¶ Incipit Speculum vite Cristi
  • [Page]AT the begynnynge of the prohemy of the booke that is cleped the myroure of the blessyd lyf of Jesu Crist the fyrste parte for the monedaye /
  • ¶ A deuoute medytacyon of the grete counceyll in heuen for the restorynge o [...] man and hys sauacyon. Capitulū primū.
  • ¶ Of the man [...] of lyuyng of the blessyd vyrgyn marye. Capitulū Secūdum
  • ¶ Of the Incarnacyon of Jhesu / and the feste of the Ann [...] cyacyon / and of the gretyng Aue maria / Capitulum Ter [...]
  • ¶ How that oure lady wente to elysabeth / and mekely greted her / Capitulum Quartum.
  • ¶ How Joseph thoughte to leue pryuely oure lady saynte Marye▪ Capitulum quintū
  • ¶ Of the Natiuite of oure lorde Jhesu Cryste. Capitulum Sextum.
  • ¶ Of the Circoucysyon of oure lorde Jhesu. Capitulum septimū:
  • Of the Epiphanie that is open shewynge of oure lord Jhesu crist: Capitulnū Octauum.
  • Of the puryfycacion of our lady saynt marye. Capitulum nonum.
¶ The seconde parte for the tewesdaye.
  • ¶ Of the fleynge of oure lord Jhesu in to Egypte. Capilm decimum
  • Of the tornynge ageyne of oure lord Jhesu fro Egypte. Capitulum vndecimum /
  • How the chylde Jhesus was lefte allone in iherusalem / Capitulum Duodecimum▪
  • what maner of lyuynge our lord Jhesus had. And what he dyde fro hys twelfth yere. vnto the begynnynge of his / xxx▪ yere Capitulū xiii.
  • Of the baptysme of oure lorde. And the waye therto. Capitulum xiiii.
The thyrde parte for the wednesdaye.
  • ¶ Of the fastynge of oure lord Jhesu. and hys tēptacyons in deserte. Capitulum xv.
  • How our lord Jhesus beganne to teche. & gader discyples▪ Capilum xvi.
  • Of the miracle done [Page] at the brydale of water tornyd in to wyne / Capitulum xvii.
  • Of that excellent sermon of oure lorde Jhesu in the. hylle / Capitulum xviii.
  • Of the seruaūt of Centurio and the sone of the lytyl kynge helyd of our lorde Jhesu Capi. xix.
  • Of the palatyke man lete doune in hys bedde by the hous hyllynge and hellyd of oure lorde Jhesu / Capitulum xx.
  • How that Martha was helyd of her sekenes by touchyng of the hemme of oure lordes clothyng / Capitulum xxi
  • Of the conuersyon of mary Maudalene. Capitulum xxii.
  • Of the spekynge of oure lord Jhesus wyth the woman Samaritane at the pytte of water. Capitulum xxiii.
  • How the dyscyples of Jhesu pluckeden the eres of corne and e [...]en hit for hongre vpon the sabotte daye. Capitulum xxiiii.
¶ The fourth parte for the thursdaye
  • ¶ Of the fedynge of the grete peple wyth brede multiplied Capitulum xxv.
  • Of the fleynge of oure lord Jhesus when the peple wold haue made hym her kynge. Capitulum xxvi.
  • Of the prayer of oure lorde Jhesu Cryste in the hylle. Capitulum xxvii.
  • How the Pharysees and other token accasion of sclaunder of the wordes and the dedes of Jhesu Ca. xxviii.
  • Of the specialle reward of oure lord Jhesu behoten tho alle to that forsaken the world for hys loue. Capilm xxix.
  • Of the transfyguracyon of oure lord Jhesu in the hylle Capitulum xxx.
  • Of the seke men heled at the water in Jherusalem cleped probatica piscina. Capitulum xxxi.
  • How oure lord Jhesu caste out of the Temple the byars and the sellers ageynste goddes [...]awe / Capitulum xxxii.
  • Of the receyuynge of oure lorde Jhesu by the two systers. Martha & mary / and the two maner of lyuynge that ben actyue & contē platyue in holy chyrche. cap. xxxiii.
  • Of the reysynge of lazar & other. ii. dede bodyes Cap / xxxiiii /
  • How the Jewes token [Page] her counceyl / and conspyred ageynst Jhesu in to hys deth. Capitlm xxxv.
  • ¶ How our lorde Jhesus came ageyne to Betany the satyrday before plamsonday / & of the souper made to hem there. Capitulum xxxvi.
  • ¶ How Jhesus came to Jherusalem vpon palmsonday / Capitulum xxxvii.
  • ¶ what oure lord Jhesus dyde fro the palmsonday in to the thursday next sewyng. Capitulum xxxviii.
  • ¶ Of that worthy souper that our lord Jhesus made the nyght before hys passyon. and of the noble circumstances that be [...]elle therwyth. ¶ Capitulum xxxix.
¶ The fyrste parte of the Frydaye
  • Of the pa [...]yon of our lord Jhesu Cryste. and fyrste of his prayer and takyng at matyn tyme. Capitulum xl.
  • Of the bryngynge of oure lorde Jhesu before Pylate at pryme. Catulum xli.
  • How oure lorde Jhesus was dampned to the deth of the crosse aboute Tyerce of the daye▪ Capitulum xlii.
  • Of the crucytyenge of oure lorde Jhesus at the Se [...]te houre Capitulum xliii.
  • How oure lorde Jhesus yelded vp the spyryte at none. Capitulū xliiii.
  • Of th [...] thynges that befelle after the deth of oure lorde Jhesus. and after the none. Caplm xlv.
  • Of the takynge doune fro the crosse our lordes body Jhesu at euensonge Capitulum xlvi.
  • Of the bu­ryenge of our lord Jhesu at complyntyme. Caplm xlvii.
  • ¶ what was done of our lady and other after the buryeng of Jhesu. Capitulum xlviii.
The Syxte parte for the satyradye.
  • what our lady and other wyth her dyden on the satyrdaye Capitulum. xlix.
The Seueth parte for the sondaye
  • Of the glorious resureccion of our lord Jhesu. And of the [Page] fyrste apperynge of hym to hys blessyd moder as it maye be resonably trowed / Capitulum l.
  • How that Maudalene and other maries comen to the graue. Capitulum li.
  • ¶ How oure lord Jhesus apperyd to maudalene. Capitulum lii.
  • How oure lord Jhesus apperyd to the thre Maries. Capitulum liii.
  • ¶ How oure lorde Jhesus apperyd to Peter. Capitulum liiii.
  • Of the comynge ageyn of our lord Jhesu to the faders. And of her ioyeful songe. Capitulum lv:
  • How our lord Jhesus apperyd to the two disciples goyng toward the castel of Emaus / Capitulum lvi.
  • How oure lord Jhesus appered to hys apostles and dyscyples that were reclused for drede on the selfe daye of hys resureccion. Capitulū lvii.
  • How our lord Jhesus apperyd the eyghte daye after to hys dyscyples Thomas present. Capitulum lviii.
  • How our lord Jhesus apperyd to the dyscyples in Galilee / Capitulum lix.
  • How oure lord Jhesus apperyd to the dyscyples at the see Ty [...]eryades / Capitulum lx /
  • Of alle the apperynges of our lord Jhesus in general. Capitulum lxi.
  • Of the assency on of oure lord Jhesus. Capitulum lxii.
  • Of the sendynge doune. and the comynge of the holy ghoost Capitulum. lxiii.
  • Of that excellente and moost worthy sacrament of Crystes blessyd body Capitulum lxiiii
¶ Explicit. Capitula. ¶ Sequitur prohemium

¶ Prohemium

ATtende lector huius libri prout sequitur in anglico scriptis quod vbicū (que) in margine ponitur l [...]a. N. verba sūt translatoris siue cōpilatoris in anglicis preter illa que inseruntur i [...] libro scriptis secundū communē opinionem a venerabili doctore Bonauenture in latino de meditacione vite ihes [...] cristi: Et quando peruenitur ad processum & verba einsdem doctoris inseritur in marginue i [...]a. B prout legenti siue intuēti istū librum speculi vite cristi lucide poterit apparere


MEmorandum quod circa annū domini Millesimum qua dringentesimum decimū originalis copia huius libri scilicet speculi vite cristi in āglicis presentabatur Lōdon̄ per compilatorē eiusdem N. Reuerendissimo in cristo patri et dn̄o dn̄o Thome Arundell cā tuariēsi Archiepiscopo ad inspiciendum et ex ammandū antequam fue rat libere comuīcata. Qui post ispectionē eiusdem perdies aliquot retradens ipsum librum memorato eiusdē libri proprie vocis oraculo in singulis comēdauit et approbauit nec nō et auctoritate sua metropolitica vt pote. Catholicum publice cominicandum decreuit et mandauit ad fidelium e dificacionem et hereticorū siue lollardorum confutacionem

QVecun (que) scripta sunt. ad nostram doctrinā scripta sūt vt per pacienciam et cōsolacionem scripturarum spem habeamꝰ ad romāos. xv. ¶ These ben the wordes of the grete doctour and holy apostel saynte poule. consyderyng that the ghostly lyuyng of all trew Cristen creatures in this world stant specyally in hope of the blysse & the lyf that is to come in another world / And for as moche as two thynges pryncypally nouryshen & strengthen thys hope in man / that is pacyence in herte and ensample of vertues & good lyuyng of holy men wreton in bookes and souereynly the wordes & the dedes wryten of our lorde Jhesu Criste veray god & mā for the tyme of his bodely lyuynge here in erthe. Therfore to strengthe vs and conforte vs in his hope speketh the apostle the wordes forsayde to thys entente. sayenge / that all thynges that ben wryten generally in holy chyrche. and specyally of our lord Jhesu criste. They ben wreton to oure lore that by pacyence and comforte of holy scryptures we haue hope / that is to saye of the lyf & blesse that is to come in another worlde / ¶ Here to accordynge speketh saynte Austyne thus. Goddissone / toke mankind. & in hym he suffryd that longyd to man. & was made medecyne of man / and thys medicyne is so mykel that it maye not be thought. For there is no pryde. but that it maye be heled thorugh the mekenes of goddes sone. There is no couetise but that it may be heled thorugh his pouerte. No wrath but that it may be heled thorugh his pacience / No malice but that hit maye be heled thorugh hys charite / ¶ And more ouer there is no synne of wyckednesse but that it shall wante hyt and be kepte fro hit. the whyche beholdeth inwardly. And loueth and foloweth the wordes and the dedes of that man. in whome goddes sone yaaf him selfe to vs in to ensample of good lyuynge. wherfore nowe bothe men and wymmen and euery age and euery dygnyte of thys world is styred to hope of euerlastyng lyf:

¶ And for thys hope and to thys entente [Page] wyth holy wrytte Also ben wreton dyuerse bookes and tretes of deuoute men. not oonly to clerkes in latyn. but also in englysshe to lewde men and wymmen. and hem that ben of simple vnderstondynge. Amonge the whyche ben wreton deuonte meditacyons of Crystes lyf. more playnly in certayn partyes than is expressyd in the Gospel of the foure Euangelystes ¶ And as hit is sayde the deuoute man and worthy Clerke Bonauenture wrote hem to a relygyous woman in laten. the whyche scrypture and wrytynge for the fructuous matere therof stering specyally for the loue of Jhesu Cryste. and also for the playne sentence to comyne vnderstondynge semeth a monge other souereynly edyfyenge to symple creatures. The whiche as chyldren haue nede to be fedde wyth mylke of lyghte doctryne & not wyth sadde mete of grete clergye and o [...] hyghe contemplacyon. wherfore at the Instance and prayer of somme deuout soules to edyfy­cacyon of suche men or wymmen is this drawynge oute of the forsayde booke of Crystes lyf wreton in englyssh wyth more putte to in certayne partyes. and also wythdrawynge of dyuerse auctorytees and maters. as it semeth to the wryterBernard ad [...] dem [...] herof mooste spedeful & edyfyeng to hem that ben of symple vnderstondyng. To the whyche symple soules as saynte Bernard sayth. comtemplacion of the manhede of Cryste is more lykynge more spedefull & more syker than is hyghe contemplacōn of the godhede / And therefore to hem is pryncypally to be sette in mynde the ymage of Crystes Incarnacyon. Passyon. and Resurreccōn. so that asymple soule canne not thynke but bodyes and bodyly thynges. maye haue somwhat accordynge to hys affeccyon. wherwyth he maye fynde and styre hys deuocyon.Nota pro [...] intellectu hum [...] liber

¶ wherfore hyt is to vnderstonde atte the begynnyng as for a pryncypalle and generall rule of dyuerse ymagynacyons / that folowen after in thys booke that the descryuyng of speches or dedes of god in heuen and angellis. or other ghoostly [Page] substaunce ben only wreten in thys manere / and to thys en­tent that is to saye as deuout ymagynacōns and lykenes styrynge symple soules to y loue of God. and desyre of heuenly thynges. For as saynt Gregorye sayth. therfore is the kyng­dome of heuene lykened to erthely thynges. that by tho thyn­gesGregorius in Omelia Simile est reg: oe: th: that ben vysible. and that man kyndely knoweth. he be stered and rauysshed to loue and desyre ghoostly inuysyble thynges that he kindely knoweth not.

¶ Also saynte Jhon sayth that alle tho thynges that Jhesus dyde. ben not wreten in the gospel. wherfore we mowen to styrynge of deuocyon ymagyne and thynke dyuerse wordes and dedes of hym and other that we finde not wreton so that it be not ageynste the byleue as sainte Gregore and other doctours sayen. that holy wrytte may be expowned and vnderstonde in dyuerse maners and to dyuerse purposes. Soo that it be not ageynst the byleue or good maners. And so what tyme or in what place in thys book is wreton that thus dydeNota bene or thus spake our lorde Jhesus or other that ben spoken of. and it maye not be preued by holy wryte or grounded in expresse sayenges of hooly doctours. hit shalle be taken none otherwyse than as a deuoute medytacyon. that hyt myght so be spoken or done. ¶ And so for as moche as in the boke ben conteyned dyuerse ymagynacōns of Crystys lyf. the. whiche lyf fro the begynnyng in to the endyng euer blessyd and withoute synne passynge alle the lyues of alle other sayntes. asNomē libri for a synguler prerogatyue maye worthely be cleped the blessyd lyf of Jhesu crist. The whyche also by cause hyt may not be fully descryued. as the lyues of other sayntes. but in a maner of lyknesse as the ymage of mannes face is shewed in the myrrour. ¶ Therfore as for a pertynent name to thys booke hyt maye skylfully be cleped the Myrroure of the blessyd lyf of Jhesu Cryste.

Ferthermore for to speke of the proffitable & good mater of [Page] this booke. the forsayde Clerke Bonauenture spekynge to the woman forsayd in his proheme begynneth in this ma­ner sentence. ¶ Bonaueture Incipit.


AMonge other vertuous commēdynges of the holy virgyne Cecille it is wreton that she bare alwaye the gos­pel of Criste hydde in her breste / that maye be vnderstonde / that of the blessyd lyf of oure lord Jhesu criste wryten in the Gospel. she chace certeyne partyes moost deuoute in the whiche she sette her meditacōn and hyr thought nyghte & day with a clene and holy herte. And whan she hadde so fully all the maner of his lif ouergone. she byganne ageyn And soo wyth a lykynge and swete taste ghoostly shewyng in that maner the gospel of crist / she sette and bare it euer in the pryuete of hyr breste. In the same maner I counceyll that thou doo. For amonge alle ghoostly exercyses I leue / that this is moost necesary and moost proffytable. and that mayNota tri [...] [...] de [...]i [...] [...] brynge the to the hyhest degre of good lyuynge that stant specially in parfyghte despysynge of the world in pacience suffrynge of Aduersytees and in encrees and getyng of vertues For sothely thou shalt neuer fynde where man may soo parfyghtely be taughte fyrste for to stable his herte ageynste vanitees & deceyuable lykynges of the world. also to strengthe [Page] hym among tribulacions and aduersytees. and ferthermore to be kepte tro vyces and to getyng or vertues. as in the blessyd lyf of our lord Jesu cryst. the whyche was euer wythoute defaulte mooste parfyghte. Fyrste I saye. that besy medytacyon.Primum and custommable of the blessyd lyf of Jhesu stableth ye soule and the herte ageynste vanytees and deceyuable lykynges of the worlde / thys is shewed openly in the blessyd vyrgyneExampluz de [...]a [...]a cecilia Cecylle before named / when̄e she fylled so fully her herte of the lyf of cryst / that vanytees of the world myghten not entre in to her. For in alle the grete pompe of weddyng where so many vanytees ben vsed. whan the Organs blewen and songen she sette her herte stably in God sayenge & prayenge. Lord be my herte and my body clene and not defyled.Secundum soo that I be not confounded / Also as to the Secound. wherof haue martirs her strenght ageynst dyuerseBernard de martir [...]bus tormentys But as saynt Bernard sayth in that they setten all her herte & deuocyon in the passyon & the woūdes of criste For what tyme the martyr stant wyth all the body to rente. And neuertheles he his gladde and Joyful in all hys payne where trowest is than his sowle and his herte. sothely in the woundes of Jhesu ye the woundes not closed: but open and wyde to entre in / & ellis he sholde fele the harde payne & not mowe bere the payne and the sorowe. but sone faylle and denye god. And not only martirs / but also confessours vyrgynes and all that lyuen ryghwysely / despysynge the worlde in many trybulacyons. Infyrmytees. and dedes of penaunce. both kepyng pacyēce. And also more ouer therwyth ben ioyeful and gladde in soule as we mowen sene alway. and why so. but for her hertes ben more proprely in crystes body by deuoute medytacōns of hys blessyd lyf / than in her owne bodyes. And as to the. thyrdde poynte: that it kepeth fro vycesTercium & dysposeth souereynly to geting of vertues / preuethe wel in that perfeccion of all vertues is founde in cristes lyf [Page] For where shalt thou fynde so open ensample and doctrin of souerayne charyte of parfyte pouerte of profunde meknes of pacience and other vertues. as in the blessyd lyf of Jhesu cryste Herfore sayth saynt Bernard / that he trauayleth inBernard super can [...]er xx [...] vaine. aboute the getynge of vertues. who so hopeth to fynde hem ou where. but in the lord of vertues. whoos lyf is the Myroure of Temperaūce and all other vertues. Loo here grete comforte and ghoostly prouffyte in deuoute cōtemplacyon of crystes blessyd body / wherfore thou that coueytest to fele truly / the fruyte of thys booke. thou muste wyth alle thy thoughte & all thyn entente in that manere make the in thy soule presente to tho thynges that ben here wreten / sayde or done of oure lorde Jhesu. And that besely lykyngly and abydyngly as though thou herdest hym wyth thy bodyly eres. orN see them wyth thyn eyen doun. puttynge awaye for the tyme and leuyg al other occupacyons and besynesses. And though it so be that the begynnyng of the mater of thys booke that is the blessyd lyf of Jhesu Cryst be at hys Incarnacyon. Ne­uertheles we mowen fyrst deuontly ymagyne and thynge sō me thynges done before touchyng god and hys aungellys in heuen. and also as anentes the blessyd vyrgyne our lady sainte marie in erthe. of the whyche is to begynne.

¶ And for as moche as thys booke is deuyded & departed in seuen partyes after seuen dayes of the weke euery daye one partye. or somme therof to be hadde in cōtemplacyon of hem that hauen therto desyre and deuocōn. Therfore at the mone daye as the fyrste weke daye of the weke begynneth thys ghoostly werke: tellynge fyrste of the deuoute instaunce and desyre. of holy aungellis in heuen for man restorynge and hys saluacyon to styre man amōge other that daye specyally to worshyppe hem as holy Chyrche the same daye maketh specyally mynde of hem. ¶ Also not onely the mater of thys booke is pertynent and prouffytable to be hadde in contem­placion. [Page] the forsayd day is. to them that wyll and mowe. but also it longeth to the tymes of the yere. as in aduent to rede. & deuoutly haue in mynde fro the begynnynge vnto the Natiuyte of oure lord Jhesus. And therof after in that holy feste of Crystmasse. and so forth of other maters. as holy chirche maketh mynde of hem in tyme of ye yere. and amonge other who so redeth or hereth thys book felynge ony ghostly swetnesse or grace there thurgh / praye he for charyte specyally for the auctour and the drawer out therof as it is wreton here in Englisshe to the prouffyte of symple and deuoute soules as it was sayd before. and thus endeth the. prohemye. and after foloweth the contemplacyon for mondaye in the fyrste party / And the fyrst chapytre.

¶ Die lune ¶ Incipit Prima pars
¶ A deuoute meditacyon of the grete counseylle in heuene for the restorynge of man and hys / sauacion.

Capitulum I. Et prima pars /


Capitulo primo.AFter the Tyme that man was exyled oute of the hyghe Cyte of heuene by the rightwys dome of al­myghty god souerayne kynge therof for hys tre­spas and his synne. and soo wretchydly lay in pry­son. and was holden in the bandes of that tyraūt the deuylle of helle that none myghte come ageyne to that blessyd Cyte the space of Fyue thousande yere and more All the blessyd spyrytes of heuene desyringe the restoryng of her companye that was falle doune wyth lucyfer hadden grete compsyon of soo longe meschyef of man that was made to her restorynge. and prayden ofte for his restoryng / But specialli and wyth more instaunce whan the tyme of grace was come / what tyme as we may deuoutly ymagyne. all the blessyd companye of aungels gadred to gydre wyth one wyll. and souereyne deuocyon fellen doune prostrate to fore the Tro­neN. [...]. of Almyghty god kynge of heuen and Gabriel to whome as Seynte Bernard saith was made speciall reuelacion of Crystes Incarnacōn in her owne name sayd in thys maner [...] ¶ Almyghty lord hit lyked to youre hyghe mageste of your endles goodnes to make of nouȝt that noble and resonable [Page] creature man for oure comforte and oure goodnes that of hym shold be made the restoryng of oure fals companye Lucifer & hys felawes that felle doune fro vs by Apostasye. soo that he sholde dwelle here in thys blessyd place wyth vs / lo­uynge / and worshyppyng yow wythouten ende / But loo go od lord now all thei perysshen / and none is saued / And in so many thousand yere passed we sene none of hem all here.

Oure enemyes hauen the vyctorye & of hem oure partye is not restored. but the pryson of helle contynuelly fylled wher to lord be they borne to grete meschyef. For though it be doune after your ryȝtwysnes. Neuertheles lord it is now tyme of mercy. haue in mynde that ye made hem after youre owne lykenes. And though her fornfaders folyly & wrechydly breken youre maūdement. Neuertheles youre mercy is aboue al thynge. wherfore all their eyen ben set vpon as the seruaūtes on the lordes handes tyll ye haue mercy & helpe hem wyth a spedeful. & heleful remedy. Seqiut de cōtencōe īter mīam & veritatem


¶HEre wyth beganne a maner of altercacion and disputacion bytuene the foure kyn­ges deughters: that is to saye. Marcy and sothfastnes. pees and ryght wys­nesse. Of the whiche foure mercy and pees accordyng to the Aungels prayer for sayde were fauourable to mannes restorynge. But that other two systers sothBe [...] in s [...]r▪ de An [...] fastnes. and right wysnes ageyne sayden ¶ As saynte Bernarde by deuout me [Page] ditacion maketh herof a processe faire & longe. but for to ta­ke therof shortly as to our purpos at this tyme sōwhat in other maner & in other wordes we may ymagyne & thynke thꝰ Fyrst mercy & pees knelyng to fore her fader kyng of heuen by y ꝓphetes wordes Dauid said thus. Lord shalt thou cast aNunquid in [...]num p [...]ci [...] de u [...] way fro the mā withoutē ende▪ or hast thou foryetē to do mercy And this oft they reherceden. than said our lord / lete clepe forth your other two systers / the whyche ye sene redy ayenste you. & lete vs see also what they wol saye here to. & they wereMiser [...] [...] cor [...] [...] s [...] o [...] M [...] n [...] [...] cleped & comen al to gyder / mercy began / & said in this wyse. My fader of mercy it was youre wyl euer withouten ende a mōge your other douȝters my systers to yeue me that prerogatyue aboue al other werkes that only I shold specially regne here wyth you in heuen but also that the erthe shold be replenyshed wyth me to soo moche vertu. that who so wold truly & besely aske my helpe in ony meschyef or nede he shold wythout fayl finde your socour & helpe thoruȝ the meditacōn of me. But now lo my dere fader that worthi partie of erthe & your noble creature man in hys grete wretchydnesse & myschyef so longe tyme lyggyng cryeth cōtinuelly & asketh after my helpe. & now time is comen in the whyche but yf ye helpe hym & saue hym I lese my name. Here ayenst that other sister [...]eri [...] P [...]i [...] b [...]r [...]o [...] tuoru [...] [...]e [...] sothfastnes sayd / & ye knowe wel my fader sothfast god that I am begynnyng of your wordes & after ye made man in so grete worthynes that ye wedded me to him in that cōdycyon that what tyme he breke your heste he & al that come of hym shold lese her blessyd lyf & be dāpned & done to deth. wherfore he forsoke me & betoke hym to your enmy & myn / the fader of lesyng. witnes my syster riȝtwysnes. I perysshe & lese my name but he haue deth that he hath deseruyd / thā spake riȝtwysJus [...]i [...]i [...] Jus [...]i [...]i [...] [...] [...] [...] [...] [...] [...]e [...]t [...] nes Ryȝtwis lord thou hast made me gouernour of thi dome lastyng wythoute ende & my sister trouth techer of thy lawe. & al thouȝ it so be that our sister mercy be styred of pyte & a good zele for mannes sauacyon. neuertheles in that she wolde [Page] saue hym that hath so gretely forfetyd ageinst yow & vs alsoCa. i. withouten dewe satisfaccion she wolde destroye vs both hir susteren. that is to say trouthe & ryghtwysnes. & fordo our namePa [...] Here with y fourth syster came forth that is to saye pees & [...]irite sovirly blamyng hir susters for her contrarious wordes. & her stryt: said to hem thus. knowe ye not wel sisters thatIn pace [...]actu [...] [...]s [...] [...]ocu [...] [...] our fader hath ordeyned & made his place only there as I am & I may not abyde ne dwelle there as is stryf & dissēcion. and that is not semely but fully ageynst kynde to be amōges vertues. wherfor but ye cease of stryf & be acorded. I must forsake yow & my fader also. lo here is agrete cōtrauersy bytwene the se four douȝters of our lorde. & so grete reasons / that it was not sene how that in mannes sauacion mercy. & sothfastnes▪ pees & ryȝtwysnes myght fully be kepte & accorded. than badPater ōn [...] [...]udicuim de di [...] [...]i [...]i [...] the fader of heuen. that for as moche as he had cōmytted & ye uen all his dome to his dere sone souerayne wysedome. kyng euerlastyng with him in one godhede / y these four douȝters shold go to hym he to termyne this question. & yeue a dome ther on / And than the kynge souerayne wysedome wrote y sē te [...]e & the dome in thys maner & toke it to hys chaūceler Reson to rede it in his name sayenge in these wordes. This doughter sothfastnes saith that she peryssheth & leseth hyr name but man haue the deth that he hath deserued. & with hyr acordeth hir lister riȝtwysnes. & on y other syde mercy sayth that she perissheth. & leseth hir name but man haue mercy & be sa­ued / & with hir accordeth her fourth sister pees. wherfor to accorde all these to gyder. & for a fynal dome in this mater. lete be made a good deth of man. so y one be founden wyd [...]utenJudicium [...]egis synne y may & wyl innocētly & for charyte suffre deth for mā & than haue they all y they asken. For than may not dethe lenger holde hym that is without syn̄e. or trespas / And so he shal perse hym makynge in hym a hole & a wey thorugh the whyche man may passe / and be saued / ¶ In this sentence and [Page] dome all the Courte of heuen wondrynge and commēding the souerayne wysdom assented wel here to / but ferthermore askeden amonge them self where that one myght be foūden that shold fulfille and doo this dede of charyte. And than mercy toke with her reson. and sought among all y ordres of augels in heuene / to see whether ony of hem were able to doo this dede. but there was none.Dn̄ [...] in [...] [...]o [...] [...]u [...]


¶ Also sothfastnes sought fro heuene to the clowdes byneth whether there were ony creature that myght perfourme hit and thei were all vnable riȝtwysnes went doun to erthe among the hyhe hyl­les and in to the depe pytte of helle▪ whether ther was ony man that myght take this good and Innocente dethe / but there was none foūden clene of synne. noo not the child of one dares byrthe. and so she went vp to hir systers tellynge that men hadde forfetid & were vnable / and there was no ne that myght doo that go od dede / wherfore they were al ful sory. & heuy that they myghte not fynde. that one that they desyred. than sayd pees. wete ye note wel that the propheteN [...] [...] qui [...] bonum [...] [...] [...] [...]d [...]num [...] [...] [...] salu [...] domic that sayd / there is none founden▪ that may doo good. Afterward he put to more & sayth. tyl it come to one: this one man may be he that yaf the sentence forsaid of mannes sauacōn wherfore pray we hym that he wyl helpe & fulfylle it in dede for to him speketh the ꝓphete in ye psalme forsaid sayēg. lord thou shalt saue man & bestes after thy grete mercy. but than [Page] was a question amonge the systers commytted to reison. forCa▪ i▪ to termyne whiche perione of thre y fader & sone. & holy ghost one god shold become man. and doo this mercyfull dede. than sayd reson / that for as mykel as the persone of y fader is propirlyR [...]cio In ca [...]nacio ni [...] [...]il [...]i dei dredeful and myghty. the persone of the sone all wyse & wytty. And the persone of the holy ghost most benigne. & godely. the second persone seineth most couenyent. as to the ful accorde of the forsayd systers to the skilful remedy of man / & to the most resonable vyctory of the enmy. for as touchyng the first yf the persone of the rader shold doo this dede / for his drede & myght mercy & pees myght somwhat haue him suspecte as not fully fauourable to hem. and so on y other syde / for y souerayne beīgnite & goodnes of the holy ghost. trouth & ryȝt wysnesse myght drede of not ful satisfaccion. but to mykel mercy / wherfore as a good mene euen to bothe partyes. the persone of the sone is moost cōuenyent to performe thys dede thorugh his souerayne wytte & wysdome. ¶ Also it semeth moost skylfull remedy to man for as moche as he forfend by vnwytte & foly that satisfaccion be made for hym. by soth fast wysdome / that is the sone / soo that as he felle to deth by the fals worde of the fende / that he ryse ageyne to lyf by the trewe word of god. And as for most resonable vyctory of the enmy it is skylful y as he cōqnerd man by wycked sleyȝt & fals wysdome so he be ouercome. & vaynquysshed by good sleyȝte & trew wysdom. & whan reson had sayd this verditeur the fader said it was his wille. that it shold be so. the sone yaMia et veri [...]a [...] obuia uerūt sibi insciciam et Pax fe his assēt therto / & the holy ghost said. he wold wyrche ther to also & than fellē doun al the spirites of heuen. & soueraynly thankyd the holy Trinyte. the foure sisters forseid weren kyssed & made accorde. & so was fylfylled yt the ꝓphete dauid seid. Mercy & sothfastnes metten louely to gyder. riȝtwysnesse & pees hauen kyssed / & thus was termined & ended the grete coūceyl in heuen for the restorynge of man and his sauacion [Page] the whiche processe shal be taken as in lykenes and only as a maner of parable & deuoute ymagynacyon styringe man to loue god soueraynly for his grete mercy to man & his endles goodnes. Also to honoure and worship the blessid aungels of heuene for her good wylle to man. and for his sauacion hauinge contynuel besynesse and also to loue vertues. and hateCa. [...] synne that broughte man to soo grete wretchydnes: And thus mykel and this maner maye be sayd and thoughte by deuoute contemplacion of that was done aboue in heuene be­fore [...] the Incarnacion of Jhesu / now goo we doun to erthe & thynke we how it stood with his blessid moder Marye and what was hyr lyuyng here before the Incarnacion on Jhesu that foloweth after / Of the maner of lyuynge of the blessid vyrgyne Mary

Capitulum secundum.

AS it is wryten in the lyf of oure lady seint Mary whē ne she was thre yere olde / she was offrid in the Temple of fader and moder. & ther she abode and dwellyd in to the xiiii. yere. And what she dyde. And how she lyued there in that tyme. we may knowe by the rouelacions made of hyr to a deuout woman. whiche men trowē was seint Elizabeth in y whiche reuelacions is cōteyned amonge other that our lady told to the same woman and sayd in thys maner. when my fader and my moder leften me in the temple. I purposed andNota propo [...] sette stably in my herte to haue god in to my tader and ofte sythes wyth grete denocion I thoughte▪ what I myght do plesynge to God / so that he wolde vouchesauf to sende me his grace. And herewith I was taught and lernyd the lawe of my lord God. In the whiche lawe of all the hestes and dyd­dynges▪ pryncypally I kepte thre in my hert ¶ The fyrste is [...] thou shalt loue thy lord god with all thy herte: wyth all thy soule / wyth alle thy mynde. and wyth alle thy myghtes [Page] The second. thou shalt loue thy neyghbour as thy felf. AndCa. iii. the thyrdde is thou shalt hate thyne enemy / these I kepte tre­wely in herte / and anone I concyued and toke al the vertues that ben conteyned in hem / For there may no soule haue vertue. but it loue god with all the herte. for of thys loue comethNota odiū inimicoru▪ all plente of grace / And after hit is comen / it abydeth not in the soule. but it renneth oute as water. but hit so be that he hate his enemyes. that is to saye vyces and synnes. wherfore he that wylle haue grace & kepe hit / hit behoueth that he dispose and ordeyne his herte to loue. and to hate as it is said. And soNota or [...] cionem Marie I wylle that thou doo in maner as I dyd / I rose vp algate at mydnyghte & wente forth before the Aulter of the. Temple & there wyth als grete desyre & wyl & affeccion as I coude and myghte I asked grace of almyghty god to kepe tho thre hes­tes and all other byddynges of the lawe. And so standyngeNota septē peticione [...] Marie before the Aulter I made seuen peticions to god. the which ben these. Fyrste I asked grace of god thorugh the whiche I myȝt fulfylle the heste of loue. that is to saye for to loue him with al my herte. The second I asked. that I myght loue my neyghbour after his wyll & his lykyng / & that he wolde make me to loue all that he loueth / The thyrdde that he wold make me to hate & to eschewe al thyng that he hateth / The fou­rth I asked mekenes / paciēce. begnignite & swetnes / & al other vertues / by the whych I myȝt be gracions & plesyng to gods syȝte. The v / peticōn I made to god / that he wold lete me see the tyme / in the whiche that blessyd mayden shold be borne y shold conceyue & bere gods sone / & that he wold kepe myn eyen that I myght see hir. Myn eres y I myȝt here hir speke: my tonge that I myȝt prayse hir / my handes that I myȝt serue hyr / my feet that I myȝt go to her seruice: & my knees wyth the which I myȝt honoure & worship goddes sone in her bar me / In the vi: peticion I asked grace to be obeissaūt to the cō mādynges of the bisshop of the tēple / And in the vii: I prayd [Page] god to kepe al the peple to his seruyce / And when the forsaid Crystes seruaunt had herd these wordes / she sayd ageyne / A swete lady were not ye full of grace and of all vertues / And the blessyd mayden mary answerd. wele thou wele for certayne / that I helde my self as gylty / most abiecte and vnworthy to the grace of god as thou. And more ouer trowest thou douȝter y al the grace that I had. I hade wythoute trauayle. Nay not so. but I telle the & do the to wete that I had no grace yefte. ne vertue of god withoute grete trauaylle contynuel prayer / ardent desyre proffūde deuocion and wyth many teres & mykel afflyccion spekynge thynkynge and doynge alweye as I coude & myghte. that was pleysyng to God. that is to saye oute take the holy grace. thorugh the whiche I was halowed in my moders wombe. And ferthermore our lady sayd wete thou wel for certayne that there cometh no grace in to mannes soule but by prayer and bodyly affliccion. And after that we haue yeuen to god tho thynges that we may though they ben lytyl & fewe. than cometh he in to y soule bryngyng with hym so grete & so hyhe yeftes of grace: that it semeth to the soule that she faylled in her self. and leseth mynde / & thyn­keth not that euer she saide or dyde ony thynke pleysynge to god & than she semeth in her owne syght more foule & more wretchyd than she was euer before. All this sentēce is cōteyned in y forsayd reuelacōns / Also seynt Jerome wrytynge of hir lyf seith in this manere that y blessid mayden mary ordeined to her self this maner of rule in lyuyng. that fro y morn [...] tyde in to the tierce ef the daye. she gaf hir all to prayers. & fro tierce in to y none she occupied hir bodily with weuyng werke. & efte fro none she wēte not fro prayers to y aūgel of god cōme & apperid to hir of whos hand she toke mete to y bodyly sustinaūce. & so she ꝓfited algate better in y werke & the loue of god. & so it befel that she was foūden in wakyng the firste in the wysdom of gods lawe most cūnynge. In mekenes [Page] moost lowe / In the songe & the psalmes of Dauyd moost conuenyent and semely / In charite mnost gracyous / In clennesse moost clene / and in all maner vertue: moost parfyghte She was sadde and inuariable so terforth that ds she profyted alwaye better and better. so was there none that euer saw or herde hyr wrothe / All hyr speche was so full of grace that god was knowen by her tonge. She was contynuelly dwellynge in prayer and in the lore of goddes lawe / and algate be ly aboute hyr felawes. that none of hem sholde trespace or syn̄e in ony word. and yt none shold lawhe dyssolutely / And also that none of hem sholde offende other thorugh pryde or ony other wronge. and euer withoute fayllynge she blessyd god / And leste per chaunce by ony gretynge or praysynge she shold be letted [...]ro the louyng of god. what tyme ony mā grete hyr she answerd ageyne Deo gracias. that in ts say / than­ked be god. wherfor of hyr sprange fyrste that what tyme holy men ben greted / they layne ageyne Deo gracias. as she sayd. She was fedde of the mete that she tooke of the Aūgels hand / And that mete y she tooke of the bisshop of the Temple / she gaf to poure men / Euery daye goddes Aungel spake with hyr. and als he shold to his derworth syster. or moder. so he serued / and was obeyssaunt to hyr / Thus mykel seyth saynt Jherome of her lyf. ¶ Ferthermore in hyr xiiii. yere that blessyd mayden Mary was wedded to Joseph / by reuelacion of god. And then̄e wente she home ageyne in to nazareth as it is wryten by processe in the story of hyr natiuite / But thus mykel at this tyme suffyseth to haue in mynde. and in cōtemplacion of tho thynges that befellen before the Incarnacion the whiche who soo wylle wel thynke and haue deuoutly in mynde / and folowe vertuously in dede. he shall fynde hem ful of ghostly fruyte / Now come we to speke of the Incarnacōn of oure lorde Jhesu ¶ Of the Incarnacōn of Jhesu and the feste of the Annuncyacion. And of the gretynge Aue maria

Capitulu [...] Circum▪


WHanne the plente of tyme of grace was come / in the whiche the hyghe Tryny­te ordeyned to saue man­kynde / that was dampned thorugh the syn̄e of Adam for the grete charyte that he hadde to mankynde spyrynge hym hys grete mer­cy / and also the prayer and the instaūce of all the bles­syd spyrytes of heuene after that the blessid mayden Mary wedded to Joseph was gone home to Nazareth / the fader of heuene callyd to hym the Archaūge [...] Gabriel / and sayd to hym in thys manere. Goo to our dere dough­ter [...] Marye / the spouse of Joseph / the whyche is moost chere to vs of all creatures in erthe and saye to hir. that my blessyd sone hath coueyted hyr / shappe & hyr beaulte and chosen hyr to hys moder. And therfore praye hyr y she receyue hym gla­dly / For by hyr I haue ordeyned the hele and sauacyon of all mākynde. And I wylle forgete and foryeue the wronge that hath be done to me of hym here byfore / Now take hede and ymagyne of ghoostly thynge. as it were bodyly / & thynke in thyne herte as thou were presente in the syghte of that bles­syd lord / with how benigne & gladde semblaunce he speketh these wordes. And on that other syde how Gabriel with a lykynge face & gladde chere vpon his knees knelynge and with drede reuerētly bowynge receyueth this message of his lord And soo anone Gabriel risyng vp gladde and [...]ocoūde toke his flight fro the highe heuen to erthe / And in a moment he [Page] was in a man̄es lykenes before the vyrgyne mary. that was in hyr pryue chambre that tyme closed. and in her prayers or in hyr meditacōns / perauēture redyng the prophecie of ysaye touchyng the Incarnacōn / And yet also swyftely as he flew [...]ernard his lord was come before. and there he fonde all the holy Trimen or his messager. For thou shalt vnderstonde. that thys blessid Incarnacion was the hyhe werke of all the holy Trinite. though hit so be / that only the persone of the sone was Incarnate & become man. But now beware here that thou erre not in Imaginacōn of god & of the holy Trinite. supposynge that these thre persones / the fader. the sone. and the holy ghost ben as thre erthely men / that thou feest with thy bodyli eye whiche ben thre dyuerse substaūces eche departed fro other so that none of hem is other / Nay it is not so in thys ghostly substūce of the holy Trynyte. For tho thre persones ben one substaūce and one god. and yet is ther none of these persones other: But yet may thou not vnderstōde by man̄es reason ne conceyue with thy bodyly wytte: And therfore take here a generall doctrine in this mater now. for algate what tyme thou herest or thynkest of the Trynyte or of the godhede. or of ghoostly creatures as Aungels or soules / the whiche yu mayst not see in her propre kynde with thy bodyly eye: ne fele with thy bodyly wytte studye not to fer in that mater: occupye not thy wytte therwith as thou woldest vnderstōde it by bodyly reson For it wylle not be whyle we be in thys boisto [...] body lyuyng here in erthe / And therfore whan thou herest ony suche thyng in byleue that passeth thi kindely reson / trowe soth fastly that it is soth as holy chirche techeth & goo no ferther / And so thou shalt bileue in thys mater of the Incarnacōn that the second persone in trynyte Goddes sone of henene come in to the erthe & tooke flesshe and blood of the blessyd vyrgyne Mary and become veray man / & yet was he neuer departed fro the fader or the holy ghost in his godhede but euer was dwelling [Page] stylle with hem one very god in heuen. But now for to goo to oure purpos of the Incarnacion before sayd. take hede & haue in mynde as thou were present in the pryue chā [...]er af our lady where the holy Trynyte is present with his Aungel gabriel. O lorde what hows is that. where suche ghestes ben. & suche thynges ben done. For though that the holy Trynyte is euer where by presēce of his god hede. Neuertheles thou maist thynke & vnderstonde that he is there in a more special maner by reson of hys hyhe werke of the Incarnacion / Gabriel that entred in to Maries chambre that was stoken fro men. but not fro aungels as saynt Bernard sayth knelynge wyth reuerence beganne his message in these wordes and said Heyle ful of grace oure lord is with the / blessyd be thou in wymen or aboue all wymen. Mary than herynge this message & thys newe gretynge / that she neuer herd before was astonyed and abasshed. and nought answerde. but thought what gretynge thys myghte be / She was not abasshet or troublet by ony vycious or synfull distourblynge ne agaste of his presence / for was wonte to Aungels presence & to the syghte of hem. but as the gospel sayth she was astonyed in his worde / that was a newe gretynge. For he was neuer wonte be fore to grete her in that maner. And for as moche as in that gretynge she sawe her self cōmended & praysed specially in thre grete thynges in yt she was parfyghtely meke. she must nedes be abas­shed in that hyhe gretynge. For she was commēded that she was sul of grace / & that oure lord was with her & y she was blessyd aboue all wym̄en / And for as moche as the parfyȝte meke maye not here his praysynge / withoute abasshement & shamefastnes. Therfore she was abasshed & astonyed wyth an honeste shamefastnes. and also with drede for though she trowed wel that the Aūgel said sothe / Neuertheles she drede his word. for as mykel as they that ben parfytely meke haue that propirte / that they rewarde not her owne vertues. but [Page] rather taken hede to their owne defaultes. where thorugh they mowen a [...]gate profyte vertuously holdyng in hem self a grete vertue. lytyl. and a lytyl defaulte grete. And so as wyse and were as shamefast and dredeful she helde her pees & ansuerd not / Here mayst thou take ensample of Mary fyrst. to loue so lytary prayer and departyng fro men. that thou mayst be worthy Aungels presence. And ferthermore lore of wisdome to here or thou speke. and for to kepe scylēce and loue lytyl spe­che. For that is a ful grete and proutfytable vertue. For marye herde firste the Aungel twyes speke or she wold answere ones ageyne. And therfore hit is an abhominable thyng and grete repreef to a mayden or vyrgyne to be a grete iangler. & namely a Relygyous. Ferthermore after the gospel the aū ­gel beholdyng her semblaūce and knowynge the cause of hir abasshemente and drede. answerd to hir thoughte / and spake more homely callynge hyr by name & sayd. Drede thou not Marye. and be thou not abasshed / or ashamed of y praysing that I haue grete the with / for so is y trouthe / and not only thou arte ful of grace in thy self. but also thou hast founden speciall grace of god / and recouerd grace to al mankynde / Bernar [...] For why Loo thou shalt cōceyue & bere a chylde. & thou shalt calle his name Jhesus / that betokeneth sauyour / for he shall saue fro synne & dampnacōn al his peple. that trewely hopen in hym / ¶ Here sayth saint Bernard / God graūte that my lord Jhesus vouchesauf to nombre me amonge his peple so that he saue me fro my synnes / For sothely I drede that manyNot [...] shewen hem as they were of his peple / the whiche he knoweth not / ne hath not as his people / And as I drede / he maye saye to many that semen in his peple more religyous & more holy than other / this people worshippeth me wyth lyppes but sothely her herte is ful ferre fro me / But wolt thou kno­we where thou be of his peple / or wylt thou be of his people do [...] yt our lord Jhesus bydeth in ye Gospel / and the lawe & the [Page] prophetes. and also that he byddeth by his mynystres and beBernar [...] buxome to his vykers y ben in holy chirche thy soueraines not only good and wel lyuynge / but also shrewes and euylle lyuynge / And so lerne of Jhesu to be meke in herte and bux­ome / and than shalt y be of his blessyd peple. But here now ferthermore what the Aungel speketh in praysynge of thys childe Jhesus / he shall be grete / not in temporal lordship and worldly dygnyte / [...]or that he shall forsake. but he shal be grete god and man / grete prophete in myracles wyrchyng grete doctour in sothfaitenes prechyng & grete cōquerour in myghtely the deuylle ouercomynge / And so worthyly he shal be cleped the sone of all ther hyest lorde god. the whiche shall ye [...]e hym the sete of da [...]id his fader. for he shall take mankynde & be borne in flesshe by desēte of his aucestrye / And he shall regne in the hous of Jacob euermore. and of his kingdome shal be none ende. This hous of Jacob is ghostly holy chirche in y whiche Jhūs shall reygne in trewe soules fyrst ouercomyng synnes & the deuylle here in erthe by grace: And after in heuen in blysse withouten ende / Here may thou say with saynt Bernard [...] desyrynge in the kīgdome of Jhū: thus. come my lord Jesu. and putte aweye al sclaūders of [...]ynne fro thy reame that is my soule. soo that thou maye reygne therein as the oweth to do / For couetyse cometh & chalengeth his reame in me▪ Presumpcyon coueyteth to be my lorde. Pryde wolde be my quene / lechery saith I wol regne. De traccion enuy wrath and glotony stryuen whiche of hem shal pricipally regne in me. and I in as mykel as I wa [...]e ageynstonde hem / But thou my lord Jhesu destroye hem in thy vertue / and take thou thy reame and thy kyngdome in me. For I haue no trewe kyng but thy my lord Jhesu. And whan the Aungel hadde tolde these condicions / and the worthynes of this blessid child the [...]s to that meke mayden mary that was chosen to his mo▪ der / Than she spake fyrste to the Aungel / nought [Page] dredyng of his wordes. ne of hyr cōceyuyng ne knoulechyng ne forsakyng the praysynges before said of his gretynge. but wyllynge to be more certyfyed playnly of that she drede most that was that she sholde not lese hir maydenhede. asked of the Aūgel the maner of hyr conceyuynge in these wordes / how and of what maner shal this be done / syth I knowe no man flesshely. And I haue made a vowe to kepe me chaste to my lord god withoute faylle. and I shalle neuer dele wyth man flesshly. And than the aungel answerd and said to hir. it shal be done by the wyrchynges of y holy ghost / that shal lyghten in to y in a synguler maner. & thoruȝ his vertu that is alther hygest thou shalt cōceyue sauyng thy maidenhede. & therfore that holy thyng that shall be borne of the shal be named go­des sone. & in cōforte ferthermore here of the aungel said. Loo Elizabeth thy cosyn that is olde & was bareyne. hath cōceyued a child now six monethes apassed / for ther shal no thyng be imposible to god Now take here good hede & haue in mynde how fyrst all the holy Trynyte is there abydinge a fynal answer & assēt of his blessyd vyrgyne / Mary takyng hede and be holdyng lykyngly hir shamefast sēblaunce hir sadde manersBernar [...] & hir wyse wordes / And ferthermore how all the blessyd spyrytes of heuen & al the ryghtwys lyuynge men in erthe / & alle the chosē soules that were that tyme in helle as Adam. Abraham Dauyd & all other desyreden hyr assente. in the which stode the sauacion of all mankynde / And also how the aūgel gabriel stōdynge with reuerence before his lady enclynyng / and with mylde semblaunce abydeth the answer of hys mesage / And on that other syde take hede / how mary stant sadly with drede & mekenes in grete auysement / hauyng no pryde. ne veyne glorye / For al the hyhe praysynge before said / But tho souerayne yeftes of grace that she hath herde yeuen to hir that neuer were yeue to creature before all she aretid only to the grace of god / lerne yu than by ensāple of hir to be shamefaste [Page] vertuously & meke. for withouten these two vertues maydē Bernar [...] hede or vyrgynyte is but lytyl worthe. For as Saynte Ber­narde saith / vyrgynyte is a fayre vertue. but mekenes is mor necessary. For thou may be sauf wythoute the fyrst. but withoute the other that is mekenes thou maye not. In soo moche that I dar hardly saye that withoute mekenes / the vyrgynite of mary had not be plesynge to god. For but Mary had be meke ye holy ghost had not rested vpon hir sayth saynte Bernard At ye last as the ende of the gospel seith the mylde maydē mary. when she had herde & wysely vnderstonde the Aungels wordes by good auysement yaf hir assente in thys maner as it is writen in her reuelacōns she knelyd doun with souerain deuocion & holdyng vp bothe hir handes: and lyftyng vp her eyen to heuen sayd these wordes: Loo here the handmayden & the seruaunt of my lord▪ be it done to me & fulfilled after thy word / And so in these meke and lowe wordes of Mary. at the ende thou hast ensample of grete mekenes as thou had­dest in hyr sylence at the begynnyng: loo she is chosen godes moder: and of the Aungel cleped ful of grace. and she named [...] hyr self his hand mayden. And noo wonder. for as saynt Bernard saith. Mekenes is euer wonte to be fel [...]w with the grace [...] of god. But this mekenes was not lytyl. For as he sayth. It is not mykel to prayse mekenes in abieccion. but it is a grete vertue & seldome sene mekenes in worship. Also sone than as she yaf hir answer. goddes sone entrid in to hir wombe. & thorugh worchyng of ye holy ghost was made mā in very flesshe & blod taken of her body. and not as other chyldren conceyued & borne by kynde ben shapen membre after membre. and after the soule shedde in to the body. but anone at the fyrste instaunce was full shapen in all membres / and all hole man in body and soule / but neuertheles ful lytyl in quantyte. For after he we [...]ed more & more kyndely as other chyl­dren done. Soo that at ye fyrste he was ful parfyghte God. & [Page] man als wyse and as myghty as he is now / And whan thys was done. Gabriel knelyng doune with our lady / and sone after with hyr rysyng vp. tooke curtoisli / his leue of hir with a deuoute & lowe bowynge to ye erthe. and so vanisshed away fro hir with a swift flyghte. and toke his wey to heuen agein tellynge & certyfyenge the holy courte of heuene hys message fulfylled. And that that was done in erthe: and than was there a newe Joye and a newe feste▪ and full mykel myrthe and solempnyte. Afterward our lady fulfylled & enflāmed with the holy ghost & in the loue of god more brennynge than she was before. felyng that she had conceyued. knelyd doune. and thanked god of that grete yefte mekely besechynge hym and deuoutly prayenge that he wold sende hir grace and teche hir so that al that were after to come and to be done aboute hys blessyd sone that she myght fulfylle hem & doo hem wythout defaulte / And thus mykel touchynge the Gospel and the processe of the incarnacyon of Jhesu Cryste. ¶ Of the feste of the annūciacion / And of tho thynges that befelle that daye.


NOw take good he­de & vnderstōde how worthy thys feste & thys solēpnyte is. And haue therfore a ghostly myrthe & make a speciall feste in thy soule thākynge god inwardly. For suche was neuer herd before. for this is the sōlempnite of al the holy Trynyte. the Fader / & sone and holy ghoost. by whome this souereyn de­de of Incarnacyon was wroughte and fulfylled / as it is said before. Thys [Page] also is a special feste of oure lady saint mary, the whiche as this day was chosē of ye fader of henene in to his dere doughter & of the sone in to his mylde moder. and of the holy ghost in to his special spouse: this day is also is special solempnite of al the blessid spyrytys of heuen. for this day was bigon̄e y restorynge of her companye and felanship that felle doun by syn̄e of lucifer. But soueraynly this daye is a hyhe feste and a special solēnyte of al mankynde For thys daye was man­kynde soueraynly worshypped in that he was oned & knyt to the godhede in criste without departyng. And this daye bigan the hele & the redempcion of mankynde: & the reconcilyng to the fader of heuen. For in to this tyme god was wrothe to mankynde for the syn̄e & the trespas of our fornfaders: But fro this tyme forth / he maye no lenger be wroth seyng his dere sone become man. And therfor is this day skylfully called the plente of tyme to man / And so this day oweth euer to be had in mynde of man and woman. for this daye was man made to the lykenes & the ymage of god. & sette in that Joye­ful place of paradyse: & for to haue lyued euer without deth. & this day the fyrst man Adā by y fruyt of the tree forboden deformed in hym that ymage of god / & lost that Joyeful place & was dampned to deth withoute endynge / But this day the second Adam Crist god & man reformed this ymage in his Incarnacion. & after by vertue of the blessid fruyte of his body hangyng on the Tree of ye Crosse. restoryng man to blysse & to lyf euerlastyng. Also this day y firste woman Eue thoruȝ pryde assentyng to the serpent the deuyl of hell was cause of man̄es dampnacion. And this day the blessid mayden mary thorugh meknes trowyng to the Angel gabriel was cause of man̄es sauaciō. And. so this day man hath mater of grete Joye & of grete sorowe / Fyrste of the grete Joye / for the souerayne goodnes worship & grace of god done to hym. & also of grete sorowe for his grete synne & vnkyndnes done to god [Page] ageynward / And this maist thou haue thy contēplacyon ofCa. iii this daye. & of thys feste blessyd of Cristes Incarnacion. and oure ladyes annūciacion. And for as moche as that blessyd gretyng of the An̄gel gabriel / wherewith we honouren & greten oure lady euery daye is grounded in thys Gospel. as thou hast herde before. Therfor I shal tell the somwhat more here of / as me thynketh to styre thy deuocion the more in seyenge of that gretyng Aue maria.

AS I conceyue thys gretynge in manere as holy chirche hath ordeined it to be said / hath fyue parties in the whiche may be vnderstanden specially the fyue Joyes of our lady And in tho fyue Joyes fyue vertues that she had in hem sooueraynly aboue al erthely creatures. the whiche ben / mekenes Chastite. Feythe / hope and Charyte / In the fyrste parte of this gretyng that stant in these two wordes / Heile mary thouAue maria Annūcia [...]io Humilitas mayst vnderstōde the fyrste Joys that she had in hir annūciacion of ihesu gracioꝰ conceyuing of the whiche meknes was the groūd as thou hast herd befor: And as these wordes Hail mary ben the fyrste & the begynnyng of thys gretyng. so thys feste was the begynnyng of the ground of al other. And as it was the begyn̄yng of Maryes Joye / & all mankynde. so is mekenes the begynnyng & the ground of al vertues / And therfore in these forsaid wordes Heyle Mary. y mayst skylfully vn­derstonde the fyrst Joye yt she had in hir ānūciacion of the cō ceyuyng of hir blessid sone Jhesu. & that specially thorugh theGracia ple na Natiuitas [...]as [...]itas vertue of mekenes / In the secōd party that stāt in these wordes Ful of grace / may bē. vnderstōde the second Joye that mary had in Jhesu natyuyte & hyr Joyeful beryng. In the which she had soueraynly the vertu of chastite & of clen̄es. & therfor then̄e was she specially ful of grace in that y she clene mayden & moder bare withoute sorow that neuer dyd woman / but she all only / In the thyrdde party that is in these wordes / ourDūs te [...] lord is with the may be vnderstōd the thyrd ioye that she [Page] had in hyr sone Jesu glorious vprysyng / specially by the vertuResureccio Fides. of stedfast feith & treue bileue / For fro his deth in to that tyme. he dwellid al only with hir bi stedfast bileue that she had that al hys apostles & disciples werē departed fro hym by misbyleue and dyspeyre that he was god / And therfor the feythe of holy chirche tho thre dayes stode al only in hyr▪ so in that tyme it myȝt specially be said to hyr / Oure lord is wyth the. that is to say by true feyth & byleue. & after at his vprysynge more specially by his bodyly presence firste to hyr appiecing was fulfilled / Our lord is with the. In the foruth party that is in these wordes / Blessyd be yu in wymen or els aboue all [...] wymen May be vnderstōd y fourth Joye that she had in the syȝte of hir sone ihesu. myȝtely to heuen ascendyng: in y whiche syȝte the hope yt she had in his godhede was fully strengthed. & comfirmed. seyeng that other wymen neuer dyde that was that parte that he tooke of hir in flesshe & blood bodyly thorugh the myght of the godhede boren vp to heuen. & so hopynge without drede yt she shold folowē after. wel thā myȝt [...] it be sayd. that tyme & now may to hyr. Blessid be thou sone raynly in wymē seynge thy sone Jhesu myȝtely ascēdyng▪ In the fyfte parte. that is Blessyd be the fruyt of thy wombe Jesus may ben vnderstōde y last ioye that she had in hir blessyd [...] sone Jhesu when he took hir vp wyth hym to blisse. & there worshpfully crowned hir quene of heuen euerlastynge / than was hir desyre & loue fulfylled / whan she was endelesly tho­ruȝ plēte of charyte knyt to hyr blessyd sone Jhesu & he to hyr & so fedde with y blessid fruyt that she coueyted nomore▪ for she was there thoruȝ fylled of al goodnes: blysse & Joye with outen ende. And thus shortely in the fyue partyes of this gretynge Aue maria maye be vnderstande the. v. Joyes of blessid mary with. v: vertues that she had soueraynly in hem / as I haue now said / y whiche gretyng after the comyn vnderstō dyng may be thus said in englysshe Haile mary ful of grace our lord is with the blessid be [Page] thou soueraynly in wymen / and y fruyte of thy wombe Jhesus euer blessyd [...]e. And yf the lyste in thys gretyng specifye the fyue Joyes with the fyue vertues before said. thou mayst say thus in shorte wordes / Heyle Mary mayden mekest grete of the aungel gabriel in Jhesu gracious conceyuynge. Ful ofNota or [...] [...]ionem grace as moder chaste withoute sorow or peyne thy sone Jhesu blessyd berynge / Oure lorde is and was with the by true feyth at Jhesu Joyeful vprysynge / Blessyd be thou soueray­nly in wymmē by ladde hope seynge thy sone Jhesu to heuen myghtely ascendynge And blessyd by the fruyte of thy wom­be Jhesus in euerlastyng blysse thorugh parfyte charyte the quene of heuen gloryously crownynge. Be thou our helpe in oure nede / and socoure at oure last endynge / Amen Sythen than the processe of the blessyd Incarnacōn of Jhesu & the begynnynge & mynde of the Joyes of the blessyd moder Mary / and the grounde of sauacion of mankynde is conteyned in thys Gospel / Missus est. as it is sayd. And as thou hast herde before wyth grete deuocōn & ghostly desyre owest thou and euery Crystē creature here thys gospel / and worshippe therin Jhesu. that so bicame man for our sake and his blessyd moder Mary / To whoos worshipe and profite of thy soule and myne this short tretys be wryten


¶ How oure lady wente to Elyzabeth and mekely grete hyr / Capitulum quartum /


[Page]AFter the processe of the Incarnacion of Jhesu befor sayyd. the blessid Mayden mary hauyng in mynde the wordes of the Aūgel. touchyng hyr cosyn Elizabeth / she purposed to vysyte her for to thanke god wyth hyr / and also to mynystre and to serue hyr. And so with hyr spouse Joseph she wente fro nazareth to hyr hous besyde Jherusalem. that is the space of syxty myle & fourtene. or there aboute / She taryed not & letted not for the longe / and diseasy weye. but anone she wente with haste / For she wolde not longe be sene in open amonge folke. And so she was not heuyed nor charged by the cōceyuynge of hyr sone / as comynly ben other wymmen: For our [...] lord Jhesus was not chargeable to hys moder / Now take hede how that blessyd lady quene of heuen and of erthe goth al one with hyr spouse. and y not vpon an horse / but on [...]oote She ledeth not with hyr many knyghtes and Barons. ne y grete cōpany of boure maydens and damoyseles / but sothly ther goth with her a wel better company. and that is Pouerte Mekenes. and honeste. shamefastues: they & the plente of al vertues / And the beste of al that is our lord god is wyth hyr She hath a grete and a worshypful companye / but not of y vanite & the pompe of the world. And what tyme she come and entryd in to y hous of zacharye / she grete hys wyf Elyzabeth in thys maner / All heyle my dere syster Elyzabeth. And a none here with Elyzabeth gladde and Joyful / and lyghtned thorugh the holy ghoost rose vp. and clypped hyr worthyly & tendyrly cryenge for Joye. and sayeng thus. Blessyd be thou amonge wymmen. and blessid be the fruyte of thy wombe / And wherfore or of what deeserte is thys befallen me. that y moder of my lorde shold come to me. et ce. ¶. And so forthe in the wordes of the gospel. And so what tyme that our lady blessyd Elyzabeth. Johan in hys moders wombe was fulfylled with the holy ghost. and also his moder. & nouȝte fuste the moder to fore the sone. but the sone fulfylled y moder thoruȝ [Page] his deserte in as mykel. as in hym was more fully the grace [...]. iiii of the holy ghoost. and fyrste he felte & receyued grace for as he felte the comynge & the presence of our lady / soo he felte the comynge of oure lord / And therfore he wythin forth Joyed & she spake and prophecyed without forth / Behold now & take hede. what and how mykel vertu is in the wordes of oure lady in that. at one pronūcyng of hem is gyuen the holy ghost For she was so fully replenysshed with hym y thoruȝ hir merytes & desert y same holy ghost also fylled other. Thā to the wordes of Elyzabeth. Mary ansuerd & sayd. My soule magnyfyed oure lord. & my spyryte is gladde and reyoyced in god my sauyour. and so forth sayenge & fulfyllyng that can­tycleMagnificat of ghostly Joyenge & louynge that is Magnificat. as hit is conteyned in the gospel / ¶ And whan she had done / they wenten to sytte to gyder / And oure lady of hyr souerayne me kenes sette hyr doune in the lower place at Elyzabeths feete / but she anone rysynge vp suffred not / but took hir vp / and so they sytten doune to geder / And then̄e asked oure lady of Elyzabeth the maner of hyr conceyuynge. And she ageyne of the maner of hir cōceyuynge / and soo they tolden eyther to other gladly the grete goodnes of our lord. and loueden & worshyppeden god of eyther concepcion / and so in thankynge god & ghostly myrthe they cōtynueden daye & nyȝtes / For oure lady dwellid there the space of thre monethes seruyng ElyzabethNota humilitatem marie in al that she myght. mekely: reuerētly & deuoutly as a seruaūt foryetyng that she was gods moder / & quene of al the world O lorde what hous was that / what chamber / & what bedde in the whiche dwelleden to gyder & resteden so worthy moders with so noble sones: that is to say Mary & Elyzabeth Jhesus & Jhon / and also with hem dwellyng tho worshipful oldemē zacharie & Joseph: This was a blessid company of men: andNota bene wymen & of chyldren. In this forsayd processe of the visitacion of our lady we haue ensāple that it is leeful & oft spedeful [Page] deuoute men and wymmen to vysite other for edyfycacion and ghostly recreacion / & namely the yonger to the elder / so y it be done in deue tyme / and other leeful menes. and also that the yeftes of grace may ben certyfyed to other for edyfycacion in tyme / so it be not done for wayne glory / but to goddes worship. Also yf we take good entent to the wordes of Mary & Elyzabeth al they were in louyng of hem self. & to worshippynge of god: & magnifyenge hym in al his werkes: & tellyng his grete mercy shewed to mankynde to styre man to y loue & the worshippe of god. Ferthermore when the tyme of Elyzabeth was come she was lyȝtned & bare hir childe. y whicheB. D. [...] in token of hys grete holynes our lady lyfte vp fyrste tro the groūde. & after besely dyght & tretyd as it longed to hym. & the childe ast vnderstōdyng what she was sette his eyen sadly vpō hir when she wold take hym to his moder. he tornyd his hede. & his face to hyr. as hauyng in hyr al only his lykynge / & she gladly played with hym. & louely clypped & kyssed hym. And here may we see the grete worthynes of this childe. For there was neuer none other before that had soo worthy a berer / After in the: viii. daye as the lawe wold the chyld was circūcised. & named John by myracle of god / as y gospel telleth & the mouthe & the tonge of y fader zacharie before closed for vntrowynge was then openyd. & so he ꝓphecied sayēge. Blessid [...] be our lord god of Israel. for he hath visited thoruȝ grace & made redēpcion of hys peple. & so forth as it is conteyned in the gospel / And so in that hous these two noble & worthy cā tycles that is to say: Magnificat. & Bn̄dictꝰ were first spokē & made. And our lady standyng that tyme within some corteyne for she wold not be sene of hem that weren comē to y circūcision of that child John. lystened besely & herde ententitly that cātycle / Bn̄dictꝰ in y which was made mynde of her blessid sone Jhus. & al she kept in hir herte / as she that was most wyse & ful of grace. & atte last whan alle thys was done / she [Page] toke hir leue at Elyzabeth & zacharye & blessyd the childe Joh̄nNota pau [...]tatē [...] and so wēt home ageyn to hyr owne housin nazareth. Now here bithenke the and haue in mynde the grete pouerte of hir in this goyng ageyne to hir owne hous. For ther she shal neyther fynde brede ne wyne / ne other necessaryes & therwith she had neyther possessions ne money / And whan she had al tho thre monethes dwellyd with hem that were plentyuous and hauyng. now she torneth ageyne to hyr owne pouerte & bare hous: where she behoueth to gete hir lyuelode with her owne handes and bodyly trauayle. And herof mykel ought we to haue compassōn. and be styred to the loue of vertuous pouerte by the ensample of her. blessid mote she euer be.

