[...] hable, they shal write their letters to the next Iustices of the other Shire so con­sfining, to procure by collection some reliefe, as in like cases they are to relieue them, in respect of neere neighbourhood of the place, and for that the same in­fection may be the better stayed from the said adioyning places, though they be separated by name of the Countie.

4 Item, they shall cause to be appointed in euery Parish aswell infected as not infected, certaine persons to viewe the bodies of all such as shall die, before they bee suffered to bee buried, and to certifie the Minister of the Church and Church warden, or other principal officers, or their substitutes of what probable disease the said persons died: and the said viewers, to haue weekely some allow­ance, & the more large allowance where the Townes or Parishes bee infected, during the infection, towards their maintenance, to the end they which shall be in places infected, may forbeare to resort into the companie of others that are sounde: and those persons to be sworne to make true report according to their knowledge, and the choise of them to be made by direction of the Curate of the Church, with three or foure substantiall men of the Parish. And in case the said viewers either through fauour or corruption, shal giue wrong certificate, or shall refuse to serue being thereto appointed, then to cause them to be punished by imprisonment, in such sort as may serue for a terror to others.

5 Item, the houses of such persons out of the which there shall die any of the plague, being so certified by the viewers, or otherwise knowen, or where it shall be vnderstood, that any person remaineth sicke of the plague, to be closed vp on all parts during the time of restraint, viz. sixe weekes, after the sickenes be ceased in the same house, in case the saide houses so infected shall bee within any Towne hauing houses neere adioyning to the same. And if the infection happen in houses dispersed in Villages, and seperated from other houses, and that of necessitie, for the seruing of their cattel, and manuring of their ground, the saide persons cannot continue in their houses, then they to bee neuerthe­lesse restrained from resorting into companie of others, either publiquely or pri­uately during the saide time of restraint, and to weare some marke in their vp­permost garments, or beare white rods in their handes at such time as they shal goe abroade, and if there be any doubt that the masters and owners of the houses infected, will not duely obserue the directions of shutting vp their doores, speci­ally in the night, then shal there be appointed two or three watchmen by turnes, which shall be sworne to attend and watch the house, and to apprehend any per­son that shall come out of the house contrary to the order, and the same persons by order of the Iustices, shall be a competent time imprisoned in the slockes in the high way next to the house infected: and furthermore, some speciall marke shall be made & fixed to the doores of euery of the infected houses, and where any such houses shall be Iunes or Alchouses, the signes shall be taken downe for the time of the restraint, and some crosse or other marke set vpon the place thereof to be a token of the sickeuesse.

6 Item, they shal haue good regarde to chuse honest persons that either shal collect the summes assessed, or shal haue ye custodie thereof, and out of the said col­lectiō to allot a weekly proportion for ye finding of victual, or sire, or medicines for the poorer sort, during the time of their restraint. And whereas some persons being well disposed to yeelde almes and reliefe, will be more willing to giue some portiōs of victual, as corne, bread, or other meate, the same shal be commit­ted to the charge of some special persons, that wil honestly & truely preserue the same, to be distributed as they shall be appointed for the poore that are infected.

7 Item, to appoint certaine persons dwelling within the townes infected, to prouide and deliuer all necessaries of victuals, or anie matter of watching or o­ther attendance, to keepe such as are of good wealth being restrained, at their owne proper costes and charges, and the poore at the common charges: and the saide persons so appointed to be ordered, not to resort to any publique assemblie during the time of such their attendance, as also to weare some marke on their vpper garment, or to beare a white rod in their hande, to the end others may a­voyde their companie.

8 Item, that in the shire towne in euery Countie, and in other great towns meete for that purpose, there may be prouision bespoken and made, of such pre­seruatiues and other remedies, which otherwise in meaner townes cannot bee readily had, as by the Physicians shal be prescribed, and is at this present redu­ced into an Aduise made by the Physicians, and now printed and sent with the saide orders, which may be fixed in market places, vpon places vsuall for such publique matters, and in other townes in the bodies of the parishe churches, and chappels, in which aduise onely such thinges are prescribed, as vsually are to be had and founde in all countries without great charge or cost.

