell wos emprour ij. yere And he was a verey cristī mā and wos well beloued and also he wos cunnyng in all science. &̄ tho that Nichoferus had hurt and destressid of ther goodis bi his couetusnes. this Michaell restorid them and made them riche ayene. Nota. Karolus magnus the frist sant wos emprour aft (er) Michaell And he wos crouned emprour by Leo the pope. from the wich tyme the empire wos translatyt fro the grekis to fraūce and germane. And for the translacion of that empire. the gre­kys all way wer defectieu vn to the Romans. And the grekys strofe eu (er)more with them bot it wos more wt venūys wordis thē with strength. and more with craft then with bataill. For thei had so gret enuy at the Romans that they nold not obey the chirche of Rome. For certanly when that the popis wold writt vn to th­em for to obey the chirche of rome. They wrot ayene and said. ye haue take from our kynrad the empire: and thorfor we will yow not obey: and we vs take from you. And for this nobull empro­ur Karolous. it is to be vnd (er)stond. this man when he wos a yong man he wos a noynted kyng in fraunce. by Stephyn the po: pe. In the yere of our lord ihū crist .vijC.liiij. when his fader Pyppino leued. vnd (er) whom: and with whome he regned xv. yere to the deth of his fadre. ¶Then after his fader vnd (er) the yere of our lord god vijC.lxviij. this Karolus with his brother Karolomanna regned ij. yere Then his brother decessid. in thee secund yere. And this Karolus ther held all the hoell kyngdō xiiij. yere. to the yere of our lord vijC:lxxxiiij· in the wicch yere he went vn to Rome. that he might be crouned Emprour of pope Adrian. And ther he regned emprour xvi. yere. to the yere of our lord viijC. when pope Leo confirmed him ayen the emprour And after that he was emprour xiiij: yere. And decessid in the [Page] yere of his aage lxxij the wich wos the yere of our lord viijC & xiiij: if ye will se more of Karolus go to the boke of Turpinꝰ & Libraminus his master: for they wrot thes nobull actis Leo the fourth wos pope after Adrian xx yere This man when he went on a certan day with the letany to sent petre chirche. on sent markis day. he wos taken with cursid pepull and bothe his eeyn put out and his tong cut of. But our lord meruelusly restorid him ayen his sight & his speche so that he spake wt owte tong and saw by myracull: Afterward he went to Karolum ī to fraunce. and he come with him vn to Rome and vengid the po­pe on his emnys. And then he crouned Karolum and he late a fore crouned confermyd him ayene

Lodowike the meke the frist gotyn son of Karolus wos emꝑor aft (er) his fadre xxvi yere ī whos tyme was put away that clarkis shuld vse no gyrdils with precious stonys ne strange arayment This Lodewik of his frist wife gat ij: child and both had an yll end In all thing that went ayenest him. He wos pacient and in the last end he eu (er) ou (er) come. for anendis god he a bo [...]d deuote. & his child foloid his condicions and he decessid a blissed man Stephanus the fourth wos pope aft (er) leo. iij yere This Stephanus redemid mony captiue men: and crouned Lodewik the emꝑor and then he decessid and was beried at Rome

Paschall wos pope aft (er) Stephyn This Paschall yaf a gret dylygens to relickis of sentis. and he toke vp innumerabull bodis of sentis and beried them worshipfully as in the vision of sent Cicill he wos commanded

Eugenius the fourth wos pope after Paschall And he was a verey holy man. and thos thinges that werfor crist he toke heid to: this man wos crounyd a marter and by the lay men of rome he wos beried in sent petre chirche yerde.

Circa annū domini viijC.xliiij

VAlintinus wos pope after Eugeni xl: dais. and litel of him is writtyn: Gregori the fourth wos pope after him xij yere This Gregori saw mony heuy tymes for the plagis emonges the comyn pepull. And at this mannys petycion Lode­wyk the emprour and Marchio the prince of Lumbardy flemyd all saresons from Italy. and at the last he decessid after īnume­rabull good dedis and werkys that he had done at sent petreis. Lotherius the fyrst son of Lodewike wos emprour xv yere ī Italy & rome &̄ the ꝑtis of germane next to the hylles of alpy. This Lotherius rose ayens his brother Lodewike and Karolom for the kyngdom of dochelond. the wich sum tyme Pippinꝰ ther brother held. and they faught at a place called Fontanelū wher Lotheri wos discomfited. and ther was such slaughter made on both the sydis. that they had no men to resist ther adu (er)saries Th­is vndirstode a fals cristyn man. and sent vn to the sowden of the sariseus that he shuld cum anone. and he toke Rome: And sent petre chirche wos made a stabull for ther horses Bot lode­wik with the frennshemen and lumbardies all that infenite multitude distruyd. and that with greet sheddyng of cristyn blod Sergius the secund wos pope after Gregorius ij yere Thys man wos called fyrst os Porci in english hogysmothe: Wherfor that man &̄ after all the popis namys archanged when they bene chosyn. And that for iij causis. The frist for crist changed thee name of thos mē ye wich he made popis: ye secūd for os moch as thei archāged ī name so shuld thei be chāged īꝑfecciō of life ye iij lest he ye wich is chosī to a excedīg degre shuld be hurte in name Leo wos pope aft (er) Sergius viij yere This Leo wos an holy man And also he was in prudens as sharpe as a serpent And in his dedis as meke as a dowfe: And he wos broughte forth vertuusly in a monasteri: and when that he was made pope he labored to repayne his chirches agayn the wych the false [Page] sarasons on after an other had destruyed. This man wos a my­ghty writer and a gret precher. and myghtely labored in watche and prayer: and so died and wos beried & lies at sent petris. Benedictus a Roman wos pope after Leo .ij. yere This benedicte had the name of the thyng: for in all thyng he wos blissed. This mā ordand that clarkys shuld go ordynately & honestly. Lodowicus the son of Lotharij wos Emprour this tyme and a noynted of Sergio the pope: and a while regned with his fadre and after he regned xxi: yere allone This man had a son that heght Karolus. in to whom the deuell entred. and vexed him afore his fader. and then he conspirid his fadres deth. and in his tyme mony a meruell fell▪ Nota. Iohannes anglicus of the nacion of Magnutynne about this tyme wos pope. And she wos a woman arayed in mannys garmentys: Bot she profetid so ī holy scripture. that ther wos fonden none lyke hir. ¶Then she w­as chosen pope. Bot afterward she wos with child. and when she shuld haue gone opynly in procession: she traueled and decessid. ¶And this is the sext pope the which to this tyme had the nam of holynesse. and wer vecius: and this parson as other cursed popis wer. wos punysshed of god. ner she wos not nombred in thee boke of popis. Nicholaus a roman wos pope aft (er) this womā ix yere This Nicholas wos of gret holynes yt ther wos no mā cōꝑabull to hī aft (er) gret Gregori the pope. And whē he wos made pope. Lodewik the emꝑour wos presēt: and after he decessid a verey good man and wos beried ī sent petyrchirche yerde. Adriā a roman wos pope aft (er) pope Nicholas. This Adrian cursed Lo­thariū brother to the emprour the kyng of Lotharyng for his ad­ultery· bot when he come to rome to excuse him for his adult (er)y. he sayd he was cursed wrongusly. and he brought wt hī all ye nobul mē of his regiō. & all wer deid wt ī on yere. & the kīg died in the way when he come to the cite of Placenciam:

Anno domini .viijC.lxxiij.
¶Of kyng Alured and how the Danois in his tyme prayd him of merci that they myght gone out of the land.


Thys tyme come the danys in to Englond

AFter the deth of this Eldred regned his brother Alured that Dolfynes was cald ¶Tho went the danois &̄ assē led them: and went forth to soche Alured that tho wos king new made of southsex. and ther they fonden him at wilton with a litel pepull: and neu (er) the lasse he faught wt them. but at the last he fled thens from the feld. and went in to westsex and ordeyned so moch pepull of his own reame and also of other so tyll that he had a strong host so that the danois had no pouer ayens hī to withstōd And he come to london with his host. and ther wer the danois soiourned and ther wold he haue foughten with them. bot the danois durst not with him fight. but prayed hī of pees and that they myght go ayen in to ther own cuntre and neuermore to cū ī to englond ayen that is to say ony harme for to done. ¶And vpon this couenant they shuld yef him to plege good hostages & soch as the Englissh men wold axen.

¶How Hubba and Hunger wer kylled at Chippenham and how the Danois brought ther kyng vn to our kyng:

ANd the same day that the danois departed froo London so fast they riden bothe nyght and day and neu (er) toke rest [Page] of goyng till that thei come vn to Excestre and token tho the toune and ther held them. ¶When kyng Alured herd the tydyng anone he let take the hostages and went from thens vn to excestre with all the pouer that he had. ¶And when the danois herd tell of his cummyng they went from thens vn to wes [...]sex and come to Chippenham and ther they did moch harme in the cuntre they robbid folke and brought them in prison. ¶The king a­lured them pursued and come vpon. and fersly them assailed and ther wer slayn bothe Hubba and Hunger his brother and Buerne bocard & in this bataill wos moch folke slayn in that on ꝑte and ī that other but the gree of that feld left with the danois for as moch os the kyng come with litell companye: ¶The kynge hasted him as moch os he myght for to wend ayene &̄ when ye danois fonden Hubbais body liyeng deid they entered it and made vpon hit a gret logge and let call it hubeslow and so it is cald vn to thiys day. and that place is in deuenshire. ¶The baroens of somerset wilteshire and dorset herd tell how that ther king wos descomfited & ordeined all the pouer that they myght haue & come to the kyng ther he wos and thanked god that they had hym found on liue for they had went that the danois had him slayn. ¶Tho toke they a councell the king & his barons that they wold gone and seche the danois with them all for to fight and so ther riden all yt nyght them all for to seche &̄ come a morow about prime to Habyngdon ther that the danois weer. ¶The kyng Alured &̄ his barons tho assembled &̄ ther assayl [...]d the danois eg (er) ly and ther yaf them a strōg bataill & ye danis nobulli put them of lōg tyme yt no mā wist whed (er) ꝑte more pepull wes slaī ¶But thꝰ it befell as god wold yt the king Alured had the victorie with moch honour for the danois wer so driuen yt they ne wisten whid (er) for to turne: & xv. days the king them pursued at his wyll that glad and fayn they wer for to speke of pees and of acord &̄ toke him good hostage· & sayd that they nold neuer more vpon [Page] him were ne no debate arere ¶And more ouer they behighte to the kyng Aulured that they wold go and bring ther own kīg vn to him. and that ther kyng and they all shuld be baptised. ¶And vpon this condicion kyng Alured hem granted lyfe &̄ limme: &̄ said vn to them that thei shuld gone ther kīg for to seche and at a c (er)tayn day to cum ayene that to them wos set. &̄ so they wenten forth fast and come ayene at ther day that wos assined. and all the danoys brought ther kyng wt them. ¶The kyng Alured anon let them be baptised and ther names changid so that the kyng of danmarke wos called Athelston. and xxx. of his felawes names wer changed also. and the other wer baptised to the right beleue. ¶And all this wos done at westmynster and after that kyng Alured held with him kyng athelston and all his danoys xij. days at soiourne with moch solempnite & yaf them gret yeftes. aft (er) yt they wer baptised &̄ so they deꝑtid. Tho wos kyng Alured all at ese when he had his emnys ou (er) cummyn & that they wer turned to the right beleue of almyghty god:

¶How the danoys that come in to fraunce with Gurmond come ayen in to Engloyd and of the deth of kyng Alured.

ANd thus it befell aft (er)ward that the danois of Northhū ­berland that wer paynyms come with a gret strength & an huge host of fraunce that is to be vnderstonde with them yt went in to fraunce: with Gurmond of Aufrike when he had cō quered englond and yaf it vn to the Saxons. and tho thatt come from fraunce ariued in kent. &̄ sent in to Northhumbirland that they shuld cum to them. And when thos ij. hostis wer comen and assembled. anone they went to distruy all ye cristī pepull of englond from place to place & did moch sorow. ¶Hit befell thꝰ os almyghty god wold a hard chance ī englond For the good kīg Alured that wos wont to abate the danois died in the meyn tyme. ¶This kyng Alured regned xxx. yere and a good king had bene. & well could chastise his enmys. & also he wos a good [Page] clerke. & let make mony bokis. And a boke he made of english̄ of auentures of kynges and of batailles that had bene done in the lond. and mōy other bokes of gestes he let them writte that wer of gret wisdō &̄ of good lernyng· thurgh wich bokes mōy a man may hī a mēd yt will them rede & vpō loke. vpō whos saule almyghty god haue merci. & this kīg Alured lieth at wynchester.

IOhannes the viij. was pope after Adrian viij. yere: This Iohn̄ a noynted Karolum the Emprour. and he sufferid gret wrong of the romans. for he fauuid not the sayd emꝑour And ther for he put the said pope in kepyng. also he degrated the bisshop of Portnense the wich wos the occasion of all his sorow. Karelus the secund wos emprour after Lodwike: This Karo­lus had a brother the wich was called Lodwyke & he wos the king of German. And he ordand bataill ayans his brother: but Ka­rolus or they faght wos poysened. & he made mony a monasteri: Martinus wos pope after Iohn̄ on yere: this Martin lytell ꝓphetted. for he leued but lytell tyme Adrianus the thrid was pope after him on yere. and of him is nothyng writtyn Stephanus the fifthe. wos pope after him vi. yere and nothyng of him is writtyn but that he translatit the body of sent Marty [...] Karolus the thrid was emprour after the secund xij. yere. This Karelus peesably had in possession all fraunce and germā [...] and was crouned Emprour of iohn̄ the pope. And after his glorius victori he turned all Normandi to the faith. And he myght no more resist the fraunshmen bot iiij: yere he regned on them and he wos vnprofitabull to them: and therfor they put him a way Arnulphus wos emprour aft (er) Karelus xij. yere This Arnulphus vtterly constrened the Normans the wich destruid the frenneshmen xl. yere Then he wos seke and had no comforth of no leche for he was in a meruelus sekenesse so that he wos comsumyt [Page] with lyse and was deid. Formosus wos pope after Stephin v yere This man first wos bisshop of Portuensis. & of pope Iohn̄ wos depriuyt for his inobediens and was degrated to the lay fe bot by Martyn the pope he wos restorid. and ayens his othe he come not allonly to Rome. bot to ofer him the dingnite of the pope. for the wich ther was gret alterecacion.

Bonefacius the sext wos pope xv. dais Stephanus the sext on yere and iij. monethes Iōa iij. monethes and xij dais. Theodorus the secund xx days. Iohannes the xi. wos ij yere & xv: dais Benedictus the iiij wos iij. yere and ij monethys Leo the iiij. wos xl dais Zpōforus the frist vij monethys Thes viij popis wer bot litell tyme. And ther for we cannot tell of them no notabull thinges bot yf we shuld writ sclander of thē that myght be found. for the vnherd strife and cōtencion. ī that holy apostyll seet: for on strofe ayens an other and repreued ye dedis of an other. And for to tell how they strofe it wer no gret honour to shew: for that holy apostils seet.

Ludowicus the thrid was emprour after Arnulphus vi [...] This man had not the popis blissing: for the vnstabulnes of them the wich regned in Itali and he was constraned to expuls be­ryng And this man was the last emprour of all the kynrad of karolꝰ kīg of fraunce ¶This tyme the empire was remeued and translatyt and deuyded. For the frenshmen holp not the chirche: the wich ther faders had hedified and fortefied. bot distruyd them ne help not the Romans ayens Lombardis. the wich vexed the romans right sore Therfor by the comyns assent they wer excludid from the empire &̄ ye Italians be gan to be emprours ī Itali. & the Almans in almany vn till Ottanem the wich reg­ned in both the places The frenshmen wer constrenyd to abide ī ther own cuntre and no more to be emprours for ther mischeuus leuyng Beryngarius the frist Conradus and Beringarius the secund and Hugo wer emprours aft (er) Lodewike bot they ar not [Page] nōburt emōg the emꝑours for sū war bot ī almain &̄ sū ī Itali.

¶Of kyng Edward that was kyng Alured son.

ANd after this Alured regned Edward his son and was a good man and a wyse that wos called Edward yt was wonder curtasse. ¶The danois did moch sorow in the lande & ther pouer encresed & begō for to wax from day to day: for the danois comen oft with ther companyes in to this land ¶And when the kyng saw that he myght no better done. then he toke pees with them and granted them his trewis ¶And nothelesse thee trewis durid not long that the danois ne began strongly for to were vpon the englishmen and did them moch sorew. wherfor kyng Edward did assemble a gret host for to fight with them ¶And tho this kyng edward died when god wold This kīg edward regned xxiiij. yere &̄ lieth at wīchestre beside his fader.

Anno domini: ixC.xiiij:

SErgius the thrid wos pope after Xpōfer vij. yere This man wos a cardinall of rome: and wos expulsid by Formose the pope. and then he went to the frenshmen. and thurgh the help of them he come ayen to rome and expulsid cristofer the pope, & was pope him self. And to a venge his exile he toke owt thee body of pope Formose wher as he wos beried. And arayed hym in the popis arayment and causid him to be hedid. and to be cast in to the water of tibyrby rome. ¶Then fysshers fond him &̄ brought him in to the chirche And the holy ymages of sentis boyed doune to him whē the bodi of him wos brought in to the chirche that all men might see. & honorabully him halfed. Yit Sergiꝰ distruyed all that thyng the wich the holiman had ordand Anastasius wos pope after him ij. yere. Laudo wos pope v monethee. & litell they did. Iohēs the x. wos pope then. this Iohn̄ wos the son of Sergij pope. bothe of natur & of maners [Page] and he by might was pope and he wos wricchedly slain of Guy­doys knyghtys for they put on his methe a pelow and stopped his brethe. And aft (er) hī wos on other put in. but anone he was out and therfor he is not named os a pope.

Henricus the duke of saxoni was emprour of almane xviij. yere This Herri wos a nobull man. bot he is not nombred emōg the emprours: for he regned bot allonly in almanye: And he had a veray holi woman vn to his wife and his name wos Matild [...] [...]n whom he gat ij: sonnys that is to say Ottonem and Harri & Otto succedid him in the empire. & Herri had moch land ī almāy And he gat an other son yt heyght Brim [...]n &̄ wos a verey holi man &̄ wos bisshop of colan. &̄ he foūded ye monast (er)y of pōthaleō

¶Of kyng Adelstone.

AFter this Edward regned Athelstone his son And when he hod regned iiij. yere he held bataill ayens the danois and drofe kyng Gaufrid yt wos kīg of the danois and all hys host vn to the see & rested by scotland and toke strongly al the cū tre an hoill yere. ¶And aft (er) that tho of Cumberland & the scottes of westmerland be gone to were vpon kyng athelston &̄ he them yaf so strong bataill that he kylled so mony of them. that no man coud tell the nomber of them &̄ aft (er) yt he regned bot iij. yere & he regned in all xxv. & lieth at Malmesburi.

¶Of kyng Edmond

ANd after this Adelstō regned edmōd his brod (er) for kīg adelstone had no sone. and this edmōd wos a worthy mā and a doughty knyght of bodi & as nobull al so: And the iij yer after that he wos kyng he went ouer humber in to that cūtre in the wich cuntre he fond ij. kynges of danois that on wos called Enelaf that other Renant This kyng edmond drofe them bothe frō the land & aft (er) wēt &̄ toke a gret prey in Cumberland This Edmond regned but vij. yere & lieth at Glastenburi.

¶Of kyng Eldred.

ANd after this Edmond regned Eldred his brother that avenged edward his fader of his emnys that did him kyll and afterward he seysed all Northhumberland in to his ha­nd and made the scottys for to a bowe and meke vn to his wyll ¶And in the secund yere of his regne come Arnalaf guyran that wos kyng of denmarke and seysed all Northhumberland & held that land ij. yeree and aft (er) that come kyng Eldred with an gret pouer & drofe him out of this land ¶And this kyng el­dree was a nobull man and a good of whos goodnesse sent Dū stane preched. & this kīg eldred regned xi. yere & lieth at wīchest

¶Of kyng Edwyne.

ANd after this eldred regnd Edwyne the son of edmond and he was a lither man toward god & the pepull. for he hated folke of his own land &̄ loued &̄ honored strange men and set litell by holy chirche and he toke of holy chirche all the tresour that he might haue that was gret shame &̄ vylanye to him self &̄ perrill to his saule. and therfor god wold not that he shuld regne no longer than iiij yere & died & lieth at winchester.

Leo the sext a roman wos pope sex monethes: Stephanus ye vij. a roman wos aft (er) him ij. yer. Iohn̄ the xi. a roman wos pope iij. yere. Stephanus the viij a germane was after hī viij yere Martin ye thrid wos after him iij. yere. and of thes sex popis is nothyng had in scriptur: for what cause I canot tell

Anno domini ixC.liiij.

AGapitus a roman wos pope after Martin ij: yere & viij. monethes. and nothyng of him is writtyn Iohannes the xij: a roman wos pope after Agapite almost viii. yere & he had a fader that heght Alberyke & wos a worthi man in the cete of rome. He inducit the nobull men to swer that aft (er) the deth of agape they shuld chese Octouianū his sonne pope. & so it was [Page] done &̄ was named Iohn̄: and he was an hunter and a lecherus man. so that opynli he kepid women. wherfor certayn cardinals wrot to Otthoni the emprour of saxon that he shuld cum [...]on to rome for to help to distruy the sklandir of the cherche. this the pope persaued and the hand that wrot that pystyll he made to be cut of. And mony timis he was warned by the ēprour & the clarge. that he shuld correc him self. bot he nold not for nothing. then he was deposed and Leo wos put in. vn to his place. wherfor the emprour wos anoyed and come ayen and beseged Rome so long. tyll they toke Benedict to him & restorid Leo.

¶Of kyng Edgar that regned a bone the kynges of scotland and of wales and how that he was begyled thurgh the takyng of his wife.

ANd after this Edwyne regned Edgar his brother a mā that moch loued god and pees and holy cherche also And was a worthy man & a gret lord of blod & myghty &̄ mayntin­ed well this lond in pees ¶And this Edgar wos lord &̄ king aboue all the kynges of scotland and of wales. from the tyme yt Arthur was a gone &̄ neu (er) wos sithen kyng of his pouer. And this edgare wos sent Edwardis fadre: & when edgares wif wos deid that wos sent edwardis mod (er) &̄ entered. he hard speke of the fairnes of Estrild that wos Orgarus doughter a baron of deuēshire that wos so farr a woman that all men did speke of hi [...]. he called on of his knyghtes that he moch loued &̄ trustyd vpon &̄ told him Go quod he to the nobull baron Orgar of deuēshire & se if that is dought (er) be so farr as men spekith of: & if it be soth I wyll haue hir vn to my wife ¶This knyght that was called Edel­wold went forth his way as the kyng him had sayd. and come ther that the lady wos. and when he saw hir so fair he thought to ha­ue hir hīself to wife. and therof spakē to Orgar hir fad (er) &̄ hir fadre wos an old man and had no mo childre but only hir and saw [Page] that Edel wold wos a fair yong knyght and worthi and riche and wos well beloued with the kyng. and thought his doughter shuld well be maried. & beset vpon him. and granted hī is doughter if the good lord the kyng wold consent ther to ¶Then thys Edelwold come ayene to the kyng and told him that she wos fair ynough vpon to see. but she wos wond (er) lothly. Tho ansuerd thee kīg & said that he toke bot litell charge. Sir qd edelwold tho she is hir fadres heir: and I am not riche of landis. and if ye wold cō sent and grant that I myght hir haue. than shuld I be rich ynowghe. In goodis name qd the kyng I consent ther to Edelwold thankid tho the kyng moch and went ayene in to Deuenshire and spoused the damisell & in that cuntre he duelled ¶And thꝰ it befell vpon a tyme that he told his counsell and all this thing vn to his wife howe and in what maner he had begiled his lord the kyng that wold haue had hir vn to wife. And anone as she it wist she loued him neu (er) more afterward os she did before. ¶This lady consaued bi him a son. and [...]hē tyme wos yt ye child shuld be borne Edelwold come to the kyng & prayed hī to heue a son of his at fontstone: the kyng him granted & let call hī Edgar of his own name ¶And when this wos done he thou­ght that all was syker ynowgh for the kyng yt he wold not taken his wife for as moch as his lord wos a [...]oly mā & an amerous.

¶How that kīg edgar weddid estrild aft (er) the deth of edelwold

THus it befell that all men in kyng Edgarys court thospeken and sayed that edelwold was richely avaunced thur­gh the mariege of his wife and yit they sayd he was a vaunced▪ an hondreth fold more For he had spoused the fairast woman that euer was seyn And the kīg herd speke so moch of hir bewte he tho­ght that edelwold had him dessaued and begiled &̄ thought priuely in his hart that he wold gone in to deuēshire as it wer for till hūt for the hert &̄ for the hynde &̄ other wild bestis & than he shuld [Page] se ther the lady or he deꝑted thens And this lady wos duelling at a maner place beside the forest ther that the king wold hūt and at that man (er) he wos herburghed all nyght and when tyme come that the kyng shuld sope and the sone shone: the kyng asked after his gossip and aft (er) his godson. and edelwold made hir to cū before the kyng And neu (er)theles if it otherwise myght haue bene she sh̄uld not haue comen in his sight by his will. ¶The lady welcō ­ed the kyng and swetly him cussed and he toke hir by the hond &̄ tho next by him hir set & so soppid they to gedre: And ther was a custom &̄ an vsage in this land that tyme that when on dronke to an other the drinker shuld say wassayll. and that other shuld ansuer & say drinke haill. and thus did the kyng & the lady mony tymes &̄ also kyssed. And aft (er) sopper when tyme was to go to [...]ed the kyng went to bed thynkyng hertely on the fairnes of yt lady & tho was ou (er) comen for hir loue. that him thought yt he shuld die bot if he had his wyll on hir. vpon the morne the kyng aroos & in the forest went him for to disport with hertis & hyndes &̄ all other wild bestys & of the hertis gret plente he sent to that lady. & thris he went to solacen & speke with that lady whilles he duelled ther in yt cūtre ¶And aft (er) that the kyng remeued thens &̄ thought hī how he might best deliu (er) edelwold from his wyfe as he had him fryst dissaued. ¶And the kyng anone aft (er) viij. days let ordeyn a parlament at Salesberi of all his baronage concell to haue. &̄ for to ordeyn how the cūtre of northhūbeland myght best be kepid that the danois come not ther the land to destruy ¶And this edelwold come vn to the kynges ꝑlament & the kyng sent him vn to yorke for to bi keꝑ of that cūtre ¶And thus it befell that men that knew him not slew him by the way. ¶And anone as the kyng herd tell that he wos deid he let send after the lady estrild that she shuld cum to the cite of london & ther ben wedded to the kyng with gret solempnite &̄ worship and held a solempne fe­ste & he wered a croune that wos of gold and the quene an other [Page]And sent dunstan amorow come vn to the kyng in to the chamber & fond the kyng ī bed and the quene also yfeyr And sēt dunstone axed the kīg who she wos &̄ ye kyng ansuerd & sayd th­is is the quend Estrild. & the erchebisshop sent dunstone sayd yt he did gret wrong & a yens godis will. to take a woman to wif whos child ye had take at the fontstone & the quene for yt worde neu (er) aft (er) loued sent dunstone & notheles ye good mā warned of yt foly to be left bot it availled litell for the loue betwyn them was so moch ¶The kīg begat vpon hir a son wos called Eldred &̄ whē this cheild was vi yere old the kyng his fader died. & about yt tyme he had regned xvij. yere & lieth at Glastenburi.

BEringariꝰ the thrid wos emprour aft (er) Henri vij. yer. this Berīgari wos emꝑour in Italy. ī whos tyme wos grett diuision & Henri ye emꝑour decessid &̄ Otto began to regne ī al many: Lotheriꝰ regned aft (er) hī ij. yere & decessid whē Otto regned ī almany. &̄ had a wyfe that heght Dalnydam the wich after weddid otto Berīgariꝰ the iiij. wos aft (er) him This man wt gret tyrannyde subduit Itali. wherfor the pope &̄ od (er) romans cal­led Otto yt he might deliu (er) them. the wich he did: &̄ he toke berīgar by strength. & twyes he owtlayd him &̄ he toke Lothoriꝰ wife the wich the tyrand had prisoned. Leo the viij. wos pape aft (er) Benedictus on yere: and iiij. monethis This man was chosin wt the comyns voce: and Iohn̄ was deposit. This Leo ordant that no pope shuld be made with out the consent of the emꝑor. For ye malas of the romans the wich oppressid them. This man granted all the yeftis to Otto & his successurs the wich war yef by Ius­tinian & Karolus to the chirche that he myght defend Itali from the rebilions. Iohēs the xij. wos pope after him almost wiij. yere This Iohn̄ suffrid gret wrong of the romans. for he wos take and exiled: bot Otto bare this heuely. for he kylled the nobull men of rome. and certan of them exiled for eu (er) more.

[Page]Benedictus the sext was pope after him vi. yere. This man was take & ī castill angill was strāgled. Nota. The empire th [...] is tyme wos translatid to the almayns & the same cause is her as was be fore for the vicious leuyng. ne thes vnhapi men culd not be informit: that they cold eschew that co vice thurgh the wich thei saw so mony nobull men ꝑisshed. Otto was emprour after Beringariꝰ xij. yere This Otto wot the frist emprour of alman. & he wos all vertuus as an other kyng Karolus. for he wos the defender of the chirche of god. & the senguler ꝓmoter. for the wich he was worthy to be emprour. mony mē of fals beleue he cōu (er)ted and he held wt him pope Benedict the vsurper of the popehed in to saxony. and ther he decessid in his exile And this emprour decesid a riche man in vertu and goodis. Otto the secund was emꝑor after his fad (er): and he was a nobull man to the chirche as his fad (er) was & mony a bataill he had ayens fals men of beleue and at the last he almost lost all his host ī Kalabur. yit he for s [...]th wt al his mynde be sought sent Peter to help. & meruelusly sent petre deliu (er) ed him. And his wife wos the doughter of the emprour of Con­stantynopolitan of the romans blod. and this man was crou­ned of Benedictus the pope.

¶Of sent Edward the marter how Estrild his stepm [...]ther let kyll him for to make Eldred hir own son kyng.

ANd after this Edgar regned Edward his son that hee begate vpon his frist wife. that well and nobully gouer­ned the land▪ for he was full of all maner of goodnesse and lad a full holy lyfe. and aboue all thyng he loued god and holy chirche. and the quene Estrild that wos his stepmother let him sle for encheson to make hir own son Eldred kyng and thus on aday wos he slayn as ye shall heir afterward ¶It befell thus on a day yt the kyng Edward wēt in to a wode for to play ī the south cūtre beside a toune yt is called warham ī wich forest wos grete [Page] plente of hertis & hyndes. &̄ when he had ben a while ther hī for to play he thought vpō his brother Eldred that wos with his mod (er) the quene for hir place wos nygh the forest. and thought for to go thider & viset &̄ se his brother. & toke with him bot a litell meny and went him tho toward his stepmoders house that ī that time soiourned in the castell of Corfe: &̄ as he rode in the thiknes of the wode to aspy his gam it befell that he went a mys & lost his mēy that with him come. & at the last he come out of the wode. & as he lokid him abowt he saw ther faste beside a man (er) that his stepmod duelled in. &̄ thid (er)ward he went allone & anone it wos told the quene how that the kyng wos commyn allon with out companye &̄ therfor sho made Ioye ynough & thought how yt she myght don that he wer slayn as priueli as she myght &̄ called to hir on of hir knyghtys to whom sh̄e had told moch of hir consell betwen them & both they come to the kyng &̄ courtasly him resaued. &̄ the kyng told yt he wos cumen hir to visit & also for to speke with Eldred his brother The quene mony times him thankid &̄ him prayed to alight & harburgh with hir all yt nyght ¶The kyng said yt he myght not. but ayen he wold wend vn to his folke if he myghtt them find: ¶And when the quene saw that he wold not abid she prayd him yt he wold ons drink &̄ he granted hir & anone as the drinke wos comen the quene drank vn to the kyng &̄ the kyng toke the cup &̄ set it to his mouthe & in the meyn tyme whiles yt he drank. the knyght yt wos with ye quene with a knyfe smot the kyng vn to the hert &̄ ther he felle doune deid of his palfra vn to the erth The quene for this dede yaf the knyght gold & silu (er) gret plenti. &̄ of other riches ynough And ye knyght anone as this wos done went him ou (er) the se. &̄ so scappid he out of this land ¶When this kyng Edward thus wos martired. Hit was in thee yere of the Incarnacion after our lord ihū crist ixC.lxxx· yere & he had regned xij. yere and an halfe &̄ lieth at glastenburi

¶Of kyng Eldred and how the kyng Swyne of denmarke held englond and how eldred that wos sent edwardis bred was not beloued ī his reame & therfor he fled in to Normandie.

AFter this kyng edward regned eldred his brother and sent Dunstan crouned him and this sent Dunstone died sone after that he had for yefen the quene hir trespasse estrild for encheson that she wos cause of kyng edwardis deth and sent dūstane had hir asoled and pennance hir enioyned and she lyued aft (er) chaste life and clene ¶This kyng Eldred weddid an englissh woman & on hir he begate edmond Irenside & an other son yt wos called edwyne And aft (er) died the quene ther mother. And in that tyme come Swyne in to englond that was kyng of Denmarke for to chalange and conquere all that his auncestres had before that tyme and so he conquered and had it all at his axyng: ¶For the good erle Cut [...]ert of lyndesey &̄ all the pepull of northhumberland and almost all the gret of englond held with Swyne that was kyng of Denmarke for os moch as they loued not kyng eldred. for encheson that his good brother wos slaī edward falsely for encheson of him. and therfor no man set but litell by hī wherfor kyng swyne had all his will and toke all the land: and eldred the kyng flede tho in to Normandie & so spake to ye duke Rechard that the duke yaf hym his sustre Emma to wife vpō the wich he gat ij. sonnys & yt on was caled Alured & yt other edward. & when Swyne had conquered all ye land he regnet nobeli & leued xv: yere &̄ then died &̄ lieth at yorke.

¶How kīg eldred come ayen frō Normande & how knoght ye danois regnet & of the were betwix him & edmond Irenside

AFter the deth of Swyne that wos a Danois: Knoght his son duelled in englond and wold haue be kyng and tho come ayene Eldred owt of Normandye with moch nomber of pepull & with a strong menye that Knoght durst not abide bot [Page] fley thens in to Denmarke The kyng eldred had ayen his reame and held so gret lordship that he by gan to distruy all tho that holpid Swyne that wos a Danois ayens him ¶And aft (er)ward come ayen this Knoght from denmarke with a gret pouer so that kyng Eldred durst not with him fight but fled fro thens vn to london and ther held hym ¶Tho come Knoght and him beseg­gid so long tyll that kyng Eldred died in the cite of london and lieth at sent paulus and he regned ix. yere.

BOnus was pope after Benedictus on yere This maij abode bot litell tyme. Bonefacius wos aft (er) him .v. monethes Benedictus wos after him x. yere This man crovned otto the secund and made mony romans to be take: & he gedrit a consell ayens the kyng of fraunce wher Gylberd the Negramensier wos deposit. Iohannes the xiiij was pope after him viij. monethis and he wos put in castell angill and wos famed to deth. Iohannes the .xv. wos after him iiij monethis. Iohannes the xvi. wos after him almost xi. yere This man was taught in Armys and made mony bokys and els litell of him is writtyn Gregorius the v. wos pope aft (er) this man almost iij: yere This Gregori was made pope at the instans of the emprour Otto the thrid. for he wos his cosin. And when he had be a litell while pope and the emprour recedid from the cite of rome. Placentinꝰ wos put in bi Crescencio a consull: for monay. and then was strife a few dais. bot the emprour come sone after ayen and toke Crescenciū the consull and stroke of his heed and put out the eyn of this man the wich put out his cosin of the dignite of the pope. And maymet him on odir menbyrs and his knyghtis ne his dukys holped him nothyng: For he did that thing that he sh̄uld not haue done. and he suffred that at he diserue [...]d. Nota ¶This Gregori wyth the emprour Otto ordand ther the [Page] chesers of the empire. the wich from thens forthe hath a bydyn vn to this day. For the frensshmen nor none oth [...]r myght not breke that ordinanse. & thos chesers of the empire by the pope and Otto wer not made for ony blame of the Saxons bot to eschew the ꝑels to cum. aned the namys be writyn for lerned men in latyn in thes versis. Maguntinensis Treuerensis Coloniensis Qui­li (bus) imꝑij fit cancellarius horum. Et palatinꝰ dapifer Dux portitorensis. Marchio prepositus camere. Pincerna bohemus Hij statuūt dn̄m cunctis ꝑ secula sūmū. Palatinꝰ est comes ren [...]. Marchio est Brandeburgensis. Dux saxonū et Rex bohemo (rum). verum vt quidam dicūt. thurgh this occasion the Egill has lost mony a fether &̄ in the end he shall be made nakid.

Otta the thrid wos emprour xviij: yere This man was a worthy man all the dais of his empire. & after the wisdom of his fader he wos a veray faithfull man to the chirche. and in mony batailles he ꝓsperit be cause he wos deuote to almyghty god & his sentis. and yaf mighty worsshippyng to the Relekes of sentis & oft tymes he vesid holy places: This man wos crouned bi gregori his cosin &̄ at the last he decessed at rome. No

Anno domini .M.iiij.

SIluester the secund wos pope after Gregori iiij yere And he wos made pope bi the help of the deuell. to whom he did homage· for he shuld yef him all thing that he desyrid: & he wos called Hylberd & his emny gat him the grace of the kyng of fraunce and he made him the bisshop of Remensis: bot anone he was deposit: and after he gat the grace of the emprour and wos made the bishop of Rauēnie and after pope. bot he had an end anone & so haue all that puttys ther hope in fals deuelis. Yit men tristin ī his saluacion for certayn demonstracion of his sepulcur. & for the gret pennance that he did in his last end: For he made his hād &̄ his leggis to be cut of: &̄ dismēbyrt ī al his body & to be cast out at ye doore to foulys & thē his bodi to be drawi wt wild bestis & ther [Page] to be beried wher sū euer they restit as an hound. and they stoed still at sent Iohn̄ latronys &̄ ther he wos beried and yt wos sign of his sal̄uacion. Iohannes the xviij: wos pope .v. monethis Iohannes the xix wos pope after him v. yere and thes ij. did litell thynges Henricus the frist wos emprour in almane xx yer This henri was duke of Barri and all acording he was chosen for his blissed fame. the wich he had. & it is red yt mony of thos dukis of barri were oly: not alōli ī abstenīg of fleshli desiris bot ī vertuus leuīg And he had a sustir that wos as holy as he whō he yaf to wife vn to the kyng of vngre. and she brought all vngre to the cristī faith. &̄ his wiuys name wos sc̄a Kōnogundis with whom he leued a virgin all his days. & he did mony a bataill als well ī Italy as ī Almane ayens rebelians. & prospert rightwysly at the last wt a blissed end he decessid. And in the lyfe of sent Laurens he & his wife be put for sampuls

Benedictus wos pope after Ihon .xi: yere This man had gret strife in his days. for he was put out. and an other put in And this Benedict aft (er) that he wos deid. was seyn of an holy bisshope in a wricchid figure &̄ he had gret payn. And this figur said he tristed nothing in the merci of god And nothing profettit him that wos done for him. for it wos getyn with extorcion &̄ vniustly ¶Then this bisshop left his bisshopprik for dred of this sight: & wēt ī to a monestari & leued vertuusly all his dayes. Iohannes the xx was pope after him xi. yere & lityt profettit

¶Of kyng Knoght that wos a danois.

