Prologus

To reyse a toure so high so large and longe
For to this day touchynge the great might
Of this toure which babell men yit call
Men fro ferre may haue therof a sight
It surmountith other tours all
Of which werke thus it is bifall
Of serpentes and many a great dragon
It is no we callyd cheef habitacion
That noman dare as they it se
For wickyd eyre and for corruption
By a great space and in a grete cuntre
Aproche nor nere that merueylous dungeon
So venemous was that mansion
And so orrible that noman dare approche
Lyke to a mountayn byldyd on a roche
And as men say that hadde therto repeyre
This toure atteynith vnto the sterres clere
And transendeth the region of the eyre
The stones and the syment were made of such mater
And the ioynynge so stedfaste and entier
Though fyre and water both dyd it asseyle
But lytyll or nought their power shulde avayle
It was made so mighty to endure
So well assuryd by disposicion
That in this worlde no lyuynge creature
Sawe neuer none lyke in comparison
Whoos rerynge vp was cheif occasion
And the riches of the masonrie
Were thrugh Nembrothe of pryde and surquedie
Demyd proudly as in his auice
He transcendyd all other in noblesse
Thought himself moste mighty and wy [...]e
Felowe to god as by lyknesse
But god that can all worldely pride oppresse
And make princes eclypsen in their glorie
Suche as trust in thynges transitorie
The same lorde of his eternall might
This toure which Nembroth lyste to edifye
He made with thondre and levyn light
Therof to fall a full great partye
The boistous wyndes and the rage skye
And goddes power on that other syde
Bygan thus abate a perrell of his pryde
And in discente and fallynge of the stonys
Of the werkmen full many a man was dede
And oppressyd their backe broken and bones
The masonrye with their blode was rede
Yit proud Nembrothe that of this werke was hede
With all thies sygnes his lorde he lyst nat knowe
For which his pompe was after brought ful lowe
But in his errour procedith furth of newe
Thought he wolde gete him self aname
Of melancoly can chaunge loke and hewe
And beganne also to tempte and atame
For to encreas and magnify his fame
A newe toure to edifye ayen
Lyke as god had ben blynde and nothynge seen
He wolde haue raught vp to the sterrys seuyn
By thassent of them that can him first counseyle
Robbyd god and from him raught the he [...]yn
But who presumith the lorde aboue tassayle
It were no reason that he shulde auayle
Prynces may well ayenst him cry loude
But his powere may elipse with no cloude
For in the myddes of his grete emprises
This proude Nembroth makynge his masons
For to cumpas and cast their deuises
Geometries in their diuisions
But god that hath his aspeccious
Seynge thententis of euery erthly man
As he that is moste mighty and best can
Ayenst their malice make resistence
Their worldly power their dominacion
Of his vengeable and moste magnificence