Amen /

¶ How Joseph thought to leue pryuely oure lady saynt Mary / Capitulum v / Ca. v.

WHat tyme that oure lady & Joseph hir spouse dwelledē to gyder / and hir blessyd sone Jhesꝰ day by day encrea­ced bodyly in hys moder wombe. At the last Joseph seynge hir grete with childe. and beholdynge hir not ones. but ofte sythes was sory. and gretely dystourbled made hir heuy chere. & tornyd a wey his eyen oft sythes fro her. And as in a [...] perplexyte thought what he myght best do. For on that one syde he sawe hir lyf so holy. and no token of syn̄e in her. neyther in contenaūce. ne in worde. ne in dede. that he durst ne openly accuse hyr of auoultre. And on that other syde he knewe not how that she myght cōceyue. but by man. wherfore he thouȝtB that he wold pryuely leue hir. Sothly it may wel be sayde of hym that is wryten in the gospel to his praysyng: that is to say that he was a ryghtwys man. that shewed wel thys dede of grete vertu. For sythen comynly auoultry of the womā is to the man occasōn of the moost shame: moost sorow. & as a maner of wodenes. Neuertheles he vertuously tempered him self and wold not accuse hir / ne auenge hym self. but paciently suffrynge that semynge wronge & ouercomynge him self [Page] with pyte. though / that he wold priuely leue hir / Thys is an open ensāple of reproue to ialouse men that bē so suspicioꝰ that at the last countenaunce of louely speche of her wyues with other men haue hem suspecte of auoultry / Also yt we here take good entente we maye see both in Joseph & also inNota de tribulacious pac [...]n [...] susan [...] [...] Nota humi [...]acem ma [...] Mary a fructuous doctryne: hou that we shall paciently suf­fre trybulacōn / And hou that god suffreth his chosen soules to be diseased & tempted for her best & to her mede / For wete we wel / oure lady was not here without tribulacōn / and grete dysease what tyme that she sawe hyr husbond soo dystour bled / and neuertheles she suffrid & helde hir pees mekely & kepte pryue that grete yefte of god / and chose rather to beholde as wicked vycioꝰ & vnworthy. than she wolde make open y grete sacramente of god / and to speke & telle thynge that myghte seme to hyr praysynge boost or iactaūce / But here with she prayed of god that he wolde sende remedy in thys caas & that he wold as it were his wyll / putte away fro hir husbōd this tribulacōn & this dysease / And so oure lord that suffred & ordeyneth all thynge for the best to cōforte of bothe sende his angel / the whyche appiered to Joseph in his slepe & sayd that he shold not drede to take to hym Mary his spouse / but trustly & gladly dwelle with hyr / For that that she had conceyuedNota was not by mā / but by the wyrchyng of the holy ghoost and so after trybulacōn cometh grete Joye / and comforte / In the same maner hit shold falle with vs / yf we coude welle kepeNota de p [...] paciēce in tyme of aduersyte / for our lord god after tempeste sendeth softe & mercy weder. and hit is no doubte that he suf­freth no tēptacion fall to his chosē / but for her profyte / then after hys reuelacōn Joseph asked oure lady of thys wonder­ful conceyuynge / and she gladly told hym the ordre & the maner therof. And so Joseph dwellyd & stode Joyefull wyth hys blessyd spouse mary and wyth chaste & trewe loue so feruently loued hir that it may not be told / and besely in al thynges [Page] took hede to hir. and oure lady ageynwarde trustely dwellyd with hym / And so in her bothe pouerte they lyueden to gyder with grete ghostly myrthe / ¶ Here with oure lord JhesusNota also as recluse and closed in his moder wombe. the space of ix monethes in maner of other children. paciētly & benyngly suffreth & a abydeth the due tyme of byrthe. Lord god. hou moch owen we to haue compassion that he wold for our sake en clyne to so profoūde mekenes. Mykel owen we to desyre & loue the vertue of mekenes. & yf we wold haue besely in mindeNata de humi [...]i [...]atem how that hyhe lord of so grete mageste so mykel lowed hym self / sholde we neuer be lyfte vp to vayne pryde and reputa­cion of oure self / For of thys one benefyce of soo longe reclusion for oure sake. we maye neuer doo satisfaccōn worthely or recōpensacion to hym / But neuertheles knowe we thys truly in herte and with alle oure affeccion deeuoutly thanke we hym. specially we that ben religyoꝰ that he wolde take vsNota pro [...]sis & religiosis fro other and graciously departe vs fro the world. So that in this. though it lytel be somwhat we yelde him. y is to say that we stande perseuerantly in his seruyse / For sthely this al only is his benefyce of grace and not oure deserte & that a grete benefyce & worshipful in that that we ben not recluse to peyne but to grete sykernes / For we be sette as in a hyghe & strong Toure of relygyon / vnto ye whych the venemous aN [...]owes of thys wycked worlde & the distourblynge tempestes of that bytter see may not atteyne or neyghe / but in oure defaulte & foly / But for as mykel as bodyly enclosynge is lytell worth or noughte withoute ghostly enclosynge in soule / ther fore thou y art enclosed bodyly in celle. or in cloystre / yf thou wilt be with Jhesu vertuously enclosed in soule: Fyrst thou must with him anents thy self in thine owne reputacōn & become a child thoruȝ parfyghte mekenes / Also thou must kepe & loue scylence / not spekyng but in tyme of nede or edyfycacōn / and ferthermore or thou be borne / that is to say or thou [Page] shewe thy self outwardly by word eyther by opynyon of perfeccōn. thou must abyde the tyme of. ix. monethes that is whyle y arte not parfytely groūded in vertues. and in knowynge of goddes lawe for the nombre of the x. commaūdements to keneth perfeccion of the lawe. & therfore that y is lesse toke neth inperfeccōn / wherfor as the chylde that is borne byfore his kyndely tyme is vnable to tryue / so who soo wyll shewe hym outward by worde or by dede holy & parfyte or the tyme that he be parfytely growē & shapen in vertues within forth he is vnable to stande as a man in tyme of temptacōn by goostly strengthe. and to profyte of other. & of hym self. wherfor closynge & wythdrawynge to oure power all our mynde fro vanyte and lustes of the worlde: besye we vs to cōforme vs in clennes of herte to our lord Jhesu / that for our sake wold so closed in the wombe of hys blessid moder Mary / Also toB styre vs to compassion and to suffre wyth Jhesu penaunce & dysease in thys worlde / we shold consydere and haue in mynde that he was in contynuel affliccōn fro the fyrste tyme of his cōcepcion in to the last tyme of his dethe. specially & pryncipally for y he knewe his fader of heuen. whome he loued soueraynly / soo in vnworshyp of synful men & forsaken for man metry & mysbeleue. & of that grete cōpassion that he had to the soules made to his ymage so wretchidly. & for the most party dampned This was to hym more peyne. than his bo­dyly passion & dethe. For why / to put awey mysbileue & destroyeN this dampnacōn / he suffred that deth & that passion. And so shold euery trwe louer of Jhesu haue compassion and be in­wardly sory / not only for the mysbileue of Jewes and saracenes and her dampnacōn. but also and moche more for the wycked lyuynge of vntrue Cristen men / In soo moche that shold by to him more passiō & ghostly disease whā he knewe or sawe a soule perisshe thoruȝ dedely syn̄e / than the losse of ony wordly catel / or than his owne bodyly dethe▪ for y wille [Page] charite. And soo in this forsaid processe we haue profytable doctryne & good ensample: Fyrste in our blessyd lorde Jhesu of penaunce suffryng / of perfite charyte & true compassion / Also in his moder mary of profoūde mekenesse: and pacyence in tribulacōn / and in hir husbōde Joseph of vertuous riȝtQuare virgo Maria fuit despon sata Joseph wisnesse agaynst fals suspecōn. And yf we wolde wyte why and whereto our lady was wedded to Joseph / sythen he had not to doo wyth her bodely / but she was euer clene mayden Hereto answeryng ben thre skylles / Fyrst for she sholde haue comfort & solace of man to hir bodely seruyse / and wytnesse of hir clene chastite / The secōde is that the merueilous birth of goddis sone shold be helyd: and preuy fro the deuyll / And the thirdde. that she shold not ben diffamed of auoultrye. and so as worthy the dethe▪ after the lawe. be stoned of the Jewes And thus endeth the fyrste parte of thys booke that stant in contemplacōn for the moneday and for the tyme of the Aduent. into the natyuyte of our lord Jhesu. whos name wyth his moder Mary be euer blessyd wythouten ende


¶ Of the natyuyte of oure lorde Jhesu. Capitulum Sextum /


WHat tyme that ix. monethes fro the con­cepcion of the blessyd Jhesu drewen to an ende Ce­zar August the emperoure of Rome sende▪ out a maū demente or an heste / that alle the world subgette to hym shold be descryued. so that he myght knowe the nombre of regyons. of cytees. And of the heedes [Page] lōgynge to hym that weren subgette to the emperour of Rome And herefor he ordeyned & bad that al men where so euer they dwelleden shold go to the Cyte of her firste byrthe & propre lygnage. wherof Joseph y was of the lygnage of Dauid whoos Cyte was Bethelehem / tooke with hym hys blessid spouse mary that was that tyme grete with childe. and wēte fro nazareth vnto that Cyte Bethlehem there to be nōbred amonge other as subgette to the Emperour. And so ledynge with hym an oxe & an Asse they wenten all that longe weye to gyder as poure folke hauynge nomore wordly good. but tho two bestes. And what time they camē to Bethlehem. for the grete multytude that was therin that same tyme for y same cause they myght gete no lodgynge: but in a comyn place bytwene two houses that were hyled aboue men for to stande therfor the rayne. and was cleped a dyuersory. They were neded to reste in & a byde al that tyme. In the whych place Joseph that was a carpenter made hem a closer & a cratche for her bestes / Now take here good hede / and haue inwardly cō passion of that blessyd lady and mayden Mary. how she soo yong & of soo tendyr age that is to saye of xv. yere and grete wyth childe as nyghe the byrth trauayllynge that longe weye of rl. myle / and x. or more in so grete pouerte. And yet whan she came to the Cyte forsayd there she shold reste & asked her barow in diuerse places shamefully among vncouthe folke all they werned them and lete hem goo. And so for nede atte last they took as for herburgh that comyn place afore sayde▪ But now ferthermore for to speke of the blessyd byrthe of Jhesu. And of that clene & holy delyueraūce of his dere moder Mary as it is wryten in party by reuelacion of our lady. made herof to a deuoute man / whan tyme of that blessyd byrthe was come. that is to say the sonday at mydnyght goddes sone of heuen as he was cōceyued in his moders wombe by holy ghost without sede of mā so goynge oute of y wombe / [Page] without trauaylle or sorowe / sodenly was vp on hyhe at his moder feete / & anone she deuoutly enclynyng wyth souerayne Joye took hym in hir armes / and swetely clyppyng and kys­syng leyd hym in hyr barme. & with a ful pappe as she was taught of y holy ghost wesshe him al aboute with hir swete mylk. and so wrapped hym in the kerchyef of hir hede. and leyd hym in the cratche. and anone the oxe & the asse knelynge doune leyden doune theyre mouthes on the cratche / brethynge at her noses vpon the childe that they knewen by reason that in that cold tyme ye childe so symple hiled had nede to be warmed in that maner / And than his moder knelyng doun worshipped & loued god inwardly▪ thankynge & seyenge in thys maner / Lord God holy fader of heuen / I thanke the wyth almy myȝte that thou hast yeue me thy dere sone / and I honoure the almyghty god goddes sone / & myne / Joseph also honorynge & worshyppynge the childe god and man. tooke the sadel of the asse and made therof a quyschyn our lady to syte on & a suppoylle to leene to / and so that the lady of al the worl­de in that symple aray besyde the cratche hauynge hir mylde mode and hir louely eyen wyth hir inwarde affeccion vpon hir der worth swete childe. But in thys poure & symple worldly arraye what ghostly Rychesse and inward comforte & Joye she had / may no tonge telle / wherfore yf ye wylle fele the true Joye & comforte of Jhesu. we must with hym and▪ with his moder loue pouerte / mekenes and bodily penaunce / as hePrimum de pauper [...]ate gaf vs ensample of all these here in thys byrth / and first co­mynge in to thys world. For of the fyrste that is pouerte / saynt Bernard in a sermon of the natyuite of our lord tellyng how she was borne to cōforte of mankynde seith in thys maner. Goddes sone cōforteth his peple / wolt thou knowe his people. that is of whome speketh Dauid in the Sauter and seith / Lord to the is bilefte the poure peple / And he hym self sayth in the Gospel / woo to you Ryche men that hauē youre [Page] comforte here. How shold he comforte hem that hauen hereNota bent her owne cōforte. wherfor Crystes Innocence & childhode. cō forteth not Janglers & grete spekers. Crystes wepyng & teres comforteth not dysolute laughers. His symple clothyng con­forteth not hem that gone in proude clothynge / & his trable & racke / comforteth not hem that louen firste setes and worldly worshyppes. And also the Aūgels in Cristes Natiuite appierynge to the wakyng sheepherdes. comforten none other / but poure traueyllers. and to hem tellē they the Joye of newe lyghte / & not to the Ryche men that hauē her Joye & comfort here. Also as to the seconde we may see at this byrthe bothe in Criste and in his moder parfyte mekenes. For thei were notS [...] squeymoꝰ of the stable ne of the bestes. ne of heye & other su­che abiecte symplenes. But this vertue of mekenes bothe [...] oure lord & our lady kepten parfytely in al their dedes & com­mended it soueraynly to vs. wherfore be we aboute with all oure myght to gete this vertue knowyng that without it. is no sauacion. For there is noo werke or dede of vs that maye please god with pryde / Also as to the thyrdde we maye see in hem bothe. and namely in the child Jhesu / not a lytyl bodyly penaūce. Of the whiche saint bernard sayth thus. Goddes soneT [...] C [...]rpets lie [...] Bernard see [...]. [...] whan he wold be borne that had in his owne free will to chese what tyme he wold take therto / he chese that tyme that was moost noious & harde / as the colde wynter. namely to a yonge childe & a poure womās sone / y scarscely had clothes to wrappe hym in & a racke as for a cradel to leye hym in / & yet though ther was so mykel nede / I fynde no mynde of furrys or pilches. And sythē Cryste that is no begyler chace that is most hard to fleshe. sothely that is best moost prouffytable & rather to be chosen and who soo techeth or byddeth other he is as a fals deceyuour to be fledde & forsaken / All thys sayth saint▪ Bernard. and thus moche of these vertues at thys ty­me. Go we now ferthermor to speke of the forsayde blessyd [Page] natyuyte of Cryst. what tyme yt oure lord was so borne the grete company of Aungels that there were honoryng & worshyppyng her lord god / wente anone to the sheepherdes that were there besyde about a myle fro Bethleem tellyng hem ye ▪ byrthe of her sauyour / and also ye place therof by one of them appierynge wtyh grete lyght / perauenture Gabriel that was special messager of this werke / And therwyth al that multitude of Aūgels token vp that newe Joyeful songe sayeng as the gospel telleth in these wordes. Joye wythoute ende aboue in alther hyhest heuen to God. and in erthe pees to alle men that ben of good wyll. And so with that Joyeful songe & my kel myrth they wenten vp in to heuene tellyng their other [...]e lawes these newe Joyeful tydynges of their lordes blessyd byrthe. wherof all the Courte of heuene Joyeful & glad mor̄ than tong can telle: or herte thynke. makyng a solempne feste and deuoutly thankyng the fader Almyghty god▪ as we may deuoutly thinke & ymagine comē al after by ordre to see that louely face of goddes sone theyr lorde with grete reuerence worshyppynge hym & his blessyd moder / Here to accordynge speketh the apostel saynt Paule in his pystle Ad Hebreos sa yenge that when the fader of heuene brought his fyrste gotē sone in to this worlde. he badde that all the Aūgels of God shold worshyppe hym. Also ye herdmen after the Aūgels we ren passid fro them camen & worshyppiden this child. tellyng openly what they herden of the Aungels & his dere moder. as she that was soueraynly wyse & wytty took good hede of all that was done &. kepte pryuely in hyr herte al the wordes that were spoken of her blessyd sone. Thus mykel and in thys maner we maye haue in comtēplacyon touchyng the processe of the blessyd Natyuyte of our lord Jhesus. And ferthermore touchyng the solempuyte of thys feste. and thys hyhe daye we shold haue in mynde that thys daye is borne the kyng of blysse and the sone of Almyghty god. lorde of all lordes and [Page] maker and gouenour of all the world / whos name is cleped specially prynce of pees. for by hym was made that grete & endeles pees. that is told before the Incarnacōn. wherfor this daye the Angels songen that Joyeful songe Gloria in excel sis deo. as it is sayd before this day. as holy chirche syngeth in the masse after the prophecye of ysaye. A child is borne to vs that is lyke to vs in his manhede / and a sone is yeuen to vs that is euen to the fader of heuen in his godhede. Also thys day the sone of ryghtwysnes yt was fyrste vnder cloude spred de openly his beames of mercy. & the lyghte of his grace in al the world. And so this day was sene yt blessid newe syȝt that neuer ere was sene in erthe. that is to say god almyȝty in mā nes lykenes. This day also befell tho two kyndes that pas­sen all kynde & al men̄es wytte. the whiche may al only be cō ceyued thorugh trwe byleue. that is to saye that god is borne & a maydē without sorowe or blemysshyng of hir maydenhede hath borne a childe. wherfore thys day had she that seconde souerayn Joye in felyng done in dede. that she yaf feyth to. spoken before & behyȝt of the angel of hir conceyuyng: & so to al mākynd this day is of grete Joye & a grete fest / both of god almyghty & of his blessid moder mary as it is sayd before in the feste of the Incarnacōn for all the skylles that there were said began̄e & here more playnly fulfylled Joyne: that to this & than it wylle shewe pleynly / In token also and in wytnesse of this wonderful byrthe ageynst kynde at Rome that daye oute of a tauerne sprang a welle of oylle / & in the same Cy­te an ymage of gold with a Temple that was cleped y euer lastynge Temple of pees for as mykel as hit was ꝓphecyed that shold neuer falle doune tyl a mayden bare a sone: thys daye felle doun bothe to gyder anone as Criste was borne / In the whyche place is now made a chirche in the worshippe of oure lady saint Mary / whos name with hir blessid sone our lord Jhesus blessid be now and euer wythouten ende


¶ Of the circuncisycion of oure lord. Captlin Septimū ▪

IN the eyghte daye that the child was borne. he was cir­cumcisedCa. vii. after the byddyng of the lawe. And so in thys day two grete thynges were doune that we owen to haue deuoutly in mynde. the fyrst is that the blessyd name Jhesꝰ that euer was withoute begyn̄ynge yeuen to hym of the fader of heuen. and also of the Aūgel cleped and tolde or he were conceyued / Thys day was openly declared & named. And he ther with specially cleped Jhesus that is as mykel to saye as sauy our / and this name resonably is aboue al names / For as the A postle Peter saith. there is none other name vnder heuen in the whiche we owen to be saued / Of the whiche name and grete worthynes and vertue therof saint Bernard speketh deuoutly by processe that shal be sayd after / The second thyngeBernard super can. that was done thys, day worthy to be had in mynde is. that this day our lord Jhesus beganne to shede his precious blood for our sake. he bygan by tyme to suffre for vs / & he that dyde neuer synne / began this day to bere payne in his swete & ten dir body for our synne / Mykel ouȝt we to wepe & haue cōpassiou with hym / For he wepte this day ful sore / and so in the se grete festes and solempnytees we shold make mykel myr the / & be Joyeful for our hele. and also haue inward cōpassōn & sorowe for the peynes & anguysshes that he suffred for vs For as it is said before thys day he shedde his blod when that after the ryght of the lawe his tendyr flesshe was cutte with a sharp stonen knyf / and so the yonge child Jhesus our sauy our kyndely wepte for y sorow that he felte there thurgh in his flesshe. For withoute doubte he had very flesshe / & kyndly suffrable as haue other children / shold not we then̄e haue cō passion of hym / yes sothely / & also of his dere moder. For wel may we wete that whan she sawe hir louely chyld wepe she [Page] myght not witholde wepynge. & than may we ymagyne. and thynke how that lytyl babe in his moders barme seeynge hyr wepe putte his hand to hyr face as he wold not that she sholde wepe. And she ageynward inwardly styred & hauyng compassion of the sorowe and y wepynge of hir dere sone. wyth kyssyng & spekynge comfortyd hym. as she myght. For she vnderstood wel by ye Inspiracion of the holy ghost that was in hir the wylle of hir sone. though he spake not to her. & ther for she sayd. Dere sone yf thou wylt that I ceace of wepyng ceace thou also of wepyng. For I may not but I wepe what tyme that I see the wepe: and so thorugh the cōpassion of the moder. the. child ceased of sobbynge & wepyng: And then̄e his moder wypyng his face & kysyng hym & puttyng the pape in his mouthe. cōforted hym in all the maners that she myght.Cause [...] And soo she dyde as ofte as he wepte. For as we may suppose. he wepte ofte sythes. as other children doune to shewe the wrechidnesse of mankynde that he verely took. & also he hyd hym fro the deuyll that he shold not knowe hym: as for god. And thus moche suffyseth to be sayd at thys tyme of the cir­cumcision of our lord Jhesu. But now in tyme of grace ceaceth this circumcision of the old lawe. & we haue in that stede baptysme ordeyned by Cryst. that is the sacramente of more grace & lesse peyne / But for that bodily circmcision we shal haue ghoostly circūcision / that is kuttyng awey al superflue thynges fro vs that disposen to syn̄e / and holdynge wyth vs as in affeccion only that is nedeful to vertuous lyuynge / For he that is truly poure. is vertuously circūcised / the whiche circumcisyon the Apostle techeth in these wordes. when he saith that we hauyge mete and drynke. and cloth we shold holde vs payed. This also ghoostly circumcision nedeth to be in al oure bodyly wyttes / as in seyng. heringe. touchyng and other that is to say that we in all these eschewe superfluyte & kepe scarcite. & namely in spekynge. For mykel speche withoute [Page] fruyte is a grete vyce & displeysyng to god and good men / & a token of an vnstable and a dissolute herte. as ageyn ward. scylēce is a grete vertu / and for grete cause of goodnes ordeyned in religion / of the whiche vertu dyuerse clerkes speken. thatCa▪ vii. we shal passe ouer at this tyme / and thus endeth this chapitre Of the Epiphanie that is opē shewyng of our lord.

Ca viii


FIrste touchyng this solempne daye and worthy fest we shal vnderstonde that there is none feste that hath soo moche dyuerse seruyce in holy chirche as longynge therto / as this feste hath / not for hit is more worthy than other but for many grete thynges be felle and were done this day. specially touchyng the state of holy chirche / As firste vnderstondyng that holy chirche here in erthe stante in two maner of peple / that one is of them that comē of the Jewes that hadden moyses lawe and weren circumcysed. that other is of the remanaunt that weren not circumcised and werenPrimum factum cleped gentyles / This day that is to say the xiii: day fro the natyuyte accoūtynge that same day. the blessid childe Jhesus shewed hym as god & man specially to the kynges that werē of the gentyles / ¶ And in her persone holy chirche now crystned is pryncypally gadred of y multytude of gentyles. was thus receyued of▪our lord God to true byleue.

For the day of his natyuyte he appiered & shewed hym specially to the Jewes in the persone of herdemen. the whiche [Page] Jewes for the moost party receyued not goddes word. and by leue / but this daye he shewed hym to the gentyls. of whome we comē that ben now his chosen chirche / wherfore this feste is specially & propirly the feste of holy chyrche of true cristē men / The seconde thynge that was done this day touchyngeS [...]m factum holy chirche is that she was this day ghostly wedded to criste & truli knytte to hym by the baptysme that he took this daye xx. & ix. yere cōplete. For in the baptisme b [...] soules weded to criste & the congregacion of crysten soules is cleped holy chirche that baptysme is wesshen & maade clene of thefylthe of syn̄e and clothed newe in vertues ¶. The third is that same▪ [...] daye xii. moneth that is to saye a yere after the baptysme of crist he wrought that fyrst miracle at the bridale tourning water in to wyne. by the whiche is vnderstōde also y ghostly bridale of holy chirche. The fourth thyng y befelle that day [...] is as Bede saith that in y same day a yere after our lord Jhs wrouȝt that grete myracle. fedyng the grete multitude of pe­ple with a fewe loues / & a fewe fysshes. but the fyrst thre ben reherced this daye in holy chirche. & not the fourth. Loo how worshipful this day is y whiche god chese specially to wor­shippe [...] there in so many grete & wonderful thynges▪

wherfore holy chirche cōsyderynge▪ soo many grete benefices done to hir this day of hyr ghostly spouse Jhu Crist. by wey of due kyndenesse maketh grete myrthe & solempnite in this day. But for as moche as princypall & moste speciall y solēpnyte of this day stādeth in the mynde of the fyrst y is the worshippyng of the kynges. & her offryng to Jhesu. Therfore speke we ferthermore of the cotemplacion herof. leuynge the remenaut at this tyme And soo ymagyne we and sette we oure mynde & our thoȝt as we were present in the place where this was done at bethleem beholdyng how these thre kynges comen wyth grete multytude & a worshipful cōpanye of lor­des & other seruaūtes. & so by token of the sterre fyrste ledyng [Page] and after restyng vpon that place that the chyld Jhesus was in there they lyghted done of dromedaries that they roden vp on / byfore that symple hous & maner of stable / in the which our lord Jhs was born. And our lady then̄e heryng grete noise & steryng of peple. anone took hyr swete chyld in to hyr bar me. And they comyng in to that hous. as soone as they sawe y chyld the [...] kneled doun & reuerētly & deuoutly honoured him as kyng and worshypped him as god. Lord god. how grete & how sadde was hyr feythe & bileue: that suche a lytyl chyld so symple clothed foūden wyth so poure a moder in so abiecte▪ a place wythoute cōpany wythoute meyne. & wythout al worldly array shold be very god & kynge. & lord of all the world / And neuertheles they bileued sothfastly both two: this was a grete godenes of our lord god ordeinyng such forleders & such begyn̄ers of our bileue. & so it behoueth to be / Ferthermore touchyng the processe we maye thynke how the kynges after the fyrste honourynge of the chyld speken with hys moder reuerently the condycyons of hym / in what maner he was cō ceyued & borne & so of other that they desyreden to knowe. and our lady mekely ansueryng told them of al as it neded. & they yeuyng ful credēce & byleue to al that she sayd▪ and for as mykel as they were clerkes & men of the grete wysdom / therfore we may supuose that they couden the lāgage of Hebrew and spaken in that tonge that was the moders tonge of our lady and al Jewes. Now take we here good entente to the maner of spekynge in both partyes / Fyrst how reuerently & how curtoysely they spekē & asken their questions / & on that other syde how oure lady with a maner of honest shame fastnesse hol­ding doun hit eyen toward therth speketh & answerthe sadly & shortly to her askynges. for she hath no lykyng speke moch or to be sene. Netheles our lord yaf hir strengthe & specyall cō fort to speke more homly to them by cause y thei represētedē [...]o [...]a holy chirch that was then to come of the gentyls as it is sayd [Page] before / Beholde also y chylde Jhesus how he speketh not but stant wyth a maner of sad sēblaūt & glad chere: & as he vnderstode hem louely lokyng vpon hem. & they haue grete lykynge in the syght of hym / not only ghostly in soule of hys godhede as illumyned & taught of hym / but also in hys bodely syght wythoutforth. for as dauyd wytnessith he was fayre & loue­ly in body before al men̄es sones▪ & so whan they were gretely cōforted by hym they made her offryng to hym in this maner as we maye suppose. they openyd her Cofers wyth her tresour & spredynge a tapet or a cloth before the childes feet our lord Jhu▪ thei leydē therupō. & offrid echone of them gold ēncēse▪ & myrre. & that in grete quātyte. namely of gold. for els as for a lytyl offrynge it had not neded hem for to haue ope­ned her tresour as the gospel seith / but her amonerers or her tresourers myȝt liȝtly haue had it in hande & takē it hem. but therfor̄ the yeftes & y quātite were grete by reson as it is said And whā they haddē thꝰ offred & leid their yeftes before hym then̄e reuerētly & dououtly falling down thei kyssedē his feet. & then̄e perauēture y child ful of wisdom for to cōfort hem more & strēgthe them in his loue yafe them his hand to kisse. & after blessyd them there with. & so they reuerētly enclinyng & also takyng her leue at his moder & Joseph with grete ioye & goostly myrthe as y gospel saith torned ayē in to her owne coū tre by another way. what y these thre yeftes offrid of the kynges betokē ghostly & many other thynges y the gospel more ouer telleth as hit is expowned by holy doctors is suffycyētly & fully wretō in other places. wherfore we passē ouer al that here. But what hope ye was done with that gold of so grete pryce whether our lady reserued it and put it in tresore or els bought therwith londe & rentes: Nay god forbede. for she that was a parfyt louer of pouerte took noo hede of noo worldly [...]ōde [...] goodes; but what she louing pouerte and vnderstondyng hyr blessyd sones wil▪ not only thoruȝ hys inspiracōn techinge hyr in soule within forth. but also by [Page] syng shewyng his wyll wythoute forth that he loued not sucheCa. viii. Ryches / perauenture tornynge away ofte sythes his face fro that gold or spyttynge therupon. within a fewe dayes. [...] short tyme she gaf it al to poore men. For the kepyng therof that lytyl tyme was to hyr but a grete burden. and heuy charge / and that semeth wel / for she made her so bare of money / that whan she shold goo to the Tēple for to be puryfyed she had not wherwyth to bye a lambe for to offre for hyr sone But oonly bought turtules or douues of lytyl price. that was the offrynge of poore folke after the lawe / And so we maye resonably byleue that the offrynge of the kynges was grete & ryche. and that our lady louynge pouerte & ful of charyte gaf it in hast to poore men / as it is sayd. So that here is shewedNota de pe [...] te [...]a humilitate a grete precony & worthy ensāple of pouerte / Also yf we here take good hede / we may see open ensāple of parfyght mekenes. for there ben many that holdē hem self lowe & abiecte in her owne herte & ben not eleuate by pryde as in their owne syght / but neuertheles they wold not be holdē suche in other menes syȝte ne maye not suffre to be despysed or scorned of other / And also they wold not that theyr vnworthynes / and their defaultes were knowē of other. leest they were despysed & repre [...]ed of theym: But thus dide not thys daye that chylde Jhs lord aboue al other / for he wold that his lowenes & abieccōn were knowen & seen to his & to other / & that not to symple & fewe but to grete & many / that is to say to kynges & lor­des. & theyr meyne many & fele / And also that is more to wonder in suche caas & tyme / in the whiche by reason it was mykel to drede / that is to saye. leest they comynge fro so fer & fyndynge hym that they soughtē kynge of Jewes / And whome they troweden almyghty god lyggynge in so symple arraye: & so grete abieccion / by that symple syght supposynge them deceyuedNota & holden them self as fooles sholden goo awaye withoute deuocion̄ and byleue. ¶ But not for thy the mayster of [Page] mekenes and louer of symplenesse lefte not to fulfylle the perfeccion therof yeuynge to vs ensample that we shold not go fro the groūd of true mekenes. by coloure of ony semelynes prouffyte or good. but that we shold lerne to wylle for to appiere and be seen symple & abiecte in the syghte of other / that vertue of parfyte mekenes he graūte vs thorough hys grace that soo wolde meke hym for our sake oure blessid lorde Jhesus

Amen /

DE mora dn̄i apud presepe continetur in proximo capitulo excepta meditaciōe de ministerio suo & solicitudine circa puerū Jhesum de quibus poterit quis feliciter meditari

¶ Of the puryfycacion of our lady saynte Marye. Capitulum Nonum.

AFter the tyme the kynges had performed her offryng & were gone home ageyne in to theyre owne Countre as it is sayd / yet stode that worthy lady of all the worlde in that symple herburgh wyth hyr blessyd sone Jhesu and hyr husband that holy olde man Joseph at the racke paciētly abydyng vnto the xl. day ordeyned by the lawe puryfycacyon as she were another woman of the peple defouled thorugh synne. and as the chylde Jhs were a poore man & not god [...]edy to kepe ye obseruaūce of the lawe. But why hope we that they dyden thus. Sothely for ensāple to vs shewyng the true way of obedyēce. And for they wold noo synguler preroga­tyf. they kepten the comyn lawe as other dyde. but thus done not many that lyuen in comyn cōgregacōn. the whiche desyre to haue special prerogatyues: and therby wylle be seen more worshipful than other & synguler aboue other. but thys suf­freth not true mekenes. whā ye xl. dayes were comē of hir puryficacōn after the lawe / then̄e wēte our lady wyth her sone Jhesꝰ & Joseph. and took the waye fro Bethlehem in to Jhe rusalē that is aboute / v. or vi. myle there to present the chylde [Page] and offre hym to god in the Temple after that hit is wrytē in the lawe of god. Now lete vs here goo wyth hem by deuout contēplacōn. & helpe we to bere that blessid byrthen. the childe Jhesus in oure soule by deuocōn. and take we inwardlyContemplacio good entente to all that ben here sayde and done. For they ben ful deuoute In thys maner thenne they herynge & bringyng the chylde Jhesus into Jherusalem & the lord of the temple in to the Temple of god. at the entre therof they boughtē two turteles or els two douue byrdes to offre for hym as the maner was for pooer folke. And therfore the gospel speketh not of a lambe that was the comyn offryng of ryche men. in token that they weren with the poorest folke. And here with that ryght wyse man Symeon lad in spiryte by the holy ghoost came in to the temple to see that he had longe tyme desired cryst goddes sone after the byhest & answere of the holy goost and anone as he came and had the sight of hym knowynge hym by spyryte of ꝓphecye he knelyd downe & deuoutely honoured and worsipped him as he was in his moders armes borne. and ye chylde blessyd hym and lokyng vpō his moder bowed toward hym in tokē that he wold goo wyth hym & soo the mod vnderstondynge the chyldes wylle. & therof wō dryng tooke hym to Symeon. and he with grete Joye and reuerence clippyng hym in his armes / rose vp blessyng god: & sayeng with gladde spirite: Lorde I thanke the for now thou letest thy seruaūt after thy worde in pees / For why I haue sene wyth myn eyen thy blessyd sone our sauyour / And after warde he prophecyed of his passion and of the sorowe ther: of / that sholde as a swerde perce & wounde the moders herte Herewyth also that worthy wydow Anne the prophetesse came to theim in to the tēple / & worshippyng the childe she prophecied of hem also / and spake of redempcōn that was to come by hym to mankynde / And the moder wondryng of alle thyse wordes kepte theim by good entent pryuely in her hert [Page] And thenne the child Jhesus stretchynge hys armes to warde his moder was bytaken hyr ageyne / Afterward they yeden in maner of processyon toward the aulter wyth the chyld the [...] whyche processōn is presēted thys day in al holy chirche with light brennyng to goddes worship / And then̄e they wente in thys maner. Fyrste / to two worshipful olde men Joseph & simeon gone before Joyeful eyther holdyng other by the handes And wyth grete myrthe syngynge & sayeng. Lord god we haue receyued thys daye thy grete mercy in myddes of thy tē ­ple. And therfore after thy grete name. so by thy louynge and thy worship in to the ferdest ende of al the worlde. After them folowed the blessyd moder & mayden mary beryng the kyngS [...] of heuen Jhs: and wyth hyr on that one syde goth that wor­shpful wydowe Anne wyth grete reuerence and vnspecable Joye. louynge and praysyng god. Thys is a solempne & worshipful procession of so fewe persones. but grete thynges be tokenyng. and represētynge: For there ben or al states of mā kynde some that is to saye of men and wym̄en olde & yonge maydens and wydowes: Ferthermore when they were come to the aulter of the temple. the moder wyth reuerēce knelyng doune offryd hyr swete sone to the fader of heuen. sayenge in this maner. Taketh now hyhest fader youre dere sone whom I offre here to you after the byddynge of youre lawe: For he is fyrst borne of his moder. But god fader I beseche you that ye yeue hym to me ageyne ¶ And then̄e she rysyng vp lyfteNota abl [...] non [...] Jhes [...] hym on the aulter. O lord god what offryng is this Sothly there was neuer none sythen suche another fro the begyn̄yng of the world ne shal neuer after in to the ende. Now take we here good hede how y chyld Jhesus sitte vpon the aulter as it were another chyld of the comyn peple & wyth that louely face and sadde chere he loketh and beholdeth vpon hys dere moder & other that there were presente pacyently & mekely a by­dynge what they wold doo wyth hym and therwyth were [Page] brought the prestys of th Temple and the child lord of al the world was bouȝt ageyne as a seruaūt for v. pens that werē cleped sycles a maner of money after the lawe as other. and when Joseph had payed that money for hym the moder. our lady took ageyne wyth ful gladde wille hir blessid sone: and after she took the forsaid birdes of Jhoseph. & knelyng doune & lyftyng vp deuoutly her eyen in to heuen / holdyng them in hir handes offred them sayenge thus. Almyghty & mercyful fader of heuen vnderfonge ye thys lytel yefte & offrynge and the fyrste yefte yt your lytil child thys day presenteth to your h [...]he mageste of his symple pouerte. And there with the child thesus puttyng hys hondes to ye byrdes & lyftynge his eyen vp to heuen spake not but sheweth coūtenaunce of his offrynge with the moder: and soo they leyden them vpon the Aulter Now here takynge hede what they ben that thus offren that is to saye the moder and ye sone. Trowe we whether that of fryng though it were lytil myght be forsake. Nay god forbede▪ But we shal fully trowe that this was by Aūgels presented vp in to the. Courte of heuen / And therof fader of heuen ful gladly accepted. so that the blessyd cōpany of heuen there thorugh was reioyced and gladed After thys was done & soo the lawe fully kept as it is seid in all that that longed to the child from his byrthe in to this tyme our lady wyth hir blessyd sone and hir spouse Joseph took the way fro that Cyte of Jerusalem homeward in to nazareth. But by ye waye she visyted her cosyn / Elyzabeth desyrynge also to see hir sone that she loued specially. And what tyme they metten to gyder [...] [...] [...]isi None [...] [...]cibeth e [...] li [...]ahāni [...] Jo they madē grete Joie. and namely Elyzabeth: whan she sawe that blessyd syȝt of ye childe by vertue of whome in hir fyrste cōcepcion Jo [...]n in hir wombe reioiced & she also replenisshed with the holy ghoost / Also the children Jhesus / & Jo [...]n whā they were broughte to geder / they kysyden other louely / with lawghyng chere and makynge moche myrthe to gyder. But [Page] Johan as vnderstondynge his lord▪ had hym alwey in coun­tenaunce as with reuerence to hir / And what tyme they had rested them there certeyne dayes. oure lady with hir child and Joseph wenten forth in their waye toward Nazareth. as to hir home and reste / But yet befelle no reste to them / as it shall shewe after / Now yf we take good entente to the for­sayd processe / and how longe tyme they haue leyn oute of theyre owne hous in so grete pouerte and symplenes. by rea­son we shold be styred to compassōn / and to leren by ensample of them mekenesse / pouerte and buxomnesse / that were openly shewed in her symple dwellyng. in her poure offrynge and in the lawe kepynge. And ferthermore as wordly men maken bodyly myrthe in thys tyme fro the Natyuyte in toNo [...] [...]e [...] domini [...] [...]otam [...] the feste of purificacion that is called candelmasse. soo shold eche deuonte soule in thys tyme specyally with deuocion and ghostly myrthe in soule worshippe and honoure that blessid childe Jhesus and his moder Mary / vysytynge hem by contemplacion. and some deuoute prayer atte lest ones on the daye as they seene in spiryte our lady with hyr chylde lyggynge at the racke hauynge therwyth in mynde the mekenesse / the pouerte and the buxomnesse of hem as hit it is sayd / and lo­uynge hem and kepynge hem vertuously in dede


And thus endeth the fyrste parte of this book in contemplacion for the monedaye.

¶ Of the fleynge of oure lord Jhesu in to Egypte. Capitulum Decimum.

WHan our lady and hir childe Jhesus were toward Nazareth as it is said before / not knowyng yet the pryuy coūceylle of god herof that Herode the kynge purposed to slee the child Jhesus / the Aungel of god a piered to Joseph in his slepe / byddynge that he shold flee in to Epypte with ye childe & his moder / For Herode wolde seche the childe to slee [Page] hym. And anone Joseph wakyng of his slepe cleped oure la­dy. and told hyr these hard tydynges / and she in haste took vp hir dere sone and began to goo. For she was ful [...]ore agaste of this word / and she wold not as she myȝt be sene neclygēt in the kepyng of hym / wherfor anon in that nyght they tokē the wey toward Egypte / and so fledde that grete lord the pursute of his seruaūt. ye more propirly the deuyls seruaunt tra­uayllynge with hym his yonge & tendyr moder / and that old man Jhseph by a noyoꝰ wey and hard and dyuerse that was not inhabited. and also a wey that is long that is to say after the comyn sayēge the space of xii: or xv / dayes Jorney of a comyn currour. ꝑauēture to them hit was trauayle of two monethes or more and that wey as it is said was bi that deserte in the whiche the children of Israel lad oute of Egypte dwel leden xl. yere Lord how dide they there of her lyuelode. or wher rested they and were herberowed in the nyghtes / For in that waye foūde they ful seldome ony hous / Here ought we to haue inwardly cōpassion of hem / & not be loth or thynke trauellous to doo penaūce for our self / sythen other took soo grete and so ofte trauaylle for vs / namely they that were so noble and soo worthy / Also in thys processe yf we take good heede we may see many good ensamples and notable doctrynes to vs / Fyrste yf we take good hede how oure lord Jhesus tookeQua [...]no [...] nobili [...] Primum Paciencia inter prospera et a [...] pera in his owne persone somtyme prosperite and welthe / & somtyme Aduersyte & woo / we sholde not be styred to Inpaciēce what tyme that hit befalle to vs in ye same maner / but in tyme of temptacion and discomfort / abyde with paciēce the tyme of prosperite & of comforte / and soo ageynwarde on that other syde / And yf thou wylt see ensāple herof in Jhesu / Loo first in his byrthe he was magnified of the herdmen / as god and honoured and worshipped of them as god / & with grete Joye / And soone after he was circūcysed as a synful symple man wyth sorowe / ¶ After the kynges comynge to hym [Page] worshipped hym soueraynly bothe in theyr persones & grete yeftes. and yet dwellyd he stylle in that stable amonge bestes in pouerte wepynge as another child of a symple man. After he was presēted in the Temple with Joye & grete thynges were prophecyed of him as of god Almyghty. and now he is boden of the Aungel to flee fro Herode in to Egypte. as he were a poure man withoute myghte: And so ferthermore in al his lyf prosperite and aduersite meddled to gyder. to ensāple and techyng of vs. For he sente vs dyuerse comfortes to lyfte vp oure hope that we falle not by dispeyre / and therwyth he sente vs tribulacions & discōfortes to kepe vs in mekenes that therby knowynge oure owne wretchydnes we stande algate in his drede▪ The seconde lesson that we maye lerne in this processe is touchyng the benefyces and the specyall comfortes [...] of god. that he yt feleth them specially be not there by eleuate in his owne syghte. as holdyng hym more worthy thā other that haue them nouȝt. And also he that feleth not suc [...] special yeftes or cōfortes. be not therfore cast doun by sorowe or enuy to hym that hath hem. For as we see here the Angels appieryng & spekyng of the childe. weren to Joseph▪ and not to oure lady / And neuertheles yet was he lesse in meryte my­kel more vnworthy than she: Also here we may lerne that he that feleth suc [...] specyal yeftes of god: though he haue hem not algate as he wold. and after his desyre. that there thorugh he gruche not. ne be not heuy by vnkyndnesse ageynst god. For notwithstondyng that Joseph was so nyhe & acceptable to god. Neuertheles the appierynges of the Aungels and the reuelacions were not done to hym openly & in wakyng. but in maner of dremes & in his slepynge / The thyrdde notable thynge that we haue Ensample of here is: How that our lord suffreth his derlynges to be dyseased here thorugh persecuci­ons and tribulacions. and that sheweth well here in Mary & Joseph what tyme they knewe the childe sought to be slayn [Page] what myght they here more sorouful. For though it so wereTercium Tribulacō electorum that they knewen and wysten wel that he was goddes sone: Neuertheles the sensualite & the reason of hem myȝt kyndely ben distourbled and meued: that is to say in thys maner. lord god fader Almyghty what nede is hit to thy blessid sone. that here is to flee as thou myȝtest not defende hym fro hys ene­myes and kepe hym sauf here. And also her tribulacion & dysease was in soo moche the more / that hem behoueth to goo in to soo ferre a londe that they knewe not and that by hard weyes & noyous. sythen they weren soo mykel vndisposed to goynge & trauayllyng / oure lady for yongth & tendyrnes & Joseph also for elde & feblenesse. & also the child / that they shold bere & carye. was vnnethes two monethes olde. & yet here with they yeden in to that londe. in the whiche they as poure & vn­knowē had not to helpe hem self with. All these dyseases we ren to hem mater of grete trybulacōn & afflyccōn. and therfor thou y suffrest here trybulacōn. kepe theryn pacience. and loke not to haue herof pryuelege of hym that wold not take hymQuartum Benignitas erga in nimico [...]. self it ne yeue it his moder. The fourth notable thynge that we may cōsydere here is. y grete benignyte & mercy of our lord For there as he myght anone in a momente haue dystroyed his enemyes that pursueden hym. yet wold he not. but benygnely and swetely. he chose rather to flee and yeue stede for the tyme to the malyce and the wodenesse of that wycked Herode than to be auēgyd as he myght ryghtwysly of hym. and this was a profūde mekenes & a grete pacience / In the same maner sholde we doo / that is to saye / not wilfully wythstonde & seke vengeaūce of hem that done wronge and pursewen vs / but paciently for the tyme forbere hem / and flee her malyce & more ouer specyally praye for hem as god techeth vs / Also in an other place of the gospel to doo to oure enemyes as we wold be done to / Ferthermore as to y processe of the fleynge of Jhu with his moder & Joseph whā they comen to Egypte [Page] anone at the firste entente all the mawmentes of that londe felle downe as it was prophecyed before by y prophete ysaye And thenne wente they to a Cyte of that londe. that hyghte Hermopolis or lymopolis. and there they hyred hem somme symple hous where they dwelleden seuen yere as pylgrymes and strangers poore and nedy: ¶ Here maye we deuoutly ymagyne and thynke of the maner of lyuynge of theym in that straunge londe. and how oure lady wroughte for hir ly­uelode / that is to saye with nedil sewynge and spynnynge as it is wryten of hyr / and also Joseph wyrchynge in his crafte of Carpentry: And how the chylde blessyd Jhesus after he came to the age of fyue yere / or there aboute. yede on hyr erādes and halpe in that he myght as a poore chylde to hem shewynge in all his dedes buxomnesse / lowenesse. and mekenesse / ¶ And sythen hem behoued to gete hyr lyuelode in that maner wyth her trauaylle / and parauenture wyth reprefe ofte sythes of them that they dwellyd amōge. as hit falleth comynly to strangers and also with shame. ¶ what hope we of hyr howshold / as of beddynge. clothynge. and other necessa­ryes. whether they hadden in this superfluyte or curiositee / Nay wythout doubte: they that louen parfyte pouerte wold not haue though they myȝte that yt is contrary to pouerte. as superfluyte & curiosite. And namely touchyng curiosite. Trowe [...] we yt our lady in hyr sowynge or other maner wyrchyng made curious werkes. as many folke done. Nay god forbede / For though they wyrchen suche curiositees that take none hede to lese ye tyme. she that was in that nede myght not: ne wolde not spēde y tyme in wayne. as many done namely in these dayes. For this vyce of curiosite is one of the moost perilloꝰ vyce that is. and that by many skilles maye be shewed / First by lesynge of tyme that is ordeyned to the worship of God / Prim [...] [...] For suche curious werke ocupieth mykel more tyme: than [Page] wolde other playne and symple werke doo that were suffy­saunt to the nede / and that is a grete shame and contrary to goddes wylle ¶ The Seconde harmethat comethSecunda racio of curiositee is cause and mater of vayne Joye to the wyrcher. As what tyme a man maketh suche a curious werke. ofte loketh he there on wyth lykynge. and thynketh and ymagyneth in is ghoost besely / ¶ Also whanne he wyrcheth not / and specyally in tyme of goddes seruyce / and whan he sholde haue his herte to god / thynketh or speketh for to make that curiosytee / and therby holdeth hym self subtyle and wytty / And soo wolde be seen passynge other / ¶ Also hit is cause of pryde to hymTercia racio that the curyouse werke is maade to / For as symple playne / and boistons werkes ben occasions of lowenesse and mekenesse / soo ben curious werkes as oylle norysshynge the fyre of pryde in y holders & hauers of hem ¶ Also hit is to hemQuar [...]a racio that haue lykynge in suche curiositee? matere for to drawe theyre hertes fro oure lorde god and heuenly thynges / For as saynte Gregory sayth / In as mykel as man hath delyte here bynethe in erthely thynges / in soo mykel ageyne is he departed fro the loue aboue of heuenly and godly thynges / ¶ Also it is one of the thre by the whyche all the worlde isQuinta racio infecte in synne. y the is foule luste of eyen / For suche curiositees seruen to nought ellys / but to fede the eyen / And as ofte as a man lykyngly and in vayne wyth suche curiositee fedeth his eyen? soo ofte the maker and the vser offendyth god / wherfore men sholde be eschewynge suche curiositees for yeuynge occasion of synne / For a man shold not assente to synne for ony cause / But in all manere absteyne fro theSexta racio offeuse of god / And sythen oure lorde yafe Ensample / and cōmendeth & loneth pouerte as it is oft sayd wythout doubte it foloweth that he is gretely offendyd in that thynge that is [Page] directe contrary to pouerte that is specially curiositee / Also with al other harmes more ouer this is. that it is a tokenSep [...]ma racio [...] septimū malum of a vayne & a lyghte and vnstable herte and foule. wherfore he that wylle lyue in clennesse of conscience▪ and withoute de fylynge of his soule / hym behoueth to absteyne hym bothe fro the makynge and also fro the vsynge of suche vayne cu­riositees / and to flee there fro a fro a venemous serpēte Neuer theles by thys forsayd repreef of curiosite / we shal not vnder stande generally forbeden to make fayre werkes and honeste apparaille / For that is leeful soo that hit kepe a good meane and namely in the thynges & werkes that longen to goddes seruyce / In the whiche hit is nedeful to beware & to eschewe all corupte entente of vayne Joye. and all fals affeccion and foule lykynge of worldes vanite. soo that the vertuous meane of suffysaunt honeste passe not in to the excesse of vicioꝰ curiosite. And thus mykel suffyseth seid of this mater at this tyme

¶ Of the tornynge ageyne of our lorde Jhesu fro Egypte / Capitulum Vndecunum /

[...] [...].

AFter that Herode was dede and seuen yere were at ende in the whyche oure lord Jhesus had dwellyd in Egypte the aungel of oure lord appiered to Joseph in his slepe / and badde that he sholde take the chylde and hys moder / and god in to the londe of Israel / For they were dede that soughten y chylde to slee / And he anone rose vp / and with the chylde and his moder as the aungel badde torned ageyne in to the londe of Israel / ¶ And when he came there / and herde / that archelaus the sone of Herode regned in that partye. that was cleped Judea / he dradde and durste not goo thyder. but as he was efte boden of the aungel in his slepe. he wente to the Countre of Galylee in to the Cyte of Nazareth /

[Page]¶ Here maye we see in the comynge ageyne of Jhesu as hit was in his goynge sayd drede and disease medled with comforte and ease / For what tyme they beynge in straunge londe herde of the dethe of their enemyes. and that they shold come ageyne in to their owne lande. noo doubte. but yt it was grete cōforte & hope of ease. but takynge hede therwith to the harde trauaylle by the waye / And after whan they comen in to her owne londe in hope of pees. tydynges of a newe enemye and for drede of hym abyden for to eschewe his Countrey / there was discomforte and disease. and alle to oure lorde as hit is sayde / Lord Jhesu thou fayre yonge chylde thou arte lorde and kyng of heuen and erthe / what dysease and what trauaylle suffredest thou for onre sake / and how soone thou beganst / Sothely well spake the prophete in youre persone whan he seyd thus / ¶ I am poore and in dyuerse trrauaylles fro myPauper sum [...]go fyrste yongthe / Swete Jhesu how yedest thou / or was caryed alle that longe and hard waye / and namely thorugh that horryblae deserte passynge ouer the rede see / and also the flode Jordan in so tendyr age / For as hit semyth. this ageyne comyng is more trauayllous and more noyous to the & to thy leders / than was thy fyrste goynge. For why that tyme thou were so lytyl that y myghtest easely be borne in harmes / but now thou arte elder and more waxen as in the tyme of seuen yere thou mayst not soo / and goo mykel mayst thou not for ten­dyr age. and to ryde arte thou nought vsed: ¶ Sothely hit semeth that this trauaylle al oonly that we speken now of were suffysaūt vnto ful redēpcion for mankynde / Ferthermore as to the processe of their way: we may thynke: that what tyme they come towarde the ende of that deserte. there they foū denDe J [...]hāne baptista John Baptiste. the whiche that tyme had begonne there to lyue in deserte penaūce doynge thouȝ it so were that he had no syn̄e penaūce worthy. for as it is said yt place of Jordan in [Page] the whiche John baptised is that same place wherby the children of Israel wenten drye foot whan they comen by that deserte oute of Egypte / and that nye that place in deserte John lyued in penaūce. wherfore hit is lykely that Jhesus & his moder founden hym there / And that they maden grete Joye and myrthe ghostly comyng togyder. And no wonder / for he was an excellent and a worthy childe fro his byrthe / He was the firste heremyte: and the begyn̄ynge of Relygious lyuyng in ye Nota [...] newe lawe / He was clene mayden and grettest precher after criste / He was a prophete and a precious and glorious mar­tir: wherfore we deuoutly worshyppynge & honourynge hym take we oure leue at hym at thys tyme / and goo we forth to oure lord Jhesu and his moder in the forsayde waye. ¶ After they were passed the flo [...] Jordan / thenne come they ferther more to the hous of oure ladyes co [...]ya Elyzabeth where they weren specially refresshyd / and maden togyder a grete and lykyng feste / And there Joseph herynge that Archelaus regned after his fader Herode in the countre cleped Judea by byddynge of the aūgels as it is said before wente with the childe & his moder in to the cyte of galylee cleped Nazareth / & there they dwellyd as in her owne home ledyng a symple & a poore lyf togyder. but in that grete ghostly rychesse of charyte. Loo thus is the childe ihs brought out of Egypt. and than as we maye thynke the systers of our lady & other kynnes folke and frēdes comē to hem. welcomyng hem home & vysytyng hem with presentes yeftes as it was nede to them. that foūden her owne bare houshold. Also amonge other we maye specially haue in mynde that Johan Euangelyst came with his moderOr Johā ne euangeli [...] our ladyes sister. to visite & see Jhs. y whiche Johan was that tyme a boute fyue yere olde. For as it is wrytē of hym / he deyde y yere fro the passōn of our lord lx. and seuen. that was the yere of his age foure score & xviii. Soo that at the passion of crist he had in elde one & thyrty yere / And Cryste hym self [Page] xxxiii or lytyl more / And soo at this ageyne comynge of Jhesu that was thenne seuen yere olde Johan was fyue yere olde and as he was after amonge other chosē Apostles and discyples specyally beloued of oure lorde Jhesus / soo it is lykely that in this tyme of theyr chyldhode he was more chere than other / and as moost specyall pleyser to Jhesu. Fro thys tyme in to the tyme of xii. yere of Jhesus age / the gospel maketh noo mynde of the chylde Jhesu Netheles it is wryten and said that there is yet in that place a welle wherof the chylde Jhesꝰ fette ofte sythes water to his moder / For that meke lord refused not to doo suche lowe seruyces to his moder / and also she had none other seruaunt / All her lyuynge was in mekenesse and in pouerte. to our ensample to folowe hym

Amen /

¶ How the chylde Jhesus was lefte allone in Jheru salem Capitulum xii


WHan the chylde Jhesꝰ was twelue yere olde. and his dere moder with Joseph wente in to Jherusalem / for the feste daye that laste eyght dayes. after the byddynge and the custome of the lawe / he wēte also with them in that tendyr age traueylyng al that longe [Page] waye bifore seid to honoure & worshyp his fader of heuen in his reste dayes as reson wold / For there is souerayne loue bytwene the rader & the sone / Netheles there was more inward sorow of herte & cōpassion to the sone of y vnworshyppyng of his fader that he sawe in doynge of many maner synnes / then̄e was onyioye without forth in y pompe & solēpnyte of that feste. but so stode he with his parētes in the tyme of that feste kepynge the lawe as mekely as another of the poore peple. tyll what tyme y fest dayes were fulfylled & ended / & the [...]e after that his parētes were gone homeward: he dwellyd styll there in Jerusalem hem vnwytyng / Now take we here gode entente as we were presente in all that is here spoken of. for this is a ful deuoute mater & a prouffitable to vs: as it is said before. The cyte of nazareth where our lady dwellid was fro Jherusalē y space of. [...]x. myle. &. xiiii. or there aboute. & so b [...]felle that his moder our lady & Joseph token dyuerse wayes ho­meward / & what tyme they comen togyder at euen where they hadden sette to be herberowed / our lady seenge Joseph wythout the chylde that she supposed had gone with hym: asked of hym where was the chylde. & he said that he wist neuer for he wend (er) as he said: yt she had lad him with hir. & therwith she brest on wepyng & with grete sorowe said Alas where is my dere childe. for now I see that I haue not wel kepte hym & anone she began to goo aboute in the euentyde as she myȝt honestely fro hous to hous askynge / Sawe ye ouȝt of my sone / Sawe ye ouȝt of my sone. vnnethes myȝt she fele hir self for sorowe & care of hir sone. And the sely olde man Joseph folowed hir algate wepyng. & what tyme they hadden longe souȝten & foūden hym not / what rest hope we they hadden in that nyȝt / & namely the moder that loued hym moost tendirly Sothly no wonder though they hadden no cōforte al thouȝ her frendes cōforted hem as they myȝten For it was not a lytyll losse to lese Jhesu / wherfore here we maye haue resona­bly grete compassion of the grete anguysshe [Page] that our ladyes soule is now in for hir sone / She was neuer in so grete sorowe fro the tyme that she was borne. & also here may we lerne what tyme tribulacōns & anguisshe fallē to vs not to be heuy or mykel distourbled therby / sithen god spared not his owne moder / as in thys party / For he sustreth gene­rally tribulacions to falle to them that ben his chosē. and so they ben token of his loue / and to vs it is expediente to haue hem for many skylles: Then̄e our lady sory as it is said for she myght not fynde hir sone. that nyght closed hir in her chā bre / and toke hir to prayer. as to the best remedy in that caas sayeng in this maner. Almyghty fader of heuen full of mercyO [...]io [...]i [...] and of pyte / hit lyked yow. and was youre wylle to yeue me your dere sone. but loo now fader I haue lost hym. and wote not where he is / but thou that knowest all thynge / telle me & shewe me where my swete sone is / & yeue hym to me agayn Good fader take hede and beholde the sorowe of my herte. & not my grete necligence / For I knowleche wel that I haue offendyd in this caas / Neuertheles for it is falle me to be Ig­noraūte / ye for your grete goodnes yeue hym to me ageyn / for I may not lyue withoute hym / And thou my swete sone Ihu where arte thou now / or how is it with the / and where arte thou now herberowed / Lord whether thou be goon vp in to heuen ageyne to thy fader / For I wote. wel that thou arte very god & goddes sone / But why then̄e woldest thou not telle me before / Also I wote wel that thou arte veray man of me borne / And here before I kepte the. & bare ye in to Egypte fro the malyce of Herode that sought the to slee. But now whether ony wycked man hath aspyed the. the fader of heuen Almyghty he kepe the. and shylde the fro alle perylle & malyce Dere sone telle me where thou arte / that I may come to the or els thou come to me / & foryeue me this neclygence at thys tyme / and I behete that it shal neuer efte befalle me. for how this is befalle I wote neuer. but thou knowest that arte my [Page] hope. my lyf. and al my good. withoute the I maye not lyue In this maner and by suche wordes as we maye deuoutely suppose. all that nyghte the moder cared and prayed for hyr dere sone. After vpon the morowe erly Mary & Joseph soughten hym by dyuerse other wayes that [...]a [...]den to Jherusalem. & ferthermore soughten hym besely amonge her frendes & kynnesmē / but they myȝte not here of hym / wherfore his moder was so sory that she myȝte in no maner be comforted / But the thirde daye after whan they comen in to Jherusalem. and soughten hym at the Temple / there they foūde hym sittynge amonge the doctoures of lawe. heryng hem entēty [...]ly. & askynge hem questions wysely. And anone as oure lady had ye syȝt of hym. she was as gladde as she had be torned tro deth to lyf and therewith knelynge downe thanked god inwardly with wepinge Joye / And also soone as the chylde Jhesus sawe his moder: he wente to hyr / And she with vnspekable Joye clyp­ped hym in her armes and kyssynge hym ofte sythes. and holdynge hym in her barme. rested a whyle with hym for tendernes. tyll she had take spyryte / and thenne she spake to hym & sayd. Dere sone what hast yu done to vs in this maner / For lo thy fader & I with grete sorowe haue soughte the al these thre dayes. And then̄e he answerde ageyn. & said / And what eyleth you to seche me / knowe ye not wel that it behoueth me to be occupyed in tho thynges that longen to the worshyp of my fader. But these wordes they vnderstode not in yt tyme. And then̄e said his moder. Sone wylte thou not goo home ageyn with vs / And he mekely answerynge said: I wylle doo as ye wylle that I doo. and as it is pleasyng to yow. And soo was he subget to hem / and wente home ageyne with hem vnto theyr Cyte of Nazareth. ¶ In thys forsaid processe of Jhesu what hope we that he dyde / or where. or in what maner he lyued in tho thre dayes. we may suppose that he wēte to someD [...] [...] hospytale of poore men. & there he shamefastly prayed & asked [Page] herborow and there ete and laye wyth poore men / as a poore chylde / And some doctoures sayen that he begged in those thre dayes. But therof lytel force / so that we folowe hym inNota parfyte mekenes and other vertues / For beggynge without forth / but there be a meke herte within forth is lytel worth / as to the perfeccion Ferthermore in the forsaid processe we maye note & lerne thre notable thynges to vs / The fyrste is that he that wyll perfytely loue god / shall not dwelle amonge his flesshely frendes & kynnesmen / but he must leue hem & goo fro hem. In token wherof the chylde Jhesus lefte. his owne dere moder what tyme he wolde yeue entente to the ghoostly werkes of his fader. And also when he was soughte amō ge his frendes and kynnesmen / he was not founden there in that tyme / The seconde is. that he that ledeth ghostly lyf wondre not moche ne be not discomforte ouer heuely / though he be somtyme soo drye in soule / and as voyde of deuocion / as he were forsake of god / For thys maner befell to goddes moder as it is said before wherfore be he not in dispeyre ther by / but seche besely he Jhesu in holy medytacions and good werkes / and specially in deuoute prayers / and he shall fynde hym at last in due tyme / The thirde is / that a man folowe not tomoche his owne wytte / or his owne wylle / For oure lorde Jhesus after he said that he behoueth to be occupyed to tho thynges that longen to his faders worship. After he lefte that propir wylle / and folowed his parentes wylle goynge forth wyth. them fro the tēple home in to Nazareth / & was subgette to theym / And this is specially nedeful to Relygyou se folke to folowe by true obedyence to theyr souereynes / And also here haue we grete ensample of mekenesse in oure lord Jhesu / wherof we shall treate more playnly in the Cha pytre that next foloweth

¶ what maner of lyuynge our lord Jhesus had / And what he dyde fro his twelfe yere vnto the begynnynge of hisxxx.

yere. Capitulum. xiii.