ANd after the deth of this Eldred Knoght that was a danois begā to regne. but Edmond Irenside that wos kīg Eldredis son by his fyrst wyfe ordyned a gret pouer of men and began for to were vpon kyng Knoght and so he did mony tymes and oft: and the were wos so strong & hard that wonder it was to wit & the quene Emme yt duelled tho at westmynster had gret [Page] drede of hir ij. sonnys of the were Alured and Edward lest they shuld be diffoilled and misdone thurgh this were. wherfor she sēt them ouer see in to Normandie to the duke Richard hir vnkyll and ther they duelled in safete and pees long tyme ¶Thys Edmond Irenside and Knoght the danois wered strongly to geders but at the last they wer accordid in this maner. that thei shold depart the reame be twix them both: &̄ so they did. and aft (er) they become good frendis and so well loued to gedres as thei had bene brether gettyn of on bodi and of on mother borne.

¶How kyng Edmond Irenside tratoursly wos slayn thur­gh a tratour that wos called Edrith of stratton.

ANd after tho regned kyng Edmond Irenside & Knoght the danois. But thus it befell afterward that in the same yere that they were accordid and so moch loued to gedre wher for a fals thefe tratour had enuy vn to the loue that was betuix them and frendship. whos name wos Edrith of stratton that was a gret lord that wos Edmond Irensides man and of him held all the land that he had. and nothelas he thought his lord to bitray & make Knoght kyng of the land ī ītent richely to bene auanced and with him bene welbeloued. wherfor he praied his lord edmōd Irenside vpon a day with him for to eten and to duell &̄ the kīg courtasly hī grantid & to him come at his prayer. & at ye mete the kyng riole wos serueid with diuerse metis & drinkes And whē nyght come that he shuld go to beede: the kyng toke his own me­ny &̄ went vn to chambre ther that he shuld take his nyghtys rest & as he loked him about he saw a fair ymage & well made & ī semblant as it wer an archer with a bow bent in his hand. & in the bow a fine arow ¶Kyng Edmond went tho nerre to be hold it better what it might be. &̄ anone the arow him smot thurgh ye body &̄ ther slew the kyng. for that engyn wos made to kyll his owne lord tratoursly ¶And whē kīg edmond wos thus deid & slayn he had regned but x. yere and his pepull for hī made moch [Page] sorow & his body thei bere vn to glastīberi. and ther they hī en [...]ed And this fals tratour Edrith anone went to the quene thatt was kyng edmondis wyfe that wist of hir lordis dethē anone he toke from hir ij: sonnys that were fair and yong that hir lord had vpon hir goten. that one was called Edward and that other Edewyne and lad them with him to london and toke them vn to kyng Knought that he shuld do with them what his will were and told him how quently he had kylled king Edmond for enchesō and loue of him so that kyng knoght all englond in his pouer holly myght haue ¶O thow fals tratour hast thou my trew brother that wos so trew thus slayn for encheson of me a man yt I most loued in the world. Now be my hed I shall for thi trauaill the well reward as thou hast deserueid. and anone let him be take & bonde hand and feet in maner of a tratour and let cast him ther in to Thamyse. and in this maner the fals tratour endid his life: ¶The kyng toke the ij. childer and put them vn to the ab­bot of west mynster to ward and to kepe till he wyst what that it was best with them for to done.

¶How kyng knoght sent kyng Edmondis sonnys bothe in to Denmarke for to sle and how they wer saued

AIt befell sone afterward that kyng knoght had all the land in his hand and spoused the quene Emma thurgh con­sent of his Baronage: for she was afarr woman the wich was Eldredis wife and the dukis sustre of Normandie and they le­ued to gedre with moch loue as reson wold ¶The kyng axid vpō a day consell of the quene what was best to done with ye sonnys that wer Edmond Irensides ¶Sir qd she they be the right theires of the land. and if they lefen they will do you moch sorow with were. and therfor let send them in to a strange land afer to sum man that may them defoull and distroy. ¶The kīg anone let calle a danois that was called Walgar. and commanded him that he shuld lede thos ij. childer in to Denmarke and [Page] so to do & ordeyn for them yt they sh̄uld neuer heir more of them. ¶Sir sayd this walgar gladly your cōmandment shall be done. and anone tho .ij. child he toke &̄ led them in to Denmarke and for as moch os he saw that the childer wer wōdir fair & also meke. He had of them gret pitte and rewth & wold not them slee but let them to the kyng of Hungri for to norrich: for this walgar wos welbeknowen with the kyng and welbeloued ¶Ano­ne the kyng axed whens the childer wer. and walgar told him & sayed that they wer the right heiris of englond and therfor men wold them destruye. and therfor sir to you they be comen merci & help for to sech. and for soth if they may lyuen your men they shall become. and of you they shall hold all ther land: ¶The kyng of hūgri them vnd (er)fōg wt moch honor & let them wortheli be keped ¶And thꝰ it befell aft (er)ward yt Edwyne ye yōger brod (er) died. & edward the elder broder lyued a fair man &̄ a strong &̄ a la [...]ge of bodi and gentill & courtais of condicions So that all men him loued And this edward in the croniclis is called emonges engli­shmen Edward the outlay ¶And when he was made knight the kȳges douter of hungeri hī moch loued for his godnes &̄ hys fairnesse. that she him called hir derling The kyng that w [...]s hir fader ꝑceyued well the loue that wos betuyx them two &̄ had none heier bot that dought (er). &̄ the king wochedsafe his doughter to no mā so well os he did to him that she loued & he hir: And yaf hir vn to him with good will and edward hir spoused with moch honour. The kyng of hungeri sent aft (er) all his baronage and made a solempne fest and a riche wedding. &̄ made all men to vnderstond that this edward shuld be kīg of that lōd aft (er) the decesse of hī & therfor all they made gret ioye. &̄ of that tydinges thei wer full glad ¶This edward begate vpō this ladi a son yt wos called edgar helyng and aft (er)ward a doghter that was called Margaret that afterward wos quene of scotland· and by the kīg of scotland that was callid Mancolin she had a dought (er) that was called maud [Page] that wos quene afterward of englond thurgh kyng Henry that wos the frist son of the cōquerour that hir weddid And he begate vpon hir a dought (er) that wos called Maude that aft (er) wos emꝑesse of almayn: And of this maude come the kyng of englond that vn to this day is called henri the emprise son ¶And yit had this Edward an other dought (er) by his wife that wos called Cristiā and she wos a Nonne.

¶How kyng knoght that wos a proud man conquered Nor­way &̄ how he become aft (er)ward meke and mylde.

NOw haue ye hard of Edmondis Irendeshed sonnis thatt kyng Knoght wend they had bene slayn as he had cōmandid walgar before. ¶And this Knaght had in his hand all ye reame of englond and denmarke: & after that he went vn to Norway that land for to conquere. But the kyng of the land that was called Elaf come with his pepull &̄ wend his land well to haue kepid and defendid. & so ther he faught with him. till at the last he was slayn in that bataill. And tho thys knoght toke all yt land in to his hond. ¶And when he had conquered Norway and taken feautes & homages ther. he come afterward ayen in to englond & held him self so gret a lord that him thought in all the world his pere no man wos. & become so proud & hauteyn that it was gret wond (er) ¶And so it befell vpon a day as he had herd masse at westmynster & wold haue gone in to hys palais. the wawis of the thamyse so swyftely ayens him come. that almost they tou­ched his fete ¶Tho sayd the kyng with a proud hert I cōmād the water to turne ayen or els I shall make the. ¶The wawes for his commandement wold not spare. bot fluwed ou (er) in hie more. and more ¶The kyng wos so proud of hert that he wold not fle the wat (er) but abode still in the wat (er). &̄ bet it with a yerde yt he had in his hond and commandid the water that it sh̄uld wend no ferther but for all his ꝯmandemēt the water wold not cese bot [Page] euer waxed more and more an high. so that the kyng was all wete and stod depo in the wat (er). ¶And when he saw that he had abiden ther to long & the water wold nothing done his commandement· tho sone he with drew him and tho stod he vpon a stone and held his handis an high and sayed thes wordis hering all pepull. ¶This god that maketh the see thus arise an high he is liyng of all kynges and of all mightes most. And I am a caytif and a man dedeli. & he may neu (er) die and all thyng doth his cō mandement &̄ to him is obedient ¶To that god I pray thatt he be my werrand: For I knowlege me a caytif febull & of no pouer &̄ therfor I wyll go vn to rome with out ony lettyng my wikkidnes to ponysshe and me to a mend: for of god I clame my la­nd for to hold &̄ of none other ¶And anone made redy his h [...] yr &̄ him self to rome with out ony lettyng. and by the way did many almys dedis: and when he come to rome al̄so. ¶And when he had bene ther &̄ for his synnes done pennance. he come ayene in to englond & become a good man & an holy. And leued &̄ left all man (er) pride & stoutnesse &̄ leued an holy life aft (er) and made. ij abbeis of sent Benet on in englond and an other in norway for as moch os he loued sent benet more speciali then other santis. &̄ moch he loued also sent Edmōd the kyng & of the yaf gret yeftis to the house wherfor it wos made rich. &̄ when he had regned xx. yere he died & lieth at wynchestre.

Anno domini .M.xviij.

BEnedictus the ix. wos pope aft (er) iohn̄. &̄ he wos a gret li­ [...]hout &̄ therfor he was damned: &̄ he a perid to a certan mā vnd (er) a meruelus figour & an horibull. His heed & his taill was like an asse. the other parte of his body like a bere. And he said to this man to whom he apperid. be not a ferde for I wos a man os ye be now bot I appeir now for i leuyd vnhappeli in old tyme like a best when I wos pope. ¶In this mans tyme ther was [Page] gret diuision and scland (er) to the chirche. for he wos put out and in two tymes ¶And here Tholomeus notis that the pride of bisshoppis had eu (er) an euell end. and it wos eu (er) the occasion of moch vnrest &̄ bataill. Conradus the frist wos emprour aft (er) Henry xx. yere. This man made mony lawys and commanded pees to bekeped most stratly of any man: bot the erle of Ludolfe. was acused and he fled from his land. & desired more to liue like an karle then lyke a gentilman. & yit meruelusly his son wos mad emprour by the cōmandement of god. ayens the wyll of Conredy & at the last they wer accordid & he toke corodis dought (er) to his wif

¶Of kyng Harold that leu (er) had gone on fote thē ride an hors

THis Knoght of whom we haue spokin of before had ij: sons by his wife Emme &̄ that on wos called Hardyknoght &̄ that other Harold. & he wos solyght of fote that men called hym most comenly harold hare fote. ¶And this harold had nothyng the condicions & man (er) of kyng knoght that was his fadre. for he set bot litell price of cheualri ne no curtesi nother worship. but only bi his own wil ¶And he become so wykkid that he exiled his mod (er) emma. &̄ she went out of the land in to flandres & ther duelled wt the erle: wherfor aft (er) ther was neu (er) good loue betwix hȳ & his brother. for his brother hated him dedly. &̄ whē he had regned .ij. yere & a litell more he died & lieth at westmynstre.

¶Of kyng Hardeknoght that wos haroldis brother.

AFter this harold harefote regned his brother hardeknoghtt ā nobull knyght and a worthy and moch loued cheualri and all maner of goodnese. ¶And when this hardiknoght had regned a litell while he let vncouer his brother harold &̄ smot of his hede that wos his brother at westmynster & let cast the hede in to a gonge &̄ the body in to thamys [...]. and aft (er) come fisshers &̄ toke the body with ther nettis be night &̄ bere him to sent clemētis [Page] chirche. and ther him beried: ¶And in this man (er) a venged hym hardiknoght: of his brother. for in none other man (er) he myght be a vengid ¶This kyng hardiknoght was so large a yeuer of mete and drinke that his tabullis wer set eu (er)y day iij. tymes full with riall metes & drinkis for his own meny & for all yt com vn to his court to be richeli (ser)ueyd of riall metis. ¶And this king hardiknoght sent aft (er) Emme his mod (er) & made hir to cū ayē in to englond for she was driuen out of englond. whiles that harold harefote regned thurgh cunsell of the erle goodwyn that tho wos the grettest lord of englond next the kīg. & most might do what he wold thurgh out all englond thurgh his cōmandement for as moch as he had spoused the dought (er) of the good king knoght yt wos a danois wich daught (er) he had by his frist wxfe ¶And when this quene was driuē out of englond &̄ come to the erle of flaunders that wos called Baldewyne his cosin he fond hir ther al thing that hir nedid vn to the tyme that she went ayen in to englō de. that the kyng hardiknoght had send for hir that wos hir sone. and made hir cum ayen with moch honour ¶This kīg hardyknogh when he had regned v. yere he died &̄ lieth at westmīster.

¶Of the velani that the danois did to the english men wherfor from yt tyme aft (er) wos no danois made kyng of this land.

AFter the deth of this kyng hardiknoght for as moch as he nad no thyng of his body begoten. The erles and barons assembled and made a counsell that neu (er) more afrte no man yt wos a danois though he he wer neu (er) so gret a man amonges them he shuld neu (er) be kyng of englond for the dispite that the danis had done to englismē. ¶For euer more be fore and if it wer so yt the englishmen and the danois hapened for to mete vpō a [...] the englishmen sh̄old not be so hardi to meue ne styr a fote. [...]t and still till the danōis war appassid forth ¶And more ou (er) if ye englishmen had not bowed doune ther hedis to done reu (er)ens vn to [Page] the danois they shuld haue bene bet and defouled. & soch man (er) despites & velanye diden the danois to our englishmen wherfor they wer driuen out of the land after tyme thet kyng hardiknoght was deid for they had no lord that them might maynten. ¶And in this maner avoided the danois englond that neu (er) they comen ayen. ¶The erles and barons bi ther comyn assent and consellees sent vn to normandye for to seche tho ij. brether Alured &̄ Edward that wer duelling with the duke Richard that was ther eme in intent for to croune Alured the eld (er) brother and him make kyng of englond. and of this thing to make an end The erles and barons made ther othe: But the erle Godwyn of westsex falsly and tratoursly thought for to sle thes two bretheren anone as they shuld cum in to englond ī intent to make his son harold kīg the wich son he had begoten vpon his wife the wich was kyng knoghtys dought (er) that wos a danois. ¶And so this godwyne priuely him went vn to south hamton. for to mete ther the ij. bretheren when that they shuld come vn to land. ¶And thus it befell that the messingers that went in to Normandie fond nott but only Alured that wos the elder brother. For Edward his brother wos gone to hungrie for to speke with his cosin Edward the owtlaw that was Edmondis son with the Irenside ¶The messingers told and said to Alured how that the erles & barons of englond sent aft (er) him and that he boldely shold cum ī to englōd and vnd (er)fonge the reame. for kyng hardiknoght was deid. and all the danois driuen out of the land.

¶How Godewyn the fals tratour toke Alured vpon Gildesdoune when that he come from Normandie to bene kyng of englond and how he did him be martired in the ile of Eli.

WHen Alured herd this tydyng he thankid god and in to shipe went with all the hast that he might and passed the see and ariued at southamton ther Godwyn the fals tratour was And tho this tratour saw that he was cumyn he welcumed him [Page] & vnder fonge him with moch ioye & sayd yt he wold lede hī to lō don ther that all the barens of englong hī abode for to make hī kyng &̄ so they went on ther way toward london ¶And when they come vpon Gildesdone tho sayd the tratour Godwyne vn to Alured take kepe about you both on the left side &̄ on the right side. And of all ye shall be kyng: and of such an hūdreth more ¶Now for soth qd Alured I behight you &̄ if I be kīg I shall ordeyn &̄ make such lauys wherof god &̄ mā shall be well apayed ¶Now had the tratour cōmanded all his mē yt werwith hī yt when they wer comē vpō gildesdone yt they shuld sle all yt were ī Alured is cōpanye yt com wt hī frō Normandie &̄ aft (er) yt take alured & led hī in to ye Ile of Eli & aft (er) put out both his eyn of his hede & aft (er)ward bring hī vn to deth ¶And so they did for they kylled all the companye that ther wer. the nombre of xij gentillmen that wer comē with alured frō normandie. ¶And after toke they alured and in the Ile of Eli they put out his eyn &̄ rent his wombe &̄ toke the chefe of his bouels & put a stake in to the grond and an end of the bouels ther to fastined. & with nedil̄ les of Iren they prikked the good child & so made hī to go about the stake till that all his bouels werdrawen out of his body. &̄ so died Alured ther thurgh treson of the erle godwyn. ¶When tho lordis of englond had hard & wist how alured that shuld haue bene ther kyng was put to deth thurgh the fals tratour godwin they wer wōder wroth & suore bitwin them god &̄ bi his holy na­mes yt he shuld die a more werse deth than did Edrith of strattō yt had betraied his lord Edmōd Irenside. &̄ they wald haue put hī to deth. bot the thefe tratour fled thens in to denmarke and ther held him iiij· yere &̄ more & lost all his land in englond.

SIluester the thrid wos pope aft (er) Bn̄dic This Siluest (er) was chosī and Benedict was expulsid. And aft (er)ward was [Page] he expulsid and benedict was put vp ayene: And aft (er) he was put out and Gregori wos made pope: and he wos but a sympull let­terd man. and ther for he chose an other pope to be cōsecrate wt hī and when mony men wer displesid wt this gydyng of ij. popis: the thrid was brought in. the wich shuld ocupye the place of both the two. And so they strofe emonges them self. bot then Henri the emprour come to rome and deposit them all. ond made Clement the secumd pope. whom he made anone to croune him. and he sayd to the romans they shuld neu (er) chese pope with out his assent. & so v. beyng pope the sex wos put in. But mony men sayth this Gregori was an holy man. Damasus the secund wos aft (er) Clement xxiij. days: This man was an vsurper of the pope seet: & he died sodenly: And anone the Romans asked to haue a pope and yt the almayns sh̄uld haue none: for they wer so herd hertid that they myght not incline to the ītent of ye emprour. the wich said ther sh̄ uld be no pope chosin bot if he wold be of counsell of the eleccion. bot for all that they put in this holy man Leo. and aft (er) he had of that consciens. and refuseyd: and anone he was chosin bi the comyn assent This Leo put crist in the forme of a lasur in his own bede and in the morow he fond no thyng ther.

¶Of sent Edward the confessour that was Alured is brod (er) how he wos kyng of englond.

ANd when this was done all the barons of englond sensē an other tyme in to Normandie. for that Edward shuld cum in to englond with moch honour ¶And this edward in his childhode loued almyghty god and him drad and in [...]s­te and clennes lad his life and hatid sin os deth ¶And wh [...]n he wos crouned and annoynted with a riall pouer. he for yat not his good maners &̄ condiciōs that he frist vsed. And for yat not all good customs for no man (er) honour ne for no riches ne for no [...] ­ner highnesse. but euer more & more yaf him to goodnes [...] [Page] loued god & all mekenes: and loued god & holy chirch passing al maner thyng. And poer men also he loued and them held as th­ey had bene his own bretheren and to them oft yaf gret almys with full good wyll.

¶Of the frist speciall loue yt god shewed to sent edward leuīg

IT befell on a day as he went from the chirche of westmynstre and had herd masse of sent Iohn̄ the Euangelist. for as moche as he loued sent iohn̄ euangelist more specially af­ter god and our lady than he did any other sent ¶And so ther come to him a pylgrame and prayed him for the loue of god & our lady and Iohn̄ euangelist some good him for to yefe ¶And the kyng priuely toke his ring of his fynger that no man ꝑsaued it. and yaf it to the pilgrame and he it vndirfenge and wēt thēs ¶This kyng Edward made all the good lawes of englond yt yit bene most vsed and holden And was so merciabull. and so full of pitte that no man myght be more:

¶How the erle godwyn come ayene in to englond and had ayē all his land & aftward sent edward weddid his doughter.

WHen the erle godwyn that was duellyng in Denmarke had moch herd of the goodnesse of kyng Edwarde and yt he wos so full of merci and of pitte. He thought that he wold gone ayene in to englond for to sech and to haue grace of the good king edward that [...] [...]cifull was that he myght haue his land ayen in pees. a [...] [...]ayed hī as moch as he myght and put him toward these & [...] in to englond to london ther that the kyng was that tyme & all the lordis of englond &̄ held a parlament ¶Godewyn sent to them that wer his frendis &̄ wer the most grettest lordis of ye land &̄ prayed thē to besech the kynges grace for him &̄ that he wold his pees and his land grant him. This lordys ladd [...]n him before the kyng to see [...]e his grace ¶And anone os the kyng him saw he appeled hī of tresō and of the deth of alured his [...]ther and thes wordis vn to him seyed. Traytour Godewin [Page] quod the kyng I the appele that thow hast betrayed and slayn my brother Alured ¶Certis sir quod Godwyn saue your g­race and your pees and your lordship I him neu (er) betrayed ne yit him slew. And therfor I put me in reward of the court ¶N­ow fair lordis quod the kyng ye that bene my lieges erles & barens of the land that here bene assembled Full well ye hard myne appele and the ansuer also of godwyn And therfor I will that ye awarde and doth right ¶The Erlis and Barons tho gad (er)ed them all to geder for to done this award by them self &̄ so they spoken diu (er)sely emonges them For sum sayed ther wos neu (er) aliaunce by homage serment (ser)uice ne by lordship bitwen Godwyn and alured for wich thing they myght him draw ¶And at the last they deuised & demyd that he shold put him in the kynges marci al to gedres. ¶Tho spake the erle Leuerich of Couentre a good man to god & to all the world & told his reson in this man (er) and sayd The erle godwyne is the best frendid man of englond aft (er) the kyng. and well myght it not bene gayn sayd that with out consell of godwyn Alured was neu (er) put to deth. Wherfor i award as touchīg my parte that hīself and his son & eu (er)y of vs xij. erles that bene his frendis wend before the kyng chargid with as mich gold and silu (er) as we may bere be twix our handis &̄ prayng ye kīg for yefe his euell will to the erle godwyn and resaue his homage &̄ his land yeld ayene. ¶And they accordid vn to that awarde &̄ come in this man (er) as is aboue sayed eu (er)y of them with gold & siluer as moch as they myght bere betwen ther handis before ye kīg & thei said ye forme & the man (er) of ther acord & of ther award ¶The kyng wold not them gayn say but as moche as they ordeyned he graunted and confermed. And so wos thee Erle Godwyne accorded with the kyng and so he had ayen all his land. And afterward he bere him so well and so wysely that thee kyng hym loued wonder moch and with him he was full priue And with in a litell tyme thei loued so mache that ther the kyng [Page] spoused Godwyns dought (er) &̄ made hir quene ¶And neu (er)theles for tho the kyng had a wife: he leued eu (er) more ī chastite & ī clēnes of body with out any fleshly dede doyng with his wife and the quene also in hir halfe lad an holy life ij. yere and died. ¶And afterward the kīg lyued all his lyfe with out any wife ¶The kīg yaf the erldon of Oxford to Harold that wos godwī sone & made hī herle. ¶And so well they wer beloued both the fadre & he & so priue with the king both the fadre & the son yt they might done what thyng they wold by right ¶For ayens right wold he nothing done for no maner man: so good & trew he wos of cōscicience. & therfor our lord Ihū crist gret special loue to hī shewed

¶How kyng Edward saw Swyne kyng of denmarke dren­ched ī ye se ī the tyme of the sacramēt as he stode &̄ herd masse.

IT befell vpon whitsonday as kyng Edward herd his masse in the gret chirche of westmynster right at the leuaciō of Ihesu cristis body &̄ as all men were gadred in to the chirche & come nere the auter for to se the sacring: the kyng his handis lyft vp on high. &̄ a gret laughter toke vp. wherfor all that abou [...]e him stod gretly gon wonder. And aft (er) masse the axed why the kynges laughter was ¶Fair lordis qd the kīg edward I saw Swyne ye yōger yt wos kīg of dēmarke cū ī to the see with all his pouer for to haue comē ī to englōd vpō vs to where & I saw hī & all his folke drenched ī the see ¶And all this I saw ī the eleuaciō of ihū cristis bodi bitwen the pristis: handis &̄ I had therof so gret ioye. yt i might not my laught̄ withhold ¶And the erle Leuerich beside him stod at the leuaciō. &̄ opēly he saw thee forme of brede turne ī to the liknes of a chyld yōg. & toke vp his right hond &̄ blissed ye kīg & aft (er)ward the erle. & ye erle anone turned him toward the kyng to make hī se yt holy sight: ¶And tho said the kyng Sir erle qd he ī se well yt ye se thankid be god yt i haue honourd my god my saueour visiblly ihū crist in forme of man whos name be blissed in [...] [...]orldes. AMEN.

¶How the ring yt sent edward had yeuen to a poerpilgram for ye loue of god &̄ sent iohn̄ euangelist come ayen to kyng edward

THis nobull man sent edward regned xiij. yere and thus it befell vpon a tyme before er he died that ij. men of englond were went in to the holy land and had done ther pylgra­mage and wer goyng ayene in to ther own cuntre wher they come fro. ¶And as they went in the way they met a pylgrame yt courtasly them salued and axed of them in what land and in what cūtre they were borne. and they sayd in englond ¶Tho axid he who was kyng of englond. and they ansured and sayd the good kyng Edward. Fair frendis tho sayd the pilgram when that ye cum in to your cuntre ayene: I pray you that ye wold go vn to kyng Edward and oft tymes him grete in myne name And oft tymes him thanke of his gret curtasi that he come hath done & nā [...]y for the ring that he yaf me when he had herd masse at west­mynster for sent Iohn̄ loue Euangelest and toke tho the ring &̄ toke it to the pilgrames and sayd. I pray you nou gone and bere this ring and take it vn to kyng Edward and tell him that I send it him and a full riche yeft I wyll him yeue For vpon the xij day he shall cum to me & eu (er) more duell in blisse with owt any end ¶Sir sayd the pilgremes what man be ye and in what cuntre is your duellyng ¶Fair frendis quod he I am Iohn̄ thee Euangelest and I am duellyng with almyghty god. and your kyng Edward is my frende and I loue him in specialy for the encheson that he hath euer more leued in clennesse and is a clene maid And I pray you my message all for done as I haue you saied. ¶When that sent Iohn̄ the Euangelest had them th [...] charged. sodenly he voided out of ther sightes bothe· ¶The pilgrames tho thankid almyghti god and wente for­th in ther way. ¶And whē they had gone ij. or iij. myle they began to wax weri. & set them a doune them for to rest and so they fel on step ¶And wh [...] they had slepid well on of thē awoke &̄ [Page] lyft vp his hede and lokyd a bout & sayed vn to his felaw arise vp and wend we in our way ¶What sayd that on felow vn to that other wher be we now. Certes sayd that other it semeth me that this is not the same contre that we layd vs doune in for to rest and slepe For we wer from Ierusalem but iij. myles. ¶They toke vp ther handis and blissed them & went forth in ther way ¶And as they went in ther way they saw shepeherdes goyng with ther shepe yt spekē none other lanage bot english. ¶Leue frendis qd on of the pylgryms what cuntre is this & who is lord therof ¶And on of the shepeherdes ansuerd &̄ said this is the cuntre of kent in englond: of the wich the good kīg edward wos lord of. ¶The pylgramys thankid tho almyghty god &̄ sent Iohn̄ euanglist &̄ wēt forth ī ther way & come to Cantorburi & frō thēs vn to london. &̄ ther they fond the kīg: & told him all frō the begynyng vn to the endyng as moch as sent iohn̄ had thē charged & of all thīges how thay had sped by the way. &̄ toke the ring to kīg edward. & [...] vnd (er)fenge it & thankid almyghti god &̄ sent iohn̄ euangelist. & tho made hī a redi eu (er)y day frō day to day for to wend out of this lyfe. when god wold for him send

¶How sent Edward died on the xij. day.

ANd aft (er) it befell thus in cristynmas eue as the holy mā Edward was at goddis seruis matines for to here of that high fest he become full sike. and in the morw endured with moch payn the masse for to here. and after masse he let him be lad in to his chambre ther for to reste him. but in his hall amonges his barons and his knyghtys might he not cum them for to comforth & solacen as he was woned for to done at that worthy fest ¶Wherfor all ther myrth and cōforth emōgꝭ all yt wer ī ye hall wer turned ī to eare & sorow for encheson yt they dred for to lefe the gad lord the kyng ¶And vpō sent Iohanes day the euangelist tho yt come next ye kīg vnd (er)fēge his rightes of holy churche as it faleth to eu (er)y cristī man. and abode the merci & the will of god & [Page] tho ij. pylgrymes he let be fore him cum &̄ yaf them rich yeftes & betoke them to god ¶And also the abbot of westmīster he let before him cum & toke him that ring ī honor of god &̄ sent Marie & of sent iohn̄ the Euangelest. & the abbot toke and put it emōg other reliques: so that it is at westmynster & eu (er) shall be & so lay the kyng seke till the xij: euen & tho died the good king edward at westmīster & ther he lieth. for whos loue god hath shewid mōy a fair miracull ¶And this wos ī ye yere of ye īcarnaciō of our lord ihū crist .M.lxv. and after he wos translate & put ī to ye shrine by [...] Th [...] of [...]to [...].

VIctor the secund was pope aft (er) Leo & lytell of him is writyn Henri the secund wos emprour aft (er) the frist henri xvij yere This man wos cosin to Conrady &̄ he wos borne in a wode and twyes takyn to be slayn when he was a child. bot god defendi him eu (er) more. When he wos made emprour he made a monasteri in the same place in the wode wer he vas borne. This man wos a victorius man. And he entyrd in to Italy and ther he toke P­andulphum the prince of campony.

Stephanus the ix. was pope aft (er) victor ix monethis Benedictus after him & he toke the dignite of the pope Stephyn by strength and keppid it ix monethis & then dicessed. Henricus the thyrd wos emprour after Henri the secund This Herri was an in quiet man. And mony tymes troblid that holy man gregori the vij. And frist he askyd foryefnes & was a soyled: bothe ꝑsauered not. bot brought in an other pope ayens him And sayd he was an heritike. and Gregori cursid him. And the chesars of the emprour. they chose the duke of Saxon for to be Emprour. whom this Henri in bataill ower come And then he come to rome· wyth his pope: and pursued pope Gregori and the Cardinales also. And then anone Robert the kyng of Napyls droffe him thens And delyuered the pope. and his Cardinales: neuer the lese yit [Page] he wos a man of gret almys. And xij. tymes he faught in batall and at the last he died wricchetly. for he wos put therby his owne son. for so os he did to other men. so wos he done to. Nicholas the secund wos pope after Benedict ij. yere. Thys Nicholas called a counsell ayens the archedekyn of Turonosēs the wich was an heritike. & he taught ayens the faith: for he arrit in the sacrament. & after wos he conu (er)tid. and wos an holy man. bot he coud neu (er) conu (er)te his decipuls. Nota. Alexander the secund was pope after him xij. yere This Alexander wos an holy man. And he ordend that vnder payn of cursing. that no man sh̄ uld heir a prestis masse whome men knew had a lemman. vt (pꝪ)patet 32 dist: preter hoc. He had strife with on Codulo. bot he expulsit him as an vsorpe [...]. &̄ put hym out as a symoyer.

¶How harold that wos goodewynes son wos made kyng and how he scappid fro the Duke of bretan.

WHen sent edward wos gone out of this world and was passid to god &̄ worthely entered as it apertenyt to such a gret lord for to be. The barons of the land wolde haue had edwarde Helingus son to edward the owtlaw that wos Edmond Irē sides son to be kyng. for as moch as he wos most kyndest kynges blode of the raame ¶But Haroldes son thurgh the erle goodwyne &̄ the strength of his fadre Godewyn & thurgh other gret lordes of the reame that wer of his kyn & vn to him sib: seised all englond in to his hand & anone let croune him kyng after ye enterment of sent edward ¶This Harold that wos godewīs sone the secund yere after that sent Edward was deid wold haue gone in to Flaunders bot he wos dreuen thurgh tempast in to the cuntre of Pountife and ther he was takyn and brought vn to duke wyllyam And this Harold wened that tho this duke william wold haue bene a vēged vpon him for encheson that the erle Godewyn yt wos haroldis fad (er) had let kyll Alured that was [Page] sent edwardis brother and principally for encheson that Alured was quene emma sone that wos Richardus mother duke of Normandie that wos aiell to the duke william: ¶And neu (er)the­les when the duke wyllm had harrold in prison and vnd (er) his pou­er for as moch as this harold wos a nobull wise knyght and a worthy of body & that his fadre and he wos a cordid with good kyng edward. &̄ therfor wold not misdone him but all man (er) thinges that be twix them wer spoken and ordeined harold by his good wil swore vpon a boke and vpon holy sentis that he shold spouse and wed duke wyllm dought (er) aft (er) the deth of sent edward & that he shuld besili done his deu for to kepe & saue the reame of englond vn to the profet and a vauntege of duke willmAnd when harold had thus made his oth vn to duke willm. he let him go &̄ yaf him mony riche yeftis And he tho went thens &̄ com in to englōd & anone did in this man (er) when sent edward was deid & as a man falsly for sworen he let croune him kyng of englond & falsely brake the counant that he had made before with duke willm wherfor he wos wond (er) wroth with him and swore that he wold vpon hī ben a vengid what so eu (er) him befell ¶and anone duke willm lett assembull a gret host & come in to englond to a venge him vpō Harold & to conquere the land if that he myght ¶And in the same yere thot harold was crouned Harald harestrenge kyng of Denmarke ariued in scotland &̄ thought to haue be kyng of en­glond. &̄ he come in to englond & kylled &̄ robbid & destroyed all that he might till that he come to yorke &̄ ther he killed mony men of armys a thovsand. &̄ an hondreth prestys ¶When this tydyng come to the kyng he assembled a strong pouer & went for to fight with harold of denmarke & with his own hand hī killed &̄ the danois wer discomfited &̄ tho that left alyue with moch soreu fled to ther shippis. And thus kyng harold of englond kylled kyng harold of denmarke.

Anno domini .M.lxvi.
¶How wylliam basterd duke of Normandie come in to englond and kylled kyng Harold.

Willamꝰ Cōq̄stor.

Here come Nor­mans and expulsed Harold a saxon.

ANd when this batall was done harold bicome so proude and wold nothing ꝑt with his pepull of thyng that he had gotē bot helde it all to ward him self wherfor the most part of his peple weer wroth and frō hī deꝑted so that only wt hī left no mo bot his soudiuors ¶And vpon a day as he sat at mete a messenger com to hym and sayed that wyllly­am basttard thee Duke of Normandie was ariued in englond with a gret host and had takē al the land about hastynge and also myned the castell ¶When the kyng had herd this tydynge he went thider with a litell pepull in all the hast that he might for ther wos but lytell pepull with hī left ¶And when he wos comen thider he ordryned for to yef bathill to the duke willm But the duke axed him of thes iij. thinges if that he wold haue his dought (er) to wyfe as he had made and suorne his hoth &̄ behight. or that he wold hold the lōd of hī ī truage. or that he wold determyn this thyng thurgh bataill ¶This harold was a proud man and a strong and tristed wond (er) moch vpon his strength and faught with the duke willm and wt his pepull. bot harold and his men in this bataill wer discomfited and him self ther was slayn. and this bataill was endid at tōbrigge in the secund yere of his regne vpon sent Kalixtes day and so he wos beried at waltham.

¶Of kyng william bastard & how he gou (er)ned him well & wyseli and of the were betwen him &̄ the kyng of fraunce:

WHen willm bastard duke of normandie had conquered all the land. vpon cristynmasse day tho next sueng he let croune him kyng at westmynster and wos a worthy kyng and yaf vn to Englisshmen largeli landis and to his knyghttys: ¶And afterward he went him ouer the see and comen in to Normadie &̄ ther duelled a while and in the secund yere of his regne he come ayen in to englond and brought with him Maude his wyfe and let croune hir quene of englond on withsonday: ¶And tho anone aft (er) the kyng of scotland yt wos called Mā colyn began to striue & were with the duke willm: ¶And he ordeyned him toward scotland with his men bothe by land and bi see for to distruy the kyng Mancolin. but they wer acordid & the kyng of scotland become his man and held all his land of him And kyng willm ressaued of him his homage and come ayene in to englond. ¶And when kyng willm had bene kyng xvij. yere Maude the quene died on whom kīg willm had begoten many fair child: that is for to say Robert curthose william rous Richa [...]d also yt died Henri beauclerc. and Maude also that wos the erles wife of Bleynes & other iiij. fair doughters. ¶And after his wifes deth gret debate began betwix hīm &̄ the kyng of fraunce Philip but at the laast they weer accorded And tho duelled the kyng of englond in Normandie and no man him wered & he no man long tyme. ¶And the kyng of fraunce sayd vpō a day in scorne of kyng willm: that kyng willm had long tyme lyen in child bede and long tyme had restid him ther. ¶And this word come to the kīg of englond ther that he did lye in Nor­mandie at Roen: And for this word was tho ill apayed & eke wonder wroth toward the kyng of fraūce & suore by god that when he wer arise of his gisin he wold lyght a thousand candels to the kīg of france ¶And anone let assēble a gret host of Normā die [Page] and of englissmen: And in the begīyng of heruest he come ī to fraunce· & brened all the tounes tha the come by thurgh all thee cuntre and robbid & did all the sorow that he myght thurgh owt al fraunce &̄ at the last he brenid the cite of Mandos and com­mandid his pepull for to bere wod & as moch as he might bren & himself holpe ther to all that he might with a good will. ¶And ther was gret hete what of fiere that wos so gret & of the sone that it wos wonder hoot. that it stuffid him so that he become & fell in to a gret disese and sekenes. ¶And whan he saw that he wos so strong seke. he ordined and assigned all normandi to Robert curthos his sone. And all englond to willm the Rousse and bi quathe to Henri beauclerc all his tresur And tho he thus had done. he vnderfenge all the sacramētis of holy churche &̄ died the xxij yere of his regne & lieth at Caan in Normandie.

Anno domini .M.lxvi.