He can chastyce and ouir whelme downe
The pryde of princes in euery region
By ensaumple of Nembrothe as ye shal here
Whose pompe raught aboue the sterres clere
For whanne his werkmen stode at a avantage
And moost were besy to his intencion
And byfore that tyme spake all one langage
All sodenly by transmutacion
There was of tonges made a diuision
That in their wyrkynge as they can obreyde
No man wist what that other saide
And it is lykly accordynge with reason
So as chaunge was made of their langages
So of their hertys was made diuision
Bothe of their wyll and of their corages
And in ascendynge of their worchynge stages
There was such chaunge of brother vnto brother
Lyke straungers noon knewe thentent of other
Myne auctour trowith that this aduersite
Was for ther gilt causyd by vengeaunce
Or elles god of right and equyte
Disposith hath in his ordenaunce
To be amonge theym so greate a vareaunce
That thurgh the worlde they shulde theym self diuide
And for Nembroth disseuer and nat abyde
They ganne anone amonge theym self disdeyn
To accepte this Nembroth for theyr kynge
And [...]monge forsoth there was nat tweyne
Don of another that had clere knowynge
Neither of their spech that knewe the pleyne menyng
For which the cuntre of sennaar they forsoke
And e [...] of theym asundry cuntre toke
They [...]yd and made no lenger space
Folowyng the fortune of their diuision
And beganne to chefe theym a newe dwellynge place
In the ꝑtyes of many aregion
And thus Nembroth was pryuyd and put doun
And of babell the myghty famous toure
He was callyd no lenger possessoure
For ayenst the pride of this Nembroth
Frowarde fortune gan her cours to varye
And god also was in maner wroth
Of surquedie that he was so contrarie
And for the place was wilde and solitarie
Of this sennaar & furious sauage
Nembroth gan to feble and falle in greate age
And yit sūme bokes of him specifie
He waxe frowarde of his condicion
And was first grounde of ydolatrie
And fynder vp of false religion
Causynge people to haue an opinion
Goddes to worship in paynymes wyse
Founder of rightes and of false sacrifice
Towarde perce chees his dwellynge place
The which cuntre is in the orient
That his lordship shulde stretche a greate space
He boundyd him into the occident
For Perce lande hath his extent
Towarde the parties of the rede see
And this londe Perce who so list to se
As bochas olde remembre and put in mynde
Howe that perce costith enuyron
Septemtrion and the greate ynde
And many an other myghty region
Where Nembroth hadde first dominacion
Which extēdith as bokes specifie
Oute of mede into Garmanye
But in lordshippes as myn auctour saith
Withoute that vertue be ther true gyde
In theym there is suraunce none ne faith
Thinge that passith may no while abyde
Wherfore bochas in aspyte of pride
And in rebukynge of all folkes proude
Makynge his compleynt crieth to them full loude