ERo the tyme that our lord Jhs was gone home to Nazareth with his parētes whan he was twelue yere ol­de as it is said before vnto his thyrty yere we fynde nought expressid in scripture autētyke what he dyde / or. how he lyued. And that semeth ful wonderful. what shal we than suppose of hym in al that tyme. whether he was in so mykel ydelnes: that he dyde nouȝt. or wrouȝte nothyng worthy to be wreton & spoken of. God shyelde. and on that other syde yf he dide & wrought. why is it not wreton as other dedes of hym ben Sothely hit semeth merueyllous & wonderfull: But ne­theles yf we wolde take hereto gode entēte. we shold mowe see yt as in nought doynge he dyde grete thynges & wonderful For there is noo thynge of his dedes or tyme of his lyuynge withoute mystery & edyficacyou. but as he spake & wroughte vertuosly in tyme. soo he helde his pees & rested & withdrewe hym vertuosly in tyme / wherfore he yt was souerayne mais­ter & came to teche vertues and shewe the true waye of euer lastyng lyf. he began fro his yongthe to doo wonderfull dedes and that in a wōderful maner & vnknowen and that was neuer ere herde before. that is to saye shewyng hym self in that tyme as ydel & vnconnynge and abiecte in the syghte of menNota p [...] l [...]no [...] in maner as we shall saye after not. fully affermyng in thys or other that we may not openly preue by holy wryte or doc­toures approued / but deuoutly ymagynyng to edyfycacyom & styrynge of deuocyon: as it was saide in the prohemye of thys booke at begynnynge. And so we suppose that oure lord Jhesus [...] Jhesu in that tyme withdrewe hym fro the company and feli shippe of men &. wente ofte sythes to the synagoge as to the chirche. And there was he mykel occupyed in prayer / but not in the hyest and moost worshipful place. but in the lowest & secrete place. and after in tyme whā he came home. halpe his [Page] moder / And also perauenture his suppossed fader Joseph in his crafte comynge and goynge amonge men. as he knewe not men. All that knewē hym of ye comyn peple that he dwel led amonge and seen soo fayre & semely yonge man doynge no thyng that was in to praysyng or magnifyeng of his name wondred gretely of hym. Namely as the Gospel saith of hym whan he was yonge / and of twelfe yere age / Jhesꝰ pro­fyted in age. in wysdome and in grace tofore god and man that is to saye as in the syght & opynyon of men. But now when̄e he was of more age in to the tyme of his thyrty yere he shewed no dedes of cōmendacōn outward. wherfore men scorned hym. and helde hym as an ydeote / an ydel man and a foole / And so it was hys wylle to be holde as vnworthy and abiect in to the world for our sauacion as. ye prophete speketh in his persone thus. I am a worme & not a man / repreef of [...]go snm bermis it non homo men / and abieccion of people / But here maye we see that he in that abieccōn as it were not doynge. dyde a ful vertuous de de of worthy commendynge / And what was that / Sothely that he made hym self foule and abiecte in the syght of other & herof had he none nede / but we had this nede / For sothely as I trowe in all oure dedes there is no thynge greter or harder to fulfille than is this. wherfore as me thynketh that man is come to the hyest and hardest degre of perfeccion / the whyche of ful herte & true wyll withoute feynynge hath ouercome hym self / & maystreth the proude styryng of the flesshe. that he wyl leth not to be in reputacōn of men / but coueyteth fully to be despysed & holde a foule vnworthy and abiect / For this is more worthy and more to commende than a man be passyngly stronge. and a cōquerour of Cytees and londes. as Salamō Melior es [...] paciensvi ro forti witnessyth. wherfore tyll we come to this degre of perfeccōn we shall holde oure self as ful imparfyte. and all that we do ne as nought to acounte / For fythen in sothenesse all we done but as vnworthy sernauntes what tyme that we done [Page] the good that we owē to doo as god hym self witnessyth. till the tyme that we come to this degre of abieccōn and parfyte repreef of our self. we ben not sette sadly in trouth. but rather in vanyte as ye Apostle openly sheweth in these wordes. who so holdeth hym self in his owne reputacion as ought worthyQaise [...] is [...]m [...] all quid esse sythen in sothenesse he is as nought. he begyleth & deceyueth hym self. And so as we saide before oure lord Jhesus lyued in this maner & made hym self abiecte and as vnworthy to the world / not for his owne nede / but for to teche vs y true way of perfeccōn / wherfor yf we lerne it not. we may not be ercused. For it is an abhomynable thynce. to see hym that is but a worme and wormes mete to come. for to hye hym self by presumpcion and lyfte vp hym self as oughte. whan that the hye lord of mageste so meked hym self by abieccion and lowed him self as nought. and that dyde he nought by feyuyng but as he was sothely meke and mylde in herte. Lo also with oute symulacion he lowed hym self in al maner of makenes and abieccion in the syght of other. fulfyllyng firste in dede y he taughte after by wordewhā he badde his disciples tolerne of hym for to be meke & mylde in herte. And in soo mykel he [...] mi [...] sum lowed hym and auaūtised hym self that also after he began to preche & to speke soo hye thynges of the godhede. as the gospel telleth and to wyrche myracles and wonders. yet the Je­wes setten nought by hym / but despysed and scorned hym sayeng: what is he thys / is not he the wryghtes sone of Joseph And also in the deuyls name he casteth oute deuils: and many suche other despytes he suffred paciently and mekely making so there thorugh a swerde of mekenesse / therwyth to slee the proude aduersary the deuylle of helle. and yf we will see how myghtely he gyrde hym self with this swerde of mekenes after the byddyng of the ꝓphete. lete vs take good hede to al his dedes and we shall see in them algate shewed grete mekenes as we maye see yf we haue in mynde in alle the processe that [Page] is said yet hyder to / And also herafter shall be shewed more & more in to his harde deth. And moreouer after his resurreccōn and at his vpstyenge to heuen / and yet here to more ouer atte last daye of dome whan he shall sytte in his mageste kynge & domes man of all the world / yet shall he shewe his souerayn mekenes to his creatures his brethern by these wordes. ¶ As longe as ye dyden almesdedes to these my loued bretheren / ye dydeu it to me / And why hope we that he shewed so mykel & loued pryncipally thys vertue of mekenes: Sothly for he knewe wel that as the begyn̄ynge of al syn̄e is pryde / soo the fundament of all good & of sauacion is mekenes. wythoute the whiche fūdament the byldynge of all other vertues. is in vayne. And therfore yf we trust of maydenhede of pouerte or of ony other vertue or dede withoute mekenes. we ben decey­ued. And for as mykel as he taught & shewed vs in what maner this vertue of mekenes shal be geten that is to saye by de spysynge and abieccōn of a man hym self in his owne syght and also in other men̄es syghte / and by contynuel doynge of lowe & abiecte dedes. Therfore vs behoueth to loue and vse these meanes yf we wille perfytely come to that hye vertue as saint Bernard saith in dyuerse places: God yeue vs graceBernard in epistol [...] [...]d canoni cu [...] regula rem to gete it parfytely as it is said. For sothely I that wryte this knowleche me ful ferre there fro. And thus mykel at this ty­me suffyseth spoken of thys souerayne vertue / But now to goo ageyn to our pryncypal mater of the myrroure of ye blessyd lyf of our lord Jhu / beholde we there ye maner of lyuyngeNota modū viuēdi dn̄i nostri Jhesu cū parentibus of yt blessid cōpany in pouerte & symplenes togyder. and how that olde man Joseph wroughte as he myȝt in his crafte of carpentry. oure lady also with the dystaf and nedel / and ther with makyng her mete and other offyce doynge that lōgeth to houshold as we may thinke in dyuerse maners And how oure lorde Jhs mekely halpe hem bothe at her nede / and also in leyeng of ye borde makyng the beddes & suche other besynes [Page] gladly and lowely mynystrynge. and soo fulfyllynge in dede that he saith of him self in the gospel that man̄es sone came not to be serued. but to serue. Also we maye thynke how they thre eten togyder euery daye at one lytyl borde. not precious & delicate metes: but symple & sobre as was oonly nedeful to sustenaūce of the kynde. And after mete how they speken to gyder. And also parauēture other while in her mete not vayne wordes or dissolute: but wordes of deuocōn / and ful of wys­dome. and of the holy ghoost. And soo as they we [...]en fedde in body / they werē mykel better fedde in soule / And then̄e after suche maner recreacion in comyn / they wenten to prayer by theym self in theyr closettes. For as we maye ymagyne they had noo grete hous. but a lytyl in the whyche they had thre seuerynges. as hit were thre smal chābres there specially to praNota [...] ye & to slepe / And so maye we thynke how our lord Jhs criste euery nyght after prayer gooth to his bedde lowely & mekely shewynge in that & all other nedes to mankynde that he was very man & hydynge his godhede fro the fende / O lord Jhesu wel mayste thou be cleped hydde god / that woldest in all thys longe tyme thus trauaylle and putte to penaūce that moost Innocēt body for oure sake whan the trauaylle of one nyght had suffysed to redempcion of all the world. But thy grete loue of man made the to doo grete dedes of penaūce for hym And so thou that art kynge of kynges & almyghty god wyth oute ende that helpest all men in theyr▪ nede / and yeuest thy go odes to all other plentyuously as euery condycōn and state asNota [...] [...]r [...] ca [...]na l [...] & [...]ū dal [...] keth / ye chose & reserued to youre owne persone soo grete po­uerte abieccōn & penaūce in wakyng. in slepyng. absteynynge etynge. and all youre other dedes doynge / and in that so longe tyme for oure loue. Lord god where ben they now that. louen soo mykel the lust. the lykynge & the ease of the flesshe that se then soo besely precious & curious and dyuerse ornamentes & vanytees of the worlde. Sothely we that louen and desyren [Page] suche thynges. we lerne not that in the scole of this mayster / For he taughte vs bothe by worde and by dede: mekenesse po­uerte and penaunce▪ and chastysynge of the body / And sythen we ben not wyser than he yf we wylle not erre / lette vs fo­lowe hym that souerayne mayster / that wyll not begyle▪ and that maye not be begyled / And also after the doctryne of hys Apostle. hauīge lyuelode and clothyng in these be we apayed and that in nede couenable / and not in superfluyte / And also in all other vertuous lyuynge and exercyses before sayd folowe to oure power oure lorde Jhesu that we maye after▪ this wrechid lyf in penaunce come to his blysse and the lyf euerlastyng in Joye Amen.

¶ Of the Baptisme of oure lorde Jhesu and waye therto / Capitulum xiiii.

AFter that nyne and twenty yere were complete / in the whiche oure lord Jhesus lyued in penaunce and in ab [...]eccion. as it is sayd in the begyn̄ynge of his xxx yere he spake to thys moder and saide. Dere moder hit is now tyme that I goo to gloryfye my fader. and make hym knowen. and also to shewe my self to ye world. & to wyrke the sauacion of mā nes sonle / as my fader hath ordeyned & sente in to this worlde for this ende / wherfore good moder be of good cōforte / For I shall soone come ageyne to the / And therwith that souerayne maister of mekenes knelyng downe to his moder asked lowely her blessyng. And she also knelynge & clyppynge hym derworthly in hir armes with wepyng said thus / My blessid sone as thou wolt / goo now with thy faders blessyng & myn And thynke on me and haue in minde soone to come ageyne And soo reuerētly takynge his leue at his moder and also at his supposed fader Joseph / he took his way fro Nazareth to ward Jherusalem / and soo forth tyl he came to the water of [Page] Jordan: where iohn baptysed the peple at that tyme / the whyche place is fro Jherusalem the space of eyghtē myle. And so the lord of al the world gooth all that longe way bare foote & allone / For he had yet none disciples gadred wherfore we takynge good entente by inward cōpassion of hym in this iourney. speke we to hym deuoutly in herte thynkynge in this [...]edi [...] [...]uot [...] nota [...] maner. O lord Jhu ye that ben kynge of all kynges / whyder goo ye in this maner alone / Good lord / where ben your Dukes. Erles. knyghtes. and Barons. horses: and harneys / chari ottes / and sōmers / and all other seruauntes and mynystres / that shold be aboute you to kepe you fro the comyn peple in maner of kynges and lordes. where ben the trompes & clario nes. & all other mynstralsye and herbegers and purueyours / that shold goo before / and al other worshippes and pompes of the world. as we wretchyd wormes vse [...] ▪ Be not ye that hye lorde / of whos Joye and blysse heuen and erthe is reple­nysshed / why then̄e goo ye thus symply alone and on that bare erthe. Sothely ye cause is. for ye be not a [...] thys tyme in your kyngdome. the whiche is not of this worlde. For here ye haue auauntysed youre self takynge the maner of a seruaūt. & not of a kynge / and soo ye haue made youre self as one of vs a [...]na [...] p [...]r [...]g [...] [...]go sum si cut omn [...] [...]ri [...] m [...] pylgryme. and a stranger: as al oure faders weren. ye be come a seruaunte to make vs kynges▪ and for we sholde sykerly come to youre Reame. ye come youre self shewynge vs the true waye. wherby we sholde mowe come vp there to / But lorde god why leue we & forsake we that waye / why folowe we [...] [...]n [...]r [...] b [...]u [...] mund [...] d [...] l [...]ot [...] not after the. why lowe we not and meke not oure self. why loue we and holde we and coueyte we soo besely worshippes and pompes and vanytees of the worlde /

Sothely for oure Reame is of thy worlde. and for we knowe not our self as pylgrymes and straūgers. therfore we fallen in al these folyes and myscheues. & soo we vayne mens sones louen & holden aldaye thynges that ben vayn and fals [Page] for tho that ben good & true / and tho that ben temporel euer fayllynge / for tho that ben heuenly & euerlastyng: Truly gode lord yf we desyren with a sadde will to youre reame / & our cō forte were in heuenly thynges / and also therwyth / yf we in­wardly thoughten & knewen our self here as pilgrymes and strangers / we shold soone and lyghtely folowe you / and of all these erthely and tēporel goodes takynge oonly that were nedeful to our lyuynge. we shold not be taryed to renne after yow / but as wythouten byrthen we shold goo lyghtely & fully despyse & sette at nouȝt all these wordly Rycheses & goodes But now speke we ferthermore of the baptysme of our lord Jhesu what tyme that he come to the water of Jordan there founde he Johan baptysynge synfull men / and mykel peple that was come thyder for to here his predicacōn / for they helden hym that tyme as Cryste / And then̄e oure lorde Jhesus amonge other wente to Johan / and prayd hym that he wolde baptyse hym with other. And Johan beholdynge hym and knowynge hym in spiryte was adred / & with grete reuerēce said. Lord I shold be baptysed of the & thou comest to me▪ and I [...]s answerd / Suffre now / For thus it falleth & besemeth vs to fulfille all ryghtwysnesse / As who saith / Saye not thys now & bewreye me not or make me not knowe. for my tyme therof is not yet come. but now doo as I bydde & baptyse me / [...]ota tees g [...]du [...] hu unlitati [...]: for now is tyme of mekenes / & therfore I wyll now fulfille al maner mekenes: Here saith the glose y mekenes hath thre degrees / the first degree is. a man to be subget & lowed to his souerayn & not preferred or hyed hym self aboue hym that is euen with hym in astate: the secōd is to be subget to his euen lyke in astate & not to be hyed or preferred aboue his vnderlinge / The thirde & the souerayn degree of mekenes is to be subget & lowed to his vnderlyng that is he that is lasse in astate thā he: & this degree kepte our lord ihs at this time whā he meked hym & lowed hym to Johan / and therfore so he fulfilled ryghtwysnes [Page] and all the perfeccion of mekenes / And thenne whan Johan sawe our lordes will that must nedes be doo: he dyde as he ba [...] and baptysed hym [...] here. Now take we here goode hede how that hye lord of mageste despoilleth hym & [...]oth o [...] his clothes as another symple man of the peple: And after he is plonged in that colde water. & in that colde tyme. as in wynter & al for our loue & for our hele ordeynyng the sacrament of baptisme & wasshyng therwyth none of his owne syn̄es. f [...] he had none. but oure fylthes & oure syn̄es: and so weddynge there ghostly to hym holy chirche generally. & all trewe soules specially. For in the feith of oure baptisme we [...]en wedded to oure lord Jhesu Crist. wherfore this is a grete feste and a werke of grete profyte & excellence. for in this worthy werke al the hole Trinyte was openly shewed in a synguler [...]an [...]r ¶ whan ye holy ghoost cam downe in ye lykenesse of a [...]ue & rested vpon hym. & the voyce of the fader said this is my by loued sone / in whome it lyketh me wel. & therfore here ye [...]un [...]d [...]pō the wyche worde saint Bernard speketh in this maner [...]o lord Jhesu now is tyme to speke. & therfore now beg [...]e & speke. how longe wilt thou be in scylence. me thynketh thou hast longe tyme holde thy pees. ye & ful longe. but now speke. for now thou hast leue of ye fader. how longe wolt thou that art the vertu of god & the wisdom of the fader. be hyd in the peple as he that were feble & vncōnyng. how longe thou that art that worthy kynge of heuen suffrest thy self to be cleped. & also to be suppossed & holden a wryghtes sone that is to say Joseph / For as luke in his gospel witnessith yet in to this tyme of his xxx yere. Ihs was supposed & holden the sone of [...] Joseph O thou mekenes that arte the vertu of crist how mykel cōfoūdest thou the pryde of my vanyte: for I can but ly [...]l or more sothely to speke. oonly it semeth me that I can. & yet now I maye not holde my tonge vnwysely & without shame puttyng my self forth and shewyng me as wyse & so redy to teche and [Page] lyghtly to speke. but slowe to here: And Criste what tyme he helde his pees so longe / also hyde hym self fro the knowyng of men / whether he dradde ought of vayne Joye / what shold he drede vayne Joye that was in sothenesse the Joye of the fader. But neuertheles he drede this not to hym felf. but to vs the whiche he knewe wel had nede to be adredde of that vayne Joye. And in that he spake not with his mouthe he taught vs in dede / And that thynge that he taught after by worde / now he spake by ensample that is / Lerneth of me for I am mylde and meke in herte / For of the yongthe of oure lorde in to this tyme of thyrty yere I here or rede but lityl more: But now may he no lenger be hyd. sythen he is so openly shewed of the fader: All these ben the wordes of saynt Bernard in sē tence cōfermynge that was said before in the nexte chapitre how that our lord Jhesus mekely helde his pees in to this tyme for our doctryne to flee presumcōn / and kepe parfyte mekenes / the whiche vertue yet here in his baptisme he shewed more growē than it was before by souerayne lowenes opēly shewed to his seruaūt makynge hym worthy and grete. and hym self as vnworthy & abiecte. And also in a nother poynte we may see his mekenes here growen. for in to this tyme as it is sayd he lyued lowely as in ydelnesse & abieccōn. but now he shewed hym self openly as a synful man. For Johan preched to synful men to doo penaūce & baptised them. And oure lord Jhs came amonge them / and in her syght was baptysed as one of them / . & that was a souerayne poynte of mekenes namely in this tyme whā he purposed to preche & shewe him self as goddes sone / for as by way of man̄es reason he shold haue drede / Then̄e of that lowe dede leest therby after when̄e he preched he shold haue ben in lesse reputacōn & dispysed as a synful mā & vnworthy. But therfore lefte not he y was mayster of mekenes to meke hym self in al maner of lowenes to our doctryne & ensāple. shewyng hym self thyng y he was not [Page] in to despyte and abieccion of hym self / But we in contraryNota contra supe [...] b [...] maner shewen our self that we ben not in to worship & praysynge of our self / For yf there be ony thynge in vs of vertue / that ought to be preysed. that gladly we shewen and maken knowe. but oure defaultes and trespaces we helen and hyden And yet be we in sothenes wyked and synful. And thoughN it soo be that we knowen our self as in oure owne syght vnworthy and synful. Neuertheles we wold not beholde so in the syght of other: And in that is oure mekenes ferre fro the parfyte mekenes of Jhesu as it was here. and before shewed And in all his dedes he shewed it as that vertu that is moost nedeful to vs / wherfore loue we hit / and besye we vs in all oure dedes pryncipally to kepe hit / not dredynge therby to be the more vnable to profyte of other. For as he was in this tymeNota of his souerayne mekenes in vnderfongynge of hys baptysme taken of his seruaunt shewed by wytnes of the fader / and token of ye holy ghost very goddes sone Soo though we make vs abiecte and lowe vs neuer so mykel in our owne syȝte / and in other men̄es yf we be able to profyte to other / god will make vs knowen in tyme as hit is moost spedeful to oure owne mede and to other men̄es prouffyte

Amen /

¶ Explicit pars secunda / Et contemplacio pro die martis /

¶ Incipit pars Tercia

¶ Of the fastynge of oure lorde Jhesu and his temptacions in deserte ¶ Capitulum xv /

[Page]WHat tyme that oure lord Jhesus was baptysed as it is said before / anone went in to deserte. & there vpon an hill that was fro the place of his baptisme aboute foure myle / & is cleped Quarētana / He fasted xl. dayes & xl. nyȝtes not etynge or drynkyng / & as ye euangeliste Marke telleth / his dwellynge was there with beestes / Now yeue we here good entente to our lord Jhu / specially & to his dedes. For here he techeth vs & yeueth vs Ensample of many grete vertues. As in that yt he his solytary & fasteth: & prayeth & waketh. & lyeth & slepeth vpon the erthe. and mekely is conuersaūt with the beestes.Nota bene ꝓcessum dequatuor In ye whiche processe ben towched foure thynges that lō gen specially to ghostly excercise & vertuoꝰ lyuynge / & wonder fully helpynge eche other togyder / that is to say. Solytary beynge. Fastyng prayer & penaūce of the body. by the whiche wePu [...]ta [...] cordio. may come best to yt noble vertu that is clennesse of herte. the whiche we owē soueraynly to desyre. in as moche as it is moost nedeful to vs / & cōprehendeth in it self all other vertues in manere / that is to say. charyte: mekenes / pacience / & alle other vertues. And also it putteth awaye vyces. for with vices or wyth defalute of vertues: clennes of herte may not stōde & laste. & therfore in that book that is cleped Collaciones patrum it is sayd that al the excercise of a monke sholde be pryncypally to gete & haue clennesse of herte / and noo wonder / for ther­by a man shall deserue to see god / as cryste hym self witnes­syth in the gospel sayenge thus / Blessid be the clene in herte / Bernard for they shall see god. And as sainte Bernard saith the clen­ner that a man is. the nerer he is god / and the more clerelyPrimum Secundū Tercium Jeiunium [...] afflictio corporio: seeth hym / wherfore to gete and haue this noble vertue / that is to saye clennesse of herte princypally helpeth besy and de­uoute prayer. of the whiche we shall speke after. But for as mykel as prayer with glotenye or with the lust & the lykynge of the body & ydelnes is lytyll worthe / Therfore hit behoueth that there be therwith fastyng & bodyly penaūce / & y with discrecion. For bodily penaūce without discrecōn letteth al gode [Page] werkes. Also for the kepynge & fulfyllynge of all tho thre for sayd thynges / helpeth moche the fourth / that solytary beynge For with moche noise & troublynge praier will not well & deuoutly be said: & he that seeth & hereth many thynges shal ful hard escape vnclennesse of hert & offence of cōscience: for ofte sythes deth entreth by our wyndowes in to the soule. wherfo [...] thou that wilt be knytte ghostly to our lord▪ Jhesu criste / & co­ueytest in clennesse of herte to see god by ensample of hym / goo in to a solytary place & in as moche as thou mayst sauynge thyne astate flee the cōpany of flesshely mē / Seche not by curiosite newe knowleche & frēshippes. Fylle not thyn eyen & thyn eres with vayn fantasyes. For it was not withoute cause that holy faders here before soughten desertes & other solitary places fer fro the comyn cōuersacion of men / And also it was not for nouȝt that they taughten & boden hem that dwelleden in religious cōuersacōn. that they shold be blynde▪ dee [...] & dombe / & that may lette & distourble rest of soule flee as venemous to the soule. This solitary beyng & this fleyng as Bernard [...] say [...] sayth is more vertuously in soule than in body / that is to say yt a man in his entencion in deuocion & in spiryte be departed fro ye world & men / & ioyned so in spyryte to god▪ that is a spyryte & asketh not solytary beynge of body in maner & tyme: as specially in tyme of special prayer & also in other tyme / of hem that owen by way of her degree by solytary as recluse & some relygious / & therfore saith the same saint that yu that art amonge many bodyly men thou maist be solytary & alone ghostly yf thou will not & loue not these worldly thynges that ye comynalte loueth / & also yf thou despyse & forsake tho thynge that comynly al men desyrē. & taken / Also yf thou flee stryues & debates. & yf thou fele not with sorewe thyn owne harmes / & haue not in mynde wronges done to ye for to be auengyd / And els though thou be allone & solytary in body thou arte not allone in soule truly. ¶ And generally in what manere companye of men that [Page] thou arte cōuersaūt: beware specially of thoo thynges: yf thou wilte be truly solytary in spirite. that is that thou be not a curious / and a besy sercher of other menes conuersacyon▪or els a presumtuouse and temerary demer of other men / This is saynte Bernardes sentence of solytary beynge / by the whiche we may vnderstāde that bodyly solicitude suttyseth not with oute ghostly / But for to haue the ghostly the bodily helpeth ful moche. puttynge away occasion without forth that myȝt drawe the ioule within forth fro the onynge and▪ knyttynge to hir spouse Jhesu Crist / wherfore that we maye so be knytte to hym by grace / be we aboute with all our wille & myght to tolowe hym / that is to saye in true solitary beynge. as it is layde. and in deuoute prayer. in fastyng & discrete bodily penaū ce doyng. And ferthermore that his cōuersacōn in deserte wasNota [...]ne amonge bestes / we haue ensample to lyue symply. and bere vs lowely in what congregacion we ben. And there with to bere paciently / and suffre also hem that semen to vs as vure sonable & bestiall in maneres & in lyuynge / And thus hauyng in mynde the maner of lyuynge of our lord Jhu Crist in deserte so in penaūce tho xl. dayes. euery crysten soule ought to visite hym other oftymes by deuoute cōpassion. and specially in that tyme begyn̄yng at the Epiphanye when he was bap­tised in to xl. dayes after. in the whiche he fasted & lyued there as it is sayd. But now ferthermere as to his tēptacion whan tho xl. dayes of his fastynge were cōplete / oure lord Jhs hon­gred / AndDe [...]ep [...]ci one d [...]i prima temptacō de gul [...]. anone that fals temptour the fende that besy was a boute to knowe whether he wer̄ goddes sone. came to hym & began to tempte hym of glotonye / and sayd. yf thou be goddes sone / saye. that these stones be made & tornyd in to loues / But he myghte not with his trechery deceyue hym▪ that was maister of trouthe. For he answerd hym soo wysely that ney­ther he was ouercome by the temptacion of glotenye. & yet the aduersary myghte not knowe that he desyred. For neyther [Page] he denyed ne affermed that he▪ was goddes sone / but cōcluded hym by an Auctoryte of holy wrytte / And soo haue we here ensāpie of our lord Jhesu to withstonde the vyce of glotenye For there must we begynne / yf we wylle ouercome other vyces.De [...] as the enemy comynly begyn̄eth therwyth to assaylle hem that taken hem to ghostly lyuynge / wherfore as it semeth he that is ouercomen with that vyce of gloteny. that while he is feble & vnmyghty to withstonde and ouercome other vyces▪ as doctoures sayen in this place of the gospel▪ that but glotony be fyrste refrayned. man trauaileth in vayne agenst other vyces. Afterward the deuylle took hym vp & bare hym in to Jherusalem that was fro that place aboute eyghte myle▪ as men sayen. & there he sette hym vpon a pynacle of the Tem­ple where he tempted hym of vayne Joye / coueitynge to knowe as he dyde before whether he were goddes sone. But here was he also ouercome by auctoryte of holy writte. so that he loste fully his purpoos▪ in that he hurte hym not as man by pryde / and hym self was neuer the vyser of hys godhede And here haue we ensample of pacience cōsiderynge the grete benygnyte and pacience of oure lorde Jhesu / That suffred hym self to be handeled and borne of that cruel beest that hated hym / and all that he loued / And after that tyme as saynt Bernard sayth / the enemy seyng that he shewed noo thynge of the godhede / And supposynge therby that he was not god [...] tempted hym after as man at thys thyrdde tyme / whenne he tooke hym efte & bare hym ageyne in to a ful hye hille besyde the forsayd hylle of Quarētana as the space of two myle: and there he tempted hym of auaryce: And therwith of ydola trye / But therfore was he there openly repreued. & fully ouer come and vaynquysshed: & ouercome as dyuerse doctoures tellen that expownē more plainly these temptacions / and thysNota de [...] Gospel. And therfore we passe ouer the shortlyer here as we doo in other exposicions / standynge pryncipally in meditacions as it was said at the begynnynge of thys book▪ If we [Page] take here good hede / how oure lorde was handled & tempted of the enemy: we shold not wonder though we wretches ben ofte sythes tempted / for not oonly he was tempted in these thre tymes / But also as saint Bernard saith in other dyuer se tymes / as the Apostle saith that he was tempted in all maner temptacyou that longeth to the infirmyte of man. wythoute syn̄e. Ferthermore whan the enemy was fully ouercome & gone away angels comen & serueden and mynystreden hymMeditacio [...]uo [...] But now here take we good hede▪ and beholde we inwardly oure lorde Jhesu etynge alone and the Aūgels aboute hym / & thynke we deuoutely by ymagynacion tho thynges that folowen herafter / For they ben ful faire and styrynge to deuocōn And so fyrste we maye aske▪ what maner of mete it was / that the Aungels serueden hym of after that longe fast▪ Herof speketh not holy wrytte / wherfore we maye here ymagyne by reason & ordeyne this worldly feest as vs lyketh not by errour affermynge / but deuoutly ymagynynge and supposyng and that after the comyn kynde of the manhede / For yt we take hede and speke of his myghte after the godhede there is no question / For it is no doubte / that he myght make what hym lyst▪ And also haue of tho that ben & weren made at his owne wille / But we shall not fynde that he vsed this myght. and this power for hym self or for his disciples in her bodyly nede / But for the peple to shewe his godhede we reden. that at two tymes he fedde hem myraculously in grete multitude of a fewe loues and fysshes. but of his disciples is wryten that in his owne presence they plucked eeres of corne & eten hem for honger as it shal folowe herafter. ¶ Also what tyme he hym self was wery of the way. and satte vpon the welle spekynge with the womā Samarytane we rede not that he made mete for to ete. but that he sende his disciples in to the Cyte to begge her mete / & so it was not lyckly that in thys tyme after his fast & bodily honger he purueyed his mete by miracle [Page] fythen in thys tyme he shewed oonly his manhede / and also there was no peple▪ therfore to wyrche myracle to her edificacion / as comynly he dide / but oonly Aungels were there present / And sythen in that hylle was noo dwellynge of men ne mete redy dyȝt we shall. suppose that Aūgels broughten him man̄es mete all redy dyghte fro another place. as it befelle to the prophete Danyel / ¶ For as holy wrytte telleth what tyme Danyel was put in the pytte of lyons / and Abacuk a no­ther prophete bare mete to his repars in the felde. goddes Aungel took hym vp by the here of his hede & bare hym fro then [...] in to babylonye to Danyel for to be fedde wyth that mete / And after anone he was borne ageyne / ¶ And so in that manere lete vs ymagyne here & with ghostly myrth / as it were rehetynge oure lorde▪ Jhesu at his mete / and also hauynge in specyally his dere moder / thynke we deuoutly in this manere. what tyme sathanas was reproued as a fals temptour. and vtterly dryuen away / holy Aungels in grete multitude comē to oure lord Jhesu after his vyctory / and fallynge downe to y erthe deuoutely honoured hym / and salued hym as theyr lord and Almyghty god. And oure lord benyngly and swettely to ok hem vp enclynyng to hem with his hede. as hit were kno­wlechyng hym self veray man / and in that somwhat lasse & lowed fro Aūgels. And then̄e speken the Aūgels & saydē thus Oure worthy lord / ye haue longe fasted: And it is now youre tyme to ete: what is youre wille that we ordeyne for you And then̄e he said / goo forth to my dere moder / & what maner of mete she hath redy / brynge to me / For there is none bodyly mete so lykynge to me as that is of hir dyghtynge. And anone two of theim goynge forth. sodeynly were before hir▪ and with grete reuerence gretynge hir of hir sone behalfe tolde their message. And so of that symple mete y she had ordeyned to hir self & Joseph. the Aungels token with a loof and a to wel and other necessaryes. and broughten hit to Jhesu / And [Page] perauenture there with a few smale fysshes that oure lady had ordeyned then̄e as god wold / & so therwyth the Aungels comynge spradden the towel vpon the grounde & leiden brede theron. and myldly stoden & sayden graces with oure lord Jhesu▪ abydynge his blessyng & tyl he was sette. ¶ Now take goVide solitarie [...]t resluse od entente here specially thou that arte solytary / and haue in mynde why thou etest thy mete alone as withoute man̄es teliship the maner of this mete / And how lowely oure lorde Jhesꝰ sytteth downe to his mete on the bare groūde. For there had he neyther bancquerre ne quysshen: and take hede howN curteysly / and how sobirly he taketh his mete / notwithstondynge his honger after his longe fast / The angels serueden hym as her lord. perauenture one of brede: another wyne: another dyȝt fysshes. some songen in the stede of mynstrelsy that swete songe of heuen: and soo they reheteden and coūforted her lord as it longen to them with mykel Joye medled with cōpassion This teliship hast thou though thou see hem not whan thou etest allone in thy celle yf thou be in charite / and specyally when thou hast thy herte to god as ye owe to haue after the byddynge of the apostle. the whiche saith to vs that whether we eten or drynken or ony other thynge doo / all we shall doo in the name of oure lord / the whyche name Jhesus we shall algate blysse and thanke hym in herte / haue we mykel haue we lytyl / haue we good / haue we badde / and soo ete oure mete though we ben alone. as though we seene bodyly the blessyd Aungels that ben presente ghostly / And here with hauynge inward compassion of oure lorde Jhesu and beholdynge in mynde hym that is Almyghty god souerayne lorde and maker of alle the worlde that yeueth mete to alle flesshely creatures. soo meked and in maner neded to bodyly mete / and therewith etynge as another erthely man / mykel owe we to loue hym & thanke hym / and wyth a gladde wylle take penaunce / and suffre dysease for hym that soo moche hath suffred for vs / ¶ Ferthermore as to the processe [Page] when our lord Jhesus had eten and sayd grace. that is to saye thanketh the fader in his māhede of that bodily refeccion / He badde the Aūgels bere ageyn to his moder that was lefte tel­lyng hir that he shold in shorte tyme come to hir ageyne. And whan they hadden doo as he badde: & were come ageyne that was in ful shorte tyme. he spake to all the Aungels that we­ren there and said: God ageyne to my fader and youre blysse and recōmendeth me to hym and to all the Courte of heuen For yet it behoueth me to doo my pylgremage here in erth a whyle / & a none therwyth they fallyng downe to the erthe. & deuoutely askynge his blessyng. after he had blessyd them wenten vp ageyn to heuen tellyng there these tidynges of his gracious vyctory. And therof was all the blessyd Courte reioy­sed & fulfilled in myrthe & thankynge of god. And thus & in thys maner we may thynke & ymagyne the forsaid processe to styrynge of oure deuocion as by way of meditacion in the whiche processe ben many good notabylitees touchyng temptacion of man in this world of the wiche saynte Gregory & other doctours spekē in the exposicion of this Gospel Duet▪ est Jhesus in deserto & cetera And specially Crisostome in in perfecto the whiche for they ben suffisaūtly wryten not only in latyn but also in Englisshe we passen ouer at this tyme Spekynge ferthermore of the tornynge ageyne of oure Lorde [...]. Jhesus home to his moder at Nazareth. And then̄e whan he wente downe fro that hylle / and cam to Jordan / Johan Baptiste as soone as he sawe hym come towarde hym wyth his fynger puttynge toward hym shewed hym and sayd / loo the lambe of god / loo he that dooth a way the syn̄es of the worl­de He hit is / vpon whome I sawe the holy ghost reste what tyme I baptysed hym ¶ Afterward also a nother day whan Johan hadde shewed hym as he dyde firste. Andrewe and Peter with other disciples / speken wyth hym / and hadden a begynnynge of his knowleche as Johan telleth in his Gospel / [Page] Afterward oure lord Jhesꝰ lefte that Countre▪ and took the waye towarde Galilee tyl he came to his moder at Nazareth whome we shall also folowe by cōpassion of his grete tra­uaylle all that longe waye of lxxiiii myle as it is said before And what tyme that he was come home. and his moder had the syghte of hym / noo wonder was though she was gladde & ioyeful in. so mykel that there may no tonge telle▪ wherfore anone she rose & clippynge and kyssyng hym welcomyd hym home. and thanked the fader of heuen that brought hym sauf to hir / But there with beholding his face lene & pale. she had grete cōpassōn / and he ayenward reuerently enclynynge dyde hir worshippe as to his moder. & also to Joseph as to his tro­wed fader. And so dwellid he with them as he dyde before me kely. but in another maner of lyuynge as by shewynge withoute forth of his perfeccion more and more as it shal sheweNota bene pro ordine capitulorū [...] modo s [...]ribe [...]di in sequ [...]ntibus hereafter But for as mykel as it were longe werke & perauē ture tedious bothe to the reders & to the herers herof / yf al the processe of ye blessid lyf of Jhu shold be wryten in Englissh so fully by meditacions as it is yet hyder to after the processe of the book before named of Bonauenture in latyn. therfore hereafterward many chapitres & longe processe that semeth lytyl edifycacōn in as to the maner of symple folke that this book is specyally wryten to shalle be lefte vnto it drawe to the passion. the whiche with the grace of Jhu shalle be more playnly cōtynued / as the mater that is moost nedeful & moste edyfyenge. And before oonly tho materes that semen moost fructuous and the Chapytres of theym shalle be wryten as god wille yeue grace / wherfore as the same BonauentureB byddeth. thou that wilt fele the swetnes and the fruyte of these meditacions / take heede algate and in all places deuoutlyVide ī co [...] ꝓxio seque ti qd hic omittitur in thy mynde beholdynge the persone of oure lorde Jhesu in all his dedes. as whan he stante with his disciples / and whan wyth other synful men / And whan he preched to the peple / And how he speketh to theym / And also [Page] when̄e he wyrcheth myracles▪ & so forth takynge hede of all his dedes & his maners. and pryncipally beholdynge his bles­sid face yf thou canst ymagyne it / that semeth to me moost hard of all other. but as I trowe: it is moost lykynge to hym that hath grace therof / And soo what tyme that synguler me ditacions ben not specifyed. this generalle shal suffyle /


¶ De aperciōe libri ī sinagoga notatur in capitulo sequēti

¶ How oure lord Jhesus began to teche and gadre disciples Capitulum. xvi

AFter that oure lorde Jhesus was come home ageyne to Nazareth fro his baptisme and his temptacion. as it is sayd. he beganne a lytil & a lytil to shewe hym self and to tech pryuely and in party / For as openly and fully we rede not that he took vpon hym thoffyce of prechynge all that yere folowyng / that is to saye vnto that tyme that he wrought the first myracle at the weddyng that was that self day a twelue moneth that he was baptised: And though he or his disciples precheden in the meane tyme other whyle. Neuertheles it was not so fully nor so customably done before that Johan Baptiste was taken & emprisoned: as after. And in that he gaf vs ensample of a wonderful mekenes. when touchyng thoffyce of prechynge he gaf stede to Johan yt was mykel lesse & with oute comparison more vnworthy than he / And soo we may see that he began not with boost & blowynge as many done but with mekenesse lytyl & lytyl softely. wherfore vpon a sab botte daye when he was come in to the synagoge as he was wonte to doo with other as in ye chirche of Jewes. he rose vp for to rede in maner of▪ a mynyster or a Clerke. And whan there was take hym the book of the prophete ysaye. he tornyd to that pace where it is wryten & soo he redde in this maner [Page] The spyryte of oure lord hath rested vpon me. wherfore he hath anoynted me. and for to preche to the poore. he hath sēte me & cetera. And then̄e whan he had closed the booke & taken it to the seruaūt. he sat down and then̄e he spake ferthermore This day is this scripture fulfylled in youre eres. Now take hede of hym / how mekely at begyn̄ynge he took vpon hym y offyce of a reder as it were a symple clerke / fyrste with a benigne and lowely chere redynge / and after expownyng it me kely of hym self / & yet not openly expressyng or menyng hym self when he said. this day is fulfilled this scripture. as who seith / I that rede this this daye / am he. of whome it speketh / And the eyen of all that were in the Synagoge were sette be sely in hym / And alle they wondred of these wordes of grace that yeden oute of his mouthe. And no wonder. for he was soueraynly fair & also moost eloquente / As Dauid saith of hym also / Thou faire in shappe passyng the chyldren of mē Specio [...] [...]o [...]a pre [...]s homi num and grace is shewed in thy lyppes. Ferthermore also our lord Jhesus besyenge hym aboute oure sauacōn beganne to clepe & gadre to hym dysciples: and soo he cleped Peter & Andrew thre tymes / Fyrste tyme when he was aboute y water of Jordan as it was sayd before / and then̄e they comē somwhat inDe quarto vocacione habetur Jo. po. cao luce quin to. capo to his knowleche / but they folowed not him / The seconde tyme he cleped them fro the shippe whan they werē aboute to take fysshe as luke telleth: But then̄e though they herden his doctryne & folowed hym / Neuertheles they soughten at that tyme to torne ageyne to theyr propre goodes. The third tyme as Mathewe telleth / he cleped them fro the shippe / when heMathei quarto et Marc. prio saide to them / Cometh after me / For I shall make you fysshers of men / And then̄e leften they her nettes & shyppe & fader & folowed hym: Also in y two last tymes he cleped James & Johan as in y same place is made mynde of hem with Peter & Andrew. Also specially he cleped John fro the brydale as saynte Jerome saith / but that is not expressyd in the texte [Page] of the gospell. ¶ Also specyally he cleped Philip / & also in another place Mathew the publicane. But the manere of clepyng of the remenaūt is not expressely wryten. sauf that luke maketh mynde of the twelue apostles chosen. & nameth hem all. Now take we here good entent to the manere of hym in thys clepyng and gadryng of hys dicyples / and of hys conuer sacion wyth hem / how lowely he speketh to them. and how homely he sheweth hym self to them / drawynge them to hys loue wythinforth by grace. and wythoute forth by dede famy­liarly ledyng hem to hys moders hous. & also going wth hem ofte to her dwellynges / techyng & enformynge hem / & soo in alle manere beyng besy aboute hem / & wyth as grete cure as [...] the moder hath of hyr owne sone. In soo mykell that as is wryten. saynt Peter tolde. what tyme he slepte wyth hem in ony place. it was hys custome to ryse vp in the nyght hem slepyng And yf he fonde ony of them vnhyled ▪ preuely & softely hyled hym ageyne. For he loued hem ful tenderly knowynge what he wold make of hem as though so were they were mē of rude & boystous condicions and of symple lygnage. Neuer theles he thoughte to make hem prynces of the worlde & chy [...]etayns of all Crysten men in ghostly bathayll & domesmen of other. Here also lete vs take hede of what manere peple began the feythe & the groūde of holy chyrche. as of suche sym­ple fysshers / poure men and vnlerned. For our lord wolde not chese her to grete Clerkes and wyse men. or mighty men of the worlde. leste the grete dedes that sholde after be done by hem myghte be aretted to her wordynesse / But thys he reserued & kepte for hym self / as it was resō shewyng that only in hys owne goodnes & myght & wysedom / he boughte vs and saued vs / Blessyd be he Jhesus wythoute ende


¶ Of the myracle done atte brydal tornyd water in to wyne Capytulum xvii

IT befelle that day twelue moneth yt our lord Jhesus was baptysed as it is sayd [Page] there was made a brydale in the coūtre of Galylee in a place that was cleped y chane / of the whyche brydale there is doubte whos brydale it was. But we at thys tyme shall suppose a [...]ter the comyn opynyon that it was John euangelyst as saint Jerome also telleth in the prologue of the gospel of iohn. at the whyche brydale our lady Jhūs moder was as she that was the eldest and moste worthy of the thre systers. And therfore she was not bydden nor cleped thyder as other straūgers weren / but she was there in her sisters hous homely as in her owen hous ordeynyng & mynistryng as maystres therof. And that we may vndstande by thre euydences of the processe of y gospel. Fyrst by that the gospel sayth fyrst / that the moder of Jhein was there / & after that Jhesus & hys discyples weren cleped or bidden therto. And so as we suppose it befell yt what tyme oure ladyes sister Mary salome y wyf of zebedee shapte to wedde her sone John. she yede before to oure lady to Naza­reth that was fro y Chane aboute four myle. saieng that she wolde make a brydale to her sone John / And soo thenne oure lady wente wyth hir to ordeine therfore certayne dayes before Soo that when other ghestes were bede / she was there all redy and homely be fore. ¶ The Seconde euydence is that she knewe defaute of wyne. wherfore it semeth that she satte not at that mete as other ghestes that were beden. but that she yede aboute mynystrynge as one of them that delyuerden mete and drynke and other necessaryes / wherfore she percey­ued by tyme and sawe the defaulte of wyne / And tolde preue­ly her sone therof / for helpe and remedy / and that myght she not haue do yf she hadde sette amonge other wymen but she had rysen fro the borde that is not semely to be & also it is not to leue that she that was vertuously shamfaste. sat by her so ne among men. wherfore it foloweth that she satte not as a gheste. but mynystred as it is sayd before / ¶ The thyrde euydence herof is / that she bad the seruaūtes for to goo to hyr so [Page] ne / and that they sholde do what that he badde them do / And so it semeth that he was ouer hem: & that the brydale was gouerned by hyr / & therfor she was besy that no default were there at. wherfore we may take hede & vnderstande the maner of thys brydale & the processe of the myracle therat done thus. Fyrste we shall beholde our lord Jhesu etynge there amonge hem as another comyn man / & that syttynge in the lowest place & not amōg the grete & most worshypful ghestes abouen as we may ond (er)stande by thys processe / For he shold after teche thys lesson of the gospel. whanthow arte beden to the brydale or to the feste. sytte & take thy stede in the loweste place / And for as mykel as he wold firste doo in dede that he sholde after teche by woord. therfore he wolde not take the first & the pryncipall sete in maner of prowde men / but rather the lower amonge symple mē ¶ Here with also behold our lady his moder yt al thynge were wel & couenably done. tellynge the seruaūtes & the mynystres how they sholde serue & wherof. ¶ And soo after whan it drowe toward the ende of y feste / they comen to hyr & saiden there is no more wine. And she āswered abydeth a litil & I shall gete you to haue more / And she wente out of the chā bre in to the hall to her sone Jhesus that satte atte bordes ende nyhe y cahmbers dore / & rownyd hym in the ere & saye / My dere sone they haue noo more wyne. & she thys our syster is poure. wherfore I ne wete where we shal haue more & Jhesus āswered & said / what is y to me & to the woman. Thys seme the an hard & a bostous answere to hys moder / But neuerthe lesse it was sayd in mystery & for our ductryne and techynge as saint Bernarde sayth. and as it shall be tolde after the processe / But of this hard & straūge answere as to semynge hys moder was not distourbled ne in despeyre / but fully trustynge in his grete godenes & benignite she wente ageyne to y seruaū tes and sayd to them / Gooth to my sone Jhesus and what so euer he sayth and byddeth you do / doth and then at the byd [Page] dyng of our lord they fylleden the stenes that were ful of water / And anone at hys blessyng all y water was tornyd in to wyne / And thenne he badde them drawe therof / And bere to the archetryclyne. that is to saye the moost worthy persone of alle the hgestes in that hous. In the whyche byddyng we may see fyrste the dyscrecyon of our lorde. in that he sente that wyne fyrste to the moste worshypfull man. Also we maye see here by that our lorde satte fere fro hym in that he sayd. Bereth hyt to Archetryclyne. And so sythen he satte in the hygeste place it semeth that oure lorde satte in the lowest place / as it was sayd before. And whan he hadde tasted the wyne & preysed it / and he & other dronken therof. the mynystres that knewen how it was made tolden openly the myracle / And thenne hys dyscyples byleueden in hym more sadly as for the fyrst myracle that they seen done before hem / And soo in that Jhesus shewed hys blysse & hys godhede ¶ Afterward whan the [...]este was al done / our lord Jhesus called John by himself & sayd / Leue thys woman that thou hast taken to thy wyf / & folowe me. For I shal bryng the to a better and more parfyte weddynge than thys is. And āone wythoute more Johan lefte hys wyf there. and folowed Jhesus. In thys forsayd processe we may not many thynges to our doctryn & edificacion Fyrst in that our lord Jhesus wold come and be presente attebrydale & weddyng he shewed vs that matrymony & flesshely wedding is leefful and ordeined of god / but in that he called Johan ther fro. he doth vs to vnd (er)stonde that ghoostly matrymony is mikel more better and perfite & worthy. Also in that harde answere and straunge as to semynge that he yaf to his moder when he sayd / what is that to me and to the woman as saynt Bernard sayth. he taught vs that ben relygious and haue forsake the world. not for to be to besy and haue to grete care about our flesshely parentes. soo that theyr nede lette not our ghostly exercyse / for as long as we ben of the worlde [Page] so longe we be t [...] dette to our parentes. but after we haue left it / & forsake our self / mykel more we be free and delyuerd of y [...] besinesse of hem. and so we finde writen that ther cam vpon a tyme to an hermite or a monke that had forsake the worlde & lyued solytaryly in deserte / his owen flesshely broder prayeng hym of hys helpe in a certeyne nede. touchinge the world. and he bade hym go to hys other broder that was dede longe afore And whanne he wondred of that byddynge and sayde that he was dede as he knewe wel / the monk answerde & sayd that so washe dede to the world. And soo thaught vs our lord Jhsus that we that haue forsake the worlde sholde not besy aboute oure pareutes and flesshely frendes ouer that. that relygyon asketh. when he answered to hys moder and namely to suche moder sayeng. what is that to me & to the womā ¶ Anoder vnderstondyng is in this wordes. the whiche cominly doctou­res tellen / and therfore we passe ouer atte this tyme. Ferthermore we haue here techynge of pacience & hope in the dede of [...] our lady that lefte not for that straunge answere as it is sayd before / And soo what tyme we callen to Jhesu for helpe atte oure nede bodily or ghostly. though we finde it not anone but rather hardnes & contrariete / we shall not leue therfore to calle vpon hym by gode hope / tyll thorugh his mercy and grace y vnsauery water & cold of aduersite & penaūce be torned in to wyne of comforte and ghostly lykynge / ¶ After thys myracle was done our lord Jhesus wyllyng & purposynge so for the to wyrche and preche openly for the sauacion of man / he wente fro that place wyth hys moder and hys disciples in to Capharnaum besyde Nasareth leding hys moder by the wey and folowyng hys discyples / & besily heryng his wordes and his techynge / For he was not ydell▪ but dyd and wroughte good or taughte and spake to edyfycacyon / And so doo we in

¶ Of y excellēt (his name y blessid be without ende amē Srmon of oure lord Jhū made in y hylle / Caplm xviii

[Page]Whan̄e our lord Jhūs hadde chosen & gadred his disciples as it is sayd before. willynge to teche hem and enforme hem the perfeccion of y newe lawe. he ladde hem vp in to an hille that is called Thabor about two myle fro Nazareth after the comyn opinion / and there he made to hem a longe sermonAugustinꝰ de sermō [...] dni in mō [...] & ful of fruyte / the whyche as saint austin sayth in the begynnynge of this boke that he made of that sermon it conteyneth alle the perfeccion of Cristen liuinge / For in that sermon he taughte hem fyrste whiche men of god ben blessyd & worthy to haue his blysse / Also he taughte hem the true maner of prayer / of fastinge / of Almesdede & other vertues longynge to the parfite lyf of man as the texte of the gospel opē ly telleth / and diuerse doctoures & clerkes expounen it suffisaū tly. the whiche processe we may passe ouer here / for as mykel as it is wryten bothe in latyn & in Englysshe in many other places. And also it were ful long processe to touche al the po­yntes therof here as by maner of meditacōn / wherfor we shal at this time specially note y our lord began his sermon fyrst [...]ō dē p [...] [...]ta [...] at pouerte doyng vs to that pouerte is y fyrst groū de▪ of al gostly excercyse / For he that is ouerleyd & charged wi­the temporell gode & worldly rychesse maye not frely folowe Cryst that is the mirrour & ensample of pouerte. namely he that hath liking & his affeccōn vnder these worldly goods. for he is not free. but thrall & as in bondage of hem. For of that thyng that a man loueth inwardly & by affeccion▪ he is made wilfully▪thrall & seruaūt. And therfore is the pour man blessid that is to say. he that inwardly loueth no thyng but god. For in that he is knitte to god. as for the more parte. wherfor say the saint Bernard in a sermon. that pouerte is a grete fetherBernerdꝰ i s [...]: quarto de aduēt [...] or a grete wynge. thorugh the whyche man fleeth soo soone in the kyngdome of heuene. For as to other vertues that folowen in this place of the gospel. the mede of hem is behight for to come as in tyme that foloweth after / But to the [Page] vertue of pouerte it is not only behygthe for to come: but as in tyme that is now present it is yeuen of cryste by y forsayd wordes at the begin̄yng of his sermon that ben in these. Blessyd be tho y ben poure in spirite. for her mede is the kingdom of heuen. Lo he saith not / her mede shal be. but as now her me de is Also they that ben not only pour▪ but poure in spirite b [...] [...] blessid / for therin stant the vertu of pouerte. & he is poure in spirite that hath lytil of the spirite of pryde / that is comyn to mankinde by the fyrst syn̄e as a man is called poure worldly that hath lityl of worldly goods. But now leuynge this materB torne we vs to contēplacion beholdyng our lord Jhū how lowely & mekely he sitteth vpon that hill. & his disciples about him. & with how lowely & sadde chere he speketh thoo wordes ful of edificacion / & teched that nobel lesson of souerayne perfeccion. & also how mekely & entētly his disciples beholden his blessyd face / & heren the swete wordes / & setten hem besyly in her mynde. And soo haue they grete Joye & ghostly lykynge in his speche & in his sighte / And specyally as I hope they weren [...] comforted in y nobel shorte praier that he tauȝt hem amonge other in that tyme that is pater noster. [...] that for the grete frute [...] that they felten therin / & also for the grete trust & hope that they were put in therby / For as we maye well suppose as to the firste / that is the fruite therof. not only they vnderstonde it after the lettir. but also therwith they hadden thorugh grace y ghostly vnd (er)stondyng of eche peticion therof / And sythen ther in is conteyned the askynge of al that vs nedeth to the body & to the soule / and that touchinge our temporel lyf in this worlde & the lyf euerlastynge in a nother world & al comprehendid in so shorte wordes: no wonder thouȝ they hadden grete likinge & comforte in that praier by the grete fruyt that they tasted therin / And so hauen al they that thorugh grace felē the ghostly fruyte and the swete taste therof. ¶ Also as to the SecondeSecundū comforte in that prayer. that is trust and hope how might [Page] her trust & hope be more stabled & strengthed / than to see hym that al only knewe. what was nedeful and spedeful to hem to aske / & that myghte only yeue hit hem / & teche hem the petycy on / by the whiche they myght not erre in her askinge / nor fay le of her askynge / And soo he that was domes man made the lybelle in her cause ageynst the whyche he myght not yeue his dome & his sentence. ¶ Also he that was lorde made the bille of his seruaūtes for to aske only thoo thynges. that were nede ful to them and likyng to him for to graūte / More comforte myght not be touchinge prayer & askyng in nede. ¶ And also more ouer / this comforte of this prayer was the more / For as mykel as nexte before in the same place of that sermon he reproued the prayer of ypocrytes & other that wern not wor thy to be herde / And soo was the medecine more confortable and likinge. that the defaulte & sekenes was opened & tolde be fore / All this comforte shall we fynde in this forsayd prayer Pater noster yf we saye hit deuoutly. & not in dedely syn̄e. For our lord Jhūs made not only this prayer to his discyples that weren that tyme specially with hym in that hille. but also to vs and al Cristen men generally that shold make their prayer to the fader of heuen in his name in to the worldes ende [...] [...] causa But the more harme is. here is mykel peple deceyued that le­uen to mykel thys moost worthy prayer & best / by singuler de nocion in other priuate prayers / or sayeng it withoute denocion / As we may see all day many men▪ and wymmen / bering bedes with trillynge on the fingers & waggynge ye lippes▪ but the syghte caste to vanitees & the herte that only god knoweth as it is to drede sette more vpon worldly thynges / Of ye whyche manere of peple speketh our lord god by the prophete and saith thus / This peple prayeth & honoureth me with her lyppes.Populus hic labiis me honorat but their herte is fer from me But for as mykel as this matere is spoken of in many other tretees and bokes bothe in latyne and in englysshe▪ & this prayer sufficaūtly expouned [Page] therfore we passen ouer more shortly at this time herof. But [...]ō de [...]p [...] ri [...]cia o [...]i on [...] Pa [...] nos [...] one thynge touchyng this prayer▪ sothely I trowe that whoo so wille yeue his entente for to saye it wyth deuocion & hath an inward desire to the ghostly vnderstonding therof settyng his herte as mykel as he may when he saith it both in comin and in pryuate / he shalle thorughe grace by processe of tyme fynde soo mykel comforte there in. that there is none prayer made of man / that shal be to hym soo sauery & so effectuell in what so euer nede or caas he be styred specially to pray for remedy and helpe to god. & soo shall he fynde in his sowle when god wyll yeue his grace with grete likynge diuerse vnderston dynge therof moste aperteyneth to hys desyre and that other than is writen in the comyn exposicion therof or parau [...]ur better than he can tell. But mykel folke as seruaūtes and by red men haue more wille to praye for speciall mede that they coueyten here than as true sones for the loue and the plesyng of oure fader god of heuen / And so they setten more her lik [...] ge and besines in a pryuate prayer made of man to our lady or to other sain [...] of heuē. thā they done this in general praier made of god hym self. the whiche withoute doubte is moost plesinge to hym and most spedful to vs. and therfor they ben deceyued in many maners / I speke not here of the sauter and the seruice in holy chirche. Neuertheles other deuoute praiers made to god and to oure lady & other sayntes ben good to be said after that the deuocion of men is stired to saye them in couenable tyme. so that they sette not her affeccion the lasse vpon this moste worthy prayer Pater noster: As mykell fol­ke in the sayeng of other priuate praiers setten all her entent & speken hem with grete deuocion / but in the sayenge of the Pater noster they ben to necligent & rabben it forth withoute deuocion / & that maketh ofte special mede temporel yt they hope for to haue by the sayenge of suche priuate prayers / as to ouercome their enemyes / or for to be kepte fro fyre or water [Page] or sodeyne deth. or other bodely perils / And that is a grete foly to trust vpon / by ye saieng of ony praiers. without ritghwys lyuing. And also men shold not desyre suche special temporel medes. but only as is the wylle of god that all only knoweth what is spedful to vs / and that withoute doubte shal gete vs moste effectuelly of ony other prayer the Pater noster yf it be sayd truly wyth deuocion / and specially by that peticion & askinge Fiat volūtas tua. sicut in celo et in terra / that is to saye Oure [...]ader in heuen / thy wylle be doone in al thing as in heuen so in erthe. And so yf it be best to vs for to be kepte fro fyer or water or sodeyne deth or ony other bodily perylle wyth oute doubte our fader of heuen god wylle yeue it vs after the forsayd peticion with rightwys linyng. & els not / saye we neuer so many priuate prayers / For as we rede al daye of diuer se martirs & saintes. that som̄e were brente. somme drowned and in other diuerse maners putte to shamful dethe as to the worlde / and that was best to hem & encreace of her Joye and blisse of heuen. wherfor it had ben a grete open foly to hem as we may well were to haue prayed for to be kept fro suche bodily harmes or perils & as ayenst sodeyne deth. it is spedeful to many men for to haue suche dethe shamful to mannes sy­ghte / As saynt Gregory telleth by Ensample of the prophete Abdo that was woryed of the lyon / that god purged of tyme here ryghtwys men by suche shamful dethe / For as holy writJus [...]ꝰ simo [...] te [...]occupatꝰ fu [...]it in refrige [...] [...]it te wytnesseth sothely / the ryghtwysman yf he be ouercome by ony maner of bodely dethe / his soule shal be saued and be sette in reste euerlastynge / Neuertheles we prayen ofte & that lawfully to be kepte fro sodayne dethe. but that is vnderston de that we be not combred wyth dedely synne therinne to deye withoute repentaūce of herte & shryfte of mouthe. and therto as I hope is moost beste & effectuel prayer the pater noster specyally in the two laste petycyons and askinges therof by the whyche we prayen almighty god fader of heuen that he suf [Page] freth vs to falle & to be combred with temptacyon of dedelyEt n [...]no [...] i ducas in [...]p ta [...]on [...] syn̄e but that he kepe vs and delyuere vs fro all wyckednesse And though it so be that the matere of this worthy prayer be so plentiuous. & also the thesyre of the wryther herof were to speke more there of / Neuertheles for it is writen in so many other places as I hope suffysaūtly. and also for the grete processe that foloweth after / we leue this matere at thys tyme & al the fructuous sermons that our lord Jhūs made to his discyples in that hyll before / goynge downe with him by deuoute contemplacion. and beholdinge how that after that noble lesson taught in the hyll as it was skylful for the hyghe per feccion therof our lord Jhūs cam downe with that meke t [...]lke of his disciples spekyng also homely with hem by the waye. & they as the chykens of the hen̄e folowen him with mikel ghostly lykynge coueytynge eche before other to be ne [...] hym and here is vertuous & swete wordes ¶ And after he was come downe mykel peple cam ageinst him bringinge diuerse se ke folke & many as the gospel telleth by processe. the whiche al he ful of mercy heled. & made hole bothe in body & in soule ¶ And thus shotly we passen here ouer mykel processe of tye gospel & many chapiters of the forsayd boke of bo [...]a [...]u [...]t for the litil edificacion of hem as it semeth nedful to simple soules / to y whiche this boke is specially writen in englisshe as it hath ofte be sayd here before / And so leuyng this processe in many places we shall only telle the notabylytees therupon shortely to edyficacion:


¶ Of ye seruaūt of Cē turio & the sone of ye litil kynge heled of our lord Calpin [...]