GRegorius the vij: wos pope aft (er) Alexand (er) xij. yere. This man ordend ī a generall sinodi that no prest shold haue a wife ne shuld duell with women. bot tho that the holy sinodi of Nicena or other decreis haue suffred. and then the prestis set noght or litel pondrid his ordinans. this pope commanded that no mā sh̄uld heir masse of a prest that had a cōcubine And he on a c (er)tan tyme whan he was cardinall and legate in to fraunce ꝓcedid sharply ayens prelatis and prestis that wersymonyes: And amōg other ther wos on bisshop that wos gretly famyd with symonye. and thos that accusid him. priueli he hired them to say the cōtrari The wich the legate consaued. and afore all the pepull. he sayd let this iugement of this man sese at this tyme. for it is dissauabull. And let god dispose for it: and sayd thus it is certan that ye dingnite of a bisshop is the yefer of the holy gost. and who sū eu (er) byes a bishopprik: doys ayens the holi gost. Then if thow bisshop did not ayens the holy gst. Say opynli afore all pepull. gloria [Page] patri et filio et spiritui sancto: And mony tymes he began to say it bot he could neu (er) speke spiritur sancto. ¶Then he wos deposit of his bisshopprik: and after he could speke it well ynough. Victor the thrid: wos pope aft (er) him on yere: And this mā was poysenned with vennū in the chalas. Vrbanus was pope after him ij. yere This man cursed the kyng of fraunce for his avoutre. and he called a counsell at Cla (rum). in the wich he ordined that matyns of our ladi sh̄uld be said eu (er)y day &̄ on settyrday hir solempne mase. & it is sayed that this was sheued vn to the freris of Cartusis. Also he called an other counsell at Turam for the holi land to be won ayene &̄ ꝓuokid the pepull to that mat (er). & with ī a litell aft (er) that tyme. the most parti of the holy land wos recou (er)id & the glorius sepulcur of our lord ihū crist: and an thyochia wt mony othyr nobull cites wer takyn from the handis of the sarisēs And it is sayed & men beleued that ijCM. cristyn men went to that iornay. for ther went of statis old men and yonge. riche and poer. & no man compellid them. and this passage was made bi the vision of our ladi: and the princes of this pepull wer diu (er)se. On wos Godfray the bollion a nobull man of all the world &̄ a ver­tuus man. And an other was Beemūd the duke of Napuls The thrid wos Hugh the kynges brother of fraunce. and mony other the wich did full nobully for the faith of god: and it wer to long in this bake to reherse the glorius actis yt they did.

¶Of kyng willm Roos that wos willm bastard son that destruyed tounes & houses of religion for to make the new forest.

ANd after this willm bastard regned his son william the Rous and this willm was a wonder contrarious man to god and holy chirche & let amende and make the toune off Cardeis that the paynyms had destroyed. ¶This kyng willm destruyed holy chirche and ther possessions in what ꝑte he myght them find▪ ¶And therfor ther was so moch debate bitwen him [Page] and the erchebisshop of cantorburi Ancelme for encheson that he vndernamme him of his wickidnesse that he destroied hol̄y chirch And for encheson therof the kyng bore to him gret wrath and for that cause he exiled him out of this land. and the erchebishop tho went to the court of Rome and ther duellid wyth the pope. ¶And this king made the new forest. & cast doune & distruid xxvi tounes. and lxxx. houses of religion. all for to make his forest lenger and brod (er). and bicome wonder glad and proud of his wod & of his forest. and C the wild bestys that werther within that it was meruell for to wit so that men called him keper of wodis and of pastors and the lenger that he leued the more wekked he become bothe to god and to all holy chirche and to all his men: ¶And this kyng let make the gret hall of westmynster. so vpon a day in the witsontyde he held ther in his frist fest and he lokid him a bout and said that the hall wos to litell bi the haluē dele. ¶And at the last he become so contrarius that all thing that plesed god displesid him and all thing that god loued he hatid deidly. ¶And so it befell that he dremyd vpon a nyght a litel or that he died that he wos let blod and bled a gret quātite of blode and a streme of blode lepit on eigh toward heuē more than an hundreth vethem and the clerenes of the day was turned vn to nyght and dirkenesse and the firmament also. ¶And when that he a woke he had gret drede so that he not wist what for to done &̄ told his dreme to men of his councell and said that he had gret dred and supposed that to hī was sum mischance to cum. ¶And the secund night before a mōke dremed of the housold that the kīg went in to an chirche with moch pepull &̄ he wos proud that he dispised all the pepull that wos with him and that he tok the yma­ge of the crucifix and shamfully bote it with hys tethe. ¶And the crucifix mekeli suffred all that he did but the kyng as a wode man rent of the armys of the crucifix and cast it vnd (er) his fete and defouled it and threw it all a brode &̄ a gret flame [Page] of fire come out of the crucifix mouth of wich dreme mony men had gret meruell and wonder: ¶The good man that had dremmed this straunge dreme told it to a knyght that wos most priuey with the kyng of all men: and the knyght wos called Hamū des: soon the monke and he told the dreme to the kyng and saied that it shuld betokyn other thing than good. and neu (er)thelas thee kyng laughed ther at twyes or thries and litell set ther by and thought that he wold go and hunte & play in ye forest. And mē counsellid him that he shuld not that day for no man (er) thīg come in the wod. so yt he a bood at home before mete But anone as he had heten no man might hī let bot he wold gon vn to ye wod for to haue his disporte. ¶And so it befell that on of his knyghtis that heght walter Tirell wold haue shot to an hart. & his arew glensid vpon a branche and thurgh missauēt (ur) smote the kīg to ye hert. & so he fell doune deid to the grund wt out ony word spekyng and so endid his life days: ¶And it wos no ferli for the day that he died he had let to ferme the erchebisshopprich of Cantor­buri and xij: abbeis also. & eu (er) more did gret distruccion to holy chirche thurgh wrongfull takyng &̄ axinges. for no man durste withstond that he wold haue done. and of his lethernesse he wold neu (er) withdraw. nother to amend his life & therfor god wold suffre hī no lenger to regne ī his wikkidnes &̄ he had bene kīg xiij: yere &̄ vi. wekis &̄ lieth at westmynster

Anno domini: M.lxxxviij.

PAscal̄ was pope aft (er) vrbā xviij. yer v. monethis ye wich ye xiij. yere of his bisshopprich wt his cardinales wos put ī prisō bi Henri the fourth ye emꝑour. &̄ they might not be deliu (er)id till ye pope had suorne yt he shuld kepe pees wt hī & yt he shuld neuer curs hī. & on yt ꝓmis ye pope yaf the emꝑour a p̄uylege. &̄ on the yere aft (er) the pope dampned yt p̄uelege. &̄ said on this wise. lett vs cōp̄hend all holy scriptur ye old testamēt &̄ the new. the lawis &̄ the ꝓphettis the gospell &̄ the canons of apostils. &̄ all the decrees [Page] of the popis of rome. that at they held I hold. and that at thei dampnid I dampne. and most specialy that preuylege graūtid to Henri ye emꝑour. the wich rether is grantid to venge his males: then to multiple the paciēs in vertu. for eu (er) more I dampne that same preuilege.

¶Of kyng Henri beauclerke yt wos willm Rous brother &̄ of the debate betwen him & Robert Curthos his brother.

ANd when this willm Rous wos deid Henri beauclerke his brother wos made kyng for encheson that willm Rous had no child begoten of his bodi: and this henri beauclerke was crouned kyng at london the iiij. day aft (er) that his brother was decessid that is to say the v. day of august. ¶And anone as Ancel̄me that was Archebisshop of Cantorburi that was at ye court of rome herd tell that willm Rous wos deid he come ayen in to englond. & the kyng beauclarke welcomed him with moch honour ¶And the frist yere that kyng henri regned &̄ wos crouned. he spoused Maude that wos Margaretis dought (er) the quene of Scotland and the erchebisshop Ancelme of cantorburi weddid them. ¶And this kyng begate vpon his wife ij. sonnys and a doughter. yt is to say willm & Richard &̄ Maude. And this maude wos afterward the emprisse of Almayne: ¶And in the secund yere of his regne his brother Robert Curthose that was duke of Normandie come with an huge host in to englond for to chalenge the land but thurgh concell of the wise men of the land they wer accordid in this maner. That the kyng shold yeue the duke his brother a thousand pound eu (er)y yere and wich of them leued longest shuld be other heir and so bitwen them shuld be n [...] debate ne strife. ¶And when they wer thus accordid the Duke went home ayen in to Normandie ¶And when the kyng had regned iiij. yere ther aroos a gret debate bitwen him and the erchebisshop of canwrburi Ancelme For because that the Erchebishop [Page] wold not grant him for to take talagie of chirches at his will. &̄ therfor eftsone the Erchebisshop went ou (er) the see vn to the court of rome and ther duellid with the pope. ¶And in the same yere the Duke of Normandie come in to englond for to speke with his brother. ¶And among all other thinges the Duke of normandie for yaf vn to the kyng hys brother the forsayed thousand pound by yere that he shuld pay vn to the duke. and with good loue the kyng &̄ ye duke ꝑted &̄ ther the duke went ayen ī to normādi ¶And when tho ij: yere wer a gone thurgh enticement of the deuell & of lithermen a gret debate arose bitwin the kyng and the duke so that the kyng thurgh consell went ou (er) the see in to normandi ¶And when the kyng of Englond was cumyn in to Normā die All the gret lordis of normandie turned vn to the kīg of englond and held ayens the Duke ther own lord &̄ him forsoke &̄ to the kyng them yelden and all the good castels and tounes of Normandie And sone aft (er) wos the duke taken & led with the kīg in to englond &̄ the kyng let put the duke ī to prison. ¶And this was the vengeance of god. ¶For when the Duke was ī the holy land. god yaf him such myght &̄ grace. that he was chosī for till a bene the kyng of Ierusalem. and he forsoke it & wold not take it vppon hym. And therfor god send him that shame & des­pite for to be put ī to his brothers p̄son. ¶Tho seysed kīg herri all Normandie in to his hand and held hit all his lifes tyme & ī the same yere come the bisshop Ancelme from the cour of Rome ī to englōd ayen and the kyng & he wos accordid.

¶And in the yere next commyng aft (er) ther began a gret debate betwen the kyng Phillip of Fraunce: &̄ kyng Henri of Englōd ¶Wherfor kyng Herri went in to Normandie & ther wos strong were betwen them two and tho died the kyng of france. and Lowys his son wos made kyng anone aft (er) his deth. ¶And tho went kyng Henri ayen ī to englond: &̄ maried Maude his dought (er) to Henri the emprour of almayne.

¶Of the debate yt wos betwē kīg Lowis of france &̄ kīg Hēri of ēglōd &̄ how kīg henris ij. sonnys wer lost ī the high see.

WHen kyng henri had ben kyng xvij. yere a gret debate aroos betwyn kyng Lowys of fraunse and kyng Hnri of Englond: for encheson that the kyng had sent in to Normandye to his men that they shuld be helpyng vn to the Erle of Bloyes as moch as they might in were ayēs the kyng of fraunce. ¶And that thei shuld bene as redy to him as they wer vn to ther own lord. for encheson that the Erle had spoused his sustren dame Maude ¶And for this encheson the kyng of franse did moch sorow to Normandie ¶Wherfore the kȳg of englōd w­as wond (er) wroth and in hast wēt ou (er) the see with a gret pouer and come in to Normandie for to defend that land. And the were be­twyn them lastid ij. yere till at the last they two faughten to ged (er) &̄ the kyng of fraunse wos discomfited & vneth scappid a way wt moch payn & the most parti of his men wer takē: & the kīg did wt them what him best likid ¶And sum of them he let go frely & sum let he be put vn to the deth. But aft (er)ward tho ij. kīges wer accordid. ¶And whan king herri had holy all the land of Normadie & scomfited his emnys of franse: he turnid ayen in to englond with moch honour: ¶And his ij. sonis Wyllm & Richa­rd wold haue commen aft (er) ther fadre and wēt to the see with an gret componye of pepull: But or that they myght cum to land the ship come ayens a roch & brak all ī to peses & all wer drenchid that wer ther in sauf on man that wos in the same shipe yt ascappid. ¶And this wos on sent Katrines day. & thes werthe names of them yt wer drenchid. willm & Richard ye kīgꝭ sonys ye erle of chest (er) Ottonell his brod (er) Geffray ridell: walter emurci Godfray erchdekē: ye kīgꝭ dought: ye Cūtes of ꝑches. ye kīgꝭ neci. ye Coūtes of chestre. & mōy od (er). whē kīg henri &̄ od (er) lordis ariuid in englōd & herd thes tydyngꝭ: they made sorow ynowgh. & al ther myrth & Ioye wos turned ī to mornyng & sorow.

¶How Maude the Emprise come ayen ī to englond &̄ how she wos aft (er)ward weddid to Geffroi the erle of angoy

ANd when that ij. yere wer a gone that the Erle had duelled wt the kīg· the Erle went from the kȳg and began to were vpon him and did moch harme in the land of Normandie & toke ther a strong castell and ther he duellid all that yere. & tho comme to him tydynges that Henri the Emꝑour of Almayn that had spoused Maude his doughter wos deid and that she duelled no longer in Almayn and that she wold cum ayen in to Normandie to hir fadre ¶And when that she wo [...]s comyn vn to him he toke hir tho to him and come ayen in to Englond and made the englishmen to done othe and feaute vn to the emprise and the frist man that made the otho wos willm the Erchebisshop of Cantorburi ¶And that other Dauid kyng of Scotlond and after him all the Erles and Barons of englond ¶Al­so after that the nobull man the erle of Angoy that was a worthy knyght sent vn to the kyng of englond that he wold graunte him for to haue his doughter to spouse that is to say Maude thee emprisse ¶And for encheson that hir fadre wist that he wos a nobull man. The kyng him grauntid and consentid ther to. ¶And tho toke he his doughter and lad hir in to Normandie and come to the nobull knyght Gaufrid and ther he spoused thee foresaid Maude with moch honour And the Erle begat vpon hir a son that was called Henri the Emprisse sone.

And after when all this wos done kyng Henri duelled al that yere in Normandi And after that long tyme a greuꝰ seke­nesse toke him wherthurgh he died ¶And this kyng henri regned xxxv. yere and iiij. monethis. and after he died as is before sayd in Normandie and his hert wos entered in the gret chirche of our lady in Rouen. and his body was brought with moch hoynour ī to englond and entered at Redyng ī the abbey of the wich abbey he wos begynner and founder.

[Page]HEnricus the fourth was emꝑour in Alman aft (er) Herri ye thrid xv. yer. This mā put his own fad (er) ī p̄son &̄ ther held him till he died he toke pope pascall wt his cardinales &̄ present thē as it is saied a foro. for the wich cause as it is supposid: he lac­kid ussu. for he weddid Maude the kyngꝭ dought (er) of englond: bot aft (er)ward he come to grace. & all the lawys of the chirche & the landis frely he refined to Calixto the pope. & besought him to yef hī in pennance that he shuld neu (er) cum ayen to his empire. that he might haue remission of his trespasse. and aft (er) the opinyon of mōy a man he was willely exiled. &̄ died and his wife bothe at chestre in englond: Gelasius was pope aft (er) Paschall ij: yere and fled frō Henri the emprour in to Burgon & ther decessid. This emꝑour chose Benedicte a spanyard to be pope the wich strofe wyth Calixto. Calixtus was pope after him ij. yere & v. monethes. This Calixt was the son of the duke of Burgon &̄ was chosen in the place of Gelasii &̄ whē he shuld cum to rome. he toke thee forsaid Benedict & made him to ride a fore him shamfully. for he on a Mule turned his face to the tayll of the mule. & held the taill in his hond as a bridyll. till he come thurgh the cite. & ther he was put in prison. and this pope made pees with the emprour. Honorius was pope after him ij. yere & litell of him is writtin Nota. Harri the fourth emprour of Alman decessed this tyme and wos beried with his progenytours after sum men with suche an Epithapei. Filiꝰ hic: pater hic Auꝰ hic: proauꝰ iacꝪ istis: bot it is likly to be truyr that at Gerald sais in Itinario wallie wher he says that after he had prisened his carnall fadre & his spirituall fadir the pope with his cardinales after he was recōsiled & willely he was made exile. And he left Maud his wyfe the kīgꝭ doghter of englond prēuely. & leued an harmytes life at Chestre x. yere wher he might liue as no man knew hī. & he called hī self Godiscal̄lus the wich godisson is cald. So the Emꝑour secretly y went away. And Maude his wife the Emprisse ther she [Page] went to hir fadre Herri in to Normandie. wher anone after she wos weddid to Gefferay Plantagines the duke of andegāme: vpon whome he begat Herri the secund aft (er) kyng of Englōd vnd (er) whom sent Thomas of Cantorburi regned and died. Lotharius wos emprour aft (er) henri the fourth xij yere. and litell of him is writtyn bot that he wos man (er)ly to the chirche· and that he subduid Roger the vsurper of the kyng of Cicely. Hugo de sancto victori was a nobull man this tyme at paris & a nobull doctor of the nacion of the saxons. The ordir of sent Iohn̄ baptist at Ierusalem began this time. be the worshipfull man Ray­mond mightely disposid to werkis of merci. all thys ordir make ther waye to (ser)ue poer men

Anno domini .M.C.xxxiiij.

INnocencius wos pope aft (er) Honorius xiiij. yere & vij. monethis This man was a veray deuote man. & with sich men he societ him: & he had striffe vij. yere ayens Pers of Lion the wich names him Anocletū. and by strength he toke the popehood. the wich Innocent saw. & wt ij. galeys he fled in to fraūce. and wos worsshipfully resaued of sent Berenard. the wich yt time had all the kynges &̄ the princes in his hand. & he ꝓuoked them for to bring this pope Innocent in to his dignite ayene: all the last althyng was cessid & his emnys wer distruyed thurghe the iugement of god: &̄ he wos pope ayene. and leued profetabuly and was beried at Lauronynce.

¶How Stephen that wos kyng Henri sustres son wos made kyng of englond.

AFter this kyng Henry that was the frist was made ky­ng his nepheu his sustres sonne Sstephen Erle of Bol­loyn For anone as he herd the tydyng of his vncles deth. than he passid the see and come in to englond thurgh consell & strēgth [Page] and helpe of mony gret lordis in englond ayens ther othe that they had made to Maude emprisse toke the reame and let croune stephen kyng of the land. ¶And the archebisshop wiliam of Cantorburi that frist made the oth of feaute to Maud ye em­prissi set the croune vpon kyng stephens hede & him anoynted. &̄ bisshop Roger of Salisburi mayntened the kynges partie in as moch as he myght ¶The frist yere that kyng Stephen begā to regne he assembled a gret host and went towward Scotland for to haue wered vpon the kīg of scotland: but he come ayens hī in pees and in good man (er) and to him trustid. but he made to him none homage for as moche as he had made vn to the Emprise Maude. ¶And in the iiij. yere of his regne Maude the em­prise come in to englond. and tho began debate betwin kīg Stephē &̄ maude the Emprise: ¶This Maude went vn to the cite of Nicholl & the kīg hi [...] beseged long time &̄ myght not spede. so well the cite was keped and defendid. and tho that wer with in the cite quantely ascapped away with out any man (er) of harme. & tho toke the kyng the cite and duelled therin till candilmasse. And tho come the Barons that held with the emprice that is for to say thee erle Randulfe of Chestre. the erle Robert of Glocestre Hugh Bigot. Robert of morlay. And thes brought with them a strōg pouer &̄ faught wyth the kyng & yaf him a gret bataill: in ye wich batall kīg stephen was takē & set ī prisō ī ye castell of bristowe.

¶How maude the emprice wēt fro wīchest (er) to Oxford &̄ aft (er) she ascapped to walīgford & of the sorow & disese yt she had.

WHen the kyng was taken and brought in to warde in the castell of Bristow: This Maude the Emprise anone wos made lady of all Englond and all men held hir for lady of the land. But tho of Kentheld with kyng Stephens wife. and also william of Pree and his reteune help them and held were ayens maude the Emprise and anōe aft (er) the kyng of scotland com to them with an huge nombre of pepull. & tho went they yfere to [Page] wynchester ther that the emprise wos. & wold haue takē hir. but the Erle of gloucestre come with his pouer &̄ faught with them &̄ the emprise in the meyn while that the bataill dured: scappid from thens and went vn to Oxford & ther hir held And ī that bataill was ther the duke of Gloucestre discomfited and takyn. and wyth him mony other lordis ¶And for his deleueranse wos kyng Stephen deliu (er)id out of prison ¶And when he wos delyuerid out of prison he went thens vn to Oxford & besegyd the emprise that was tho at Oxford. &̄ the sege endurid fro Michelmase vn till seynt Andrewes tide. ¶And the emprise let tho clo­the hir all in whit lynnen clothe. for encheson that she nat woldē be know. for in the same tyme ther wos moch snow. &̄ so she ascappid by the thamse from them away that wer hir emnys. And fro thens she went to walynford & ther hir held. ¶And the kyng wold haue besegid hir. but he had so moch to done with the erle Rā dulfe of chestre and with Hugh bygot that strongli wered vpō hī in eu (er)y place that he not wist whither for to turne And the Erle of gloucestre holp him with his pouer.

¶How Gaufrid the erle of Angeon yaf vp on till Herri ye emprise son all Normādy.

ANd aft (er) this the kyng went vn to wilton. and wold haue made a Castell ther: but tho come to him the Erle of gloucestre with a strong pouer. & ther almost he had takyn the kyng. but yit the kyng ascapid with moch payn. and willm martell ther wos take: And for whos delyu (er)ās thei yaf vn to the erle of Gloucestre. the good castell of Shirborne. that he had taken. ¶And whan this wos done the Erle Robert & all the kingꝭ enmys went vn to Faringdone & begone ther for to make a strong Castell. But the kyng come thedre with a strong pouer and droue him thens. and in that same yere the Erle Randulfe of Chestre wos accordid wt the kyng. and come to his court at his cōmandement. and the Erle wened saufely for to cum &̄ the kīg [Page] anone let take him and put him in to prisone and myght neu (er) for thyng cum out till that he had yeld vp vn to the kyng the Castel of Nicholl the wych he had take from the kyng with his strengthe in the xv. yere of his regne. ¶And Gaufryd the erle of angeon yaf vp vn to Henri his son all Normandie: And in the yere that next sued died the erle Gaufrid and Henri his son tho annō turned ayen to Angeon. &̄ ther was made erle wt moch honor of his men of the land. and tho to him diden feaute and homage the most parte of his land ¶And tho was this Henri the emprice sone Erle of Angew and also the duke of Normandie. ¶In the same yere was made diuorce bitwen the kīg of fraū ­ce and the quene his wife that was right heir of Gascoyn for encheson that it was know and proued that they wer sibbe and nye of blod And tho spoused hir Henri the Emprise sone Erle of angon &̄ the Duke of Normandie and Duke of Gascoyne. ¶In the xviij. yere of this Stephen. This Henri come in to englond with a strong pouer and began for to were vpon thys kyng Stephen and toke the castell of Malmesburi and did moch harme &̄ the kyng Stephen had so moch were that he not wist for to wende but at the last they wer accordid thurgh the Erchebis­shopp Theobald. & thurgh other worthy lordis of Englond vpō this condicion that they shuld departe the reame of Englond bytwyn them so that Henri the emprise son sh̄uld holy haue the half of all the lond of englond ¶And thus they wer accordid & pees cried thurgh out all englond. ¶And when the accorde was made bitwen tho ij. lordis Kyng stephen become so sory for because that he had lost halfe englond. and fell in to such amaladie and died in the xix. yere & viij. wekes and v. days of his regne all ī were and ī contake and he lyeth in the abbay of feueresham the wich he let make ī the vi. yere of his regne.

[Page]CElestinus the secund wos pope aft (er) Innocent v. moneth is and litell he did. Lucius was after him and litell ꝓfettyd for they died both in a pestylens Eugenius the secund was pope after him v: yere and iiij. monethes This man frist wos the descipull of sent Barnard. and aft (er) the abbot of sente Anastasy by rome. and come to the chirche of sent Cesari & was chosin pope by the Cardinales he no thyng knawyng therof. and for dred of the senatours he was consecratid with out the cite· This man was an holy man and suffred trubilaciō &̄ at the last wt moch holynes he decessid &̄ lieth at sent petres. and after anone decessid sent barnard. Petrus lambardus the bisshoꝑ of Paris brod (er) to Graciā cōpilet ye iiij bokis of ye sētēs this tym Petiꝰ ꝯmestor brod (er) to gracian & to Peris lūard made historiā scolasticam & od (er) bokis Fredericus primꝰ aft (er) Conrad wos emprour in almayn & ī rome xxxiij. yere This man after the deth of Adriā the pope the wich crouned him did cursedly with alexander to him gret preiudice. for he did help iiij that strofe ayens the apostill se­ [...]t. And he faught myghteli ayens the kyng of frrance thurgh pouer of the danois and other nacions. But Richard the kyng of englond holp for to expuls him. & he distroied Mediolanū to the gronde. of the wich cite the walles wer hyer then the wales of any other cite: This man at the last after he had done mōy vexacions to the pope he wos reconsiled. For he dred lest the Lūbardis wold haue rebelled ayence him: he asked foryefnes of the po­pe. & toke the cros vpon him and went vn to the loly land &̄ did mony meruelus thinges ther· almost as moch as eu (er) did Karolꝰ magnꝰ. And ther he com by a toune that men called Armenyā & ī a litell wat (er) he wos drenched. &̄ at Tirū he wos beried Anastasius wos pope aft (er) Eugeny iiij yer & more. This mā wos abbot of Rufy. & thē he wos chosin cardinale & aft (er) pope.

¶Of kyng Henri the secund that wos the emprise son in whos tyme sent Thomas of cantorburi wos Chaunceler.

ANd aft (er) this kyng Stephen regned Henri the emprise sō and was crouned of the Erchebisshop Theobald the xvij day before cristynmes And in the same yere Thomas Beket of London Erchebisshop of Cantorburi was made the kingꝭ chanceler of englond. ¶The secund yere that he was crouned he let castdoune all the new castelles that wer longyng to the croune ye wiche king Sstephen had yef vn to diu (er)se men and them had made Erles and barouns for to hold with him & to help him ayens Hē ri the emprise son ¶And the iiij. yere of his regne he put vnd (er) his own lordship the kyng of wales And in ye same yere the kīg of Scotland had in his own hand that is to say the cite of Karlill the castell of Bamburgh &̄ the new castell vpō Tyne and the erledom of lancastre. ¶The same yere the kyng with a gret pouer went in to wales and let cast doune wodes and make wayes and made strong the Castell of Rutland basingwarke. and emong the castels he made an house of the tempull. ¶And in the same yere was Richard his son borne that aft (er)ward wos erle of Oxforde and the iiij. yere of his regne he made Gaufrid erle of Bretā And in that yere he changed his monay. & ye vi. yere of his regne he lad an huge host vn to Tolouse and conquered it. ¶And the vij. yere of his regne died Theabult the Erchebisshop of Cantorburi And tho all the cite of Cantorburi al̄most thurgh meschefe wos brenned. ¶The ix. yere of his regne Thomas Bekit that wos his chanceler wos chosen to bene Erchebisshop of caūtorburi. And vpon sent Barnardis day he wos sacred. and ī that yere wos borne Helienor the kynges doughter: ¶And in the x. yere of his regne sent Edward the kīg was translated with moch honour ¶And the xi. yere of his regne he held hys parlament at Northamtoon. And from thens fled sent Thomas erchebisshop of cantorburi. for the gret debate that wos betwix ye [Page] kīg & hī. for if he had ben founde ī ye morne he had ben slaī. & therfor he fled thens with iij. felowes on fote onli that no man wisten wher he wos: & went ouer the see to the pope of Rome. ¶And this was the principall encheson for as moch as the kyng wold haue put clarkes to deth that wer atteyntit of felonye with out ony preuylege of holy chirch: ¶And the xij. yere of his regne was Ion his son borne: And the xiij. yere off his regne died Maude the emprice that was his mother. ¶The :xiiij: yere of his regne the duke Henri of Saxon spoused Maude his dought (er). & he begat vpon hir iij: sonis that wor called Henri Othus & Willm ¶And in the xv yere of his regne died the good erle Robert of Glocestre that founded the abbey of Nonnes of Eton. ¶And in the same yere Marike kyng of Ierusalem cōquered Babilon ¶And the xvi yere of his regne he let croune his sone Henri kyng at westmynster. &̄ him crouned Rog (er) Erchebisshop of yorke. in harmyng of Thomas erchebisshop of Cantorberi wherfor this same Roger was acursed of the pope.

¶How kyng henri that was son of kyng henri the emprise son and of the debate that wos bytwen him and his fader while thatt he wos in Normandie.

AFter the coronacion of kyng henri the son of kyng henri the emprise son ¶That same henri the emprise son went ou (er) in to Normandie &̄ ther he let marie Elenour the doughter of ye Dolfyn that was kyng of Almayn ¶And in the vij. yere yt the erchebisshop [...] Thomas had bene outlawed the kyng of frunce made the kyng &̄ [...] Thomas accordid. & tho come thom̄s the erchebisshop to Cātorburi ayen to his own chirche ¶And this accord was made in the begynyng of aduent And aft (er)warde he wos kylled [...] the v. day of cristynmasse that tho next come ¶For kyng henri thought vpon [...] Thomas the erchebisshop vpon cristinmasse day os he sat at his mete &̄ thees wordis said That if he had any good knyghtys with him he had be [Page] mony a day passid avengid vpon the erchebisshop Thomas. ¶And anone sir willm Breton. sir hugh Moruyle. sir william Traci. &̄ sir Reignold fitz vrse beres son in Englissh preueli went vn to the see & comen in to englond vn to the chirche of cantorburi and ther they him [...] at sent Benettes auter ī the moder chirche. ¶And that was ī the yere of ye Incarnacion of ihū crist .M.C:lxxij. yere. ¶And anone after Henri the new kyng began for to make were vpon Henri his fadre and vpon his brether. willm & O thus ¶And so vpon a day the kyng of fraunce and all the kynges sonnes and the kyng of scotland and the grettyst lordis of englong were arisen ayens thee kyng Henri the fadre and at the last as god wold he conquered all his emnys. ¶And the kyng of fraunce & he wer accordit & tho sent kyng henri the fadre speciali vn to the kyng of france &̄ prayed him herteli for his loue that he wold send to him the na­mes by letter of them that wer the begyners of the were ayens him ¶And the kyng of fraunce sent ayene to him bi letter the names of them that begon the were ayens him. ¶The frist was Iohn̄ his son &̄ Richard his brother. and henri the new kyng his son Tho was henri the kyng wond (er) wroth and cursid the tyme that eu (er) he him begat. ¶And while the were dured Henri his sone the new king died sore repentyng his misdedis & most sorow made of ony man for because of [...] thomas deth of cantorburi. ¶And prayed his fadre with moch sorow of hert merce for his trespasse. & his fader for yaf him. and had of him gret pitte and aft (er) he died the xxxvi. yere of his regne and lieth at redīg.

¶How the cristyn lost the holy land in the forsaid kynges ty­me thurgh a fals cristyn man that bicome a sarisen.

ANd while that kīg henri the emprise son leued and regned the gret bataill wos in the holy land bitwen the cristyn mē and the sarisens. but the cristyn men wer ther kylled thurgh grett [Page] treson of the erle Tirpe that wold haue had to wife the quene of Ierusalem that som tyme wos Baldewyns wife but she forsoke him and toke to hir lord a knyght a worthi man that wos called sir Gnyꝑches wherfor the erle Tirpe wos wroth and wēt anone right to Soladyne that was soudeyn of Babilon &̄ bicome his man. And forsoke his cristindom &̄ all cristyn law and the cristī men wist not of this dedis: but wened for to haue had gret help of him as they wer wont to haue before: ¶And when they comen to the bataill. This fals cristyn man turned vn to the sarisens & forsoke his own nacions &̄ so wer the cristyn men ther kylled wt the sarisens ¶And thus wer the cristyn men slayn & put to horibull deth. &̄ the cite of Ierusalē destruied. and the holy cros bor­ne away ¶The kyng of fraunce and all the gret lordis of ye land let them cros for to go vn to the loly land ¶And amōg them went Richard kyng Henri son frist aft (er) ye kīg of fraūce yt toke ye cros of ye erchebisshop of tours: but he toke not the viage at yt tyme for encheson yt he wos let bi other man (er) weys & nedis to be done. ¶And whā kīg henri his fad (er) had regned xxxvi. yere & v. monethis & iiij. dais he died & lieth at foundenerard.

Anno domini. M:C.lvi.

ADrianus the fourth wos pope aft (er) Anastasy v. yere This pope was an englisshman. & ye voce of the comyn pe­pule saeth he wos a bondman to ye abbot of sent albons ī englōd And whē he desired to be made a mōke ther. he wos expulsid & hee wēt ou (er) the see. & gaf hī to study &̄ to vertu. & aft (er) wos made bis­shop of Albanacens. then he wos made legate ī to the land of wormacian. & he cōu (er)tid it to the faith: thē he wos made pope: &̄ for the woundyng of a Cardinall he enterditit all the cite of rome: & hee cursid willm the kyng of Cecill. & causid him to submitt him: This man the frist of all popis with his cardinales dueld in the old cite. Alexandre the thrid wos pope after him xij. yere [Page] This Alexander had strife xvij. yere and the iiij. striuers that the Emprour set ayens him he ou (er) come them: and cursid them: &̄ they all dred an yll deth. ¶This man also accordid Frederic the emprour & Emanuell of Constātiōble· & the kyng of Sicu­lo (rum): And this man norisshed sent Thomas of cantorberi ī his exile. Nota. Sent Bernard wos canonisit bi this alexand (er) & his abbot forbad him he shuld do no mo myraclis. for ther wos so myghty cōcours of pepull. And he obeyed to hī when he wos deid & did no mo. Lucius the thrid was pope aft (er) Alexander iiij. yere & ij. monethes and of him litell is written ¶In this mans dais decessid Henri the frist son of henri the secund &̄ this his his epytasi. ¶Omīs honoris honos. decor et decus. vrbis et orbis Milicie splendor gloria lumen apex. Iulius ingenio. virtutibꝰ hector. Achilles viribꝰ. Augustus moribꝰ. Ore paris. Vrbanus the iij. wos pope aft (er) Lucius ij. yere This man decessid for sorow when he hard tell that Ierusalem was take with thee sarisens. Gregori the viij: wos pope after hī iiij mōthis & he practiset mighteli how Ierlm̄ might be won ayen. bot anone he decessid. Clemēs ye iij. wos pope after hī iij. yere. &̄ litell did.

¶Of kyng Richard that conquered all the holy land that cristī men had lost.

ANd after this kīg henri regned Richard his son a stout mā &̄ a strong and a worthy and also bold and he was crouned at westmynster of the erchebisshop Baldewyn of Cantorburi the thrid day of septembre. and the secūd yere of his regne kyng Richard him self and Baldewyn the erchebisshop of cantorburi &̄ Hubert bisshop of Salisburi & Raudulfe Erle of Gloucestre. and other mony lordis of englond went in to the holy land and in that viage died the erchebisshop of cantorburi. ¶And kyng Richard went before in to the holy land &̄ restid not till that he come forth ī his way vn to Cipers & toke it with [Page] gret force: and sithen that kyng Richard went forth toward the holy land and gete ther as moch as the cristyn men had ther before losten. and conquered the land ayen thurgh gret myght saufe ōly the holy cros. ¶And when kyng Richard comen to the cite of Acres for to get the cite. ther aros a gret debate bitwen him and the kyng of fraunce so that the kyng of france went ayen in to fr­aunce &̄ wos wreth toward the kyng Richard but yit for al that or kyng richard went ayen he toke the cite of acres. ¶And when he had taken it he duelled in the cite a while. but to him come tydynges that the erle Iohn̄ of Oxford his brother wold haue sesed all englond in to his hand and Normandie also. and wold croūe him kyng of the land ¶And whan kyng richard hard tell off this tidyng he went ayen toward englond weth all the spede that he might. ¶But the duke of Ostriche met with him & toke hī & brought hī vn to the Emprour of Almayn. & the emprour hī brought in to his prison ¶And aft (er)ward he was deliu (er)id for an huge raunsum that is for to say an hondreth thousand pound. And for the wich ranson to be payed eche other [...]hales of Englo­nd wos molten and made in to monay and all the monkis of the order of cisteaux yefen all ther bokes thurgh out all englond for to done them to sell & the raunsom for to pay.

¶How kyng Richard come ayen from the holi land and avē ged him of his emnys.

WHyles this kyng richard wos in prison the kyng of fraunce wereed vpon him strongly in Normandie and Iohan his brother wered vpon him in Englond. ¶But the bisshoppes and barons of englond withstod him with all the pouer thatt they might get: and toke the castell of wyndosore and other castelles ¶And the forsaied Iohn̄ saw that he had no might ne pou­er ayenis the barons of englond for to fight but anone went him ouer see vn to the kyng of fraunce ¶And whē kyng richard [Page] come out of prison and wos deliu (er)ed and come in to englond. anone aft (er) candilmasse in gret hast he went vn to notyngham and the castell of Notyngham to him wos yolden And tho discōfitid he his brother Iohan and tho that with him held ¶And aft (er) hee went vn to the cite of wynchestre and ther he let him croun kyng of Englond. &̄ after he went vnto Normandie for to were vpon the kyng of fraunce. ¶And the kyng of fraunce come withe v.C. knyghtys toward Gisors and the kyng Richard met him and tho wold haue yefen him bataill but the kyng of fraūce fled tho and an hundreth knyghtys of his wer take and ijC. stedis were ther trappid with yren. ¶And anone aft (er) went kyng richard for to besege the castell of Gaillard and as he rode vpon a day by the castell to take auisement of the castyli. an arbalastier smote him with a quarell that wos enuenyned. &̄ the kyng drofe out the shaft of the quarell but the quarell heed abood still in his heed. & it began for to rankill yt he might not help him self ne me­ue his armes ¶And tho he wist that he had dethes woūde vpō him yt he might not be hole for no man (er) thing. he commaūded an­none sharpili all his men for to assaill the castell. So yt the cas­tell was take or that he died. & so manli his men did that all ye pepull that wer ī ye castill wer takē. & the kyng did with them wh­at he wold &̄ cōmandid his men that they shuld brīg before him ye man that him so hurt & so woūdid ¶And wen he come before ye kyng the kīg axed hī what was his name: &̄ he said mi name is bartram gurdon. wherfor said the kīg hast tow me slayn· sith that I did the neuer none harme ¶Sir said he though ye did me neu (er) none harme. ye yourself with your hond killed my fadre & my brother. & therfor I haue quyte now your trauell. ¶Tho said kīg Richard he that died vpon the cros to bring mans soule from py­ne of hell: for yef the my deth. & I also for yef it the. ¶Tho cōmandid he that no man shuld him misdo ¶But for all ye kynges defēdīg som of his men him folowed &̄ p̄ueli him kylled &̄ [Page] the vi. day aft (er) the kīg did shriue hī & sore repētans hauīg of his mysdedis &̄ wos houseled & anoynted. & this kīg regned bot ix: yer & xxxix. wekis & died &̄ lieth beside his fadre at fountenerard.