¶An exclamacion of bochas ayen all proude men shewynge howe god may theym and their pride whā him best lift by many diuers meanes and wayes pu­nysshe and chastise

yE all proude moost ryall in your floures
Which that moost trust to reigne longe
Dressith vp your roches and your toures
And ayenst god make your selfe stronge
And lete your power proudly vnderfonge
Your self with pride for to magnifye
Ayēst the heuyn to holde the champartye
Bildyth vp your castelles reyse theym vp on hight
Of ademantys with yron stronge ybounde
With square stonys large and huge of hight
Reyse vp youre walles moost myghty and profound
And shyt your dungeons with myghty cheynes roūd
Lete men of armes who euir wake or slepe
Nyght and day your watch so straytly kepe
As god ne man in your opinions
Your fortresses myght nat assayle
Your castelles ne your stronge dungeons
Stuffyd with men and plenty of vitayle
Like to stonde euir and neuir for to fa [...]le
As god nat myght ayenss youre false puissaunce
Whanne euir him list of right to do vengeaunce
Set afore youre iyen that ben blynde
The monst [...]ous werke of great babilone
The pryde of Nembrothe there was put behynde
Maugre his might and his towre smy [...]e downe
For all the crafte of werkemen and mason
[Page]Distroyed was with a soden leuene
To auenge his pryde sent adowne fro heuyn
For though youre strengthis so assuryd be
That non engyne may therto attayne
Gunne ne br [...]mberd by no subtyltie
Shot of arowblast ne touche of dundayne
Yit god that is lorde and souerayne
Whiche liche desertys can bothe spyll and saue
May confunde with an erth quaue
Myne auctoure askyth what castell or what toure
May be so stronge made in any wyse
But that by meane of sum false traitoure
Or by sum way that he can deuise
It may be loste or solde for couetyse
And delyueryd for all the stronge bondes
Into the power of enmyes hondes
Or by sum other soden auenture
Castellys and cities and many aryche towne
Haue be lost they might not theim assure
For to reciste ayenst false treson
Sūme haue be loste also by rebellion
And all these meanes the truthe to begynne
Is but punisshynge which god sent for synne
God hath a thousand handes to chastyse
A thousand dartes of punicion
A thousand bowes made in dyuerse wyse
A thousand arowblastes bent in his doungeon
Ordeyned echon for castigacion
But where he fyndeth mekenesse and repentaunce
Mercy is maistresse of his ordinaunce
Ye that ben wise considereth howe the rote
Of vicis all is pryde ye may well se
Pullith him downe and puttith vnderfote
And takyth your counsell of humilite
And if ye lyst to stonde in suretie
Byldeth in herte for more sekernesse
A toure of vertues groundyd on mekenesse
Whose masonrie is of no costage
Of vertues grounde and souerayne
[...]lastys of wyndes and of wedres rage
Neither no tempest hasty ne sodeyne
Pompe ne blast though they do their peyne
This vertue mekenes for to vndermyne
They be to feble to make her to inclyne
For where mekenesse is groundyd verely
Though he sumtyme fele aduersite
He [...]ssith ouir and suffrith pacientely
And venquisshith all maner enmite
The assaute also and the contrariosite
Of infortune and of worldly trouble
And of victory conquerith a palme double
And though mekenes amyddys the flodys flowe
Of worldely myscheef and persecution
Whyle paciens in her boat doth rowe
Though froward wawesposse her vp and downe
A calme shall folowe of consolacion
Whan sterne wyndes their blastys haue layde lowe
The name of mekenesse shall shewe & be wel knowe
She may be trowblyd but ouircōme neuir
And for a tyme she may suffre wer [...]e
But at the ende she venquisshith euir
On londe and see whedre she be nere or fe [...]re
To the hauyn of lyf she was the lode sterre
I take recorde of the humilite
Of mary so blyssyd moot she be
The roote of mekenes flourith vp so faire
Whose bewte dredith no tribulacions
In somer wynter hir flowres nat apeyre
And her frute lastyth in all manere scasons
Pryde may asseyle with his bostful sownes
And fynally for her encrease of glory
With humblenesse she wynnith the victory