9 Item, the Ministers and Curates, and the Church wardens in euery Pa­rish, shall in writing certifie weekely to some of the Iustices, residing within the Hundreth or other limit where they serue, the number of such persons as are infected and doe not die, and also of all such as shal die within their Parishes, and their diseases probable whereof they died, and the same to be certified to the rest of the Iustices at their assemblies, which during some conuenient time would be euery one and twentie dayes, and thereof a particular booke kept by the Clerke of the peace or some such like.

10 Item, to appoint some place apart in each parish for the buriall of such persons as shall die of the plague, as also to giue order that they be buried after Sunne setting, and yet neuerthelesse by daylight, so as the Curate be present for the obseruation of the rites and ceremonies preseribed by the lawe, foresee­ing as much as conueniently he may, to be distant from the danger of infection of the person dead, or of the company that shall bring the rorse to the graue.

11 Item, the Iustices of the whole Countie to assemble once in xxi. dayes, [Page]to examine whether those orders bee duely executed, and to certifie to the lordes of the priuie Councell their proceedings in that behalfe, what townes and villages bee infected, as also the numbers of the deade, and the diseases whereof they died, and what sommes of money are taxed and collected to this purpose, and how the same are distributed.

12 Item, the Iustices in the hundred, where any such infection is, or the Iustices next aioyning thereunto, to assemble once a weeke, to take accompt of the execution of the saide orders, and as they stade any lacke or disorder, either to reforme it themselues, or to report it at the generall assemblie there, to be by a more common consent reformed.

13 Item, for that the contagion of the plague groweth and encreaseth no way more, then by the vse and handeling of such clothes, bedding and other stuffe as hath bene worne and occupted by the infected of this disease, during the time of their disease: the saide Iustices shall in the places infected take such order, that all the saide clothes and other stuffe, so occupied by the disea­sed, so soone as the parties diseased of the plague are all of them either well reco: courered or dead, be either burnt and cleane consumed with sire: or els ayred in such sort as is prescribed in an especiall article conteined in the Aduise set downe by the Physicians. And for that peraduenture the losse of such apparel, bedding and other stuffe to be burnt, may be greater then the poore estate of the owners of the same may well heare: it is thought very good and expedient, if it bee thought meete it shall be burnt, that then the saide Iustices, out of such collecti­ons as are to be made within their Counties for the reliefe of the poorer forte that bee infected, allowe also to them such summe or summes as to them shall be thought reasonable, in recompence of the losse of their said stuffe.

14 Item, the saide Iustices may put in execution anie other orders that by them at their generall assemblie shall bee deuised and thought meete, ten­ding to the preseruation of her Maiesties subieets from the infection, and to the end their care and diligence may the better appeare, they shall certifie in wri­ting the saide orders newly deuised, and if any shall wilfully breake and con­temne the same or any of the orders herein specified, they shall either presentlie punish them by imprisonment, or if the persons so contemning them, shall be of such countenance as the Iustices shal thinke meete to haue their faults knowen to her Maiestie, or to the Councell, they shall charge and bind them to appeare before vs, and the contempt duely certified that there may be a more notorious sharpe example made by punishment of the same by order of her Maiestie.

15 Item, if there be lacke of Iustices in some partes of the Shire, or if they which are Iustices there shall bee for the time absent, in that case the more num­ber of the Iustices at their assemblie shall make choyse of some conuenient persons to supply those places for the better execution hereof.

16 Item, if there bee any person Ecclesiasticall or laye, that shall holde and [Page]publishe any opinions (as in some places reporte is made) that it is a vaine thing to forbeare to resort to the infected, or that it is not charitable to forbid the same, pretending that no person shall dye but at their time presixed, such persons shall be not onely reprehended, but by order of the Byshop, if they bee ecclesiasticall, shall be forbidden to preache, and being laye, shall bee also enioy­ned to forbeare to vtter such dangerous opinions vpon paine of imprisonment, which shall be executed, if they shall perseuer in that error. And yet it shall ap­peare manifectly by these orders, that according to Christian charitie, no per­sons of the meanest degree shall be left without succour and reliefe.