HEnricus the v. wos emprour viij. yere This henri was son to Frederik. &̄ he weddid Constans the kynges doughter of Cecill: And thurgh the occasion of hir he subduid all the kyngdom of apulie. & he drofe all the pepull out that inhabit that land: Celestinꝰ the thrid wos pope aft (er) Clemēs almost iij. yere This man wos crouned vpon Estyr day. & the day foloīg he crouned Henri the emꝑour. & he made a palas at sent Petres & decesid Innocencius the thrid was pope after him viij: yere. &̄ v. monnethes. This man was well lettred and he made a boke of ye wrecchidnes of mans condicion. And he made splm̄ misse. & he made mony cōstituciōs This man dampned the boke of Iohn̄ ioachim the wich he made ayens mastyr Pers Lumbard the maker of thee sentans. ¶This tyme decesid the emꝑour Henri. & the princes of Almayn discordid: for sum chose Otto & sū choso Philip bro­ther to henri. then philip wos falsly slayn. &̄ Otto was crouned of Innocens in fraūse. the wich anone faught wt the Romans for they yaf him no dew honor. And for yt cause ayens the popis will he toke the kyngdō of Apulie frō Frederik. wherfor the pope cursid him. then aft (er) the fourth yere of his regne the prince of almayn made Fredirik emꝑour &̄ victoriusly he subduid Otto. Wyllyam of Paris this tyme began the ordir of the freres austyn the wich be cal̄led freris mendicantes Franciscus an Ita­lian a man of gret ꝑfecciō &̄ a sampill to mony a man did mony a myracull this tyme: and he ordand the frere Minores. ¶And the vi: yere of pope Innocent the thrid. The ordir of ye freris preche is began: vndir Dominik bot it myght not be cōfirmyd till the frist yere of honory:

¶Of kyng Iohn̄ that in the frist yere of his regne lost all Normandie.

WHen kyng Richard was deid for encheson that he had non heir nother son ne doughter his brother Iohan was made kyng an crouned at westmynster of Hubert that tho was Erchbisshop of Cantorburi ¶And whan he began to regne he become so meruelus a man and went ou (er) in to Normandie. & wered vpō the kyng of fraunce. &̄ so long they wered to gedre till at the last kyng Iohn̄ lost all Normandie & Angeon. wherfor he was sore anoyed & it was no meruell. ¶Tho let he assemble before hī at London erchebisshoppis bisshoppis abbots & priors erles &̄ barons & held ther a gret ꝑlamēt &̄ axed ther of ye clerge the tenth of eu (er)y chirche of englond for to cōquere &̄ get ayen Normandie & Angeon that he had lost. They wold not graūt yt thīg wherfore he was wonder wroth. ¶And in yt same tyme died Hubert the prior & the couēt of Cantorburi chosen ayens the kīgꝭ will to be Erchebirspop mastyr Stephen of langton a good clerk yt wo­ned at the court of rome & send to the pope ther eleccion &̄ the pope ꝯfirmid it & sacrid him at viterbi: ¶When the kīg wist this tyding he wos wond (er) wroth & drofe the prior & couēt fro cantorbury & exiled them out of englond & cōmandid yt no man (er) letter yt come frō rome ne no cōmandement shuld be vnd (er)fenge ne pleted in englond ¶When this tydīg come to the pope. he sent to kīg Iohan be his letter & prayed hī wt good will & good hert yt he wold vnd (er)fenhe Stephen erchebissh̄op of Cantorburi to his chirche & suf­fer the prior &̄ his monkis to cū ayen to ther own duellīg bot ye kyng wold not graūte it for no thing.

¶How kyng Iohn̄ wold nothīg done for the popis cōmande­ment wherfor all englōd was enterdited and suspended.

ANd at the last the pope sent by his auctorite and enioyned to the bisshoppis of englomd that if the kyng wold not vndirfenge the prior of Cantorburi and his monkis that they [Page] shuld done generall interdityng thurgh out all englone and graunted full pouer to iiij. bisshoppis to pronounce the interditing if it werned. ¶The frist was bisshop willm of Lōdon and that other bisshop Eustace of Ely &̄ the iij: was bisshop walter of wī chestre & the iiij. was bisshop Giles of Herford ¶And thes iiij. bisshoppis praied the kyng kneling on ther kneys &̄ sore weppīg yt he wold do the popis commandemēt & shewed him the popis bulles of the enterditīg. bot for no prayer that they myght pray he wold not consent ther to. ¶And whē the bisshoppis saw this they wēt from the kīg. And in ye morne aft (er) the Anūciaon of our lady they pronouced the gen (er)all enterditīg thurgh out all englond so that the chirche doris wer shit with keis and with other fastynyng & with walles. ¶And when the enterditing was pronoūced than the kyng be gane for to wax all out of mesure &̄ anone in to his hand all the possessions of the iiij. bisshoppis & of all the clarge thurgh out all ye land he toke. &̄ ordened men for to kepe it yt the clarkis myght not haue ther leuīg. Wherfore the bisshoppis cursed all them that put or shuld medle with holy chirche goodis ayens the will of them that owed them. ¶And when the kīg wold not of his malace sees for no man (er) thing: Thes iiij. bisshoppis a fore said went ou (er) the see & come to the bisshop of Cātorburi &̄ told him all the thyng: ¶And the Erchebissh̄op to them said that they shuld gone ayen to Cā torburi & he shuld cum thider to them or els he wold send vn to them certan ꝑsons in his stede that shuld do as moch as him self wer ther ¶And whē the bisshoppis herd this. They turned ayen in to englōd &̄ come vn to Cātorburi ¶The tydīg comen to ye kīg yt the bisshoppis wer come ayen to cantorburi & him selfe might not cū theder that tyme. he send thider bissh̄oppis erles &̄ abbotis for to trete with them that the kyng sh̄uld vnd (er)fenge the erchebissh̄op stephen & ye prior &̄ all ye mōkis of cantorburi & that he shuld neu (er) after that tyme no thīg take of holi chirche ayens [Page] the will of them that awed the goodis & that the kyng shuld make full amendis to them of whom he had any goodis taken and that holy chirche shuld haue all fraunchis as ferforth as they had in sent Edwardis tyme the confessour.

¶How Stephen of langton com in to englond thurgh the po­pis cōmandemnt and how he went ayen:

When the forme of accordement thus wos ordened hit was in apayr of endenturs and thei put ther seales to that one part and they that comen in the kynges name put ther seales to that other parte of the Endentures and iiij. bisshoppis aboue said toke that on part of the endenturs to them and yt other part of the endenturs they bore with them to shew to the kyng ¶When the kyng saw the forme &̄ vnder stode he held him full well apayed of all man (er) thyng as they had ordeyned sauyng as techīg restitucion of the goodis for to make ayen: to yt thyng he wold not accorde & so he send word ayen to the iiij. bisshoppis that they shuld do out and put a way that on poynt of restitucion. ¶But they ansuerd that thei wold not done on word out: Tho sent the kyng to the erchebisshop by tho iiij. erchebisshoppis that he shuld cū to cātorburi for to speke with him ther & sent vn to him saufcondit vnd (er) plegges that is to say his Iustices Gilbert Peitevyn willm de la Brener and Iohn be fitz Hugh that in ther conduit saufely he shuld come &̄ go ayen att his own will & ī this man (er) the erche­bisshop Stephen come to cantorburi ¶And when the erchebisshop was comē the kīg come to Chilham for he wold no ney cantorburi at yt time but he sent bi his tresorour bisshop of wynchestre yt he shuld done out of the endenturs the clause of restitucion for to moke of the goodys: ¶And the Erchebisshop made his oth that he nold not neu (er) don out o word therof ne yit change of that the bisshoppis had spoken & ordeyned. And tho the erchebisshopp wēt ayen to rome wt out any more doyng ¶Kīg iohn̄ was tho [Page] wrother then eu (er) he wos before. and let make a comyn cry thurgh out all englond that all tho that had holy chirche rentis and went ouer the see. that thei shuld cum ayen in to Englond at a certan day or els they shuld lese ther rentis for eu (er) more. &̄ that he cōmandid to euery shereue thurgh out all englond that they shuld enquere if any Bisshop Abbot Prior. or ony other prelat of holy chirche fro that day aft (er)ward resaued any cōmaundemēt that comen fro the pope: That thei shuld take the bodi & brīg it before hī. & yt they shold take in to the kynges hondis all ther landis of holy chirche that wer yefen to ony man bi the erchebisshop Stephen or bi the prior of cantorbury from the tyme of eleccion of the erchebisshop. & commandid that all the woddes that wer the erchebisshoppis sh̄uld be castyn doune vn to the gronde &̄ all solde.

¶How kyng Iohn̄ destruyed the ordir of Cisteaux:

ANd ī the same tyme ye Irishmē began to were vpon kīg Iohn̄. and kyng Iohn̄ ordeyned hym for to wend in to Irland and let arere an huge taxe thurgh out all Englond that is for to say xxxv.M: marke. And thus he sent thurgh out all englond vn to the monkis of the ordir of Cisteaux that they shuld help him of vi.M. marke of silu (er): ¶And they ansuerd and said yt thei durst nothīg done wt out ther chief abbot of cisteaux wherfor kyng Iohn̄ when he come ayen from Irland did them so moch sorow & care that they not wist werfor to abide for he toke so moch ransom of eu (er)y house of them that the somme ammounted to ix.M.ccc. marke So that they were clene lost &̄ destruid and voided ther houses & ther landis thurgh all ēglond. &̄ ye abbot of wau (er)say dred so moch his manace that he for soke al ye abbey & wēt thēs &̄ priuoly ordeyned hī ou (er) see to the hous of cisteaux when the tidīg come to the pope yt the kīg had don: so moch malice tho was he toward the kīg full wroth. &̄ sent ij. Legates vn to the kyng that on wos called Pandolf &̄ yt other Durāt that they shold warne ye kīg ī the popis name yt he shuld cese of his ꝑsecuciō yt [Page] he did vn to holy chirche and amend the wrong and the trespase that he had done to the Erchebisshop of Cantorburi and to the priour and vn to the monk is of Cantorburi and to all the clarge of Englond and that he shuld restore all the goodis ayen that he had teken of them ayens ther will. And els they shuld curse him bi name and to do this thing and to conferme the pope toke them his letters in bullis patentz. ¶Thes ij. legatis come in to en­glond and come to the kyng to Northamton ther that he held his parlament and full courtasly they him salued and saied Sir we be comen fro the pope of Rome the pees of holy chirche and the land to a mend ¶And we amonest you frist in the popis halfe that ye make full restitucion of the goodis that ye haue raueshed and take of holy chirche and of the land. and that ye vndirfenge Stephen erchebisshop of Cantorburi in to his dignite and the Prior of Cantorburi and his monkis and that ye yeld ayen vn to the Erchebisshop all his landis and rentis wt out any wtholdyng. ¶And sir yit more ouer that ye shall make restitucion vn to all holy chirche wherof they shall hold them well apayed: ¶T­ho ansuerd the kyng as tochyng the priour & his monkis of Cantorburi all that ye haue said I will done gladly and all thyng yt ye will ordeyn ¶But os tochyng the Erchebisshop I shull tell you in myn hert as it lieth. that the erchebisshop let his bis­shopprich. and that the pope than for him wold pray and than vpō a venture me shold like some other bisshopprich for to yef him in Englond &̄ vpon this condicion I wold him resaue and vnderfenge ¶And notheles in Englond as erchebisshop yef he abyde he shall neuer haue so good saufcondit but he shall be take. ¶Tho said Pandolfe vn to the kyng sir holy chirche wos woned neu (er) to discharge an Erchebisshop with out cause resonable but euer it hath be woned to chastyse princes that to god and holy chirche wer inobidient ¶What how now quod the kyng manace ye me ¶Nay said pandolf but ye now opēle haue told [Page] as it standeth in your hert: ¶And to yow we will telle what is the popis will. And thus it standith that he has you holy enter dited and a cursed: for the wronges that ye haue done to holy chyrche and to the clarge. ¶And for as moche as ye duell & beth in will to a bide in malace & wricchednes &̄ woll not cum out ther of ne to no amēdment. ye shall vnderstand that this tyme aft (er) ward the sentance is vpon you yeffen and holdeth stede and strength. & vpon all tho that with you haue communed before this tym whethir they be Erles Barons or Knyghtys or any other what so eu (er) that they be we them assoyle saufly vn to this day. & fro this tyme afterward of what condicion som eu (er) that they be we them a curse that with you comyn ony word. & do we sentanse vpon thē openly and specially. ¶And we assoill clene Erles Barons Knyghtes & all other men of ther homages seruis &̄ feautes that they shuld vn to you done. And this tydyng to confirme. we yef playn pouer to the bysshop of wynchestre &̄ to the bisthop of Norwiche. ¶And the same pouer we yif in to scotland to the bis­shoppis of Rochestre & of Salisburi. ¶And in wales we yeue the same pouer to the bisshoppis of sent Dauid &̄ of Landaf &̄ of sent Asse· ¶And more ou (er) we send thurgh out all cristī dom that all the bisshoppis be yond the see that they done a cursse all tho yt helpeth you or ony cōcell yefeth you in ony man (er) nede yt ye haue to do in any ꝑte of the world ¶And we assoyell them also all by the actorite of the pope: and cōmand them also wt you for to feght as with hī that is emny to all holy chirche ¶Tho ansuerd the kyng what may ye do more to me. ¶Tho ansuerd Pandolf we sayn to you in the word of god: that ye ne none heir yt ye haue neu (er) aft (er) this day may be crouned ¶Tho said ye kīg bi him yt is almighti god & I had wist this or yt ye come ī to my land yt ye had me brought sich tyding I sh̄uld haue made you ride all on yere. ¶Tho ansuerd pādolf full well wēd we at oure frist cōmīg yt ye wold haue be obedient to god &̄ to holi chirch. & [Page] haue fulfillid the popis commandemēt. & now we haue shewed vn to you &̄ ꝓnouncid the popis will as we wer charged ther with. & as now ye haue said that if ye had wist the cause of our comyng yt ye wold haue made vs ride all an hole yere. & as well ye myght haue said that ye wold haue takin an hole yere of respit bi ye popis leue. ¶But for to suffre what deth ye coude ordeyn. we shall not spare for to tell you holi all the popis message & his wyll yt we wer charged with.

¶How Pandolf deliu (er)ed a clarke that had falsed &̄ cont (er)feted the kynges monay before the kyng him self.

ANd anone tho commandid the kyng the shereues & bailies of Northamton that were in the kynges presence that they shuld bring forth all the prisoners that they myght bene done to deth before Pandolf for encheson the kyng wened that they wold haue gayn sayed ther dedis for cause of deth all thing that he had spokin afore ¶When the prisoners wer com be fore the kīg the kyng commandid som to be hanged &̄ sum to be drawen & sum to draw out ther eyn out of ther hede ¶And among all other ther was a clarke that had falsid the kyngis monay. And the king commandid that he shuld be honged &̄ draw▪ ¶And whē Pandolf herd this cōmandemēt of the kīg he stert him vp smartely and anone axed a boke and a candill &̄ wold haue cursid him &̄ all them that set vpō ye clarke any hand. And Pandolf hī self went for to sech a cros & the kīg folowid hī & deliu (er)id hī the clarke bi the hand yt he shuld do wt hī what he wolde ¶And thꝰ was the clerke delyu (er)id &̄ wēt thēs ¶And Pandolf & Durant his felow went from the kyng Iohn̄ & come ayen to the pope of rome & told him that kyng Iohn̄ wold not amended be but eu (er) abiden so accursed ¶And notheles the pope grantid that yere thurgh out englond that mē myght sing masses in coueneble chirchis & make goddis body and yef it to seke mē that shuld passe out of this world And also that men myght cristyn child ou (er) al the land [Page] ¶And when the pope wist and saw that the kyng wold not ben vnd (er) the rule of holy chirche for no man (er) thīg the pope tho sent to the kyng of fraunce in remision of his sinnes yt he shuld take with him all the pouer yt he myght &̄ wend ī to englond for to distru kyng Iohn̄. ¶When this tidyng come to kyng Iohn̄ tho wos he sore anoyed & sore drad lest that he shuld lese his reame & hym self be done to deth. ¶Tho sent he to the pope messangers and said yt he wold bene iustyfied & cum to a mendment ī all thinges and wold make satisfaccion to all man (er) men after ye popis ordinā ce ¶Tho sent the pope ayen in to engloted Pandolf and other messingers come to Cantorburi tho the king abode. And ye xiij day of May the kyng made an othe for to stand to the popis ordinance before Pandolf the legate ī all man (er) of thīges in wich he wos a cursed &̄ yt he shuld make full restitucion to all men of holi chirche &̄ of relegion & of the godis yt he had taken of them ayens ther will and all the gret lordis of englōd swore vpon the boke &̄ bi ye holydom that if the kīg wold not hold his oth they saied that they wold make him hold it by strength ¶Tho put the kyng him to the court of rome & to the pope & tho yaf he vp the reame of Englōd & of Irland for him and for his heires for eu (er) more that sh̄uld cum after him So that kyng Iohn̄ and his heires shuld take tho ij. reames of the popes handis &̄ shuld eu (er)y yere pay ferme vn to the court of rome a thousand marke of silu (er). ¶And tho toke the kīg the croune of his hede and set him on his kneys and thes wordis said he in hering of all the gret lordis of englond her I resigne vp the croune and the reame of Englōd in to the po­pis Innocent hand the thrid. and put me holy in his merci and ī his ordinance [...] ¶Tho vnd (er)fenge Pandolf the croune of kīg Iohn̄ and kepid it v. days as for sesing tagyng of ij. reames of Englong and Irland and confermed all man (er) thynges by hys chartur that foloweth after.

[Page]Of the letter obligatorie that kyng Iohan made vn to thee court of Rome. wherfore the Petres pens bene gadred thurgh owt all Englond.

TO all cristyn pepull thurgh out all the world duellyng Iohn̄ by the grace of god kyng of englond greting to youre vniu (er)site. and be it knowyn that for as moch as we haue greued and offendid god &̄ our modre chirche of rome: & for as moch as we haue nede vn to the merci of our lord ihū crist & also we may nothing so worthy offer as compitent satisfaccion to mak to god & to holy chirche but if that it wer our own bodi. as wt our reames of englond & of Irland ¶Than bi the grace of god we desire to meke vs for the loue of him that meked him to the deth vpon the cros. thurgh coūsell of the nobull Erles & Barons we offer and freli graūten to god & to the apposteles sent petre & sent paule &̄ to our moder chirche of rome &̄ to our holy fad (er) the pope Innocent the thrid &̄ to all the popis that cometh aft (er) him▪ al the reame &̄ patrenages of chirches of englond &̄ of Irland with ther appertenaunces for remyssion of our sinnes and help &̄ helthe of our kyne soules & of all cristen soules. So that fro this da [...] aft (er)ward we will resaue & hold of our modre chirche of rome as fe fa [...]me doyng feaute to our holy fad (er) the pope Innocent the thrid. & so to all the popis that cometh aft (er) hym in the same man (er) aboue saied And in presens of the wise man pandolf the popis subdekyn. we make liege homage as it wer ī the popis p̄sens & before him wer. & shall done all man (er) thīges aboue said. &̄ ther to we bynd vs & all that cometh aft (er) vs. &̄ our heiris for eu (er) more without any yē sayng to the pope &̄ eke the ward of churche vacauntz & in token of this thīg eu (er) for to last: we will confirme &̄ orden yt our special rentis of the forsaid reame sauīg sent petres pens ī all thīg to the mod (er) chirche of rome payng by yere a .M. mark of silu (er) at ij. ter­mes of the yere for all man (er) customs that we shold do for the foresaied reames that is to say at myhelmasse and at Estyr that is [Page] to sai vijC. mark for englond and iijC. mark for Irland sauȳg to vs &̄ to our heiris our iustices &̄ our other fraunches & other realtes that ꝑteneth vn to the croune. And thes thynges that be fore bene sayed we will that it be firme &̄ stabull with out end. & to that obligacion we & our successours & our heirris in this maner bene bound. that if we or any of our heiris thurgh any p̄sumpcion fall in any point ayenst any of thes thynges aboue said & he be warned &̄ will not right amēd him. he shall than lese the for said reame for eu (er)more. & that this chartre of obligaciō & our warrant for eu (er) more be firme & stabull without gayn saing we shall fro this day aft (er)ward be trew te god & to the mod (er) chirche of rome & to the pope Innocent ye iij. & to all yt cometh aft (er) hī &̄ ye reames of englōd &̄ of irland we shall mayntē trewli ī all man (er) pointis ayens all man (er) mē by our pouer thurgh godis helpe:

¶How the clerkis yt wer outlawed of englond come ayenꝭ and how kyng Iohan was assoiled.

WHen this chartre was made and enseled the kyng vnderfēg ayen his croune of Pandolfes hand and sent anone vn to the Erchebisshop Stephen and to all his other clerkis and lewd men▪ that he had exiled out of this land that they sh̄uld come ayen in to Englond and haue ayen ther landes & also ther rentis and that he wold make restituciō of the gooddis that he had taken of th­ers ayenst ther will. ¶The kyng him self tho and Pandolf & erles and barons went vn to wynchestre ayens the Erchebisshopp Stephen &̄ when he wos come the kyng went ayenst him and fell a doune to his fete and thus to him said. fair sir ye be wellcome and I cry you merci for encheson that I haue trespassed ayenst you: ¶The Erchebisshop toke him vp tho in his armys and cussed him courtasly oft tymys and aft (er) lad hī to the dore of Sent Swythynes chirche by the hond and assoyled him of the sentance &̄ hī reconsiled to god and to holy chirche and that was on Sent [Page] Mergaretes day and the erchebisshop anone went for to synge masse and the kyng offered at the masse a marke of gold. ¶And when the masse was done all they went to vnderfong all ther landis with out ony maner gayn sayng: And that day they made all myrth &̄ ioye y nowgh. but yit was not the enterdytyng releced. for encheson the pope had set that the enterditing shold nat be vndone: till the kīg had made full restitucion of the goodis that he had taken of holy chirche and that him self shuld done homage to the pope by a certayn legat that he shuld send in to englond ¶Tho toke Pandolf his leue of the kyng and of the erchebis­shop and went ayen vn to Rome. And the erchebisshop anone let come before him prelatis of holy chirche at Redyng for to trete and councell how moch & whot they shuld axe of the kyng for to make restitucion of the godis that he had take of them ¶And they ordined and said that the kyng shuld yet vn to the erchebisshop iij.M. marke for the wrong that the kyng had done vn to hī ¶And also by porcions to other clerkys xv.M. marke And the same tyme Nicholas bisshop of Tuscan Cardinall pennitancer of rome come in to englond thurgh the popis cōmandement the v. kalend of October & come to london the v. non as of Ootober for encheson that kyng Iohn and all the kynges yt come aft (er) him shuld eu (er) more hold the reames of englone & of Irland of god & of the pope payng to the pope by yere as it is aboue said.

¶How the ent (er)dityng wos vndone ī englōd and of the debate that wos bitwen king Iohn̄ & the barons of the reame.

WHen kīg Iohn̄ had don his homage to the legat that shewed him the popes letter that he shuld pay to Iulian and yelde ayen that was kyng Richard wife the iij· part of the land of englond &̄ of irland that he had with hold sith that kīg Richard died▪ ¶When kyng iohn̄ herd this he was wond (er) wroth: for vtterli the enterditing myght not be vndone till that he had made [Page] gree and restitucion to the forsaid Iuliane of that she axed The legat went tho ayen to the pope aft (er) cristemasse. &̄ the kyng sent tho messangers ouer se to Iulian that wos kyng Richard wife for to haue a relese of that she axed of him: ¶And so it befell that Ivlian died anone aft (er) Estir And in so moch the kīg was quy­te of that thing that she axed. ¶But tho at the fest of sent Iohan that come next aft (er) thurgh the popis commaundemēt the enterditing wos frist relesed thurgh all englond the vij. day of Iuyll And vij: yere was the land enterdited. & ī the morne men rong & said masse thurgh out all london &̄ so aft (er) thurgh out all englōd ¶And the next yere after ther began a gret debate bitwene king Iohn̄ &̄ the lordis of englōd for encheson that he wold not graū te the lawes & hold. the wich sent Edward had ordeyned. & had be vsed & hold vn to yt tyme yt he had them broken for he wold hold no law bot did all thīg that hī likid & desheried mony mē with out ꝯsent of lordis &̄ peris of the land. & wold desherite the good Erle Randulf of Chestre for enchesō yt he vnd (er)toke hī of his wykkidnesse. & for cause that he did so moch shame &̄ velany to god and holy chirche And also fer he held & hauntid his own brothers wife & lay also bi mony other womē gret lordis doughtres for he sparid no woman that him liked for to haue. wherfore all the lordis of the land wer with him wond (er) wroth and went to london &̄ toke the cite: ¶And for to cese this debate and sorow the erchebishop and other gret lordis of the land assembled them before the fest of sent Iohan baptist in a medow besides the toune of stanes yt is called Romnemede. And the kyng made them ther a chertour of fraunches such as they wold axen &̄ ī soch man (er) they wer accordid and that accordemēt last not full longe. for the kyng him selfe sone aft (er) did ayens the pointis of the same chartre that he had made wherfor the most parte of the land of lordis assembled them and began to were vpō him ayen. and brened his tounes and rob­bid his folke & did all ye sorow yt they myght &̄ made them as [Page] stronge as they myght with all ther pouer & thoght to driue him out of englond. and make Lowys the kynges son of fraunce kyng of englond. ¶And kyng Iohn̄ sent tho ou (er) see and or­deyned so moch pepull of Normans &̄ of Piccardes &̄ of Flem­mynges So that the land myght not susteyn them but with mo­ch sorow ¶And among all thes pepull ther was a mā of Normandie that was called Faukis of brent and this Normand & his ꝯpany spared nother chirche ne house of religion bot thei brīt & robbed it &̄ bare away all that they might take. so that the land wos all destroied what on oon side & on other. ¶The barons & lordis of Englond ordeyned amōg them the best spekers and wysest mē. & sent them ou (er) se to kīg Philip of fraunce and prayed him that he wold send lowys his son in to englōd to be kyng of englōd &̄ to vnd (er)fenge the croune.

¶How Lowys the kinges son of fraunce come in to englond with a stronge pouer of pepull to be kīg of englond:

WHen kyng Ppilip of fraunce herd this tydyng he made certayn aliaunce bitwene them by ther commune eleccion yt Lowys kyng Pphilipes sone of fraunce sh̄uld go with them ī to Englond & driue out kīg Iohn̄ of the land and all that wer in presence of Lowys made vn to him homage and bicome his men: ¶And the barons of englond held them styll at londō & abi­den Lowys the kīges son of fraūce. & this was the next saturday before the Ascencion of our lord that lowys come in to englond with a strong pouer & that tyme kyng Iohn̄ had takyn all the castels of englōd in to alyens handis ¶And tho com Lowys & be segid Rouchestres castell & toke it with strength & the thursday in whitson w [...]ke lethonge all ye aliens yt wer therī & ye thursdai tho next suyng he come to London & ther he wos vnderfenge with mech honour of the lordis that a byden him ther & all to him made homage ¶And aft (er)ward on the tewysday next aft (er) the Trinite [Page] sonday he toke the castell of Reigate &̄ in the morow after ye castell of Gilford &̄ the friday next aft (er) the castell of Farneham &̄ the mōday next aft (er) the cite of wynchestre to him was yold &̄ in the morow aft (er) sent Iohn̄ day the man (er) of woluesey and the tew­isday aft (er) the vtas of sent Petre & sent paule they toke the castell of Odiham: and the mōday aft (er) sent Margaretes day he ordend him toward Bawmore for to sege the castell and ther he duel­led xv. dais &̄ myght not get the castell &̄ than when the thens &̄ come to london &̄ the toure to him wos yolde.

¶How the pope send in to Englond a legat that wos called Swalo and of the deth of kīg iohn̄.

ANd in the same time the pope send in to england a legat that wos called Swalo and he wos prest Cardinall of rome for to maynten kyng Iohans cause ayens the barons of Englond but the barons had so huge part and help thurgh Lowys the kynges son of fraunce. that kyng Iohn̄ wist not whidder for to turne ne gone. ¶And so it befell that he wold haue gone to Nycholl and as he wēt thid (er)ward he come by the abbey of Swynes hede &̄ ther he abode ij. dais ¶And as he sat at mete he axed a monke of the house how moch a lofe was worth that wos set befor him vpō the tabull. And the mōke said that the lofe was worthe but and halfpeny. ¶O quod the kyng tho here is gret chepe of brede. Now quod the kyng & I may life soch a lofe shall be worth xx. shillyng or half a yere be gone. ¶And whē he had said this word moch he thougt & oft he sighed & tok & ete of the bred & said by god the word that I haue spokyn it shall be soth ¶The mōke that stode before the kyng was for this word full sori in hert & thoght rather he wold him self suffre deth. and thought if he myght ordeyn ther fore some man (er) remedie. ¶And anone ye mō ke went to his abbot &̄ wos shriuen of him. &̄ told the abbot all that the kyng had said· and praid his abbot for to assoill him for he wold yef the kīg such a drink that all Englond shuld be glad [Page] ther of & ioyfull ¶Tho went the monke in to a gardeyn and foūd a gret to de therin. & toke hir vp &̄ put hir ī a cup &̄ prikked the tode thurgh wt a broche mōy tymes till yt the venym comen out of eu (er)y side ī the cup. & tho toke the cup &̄ fillled it wt good ale & brought it before the kīg & knelīg said. sir qd he wassale. for neuer the days of your life dranke ye of so good a cup ¶Begin monke qd the kīg: &̄ the monke dranke a gret draught &̄ toke the kyng the cup: & the kīg also dranke a gret draught & set doūe the cup ¶The monke anone right wēt ī to the farmori & ther died anone. on wh [...] seule god haue merci amen. And v. mōkis sing for his soule specially & shall whiles the abbey stādeth. ¶The kyng a rose vp anone full euell at ese. & cōmande to remeue the table & axed aft (er) the monke. & mē told him yt he wos dede for his wombe was broke. ī sūder ¶When the kyng herd this he cōmā ded to trusse but all it wos for noght. for his belly began to swel so for the drink that he had dronkē ▪ & with in ij. days he died on the morow aft (er) sent Lukes day. ¶And this kyng Iohn̄ had mony fair child of his body begoten. that is to say Henri his son that wos kīg aft (er) his fadre: & Richard yt wos erle of Cornewaill and Isabell that was emprise of rome & Elenor that wos quen of scotland ¶And this kyng iohn̄ whan he had regned xiiij. yere and. v: monethis and v. dais he died in the castell of Newarke & his bodi wos beried at wynchestre.

Anno domini .M.CC.

FRedericus the secund wos emprour xxxiij. yere This mā wos crouned of Honorius the pope ayens Otto yt he shold fight wt hī: the wich he did & expulsid hī: & frist he nurisshed the chirche. & aft (er) he spolid it. as a stepmod (er). wherfor Honoriꝰ cursed hym &̄ all that wer ꝯtrari to his oppynyon the pope assoiled. &̄ the same sentans Gregori the ix. renewid. and this same man put henri his own son ī p̄son & ther morderid him▪ wherfore when this [Page] Emprour an other seson wos seke bi an other son of his own he wos mordered. in the tyme of Innocent the fourthe. Honorius the thrie was popo aft (er) Innocent x. yere and confir­med the ord (er) of Freris prechu [...]s & mynors & made c (er)tā decretals·

¶Of kyng Henri the thrid that wos crouned at Gloucestre

ANd aft (er) this kyng Iohn̄ regned his son Henri and was crouned at Glocestre whan that he was ix. yere old on sēt Symondes day and Iude of Swalo the legat of rome thurgh councell of all the gret lordis that held with kyng Iohan his fader yt is to say the Erle Raudolfe of Chestre Willm erle Marchall erle of Penbroke willm the Brener erle of Feriers Serle the manle baron. & all other gret lordis of englond held with lowys the kyng son of fraunce ¶And anone after when king Henri wos crouned Swalo the legate held his councell at bristo at sent Martins fest and ther wer xi. bisshoppis of englond and of wales &̄ of other prelates of holy chirche a gret nombre & erles and barons and mony knyghtys of Englōd and all tho yt wer at that counsell swore feaute vn to Henri the kyng that wos ki­ng Iohanes sun ¶And anone aft (er) the legate enterdited walis for encheson that they held with tha barons of Englund also all tho that holpen or yaf ony counsell to meve were ayen the newe kyng Henri he a cursed hem. &̄ at the begynnyng he put in the sentance the kynges son of fraūce Lowys.

And notheles the same Lowys wold not space for all that bot went and toke the castell of Barcamsted &̄ also the castell of Herford. ¶And from that day afterward the barons did ther so moch harme thurgh out all Englond and principall the frensshmen that wer come with king Lowys wherfor the gret lordis &̄ all the commyn pepull of englond let them dresse forto driue low­ys and his companye out of englōd but sum of the barons and of [Page] the frensshmē wer gon to the cite of Nicholl and toke the toune &̄ held it to kyng Lowys profit ¶But thider come kyng henris men with a gret pouer that is to say the Erle Raudolfe of Chestre and willm erle Marshall and willm the brener erle of Feri­ers and mony other lordie with them and yefen bataill vn to Lowys men And ther wos slayn the erle of Perches and Lowys men wer ther foule discomfited. ¶And ther wos taken Serle erle of wynchestre &̄ Humfrey de Bowne erle of Herford and Robert the son of walter and mōy other that begane were aynes the kyng ther they wer takyn and lad vn to kyng Henri thatt wos kyng Iohaanes son. ¶And when the tidynges come to Lowys of the discomfitur that was the kynges son of fraūce he remeued from thens and went vn to Lōdon and let shit the yates fast of the cite And anone after ye kīg sent to the burgies of lō don that they sh̄uld yeld them vn to him and the Cite also. and he wold them graunt all ther fraūshis that eu (er) they wer woned to haue before and wold confirme them by his gret new chartre vnder his brode seall. ¶And in the same tyme a gret lord yt was called Eustace the monk come out of Fraunce with a gret companye of lordis &̄ wold haue comen in to Englōd for to haue holped Lowys the kynges son of fraūce. But Hubert of burgh and the v: portis with viij. shippis tho met with them in thee high se and assailid them egreli & ou (er) come them with strength &̄ smyten of Eustace the monkis heed & toke also x. gret lordis of fraūce & put them in to prison. &̄ killed almost all the men thatt come with them & anone drenched the shippis in the see.

¶How Lowys turned ayen in to fraūce &̄ of the confirmacion of kyng Iohanes chartre.

WHen Lowys herad this tydynges he drad sore to be dede &̄ lost and let ordoyne and speke bitwen the kyng and lowys by the legat Swalo. and thurgh the erchebisshop of canterburi &̄ thurgh other gret lordis that all the prisoners on yt one half [Page] and that otheer shuld be deliu (er)ed and gone quite. & Lowys him selfe sh̄uld haue for his costages a .M. pound of silu (er): & shuld gone out of Englond &̄ cum neuer more therin ayen. ¶And ī this man (er) was the accorde made bitwen kyng henri & lowys. & tho wos lowys assoiled of the popis legat that wos called Swalo of ye sē tance yt he was in. &̄ the barons of englond also. ¶And after this ye king Henri &̄ Swalo the legate &̄ Lowys wēt to Merton & ther wos the pees confirmyd & bitwen them ordeyned. And aft (er) Lowys went fro thens vn to london &̄ toke his leue and was brought with moch honour vn to the see with the Erchebisshop of cantorburi. and with other bisshoppis. &̄ also with erles and barons and so went Lowys in to fraunce: ¶And afterward the kyng and the Erchebisshop and erles &̄ Barouns assembled them at London at Mihelmasse that next come tho [...]ewyng and held ther a gret parlament & ther wer tho renewid all the fraunches yt king Iohn̄ had graunted. at Romnemede &̄ kīg henri tho ꝯfirmed by his chartre the wich yit bene holdein thurgh out all englond. And in that tyme the kyng toke of eu (er)y plough land ij. shillyng And Hubert of Burgh was made tho chief Iustice of englōd ¶And this wos in the iiij. yere of kyng henris regne· & in th [...] [...]ame yere wos s [...]nt Th [...]m [...]s of Cant [...]rburi [...] after his ma [...]dō ¶And after it wos ordend by all ye lordis of englōd yt all aliēs shuld go out of englōd &̄ cū no more therī and kyng henri toke tho all the castellis in to his hond that kyng Iohn̄ his fadre had yeue and taken vn to aliens for to kepe that held with him ¶But the proud Faukes of Brent richeli let aray his Castell of Bedeford wich he had of king Iohans yeft and he held that castell ayens kyng henris will with myght and strength ¶And the kyng come thider with a strong poer and beseged the castell And the Erchebisshop mastir stephen of langton with a fair cōpany of knyghtys come to the kyng him for to help &̄ fro ye ascēcion vn to the assumpcion of our lady lasted the [Page] sege And tho was the castell wone and take &̄ the kyng let hong all tho that wer went in to the castell with ther good well for to hold the castell that is for to say lxxx. men. ¶And tho aft (er)ward Faukes him self wos found in a chirche of Couentre and ther he forswore all englond with moch shame & went tho ayen vn to his own cūtre ¶And whiles that kīg Henri regned Edmōd of Abyndon that was tresurer of Salusburi wos consacred Erchebisshop of Cantorburi ¶And this kyng Henri send ou (er) se vn to the erle of Prouynce that he shuld send him his doughter in to englond that wos called Elinore &̄ he wold spouse hir and so she come in to englond after Cristemasse and in the morow after sent Hillarie day. The erchebisshop Edmond spousid them to geder at westmynstre with moch solempnite And ther wos a swete fight bitwen theym that is to sai. Edward that was next kyng after his fad (er) flour of curtasi &̄ of largesse. & Margaret that was afterquene of scotland. &̄ Beatrice that was afterward Count [...]sse of Britan. & Katrin that died maid in relegion.