Lenuoye

O Folkes all that this tragedies rede
Haueth to mekenes amonge your aduertence
Of proude Nembroth also taketh hede
Howe that he fyll from his magnificence
Only for he by sturdy violence
Lyst of malyce the mighty lorde assayle
But in such case what might his pryde aueyle
Noble princes which this worlde do possede
Ye that be famous of wisdome and science
And haue so many subiettis that you drede
In gouernaunce vndre your excellence
Let your power with mekenes so dispence
That false pryde oppres nat the poreyle
Which to your nobles so moch may auayel
Pryde of Nembroth dyd the brydel lede
Which him cōuayed with great insolence
Pryde aperteyneth nothynge to manhode
[Page]Saue in armys to shewe his presence
Wherfore honoure laude and reuerence
Be to mekenes that hath the gouernaile
Of all vertues which man may moost auayle

¶Howe many yeres was bitwixte Adam and Nembroth and bitwixte Nembroth and Cadmus and of other kynges

THese olde poetis with their sawes swere
Full couertly in their verse do feyne
How olde saturne was sūmetyme kynge of Crete
And of custome dyd his besy peyne
And of his goodnesse lyft to ordayne
That he shulde as of his nature
E [...]h [...]on deuoure as by his engendrure
In this mater shortly to soiorne
To vnderstonde of poetys the processe
They mene playnely at this worde saturne
Doth in it self nothynge but tyme expresse
And philosophers bere also witnesse
That as in tyme furthe euery thynge is brought
So tyme ayenwarde brīgyth euery thyng to nought
Clerkys also recorde in their writynge
Vndre supporte as I dare reherse
Howe that fyre wastyth euery thinge
And yron herde doth nesshe thynges perce
If ought abydith that they may not transuerce
Yit comith tyme and by continuaunce
And all consumith with his sherpe launce
His sharpe toth of consumpcion
In s [...]yll wyse doth his besy cure
For to auentissh in conclusion
All thynge that is brought forthe by nature
By longe abydynge ye may them nat asure
For olde thyngys deuouryd men may se
Ferre out of mynde as they neuir had be
Who can or may remembre in any wyse
The glorious prowesse of these prynces olde
Or the noblesse of philosophers wyse
Or of poetis their feynynge to vnfolde
Processe of yerys alas as I you tolde
Deuouryd hath their name and their noblesse
Derkyd their renoune by foryetfulnesse
Thus of their names is left no memorye
Tyme with his rasoure hath done so grete vengeaūce
Shauen awaye the honoure and the glorye
Of many noble full myghty of puissaunce
That there is lefte nowe no remembraunce
Of princes / poetys / ne philosopheres
For whan that deth nayled theym in their cofres
Cam tyme vpon and by processe of yeres
Their memory hath duskyd and their mynde
And reuolucion of the heuenly sperys
By oft turnynge their glorie hath left behynde
Thus euery thynge which subget is to kynde
Is in this lyfe withoute more auauntage
Wastyd with tyme and processe of langage
In the first tyme from adam to Noe
Prudente Listirs which list in bokys to rede
Fonde of fortune no mutabilite
Neyther of her chaunge they toke tho none hede
But from adam there rekened been in dede
Vnto Nembroth by turnynge of the heuene
A thousand yerys vii hundryd and eleuene
In which space who that considerith well
There ben no thinges writen in especiall
Digne of memorye ne speken of neuer adell
Which that been notable ne historiall
But for the tyme Nembroth had a fall
Vnto cadmus the yeres to contene
They were a thousande / iiii hundryd / and xiiii
Touchynge this Cadmus as bochas list endite
It is rehercid by rethoriens
Howe one vixoses in bokes as they wryte
Was made first a kynge of the egipciens
Whan philosophers and nigromanciens
Byganne first to abounde their renoune to auaunce
Nachor that tyme hauynge the gouernaunce
Of the ebrewes as made is mencion
After nembroth by true rehersaile
Thre hundryd yere by computacion
Foure score and xii which tyme it is no fayle
That vixoses beganne werres and greate bateyle
Of volunte ayenst straunge nacions
And to conquere cites borowes and townes
By force only withoute title of right
He wanne all egypte to encrease his nane
But for al that who list to haue a sight
[Page]There is nowe left no reporte of his fame
Saue bochas writith howe he first dyd attaine
His mighty conqueste of intencion
That the glory and the high renoune
Ascryued were vnto his worthinesse
And the residue and surplusage
Of golde and tresoure of good and of riches
Turne shulde to cōmon auauntage
Of all his people that euery maner age
Reporte might it was to him more nerre
Aboue singularite his comon to preferre
Also thomas of cithi [...] first kynge