IN this Gospel in that our lord ihesus mekely & vnpra [...] ed wente bodely to hele the seke seruaūt and wold not go to the kinges sone praied. our pride is reproued in that we [...]ō cō [...] suphiā mū [...] no [...]um in the contrary maner ben redy / & leue to goo to Ryche men and myghty that we maye beworldly worshipped by and to please them. and do the seruyce that we may for worldly me [Page] de / but we ben loth to go to poure men / and simple or to hel­pe hem in her. nede for ghostly mede. leest it were ageynste our worshyp as saynt Gregory noteth in thys place

¶ Of ye paletike mā leide done in his bedde by ye hous heling (& heled of our lord Jhū. Captm xx

IN this gospelNōde i [...]i [...]mi ta [...]ibꝰ corpo ralibꝰ & spū alibꝰ. we haue ensample & doctryne that ofte sythes bodely sykenes cometh of ghostely sikenes that is sin̄e. and yt the helinge of ghostly sekenes is ofte cause of bodyly hele. In that our lord first foriaf to y paletike his sin̄es / & after heled him of ye bodily palesye ¶ Also here we may see the grete vertu of true bilyue in y y the feith & the biliue of one man. helped & saueth another. as the feyth of ye berers of this paletike man / saued hym & also in the next chapytre before the feithe of CenturioDe [...]ute fidei gate hele to his seruaūte / And also here after the feithe of the woman Chananee saued her douȝter / And so it falleth now al daye that children baptysed / & after dede before the yeres of discression ben saued in the feith of their godfaders thorugh the meryte of crist: & this is openly ageinste somme heretikes that helden the contrary opinion:

¶ How yt Martha was heled of hyr sykensse by touchynge of the hemme of our lord clothinge. Captm xxi

The gospel nameth not the woman / that was heled by ye Finibria vestimē [...]a bin touching of the hemme of Jhūs clothinge / But saint Ambrose. and other doctours sayen that she was Martha. the syster of mary Maudeleyne by the hemme of Jhesus clo­thynge as sainte Bernerd saith may be vnderstonde euery meke seruaūt of god / the whyche in ony vertuous dede yt he doth oweth to knowe truly herte and openly knowleche by mou­the that only god is principall doer therof / and noughté he as the clothe heled not. but our lord Jhūs that wered that cloth

¶ Of the Conuersyon of Mary Maudeleyne Captm xxii

OVre curteis lord Jhesus was prayed of Symon the le­prose on a daye to ete with him / and therto he graūted [Page] gladly & came to mete as he was wonte to do oftsythes both of hys owene curtosie & also for the loue & the zele that he hadNō de cu [...] al [...]tate [...] dom [...] I [...] to the sauacyon of man̄es sowles. for y wyche he was made man / for so etyng wyth hem & benygnly comining wyth hem he drowe hem to ye loue of hym. Also for as mykel as he made hym self so pertitely poure that he toke none pocession of worldly godes for hym self. as for hys. therfore thruȝ that lo­ue of pouerte he that was ye mirrour of mekenes what time that he was prayed or beden to mete. toke it for the tyme & the place mekely. & wyth curtesye / thanking / & gode wyll. And thē ne it befelle that Mary Maudeleyne that parauentur of time before had herde hym preche. & thorugh touchyng of hys grace was gretly styred to compunction and to the feruent loue of hym: though hit were yet preuely hydde in her herte. whan she herde & knew that he was at mete in the hous of the forsayd Simon. she was feruētly touched with sorow of herte with inforth for her synnes: & also wyth. the brennynge fyre of hys loue / that she myght no lenger abyde. but anone she wente to that forsayd hous where Jhesus sat at mete. considryng that wythoute hym she myght not be sauf. ne haue foryeuenes of hir syn̄es. and so she went bodely in to the hous / And as she had foryete hir self taking none regarde to ye gestes that there were at the mete holding doune hir face & hir eyen to the erth she letted not tyll she come to hym that she sought. & inwardlyNō [...] loued our lord Jhesu. And anone then̄e she fell doune to the grounde prostrate at hys feet. and wyth grete inward sorowe & shame for hyr synnes spake in hyr herte to hym. thynkynge as it were in thys manere. My swete lord I wote well and truly knowleche / yt ye be my god and my lorde. and that I haue offendyd your hyghe mageste in many grete offenses and trespaces in so mykel that I knowleche sothely that my syn­nes ben wythoute nombre as the grauell of the see / But for as mykel as I belyue that your mercy passeth alle thynge [Page] Therfor I wretchyd & synful come to you / & flee to your grete mercy. forthynkynge inwardly of that I haue offendid & askynge mercy & foryeuenes. And I behete with all my herte amē ­dement of my syn̄es / And that I shall neuer to my power for sake youre obedyence. Good lord put me not fro you. & forsake not my repentaūce. for other refute I wote well I may none haue. and also I wyll not haue / For I loue you soueraynly aboue alle other. wherfore gode lorde forsake ye not me / but punysshe ye me at youre wille. Neuertheles I aske algate mercy. And here wyth wyth grete turste of hys mercy and inward affectyon of hys loue /


she kyssede hys feete otfe. And sadly wepynge & shed­ynge teres so thylke that shwesshe his feete wyth hem And so it semeth there by yt our lord Jhesus went bare fote / After whan she had wel wepte. with grete drede of hyr vnworthynes that hyr heres sholde touche hyr lordes fete / she wiped hym with her here deuoutely. For she borught no thing wyth hyr so precyous to wype him with And also she wyped hem wyth hyr heer in a mendement of that she had beofre trespaced with hyr heer / yt is to saye as she hadde before vsed it in the pryde and vanyte than she wold put hyt to the vse of mekenes & deuocion. And also for the feruēte loue & deuocion yt she had to hym she wolde not be letted therof bi ye fetching of ony cloth to wipe hem with. but so wypyng his feete with her here / & afterwarde de [Page] uoutly kissynge hem ofth sythes / after she āoynted hem with a precious oynement that she brouȝt wyth hyr: supposyng pe rauētur that oure lordes feete were hard of the weye / & also for inward deuocyon begynnynge wyth drede at hys feete as she dyd after with more boldenes of loue anoynted hys hede. Lord god who so wold inwardly thinke / & take hede to this dede. of this woman & all the circumstaūce therof / mykel ghostly fruyte sholde he fynde theryn. sterynge to inward repentaūce of sin ne & to true loue of Jhesu and grete deuocyon. But now forth as to the processe take we hede also of the maner of oure lord Jhesu in thys tyme how benygnly and pacyently he suffreth hyr doo all hyr wylle. For it lyked hym full welle knowynge the inward affection and the true loue of hyr herte. And soo alle that tyme he seaced of etyng. and also wyth hym all the ghestes wondryng of the woman / and of that vnkouth dede: and of the pacyence of oure lord Jhesu & hys suffraūce of her And specially of the maister of the hous / Simon demed him gretely in hys herte. that he wolde suffre suche a comyn synful womā toche hym so homely. And in that he thought that he was no prophete / supposyng that he knew her not but our lord that passyng all other prophetes knewe the leest thought of man̄es herte. answered openly to hys preuy thoughtes she wyng hym self therby a very prophete & more than a prophete. And by ensample of two doctours he concluded hym tusty fyeng the woman that he helde so synful. & preued that she loued hym more / & shewed more token of loue by her dede than he wyth all hys feste / and soo shewynge that not only the perfection of all vertues. But also the Justifyeng of the synfull stant pryncypally in true loue of god. he sayd to Symon as for a conclusyon thus. Many syn̄es ben foryeuen hyr. for she loued myket. And then̄e he tourned hym to mawdeleyne. & sayde to hir as for a full ende of that she asked / Thy feyth hath [Page] saued the / goo now in pees. O lord Jhesu how swete and lykyng was thys word to hyr / & wyth how grete Joye that she wente a wey / Sothely it was so lykyng / that as I trowe hyt went neuer after oute of her mynde / And so was she perfytely conuerted to Jhesu leuyng her syn̄e fully and lyuynge euer after in all honeste holyly and drawen algate to hym and toNō hys moder withoute departyng perseueraūtly / In the forsayd processe & the sentence of hys gospel ben many grete notaby­tees to our edificacyon / of the whyche we shalle touche som̄e in party. Firste as to a soueraine. conforte of alle sinful folke we haue here openly shewed in our lord Jhesu ye habundaūce of hys endeles mercy that soo soone & soo gladly foryafe soo many grete syn̄es & trespaces of thys synful woman. And so doth he to alle that truly desyren & asken hys mercy: but here behoueth charyte & true loue yt was so specyally commendedCa [...]i [...]as bo [...] of hym in thys woman / ye whcihe only pees bitwene god & the synful man. As the apostle sayth. that charite couereth the multitude of synnes / & withoute the whyche it is Inpossyble to please god. ¶ For as saynte Bernard saith / the quātite of euery mans soule shal be taken & estemed after the mesure ofBernard su [...] can. ser [...]vii charyte that is therin / that is to saye that soule yt hath mykel of charite is grete. And that hath lytyl is lytyl / and that hath nought. is nought / as sayut Poule sayth after the rehersynge of many grete vertues. concludynge thus. If I haue not charyte soothely I am nought / And therfor sayth our lord of thys woman / that for she loueth mykyl. therfore she haddeNō mykel foryeuen as it was sayd befor / Ferthermore also here haue we ensample of true repentaunce and penaūce that isV [...] penitēcia ꝓ peccatis Cōte a lollardos Nō de cōte [...] iōe nedful to forieuenesse of sin̄es: shewed in this woman Maudaleyne as we haue herde / the whyche penaunce as alle hooly Chirche techeth stant in sorow of herte / in shrift of mouthe and in satisfactōn of dede / But here parauētur somme men thynkyng after the fals oppynyon of lollardes. that shryft of [Page] mouth is not nedefull / but that it sufiseth only in herte to be shriuē to god as ye forsayd womā was▪ for the gospell telleth not that she spake ony word by mouthe. & yet was her synne fully foryeuen as it is sayd / & as it semeth / this is a grete euydēceNō [...]s [...] for that opinion. But here to is an answere resonable yt our lord Jhūs to whome she made hir cōfession in herte was there in bodily presēce very god & man. to whome by vertu of the godhede was als open the thouȝte of herte as is to man y speche of mouth. as oft sithes the processe of the gospel telle­the & specially here opēly bothe of y woman & also o [...] the pharisees thouȝt / wherfor y thouȝt of herte was only thā to him as mykel as is now therwith speche of mouthe to man bodily. And for as moche as now in the newe lawe what tyme yt we syn̄en dedely / we offenden him not only after his godhede but also after his manhede that he bought vs with fro synne and ghostly dethe. Therfore vs behoueth to do satisfaccion to him after bothe kyndes by true penaūce. knowelechynge oure trespaces both to god and man & askynge foryeuenes. And sy then we haue not here his bodily presēce as Maudaleyne had therfore in hys stede vs behoueth to shewe to the preest by worde that we haue offendid him as man. as we shewen to hym by repentaūce in herte that we haue offendid hym as god. y is to say at y lest by dedely syn̄e / For therby only we ben deꝑted fro him: and vnkindely lesen the grete benefice that he gaf vs in his manhede / wherfore yf we wyll be restored ageyne and knytte to hym as we were before in grace. we muste doo satisfaction / not only to hym as to god / but also as to man that we haue soo forsake by dedely synne in manere as it is sayd / ¶ And soo as holy Chyrche hath resonably ordeyned and beden knowleche by mouth & make oure confessyon truly of oure synne to the prestes that he hath specyally ordeyned in hys stede. as hys vykers / here to by thoo wordes of the gospell that he spake to his dysciples when he sayd to them thus [Page] ¶ what so euer ye bynden in erthe. it shall be bonden in heuen And what soo ye vnbynden in erthe / shall be vnbonden in heuen. ¶ Of this true penaunce nedefull for dedely synne not only by repentaūce in herte. but also by shrifte of mouthe to the preste in godes stede yf we may / For more our lord god afketh not / And therwyth of due satisfaccion folowyng / we haue parfyte Ensample opēly shewed in this blessid woman that was before so synfull. Mary maudeleyne in the processe before sayd of this Gospell. as it is open ynoughe touchyng the firste parte and the laste. that is to saye. repentaūce and satisfaccyon / ¶ And as to the Seconde that is confession though we rede hit not of hir by worde speking for that was no nede to hym that knewe fully her herte / our lord Jhū the re beyng in his bodily presence as it is sayd / Neuertheles she shewed the affeccion of this confession parfitely in dede in that that she wold not shewe hir to hym pryuate as synfull & askynge mercy / as she myght haue done betwyx him and hir. or els before his discyples: but sparing for no shame that is a grete parte of penaūce in confession she chese the place and ye tyme where it myghte be to hir as open repreef & shame that was in the hous of the pharysee of the whiche she knew wel hauynge indygnacion and despyte of the sinfull / and also at the mete whan hit shold be moste wondringe to him & al his ghestes vpon her for the repreef & shame yt she had of her syn̄e was so grete withinforth. that she foryate all shame & reprefe wythoute forth. And so in that dede she knowleched openly her synne in generall / and also by wyll in special not refusinge for to haue herd it reherced and openly tolde of hym that she cam to our lord Jhesu / the whiche as she wiste well kne­we in specyall the leste parte therof / and that myght resona­bly haue reprehended hir openly of it / or he hade foryeuen it / But our curtois lord ful of grace and mercy sawe that very contricyon in her herte. and that gode. wyll grounded in true [Page] byleue that he was very god. & that myght fully foryeue hirNō fidē [...] [...]a [...]i [...]atē ri quisitis in cōtricione vera syn̄e as hym lyked / and therwith that she had full hope to haue his grace & foryeuenesse. and also the feruent loue that she had to hym / the whiche thre vertues ben nedefull to euery mā y wyll haue foryeuenes of syn̄e / And so wythoute ony more penaūce he fully foryaf all her syn̄es. and bad her goo in pees that was pees of cōscience fully made bytwene hir & god and man. for hir true feyth & bilyue in the whiche were grounded parfitely hope & charite. as it is sayd. had made hir sauf / And so shall it the moste synfull man that is or euer shall be▪ yf he haue it truly grounded in his herte by veray contricion as she had. for thenne withoute doubte he wyll not spare for ony shame to knowleche hys syn̄e by worde openly to man in goddesR [...] stede. as she dyde by wyll to hym: that was bothe god & man as it is sayd. But here parauentur semeth to som̄e men that as the synfull man shall folowe this woman by true forthin kyng of his syn̄e. so shold the preste folowe our lord in lyght foryeuynge shewed therof enioynyng no more penaūce thanR [...] he dyde therfore / But here answere holy doctoures that sayen that the contricion and the forthynkynge of synne may be so grete and so parfite that it suffyseth wythoute ony more pe­naūce to full foryeuenes there of the whyche there as it is / yf the preste myght see and fully knowe / he shold yeue no more penaūce. But for as mykel as man seeth not the herte as our lord Jhūs god & man dyde. and so may he not knowe it but in party as by tokens wythoutforthe. therfore as to the syker parte he shall enioyne penaūce for synne more or lasse as holy chirche hath ordeyned. And wold god that all synfull people wold folowe this womā in true forthynkynge & then̄e withN [...]i b [...] oute doubte they sholde haue of god full foryeuynge were the penaūce more or lesse of the prestes enioynynge / Ferthermore in the forsaid processe of the gospell / oure lorde Jhesus yaf ensample to the prechours of goddes worde that they sholde [Page] not spare in tyme to say the sothe. for displesyng of hem yt feden hem or yeuen hem other bodily sustenaunce. In that not withstondyng that the pharisee fedde him as he dyd ofte. he reprehendyd hym openly in his owne hous of hys mysbileue & of his fals thoughte. in the whiche he had indignacion of the sinfull woman. and as hit wolde seme to styring of his grete maulgry he spared not to Justifye that woman yt he demedNō contra condionē malā so sinfull. shewyng hir more louyng god / than he / & that she was saued by her true bileue before him yt fayled therof▪ but not withstōdinge this on that other syde the pharisee left not after to fede hym & do hym humanite as many men nowe done. the whiche what time yt a sothe is sayd that is contrary to their will or opinion. they withdrawē her humanite & affeccion fro him that seyth it: be he neuer so gode or vertuous in lyuinge And sothely in yt condicion they shewē hem self what so euer they ben vnlouing to Jhūs / that is very sothfastnes & more vnkynde than was this pharisee / & soo worthy more reprefe of him & more peyne. Neuertheles ye prechouror a nother ghostly man that representeth Cristes persone. shall not spare to say ye soth in time▪ for drede or maulgre or withdrawyng of fauour or ony temporel profite yf he will be the true membre of crist. And soueraiuly be he ware of glosing. or fauoure to errour. for that is most abhominable. Also in this processe before said of the gospell in yt that our lord Jhūs reherced to the pharisee the gode dedes of the woman. in the whiche he failed / as that she wesshe his fete with hir teres that he dyd not with water. & so forthe of other. & therwith he tolde not what he dyd▪ to him that she dyd not / we haue ensample & techinge what time we be tempted to Justifienge of our self & reprefe of other / then̄e to thinke & haue in minde the gode dedes & vertues that ben or may ben in that other man foryetynge our gode dedes or vertues. & bringyng to mynde our defaultes and trespaces. & so shall we vertuously deme our selfe and excuse [Page] other. and so profyte in the vertu of true mekenes that he graunte vs myrroure of mekenes blessyd Jhesus.


Hic premittūtur duo capitula de sancto Johanne Baptista

¶ Of the spekynge of oure lorde Jhesu wyth the woman Samarytane atte the pytte Capitulum xxiii

IT befelle vpon a time that our lord Jhūs sholde go fro ye Coūtre of Juda in to galilee. he must make his wey by the Coūtre of Samarye / where was a drawe welle that they called the well of Jacob. that was a pitte of water / vpō the whiche pytte he rested hym as wery of goynge: Lord Jhū [...] what is this that thou yt arte the sothfast wey & maker of all erthly way. soo arte wery of the wey. the whiche thorugh thy souereyne myght berest vp & confortest all other in her way. But thus woldest thou in thy manhede shewe all thy kyndely Infirmite of man. as in honger. in thurst & werines oft syth­es & suche other for to shewe the very kynde of man that thou tokest for our sake. & so was al thy bodily liuing in this worl­de paynfull & traueillous to our ensāple / blessid be thou euer In the mene time as he sat so on the well & his disciples were gone in to next the cite to bye men / there come a woman of that coūtre to fette water at yt welle ye whiche was called lu­cy / & our lord Jhūs willing shewe to hyr & by hyr to other his godhede. spake with hir long time of a grete thing & hyghe inNot [...] ghostly vnd (er)stondyng the whiche speking bothe of him & hir. & how his disciples come ageyn. & how at the womans worde the peple of the Cite comē out to hym & helde him with hem a certeyne time. & after how he went fro hem. we passen ouer at this time. for as mykel as hit is open & plainly wryten in the gospel of John. But in this processe we may note in our lord Jhū first a token of grete mekenes in that he wold be alNota [...] lone what tyme he sente his disciples in to the cite for to bey mete. And in that byenge ensample▪ that is leefull to goddes seruaūtes for to haue money & reserue it to her nede: Also [Page] in yt he spake so homely with that symple womā & of so greteContra s [...] ꝑbos doctores & p̄dicatores thinges / as though it had be with many grete wyse mē. the pryde & the presumpcion of many grete clerkes & prechours is confoūded & reproued. ye whiche yf they shold shewe her wyse­dom or cūnynge not only to one man / but also to fewe men / they wolde holde all as lost & suche a simple audience telle vnworthy to take her proude speche. ¶ Ferthermore in that theExemplū contra gulā dyscyples broughten her mete to him & beden him ete there at welle / we haue ensample of pouerte and bodyly penaunce in his maner of fedynge after his trauaylle / soo there wythoute the Cyte as we may suppose drynkynge of the water & that not only at this time / but as we suppose ofte sythes / whanne he wente by the coūtre he ete in that maner without the townes & dwellyng of men atte som̄e Ryuer or welle / were he neuer so wery or trauaylled in body. shewynge therin ye grete loue that he had in pouerte and mekenesse. he vsed not curyous dyghtynge of dyuerse metes rosted & soden. nor precyous vessell of siluer of peewter / nor delycate wynes whyte & rede but only the clene water of ye welle or the Ryuer etynge brede ther with as a poore man mekely vpon therthe / Also in that he āswered to his discyples fyrst where they bedē him go to mete / & sayd to hem thus / I haue mete to ete yt ye knowe not / forExemplū ꝓ p̄dicatoti b [...] & curatis my mete is that I doo & worche the wyll of hym that sent me And soo he abode the comynge of men of the Cyte to preche hem. first we may see. how besy he was aboute ghostly fedynge. Fyrst fulyllynge in dede that longeth to the soule & ghostly sustenaūce / than that longeth to the bodyly sustynaunce / thoughe he hadde therto grete nede. And so yaf he Ensample to prechours and curates for to doo. Mykell more ghostly fruyte is conteyned in this gospell. the whiche who so desyreth to kno­we more fully / he shall fynde hit in the boke of saynte Augustyne / vpon ye gospel of John / where he maketh of ye processe of this gospel a long processe & clergiable ful of ghostly frute [Page] But for asmoche as here is made mynde of ye pouerte of our lorde Jhesus as it is ofte before. & also of his abstynence / ther­fore of thyse two vertues perfytly taughte vs by ensample / bothe of hym & his discyples it shall folow after more plainly in the nexte chapyter /

¶ Hic p̄mittūtur plura capitula & transit ad caplm xxxvii. in Bonauentura pro eo qd materia huiꝰ capli videtur conueniencius sequi istud capitulū pretactum / Sed postea sequn­tur de ipsis quinque capitula ꝑtinencia ad contemplacōnem pro die Jouis /

¶ How the disciples of Jhesu pluckedē the eres of corne and eten it for honger on the sabotte daye / Caplm xxiiii.

IN a sabotte daye as the discyples of our lorde Jhesu wē ­ten by the feeldes wyth hym where ripe corne was gro­wynge / they were ahongred and pluckeden the eres / and fro­teden hem bytwene her hondes: and ete hem / And the pharysees that euer aspyeden our lordes wordes and dedes for to take hym in defaulte agaynste theyr lawe: reproued herfore bothe hym and his discyples / And sayden that it was vnle [...]ffull on the sabotte daye. But our lorde excused hem first by nede that is out take in the lawe / As Dauyd and his men in nede etenNota the prestes brede that was elles forboden / And also by that reason that the prestes of the lawe on the sabotte daye cyrcum­siced and made sacrifyce. the whyche were bodily werkes not so nedfull as that they diden / And also his presence that was lorde and auctour of the lawe yaue hem leue /

But yf we take here Inwarde entente wyth deuoute compassyon of that nede of the disciples in the presence of their lord almyghty. we owen resonably to be stired to ye loue of pouerte & bodily nede for his sake / For wond (er)full it is to thynke yt they that were chosē so specyally to y hye degree of apostles. & there thrugh made prynces & domesmē of the worlde sholde be put in to so grete pouerte & nede for to ete the rawe corne for [Page] hongre as they were vnresonable bestes / and nāly in his pre­sence that was maker of all mete & drynke at his wyll: & lorde of all the worlde. as though he myght not helpe hem at her nede / But the good lorde that dyde all thyng for our sauacōn. he suffreth this nede in hem for the beste as he toke in hymselfe all the nede of mankynde wythoute syn̄e / And soo though he had copassōn of hem in asmoche as he loued hem tend (er)ly. Ne­uertheles it lyked hym that nede in hem & the gode wyll of hē therwyth that gladly suffred that nede for his loue And soo it plesyd hym not on̄ly for her mede that he knewe moche ther­fore. but also for ensāple for vs that sholde come after / ForNota tria here haue we specyally that haue forsake the worlde for ye lo­ue of god ensāple & stirynge to thre vertues namly that bē ne­defull to vs / That is to say pacyēce in bodily nede. perfyte pouerte.Primū & ayenste gloteny vertuous abstynēce / And as to the first sythen the discyples of Jhū that hadden lefte & forsaken all yt Corporalis necessi [...] they had for to folowe hym suffreden pacyently & gladly soo grete nede of bodily honger in his presence. whom they sawe myraculously fede other men. & helpe at her nede / moche more we owen to be pacyent in bodily nede whan it falleth that bē not soo worthy: ne soo perfytly louen god / but rather haue deserued for our mysliuyng & vnkyndnes ayenste our lorde god moche more penaūce & dysease than he wylle suffre vs for to haue / And perauēture we comē neuer to soo grete nede for to suffre for his sake / As to the seconde that is perfyte pouerteeSecundū Perfectap [...] upertas for goddes loue. we shal vnd (er)stonde that his pouerte passed in perfeccōn the hyest degree of wylful pouerte of other withoute cōparyson / For other men̄es pouerte that haue forsakē for crystes loue all rychesses & worshyppes of ye worlde is in reputacōn of mē in asmoche as it is holde vertuous as it is / ButNota de perfectissima paupertats Cristi his pouerte was in repreyf & dispyte of men in asmoche as it was not knowē yt he toke this pouerte wilfully. but as of nede as it semyth in the forsayd processe of him & his discyples. [Page] whan they eten rawe corne for honger and he halpe hem not and in many other places of the gospel he shewed hym as poore & nedy / And for asmoche as that pouertee that comyth of nede & not of wyll is in dispyte & repreif. and all that knewen hym sawe that he had nother hous nor possessions. they hadden hym in the more contēpte. For comynly suche nedeful poor men ben dispysed of al men & sette a [...] nought / But neuertheles they maye be full honorable in his syghte that thꝰ yaue ensāple therof / wherfore it is full perylloꝰ for to dispyse ony poore man / But yf we wyll wyte who is vertuously & perfytlyNota poore. we shall vnd (er)stonde that not on̄ly he that made his professōn to pouerte & hath left all worldly richesses as in hauour wythout forthe. but he that therwyth hath that pouerte sette in his hert wythin forthe: so that he wyll not more loue nor desire ony worldely godes or possessions but on̄ly that is nedefull to his liuyng / For yf a man be in pouerte & suffre nede without forth thrugh lacke of worldly godes. and therwith he desyre wyth delyberacyon in herte wythin forth more than hym nedeth / that man lyueth not in vertuous pouerte. but in wretched nede wythout mede / For the luste of the wyll with­in forth with full assente therto suffyseth to the fulfyllyng of syn̄e & to the losse of mede / wherfore he yt wyll be perfyte poreNota [...] he muste loke that neyther he haue nor desire more than is nedeful to his liuynge. Of this vertuous pouerte spekyth saynt Bernarde sermone quarto de Aduētu & in sermone quarto deBernarde T [...]ta cō [...]a g [...]l [...] Natiuitate dn̄i / Ferdermore towchyng the thyrde vertue that is abstynence / wherof agaynst gloteny we haue ensample here in the discyples. and also byfore in our lorde Jhesu. we shal vnd (er)stonde that gloteny is a vyce agaynste the whyche it behoueth vs while we lyuen in this flesshe for to haue contynuell batayll. as holy faders that knowen the temptacōn therof by longe experiēce techen vs. & specyally saynt Bernarde in dyuerse places telleth howe we shalle flee gloteny / and nourysshe [Page] the body on̄ly as it nedeth to the hele therof and more shal we not seche o [...] desire to the body / wherfore in all that we taken ouer / that is to saye to fulfylle the luste & the likinge / that passeth the termes of kynde. and disposeth to dethe bodily & ghostly / Nota contra plures bestiales & gulosos And soo it falleth ofte that many men ben somoche ouer: comen wyth the luste & likynge of the flesshe / that as vnresonable bestes they putten the lust before the hele takyng suche metes & drynkes the whiche they knowē well contrary to theyr hele / And after the whiche they woten well that they shall fele grete passions & sekenesses / And soo not on̄ly in the bodi vndisposed to serue god. & to vertuous occupacōn But also ye N soule is defoyled that he maye not see god wyth clen̄es of herte as he made hym to. And sothly this is a foule vyce & a peryllous / And neuertheles moche peple ben blynded and deceyued in this poynte bothe ghostly & worldely: yt excusen hem falsly by the loue of the flesshe & the stirynge of the lust / that cominly eschewyth that is moost holsome to the kynde / yf it be not likynge to the sensualyte. & desyreth that is moost vnholsome yf it be delycate & likynge therto / wherfore amōge all ye spicesNota of gloteny this semith moost reprouable. in asmoche as it is not on̄ly contrary to the soule. but also it destroyeth & sleeth y body / And soo he that taketh mete or drynke wilfully knowynge that it is contrary to hym and vndisposing to bodily hele. maye drede of his dome and repreif in goddys syghte as of a man sleer / and that is worse. sleer of hymselfe / Other men that ben ouercome by the sensualyte & the temptacyon of the flessh for to take of mete & drynke that is holsome though it be likyng. eyther in vntyme or more in quātyte than it nedeth or with grete luste & gredynes ben more excusable for the co: myn Infirmyte of the firste syn̄e of adam / But for asmoche as this vyce of gloteny in all his spyces is reprouable / therfore it is nedefull to vs for to eschewe it to our power / And gete and kepe the vertue of dyscrete abstynence / As oure lorde [Page] Jhesus & his apostles and other sayntes hauen bothe taughte vs & yeuen vs Ensample kepynge the body and fedynge as it is nedefull therto / after yt kynde therof & the trauayle that longeth therto. In maner as a horse oweth to be kepte for to doo his Journey / so that he fayle not by defaulte by to mykell abstynēce on that one syde. & that he be not rebelle to the spirite & proude by mykel pamprynge on that other syde. but in a gode meane of abstinence that techeth the vertu of dyscression. theD [...] whtche discression as saynt Bernard sayth is not only a vertu. but also keper & leder of all other vertues: For yf that lacke yt semeth vertu is vyce. And as sanit gregory sayth Discression is moder and kepar of all vertues / this discression touch­ynge abstynence & fedynge of the body. stant generally in this poynt as saynt augustyn sayth in his book of confessions y a man take of mete & drynke to sustenaūce of the body onely as he wolde take of medecyne for to hele his Infirmyte. wherfore ryght as in takynge of medecyn man hath no reward to more or lesse / or to the preciosite. or boystnesse or swetnesse or bytternes / but onely as it is moost conuenient & profitable to hele the sore or the sekenesse / so for as mykell as honger and thurst ben Infyrmyte of mankynde thuroghe the firste synne of man. mete & drynke that ben as medecyn to this Infirmite shold be take only as for hele therof / as saynt augustyn seyth Thus mykell is specially spoken here of abstinēce & glotony by occasion of the honger & the symple fode ther ageynst of y disciples of Jhesu as it it sayd / for as mykell as here endeth y thirde parte of this boke that stant in cōtēplacion of Cristes lyf for the wenesday / vpon the whiche day to our ensample he began to fyght ageynst glotony specially by his fastynge in deserte as it is sayd before. the whiche vyce of glotony he graūte vs of his grace to eschewe & the vertu of discrete abstyneuce to kepe that is blessid wythouten ende Jhesus


¶ Explicit contemplacid pro die Mercuru. et tercia pars

¶ Incipit Quarta pars ꝓ die Jouis / ¶ Item Bernardus de abstinencia in Epistola ad fratres de monte dei quantū ad Religiosos. Item in sermone. iii. de circumcision edomini

¶ Of the fedinge of the grete people with brede multiplyed Capitulum xxv


Two tymes the gospel telleth that oure lorde Jhūs multyplyed a fewe loues of brede. and there with fedde many thousandes of men to the full: In the whiche processe takyng hede to the wordes and the dedes of oure lorde Jhesu as the gospell openly telleth. we may see to oure edyficacion ghostly many goode sterynges to loue hym & thanke hym and worship hym souera­ynly. and specyally we may see in this processe that our lorde Jhesus was mercyfull and curteys and kynde and dys­crete and circumspecte. Fyrst that he was mercyfull. shewenJhesꝰ mise ricors hys wordes he sayd thus / I haue pyte and mercy vpon the people / soo that mercy styred hym and drough hym to helpe hem and fede hem at her nede / for as dauyd wytnesseth / All the erth is full of his mercy / Also he shewed hys grete curtesy and wonderfull kyndenesse in the cause that he assygned after sayenge thus / For loo nowe these thre dayes they aby­denJhesꝰ curia lis and suffren and beren me fastynge / and they haue not wherof to ete / as though he were bounden to them for her benefice done to him in that they abyden soo wyth hym. And neuertheles in sothenes it was for her owen goode & profyte [Page] and not for his. But that is his souerayne kyndenes & curtesy & endeles godenes yt he hath likyng to dwel with vs onely for our profite and sauacion. though there be there thorugh as to hym none encrees of his godenesse. wherfore all tho that so lowen hym by gode lyuyng and gladly heren his doctrine and kepen his hestes. he loueth & hath likynge to dwell with hem ghostly and fayleth neuer to helpe hem at her nede / Ferther more our lord Jhesus takynge hede▪ that many of the people were come to hym fro ferre coūtrey & seenge the perill of the peple in mykel fastyng. by cause of ye grete trauayll that they shold haue in her goynge ageyne saide thus / If I suffre hemJhesꝰ [...] goo home ageyne in to her owē houses fastyng. they shal fayle and perisshe by the way / where he shewed that he was discrete & circumspecte seenge before her nede / & vnmyght / & therfore ordeynyng remedy & helpe before by her bodily sustenaūceN that was nedeful to her trauaile to come after. And so in this speche & dede of Jhū is doctrine & Ensample of discress you to prelates & hem that hauen cure of other to take hede of her In tyrmyte & of her trauaile. & therafter ordeyne to hem bodyly sustenaūce couenable and sufficient that they falle not by defaulte [...] in the weye of this bodily liuynge in erthe. Also in the forsayd processe we may vnderstonde ghostly the gracious gouernaūce of our lord Jhesus to vs lyuynge in this world echeNoc [...]s day. For we haue not to ete bodily or ghostly but he yeue vs / And so yf he suffre vs fasting we shall fayle in the wey. For withoute him we may not helpe our self in ony ghostly nede wherfore we haue no mater of elacion or vayne Joye of our self what time that we felen ony comforte or profite in ghostly excercyse. for it is nought of vs but only on hym / and so yf we take gode entente we may see that they that ben true seruaūtes of god & chosen of hym. the more parfyte that they ben in lyuyng and the nere god. and the more excellent in his yeftes of grace: the more meke they ben and the more abiecte [Page] in her owne syght. For they knowen wel that they haue noughte of hemself but wretchydnesse & syn̄e. For the nere that a man cometh to god. the more clere syght he hath ghostly / and so he seeth the more clerly the grete godenes and the mercy of god. wherfore pryde & vayne Joye that comen of ghostly blyn­denes may not haue place and restynge in his soule that is so lyghtned thrugh grace / For wythoute doubte he that knewe well god. and sothely examyned hym self / myght not be proude dedely / Also here is grete cōforte to synfull men of the grete mercy of oure lord Jhesu yf they wyllen torne ageyne & come to hym by very repentaūce what tyme they ben departed fro hym & gone in to the ferre coūtrey of wyckednes. for as the gospell telleth that he was specyally stired to mercy of the peple / for as mykell as som̄e of hem were comen to hym fro ferre coūtre. So withoute doubte wyl he to euery sinful man that wyll come to hym ghostly as it is sayd by his weye of de partinge neuer so longe before /


¶ Of the fleynge of our lord Jhesus when the people wolde haue made hym her kynge / Eapitulum xxvi

AFter that our lord Jhūs had fedde the people to the full as it is sayd in the nexte chapytre before. they seenge his myght in that myracle / and how he myght helpe hem at her nede. for her profyte temporel they woldē haue made hym her kynge. But our lord Jhūs knowynge this wyll of hem / hem vnwyttyng fledde in to the hyll. so that they myght not fynde hym. And this was that hyll as somme clerkes sayen vpon y whyche he made that excellent sermon / that is spoke of befo­re: and thus he fledde / for he wolde not haue temporell kynge domes & vayne worldes worship. But take we here gode entent howe & in what maner he fledde this worship effectuelly withoute feynyng. Firste he badde his disciples take the shippe & goo in to the water before him and then̄e he allone went in to the hyl so. So that yf the peple wold seche hym among [Page] his disciples they shold not finde him. And so he scaped awey fro hem that soughtē hym to worshyppe. yeuyng Ensample to vs for to flee temporell worship / for he flede not that worshipe for him self / but for vs. knowynge what perill it is vs for to coueite or desyre temporell worship / For soth it is thatNō cōcā [...] nos hono [...]s per [...]u [...]a m [...] worship is one of the moste perillous gnaris of the enemy to catche & begyle man̄es soule / & one of the heuyest burthen that draweth downe & ouercometh the soule dedely▪ whether hit be worship or prelacy or of temporel lordship. or of grete conynge. For scarcely is there ony mā yt hath desyre in worship. but that he is in grete perill of fallyng. or els fully fallen downeP [...] in the pytte of dedely syn̄e. as we see by many resons. First for as mykell as he that hath grete delyte in worship is besy al tymes in his mynde. howe he maye kepe his worship & make it more. & so as gregory sayth / ¶ In as mykel as a man hath sette his lykynge in thyng that longeth to the world or to the flesshe here byneth forth / in so mykel is he departed fro y ghostlyS [...] likyng & loue of god. & heuenly thynges aboue forthe Also he that loueth worshyppes is besy to procure & gete him frendes yt now kepe hym in hys worship / And also further hym to gretter worshyppes. wherfore often sythes fallen dyuerse causes in the whiche he offēded god & his owen cōscience for to please suche frendes. And in the same maner he maketh hē [...] to do for him. Also comynly he hath indygnacion of other y ben in worshyp. & bacbyteth hem to make himself more worshipfull & more worthy. and so he falleth in to hate & enuy ofQu [...] his broder. ¶ Also he hold him felf in his owen syght & also desyred to be had soo in othermens sighte worthy & worship full / And so he falleth in to y fowle vyce of elacion and pride and vayne glory / But therfore as the gospell sayth. He that holde hym selfe as oughte worthy when in soothenesse he is nought / he deceyueth foule hym self / & therfore sayd our lord to hys disciples in the gospel / when ye huae done all thynges [Page] that ben beden to you. saie ye sothely with herte. we bē vnworthy and vayne seruaūtes. But this may not he say that holdeQuintū hymself worthy & worshipfull. Ferthermore as to the laste when this lykyng of worshype is roted in man / he is so hongry & gredy after worshippes that he may not be filled. but e­uery day procureth newe worshippes / & the gretter & the more that he geteth / the more he coueyted / and desireth. For he hol­deth algate hymself more worthy & worshipfull than he was before / bothe in his owne syght & in other mans syght / & so he falleth in to depe couetyse: that is the fowlest vyce & the rote & the cause of many other vyces / Of this vayne delite in wor­shippes & of the perill therof. saint Bernard speketh to menBernardꝰ sermo [...]o de a [...]c [...]sion [...] specially in this manere. All we ben noble & worthy creatures & of a grete manere wyll. wherfore kyndely we desiren hyghe nes. But woo to vs yf we will folowe hym that wyll sette his sete in the hyll of highe lordshipe. & highe myght / & be lyke to god in worship that was lucifer y thus stighe vp by proude wyll in to the hyll of hyghnes first a glorious Angell. but sodenly fell downe therfro made a fowle fend of hell / ¶ Also taketh hede ferthermore y he that fowle fende after his fals coueting by his wicked enuious wyl to cast man downe fro his blisse / he durste not tempte hym for to styghe vp to that hyll of lordshipe & grete myghte / that hymself so sodenly fell downe fro. but as a fals trechour he shewed hym in another hyll lyke therto. that is to say the hyll of grete connynge. and coūceylled hym falsly to styghe vp in to this hylle by prowde desyre of worshipe when he sayd to hym in this manere / ¶ ye shall be as goddes thrughe grete connynge / knowynge bothe gode and euyll. ¶ And for as mykell as man gaf his assente to his sugestyons: Therfore he fell downe as he dyde. And soo we maye see that couetyse of grete lordshype & hyghe myghte pryued the angell of angels blysse and desyre of grete connynge despoyleth man of the Joye of endeles lyfe [Page] And of bothe myscheues was grounde and cause. delyte & desire of vayne worshyppe / wherfore seenge this peryll of vayne worshyp yf we drede the falle of the aūgell & of man. we muste flee in wylle fro bothe thyse hylles of hye lordshypp̄ & grete cūnynge. and goo vp wyth our lorde Jhū in to the hylle of cō templacōn & deuocōn by mekenes: forsakyng the worlde & the wyll to be worshypped of the comyn people as he dyde / But in this fleenge fro the peple and goynge of hym allone in toNotabi­le [...] the hyll as it is sayd before in the processe of the gospell. take we hede ferdermore to our edifycacōn. how he lefte his discy­ples and made hem ayenst her wyll to take the shyppe & go [...] in to the see wythoute hym / For they wolde not her thonkes haue ben departed fro hym / And in that was her desyre good for to dwelle euer wyth her lorde / Neuertheles he ordeyned o­therwyse seenge what was best for hem / And soo then̄e they mekely diden as he badde and were obeyssaūt to hym thoughnota q̄ [...] [...] [...] spū [...] [...]ed [...]b a [...]a [...] [...] d [...] ad [...] it soo were that it were neuer soo greuous & harde to hem▪ Thus it fareth comynly wyth ghostly lyuers by specyall fe­linge of the presence of Jhū & of his absence in her soule th [...] wold not that euer he shold goo fro hem. as by specyall ghostly comforte in ony tyme / But he dooth other wayes For he gooth & comyth as it is his wyll: and for her best / But what shall suche a deuowte sowle doo whan she felyth her ghostly spouse Jhū soo wythdrawen towchynge his speciall comforte / Sothly she behouyth besily & ofte calle hym agayn in con: tynuell desyre & deuoute prayer. and in the meane tyme pa [...]y [...]tly suffre the absence of her spouse. and by ensample of the disciples of Jhū that thrugh obedience at his biddynge wenten in to the shyppe. and token the water in his absence / Suffre the wawes & tempestes of temptacōn & aduersyte: and pacyētly abyde tyll he wolde of his grace come in to that soule: and make reste & pees as it shall folowe after in the processe next to come / Of this mater saynt Beruarde in diuers places ma [Page] keth a fayre processe and deuoute the whiche for asmoche as it longeth & is pertynēt specyally to ghostly folke▪ and also as I hope it is wryten suffyciently in dyuers tretees of contēpla cōn / we passen ouer here as we done in many other places suche auctorytees of hym leest this processe of crystes lyfe shold be tedyous to comyn peple. and symple soules to the whyche it is specyally wryten /


¶ Of the prayer of our lorde Jhū in y hyll. and how after he came to his disciples vpō the water goyng / Caplm xxvii

AFter the discyples of our lorde Jhū were gone in to the shyppe & the water as he badde hem: and as it is said be fore: he went vp in to the hyll alone: and there was he ocupyed in prayer in to the fourth parte of the nyghte: soo that thre partyes of the nyght that were past he had contynued in prayer / Andnotabil: de or [...]e thus we rede oft tymes he yaaf hym to prayer / where fore take we here gode entent in what manere he prayed and how that he loweth him in his manhede. and mekith hym to his fader of heuen / He chesith solytary places. and gooth to hē alone to praye and dooth his tend (er) body to penaūce. & wakyth longe wakynges. he prayeth as ye true herde for his shepe. Forn̄ qual [...] Jhs orat he prayeth not for hymself. but for vs. and as our aduocate & mediatour bytwene the fad (er) & vs / And also he prayeth to ensā ple of vs that we sholde ofte tymes praye. and specyally loue prayer / For ofte tymes he badde his dyscyples & taughte hem for to praye / And soo that he badde hem by worde: he shewed hymself in dede / He taught hem & sayd that it behoueth & is nedefull euer to pray: and not fayle in leuynge therof shewynge that cōtynuyng & oft askynge in prayer: getith at last wythoute fayle yt thynge that is asked: and herof he tolde ensāple of y Luce. xviii. domesman. that at last thrugh longe cryenge & askynge of the wydo we dyde her ryght: as the gospell of luke telleth / Also to styre hem for to praye and trust for to gete that they asken he tolde a nother ensāple of a frende. That at last thrugh moche [Page] askynge. lente to his frende the brede yt hym neded as the sameLuc. xi. gospel tellith in processe cōcludynge & sayenge thus / Asketh: & it shall be yeuē to you / And al this he sayd to teche vs y vertue of good prayer. the whiche may not be estemed: for the vertuNotabil therof is soo myghty & so grete: that it getith al godenes. & puttith awaye al maner of wickydnes / wherfore yf yu wolt patientlyvict [...] orō m [...] multipler. suffre aduersytees and myghtely ouercome tēptacyon & diseases: be thou a man of prayer / Also yf thou wolt knowe the sleyghtes of the deuyll & be not begiled wyth his fals suggestyōs: be a man of prayer / Also yf yu wolt take the hye way to heuen by traueyle & penaūce of the flessh: & therwyth gladly contynue in goddis seruyce: be a man of prayer / Also yf thouH [...]m [...] orō [...]. wolt put away vayn thoughtes and fede thy soule wyth holy thoughtes & ghostly meditacōns & deuocōns. be a mā of prayer / Also yf thou wolt stable thyn hert in good purpose to god dis wyll puttyng away vices & plātyng vertues. be a man of prayer. for thrugh prayer is gotē the yeft of y holy ghost: that techeth the soule y is nedefull therto / Also yf yu wolt come to heuenly contēplacōn: and fele the ghostly swetnes that is felt of fewe chosen soules. and knowe the grete gracyous yeftes of our lorde y maye be felt: but not spoken: be a man of prayer / For by the exercise of prayer specyally a man cometh to cō tēplacōn. & the felynge of heuēly thynges / Here may we see of how grete ghostly myght & vertu is deuoute prayer. and to cō fyrmacōn herof & of all those thynges yt ben sayd before y holyNota de simpli [...]. wrytt & doctours sayēges fully preuen / Ferd (er)more we haue a specyall proue in that we see euery daye by experyence many mē symple & vnlettred bi y vertue of prayer gete & haue al tho thynges y ben sayd before. & many more gretter yeftes of grace / wherfore moche oughte all cristen folke be styred to y exercyse of prayer. but pryncypally they that ben religyous whose manere of liuynge is ordeyned more specyally herto / Of this vertue of prayer. and how our lord yeuyth to hym y deuoutly [Page] askyth hym in prayer that thynge that they aske in maner as it is moost spedful to hem / Saynt bernard by de [...]oute processe telleth in dy [...]erse places: the whiche processe passyng ouer torn̄ we to our lorde [...]hūs & his disciples. and to y forsaid processe of hem / what tyme that he was alone prayenge in the hyll as it is sayd. his discyples were in the see in grete disease for asmoche as the wynde was against hem. and y shippe in p [...]ynt of perysshynge thrugh the grete wawes [...] the grete tē ­pest that was rysen in that same tyme / And soo we may see yf we take good hede by de [...]out compassion in what mysche yf [...] tribulacion they were in at that tyme: bothe for the grete tempest y was risen vpō hem. & also for the nyght tyme / and pryncipally for they lackeden her lordes presence yt was al her refute in her nede / But he that good lorde that knewe what was beste for hem. and yt suffred this dysease of hem for the tyme. whā he sawe tyme also sent hem cōfort & helpe / and so at the fo [...]th wakyng of y nyght. he came downe fro y hylle goyng vpō the see: & comyng towarde hem / Now beholde we here Inwardly how that bless [...]d lorde after his grete traueyle of longe wakynge & prayenge came downe al on̄ly i [...] y night tyme fro yt traueylouꝰ hyll. and perauenture stony & bare fote and soo gooth he sadly vpon the water as it were vpon the erthe / For that creature knew her maker and was obeysaūt to [...]ym at his wyll / And what tyme he came nye the shyp̄ the dyscyples supposynge that it had be a fantasme cryeden for drede / And thenne the benygne lorde hauynge compassion of hem: and wyllynge that they sholde noo lenger be distourbled & tra [...]eylled. hem sykerde of his presence. and sayd: I am he yt ye desiren. be not adradde / And the [...] ̄e peter that was more [...]er u [...] ̄t than other trustyng of his myg [...]t at his byddyng he begā to goo towarde hym vpon the water / But anone as▪ a grete wynde blewe. he faylled in byleue. and dradde. and soo began to drenche. but the good lorde wyth his ryght honde toke him [Page] vp and kept hym fro perysshynge. and thenne went in to the shyppe wyth hym. and anone all the tempest ceased. and alle was in pees & tranquylite / And so the discyples wyth grete reuerence & Joye receyuynge her lorde weren putt in grete reste▪ and soueraynly comforted by his blessed presence / This is y Notab [...] processe of that gospell shortly / In this processe touchynge y disciples we haue ghostly doctryne & ensample of pacyence [...] trybulacōn & of profyte therof / As we had before touchynge hymself of the vertu of prayer as it is sayd / wherfor we shall vnd (er)stonde that as it felle wyth the discyples bod [...]y. soo it falleth wyth vs all daye ghostly / Our lorde [...]hūs suffreth hem y ben chosen of hym for to be dyseased and haue trybulacōn in this worlde bothe in body & in soule / For as holy wrytt wrtnessyth. [...] he be [...]yth euery chylde that he receyueth to his g [...]ace▪ And as the apostle poul sayth / All tho that ben wrthout discyply [...]e ben not kynde chyldern. but of auoutrye: and it is spedefull to vs to be soo beten. and to su [...]re trybulacōn & dysea [...]e in this worlde for many causes / For therby we bē taught for to knowe ourself & our owne wretchidnes / Also ther thrugh we profitē ghostly & getē vertues: and whā they bē gotē the [...]e thrugh kepen hē the better. and ferd (er)more yt is moost of al there thrugh we trustly hopē & abyde yt euerlastyng mede [...] y bl [...]sse of heuen / wherfor̄ we shal not be discōforted by hem or in pacyent in hem. but rather coueyte hem & loue hem▪ But for asmoche as y profyte of tribulacōns though it be mo [...]he worthe and of grete vertu & moche mede / Neuertheles man [...] m [...] thynken hē full harde & grutche [...] ayenst hem. as inportable▪ by cause yt they knowen not & seen not the vertue of hem. Neue [...] theles [...]ernard su [...] [...]o [...]ui [...]. [...]. many holy doctours tellen & techen vs the grete profyte of hem in many places to comforte vs gladli for to take [...]ē / And specyally amōge other saynt Bernard in dyuers tretees wherfore [...]aue we noo wond (er) though our lorde [...]hūs suffred his discyples the whiche he loued so specyally to be troubled [Page] wyth tempestes as it is said & suffre trybulacōns / For he kne­ew [...]tm̄ can xiii. xxv. & lxxx. her ghostly profyte therby / For ofte we rede that her ship̄ was in peryll by tempestes & contrary wyndes: but it was ne [...]er drowned or fully perisshid▪ & nomore shal we what tribulacōn soo euer come to vs yf we suffre pacyently & trust fully in y helpe of our lorde [...]hū that woll not fayle vs at our nede [...]apitulū sequens de chananea premittitur. vbi notatur de angelis vt infra caplo. xxx.

¶ How the pharysees & other token occasion of sclaūd (er) of the wordes & dedes of [...]hū / [...]aplin xxviii.

WE shall haue noo wond (er) though some take occasion of sclaūder of our wordes and dedes ben they neuer soo▪ go de & true / For soo it befelle of our lorde [...]hesu oft tymes / AndDescan [...]. yet myghte not he erre in worde or dede / wherfore it befell on a tyme that the pharysees askeden him: whi that his disciples wysshe not her hondes whan they went to mete / And in that they kepte not her custome after the techynge of her elders / But our lorde seenge that they charged more the wasshynge wythout forth & bodily clen̄es▪ than vertues of the soule with inforth and ghostly▪ Answerde harde agayne reprouynge hem that they breken the hestes of god for her tradycōnes and bodily obseruaūces. declarynge after that vyces that comen out of the herte defoylen more a man than dooth the bodily mete taken vnwasshen / wherfore they weren ghostly [...]aundred & styred agaynst hym. but he toke none hede therof. for they we ren▪ blynde in soule thrugh malyce / Also ofte tymes our lorde [...]hesns wroughte myracles vpon the sabott daye that weren goddes holy dayes to the Jewes as ben now the sondayes to crysten men. that he dyde to confusōn and repreyf of the Jewes that kepten straytly the lawe in bodily obseruaunces. and not in ghostly vnderstondyng as his wyll was / For he badde not the holy daye for to leue therin good wor [...]hyng and dedes of charyte: but for to sease and absteyne fro synne and bodily [Page] werkes. wherfor̄ they were gretly sclaūdred. that is for to say token occasion of sclauuder ayenst hym: and conspyred in to his det [...]e. and sayden that man was not of goddis half. yt kepte not the sabott daye / But our lord left not therfore to we [...] ke myracles and do dedes of charyte in those dayes. but moche more dyde hem: for to destroye the Jewes errour afore sayd / Another tyme also whan he taught in y synagoge ghostly lore. & sayd that he was the brede of lyfe that came fro heue [...] & it behoueth to ete his fless [...] & drynke his blood who so shol­de be saaf & haue euerlastyng l [...]fe. they vnd (er)stondynge his wo­des flesshly & not ghostly grutcheden agaynst hym. and token occasion of grete sclaūder. and many of his discyples thrugh that mys vnderstondynge flesshly forsoken hym / But Peter in the name of twelue appostles answerde. that they w [...]lde not leue him / For he had the wordes of euerlastyng lyfe And soo that was sclaūder to the badde. was vertue to the good▪ [...]n the forsayd wordes & dedes of our lorde [...]hesu we haue en­sample that we sholde not lete to doo good werkes for occasion [...] of sclaūder vnskylfully taken of other: or for en [...]re and euyll wyll of hem. and specyally of that dede that is necessa [...] to soules hele. we sholde not cease for ony sclaūder / wherfore [...] saynt Gregory sayth that a man shall rather suffre sclaūder for to ryse. than he shall leue the trouthe / [...]hat is to sa [...]e in thre maners after the comyn sentence of doctours▪ Fyrste of y [...] ̄ [...]e [...]as [...] ­te good lyfe a man shall not ceace for sclaūder. that is to say [...]e shall not doo dedely syn̄e. for puttynge awaye of ony sclaūder Also a doctour or a precher shal not teche or preche fals for ony sclaūder: but in caas he maye holde his pees of a certayne [...] [...]e [...]as [...] [...]e trouth / As what tyme that he knoweth that the herers bē obstynat in errour. and shold be the wors yf that trouth were sayd / [...]he thyrde is trouth of rightwysnes. that shall not be let for sclaūder / [...]hat is to saye a do [...]esman shall not yeue fals [...]er [...] [...]e [...] dome: nor a wytnes bere fals recorde for ony sclaūder▪But of [Page] other certayne dedes that maye be lefte wythout peryll of soule a man shal other while seace: though they ben gode in hemself: for to put awaye occasion of sclaūder as thapostle poul sayth That wolde rather neuer ete flessh than he wolde there thorugh yeue occasyon of sclaunder to his brother /

Also in the forsayd processe of our lord Jhesu we ben taughte for to charge more the clennesse of soule / And that dispo­sethN cōtraplures specialit religios. to vertues. thanne bodily clennesse and honeste wythoute forthe: that is noo vertue in Neuerthelesse honeste and bo­dily clennesse is good. soo that it dyspose not to vayne glory or curyosyte. or lechery or other synnes / And soo ben good customes that ben grounded vpon reason for to be kepte / But the biddynges of god and the good ordenaunce of souereyns in▪ holy chirche ben moche more for to charge /

Wherfore in this poynt erren many crysten men. and specyally religious that chargen more bodily obseruaunce and customes though they dispose to noo vertue / And ofte ben agaynste reason. than they done the byddynge of god and good doc­tryne of holy faders towchynge charyte mekenesse pacyence / Deuocyon in prayer. dyscrete abstynence: and other vertues wherfore they maye drede the repreyf of our lorde Jhesu pry: uely that he reproued the pharysees openly / As it is sayde be fore /

¶ Of the specyall rewarde of our lorde Jhesu behoten to all thoos that forsaken the worlde for his loue / Caplm xxix.

WHat tyme our lorde Jhūs by occasyon of the ryche man that wolde not leue his temporell goodes for perfeccōn sayd. that it was harde to a ryche man entree the kyngdom of heuen / The appostle peter in the name of all his felowes the twelue appostles asked of hym / what rewarde they sholde haue that had forsake and lefte al worldly thynges for his sake [Page] And thenne our lorde ansuerde. not oonly behetynge to hem aDe cētuplo pro­misso souereyne mede in ye blysse of heuen. but also to all other that forsaken fader & moder and other kyn̄e and temporell goodes for his sake. the hondred folde in this worlde. and after: lyfe euerlastynge in a nother worlde to come / wherfore all tho that haue taken hem to ghostly lyuynge & fully forsaken the worlde:Notabil haue matere of grete ghostly Joye and specyall comforte in this byheste of Jhū. not on̄ly for the euerlastynge lyfe in heuen that they trustly hopen to haue by his gracōus byhest: but also for that hūdred folde rewarde that they shall fele in thys bodily lyfe. yf they truly louen Jhū. and fully forsaken y worlde. that is neyther golde ne syluer nor deynteous metes or precyous clothes. but ghostly ryches of vertues & comforte of the holy ghost / the whiche alonly he knowyth that by experyence felyth it in hymself / And that is amonge other clen̄esse of cō scyence & reste in soule: loue of pouerte: chastyte pacyence and other vertues / And what tyme that our ghostly spouse Jhesu is knowen of ghostly folke before said: but it is hyd to flesshlyN sp [...]ale donū grē Quā magna multitudo dulce dis tue dn̄e folke that haue set their herte & her comforte in this worlde as the prophete dauyd felynge this yefte spekyth to our lorde god in this manere / Lorde how grete is the multytude of thy swetnesse: that thou haste hydde to hem thad dreden the / Of this mater saynt bernarde makyth a dououte processe in a tretyse of hym that is called De colloquio simonis & Jhū. spe­kynge more plenarly of this ghostly mede. of the whiche Jhesus graunte vs parte /


¶ Of the Transfyguracyon of our lorde Jhesu in the hylle / Eaplm xxx.



OVr lord Jhūs willynge to conferme & strēg the his dyscyples in y true byleue. that he was bothe god & mā / He shewed hem that he was very man by that he suffred after ye kynde & the comyn Infyrmyte of man / And also that he was god. by the myracles that he wroughte aboue ye comyn kynde and myghte of man / And therwyth all so he enformed hem: & told hē before that he shold suffre paynfully the hard deth as man. & after aryse vp gloryously to lyf as god. and to this ende what tyme as the gospel of mathewe & marke & luke tellenmath vii marc. 13. Luc. i [...]. yt he had tolde his discyples: that he sholde suffre many re­proues & dispytes in Jhrlm. and att the laste be slayne & dede / And after that he sholde ryse fro dethe to lyfe the thyrde daye / Then̄e ferd (er)more he cōcluded & sayd. that there were some of hem that there stoden at that tyme. the whiche shold not taste bodily dethe tyll they seen man̄es sone▪ that was hymselfe co­mynge in his kyngdom: that is to saye. aperynge in a wonder full & Joyeful clernesse of his māhede as longyng to his kyngdome / And that for to fulfyll this byhest: aboute the viii. daye after he toke wyth hym peter James & John vp in to an hye hylle that was as clerkes sayen called Thabor / And there he was transfygured in her syghte. that is to saye: torned out of the lowe lyknes of seruaūt in to the hyghe & gloryous lyknes of his kyngdom / For his face shone as the sonne: And his clothes were also whyte as the snowe / And there wyth therap: [Page] pereden Moyses & Hely spekynge wyth hym of his passion yt he sholde suffre in Jherusalem / In the whiche blysfull syghte y discyples were rauysshed & specially peter: feryetyng al erth­ly thynge desired for to haue dwelled stylle there in yt blysfull place and sayd / Lorde it is gode that we abyde and dwelle he [...] And therfore yf thou wolt. make we here iii. tabernacles. one to the / One to moyses. & one to hely. but he wyste not what he sayd: neyther in that he wolde haue dwelled wyth Jhūs in blysse: before that he suffred wyth him the passyon of deth as he had tolde hem before yt he sholde do. nor in that he wold haue seuered hem iii. that were all one as in ghostly felynge the lawe the prophetes & Jhūs / And therfore to conferme hym. yt is to saye Peter & his felawes in true byleue of Jhūs. that he was goddys sone: and that they sholde here & folowe hym in all thynge / Therwyth a bryghte clowde ouershadowed hem▪ & out of the clowde came a voys fro the fader of heuen sayeng This is my byloued sone: in whom me liketh well. and therfore here ye hym: that is to saye in all that he techyth / For he is very sothfastnes wythout lesynge: & therwyth folow hym in that he shewith / For he is the right waye wythout erryng whom ye haue herde in the lawe: that is vnd (er)stonde in moyses and in the prophetes that is vnd (er)stonde hely / And then̄e whā the dyscyples had herde this heuenly voyce before sayd of the fader. they fellen downe on the erthe on her faces wyth grete drede / for the Infirmyte of man myghte not bere that hye voys aboue kynde / And thenne our lorde Jhūs benygly lyft hem vp: and badde hem not drede / And therwyth they lyftynge vp her eyen: and lokynge abowte hem: sawe noo more: but alle oonly Jhesus / And as they wenten downe the hylle. he badde hem telle noo man that they had seen. tyll the sone of a man were rysen fro deth to lyfe / This is y processe of y gospel in the whiche who so hath grace of ghostly vnd (er)stonding & swetnes may se many notabilytees to lowing & dispisyng of mā [Page] hymself and to feruent deuocōn & loue of god / And specyally he y hath felynge aboue kynde & is yeuen specyall grace maye taast & haue moche ghostly comforte. that he graunt vs parte Jhūs cryste /


¶ Of the seke man heled at water in Jherusalem called probatica piscina / Caplm xxxi.

THere was in the cyte of Jhrlm in manere of a pounde. a standynge water closed abowte wyth v. doores / In the whiche water the shepe weren wasshen that weren offred in to sacrefyce / In the whiche water also after thopinyon of sonotabil: primum me clerkes laye the tree of the holy crosse / where it befelle as by way of myracle that ones in the yere that water was gretly styred and moeued of the angell of god / And then̄e what syke man myght fyrste entre in to the water he was helyd of his Infirmyte / wherfore many seke men dwelleden contynuelly by that water: abydynge the moeuynge therof by the aungell▪ Amonge the whiche there was one lienge in his bed on the palleseye xxviii. yeres: y whiche man our lorde Jhūs helyd on the sabott daye. and badde hym bere awaye his bedde: and goo as the processe of the gospel telleth more plenayrly / In y whiche processe we maye note iii. thynges to our edifyca [...]y: on / Firste that our lorde Jhūs asked the seke man whether he wolde be made hole / we maye vnderstonde that our lorde god woll not yeue vs grace & ghostly hele. but we woll and desyre it▪wherfore the synfull men that desyren not and wollē not assente to goddis wyll of her ghostlyhede & sauacōn: ben dampnable wythout excusacōn / For as saynt Augustyn sayth / He that made the wythout the: woll not Justifye the without y / TheScdm seconde notabilyte is that it behoueth vs to be waare & besy after we ben delyuerd & clensed of syn̄e that we falle not wylfully agayne therto: leest that our vnkyndnes in ye partye worthily be p [...]nysshed more harde of our lorde. wherfore he sayd to that seke man that he helyd / Goo & wyll thou synne [Page] noo more. leest wors wyll falle to the / For ofte tymes it fal­leth. that for ghostly Infyrmyte that is to saye synne: comyth bodily Infyrmyte / And soo thrugh delyueryng & assoylyng of syn̄e. oft tymes the body is helyd of bodily siknes / The thirdeTerciū ▪ N b [...] ̄. thynge notabile is yt wycked men gladly supposen vertuous dede of other men in to the wors party: and soo they lesen her mede comynly: as good men on that other syde supposen all thinge in to the better parte in encreace of her mede / Thus ye Jewes full of enuye whan they sawe y seke man hole myraculously of our lorde Jhū: and berynge away his bedde on the sabott daye at his biddynge. they askeden hym: who bad hym bere his bedde: but they askeden not who made him hole / And soo they token that parte that hem thought reprouable▪ But they lefte that parte that was cōmendable / And thus comyn­ly they dyde in all the myracles of our lorde Jhū / In ye same maner worldly men & flesshly torne in to ye wors part: that good men & ghostly tornen in to the beste party For they that ben in charyte. & dreden god: liuynge rightwysly aretten al thynge for the beste & to goddis worship whether it be prosperyte or aduersyte. knowyng that al thyng is done right wysly by goddis wyll or his suffraūce / And soo in all thinge spirytuell men & wym̄en geten her mede. ye soo ferforthe. thatbernard can. v. [...]. [...]. of her owne syn̄es & other men̄es and of the deuilles werkes they profyten and wyn̄en ghostly as saynt bernarde sheweth in dyuerse places who soo had this grace perfytly to suppose and arette all thynge that befelle in to ye better parte. he sholde mowe suffre trybulacōns & temptacōns wythout grete dysease / And by longe exercyse come to soo grete reste of soule: that full seldome or neuer sholde he be dystourbled wyth ony thynge / But it sholde be verifyed in him that the wise man sayth What soo euer be falle to the ryghtwysman▪ it shall not make hym sory / In Capitulo de chananea. xxx. Ferthermore in the forsayd processe in specyall mynde of [Page] the angell we shal vnderstonde that goddes angels ben as mynystres and meanes bytwene god and deuoute soules. as sa­ynt Bernarde sayth / wherfore we owen to worshyppe hem and thanke hem / And for as moche as they ben contynuelly presente wyth vs. we shal eschewe to thynke or speke or doo that myghte offende hem / For they ben our kepers ordened of god. and besy aboute vs: coueytynge alwaye our ghostly profyte / Of this mater spekith saynt bernard suꝑ p̄o [...] Qui habitat. ser̄. ri (ibi angelis suis mandauit de te. &c / J [...]m̄ sup can [...] ser̄ lxxi.

¶ How our lorde Jhūs caste out of the temple the byars & the sellars ayenste goddis lawe / Caplm xxxii.

TWo tymes as the gospel makith mynde our lorde Jhūs caste out of the temple the byers & the sellars therin. and that with a scourge made of cordes. y whiche dede amonge all the myracles y he wrought semith wond (er)full. for what tyme that he wroughte other myracles in y whiche he shewed the souerayn myght of his godhede: the pharisees & the scrybes & other of the Jewes dispyseden & reproueden hym. but at this tyme whan they were in grete multytude gadred in the temple and in her grete solēpnytee they had noo power to wythstonde hym alone / And the cause was for the ghostly fyre of hys zele bren̄ynge wythin forth for the vnworshippynge of hys fader specyally in that place: where he owed moost to be worshipped: shewed hym so dredfull in his face without forth. y they were wond (er)fully adradde & discōfyted. and hadden no power to wythstonde hym / This processe after the exposicyon of saynt Gregory & other doctours is full dredfull to all cristē men: but namly to prelates & curates and other men of holy chirche: and specyally we religyous that ben sett in goddis tē ple for to serue hym contynuelly in deuoute prayer and other ghostly exercyses / If we yeue vs to coueytyse & vanytees and medle vs ouer nede with worldly occupacōns & chaffaringes [Page] as they dyden. we maye skylfully drede the Indygnacōn of Jesu and his castynge oute fro grace in this life: and after departynge of his blysse euerlastyng / wherfore thou that wol [...] not drede the Indygnacōn of Jhū. loke that in noo manere y putt the wylfully nor medle the to thy power wyth worldly occupacōn / But for this matere is fully & plenteuously treated in the exposicōn of this gospell in many places. therfore we passen ouer thus shortly at this tyme ¶ Post istud capitulū s [...]qtur in bonauentura: [...]m̄o discipuli vellebant sp [...]cas. &c quod caplm supra translatum est parte tercia caplo xxxiiii.

¶ Of the receyuynge of our lorde Jhes [...] by the two systers. Martha & Mary: & of those two maners of lyuynges that ben actyf and contemplatyf in holy chyrche / Caplm. xxxiii.