¶Of the quinzeme of goodis that wer grantid for the new ch­artre & of the purueance of Oxford▪

ANd thus it befell that the lordis of englond wold hauen somme addicions mo in the chartre of fraunches that thei had off the kyng and spekyn thus bitwen them and the kyng grauntid them all ther axyng and made to them ij. chartres that on is called the gret chartre of fraunchises & that other is called the chartre of forest and for the graunt of thes ij. charters p̄latis Erles &̄ barens & all ye cōmyns of englond yaf to the kīg a. M marke of silu (er). when kīg Henri had bene kȳg xliij. yere the same yere he and his lordis Erles &̄ barons of the reame went to Oxū ford & ordeyned a lawe in amendement off the Reamme. And first swore the kyng him selfe and afterward all the lordis off the land. that they wold hold that statute for eu (er) more And who [Page] that them brake shuld be deid But the secund yere aft (er) that ordi­nance. the kyng thurgh councell of sir Edward his sone and of Richard his brother that was erle of Cornewale and also of od (er) repentid him of that oth that he had made for to hold that law and ordenaūce. & sent to the court of Rome to be assoyled of that oth ¶And in that yere next comyng aft (er) wos the gret derth of corne in englond. For a quarter of whete wos worth xx iiij. shillīg and the poer pepull ete nettylles & other wedis for gret honger. & died mony a thousand for defaute of mete. ¶And in the xlviij yere of kyng Henries regne began were and debate bitwene hī &̄ his lordis for enchesen that he had broke the couenauntes that were made bitwen them at Oxford. ¶And in the same yere was the toune of Northamton taken & folke slayn that wer within for encheson that thei had ordeyned wild fiere for to brenne the cite of london ¶And in the moneth of may that come next aft (er) vpō sent Pancras day was the bataill of Lewes that is to say the wedynisday before sent Dunstones day and ther was takyn kyng Henri him self and sir Edward his son and Richord his brod (er) erle of Cornewaill and mony other lordis ¶And in the sam yere next sewyng Sir Edward the kynges sone brake out of ye ward of sir Symond of Mountforth erle of Leycestre at herford and went vn to the Barons of the marche and they vndirfenge him with moch honour ¶And the same tyme Gilbert of Cla­rence erle of Gloucestre that was in the warde also of the forsaid Symond thurgh the commaundemēt of kyng Henri that wente from him with gret hert. For encheson that he said that the forsaied Gilbert was a foole in his counsell. wherfor he ordeyned him afterward so and held him with kyng Henri

¶And on the satirday next after the myddes of August. Sir Edward the kynges sone discomfited sir Symond de Mountfort at Kemlworth ¶But the gret lordis that were ther with hī were taken that is to sayen Baldewyn wake. and willyam de [Page] Mounchensie and mony other gret lordis And the twisday next aft (er) wos the bataill done at Eusham and ther was kylled Sir Symond de mounford Hugh the spen (ser). and Mounforth that was Raufe Bassettz fadre of Draiton and other mony gret lordis ¶And when this bataill wos done all the gentillmen that had bene with the Erle Symōd wer disherited. &̄ ordeyned to gedre &̄ did moch harme to all the land. For they distroied ther enmys in all that they myght.

¶Of the sege of Kemlworth &̄ how the gentilmē wer disheri­ted thurgh councell of the lordis of the reame of englond and how they come ayen and had ther landis.

ANd the next yere cōyng in may. the fourth day before the fest of sent Dunstan was the bataill and scomfiture at Chesterfeld of them that wer disherited &̄ ther was mony off them kylled ¶And Robert erle of Feriers ther he was taken and also Baldewyn wake and Iohn̄ delahay with moch sorow a scappid thens And on the sent iohēs eue the Baptist tho next sewyng began the sege of the castell of Kemlworth &̄ the sege last till sent Thamas eue the appostell in wich day sir Hugh hastīg had the castell for to kepee that yeldid vp the castell vn to the kīg in this maner that him self and that other that wer with in the castell shold haue ther lyues &̄ limme & as moch thyng os they had therin both horse and & harnes &̄ ▪iiij. dais of respip for to deliuer clenly the castell of them self and of all other man (er) thīg as they had with ī ye castell & so they wēt frō the castell And sir Simō de the mounteforth the yonger &̄ the Coūtesse his mod (er) wer flede ouer the see in to fraunce & ther held them os pepull that wer exi­led out of englond for eu (er) more ¶And sone aft (er) it was ordey­ned by the legat Octobone &̄ by other gret lordis the wisest of Englond that all tho that had bene ayenst the kyng & wer disherited sh̄uld haue ayen ther landis by grevous raunsuns after that it was ordeyned and thus they wer accordid with the kyng and [Page] pees cried thurgh out Englond &̄ thus the were was endied ¶And when this was done the legate toke his leue of the kyng & of the quene &̄ of all the gret lardis of englond & wēt tho to rome the lv. yere of kyng Henris regne And Edward king Iohon son of Britan Iohn̄ vessy Thomas of clare Roger of Clifford Othes of Graunston Robert le Brus Iohn̄ of verdō &̄ mony other lordis of englond and of by yond the see token ther way toward the holy land &̄ the kyng Henri died in the same tyme at westmynster when he had be kīg lv. yere & xix. wokis on sent Edmondis day the Erchebishop of Cantorburi. & he was ente­red att westmynster on sent edmondes day the kyng. in the yere of incarnacion of our lord ihū crist .M.CC.lxxij.

¶Profecie of Merlin of the kyng Henri ye frist expouned that was Kyng [...]hohan son.

ANd of this Henri profecied Merlin & saied that a lomb shold come out of wynchestre ī ye yere of the Incarnaciō of our lord ihū crist. M: CC. and xvi. with trew lippis &̄ holynes written in his hert &̄ he said soth for the good Henri the kyng wos borne in wynchestre in the yere aboue sayd & he spake good wordis and swete and wos an holy man & of good concience. ¶And Merlyn said that this henri sh̄old make the fairest pla­ce of ye world that in his tyme shuld not be fully endid ¶And he said soth for he made the new werke of the abbey of sent Petris chirch at westmynster that is fairer of sight then ony other place that ony men knaweth thurgh out all cristyndom. but kīg henri died or that werke wer fully at an end & that wos gret harme. ¶And yit said Merlyn that this Lambe shuld haue pees the most tyme of his regne. And he said full soth for he w [...]s neu (er) an­noyed thurgh were ne desesed ī no man (er) wise till a lytell before his deth. & Merlyn said ī his ꝓfecie more. &̄ ī the regne & end of the forsaid lābe a wolfe of a strāge land sh̄uld do hī moch harme thorow his were: & that he shuld at the last bene mast (er) thurgh help of [Page] a reed fox that shuld cum forth of the northwest and shuld him ou (er)cum And that he shuld driue him out of the water and that ꝓfecy full well was knawen. for within a litell tyme or the kyng died Symōd of Mounteford erle of Leicestre that was borne in fraūse began ayenst him strong were thurgh which doyng mony a good bacheler was shent & deid &̄ disherite. ¶And when kyng Henri had the victori at Eusham &̄ Symōd the erle wos slayn thurgh help & might of Gilbert of Clare erle of Gloucestre that wos in kepīg & ward of the forsaid Symōd thurgh ordinance of kyng Henri that wēt ayen vn to the kyng with moch pouer ¶Wherfor the forsaid Symōd wos sh̄ent and that wos gret harme to the ꝯmynes of Englond that so good a man was shēt for the trouth and died in charite and for the commyns profite of the same folke and therfor almyghty god for him hath sithens shewed mony a full fair myracull vn to diu (er)se men and women of the sekenes &̄ disese that they haue had for the loue of him. ¶And Merlyn also told and said in his propheci that after that tyme the Lambe shuld leue no while and than his seed shuld bene in strange land wt out any pasture ¶And he said so the. for kyng Henri leued no while aft (er) when that Symond moūfort wos deid that kyng Henri ne died anone aft (er) him: ¶And in the meyn tyme Sir Edward his son that wos the best kyng of the world of honour wos tho in the holy land & gat there Acres ¶And in that cantre he begate on dame Elenour his wife io­han of acres his doughtre that aftward wos Countasse of Glocestre: And made such a viage in the holy land. that all the world spake of his knyghthod. and eu (er)i man drad him. high and low thurgh out all cristyndom. as the stori of him telleth as afterward ye shall here more openli And from the tyme that kyng Henri died till that sir Edward wos crouned kīg. all the gret lordis of englōd were as fad (er)les children without any socour yt thē might maīten &̄ gou (er)ne & defend ayens ther dedely emnys. [Page] GRegririus the ix. was pope aft (er) Honori. This man canonysit mony saintis. &̄ defendit mighteli the chirche ayenes Frideric. therfor he toke mony p̄latis and ij. cardinalis the wich went to coūsell ayens hȳ. This pope wos seged ī the cite of Rome by the emprour. &̄ he saw the romans wer corruppid by the monay of the emprour. Then he toke in his handis the hedes of the appos­tils Petur & Paule. and went with precession fro the chirche of sent Iohn̄ latronens. to sent petres chirche. And so he gat the hertis of the romans: and then tho emprour went far a way fro the cite. This pope made frere Iaymond to ꝯpill ye .v. bokis of the decretals of mony pistils & docreis· And after with mony tribulacions of this tyrand and other: he decessid. and [...] Celestinus the iiij. was pope after Gregori almost a mōthe and he was in his lyfe and in his conyng laudabull And he was an old mā & a febull &̄ decessid. and ther was no pope after him almost a xij monthes: Innocenciꝰ the iiij. was pope after him xi. yere & sex mōthes. This man canonysit mony sentis &̄ Fre­derik the emprour he deposid &̄ cursed as a emny to god & the chirch in the thrid yere that he was made pope. &̄ he was holpen by the ianuencis. ¶Then was henri the sex chosen & willm. by the popis commandement ayens Frederic on after an other. bot they ꝓua­lid not to ower cum his tyrannyde. for he was ou (er) mighti: ne thes wer not crouned for they decessid anōe. Thomas de aquino an holy doctor. Albartus magnus the bisshop of Ratisponēs Eustacius. Boneauentur a deuote doctor wer this tyme the wich distruied moch heresi enfeckid by the Emprour. Alexander was pope after Innocent vij. yere & litell of him is writyn Vrbanus was after him iij. yere. & iij. mōthes. This mā drofe a way the host of the sarisens by men merkid with the cros. thee wich Maufred had send ayens the chirche. &̄ the pope toke the kīgdome of Cicill to ye kīgis brod (er) of fraunce. that he shuld fight with Maufrede. and then he decessid. and Manfrid after losten [Page] his life &̄ his kīgdō by Karolus. Alphonsus the kīg of castell Richardus brother to the king of englōd erle of cornewell wer chosin emprours aft (er) the long vacacion of the empire. for the che (ser)s of ye emꝑour wer deuyded insondir and ther wos gret strife mōy yere. at the last decessid Richard: & Alphōsus the other emprour cō a fore Gregori the ix. bi the signe of pees & vtterly renoūsit al his titill of the empire. & he had ony: for he wos a veray witty mā and a nobull astranomier. & his tabuls be veray famose the wich he made for they be compendiose. Clemens the iiij wos pope after vrbane iij· yere & ix monethis this Clement wos an holy mā and said thurgh the sprete of ꝓphesi. yt the enmys of the chirche shuld parych as the smoke. & it is to be leuyd yt god ses [...]id the tribulacions of the chirch thurgh his meritis. this man a fore had a wife &̄ child. & when he was prest and aft (er) bisshop he wos sent ī to englond legate & he nothyng knawyng wos chosyn pope and aft (er) dicessid blissidly for his vertuus leuīg

Gregori the x. was pope aft (er) him iiij. yere. aft (er) he wos made pope for the desire that he had to the holy land the wich he entendit to vysit ꝑsonaly at loduū in fraūce he made a solempne counsell. ī the wich the consell of the grekis & the Tarturs wer. &̄ ther the grekis ꝓmysit to be reformid bi the vnite of the chirche. And the Tart­urs wer but a litell a fore baptised & ꝓmysid the same. &̄ ther wer ged (er)id viC. bisshoppis & a thousand p̄latis▪ And therfor a c (er)tā man said. Gregori gedirth to ged (er) all kynd of pepull. And ther was decreid that all ꝑsons and vekerys shuld be called prestis &̄ no p̄latis. And that no man sh̄uld assygne his tythis to what chirche him wold os thei did a fore but they sh̄uld be paid to his modir chirche. &̄ he dampned the pluralite of beneficis: and decesed a blissid man. Innocent the v. wos aft (er) him v. monethis and litell did. Adrian was after him on moneth &̄ did las. Iohannes the xxi. wos after him viij. monethis &̄ he was in diuse sciens a famus man. bot in man (er)s a fooill: and decessid anone. [Page] Nicholas the thrid wos pope aft (er) Iohn̄ on yer. This ma was ī his dais a noble man ī bildīg. & well gou (er)ned ye cite all his dais & ye secūd yer he decessed. Rodulphꝰ wos emꝑour xviij: yere. this man wos erle of Hanesburgh a wise man ī armys & nobull & victoriꝰ. &̄ wos chosin at Basilian. & he toke the cros on him for the holy lond. the imꝑiall blissing he had not. bot the pope a lowed the eleccion for fauour of the holy land.

Anno domini .M.CC. & lxxiiij.

MArtin the iiij. wos pope aft (er) Nicholas iiij yere· This mā wos a gret lou (er) of religiꝰ mē. &̄ gret attending to vertuꝰ werkis This man cursid the emꝑour of ꝯstantinopolon. ī so moch as he ꝓmysed to turne to the fayth ī the gen (er)all counsell &̄ did not for the wich he suffrid mich passions and all holy chirche. Also hee cursid the kīg of Aragon for he expulsed the kīg of Cicill fro his kyngdō & aft (er) he had done mony batailles ayens mē of misbeleue & mōy tribulaciōs suffrid. he decessid & did mony myracules· Nicholas de Lira a nobull doctor of diuinite wos this tyme at Paris. This man wos a Iue of nacion. and he wos conu (er)ted and myghteli ꝓfetid ī the ordir of frere mynors and he wrot ouer all the bybell. or els he wos ī the yere of our lord a thousand .ccc. &̄ xxx: And sū men says he wos a brabon & yt his fad (er) & his mod (er) wer cristyn. but for pouerty he viset the scoles of the Iues: & so he lerned the Iues langage. or els this Nocholas wos īformid of the Iues ī his yong age. Honoriꝰ the fourth wos pope aft (er) Martin ij: yere and litell of him his writtyn bot that he was a tē ꝑate man and a discret Nicholaus the fourth was pope after hym iiij. yere This man wos a frere mynor. and all though he wos a good man in him self: yit mony vnhappy thynges fell in his tyme to the chirche. for mony a bataill wos ī the cite thurgh his occasion for he drew tomoch to the on ꝑte. And after him ther was no pope .ij. yere and sex monethis.

¶Of kyng Edward that wos kyng Henris son.

ANd after this kyng Henri regned Edward his son the worthiest knyght of all the world of honour: For goddis grace was in him. for he had the victorie of his enmys ¶And as sone as his fadre wos dede he come to london with a fair com­panye of prelatis and of erles and barons and all maner mē did him moch honour For in eu (er)y place that sir Edward rode in london the stretis wer couerid ou (er) his hede with riche clothes of sylke of tapites and with riche couering. ¶And for ioye of his cū myng the nobull burgeis of the cite cast out at ther wyndowes gold and silu (er) hondis full in tokynyng of loue and worship & seruis & reu (er)ens. ¶And out of the ꝯdith of chepe ran white wyne & rede as stremis doth of the water &̄ eu (er)y man dranke therof that wold at ther own will. ¶And this kyng edward wos cr [...]ūed & annoynted as right hair of englond with moch honour. and after masse the kyng went in to his palas for to hold a riall fest a monges them that did him honour. ¶And when he wos set vn to mete. the kīg Alexander of scotland come for to done him ho­nour and reuerence with a quentize and an hondreth knyghtis with him well horsed and arayed. And when they wer lighted doune of ther stedis they let them gone widder that they wold &̄ who that myght take them toke at ther own will with out any chalenge. ¶And afterward come sir Edmond kynd Edwardes brother a curtas knyght and a gentill of renoune. and the erle of Cornewaill and the erle of Gloucestre. and aft (er) them cōe the erle of Penbroke. &̄ the erle of Garenne: ¶And ech of thē by ther self lad in ther hand an hondreth knyghtis gayl [...] disgised in ther armes: ¶And when they wer light of ther hors they let them go whider that they wold and who that myght them cache them to haue still with out ony chalenge ¶And when all thys wos done. Kyng Edward did his diligence & his might for to a mende &̄ redresse the wronges in the best maner that he myght to [Page] the honour of god & holy chirche & to maynten his honour & to a mēd the noyance of the comyn pepull

¶How Ydeyne yt wos Lewelyns dought (er) of wales p̄nce & aymer yt wos ye erles brod (er) of moūford wer takē ī the see.

THe frist yere afterward that kyng Edward was crouned Lewelin prince of wales sent in to fraunce to the erle moū fort that thurgh counsell of his frendis the Erle shuld wedde his dought (er) and the erle tho a vised him vpon this thyng and sent vn to Lewelyne and said that he wold send aft (er) his doughter ¶And so he sent Aymer his brother aft (er) the damisell and Le­welyn arayed shippis for his doughter and for sir aymer and for hir fair companye that shuld gone with hir. ¶And this lewelyn did gret wrong for it was couenand that he shuld yef his doughter to no maner man with out councell and consent of kīg ed­ward ¶And so it befell that a burgies of Bristow come in the see with wyne laden and met them and toke them with might and pouer. &̄ anōe the burgeis sent them to the kyng. ¶And when Lewelyn herd this tydyng he was wond (er) wroth &̄ also sorowfull & gan for to were vpō kyng edward &̄ did moch harme vn to the englisshmen and bet doūe the kynges castelles and began fast for to distroy kīg Edwardis landys: ¶And whē tiding come vn to kyng edward of this thing he went in to wales & so moch he did thurgh goddis grace and his gret pouer that he drofe Lewelyn vn to moch mischeif that he fled all man (er) strength &̄ come and yeld him vn to the kīg edward and yaf him .l.M: marke of silu (er) to haue pees &̄ toke the Damisell &̄ all his heritage &̄ made an obligacion to kyng edward to cum to his parlament ij tymes of the yere ¶And in the secund yere after that kyng edward wos crouned he held a generall parlamēt at westmynstre &̄ ther he made the statutis for defaute of law by ye ꝯmune assent of all his baronage And at estre next sewyng the kyng sent by hys letter vn to Lewelyn Prince of wales that he shuld cum to hys [Page] parlament for his land and for his holding in wales as the strength of the letter obligatorye witnessid. ¶Tho Lewelin had scorne &̄ dispite of the kynges commaundement. and for poer wrath ayen began were vpō kyng Edward and distroyed his landis ¶And tho when that kyng Edward herd of this tidynges he waxed wond (er) wroth vn to Lewelin & in hast assembled his pepull and went him toward wales and werid so vpon Lewelin the prince till that he brought him in mych sorow and disese. ¶And Lewelyn saw that his defence might him not a vaill and come ayen & yelde him to the kynges grace· and cried him merci and long tyme knelid before the kynges fote. ¶The king had of him pitte & cōmandid him for to arise. & for his mekenesse for yaf hym his wroth & to him said. that if he trespassid ayen him an other tyme that he wold distroy him for eu (er) more. ¶Dauid that wos lewelins brother that same tyme duellid with the kyng edward and was a fell man & a sotill &̄ enuyous and also farre castyng and moch treson thought. &̄ eu (er) more held him still for to wit and aspi the kīges will. &̄ eu (er) more made good sembland & semid so trew yt no man might ꝑsaue his falsenesse.

¶How Lewelin thurgh eggyng of Dauid his brother werid ayen vpō kyng edward.

IT wos not long aft (er) that time that kyng Edward did yef to Dauid Lewelins brother the lordship of Frodeshā and made him a knyght. And so moch honour did he neu (er) aft (er) to no man of wales for encheson of hī ¶Kyng edward held his ꝑlament at londō when he had done in wales all that he wold and chā gid his monay that tho wos fouyll cut and roundid. wherfore the romyn pepull plenyd them wond (er) sore. So that the kyng let enquere of them that such trespoces did. ¶And .ccc. wer atteynt [...]d of such mon (er) falsenes. wherfore som wer honged &̄ som drawe and aft (er)ward honged. ¶And afterward the kyng ordeyned that ye sterling half penne and ferthyng shuld gone thurgh out his lād [Page] and commanded that no man fro that day afteerward yaf ne seffed hous of religion with land tenement with out speciall leue of the kīg: & he that did shuld be ponysshed at the kynges will. &̄ the yift shuld be for nought ¶And it wos not long after that Lewelin Prince of wales thurgh the ticement of Dauid his brod (er) and by both ther consent they thought to disherite kyng Edward ī as moch as they myght. so that thurgh them both the kingꝭ pees wos broken. ¶And whē kyng edward herd this: anone he sent his barons in to Northūberland and the furreis also that they shuld go & take ther viage vpōn the tratours Lewelī & Dauid &̄ wonder herd it was for to were tho. for it is wynter in wales whē in other cūtres is somer ¶And Lewelin let ordeyn and well araye & vitolle his good castell of Swandon & wos therin an huge nombre of pepull & plente of vitales so that kīg edward wyste not wherfor to entre ¶And wen the kīges mē it ꝑsaued & also the strength of wales they let come in the se barges and botes and gret plankis as mony os they myght ordeyn and haue for to gon to the forsaid castell of Swandō with men on fote & eke on horse ¶But the walshmen had so moch peple & wer so strong yt they driuen the englisshmen ayen so that ther was so moch prese of peple at the turnyng ayen that the charge &̄ the burthen of them made ye barges and botis to sinke. ¶And ther wos drenched full mony a good knyght that is to say Sir Roger Clifford sir willm of lȳ desey that wos sir Iohn̄ son fitz Robert &̄ sir Richard Tanny &̄ an huge nombre of other & all wos thurgh ther own folie. for yf they had had good espies they had not be harmed ¶When kyng Edward herd tell that his pepull wer so drenched he made sorow ynough ¶But tho come sir Iohan of vessye from the kyng of Aragon and brought with him moch pepull of bachilars and of Gascoyns & wer sowdiours and duellyng with the forsaid Iohan of vessie & vnd (er)fong of him wages & wyth him wer withold and nobull men they wer for to fight and brent mony tounes & kylled [Page] moch pepull of walshmen all that they myght take ¶And all tho with strength and myght made assaute vn to the Castell of Swandon and get the castell ¶And when Dauid the prīce brother herd this tydyng he ordeyned him to flight. ¶And Lewelin the prince saw that his brother was fled. Then he was sore abassed for he had no pouer to his were for to maynten ¶A­nd so Lewelin gan for to fle and wened well for to haue scappid. But in a morow sir Roger Mortemer met with him only with x. knyghtis and set him round about &̄ to him went & smoten of his hede & presentid it vn to the kyng Edward ¶And in this maner the prince of wales was taken & his hede smyten of &̄ al his heiris disherited for eu (er) more thurgh rightfull dome all the landis of the reame.

¶How Dauid that was Lewelins brother prince of wales wos put to the deth.

DAuid that was the Prīces brother of wales thurgh prid wened for to haue bene prince of wales after his brothers deth ¶And vpon this he sent after walshmen to his parlament at Dinbigh &̄ folishly made walis for to arise ayens the kyng and began to meue were ayens kīg Edward &̄ did all the sorowe & disese that he myght bi his pouer ¶When kīg Edward herde of this thyng he ordeyned men to pursue vpō him. And Dauid fersly him defendid till that he come to the toune of sent Morice & ther wos Dauid take as he fled. & lad to the kyng ¶And ye kīg commaūdid that he shuld be honged &̄ draw and smyte of his hede & quartir him & send his hede to londō & the iiij quartirs send to the iiij. chief toūes of wales. for they shuld take exampull th­erof &̄ beware. ¶And aft (er)ward kyng Edward let cry his pes thurgh out all walis &̄ seised all the land in to his hond. and all the gret lordis that wer left a liue come to done feaute &̄ homage to the kyng Edward. as to ther kynde lord. ¶And tho let kīg edward amēd the lawis of walis yt wer defectiue. ¶And aft (er) [Page] he sent to all the lordis of wales bi his letter patent. that they sh̄ ­uld cū all to his ꝑlament. & when they wer comen the kyng said to them full curtesly Lordynges ye be welcome. and me behoueth your coūcell and your help for to wend in to Gascoyn for to amē de the trespaces that me wos dene when I wos ther and for to entret of pees bitwen the kyng of Aragon and the prince of Morrey. ¶And all the kynges liege men Erles and Barons consentid and grauntid therto: ¶And tho made him kyng edward redy & went in to Gascoyn and let amend all the trespaces that him wos done in gascoyn And of the debate that wos betwen the kyng of Aragon & the prince of Morrey he cesid & made them accordid. ¶And whyle good kyng edward & the quene Elienore his wife were in gascoyn. The good erle of Cornewaill wos made wardeyn of englond till that kyng Edward come ayen· ¶And tho enquerid he of his traitours that congetten false­nesse ayens him. and eche of them all vnderfenge ther dome aft (er) that they had deserued. ¶But in the mene tyme while that the good kyng edward was beyond the se to done them for to make amendis that ayens him had trepassid ther was a fals thefe a tratour that wos called Risap Meridoc began for to make were ayens kyng Edward and that wos for encheson of Sir Payne Tiptot wrongfully greued and disesed the forsaid Risap Meridoc: ¶And when kyng edward herd all this he sent bi his letter to Risap meridoc that he shold begynne for to make no were but that he shuld be in pees for his loue and when he come ayen in to englond he wold vnd (er) take the quarell and amēd all that wos mysdone ¶This forsaid risap meridoc despisid the kynges cō mandemēt &̄ sparid not to do all the sorow yt he myght to ye kīgꝭ men of englond but anone aft (er) he wos takyn & lad to yorke and ther he wos draw &̄ honged for his felonye.

¶Of the redressing that kyng edward made of his Iostices & [Page] of his clerkis that they had done for ther falsenes & how he drofe the Iues out of englōd for ther vseri &̄ misbeleue.

WHen kyng Edward had duelled iij. yere in gascoyn wylle come to him for to wend ayen in to englond and wen he wos cume ayen he fonden so mony playntes made to him of his Iustices &̄ of his clerkis that had done so mōy wronges &̄ false­nesse that wondir it wos to here. ¶And for wich falsnes Sir Thomas weylond the kīges Iustice forswore englōd at ye toure of lundō for falsenes that men put vpō him. wherof he wos at­teint & proued fals. ¶And anōe after when the kyng had do his wyll of the Iustices. ¶Tho let he enquere & aspi how the Iues desaued &̄ begiled his pepull thurgh ther sine of falsenesse & of vserie & let ordeyn a priue parlamēt among his lordis & they ordeynid emōg them that all the Iues shuld void out of englōd for ther misbeleue and also for ther fals vseri that they did vntill cristyn men ¶And for to sped & to make an end of this thīg all the communite of englond yaf vn to the king the xv. peny of all ther goodis meuabull. &̄ so wer the Iues driuē out of englōd ¶And tho went the Iues in to fraūce &̄ ther they duellid th­urgh leue of kīg Philip that tho wos kīg of fraūce.

¶How king Edward wos seised in all the land of scotland thurgh ꝯsent &̄ graūt of all the lordis of Scotland.

IT was not long after that Alesander kyng of Scotlōd was deid and Dauid the Erle of Huntindone that was the kynges brother of Scotland axed and clymed the kyndom of Scotland after that his brother wos deid for enchesō that he was rightfull heir But mony gret lordis of Scotland saiden nay wh­erfore gret debate arose bitwen them and ther frendis for as moch that they wold not consent to his coronacion & the mene tyme the forsaid Dauid died ¶And so it befell yt the same dauid had iij. doughtres yt worthely wer maried. The frist dought (er) wos marid to Bailloll: the secūd to Brus & ye thrid to Hastīg· & the for­said [Page] Bailloll &̄ Brus chalenged the land of scotland and gret debate & strife arose bitwen them iij. for encheson that ych of them wold haue bene kyng. ¶And when the lordis of scotland saw the debate bitwen them iij. They come to kyng Edward of englōd &̄ seisid him in all the land of scotland as chefe lord. ¶And when the kīg wos seised of the forsaid lordis of scotland. The forsaid Bailloll Brus & Hastynges come to the kynges court and axed of the kyng wich of them shuld be kyng of scotland. ¶And kyng Edward that wos full gentill &̄ trew let enquere by the Croniclis of scotland & of the gret lordis of scotland wich of them wos of the eldest blod. And it wos foūde that Bailloll wos the eldist And that the kyng of Scotland shuld hold of the kyng of englond. &̄ do him feaute & homage ¶And aft (er) thys wos done Bailloll went in to Scotland &̄ ther wos croūed kyng of scotland. ¶And the same tyme was vpō the see gret were bitwen the ēglishmē & the Normās. but vpō a time ye normās arriued all at Dou (er) & ther they martired an holy man that was called Thomas of Dou (er). And aft (er)ward wer the normans kylled that ther ascappid not on of thē. ¶And sone aft (er) kīg edward shuld lese the duchie of Gascoyn thurgh kīg Philip of fraunce thurgh his fals castyng of the douseperis of the land. wherfor sir Edmond that wos kīg Edwards brother yaf vp his homage vn to the kyng of fraūce. ¶And in that tyme the clerkis off englond graūtid to kyng Edward halfendele of holy chirch gooddis in helpyng to recou (er) his land ayen in Gascoyn ¶And the kīg sent thid (er) a nobull company of his bachilers & him self wold haue gone to Portesmouth. but he wos let thurgh on Maddoc of wa­les that had seised the castell of Swandō in to his hand: &̄ for that enchesō ye kīg turned to wales at cristemase. And for enchesō yt ye nobull lordis of englōd yt wer sēt ī to gascoyn had no cōforth of ther lord ye kīg they wer take of sir Charles of fraūce yt is to say sir Iohn̄ of bretā: sir robert Tiptot▪ sir Raufe tāny sir hugh [Page] Bardolf &̄ sir Adam of Creting. &̄ yit at the ascenciō was Madoke take in wales & an other yt wos called Morgan: & they wer sent to the tour of londō &̄ ther they wer heded.

¶How sir Iohn̄ Bailloll kīg of scotlād withsaid his homage

ANd when sir Iohn̄ bailloll kyng of scotland vnderstode yt kyng Edward wos wered in Gascoyn to whom the reame of Scotland was delyu (er)ed. Falsely tho ayen his oth with said his homage thurgh procuring of his folke· And sent vn to the court of rome thurgh a fals suggestion to be assoiled of that othe that he swore vn to the kyng of Englōd. & so he wos by letter enbul­led. ¶Tho chosen they of scotland Dousspers for to be nymme edward of his right: ¶And in that tyme come ij. cardinales from the court of rome fro the pope Celestine to trete of accorde bitwen the kng of fraūce &̄ the kyng of englond ¶And as tho two Cardinales speke of accorde Thomas Turbeluill was take at Liouns &̄ made feaute & homage to the warden of Paris &̄ to hī put his ij. sonys in hostage. for that he thought to go ī to englond for till aspie the cuntre &̄ tell them when he come in to en­glond that he had brokyn the kynges prison of fraūce by nyght & said that he wold done yt al englisshmē &̄ walsh̄men sh̄old a bow to the king of fraūce. &̄ this thyng for to bring to the ende he swore. &̄ vpō this couenant dedis wer made betwen thēm. and that he sh̄uld haue by yere a .M· poūdes worth of lond to bring this thing to an ende ¶This fals tratour toke his leue &̄ wēt thēs and come in to englond vn to the kyng & said that he wos brokyn out of prisō & that he had put him in such ꝑill for his loue. wher­fore the kyng coude him moch thanke and full glad wos of his commyng ¶And the fals tratour fro that day aspied all the doyng of the kyng &̄ also his coūsell for the kyng loued him wel &̄ was with him full priue But a clerke of englond that wos in the kynges house of fraunce herd of this treson & of the falsnes & wrot to an other clerke that tho wos duellyng with edward [Page] kyng of englond all how Thomas Turbeluill had done his false coniectyng & all the councell of englōd wos writte for to haue sent vn to the kyng of fraūce. & thurgh the foresaid letter that the clerke had sent fro fraūce hit wos foūde vpō him wherfor he wos lad to londō & honged & draw ther for his tresō. and his ij. sonys yt he had put in fraūce for hostage wer tho beheded:

¶Of the counquest of Berewyke

WHen tho two Cardinales wer went ayene in to Fraunce for to trete of the pees at Cambrey the kyng sent thider of his erlis and barouns. That is to say sir Edmond his brother erle of Lancastre and of Leycestre sir Henri Lacy erle of Nichol & Willm vessy a baron. and of other baronettis about xiiij. of the best &̄ wisest of englōd ¶And ī the same tyme the king Edward toke his viage to Scotland for to were vpō Iohn̄ Bail­loll kyng of scotland. ¶And sir Robert Roos of Berewyke fled fro the englisshmē & went to the scottys And kyng Edward went him toward berewike &̄ beseged ye toūe &̄ tho yt wer within manly them defendid and set a fire and brint ij. of kyng Edwardis shippis and said in dispite and reproue of him ¶Weneth kyng edward with his long shankis to haue get berewike al our vnthankis Gas pikes him. And when he has done Gas dikes him. ¶When kyng Edward herd this scorne anone thurgh his myghtynes he passid ou (er) the dikes &̄ assailed the toūe & come to the yates and gat and conquerid the toūe. and thurgh his graci­ous pouer kylled xxv. thousand &̄ .vijC. scottys And kyng Edward lost no man of renoune saufe sir Richard of Cornewaill and him kylled a Flemmyng out of the reed hall with a quarell as the foresaid Richard did of his helme and commaūdid them for to yeld them and put them to the kynges grace and the scottis wold not. wherfor that hall was brent and castyn doune and all tho that wer therin wer brant ¶And king Edward lost no mo men at that viage of symple estate but xxvij. Englisshmen [Page] And the wardeyn of the castell yaf vp the keys with out any as­saute ¶And ther wos takyn willm Douglas and Sir Sy­mond Frisell &̄ the erle Patrike yeld them to the pees. bot Inghm̄ of Humsremille & Robert the Brus that wer with the kyng Edward forsoke kyng edward and held with the scottis and aft (er)ward they wer takyn and put in to prison and aft (er) that the king for yaf them ther trespasse and deliu (er)id them out of prison. ¶And tho let kyng edward close in Berwik with wallys & with dychis. & aft (er)ward Robert Rous went to Tindale and set wuyebrugge a fire & Exham &̄ Lamerstok and kyllid and robbed the folke of that cuntre ¶And after that he went from thens vn to Dumbarre ¶And the frist wedenesday of Marche the kyng sent the erle of Garenne Sir hugh Perci and sir hugh Spen (ser) with a fair companye for to besege the castell ¶But on that wos called sir Richard Syward a traitour and a fals man ymagyned for to begile the englisshnen & sent to the englisshmen them for to dissa­ue And said that he wold yelde vn to them the castell yf they wold graūte them viij· dais of respit. that he myght send &̄ tell to sir Iohan Bailoll that wos kyng of Scotland how his men faired that wer with in the castell & send hī word bot if he wold remeue the sege of the englisshmen· that they wold yelde the castell vn to the englisshmē. ¶The messinger tho come vn to sir Iohan bailoll that tho wos the kyng of Scotland wher that he wos with his host and the messing (er) told hī al ye case. ¶And sir Iohan toke tho his host &̄ come in the morow erly toward the castell. ¶And sir Richard Siward saw him cum that wos master of the counsell & keꝑ of the castell &̄ said vn to the englissmen O qd he now I se a fare cōpanye & well appariled I will gon ayens them &̄ with them to mette & them assaill ¶And sir hugh Spen (ser) saw the falsenesse of him & the treson & said to him O tratour take &̄ proued your falsenesse shall not a vaill you. And hugh ye spē (ser) cōmādid anone for to bynde hī & ī all hast wēt ayens ther [Page] enmys and killid of the scottys xxijM. For the scottys had that time no man with them of honour sauf sir Patrik graham yt manli faught &̄ long &̄ at the last he was kylled. And tho said the englisshmen ī reproue of the scottys ¶Thes scaterand scottys hold I for sottis of wrenches vn ware. Erli in a mornyng in an e­uell tymyng went ye fro Dunbare.

WHen tho that were in the castell saw the scomfiture they yolden vp the castell vn to the englisshmen and boūdē hir bodies londis & castellis to the kīg Edward. & so thei wer take th­er in the castell iij. erles and vij. barons &̄ xxviij. knyghtis and xi. clerkis & vij. Picardis &̄ all wer presentid to kyng Edward and he sent them vn to the toure of londō to be keped ther

¶How kyng edward of his gret grace deliu (er)ed ayeij the scotis out of prison that wer chieftens of that land and they drew thē to the frensshmen thurgh coūsell of willm waleis.

WHen kyng edward had made tho an end of the were and taken the chefetayns of scotland. Tho come sir Iohane bailloll and yelde him vn to kyng Edward and put him in his grace & he was lad to london. And when kyng Edward was comē thid (er). they wer brought before him. and the kīg axed of them how they wold make amendis of that trespasse and losse that thei had done him & thei put them ī his merci. ¶Lordīges qd the kīg I wyll not your landis ne your goodis. But I wyll that ye make to me an oth vpon goddis body to be trew to me & neu (er) after thys tyme ayenst me bere armys. And all they ꝯsentid to the kynges will & swore vpō goddis body. ¶That is to say sir Iohan of Comyn & the erle of the strathorne the erle of Carrik & also. iiij bisshoppis vnd (er)toke for all the clarge & so the kīg deliu (er)id them & yaf them saufe condithys to wend ī to ther own land. And it was not long aft (er)ward that they ne arisen ayen kyng Edward for encheson that they wist well that kyng Edwardis folke was take in Gascoyne as before is sayed but sir Iohn̄ bailloill kīg of scotland [Page] wist well that his land shuld haue sorow and shame for ther falsenesse & in hast went him ou (er) se to his own landes and ther he held him and come neu (er) ayen wherfor the Scottys chosin vn to ther kīg willm waleis a ribaud and an harlot cumen vp of noght &̄ moch harme did to the englisshmen. ¶And kyng Edward thought how he myght haue deliu (er)ance of his pepull that wer take in gascoyn. &̄ ī hast went him ou (er) see in to Flaūdres for to were vpon the kīg of fraunce. And the erle of flaundres vnd (er)fenge him with moch honour &̄ graūted him all his landis at his own will. ¶And when the king of fraūce herd tell that the kynge of englond wos ariued in flaūdres &̄ come with an huge pouer hī for to distruye. he praied him of trews for ij. yere so that englissh marchantis &̄ also frenssh might saufely go & cum in bothe sidis ¶The king Edward graūted it so that he must haue his men out of p̄son that wer ī gascoyn &̄ ye kīg of fraūce graūtid anone &̄ so they wer deliu (er)id ¶And ī ye same tyme the scottys sent by the bisshop of sent Andrews in to fraūce to the kīg & to sir Charles his brother that sir charles shuld cum with his pouer &̄ they of scotland wold cum with ther pouer and so they shuld go in to englond that land for to distruy from scotland vn to they comen to kent. and the scottys trastid moch vpō the frensshmē but of that thyng they had no man (er) graūte. ¶And notheles the scottis be­gan to robbe &̄ kill in northumberlōd & did moch harme

¶How willm waleis let sle sir Hugh of Cressingham and of the bataill of fonkirke.