Whan sarnek was duke and souerayne
Ouir the iewes by recorde of wrytinge
Two hondrithe yere lx also and tweyne
After Nembroth this thomas gan ordeyne
A mighty power and a stronge batayle
Theym of cithie proudly to assayle
Conqueringe from thens vnto the ile
Callyd Ponte in ful cruell wyse
And thought his lordshyp last nat but a whyle
All that he wan was for couetyse
And as bochas doth of this folke deuise
Proces of yeris for all their great puyssaunce
Hath put their namys out of rememberaunce.
zorastres also for all his great might
Of bactrians kynge and possessour
Lorde of trace and a ful mighty knyght
Of all his dedis and his great laboure
Of his conquest ne of great honoure
Is nothynge lefte of writynge vs biforne
Saue that he louhg the houre that he was borne
He began ful sone for to be merye
With soden laughter at his natiuite
And worthy Ninus that was kynge of Assirie
Expownyd his laughter to great felicite
The which Ninus wan many a faire cuntre
And day by day his power gan encreas
For which he wolde nat of his conqueste ceas
For this is the maner of these conquerours
Whan they haue had in armys victorie
They do their might their payne and their laboures
With newe emprisys to be put in memorie
For their corage supprisyd with veyne glorye
Can not be styll contente in their estate
Tyll their paradie say to theim chek mate
Fortune of armys in bokes ye nay rede
With a fals laughter on folkes though she shyne
She frowerd euir or they can take hede
Of nature woll falsly theym begyle
Conquest by werre lastyth but a whyle
For who by deth doth sturdy violence
God woll by deth his vengeaunce recombence
This worthy ninus gan mightely preuayle
Ayenst zorastres of whome I spake tofore
For he with him faught last in batayel
In which ninus hath him so well y bore
That zorastres hath the felde y lore
And he was auctour as bokes specefy
Of fals magik and nigromancy
He fonde the nature of euery element
Their kyndly worchynge and their mutacions
The cours of sterrys and of the firmament
Their influences their disposicions
Their aspertes and their coniunctions
Wrote in pylers diuised of metall
The seuyn sciences callyd liberall
Also in pylers of breke full herd ybake
Where were vp set longe large and huge
He began also write theym and vnder take
To make theim sure as for their refuge
That they shulde by flode ne diluge
Diffacyd been as of their scripture
But in their grauynge perpetuall endure
But though zorastres these craftys out fonde
Full lytyll or nought it might to him auayle
And though he were a good knyght of his hōde
He was of ninus slayne in batayle
Lost his realme and riall appareyle
And ninus dyed within a lytyll throwe
But in what wyse the story is not knowe
Also moydes kynge of sodomee
I fynde of him no memory by wrytynge
Saue in a story as men may rede and see
He and his people were freell in lyuinge
But he that was of assiriens kynge
Through false fortune that can so oft varie
To babilonye made theim tributarie
We haue seen and redde also
The vengeaunce and the pestilence
Doon in egypt to kynge pharo
For that he made a maner resistence
[Page]Ayenst god of wilful negligence
Therfore his people vpon a day and he
Were dreynt echon in myddes of the se
The people of god ledde by moyses
Without trouble of any maner wawe
Went echon in quyete and in peas
And phaaro as he gan after drawe
Theym to pursue by a full mortall lawe
In his pu [...]suyte frowarde and ateynt
Amonge the wawes with his oft was dreynt
In [...]ody ben the mencions
L [...]iously put in remembraunce
[...]he [...]nplages and ꝑsecutions
In Egypt done by full greate vengeaunce
And of their tresoure and their greate substaunce
They were dispoyled / by ebrewys it is tolde
Of their vesselles of siluer and of golde
And oute of egypte full greate tresoure they ladde
Such as theym thought myght moost theym auayle
And pharo I fynde that he hadde
Two hundryd charys enarmyd for batayle
Theym to pursue and proudly to assayle
And fifty thousand in whom was no lacke
Of men of armes folowynge on horse backe
Two hund [...]ryd thousande of fotmen him about
And of egipt all his cheualrye
And pharo with all his greate route
[...]egan israel pursue of enuye
But for his pride and false surquedye
He and his people were drownyd euerychon
Of all his noumbre was left nat one
His frowarde herte ayenst god indurate
Fulfilled of malice and obstinacye
And in his purpos proude and obstynate
These foule vices or he coude theym aspye
From his glorye and his regaile
He was downe though he tofore was crownyd
Amydde the se amonge his people drownyd