17 And of these thinges aboue mentioned, the Iustices shall take great care, as of a matter specially directed and commaunded by her Maiestie vpon the princely and naturall care shee hath conceiued towardes the preseruation of her subiectes, who by very disorder, and for lacke of direction doe in many partes wilfully procure the increase of this generall contagion.

An Aduise set downe vpon her Maiesties ex­presse commandement, by the best learned in Phy­sicke within this Realme, conteyning sundry good rules and easie medicines, without charge to the meaner sort of people, as well for the preseruation of her good Sub­iectes from the plague before infection, as for the cu­ring and ordering of them after they shall be infected.

Preseruatiue by correcting the aire in houses.

TAke Rosemarie dried, or Iuniper, Bayleaues, or Frankincense, cast the same on a Chafendish, and receiue the fume or smoke thereof: Some aduise to be added Lauander, or Sage.

Also to make fires rather in Pannes, to remooue about the Chamber, then in Chimneis, shall better correct the ayre of the Houses.

Take a quantitie of Vineger very strong, and put to it some small quantitie of Rosewater, tenne branches of Rosemarie, put them all into a basen, then take fiue or sixe Flintstones, heated in the fire till they be burning hotte, cast them in­to the same Vineger, and so let the fumes bee receiued from place to place of your house.

Persuming of Apparel.

SVch apparell as you shall commonly weare, let it bee very cleane, and per­fume it often eyther with some red Saunders burned, or with Iuniper. And if any shall happen to be with them that are visited, let such persons as soone as they shall come home, shift themselues, and aire their other clothes, in open aire for a time.

Preseruation by way of defence in open aire, and com­mon assemblies to be vsed outwardly.

IT is good in going abroade into the open aire in the streetes, to holde some things of sweete sauor in their hands, or in the corner of an handkercheife, as a sponge dipped in Vineger and Rosewater mixed, or in Vineger, wherein Wormewood, or Rue called also Herbegrace, hath bene boyled.

Preseruatiue by way of inward medicine.

TAke a quantitie of Rue, or Wormewood, or of both, and put it into a pot of vsuall drinke, close stopped, let it lie so in steepe a whole night, and drinke thereof in the morning fasting.

In all Sommer plagues, it shal be good to vse Sorrell sauce to be eaten in the morning with bread. And in the fall of the leafe to vse the iuice of Barberies with bread also.

Mens bodies are apt to take infectiō, either
  • By the constitution of the heart, the vital spirites being weake, and the naturall heate feeble, in which case things Cordiall are to be vsed.
  • By repletion, the bodie being filled with humors, either
    • Good, and then is the partie to be let blood.
    • Euill, and then is he to be cured with medicine purgatiue.

Preseruatiues Cordials.

Mithridates Medicine.

TAke of good Figges not wormeaten, cleane washed, of Walnuts the ker­nels cleane picked, of either of them an hundred, of the leaues of greene Rue, otherwise called Herbegrace, the weight of ii.s of common Salt the weight of iiii. d. cut the Figs in pieces, and stampe them and the Walnut kernels together in a morter of Marble or wood a good space, vntil they bee very smal, and then put the Rue leaues vnto them, stampe & stirre them well together with the rest, last put in the Salt and stampe and stirre these things together, vntill they be incorporated and made of one substance. Of the which take the quantity of ii. or iii. Figs euery morning fasting, to children the halfe will serue, and hee that listeth to increase or diminish the substance of this medicine, shall easily doe it, by taking of a greater or lesse quantitie of the simples according to a due pro­portion.

A well approued Medicine to preserue.