WHen this tidyng was comen te kȳg Edward that willm waleis had ordeyned such a strong pouer and also that all Scotlond vn to him wos entendant and redy for to kyll englissh men and to distroye the land: he was sore annoyed and sent an­none by letter to the erle of Garren and to sir henri ꝑcy and to sir Willm Latomer and to sir Hugh of Cressingham his treso­rer that they shuld take pouer and wend in to Northumberland &̄ [Page] so forth in to scotland for to kepe the cuntris. ¶And when wil­liam waleis herd of hir commyng he gan for to fle and the englishmen him folewid and drefe him till he come to Striuelyn. & ther he held him in the castell ¶And the walsshmen eu (er)y day them escried and manaced. & did all the dispite that they myght: So that ye englisshmē vpō a tyme in a mornyng wēt out from the castell the moūtenāce of x. mile &̄ passid ou (er) a brigge And willm waleis come with a strong pouer &̄ drofe them a bake. for the Englisshmē had ayens him tho no myght but fled & they yt myght take the brigge ascappid. but sir Hugh the kynges tresorour ther was slain and mony other also. wherfore wos made mich sorow. ¶Tho had kyng Edwar sped all his nedis in Flaūdris and wos ayen comen in to englond. and in hast he toke his way in to scotland and come thed (er) at the Ascenciō tide: And all that he foūd he set a fire & brent ¶But the poer pepull of scotland cō to him wond (er) thyke & prayd him for goddis loue that he wold on them haue merci & pitte. ¶Wherfor the kyng [...]ho commandid that no man sh̄old do them harme that wer yoldin to him ne to no man of ordir ner to no house of religion ne no man (er) chirche But let aspie all that he myght wher that he myght find ony of his enmys. ¶Tho come aspi vn to the kyng and told him wher the Scottys wer assembled for to a bide bataill. ¶And on sent mari Magdelene day the kyng come to fonkirke and yaf bataill to the scottis: and at that bataill wer kylled xxxiij. thousand scottys. and of englishe men but xxviij. & no mo of the wich was a worthy knyght slayn that wos a knyght an hospiteler that wos callid Freri bri­an Iay. ¶For when willm wales fled from the bataill. thatt same frere Brian him pursued fersly & as his hors ran it start in to a myere of a maries vp to the bely ¶And willm walis turned tho ayene &̄ there kylled the forsaid Brian. & yt wos moche harme ¶And that while kyng Edward wēt thurgh scotlād for to enquere if he myght find any of his enmys And ī yt land [Page] he duelled as long as him likyd. and ther wos none enmye yt durst him abide ¶And sone aft (er)ward kīg Edward wēt to south hamtō for he wold not abyde in scotland in wynt (er) seson for esemēt of his pepull And when he come to londō he let amēd mony misde­dis that wer done ayens his pees and his law while yt he wos in Flaundres.

¶Of the last mariege of king Edward and how he went the thrid tyme in to Scotland.

ANd aft (er)ward it was ordeyned thurgh the court of rome yt kīg edward shuld wedde dame Margaret that was kīg Philip sustre of fraūce and ye Erchebisshop Robert of wynchelse spoused thē to gedre thurgh the wich mariege ther wos made pes betwen kyng Edward of englond & kyng Philip of fraunce. ¶Kyng edward went tho the thrid tyme in to Scotland & tho within the first yere he had enfamined the land so that ther left not on that he ne come to his merci sauf tho yt wer in the castell of Estreuelin yt wos well vetaled &̄ astorid for vij. yere.

¶How the castell of estreuelin wos beseged.

KYng Edward come with an huge pouer to the castell of estreuelin and beseged the castell. but it litell a vailed for he might do the scottis none harme For the castell wos so strong & well kepid ¶And kyng edward saw that & thought him vpō a queyntize &̄ let make anone ther .ij. paire of high galews before the tour of ye castell &̄ made his oth that as mōy as wer ī the castell wer he erle or baron & he wer take with strength but if he wold the rather him yold he sh̄uld be honged vpō the galewis ¶And when tho that wer within the castell heerd this they come & yeld them all to the kyngꝭ grace &̄ merci. And the kīg for yaf them all his maletalent ¶And ther wer all the gret lordis of scotland swore to kyng edward that they shuld cum to london to eu (er)y parlament & shuld stond to his ordynance.

¶How Troylebastonne wos first ordeyned.

THe kyng Edward went thens to londō and wenet for to haue had rest &̄ pees of his were ī the wich were he wos ocupied xx. yere That is to say in wales in Gascoyn and in Scotlād And thught how he myght recouer his tresour that he had spendid about his were & let enquere thurgh the reame of all the tyme yt he had bene out of his reame that men called Troillebaston And ordeyned ther to Iustices &̄ in this man (er) he recou (er)yed tresour with out nombre. ¶And his enchesō wos for he had thought for till haue gone ī to the holy land for to haue werid vpon goddis enmis For enchesō that he was crossid long tyme before ¶And neu (er) thelas that law that he had ordeyned did moch good thurgh all englond to them that wer mysbode For tho that trespassid wer well chastised and afterward the moch more meker &̄ the better. &̄ thee poer commyns wer in rest &̄ in pees ¶And the same tyme kīg Edward prisoned his own son edward for enchesō that Walter of langtō bisshop of Chestre that wos the kynges tresorar had made vpō him complayn. & said that the forsaid edward thurghe coūsell &̄ ꝓcurment of on Pers of Ganaston a squyer of gascoī had brokyn the parkis of the forsaid bisshapois: &̄ this Pers coū cellid and lad this same edward. ¶And for this cause kyng odward exiled his son out of englond for eu (er) more.

¶Of the deth of willm waleis the fals tratour.

ANd whē this kyng Edward had his enmys ou (er) cummyn in wales Gascoyn and in Scotland and distroyd his traitours all but only that ribaud willm wales that neu (er) to the kīg wold him yeld and at the last in the toune of sent Dominic ī the yere of kyng Edwards regne xxxiij. That fals tratour wos take &̄ presentid to the kyng. but the kyng wold not se him and sent him to london to und (er)fenge his Iugement & vpon sent Bartholomes eue he wos honged and draw. & his hede smyten of & hys [Page] bowelis take out of his bodi and brint. &̄ his bodi quartired and sent vn to iiij. of the best tounes of scotlad. and his hede put vpō a spere & set vpon london brigge. in exampull that the scottis shuld haue in mynd for to do amys ayens ther leige lord eftsones.

¶How the scottis come to kyng edward for to amēd ther trespasse that they had done ayens him.

ANd at Mihelmasse tho next commyng kyng Edward helde his parlament at westmynstre and thider come the scots that is to say the bisshop of sent Andrewes Robert the Brus erle of Carik. Simōd ye Frisell Iohū ye erle of Athell. & thei wer accordid with the kīg and bounde and by oth swore that they aft (er)ward if any of them misbore them ayens kyng Edward that they shuld be disherited for eu (er) more. ¶And whan ther pees was thus made. They toke ther leue priueli and wēt home vn to ther own cuntre.

¶How Robert the Brus chalenged scotland

ANd aft (er) this Robert the Brus erle of carik sent by his letter to the erles and barons of Scotland that they shulde come to him to Scone in the morow after the concepcion of our lady. for hegh nedes of the land. and the lordis come at the day assi­ned. ¶And the same day sir Robert the Brus said fair lordis full well ye know that in my ꝑson duelled the right of the reame of scotland & os ye wate well i am rightfull heir sith that sir iohan Bailoll that wos our kyng vs hath forsaken &̄ left his land ¶And though it so be that kyng Edward of englond with wrongfull pouer hath made me to him assent ayens my wyll if that ye wyll graunt that I may be kyng of scotland I shall kepe you ayens kyng edward of englond & ayens all man (er) men and with yt word the abbot of Scon arose vp and before them all said that it was reson for to helpe him &̄ the land ta kepe and defend And tho said in presens of them all that he wold yef him a thousand pound [Page] for to maynten that land &̄ all the other graūted the land to hī & with ther pouer him for to help. & defied kyng edward of englond &̄ said that Robert the Brus▪ sh̄uld be kīg of englond.

¶How sir Iohn̄ of Comyn yen said the crounyng of sir Ro­bert the Brus:

LOrdynges said sir Iohn̄ of Comyn thenketh vpon the truth and the oth that ye made vn to kyng Edward of englond and touchyng my self I will not breke myne oth for no man and so he went from that company at that tyme: wherfore robert the Brus and all tho that to him consentit wer wonder wroth and tho manaced sir Iohn̄ of Comyn ¶Tho ordeyned they an other councell at Domfris to the wich come the forsaid sir Iahan Comyn. for he duelled but .ij. myle from Domfris ther yt he was woned for to sodiorne and a bide.

¶How sir Iohn̄ was traitours [...]y kylled.

WHen Robert the brus wist that all the grete lordis of scotland wer commyn to Scone sauf sir iohn̄ Comyn that sodiorned tho nygh Scone he sent aft (er) him specialli that sir Iohan Comyn shuld cum and speke with him and vpon that he come &̄ speke with him at the gray freris in Damfres and that was the thursday aft (er) Candilmasday and sir Iohn̄ grauntid him for to wend him with ¶And when he had herd masse he toke a soppe &̄ drank and aft (er)ward he bestrod his palfray and rode his way and so come to Domfres. And robert the brus saw him cum at a wī ­daw as he was in his chambre. and tho made ioye ynough and come ayens him and coled him about the nec and made with hī go­ode semblant. ¶And when all the erles and barons of scotlād wer present ther. ¶Robert the Bruse spake and said Sirres said he ye wot well the encheson of this commyng and wherfore it is if ye will graunte that I might be kyng of Scotland as right heir of the land· And all the lordis that wer ther said with on [Page] vois that he shuld be crouned kyng of scotland and that they wold him helpe and maynten ayens all maner men on liue and for him if it wer nede for to die. ¶The gentill knyght tho Iohan of Comyn answerid and said Certis neu (er) for me ne for to haue of me as moch help as the vaill of an boton. For that oth that I haue made vn to kyng Edward of englond I shall hold whil my lefe will last. and with that worde he went from the companie &̄ wold haue wened vpon his palfrie And Robert the Brus pursued him with a drawen sword and bare him thurgh the bodi and sir Iohan Comyn fell doune vn to the erthe But whenne Rogier that wos sir Iohn̄ Comyns brether saw the falsenesse: he starit to sir robert the Brus and smote hym wyth a knyfe but the false tratour wos armyd vndir so that the stroke myght done him no harme An̄d so moch help come a bout sir robert the Brus. so that Rogier Comyn was ther kylled and all to hew in to peses. ¶And robert the Brus turned ayen ther that sir iohon Comyn the nobull baron lay wounded and pyned towarde his deth by sides the high auter in the chirche of the gray freris and said vn to sir iohan Comyn O traytour thou shall be deid and neu (er) after let myne a vauncement and shoke his swerde at the high auter & smote him on the hede that the brayn fell doune vpon the grounde and the blod stert an high vpon the walles And yit vn to th­is day is that blod seyn ther that no water may washe it a way &̄ so died that nobull knyght in holy chirche.

ANd when this tratour robert the Brus saw that no man wold let his coronacion he commaunded all them that were of pouer shuld cum vn to his crounyng to sant Iohanes toūe in Scotland. ¶And so it befell that vpon our lady day of the Annuncion the bisshop of Glaston and the bisshop of sente Andrewes crouned for ther kyng this Robert the Brus in sent iohanes toune and made him kīg ¶And anone aft (er) he drofe [Page] all the englisshmen cut of scotland and they fled and come and plened them vn to kyng Edward how that Robert the Brus had driuen them out of the land and disherited them.

¶How that kyng Edward dubbed at westmynstre .xxiiij. score knyghttis.

ANd when kīg edward hered of this myscheef he swore yt he shuld bene a venged therof. And said that all the tratours of Scotland sh̄uld bene honged and draw and that they shuld neuer be raunsomed. ¶And kyng edward thought vpō this falsenesse that the scottis had to him done. and sent after all the bachelars of englond that thei shuld cum to londō at witsontide· & he dubbed at westmynstre xxiiij. score knyghtis ¶Th [...] ordeyned him the nobull kīg edward for to wend in to scotland to were vpon Robert the brus. & sent before hī ī to scotland sir Ay­mer the valaūce erle of penbruke &̄ sir henri Percy baron wt afair cōpanye that pursued the scotis & brend toūes &̄ castels. &̄ aft (er)ward come the kīg hī self wt erles & barons a fair companye.

¶How Robert the Brus wos discomfited in bataill &̄ how Symond Frisell was slayn.

THe friday next before the Assumcion of our lady kyng Edward met robert the Brus beside sent Iohanes toune in scotland and with his componye. of the wich companye kyng Edward kylled .vij. thousand. ¶When robert the brus sawe this mischief he gan to fle & hid him that no man might him fīd but sir Symond frisell pursued him sore. so that he turned ayene &̄ a bode bataill. for he wos a worthi knyght &̄ a bold of body. and ye englisshmē pursued eu (er) sore in eu (er)y side and kylled the stede that sir Symond frisell rode vpon. and they toke him & lad him vn to the host. ¶And sir Symond began for to flater & speke fair & said lordis I shall yef you iiij: M▪ marke of silu (er) and myn horse myne harnes & all myne armure. and becum a beggar ¶Tho ansuered Theobaude of Peuenes that wos the kinges archier. [Page] Now so god me helpe it is for nought that thou speketh. for all the gold in englond I wold not let the go wt out ꝯmaundement of kīg Edward. ¶And tho wos he had vn to king edward and the kyng wold not se him but commaūded to lede him a way to haue his dome at London. ¶And on our ladies eue na [...]te he wos honged and drow dnd his hede smyten of and honged ayē with chynes of yren vpon the galowes And his hede was set vpō london brigge vpō a spere: and ayenst cristemasse the body wos brenned. for encheson that the men that keped the body by nyght they saw so mony deuels rampaand with gret yren crokys rennyng vpon the galowes and orabuli turmented the body and mony that them saw anone aft (er) they died for drede and some waxen mad or sore sekenesse they had. ¶And in that bataill was take the bisshop of Baston & the bisshop of sent Andrewes & the abbot of Sconne all armed with yren as men of armes as fals traitors and fals prelatis ayens ther oth &̄ they wer brought to the kyng & the kyng sent them vn to the pope of rome that he shuld done wt them what his will were.

¶How Iohn erle of Atheles wos taken &̄ put to deth.

ANd at that bataill fled sir Iohan Erle of Atheles and went in to a chirche and ther hid him for drede but he my­ght haue ther no refute for enchesan that the chirche wos enterdited thurgh a generall sentens and in the same chirche he wos taken. ¶And this sir Iohan went well to haue scapped from the deth for encheson that he clamed kynrad of kyng Edward And the king nold no longer be trayed of his traitours but sent hī to london ī hast & ther he wos honged &̄ his hede smyten of &̄ his body brend all to assis but at the prayer of ye quene Margaret for enchesō yt he clamed of kīg edwar kynred his drawyng wos foryeue him.

¶How Iohn̄ yt wos willm waleis brod (er) wos put to deth.

WHen the gretest masters of Scotland wer thus done to euell deth and shendid for ther falsenesse Iohan that wos [Page] willm waleis brother wos take and done vn to deth as sir Iohn̄ erle of Atheles wos.

¶How Robert the Brus fled from scotland to Norway

ANd at that same tyme wos Robert the Brus moch hated among the pepull of Scotland so that he wyst not what he wos best for to done & for to hide hī he wēt ī to Norway to thee kyng that had spoused his sustre &̄ ther held him socour for to haue ¶And robert the Brus might not be foūde in scotland. so kȳg Edward tho let crie his pees thurgh out all the lād & his lawes wer vsid & his ministres serued thurgh out all the land.

¶How kyng edward died.

WHen kyng Edward had abated his enmys he turned ayene southward and a maladie toke him at Burgh vpsand in the marche of Scotland and he wist well that his deth was full nigh: & called to hī sir Henri the laci erle of Nicholl. sir Guy erle of werwik. sir Aymer valēce erle of Penbroke. & sir robert of Clifford barone. &̄ prayd them vpō the faith that they him owed that they shuld make Edward of Carnariuan kyng of englond as raathe os they myght. & that they shuld nat suffre Pers of Ganaston cum ayen in to englōd for to make his son to riot. &̄ they graūted him wt good will. ¶And the kīg toke his sacre­ment of holy chirche as a good criste man sh̄uld. & died ī veray repētance. & whē he had bene kīg xxxv. yere he died & wos buried at westmīstre wt moch solempnite vpō whos soule god haue mercy.

¶Of Merlin ꝓphecies that wer declarid of kyng edward that wos kyng Henri son.

ANd of this kyng Edward ꝓphecied Merlin and called him a dragon the secund of the vi. kynges that shuld be for to regne in englond. and said that he sh̄uld be medeled wyth merci and also with strength and sternesse that shuld kepe englond from cold & hete: & that he shuld open his mouth toward wa­les [Page] & that he shuld set his fote in wyke. & that he shuld closen wt walles that shuld do moch harme to his sede ¶And he said soth for the good kyng Edward was medled with merci &̄ with ferse­nesse wt merci ayens his enmys of wales &̄ aft (er) of Scotland with fersenesse whē he put them to deth for ther falsenesse & tratori as they had deseruied it. ¶And well keped he englond from colde & hete sith he keped it from all maner enmys that ronne vpon hym to done him any wronge: ¶And well he opyned his mouth to­ward wales &̄ made it quake thurgh the hidour of his mouth whē he cōquerid it thurgh dynt of swerde· for the prince Leuelin & Dauid his brother Ris & Morgan wer put to deth for ther falsenes & ther foly. ¶And he set his fote in to wike and conquered be­rewyke at the wich conquest wer slayn xxv. thousand and vij. hondreth out take them that wer brend in the reed hall. ¶And the walles that he let make shall be noyous vn to his sede as mē shal here aft (er) see in the lifee of Sir Edward of Camarauan his son. ¶And yit said Merlin that he shuld make riueris ren ī blod and with brayn. & that semed well in his weris ther that he had the mastrie. ¶And yit Merlin said that ther sh̄uld cum a pe­pull out of the north west during the regne of the forsaid dragon that shuld be lad by an yll grehound that shuld the dragō croune king that afterward shuld fle ouer the see for drede of the dragon with out cummyng ayen. &̄ that wos proued by sir Iohan Bailloll that kyng Edward made for to be kyng of Scotland that falsely arose ayens him and after he fled vn to his own landes of fraunce and neu (er) he come ayen in to Scotland for drede of kīg Edward ¶And yit said Merlin that pepull that shuld lede the forsaid grehond shuld be fad (er)les vn till a c (er)tan tyme &̄ he said soth for the pepull of scotlād gretly wer disesed siith yt sir Iohn̄ bailloll ther kīg fled frō scotland. ¶And yit said Merlin yt the son shulde become in his tyme as reed as ony blode in tokenyng of gret mortalite of pepull & yt was well knaw when ye scottis wer [Page] slayn. ¶And sith said Merlin that ylke dragoij shuld norish a fox that shuld meue gret were ayens him that shuld not ī his tyme be endid: ¶And that semed well by Robert the Brus yt kyng Edward norished in his chambre that sithene stale a way and meued gret were ayenst him wich were wos not endid ī hys tyme ¶And afterward Merlin told that this dragon shuld bene hold the best body of all the world· and he said sothe for the good kīg Edward wos the worthiest knyght of all the world in his tyme ¶And yit said Merlin yt the dragon sh̄uld die in the marche of an other land and that his land shuld be long without ony good keꝑ & yt mē sh̄uld wepe for his deth frō the Ile of shepei vn to the Ile of marcill. ¶Wherfor alas shold be ther songe emong the comyn pepull fadetlas in the land wasted. ¶And that profecie wos knowe ou (er)all full well For the good kīg edwarde died at Burgh vp sandis that is vpō the marche of scotland wherfor the englisshmē wer discomforted &̄ sorowed in northhūberland ¶For enchesō that kīg Edwardis son set by the scottis no force for the riot of Perys of Ganaston wherfore Alas wos the song thurgh out all englond for defaute of theyre good werdeyn. frō the Ile of shepey vn to the Ile of marcill ye pepull made moch sorow for good kīg Edwardis deth. ¶For they wened yt good kīg edward shuld haue gone ī to the holy land for yt was holy his purpose. vpon whos soule god for his high grace haue inci

Anno domini .M.CC.lxxxiiij.

CElestinus wos pope aft (er) Nicholas v. monethis and nothynh nobull of him is written bot that he wos a vertuus man. Bonefacius the .viij. wos aft (er) him viij. yere This Bonefaci wos a man ī thos thinges the wich ꝑteneth to court for he wos vere exparte in such maters. And because he had no peer he put no mesurnesse to his prudens. And toke so gret pride vpon [Page] him that he said he wos lord of all the world and mony thyngꝭ he did with his myght. the wich failed wriechedly in the end he yaf a sampull to all prelatis. that they shuld not be proude. but vnder the forme of a veray schepard of god they shuld more study for to be loued of ther subiectis then to be drad. This man is he of whome it is said. that he entred as a fox. he leued as a Lyon and died as a dog. ¶This tyme the yere of grace was ordeyned from an hondreth yere to an hondreth yere. And the frist Iubile was in the yere of our lord Ihū crist a .M.ccc.. Benedictus the xi. was aft (er) Boneface xi. monethis: This mā wos an holi man of order of the frere prechours: & litill wile liued but decessid anone. Adulphus wos emprour vi. yere this mā was the erle of anoxone. And wos not crouned by the pope for he wos slayn in bataill. Albertus was emprour aft (er) him x. yere. This man wos the duke of Anstrie. and frist was repreued of the pope. and after wos confirmed by the same pope. for the male [...] of the kyng of fraunce the wich wos an enmy vn to the chirche. And to that Albert the same pope yaf the kyngdom of fraunce. as he did other kyngdoms: bot it profettid not. for at the last he wos slayn of his nevu: Clemens was pope after Benedictus almost ix. yere And he was a gret bylder of castelles and other thinges and he dampned the order of templaries and he ordeyned the vij: boke of the decretalis: the wich be called the questions off Clementyns: And anone aft (er) ī a counsell the wich he held at vi­enna. he reuokid yt same boke· the wich his successari Iohn̄ called ayen & īcorporit it & pupplicit it. This Clemēt first of all popis translatid the popis seet fro rome to the Auīnon· & whed (er) it was done bi the mocion of god or the boldenes of man. diu (er)se mē mer­ueleth. Iohan the xxij. was pope after him xviij: yere. This man was all glorious as for thos thynges that wer to be vsid thurgh the actyue liffe. And he pupplishit the constitucōis [Page] of the Clementines. and send them to all the vniu (er)sites. and mōy santis he canonised. & thes fat bisshopbriches he deuidid. & he ordined mony thinges ayens the pluralite of benefices and mōy heriti­kes he dampned. bot whed (er) he wos saued or not oure lord wold not shew to thos he louyd veray well. Henri the .vij. was emprour aft (er) Albert v. yere This Henri was a nobull man in were and he coueted to haue pees by land and water. he wos a glorius mā in bataill. And neuer ouercummyn with enmys. And at the last he wos poysened of a frere when that he houselid him bi resauīg of the sacrament.

¶Of kyng Edward that wos kyng Edwardis son.

ANd after this kyng Edward regned Edward his son that was borne in Carnariuan. and this Edward went him in to fraunce and ther he spoused Isabell the kynges dought (er) of Fraunce the xxv. day of Ianiuer at the chirche of our ladi at Boloyn in the yere of our lord ihesu crist a .M.ccc.vij. And ye xx. day of Feuyer the next yere yt come aft (er) he wos crouned solempli at westmynstre of the Erchebisshop Robert of wynchelse and of the erchebisshop off Cantorburi. And ther wos so gret prece of pepull that sir iohan bakwell wos deid and mordred: ¶And anone as the good kyng Edward was deid sir Ede­ward his son kyng of englond sent after Pers of Ganastane in to Gascoyn and so moch loued him that he called him his brod (er) And anone after he yaf vn to him the lordship of walyngforde and it wos not long after that he ne yaf him the erldom of Cor­newaill ayens all the lordis wyll of the reame of englond. ¶And tho brought he sir Walter of Langton bisshop of Chestre in to prison in to the tour of london with two knaues allone him to serue. For the kyng was wroth with him for because yt sir walter made complaynte vpon him to his fader. wherfor he was [Page] put in to prison in the tyme of Troilebaston. ¶And the forsa­id Pers of Ganaston made so gret mastries that he went in to the kynges tresorie in the abbey of westmynster and toke the table of gold with the tristyls of the same. & mony other riche Iewels that sum tyme wer the nobull and good kīg Arthurs &̄ toke thē to a marchand that was called Aymeri of Friscombaand. For he shulde bere them ouer see ī to Gascoyne and so he went thens. and they come neu (er) ayen after. wherfore it wos a gret loose vn to this land. ¶And when this Pers wos so richeli auaun­ced he be come so proud and so stout. wherfor all the gret lordis of the reame had him ī dispite for his gret bering. wherfore sir Hēri the laci erle of Nicholl. and syr Guy erle of warrewik the wich good lordis the goode kyng Edward sir Edwardis fad (er) kyng of Englond charged that Peris of Ganaston shuld not cum in to englond for to bring his son Edward in to riot. ¶And all the lordis of Englond assemled them a certayn day at the freris prechours at London and ther they spekyn of the dishonour that kyng Edward did vn to his reame and to his croune ¶And so they assentid all bothe erles and barons and all the commyns that the foresaid Pers of Ganastone shuld be exiled out of Englond for eu (er) more and so it wos done for he forswore Englond and went in to Irlond and ther the kyng made hym chiuetayn and gou (er)nour of the land by his commission and theer this pers was cheuetayne of all the land. and did ther all that hī liked and had pouer what he wold and that tyme wer the templars exiled thurgh all cristinte for encheson that men put vpon them that they shuld done thynges ayens the faith and good beleue· ¶Kyng Edward loued Pers of Ganastone so moch thatt he myght not forlet his componye and so moch the kyng yaf and behight to the pepull of englond that the exiling of the foresaid peris shuld be reuoked at stamford thurgh them that him had exi­led wherfore peres of ganaston come ayen in to englond and when [Page] he was come ayen in to his land he dispised the grettist lordis of this land and called sir Robert of Clare erle of glocestre horeson And the erle of Nicholl sir henri the Lacy brustynbely. and sir Guy erle of warwik the blak hound of Arderne. &̄ also he called the nobull erle and Thomas of Lancastre Churle and mony od (er) scornes and shame them said and mony other gret lordis of englond ¶Wherfor they were toward hī full angri & wroth & right sore annoyed ¶And ī the same time died the erle of Nicholl bot he charged or that he wos deid Thomas of Lancastre erle that was his son in law that he shuld maynten his quarell ayens this same Pers of Ganaston vpō his blissing. ¶And so it befell thurgh help of the erle of Lancastre and also of the erll of werwic that the forsaid sir Pers wos hedid at Gausich beside werwyk ī the xix. day of Iune in the yere of grace a .M.ccc. & .xij. ¶Wkrfor the kȳg was sore annoyed & prayd god that he myght se that day to be a venged vpō the deth of the forsaid Pers. ¶And so it befell afteerward as ye shall here. Alas the tyme for the forsaid erle of Lancastre and mony other gret barons wer put to pytuus deth and martired for enchesō of the forsaid quarell ¶The kyng wos tho at london and held a ꝑlament and ordeyned the lawes of sir Symond Mounford wherfor the erle of Lancastre and the erles and all clerge of englond made an othe thurgh counsell of Robert of wynchelse for to maynten tho ordinaū ces for eu (er) more.

¶How Robert the Brus come ayen in to scotland &̄ gadered a gret pouer of men for to were vpon kyng Edward.

ANd when sir Robert the Brus that made him kyng of scotland that before wos fled in to Norway for dreed of deth off the good kyng Edward and also he herid of the debate that tho was in Englond bi twene the kyng and his lordis he ordeyned an host & come ī to englond ī to Northūberland & cleyn distruid [Page] the contre. ¶And when kyng Edward herd this tidyng he let assembull his host and met the scottis at edstreuelin in the day of natiuite of sent Iohn̄ baptist in the iij: yere of his regne. & in the yere of our lord Ihū crist a .M.CCC. & xiiij. Alas the sorow &̄ losse that ther wos done ¶For ther wos slayn thee u (er)y nobull erle Gilbert of Clare sir Robert of Clifford baroun· & ther kyng Edward was scomfited: and edmōd of maule the kingꝭ stewerd for dred went and drenched him self ī a fresh riuer that is called Bannokesborne. wherfor thei said ī reproue & dispite of kīg Edward for as moch as he loued to gon bi wat (er). & also for he w­os discomfited at bannokesborne. Therfor the maidens made a song therof ī that cūtre of kyng edward of englond & ī this man (er) they song. ¶Maydens of englond sore may ye morne. for tiȝt haue lost your lemmans at bannokesborne. with heuelogh. what weneth the kīg of englōd to haue geten scotland. wt rombilogh·

WHen kyng Edward discomfited was. wondir sore and fast he fled with his folke that was left on lyue and went vn to Berewik and ther held him. And aft (er) he toke hostages thatt is to say ij. child of the richest of the toune and the kyng wentē to lundon &̄ toke counsell of thinges that wer nedefull vn to thee reame of englond ¶And in the same tyme it befell that tho was ī englond a ribaude that was called Iohan Tanner: and he went & said that he wos the good kyng edwardis son and let him call edward of Carnariuan and therfore he wos take at Oxforde: and ther he chalanged the frere carmes churche that kyng Edwarad had yefen them. the wich chirch sum tyme was the kynges hall. ¶And afterward was this Iohn̄ lad vn to Northm̄tō and draw and honged for his falsenesse: and or that he wos dede he confessid and said before all tho that ther war. That the deuell behight him that he sh̄uld be kyng of englond and that he had serued the deuell .iij. yere.

¶How the toune of Berewyc wos taken thurgh tresō &̄ how ij. Cardinales wer robbid in englond

ANd in mydlentyn sonday in the yere of our lord Ihū crist a .M.CCC.xvi. Berewyc wos lost thurgh fals treson of on Pers of Spaldyng the wich pers the kyng had put ther for to kepe that same toune with mony burgeis of the same toune: ¶Werfor the children that wer put in hostage thurgh the burgeis of Berewyk folowed the kīges marchalsie moni dais fetered in strong yrans. ¶And aft (er) yt tyme ther come ij. Cardina­les in to englond as the pope had them sent for to make pees bitwen englōd &̄ scotland. ¶And as they went toward Doram for to haue sacrid mastyr Lowys of Beaumont bisshop of Doram and os they went they wer taken &̄ robbid vpō the more of wynglesdō of wich robbery sir Gilbert of Middelton wos atteint & take and honged &̄ draw at londō. &̄ his hede smyten of and set vpō a spere and set vpō new gate. & the iiij. quartres sent to iiij cites of englond ¶And that same tyme befell mony mischefes in englōd for the poer pepull died in englond for hunger & so moch & so fast died that vnneth men migh them berie for a quart of whete wos worth xl. shilling and ij. yere & an half a quarter whete was worth ·x. marke. And oft times the poer pepull stole children & ete them. & ete also al ye houndis that thei might take &̄ also horse & cattis And aft (er) ther fell a gret moreyn among bestis in diu (er)se cūtres of Englond during kīg Edwardis lifes time.

¶How the Scottis robbid Northumberland.

ANd in the same time come the scottis ayen in to Englond and distruyd Northumberland and brend that land &̄ robbid it. and kylled men and womē and children that didly in ther cradeles. and brend also holy chirche and destruyd cristyndō and toke and bore Englisshmens goodis as they had be sarisens or paynyms and of the wikkidnesse that they did all the world spaken thurgh all cristyndome.

¶How the scottis wold not a mend ther trespase. &̄ therfor scotland wos enterdited.

ANd when pope Iohaij the xxij. aft (er) sent Petre herd of the gret sorow and mischief that the scottis wrought he wos wonder sori that cristindom was so distroid thurgh the Scottis. &̄ namly they distruyed so holy chirche wherfor the pope sent a generall sentence vnder his bulles of lede vn to the erchebisshop of cantorburi and to the erchebisshop of yorke. that if Robert the brus of scotland wold not be Iustified and make a mendes vn to the kyng of englond Edward ther lord and make amendis of his losse and of his harmes that they had done in englond and also to restore the goodis that they had taken of holy chirche that the sentence shuld be prenounced thurgh out all englond. ¶And whē ye scottis herd this they wold not leue ther malece for the popis com­maundement. ¶Wherfor robert the Brus Iames Douglas and Thomas Raudulfe erle of Moref and all tho that with them comuned or them help in worde or dede wer cursed in eu (er)y chir­che thurgh out all englond eu (er)y day at masse .iij. tymes and no masse sh̄uld be songe in holy chirche thurgh out all scotland bot if the scottis wold make restitucion of the harms that they had made vn to holy chirche werfor mony a good prest and holy men therfor wer slayn thurgh the reame of scotland for encheson that thei wolde not sing no masse ayens the popes commandemēt & ayens his will &̄ to done &̄ fulfill the tirantes will:

¶How sir Hugh the spensers son wos made the kynges chamberlayn and of the bataill of Mitone

ANd it was not long aft (er)ward that the kyng ne ordened a parlament at yorke and ther was sir hugh the spencers sone made chambrelayn and the meyn tyme while the were lasted the kyng went ayen in to scotland that it wos wonder for to witte and beseged the toune of Berewik but the scottis went ou (er) ye water of Solewath that wos iij. myle from the kyngꝭ host & priueli [Page] they stele a way by nyght and come in to Englond & robbed & destruyd all that they myght &̄ sparid no man (er) thing till yt they come vn to yorke ¶And when the Englisshmē that wer left at home herd this tidyng all tho that myght trauell as well mōkes and prestis &̄ freris & chanons & seculars come & met wt the scotis at Miton vpswale ye xij. day of October ¶Alas that sorow for the english husbondmen yt coud no thīg of the were that ther wer kylled and drenched in an arme of the see. And ther chiefteynes sir willm of Melton Erchebisshop of yorke and the abbot of Selby with ther stedis fled and come to yorke. and that was ther own folie that they had that myschance for they passid the water of swale and the scottis set a fier the stakkis of hey & the smok ther of wos so huge that the englissmē myght not see the scottis. ¶And when the englismen wer gone ou (er) the wat (er) tho come thee Scottis with ther wynge in maner of a shelde and come toward the englishmen in a ray &̄ the englisshmen fled for vnneth they had any men of armes. for the kyng had them almost lost at thee sege of Berewyk. and the scottis hobilers went bitwix the brige & the englismen. ¶And when the gret host them met the englishmen fled bitwen the hobilers & ye gret host. and the englishmē almost wer ther kylled ¶And he yt might wend ou (er) ye wat (er) was saued bout mōy wer drēchid ¶Alas for ther wos slaī mōy mē of religiō &̄ seculers & prestis & clerkis & wt moch sorow the erchebis­shep ascapid. & therfore yt scottis called the bataill ye white bateill

¶How kīg edward did all man (er) thīg yt sir hugh spenser wold

ANd when kyng edward herd this tidyng he remeued his sege from Berewik and come ayen to englond. but sir hug the spenser the son that wos the kynges chambrelayn kepid so ye kynges chamber that no man might speke with the kīg ¶Bot he had made with him a fret for to done all his nede &̄ that ou (er) mesur: ¶And this hugh bare him so stout that all men had of [Page] him scoornne &̄ despite. And the kyng hī self wold not be gou (er)ned ne ruled by no man (er) man but only bi his fadre &̄ bi him. &̄ if ony knyght of englond had woddis maneres or lordis that they wold couet: anone the kīg must yef it them. or els the mā that ought it shuld be falsely endited of forfit or felonye. And thurgh such doyng they desherited mony a good bachiler &̄ so moch land getten yt it was wond (er)· ¶And when the lordis of englond saw the grete couetise & the fassenesse of sir hugh the spenser the fadre &̄ of sir hugh the son they come to the gentill erle of Lancastre. and axed hī of ꝯcell of the disese that wos ī the reame thurgh sir hugh the spenser &̄ his son. And in hast by one assent they made a p̄ue assembull at shirborne ī Elmede. &̄ they made ther an oth for to breke and destroble the doyng bitwen the king &̄ sir hugh spenser &̄ his son vpon ther pouer. ¶And they went in to the march of wales &̄ destruid the land of the forsaid sir hughes.

¶How sir hugh Spen (ser) & his fad (er) wer exiled out of englod.

WHen kyng edward saw the gret harme and destruccion yt the barons of Englond did vn to sir hugh the spensers lande and to his sones in eu (er)y place that they come vpon. ¶And the kyng tho thurgh his counsell exiled sir Iohn̄ monbray sir rog (er) Clifford and sir Gosselin dauill. and mony other lordis yt wer to them concent wherfore the barons did tho more harme then thei diden before. ¶And when the kyng saw that the barons wold not sese of ther cruelte the king wos sore adrad lest they wold destruy him and his reame for his meyntenance but if that he ascented to them. ¶And so he sent for them by letters that they shuld cum to london to his parlament at a certan day as in his letters wos contened ¶And they come with iij. batailles well armed at all pointis and eu (er)y bataill had cote armures of grene cloth & ther of the right quart wos yalow with whit bendis. wherfore yt that parlament wos called the parlament of the white bend. And in that companye was sir vmfrcey of Boh [...]ne erle of herford and sir [Page] Roger of Clifford sir Iohn̄ Mombray sir Gecelin dauill sir Roger Mortimer vncull of sir Roger Mortimer of wigmore sir hē ri of Trais sir Iohan Giffard and sir Bartholomew of badeles more that wos the kynges stiward that the kyng had sent to shirborne in elmede to the erle of Lancastre and to all that with him wer for to tret of accorde that him allied to the barons and come with that companye ¶And sir roger Dammorie &̄ sir hugh Dandale that had spoused the kinges neces sustre and sir Gyllebert of Clare erle of Glocestre that wos killed in scotland as before is said ¶And tho ij: lordis had tho two ꝑties of the erledom of glocestre &̄ sir hugh the spen (ser) the son had the thrid ꝑte in his wifes half the iij. sustre & tho ij. lordis went to the barons with al ther pouer ayens sir hugh ther brod (er) in law and so ther come wt them sir Rog (er) of Clifford sir Iohn̄ Mombrey sir Goselin dauill sir rog (er) Mortimer of werke sir roger mortimei of wigmore his nepheu sir Henri Trais sir Iohn̄ Giffrad sir Bartholemew of badelsmore. with all ther companye and mony od (er) that to them were consent all the gret lordis comen vn to westmynstre to the kyngꝭ ꝑlament and so they spoken and did that bothe sir huge Spen (ser) the fadre and also the son were outlawed of Englond for eu (er) more ¶And so sir hugh the fadre went vn to Dou (er) and made moch sorow and fell doune vpon the ground by the see banke acros with his armes and sore wepīg said Now fair englond & good englond to all myghty god I the betake and thries cussid the groūd and wened neu (er) for to haue comen ayen and wepyng full sore cursed the tyme that eu (er) he begat sir Hugh his son. And said for hī he had lost all Englond and tho in presence of them all thatt were about him he yaf him his curse and went ou (er) the see to his landis ¶But hugh the son wold not gone out of Englond bot held him in the see. & he and his companye robbed .ij. Dromōdis beside Sandewich and toke and bare away all the goodis that wos on them the value of xl.M. pound:

¶How the kyng exiled Erle Thomas of Lancastre &̄ all yt held with him and how the Mortimer come yeld him to the king. and of the lordis.