¶Of Oggigus kynge of Thebes

ANother Prince callyd Oggygus
Kynge of Thebes as bokes determyne
And founder was thus Bochas tellith vs
Of a cite callyd Eleusyne
Which stant in grece whoos power to declyne
There fyll a flode in that region
Which ouer flowyd many a ryall towne
And in athia that dyde moost dammage
Tyme of Iacob patriarke notable
And this deluge with his wawes rage
Slewe lordes many and princes honorable
For dame fortune is so disceyuable
That she sumtyme whan she list disdeyne
Can folke assayle with a flode sodeyne
This flode also where it dyd assayle
Wastyd cornys both crop and rote
Causyd also scarcete of vitaile
That many a man felt full vnsote
The pore nat wist where to fynde boote
For their princes supprised were with drede
Thurgh lacke of vitayle in that greate nede

¶Of a greate flode in Tessalie

ANother flode there was in Tessalie
In the tyme whanne kyng amphion
Helde the ceptre and the regalye
Vpon thebes the myghty stronge towne
Beside the kyngdome of babiloun
The same tyme this flode fyll doutles
Whanne goddes people was ledde by moyses
With this flode the londe hadde ben deuoured
Of tessaylie and of all that region
But on pernaso the people was socoured
And on the roches that stode enuyron
Founde there refute to their saluacion
And greate socoure tyll the flode rage
Began discrece withdrawe and a swage
In olde stories also ye may se
Whanne Cicraps hadde first possession
Of athenys the myghty stronge cyte
An hete there fyll in that region
By influence that descendith doun
From the bodyes aboue celestiall
Which likely was for to deuoure all
And this hete engendryd with the sunne
In diuers countrees both in length and brede
Hath his cours so myghtely begunne
That many folkes fell in greate drede
Ryuers welles who so lyst take hede
Consumyd were and dryed vp echon
The herte callyd the enbrasynge of pheton

¶Of goodly Isis wife to Apys kynge of argyne slayne by his brother Dyffeus.

wE haue redde in stories here toforne
Howe that Isis to egipt toke her flyght
Oute of Crece the true doughter borne
Of Prometheus a full manly knyght
And Isis in euery mannys sight
So fresshe / so goodly weddyd by hir lyue
To worthy Apys that was kynge of argyue
The which Isis excellent of bewtye
After tyme her fader was ygraue
She was put for more suretye
With her vncle that shulde kepe and saue
This sayde mayde that no man shulde her haue
And her vncle in Ouyde ye may se
Lyke as he wrote was callyd Epymethe
And flowynge vp in her tendre age
This sayde Isis so plesaunt was and mete
Of semelynesse of look / and visage
That Iupiter the myghty kynge of Crete
Was enuyroned with her for to mete
And she excyted of femynyte
Enclynyd her hert vnto his deite
And for she was of her entent so clene
Obeynge him in moost lowly wise
Of argmois she made her to be quene
Bicause that she was smyt in couetise
Ayenst argus a werre she ganne deuyse
And for he was vnweldy of his age
Her to withstonde he founde none auauntage
But yit fortune ganne vpon her froune
And kynge argus thurgh his subtylite
With his counseyll so prudently ganne rowne
That she was take by full greate cruelte
And her soudeours were also made to flee
And by argus there gayned no raūson
She fettryd was and put in stronge prison
But her sonne good mercurius
Right fresshe / ryght lusty / and full of hardynesse
And of his erthely ioye
Ayenst argus gan his power dresse
And so entierly dyd his besinesse
And was slayne in conclusion
And Isis after deliueryd fro pryson
Of her sleightes afterwarde nat feynt
She toke a ship and to egipt went
In which ship there was a cowe depeyn [...]
And thoures whom Iupiter also sent
Is goon with her both of one entent
To a mariage after anone right
Betwene her and apys a prynce full of myght
She was right wise aboue other creatures
Secrete of cunynge wele experte in science
She taught first letters and figures
To egipciens by pleyn experience
Yaue theym cūnynge and intelligence
To tile the londe taught the labourerys
To sowe their greyne / and multiplie by yeres
And in egipt her fame and her renoun
Began day by day wext her worthynesse
Holde of cunnynge and of reputacion
By signes shewyd nat only in princesse
But she was holde amonge theym a goddesse
And with worshipes which were deuyne
And sacrificis to her they dyde enclyne
But to declare playnly at a worde
In myddes of all her greate prosperite
Mighty apes her husbonde and her lorde
Prince of egipt and lorde of that cuntre
Sonne of Iupiter and of Neobe
Which Niobe by longe descendynge
The doughter was of prothemeus the kynge
And phoroneus first the lawes fonde
To which all crete stōde vnder obeysaunce
And the statutes of that myghty londe
Were vnstablysshyd by his ordynaunce
But for to wryte the vnhappy chaunce
Of kynge Apys that is remembryd
He slayne was and pitously dismembryd
By his brother callyd Tyffeus
Sumwhat of hatred but more for couetyse
[Page]For Tiffeus was only desirous
To reioise in full mortall wise
The myghty kyngdome as ye haue herde deuyse
Of Argiuois to haue possession
Preferryd by murdre and false succession
And whanne that Isis founde her lorde so dede
Of entent that he was magnifyed
First of wisdome she gan take hede
Ordeyned a mene that he were deified
High amonge goddes to be stellifyed
In egipt temples made to be stallyd
And god Sirapis after he was callyd