TAke of the finest cleare Aloes you can buy, in colour like to a Liuer, & ther­fore called Hepatica, of Cinamon, of Myrrhe, of ech of these ye weight of iii. French crownes, or of xxii. d. of our money, of Cloues, Maces, Lignum Aloes, of Masticke, of Bole Oriental, of ech of these halfe an ounce: mingle them toge­ther and beate them into a very fine powder. Of the which take euery morning fasting the weight of a groate of this in white wine delayed with water, and by the grace of God you shall be safe from the plague. No man which is learned, if he examine the simples of this medicine whereof it consisteth, and the nature and power of them, can deny but that it is a medicine of great efficacie against the plague, and the simples whereof it is made, are easily to bee had in any good Apothecaries shop, except Bole Oriental, which is vsed in the stead of true Bolus Armenus, whereof we haue seene great store in the shoppes of master Rich the Queenes Maiesties Apothecarie, and master Morgans in Cheapside.

Take a drie Figge and open it, and put the kernel of a Walnut into the same being cut very sinal, three or foure leaues of Rue commonly called Herbgrace, [Page]a corne of Salt, then rost the Figge and eate it warme, fast iii. or iiii. houres af­ter it, and vse this twise in the weeke.

Take the powder of Turmentill, the weight of vi. d. with Sorrel or Scabious water in Sommer, and in Winter with the water of Valerian or common drinke.

Or els in one day they may take a little Wormewood, and Valerian with a graine of Salt. In another day they may take vii. or viii. berries of Iuniper, dried and put in powder, and taking the same with common drinke, or with drinke in which Wormewood and Rue hath bene steeped all the night.

Also the triakle called Diatessearoum, which is made but of iiii. things of light price easie to be had.

Also the roote of Enula Campana, either taken in powder with drinke, or hanged about the brest.

Likewise a piece of Arras roote kept in the mouth as men passe in the streets, is very good Cordiall.

Take vi. leaues of Sorrell, wash them with water and vineger, let them lie to steepe in the said water and vineger a while, then eate them fasting, and keepe in your mouth and chewe now or then either Stewall, or the roote of Angelica, or a litle Cinamon.

Take the roote of Enula Campana being layd and steeped in vineger, and grosse beaten, put a little of it in a handkerchiefe, and smell to it if you resort to any that is infected.

For women with childe, or such as be delicate and tender, and cannot away with taking of medicines.

MAke a tost of white or of the second bread, as you thinke good, and sprinkle on it being hotte a litle good wine vineger, made with Rose leaues, and for want of it, any good common or vsed vineger, and spread on the tost a little butter, and cast thereon a litle powder of Cinamon, and eate it in the morning fasting. The poore which cannot get vineger nor buy Cinamon, may eate bread and butter alone, for butter is not onely a preseruatiue against the plague, but a­gainst al maner of poysons.

When one must come into the place where infectious persons are, it is good to smell to the roote of Angelica, Gentian or Valerian, and to chew any of these in his mouth.

Another preseruatiue for the poore.

IT shal be good to take an handfull of Rue, & as much common Wormwood, and bruse them a litle: and put them into a pot of earth or tinne, with so much vineger as shal couer the herbs: keepe this pot close couered or stopt, and when you feare any infection, dippe into this vineger a piece of a sponge, and cary it in your hand and smell to it, or els put it into a round ball of Yuory or Iuniper made full of holes of the one side, carying it in your hand vse to smell thereunto, renewing it once in a day.

To be vsed after infection taken.

FOr as much as the cause of the plague standeth rather in poyson, then in a­ny putrifaction of humours as other agues doe, the chiefest way is to moue sweatings, and to defend the heart by some cordiall thing.


IF the patient be costiue and bound in his bodie, let him take a Suppositarie made with a little boyled Hony, and [...] little fine powder of Salt, and so taken in at the Fundament and kept till it mooue a stoole.

An excellent Medicine made without charges.

TAke of the powder of good Bayberries, the huske taken away from them, before they be dried, a spoonefull: Let the patient drinke this, well ming­led in a draught of good stale Ale or Beere, which is neither sowre nor dead, or with a draught of white Wine, and goe to bed and cast himselfe into a sweate, and forbeare sleepe as is aforesayde.