HIt wos not long aft (er) that the kyng ne made sir Hugh spenser the fadre and sir hugh the son cum ayen in to englōd ayens the lordis will of the reame. ¶And sone aft (er) the kyng with a strong pouer come and beseged the castell of Ledes. &̄ in the castell was the lady of Badelesmore for encheson that she wolde not graunte that castell to quene Isabell kīg Edwardis wife. ¶But the principall cause was for encheson that sir Bartho­lomew badelesmere was ayens the kīg & held with the lordis of englond. & notheles the kīg by help & socour of mē of londō &̄ also of help of southeren men gat the castell maugre of them all that wer therin &̄ toke with them all yt thei might find. ¶And when the barons of englōd herd this tidyng sir Rogere Mortimer and other mony lordis toke the toūe of burggeworth with strength wherfore the kīg was wond (er) wroth & let outlaw thomas of Lancastre &̄ vmfra de Bohoune erle of herford &̄ all tho yt wer assentant to the same quarell ¶And the kyng assēbled an huge host &̄ come ayenst the lordis of englōd wherfor the Mortimers put thē in the kīgꝭ merci &̄ his grace &̄ anōe they wer sent to the toure of london &̄ ther kept ī prisō. ¶And when the ba­rons herd this thyng they comen to Pountfret ther that the erle Thomas sodiourned &̄ told him how that Mortimers both had yeld them to the kyng &̄ put them in his grace.

¶Of the sege of Tykhill.

WHen Thomas erle of Lancastre herd this. they wer wonder wroth and all that wer of his companie. &̄ gretly they wer discomfited and ordeyned theyr pouer to geder & beseged thee castell of Tykhill. but tho that wer within so manly defēdid hē that the barons might not get the castell. & whē the kīg herd that his castel was beseged he swore by god &̄ bi his names yt the sege [Page] sh̄old be remeued and assemaled an huge pouer of pepull & went thid (er)ward to reskewe the castell & his pouer encresid frō day to dai ¶When the erle of Lancastre &̄ the erle of Herford & the barones of ther companye herd of this thīg they assembled all ther pou­er & went them to Burton vpō Trent & kept the brigge yt the king shold not passe ou (er). ¶But it befell so on the x. day of march in the yere of grace .M.ccc. &̄ xxi· The kyng & the spen (ser) sir Aymer valaunce erle of Pēbroke & Iohn̄ erle of Arūdall &̄ hir pouer wēt ou (er) the wat (er) & discomfited the erle Thomas & his companye and they fled to the castell of Tutberi and from thens they wēt vn to Pountfret ¶And in that viage died sir Roger Danmore in the abbey of tutberi ¶And in that same time the Erle Thomas had a traytour wt him yt wos called Robert of Holād a knyght that the erle had brought vp of nought & had norisshed him ī his botelerie & had yeue him a thousand marke of land by yere. & so moch the erle loued him yt he myght do in the erles courte all thīg that him liked bothe among hie & lawe and so quente­li tho these bare him ayens his lorde that he tristed more vpon him then he did vpon ony man a liue. ¶And the erle had ordened by his letters for to wend in to the erledom of Lancastre to make men arise to helpe him that viage that is to say v.C: men of ar­mes ¶But the fals traytur come not ther no man (er) men for to warne ne for to make arise to help his lord ¶And whē that the fals traitour hard tell that his lord was discomfited at burt [...]n vpon trent as a fals traytour thefe stole a way and robbed ī Rauensdele his lordis men that come from the scomfiture. and toke of them hors and harnes and al that they had & killid of them all that he myght take & come & yeld hī to the kīg ¶Whē ye good erle Thomas wist yt he wos so betraied he wos sore abashed &̄ said to hī self O all mighty god how myght Robert Holand find in his hert me to betray sithens that I haue loued hī so moch O god well may naw a man see bi him that no man may dissaue an od (er) [Page] rather than he that he trustis most vpon. he hath full euell yeld me my goodnesse and the worsh̄ip that I haue to him done and thurgh my kyndenesse haue him a vaunced and made hie wher that he wos lowe: And he maketh me go from high vn to l [...]w but yit shall he die an euell deth.

¶Of the scomfiture of Burbrugge.

THe good Erle Thomas of Lancastre Humfrey de bohoūe Erle of Herford and the barons that with hem were tokē councell bitwen them at the frere prechours in Pountfret Tho thought Tomas vpō the traitorie of robert Holand and seied in reproue. Alas holand had me betraied. ay is the reed of some euell shreed. and by the commune assent they shuld all wend to the castell of Dunstanburgh the wich ꝑteyned to the erldom of Lancastre & that they shold abide ther till that the kīg had foryef them ther maletalent. ¶But whē the good erle Thomas this herd he ansuerd in this maner and said. lordis quod he if we gone toward the north the northeren men will say that we go toward the scottis &̄ so we shall be holden traitours. for cause of distance that is betwen kyng edward &̄ Robert the brus that made him kīg of scotland. and ther fore I sai as touchyng my self that I will not go no ferther in to the north than to myn own castell of Poū fret ¶And wen sir roger Clifford herd this he arose vp anone in wroth and drew his swerde on high & suore by almyghty god and by his holi names but if that he wold go with them he shuld him sle ther. ¶The nobull and gentill erle Thomas of Lan­castre was sore adrad. & said fair sirs I will gon wt you whither so eu (er) ye me bidde. ¶Tho went they to gedres in to the north &̄ wt them they had vij.C. men of armes and come to Burbrugge ¶And when sir Andrew of herkela that was in the north cū tre thurgh ordynaunce of the kyng for to kepe the cuntre of scotland herd tell how that Thomas of lancastre wos discomfited and his ꝯpanye at Burton vpon trent he ordyned him a strong pouer [Page] and sir Symond ward also. that was tho shereue of yorke and met the baronnes at burbrugge and anone they breke the brugge that wos made of tre ¶And whan sir thomas of Lancastre herde that sir Andrew of herkela had brought with him such a pouer he was sore a drad and sent for sir andrew of herkela and wt him spake· and said to him in this man (er). ¶Sir andrew quod he ye mow well vnd (er)stond how that our lord the kyng is lad and misgou (er)ned by moch fals councell thurgh sir hugh the Spenser the fadre and sir hugh his son. and sir Iohn̄ erle of Arundell and thurgh master Robert Baldoke a fals piled clerke that now is in the ky­nges court duelling. Wherfore I pray yow that ye wold cum with vs with all the pouer that ye haue ordened and help to distro the venym of England and the tratours that bene therin and we will yeue vn to yow all the best parte of .v. erledoms that we ha­ue and holdeth: and we will make vn to you an oth that we wil neuer done thyng with out your councell and so ye shall bene eft as well with vs as eu (er) wos Robert of Holand. ¶Tho ansuerd sir Andrew of herkela and said sir Thomas that wolde not I done ne consent ther to for no maner thing ye might me yeffe without the will and commaūdement of our lore the kyng for than shuld I be holden a tratour for eu (er) more. ¶And when that the nobull Erle Thomas of Lancastre saw that he wold not consent vn to him for no man (er) thing. sir Androw he said will ye not con­sent for to distroye the venym of the reame as we be consent now at one worde sir Androw I tell the that or this yere be gone that ye shall be take and hold for a traitor and more than ony of yow hold vs now and in wors deth ye shall die than eu (er) did any knyght of Englond And vnd (er)stand well that ye did neu (er) thyng that sorer ye shall you repente. and now goth &̄ dothe what you good liketh And I wyll put me in to the mercy of god ¶And so went the fals traytour tirant and as a fals for sworin maij. for thurgh the noble Erle Thomas of Lancastre he vnd (er)fenge the armes [Page] of chiualri and thurgh hī he wos made a knyght ¶Tho myght men see archeris drawe them in that one side and in that other. and knyghtes also and foughten tho to gedre wonder sore and also among other sir Humfrey de Boughon Erle of her­ford a worthy knyght of renoune thurgh all cristyndome stode & fought with his enmys vpon the bruge and as the nobull lord stode and faught vpon the brugge a thefe a ribaude skulked vn­der the brugge & fersly with a spere smote the nobull knyght in to the foūdement so that his bouell is comen out a bout his fete ther. ¶Alas for sorow for ther was slayn the flour of solace & of comforth and also of curtesie. ¶And sir Roger of Clif­ford a nobull knyght stode eu (er) and faught & well & worthely him defendid as a nobull baron. But at the last he was sore woun­ded in his hede & sir willm of Sullay and sir Roger of bernefeld wer slayn at that bataill ¶When sir Androw of herkela saw that sir Thomas men of lancastre lassed and slaked anone he and his compani comen vn to the gentill knyght sir Thomas of Lancastre & said vn to him in high yelde the tratoure yeld the. ¶The gentill Erle ansuerid tho and said. Nay lordis trators be we none and to you will we neuer vs yeld while that our ly­ues last but leu (er) we haue to be slain in our treuth than yeld vs vn to yow: ¶And sir Androw ayen gard vpon sir Thomas componi yollyng as a wode wolfe &̄ saied yelde you tratours takē yeld you. And said with an high vois beth war sires that none of yow be so hardy vpon lyfe and limme to mysdone Thomas bodi of Lancastre ¶And with that word the good Erle Thomas wēt ī to the chapell & said kneling vpon his knees &̄ turned his visage towardes the crosse and said Almyghty god to the I me yelde & holli I put me vn to thy merci. And with that the vileyns and ribaudes leped a boute him on eu (er)y syde as tirantis & wode turmē tours and dispolid him of his armurie and clothed him in a robe [Page] of rey that was of his squyers liueira and forth lad him vn to yorke by wat (er). ¶Tho myght men se moch sorow &̄ care. for thee gentill knyghtis fled in eu (er)y side &̄ the ribaudis &̄ the vileyns egreli them discried and gried an high yeld yow tratours yeld you. ¶And when they wer yolden they wer robbed & bounde as thefues Alas the shame and dispite that the gentill ordir of knyght­hod ther had at that bataill and the land was tho with out law: for holy chirche tho had no more reuerance than it had bene a brodell hous and in that bataill was the fadre ayens the sone. and the vncle ayens his nepheu For so moch vnkyn denes was neu (er) seyn be­fore in Englond as wos that tyme among folke of one nacion. ¶For on kynrad had no more pitte of that other than an hun­gri wolfe hath of a shepe and it wos no wonder ¶For the gret lordis of englond wer not all of one nacion but wer medled with other nacions that is for to say some Bretans some Saxōs som Danys some Pehites som Frensshemen some Normans some Spanyardis some Romans some Henaudes some Flemmyng and other diu (er)se nacions the which nacions accordid not to the kind blod of englond And if so gret lordis had bene onli weddid to english pepull than shuld pees haue bene and rest amonges them with owt any enuy. ¶And at that bataill was roger Clifford take sir Iohn̄ monbray sir willm Tuchit sir willm Fitz willm &̄ mōy other worthy knyghtys ther wer take at yt bataill And sir hugh Dandell the next day aft (er) wos taken &̄ put ī to prison and shuld haue be done to deth if he had not spoused the kyngꝭ nece that was erle Gilbertis sustre of Glocestre ¶And anōe aft (er) wos sir Bartholomew of badelsmere taken at stowe paarke a maner of the bisshoppis of Lyncolne yt wos his nepheu. &̄ mony other ba­rons &̄ baner [...]ttz wherfore wos made moch sorow.

¶How Thomas of Lancastre wos heded at poun [...]fret & .v. barons honged and drawen ther.

[Page] ANd now I shall tell yow of the nobull erle Thomas of Lancastre. when he wos taken and brought to yorke mōy of the Cite wer full glad. and vpon him cried with an high vois O sir traitour ye er welcome blissid be god. for now shall ye ha­ue the reward that long tyme ye haue deserued. & cast vpon him mony snowe balles and mony other reproues they did him. bot the gentill erle all suffred &̄ said nothir on word ne other: ¶And in the same tyme the king herd of this same scomfiture and wos full glad &̄ in hast come to Poūtfret & sir hugh spen (ser) & sir hugh his son & sir Iohn̄ erle of Arundell. &̄ sir Edmond of wodestoke the kynges brother erle of Kent: and sir Aymer of valaunce erle of Penbroke and master Robert Baldoke a fals piled clarke that was priue & duellid in the kynges courte. & all come thed (er) wt the kyng. and the kyng entred ī to the castell ¶And sir Andrew of Herkela a fals tirant thurgh the kynges commaundement toke with him the gentill erle Thomas to Poūtfret. &̄ ther he was prisoned in his own castell that he had new made that stode ayen the abbey of kyng Edward. ¶And sir hugh the spen (ser) the fad (er) & his son cast &̄ thought how & in what man (er) the good erle Thomas of Lancastre sh̄uld be dede with out ony Iugement of hys perys ¶Wherfore it was ordened thurgh the kyngꝭ Iustices yt the kīg shold put vpon him pointes of treson. ¶And so it befell yt he was led to barre before the kīgis Iustis barehed as a thef in a fair hall in his own castell yt he had made ther in mōy a fair fest both to rich and to poer. ¶And thes wer his Iustises sir Hugh spen (ser) the father. & Aymer of valaūce erle of peenbroke. sir Edmōd of wodestoke erle of kent. sir Iohn̄ of Bretan erle of Richemond & sir Robert of Malemethrop Iustice. & sir roberte him a coulpid in this maner. ¶Thomas at the frist. owr lord the kyng & this court excludeth you of all maner ansuere. ¶Thomas our lord the kyng putteth vpon yow that ye haue in his land riden with banner displayed ayens his pes as a tratoure [Page] And with that worde the gentill erle Thomas wt an high vois said nay lordis forsoth & bi sent Thomas I was neu (er) traytour ¶The Iustice said ayen tho. ¶Thomas our lord the kyng puteth vpon you that ye haue robbed his folk and mordred his pepull as a thefe. ¶Thomas also the kyng put vpon you that he discomfited you and your pepull with his folkd in his own reame. wherfor ye went and fled to the wodde as an outlawe. ¶And also ye were taken as an outlawe. ¶And Thomas as a traitour ye shall be hanged by reson. but the kīg hath for yef you that Iewes for loue of quene Isabell ¶And thomas reson wold also that ye shuld be hanged but the kīg hath for yef you that Iewes for cause and loue of your linage ¶But Thomas For os moch as ye wer take fleyng &̄ as an outlaw the king wyll that your hede shall be smyte of as ye haue well de (ser)ued Anone doth him out of prece and anone bring him to his iuge­ment. ¶The gentill knyght Thomas had herd all thes wor­dis with an high vois he cried sore wepyng and said alas sent thomas fair fader Alas shall I be dede thus ¶Graunte me now blissidfoll god ansuer: but all a vailled him nothyng: For the cursed Gascoyns put him hither & thedder and on him cried with an high vois O kyng Arthur most dredfull well knawen is now thyn open traitorie an euell dethe shalt thow die has thow hast it well diseruyed ¶And tho they set vpen his hede in scorn an hold chapelet that wos all to rent that wos not worth an half penne. ¶And after that they set him vpon a leue white palfra full vn semeli and eke all bare and with an hold bridell and with an horribul noise they droue him out of the Castell toward his deth and they cast vpon him mony balles of snowe ī disspite ¶And as the traitoris lad him out of the Castell tho saied he this pytouse wordis and his handes held vp on hight toward the heuen: Now the kyng of heuen yef vs merci. for the erthely kyng hath vs forsakyn. And a frere prechour wenten with him [Page] out of the castell till that he com to the place that he endid his lyfe vn to whom he shrofe him all his life ¶And the gentill erle held the frere wond (er) fast by the clothis and said to him fair fadre abide with vs till that I be dede. for my flesh quaketh for drede of deth. ¶And the soth for to say the gentill erle set him vpon his knees and turned him toward the est. but a ribaud that was called Higone of Moston set hand vpon the gentill erle and saied in despite of him. Sir traytour turne the toward the scottes thy soule dede to vnderfenge. and turned him toward the Northe. ¶The nobull erle Thomas ansuered tho with a myld vois & said now fair lordis I shall done your will. And with that woide the frere went from him sore wepyng. and anone a ribaude went to him and smote of his hede. the xi. Kal. of Auerell in the yere of grece .M.ccc. & xxi. ¶Alas that eu (er) such a gētill blod shall be done to deth with out cause and reson. ¶And trators­ly wos the kyng coūcellid whē he thurgh the fals counsell of ye spē sers suffred sir Thomas his vncles son to be put to such a deth & so bene heded ayens all man (er) of reson. and gret pitte it was also that such a nobull kyng sh̄uld be desceiued & mysgou (er)ned thurgh counsell of the fallis spenseres the wich tho he maīteneyd thorow loselrie ayens his honour and eke ꝓfite. For aft (er)ward ther fell gret vengeaunce in englond for encheson of the foresaid Thomas deth. ¶When the gentill erle of his life was passid. The pri­our and the monkis of Pountfret getten the body of sir Thom̄s of the kīg and they beried it before the high aut (er) on the right side [...] ¶That same day that this gentill knyght was dede. ther were honged & draw for the same quarell at Pountfret sir willm tu­chet sir willm Fitz willm. sir warreyn of ysell. sir Hēri of brad borne. and sir william cheynye barons all· and Iohane Page esquyre ¶And sone aft (er) at Yorke were draw and honged sir Rogeri Clifford: Sir Iohan of Mambray barons And sir Goselin dauill knyght ¶And at Bristow were drawe & [Page] honged sir henri of wemyngton & sir henri Mounfort barons and at Glocestre wer draw and honged Sir Iohan Geffard and sir willm of Elmebrugge barons ¶And at london wer honged and drow sir henri Tyes baron And at wynchelse sir Tho­mas Colepepir knyght. And at windesore sir Fraunces of waldenham baron: And at Cantorburi wos draw &̄ honged sir Bertholome of Badelesmere. & sir Bartholomewe of asshebourne­ham barons. And at kerdyfe ī wales sir willm Flemmīg baron

¶How kyng Edward wēt in to scotland with an hondreth thousand men of armes &̄ might not spede.

ANd when kyng edward of englond had brought the flour of Chiualrie vn to ther deth thurgh councell and consent of sir hugh spenser the fadre and sir hugh the son he become as wode as any Lyon ¶And what so eu (er) the Spensers wold haue it was done. so well the kyng loued them that they might done wt him all thyng that them liked. Wherfor the kyng yaf vn to sir hugh spenser the fadre. the erledom of wynchestre and vn to sir Andrewe of Herkela the erdom of Cardoill in preiudice and in harmyng of his croune: ¶And kyng Edward tho thurgh ꝯsell of the spensers disherited all them that had bene ayens him in any quarell with Thomas of Lancastre & mony oder wer disherited also for encheson stat the spensers couetted for to haue ther landes and so they had all that they wold desire with wrong and ayens all reson ¶Tho made the kyng Robert of Baldok a fals piled clerke Chauncelar of englond thurgh caunsell of the forsaid spen (ser)s & he was a fals ribaud and a couetise &̄ so they coūceled the kyng moch that the kyng let take to his own warde all the goodis of the lordis that were put wrongfully to the deth in to his own hond and as well they token the goodis that wer in holy chirche as the goodis that were wythout. And let them bene put in to his tresorie in london and let them call his forfaittis & bi ther councell the kyng wrought for eu (er)more he dysherite them that the [Page] goodis owghten. ¶And thurgh ther counsell let a rere a tal­liage of all the goodis of englond ¶Wherfor he was the richest kyng that eu (er) wos in englond after willm basterd of Normā die that conquerid Englond▪ ¶And yit thurgh councell of them him semed that he had not ynough. bot made yit eu (er)y toune of Englond for to find a man of armys vpon ther own costages for to gone and were vpon the scottis that wer his enmys wherfore the kyng wēt in to scotland with an hondreth thausand mē of armes at witsontide in the yere of our lord Ihū crist .M.ccc. & xxij. ¶But the scottis went and hid them in moūtayns &̄ in woddis & taried the englishmen fro day to day that the kīg my­ght for no maner thyng them find in playn feld ¶Wherfor mony englishmē yt had litell vitayles died ther for hunger wond (er) fast and sodenly in goyng and in comyng. and namly tho that had bene ayens Thomas of Lancastre and robbed his men vpon his landis: ¶When kyng Edward saw that vitayles failed him he wos tho wonderfore discomforted for encheson also that his men died and for he myght not speed of his enmys So at the la­st he come ayen in to Englond. ¶And anone after come Iames Douglas & also Thomas Randulph with an hoge host in to Englond in to Northumberland & with them the englishmen that wer driuē out of englōd & come & robbed the cūtre & kylled the pepull. & also brend the toune that wos called northallerton &̄ mony other toūes to yorke. ¶And when the kīg herd this tidyng he let sompne all man (er) men that might trauell. And so the englishmen mett the scottis at the abbey of Beigheland the xv. day aft (er) Mihelmasse in the same yere abouesaid. And the englishmen wer ther discomfited. ¶And at yt scomfiture wos toke sir Iohan of Bretan Erle of Rochemond that helde the cuntre and the Erldom of Lancastre. ¶And after he paied an huge raunsome and wos let go. and aft (er) that he wente in to fraūce and co­me neu (er) afterward ayen.

¶How sir Andrewe of Herkela was take &̄ put vn to the deth that wos erle of Cardoill.

ANd at that tyme sir Andrew of herkela that new was made erle of Cardoill for cause that he had taken the good erle Thomas of Lancastre. he had ordeyned thurgh the kynges ꝯmandement of englond for to bring him all the pouer that he might for to help him ayenst the scottis at the abbey of Beigheland ¶And when the fals tratour had gadred all the pepull that he myght and shuld haue come to the kyng vn to the abbey of Beigheland ¶The fals tratour lad them by an other cuntre thurgh Copeland & thurgh the erledom of Lancastre. & went thurgh the cuntre & robbed &̄ killed folke all that he myght ¶And forther more the fals tratour had taken a gret soume of gold and silu (er) of sir Iames Douglas for to be ayens the kyng of englond and to bene helpyng & holdyng with the scottis thurgh whos treson the kyng of englond wos discomfited at Beigheland or that he come thed (er) ¶Wherfor the kyng wos toward him wond (er) wroth. and let priueli enquere by the cuntre about. how that it wos· ¶And so men enquerid and aspied so at the last trewth was foūd and sought & he atteynt & take as a fals tratour. as ye good erle Thoms of Lancastre him told. or that he wer put vn to deth at his takyng at burbrugge: ¶And to him said or that yere wer done he shuld be take and hold a tratour ¶And so it wos as the holy man said. wherfor the kyng sent preueli to sir Anthoyn of Lucy a knight of the cuntre of Cardoill that he shuld take sir Andrew of Harkela and put him vn to the deth ¶And to bring thys thyng vn to the end the kyng sent his comission. So that this same Andrew was take at Cardoill &̄ led vn to the barre in the maner of an erle worthely arrayed &̄ with a swerde gurt aboute hī & hosed &̄ spored. ¶Tho spak sir Anthoyn in this maner sir Andrew ꝙ he. the king put vpon the for as moch as thou hast bene orped in thy dedis he ded to the moch honour and made the erle of [Page] Cardoill & thou as a traytour to thi lord the kyng & ladest his pepull of his cuntre that shuld haue holpe him at the bataill of Beiland and thou ladest them a way by the cuntre of Copeland and thurgh the Erledom of of lancastre. Wherfor our lord the kyng was discomfited ther of the scottis thurgh thy treson and falsenesse And if thou hadest comen be tymes he had had the bataill. and tresō thou diddest for the gret soume of gold and silu (er) that thou vnderfenge of Iames Douglas a scot the kynges enmye. ¶And our lord the kyng will that the ordir of knyghod by the which thou vnderfeng all thyn honoor and worship vpon thy body be al brought to nought & thi estate vndone. that other knyghttes of lawer degre mow aft (er) be war: the wich lord hath the a vaūced hugli in diu (er)se cuntreis in Englond. & yt all may take exsample by ye ther lord aft (er)ward trewly for to (ser)ue. ¶Tho commanded he a knaue anone to hewe of his spors on his heles And aft (er) he let bra­ke the swerd ou (er) his hede the wich the kyng yaf him to kepe &̄ defēd his land ther with when he had made him erle of Cardoill. ¶And aft (er) he let him be vnclothed of his furred tabard &̄ of his hode & of his furred cotes and of his gurdel. & when this wos don sir Antonye said vn to him Andrew quod he now art thow no knyght bot a knaue &̄ for thi treson the kyng will that thow shalt bene honged and drawe &̄ thyn hede smyten of. &̄ thi bowelels ta­ken out of thy body &̄ brent before the & thy body quartired & thyn he desent to london and ther it shall stond vpō londō brigge and the .iiij. quarters shall be sent to iiij. toūes of englond that all other may be war &̄ chastised bi the. ¶And as Antonye said so it was done all maner thyng in the last day of October. In the yere of grace .M:ccc. & xxij. yere. ¶And the sone turned in to blod as the pepull it saw & that durid from the morne till it was xi: of the cloke of the day.

¶Of the myracles that god wrought for sent thomas of Lancastre [Page] wherfore the kyng let close in the chirche doris of the Priore of pountfret yt no mā shuld cum therin to the body for to offren.

ANd sone aft (er) that the good erle Thomas of Lancastre was martired. ther was a prest that long tyme had be blind dremed in his slepyng that he shuld gone vn to the hill ther yt the good erle thomas of lancastre wos done vn to deth and he shold haue his sight ayen. and so he dremed .iij: nyghtis fewyng. ¶And the prest let lede him to the same hill. And when he com to that place that he was martirid on. full deuoutly he made ther his praiers &̄ prayed god &̄ sent Thomas that he myght haue his sight ayen. & os he was in his praiers he laid his right hand vpō the same place yt the good man was martired on. &̄ a drope of dry blod & smale sand cleued on his hand & ther with striked his eeyn And anone thurgh the might of god & of sent Thomas of Lancastre he had his sight ayen. and thanked tho almyghty god and sent Thomas ¶And whē this miracle wos knowen among men. the pepull come thider on eu (er)y side and knelid & made ther praiers at his toumbe that is in the priorie of pountfret. and praied that holy merter of socour and of help & god herd ther prayer. ¶Also ther wos a yong child drenched in a well in the toune of poūtfret & wos dede .iij. dais &̄ iij. nyghtis & men come &̄ laid the deid child vpō sent Thomas tombe the holy marter. & the childe arose from deth to liue: as mony a man it saw. ¶And also moch pepull wer owt of ther mynd and god hath sent them ther mynd ayen thurgh u (er)tu of that holy martir. ¶And also god hath yeuen ther also to crippils ther goyng &̄ to crokid ther handis & ther fete and to blind also ther sight· &̄ to mony seke folke ther helth of diu (er)se maladies for the loue of this good martir. ¶Also ther wos a rich mā in Coundom in gascoyn. &̄ such a maladie he had that all his right side roted and fell away frō hī. yt men myght se his liu (er) & his hert. & so he stonke that vnneth men might cū ny hī. wherfor his frēdis wer for hī wōd (er) sori. bot at the last as [Page] god wold they praid to sent Thomas of lancastre yt he wold prai to almyghty god for that prisoner &̄ behight to go to Pountfret for to done ther pilgrimage he thoht yt the mertir sent Thomas cō to him & annoynted ouer all his sike body. ¶And ther with the good man awoke & wos all hole. & his fleshe wos restorid ayen that before wos roted & fallen away. ¶For wich miracle the good man & his frēdis loued god & sent Thomas eu (er) mere after. ¶And this good man come ī to englōd &̄ toke wt hī. iiij: felowes & come to poūtfret vn to yt holy mart (er) &̄ did ther pilgrimage &̄ the good man yt was seke come thed (er) all naked safe his priue clothis. ¶And whē they had done they turned home ayen ī to ther own cūtre & told of the miracle wher so eu (er) that they come. ¶And also ij. mē haue be heled ther of the mormale thurgh helpe of yt holy mart (er) though yt euell be holdē incurabull ¶ And whē ye spen (ser)s herd yt god did such miracles for this holi mā & they nold be leue it ī no man (er) wise▪ bot said opēli yt it was grete heresi such vertu of hī to beleue. ¶And when sir hugh ye spen (ser) the son saw all this doyng anōe he sent his messang (er) frō pountfret ther that he duellid to ye kīg Edward that tho wos at Grauen at Scipton for cause that the kīg shold vndo that pilgrimage. ¶And os the ribaud the messīger went toward the kīg for to done his message he come bi the hill ther the good mart (er) was don to deth. &̄ in the same place he made his ordure. And when he had don he went toward the kīg. & a strong flix come vpō him or that he come to yorke. & tho he shedde all his bowels at his foūdement. ¶And when sir hugh the spen (ser) herd this tydīg somedele he was a drad. &̄ thought for to vn do the pilgrimage if he myght by ony man (er) way. ¶And anōe to the kīg he went & said that they shuld be in gret skland (er) thurgh out all cristīdom for the deth of Thomas of Lancastre if that he suffred the peple to do ther pilgrimage at pountfret. &̄ so he coūcelled the kīg that he cōmaūded to closse the chirche dores of pountfret in the wich chirche the holi marter [Page] sent Thomas was entered. & thus they did ayen all fraūchises of holy chirche. so that· iiij. yere aft (er) might no pilgrime cū vn to yt holy body ¶And for encheson that the monkis suffred men to cū & honour that holy body of sent Thomas the martir. thurgh cō cell of sir hugh spenser the son. and thurgh coūcell also of mast (er) Robert Baldoke the fals piled clarke that wos the kīges chauncelar the kyng consentid that they shuld be set to ther wages and let make wardeyns ou (er) ther own good long time: & thurgh cōmā dement of the forsaid sir hugh the spen (ser) xiiij. Gascoynes well ar­med kept the hill ther that the good man sent Thomas was done vn to his deth so that no pilgrame might cum by that way. ¶Full well went he to haue be take cristis myght: &̄ his pouer and the gret boos of miracles that he shewed for his marter Sent Thomas thurgh all cristyndom ¶And that same tyme ye kyng made Robert of Baldok the fals piled clarke thurgh praier of sir hugh the spen (ser) the son Chaūcelar of englond. ¶And in the same tyme was the castell of Walynford holdē ayens the kyng thurgh the prisoners that wer within the castell for sent Thomas quarell of Lancastre. ¶Wherfor the pepull of the c [...]ntre come and toke the castell vpon the prisoners ¶Wherfore Sir Iohn̄ of Goldington knyght & sir Edmond of beche prisoners &̄ a squyer that was called Roger of walton· wer take and sent vn to the kyng to Pountfret and ther they werdone in to prison. and the forsaid Roger was sent vn to yorke &̄ ther he was draw & honged ¶And anone aft (er) sir roger Mortimer of wygmore brake out of the tour of London in this man (er). ¶The forsaid reg herd that he sh̄uld be draw &̄ honged at londō. in the morow after sent Laurence day &̄ on the day before. he held a fair fest in the tour of londō & ther wos sir Stephen segraue constable of the tour & mōy gret men with them. ¶And when they shuld sope. the forsaid Stephen sent for all the offisers of the tour and they come & sopid with him. And when they shuld take ther leue of him. a squyer [Page] that was called Stephen that was full priue wt the forsaid Rog (er) thurgh his coūsell yaf them all such a drinke that the lest of them all slept ij. dais & ij. nyghtis & ī the meyn tyme he scappid away by wat (er) yt is to say bi the Thamse & wēt ou (er) the see & held him in fraunce. ¶Wherfor the kīg wos sore annoyed & tho put thee same Stephen out of his cōstablerie.

¶How the quene Isabell went in to fraunce for to treten of pees bytwen hir lord the kyng of Englond and the king of fraunce hir brother.

THe kyng went tho vn to london & ther thurgh cōcell of sir hugh the spen (ser) the fad (er) &̄ of his son & of master robert baldoke a fals piled clarke his Chanceler let seise tho all the quenes landes ī to his handis &̄ also all the landis that wer sir Edward his son & wer so put to hir wages ayenst all man (er) resō & yt wos thurgh the falsenesse of ye spēsers ¶And whē the kīg of fraūce yt wos quene Isabelles brod (er) herd of this falsenes he was sore annoyed ayens the kīg of englond &̄ his fals coūcelers. ¶Wherfor he sent a lett (er) to kīg edward vnd (er) his seal yt he shuld cū ī to fraūce at a c (er)ten day for to done his homage & ther to he somened hī &̄ elles he shold lese all Gascoyn. ¶And so it was ordeyned in englond thurgh the kīg & his coūcell yt quene Isabell shold wend in to fraūce for to tret of pees bitwen hir lord & hir brother And that oliu (er) of Yngham shuld wēd in to gascoyn & haue with him vij. thousand men &̄ mo of armes to be seneshall &̄ wardeyne of gas­coyn & so it wos orddyned yt quene Isabel wēt ou (er) se & come in to fraūce. & wt hir went sir Aymer of valāce erle of pēbrok yt wos ther mordred sodēli īpue sege bot yt wos thurgh godis vēgeaunce. for he wos on of ye Iustices yt ꝯsentid to sent Thomas deth of lācastre &̄ wold neu (er) aft (er) repēte hī of yt wikkid dede: &̄ at yt tim sir oliu (er) of ynghā went ou (er) ī to gascoī & did moch harme to ye kīg of Fraunca and tho he gat ayen that kyng Edward had lost and moch more ther to.

¶How kyng Edward sent sir Edward his son the eldest in to fraunce.

THe quene Isabell had but a quart of a yere duelled ī fraū ce bot sir Edward hir eldest son axed leue tho for to wende in to fraunce for to speke with his mother Isabell the quene. ¶And his fader the kyng graūted him with a good will. and said to him Go my fair sone in goddis blissing & myne. & thīke for to cū ayen as hastely as thou may. ¶And he went ou (er) see &̄ come in to fraūce. ¶And the king of fraūce his vncle vnderfenge him with moch honour & said vn to him fair son ye be welcō & for be cause that your fad (er) come not to done his homage for the duchie of Gnyhene as his auncestres wer wont for to do. I yeue you yt lordship to hold it of me in heritage as all man (er) aūcestres did be fore you. wher fore he was called duke of Gnyhenne.

¶How the kīg exiled his quene Isabel & edward his heldest son

WHen kyng Edward of englond herd tell how the kyng of fraunce had yeue the duchie of Gnyhen vn to sir Edwarde his son with out consent &̄ will of him &̄ that his sone had vnderfonge the duchie. he become wonder wroth &̄ sent to his sone by letter & to his wyfe also that they shuld cum ayen in to englond in all the hast that they myght: And the quene Isabell and sir Edward hir sone wer wōder sore adrad of the kynges manace. and of his wroth. & principally for the falsenes of the spensers both of the father &̄ eke the son: & at his commaundement they wold not cum. ¶Wherfore kyng edward wos full sore annoyed. &̄ let make a crie at londō that if quene Isabell and edward hir eldest sone come not in to englond that they shuld bene holde as our en­mys both to the reame and eke to the croun of englōd. ¶And for that thei nol̄d cum in to englond. bot both wer exiled the moder and hir son ¶When the quene Isabell herd this tidinges she wos sore adrad to be sh̄ent thurgh the fals congettyng of the spencers [Page] ¶And wēt with the knyghtys that wer exiled out of englond for sent Thomas cause of Lancastre yt is to say sir Rog (er) of wigmore sir willm Trussell sir Iohn̄ of Cromewell &̄ mōy od (er) good knyghtys. ¶Wherfor thei toke ther coūcell &̄ ordeyned amōges them for to make a mariege bitwen ye duke of gnyhē ye kīgys son of englōd &̄ the erles dought (er) of henaud yt was a nobul knyght of name & a doughty ī his time: ¶And if yt thīg my­ght be brought about than stode they trowyng wt the help of god & with his help to recou (er) ther heritage in englōd wer of they wer put out thurgh the fals congettynges of spen (ser)s.

¶How kyng edwar thurgh coūcell of the spen (ser)s sent to the douzeꝑs of fraūce yt they sh̄uld help yt the quene Isabell & hir son sir edward wer exiled out of fraūce.

WHen kyng edward &̄ the spen (ser)s herd how that quene Isa­bell and sir Edward hir son had alied them to the erle of Henaud and to them that wer exiled owt of englond for enche­son of Thomas of Lancastre. they wer so sori that thei not wist what for to done. ¶Wherfor sir hugh spen (ser) the son said vn to sir hugh his fadre in this man (er) wyse. ¶Fadre cursed be the tim and the coūcell that eu (er) ye consentid that quene Isabell shuld go vn to fraunce for to trete of accord bitwen the kyng of englond and hir brother the kyng of fraūce for that was your councell. for at that tyme forsoth your wit failed. ¶For I drede me sore lest thurgh hir and hir son we shall be sh̄ent bot yf we take the better councell ¶Now fair sirres vnd (er)stond how meruelus felonie & falshed th̄e spen (ser)s ymagened and cast for priuely they let fill v. barellis ferrors with sylu (er) tho soume amounted v. thousand pound and they sent tho barrels ou (er) se priuely by an alien that wos cal­led Arnold of Spayn that was a brocour of London that he shuld gone to the d [...]usepers of Fraunce that they shuld procuren & speke to the kyng of fraunce that quene Isabell and hir son Edward wer driuen and exiled out of Fraunce.

[Page]¶And among all other thynges that they wer brought to the deth as priuely as they myght. ¶But almighty god wold not so: for when this Arnold wos in the high see he wos take with se land res that met him in the high see & toke him & lad him to ther lord the erle of henaud &̄ moch ioye was made for that taking. &̄ at the last this Arnold priueli stole away fro thens & come to london ¶And of this takīg & of od (er) thīges the erle of henaud said to the quene Isabell Dame maketh you meri. & be of good chere for ye be richer than ye wened to haue bene. & take thes v. barell is full of silu (er) that wer sent to the douzeꝑs of fraūce for to kyll yow and your son Edward. & thinketh hasteli for to wend in to englond & taketh ye with you sir Iohan of henaud my brother & v.C mē of armes for mony of thē of fraūce ī whome ye haue had grett trust. done you for to scorne. ¶And almyghti god graunte you grace your enmys to ou (er) cum. ¶The quene Isabell sent tho thurgh henaud and Flaūdres for hir saudiowrs and ordeyned hir eu (er)y day for to wend in to Englond ayen and so she had in hir cō panye sir edmond of wodstoke that was erle of kent that was sir Edwardis brother of englond.

¶How kyng edward let kepe the costes by the see &̄ let trie all the prise men of armes & fote men thurgh englond

WHen kyng Edward herd tell that quene Isibell and Ed­ward hir son wold cum in to Englond with a gret pouer of aliens and with them that wer outlawed owt of Englond for hir rebelnesse he was sore adrad to be put doūe and for to lese his kyngdom. ¶Wherfor he ordeyned to kepe his castels ī wales as well as in englond with vitales and ther apparile and let ke­pe his riu (er)es and also the see costes. Wherof the v. portes toke to kepe them and also the see. ¶And at the fest of Decolaciō of sent Iohn̄ Baptest. the Citizenis of london sent to the kyng to porchestre an hondreth men of armes. ¶And also he commaū ­ded bi his letters ordeyned yt eu (er)y hondreth and wapentake of englond [Page] to triours as well of men of armmes os men of fote: &̄ that they shold bene put in xx. some &̄ in an hondreth some. & cōmāded that all tho men wer redy when any outese or crie wer made for to pursue and take the aliens that come to englond for to benomme him the land for to put him owt of his kyngdom· ¶And more ou (er) he let crie thurgh his patent in eu (er)y faire and in eu (er)y marketh of Englond that the quene Isabell and sir Edward his eldest son & the erle of kent that they wer take and saufely keped wt out any man (er) harme vn to them doyng and all other man (er) pepull that come with them anone smyten of ther hedis with out any man (er) of ransome takyng of them ¶And what man that might bringe sir Roger hede Mortimer of wygmore shuld haue an hondreth poūde of monay for his trauell ¶And forthermore he ordend by his patent and cōmaūded to make a fire vpon eu (er)y hyll beside the riu (er)es and in law cuntres for to make hie beekenes of tymbbre that if it so wer that the aliens come vn to the land by nyght that men shuld tend the bekenes that the contre might be warned and cum and mete ther enmys. and in the tyme died sir Roger Mortimer his vncle in the tour of london.