It befell vpō a tyme y caplm. [...]. our lorde Jhūs wente wt his disciples to bethani that was called the castell of marthe & mary: and came in to the hous of hem / And they that loueden hym wyth all her hertes weren gladde and Joye full of his comynge / And martha the elder syster that had the cure of the housholde: anone besyed her and went faste about to ordeyne for the mete couenable to hym and to dyscyples. But her syster mary foryetynge all bodily mete▪ & desuyng so: ueraynly to be fedde ghostly of our lorde Jhū: sette her downe on the groūde at his fete / And castynge her eyen and her herte & her eeres in to hym oonly / wyth more Joye and lykynge [Page] than maye be spoken was fedde ghostly and comforted in ye blessyd wordes of our lorde Jhū. for he wolde not be ydle. but as his comyn manere was: occupied hym wyth spekynge of edyficacyon & wordes of euerlastynge lyfe / Martha that was soo besily occupyed aboute the mynystracōon & the seruyse of our lorde Jhū & his discyples seenge her syster Mary soo sittynge as it were in ydlenesse. toke it heuely and complayned her to our lorde as he had take noo rewarde therto / And prayed him that he wold bidde her syster ryse & helpe her to serue: and then̄e was Mary aferde leest she sholde haue be taken fro that swete reste & ghostly lykynge that she was in / And noughte she sayd but hanged downe her hede. abidynge what our lorde wolde saye / And thenne our lorde answerynge for her sayd to Martha that though she was besy. and troubled aboute many thynges: neuertheles one thinge was necessary. & that was the beste parte yt mary chose whyche sholde neuer be take fro her / And then̄e was mary gretly cōforted. and satte more sy­kerly in her purpose / And Martha wythout enuy helde her payd and seruyd forthe wyth good wyll /

In this processe of the gospell forsayd and tolde soo shortly touched after the letter. we maye note & vnderstonde many fayr thynges ghostly to our edifycacōn / And fyrste the grete goodnes of our lord Jhū in his homely comynge to that poore house of the two systers martha & mary takynge ofte tymes wyth good wyll and likynge suche symple refeccōn & bodyly fode as they had / For as it semyth well by yt sayenge of mar­tha that her syster lete her serue alone. there was not multytude of seruaūtes. and soo foloweth that there was not grete a­raye in dyuers messes or many delycate metes & drynkes. and yet came oure lorde ofter more customably to that place than he dyde to ony other to take his bodily fode. and that specially as I trowe for ye grete loue & affeccōn y he had to mary after her cōuersyon as he knewe well y she loued hym seueraynly [Page] euer after as it is sayd before / And so it semyth that our lorde Jhūs woll loue specyally. and ofte visyte by grace & dwelle ghostly wyth yt soule. that by true repentaūce & penaūce forsakyth her syn̄e: and perseueraūtly kepyth her in y loue of hym / Lorde how glad & Joyful were thyse ii. systers forsayd of y comynge at that tyme of this blessyd gheste Jhūs to her spouse and prycipally mary / For as it semyth after y processe of theNota gospel this was the fyrst tyme yt he came to that hous. and y soone after ye cōuersion of mary forsayd. & in somoche it was the more Joyfull to her / For then̄e she had that she soueraynly loued & on̄ly desired / And therfor̄ her syster not knowynge how it stode wyth her wythin forth in her hert. & seēge her maners chaūged y was wont befor̄ to be ocupyed in besynes of bodily mynistracōn wyth her: & now as takynge noo rewarde therto. but sittyng & tendyng on̄ly to y swete contēplacion of Jhū as it is sayd befor̄. merueyled gretly therof / And therfore cōplayned to our lorde as it is sayd. not reprouynge her syster after the comyn condycōn of wym̄en. in token & ensāple that he that is occupyed vertuously in actyf lyfe shall not reproue hym that is in rest of contēplatyf lyfe though it seme to him that he be as ydle

¶ Of actyf lyfe and contemplatyf lyfe /

By thyse two sisters forsayd martha & mary as holy men and doctours wryten ben vndstonden two maner lyues of crystenmen / That is to saye actyf lyfe & contēplatyf lyfe / Of the whiche there ben many tretees & grete processe made of dyuers doctours. and specially the forsaid Bonauenture in this boke of crystes lyfe makyth a longe processe alledgynge mani auctoritees of saynt bernarde: y whiche processe though it so be y it is ful gode & fructuous as to many ghostly lyuers Neuertheles for it semyth as inpertynēt in grete party to many comyn persones & symple soules that this boke in englys­she is wryten to as it is sayd ofte before: therfore we passen [Page] ouer shortly takyng therof that semyth profytable & edyficatyf to our purpose at this tyme / And first it is to vndstonde y the processe of the forsayd bonauenture of thyse ii. maner of liues actif & contēplatyf lōgeth specially to spirituel persones as bē prelates: prechers & religyous. & so he sayth at begyn̄yng that actyf lyf y is vndstonde by martha hath ii. parties / And y Prima vite actiue fyrste parte is that maner of lyuynge by the whiche a man̄es besynes stant pryncypally in that exercyse that longeth to his owne ghostly profyte. that is to saye in amendynge of hym­self. as wythdrawyng fro vyces & profityng in vertues / Fyrst as to profyte of hymselfe. & afterwarde as to his neyȝbour by werkes of ryghtwisnes & pyte and dedes of charyte. as it shal be sayd more playnly herafter / The secōde part of actyf lyf is whā a man̄es ocupacōn & besines stant in that exercise that lō gethScda to the profyte of other men pryncypally: though it so be also therwyth to his owne mede y more therby. as it is in go­uernyng of other men & techyng & helpyng to ye hele of soule / As done prelates & prechers & other yt haue cure of soule / And bytwene thise two partyes of actyf lyf before sayd stant contēplatyf lyfe / Soo yt in this order fyrst a man traueylle. & yeue hym to good exercyse in prayer & in study of holy scryptures & other good werchyng in comyn conuersacōn amendyng his lyfe. and wythdrawyng fro vyces & profitynge in getyng of vertues / And after then̄e secondly restynge in contēplacion / yt is to saye in solitude at leest in hert forsakyng all worldly be­synes wyth all his myghte be abowte contynuelly to thynke on god & heuenly thynges oonly tendynge to pleyse god / And then̄e herafter whan he is perfytly in tho two forsayd exercy­ses tauȝte & stabled in very wisdom & vertues: and liȝtned thorugh grace desirynge the ghostly profyte of other men: thenne may he take sikerly vpō hym y cure & the gouernayle of other And so after ye forsayd processe fyrst it behoueth. y in the fyrst part of actyf lyf man̄es soule be purged of vices & strēgthed & [Page] cōforted in vertues / After that it be enformed taught & lyghtned in contēplatif lyf. And then̄e in y iiii. degree may he sikerly goo oute to go uernayle & profyte of other as it is sayd vpō this forsayd processe of bonauēture so shortly touched. he al­ledgith after many auctoritees of saynt bernarde for to preueal y partes therof yt is to say. y fyrst of actyf: y secōde contēplatyt & the third yt is the secōde of actyf lyf y whiche we passe o­uer wyth grete processe of cōtēplacōn & many auctorytees of saynt bernard. for fewe there bē y more harme is eyther in state of cōtēplatyf lyf touching the ii: poynt befor̄ sayd or in the state of perfite actyf lyf touchyng the iii. poynt that comen to her astate by y true way that is declared before / And this is y cause that in this tyme many there ben: bothe men & wym̄en in the state of cōtēplatyf lyf. as specyally ankeresse & recluses or heremytes y weten lytill as in effecte truly what cōtemplatyf is by defawte of exercyse in actyf lyf as it is before sayde And therfore it is peryllous & full dredfull to be in a state of perfeccōn and haue a name of holynes. as hauen specially thise recluses / But the liuynge & the ghostly exersyce of hem ben accordyng therto / For saynt gregory sayth that there ben many that fleen thoccupacōn of the worlde & taken hem to reste: but therwith thei ben not occupied with vertues. and therf of oft tymes it falleth. that the more sykerly yt they seace fro out warde ocupacōn. the more largly they gader in to hem by ydlenes the noyse of vnclene thoughtes / And so of euery suche yt spenden her tyme in ydlenesse & slouthe: spekyth the prophete Jeremye in his lamentacōns in this maner / Viderūt illā ho [...] tes et deriserūt sabbata eins. that is to saye / The wycked spr­rytes enmyes of mankynde seenge & takyng hede of the lyuynge of suche an ydle soule: laughen to scorne her dayes of reste For in that she is ferre fro outward occupacōn. and therby is trowed to serue god in holynes. in somoche she seruyth the tyrauntry of the wycked spirytes in ydlenes / Also the same bo [...] [Page] ly clerke saynt Gregory in the same boke after the spekynge of thise two lyues actyf & cōtemplatyf sayth that man̄es soule sholde fyrst be wiped & made clene of the desyre of temporel Joye & vayne glory. and of all delectacōn or likynge of flessh: ly luste & desyre / And then̄e maye he be lyfte vp to the syghte & degree of contemplacion / In fygure & token herof whan god gaaf moyses the lawe / the comyn peple were forbode to com̄ nygh the hyll: In token that they that ben of weyke wyll. and desyren erthly thynges. sholde not presume to clymbe vp to y hyghe thynges of contemplacōn / And ferdermore declarynge how they shall preue theymselfe able that woll goo to contē: platyf lyfe sayth / That fyrst it behouyth that they preue hem selfe by exercise of vertues in the felde of werchyng: that is to saye that they knowe hemselfe besily: yf they done none har­me to her neyghbour / And yf they bere pacyētly harmes and wronges done to theym of other men / Also yf they haue noo gladnesse in herte or likynge whan temporell goodes fallen to theym / And agaynwarde yf they ben not to heuy or sory whan̄e they ben wythdrawen / Also yf they felen in her mynde the loue of spirytuell thynges so myghty y it ouercomyth and puttyth oute of her herte the affeccōns and ymagynacōn of all erthly thynges / And some that they coueytē to come to that thynge that his aboue her kynde. they ouercomen that y they ben by kynde / All this sayth saynt Gregory / Herto accordynge saynt bernarde and all other doctours generally sayen / that who soo woll goo to contemplatyf lyf. it behouyth that he be fyrste preued in exercyse of actyf lyfe / In fygure wherof is alledged comynly the story of the ii. doughters of laban. the whiche Jacob toke to his wyues that were called the eld (er) lya that was sore eyed. but plenteuous in beryng chyld (er)n. by whō is tokened adyf lyfe / The yonger was rachel fayre & louely / but bareyne: & by her is tokened contēplatyf lyf. And thouȝ it soo were y Jacob loued better rachel than lya. & coueyted first [Page] to haue had her to wyf for his vii: yere seruyce. [...]euertheles he was made to take fyrste the elder Lya. in token that actyf lyfe sholde be before contemplatyf as it is sayd / And this story is playnly treated in many places to this purpose: and therfore we passe ouer so shortly /

¶ De vita actiua & contemplatiua /

BUt for to speke of the maner of liuyng in thise ii. lyues actyf & contēplatyf in specyal / And namly of actyf that stant in soo many degrees as of seculers and relygyous and lered and lewde it were harde. and wolde aske longe processe. and also as it semyth it nedeth not / For the generall exercyse of actyf lyfe. as it lōgeth fyrst to a man hymself that is in fyghtynge agaynste vyces & besy in getynge of vertues / And also after as it longeth to his euēcrysten. that is in fulfyllyng of y dedes of mercy: & almes dedes doynge of hē y haue habūdaunce of tēporell goodes: In euery degree is wryten sufficyently as I hope: and therfore I haue lefte to speke more of this mater at this tyme sauf to make an ende accordyng to the begyn̄ynge of the mater before sayd in y gospel of thise ii. systers martha & mary. by the whiche ben vnd (er)stonde thise two liues: actif & contēplatyf as it is sayd / Fyrste they that ben in actif life haue ensample in martha of that vertue that is souereynly ned ful to hem in all her dedes. that is charyte / And fyrste as to hē selfe that they ben wythout dedely syn̄e / For elles Jhūs woll not dwelle in her hous [...]e accept her seruyce / Also as to otherS [...]dm that they deme not ne dispyse other: the whiche perau [...]ture do­ne not soo many vertuous dedes as to mannes syghte as they done / For they maye not knowe the preuy domes of our lorde Jhū that accepted more plesyngly and preferred the preuy cō tēplacōn of mary that satte at his fete in scylence. as she had be ydle. before all the grete besy seruyce of martha: & that was for the feruent loue that she hadde in contemplacōn of hym / And yet was the seruyce and the besines of martha full pley­synge [Page] to Jhū. and medefull to her as actyf lyf is good. but cō templatif beter / And soo ferd (er)more it is to note. that notwithstondyngTerciū the grete comm̄endacion of our lorde Jhū touchynge mary & the preferrynge of hir parte: Martha grutched not of hir parte. but contynued forth in her maner liuynge seruinge customably to Jhū & his discyples / As John wytnessith after in his gospel. in token that he that is called to god & stant in the state of actyf lyf holde hym payed. and grutche not. though contēplatyf lyfe be cōmended before his astate / For how soo euer it stant of thise two estates & degrees liuyng god wote alonly who shall be before a nother in the blysse of heuen of tho persones in thise astates. and thꝰ mykel be sayd as touchynge the parte of martha & of actyf lyfe tokened by her / Ferd (er)more touchynge contēplatyf lyfe: he that is in that state ha­the ensāple in mary of thre thynges that neden souereynly to that state▪ that ben mekenes pacyence & scilence / First meknesPrimū notabil is tokened in the lowe sittynge of mary att fete of our lorde Jhū / And but this grounde be truely sette in the herte of hym that is in this degree of contemplacōn / That is to saye. that he presume not of his own̄ holynes. but that he dispyse him self truely in his owne syghte: as it is reherced & tolde before in dyuers places what longeth to mekenes / Sothly elles alle his bildyng of contēplacōn be it neuer soo hye woll not stonde stedfastly: but soone at a lytill wynde of aduersyte falle to nought / The seconde vertue accordynge herto. is pacyence in suffryng fals demynges. scornynges & reprouynges of y worlde.S [...]dm Notabil that he shall suffre that fully forsakyth & dispyseth y worlde as it nedeth to the true contēplatyf com̄yttynge alwaye by pacyence in herte his cause to his aduocate jhesu. wythoute ansuere reprouynge agayne. as mary dyde: whan the phary­see demed and reproued her / Also her sister playned vpon her and the discyples had Indignacōn and grutched agaynst her / But in all thise she kepte scylence / That is the thirde vertue [Page] nedefull to the contēplatyf: and soo ferforth she yaaf ensāpleTerciū Notabil of scylence that we fynde not in all the gospel that she spake before the resurreccōn of our lorde Jhū: sauf ones by a shorte worde at reysyng of her brod (er) lazar. notwythstondyng the grete loue of our lorde Jhū shewed to him and to the grete likinge that she had in the wordes & the holy doctryne of hym. that sholde styre her by reason the more boldly to speke / And who soo coueyteth to knowe the fruyt of vertuous scylence. yf he haue affeccōn and wyll to trow contemplatyf lyuynge with out doubte he shal be better taught by experyence than by wrytynge and techynge of man / And neuertheles saynt bernarde and many other holy faders and doctours commenden highly vertuous scylence as it is worthy / wherof and other vertuo­us exercyse that longen to contemplatyf lyuing And specyally to a recluse / And also of medled life▪ That is to saye some tyme actyf. and some tyme contemplatyf as it longyth to dyuerse persones that in worldly astate haue grace of ghostly loue / who soo woll more playnly be enfourmed and taughte in englysshe tonge: Lete hym loke the tretees that the worthy clerke and holy lyuer mayster [...]alter Hylton the chanon of Thurgarton wrote in englysshe by hyghe grace and dyscrecion / And he shall fynde there as [...] leue a suffycyente scole and a true of all thyse. whoos soule reste in euerlastynge pees▪ As I hope he be full hyghe in blysse Joyned and knytte wythout departynge to his spouse by perfyte vse of the beste parte that he chese here wyth mary /

Of the whiche parte he graunte vs felyshyp Jhesus our lord god /


¶ Of the Reysynge of Lazar. and other two dede bodyes. Caplm xxxiiii.



AMonge all the my­racles that our lord Jhū cryste wroughte here in erthe: the reysynge of lazar is pryncypally cōmended / And souereynly is to be consydered. not oonly for the souerayn myracle it self / But also for ma­ny notable thynges that befell in that myracle and dyuerse mysteryes / The whyche saynte / Augustyn clergeally treatyth by lon longe processe vpon the same gospel / Of the whiche somwhat I shall towche in party: and more ouer as the grace of our lorde Jhū woll sende wytte perteynyng to the pourpose / And for asmoche as the gospel makyth mynde of ui. dede bodyes reysed by oure lorde Jhesu fro dethe to lyfe. of the whiche two the fyrste is not spoken of specyally in this treatyse before / Therfor̄ it semyth cōuenyent to this purpose sō ­what touche of hem in this place. as the forsaid saynt austin dooth / And fyrste we shall vndstonde & haue in mynde that as the dedes of our lorde Jhū after his manhede ben ensample to vs for to folowe hym as in mekenes: pouertee pacyence and other vertues. soo in his myracles done bi vertue of the godhe de: we shal not desyre to folow hym for to doo as he dyde. but we shall worshyp hym as almyghty god. and in that partye & more ouer coueyte for to vnderstōde the ghostly meanynge of hem. how the myracles done than bodily / And in bodyes ben now done oft times in ghostly men̄es soules. and so as saynt augustyn sayth. by tho thre bodyes the whiche our lorde Jhūs [Page] reysed fro dethe to lyfe bodily. ben vnd (er)stonden thre maner of dede soules. the whiche thrugh his speciall grace he reyseth euery day to euerlasting lyf ghostly. for as y gospel makith minde he reysed the doughter of the maister of the temple that lay dede in the hous / By whom is vnd (er)stonde dedely synne on̄ly in assent wythoute the fulfyilynge therof in dede / Also he reysed the wydowes sone borne dede on the bere wythout ye yates of the cyte. by whom is vnd (er)stonde dedely syn̄e wythout forth performed in dede / And the thirde dede body he reysed that was lazar buryed and foure dayes dede: by whom is tokened dedely syn̄e in custome / For yf we take good hede & vnderstonde that syn̄e is dethe of the soule / we maye fynde that the soule is dede ghostly & slayn thrugh syn̄e in thise thre maners / Fyrst by ful assent of wyll to doo that is forboden of god on̄ly wythin fourth in the soule wythout the dede therof wythoute forth. As by ensāple of lechery that is forboden what tyme as our lord sayth in the gospel that whan a man seeth a woman lustely to y ende for to haue to doo wyth her flesshly & fully assentith therto in his wyll. though y dede folowe not after he is acoū ted as a lechout in his herte. and soo is his soule slayne ghostly thrugh y assente & dede in goddis syghte / And this manere of ghostly deth is vnd (er)stōde by that fyrst dede body that our lorde Jhūs reysed in the hous that was the doughter of the prynce of the synagoge or the mayster of the temple as it is sayde before / Of whom the gospel telleth that he came to our lord Jhū prayenge hym that he wolde come to his house and hele his doughter that laye seke therin / And as our lord that of his grete grace & endlesse goodnes was euer redy to helpe & to hele all tho that asked hym truely was goynge wyth hym towarde his hous / There came worde to the forsard prynce yt his doughter was dede / And therfor̄ they bodē hym ye be shold not make the mayster that is Jhūs traueyle in vayne. for they trowed well yt he was of might to hele the seke. but not to reyse [Page] the dede / Neuertheles our lorde Jhūs letted not for her mysby leue: ne for her scornynge to doo his grace. but badde the fader that he sholde not drede. but on̄ly byleue / And whā he came to his hous & foūde there after her custome many wepyng & mournful mynstralsy. & other aray for her exequyes. he sayd to hē wepeth not. for the wenche is not dede: but slepyth. and then̄e they scorned him / For they vnd (er)stode not what he meaned. for though she was dede as to hem / Neuertheles to him that was of myghte to reyse her and make her to lyue. she dyde but sle­pe / And then̄e puttynge oute all that were in the hous sauf ye tader & the moder and the thre apostles / Peter James & John Our lorde Jhesus badde the wēche to ryse / And anone she rose vp fro dethe to lyfe / And after ete and was all hool / This is the processe of the gospell after the vnd (er)stondyng of the letter / In the whyche we maye ghostly vnderstonde fyrste that as our lord god thenne reysed bodily the doughter at prayer & by the faythe of the fader. soo he reyseth now oft tymes ghostly dede soule by syn̄e to lyfe of grace thrugh the prechyn­ge & prayeng of holy men and the fayth of holy chyrche / And as our lorde Jhūs spared not for mysbyleue and scornyng of other to helpe hym that asked his grace. so sholde not mē spare to profite to other soules / And namly men of holy chirche spare to preche goddis worde whan it lōgeth to her offyce in to reysing of dede soules to ghostly lyf. though some men scorne hem. or reproue hem therfore / For as saynt augustyn say the. It falleth all daye that a man that is ghostly dede bi ful assent in his herte to dedely syn̄e by the prechyng of goddes worde is compūcte in his herte therof thorugh grace as though he herde our lorde bydde hym ryse / And soo is he reysed in his soule by repentaūce fro dethe to lyfe. As it were in the hous or yt he be borne wythoute by the dede. more ouer of that syn̄e / And this is the fyrst maner of dedely synne and lightest for to ryse out therof thrugh grace that is betokened by the fyrste dede bo [Page] dy reysed of Jhesu in the house as it is sayd. But neuertheles this manere of dedely syn̄e that is on̄ly in assent is moost pe­rillous yf it longe abyde / And specially yf it be ghostly as hye pryde or enuye / For as saynt gregory sayth that somtyme it is more greuous syn̄e in goddes syghte pryde by delyberacōn in herte than is the dede of lechery / And yet aldaye that one is gretly charged. that is to saye lechery. but that other seldom or lityll / And therfore ben many men here deceyued / But now passe we here ouer / Of the reysynge of the seconde dede body is wryten in ye gospel of saynt luke / How what tyme our lordeOf [...]. dede bo d [...] Jhūs came to a cite that was named Naym & his disciples wyth hym and moche peple. he mette at yate of the cyte a de­de body borne on a bere that was the allone sone of a widow that came wyth the corse. and moche folke of the cytee wyth her / And then̄e our lorde hauynge pyte of the grete soro we of the wydowe. and meued thrugh his endles mercy. badde her yt she sholde not wepe / And thenne nighyng & towchyng the bere / And therwyth they that beren it standinge styll he spake to the body in thyse wordes / Thou yonge man I saye to the aryse vp. and anone he rose fro dethe to lyfe. and wente on his fete. and began to speke / And soo he betoke him to his moder alyue / This is ye processe of the gospel forsayd / O lorde Jhū moche is thy mercy shewed to synfull man: in the whiche as thou reysedest that dede body borne out towarde beryeng with out prayer made to the before on̄ly styrynge thyn endles godenes & pyte / Soo thou reysest all daye ghostly hem that bē dede in soule by grete syn̄es flesshly & ghostly. yeuyng thy grace oft times before or thou be prayed or sought by ony deserte: thrugh the whiche synfull men be styred to repentaūce and forsakyng of syn̄e / And soo by shryfte & penaūce doynge after the lawes of holy chirche they ben reysed ghostly to lyf of grace that first were dede by syn̄e performed in dede / And yf it soo [Page] be that this synne be openly knowen in to the euyl ensample of other & sclaūder. thenne it is nede of open penaunce as holy chirche hath ordeyned after that our lord Jhūs yaue ensample in that open reysynge of the forsayd dede body that was opē ­ly borne dede on y bere wythout forth in y syght of the peple /

BVt now as to our princypall purpose for to speke of y reysynge of the iii. dede body: that is to saye Lazar foure dayes dede / For asmoche as in this processe ben many fayre & grete notable thynges / Therfore we shall here more specyally gader in our entente and make vs by ymagynacōn as they were present in bodily conuersacōn: not on̄ly wyth our lorde Jhū and his dyscyples. but also wyth that blessed and deuout meyne / That is to saye martha & mary and Lazar that was specyally beloued of our lorde Jesu: as the gospell wytnessith And fyrste we shall vnd (er)stonde and haue in mynde the proces­se of the nexte chapyter before this / How vpon a tyme whan our lorde Jhūs walked in the temple / That is to saye in that place that was called salamons porche in the feste of the dedicacyon of the temple / The Jewes camen aboute hym as ra­uysshynge wulues or wood dogges wyth grete yre gren̄ynge vpon hym & sayeng in thise maner wordes / How longe wolt thou make vs in suspēse & in dwere in our hertes. what thou arte / If thou be cryste telle vs openly / This they sayden bi false & malycyous entent. to that ende: yt yf he had openly knowleged that he was criste that is to saye enoynted kynge then̄e for to haue taken hym and accused hym as a traytoure to cezar the emperour of rome / But therfore our lorde Jhūs knowyng her fals ymagynacōn tempred wysly his ansuere. & as an In̄ocent lambe amonge soo many trechours wulues sobyrly and mekely sayd to hem agayne / I speke to you and ye leue me not / But the werke that I doo in the name of my fader. tho beren wytnes of me what I am / And after more ouer whan he sayd / I and my fader am alone. they token vppe [Page] stones to haue stoned hym as a blasphemer. makynge hym self god / And ferd (er)more whan our lorde had concluded them in that partye by reason & auctorytees of holy wrytt that they myght not ayen say. and they notwythstōdyng his resonable & meke ansuere and soo goodly wordes contynueden and en­creasen in her malyce / For asmoche as the tyme of his passy­on was not yet comen. and for to yeue ensāple of penaūce▪ & of yeuynge stede to woodnesse: he withdrewe hym out of her hondes. and wente wyth his discyples beyonde Jordan in to y place: where John baptyzed fyrste aboute xviii. myle fro Jherusalem / And there he dwelled awhile wyth his discyples / And in that tyme soone after as the gospell telleth now to our purpoos lazar the broder of martha & mary before sayde wexed sore sike / And anone y two systers senden worde to Jesu where he was in that forsayd place beyonde Jordan sayenge to hym in this manere / Loo lorde he that thou loueste that is lazar is sore seke / And they sayden noo more / For asmoche as hē thought that y suffised to hym that loued & wyst what they meaned / And also perauenture for they knowing y malyce of the Jewes agaynst hym to his deth. and how a lityl before they wolde haue stoned hym. they durst not calle hym to hem: but com̄ytted all to his wyll / And then̄e Jhesus sayd to hem / This infirmyte is not to dethe: but for the praysyng of god that goddis sone be glorifyed therby / The gospel tellyth yt he sayd thise wordes to hem. but it specifyeth not to whom for the sisters that senden to him were not that tyme present but a grete waye fro hym as it is sayd / Neuertheles we may vnd (er)stonde as by the processe that he ansuerde to hem in thyse wordes by the messager. or elles sayd to his discyples or to bothe as it is moost lykely / O lorde what cōforte was this to y systers whan they herde of the messager thise wordes that Jhesus sayd. this Infirmyte is not to dethe vnd (er)stondyng perauē ­ture by hym y her brod (er) sholde not deye bodily by y Infirmyte [Page] But what discomforte was it to hem after whan he was dede & beryed not vnd (er)stondynge that oure lorde meaned of that gloryous reysynge that folowed after nor trowynge thenne that it sholde haue falle / Neuertheles that dyscomforte for ye tyme was after torned in to more comfort than they desired Fyrst by that they wolde haue had hym preserued fro the deth & helyd of his Infyrmyte by oure lorde Jhūs / Thus it fallyth oft tymes wyth hem that god loueth and ben in trybulacion or disease. our lorde god graūteth hem not that comfort that they askē & desyren but suffreth hem as for the tyme to be in dispeyre of her desyre / And after whan his wyll is. he fulfyl­leth her desyre better than they wolde firste. & torneth her discō forte in to more comfort than they wolde haue ymagined or thoughte / Ferd (er)more as to the processe of the gospel after oure lorde was certifyed of the seke Lazar. and had ansuere as it is sayd: he dwellled styll in the forsayd place two dayes. & af [...] he sayd to his discyples / Goo we agayne in to Jewery. & they aferde of this worde sayden to him / Maister right now the Jewes wolde haue stoned the there. and now wolte thou goo agayn thyder / And then̄e Jhūs ansuerde agayn / Ben there not twelue houres of the daye: as who sayth. why ben ye aferde supposyng that the Jewes contynuē in her malyce / wete ye not well that as oft tymes as the houres chaūgen on the daye so ofte man̄es herte & purpoos varyeth & chaungeth / But the goostly meanynge of thyse wordes as saynt austyn expowneth is this / Our lord vnderstondyng hymself as the daye and his twelue discyples as twelue houres of y daye. reprehended her mysbileue and her vnresonable drede of his deth that was in his wyll that they wold yeue coūseyle to hym as men to god dyscyples to the mayster: the seruaūtes to her lorde. and the feble & seke to hym that was souerayne leche / wherfore in ma­ner blamyng hem our lorde sayd to hem in this manere sentē ce / Are there not twelue houres of the daye who so walkyth [Page] in the day he offendeth not or erreth not / Folowe ye me. yf ye woll not erre and wyll ye not yeue coūseyle to me sythen it is nede to you to take counseyle of me / And therfore sythen it is soo that I am the daye & the houres: and by kindly reason the houres folowē the daye. & not the daye the houres / Folowe ye me: and that yf ye woll not offende or erre / And after this oure lord Jhūs knowyng in spiryte that lazar was dede. sayd to hem / Lazare oure frende slepyth. but I woll goo for to wake hym and reyse hym fro slepe / And then̄e the discyples vnder­stondyng flesshly tho wordes of kyndly slepe sayden▪ Syre yf he slepe it is a token yt he shall be hole & saaf of his sykenesse. For comynly by way of kynde. slepe of seke men is token of hele folowyng / But Jhūs meaned of his deth▪ And soo here we maye see the grete homelynes of our lorde wyth his discyples that as in maner of bourdyng spake wyth hē here▪ But after declaring to hem openly that he spake fyrst mystly▪sayd Lazar is dede. and I am gladde for you: that therby. your bileue maye be encreced & strengthed: knowyng that I was not the [...] in tyme of his dethe. and soo the rather byleuynge that I am goddis sone / Ferd (er)more leuynge many wordes of the gospell and takyng that semyth most notable to our edyficacōn. aft whā our lorde Jhūs wyth his disciples torned agayn toward Bethanye. and the two systers hadden worde of his comyng Martha an one wente agaynst him: but mary satte styll at home tyll after she was called forth by the biddynge of Jhūs. An soo it semyth by thise wordes specyally after y letter tel­lynge how thyse ii. systers martha & maria dyuersly hadden hē as anenst Jhū / That John theuangelist meaned ghostly here as he dooth in other places the dyuers condicōns that longen to hem that ben in thise ii. astates: that is to saye of actyf lyf & contēplatyf lyf / For it is no doubte but that mary loued Jhe­sus as moche as her sister martha or more / And was as gla­dde of his comynge / And as sory was for her broders dethe [Page] and as feruently desired his lyfe? why then̄e went she not anone wyth her syster oute agaynst Ihū. but in fygure & for ensā ple that they that ben in the state of contēplatyf lyfe shal not take vpon hem bodily exercyse of the dedes of mercy as for to goo oute to vysyte the seke or hem that ben in pryson / Or to tede the hūgry or clothe the naked. and soo forth of other / Or els for to preche or teche. or to mynister sacramentes of holyNota chirche. but it so be y they ben called out therto bi the biddyng & the auctoryte of holy chirche in Ihūs name ghostly. as mary was bodily: sittynge mary at home as it is sayd. & martha goyng out what tyme she mette with Ihū. she felle down at his fete & sayd / Lorde yf thou haddest ben here my brother had not be dede / Neuertheles & now I wote well that what soo euer yu askest of god. god wolle it yeue the / She durste not saye vtterly that she desyred Inwardly sayeng as thus / Now reyse my brod (er) fro dethe to lyfe. for she wist not whether it were expedient that her brod (er) sholde be reysed: or whether it were Ihesus wyll / And therfor̄ she set her wordes discretly in this manere of meanyng / Lorde I wote well thou mayst reyse hym. & therfore yf yu wylt it shall be done. but whether yu wylt or not I cō mytte it to thy dome & not to my presūpcōn / Then̄e said Ihs to her yt her brod (er) sholde ryse fro deth to life so in general wordes that it might be taken in two maners for to proue her bileue of the fynall resurreccōn not specifyeng whether he wolde reyse hym at ye tyme or none / And therfore martha takyng that part y she was syker of after the byleue sayd. yt she wyste well that he shold ryse in generall resurreccōn at laste daye of dome / And ferd (er)more at askynge of our lorde whether she bileued that he sayd of himself yt he was resurreccōn & lyf and of euerlastyng lyf of all hē that byleueden sothfastly in hym. she answerde fynally thus / I byleue that thou art criste goddis sone y art come in to this world for man̄es sauacōn And then̄e at byddynge of Ihūs: she wente home▪ and called mary her [Page] suster in scilence. that is to saye in soft spekyng sayeng to her Our maister is comen. and calleth the to hun. and anone [...]he rose vp and went to him / Loo how expresly here also is tokened ghostly. what longeth to the contemplatyf lyfe: that is to saye: fyrste in reste & pees scylence & softe speche / And not low de cryenge or grete noys. as the worlde vseth / And ferd (er)more what tyme that our lorde Ihū calleth hym out by obedyence to cure and to gouernayle of other as in the offyce of prelacy that then̄e by ensample of mary anone he ryse by applyenge of his wyll to goddis wyll. loue he neuer soo moche reste. o [...] haue he neuer somoche in swete contemplacōn. That is vn­d (er)stonde▪ what tyme he is called soo vtterly that yf he wythstō de it. he sholde syn̄e dedely by Inobedyence / Ferd (er)more we may see by the processe of the gospel the specyall loue & homlynes that our lorde Ihūs had soueraynly to mary in that he abode stylle there as martha mette fyrste wyth hym. and wolde not doo as to the reysynge of lazar vnto the tyme that mary was comen / And then̄e whan she was comen & fallen downe atte Ihūs fete. & wyth sore wepynge teeres had sayd as she dide before. that yf he had be there her brod (er) had not be dede Our lorde Ihūs seenge her wepyng. y he loued soo specyally. and also the Jewes wepyng ye there were comen at yt tyme to cōforte mary: he wept also / And that for iii. causes / First for y loue y he had to mary specyally & to her syster and to lazar / Also toN [...]b [...] shewe the greuousyte of syn̄e in custome / And of the ghostly dethe there thrugh▪ that is tokened in lazar foure dayes dede & beried / And the thirde. for the mysbileue of hem that there were. the whiche byleued. that he myght haue kept hym fro deth but not that he myghte then̄e reyse hym to lyfe agayne / Who soo woll then̄e Inwardly take hede & beholde. how our lorde Ihūs wepith. the sisters wepē. the Jewes wepē. ye & as [...]eLacrime ason tellyth the discyples wepē. skylfully he maye be stired to compassion & wepynge at leest Inwardly in herte namly for [Page] synne in custome that is so harde to ouercome. and to ryse out of as our lorde Ihūs shewed in ghostly vnd (er)stondynge. by the grete diffyculte that he made as in wepyng & in maner of trowbling hymself / And y two tymes wroth & grutching in spiryte before that he reysed lazar. by whom is vnd (er)stōde syn̄e in custome as it is oft sayd: yeuynge ensāple as saynt austyn saythAug. that thou that arte ouerlayd wyth the heuy stone of dedely syn̄e: be wroth & grutche in spiryte. and trouble thyself in this maner deminge thyself gilty / And thynke how ofte yu hast sinned worthy euerlasting dethe: and god of his endles mercy hathe spared the & suffred the / How ofte yu haste herde the gospell forbedynge syn̄e. & thou hast taken noo rewarde: but art contynuelly cōtrary & fals to thy fyrst baptysme / And then̄e so thynkynge wyth cōpun [...]cōn for thy syn̄e▪ & as in maner askyng in thy hert: what shall I doo: whyd (er) shall I goo / In what maner shall I escape this grete syn̄e & dredfull peryll of euerlastyng dethe / whan thou sayst thus in thin herte: then̄e cryst grutchith in the: for fayth grutcheth / And yf fayth be in vs: then̄e cryst is in vs: & so in this maner of grutching. is hope of vprisyng For after this wepyng & trowblyng as the processe of y gospel / I telleth. our lord Ihūs asked where they had put lazar: not for vnknowing. but in spekyng in maner of man: & in token ghostly of a straūgnes of his grace to hem that ben ouerlayed wyth dedely syn̄e for the tyme / Neuertheles he hath alwaye cō passyon of the synful / And his mercy is redy to all y woll truly aske it / For after he had asked where they had putt hym. & they sayden ayen / Lorde come & see. then̄e he wept / And y Jewes y there were sayden▪ loo how he loued hym / And so he she­wed the affeccōn yt he hath to the synfull as he sayth in y gospel / I came not to calle the rightwis. but the syn̄ers to penaū ce / But now goo we to y graue of lazar folowyng our lord Ihū wyth all that meyne. that is to saye the two systers mar­tha & mary and the apostles & Jewes many that were there yt [Page] tyme to comforte the systers / And as oure lorde wolde to see & bere wytnesse of that solempne & worthy myracle. and so we maye see by deuoute ymagynacōn. how our lorde Ihūs gooth before bytwene the ii. sisters talking homly wyth hem. & they wyth hym. shewyng to hym the grete dyscōfort & sorow that they hadden of her broders deth / And specially for asmoche as they durst not bydde hym come to helpe hem: & kepe him fro de the for drede of the malice of the Jewes that they knewe had cōspired in to his dethe: and how they were hyely cōforted thē ne of his presence / But neuertheles therwyth they had grete drede of hym by cause of the Jewes / And then̄e how our lord benyngly cōforted hem again. and bad hem not drede of him for al sholde be for the best & at the faders wyll / And so talkinge togyder they camen to the graue that was couered wyth a grete stone aboue / Then̄e bad our lorde Ihūs that they sholde take awaye the stone. and they abasshed for the grete tend (er) loue that they had to hym. dredynge the horribylyte & the styuke of carayne that it sholde ought of fēde hym sayden▪ Lorde now he stynketh for he is iiii. dayes dede. shewynge therby that they had none hope of his liuynge ayen / But our lorde ayenwarde cōforted her byleue. and makyng the stone to be taken awaye Afterwarde liftynge vp his eyen to heuen sayd / Fader I thanke the. for thou herdest me. and sothly I wote well that thou herest me euer / But I saye this for the peple that here stant y they byleue that thou haste sente me / And whan he had sayd thus: he cryed wyth a grete voys: Lazar come oute of thy gra­ue / O lorde Ihū what nede was the to crye / Sothly as saynt austin sayth to shew in ghostly vnd (er)stōding how harde it is toaugusti▪ hym for to reyse to lyfe a soule: that is ouerlayed with the sto­ne of dedely synne in custome / How many ben there sayth sa­ynt Austyn in this peple the whiche ben ouerlayed wyth this heuy burden of wycked custome / Perauc̄ture some beren me that ben ouercome wyth lechery or gloteny that the appostle [Page] forbedeth hem where he sayth thus / wyll ye not be dronken wyth wyne in the whiche is lechery / And they sayenge againNolite ī: briari vi no we may not. and soo forth of other grete mysdedes & wyckydnes that god forbedeth & holy chirche / whan it is sayd to hem dooth none of thyse. leest ye peryssh. they ansuerynge & sayeng we maye not leue our custome / O lorde Jhū reyse thise folke as thou reysedest lazar: for thou arte sothly as the resurreccōn or vprisyng & lyfe / How heuily this stone of wicked custome ouerlayeth men in all degrees: not on̄ly lered & lewde seculers: but also religyous nyghe by in all astates / who soo woll spekeN ayenst her wycked customes: he shall know sothly by experyence: & that there is noo remedye but on̄ly Jhū / O lorde Jhū crye to all thise men with an hye voys: yt is to saye shewe thy myȝte & teyse hem to lyfe of grace: puttynge away that heuy stone of wycked custome: as thou reysedest lazar For after thi crye and at thy biddyng he rose vp and wente out of his graue: but yet boūden hondes & fete tyll he was losed and vnboū den by thy discyples at thy byddynge / This is a grete wonder as saynt augustyn sayth to many men how he myghte goo out of the graue wyth his fete boūden / But it is moche mo­re wonder how he rose fro dethe to lyfe. that was foure dayes dede and beryed / And wyth that body of a stynkynge careyne But what tokenyth all this sayth saynt Augustyn / Sothly this it tokenith whan thou doost a grete syn̄e bi contēpt thou arte ghostly dede / And yf thou contynuest customably therin. then̄e arte thou dede & beried / And whan yu forthinkest within forth: and shryuest the: and knowlegest thy synne wythout fourth / For thenne rysest thou. and goost out of thy graue / For it is nought elles to saye goo forth out: but shewe and make knowen outwarde that is preuy wythin forth / And this knowynge & shewynge of syn̄e makyth on̄ly god cryenge wyth a grete voys. that is to saye wyth his grete grace callynge / ButN yet though he that was dede. be reysed and goone oute of [Page] his graue / Neuertheles he dwelled boūden. that is to say gylty in to the tyme that he be losed & vnboūden by goddis mynystres: to whom on̄ly he gaaf that power. sayenge thus to hem Al that ye vnbynde in erth shal be vnboūden in heuen / Al thisN sayth saynt augustyn in sentence. In the whiche we maye see openly a suffycient auctoryte agaynst hem that reprouen confession ordeyned by holy chyrche. and also the assoylyng of curates sayenge falsly that it is ynough generally to euery man for to shryue hym on̄ly in his herte to god / And that prestes & curates of holy chirche haue nomore power to assoyle of sinnes than a nother man. but that god allonly assoyleth. & none other in his name / But now leuyng the fals opynyons. & goB ynge to the ende of our forsayd processe. what tyme that La­zar was reysed to lif by our lord Jhūs as it is sayd. and after vnboūden by his discyples. he & his systers wyth grete Joye lowely thanked Jhūs of that souereyn bienfete. and laddē him home wyth hem to her hous. makynge moche myrthe / And then̄e the Jewes that there were wōdryng hyghly of that grete myracle. some torned in byleue to Jhū. and some yeden & tolden y pharisees that Jhūs had done. and so was it publyshed & opēly knowen. in somoche that grete multytude of Jerlm & the coūtree theraboute camen to sce lazar yt was reysed / And then̄e were the prynces of the Jewes & the pharisees all confused: and thoughten & casten for to slee lazar. by cause thorugh hym many were conuerted to Jhū / Now then̄e for to makeN cōclusio augusti. a cōclusion of all the processe beforsayd of the thre dede bodies reysed by our lorde Jhū. saynt augustyn sayth in this sentēce / All the forsayd thynges we haue herde bred (er)n to that ende y they that lyuen ghostly kepen hem in lyfe of grace / And they that ben dede: ryse vp in this maner / Fyrste: he that hath syn̄ed dedely by assent in hert and is not goon oute therof by perfor: mynge in dede. amende hym of that thoughte by repentaunceN And soo ryse he vp that was dede. within the hous of his con [Page] science. Also he that hath performed in dede that he conceyued dedely in thoughte. be he not in dispeyre / But though he rose not wythin forth rise he wtout forth / So he be not beryed & ouerlayed wyth the heuy stone of wycked custome / But perauenture I speke to hym. the whiche is ouerlayed wyth y harde stone of his wycked maners and combred wyth the heuynes of custome / And soo is as foure dayes dede and stynkyth. yetꝓuerbi o (rum) xxi. dispeyre he not / For though he be depe dede & beryed: criste Jhesus is highe of myghte & can breke all erthly byrthen. cryenge thrugh his grete grace and makynge hym to lyfe fyrst by him self wythinforth. and after takynge hym to his discyples for to vnbynde hym. and soo fully restore hym to ghostly lyfe so that there shall be lefte noo stynke of syn̄e in his soule ghost­linotabil nomore than dyde lazar reysed bodily. that he graunte to al theym that haue nede Jhūs cryste /


Hic premittūtur duo capitula bonauenture

¶ How the Jewes coūseyled & conspired ayenst Jhū in to his dethe / Eaplm xxxv.

AFter the reysynge of lazar before sayd: whan the tyme neyghed. in the whiche our lorde Jhūs disposed to werke our redempcōn. thrugh the shedyng of his precyous blode. the deuyll fader of enuy armed his knyghtes & minysters and whetted her hertes ayenst our lorde Jhū finally in to his deth and specyally by occasōn of his good & vertuoꝰ werkyng. but for soueraynly for the reysynge of lazar enuy kyndled in her hertes more & more. in somche yt they myght noo lenger bere her woodnes wythout execucōn therof ayenst hym / wherfor̄ the prynces & the pharisees gadred a coūseyle ayenst hym. in y whiche counseyle cayphas bysshop of that yere: all thongh he meaned wickedly: prophecyed sothly that Jhūs sholde dey forN sauacōn of mankynde / And soo haue we here open ensāple y wycked men & reproued of god hauen somtyme the yefte of prophecie. & so by comyu assent those fals princes & pharisees [Page] in that counseyle vtterly ordeyned to slee that Innocent lambe Jhū / And to that ende leest all the peple sholde byleue & tro we hym / And then̄e the romayns as settynge her lawe at noughte. sholde come & destroye bothe her temple & the peple▪ O fooles & foly coūseyle: haue ye not wryten of the wyse man yt there is noo wysdome ne counseyle agaynst god / And therfor [...]erbio rū [...]. it shall fall in contrary maner to your wycked entent as it is now perfourmed in dede / For there as ye slewen Jhū leest the romayns sholde destroye your place. & your peple after befell▪ agaynwarde. that for ye slewē Jhū. your place & peple was d [...] stroyed by the romayns as the story telleth of y destruccō [...] of Jhrlm by tyte & vaspasyane / In the same manere it falleth of te tymes in worldes wysdome / That is contrary to the wisdome of god / For ofte tymes our lorde god torneth in to the beste that the worlde demeth as worst / And specyally there as enuye is grounded of that entente of worldes wysdome as it is shewed openly by a notable ensample in Joseph. whom his bretherne by enuye of worldes wysdome solden in to Egypte. as to his vndoynge / For they wolde not worshypp̄ hym after his sweuen / But after it torned in to contrary effecte by god dis grace / For that shewynge of hym was occasyon and cause of his highe auaūcynge / And her lowe submyssion to hym and worshyppinge / And soo it fallyth all daye men maye see proued by experyence in the wordes chaunged / But now le­uynge this matere. and tournyng to our pourpoos of the for sayd fals and enuyous councelynge. our lorde Jhūs euerlastinge wysdome of the fader of heuen. to whom may noo thynge be hydde: knowynge this malicyous conspirynge of the Jewes agaynst hym / For as moche as his tyme was not fully come: in the whiche he disposed to suffre dethe for man̄es sa [...]a: cōn. and also to yeue ensample as it is sayd in the nexte chapiter before to flee malyce that it encreace not by dwellynge. he wythdrewe hym for the tyme fro the Jewes. and went in to [Page] a coūtre beside desert in to a cite that was called Effrem where he dwelled wyth his discyples a lityll whyle: that is to say a seuennyghte / For as some clerkes sayen: he reysed lazar the fridaye before the passyon sondaye whan the same gospel is redde in holy chirche / And the saterdaye seuennyghte after he was come in to bethanye as the processe after declareth /

¶ How our lord Jhūs came ayen to bethanie the saterday be for̄ y palmsonday: & of the supper made there to hym: and of those thynges done therat / Capitulū xxxvi


OVr lorde Jhūs souereyne doctour & maister of al vertues not on̄ly by worde techyng: but also by ensample yeuynge:B prudēcia right as in the processe before sayd to our edifycacōn he vsed the vertue of prudence in fleēg fro his enmyes / And there by shewyage that we also shall wysely wythdrawe vs fro y woodnesse of hem that pursewen vs malicyously / That is to saye: the place and the tyme asketh so now he vsed the vertue of ghostly strengthe in this tornynge ayen to his enmyes whā the due time was come in y whiche he wold bi his freeFortitu. wyll offer him to the passion / And strongly & myghtly suffre the malyce of his pursewers in to the vtterest ende y was the harde deth / Thus also he vsed tēperaūce a nother tyme what tyme he fledde eschewinge worldes worshyp. whan the peple wolde haue made hym her kyng / And ayen warde he vsed ryȝt wysnesse whā he wolde be worshypped as a kynge. as it foloweth herafter. what tyme the peple camen ayenst hym wyth braūches of trees & other manere of grete reuerence dooynge to hym in the cyte of Jhrlm / And ferd (er)more soueraynly he v­sed this rightwysnes after whan he entred in to the temple. & sharply reproued the couetyse of the prestes of the lawe and pharysees / And wyth a scorge droue out the biars & sellars of goddis temple / And soo vsed the lorde of vertues thise foure pryncypall vertues. that is to saye prudence & temperaunce / Strēgth & rightwisnes for our doctrine & Informacōn / wher [Page] fore as he shall not be supposed or demed as varyaunt or in constaūte. no more shall none other that vseth thise forsayd vertues after discrecōn as dyuers causes asken / But leuyng this mater whā our lorde Jhūs as it is sayd for to offre him to the passion in tyme ordeyned of him befor̄ the world. cam̄ N agayn to bethany. that is to saye: the sabbot next before palm sonday. the whiche place is nighe Jhrlm as aboute the space of two myle. there they made hym a supper his true byloued frendes that were full gladde of his agayn comyng. and that in the hous of Symond leprose that had that name for that he was somtyme before leprose. but not at that tyme: for he was heled of our lorde before / And there at that supper were thise homely ghestes wyth Jhū: that is to saye: lazar: martha: & mary hir syster / And as John noteth specyally martha serued and lazar satte at borde wyth other that seten also wyth our lorde / But mary full of brennynge loue to Jhū and taughte wythinforth of the holy ghost: toke a full precious oynemente: and shedde it vpon his hede. and also enoyntynge his fete. Of the whiche precyous oynement the swete sauoure fylled al the house / Now lete vs abide here awhile: and take hede inN wardly of the forsaid notable pointes / And first how our lorde Jhūs wolde haue this supper specyally in that hous of the forsayd symond that was a pharisee. as it is sayd before: and in whos hous that self mary enoynted hym wyth precyous oynement: and wyth Inwarde sorowe and bytter teres of cō ­trycōn: but now more perfitly wyth vnspekable Joy and ful swete teres of deuocōn. and that knewe well our lorde before And for that one skylle he chose that place at that tyme specially for maries sake. as we maye resonably suppose / For no dowte that she loued specially that place. in the whiche she foūde fyrste that grete grace of foryeuenes of her grete syn̄es as it is sayd. and soo it was more likyng to her there to doo that excellent dede of deuocōn. shewynge her feruent loue to Jhesu [Page] Also he wolde haue that souper in Symonds hous knowinge his charyte & true affeccōn cōtynued to hym and to his dyscyples. notwythstondynge the frendly reprehensyon befor̄ bycause of mary: and also for the more open wytnesse of ye tru reysynge of lazar that ete & dranke as other dide in that hous of the pharysee openly. and in presence of many Jewes. that camē at that tyme to see not on̄ly hymself Jhū. bnt also lazar as John specyally tellyth / And so we maye see at that supper and in that hous thife foure persones dooyng to our lorde Jesu true seruyce in dyuers maners / That is to say. the mayster of the hous by charytable hospytalyte. lazar by opē wytnesse of his true god bede / Martha by besy mynystrynge as longeth to true actyf lyfe / And mary by feruent loue & deuoute worshyppyng as longeth to hye contēplatyf lyf / But on that other syde we maye see in contrary maner other yeuynge occasyon of offence to our lorde Jhū by enuye fals couetyse & wrōgful demynge as enuyous / Judas that for to colour his fals couetyse grutchynge as of lesynge somoche money spēden in that precyous oynement pretended specyally the releuynge of poore men therby / And sayd yt it myghte better haue be solde for thre hūdred pens. and yeuē to hem that neden / And other also meued by his wordes: but otherwyse & in good entent as it se: mith for the poore men grutched. and were gretly styred agaynst mary as for soo grete a losse of that precyous oynemente / But she kepyng scylēce our lorde ansuerde for her as he dyde two tymes before. now reprehēdyng hem & declaryng that good dede euer to be had in mynde. as in enoyntynge befor̄ of his body into the beryenge that foloweth after / O lorde Jhū how sorowfull and discōfortynge was this worde. that soo openly declareth thy dethe: to mary specyally and to all other true frendes that there were: but soueraynly to thy blessid moder / For as we maye sothly byleue that worde perced her hert more sharply than ony swerde / And so then̄e was al y myrthe [Page] of that feste torned in to sorowe. and namly for asmoche as they knewen that the Jewes had vtterly conspyred in to his dethe / But neuertheles that fals traytour Judas cōtynued in his enuyous indignacōn: and herof he toke occasion to betraey hym and selle hym. as he dyde the wenesdaye next after forN xxx. pens. wherof we shall speke herafter / Here may we ferd (er) more note specially to our porpose that they are of iudas parte that reprehenden almesdedes. offringes & other deuocōns of the people done to holy chirche holdynge all suche yeftes of deuocyon but foly. and sayenge that it were more nedfull & better to be yeuen to poore men / O Judas thou that pretendeste wyth thy mouth the releuynge of poore men there as sothly in the entent of thy herte that is groūded in enuy ayenst men of holy chirche. it perteyneth not to the of poore men▪ but rather thyne owne fals couetyse in excusacōn of thy nyhgonrreN. [...] that hast no deuocōn. and nought woll yeue of thyn owne good / For experyence openly techeth that comynly all suche Ju­das felowes ben as coueytous or more than ony other And that shall he fynde sothly in dede: who soo hath to doo wyth hē in one maner or other / We reden in the gospel of our lord Jesu in dyuers places and specially now herafter ayenst his passyon that he reprehēded sharply the scrybes & the pharysees of te tymes: namly of couetyse / But we fynde not therfore that euer he bad ye peple to wythdraw eyther dymes or offrynges or other yeftes of deuocōn done to hem. but ayēwarde bad hē alwaye doo her dewte after the lawe: and cōmended her free deuocōn in offrynges as it is opēly shewed in y gospel of marke & of luke. whā our lord Jhūs behelde how riche mē put heryeftes or offrynges to y tēple in to the arche y was called tresory. or a coufre hauinge a hole aboue in maner of stockes y ben now vsed in chirches: the whiche arche was called Ga [...]ophilaciū / And amonge hem he sawe a poore wydowe offrynge two mynutes: the fourth parte of a sycle. and that was the [Page] substauuce of her lyuelode / And then̄e our lorde not reprehen­dyng one or other: but rather cōmendyng: soueraynly praysed the poor wydowe for her grete deuocōn. & sayd y her lityll yef te in goddis sighte passed all ye grete yeftes of the ryche men / Here maye we see yf we take gode hede to all ye circustances y bi this on̄ly processe & sentēce of our lorde Jhūs iudas & his felowes ben sufficyently reproued & confoūded in her fals o­pynyon & doctryne before sayd ayenste holy chirche / But now leuyng this processe torne we ayen to bethanye ymaginynge how our lorde Jhūs after the forsayd supper in the hous of si monde went wyth lazar & his systers to her hous. the whyche was his comyn hostrye. and namly tho fewe dayes folowyn ge in to his passyon / For there he ete on dayes & slept in nygh tes wyth his discyples: and his blessed mod (er) wyth her sisters: for they worshipped her soueraynly as worthy was. but specyally mawdeleyne y wolde neuer departe fro her / Then̄e amonge those his true frendes our lorde sayd that they sholde not be tomoche abasshed or distourbled with that vncouth de de to come. tolde hem that he wold on the morowe goo openly in to Jhrlm / And then̄e were they all soueraynly aferde. and prayden hym hertly & his mod (er) also namely: that he wolde not put hymselfe soo vtterly in to his enmyes hondes: and sothly ferd (er)more in to the dethe that was conspyred wythout faylle agaynst hym of y Jewes / But our lorde god cōfortyng hem againward: badde hem drede nought: and sayd it is the faders wyll that I take this Journeye: and he shall kepe vs and soo ordeyne for vs at this tyme: yt ye shall see me amonge al myn enmyes in the grettest worshyp that euer ye sawe me: & they shall haue noo power now agaynst me / But after that I haue done all that I wyll: tomorowe att euen we shall come hyder again sauf and sounde / And thenne thorugh thyse wordes they were all well comforted / But neuertheles alwaye dre­dynge /

How our lorde Jhūs tame to Jherusalem vpon palmsonday Caplm xxxvii.


THe sondaye after er­ly vpon the morow our lorde Jhesus dysposed hym as he had sayd to goo in to Jherusalem in a new maner & an vncouthe other wyse than euer he dyde be­fore / But to fulfyll y pro­phecye of zacarye y prophete▪ sayd to that pourpoos / And whan he with that lytill but blessid cōpany cam̄ to a place in middes y way that was called bethfage / He sente two of his discy­ples in to Jherusalem. And badde hem bryng to him an asse & her fole that were te [...]ed the re in the comyn waye and ordeyned to serue poore men at her nede that had none bestes of her owne / And whan they were broughte. and the discyples had layed her clothes vpon hem / Our lorde mekely sette hym firste a lityl while vpon the asse & after on the fole ridynge in that symple araye toke his way forth in to Jhrlm / O lorde what syghte was this to see y kinge of kyngis & lorde of all the worlde ride in suche araye namly in to that solempne cytee of Jherusalem / But sothly this thou dydest as all thyn other dedes to our enformacōn and en sample / For we may see and vnderstonde. that in this maner of worldes worshippe takynge. thou dispisest fully all the pō pe of vayne worldes worshyp hauyuge in stede of golden har neys and curyous sadels and bridels. symple clothes and hem ꝓyn helters / And whan the people herde of his comynge by [Page] cause of that grete myracle that was publisshed before of the reysinge of lazar they wēten ayenst hym. and receyueden him as kynge wyth ympnes & songes. and grete Joyes strewynge in his waye her clothes & braunches of trees / But wyth this Joye our lorde meaned sorow & wepyng / For whan he came nyghe the cyte: he wepte therupon sayenge before the destrucci on therof that came after. & sorowynge for her ghostly blind nesse / For we shall vnderstonde that as holy wrytte makyth mynde our lorde wepte notably thre tymes / One tyme in thePrimo dethe of lazar. the wretchydnes of mankynde wherby he is neded to deth for the fyrste syn̄e / A nother tyme he wepte for theSecūdo ghostly blyndenes & vncūnynge of man as now at this tyme of hem that dwellen in that cyte of Jherusalem. that wolden not knowe the tyme of her gracyous visytacōn / And therfor̄ after was to come to that cyte her vtter distruccōn / The thir de tyme he wepte for the grete trespaas and malyce of man / AndTercio that was in tyme of his passion, hangyng on the crosse for he sawe that his passyon was sufficyent for redempcōn of all men. but neuertheles it toke not effecte of profyte in all for not in reproued and harde hertes & obstynate to doo pena unce that woll not forthynke & amende hem of her syn̄es / And of this wepinge spekith the appostle poul whan he sayth that Jhūs in tyme of his passyon wyth a grete crye & we­pynge teres was herde of the fader for his reuerence / And of thyse thre wepyng tymes holy wrytte spekyth / Also holy chircheQuart. makith mynde that he wepte the fourth tyme. and yt was whan he was a yonge chylde / And that wepynge was for to hyde fro the deuilles the mysterye of his Jncarnacōn / Beholde we now our lorde Jhūs soo wepynge: and that not feynyng­ly but effectuelly and largely wyth a sorowfull herte specyal­ly for her dampnacōn without ende with the destruccōn tem porell of hem: and of her cytee / And as we maye sothfastly trowe. his dere moder and all that company seenge hym we­pyng [Page] soo myght not conteyne hem fro wepyng at that tyme and nomore sholde we sene losse of soules / Thꝰ our lord Jesus rydynge on the asse. and hauynge in stede of prynces erles & borons his poore & symple discyples aboute hym wyth his moder & other deuoute wym̄en folowynge: entred in to that solempne cyte. and also the peple doynge hym great worshyp as it is sayd before / Of the whiche comynge al the cyte was gretly styred / And soo went he firste in to the temple & cast oute therof the byars & sellers agaynst goddis lawes. as it is sayde here before in the xxxii. chapiter / And there was he stondin ge openly in the temple prechynge & ansuerynge to the pryn­ces & pharysees all that daye. tyll it drewe towarde euen / And soo he & his discyples stondyng all the daye fastynge after the grete worshyp before done: there was not one y wolde bydde hym ones drynke / wherfore at euen he wente wyth his discyples to his homely hostry bethanye gooynge soo symply tho­rugh the cyte wyth that lityll company: that came on the mo rowe wyth soo grete worshyp / And here maye we consyder y it is lityll to charge and lityll force of worldes worshyp that is soo soone done and soo lyghtly passeth awaye / But what Joye trowe we that his moder & mawdeleyne & other true frē des hadden whan they sawe hym soo worshypped of the people. & namly at nyght whan he was come wyth his disciples sauf & in prosperyte to bethanye / Sothly. he alonly knowyth our lord Jhūs that euer blessed be with ende /


What our lorde Jhūs dyde from palmsonday in to the thursdaye after next sewynge / Caplm xxxviii.

OVr lord Jhūs ful of charyte & well of al charyte wyllynge to shew bothe in worde & dede his souerayne charyte as well to his foes as to his frendes. and desirynge that noo man sholde be loste. but al saaf / whan it drewe to the ende of his dedely lyfe here & of his passion tyme was nyghe at honde he traueyled besily in prechyng and techyug opēly to y peple [Page] and specyally in thise thre dayes / That is to saye fyrst on the sonday. at it was now last treated. and after on the monday seweng. & the tewisdaye togyder / In the whiche dayes he cam̄ erly vpon the morowe in to the temple: and there contynued in prechyng & techynge to the peple. and disputynge wyth the scribes & pharysees / And ansuerynge to her disceyuable questions and many subtill temptynges: and soo he was occupied fro the morowe vnto the euentyde / whan he went wyth his discyples to his rest at his homly hostrye wyth lazar & his systers in Bethanye as it is sayd before / But for asmoche as it were longe processe to trete in specyall of all tho maters that tyme bytwene our lorde Jhūs & the Jewes. and lettynge fro ye purpoos that we bē now in of the passyon / Therfore passinge ouer all the parables & ensamples by the whiche our lorde reprehēded the Jewes and other processe of that tyme in spe: syall: we maye in generall consyder & note on yt one syde how the prynces & the pharisees seenge the fauour of the people to Jhū / And therfore dredynge to perfourme her malyce agaynste hym openly. casten sothly and fully to take hym in worde eyther ayenst her lawe▪ or elles ayenst the trybute payed to the emperour of rome. wherby they mighten accuse him as worthy the dethe / But our lorde to whom all the preuyte of mannes herte is open knowyng the subtylte & the malyce of hem ansuerde wysely to all her questyons. and soo couertly in trou the sette his wordes. that they were sufficyētly answerde. and yet they myghten not haue her entent in ony part / But at the laste they were so confoūded that they durst nomore aske oni questyon of hym / And thenne after our lorde Jhūs sharply reprehended the pride the ypocrysy. the couetyse. & other wyckyd condycōns of hem: and specyally of the scrybes & pharisees sa yenge to hem in thise wordes / woo to you scrybes & pharisees that louen worldly worshippes in many maners. and soo fourth of other vyces / Neuertheles he badde therwyth the peple [Page] that they sholde kepe & fulfyll all her techynges. but that they sholde not folowe her werkes & euyll liuyng / At last rehersynge the vnkyndnesse of the Jewes ayēst god in generall by na­me of the cyte of Jhrlm for asmoche as he was soo ofte besi to gader hem togider as a hen̄e dooth her chikens in to y way of her sauacōn. and they wolde not / And therfor̄ tellyng hem before her destruccōn folowynge temporell & euerlastynge he lefte hem & wythdrue hym out of the tēple. and wyth his dys ciples and other many of the Jewes that byleued on him. he went in to y moūt of olyuete where he taught hē more ouer by ensāples how they shold dispose hem & make hem redy in to her last ende / And fynally tolde hē of the daye of dome. in y whiche good men y sholde befoūden on the right half of god sholde haue euerlastynge lyfe: and wycked men on the lyft hō de euerlastyng sorow & endles deth / Thꝰ made our lord Jhūs an ende of this open prechyng to the Jewes on the tewisday towarde euen. and after in preuyte sayd to his disciples wete ye well. that after thise two dayes pasch shall be made▪ & mannes sone shal be bitrayed for to be crucifyed / A sorouful worde this was to all his true discyples: but the fals traytour Ju­das full gladde therof / And thynkynge anone by Instygacōn of sathanas that was entred in to his herte: how he myghte by occasion of his dethe fulfyll his fals couetise / And herupō he slepte not. but anone on the morowe y was the wenesday whan ye prynces of prestes wyth the ald (er)men & scrybes werentradicio d [...] fe [...] ­a qua [...]ta gadred in cayphas hous: the bisshop toke counseyle: how thei myghte by sleyghte take Jhūs and slee hym / . But not in the feest daye: for drede of the peple / Judas aspyenge and know­inge this coūseyle went to hem and profered to take hym to hem at her wyll: soo that they wolde mede hym: and doo hym why: and they gladde of his profer. graūted & ordeined to pare hym thyrty grete pens. of the whiche euery peny was worth ten comyn pens / As now oure grote is worthe foure comyn [Page] pens / And soo falshede and couetyse malyce and trechery were accorded in to the deth of Innocentes / And then̄e had that fals traytour his couetous desyre of the pryce of that forsayd oynement that be grutched for as loste. that is to say: thre hū dred pens / And fro ye tyme he sought oportunyte how he miyght bytraye Jhū wythout the presence of the peple / And forquare ie iunatur feria iiii this bitrayeng of our lord vpō the wenesday is that day resonably ordeyned moost of penaūce doynge & abstynence in the weke after friday / This was the processe of that cursed parte Judas & the Jewes on yt wenesdaye. but on that other parte? what dide Jhūs & his blessid cōpany that day. we finde not wryten expresse in the gospel / For soth it is yt he went not in to Jhrlm: ne apered openly to the Jewes that daye / what trowe we then̄e that he dyde al that day / Me thinke it resonably to be trowed: yt he was▪ then̄e for the moost part occupied in prayer for the performynge of redempcōn of mankynde that he came fore / and not on̄ly for his frēdes that trowed in him & loued hym: but also for his cruel enmyes: fulfillyng ye pefeccōn of charytee that he had taughte before to his discyples in prayer for her enmyes: & hem that shal pursewe hem: and ther wyth knowynge & seenge in spiryte the forsayd malyce of In das the traytour & the iewes in that day: vtterly cast ayēst him and in to his deth / And soo skylfully men may suppose that in that prayer to the fader specially he sayd the psalme Deus laudem that dauyd sayd in prophecye of hym & of Judas and her other enmyes longe tyme before / But then̄e moost pro­perly it was sayd of hymself not desiryng by the wordes of yt psalme vengaūce of his enmyes as it semyth after the sentē ce of the letter. but cōformyng his wyll rightwisly to ye wyll of of the fader: and prophecyeng the rightwis punysshynge & vengaūce. deseruynge of hem that soo malicyously conspired agaynst hym / And after obstynatly contynued in her synne / And for asmoche as that was the last day that he though to [Page] dwelle in that maner of bodily conuersacōn with that good & byloued meyne lazar & his systers. he occupied him that day the more specyally wyth hem in ghostly comforte of hem by his edifycature & holy wordes as he was wonte alwaye to do but now at more leyser to strēgthe hem and conforte hem a­yenst the grete sorow that was to come after by cause of his passion / And soueraynly as we maye trowe in homly comynyng wyth his blessed moder to her specyall comfort. and al­so wyth mawdleyne specyally that euer was thyrsty to drynke of his swete ghostly wordes / Of the whiche he yeue vs taast & sauour Jhūs cryste blessyd wythout ende

Amen /

¶ Of that worthy supper that our lorde Jhūs made ye nyght before his passion: and of the noble cyrcūstaunces that befell therwyth / Caplm xxxix:

Whan the time came: in the whiche our lord Jhūs had disposed of his endeles mercy. for to suffre dethe for man and shede his precyous blode for our redempcōn. it lyked him first to make a supper with his disciples. as for a mynde euer lastynge of his grete loue to hem & to all mankynde / And for to fulfill the fygure of the olde lawe. and begin the trouth of the newe. and perfourme the mysteryes that were to come. of his precyous passion / This supper was souerayuly worthy and wond (er)full & grete. and wond (er)full thynges were done ther at / wherfore yf we here take good entent with In warde deuo cōn therto. and to the thynges that our lorde Jhūs dyde therat That curteyes lorde woll not suffre vs to goo fastynge ther­fro. but he shall fede vs of his grace. as we trustely hope. wythN iiii. meditan da moche ghostly comfort therof / We shall vnd (er)stonde that fou­re thynges specyally befell at this souper. of ye whiche In warde medytacōn shal by reason styre our loue to our lorde Jhesu and kyndle the ghostly fyre of our deuocōn / The fyrst is that bodily supper and the maner therof in fulfyllyng of ye lawe The seconde is the wasshynge of the fete of the discyples by [Page] our lorde Jhesu / The thirde is the ordynaunce and the conse­cracyon of that precyous sacrament of his blessed body And the fourth is. that noble and fructuous sermon. that he made to his discyples / Of the whiche foure we shall speke &Prim a medita cōdecena see by processe & in order / As to the fyrst that is bodily supper we shall haue in mynde that peter & John at the biddynge of our lorde Jhū yeden in to the cyte of Jhrlm: to a frende of hers that dwelled in that parte of the cyte. that was called mount Syon. where there was a large hous on lofte strewed and a­ble for to make this supper in / And soo after our lorde Jhūs cryste wyth that other disciples entred in to the cyte. and cam̄ to that forsayd place or house on the thursdaye towarde euen Now take here good hede and beholde wyth all thy mynde yt thou redeste or herest thise alle that folowen that ben tolde or spoken or done / For they ben full lykynge and stiryng to grete deuocōn / For in this processe is the moost strengthe & ghostly fruyte of all the medytacōns that ben of the blessed lyfe of our lorde Jhesu. pryncypally for the passynge tokens & shew­ynges in dede of his loue to mākynde / wherfore here we shall not abredge as we haue in other places / But rather lengthe it in processe / Now thenne beholde our lorde Jhesu after he was come to the forsayd place: how he stant in some part by nethen▪ spekynge wyth his discyples of edifycacyon and aby dyng tyll it was made redy for hem in the forsayd hous alofte / And whan all thynges were redy / Saynt John that was moost homly and famylyer wyth our lorde Jhū: and that be sily went to and fro to see: that all that neded were ordeyned & done. came to hym and sayd / Syre ye may go to supper whā ye woll / For all thynges ben redy / And thenne anone our lorde wyth the twelue apostles wente vppe / But Johan algate nexte hym / And by his syde wythoute departynge /