An other soueraigne remedie, that is a stilled water.

TAke the inwarde harke of the Ashe tree, a pound, of Walnuts with the greene outward shelles, to the number of 50. cut these smal, of Scabious, of Veruen, of Petimorel, of Housleeke, of euery one a handfull, of Saffron halfe an ounce, powre vpon these the strongest Vineger you can get foure pynts, let them a litle boyle together vpon a very soft fire, and then stand in a very close pot well stopt all a night vpon the embers, after warde distill them with a soft fire, and receiue the water close kept. Giue vnto the patient layde in bedde and well couered with clothes, two ounces of this water to drinke, and let him bee prouoked to sweate, and euery sixe houres, during the space of xxiiii. houres, giue him the same quantitie to drinke. This Medicine for the worthines there­of, and because it will stand the maker thereof in little charge, it shal be very wel done to distill it in Sommer when the Walnuts hang greene on the tree, that it may be ready against the time that occasion serueth to vse it.

1. Bloodletting.

IF the Patient be full of humours which be good, let him immediatly bee let blood vpon the Lyuer veine in the right arme, or in the Median veine of the same arme (if no sore appeare) in the sirst day.

2. Medicine purgatiue.

FOr the poore take Aloes the weight of vi. d. put in ye pappe of an Apple: and for the richer Pelles of Rufus to be had in euery good Apothecaries shoppe. After letting of blood and purging (as shall be needfull) some of the forena­med Cordials are to be vsed.

These preparations thus vsed the first day that the Patient shall fall sicke, as cause shall be to vse the one or the other (no sore appearing) in which case if the sore shall appeare, they are both to bee forborne, the next is to vse all meanes to expell the poyson, and to defend the heart by Cordials.

3. Medicament expulsiue.

THe poyson is expelled best by sweatings prouoked by posset Ale, made with Fenel and Marigolds in Winter, and with Sorrell, Buglosse and Bo­rage in Sommer, with the which in both times they must mixe the triacle of Diatessaroum, the weight of ix. d. and so to lay them selues with all quietnes to sweate one halfe houre or an houre, if they be strong. For they that bee neither full of humours nor corrupt in humours, neede neyther purging nor letting of blood, but at the first plunge may mooue themselues to sweate with Cordiall things mixt with such things as moue sweat, and are before declared.

VVhat is to be done when there is any rising or swelling in any part.

THen if by these three meanes the poyson be expelled outward by botches, carbuncles or markes, called Gods markes, according as nature doth ex­pell, so must the further proceedings bee, prouiding still, that they continue still in the vse of the cordiall and moderate sweating now and then, all the time that the sores be in healing, which must by the Surgion be handled with great dis­cretion.

Medicine to be vsed in ordinarie dyet.

IT is thought that the powder of harts horne hath a speciall prerogatiue, to be vsed all the time of their sickenesse in their broths, and supping, which in Sommer must euer haue Sorrell, Borage, Buglosse, and in winter, Betony, and Scabious, or Morsus Diaboli, and if their habilities doe not serue, let them vse it with Aleburies made with a litle Nutmegge, or one Cloue, or with Cawdelles in like maner made with Cloues, Maces, Nutmegges, Sanders or such like,

Both to preserue and cure the sickenesse.

TAke an egge and make a hole in the toppe of it, take out the white and yelke, fill the shell with the weight of two french crownes of Saffron, rost the said egge thus filled with Saffron vnder the embres, vntill the shell begin to ware yelow, then take it from the fire, and beate the shell and Saffron in a mor­tar together, with halfe a spoonefull of Mustard seede, take of this powder a french crowne weight, and as soone as you suspect your selfe infected, dissolue it into ten spoonefuls of posset ale, and drinke it luke warme, then goe to bedde and prouoke yourselfe to sweating.

To be vsed in the first time of the Sickenesse.