¶How the quene Isabell and sir Edward duke of Gnyhene his son com in to lond at herewich and how they did.

WHen quene Isabell and sir Edward hir sone Duke of gnyhenne sir Edward of wodstoke erle of Kent and sir Io­han the erles brother of Henaud and ther company: drad not thee manace of the kyng ne of his traitours. for they trustid all in goddis grace &̄ com vn to herewich in sauthfolke the xxiiij. day of Septembre & in the yere of grace .M.ccc.xxvi. And the quene &̄ sir edward hir son sent lettres to the maire &̄ cōmmalte of londō requiring them that they shuld be helpyng in the quarell &̄ causa yt they had begonne that is to say to distroy the tratours of the ream. bot none ansuer was sent ayen. wherfore the quene & syr Edward hir son sentē an other patent lett (er) vnd (er) ther seales the tenour [Page] of wich lett (er) here foloweth in this man (er). ¶Isabell by thee grace of god quene of englond lady of Irland & Countes of pountyf & we Edward the eldest son of the kyng of englond Duke of gnyhen erle of chestre of Pauntif & of Moustroill to ye maire & to all the cominalte of the cite of london sendeth gretyng. For as moch as we haue before the tyme sent to yow by our lett (er)s how we be cū in to this land with good aray and ī good man (er) for the ho­nour and profet of holy chirche and of our right dere lord the kīg and all the reame with all oure myght and pouer to kepe and maynten as we and all the good folkis of the forsaid reame ar holden to done ¶And vpon that we pray you that ye wold be helpīg to vs ī as moch as ye may ī this quarell that is for the comune profet of all the forsaid reame. And we haue had to this tyme none ansuer of the forsaid lettres ne know not your will in that partie. ¶Wherfor we send to you ayen and pray & charge you that ye bere you so ayens vs that we haue no cause to greue you bot that ye bene vn to vs helpyng by all the wayes that ye may or may knowe. For wyte ye well in certayn that we and all tho yt be comen with vs in to this reame thynke not to done any th­yng: but that thyng that shall be for the commune ꝓfet of all the reame bot onli to distroy hugh spen (ser) our enmy &̄ enmy te all the ream as ye it well knowith ¶Wherfor we pray you & charge you in the faith that ye owe on to our lord the kīg & to vs: and vpon all that ye shull mow forfet agayn vs that if the said hugh spen (ser) our enmy come with in your pouer that ye don him hasteli to ben takyn and saufli keped vn till we haue ordeyned of him our wyll. and that ye leue it not in no man (er) wyse as ye desire honor and profit of vs all and of all the ream. ¶vnd (er)stondyn ye well that if ye doo our prayer and commandemēt we will the more be holdē vn to you. And also ye shall get you worship and profet yf ye send vs hastely ansuer of all your will ayen at Baldok the vi. day of October. ¶Which letter erly in the dawyng of [Page] the day of sent Denis wos takked vpon the new crosse in chepe. and mony copies of the same letter wer tacked vpō wyndowes and doris and vpon other places in the Cite of london that all men passing by the way myght them see and rede: ¶And in the sa­me tyme kyng Edward was at london in the tour at his mete. ¶And amessinger come in to the hall and said that the quene Isabell wos comen to land at Herewich. & hath brought in hir companie sir iohn̄ of Henaud &̄ with him men of armes without nombre. ¶And with that word sir Hugh the spenser the fadre spake. and thus vn to the kyng said. My most worshipfull lord and king of englond now we make good chere for c (er)tanly they ben̄ all ours. ¶The kyng saw this word comfortable yit he was full sorowfull &̄ pensife ī his hert. ¶And the kīg had not fully eten bot ther come in to the hall an other messinger and said yt the quene isabell was ariued at herewich beside yepswyche in southfolke. ¶Sir hugh the spen (ser) the fadre spake to the messinger and said tell soth in good faith to the messinger my fair frende is she come wt a gret strength: ¶Now sertis sir the soth for to say she ne hath in hir componye but vij. houndreth men of armes ¶And wt that word sir hugh spen (ser) the fad (er) cried with an high vois &̄ said Alas alas we bene all betrayed. for c (er)tis with so litil pouer she had neu (er) comen to land but if folke of this lond wer vn to hir consent. ¶And therfor aft (er) the mete they token ther coū cell and went toward wales for to arere the walshmen ayenst the quene isabell and Edward hir sone. all for to fight and so they wer in purposed eu (er)ychone.

¶How master walt (er) Stapilton bisshop of excestre that was the kynges tresorer wos heded at london.

ANd in the same tyme kyng Edward wos sore adrad lest that men of london wold yeld them vn to the quene Isabel and to hir son Edward. ¶Wherfor he set mast (er) walt stapiltō his tresorer for to be wardeyn and keper of the cite of londō wt [Page] the maire. ¶And so come to the gyldehall of london and axid the keyes of the yates of the cite thurgh vertu and strength of his cōmission and wold haue had the kepyng of the Cite And the comuners ansuered and said yt they wold kepe the cite to the honor of kyng Edward and of Isabell the quene and of the duke the kynges son with out ony more the bisshop wos tho sore annoyed & swore othes that they all shuld abie it anone as the kyng edward wer comen out of wales. ¶And the communers all anone of the cite toke the bisshop &̄ lad him a myddes of ye chepe & ther they smyten of his hede and set his hede in his right hand. ¶And after they heded ij. of his squyers that held with the bissh̄op and on of them was called willm of waile that was the bisshopis nepheu ¶And that other was called Iohan of Padyngton. And also they toke a burgeis of london that wos called Iohn̄ Marchall that wos sir hugh spen (ser)s aspie the fader & smoten of his hede also ¶And ī that same tyme that bisshoop had ī londō a fair tour ī makīg ī his close vpō the riu (er) of the Thamese yt wos with out tempull barre and he failed stone to make ther of an end wher for he cōmaūded his men to go to the chirche of the frere Carmes and ther they toke stone to make ther with the touer & moch sand &̄ mort & old robous that wos left ¶And for the dispite yt the bisshop had done vn to holy chirche he & his ij. squyers wer beried in that sand os though they had bene houndes ¶And ther they lay a xi. wekis till that the quene Isabell sent hir lettres to the comuners & praid them yt they wold suffre &̄ graūte yt the bisshop myght be take out of that place & be beried at excestre at his owne chirche. ¶And so he was & his ij. squyers wer beried at sent Clementis chirch with out tempull barre &̄ it wos no wōd (er) though that bisshop died an euell deth ¶For he was a couetous mā &̄ had wt hī no merci & euell coūcelled the kīg. ¶And sone aftar was Arnold of spayn taken that was assentant to haue lad vM. pound of siluer ī .v. bareles ferriers vn to ye douzeꝑs of [Page] fraunce for to help and hast the quene Isabell to hir deth and Ed­ward hir son also. And this Arnold wos put to deth with owt the cite of london.

¶How kyng Edward and sir hugh spenser and the erle of Arundell wer taken.

WHen kyng Edward had sent master walter Stapilton his tresorer in to london for to kepe the Cite vn to him ayen the quene Isabell his wyfe and ayens edward his sone anone hī self toke with him sir hugh spenser the son and sir Iohan erle of Arundell and master Robert Baldoke his Chancelar a fals piled prest and token ther way toward Bristow. ¶And ther the kyng abode a litell tyme and made sir hugh the spen (ser) the fad (er) as conestable and keꝑ of the castell ¶And the kyng & thatt other spen (ser) went in to ship &̄ sailed toward wales & toke no leue of the stiward ne of none in the kingꝭ housold. &̄ went ou (er) ī to wales for to arere the walshmen ayen dame Isabell the quene & thee duke hir son & the erle of Kent &̄ sir Iohan of Henaud and thei went &̄ pursued aft (er) them. and ther pouer encresid eu (er)y day. So at the last the kyng was taken vpon a hill in wales & sir hugh thee spen (ser) the son in that other side of the same hill. and the fals pilede clarke master Robert Baldoke ther fast besides them &̄ wer brought ayen in to englond as almighti god wold ¶And the kyng him self was put in sauf kepyng in the castell of Kemlwor­th & hī kept sir Hēri yt was sent Thomas brod (er) of Lancastre. ¶And sir hugh the fad (er) come & put him ī the quenes grace and sir Edward hir sun duke of Gnyhenne. ¶But sir hugh thee spen (ser) aft (er) the tyme that he was taken nold neu (er) ete no man (er) mete ne drinke no man (er) drinke. frō he wist to haue no mercy sauf only to be dede ¶And the quene & hir counsell tho had ordeyned that he shuld haue be do to deth at londō. bot he was so febull for hys moch fastyng yt he was ny dede. And therfor it wos ordend yt he shuld haue his Iugemet at herford &̄ at a place of the toure [Page] his hood wos take from his hede and also from Robert of Baldoke that wos a fals piled clarkd and the kynges Chauncelare and men set vpon ther hedis chappelettis of sharpe netteles and two squyers blew in ther eres with .ij. gret bugles hornes vpō tho ij. prisoners that men might here ther blowyng out with hornes. more than a myle [...] ¶And on Symond of Ridyng the kyngꝭ marchall bare before them ther armes vpō a spere reu (er)sed ī tokē yt they sh̄uld be vndone for eu (er) more ¶And vpō the morew was sir hugh spen (ser) the sone dampned to deth & wos draw & honged &̄ heded &̄ his bowels takin out of his body & brent and after thatt he was quartired. &̄ his .iiij. quarters wer sent to iiij. tounes of englond and his hede sent to London brigge. ¶And this Simond for encheson that he dispised quene Isabell he was draw & honged in a stage made. a myddest the forsaid sir hugh galewes ¶And the same day a litell from thens wos sir Iohn̄ of arū dell beheded for encheson that he wos on of sir hugh spen (ser)s councelers. ¶And anōe aft (er) wos sir hugh spen (ser) the fad (er) honged & draw and heded at Bristow. &̄ aft (er) honged ayen bi the armes wt ij. strong ropes: & the iiij· day aft (er) he was hewen all to peces and houndes eten him. and for that encheson that the kyng had yeffen him the erledom of wynchestre his hede wos sent thider &̄ put vpō a spere ¶And the fals Baldoke wos sent to londō &̄ ther he died ī prison amonges thefes. for men did hī no more reuerens than they wold done vn to an hound: &̄ so died the traitours of englond blissed be almyghty god. ¶And it wos no wōder for thurgh ther councell the good erle Thomas of lancastre wos don to deth. and all that held with Thomas of lancastre thurgh the traitours wer vndone & all ther heires disherred.

¶Hw kīg edward was put doūe & his dignite take frō him.

ANd anone after as all this was done. The quene Isabel and Edward hir sone and all the grett lordis of Englond at one assent sent to kīg Edward to the castell of kenilworth [Page] ther that he was in kepyng vnder the ward of sir Iohan Hachī that wos the bisshop of Ely. &̄ of sir Iohan of Percy a baroun for encheson that he shuld ordeyn his parlament at a certain place in england for to rodresse &̄ amend the state of the reame. ¶And kyng Edward them ansuerd and said lordis quod he. ye see full well how it is. Lo haueth here my seal. and I yef yow all my pouer for to ordeyn a parlament wher yt ye will ¶And they toke ther leue of him & come ayen to the barons of englond ¶And when they had the kīges patent of this thyng they shewed it to the lordis ¶And tho was ordeyned that the parlamēt shuld be at westmynstre at the vtas of sent Hillarie ¶And all the gret lordis of englond let ordeyn for them ther ayens yt tyme that the parlament shuld be ¶And at wich day that parlament wos. the kīg wold not cum ther for no man (er) thyng as he had set him self and assigned. ¶And notheles the barons sent vn to him o tyme & other. And he suore by godis soule that he nold not cū ther on fote. Wherfore it wos ordeyned by all the gret lordis of englōd yt he shuld no longer be kyng but be deposid & said that they wold croune Edward his sone the elder king. yt wos ye duke of Gnyhenne. & sent tydyng vn to the kyng ther yt he was in ward vnder sir Iohan erle of Garen and sir Iohan of Bothun that was bisshopp of Ely and sir Henri Percy a barone and sir willm Trussell a knyght that wos with the erle sir Thomas of Lancaster for to yeld vp ther homages vn to him for all them of englond: ¶And sir willm Trussell said thes wordis: Sir Edward for encheson that ye haue traied your pepull of englond and haue vndone mony gret lordis of englond with outen any cause ye shall be deposid. & now ye be withstond thanked be god ¶And also for encheson that ye wold not cū to the ꝑlamēt as ye ordeyned at westmynstre as in your own lett (er) patent is contend for to tret with your lege men as a kyng sh̄uld. ¶And therfore thurgh all the comuns assent &̄ of all the lordis of englond [Page] I tell vn to yow thes wordis ye shall vnder stond sir that the barons of englond at on assent will that ye be no more kyng of Englond but vtterly haue put yow out of your rialte for eu (er) more. ¶And the bisshop of Ely said tho to the kyng ¶Sir edward heri I yeld vp feaute and homage for all the erchebisshoppis & bisshoppis of englond & for all the clerge. ¶Tho said sir Iohan erle of Garenne sir edward I yeld vp here vn to yow feaute & homage for me &̄ for all Erles of englond: ¶And sir Hēri Percy yaf vp also ther his homage for him & for all the barons of englond. ¶And tho said sir willm Trussell I yeld vp now vn to you sir myne homage for me & also for all the knyghtes of englond & for all them that holden by seriauntre or by any other man (er) thyng of you. ¶So that from this day aft (er)ward ye shall not be clamed kyng nother for kyng be holde. ¶But frō thys tyme afterward. ye shall bene holden for a singuler man of all the pepull. And so they went thens to London ther that the lor­dis of englond them abode. And sir edward abade in prisonne in good kepīg & that wos the day of Conu (er)sion of sent Paule in thee xx. yere of his regne

¶Of the ꝓphecie of Merlin declarid of kīg edward the sone of kyng edward the frist.

OF this kyng Edward ꝓphecied Merlin and said that ther shuld cum a Goot out of Carre that shuld haue horns of silu (er) & a berd as white as snow▪ and a doppe sh̄uld cum out of his nosethriles that shuld betoken moch harme hounger & dethe of the pepull. &̄ gret losse of his land: and that in the begynnyng of his regne shuld be haūted moch lechorie. ¶And he said soth alas the tyme for kyng edward that was kyng edward son was bonre at Carnariuan in wales. for soth he had hornes of sylu (er) & a berd as white os snow. when he was made prince of walis. to moche he yaf hī to riot &̄ to folie. ¶And soth said Merlin in his prophecie that ther shulde cum out of his nose a doppe. for in [Page] his tyme was gret honger among the poer pepull. and strong de­th among the riche that died in strange land with moch sorow &̄ ī were in scotland. and aft (er)ward he lost scotland & gascoyn. & whiles that him self wos kīg ther wos moch lechori haūted: ¶And also Merlin told & said that this Goot sh̄uld seche the flour of lyfe and of deth. And he said soth. for he spoused Isabell the kynges sustre of fraunce. ¶And in his tyme Merlin said that thei sh­uld be made brigges of folke vpō diches of the se. And that was well seyn at Banokkes borne in scotland whan he was discomfi­ted ther of the scottis ¶And Merlin told also that stones shuld fall from castels and mony tounes shuld be made playn. ¶And he said soth for whan kyng Edward wos discomfited in scotland and come tho southward the scottis beseged tho castels & did them moch harme and brend tounes vn to the herd erthe: ¶And aft (er)ward Merlin told that an Egle shuld cum out of Cornwaill that shold haue fetherris of gold that of pride shuld haue no peir. and he shuld despise lordis of blod. and aft (er) he shuld die thurgh a bere at Gausich: and that propheci was full wel know and found soth. ¶For by the egle is vnderstond sir Pers of Ganaston that tho wos erle of Cornewaill that was a wonder proud man that dispised the baronage of englōd. but aft (er)ward he was heded at gausich thurgh the erle of Lancastre and thurgh the erle of werwik. ¶And Merlin told that ī his tyme it sholde seme that the bere shuld brenne and that bataill sh̄old be vpon an arme of the see in a feld araied like a sh̄eld wher shuld die mony whit hedis. ¶And he said soth for bi the brennīg of the bere is betokened gret dred thurgh cuttyng of swerdis at that bataill of miton for ther come the scottis in maner of a sheld in man (er) of a wynge & slew vpō swale men of religion prestis &̄ seculers wherfore the Scottis called that bataill in dispite of englishmē the white bataill. ¶And aft (er) merlī said yt ye forsaid bere sh̄uld do the Goot moch harme and that shuld be vpon the southwest and also [Page] vpon his blod and said also that the goot shuld lese mich dele of his land till the tyme that shame shuld him ou (er) cum and than he shuld cloth him in a Lyon skyn &̄ shuld wyn ayen that he had lost and more thurgh pepull that sh̄uld cum out of the northwest that shold make him to bene adrad & him a venge vpon his enmys thurgh councell of ij. Owles that frist sh̄old be in ꝑell to be vndone ¶And that tho two Owles shuld wend ou (er) the see in to a strange land and ther they shuld duell vn till a c (er)tan time &̄ aft (er) they sh̄ uld cum ī to englōd ayen. ¶And tho two Owles shuld do moch harme vn to mōy on &̄ yt they shold cōcell the goot to meue were ayens the foresaid bere. ¶And ye got & the owles shold cū to an arme of the see at borton vp Trent &̄ shuld wend ou (er) &̄ yt for drede ye bere shold fle wt a Swan ī his cōpanye to Buri toward the north thurgh an vnkind outpul̄ter & that the Swan than shall be slayn with sorow & the Bere shuld be slayn full ny his owne nest that sh̄old stond vpō Poūtfret vpon whom the sonne sh­all shed his bemes and mony folke him shall seke for vertu & he said soth for the good erle Thomas of Lancastre was borne in the northwest &̄ cosin to the kīg and his vncle son. ¶And by law he made the kyng lese moch land the wich he had purchesed wilfulli till at the last the kyng ther of toke shame & him self filled wyth cruelte ¶And after he gat ayen yt he had lost & moch more thurgh folke that he let assemble out of the northwest yt made him to be adrad and a venged him of his barons thurgh coūcell of sir hugh the spen (ser) the fadre and of sir hugh the son that be fore wer owt lawed of englond for ther wikkednes ¶Bot afterward they cume ayen in to engloed sir hugh spen (ser) the fadre out of fraunce And so moch cōceled the kyng that he shuld were vpon Thomas of Lancastre ¶So that the kyng and the spensers and the erle of Arundell and ther pouer met with Thomas of Lancastre at Burton vpon Trent and him ther discomfited and sir Humfry [Page] Erle of Herford wos in his companye. ¶And aft (er) fled the forsaid Thomas and Humfrey with ther company at Burbruge with sir Andrew of erkela that is called the vnkind outpulter ¶And also sir Symondward erle of yorke they come & mete with Thomas of lancastre with an huge companye & them ther discomfited. &̄ in that scomfiture the erle of herford wos slayn vpō the bruge couherdly with a spere in the foundement And the erle Thomas wos take and lad vn to Paūtfret. & tho was heded beside his own castell. But aft (er)ward mony men him sought for miracles that god did for him. ¶And in that tyme Merlī said for sorow and harme shuld die a pepull of his land. wherfore mony other landis shuld be vpō him the more bolder ¶And he said soth for by encheson of his barons that wer done to deth. for sent thomas quarell of lancastre pepull of mony landis become the bold for to meue were vpō the kyng: for ther blod wos turned to mōy nacions ¶And aft (er)ward Merlin told &̄ said that the forsaid Owles shuld do moch harme vn to the floor of life & deth. & they shuld bring hir to moch disese. so yt she sh̄uld wēd ou (er) se ī to fraū ce for to make pees to ye flour delise. &̄ ther shuld a bide till on a tyme hir sede shuld cum and sech hir. And tho they sh̄uld a biden bothe till the tyme that they shuld cloth them with grace: &̄ tho two Owles she shold seke &̄ put them vn to pytuus deth. & that ꝓphecie wos well know and was full soth. ¶For sir Hugh spen (ser) the fadre and sir hugh the sone did moch sorow and persecucion vn to the quene Isabell thurgh her procurment to hir lord the kyng. ¶So they ordeyned amonges that she was put vn to hir wages that is to say .xx. sh̄ylling in the day. ¶Wherfor the kyng of fraūce hir brother was sore annoyed and sent in to englond by his letters vn to kyng Edward that he shold come vn to hys ꝑlament to Paris in fraunce. but kyng Edward was sore adrade to cum ther. for he wened to haue bene arested till that he had made amendis for the trespase that sir hugh spenser the fadre & the [Page] sone had done. And for the harme that they had done vn to thee quene Isabell his sustre. ¶Wherfor thurgh hir ordeynaunce &̄ consent of the spen (ser)s the quene Isabell went ou (er) se ī to fraūce for to make accorde bitwen kyng Edward & the kīg of fraūce hir brother ¶And ther duel̄led she in fraūce till edward hir eldest son come hir to sech &̄ so they duelled ther both till yt aliance was made bitwen them & the gentill erle of Henaud. that if they wt ther help might destroi &̄ ou (er) cū the venym &̄ the falsenes of the spensers yt sir edward shuld spouse Dame Philip the worsshipfull lady &̄ the erles dought (er) of henaud. ¶Wherfor the quene Isabell &̄ sir edward hir son & sir edward of wodstoke the kynges brother of Englond & sir Iohn̄ of henaud &̄ sir Roger Mortimer of wigmore and sir Thomas Rocelin & sir Iohn̄ of Crōwell & sir willm Trussell and mony other of the a liaunce of the gētill erle Tho­mas of Lancastre that wer exiled out of englond for his quaril & wer disherited of ther landis ordeyned them a gret pouer and ariued at herewich in southfolke. ¶And sone aft (er) they pursued the spen (ser)s till that they wer takyn & put vn to spitouse deth as before is said and ther company a [...] also for the gret falsenes yt thei did to kīg edward & to his pepull. ¶And Merlin said also more that the goot sh̄uld be put īto gret disese & in gret anguysh &̄ in gret sorow he sh̄uld lede his lyfe. ¶And he said soth for aftir the tyme that kyng edward wos take he was put in to ward till that the spensers wer put vn to the deth. ¶And also for encheson that he wold not cum vn to his own ꝑlament at london as he had ordened and assigned himself and to his baronage and also wold not gou (er)ne and rule his pepull ne his ream as a king shold done: ¶Wherfore sum of the barons of englond come &̄ yeld vp ther hamages vn to him for them and all the other of the ream in the day of ꝯu (er)sion of sent paule in the yere of his regne xx &̄ they put him out of his rialte for eu (er) more & eu (er) he leued his lyfe afterward in moch sorow & anguyssh.

[Page]LOdewicus the fourth wos emprour aft (er) Henri iiij. yere This Lodewic wos duke of Banare & he dispised the coronacion of the pope. wherfore the pope deposit him. and moch la­bour and mony ꝑell he had aft (er): And he trubled gretly the vnite of holy chirch. &̄ then wos chosin ayens him Frederik the duke of Austrich. & he ou (er) come the duke. and boid a rebelion to his end. &̄ in gret parell to his soule and at the last Karolus wos chosin ayens him the wich p̄uayled. and sodenly Lodewik fell doūe of his horse &̄ decessed: Iohan Maundevill a doctor of fesike & a knyght borne wos in englond a bout this tyme. &̄ he made a merue­lus pilgrimage. for he went almost a bowt all the world. and he wrot his dedis in .iij. langages & decesid & wos buried at sent Albons Benedictus the xxij. wos pope aft (er) Iohn̄ vij. yere and more. This man wos a monke. & in all his youth he wos of good conu (er)sacion & a doctor of diuinite. And wē he wos made pope he reformed the ordir of sent Benet in that thyng yt was necessari: And he wos an hard man to graūt benefice lest he had graūted it to an vnconyng man. he made a decretall the wich began Be­nedictus deus in donis suis. & he wos veray cruell in his faithe: And for that of som men litell loued. he wos so stout a man that almost he wold not know his own cosyns:

Anno domini .M.iijC xxvij.
¶Of kyng Edward the thrid after the conquest

ANd after this king Edward Carnariuan regned sir edward of windesore his son the wich wos crouned kyng & annoynted at westmynstre thurgh councell and consent and will of all the gret lordis of the Reame the sonday in Candelmasse eue in the yere of grace .M:CCC.xxvi. that w [...]s of age at yt tyme but xv. yere. and for encheson that his fadre was in warde [Page] in the castell of kenilworth and eke wos put doune of his rialte. the reame of englond was with out king fromme the fest of sent Katerin in the yere abouesaid vn to the fest of Candelmasse &̄ tho wer all man (er) plees of the kynges bynch astent. ¶And tho wos cōmanded to all the shereues of englond thurgh writ to warn the ꝑties to defendaūtis thurgh somnyng ayen ¶And also forthermore that all prisoners that wer in the kynge gail̄les yt wer attached thurgh shereues sh̄uld be let gone quyte. ¶The kīg Edward aft (er) his coronacion at the praier & besechīg of his liege of the reame graūtid them a chartre of stedfast pees to all them yt wold it axe. ¶And sir iohn̄ of Henaud &̄ his cōpanye toke ther leue of ye kīg &̄ of the lordis of the reame: & turned home to ther own cōtre ayen: & eche of them had full rich yeftes eu (er) ych mā as he wos of value & estate ¶And tho wos englond ī pees &̄ ī rest &̄ gret loue bitwene the kīg & his lordis: & comynly english men said amōges them that the deuell was dede. But the tresour of the kīg his fadre & the tresour of spen (ser)s both the fadre & of the son & of the erle of Arundell &̄ of master Robert baldok yt wos the kinges chancelar was deꝑtid after the quene Isabellis ordenaunce and Sir Roger Mortimers of wigmore. so that the kyng had nothyng ther of but at hir will &̄ hir deliu (er)ance ne of ther landis as aft (er)ward ye shall here.

¶How kīg Edward wēt to stanthop for to mete the scottis.

ANd yit in the same tyme was kyng Edward in the Castell of Kenilworth vnder the kepyng of sir Henri that was Erle Thomas brother of Lancastre that tho wos erle of Leyces­tre and the kyng grauntid him the Erledom of Lancastre that the kyng his fadre had seised in to his hand & put out Thomas of Lancastre his brother. ¶And so was he erle of Lancastre &̄ of Leicestre &̄ eke stiward of englond as his brother wos in his tyme. but sir Edward that wos kīg edwardis fadre made sorow with out end. for because he myght not speke with his wyfe ne wt [Page] his sone wherfor he wos ī moch mischief. for though it wer so that he wos lad &̄ ruled by fals councell yit he wos kyng Edwardis so ne called edward with long schankis &̄ come of the worthiest blode of the world ¶And they to whome he wos woned to yeue gret yeftes &̄ large wer most p̄ue wt the kīg his own son: &̄ they wer his enmys both bi nyght & bi day &̄ procurid to make debate & cōtake bytwen hī and his son. &̄ Isabell his wife. bot the frere prechours to hī wer good frēdis eu (er)more & cast both bi nyght &̄ bi day how they myght bring hī out of prisō ¶And amōg ther cōpany yt the freris had priueli brought ther wos a frere that was called Dunhened &̄ he had ordeyned & gadred a gret cōpanye of folke to kepe at yt nede. but the frer wos take & put ī the castel of poūfret & ther he died in prison. ¶And sir henri erle of Lancastre that had the kinges fadre ī keping thurgh cōmandemēt of the kīg deliu (er)ed Edward the kīges fad (er) bi endētur to sir Thomas of berkeley. And so sir Iohn̄ Mautreus &̄ they led him from the castell of kemlworth to the castyll of Berkeley & kept him ther saufly. ¶And at Estren next after his coronaciō the kīg ordyned a huge host for to fight ayens the scottis. And sir Iohn̄ ye Erles brother of heenaud frō be yond the se come for to help kyng Edwarde & brought with hī vij. houdreth men of armes & ariued at dou (er) & they had leue for to go forth till they come to yorke ther yt thee kyng them abode ¶And the scottis come thed (er) to the kyng for to make pees & accorde· but the accordement lasted not bitwein tham bot a litell tyme. ¶And at that tyme the englisshmen wer clothed all in cotes &̄ hodes peynted with lettres &̄ with flou­res full semeli with long berdes And therfor the scottis made a bill that wos fastyned vpō the chirch doris of sent Petre toward stangate & thꝰ said the scripture in dispite of englishmen.

¶Long berde hertles: Paynted hod witles. Gay cote gracelas makes englond thriftles.

[Page]ANd ī the Trinite day next after began the ꝯtake in the cite of yorke bitwen the englisshmen and the Henaudires. & in that debate wer kylled of the erledom of Nycholl and mordred lxxx. and after they wer buried vnder a stone in sent Clementis chirchhawe in fosgate ¶And for enchesō that the henauders come to hel̄p the kyng. ther pees wos cried on payn of life &̄ limme ¶And in that other halfe it wos found bi an enquest of the cite that the englishmen began the debate:

¶How the englishmen stoppid the scottis in the parke of stanhope and how they turned ayen in to scotland.

ANd at that tyme the scottis had assembled all ther pouer and comen in to englond and kylled and robbed all thatt they myght take and also brennet and distroid all the north cuntre thurgh out till that they come vn to the parke of stanhope in wyredall and ther the Scottis held them in a buschement. ¶But when the kyng had herd thurgh certayn aspies wher the Scottis wer anone right with his host beseged them within the forsaid parke so that the scottit wist not wher to gone out but only vn to ther harmis and they abiden in the parke xv. days &̄ vitales them failed in eu (er)y side so that they wer gretli appaired of ther bodies. ¶And sith that Brut come fyrst in to bretan vn to this tym wos ther neu (er) seyn so fair an host what of Englisshmen and of a lyens and of men of fote the wich ordeyned them for to fight with the scottis thurgh eggyng of sir Henri erle of Lancastre and of sir Iohan henaude that wold haue gone ou (er) the wat (er) of with for to haue foughten with the scottis ¶But sir Roger Mortimer cō sentid not ther to. For he had priuely takyn mede of the scottis thē for to help that they myght wend away ayen in to ther own cun­tre. ¶And this same Mortimer councelled so moch Thomas of Brotherton the erle marshall that was kyng Edwardis vncle that the fersaid Thomas shuld not assembull at that tyme vn to the scottis and he assentid. but he wist not the doyng bitwene [Page] the scottis and the forsaid Mortimer ¶And for encheson that he was marshall of Englond and to him ꝑteyned eu (er) the vaunt­ward he sent hasteli to the erle of Lancastre and to sir Iohan of henaud that they shuld not fight with the Scottis in preiudice and harmyng of him and his fee. And if they did that they shuld stond to ther own perrill ¶And the forsaid erle marshall was al araied with his bateill at the reredoos of the erle of Lancastre for to haue fought with him and with his folke if he had meued for to fight with the proud scottis ¶And in this maner he was deceyued and wist nothing of this treson. And thus was the kyng principalli dissaued. ¶And when it wos nyght Mortimer that had the wach for to kepe of the host that nyght distrobled the wa­ch that nothyng myght be done ¶And ī the meī while the scottys stole be nyght toward ther own cuntre as fast as they myght ¶And so wos the kyng falsly betraied that wened that all the traitours of his land had bene brought to an end as it wos said before ¶Now here ye lordis how tratoursly kīg Edward was dissaued &̄ how meruelusly &̄ boldly the scottis did of were. for Iamys Douglas with .CC. men of armes riden thurgh aut all the host of gyng Edward the same nyght the scottis wer ascaped toward ther own cuntre as is aboue said till that they com to the kynges pauilon &̄ killed ther mony men in ther beddis & cried some Naward naward. & an od (er) time a Douglos a douglas. Wherfor the kyng that wos in his pauilon & mech od (er) folk were wond (er) sore afraied. but blyssid be almyghty god ye kyng wos not taken & in gret parell was tho the ream of englond ¶And yt nyght the mone shone full clere & bright. & for all the kīgꝭ mē the scottis ascappid harmeles ¶And ī ye morow whā ye kyng wist yt the scottis wer a scappid ī to ther own cuntre. he wos wond (er) sori &̄ full hertely wepid with his yong eyn. &̄ yit wist he nott who had hī done yt treson. bot yt fal̄s tresoun was full well knaw a good while aft (er) as the stori telleth ¶Tho kīg edward come ayen to [Page] yorke full sorowfull & his host deꝑted and eu (er)y man went in to his own cuntre with full heuy chere and mornyng semblant & the henaudes toke ther leue &̄ went ī to ther own cuntre. & the kynge for ther trauell hugeli them rewardid ¶And for encheson of that viage the kyng had dispendid moch of his tresour & wasted ¶And in that tyme wer seyn ij: mones in the firmament that on was clere & that other was derke as men might se thurgh out the world and a gret debate wos yt same tyme ayens pope Iohan the xxij: aft (er) sent petre. &̄ the Emprour of Almayn tho made him Emprour ayens the popis wyll that tho held his see at Auinion ¶Wherfor the ēpror made his crie at Rome & ordeyned an od (er) pope yt hight Nycholas yt wos a frere mynor. and yt was ayens the right of holy chirch ¶Wherfor he wos cursed & the pouer of that od (er) pope sone wos leid: And for enchesō that suche meruellis wer seyn mē said that the world was nygh at an end.

¶Of the deth of kyng Edward Carnariuan.

ANd now go we ayen to sir Edward of Carnariuan yt was kyng Edward fadre sum tyme kyng of englond & put doune of his dyngnite: Alas for his tribulacion and sorow that him befell thurgh fals councell that he loued and triftid vpō to moch that aft (er)ward wer destroyed thugh ther falsenesse as god wold. ¶And this Edward of Carnariuan wos in the cas­tell of Berkelay vnd (er) the kepyng of Sir Moris of Berkeley & sir Iohan of Mautreus and to them he made his complaynt of his sorow and of his disese and oft tyme he axed of his wardens what he had trespased ayens Dame Isabell his wife and Sir edward his son yt was made new king yt they wold not viset him ¶And tho ansuerid on of his wardeynes and said: my wor­thy lord displese yow not that I shall tell you the encheson is for it is done them to vnd (er)stond that if my lady your wife come any thing ny you that ye wold hir strangle and kyll and also that ye wold do to my lord your son the same ¶Tho ansuered he with [Page] simple chere. Alas alas am I not ī prison and all at your own will. now god hit wote I thought it neu (er) and now I wold that I wer dede so wold god if that I wer. for than wer all my sorow passed ¶Hit was not long tyme after that the kyng thurgh ꝯcell of Roger Mortimer graūtid the ward & kepīg of sir edward his fadre vn to sir Thomas Toiourney &̄ to the forsaid sir Iohn̄ Mautreuers thurgh the kynges lettre & put out holy the forsaid sir Morice of the ward of the kyng & they toke &̄ led the kyng vn to the castell of Corfe the wich castell the kyng hated as any deth & they keped hī ther till it come vn to sent Mathewes day ī septē ­bre in ye yere of grace .M.ccc.xxvij. yt the forsaid sir Roger Mortimer sent the man (er) of the deth how &̄ in what wise he sh̄old be done to deth. ¶And anone as the forsaid Thomas & Iohan had seyn the letter &̄ commaundemēt they made kīg Edward Car­nariuan good chere & good so las as they myght at that soper & nothīg ye kīg wist of ye tratorie. ¶And whē time wos for to go to bedde the kīg went vn to his bed &̄ lay & slept fast & as the king lay & slept ye tratourys fals for sworne ayens ther homage & ther feaute come priueli in to the kynges chambre &̄ ther company with them and laid an huge tabull vpō his wombe & with men pressed & held fast doūe the .iiij: corners of the tabull vpon his body wher­with the good man awoke &̄ wos wond (er) sore a drad to be dede ther and slayn and turned his body tho vpsedoune:. ¶Tho toke ye fals traitours and wode tirantis an horne and put it in to hys fundement as depe as they myght & toke a spit of coper brennyng & put it thurgh the horne in to his body and oft tymes roulled ther with his bowels and so they kylled ther lord that nothyng wos ꝑsaued &̄ aft (er) he was entered at glocestre.

¶How kyng Edward spoused Philip the Erles doughter of Henaud at Yorke:

ANd aft (er) Cristemasse tho next swyng sir Iohn̄ of henaud brought wt hī Phelip his brothers dought (er) yt was erle of [Page] Henaud his nece in to englond· &̄ kīg edward spoused hir at york with moch honour. ¶And sir Iohn̄ of Bothum bisshop of Ely and sir wyllm of melton Erchebisshop of yorke songen thee masse ye sonday in the eue of ꝯu (er)sion of sent Paule In the yere of grace a .M.ccc.xxvij. but for encheson that the kyng wos bot yong & tendre of age: when he wos crouned full mony wronges wer done while that his fadre leued. for encheson that he trowed the councelers that wer fals a bout him that counceled him to done other wise than reson wold wherfor gret harme was done to the reame & to the kyng & all mē directid it the kīes dede. &̄ it was not so almighty god it wote. Wher fore it wos ordeyned at the kynges crouning yt the kyng for his tendre age shuld be gou (er)ned by xij. of the gretest lordis of englond wt out wich no thīg sh̄uld be done: that is to sai The erchebisshop of Cantorburi the erchebishop of yorke the bisshop of wynchestre &̄ the bisshop of herthforth the erle of Lancastre the erle marshall. & the erle of Kent yt wer the kīges vnches. & the erle of Garenne: sir Thomas wake. sir hēri of Perci. sir oliu (er) of yngham & Iohn̄ of Roos barons. ¶All thes wer sworne trewly for to councell the kyng. And they shuld ansuer eu (er)y yere in the ꝑlament of yt that shuld be don in the tyme of yt gou (er)nall. bot that ordeynance wos sone vndone &̄ yt wos moch harme to all englond· ¶For the kīg & all ye lordis that shuld gou (er)ne hī wer gou (er)ned &̄ ruled after the kyngꝭ mod (er) Dame Isabell: & by sir Roger Mortimer ¶And as they wold all thyng wos done both emong high and low. And they to­ken vn to them Castels tounes landis &̄ rentis in gret harme & losse to the croune &̄ of the kynges estate out of mesure.

¶How the pees was made bitwene the english men and thee scottis &̄ also of Iustifieng of Troylebastone.

THe kyng Edward at witsontide in the secund yere of his ragne thurgh the councell of his modre & sir Roger Mortimer ordeyned a parlament at Northamton. And at that ꝑlament