For there was none that soo truely and also famylierly drewe to hym and folowed hym as he dyde / For whan he was [Page] taken: he folowed hym whan other fledde. and was presente at his crucifyenge & at his deth / And after he left hym not tyllN▪ de Jo hāne euā gelista all was done & he was beryed / And soo at this supper he sate next hym though he was yonger than other / what tyme that our lorde Jhūs wyth his xii. apostles cam̄ vp to the borde where vpon they sholde ete. fyrste stondyng therabout they deuoutly sayden graces / And after he had blessid. they seten down allN. de tabula in [...]n [...] aboute that borde: but John next Jhū. and that vpon the groū de as the maner was of olde men before / But here we shall vnderstonde that y boorde was square as men supposen made of dyuerse boordes Joyned togyder / And as men sayen▪ that hane seen it at Rome in the chyrche of Latranensis. it contey­neth in euery parte of ye foure square. the space of two armes lengthe. and somwhat more / Soo that in euery syde of the square borde the dyscyples saten as men supposen. though it were streyghtly / And our lorde Jhūs in some angle. soo that they all myghte reche in to the myddes: and ete of one dysshe / And therfore they vndstode hym not what tyme he sayd▪ he y wyth me puttith his honde in to the dysshe or dobler: he shalle bitraye me / Thus we may ymagyne & suppose of the mane [...] of her sittynge at the borde / Also we maye vndstonde in the etynge of the paske lambe. that in that tyme they stoden abouteAgn pa schal [...]s the borde vpright: holdinge staues in her hondes after y bid dynge of moyses lawe that our lorde came to fulfylle / Soo that though they stoden in that tyme: neuertheles they seten also in other tyme: as the gospell tellith in dyuers places: & elles myght not John haue layed his hede: & rested hym in manere of lyggynge vpon the breste of Jhū / what tyme the paske lā be was broughte to the boorde rosted after the lawe: our lordAgn pa sc [...]al [...]s Jhūs that was sothfast lambe of god wythout wem̄e of synne. and that was in myddes of hem: as he that seruith and minystreth: toke the lambe in his blessyd hōdes: and cutte it. And departed and yaaf it to the discyples. byddyng hem ete it glad [Page] ly. and comfortyng hem wyth louely chere / And though it so was that they eten as he badde: neuertheles cōfort myght thei none haue: for asmoche as they dradde alwaye leest there sholde falle ought ayenst her lorde in that nouelte / And so as they eten: he tolde hem the sorowfull dede more openly: and sayd I haue desired for to ete wyth you this paske lābe before I suffre the deth / For sothly one of you shal bytraye me / This speche wente to her hertes as a sharpe swerde / wherfore they [...]essed of etynge & loked eche on other. and sayden to hym / Lorde whether I be he / Here yf we take good hede: we owen to haue Inwarde cōpassion bothe of our lorde Jhū & also of hem / For it is noo doubte they were in full grete sorowe / But the tray tour Judas lefte not of etynge for thise wordes of bitrayeng sholde not seme as perteynyng to hym / Then̄e John at instaūce of peter asked of our lorde & sayd / Lorde who is he y shall bytraye the / And our lorde Jhūs pryuely tolde hym. as to hym that he loued more specyally. and specifyed to him who was that traytour / And John therof gretly astonyed and wōdred wyth grete sorowe to the herte▪ nought wolde telle peter / but torned hym to Jhū: and softely layed downe his hede vpō his blessyd breste / And as saynt augustyne sayth. oure lorde Jhesu wolde not telle peter who was the traytoure / For and he hadAug: in omelia di [...]it Je: sꝰ petro wyste it▪ he wolde haue all to torne hym wyth his teeth / And as saynt augustyn sayth by peter ben fygured and vnderstōde they that ben in actyff lyfe: and by John they that ben in con: templatyff▪ wherfore we haue here doctryne and fygure: that he that is cōtemplatyff: medlith hym not wyth foreyne worldly dedes. and also he y sechith not vengaunce wythout forth of the offēses done to god▪ but is sory wythin forth in his herte. & torneth hym on̄ly to god by deuout prayer / And the more sadly tornynge hym. and drawynge hym to god. commyttith all thynge to his disposycōn and ordenaunce. though it soo be that he that is cōtemplatyff sōtyme gooth out by zele of god [Page] and profyte of mannes soules: as whan he is called therto / Also in that y John wolde not telle Peter: that he badde hym aske of the traytour / we maye vnderstonde that the comtem: platyf shall not reuele the secrete of his lorde / As it is wrytenN. de scō frāc [...]s [...]o of saynt fransoys that preuy reuelacōns he reueled not with outforth: but what tyme that nede made hym for hele of mā ­nes soules. or y stirynge of god by reuelacōn meued him the [...] to / Now forth in our processe beholde we the grete benygnyte of our lorde Jhū that soo homly suffred his der [...]ynge John enclyne & reste vpon his blessed breste / Lorde how tend (er)ly & truly they loued togyder / This was a swete rest to John. & a profytable to all crysten soules. in the whiche as clerkes sayen he [...] dronke of that welle of euerlastynge wysdome the precyous drynke of his holy gospell. wyth the whiche after he comfor [...] ted al holy chirche: and yaaf it as triacle ayenst y venym of diuers heretikes / Beholde ferd (er)more other discyples full sory of the forsayd worde of the bitrayenge of our lord Jhū: not et [...]nge. but lokynge eche on other as they that wyste not what counceyle or comforte they myght haue in this caas. And thus moche at this tyme suffysith touchinge that fyrst artycle of yt [...] bodily supper. and the etyng of paske lambe in fulfyllyng of the lawe. & endynge of the fygure that oure lorde Jhūs dyde it fore / And as clerkes sayen: we fynde not that our lorde ete flesshe in all his lyfe. but oonly at this tyme in etyng of that lā be. more for mystery than for bodily fode / Towchynge thes [...]d [...] pedū abl [...] seconde poynte: that is the wasshyng of the discyples fete: we shall vnd (er)stonde that after the forsayd processe our lord Jhūs rose vp fro the supper. & also his discyples anone wyth hymB vnwitynge what he wold doo ferd (er)more. or whether he wolde goo / And then̄e wente he wyth hem downe in to the nerer hous vnd (er) the forsayd lofte as they sayen▪ that haue seen that place: and there he bad al y disciples sytte a downe. & made water to be brought to him: and then̄e he cast of his ouerclothes [Page] that were perauenture combrous and lettynge to that he thought doo: and gyrde him wyth a lynnen cloth. and put hymselfe water in to the bacyn yt was of stone▪ as men saye. and bare it & sette it before peters fete: and kneled downe for to wasshe hem / But Peter gretly abasshed & astonyed of that dede as noo wonder was. fyrst forsoke to haue that seruyce of his lorde as Inconuenyent to hym / . But after he herde his threte nynge that elles he sholde haue noo parte wyth him in blysse torned his wyll in to better. & mekely suffred him do his will Now yf we yeue here gode entent to the dedes of our lord Jesu: and all that folowyth in this tyme: sothly we maye with grete wonder be styred specyally to the loue & drede of hym / For what was that to see the kynge of blysse and hygh lorde of mageste knele downe and bowe hym to the fete of a poore fysshar. and soo forth to all other that there seten: and soo wyth the blessed hondes wysshe her foule fete. and after tendlyNotahumilitat [...] d [...] wyped hem: and more ouer deuoutly kyssed hem / Soothly he yt was souerayne maister of mekenes shewed vs in this dede. & taughte vs a perfyte lesson therof / And yet morouer in yt he dyde that same lowe seruyce to his traytour. cōmeuded so­ueraynly his passynge mekenes / But wo to that harde herte ye harder than the adamaunt: or ony thynge hardest: that mel­teth not: or softeth not wyth the hete of soo grete fyre of cha­ryte & profoūde mekenesse / And that dredeth not that lorde of mageste in that dede: but ay [...]warde frowardly thynkyth & procureth dethe & destruccōn of hym that euer was soo In̄ocent & soo true louynge / wherfore it is bothe wond (er) and dredful the grete benygnyte and mekenesse of our lorde Jhū ▪ and the gre­te obstynacy and malyce of that traytoure Judas. ayenwarde whan this wasshynge was done in mystery as it is sayd / He wente agayne vp to the place of the forsayd supper / & whan he was sette wyth theym. he tolde theym the cause of the for­sayd dede / And that was that they sholde folowe hym in me­kenesse [Page] eche to other. as he gaaf hem ensample that was theyr lorde & maister / And that they shold not wasshe others fete but also foryeue trespaces done to other. and wyll & doo good to other: as it is vnd (er)stonde by his wordes that folowen after whan he said to hem / If ye knowen thise that I haue done to you. ye shall be blessed yf ye fulfylle hem in dede / Here also after the fyrste messe that was the paske lambe▪ as it is sayde before / whan they were wasshen and made clene he serued hē wyth the seconde messe of his precyons body: that was deyn­te of all deyntes▪ as men vsen in bodily fedyng and festes f [...]ste to be serued wyth boystous & homly metes. and after with more delycate and deynteous / wherof folowyth herafter to wchynge the thirde artycle: as anenst the thyrde artycle of that hy [...] est sacrament of Jhesus precyous body / Lyfte we here our bertes soueraynly: and bethynke we inwardly wondrynge of ye moost worthy dygnacyon and vnspeable charyte. thrugh the whiche he betoke hymselfe to vs. and lefte to vs in to me [...]e [...] ghostly foode makynge and ordeynynge that precyous sacra­mente in this manere / Whan he had wasshen his discyples fete: and was goone vp agayne wyth hem there he before sate at the supper as it is sayd before: as for an ende of the sa [...] fyces of the olde lawe and begynnynge of the newe testamēt makyng hymself our sacrefyce. he toke brede in his holy hondes. & lyft vp his eyen to his fader almyghty god. & blessed the brede: and sayd the wordes of the consecracōn therouer▪. By vertue of the whiche wordes. brede was torned in to his body & thenne he yaaf it to his discyples and sayd / Taketh & eteth for sothly this is my body that shall be take & yeue for you. And after in the same manere takynge the chalyce wyth wyne sayd. takith and drynkith alle herof▪ For this is my blode: yt shall be out shedde for you & many other in redempcyon of syn̄es: & after he yaaf hē power of ye consecracōn and to all prestes in hem. and sayd thus. dooth ye as oft as ye take it in [Page] cōmemoracōn and mynde of me / Take now gode here thou crysten man▪ but specyally thou preste: how deuoutly. how dy ligently & truely thy lorde Jhūs cryste made fyrste this precyoꝰ sacrament / And after wyth his blessed hondes minystred it & commyned that blessed & his byloued meyne / And on that o­ther syde take hede wyth what deuoute wond (er) fyrste they sawe hym make that wonderfull and excellent sacrament / And after with what drede & reuerēce the y toke it▪ and receyued it of hym / Sothly at this tyme they lefte all her kyndly reason of man: and on̄ly rested in true byleue to all that he sayd: and dyde byleue wythoute ony doubte▪ that he was god and myghte not erre / And soo must thou doo that wolte fele. and haue the vertu & the ghostly swetnesse of this blissed sacrament / ThisB is that swete & precyous memoryale. that soueraynly makith mans soule worthy and plesynge to god. as ofte as it is due­ly receyued eyther by true & deuoute meditacōn of his passion or elles and that more specyally in sacramentale etynge ther­of / wherfore by reson this excellent yeft of loue shold kyndle man̄es soule and enflam̄e it all holy in to the yeuer therof oure lorde Jhūs cryste / For there is noo thynge that he myght yeue and leue to vs more derworth. more swete or more profy table than hymself / For without ony doubte he that we receiuen in the sacrament of the aulter is he that self goddis sone Jhesus that toke flesshe and blode. and was borne of the vyrgyn mary. and that suffred deth on the crosse for vs. and rose the thirde daye fro dethe to lyfe. and after styed vp in to heuen and sittyth on the faders ryght side. and that shall come at the daye of dome: and deme all mākynde / In whoos power is bo the lyfe and dethe: that made bothe heuen & helle. and that on̄li maye saue vs or dāpne vs euer wythout ende / And soo he y self god & man is conteyned in that lityll oost that thou seest in forme of brede / And eueri daye is offred vp to the fader ofN heuē for our ghostly hele. & euerlastyng sauacōn / This is the [Page] true bileue that holy chirche hath tauȝte vs of this blessid sa­crament / But yet more ouer lete vs sitte a lityll lōger at this worthy lordes boorde Jhūs: and take we hede Inwardly of oure ghostly foode & comforte more specyally of that precyous & moost de [...]teous mete. that is there sette before vs. that is the blessed body of our lorde Jhūs in this holy sacramēt beforsa­yd / And so by inwarde cōsideracōn taaste we the swetnesse of this heuenly fode: hauynge fyrst in mynde the gracious & reso­nable makyng & ordenaūce of y blessed sacramēt: and after ye grete worthines & merueylous werkyng therof in chosen soules to cōforte & strengthyng of our fayth / And as anenst ye firste poynt we shall vnd (er)stonde. that almyghty goddis sone the seconde persone in trinyte. willynge of his souerayne charyte & endles goodnes to make vs partyners of his godhede: he toke our kynde and became man to make men as goddes: & ferd (er)more that he toke of our kynde that was flesshe & blode. a [...]e he yaaf to vs for our hele & our sauacōn / For he offred to his fader of heuen vpon the aulter of the crosse: his blessyd body for our reconcilynge. and he shedde his precyous blood in to pryce for to bye vs out of our wretchid thraldom. & to was [...] vs & make vs clene of all synne / And for asmoche as he wolde that the mynde of that hye grete benefyce sholde dwelle in vs euerlastyngly. he yaaf to al cristen people his body in to mete and his blode in to drynke vnd (er) the lyknesse of brede & wy­ne in manere as it is sayd before in the fyrst makyng of this blessed sacrament / But now here beholde we Inwardly & ta­ke we hede. what wondrynge it was to the appostles thenne to see oure lorde Jhūs very man as they were syttynge wyth hem bodily. and therwith holdyng in his hondes that self body in that y semyd to her bodi [...]y syghte noughte elles: but brede affermynge thus sothly / This is my body that shall be yeuen for you / And also of that. that in the chalyce semed oon­ly very wyne / This is my bloode that shall be shedde for [Page] remyssion of your synnes / And soo that self bodi that they sene wyth her bodily eyen before hem was sothly vnd (er) the for­me of brede / And that self blode that was all hole in his bodi was there in the chalice in forme of wyne / But thenne was not that brede as it semid: & as it was before the wordes of cō secracōn: nor wyne as it semid in self maner. but on̄ly the liknes or the fourme of brede & wyne conteynynge very crystes flesshe and blode as it is sayd / But what man̄es wytte or reason myghte comprehende att this tyme / Sothly none / And therfore the true apostles at that tyme leften all her bodily reason & wytte: and rested on̄ly in true byleue to her lordes wor: des as it is sayd befor̄: sauf Judas that was reproued for his falshede & mysbyleue. and therfore he receyued that blessed sa:cōtra lol lardos crament to his dampnacōn / And so done all tho that bē now of his parte: the whiche falsly bileuen. and sayen that the holi sacramente of the aulter is in his kynde brede or wyne as it was before the consecracōn: by cause that it semyth soo to all her bodily felynge: as in syght taast & touchyng. the whiche bē more reprouable as in that parte than Judas / For they sene not Jhūs bodily beside that sacrament as he dyde: and therfor̄ it is lyghter to hem for to byleue: and more to her dampnacion yf they byleue not as god himself & holy chirche hath taughte: namly sythen that true techinge of this blessed sacramente hath be holden stedfastly soo many hūdred yeres: and of soFides sacramēti many holy men: marters confessours & other true cristen men the whiche in to her laste dayes stoden without doubte in this faythe: and deyden therin / The whiche is this in fewe wordes that the sacrament of the aulter duely made by vertue of crystes wordes. is very goddis body in forme of brede. and his very blode in forme of wyne / And though that forme of brede & wyne seme as to alle the bodily wyttes of man brede & wyne in his kynde as it was before / Neuertheles it is not soo in so othnes: but oonli goddis flesshe & blode in substaunce: so that [Page] the accydents of brede and wyne wonderfully and myraculo­usly agaynst man̄es reason and the comyn order of kynde bē there in that holy sacrament wyth her kyndly subiect and very cristes body that suffred deth vpō the crosse is there in that sacrament bodily vnder the forme and lyknesse of brede and his very blood vnder lyknes of wyne substancyally and holy wythout ony feynyng or deceyte / And not oonly in fygure asNot [...] the fals heretyke sayth / Thise termes I touche here soo specially by cause of the lewde lollardes: that medlen hem agaynst the fayth falsly / And more ouer this before sayd fayth of holy chirche touchynge this excellent sacrament taughte by ho­ly doctours and worthy clerkes▪ is confermed by many maneres of myracles: as we reden in many bokes. and heren alday preche and taughte / But here laugheth the lollarde. and scor­neth holy chirche in allegaunce of suche myracles. holding hē but as madde tales and feyned Illusyons / And by cause that he tasteth not the swetnesse of this precyous sacramente: nor felyth the gracyous werchynge therof in hymself: therfore he loueth not that ony other doth. but here in cōfession of al fals lollardes. & in confort of all true louers & worshyppers of this holy sacrament. and princypally to the louynge & honoure of the hye auctour and maker of our lorde Ihūs I shall sare more ouer somwhat in specyall that I knowe sothly of the gracyous werchynge in sensible felinge of this blessid sacramente: the whiche merueylously werching & felyngeaboue comin kynde of man shewyth & proueth soueraynly the blessed bodies presence of Jhū in that sacrament / There is one persone y I know liuynge: & perauenture there ben many that I know not in the selfe degree or hygher: the whiche persone of tymes whan our lord Jhesus vouchesauf to touche hym of his grace in tretynge of that blessed sacrament wyth the Inwarde siyght of his soule & deuout meditacōn of his presious passion Sodeynly felyth also shedde in to the same body a Joye and [Page] likynge that passyth wythout comparyson the hyghest likynge that ony creature may haue or fele as by way of kynde in this lyfe. thrugh the whiche Joye & likynge. all the membres of the bodi enflam̄ed of soo delectable and Joyefull hete that hym thynkyth sensibly alle the body as it were meltynge for Joye. as waxe dooth anenst the hote fyre. so ferforth that ye body might not bere that excellent likyng. but that it shold vtterly faylle. nere the gracyous kepynge & susteynyng of the towcher our lorde Jhū aboue kynde / O lorde Jhū ▪ in what delecta­ble paradise is he for the tyme that thus felith that blessid bodily presence of the in that precions sacrament▪ thrugh ye whiche he felyth hym sensybly wyth vnspeable Joye as he were Joyned body to body / Sothly I trowe yt there maye no man telle it or speke it / And I am syker that there maye noo man fully & sothfastly knowe it. but he that in experyence felyth it / For wythoute doubte this is specyally that hydde man̄a. that is to saye the angels mete that no man knowyth: but he that felyth it / As saynt John witnessith in his apolipse / And he yt soothfastly felyth it. maye well saye wyth dauyd the prophete soueraynly reioycynge body & soule herte & flesshe in god a­lyue / O lorde Jhesu how moche is the multytude of thy swetnesseQuam magna multitu do dulce dinis that thou hast hydde to hem that in true loue dreden the Thus haue I vnd (er)stonde of the forsayd gracyous wond (er)full and myraculous worchinge of our lorde Jhū. shewynge sensibly his blessyd delectable bodily presence in that moost excellē te sacrament of the awter in manere as the forsayd persone that felte it myght tell it soo in party. and as I cowde shortly & inperfectly wryte it / The whiche myraculous worching to my vnd (er)stondynge hauynge consideracyon to all cirstaūce ther of: passeth many grete myracles that we redē shewed in this holy sacrament / In asmoche as the witte of that bodily felinge: passyth incertaynte the wytte of syghte: and hathe lasse of straunge lyckenes and more of the self sothfastnesse / For [Page] what tyme that our lorde Jhesus apered in that blessed sacrament to strēgthyng of byleue. or to comfort of his chosen derlynges. eyther in liknes of a lityll childe: as he dyde to saynt edwarde kynge & confessour: or elles in quantyte of flessh al blody: as it is wryten in the lyfe of saynt gregory & other places / Sooth it is that yt bodily lyknes seen in that quantyte: accordeth not wyth the very bodily quantyte & shappe of oure lorde that henge on the crosse: and that is sothly in that sacrament fro the bodily syghte / But he that felyth that gracyous yefte before sayd. hath noo straūge bodily syghte of ony lyknesse other than sacrament in true byleue. but in his soule lightned thrugh specyall grace. he seeth inwardly wyth souerayn Joye that blessed body of Jhū cryst ryght as he henge on the crosse wythoute ony deceyte. & therwyth in ye body / Also he felyth sensibly the bodily presence of our lorde Jhūs in manere as it is sayd before with soo grete Joye & likynge that there can nootonge telle it fully. nor hert vnderstonde it. but on̄ly he that felyth it / And as it semyth that Joyfull felyng in the body is lyke to y. that holy chirche syngeth of the apostles & disciples at the feste of penthecoste whan the holy ghost was sent to hem sodenly in the lyknes of fire wythoutforth & vnspekable Joy in her bodies wythin forth: that is. y her bowels fylled wyth the holy ghoste: Joyed soueraynly in god / And soo maye he y Imple ta gaudent viscera hath that forsayd gracyous yeft. sothly say in that tyme with dauyd in specyall maner. and hyghe gracyous felyng / My herte and my flesshe reioyced hem soueraynly in to the presence of god alyue Jhesus / That blessed be he euer and soueraynly for this hye feest of grace to man / But now seace we bere a­whyle of this delectable ghostly shewynge & treatynge of this moost deynteous and precyous mete. and take we hede ferde [...]r more to the noble lesson that our lorde Jhūs taughte his d [...]sciples therwyth after that worthy supper. that is the fourth ar­tycle beforsayd with purpose yet yf our lorde will sende grace [Page] to touche more of his precyous sacramente. and that at laste ende of this boke as in conclusion of all the blessid lyfe here bodily of our lorde Jhū accordynge so wyth the gracious and resonable ordynaunce of holy chirche of the worthy & solempne feste of this blessed sacrament as in a perfyte conclusyon af all the festes of our lorde Jhūs. whos name be blessed euer wythouten endynge / Amen

Ferd (er)more to wchynge the fourth article▪ take hede thou crysten soule y hast ony light wythin the of the fire of loue. how this souerayne scole maister Jhūs made to his discyples a noble sermon ful of ghostly swetnesse and brennynge coles of loue & charyte / For whan he had yeuen that blessed sacramēt to his discyples: and amōge other of his charyte to his enmie that wycked Judas▪ he sayd to hym. that thou purposest to doqd facis fac ciciꝰ doo it anone / As who sayth▪ I wo [...]e where abowte thou arte and therfor̄ delyuer y by tyme. vnd (er)stōdyng his bytrayeng. butN there was none of his other discyples that wyste to what endeB Jhūs sayd tho wordes / And anone this cursed traytour wē te forth to the prynces of prestes. to whom he had solde him y wenesdaye before as it is sayd. and asked of hem companye to take hym / And in y meane tyme our lorde Jhūs made this forsayd longe & worthy sermon to his discyples / Of the whyche profitable sentence cōmendyng pees to his discyples. we maye vnd (er)stonde all the effecte cōprehended shortly that he en­formed hem specyally & taught to hem wyth pees thre pryncypallcaritas mādatū nouū do vobis in hocco gnoscāt oēs qdm̄ Si dili­gitis me vertues / That is to saye▪ faythe hope and charyte /

Fyrste he taughte hem charyte ofte tymes. and moost besily. whan he sayd / I yeue you a newe maundement. and that is y ye loue togyder / And also in this one thyng soueraynly al mē shall knowe that ye ben my discyples yf ye haue loue eche to other / And also after how they sholde truly kepe this charyte by worchynge in the loue of hym / He sayd to hem thus / If ye loue me kepeth my hestes / And also after who soo louith me [Page] he shall kepe my worde. and thenne shall my fader loue hym & we shall come to hym & dwelle wyth him / And in other dyuerse places specyally he cōmēded to hē charyte & pees as a princypall byquest in his testament at this tyme. the processe of the gospel tellith / In faith also he enformed hē: & stabled hemFides nō turbe [...] cor ves more perfitly in byleue of his godhede sayeng in thise wordes Be not your herte trowbled & drede it not▪ for as ye byleue in god. soo ye must byleue in me / And after he taught hē in this byleue y the fader & he bē one god / And though he be lesse thā the fad (er) after the manhede: netheles he is euer euen with y fader after the godhede / And therfor̄ he reprehēded phylip y bad hym shewe hē the fad (er): & sayd: that who that seeth hym seeth y fad (er) / And after in conclusōn of this fayth. he sayd to his di [...]ciples / Leuequivid [...] me vid [...] ye not that I am in the fad (er) & the fader in me▪ elles for tho werkes y ye seen bileuith / In hope also he cōforted hē in many maners. & fyrst touching theffect of prayer: saieng to hē in thyse wordes / If ye dwell in me. & my wordes dwell [...] or abiden stedfastly in you / what so euer ye woll aske▪ it shall be yeuen to you / Also he cōforted her hope ayenst tribulacōs and hate of the worlde. sayeng thꝰ / If the worlde hate you: wytyth well that it hateth me fyrste before you / And soo forth as the texte tellith cōfortynge her hope in pacyence of persecucōn by ensāple of himself: that was her lorde / In the thirde maner he cōforted hem to hope wythout dispeyre by cause of the wyth drawyng fro hem his bodily presence. tellynge hem before y they shold haue grete sorow for thabsēce of hym thrugh his harde deth / But afterwarde that sorowe sholde be torned into endles▪ Joye by his glorious resurreccōn: and ascencōn to y fader▪ and sendynge of the holy ghost to hem▪ the whiche sholde soueraynly cōforte hem in all disease: and teche hem all soth­fastnesse / And then̄e he concluded in thise wordes / Al thise for sayd wordes I haue spokē to you vnto that ende y ye haue pees in me / In y worlde ye shal haue sorow & ang [...]iss [...]: but trus [Page] teth wel by sad hope / For I haue ouercome y worlde: as who sayth: and soo shall ye / And after this our lorde Jhūs tourned his spekynge to the fad (er). lyftyng vp his louely eyen to heuen: & cōmendyng fyrst hymself after the manhede. & after prayenge tend (er)ly for his discyples / And ferd (er)more prayeng not on̄ly for hē: but also for all hē that shold byleue on hym after thorugh her word / And in to that ende at last y al myght be oned togider in true loue & charyte. as the fad (er) in the sone. & the sone in y fader: soo they al in one god. fader. & sone. & holy ghost / O lord Jhū how wond (er)fully perceden thise forsayd wordes the hertes of thi disciples / For sothly they loueden the so feruētly y thei myght not haue borne hem ne had ben the specyall preseruinge of thy grace / And who soo hath grace Inwardly to bethinke [...] dilygētly to discusse al the processe of this blessed & worthy sermon: skylfully he shall be styred in to the bren̄yng loue of Jhū. and likyngly rest in the swetnesse of his blessed doctrine / And on that other side: who so takyth hede to his disciples how they stonden sorowfully hangyng down her hedes. & we pyng & highly sighing: resonably he may be styred to grete cō passion▪ and specially for John. y was famylier moost with Jhū. and that toke good hede specyally before other to al that Jhūs spake. as he was chosen by specyall grace on̄ly to wete sothly the forsayd swete wordes of Jhū to edifyenge of al holy chyrche. and our highe comforte / Ferd (er)more amonge other wordes of Jhū: we reden that he sayd to his discyples / Ryseth vp & goo we hens / O dere god? what drede entred then̄e in to hem: not knowing whither thei shold goo. and gretly dredinge of his departinge fro hem / Neuertheles he spake to hem after fulfyllyng the processe of his sermon goynge by the way & they besily takinge hede to it / Now beholde how y disciples folowen him: & in maner of chikēs y folowen the hen̄e. & put ten her hydward (er)e & thyd (er) warde for to come vnder his wynges soo they besiden hem now one: & now a nother to here and to [Page] be next hym. and that he suffred & lyked wel / At last whā this sermon was done & all the mysteryes fulfylled: he went wyth hē in to a yerde or a gardine ouer the water of cedron ther̄ to abyde his traytour Judas & other armed men▪wherof it shall folowe herafter in the processe of his passion / Here may we haue in mynde that our lord Jhūs yaaf vs ensāple in this euē tyde & nyght of v. grete vertues. that is to say / Fyrst of profoū de mekenesse as it is sayd in the wasshing of his discyples fete / After of souerayn charyte in the excellent sacrament of his blessed body. and in that swete sermon full of bren̄yng coles of charyte / And the thyrde of passynge pacyence in soo benygne suffrynge of his traytoure. and all dispyte done to hym after / The fourth of perfyte obedyence in takynge wylfully y harde passyon & bytter deth after the faders wyll / And y fy [...]th of deuoute prayer cōteyned thre tymes in longe & feruent praienge and his precyous blode shedynge / In the whiche v. vertues he graūt vs grace to folowe him Jhūs that blessed be euerpref [...] wythout ende /


¶ Thus endeth the contēplacion for the thu▪sdaye: and after foloweth the passion: that longith specially to frydaye /

¶ Of y passion of our lord Jhū: & firste of his prayer & takinge at ma [...]yn tyme / Cap [...]m xl.

AT the begin̄ynge thou that desirest to haue sorouful cō passion thrugh sentēce inwarde affeccōn of the painful passion of Jhū: thou must in thy mynde departe in maner for the tyme the myght of the godhede fro the kyndly Infirmyte of the manhede: though it soo be in sothnes that the godhede was neuer departed fro the manhede / For ther ben many soo blynded ghostly by vnresonable ymagynacōn of the myghte of the godhede in Jhū: that they trowe not that ony thing myight be paynfull or sorowfull to hym: as to a nother comyn man: y hath on̄ly the kynde of man: & therfore haue they none cōpassion of y paynes that he suffred. supposyng: that for as [Page] moche as he was god. there myght noo thynge be ayenst his wyll or dere hym. but therfor̄ herayēst for to haue true ymagynacōn & Inwarde cōpassion of y paynes & the passion of our lord Ihū veri god & man / we shal vnd (er)stōde. y as his wyl was to suffre the hardeste dethe & sorowful paynes for redempcōn of mākinde: soo by the same will he suspendeth in all his passion the vse & the myght of the godhede fro the Infyrmyte of the māhede nomore takynge of for the tyme. than hath a no­ther tend (er) & delicate man on̄ly after the kynde of man / wherfore yu shalt ymagyne & inwardly thinke on him in his passyon as of a fayr yōge man of the age of xxxiii. yere being y fayrest the wysest the moost rihhtwis in liuyng. & moost goodly & innocent that euer was or myght be in this worlde. so falsly accused: soo enuyously pursued. soo wronfully demed. & soo dyspitously slayn: as the processe of his passion after tellith. and all for thy loue / Also vnderstonde as clerkes sayen & reason techith that in his bodily kinde of man he was of the clen̄est cō plexion that euer was man or myght be / wherfore he was y more tender in the bodi / and soo folowith that the paynes in the body were the more sore & bytter and the harder to suffre then̄e sythen he toke noo socour of the godhede but on̄ly sufffred after kynde of the manhede / The leest payne that he had was more paynful to him: thā it myght haue be to ony other mā / wherfore hauyng this in mynde fyrst to styryng of y more cōpassion / Ferdermore after the processe of Bonauenture who so desireth wyth the apostle poul to be Joyeful in y crosse of our lorde Ihū cryst. & in the blessed passion: he must with besy meditacōn therin for the grete misteries & al the processe therof yf they were Inwardly cōsidred wyth all the Inwarde mynde and beholdyng of man̄es soule. as I fully trowe: they sholde brynge that beholder in to a newe state of grace / For to hym that wolde serche the passion of our lord wyth al his herte and all his Inwarde affeccyon: there sholde come many [Page] deuoute felynges & stirynges that he neuer supposed before / Of the whiche he sholde fele a new cōpassyon & a newe loue Haue now ghostly comfortes thrugh the whyche he shold perceyue hymself torned as it were in to a newe state of soule: in the whiche astate the forsayd ghostly felynges shold seme to hym as a nernest and party of the blysse and Joye to come And for to gete this astate of the soule. I trowe as he that is vncunnynge and blaberynge: that it behoueth to sette thereto all the sharpnesse of mynde wyth wakynge eyen of herte: put tynge awaye & leuynge all other cures & besynes for the ty [...] and makynge hymself as presente in all that befell aboute y passyon & crucifyxion affectuously. besily. auysedly. & perseue­rantly: and not passyng lightly or with tedious heuynes. but wyth all the herte & ghostly gladnes▪ wherfore yf thou that redest or herest this boke. hast here befor̄ besily taken hede to th [...] thynges that hauen be wryten & spoken of the blessid [...]y [...] of our lorde Ihū cryste in to this tyme / Moche more now y [...]l te gader all thy mynde and all the strength of thy soule to tho thynges that folowen of his blessed passyon / For here specyally is shewed his hye charyte: the whiche resonably shold all hooly enflamme and brenne our hertes in his loue / Goo wepro [...] pa [...] now then̄e to the procrsse of his passion: takynge hede & makynge vs in mynde as present to all that folowith / And fyrst beholdinge how after the processe of the gospell of saynt Johan our lorde Ihūs after that worthy supper was done. and that noble and fructuous sermon ended. wherof it is spoken in the nexte chapyter before. went wyth his discyples ouer y water of cedron. in to a gardine: in to the whiche [...]e was wō te ofte tyme to come wyth his discyples / And there he badde hem abyde and praye / And ferdermore takyng wyth him his thre specyall secretoryes / That is to saye. Peter. James. and Johan / And tellynge hem that his herte was heuy and soroufull vnto the dethe / Badde hem there abyde and wake wyth [Page] him in prayers / And soo a lityll ferd (er) fro hem as aboute y space of a [...]tone cast vpon a lityll hylle / Mekely & reuerently knelynge vpon his both knees made his prayer to the fad (er) deuoutly in maner as it folowyth after / But here abyde we a lityll whyle. and take we hede wyth a deuoute mynde of this wond (er)full dede of our lorde Ihū. sothly worthy to be had in mynde in Inwarde sorowfull cōpassion / For loo now he prayeth to the fad (er) mekely: and that for hymself. as we rede that he hathe ott befor̄ prayed / But then̄e for vs as for our aduocat / wherefore we sholde skylfully be stired to Inwarde cōpassōn and wond (er) here gretly of the lowest mekenesse: and of the moost perfyte obedyence & of vnspekable charytee of god shewed to vs. And fyrste of his profoūde mekenesse. considerynge hymN. ꝓfū dissiam būilit [...] ­tem that is very god: euen wyth the fad (er) almyghty▪ and euerlastynge: soo as it were foryetynge hymself as god: and soo lowely prayenge as a nother comyn man of the peple / Also take he­de of his most perfite obedience / For what is he that prayeth Sothly he prayeth the fad (er): yf it be his wyll that he be not llayn. [...]. and put to that harde deth: and yet wyth the fad (er) he hath orN▪ ꝓfū dissiam obedien ciam dened to take that dethe for man / And so he prayeth the fad (er). & yet he is not herde after his wyll: that is to saye after one maner wyll that was in hym / For there was in him thre manere of wyll: that is to saye / Fyrste the wylle of the flesshe. & the sensualyte: and that grutched and dradde: and wold not gladlyN▪ triplicē volū ­tē in xp̄o snffre dethe / Also the wyll of reason. and that was obeysaunt & assentyng: as the prophete ysaye sayth of hym / He was offred vpon the crosse to the fader. for so was his wyll / And the thyrde was y will of the godhede: the whiche yaaf the sentence of his passion: and badde in all manere to be done / whereforeOblatꝰ ē qa ip̄e voluit in asmoche as he was very man: he dradde as man after the fyrste wyll: and was thenne in grete anguysshe / And therfore Inwardly haue compassion of him: in asmoche as thou mayst wyth alle thy herte / For loo the fader woll [Page] vtterly that he be slayne and dede. and not wythstōdynge thatProprio [...]ilio suo nōpeꝑc [...]t he is his owne dere loued sone: yet he spared hym not: bnt re­uyth hym to the dethe for vs all / And oure lorde Ihūs takith mekely that obedyere & fulfylleth after in dede as the processe [...]: of his passyon wytnessith fully / In the thyrde poynte beholdeN▪ indici bi [...]ē ca [...] tatē pris & filu the vnspekable charyte of the fad (er) & the sone shewed to vs y owyth worthily to be had in Inwarde compassyon and hye wond (er) & worshyp / For on̄ly for our sauacōn this harde deth is beden of the fader. and taken of the sone / Beholde now howN. dn̄i Jh [...] o [...] nem he prayeth longe tyme knelynge vpon the groūde. he spekyth to the fad (er). and sayth in thise maner wordes / My dere fader almyghty and full of pyte & mercy: I beseche the that thou here [...] m [...]m my prayer. and dispyse not my bede▪ beholde me. and here me / For I am made sory in myn exercyse of vertue: shewynge to myn enmyes pacyence and charyte: and they not amēded. and soo my spiryte is in anguyssh wythin me: and my hert greuously distourbled: wherfore bow thine ere to me. & take hede to the voys of my bede / It lyked the fad (er) to sende me in to y worlde for to make a seth for the wronge that was done of man to you. and anone at your wyll & byddyng I was redy and sayd / [...]oo I goo. and soo thy soothfastnesse. & thy hele I haue declared [...] tu [...]lu t [...]re tuū dui & shewed / And I euer poore & in dyuerse traueylles fro my youth dooynge thy wyll. and all that thou haste beden me / Am now redy to fulfylle vtterlly those thynges that yet ben to be done: and full ended / Thou seest fader the malyce y min enmyes haue conspyred agaynst me▪ and how I haue euer done those thynges that ben pleysaūt to the: and done good & be: nefyces to hem that haten me. and they agaynwarde haue re­warded me euyll for good: and hate for my loue / And so theyTrāsfer calicē istū a me haue corrupte my discyple: and made hym her lede [...] to destroye me. and hauen solde me: and set my pryce in xxx. pens / Good fader I besethe the that thou doo awaye fro me this cuppe of sorowe and bytter passion: that is ordeyned to me to drynke [Page] And elles be thy wyll fulfylled / But my dere fader ryse vp in to my helpe & haste the to socour me at my nede / For be it soo fader that thei know me not thi sothfastnes sone: neuertheles sythen I haue ladde amonge hem a ryghtwys & Innocent lyf And also done to hem many good dedes: they sholde not be soRecorda re (quam)stete rim ī cō spectutu cruell & malicyous ayenst me / Haue in mynde good fader: hou I haue stonden in thy syght for to speke euer the good of hem But loo now they yelden euyll for good: and haue ordeyned the vylest deth for me / wherfore thou lorde that seest al thyng ryse in to my helpe and leue me not / For grete trybulacōn iso now nighe: and there is none that wyll & may helpe but thouQm̄ tribulacio ꝓxīa est alone / And after this prayer our lorde Ihūs tornynge agayne to his discyples. woke hem. and comforted hem yet to praye / efte the seconde time. and the thirde tyme torned agayn to his prayer in dyners places a lytyll fro other. as in the space of a stones caste: lyghtly wythout grete strengthe: and cotynued ye forsayd prayer to the fader. addynge to and sayeng / Fader rightwis yf it soo be: that thou hast ordeyned and wilt in al maner that I suffre the deth vpon the crosse. thy will be fulfilled But I recōmende to the fader my swete moder and my discyples: the whiche I haue kepte in to this tyme. all the whyle I haue ben dwellynge wyth hem / And wyth this prayer that precyous and holyest bloode of his blessed body brekyng oute in manere of swete: dropped downe to the erthe habundantlyN in that grete agonye & harde batayle / Soothly here is grete matere of sorowe & compassion. that oughte to styre the hardest herte that is in this worlde to haue Inwarde compassyon of that grete & souerayn anguyssh that our lorde Ihūs suffred in that tyme. and for our sake / For by the godhede he sawe ye hardest and souerayne paynes that were to come in his body And therfore after the manhede his tender body for fere & anguyssh brake out vyolētly on blode / Take hede also here that is specyally to be noted. agaynst oure Inpacyence / How oure [Page] lorde Jhesus prayeth thre tymes: or he hath ansuere fro the fader▪ N. cōtra [...]paci [...]ci am nost [...]am But thenne at the thyrde tyme whan our lorde Ihus was in soo grete anguyssh of spiryte as it is sayd / Loo the prynce of good angels Mychael stondynge by hym. comforted hym and sayd / Heyle my lorde Jhesu. your deuoute prayer and your blody swete I haue offred and shewed it to the fader in lyghte of all the blessed courte / And we all fallynge downe be [...] hym. hauen besoughte hym to putt away [...]ro you this bitterN. cōfo [...] tac [...]em a [...] drynke of your passyon / But the fader ansuerde. & sayd. My dere loued sone knoweth well: that the redempcyon o [...] man­kynde: the whiche we desiren so of our hygh charite maye not be fulfylled and done soo conuenyently & resonably. wythout shedynge of his blode / wherfore yf he woll the hele or soules it behouyth him to deye for hem / And therfor̄ my lorde what deme ye now in this mater / Our lorde Jhesus ansuerde thene to the angell / I woll in all manere the hele & the sauacyon o [...] soules / And therfore I chese rather to suffre the dethe: where thrugh the soules that the fader hath made vnto his lyckenes maye be saued / Thenne I wolde not deye and the soules ben not agayn boughte / wherfore my faders wyll be fultylled / And then̄e sayd the angel to hym. be then̄e now of good comfort my lorde. and werchyth māfully / For it is semely to him that is in hygh degree. to do grete thynges and worthy. and to hym that is a manfull man to suffre harde thynges▪ For tho thynges that ben harde and paynfull shall soone passe. & thoo thynges that ben Joyefull and gloryous shall come after. the fader sayth that he is and shall be euer wyth you: and that he shall kepe your dere moder and your discyples att your wyll / And shall yelde hem sauf agayne to you / And soo the goode meke lorde toke benygnely this manere of comfort. and that of his creature. considerynge hymself after the kynde of man lasse in worthinesse than angels for the time of dedely lyfe in this worlde. and so he was soroufull as man / And so he was [Page] comforted of the angels wordes as man: and soo he toke hys leue of hym: prayenge hym to recōmende hym to the fader: & all the court of heuen / And then̄e this thyrde tyme he rose vp fro his prayer all his body blody. whom thou mayst beholde wyth Inwarde cōpassion. how he wypeth his body / Or elles perauenture wasshith hym pryuely in the ryuer / And soo gretely pyned in his body and that is reuerently to be had in so­roufull cōpassion / For wythout grete bytternesse of sorowe this myghte not befalle to hym / Neuertheles doctours & wyse clerkes sayen that our lorde Ihūs prayed the fader in this maner: not on̄ly for drede of his passion. but also for the grete pite & mercy that he had of his fyrst peple the Jewes: sorowyng that they sholde be lost by occasion of his deth / For they shold not haue slayn hym: namly sithen he was of her kyn̄e: & was also conteyned wryten in her lawe as cryst to come. And ther wyth shewed hem so many grete benefyces / wherfor̄ he prayed the fader to this entent thus / My fader yf it maye be wyth the hele & the sauacōn of Jewes. that ye multytude of other folke be torned to bileue: I forfake the passion & the deth / But if it be nedefull that the Jewes be blynded in her malyce. so that other folke maye haue syght in true bileue. not my wyll: but thyne be fulfylled & done. that is to saye after the fyrste maner of wyll in hym as it is sayd before / After this he came to his disciples and said to hem / Now slepeth & resteth: for they had slept a lityl before there / Sothly he is a gode herde for he was full wakely and besy vpon the kepynge of that lytyll flocke his byloued discyples / O true loue: he loued hem in to the vtterest. that in soo grete anguyssh & soo bitter agonye was soo besy to procure her hele & her reste / Then̄e sawe our lorde af­ter his aduersaryes comyng wyth torches & armes: and yet he wolde not wake his discyples tyll they came nygh hem / And then̄e he sayd to hem. it suffyseth now. ye haue slepte ynough Loo he that shall bitraye me is nyghe at honde / And therwith [Page] came that wycked iudas the fals tratour and worst marchaut before hem. and bodily kyssed that In̄ocent lambe his lorde Ihūs / For as it is writen in the maner of custome that oure lord vsed of his grete benygnyte. was. what tyme his discyples were sent forth. at her comynge agayn for to receyne hē in louely kysse / And therfore that traytour went before. & kyssed hym. as who sayth / I am not come with thise armed mē but in maner as here befor̄ I was wont. at myn ayen cominge & sayd / Heyle mayster / O very traytour. take now good hede to our lorde Ihū: how pacyētly: & benyngly he receyueth that fals feyned clyppynge & traytours kysse of that vnlely dyscy­ple: whose fete he wysshe a lytyll before of his souerayne me kenesse: and fedde hym with that highe precious mete of his owne blessid body thrugh his vnspekable charytee And also beholde. how pacyently he suffreth hymself to be taken. bounden & smytē: and woodly lad forth as though he were a theyf or a wycked dooer. and in all maner vnmyghty to helpe him self / And also take hede: how he hath in warde sorowe & cōpa [...] sion of his disciples fleēge fro hym: & errynge / And also th [...] mayst see here grete sorowe of hē how ayenst her wyll br [...] elte of man̄es drede they gone fro hym makynge grete [...] nynge: and wyth hyghe sighynge as fad (er)les chyld (er)n not [...]itynge what to doo / And yet was her sorowe moche more seeng her mayster & lorde soo vilaynsly ferde wyth / And the hell boundes drawyng him as a beest to sacrefyce. and him as a meke lābe without resistence folowynge / Now ferd (er)more beholde how he is ladde of thoos vylest wretches fro that ryuer vp towarde the cyte of Ihrlm / And that hastely & wyth grete py [...] ne. hauynge his hondes bounden behynde hym as a theyf g [...] de aboue his cote. but not curyously / And his mantel drawen fro hym. and goyng bare hede and stoupinge for the grete haast and traueylle tha [...] they made hym to haue / And whan be was broughte before the prynces of prestes & the scrybes and [Page] the ald (er)men that were thenne gadred abydynge his comynge gladde were they then̄e examynynge hym & apposyng sothly in many questions. and procuryng fals wytnesse ayenst him and spittyng on his holy face. and hydynge his eyen. they buffeted hym scornyng & sayēge / Prophetise now & telle vs who smote the laste / And soo in many maners they vexed and tormented hym. and he in all shewed hyghe pacyence / wherfore here we owe to haue Inwarde cōpassōn of all that he suffred soo for vs / At laste the grete maysters wenten her waye: put tynge him in to a manere of prison there vnd (er) a lofte: & there they boūden hym to a stonen pyler as men saye that haue se­en it / And also there they left wyth hym some armed men to kepe hym for more sykernesse. the whiche all that nyght vexed hym in scornynges & shrewde wordes. abredginge hym & reprouynge in thise maner wordes as we resonably maye suppose / wenest thou to be better & wyser than our prynces and maysters of the lawe / what vn wytte & foly was that in ye to reprehende hem. thou sholdest not haue ben so hardy ones for to haue opende thy mouth ayenst hem: but now sheweth thy lewde wytte / For now thou stondeste as it besemyth to suche as thou art without doubte / Thou arte worthy the dethe. and therfor̄ thou shalt haue it / And so al yt night now one & now a nother by wordes & dedes scorned hym & reproued hym / Take hede also on that other syde of our lorde Jhūs as shamfast pacyently in scylence holdynge his pees to all that they puttē vpon hym: castynge downe towarde the erthe his chere. as though he were gylty & taken in blame: and here haue we inwardly cōpassion / O lorde ihū in whos hondes arte thou now comen: how moche is thy pacyence / Sothly this is the houre & the power of derkenesse / And so stode he boūden vnto that pyler vnto the morow / In the meane tyme John that had folowed our lorde wente to our lady and mawdleyne and other of her felawes that were that tyme gadred in mawdleins ho [Page] us: where he had made the supper before. and tolde hem all yt was befall of our lorde & his discyples. and then̄e was there vnspekable soro we cryenge & wepynge / Take now gode entent to hem: and haue cōpassōn of hem. for they ben in y grettest disease & hyghest sorowe for her lorde / For they sene now well & fully trowen that he shall be dede / At laste our lady drewe her by herself. & torned her in to prayer: & sayd / Moost worshipful fader▪ moost piteous fader. and moost mercyful fader I recōmende to you your owne & myn derest loued sone Goo de fader be not to hym cruell sythen ye be to al other benygne Fader euerlastynge whether my dere sone shall be dede / Sothly he dyde neuer euyll / But rightwis fader yt ye woll the redempcōn of mankynde: I byseche you yf it maye be fulfylled by a nother maner: and that my sone be not dede yf it be your wyll / For all thynge is possible to you. he helpith not hymselfe: by cause of your obedyence and reuerence. but hath in ma­nere forsake hymself: and made hym as feble & vnmyghty a­monge his enmyes / wherfore mercyfull fader helpe ye hym & delyuer hym me agayne fro her hōdes. and yeue hym me agayne / By suche manere wordes prayed our lady for her sonne wyth all her myghte of soule & in grete sorowe / And therfor haue we pyte of her. whom thou seest in soo grete afflyccōn.

¶ Of the bryngynge of our lorde Jhesu before pylate at pryme / Caplm xl.


TThe friday erly on the morow the prynces and soueraynes of the people camen ayen to the forsayd place where they had lefte our lorde Jhesu. and maden his hōdes to be boūden behynde hym & sayden thus to him / Come now with vs come theyf to thy dome. for this daye thy wyckednes shall haue an ende. and now shall be knowen thy wysdome / And soo they ladde him forth to pylate the Justice [Page] and he folowed hem as an Innocent lambe / And whan his moder & John & other wymmen of her company that wente out erly for to here & see of hym: metten with him at a crosse waye: and sawe him with soo grete a multytude of peple lad as a theyf. and soo foule & dispytously ferde wyth / wyth how grete sorowe they were thenne fulfilled. it myght not be spoken / And soo in that metynge togyder of our lorde Jhū & hem and syghte of other. there was grete sorowe on bothe party­es / For our lorde also had grete soroufull compassion of his moder and the other wyth her. and namely of his moder: that he knewe in soo grete sorowe for hym as as though the soule sholde be departed fro the body / wherfor̄ in all thise we owen also to haue grete cōpassion / Then̄e as it sayd is: our lord was ladde to pylate. and they folowed aferre. for they myght not come nyghe for the peple / He was there accused of many thynges. the whiche they myght not proue / And therfore pilate sende hym to herode as the gospell of luke tellyth / And for asmoche as herode myght neyther haue worde of him nor miracle done as he desired. he helde him but a fole / wherfor̄ as in scorne. he lete clothe hym in whyte: and soo sent hym ayen to pylate / And so yu mayst see that our lorde not on̄ly was holdē N as a theyf & a wicked dooer: but also as a fole / Thus as sayntN gregory sayth done holy doctours & prechers folowing our lorde Jhū: whan they seen the herers on̄ly desire & loke after curio syte and profyten not in a mendement of euyll liuynge. they chosen rather in scylence to be holden as foles: than to shewe hemself in prechyng wythout fruyt of soules / Beholde now ferd (er)more the grete pacyence of our lorde in all that is done to hym / For they leden hym thrugh the cyte towarde & frowarde as a foole hangyng doun his hede in shamfast maner: and pacyently herynge reproues. scornynges. cryenges: and suffrynge many dispytes: as perauenture in castynge of stones att hym or of fylthe and vnclennesse vpon him / And also beholde his [Page] moder and his other frēdes wyth vnspekable sorowe on fe [...] after folowyng / whan he was then̄e broughte agayne to pylate: and the cursed hoūdes besily & styfly stoden in her fals ac­cusacōns / Pylate knowynge her enuye wolde haue delyuerde hym and sayd / I fynde noo cause of deth in this man: wherfore I shall vnd (er)nyme hym & chastyse hym. and soo leue hym a­mended / O pylate pylate wolt thou reprehende & chastyse thy lorde god: thou wost not what thou doost / For he neuer deserued betynge or deth / But thou sholdest doo better & more rightwisly yf thou woldest chastise & amende thilself atte his will And then̄e at the biddynge of pylate that he sholde be scorged & beten: our lorde was dispoyled: boūden to a pyler. and harde & sore scorged / And soo stant he naked before hem all that fayrest yōge man of all chyld (er)n. that euer were borne. takynge pacyently of all tho foulest wretchest the hardest & moost strokes of scorges / And soo is that moost Innocent fayrest. & clennest flesshe floure of all mankynde & full of woūdes. rennynge, oute of alle sides that precyous kynges blode / And soo longe be ten & scorged wyth woūde vpon woūde. and brisour vpō brysour: tyll both the lokers & the smyters were wery / And then̄e was he beden to be vnboūden / Sothly the pyler that he was bosiden to: yet shewith the steppes of his blode. as it is conteyned in stories Take now gode here by inwarde meditacōn of all his paynes abidyngly. and but thoufynde thyn herte melt in to sorowfull compassion. suppose fully & holde that thou hast to harde a stonen herte / Then̄e was fulfylled in dede thatVidimꝰ eū & nō e rat ei aspectus the prophete ysaye sayd of hym longe tyme before We seen hym in that tyme: and there was none semelines: nor beaute in hym. and we helde him as foule as a leprose man that were smyten doune. and made lowe of god / wherfore we sette noo rewarde to hym / O lord Jhesn who was he soo fole hardy that durste dispoylle the / But who were they moche worse hardy that durste bynde the / But who were they alther [Page] worste and moost foole hardy: that durst soo bytterly bete the and scorge the / But sothly thou sone of ryghtwysnes at that tyme wythdrewest thy beames of lyght: and therfore al was in derkenesse: and in the nyghte of wyckidnesse / For now all thyn enmyes ben more myghty than thou. and that made thi loue and our malyce / Cursed be that malyce & wyckydnes of synne. wherfore thou were soo tormented / After he was vnbounden fro that pyler. they ladden hym soo beten and naked aboute the hous sekyng after his clothes that were cast in dyuers places of hem that dispoyled hym / Here haue cōpassyon of him in so grete colde quakynge & trēblynge For as the gospel wytnessith / It was thenne harde colde / And whan he wolde haue done on his clothes: some of the moost wycked wyth stoden & camen to pylate. and sayden / Lorde he this made hym selfe kynge: wherfore lete vs clothe hym & crowne hym. as a kynge / And then̄e they token an olde sylken mantell of rede & casten on hym. & maden a garlonde of sharpe thornes & thyrstē it on his hede: & putten in his hōde a rede for a ceptre. & al he pacyently suffreth / And after whā they kneled & salued hym in scorne sayenge / Heyle kynge of Jewes: he helde his pees & spa­ke not / Now beholde hym wyth sorowe of herte namly whā they smyten him greuously & oft tymes vpon the hede full of sharpe thornes. the whiche perced greuously in to the brayne pan̄e. & made it all ful of blode / And soo they scorned hym. as yf he wolde haue regned. but yt he myght not. & al he suffreth as her sernaūte or knaue / O wretches how dredful shal yt hede appere at the last to you. the whiche ye smyten now so boldli / And yet this suffiseth not to her malice: but to mo [...] reproue & scorne of hēm. they gadred al her wicked cōpany fyrst to wonder vpon hym in the hous. and after they broughte hym out before pylate. & al the peple in that maner Illuded with ye crowne of thornes & yt olde purpur vestyment / See now for goddis loue how he stant in that maner hāging his face dou [Page] ne towarde the erthe before all the grete multytude cryenge & askynge of pylate / Crucifye: crucyfie hym. and scorning hym that he wold make hym wyser than the prynces & the phary­sees & the doctours of the law / And how his wysdom was torneth in so grete foly as it shewed in that tyme / And soo not on̄ly he suffred grete paynes & sorow in his body wythin for the: but also many & foule abredgynges & reproues wythoute forth /

¶ How our lorde Jhūs was dāpned to the dethe of the y crosse aboute tyerce of the daye / Caplm xlii.

AFter that our lord Jhūs was longe tyme so tormented and Illuded as it is sayd. and the prynces of the Jewes wyth grete Instaunce contynuelly askeden & maden all ye multytude wyth hem to crye and aske that he sholde be crucyfyed At last the wretched Justyce pylate dredynge more to offende hem: than to condempne the Innocent wrongefully. yaaf the sentence vpon hym at her wyll. and soo dampned hym to be hanged on the crosse / And then̄e were the prynces & pharysees and the ald (er)men Joyefull & gladde. that they had her entent fulfylled / They haue not in mynde the grete benefyces & wond (er) ­full dedes that he hath shewed hem / And also they bē not moued to pite for his Innocence: and that is more cruel in hem They ben not slaked nor withdrawen fro her malyce. by the grete despytes & paynes that they haue seen and done to hym before / But laughen and maken Joye & scornen hym that is very god: and maye dampne hem to euerlastynge dethe / And soo they now besien hem in all that they maye to bryng hym hastely to his dethe / wherfore he is ladde in agayn to the hous where he was before scorged: & Illuded. and there was draw fro hym that olde purpyll mantell. and soo he alle naked was beden to clothe hymself ayen / Now wyth Inwarde cōpassōn beholde hym here in manere as I sayd before oonly after the [Page] manhede so passyng soo fayre a yonge man moost Innocent & moost louely in that maner all to rente and wounded: and all blody naked wyth a maner of shamefastnes gadryng hys clothes in dyuerse places of that hous as they were dysclate­red by thoo harlottes doynge hem on in honest maner before hem that euer lowghen hym to scorne. as though he were theNota de paciēc [...]a [...]tāda moost wretche of al other forsaken of god. & wythoute al maner socoure or helpe / ¶ wherfore nowe take hede dyligently to hym & haue wounder of that grete profounde mekenes of hym / and in as moche as thou mayste conforme the to folowe hym by pacyence and mekenes / & suffrynge of wron­ge for his loue / And gooth forth wyth him. and beholde how After he hath done on his clothes / they ladden hym forth in grete haste & layne vpon hym y worshipful tree of the crosse that was heuy and full long: that is to saye as it is wryten in storyes / xv / foote of lengthe ye whiche he as a meke & moste pacient lambe toke vpon his sholders & bereth forth And soo was he ladde forth wyth his twoo felawes that were theues & dampned to the self dethe. & this is his felawship at this tyme. O good lord Jhū: what shame done they to you: yt sholde be your frendes / they maken you felawe to theues. & yet they done worse / for they maken you to bere youre crosse that is not redde of hem / wherfore not oonly as the prophete ysaye sayth / ye be putte wyth wicked doers & theues. but also wythCū ini [...]s deputatus est worse than theues / Sothely lord thy pacience may not be spoken / ¶ Ferthermore as to the processe seenge his dere mo­der that she myghte not folowe him nyghe for the grete multitude of peple aboute him: she toke another waye more short in haste with Johan & other of her felawship / so yt she myȝte mete wyth hym before other by that waye / & whan she mette wyth him wythoute the yate of the Cyte. there as ii. wayes metten to gyder: and sawe him charged & ouerlayd wyth soo grete a tree of ye crosse / ye whiche she sawe not before. she was [Page] all out of herself. and halfe dede for sorowe: soo that neyther she myghte speke to hym one worde. nor he to hir by cause of grete haast of hem that ladden hym to the Jewes / And a lityl after our lorde torned hym to the wym̄en that folowed hymFilie iherlm nolite sle [...] super me wepyng and sayd to hem / ye doughters of Jhrlm wepith not on me: but on yourself. and so forth after the gospell / And in thise ii. places were after made chirches in mynde of thise thiges as they sayen that haue seen hem Ferthermore by cause of the mount of caluarie where he was crucyfied: was a grete space fro the yate of the cyte. and he was atter so ouer come wyth traueyle & wery. that he myghte noo lenger bere y heuy crosse. he layed it doune / But the cursed tormentours: & they full of malyce dredynge for to dyfferre his deth. leest that pylate wold haue called ayen his sentence & dome / For he shewed befor̄ a wyll to haue delyuerde hym. they maden a nother man that was called symon to bere the crosse with him: and ladden hym soo discharged of the crosse. but boūden his bon­des behynde hym as a theif to that place of his Jewesse y mount of caluarye / Now yf yu take good hede to all that hath be done to our lorde Jhū. & all yt he suffred at matyn tyme: & pry­me & tyerce in to this tyme. shall it not be seen to the as mate­re of grete cōpassion of his grete passion & sorowe: sothly IB trowe yes: and namly yf thou wolt now make in thy mynde a recapitulacōn: & reherce in generall that he hath suffred: and y hath be done to him in to this tyme / For what is it to thynkeN yt our lorde Jhūs very god blessed aboue all thynges fro y hour that he was taken in the nyghte in to this tyme of hys crucyfienge was in cōtynuel batayle in grete reproues. despytes & sorowes. Illusions & tormentes. for there was yeuē himN. hic valde bene ꝓcessū hora mat [...]na no rest but euer traueylle in paynes & sorowes / And yf yu wolte knowe in what cōflyct & batayle he was. beholde & see fyrst one dispytously layth hōde on hym & takyth him / A nother is redy & harde byndeth hym: A nother cryenge puttyth on hym [Page] blaspheme. Another spytteth in hys face. Another sothely as­keth of hym many questyons in deceyte for to accuse hym: A­nother is besy to brynge fals witnesse agaynst hym: another draweth him forth before the iustice. another styfly accuseth him: another hydeth his eyen: another buffeteth hym: AnotherHora prima despoyleth him. another byndeth him hard to y pyler. another wyth sharpe scourges beteth him. another vnbyndeth hym: & casteth on hym y olde silken mantell: Another setteth a croune of sharp̄ thornes on his hede. another putteth in his hond are de. another taketh it wodely fro hym & smyteth his sore hede ful of thornes another kneleth before him [...]so forth. now one & now another & diuerse & many with all her witte & myȝte be syen hem to tormente hym to y worst maner. they leden hym as a theef now to the byshop Anne / & now to cayphas / now to pylate / & now to herode / now hederward / now thederward now in & now out. O my lord god / what is al this: Loo thyn keth not the here a full hard & continuell bytter trauayle / yet abyde a lytyll whyle / & thou shalt see harder / they standen styfly agaynst hym allone the prynces & the pharysees / & the scrybes with thousandes of the people cryeng all with one voys that he be crucifyed / and at last the iustice Pylate yeueth the dome that he be crucyfied / & anone that heuy crosse was layd on his sholders that were all to rente & broken with woundes of hys scourgyng. Now ferthermore beholde thy lord / so goyng for­the wyth his crosse on his back / & how then̄e oute of the cyte at all yates rennen bothe cyteyzens & straungers of al degrees not oonly gentyles but also the foulest rybaudes & wyndryn kers / not for to haue compassion of him: but to wōder vpon him & scorne him / there is none that wyl knowe him by pyte uous affeccion / but rather with the fylth & other vnclennesse al they despisen & reprouen him. And so as the prophete sayth he is now as in a parabole in all her mouthes. And soo they that seten in the yates as iuges speken agaynst hym / & tho y [Page] dronken the wyne in her lust maden her songe of hym / Thꝰ was he drawen & hasted by grete vyolence wythout reste. tyll he cam̄ to that foule stynkyng place of caluarye: where was sette the ende & the reste of this harde batayle: that we speke of But what maner reste is that wherof we now shall treate Sothly that harde tree & deth sharper than y batayle / Lo what reste: certaynly the bedde of soro we / Thus mayst thou see in generall contemplacōn how harde a batayle thy lord hath suffred in to the sexte houre / wherof now we shall treate of fo­lowynge the processe of his blessed pass you /

¶ Of the crucifyenge of our lorde Jhhesu at the sexte houre Caplm xliu


NOw ferdermore mayste thou see whan our lorde Jhesus was come to that stynkynge hylle of caluarie. how wyckedly tho cursed werke mē began to werche on alle sydes that cruell werke▪

Take hede now dylygently wyth all thy herte all tho thynges that ben now to come / And make y there presēt in thy myude / Beholdinge all that shall be done agaynst thy lord Jhū. and that ben spoken or done of him / And soo with the Juner eye of thi soule beholde some sittynge and fytchynge the Crosse faste in to the erthe Some makynge redy the nayles [...] the hamers to dryue hem wyth / Other makynge redy and settynge vp ladders: and or deynynge other Instrumentes that hem thought nedfull. and other faste about to spoyle hym. & drawe of his clothes / And soo is he now the thyrde tyme spoyled: and stondeth naked in syghte of all that peple / And soo ben now the thyrde tyme re: nued the brysours of the woūdes in his scorgrnge by the cle­uynge of his clothes to his flesshe / Now also fyrst his moder [Page] seeth how he is taken and ordeyned to the deth / wherfore she sorouful out of mesure. and hauyng shame to see hym so stō dynge all naked / For they left him not somoche as his pryue clothes: she went in haste to her dere sone & clypped hym & gyr de hym aboute the lendes wyth the kircheif of her hede / O lorde in what sorowe is her soule now▪ whan she seeth suche despites done to her sone. sothly I trowe that she myght not speke one worde to him for sorowe / But she might doo nomor̄ to hym: nor helpe hym: for yf she myght wythout doubte she wold / then̄e was her sone anone taken out of her handes in a wood maner: & ladde to the fote of the crosse / Now take hede dilygently to the maner of crucifyeng. there ben set vp ii. ladders. one behinde & another before at the last terme of the crosse: the whiche ii. wicked minysters gone vp wyth nayles & hamers / Also another short ladder is sette before the crosse: y la steth vp to the place where his fete sholde bē nayled / Now take good hede to al that folowyth / Our lorde then̄e was cōpel led & beden for to goo vpō that ladder to the crosse: and he me kely dooth all that they beden him / And whan he came to the ouerest ende of that short ladder: he torned his backe to y crosse & stretched out on brode the ii. kinges armes & his fairest hā des yaaf to hem that crucifyed hym / And thenne lyftynge vp his eyen to heuen sayd to the fader in thise maner wordes / LoNota verba filii ad prēm here I am my dere fader as thou woldest that I sholde loowe myself vnto the crosse for the sauacōn of mākynde. and that is pleysynge & acceptable to me: and for hem I offre myselfe the whiche thou woldest sholde be my bretherne / wherfore also thou fader take gladly this sacrifyce for hem of me. & now hens forwarde be pleysed & well wylled to hem for my loue: & all olde offence & trespace foryeue: and wype awaw & put aferre all vnclen̄es of syn̄e fro hem / For sothly I offre here now myself for theim: and their hele / And thenne he that was on the ladder behynde the Crosse: takyth his ryghte honde: and [Page] was on y ladder behynde the crosse. taketh hys ryght honde / & nayleth it fast to the crosse. And after he that was on the lifte syde draweth whyth all his myghte the lyttt arme / and honde and dryueth ther thruȝ another grete nayle. After they comen doune & taken aweye all the ladders / and so hangeth our lorde oonely by tho two nayles smyten thrugh his hondes wythoute sustenaunce of the body drawynge dounwarde peynfully thorugh the weyght therof. Here wyth also another harlot renneth to and draweth doune his fete wyth all his myghte: and another anone dryueth a grete longe nayle thorugh bothe his fete Joyned to other / this is one maner of hys crucifyenge after the oppynyon of som̄e men: Other ther ben that trowen that he was not crucyfyed in this maner / but fyrste lyggynge the crosse on the ground they nayled hym therupon & after wyth hym so hangyng they lyften vp the crosse: and festen it doune in the erthe / And yf it was done in this maner: thenne mayst thou see hou vylaynsly they taken hym as a rybaulde. & casten hym doune vpon the crosse▪ and then̄e as wode theues drewen on bothe sydees / fyrst hys hondes / & after hys fete. & soo nayled hym fast to the crosse: And after wyth all her myghte lyften vp y crosse wyth him hangyng as hyghe as they myg­hte / And then̄e lete it falle dooune in to the moiteyse: In the whyche falle as thou mayst vnd (er)stonde all the senowes to breken to hys souerayne payne. But whether soo hit be in one maner or in other: sothe it is that our lord Jhūs was nayledBN hard vpon the crosse honde & foote / and soo streyned and drawen: that as he hym self sayth by the prophete Dauyd thatDinūe tauerūt ossa mea they myghte telle and nombre all hys bones: then̄e rennen oute of hys blessyd body the stremes of that holyest blood on all sydes habondauntly fro the grete woundes / and soo he is con streyned and arted. that he maye not meue but hys hede. wherfore hangynge the body onely by tho thre nayles. noo doubte But that he suffreth so bytter sorowe and paynes that there [Page] maye noo herte thynke. ne tonge telle / And yet more ouer he hanged bytwene two theues. of the whiche that one blasphe myed & tēpted hym to Jnpacyēce. and therwith other blasphe myng & scornynge sayen Vath this is he y destroyeth the temple of god & makith it vp ayen in iii. dayes / And other saydē He made sauf other. but he maye not now saue hymself: and many other reproues & scornynges they sayden to hym. as the gospel tellyth / And all thise reproues: blasphemyes & despites ben done seenge & herynge his moost soroufull moder: whoseNotabn̄ cōpassion & sorowe made hym her sone to haue the more bytter payne / And on that other half she henge in soule with her sone on the crosse: and desyred Inwardly rather to haue deyed that tyme wyth hym: than to haue lyued lenger / And soo stode the moder besyde the crosse of her sone. bytwene his crosse & the crosse of the theif. she torned neuer her eyen fro him / She was full of anguyssh as he was also / And she prayed to the fader at that tyme wyth all her herte: sayenge thus / Fader andN [...] o [...]o nē m [...]s ꝓ filio god wythout ende it was pleysyng to you that my sone shol de be crucifyed. & it is done. yet is not now tyme to aske hym of you ayen: but ye see now in what anguyssh is his soule / I beseche you. that ye woll ease his paynes / Good fad (er) I [...]recommende to you in all that I maye my dere sone. and also he her sone prayed for her pryuely in hymself sayenge / My fader yeN [...] o [...]o nē filii. ꝓ mr̄e knowe how my moder is tormented for me: I sholde on̄ly be crucifyed and not she / But loo now she hangeth on the crosse wyth me / Myn owne crucifyenge suffyseth. for I bere the syn̄es of all the peple / She hath not deserued ony suche thing wherfor̄ I recōmende her to you: that ye make her paynes lesse / Then̄e was with our lady John & mawdleyn the biloued discyples: & other of his freudes by the crosse of our lorde Jhū the whiche all maden grete sorow & wepten▪ and myghtē not be comforted in noo maner of her byloued mayster. but euer was her sorow renewed wyth his sorow. eyther in reproues [Page] or in dede as it foloweth after /

¶ How our lord Jhūs yelded vp the spiryte at none / xliiii.