ANother is to take fiue or fixe handefull of Sorell, that groweth in the field, or a greater quantitie according as you will distill more or lesse of the water thereof, and let it lie infrised or steeped in good Vineger the space of foure and twentie houres, then take it off and drie it with a linen cloth put into a Limbecke, and distill the water thereof: And as assoone as you finde your selfe touched with the sickenesse, drinke foure spoonefuls of the said water with a litle sugar, and if you be hable, walke vpon it vntill you do sweat, if not, keepe your bed, and being well couered, prouoke your selfe to sweating, and the next day to take as much againe of it a litle before supper.

Item, to prouoke vomit with two ounces of ranke oyle, or walnutte oyle, a spoonefull of the iuice of Celendine and halfe a spoonefull of the iuice of radice roote, so that the partie infected doe walke and not sleepe, is better then any let­ting of blood, or any purging. For the disease neither can suffer agitation of hu­mors, nor when one is infected, hath no time to bleede or to purge.

Outward medicines for to be applied to the sore.

The first.

TAke of Scabiouse two handefuls, stampe it in a stone morter with a pestel of stone if you can get any such, then put vnto it of olde swines grease sal­ted, two ounces, and the yelke of an egge, stampe them well together, and lay parte of this warme to the sore.

The second.

TAke of the leaues of Mallowes, of Camomill flowers, of either of them an handefull, of Lineseede beaten into pouder two ounces, boyle the Mallowe leaues first cut, and the flowers of the Camomil in faire water stan­ding aboue a fingers breadth, boyle all them together vntill all the water al­most be spent: then put thereunto the Lineseede, of Wheate flower halfe an handeful, of swines grease the skinnes taken away three ounces, of oyle of Ro­ses two ounces, stirre them still with a sticke, and let them all boyle together on a soft fire without smoke, vntill the water be vtterly spent, beate them all toge­ther in a morter, vntill they be well encorporated together, & in feeling smooth, and not rough: then make part thereof hotte in a dish set vpon a chasindish of coales, and lay it thicke vpon a linnen cloth applying it to the sore.

Another excellent medicine to ripen and bring out the sore.

TAke a white Onion cut in pieces, of fresh butter iii. ounces, of Leven the weight of xii. d. of Mallowes one handful, of Scabious of [...] one [Page]handfull, of Cloues of garlike the weight of xx. d. boyle them on the fire in suf­ficient water, and make a pultesse of it, and lay it warme to the sore.


TO the sore it selfe doe thus. Take two handfull of Valerian, three rootes of Danewort, a handfull of Smalledge, or Louage, if you can get it, seeth them all in butter and water, and a fewe crummes of bread, and make a pultesse thereof, and lay it watme to the sore vntill it breake.

Another for the same.

IF you cannot haue these herbes, it is good to lay a loafe of bread to it, hot as it commeth out of the ouen, (which afterward shall be burnt or buried in the earth) or the leaues of Scabious or Sorrell rosted, or two or three Lillie rootes rosted vnder embers, beaten and applied.

A generall medicine for all sortes of people taken with the plague, to be had without cost.

TAke of the roote of butter burre, otherwise called pestilēt wort, one ounce, of the roote of great Valerian a quarter of an ounce, of Sorrell an handful, boyle all these in a quart of water to a pint, then straine it and put thereto two spoonefuls of Vineger, two ounces of good Sugar, boyle all these together vn­till they be well mingled, let the infected drinke of this so hotte as he may suffer it a good draught, and if he chaunce to cast it vp againe, let him take the same quantitie straight way vpon it, and prouoke himselfe to seate, and he shall find great helpe.

Time of continuance apart from common assemblies.

SVch as haue bene infected, should keepe their house without being conuer­sant with the whole, vntill the sores shall haue left running and bee perfectly whole and sound, which in sanguine and cholericke persons will be healed soo­ner, then in melancholike and slegmatike complexions.

SVch persons may not wel be conuersant with them which are not infected, for the space of one moneth.

Infected clothes.

THe Contagion suspected to remaine in clothes, either wollen or linnen, cannot well be auoyded by better meanes, then by fire and water, by often washing and airing the same in srostes, and sunne shine, with good discretion, and burning the clothes of small value.


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