NOw hangeth oure lorde Jhesus on the crosse in grete payne: & yet he is not ydle. by cause of y payn: But he wroughte alwaye: & spake y was profytable for vs / wherfo [...] soN [...] v [...]. [...]ba d [...] in [...] hangynge he spake vii. no table wordes that ben fo­ūden writen in the gospell The first was in the tune that they crucifyed hym whā he prayed for hem sayengeP [...] vb [...] pt igno [...] illis S [...]dm mul [...]e [...]e [...] s [...] filius tu [...] Te [...]c [...] hodieme cū eris [...] paradiso Quartū hely he­ly lama zabatani thus / Fader foryeue hem: for they wite nought what thei done. the whiche worde was a worde of grete pacience: of grete loue & vnspeka ble benygnyte / The secōde was to his moder sayeng thꝰ / woman loo thy sone: & also to John. loo thy moder / He called not her at that time moder: leest she sholde thrugh feruent tend (er)nes haue ben more sory / The thyrde was to the blessed theyf say­enge. this daye thou shalt be wyth me in paradise. wherin his moost large merci is openly shewed / The fourth was whan he sayd Hely hely lamazabatany. that is to saye / My god whi hast yu forsake me. as though he said in this sentēce: / My god fad (er) of heuen yu hast somoche loued the redempcōn of y worl­de that thou hast yeuen me therfore. and as it semed forsaken Lo Jhū what cōforte was that forsayd worde to all thyn en­myes. and what discōforte to all thy frendes / Sothly as it semyth. there was neuer worde that oure lorde spake that yaaf [Page] so moche boldenes to hys enemyes: and so moche occasion to hys frendes for to despayre / that he was god / as that worde / For they vnderstode hit that tyme: but nakedly after theletter souneth / But our lord wold shewe in to the last ende that as he suffred in body fully after the kynde of man. so also in hisB N spekynge after the infirmyte of man / that he was very man suspendyng for the tyme the vse of all the myghte of ye godhe de The v worde was Sicio / I am thursty. the whiche wordeQuintū Scicio also was occasion to his moder. and Johan & other frendes of grete compassiou & to his wicked enemyes of grete reioicing & gladnes. For though it soo be. that it may be vnd (er)stonde that worde of Sicio or thyrst ghoostly to that entent that he thyrsted then̄e ye hele of soules. Neuertheles also in sothnes he thirsted bodily by cause of grete passing oute of blood: where thrugh he was al drye withinforthe & thyrsty / And then̄e tho wycked deuils lym̄es yt euer cast hou they myght moost noye him token eysell & gall. & profered him vp to drinke: O cursid wo denes of hem yt ben neuer filled wyth malyce. but in al tymeSe [...]tū Consū matū est noyen as moche as they can. or mowen. The sexte word was when he sayd cōsūmatū est. it is al ended: as though he sayde thus. Fader the obedience that thou hast yeuen me. I▪ haue par fytely & fully done in dede / And yet I am redy to doo what soo thou bydde me: But all that is wryten now of me is fulfyl­led: wherfore yf it be thy wyll: call me now ageyn to the. And then̄e sayde the fader. Come now my swete loued sone. thou hast done well all thynges / and I wyll not that thou be more tormented. & therfore come now: for I shall clyppe the withNota de modo moriedi myn armes: & take the tn to my bosome. And after that tyme our lord began to fayle in syghte in maner of deynge men / & waxe all plae. now stynkyng y eyen. & now open̄yng & bowed his hede now in to one syde. & now in to another side: fayllingSepti mnm verbū pater in manꝰ t. all the strengthes and all the veynes then̄e voyde. And so atte last put to the seuenth worde wyth a stronge crye & wepynge [Page] teres sayenge thus / Fader I cōmende my spiryte in to thy hondes. and therwith he yelded vp the spirite. bowyng his hede vp on his brest towarde the fader as in maner of thankyng that he called him to hym: & yeuynge hym his spiryte / At this crye then̄e was cōuerted centurio there beyng. & sayd / Sothly thisVere fi­lius de [...] ­tat [...]ste man was goddis sone: by cause that he sawe him soo cryeng deye / For other men whan they deye maye not crye [...] herfore he byleued in him / Sothly this crye was so grete as holy [...]he sayen. that it was herde in to helle / O lorde god. in [...] hat state was that tyme his mod (er)s soule whan she sawe hym so pa [...] fully fayle wepe and deye / Sothly I trowe that to [...] [...]e mul tytude of anguysshes she was all oute of herself: and vn [...]ia­ble made as half dede / And that now moche more than what tyme she mette wyth hym beryng y crosse as it is sayd what trowe we dyde then̄e mawdlayne the true loued discyplesse what John his owne derlynge: & other i [...]systers of our lady / But what myghte they doo: they were all ful of sorow & byt ternesse: and therfore they wepten sore wythout remedye Lo now hanged our lorde on this crosse dede. & all that grete multytude gooth awaye towarde the cyte: and his soroufull mod (er) wyth the iiii. systers felawes sette her doune besyde the crosse / and beholdeth pyteously her dere sone soo ferde wyth. and abideth helpe fro god that she myght haue hym to her: and bene hym / Then̄e also yf thou beholde well thy lorde. thou mayste haue here matere ynough of hyghe cōpassyon seenge hym so tormented. y fro the sole of the fote. in to the highest parte of the hede. there was in him noo hole place. ne mēbre wythout passion / This is a pyteous syght: and a Joyeful syghte / A pyteous sighte in hym. for that harde passion: that he suffred for our sauacōn / But it is a likynge syghte to vs. for the matere and theffecte that we haue therby of our redempcōn Sothly this sighte of our lorde hangynge soo on the crosse by deuout ymagynacyon of soule is soo lykynge to somme creatures [Page] that after longe exercyse of sorowfull compassion: they felen somtyme soo grete lykyng not on̄ly in the soule. but also in the body y they can not telle: & that maye noo man knowe but he alonly that by experyence felyth it / And thenne may heMichi autē ab­sit glori ari well saye wyth the appostle / Betyde me neuer to be Joyefull but in the crosse of my lorde Jhū cryste /


¶ Of tho thynges that befell after the deth of our lorde Jhū and after none / Eplm xlv.

WHat time that this worshipful moder of our lord JhesuCa. xlv B N as it is sayd next before abode & dwellyd besyde ye Cros­se wyth other true louers of hym before named beholdynge our lord Jhesu contynuelly so pytously hangynge dede on the crosse betwene two theues. Lo then̄e come many armed men oute of the cyte toward hem: the whyche were sente to breke the legges of hem that were crucyfyed. and so to slee hem alle oute and burye hem / by cause that her bodyes shold not abide hangynge on the crosse / in the sabotte day. then̄e rose vp our lady and alle other wyth hyr. and besyly loked and sawe hem come but what to do they wote not. wherfore they fallē in to grete sorowe and drede / and namely our lady spekynge to hir sone in thys maner: My dere sone what maye be cause that al these armed men comen agayene / what wyl they doo more to the. Haue they not slayne the my dere sone / I hadde hoped that they had ben fylled wyth that they haue done to the: But as it semeth to me. yet they pursuen the dede. And I wote not what I maye doo. For I maye helpe the no more: than I myghte de­lyuer the fro the dethe. But I shal abide and see: and praye thy fader that he make hem softe and easy to the / and ther wyth they alle fyue yeden and stoden byfore the crosse of oure lorde Then̄e come the forsayd armed men to hem with grete wo­denes and noyse and seenge the theues yet lyuyng wyth grete [Page] Ire they hewen & breken despytously her legges / and so slewē hem. and castē hem anone in to some diche there besyde / And after torned hem agayne: and camen towarde oure lorde Jhū wherfore our lady dredynge leest they wolde doo in the same maner to her sone. and there thrugh smyten wyth sorowe of herte within forth. she cowde nought elles: but goo to her beste armure: that is to saye her kyndly mekenesse: and knelyng doune before hem. & spredyng her hōdes wyth an hygh voys & wepyng chere. she spake to hem in this maner / Good bred (er)n I beseche you for almyghty goddis loue that ye torment me nomore in my dere sone / For sothly I am his most sorouful moder / And as ye knowe wel brethern. I neuer offended you nor dyde ony wronge to you / But though it soo be that my sone semed contraryous to you. ye haue slayne hym And I foryeue you all wronge & offence: ye and the dethe of my sone wherfore dooth me now that mercy: that ye breke him not as ye haue done the theues: soo that I maye berye his body all hole. for it nedith not. sythen as ye seen he is fully dede: and was a longe tyme now passed / And therwyth John & magdalene and her other systers knelynge wyth our lady besoughten the same wyth her sore wepynge / O lady what doo ye. ye lowen you to the fete of hem that ben moost wycked / And prayen hem that haue noo rewarde to ony good prayer / Suppose ye to bowe by your pyte hem that ben moost cruell. and moost wycked & wythout pyte / Or to ouercome hem that ben alder proudest with mekenes: naye / For proude men haue abhomynacōn of mekenes. ye traueyllen in vayne / And therwyth one that was named longius: and was that tyme wycked & proude: but after a true lyuer & marter: despisyng her wepyng & prayers. wyth a sharpe spere openyd the syde of oure lorde Jhesu. and made a grete wounde / Out of the whiche anone ran̄e togyd (er) bothe bloode & water / And therwyth our lady felle doune in a swounyug half dede bytwene the harmes of magdalene [Page] And that John not mowynge bere that grete sorow toke to hym man̄es hert: and risyng ayenst hem: sayd / ye wycked mē why doo ye this cruelte / See ye not that he is dede? why woll ye also slaye this woman his moder / Go now your way for we shall berye hym / And therwyth as god wolde. they wente her waye / Then̄e was our lady excyted. and so rose as it had be fro slepe. askynge what was done more to her sone. & they sayd none newe thynge more ayenst hym / And after she had caughte spiryte and behelde her sone soo greuously wounded was also woūded in her herte wyth a newe woūde of sorow Seest thou now how oft times our lady is this day dede / sothly as oft as she sawe done ayēst her sone oni payne / wherfore now is fulfylled in her that symeon sayd to her prophecyengT [...]ā ipsiꝰ a [...]am ptrāsibit glad [...] longe before: his suerde shal perce thrugh thyn oune soule: that is to saye. the suerde of his passōn. & sorowe / And that befelle oft tymes in this daye / But now sothly the suerde of this spere hath perced both the body of the sone. & the soule of the mod (er) / After this they saten doune all besyde the crosse / but what they shall doo. they wote not / For they may not take do un the body. & berye it: by cause they haue neyther strēgthe nor Instrumentes apte therfore / And for to goo awaye fro hym soo hangynge they dare not. and longe abyde there they may not▪ by cause that the nyghte was come on hem / Here mayst thou see in what sorow and perplexyte they ben / O benygne lorde Jhesu how is this that ye suffre your dere moder chosen before all other: that is the myrrour of the worlde. and youre specyall restynge place. soo to be tormēted & troubled. that vnneth she hathe ony spiryte to lyue / And tyme it were that she had some manere of reste. and relecynge of her sorowe /

¶ Of the takynge doune of the crosse our lordes body Jhesu at euensonge tyme / Caplm xlvi.



IN the mene tyme that oure lady & Johan / & other before sayd were in soo grete perplexyte & desolacion as it is sayd / they lokeden toward the cyte as oftymes dyden for drede / and thenne see they many other comynge towarde hem by the waye the whyche was Joseph of armathre and Nycodeme bryngynge wyth hem dyuerse Instrumentes / wyth the whyche they sholde take doune the body of Jhū fro the crosse: And also they broughte an hondred poū de of myrre and aloes for to anoynte his body & soo burye hyt And then̄e they all rysen vp wyth grete drede: not knowynge what they wold do: O lord god: how grete is thy sorowe this daye Then̄e Johan taking hede to hem that were so coming sayd to our lady. Sothely I see comyng there Joseph & Nichodeme. And then̄e our lady caughte spiryte / & was gretely comforted and sayd: Blessed be oure lord god / that hath sente vs helpe at oure nede: & hath mynde of oure sorowe. & that hath not forsake vs in oure trybulacyon. Good sone Johan goo agaynst hem: & welcome hem. For I wote well. they come to our socoure: And anone Johan wente agaynste hem: And when they metten. they clipped other wyth wepynge teres & myghte not speke to other a grete whyle for tendernes of cō ­passyon and sorowe / After that they hadde walked forth a lytyll whyle and drawen nyghe towarde the Crosse / Joseph asked who were there wythe our lady. & how it stode wyth ye other dyscyples: & Johan answerynge tolde hem. whoo were there wyth our lady. but of the discyples he coude not tell: for he sayd: there was none of hem sene of all y day▪ & ferthermore at her askynge: he tolde all that was done agaynst our lord & all the processe of his passyon. & when they come nygh the place knelynge doune and wepynge they honoured our lorde [Page] Jhesu / And after metynge togyder our Lady and her systers & mawdleyne receyued hem worshipfully with knelyng & low bowynge to therthe: and they ayen warde knelynge & worship pynge wyth grete wepynge stoden soo togyder a grete whyle or they speken / But at last our lady began to speke to hem & said / Sothly frendes ye hane done wel: that ye haue mynde so of your mayster: for he loued you well / And as I knowlege plainly to you it semyd to me. that there was a newe light rysen at your comynge / For before we wyste not what we myighte doo: & therfore god quyte you / And they sayden ayēwarde we ben sory wyth all our herte for all thyse wronges & malice done ayenst hym / For as we seen well the wycked men hauen the maystry ayenst the ryghtwysman. and we wolde full gladly haue delyuerde him fro so grete Jniury yf we had mighte▪ But at the leest we shal do this seruyce to our lorde & maister that we ben come fore / And then̄e they made hem redy to take hym downe / Take now good hede in maner as I haue sayd before to the maner of takynge downe. there are sette ii. laders on the sydes on the crosse. one ayenst another: & Joseph gooth vpon the ladder stōdynge of yt houde on the right halfe & besteth hym to drawe out the nayle of yt honde: but it is full harde / For the nayle is grete & longe: & harde driuen in to ye tree And wythout grete thirstyng doune of our lordes hōde it may not be done: but that is noo force: for our lorde knowyth that he doyth al truly & with good entent. and therfore he acceptith his dede / And whan the nayle was drawen out: iohn makith sygne to nychode for to take hym it priuely. soo that our lady see it not for dyscomfortynge / And after in the same manere nychodeme drawyth oute the nayle of the lyfte honde. and ta­kyth it pryuely to Johan / And thenne nychodeme comyth doune for to draw out the thirde nayle of the fete / And in the meane tyme Joseph susteyneth the body / Soothly well is hym that maye susteyne and clyppe that holyest body of our lorde [Page] Jhesu: therwyth our lady takyth in her hondes reuerently oure lordes ryght hōde & beholdeth it. & layeth it to her eyen: & deuoutly kissith it sore wepyng & sighinge / And whā the nayle of the fete was drawē out / Joseph came of softly. & al layden to honde. & token our lordes body: & layed it doune vpon therthe: & our lady toke ye hede & the sholders: & layed it in her arme / But mawdaleyn was redy to take & kisse the fete: at ye whiche she foūde somoche grace before in his lyf / Other of that cōpany stoden aboute beholding. & al makyng grete lamentacōn vpō hym after the prophecye yt was then̄e fulfylled: sayeng yt thei shold make sorowe vpon hym as vpon the one begeten chylde. & namly his blessed mod (er) al tymes sore wepyng / And then̄ soroufuly beholdynge the woūdes of hondes & fete. & specyally ye horryble woūde of his syde: now takynge hede to one: & now to another / And seēge his hede so foule ferde wyth. & his bere to drawē wyth ye sharpe thornes: & his louely face all defouled wyth spittynges & blode: and the heres of his berde drawen a­waye fro his chekes. as the prophete ysaye spekyth in his persone thꝰ / I yaaf my blode to hem that smytten it: and my chekes to hem that drewen the here awaye /

¶ Of the beryenge of our lorde Jhesu at complyn tyme / Caplm xlvii.


AFter a lityll whyle lyenge the body of our lorde Jhesu bytwene his moders armes as it is sayde / whan it drewe towarde nyghte: Joseph prayed our lady that she wolde suffre the body to be dressed after the manere of Jewes & beryed / But she was looth therto: & sayd / Good bredern take not soo soone my childe fro me. rather berieth me wyth him / Then̄e sayd John / My dere moder lete vs assent [Page] to Joseph and Nychomede: and suffre oure lordes body to be beryed / For elles by occasyon of tomoche taryenge ye myght falle lyghtly in dangeour & sclaūder of ye Jewes / And att this suggestyon of John our lady as wyse & discrete. thynkynge yt she was cōmytted to him by our lorde wolde noo lenger lette his beryenge▪ but blessed the body: & lete hem dresse it as they wolde / And John nichodeme Joseph & other began to enoynt the body. and wrappe it in lynnen clothe as it was the manere of Jewes beryenge / Neth eles our lady kept alwaye the hede in her lappe: for to dresse that herselfe. and mawdleyne the fete / And whā they had dressed the legges & camen nygh to ye fete / Mawdleyne sayd: I praye you suffre me to dresse the fete. at the whiche I fonde somoche grace. and they suffryng her askyng: she helde the fete & loked vpon hem: weping & almost fayling for sorowe / And right as she before in his lyf wyssh hē wyth teres of cōpunccōn. now moche more she wasshyth hē wyth teeres of grete sorowe. & Inwarde cōpassion / For as he very sothfastnesse witnessith of her. she moche loued. & therfore she wept moche: and namly in this last seruice doyng to her mayster & lorde soo deed piteously. vnethes for sorow myight her herte abyde in her body. for she wold ful gladly haue deyed there at her lordes fete / She sawe neuer other remedye but she besieth her wyth al her might now at ye last seruice to hym. ye whiche was ful vncouth to her for to dresse his body in the best maner yt she may. but not as she wold. for she hath neyther matere wherof nor tyme therto / But netheles in maner as she maye she wasshith his fete with teres: & after deuoutly wypeth hem & kysseth hem. and wrappeth in clothes in the best maner as she can / whan they haue this done and dressed the body in to the hede. they loken to our lady yt she wolde performe her parte / And then̄e began they al mekely to wepe and make sorowe / Thenne she seenge that she may noo lenger differ̄. sett [...]th her sight vpō ye face of her sone: & spekith to [Page] hym in this maner / My swete sone I holde the here now dede in mi lappe: and as I see we must depart bodili▪ but harde is ye departyng of dede / Here befor̄ was a likyng cōuersacōn bitwene vs: and we were liuynge amōge other men euer wythout playnt or offence. though it soo be that thou arte slayne now as a wycked man / And I haue serued ye truely & thou me: but in this sorouful batayle thy fad (er) wolde not helpe the: & I myghte not / wherfor̄ yu forsoke thyself for the loue of mankynde that thou woldest ayenbye. but ful harde. painful & dere is this bienge / wherfore neuertheles I am gladde for the hele & sauacōn of men / But in thy passion & deth I am full harde tormē ted. for I wote wel that thou dydest neuer syn̄e. and that thou arte slayne wythout deser te thrugh that foule horryble dethe / wherfor̄ now my dere sone our bodily feliship twyn̄ed▪ And now must I nede be departed fro the. and soo I shall berye the But whyder shall I thy moost soroufull moder after that I goo: and where shall I duelle My dere sone hou maye I lyue wythout the. sothly I wolde gladly be beryed wyth the. soo yt where soo euer thou were I myght be wyth the But sythen I maye not be beryed wyth the bodily. att leest I shall be beryed with the ghostly in mynde / wherfore I shal berye with thi body in thy graue my soule: and therfore that I cōmende and leue to the / O swete sone. hou soroufull is this departynge And therwyth of the grete habundance of teeres she wysshe moche better his hede: than magdalayne dyde before his fete▪ Then̄e she wyped his face. & kyssed it: and after wounde his hede in a sudary: and so signed and blessyd hym / And thenne all togyder honouryng & kyssynge his fete token him vp. and beren hym to the graue / Our lady berynge the hede: & magdalayne the fete. and other the mydyl part / There was nyghe y place of the crosse ye space of a stones cast a newe graue wher in noo body was beryed before / And therin wyth reuerence kneling thei layed him with grete sighinges. sobbinges and [Page] wepynges / And after he was soo beryed / And his moder had yeuen him her blessynge. they layden a grete stone at dore of ye graue: & went her way towarde the cite. that is to saye Joseph & his felyshyp / But Joseph at his gooynge spake to our lady and sayd / My lady I praye you for goddis loue and for ye loue of your sone our maister: that ye vouchesauf to come and take your herberough in my house / For I wote well that ye haue none hous of your owne / wherfore takyth myn as youre owne: for all myn ben yours / And in the same maner Ny­chodeme prayed on his syde / And she louely enclinynge to hē. ansuerde & sayd that she was cōmytted to the gouernaylle of John▪wherfor̄ they then̄e prayden John the same / And he an suerde that he wolde lede her in to mount Syon. where theyr mayster supped on the daye before at euē wyth his discyples and there wold he abyde wyth her / And soo they lowely saluenge our lady and worsyppyng the sepulture yeden forth her waye /

¶ What was done of our lady and other after the berienge of Jhesu. Caplm xlviii:

WHan it drewe to nyght. John spake to our lady: and sayd▪It is not honest for duelle here lenger: and for to come in to cyte in the nyghte / wherfore yf it be your wyll: goo we hens: and torne we agayne / And therwyth our lady ryseth vppe / And wyth all hem knelynge blessed and kyssed the se­pulture. and sayd / My sonne I maye noo lenger stonde here wyth y / but I recōmende the to thy fader / And then̄e lyftyng vppe her eyen to heuen with teeres and Inwarde affeccōn sayd to the fader almighty / Euerlastynge fader I recōmende to you my sonne / And my sowle the whyche I leue here wyth hym / And therwyth they beganne to goo alle theyr waye / And whan they camen to the crosse▪ there she kneled downe [Page] and honoured the crosse and sayd / Here made my sone his ende. and here is his precyous blode. and soo dyden all that other For thou mayst thinke & vnd (er)stonde that she was the first that honoured the crosse. as she was the first that honoured her so ne borne / And after fro thens they token y way towarde the cyte: and oft by the waye she loked agayn towarde her sone & whan they came there as they myghte nomore see the crosse our lady & all other kneled & honoured it wepyng / And whā they came nyghe the cyte. our ladyes systers hyled her face in maner of a morning wido w [...]they yede befor̄: & our lady foloued after bitwix mawdleyne & John soo couerde the face. Thē ne mawdleyne at the entree of the cyte desirynge to haue oure lady to her hous before the takynge of the waye▪ that ladde thidward (er)e: she spake to our lady & sayd / My lady I praye you for the loue of my mayster that ye wol lete vs goo to our hous in to Bethanye / where we maye beste abyde / For as ye knowe wel my mayster loued wel that place. and came gladly ofte tymes therto / And that hous is yours wyth all that I haue / wherfore I praye you that ye woll come / And here the [...] began to wepe / But our lady holdynge her pees. and makinge sygne to John for to ansuere / And mawdaleyne prayenge hym for the same matere / He ansuerde and sayd / It is more semely that we goo to mount Syon: namly for soo we ansuerde and sayd to our frendes / wherfore come yu rather wyth her to that place / Thenne sayd mawdleyne to John / Thou knowest well I woll goo wyth her whether soo euer she gooth / And that I shall neuer leue her / After whan they camen in to the cyte: there camen on al sydes maydens & good ma [...]ones to her gooyng wyth her and sorowyng & comfortyng in her manere / And also good men that wenten by hadden gre­te cōpassion of her. and weren styred to wepyng & saydē / Soothly this daye is done grete wronge by our prynces to the sone of this lady: and god hath shewed grete tokens & wonders [Page] bi hym / Auise hem. what they haue done / And whan they camen nygh the place where they wolde reste. our lady bowing lowely to the ladyes that camen wyth her. & thankyng hem. & they ayeuwarde to her token her leue of other makynge grete lamentacōn & sorowe / And then̄e our lady & mawdleyne and the other systers of our lady yeden in to that hous / And John after be had woyded the other wym̄en. and thāked hem shitt the dore after hem / Then̄e they beynge soo all hemself togid (er) our lady lokynge aboute the hous. and myssyng her loued sone Jhū. with grete sorowe of herte complayned her▪ and said O John? where is now my dere sone. that soo highe specyall affeccōn had to the / O mawdleyne? where is thy mayster. y soo tenderly loued the: and thou soo gladly seruedest hym / O my dere systers? where is now my sone / Soothly he is goon awaye fro vs. he that was all our Joye. & our comforte / And the lyghte of our eyen / ye soothly he is goon / And that wyth soo grete anguyssh & payne. as ye all seen / And that is that encreasyth my sorowe. that in all his paynes we might not helpe hym / His discyples forsoken him / His fader almyghty wolde not socour hym? And how soone all those thynges ayenst hym were doon: ye knowen and haue seen? was there euer o­ny theyf or woors dooyng man soo soone dampned: & put to soo pyteous dethe / For loo the laste nyght he was taken as a theyf: and erly on the morough brought before the Justice▪ at tyerce dāpned. at sext on the crosse hāged: at none deed. & now beryed / O my dere sone a bitter departyng was this▪ and a so roufull mynde is this of thy foulest & horryble dethe / Thenne Johan prayed her to stynte of suche soroufull wordes: and to seace of wepynge / And comforted her in the beste manere y he coude ¶ And thou also bi deuout ymaginacōn as thou were there bodily present: comforte our lady. and that felyshyp / Prayenge hem to ete somwhat / For yet they ben fastynge and after to slepe / But that I trowe was full lityll / And soo [Page] takynge theyr blessynge: goo thy waye att this tyme /

¶ What our lady and other wyth her dyden vpon the sater­daye / Caplm xlix.

ERly at the morough vpon the saterday stoden in the for sayd hous ye yates sperde: our lady: John: & other wym̄en before named in grete mornynge & sorowe: hauynge in mynde the grete trybulacions & anguysshes of the daye before not spekynge: but by tymes lokynge on other in manere: as they done that ben ouerlayed wyth grete myscheyf & sorowe. & knowen none comforte. ne none socoure / And therwyth they herde one knocke at the yate / And then̄e they dreden sore For all thynge in that tyme they dradden: by cause that her sykernesse & cōforte was awaye / Neuertheles John went to the dore▪ and vnd (er)stondyng that it was peter. tolde hem soo / And our lady badde vndoo the dore. and lete hym in And peter [...]mynge [...] with grete shame wepynge & sobbynge saluted our lady▪ and other: but nought spake / And therwyth they all began to wepe. and myghte not speke for sorowe / A lytyll whyle after camen other disciples one after a nother in the self maner at y begynnyng. makynge sorowe & wepynge / But at y last whā they seaceden of wepynge: and began to speke of her lo [...]de▪ peter fyrst sayd in this wyse / I am ashamed and confoūded [...] myself: and I sholde not by reason speke in your presence. or appere in the syghte of men / For asmoche as I left soo cowardly & forsoke soo vntruely my lorde that loued me somoche And in the same maner all other smitynge her hondes & sore wepynge accused & reprehended hemself: that they had soo lefte her lorde / Thenne our lady comfortynge hem sayd▪ Oure gode lorde mayster▪ and our true herdman is goon fro vs. and we ben left now as fad (er)les chyldern / But I hope truely y we shall soone hane hym agayn / And ye knowe well that my sone is benygne: and mercyful. blessed may he be / For he loued [Page] you well: and therfore doubteth not. but that he shall be well re [...]oucylied to you: and gladly he shall foryeue all the trespasses & all offences / For sothly by suffraūce of the fader the malyce ayenst hym was so grete. and the woodnes of his enmyes so stronge & mighty that ye myght not haue socoured him though ye had abyde styll wyth hym: and therfore dredeth not all shall be well / Then̄e ansuerde peter and sayd: sothly as ye saye. soo it is / For I that sawe but a lityll of the begynnyng was wyth soo grete drede smyten in the porche of Cayphas house. that vnneth wende I for to haue scaped the deth / And therfore I forsoke hym. and had noo mynde att that tyme of the wordes that he had sayd to me before tyll he loked on me And mawdleyne asked what those wordes were: and he said how he tolde hym before that he sholde forsake hym. & what tyme / And soo forth he tolde all his wordes spoken to hem. & specyally y he tolde before many thynges to hem of his passion in that supper tyme. that he made with hē the thursday at euen / Then̄e our lady sayd that she wold gladly here of that processe that befell at that supper / And Peter made sygne to John that he sholde tell that processe. and John telleth al that was done: and sayd / And after to peter he tolde all the processe of his passion as he desyred / And so what of thise thynges & of other done by our lorde Jhū amonge hem they tellen to other. now one and now another as it comyth to her mynde / Durynge awaye all that daye in suche maner talkynges of our lord Jhū / O lorde how attentifly & besely mawdleine listned to those wordes: but moche more our lady: saienge oft tymes at the ende of a processe / Blessyd be my sone Jhesus: namely whan she & mawdleyne herde of the makynge of the sacrament / And how he yaaf hem in ye forme of brede his ow­ne body to ete: and in the forme of wyne his blode to drynke Sothly I trow yt wyth souerayn merueyle her hertes melted in to likynge sorowe. and soroufull likynge brekyng out on [Page] wepynge. and shedynge swete teres for that hye brennyng loue that he shewed to man soueraynly in that excellent & passige dede of charyte / But now passing ouer soo shortly of this ineditacōn at this tyme / Morouer take hede: and beholde hem this daye in grete sorowe & drede. and haue compassion of hē yf thou canst For what is it to see how that the lady of al the world. and the pryncesse of holy chirche & chyuetayns of goddis peple. ben now soo in drede & sorowe: stoken & hydde in y lityll hous. not knowinge what they maye doo. not hauynge comforte but oonly in that comynge of the wordes & dedes of her lorde Jhū / Neuertheles our lady stode alwaye sadly in a restfull and peasyble herte / For she had euer a certayne hope of the resurreccōn of her sone / And therfo [...] holy chyrche makyth mynde specyall of her euery saterdaye: by that in that dare stode on̄ly in her ye fayth of our lorde Jhū that he was very god Neuertheles she myghte not haue fully Joye: by cause of the mynde of his harde dethe & his bytter passion / whan the son̄e was gone downe: and it was leifful to werche: mary mawdleyne & another mary with her yeden forth in to the cyte: for to bye maters able for to make oynements of: as thei had sō what done on the fridaye before in to the son̄e settelyng For by the law they were boūde to kepe the sabbot day fro y son̄e reste of the daye before in to the sonne reste of the same daye Now take hede and behold hem how they goon with soroufull chere in maner of desolate wydoues to some apothecha▪ry or spycer. the whiche they had knowlege of that he was a good deuoute man: and that wolde gladly fulfylle her wylle and desyre in that party / And whan they haue chosen the best oynements that they cowde fynde. and payed therfo [...]: they ye­den home agayne: werchynge hem in the beste manere yt they cowde / And so maist thou see. how diligētly & truely they werchen & traueyle for her lord wyth wepynges and sighynges a monge / And how our lady and thapastles stoden & behelden [Page] and peraueuture helpen amonge / And whan it was nyghte they seaceden & yeden to rest suche as was / And soo this maye be the meditacōn for the saterdaye touchyng our lady & other wymmen and the apoostles /


BVt what dyde our lorde Jhūs that day / Soothly anone as he was dede He wente in soule doune in to helle. there as holy fad (er)s weren / And thenne weren they in Joye and blysse by vertue of his blessed presence / For the syghte of god▪ is perfyte Joye / And here may we see. howe grete is his benygnytee. in that he wolde hymself goo doune to helle How grete charyte & meke­nesse that was / For he mighte haue sende an angell and hane delyuerde hem out of the deuylles bondes: & broughte hem to hym where he had lyste. but his loue & his mekenes wolde not haue suffred that: and therfore he wente hymselfe doune in to helle. & vysited his chosen soules there: & that not as seruaūtes but frēdes of hym yt was lorde of all / And then̄e all the holy fad (er)s in his comyng fylled wyth Joye & blysse: and al sorowe & myslikyng away passed stoden before hym in louynges & songes of prophecyes: and psalmes that were beforsaid / And then̄e fulfilled as they ben writen in holy wrytt in to the tyme that he wold take his body ayen. and ryse vp gloriously fro deth to lyf: as it folouyth in processe herafter / To ye whiche lif for to rise at ye last with him. he graūt vs our lord Jhūs yt for vs deyed on ye crosse /

¶ Of the gloryous Resurreccōn of our our lorde Jhesu: and how he fyrste appered to his moder. as it maye be resonably trowed / Caplm l.


AFter that the worthy est Prynce and myghtyest Conquerour Jhesus thrugh his bytter passyon and harde dethe had vayn­quysshed and vtterly one­come that souerayne tyraunte mannes enm ye thys aduersary sathanas wyth all his wycked oost / As so one as the soule was departed fro the body: he wente doune to that tyraunts prison helle / And right as in soth he was lorde of vertues & kyage of blysse. so by his souerayn myght & rightwysnes he brake of that pryson. and entred with vnspekeable Joye & blysse to his chosen people. yt there had ben in distresse many thousandes yeres before / And then̄e was yt pryson torned in to a blisful paradise thrugh his presence. and al yt blessid fely ship wyth myrth & Joye that maye not be spoken or thought honoured & worshipped: and thanked soueraynly her lode▪ yt soo gracyously delyuerde hem fro that thraldome of the fende. and restored hem to yt blysse that they had forfeyted worthily by synne / And soo in ympnes and Joyeful songes of the prophecye fulfylled / Fyrste adam & his progenye. and after noe & abraham. moyses & dauyd: wyth all other holy faders and prophetes louinge and thankyng our lorde Jhesu contynued there wyth hym / And his blessed angels in to the tyme that it [Page] lyked him to take vem thens wyth vnspekable Joye & myrth and sette hem in paradise terrestre. where that Enoch & Hely liuynge in bodies abyden the tyme of antcryst. the whiche al­so weren soueraynly cōforted of his glorioꝰ presence wyth yt blessed cōpany / And whan it drowe towarde daye vpon the sondaye. that was the thirde daye fro his passion: our lorde Jesus spake to hem all. and sayd in thise maner wordes / Now it is tyme that I reyse my body fro dethe to life / And I therfore now shall goo & take my body agayne / And therwyth they all fallynge doune and worshippyng hym sayden / Gooth oure lorde kynge of blysse. & soone after it be your wyll comyth agayn For we desyren soueraynly to see your moost gloryoꝰ body to oure souerayne comforte / Comynge then̄e our lorde Jhūs in soule wyth a worshypful multytude of angels to the graue where his blessed body laye. on the sondaye full erly byfore the full spryngynge of the daye. and takynge agayn that body moost holy. rose vp thorugh his owne vertue & myghte and went out of that graue closid as he went first out of his m [...]s wombe clene virgyn in his natiuyte: wythout sorow or wem̄e of syn̄e / And then̄e aboute the same tyme: that is to saye erly on morough mary mawdleyn. mary of James & of salome takynge her leue fyrste at our lady: token the waye to warde the graue wyth precyous onements. duellynge styll att home our lady. and makynge her prayers in this maner / All­myghty god fader moost mercyfull and moost piteous as ye well knowe: my dere sone is dede & beryed / For sothly he was nay [...]led to the crosse. and hanged bitwyx ii. theues / And after he was dede I helped to berie hym wyth myne owne hondes whom I conceyued wythout corrupcyon / And bare hym wy thoute traueylle and sorowe / And he was alle my good. alle my desyre: and all the lyfe and comforte of my soule / But at laste he passed awaye fro me all to beten. all to wounded: & al to rente / And all his enmyes rysen ayenst hym: and scorned [Page] hym. and dampned hym / And his owne d [...]ycyples forsoken hym. and flewe fro hym / And I his sorou [...]ll moder myght not helpe hym / And as ye knowen well fader of pyte and of mercy. that haue all power & myghte ye wolde not then̄e dely­uer hym fro the harde deth / But now ye maye restore hym to me agayn to lyfe: and that I beseche your hyghe mageste Lorde where is he now / why taryeth he soo longe fro me Good fader sende him I praye you to me / For my soule may not be in rest in to the tyme: that I see hym▪ O my swete sone what doost thou now? And why abydest thou soo longe or thou [...] me to me / Sothly thou saydest: that thou sholdest agayne vp ryse the thirde daye? And is not this the thirde daye my dere sone / Aryse vp now all my Joye: and comforte me wyth th [...]e agayn comynge: whom thou soo dyscomfortest thrugh t [...]n awaye passynge / And with that she soo prayenge and swete teeres shedynge / Loo sodenly our lorde Jhūs came & apered to her. and in all the whitest clothes with a gladde & louely [...]here gretynge her on syde half in thise wordes▪ Salue s [...]tā parens that is to saye▪ Heyle holy moder / And anone she torned her [...] [...] sayd? Arte thou Jhūs my blessed sone / And therwyth she knelyng downe: honoured hym / And also he agaynwarde knel [...] ge sayd / My dere moder I am he / I am vprysen. and [...]o I am wyth y / And after both rysyng vp kysseden louely other: and she wyth vnspekable Joye clippynge hym sadly rested a [...] vpon him. and he gladly bare her vp & susteyned her After both sittyng togyder: our lady besily and curyously behelde hym [...] semblaunce and in hondes & fete. and al the body whether be had the sygnes of the woūdes before▪ Askynge hym whether all the paynes and sorowe weren awaye▪ And he ansuerde & sayd ye soothly worshypfull moder all sorowe is aware fro me / And dethe & sorowe and alle paynes & anguysshes I haue ouercome: soo that I shall neuer hens forwarde fele ought of hē / And then̄e she sayd / Blessed be the holy fader that hath y [Page] agayne yeuen to me. and his holy name be exalted. loued and magnyfied euer wythout ende / And soo they bothe louely & likyngly talkynge togider maden a grete Joyefull feest: and oure lorde Jhūs tolde her the worthy thynges that he dyde in tho iii. dayes after his passion / And hou be delyuerde his chosē peple fro helle & the deuell / Loo this is a souerayne paske. & this is the Joyefull daye that dauyd spekyth of specyally sayenge [...]ec est dies quam fecit dn̄s: exultemus igitur et letemur in ea /


¶ How that Mawdlayne and other maryes camen to the graue / Caplm li.


AS I sayd before Ma­ry Mawdleyne and her two felowes token her waye towarde the graue of oure lorde Jhesu wyth precioꝰ oynements / And whā they came wythout the ya te of the cyte. they token in to her mynde the paynes & the tormētes of her dere mayster / And therfo [...] in al places where ony thynge was notably done agaynst hym or by hym: they somwhat stoden. and abydynge kne­lynge doune & kissynge the erthe. sighyng & wepyng: and in thise maner wordes sayeng to other / lo here we mett hym wyth y grete heuy crosse on his backe whā his mod (er) swouned and half dede / And after her he torned to the wym̄en of Jhrlm y maden sorowe for hym / And ferdermore here for werynesse [Page] ouer myghte he layed downe the crosse / And here it was that the wicked tormentours violently and cruelly putten him fourth. and constrayneden him to goo faster / And here at the laste they spoylleden hym of his clothes and maden hym all na­ked: and soo cruelly nayleden hym vpon the crosse / And then̄ wyth grete sorowe and shedynge of teres fallynge doune vpon her faces they worshippeden inwardly and kisseden deuoutly the crosse of oure lorde that was then̄e spreyned wyth his precyous rede blode / And ferd (er)more they rysynge vp. and goingeTettus towarde the graue. sayden to other? who shall ouertorne to vs that grete stone fro the dore of the sepulcre / And therwith they nyghinge therto: and Inwardly beholdynge. seen the stone ouertorned / And an angell syttyng therupon and sayenge to hem / Dredeth not / ye sechyth Jhesu / And soo forth as the gospell tellyth / But they for as moche as they founde not y body of her mayster there as they hopeden were soo dystour▪bled in her wittes and abasshed that they token no [...] rewarde to the angels wordes / But wyth grete sorow and drede anone tourned agayne to the discyples / And tolde theym that her lordes body was taken awaye / And whyther they wyste not▪ And thenne Peter and Johan rennen towarde the sepulture And wyth hem also the forsayd wymmen / And alle they rennen for feruente loue to Jhesu. sechynge her herte and her lyf [...]u [...] [...]. ii. viii But after the processe of the gospell Peter and Johan en­trynge the graue: and not fyndynge the body. but oonly the clothes that he was wrapped in. and the sudary of his hede wyth grete heuynesse they tourned home agayne ¶ And here we owen to haue Inwarde compassyon of hem / For sothly att this tyme they were in full grete desolacōn▪ and sorow whanne they soughte soo theyr lorde: and founde hym not Nor wyste where they sholde seche hym more /

Also here we haue ensāple y oft tymes before grete Joye [...]. comyth grete dyscomforte and sorowe. the whyche is to be [Page] born pacyently for the tyme: and euer Jhesu to be sought and called on by denoute prayer. and feruent desire vnto the tyme that he be foūden as the processe after folowynge sheweth / B For after the ii. apostles were gone ayen as it is sayd in ma­ner of despeyre / The forsayd maryes abyden & lokeden efte inlucexiiii the sepulcre: and then̄e they sawe the ii. angels sittyng in white clothes. & sayenge to hem / what seke ye hym yt lyueth wyth hem that ben dede / But they yet token no rewarde to her wordes. nor token ony cōforte to the syght of the angels: for they soughten not the angels. but the lord of angels / And for they fonde hym not: therfor̄ the ii. felawes of mawdlayne al heuy & discōforted withdrewe hem & setten hem doune somwhere a lityll besyde makyng her mone to other / But mary magdalayneI. ii. viii. wittyng not what she myght doo: for wythout her mayster she coude not lyue / And for she fonde hym not there. nor wyste where she shold seche hym elles. she stode styll there wythout the graue wepyng. and eft she loked in / For she hopedTertus maria st abat ad monumentū Notabil euer to fynde hym there as she helped to berye hym / And thē ­ne sayden the angels to her / woman? why wepest yu? whom sekest thou / And she said. they haue take awaye my lorde. and I wote not where they haue put hym / Beholde here the wond (er)full werchynge of loue / A lytyll before she herde of one an­gell that he was rysen: and after of ii. that he lyued / And yet she had it not iu mynde. but sayd: I wote not. & alle that made loue / For as orygene sayth: her hert & her mynde was not the [...] she was in body: but it was there as her loue was: that is to saye her mayster Jhūs: & therfore she coude not speke nor here but of hym / And therfore befell that what tyme she wept so & toke none rewarde to the angels: by cause of the feruent loue that she had to Jhū that was lorde of angels her mercyful mayster myght noo leuger holde hym fro her: but appered to her as it foloueth /

¶ How our lorde Jhūs apered after his resurreccōn to mawdelayne / Caplm lii.

OVre lorde Jhūs spekynge with his blessed moder at his fyrste apperynge to her▪ as it was tolde and sayd before Amonge other louely comynynge tolde her of the grete besynes & feruent felynge of mawdleyne. and sayd that he wolde goo shewe hym bodily to her to comforte her / And our lady gladde therof sayd / My blessed sone gooth in pees and com­forte her / For she louyth you full moche. and full truely: and was full sory of your dethe / But I praye you. thynketh to come agayn to comforte me / And soo she louely clyppyng and kissynge hym. lete him goo / ¶ And anone he was in the gardyne where mawdleyne was. and sayd to her / woman whō sechest thou? And why wepest thou / Oure lorde asked that he wyste well / To that ende as saynt gregory sayth that by her ansuere in the namyng of hym the fyre of loue sholde be more feruently kyndled in her herte / Neuertheles she not knoweynge hym. but all dystracte and out of herself. supposing that he had be a gardy [...]er sayd / Sire yf thou hast take him away telle me where thou haste done hym. that I maye take him to me / And though our lorde was not a bodily gardyner. neuer­theles as the same clerke gregory sayth. he was so in soth to her ghostly / For he was that planted in her herte the plantes of vertues and true loues / And then̄e our lorde Jhūs hauyng compassyon of her grete sorowe & wepynge chere called her by her homely name. and sayd mary. the whiche worde sodenly heled all her sorowe / And she then̄e knowynge hym wyth vnspekable Joye sayd / O Rabony: that is mayster. ye be he y I haue soo longe soughte? and why haue ye hydde you so longe from me / And anone she ranne to hym: and fallyng downe to the erthe: wolde haue kyssed his fete as she was wonte before by vnperfyte affeccōn to his manhede that was then̄e dedely: but not soo now after his Resurreccōn / wherfore oure [Page] lorde willynge to lyfte vp ghostly her herte and her affeccyon to heuen & to the godhede▪ and yt she sholde nomore seke hym in erthe in manere as she dyde before that he was dede. sayde / Touche me not in that erthli maner. for I haue not stied vp to my fader / That is to say: I am not yet lyfte vp in thy soule by true & perfyte byleue. that I am euen wyth the fader veri god / And therfore touche me not in that manere Inperfytely But goo & saye to my brethern I ascende vp to my fader and your fader: to my god and your god / And ferdermot̄ our lord homely comynyng wyth her: spake to her in this maner / woost thou not well doughter that I tolde the before my passion that I sholde ryse the thyrde daye from dethe to lyfe? And why woldest thou thenne soo besily seke me in the sepulcre / And she sayd / Soothly mayster I saye you that my herte was fylled wyth so grete sorowe of the bitternesse of your harde passyon and deth that I foryate all other thynge. and on̄ly thoughte of your bod [...] dede and beried: and on the place that it was beryed in / And therfor̄ I broughte now the oynement for to haue enoynted wyth your gloryous body / Blessed be your almyghty godhede. where thrugh ye wolde ryse fro deth. and come agayne to vs / And soo they two true louers stoden & spa­ken togyder wyth grete likynge and Joye / And she curyously beholdeth his glorious body. and askith what her lykith: and he in all thynge ansuerde plesyngly to her paye / And ferd (er)more though our lorde soo strangly as it semyth ansuerde her att the begynnynge. biddynge her that she sholde not touche him neuertheles I maye not trowe. but that afterwarde he suffred her to touche hym. and to kysse bothe hondes and fete. or thei departed / For we maye suppose and goodly trowe: that sithē he wolde soo affectuously and specyally after his owne mod (er) fyrste before all other vysite and appere to. that he wolde not therby in ony manere distourble her or heuy her / But rather in all poyntes comforte her. and therfore the good lorde that [Page] is soo benygne and full of swetnesse namly to all those that truely louen hym spake not to her the forsayd wordes in straūge maner & boystously in mystery shewyng her inperfyte affeccōn as it is sayd: and willinge lyft vp her hert holy to god & to heuēly thynges as sayth saynt bernarde / Then̄e sayd our lorde that he wolde goo fro her & vysite & comfort other / And maudleyne torned then̄e somwhat in sorowe: for she wolde neuer haue ben departed fro hym. & sayde / O good lorde I see well now that your conuersacōn wol not be wyth vs in maner as it hath here before / but good master haue euer in minde of me / And of the grete goodnes & homelynesse and y specyall loue that ye had to me / And soo thynketh euer on me [...] re lorde god / And he ansuerde / Drede not: but be sted [...]aste. and truste well that I shall euer be wyth the / And soo she takyng deuoutly his blessynge: and he vanysshynge awaye fro her She came to her felowes: and tolde hem all the forsayd pro­cesse / wherfore they were gladde: as to wchynge his Resurre­cyon / But that they sawe hym not wyth her: they were beuy and sory / But the good lorde suffred not their sorowe longe laste / But soone comforteth hem as it folowyth after▪

¶ How our lorde Jhūs apered to the thre maryes / Mathei vi cesimo nono / Caplm liii.

[...]Erd (er)more as the thre maryes wenten towarde the cytee Our curteys lorde Jhūs metyng wyth hem by the way mekely greted hem sayenge / Heylle to you / And they soo Joyfull of his presence that it maye not be sayde felle downe att his fete / And clippynge hem: and kysseden hem wyth Joyful teeres / And also speken wyth hym. and he wyth hem homly wordes of ghostly comforte: beholdynge therwyth his gloryous body wyth vnspekable Joye. the whiche they behelde the thirde day befor wyth souerayne sorowe / And then̄e our lord [Page] Jhesus sayd to hem / Gooth and sayth to my bretherne. that they goo in to galile. for ther sothly they shal see me as I told hem before / Loo how the maister of mekenes callyth his discyples brethern / He lefte neuer this vertue the whiche he soue raynly louyth / And who soo wol haue swete vnderstondyng & ghostly comfort in the forsaid processe. and also in that foloweth herafter. hym behouyth to make hymselfe by deuoute medytacōn as he were bodily present in all places and dedes as I sayd here before /

¶ How that our lorde apered to Joseph of armathie: as tell­ith the gospel of nichodeme. & also to the lasse James. as sainte Jerom witnessith. I passe ouer for lityll fruyt of hem / How our lorde Jhūs apered to peter. Luce. xxviii. Caplm liiii.

WHan maudleyne & her felowes were come home. & tolden the discyples that oure lorde was vprysen / Peter yt was moost feruent in loue: inwardly sorowyng that he saw not his lorde: and not mowynge reste for his grete loue toke his waye alone towarde the sepulture / For he wyst not where to seke hym elles / And soone after our benygne lorde Jhūs hauynge cōpassion of his sorowe appered to hym in y waye and greted hym sayeng / Pees to the symonde / And therwith peter smytynge hym sadly on the breste / And fallynge doune to the grounde wyth sore wepynge teeres sayd / Lorde I knoulege my grete trespace: in that I cowardly forsoke the: and ofte tymes denyed the / And therwyth he kyssed his fete / And oure lorde benygnely lyftyng hym vp kyssed hym: and sayd. Be in pees & drede not▪ for al thy syn̄es ben foryeuen the / I knew thyne Infyrmyte better than thyself: and therfore I tolde the before / But now goo & comforte and stable thy bretherne / And byleue sadly that I haue ouercome al your enmyes / and soo they stooden and speken homely togyder / And Peter [Page] full besily beholdeth hym. and takyth hede of all thynges. and after his blessyng taken: he went home ayen wyth grete Joy tellyng oure lady & the discyples what he had seen: and herde / ¶ Ot this processe of thapperynge to peter is not expressed in the gospel. but thꝰ by deuout ymagynacōn I haue set it her before other aperynges yt folowen / For so it semyth that holy chirche holde as it is conteyned more plainly in the legende of the Resurreccyon /

¶ Of the comynge ayen of our lord Jhūs to the faders and of her Joyefull songe / Caplm lv.

OUr lorde Jhūs after he departed fro peter▪ willynge vis [...] te and comfort after his Resurreccōn. the faders of the olde lawe and other▪ the whiche he had anone after his dethe delyuerde out of the deuylles thraldom. and sett in paradise of delyces. he came to hem all gloryoꝰ in whyte shinyng clothes wyth a grete multytude of angels / And they seeng hym a [...]er [...] comyng wyth so grete blysse. with vnspeakable louyng & Joy wyth songe of myrth they receyued hym▪ sayenge ▪ Lo our kinge of blysse comyth to vs: and mete we wyth our sauyoure For now the holy daye shyneth vpon vs. and therfor̄ com [...] all & honoure we as worthy is our lorde / And then̄e alle they fallyng doune to the erthe deuoutly honoured hym. & after ry­synge vp. & stondinge before hym. reuerently & merely songe the psalmes of dauid:. that specyally perteynen to his louyng in this tyme / And whan it drewe somwhat towarde euenty de. our lorde Jhūs sayd to hem / I haue compassyon of my bretherne the whiche ben wonder sory for my dethe / And for drede ben disparpled as shepe. that arne wythoute gouernoure: And sore they desyren to see me / wherfore now I woll goo▪ And shewe me to theim. and comforte theym / And soone after I shall come agayne to you / And they all fallynge downe [Page] & honouryng hym sayden. lorde so be it at your wyll /


hou our lord apered to y ii disciples going to warde y castel of Emaus ca lvi. THe selfe daye of resurreccōn as ii. dysciples of Jhū yeden towarde ye castel Emaus. & mornyng: and in maner of despayr talkinge togyd (er) by the waye of yt befell the fridaye before. oure lord Jhūs came in manere of a pilgrim & felishiped with hē: askyng hem questions: and ansueryng & tellin hem swete wordes of edifycacōn. as ye processe of ye gospel of luke tellyth playnly & at the last byden: drawen. & cōstrained to entre to duelle wyth hem. shewed hym to hem: and was knowen in the brede brekyng / Here may we vnd (er)stonde & see the grete goodnes & the benygnyte of oure lorde Jhū in many maners / Fyrste he shewed his godenes in y his feruent loue wold not suffre his beloued discyples longe erre: and be sory / Sothly he is a true frende & a comfortable felawe. & a benygne lorde / For loo he Joyneth & feloweth hym to hem homely / He askyth the cause of her sorow & heuynesse goodly. and he expowneth the scriptures to hem wysely: and enflāmeth her hertes ghostly. consumynge all the rust of mysbileue / Thus he dooth wyth vs all daye ghostly / For what tyme we ben in ony perplexite ouerlayed wyth heuynes or slouth. and we speke & comyn togyd (er) of Jhū. anone he comyth to vs cōfortyng vs & lightnyng our hertes.qm̄dul [...]i a facibꝰ Ignitū and enflāmyng to the loue of hym / For the best medicyn agaynst suche ghostly sykenesse is for to speke of god. as the prophete dauyd sayth / Lorde how swete ben thy speches and thi wordes to my chekes. ye passing hony to my mouth / And [Page] in a nother place: thy speche is gretly enflammed: as fyre thorugh werchinge of the holy ghost. and I thy seruaūte loued it Also to thynke on god & the grete goodnesse of Jhū ▪ helpyth moche in temptacōn & dysease: as the self prophete sayth / My herte verily heted wyth the fyre of crystis loue and in meditacōn of Jhesu shall bren̄e fyre of perfyte loue / Also we may see here the goodnesse of our lord Jhū not oonly in loue as it is sayd. but also in his profounde mekenesse / As yf we take hede how lowely and mekely he gooth wyth hem: that is to saye the hyghe lorde of lordes wyth his symple seruaūtes as one of hem kepinge now the mekenesse in his body glorifyed that he shewed before in his body dedely / And yeuynge vs ensample to folowe hym in that vertue / yet also here we maye vnd (er)stonde the mekenes of our lorde Jhū in that he made him self so homely wyth those ii. symple discyples the whiche were of lower degree. thanne the apostles / But this done not proude men for they woll not gladly goo & speke: and be conuersaūte. but wyth hem that ben of grete fame & of hyghe astate towarde the world / And yet ferd (er)more here is shewed his mekenesse in the thyrde poynt ayenst pronde men / For as we maye see. they woll not gladly shewe her wysdome & her curious wordes amonge fewe folke / But our souerayne master of all wysdom hath none dysdayn of few. for be shewyth his pryue wysdome & highe mysteryes not oonly to two. as now as this tyme▪ but also to one as he dyde before wyth the wo­man Samarytane / More ouer we maye consyder the grete godenes of our lorde Jhū in all the processe of the gospel for sayd: that is to saye how he enformeth his disciples in maneres / Also fedeth & comforteth / And specyally how he feynyth hym to goo ferder vnto that ende for to kyndle and encreace her desyre and affeccōn to hym. and to be more feruently bydden: and witholden of hem / And ferdermore how beningnely he entreth and goth in with hem: after takith brede & blessith [Page] it: and wyth his holy hondes brekyth. and yeuyth it to hem: & then̄e shewyth hymself to hem / Thus he dooth wyth vs euery day ghostly / for he wolde be bydde of vs to dwell wyth vs and drawen wyth feruent desires: deuoute prayers & holy me dytacōns / And therfor̄ as he hath taught vs. it behouyth euer to praye & not fayle: but that we take in mynde the werkes of pyte & hospitalyte / And how it suffyceth not to rede or here ye wordes & the biddynges of god. but they ben performed in dede: as we may here of more playnly be enformed in the omely of saynt gregory vpon this gospell / At last our lorde Ihūs willynge also to wisyte & comforte other dwelled not longe wyth thise discyples / But assone as he had broken & yeuen hem the brede. he vanysshed awaye fro her eyen /

¶ How our lorde Ihūs appered to his apostles & discyples yt were reclused for drede on the self daye of his resurreccōn / Caplm lvii.


WHan the two forsaid dyscyples were thus comforted as it is sayde by the presence of oure lorde / Anone for Joye they tourned agayne to Jherusalem And camen to the Appost­les and other discyples the­re pryuely gadred. But thomas absent / And told hem the forsaid processe. and herden agayn warde of theym­that soothly our lorde is rysen and hath appered to peter / And there wyth sodeynly oure lorde Jhesus entryn [Page] ge into hem: and the yates closed stode in middes of hem: and sayd / Pees to you / And anone they fallynge doune to the erth & cetera / Lrnowlegynge her gylte in that y they had soo lefte hym and forsaken / Receyueden hym wyth grete Joye / And thenne sayd he to hem / Ryseth vp bretherne. and be of goode cōforte / For al your syn̄es ben foryeue you / And soo stondeth Thūs amonge his discyples spekyng homely wyth hem: and shewynge hem booth his honde & his syde / And openyth her wyttes to vnderstondynge cleerly holy scryptures. and for to knowe sothfastly his resurreccōn / He asketh whether they haue oughte that is to be eten / And he etith homely before hem a part of a rosted fysshe. & of a hony combe to preue his very body present & rysen / After he bretheth on hem: and yeuith h [...] the holy ghost / Loo yf we take Juwardly hede. all thise forsa [...] de thynges ben full swete & full of ghostly lykynge▪ For they thenne were the disciples Joyefull in the syghte of our lorde the whiche were before dredfull & heuy / Lorde god how gladly they yeuen hym that he askyth. how truely they serued [...] mynystred hym. and how merily they stoden aboute hym▪ But herwyth beholde we our lady his blessed moder that was there present in that tyme / For to her were the discyples gad [...]ed How she takyth hede. to al those thynges done of her swete sone wyth vnspekable Joye sittynge by hym homly. and seruinge hym full gladly / And our lorde takyth gladly her seruyce & worshippeth her therwyth before the discyples▪ And yet morouer foryete we not here mary maudleyne the byloued discy­plesse. & of thapostles apostlesse▪ how she after her olde manere sittyth at the fete of her mayster▪ and besily hereth his wordes in all that she may gladly: and with gode wyll minystreth O lorde Jhū how worthy is that lityll hous. and how likyng & gracyous it is to dwell therin / Sothly who soo hath ony deuocōn and ghostly taast he maye see & fele that here is now a grete paske / But oure lorde Jhesus stoode but a lityll whyle [Page] Inwarde Joye of crystes Resurreccōn▪ that is sothfastnesse en sample & erneste of our Resurreccōn to come whan we shall ryse in body & soule to lyfe euerlastynge / And thꝰ moche be sayd at this tyme to wchynge this holy paske daye /

¶ How our lorde Thūs apered the viii. daye after to his discyples Thomas present Johis. ii. viii. Eaplm lviii:

WHan the viii. daye of his Resurreccyon was come / Our lorde Thūs appered eft to his dyscyples in the forsayde place. and the yates closed where Thomas was then̄e presente wyth hem. that was not soo the fyrste daye before sayde / And a [...]ter his felowes hadden tolde hym: how they had seen her lorde / And he not byleuyng: but yt he myghte touche hym as the processe of the gospell plainly tellyth / Then̄e the gode herdman of his errynge shepe▪ besy and hauinge compassion sodenly stondynge in myddes of hem▪ and sayd Pees to you And therwyth tornyng hym specyally to thomas sayd / Putt in thy fynger hyder: and see & touche my hondes: and bryng fourth thyn honde and putt it in to my syde / And be no more of mysbyleue. but h [...]sforwarde truely byleuyng / And then̄e reuerently Thomas knelyng downe wyth bothe Joye and drede touched his woūdes as he badde & sayd / My lord and my god He sawe hym man▪ and byleued hym god / And then̄e also he knouleged his gylte in that he had forsaken hym. as other dyden also ▪ And our lorde goodly takynge hym vp sayd / Drede not: all thy synnes ben foryeue / And this longe doubte and mysbyleue of thomas was of the grete godenes of our lorde in that manere suffred for our profyte to the more open pre yf and certaynte of his very resurreccyon / And soo we maye see here the grete benygnytee. mekenesse: and feruent loue of oure lorde Jhesu in that y he shewyth to Thomas and his other discyples soo openly his woūdes for to put away fro her [Page] hertes alle manere derkenesse of mysbyleue to bothe hers and ours grete profyte / And specially our lord reserued in his gloryous body the steppes of his woundes for iii▪ skylles: that is to saye / Fyrste to confermyng of the fayth of his resurreccōnN. bil to t [...] discyples / And secondly for to shewe hem to the fader. [...] woll praye for vs: and make hym plesed to vs: for [...]r specyall and souerayne aduocate in that party / And th [...]de skylle is for to shewe hem at the daye of dome to y reproued peple vnto her confusion ▪ And soo stondeth our lorde wyth his blessed moder: and maudleyne & his discyples as longe as hym lyste. comynynge homely wyth hem. in maner as it is sayd in the nexte chapyter to be had in contemplacōn And then̄e att laste he badde hem goo in to galile: to the mounte Thabor as it is sayd / For there he sayd he wolde speke more wyth hem / And thenne yeuynge hem his blessynge. he passed awaye fro hem /

¶ How our lorde Jhesus appered to his dyscyples in galyle Caplm lix.

AFter the discyples were gone in to Galyle. as our lorde badde: there he appered efte to hem [...] sayd / There is ye­uen to men alle the power in heuen & in erthe / Gooth now & [...] teche all maner of peple baptisynge hem in the name of the fader & the sone and the holy ghost▪ and techynge hem to kepe all those thynges that I haue bydden you: and be of gode comforte / For loo I am wyth you all the dayes. in to the worldes ende / And they honoured him at his cominge: and stonden after wyth hym full Joyeful and gladde ¶ Now take we good hede to the forsayd wordes: for they ben full comfortable & worthy / Fyrst he shewyth to hem that he is lorde of all thyng After he yeuyth hem auctoryte & maūdement to preche▪ The thirde he yeuyth hem the fourme of baptisynge / And att laste [Page] the strongest holde and comfort that they myght haue: whan he sayth: that he shall euer be wyth hem / [...]oo what Joye and comfort he yeueth hem / And how many grete tokens of charytee he shewyth to hem / And soo yeuynge hem his blessyn­ge: he passed awaye fro hem /

¶ How our lorde Jhūs apered to the discyples at the see Tyberiadis / Johis xxi. Caplm lx.

Dwellynge yet the discyples in Galyle. vpon a tyme vii. of theym wenten to fysshe in the see of Tiberyadis: as the gospel tellith in processe: the whiche I passe ouer ¶ But yf we take hede Inwardly to all those thynges that were there spoken & done we maye fynde moche ghostly mirthe & comforte in hem. and namly in that solempne feest that our lor­de made there to hem / In the whiche he homely etynge wyth hem: and as his maner alwaye was mekely seruynge hē: ful likyngly fedde hem: not on̄ly bodily. but moche more ghostly wherof he yeue vs part & ghostly Jhūs for his mercy. Amen /

¶ After the forsayd feest complete our lorde asked of peterde petro whether he loued hym more than other: and eft. and the thyr de tyme askynge whether he loued hym / At euery tyme he cō mēded to hym his peple y he sholde after gouern̄. & badde him fede his shepe / wherin we may see the proper benignyte & me kenes of our lorde Jhūs. and specyally his hyghe charyte andde petro & Jo [...]e the grete lone that he hath to our soules / And after he tellith before to peter the deth that he sholde suffre for his loue / And peter willynge to wite also of John that folowed with him in what maner he sholde deye: was ansuerde thus of our lorde I woll that he dwelle soo tyll I come / As who sayth: I woll not that he folowe me as thou by the passyon suffrynge: but y in his full age & contemplacōn: he ende this lyfe in pees. Neuertheles other discyples mys vndstode by that worde that he [Page] sholde not haue deyed. and yet had not that ben a grete yeft, sy then it is better to be bodily dede. and dwelle euer wyth cryste. as the appostle sayth / ¶ After this our lorde Jhesus passed a waye fro theym: and went again as he was wonte to the holy faders in paradyse / Also our lorde Jhesus appered a nother tyme to moo than fyue hundred discyples and brethern gadeApparu [...] Jhūs [...]ngent▪ fribus red togyder / As the appostle poul wytnessyth / But where. or what tyme or how it is not wryten / Neuertheles we may suppose that it was as he was wont wyth grete charyte meke nesse and goodnesse on his syde. and wyth grete Joye & com­forte on her syde / And soo haue we now touched of xii. apperynges of our lorde Jhū after his resurreccōn wythout two y folowen after in his ascencōn /

¶ Of alle the Apperynges of oure lorde Jhesu in generalle Caplm lxi.

THough it soo be that our lorde Jhūs appered in druerse manere after his resurreccyon xiiii. tymes as it is sayde Netheles the gospel specifyeth not. but on̄ly of x. For how he apered to his moder: it is not wryten in ony place. but we resonably & deuoutly trowe it: as it is sayd before Also of other iii. apperynges: that is to saye to Joseph: to James. & mo than v. C. brethern is specyfied befor̄ where they ben wryten: but not in the gospell / Also we maye well suppose of many mo For it is lykly that he the moost benigne lorde ofte tymes visited bothe his moder & his dyscyples: and maudleyne his specyall beloued: comfortynge and gladynge hem specyally that were in his passyon moost dredfull & sory And that semyth that saynt augustyn felt where he sayth thus / Of our lordes body apperynge his Resurreccōn. alle thynges ben not wry­ten / For his conuersacōn wyth hem was oft tymes: & perauē ture also the holy fad (er)s namly abraham & dauyd To whom was made of god the specyall byheste of the Incarnacyon of [Page] goddes sone comen ofte tymes wyth hym to see that mooste excellent vyrgyne. her doughter and goddis moder / The whiche for hem and all other founde soo grete grace. and that ba­re her sauyour and all mankynde / O lorde god. how likyngely they behelde her / How reuerently they enclyned to her / And wyth all deuocyon that they cowde they blessed her: and honoured her / Though it soo were that they were not seen of her ¶ Also in alle thise we maye consider the grete benygnytee the hyghe charytee and the profounde mekenesse of our lorde Jhesu as we ben wonte / Of the whyche ofte tymes we ha­ue made mynde. and the whiche shewen in alle his dedes / And specyally he in that here wolde after his resurreccōn and gloryous vyctory. not stye vp anone to his blysse / But in manere of a pylgryme fourty dayes abyde here in erthe / To conferme and strengthe his discyples and vs in hem / And that not by his angels as he myghte lyghtly haue done: but compellinge hym by his highe charytee / He wolde oonly doo that in his owne persone. and bodily be conuersaunt wyth hem. aperynge to hem as it is sayd fourty dayes. & spekynge of the kyngdome of god / ¶ And all this he dyde not oonly for hem: but for vs / And yet we can not se it / He hath loued vs. and yet he loueth vs soo feruently. and yet we loue not hym agayn warde / And that is a grete reprouable vnkyndnesse in vs / For at soo grete syre of loue we sholde not be made hote / But by re­ason we shall fully brenne / But now leuynge this / Goo we to the gloryous Ascencōn /

¶ Of the Ascencōn of our lorde Jhesu / Caplm lxii.



TOuchynge the wonderfull Ascencyon of oure lorde Jhesu. thou that herest or redest this: yf thou wolt fele the swetnes therof / I woll that thou be wakeli & quicke in thi soule. so ferforth. that yf euer herby fore as it was byden the: yu madest the by deuoute yma gynacōn as present to hys wordes & dedes / Now yu doo moche more wyth alle thy myght / For this solempne nyte passeth all other. as I shall clerly shewe the wyth in forth in processe. & namly this one thing shold stire & herte thyn entencōn: & quyck thin affeccōn. yt thy lord is now in passyng away fro y as by his bodily presēce the tyme of his pylgrymage here in erth with the fully cōplete & ended wherfore his wordes & dedes may be the more attētyfly & besily to be cō ­sidred / For sothly euery cristē soule shold hir spouse hir lord & her god in his away passing most wakly & besily take tent to And tho thinges yt bē by him spokē & done. most inwardli set in mynde. & moost deuoutly & mekely recōmende here to him. & vtterly withdraw al her mynde in this tyme fro al other thinges. & set it holy vpō her spouse / For to go then̄e to y processe of thascencōn of our lorde Jhū / we shall haue in mynde y on the xl. day after his resurreccōn: our lord Jhūs knowing y his tyme was come for to passe fro this worlde to the fader. takī ge out of paradyse terrestre the holy fad (er)s & alle the blessed soules: & blessinge enoch & hely that there abidyng styll yet liuyng he came to his discyples: the whiche were togyd (er) that tyme in [Page] mount Syon & in the place where he made that worthy sup­per the nyght before his passyon there beinge then̄e wyth his blessed moder & other discyples / And soo aperynge to hem he wolde ete wyth hem or he passed fro hem in a specyall token and a memoryall of loue & Joye to hem / wherfore all etynge togyder wyth grete Joye & myrthe in this laste feest of our lorde Jhū / Thenne sayd he to hem / Tyme is come now that I torne agayne to hym that sent me / But ye shal dwelle and a byde in the cyte tyll ye ben newe clothed ghostly thrugh vertu that shall come fro aboue / For sothly wythin fewe dayes here after ye shall bee fulfylled with the holy ghost as I behighte you / And after ye shall go & preche my gospell thrugh all y worlde baptisynge hem that woll byleue in me / And soo ye shall be my wytnesse in to the vttreste ende of the erthe / Also he reprehended hem or abreyde hem now specyally whan he byddeth hem preche of her mysbyleue in that: that they trowed not to hem that saye hym be vprysē and that were the angels / And though he sayd to them in this maner sentence: to make hem vnderstonde / Moche more ye sholde haue trowen & byued to the angels or ye sawe me. than the peple shall trow to your prechyng. the whiche shall not see me / ¶ Also he reproued and abreyde then̄e her mysbyleue. for they shold kno­we firste her owne defawte: and therby be the more meke she wyng hym now in this departyng: how moche it plesed hym mekenes / And therfor̄ specyally he recōmende it at the last to hem / Thenne they asked hym of those thynges that were to come after but he wolde not telle hem / For it was not spedefull to hem to knowe the preuytees of god. the whiche the fader had reserued. and set in his owne power. to fulfyll whan hym liked / Thus stonden they togyder etynge and spekynge wyth grete Joye to hem of the blessed presence of her lorde / But neuerthelesse wyth grete drede and trowblaunce of his awaye passynge / And noo wonder / For they loued hym soo [Page] tenderly that they myghte not wyth easy herte bere the wor­des of his bodily departyng fro hem and namly our lady hys blessed moder that loued him passynge alle other / We maye wel suppose that she touched & styred soueraynly wych y swetnes of mod (er)ly loue: as she sate next hym at that mete: layd doun her hede swetely. & rested vpō his blessed brest. as saynt Johan dyde before in that forsayd moost worthy supper: and so wyth swete teeres sighyng she spake to hym in this manere prayeng / My dere sone yf thou wolt alwaye goo to thy fader I praye y lede me wyth the / And our lorde cōfortyng her sayd I praye the my dere moder take not heuily my goinge fro the for I goo to the fad (er) for thy best. & it is spedful that yu dwelest here yet awhile to cōferme hem. thall shal truly byleue in me And after I shall come & take the with me in euerlastyng blisse / And then̄e she sayd / My swete sone thy wyll be d [...]ne. for not on̄ly I am redy to abide at thy will but also to suffre deth for tho soules y thou suffredest deth fore / But euer I beseche the haue minde on me / And then̄e our lord cōforted morouer her & maudleyn & other sayeng thus to hem / Be not your herte troubled and drede ye not. for I shalle not leue you desolate as fad (er)lees / For I shal goo & come & euer be wyth you And at the last he badde hem goo in to the moūte of olyuete. for thēs he wolde stie vp and soo passed at yt tyme awaye fro hē And anone right his moder & all other wythout taryenge yeden in to the forsayd mount: y is fro Jhrlm aboute a myle. and ther̄ anone our lorde apered to hem / Loo here we haue on this daye two aperynges / Then̄e clippyd he & kyssed his moder takynge leue. and she again warde clippyd & kysse hym full tend (er) ly / And the dyscyples & maudleyne and other fallynge downe to the groūde and wepynge kisseden his fete deuoutly. and he takynge hem vp kyssed all his apostles benygnely / Now take hede Inwardly of hem: and of all that here ben done / And therwyth beholde the holy fad (er)s there beynge Inuysible: how [Page] gladly and reuerētly they beholden & Inwardly blessen her by whom they haue receyued soo grete a benefyce of her sauacy on / They beholden tho worthy chāpyons & leders of goddis oost: the whiche amonge all other peple our lorde Jhūs specyally hath chosen for to conquere all the worlde / ¶ At y last whan all the mysteryes were complete & fulfylled. our lordeNō processū ascē cionis Jhesꝰ began to be lyfte vp fro hem: and to stye vp by his owne vertue / And thenne our lady and all other fellen downe to the erthe worshyppynge hym / And our lady sayd / My blessed sone Jhesu: thynke on me / And therwith she might not with holde her fro wepyuge by cause of his gooynge / Neuertheles she was full Joyefull that she sawe her sone soo gloryously stye vp to heuen / Also the discyples this seenge sayden / Lorde we haue forsaken all worldes goodes for the haue mynde on vs / And soo he hauynge his hondes lyfte vp: and blessyng hē wyth a bryghte Joyefull face / Crowned worthily as a kyng gloryously arrayed styenge vp to heuen: and sayd / Be stedfaste and werchyth manfully / For I shall euer be wyth you / And soo our lorde Jhesus all gloryous whyte and rudye shinynge. and▪ Joyefull ledynge wyth hym that noble multitude and gooynge before and shewynge the waye to hem in dede fulfylled thenne that the prophetes had sayd longe before of his ascencōn / And they also wyth vnspeable Joye folowyng hym songen merely the psalmes & ympnes of his louyuge as perteyned to yt blisfull tyme of her delyueraūce fro all sorow and entre in to all blysse wythout ende / And in that tyme the archangel mychael prouoste of paradise gooyng bofore tolde the blessed court of heuen that our lorde Jhūs was comyng & vpstyenge / And anone all the blessed spirytes after her orders yeden ayen her lorde none lefte behynde: & metynge wyth hym and worshippyuge▪ hym wyth all the reuerence yt they cowde: ladde hym wyth hympnes & songes of Joye that maye not be spoken nor thought / And soo metynge togyd (er) the holy faders [Page] and the blessed spirytes and syngen alleluya: and moost Joyefull songes wyth reuerence before hym. maden a grete solēpnyte & a worshipful feest: ye lord who myght tell what fest y was. & in what Joye they hadden whan they mett togid (er): And whan they had done due reuerence to our lorde: and fulfylled her mery songes that perteynen to his gloryoꝰ ascencōn they torned hem eche to other bothe the blessed spirytes & the holyprinceps ap [...]o [...] faders reioycynge & syngyuge / And fyrste the holy spirytes in this manere sayenge / ye prynces of peple. be welcome. & Joyeful we ben of your comyng / All ye are now here gadred and wond (er)fully lyft vp wyth your god: Alleluya / Therfore make myrth: and syngeth now to hym▪ that so gloryously styed vpprinceps ppl [...] aboue heuen & heuen. Alleluya / And the holy faders Joyefully ansuerde / To you prynces of goddis peple alieluya▪ Our kepers & helpers alleluya. Joye & pees be euer alleluya Syngyth & makyth myrth also to our god kyng and sauyour. Alleluya alla alleluya / And ferdermore all togyder songen and saydenin do [...] dn̄ [...]le Now we go merely in to the hous of oure lorde alleluya: and that worshipfull cyte of god that shall receyue vs all togyder alleluya / In ympnes and songes of Joye & myrthe Alleluya alleluya / Loo here was moche myrthe and Joye / All they songen and soueraynly Joyeden as the prophete dauyd sayth / God styeth in to heuen in moost wonderfully Joye of the appostlesascend [...] d [...]in in bilacōne that sawe hym that tyme / And in voyce of trompe / That is in voyce of angels that apered thenne and spake to the appostles / Sothly our lorde Jhesus styed vp thenne openly to the comforte of his moder / And the appostles as longe as her bodily syghte wolde suffyse to see hym / And after a briyght clowde took him fro her eyen / And anone in a moment that is in an vnperceyuable shorte tyme. he was wyth all his angels and the forsayd faders in the hyghest heuen / O lorde what Joye was thenne to see that blessed lorde soo gloryous vp styenge / Sothly I trowe who soo myghte haue seen that [Page] as the appostles dyden. and therwyth herde that Joyfull songe of angels & holy soules wyth hym vp styenge for that passynge Joye of his soule sholde haue be departed fro the body. and goon vp to heuen also wyth hem: and noo wonder / wherfo [...] our lorde knowyng the Infyrmyte of mankynde in bodily lyfe here. wolde shewe some of his blysse to his moder & other discyples. In as moche as they myghte bere that was in that blisfull vpstyeng of hym. and hydde [...]ro hem. that they myghte not bere soo in flesshly lyuynge / And therfore also he sent to hem u. angels in man̄es lickenes that they sholde not ouer moche be traueyled in y stondyng & lokynge vp after hym in to heuen▪ For they were soo rauysshed by yt blysfull syght of hym that they hadden foryete hemself / And also he sent than gels to cōforte hem: in that they herde the angels wytnesse accordynge wyth hem: of thascencōn of our lorde / And whan ye angels had bidden hem that they sholde noo lenger loke after Jhūs bodily presence in that forme that they sawe him then̄e stye vp in to that tyme that he sholde come in that self forme bodily to deme all quycke & dede / But that they sholde torne a yen in to the cyte and there abyde the holy ghost as he had sayde hē before Then̄e our lady prayed mekely the angels to recōmendeB her to her blessed sone / And then̄e louely enclynyng to her. gladly token her biddyng / And also the appostles and maudleyne recōmended hem in the self maner / And after the angels passyng fro hem they torned agayne in to the cyte as they were bydden to moūt syon: there abidyng the holy ghost of our lorde Jhū / Now goo we vp bi deuoute contēplacōn toN B our lorde Jhū. beholdyng in ymagynacōn of heuenly thinges by lykenes of erthly thynges. how he wyth all yt forsayd worthy & blysful multytude of holy soules openynge heuen yates that were befor̄ that tyme spered ayenst mankynde as a worthy conquerour Joyefully entred: and gladly before the forsayd fader / Fader I thāke the that thou hast yeuen me the vycto [Page] ry of all oure enmyes and aduersaryes / And loo fader here I present to ye our frendes yt were holden in thraldome / And for asmoche as I haue behight to my brethern & discyples. ye whyche I haue left in the worlde to sende to hem the holy ghost / I praye the fad (er) fulfyll my byhest. and I recōmende hem also to the / Then̄e the fader takynge hym vp made him sytte on his right honde. and said / My blessed sone al power & dome I haue yeuen to the. and therfor̄ of that thou askedest dyspose and doo as the lyketh / After that all the holy fad (er)s & blessed spiry­tes. the whiche had in worshping of the holy trynyte fall doune lowely wyth all reuerence. risynge vp began agayn to synge her songes of myrthe: and vnspekable Jore before the trone of god / For sithen moyses & the chyld (er)n of Israhel songen in thankyng & louynge of god: whan they were passed ye reed see. and her enmyes therin drowned / And also the selfe tyme mary aarons syster with other wym̄en her folowing in tym panes and other melodye daūsen & songen to goddis louyng Also dauyd wyth his peple ledynge the arke of god in to Jherusalem▪ harped & daunsed for Joye before the arke. and chaū ters songen: and in other dyuers myntralsye. they honoured & worshipped god / And also saynt Johan sayth in the apocalip se that he herde a voys in heuen of an hūdred & fourty and four thousande harpes harpyng and syngynge a newe songe bifore the throne and the seet of the very lambe Jhesu Moche more we resonably trowe: that now in this Joyefule tyme whan Jhūs wyth his company passed all sorowe. and al his aduersaryes were so gracyously ouercome / And he that was tokened by the arke Jhūs was soo gracyously come in to the cyte of heuenly Jherusalem / All that blessed felyship of spirytes and soules wythoute nomber songen and maden Joye & myrthe that noo tonge maye telle ne herte thynke / Soothly now in that blessed cytee of heuenly Jherusalem is songeu & herde yt souerayn songe of Joye. & after the prophecy of thobie [Page] by all the stretes therof is songen Alleluya: that is as mocheNō excel lenciā festi ascēci oīs su [...] a lia festa to saye as louynge be to our lorde / Neuer from the begyn̄yng was there soo solēpne & soo Joyefull a feest. ne neuer perauē sure shall be / But at the laste after the daye of dome whā all the chosen soules shall be presēted there wyth her bodies gloryfyed / And therfore as I sayd at begyn̄ynge of this chapyter This solēpnyte all thynges considred passeth all other / TakeIncarnacio hede of eche of hem: and see whether it be soo that I saye Fyrste the Incarnacyon of our lorde Jhū is a solempne feest & worthy / For that was the begyn̄ynge of all our good & oureNatiui­tas sauacōn / But that was our Joye and not his: for he was closed then̄e in his moders wombe / Also the natyuyte is a solēpne and hyghe feest. and worthy myrthe to be made therin / but that is also as on our syde / For as on his syde we owen to haue compassōn of hym that was for vs borne in soo grete pouertee / Hardenesse of weder and other abieccōn / Also as to vsPassio his passion is a grete feest. thrugh the whiche we ben broug­hte oute of the feudes thraldome / And all oure synnes ben for yeue. and done away / And as saynt gregory saith / It had not auaylled vs to be borne. but it had also profyted vs for to be boughte / Neuertheles for the grete tormentes of hym: and yt hardest and moost despytous dethe that he suffred for our RedempcyonResur­reccio and byenge: there was noo matere of Joye: but rather of sorowe bothe to hym in that paynfull suffrynge and to vs for our synfull deseruynge / Ferdermore yet the resurreccōn of our lorde Jhesu is a gloryous solempne and a Joyful feest: bothe for hym and for vs: for thenne was his body gloryfied: and all payne & sorow passed. and we iustyfied: & haue an ernest and ensample wythout doubte of our laste vprysynge in body & soule / And therfore of this worshipfull & JoyfulHec ē dies quā fecit dn̄s daye specyall syngeth holy chirche by ye wordes of the prophete dauyd / This is the day of our lorde made: be we mery therin & gladde / And as augustyn sayth in a sermon / This day is [Page] holyest of all other. but that maye be vnderstonde of all other before that day / For this of the ascencōn by reason is gretter & holyer▪ and that touchynge thre partyes / That is to say our lorde hymself: the blessed spirytes in heuen. & mankynde in er­the / For as to the fyrste: though our lorde had then̄e gloryously in body & soule vprysen fro dethe to lyf euerlastyng: neuer­theles he was bodily yet as a pilgryme in erthe fro his owne kynde herytage & reame / Also as to the seconde. yet saye not y angels her felishyp encreased by season takynge of mankynde wyth hem in blysse / And as anēst the thyrde. yet was closed & shytte the yate of heuenly paradyse: and yet were not the holy faders & soules presented to the fader of heuen: the whiche all thre were cōplete and fulfylled in his holy ascencōn / And yf we take good hede we maye see: that all that god wroughte & dyde. he dyde for to come to this ende / And wythout this all his werkes had ben as Inperfite / For lo heuen & erthe and all that is made in hem. is made for man / And man for to haue the blysse of heuen / And therto myghte noo man come after [...]op [...] he had synned in to this daye. were he neuer soo gode and rightwys / And soo we maye see how worthy this holy daye is / yet more ouer this feest of penthcoste is hyghe & holy▪ And worthily holy chirche makyth it solempne / For thenne was yeuen therto that hyghe worthiest yefte. that is the holy ghostAscencō But this is to vs and not to hym / But this ascencyon daye is properly the moost solempne feest of oure lorde Jhesu ForFm̄ Jhū this daye fyrste in his manhede he beganne to sytte on the taders ryght honde in blysse / And toke ful reste of his pylgrymage before / All this is properly the feest of all the blessed spyrytesAscencō in heuen / For this daye they had a newe Joye of her lorde whom they sawe neuer before there in his manhede▪ And alsoAscencō Fm̄ an­gelo for this daye beganne fyrste to be restored the fallyng downe of her felowes / And that in soo greate a multytude and nombre of blessyd soules of patryarkes and prophetes▪ And [Page] all the holy soules that this daye entred fyrst in to that blessid cyte of heuenly Jhrlm her kynde herytage aboue / wherfore sy then we maken solēpne the feest of one saynt that is passyd out of this world to heuen / Moche more we owen to doo of soo many thousandes. and yet passingly of hym that is saintAscencio Fm̄ dn̄e of all sayntes / Also this is specialli the fest of our lady: for as moche as this daye she sawe her blessed sone Jhū very god & man soo gloryously crowned as kynge steye vp to heuen ¶ yet this daye is properly our feest / For this daye was first our kynde exalted & lyft vp oboue the heuēs / And also for but yf cryst had so styen vp. y worthy yeft of the holy ghost wherof we make solēpnyte we myghte not haue receyued to hys disciples / [...]t is spedful to you that I goo vp to the fader. for but yf I goo fro you. the holy ghost comforter shall not com̄ to you▪And therfore saith saynt bernarde in a sermon of this feest of thascencōn in the cōfermacōn of my forsayd sentence that this gloryous feest of thascencion of our lorde Jhū is an ende & a fulfillyng of all other solempnytees & festes: and blessed conclusion of all the Journeye of our lorde Jhū his man­hede / ¶ Thus maye we openly see: that this daye & this feest is moche hygh & solempne of all other: and that soule that loued truely our lorde Jhū shold this day be more rauysshed to heuen: and more ghostly Joye haue in herte than in ony daye of the yere / For thus sayd our lorde Jhūs to his discyples / yf ye loued me. soothly ye sholde be gladde & Joyefull for that I goo to the fader▪ wherfor̄ I leue that I sayd truly before that was in heuen neuer a daye soo Joyefull. and so solempne as this daye / And soo this daye and this solempnyte lasted in to the daye of penthecoste / wherof we maye deuoutly ymagyne and haue medytacōn in this maner / The ascencōn of our lorde was at the serte hour / For before he ete wyth his discyples at tyerce / Then̄e may we thꝰ ymagyne y those x-dayes fro y hour that he ascended into the hour of the holy ghost sending [Page] the ix▪ orders of angels wyth the holy fad (er)s and soules that he toke vp wyth hym made him x. festes: & he ayen warde reward ded hem specyally in some synguler comfort euery daye. and soo though all that were then̄e in heuē generally were of his ascencōn Joyefull. and made soo mery a feest that noo tonge can telle / Neuertheles the fyrst daye fro the hour of his ascencōn in to the sexte of the next daye folowynge angels maden her feest / Te seconde day in the self maner maden her feest ar chāgels. the thirde day virtutes: the fourth daye potestates: the fyfth day pryncipatus. the sexte day domynacōnes. the seuēth day thrones. the eyght daye cherubyn: the ninthe day seraphin And soo thise nyne orders of angels cōtynued her festes in to the sexte hour of the vigyll of penthcost / And fro thens in to tyerce of the daye folowyng▪ that is the sondaye of penthcost the holy faders wyth her felyshyp made her feest to Jhūs. blessed be he wythout ende /


¶ Of the sendyng doune of the holy ghost / Caplm lxiii


AFter that oure Lorde Jhesus was goone vpp̄ to his blysse / And the angels had bydden the dyscyples to tourne agayn in to the cyte. as it was sayde next before: they wyth his blessed moder worshippinge him. & kissyng deuoutely the steppes of his fete wher̄ he last towched the erthe. as the gospell of Luke tellyth: they wente agayn in to Jherusalem with grete Joye. & there they abyden the comynge of y holy [Page] ghost contynuelly in deuout prayers louynge god and blessinge our lorde / And whan the tenth daye was come fro his Ascencōn: then̄e was the fyfthy daye of his resurreccōn. our lord Jhūs Joynynge the fygure of tholde testament with the new For asmoche as the tyme of grace was in that daye come / he sayd to the fader thus / My fader hauith now in mynde the byhest that I made to my brethern of the holy ghost / And the fader ansuerd / My dere sone: I am wel apaid of that byhest. and now it is tyme that it be fulfilled / And morouer he sayd to y holy ghost / we pray the: that thou goo doune to our discyples And that thou fylle hem of thy grace: comforte hem. strength hem: teche hem. and yeue hem habūdaunce of vertues & Joye / And anone the holy ghost came doune wyth a wond (er)full noyseN in bren̄ynge tonges vpon an hūdred & twenty discyples gadred that tyme togider: and fyllid hem wyth all Joye vertues & grace▪ By vertue wherof the discypled strengthed: taughte lyghted. and enflāmed: yeden after by all parties of the world and made it subget to hem in grete partye / This is a worthi feest. and amonge other a swete & louely feest / For this is the feest of hym that is loue properly as saynt Gregory sayth: yt the holy ghost is loue / wherfore he that loueth god: sholde in this feest specially be enflāmed with loue: or at the leest with a brennynge desire to loue / But this woll not be with flesshly or wordly loue medled as saynt bernard saith in a sermonbernarde of the ascencōn in this maner sentence / He erryth gretly: who soo he is that weneth for to medle togyder that heuenly Joye wyth thise bytter asshes of flesshly likynge / Or that swete ghostly baume wyth this venym: or those gracious yeftes of the holy ghost wyth thise lynkynge lustes / And noo wonder For as the self bernarde sayth / Thapostles for the tyme that they hadden his bodily presence wyth hem▪ for the loue that they hadden to his body. though it was holy & good: yet for yt tyme they were vnable to receyue perfytly y holy ghost as he [Page] sayd hymself / But yf I goo fro you: the holy ghost shall notNisiego abiero come to you / Moche more then̄e he that is knytte wyth loue to rotten mucke: or to a stynkyng carrayn. is in al maner vnable to that clen̄est & swetest loue of the holy ghost / For there is none accorde & knyttynge togyd (er) of sothfastnes & vanyte of lighte and derkenes of the spiryte and the flesshe of fyre & colde water / But thou perauenture that felest not the swetnesse & comforte of that ghostly likynge and loue sayst to me wyth out comforte of loue & likynge I maye not be▪ what shall I not doo then̄e whyle I fele not that ghostly loue / Saynt bernarde ansuereth thus & sayth to the / Forsake fyrst fully & truly all vayne worldes comforte: and all flesshly loue & lykynge. & abyde awhyle in deuoute prayers: as the appostles dyden aby­dynge the holy ghost: wherof they knewe noo certayne tyme And thou shalt fele wythin shorte tyme. that he shall come & comforte the better than thou cowdest before knowe or thinke. and in grete comforte of hym that forsakyth worldly cō ­forte for god / The same saint bernarde cōcluded in thise wordes / The apostles in this bidyng seten perseueraūt wyth oneNo bn̄ wyll togyder in prayer wyth the woman mary Jhūs moder / And in the selfe maner lerne thou to praye: lerne thou to sekeNo ber­nardum to aske and knocke at the door: tyll thou fynde. tyll thou take and tyll it be opened to the / Our lorde knoweth thy freeyll & feble kynde. and he is true: and wol not suffre the to be tempted more than yu mayst bere / And I truste in him: that yf thou wolt abyde truely: thou shalt not abide the tenth day. but that he shall come before & cōforte thy desolate soule / And so prayenge in his blessynges of ghostly swetnesse. soo that yu shalte haue soo grete likyng in his mynde. and in those ghostly drinkes that he shal make the dronke oft in soule: that yu shalt be Joyfull & gladde that euer thou forsoke the fals comfortes of the worlde / Loo by this forsaid sentence of saynt bernarde we maye see in party what behouyth to receyue the holy Ghost & [Page] his loue / wherfore that we maye be able to receyue here that grete yefte of the holy ghost & his cōforte. and after come to ye blisse yt our lord Jhūs is now steyen vp. & hath made our way before vs. leue we & hate we al fals loue & likyng of this wretched worlde / And set we not our loue on the stynkyng flessh & nourissh we it not in desires: but desire we cōtynuelly for to be departed therfro / Soo yt thrugh the grace of the holy ghost helping vs we maye folowe somwhat the blessed lyf of our lorde in this worlde. & after goo vp to him: & to our kynde heritage of blysse in the gloryious cytee of heuenly Jhrlm. where he souerain kyng wyth the fad (er) & the holy ghost one god in trinyte lyueth & regneth wythout ende / Amen

¶ Thus endeth the contemplacōn of the blessed lyfe of our lorde Jhū: the whiche processe for asmoche as it is here thus wryten in englysshe tonge lenger in many partyes & in other maner than is the laten of Bonauenture▪therfore it semyth not conuenient to folowe the processe therof bi the dayes of the weke after thentent of the forsayd Bonauenture / For it were to tedious as me thynketh: and also it sholde soo soone be fulsome. and not in comfortable deyntees: by cause of the freilte of mankynde that hath likynge to here and to knowe newe thynges. and those that ben seldom herde. ben oft in the more deyntee / wherfor̄ it semyth to me best. that euery deuoute creature that loueth to rede or here this boke: take the parties therof as it semyth moost comfortable and stirynge to his deuocōn / Somtyme one. & somtyme another: and specyally in tymes of the yere. and the festes ordeyned in holy chirche as the maters ben pertynent to hem / And for asmoche as that blessed and worthy feest of the precyous sacrament of Jhūs body. in the whiche he is euery daye bodily presente wyth vs to oure moost comforte that we maye haue in erthe. is the ende and conclusyon of alle other Festes of hym gracyously [Page] and resonably ordeyned by holy chirche: as it was sayd before Thefor̄ wyth the grace of the holy ghost & of him of whom that feest is. we shal speke somwhat more to cōforte of hem that truely bileuen. and to confusion of all fals lollardes & heretykes / Amē / ¶ Blessed be the name of our lorde Jhū & his moder mary now & euer wythout ende /


¶ Explicit Sp [...]lm vite Cristi ¶ A shorte treatyce of the highest & moost worthy sacrament of cristis blessid body: and the merueyles therof /


MEmoriam fecit mirabiliū suo (rum) misericors & miserator dn̄s escā dedit timenti (bus) se Thyse wordes of dauyd in the sa [...]ter. sayd in prophecye sō ge tyme before thyncarnacōn of our lorde Jhū specyally of the worshipfull sacramente of his precyous bodi hauen sentēce & vnder stondynge in englyssh tonge / Our lorde mercyfull & mercy yeuer hath maade a mynde of his merueyles. & that he hathe yeue mete to hem yt dreden him / This mete is that precyous ghostly mete of ye blessed body of our lorde in the sacrament of thaulter yt he of his souerayn mercy yeuyth euery day in forme of brede to all tho yt truely dreden him as her lord god. by the whiche [Page] drede they kepen hem from dedely synne. and mekely standen in stedfaste byleue of holy chyrche / ¶ And this ghostly mete he yeuyth and hath made therby a specyall mynde of his merueiles / That is to saye as the prestes rehercen in the canon of the masse in mynde of his merueyles & blessed passōn and of his merueylous Resurreccōn. and of his gloryous Ascencōn / And generally in minde of all the merueylous werkes & dedes of hym in his blessed lyf here in this worlde: the whiche is treated in all this boke before wryten / For to begyn [...]yrst at his merueyllous Incarnacōn: soo how expresse mynde therof is this mete that he yeuyth to vs in the sacrament of the aulter For therin is he verily: and in that self body that was so merueylously conceyued by the holy ghost aboue kynde / And also soo merueylously borne of his blessed moder mary wythout sorowe or weme of synne / And soo forth of all the merueyllous werkes and dedes of hym: in to this ghostly mete / we haue that specyall mynde that none maye be more. and that we haue of none other / For all other thynges passed that we haue mynde of / we conceyue in spiryte and in hert: soo that therby we haue not the bodily presence of hem / But in this ghostly mete and sacramentale cōmemoracōn of our lord Jhesu he is verily & bodily present wyth vs vnder another forme But sothly in his owne proper substaunce very god & man / For what tyme he sholde stye vp in to heuē: he sayd to his discyples & his folowers in thise wordes / Lo I am wyth you all the dayes in to the worldes ende. cōfortyng hem by this benigne promyse. that he sholde dwell wyth hem not on̄ly by ghostly presence of his godhede. but also by the bodyly presence of his manhede that he yeuyth to vs in this forsayd mete of his flessh & blode in mynde of his merneyles generally as it is sayd: but most specyall in mynde of yt blessed passion that he suffred for vs. For what tyme he shold passe out of this world to the fad (er) the nyght before his passōn at that worthy supper [Page] wyth his discyples as it is sayd before: he made and ordeyned this souerayne & moost worshypfull sacrament of his flessh & blode / yeuynge his body to mete: and his blode in to drynke for a specyall mynde of his passion & dethe / For thus he sayde to his appostles in that fyrste makynge of this heelfull sacrament / This dooth ye in my mynde. Soo that the souerayne & moost worthy mynde of his passyon and passyng loue to vs sholde be euermore this hyghe worshipfull sacrament. this is that precyous ghostly mete: & specyall mynde of our lord Jhū in the whiche is had al ghostly likynge & the sauour & taast of all swetnesse / And also this is that swete memoryale. where thrugh we ben wythdrawe & kept fro wyckednesse: and comforted & strengthed in goodnes. and protyten euery day in encreace of vertues & of grace in sothfastnesse / This is that hic yefte & moost noble memoryale yt oweth worthily to be prynted euer in our mynde: and to be bestly kept in the inward affeccōn of the hert in contynuel mynde of hym that yeuith vs this swete memoryale & precyous yeft / For whos yett is ofttyme seen hins mynde is likyngly prynted in the hert / Thus our lord Jhūs of his grete mercy hath made a likynge mynde of his merueyles yeuyng this mete specyally to he that dredē hym / And here we shal vnd (er)stonde that in ii. maners men dreden god. and therafter he yeuith this mete diuersly to hem For some dreden god. as seruaūtes dreden her lorde leuyng & eschewynge to syn̄e on̄ly for drede of payn. and to thise maner of men: yf they ben out of dedely syn̄e & in grace: our lorde yeuith this forsayd mete as to her ghostly sustenaūce. soo that bi the vertue therof. they ben susteyned in lyf of soule: and kept fro euerlastyng dethe / But other ben that dreden god as true chyld (er)n dreden to offende their fad (er) for the loue of him / And to thise maner of men our lord god yeuith his precyous mete. not on̄ly to her ghostly sustenaūce: but also to her souerayn likynge & wōd (er)ful comfort in soule / And of this maner of dreding [Page] folke spekith of the same prophete dauid in thise wordes / O lorde god: how moche is the manyfolde plentee of thy swet­nesse: the whiche thou hast hidde to hem that dreden the / But they that dreden not god haue neyther ghostly sustenaūce nor heelful likynge of this precyous & noble mete. but thrugh her owne wyckednesse & vndisposyng in soule taken it and eten it to her ghostly dethe & euerlastynge dampnacōn / And that bē two maner of peple / One is of hem that dreden not to receyue this holiest sacrament in dedely syn̄e. or elles by defaulte of drede contynuen in her synne / For as the wyse man sayth / The drede of god casteth out syn̄e. and therfore who soo contynueth in dedely syn̄e. it is an open preyf that he dredeth not god / And then̄e he is vnable to receyue. and heelfully ete thys worthy sacrament / Another maner of peple that lacken the drede of god ben heretikes. the whiche in defawte of buxome drede to god & holy chirche: presūptuously leuynge vpon her bodily wyttes & kyndly reison / Leue not that holy doctours haue tauȝt & holy chirche determyned▪ of this blessed sacrament but falsly trowen & obstynatly sayē that it is brede in his kynde as it was before the consecracōn / So that the substance of brede is not torned in to y substance of goddis body: but abydeth styll brede as it was before. by cause that it semyth so to all her bodily wyttes / The whiche errour & heresie. & al other of this holyest sacrament wythout doubt spryngē of ghostly pryde & presūpcyon of kyndly wytt in defawte & lacke of lowly drede / For eyther suche men leuen that god may worche al those merueyles aboue the comin cours of kinde: as holy chirche techyth in this holy sacrament or noughte / And yf they leue not that he maye. then̄e dreden they hym nought as god almyghty: and so ben they wors men than iewes or sarrasynes For bothe byleue that god is almyghty / And on that other side yf they sayen & leuen that god: for he is almyghty may werke those merueyles. but they leue not that he dooth soo. for as [Page] moche as her kynde by reason tellyth hem the contrary. then̄e dreden they not for to ayensay the souerayne goodnes & l [...]ne of god to mākinde as in y party that holy chirche techith & by leuyth of this holy sacrament: and in that they preuen hēself grete foles / For though it were so y it were in doubt whether the techyng & byleue y holy chirche hath of this holy sacramēt were sooth or nought / Or elles also sett caas that it were so the: yet the syker pa [...]te were to byleue as holy chirche techyth with a buxome drede / For in that we leuen our kindly reson & ben obeysaūt to god & holy chirche: as hymself byddeth vs▪ And also we wythdrawe not in our byleue of the myght of god. nor of his loue & souerayn goodnes to vs: but rather maken it more / yf it so were y it were not soth as we byleuen: & that were lytyll peryl. or rather none: but mede in vs in al partes for our good wyll to god & holy chirche / And also in that byleue there is noo peryl of ydolatrye as the fals heretykes sayen. that we honouren & maken brede our god / For we sayen & bileuē that in that holy sacrament brede is torned in to goddis body by vertue of crystis wordes / And soo we all honou­ren not brede but god and his blessed body in forme of brede That is to say in that lykenesse of brede that we seen by true byleue in soule wyth our ghostly eyen / Thus we hauyng loue & drede of god: and stondynge stedfastly in the byleue y ho­ly chirche hath taughte vs specially of this holyest sacrament we shall consyder & Inwardly beholde the kyndlynge & nourisshyng of our loue to our lorde Jhū that yeuyth vs of his hye grace this precyous mete of his blessed body The merueyles that he makyth and worchyth therin specyally in two maneres / That is to saye in one manere euery daye pryuely: wher of we haue knowynge oonly by byleue wythin forth. and also in a nother maner somtyme openly: wherof we haue knowynge by true tellynge of myracles shewed wythout forth▪ Towchyng the fyrste manere of merueyles. it is a full grete [Page] merueyle. that by vertue of crystis wordes: brede is torned into goddis body: and wyne in to his blode / And to strength vs in bileue of this merueyle whe shal haue in mynde that he with the self myghte of his worde made all the worlde of nought: and of the rybbe of adam made eue in flesshe & blode: and torned the wyfe of loth in to an ymage of salte. and moyses yerde in to a serpent / And welles & waters of egypte torned in to blode / wherfore sythen god almyghty wrought all thyse merueyles: and many moo aboue the reason of man and the co­myn cours of kynde / why maye he not also by the self myght torne brede in to his body / There is noo reason to preue the contrary / But yf we wolde saye that god were not almyghty▪ That god forbede / .

¶ Also it is a grete merueyle that the self body of our lorde Jhesu that sittyth in heuen vpon the faders ryght half is verily and hooly in all the places of the worlde / where this sacramente is treated soothly conteyned in that sacrament in the selfe flesshe & blode that was conceiued of the holi ghost. and borne of the blessed virgyn mary: and henge vpon the crosse for our sauacyon / This maye not be comprehended fully by man̄es reason: but on̄ly stondeth in byleue / Neuertheles there is a maner lyke merueyle in kynde that a worde spoken of o­ne man to moche peple. is holy in him that spekith it. and also in all those that here it: ben they neuer so many / ¶ It is also a grete merueylle that soo grete a body of our lorde Jhū is fully & holy cōprehended in soo lityl a quantyte of thoost: and therwith also yf that oost be departed in to many smale peces it is as fully in euery parte as it was in all the hole / ¶ Herto also is a maner of lykenesse that we seen in kynde. how thy­mage of a man̄es grete face & of a grete body is seen in a litil myrrour / And yf it be broken & departed. yet in euery parte it semyth al the hole ymage. & not in party: after the partes of y glasse so broken / Many other wond (er)full merueyles our lorde [Page] god almighty werchith in this precious sacrament of his endles mercy to our ghostly comfort & hele of soule. the whyche we maye not cōprehende by kyndly reason: & our bodily wy [...]t but on̄ly by true bileue & fayth / And therfore it is grete foly & ghostly peryll to seche curyously in ymagynacōn of reason y merueyles of this worthy sacrament / But it is most siker to a symple soule namly. and suffyseth to sauacōn / Touthyng the forsayd merueyles and all other of this blessed sacramente to thinke & fele in this matere / Thus haue holi doctours taughte and holy chirche determyned / And therfor̄ I trowe and fully bileue that it is in sothnesse. though my kyndely reason againsay it / For as saynt gregory sayth / That fayth hath no [...] meryte: to the whiche man̄es reason yeuith experyence Touchynge the seconde manere of merueylles & myracles shewed wythout forth by vertue of this holy sacramente: and in this holy sacrament: as we fynde wryten▪For thre skylles ou [...] [...]o [...] de [...] shewyth in dyuerse maners those merueylles & myracles in this precyous sacrament. that is to saye Somtyme to cōforte hem that ben in true byleue of this blessed sacrament. and to kyndle her loue therby the more feruently to god. & to worshippyng of that sacrament / Also somtyme by specyall gra­ce for to cōuerte & [...]orne to true byleue hem that ben oute ther of / And also somtyme to open preif of the▪ grete vertues ther of in delyueraūce of paynes: and sauyng fro bodily myscheyf & ghostly / And eche of thyse thre I shall tell shortly some merueyles & myracles that I fynde wryten. the whyche ben of soo grete auctoryte as to my felynge. that there maye noo man agaynsaye hem. but he be wors than a Jewe or a paynym▪ Towchynge the fyrst. that is to say: how our lorde somtyme [...] ▪ causa shewyth openly merueyles & myracles of this blessed sacrament to comfort hem. that ben in true bileue: and to kyndle her hertes in to the more feruent loue of god / We fynden wrytē N [...] in the lyft of the holy Confessour saynt Edwarde the kyng [Page] whos body lyeth in shryne at westmynstre: the whiche lyf as for the more auctoryte in sothnesse: wrote the worthy clerke & holy abbot of Ryuaus Alred. thus sayenge touchynge this matere / ¶ In that worthy monestery of saynt Peter called westmestre. and at the aulter dedifyed there in the worship of the holy trinyte. as the forsayd holy kynge edwarde herde masse on a daye wyth the worthy erle called Leueryche. the why­che wyth his noble wyfe Godȝyue the coūtesse was founder of many worthy houses of religion / what tyme it came to y cōsecracōn. and goddis body in forme of brede was holde vp to the peples syght bytwyx the prestes hondes after the vse of holy chyrche He that is fayrest in shape befor̄ al men̄es sones our lorde Jhūs cryst apered bodily in that oost to bothe her sy [...]ghtes: liftynge vp his right honde: makynge a crosse toward the kynge blessynge / And then̄e the kynge wyth lowtyng of his hede honouryng the presence of goddis magestec: mekely wyth all the body dyde reuerence to soo worthy a blessinge / But the erle that sawe the selfe syghte not knowynge what was in y kynges hert / And after desiryng that the kinge mighte be partyner of soo grete & worthy a syghte. began to goo towarde the kynge fro his place. that was perauenture on syde byneth as longed to his astate / But the kynge vnd (er)stondin ge what was the [...]es entent. said to him in this maner / Stande Leueryche. stande / For that thou seest I see also / After this they bothe of so Joyefull a sighte ghostly comforted & torned all in deuoute prayers and swete wepynge teeres weren made ghostly dronken of the plēte of goddis hous. and fed wyth the ryuer of his souerayne Joye and ghostly lykynge / And after the ende of the masse: they that were soo blisfully refeted wyth ghostly mete comyned togider of the forsayd heuenly siyght with swete teres & inwarde sighynges▪ oft tymes brekinge her speches / And then̄e sayd saynt edwarde / My dere Leue­ryche I praye the & charge the by that hyghe magestee that we [Page] haue soo gracyonsly seen that neuer whyle we lyue this thynge be brought fourth in to the comyn knowyng: leest we therby falle in to vaynglory & pryde thrugh thoppinyon of the comyn peple to our ghostly dethe / Or leest the enuye of mysby­leuynge men lette and destroye true byleue to the wordes ther of / wherfore after the forsayd erle was goon fro the kynges courte by the Juspyracōn of the holy ghost: as it is to byleue / He was taughte soo that he kepte the byddynge & the heste of his lorde / And yet therwyth that highe vertuous myracle sholde not be fully vnknowen to them that were after to come / For after he came to the monastery of wircestre. and there in confession to a Religyous man he tolde the forsayd myracle chargyng hym in manere as the kynge had charged him: and prayed hym that he wolde wryte the preuytee of soo worthy a visyon. and put in suche a place that it mighte be vnknowen to hem that then̄e were liuynge: and that it myght be knowen to hem that were to comyng / And so dyde that holy mā after the erles prayer / He wrote all thorder & maner of the forsayd visyon in a bylle. and layd it amonge relyques closed in a cofre: the whiche cofre longe tyme after ye kinges deth with out man̄es honde thrugh the myghte of god as it is to bileue was founde open / And thenne the bretherne of that place be­sily serchynge the reliques foūden the forsayd bylle: and radde it / And after for asmoche as they wolde not that soo grete a tresour and worthy myracle sholde be hidde. they publysshed it in the eeres of the peple openly / And soo as the kynge wolde. it was for the tyme hydde / But after by the ordynaūce of god publysshed & knowen: to that ende that the kynges mekenesse therby as hidde shold be preued / And netheles therwyth by open knowyng of y grete myracle y faith of true byleuinge men shold be cōfermed & strēghthid to worship of our lorde Jhū: that of his special grace werchith suche myracles and merueyles in that blessed sacrament of his precyous body. in [Page] specyall comfortynge of true lyuers / and more feruent stiringe to his loue / AMEN

¶ Also accordynge to the selfe purpoos I fynde wrytynge in the longe lyfe of saynt Hughe bisshop of Lyncolne: and firste monke of thorder of charterhous and pryour of wytham The whiche lyfe wrote a chappellayn of his: and monke of the selfe order that herde and sawe that he wrote / And amon­ge other in this manere sentence sayenge / It befell vpon a satirdaye the forsayd bysshop saynt Hughe dwellynge at a ma­neer of his called Bukedene. as he sange a masse of our lady after his comyn custome in that daye. there herde his masse wyth other a deuoute clerke: that was sent to hym by specyal reuelacōn of god / wherof there is wryten a fayr processe touchyng another matere the whiche we passen ouer here / And as to our purpoos what tyme it was com̄ to the sactynge as the bysshop helde vp goddys body in forme of biede. there appered to the syghte of the forsayd clerke bitwyx the prestes holy hondes our lorde god bodily in lykenes of a passyng fayr lityll childe / Of the whiche syghte he that sawe it Inwardly cō puncte: as noo wond (er) was: & hiely styred in to feruent deuocōn cōtynued all the tyme of y masse in swete teres & deuout prayers. tyll it came to yt place where thoost sholde be lyft vp aboue the chalyce. & be departed in thre. at the whiche tyme he efte sawe the self lykenes the forsayd Jhū goddis sone of heuē of fryng hymself in sa crefise to the fader for man̄es hele & saua cōn / After the masse was full ended: the selfe clerke spekynge wyth the holy bisshap in preuyte. tolde hym fyrst the reuelacy on before named / And after y fayr vision of goddis bodi here declared & therwyth at th [...]de wyth shedyng teres in this maner cōcludynge: sayd thꝰ / I sawe my holy fader with myn vn worthy eyen yt blessed syght: the whiche it is noo doubt but yt ye seē it also moche & more clerly: for lenger & nere & mot̄ worthily / And therwyth bothe the bysshop & he wyth swete teeres [Page] comynyng ghostly a grete whyle togider after at the counseyle of the bysshop. and biddyng for to kepe the forsayd vysion preuy. the clerke became a religyoꝰ man. and after holy liuynge here went to blysse euerlastynge / Amen /

Touchynge the seconde cause of myracles & merueyles shewedii. causa mitac [...]o rum in this blessed sacramēt of goddis body. that is to saye: for to cōuerte hem that ben of mysbileue in to y true byleue / Fuste we rede in the life of saynt gregory the pope & worthy doctour in this maner sentence / ¶ There was a matrone of Ro­me: the whiche euery sondaye offred to saynt gregory certain loues of brede. wherof was made goddis body / And vpon a sondaye whan saynt gregory wolde haue comuned the forsayd woman wyth one of hem that was cōse [...]rate & made god dis body. sayeng after the comyn vse of holy chirche in thyse wordes / The body of our lorde Jhū cryste kepe the in to euer­lastyng lyf / She brake out in to a dissolute laughter / & then̄e saynt gregory wythdrewe the sacrament fro her: and kept it to the ende of the masse / And after before the peple he asked the matrone why she lough / And then̄e she said. by cause that thou callest goddis body the brede that I haue made wyth my hondes / And then̄e saynt gregory fell doune in to his prayers to god. for the mysbyleue of the womā / And after that he rose vp: he fonde the sacrament torned in to lyknes of a finger in flesshe & blode. where thrugh the woman was fro her misbyleue torned in to the true / And soo after with the self sacrament by prayer of saynt gregory torned in to the lykenes of brede: as it was befor̄: she was comuned. and more styfly set in true bileue of this blessed sacrament / And also other thru [...] her to the worshipp̄ of the highe gracyous auctour & wercher herof our lorde Jhesus cryste / Amen

To this self purpoos accordynge also I fynde wryten in the forsayd life of saynt hughe: that vpon a tyme as saynt hughe goynge thrugh fraunce was Inned for the tyme in a towne [Page] that was called Joye: there came to hym the parysshe preeste of the towne. the whiche was an olde man. & a reuerent in syight. and wond (er) lene for grete penaūce doynge for his synnes as it was supposed / And wherof it folowith after in processe: the whiche I take as in short wordes to our purpose. and y self preest tolde of hymself in this maner / Whan I was yonge he sayd I was made preest but neyther yeres ne maners accordynge to that worthy degree thrugh temptacōn & stirynge of the fende I felle in to a grete dedely syn̄e / In the whiche sinne I contynued without contrycōn & confessyon: that is horrible to here / Soo as I was pollute in body & soule. and ghostly blynde & seke in the fayth: I vsed boldly to synge my masse and dradde not to treate & receyue that worthy sacrament of crystis precyous flesshe & blood / And vpon a daye as I was at my masse in tyme of the consecracōn felle to my myude y grete horryble syn̄e the whyche I had solonge tyme contynu­ed in / And amonge other wretched thoughtes of my blynde herte. I thought in this maner / Lorde whether that precyous body in flesshe & blode of my lorde Jhū that is called the bryghtnes of euerlastynge lyfe. and ghostly myrrour of the godhe de wythout wēme is now made. treated: & receyued verely of me soo foule and abhomynable syn̄er / And so hauyng suche vnthrifty thoughtes. whan it came to the tyme of the fraccy on: and as the vse is. I had broken thoost in two / Anone fresshe blode ranne oute therof. and that parte that I helde in my honde was torned in to flesshe. and ouer al wete wyth the reed blode / And therwyth I seenge this. was al astonyed & abasshed. and well nyghe out of my wytt: and soo as for loste the coūseyle of all reason / All that I helde in my honde I lete fall doune in to the chalyce / There was then̄e to see & yet now is a wonderfull myracle. that is to saye. wyne torned openly to mannes syghte in to blode. and brede in to flesshe. declarynge expressely the forme & the sothnes of that blessed sacrament / [Page] Ferdermore he sayd whan I sawe this maner of lykenes abide styll wythout ony tornynge or chaūgynge. I durst nomore touche hem. but pryuely I hiled the chalyce wyth the patene: & the paten wyth the corporace / And after the masse was doon and the peple awaye passed. I sette the chalyce wyth the holy relyques yt yet in to this day ben conteyned therin: in a cōuenient place besyde thaulter with due reuerence to be kept / After this I went to the pope: & made to hym my confession wyth sothfast tellynge of all the caas beforsayd. and of all my synnes / And after he had Joyned me penaūce & due satysfaccyon He assoylled me. & lete me goo / And soo after the myracle publysshed & knowen. there camen fro dyuers countrees moche folke to see those precyoꝰ relyques with grete reuerence magnyfienge our lorde. that alone werchith suche hye myracles & merueyles / And then̄e at thende the forsayd preest prayed the clerkes of saynt Hughe: to the whiche he tolde all the forsayde tale: that they wolde also tell it to him. soo y he myght be holpen as anenst god thorugh his holy prayers / And whan they had so done supposynge that he wolde wyth a grete desyre haue goon for to see the forsayd memeyles / He ansuerde in this maner sentence: that is worthily to be noted. to wchynge the fayth of this holy sacrament / well he sayd in the name of on re lorde / Lete hem haue to hemself the tokens of her mysbyle ue? what is that to vs of thise thynges? whether we that euery daye seen wyth the trueste Inner syghte of oure soule alle hooly & fully this heuenly sacrifyce hauen in merueyle the pertyculers ymages of this yeft of god / As who sayth nay. but lete hym goo see the lityll smalle porcōns therof with his bodily eye that seeth not all the hole wyth his Inner ghostly eye And whan he had thus sayd yeuynge his blessyng to the preste at his goyng / After he reprehēded his meyne of her curyosyte: and not on̄ly stabled hem in bileue. but also declared openly. y those thynges that our faith techith vs. shold be vnd (er)ston [Page] de and holde more certaynly of true bileuyng mē: than tho thī ges that this erthly lyghte by reason sheweth to bodily syght. Thus our lorde by specyall grace by open myracles & merueyles shewed in this blessed sacrament drawith some folke oute of her mysbyleue: & stablysshed hem & strengthed in true by leue: as it is now shewed in u. maners / ¶ Touchynge y thirde cause of shewenge myracles & merueyles in this blessed sacramēt. that is to open preyf of the grete vertues therof in delyueraūce of paynes and sauynge fro bodily myscheyf & ghostly / Saynt gregory tellyth in his dyalogues: and also in an omely vpon that gospel of luke Si quis venit ad me / How there was not longe before his tyme a man taken by enmy­es. and ladde in t [...] ferre coūtre. and there layed in pryson and sett in harde bōdes longe tyme: & after many dayes his wyf y he: de nomore of him. & supposed that he had be dede: lete syng euery weke ones a masse: & offred the sacred oost for his soule▪And also oft as the masses were soo done for his soule. so of tymes his feters & bondes were loosed in that pryson / For longe tyme after whā he was delyuerde out of pryson. & come home in to his owne coūtree: he told his wif with grete merueyle. how y certain dayes euery weke his bondes were losed & vndone▪And his wif besily accoūtyng & notyng the self dayes. vnd (er)stode wel & had knowledge that as oft she lete offre the sacred oost for hym. soo oft was he loosed & his bōdes vndone And then̄e the forsayd saynt gregory concludeth in this sentē ce / wherfore dere bred (er)n herof in certayn consyderacōn takyth & gadreth in to your mynde of the sacred oost that is offred of vs. how moche it maye in ourself vnbynde ghostly the bonde of our herte. fythen that it offred of one man was of soo grete vertue that it myght loose in a nother the bōde of his body wherfore moche owyth euery preest to loue for to synge hys masse oftymes: and for to dyspose hym therto by clene lyfe & contrycion and confessyon / ¶ To this selfe purpoos also [Page] the forsayd saynt Gregory tellyth in this boke called Dyalo gus. how vpon a time whan a bisshop was in the see towarde rome. there cam̄ vpon hym so grete a tempest y he was in despeyre euer tescape & come to londe / The shipmā y was in a lityll bote folowynge the shyppe after that the rope where that the bote was boūden to the shippe by vyolence of y tem­pest was broken sodenly wyth the self bote. he was ca [...]t soo a monge the wawes of the see that the bysshop sawe nomore of hym / And afterwarde whan the bisshoppis shippe af [...] many perylles was dryuen to londe in a certayn yle: the thyrd day he went by the see syde besyly lokyng whed (er) he myght haue seen of the bote or of the shypman beforsayd / But whā he miyght not see of hē in ony party of y see: supposing y the ship­man was drowned & dede: hauyng grete sorow for hym: he [...]ete synge a masse & offre y helful sacrifyce of goddis body for thassoyling of his soule / And aftwarde in the sayd shippe restored he toke the see towarde ytalye / And whan he came to y hauen of rome: there sodenly he foūde a lyue the forsayd ship man that he wende had be dede / wherof gladde & Joyeful he asked hym in what maner he myght lyue so many dayes in so grete peryll of y see / And he ansuerd & tolde how of tymes in the flodes of y tēpest he was cast vp & doune now aboue y bote ful of water & now vnd (er) / And at last what for traueile and what for fastyng whan he was so ouercome & nere dede. that he wyst neyther forsoth whed (er) he slepte or woke. sodenly hym thought that one apered to hym in myddes of the see. and [...]ya ue hym brede to ete. the whiche also sone as he had eten: he toke strengthe: and soone after in a shyppe that came therby he was taken and broughte to londe / And whanne the bysshop had asked of hym. and vnd (er)stode the day in the whyche he had receyued the sayd brede▪and was reuygored / Then̄e knew he well that it was the selfe daye in the whiche he lete the preest synge for him: and offre the sacred oost in the forsayd yle for [Page] his soule / Thus shewyth oure lorde Jhūs cryst openly by myracles and merueyles the souerayn vertue of his blessed sacrament: and that not on̄ly in helpynge & sauynge of men alyue as it is now herbe for̄sayd. but also that is more to charge in loosynge & vnbindynge of soules hethen passed out of the fyre of purgatory. as the self saynt gregory tellyth in the forsaide boke playnly of a mōke that for the syn̄e of proper [...]e was in the payne of purgatory / And after the sacred oost was of­fred for hym xxx. dayes he was releaced and delyuerde oute of payne / ¶ And also how a nother soule was delyuerde out of payne by vertue of that blessed sacrament offred for it al the dayes of a weke / And here may we see openly preyf of y passynge profyte & vertue of specyall masses done & songen both for the quycke and the dede / For as the self saynt gregory sayith: the holy sacred oost syngulerly & souerainly helpyth to vn bynde our soules fro synne. and moost pryncipally pleiseth y kyng of heuen: and makyth hym soft to vs whan he comith to deme vs: soo that it be offred wyth teeres of compūccōn & clennes of herte / For he that in hymself rysynge fro deth shal neuer deye. yet by this blessed oost for vs suffreth in his mystetery / For as oft as we offre to hym thoost of his passion. soo oft we maken newe to vs his passōn to our vndindyng fro synne / Thus our lorde Jhūs full of mercy. and shedyng to vs soueraynly his endlesse mercy in makynge & yeuynge of this moost precyous ghostly mete of his blessed body werchith in dyuers maners as it is sayd his merueyles & myracles openly shewed in this excellent sacrament / And yet contynueth pry­uely & wonderfully ther̄ he vouchesauf in hem that by true bileue & loue dreden hym / But this loue & drede wanten many grete clerkes. the whiche leuen somoche vpon her owne kindly reason. and the prynciples of the phylosophie. that is mannes wysdome grounded oonly in kyndly reason of man. that they wol not leue the true faith taught by holy chirche of this [Page] blessed sacrament / And therefore they fele not the sothfast cō ­fortable effecte of the merueyles & myracles before sayd / Neyther open ne preuy to wchynge this holy sacrament / wherfore moche folke ben deceiued in that party that rather yeuē credence to that a grete clerke techith acordyng to kyndly reason than to that holy chirche techith herof on̄ly in byleue aboue reason / For there maye noo man sooner erre in bileue of the sacramentes of holy chirche. and specyally in this hyghe wonderfull sacrament of cryst precyous flessh & blood. than may grete clerkes. but they haue grace of true mekenes and loue drede: wherby they leue their owne wytt & kindly reason. and submytte hē lowely by true byleue & doctryne of holy chyrche / That grace graūt vs god specially of his grete mercy in thyse laste dayes that ben as it semyth nyghe to the comynge of antcryst & his discyples: the whiche shall pryncipally foūde to destroye the true fayth of this blessed sacrament. and that by grete clergy of man̄es cūnynge. and by merueyles & myracles werchynge. as saynt gregory in his morales vpon that worde of cryst in the gospel spekynge of antecryst & his discyples sayth in this sentence / There shall ryse vp fals crysten men & fals prophetes. and they shal shew and werke grete sygnes & wonders: In somoche that they that ben goddis chosen folke: yf it maye be shall be brought in to errour / Sothly sayth saynt gregory / Now oure true marters▪werchen merueylles what tyme they suffren tormentes & paynes / But then̄e that is to saye at the comyng of antcryst his discyples whan they yeuen tormentes & paynes. they shal also therwith werche miracles / Lete vs thenne thinke and haue in mynde what temptacyons of mannes thought that shall be: whanne the meke marter submyttith his body to tormentes / And neuertheles the tormentour before his eyen werchyth myracles? whoos vertue shall then̄e be soo sadly grounded in byseue that he ne shall be meued in his thoughte what tyme he seeth that he y [Page] tormenteth also therwyth by sygnes & merueylles openly shyneth / For then̄e shal antecryst be highe in worship by merueilous werchyng. and harde & sharpe by cruelte of tormentyng. Thise ben the wordes of that holy doctour saint gregori and many moo spekynges of the wond (er)full myghte of antcryst & his discyples: and the grete temptacōn that shall be that tyme to crysten men / And it is lykely by reason that as the mooste cōfort of our cristen byleue stant in this moost excellent sacrament of crystes body / Soo antcryst & his discyples shall princypally werke in to destruccōn / Fyrst of the tru bylene of this blessed sacrament in the forsayd two maners That is to say by clergye & euydence of worldes cūnyng acordyng to naturell reason / And by many merueyles & myracles werchyng in false decepcōn / And of the fyrste maner werchyng we haue seen in our dayes. how the discyples of Antecryst that ben called lollardes haue made moche descencyon & diuysion in holy chirche / And put mani men in to errour of this blessed sacramēt by the fals doctryne of her mayster / The whiche thrugh his grete clergye & cūnynge of phylosophye was deceyued in that he yaue more cred [...]ce to the doctryne of Arystotle that stant onely in naturell reyson of man thanne he dyde to the doctryne of holy chyrche & the true doctours therof touchynge this precyous sacrament / For Arystotle techyth as kyndely reason accordeth that the accydentes of brede or wyne: That is to say: the colour: the sauour: and soo forth of other. may not be but in substaūce of brede or wyne after her kynde / But the doctryne of holy chirche is y in this blessed sacrament by specyal myracle of god aboue kynde y colour: the sauonr. & other accydentes of brede & wyne ben there wythout her kyndly sub [...]ecte. that is to say without the substaūce of brede▪ & wine that was before the consecracōn / And for asmoche as this doctryne of holy chirche is ayēst the prynciples of philosophye: that is naturell scyence. therfore the mayster of lollardes reproued [Page] it and scorned: and so he errith himself and made many other to erre touchyng the bileue of this holiest sacrament: the whiche yeuen more credence to hym for the opinyon of his grete clergye than to the true doctryne of holy chyrche / And thus yet in our dayes hath antcryst wrought in the fyrst maner befor sayd by this fals mayster of lollardes: and many other of his discyples in to destruccōn of true cristen byleue touchyng this blessed sacrament of cristis body & many other poyntes ayenste holy chirche wythout the seconde maner. that is to say werchynge of merueylles & myracles / For and antecriste had had in hem soo grete power that they had wyth her reasons also wroughte merueylles and myracles. it had be lykely that ho­ly chirche and true byleue specially of this blessed sacrament in grete party had be destroyed for the vnstablenes of the moost party of the peple: notwithstondyng the grete merueyles & myracles many and ofte that our lorde hath shewed herbefore in this holy sacrament as it is sayd. to strength vs and stable vs in the true byleue that holy chirche hath taught vs to [...] ▪ of / In the whiche byleue by reason we shold be soo sadly [...] that after the sentence of the apostle poul: though there came doun an angel from heuen: and taughte the contrary. we sholde not yeue credence to hym: but holde hym as cursed / But sooth it is: that there maye noo true angel teche the contrary of the bileue of holy chirche / And therfor̄ he that soo dooth. is an angell of sathanas. and not of god / As ben all the fals lollardes: the whiche haue neyther true drede nor perfyte loue of oure lord Jhū / And therfore they fele not the ghostly swetnes of this heuenly mete of his precyous body. ne the likynge mynde of his merueylles shewed in that blessed sacramente▪ But we that thorugh grace stonden in true byleue as holy chyrche hath taught vs in this souerayne holyest sacrament wyth goostly lykynge of sowle / Haue we not oonly in mynde the gre­te merueylles and myghty myracles wryten and preched [Page] of that holy Sacrament in dyuerse maners shewed: as it is beforsayd / But also consider we how that our lorde Jhūs of his vnspeable goodnes shewed to mankynde he yeueth hym self to vs euery daye bodily in that precious sacrament as in a conclusion. and moost specyall mynde of all his blessed lyf to souerayne comforte & helpe of our wretchid lyfe. the why­che is full of temptacōns. and ouersette wyth many enmyes Wherfore it is spedfull to vs contynuelly to crye after helpe of the sonerayne vertue of this blessed sacrament by the wordes that holy chyrche syngeth in the ympne of this sacrament thus / O thou helful oost that openest the door of heuē the bataylles of our enmyes oppressen & ouerseten vs / wher­fore yeue vs strengthe of wythstondynge. and brynge vs thy helpe to her ouercomyng / Also to wythstondynge of temptacōns. and ouercomyng of vices: to getynge of vertues: and encreace of feruent affeccōns of our lorde Jhū as for a full ende of all his blessed lyfe before wryten /

¶ Enprynted by wynkin the worth

¶ Here folowyth a shorte deuoute prayer to Jhū cryst & his body in the sacrament of the aulter: the whiche oweth to be sayd in presence of that holy sacrament at the masse with inwarde deuocōn /

HEyle holyest body of our lorde Jhesu cryste that art now soothfastly conteyned here in this moost excellent sacrament / I knowlege the my lorde god wyth my mouth. I loue the wyth all my herte. and I desyre the wyth all the Inwarde affeccyon of my soule / I beseche the swete Jhū that thou vochesauf of thy souerayne goodnes this daye soo benygnely & [Page] gracyously to vysite my sike soule desiryng to receyue the goostly our heelfull sacrifyce & well of all grace: soo that I may wyth gladnesse fynde medecyne & heele in body & soule by vertue of thy blessed presence / Beholde not lorde Jhū to my wickydnesse & manyfolde neclygences and my grete vnkyndnes but rather to thy souerayne mercy & endles godenes / Sothly thou arte that holy lambe wythout wēme of syn̄e yt this day is offred to the euerlastinge fader of heuen for the redempcōn of al ye worlde / O thou swettest man̄a angels mete▪ O thou moost likynge ghostly drynke: brynge in to my Inwarde mouth that hony swete taast of thy helfull presence / Byadie in me the feruour of thy charyte / Quenche in me all maner vyces / Shede in to me the plentee of vertues / Encreace in me ye yeftes of graces / And yeue me heele of body & soule to thy plesynge / My god I biseche the that thou wolt soo gracyously bowe the: and fro thy hye heuen. now come doune to me. y I knytted & Joyned to the be made one spiryte wyth the O y worshypfull sacrament I byseche the that al myn enmyes be put awaye fro me by the strengthe of the: and all my synnes foryeue: and all wyckidnes be excluded by the blessid presence of the / Good purpose lorde yeue thou me / My maners thou correcte & amende. And al my werkes & dedes thou dispose in thy wyll / My wytte & vnd (er)stondyng by the swete Jhū be made here clere wyth a newe lyghte of grace / Myne affeccōn be enflāmed wyth the fyre of thy loue: and myne hope cōforted & strengthed wyth this blessid sacrament. soo that my lyf here profyte euer in amendynge to better / And at last fro this wretchid worlde wyth a blessed departyng that I maye come wyth the to lyf euerlastyng Jhū lorde by vertue & grace of thy lyfe blessed wythout endynge: Amen. amen / Amen.

¶ Jhū lorde thy blessid lyfe: helpe & comforte our wretchid lyfe.


¶ Explicit Speclm vite xp̄i cū ▪ [...]tili [...]ime tractatu breue de sacramento corporis xp̄i & oracōne eid [...] sacramenti Impressū westmonasterii Anno dn̄i. M. C [...] [...]xxxxiiii.

[printer's device of William Caxton]

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