¶Of Grysiton that his membres cete for hungre

wHat shall I wryte of caas horryble
Of grisiton with hungre so constreyned
That his life was to him self odible
In Tessalie with indigence peynyd
And p [...]tously his fame was disteyned
Whan he solde his doughter in seruage
Li [...]ope which was but yonge of age
[...]y enchaunge of god to puruey theym vytayle
Of ver [...]y nede he was so woo bigon
He hadde no thynge that myght his thirst auayle
Neyther staū [...]he his hūgre with gnawyng on a bone
Wherfore he [...]te his membres one by one
A pri [...]e alas was it nat grete pyte
To se hym dye in such aduersite
We hadde also radde full many a day to fore
The greate banysshynge and ꝑsecucion
Of Arguiois howe kynge Gela [...]or
Was cruelly put from his region
And his lieges of indignacion
In his place they set one Danaus
Sōne and also heire to the god belus
The people of malyce dyd him so encombre
To encrese his sorowe and his aduersite
And fifty doughters he hadde also in noumbre
And edippus his broder also parde
Hadde fyfty sonnes the story ye may se
Atwene the which in suretye of honde
In mariage there was made a bonde
Vndre the which compassyd was treason
Couertly though they dyd it hyde
But if ye lift haue clere inspection
Of this story vpon euery syde
Rede the legende of Cupide
Which that Chancer in ordre as they stode
Compyled of wymen that were called good
Touchinge the story of kynge pandion
And of his goodly faire doughters tweyne
Howe therens false of condicion
Theym to disseyue dyd his besy peyne
They both namyd of bewte souereyne
Goodly progne and yonge philomene
Both innocentys of intent full clene
Their pitous fate in open to expresse
It were to me but a presumption
Sith that chancer dyde his besynes
In his legende as made is mencion
Their martirdome and their passion
For to reherce theym dyde his besy peyne
As cheif poete callyd of bretaigne
Of good wymen a boke he dyd wryte
The noumbre vncomplete fully of nyntene
And there the story playnly he dyd endyte
Of theseus / of prongne and philomene
Where ye may se their legende thus I mene
Do theym worship and forth their life do shewe
For a clere myrrour bycause there be but fewe
I woll passe ouer and speke of theym nomore
And vnto cadmus forth my style dresse
In my wrytynge yit it greuyth me sore
Touchynge of wymen of feith or stablenesse
Blessyd be god I fynde none excesse
And for there been so fewe as thinkyth me
The good shulde be had in more deynte

¶Lenuoye

THis tragedye berith to you witnesse
Howe saturnus by disposicion
Maliciously of his frowardnesse
Causeth in Iuno full greate infection
She of nature conueyeth the nature doun
The eyre infecte which no man may socoure
Cometh deth anone and all thinge doth deuoure
Tyme from adam myn auctour doth expresse
Downe to nembroth by computacion
His stile conueyed by greate auysenesse
From zorastres to kynge pharaon
Of two deluges he makyth mencion
In thessalye the vengeaunce gan laboure
And in achaia thebes to deuoure
Ye haue of heetis herde the excesse
Of princes princesses full greate distruction
Of egistus the greate wretchidnesse
The furye of therens the wo of pandyon
Of the two susters the confusion
And howe their fate gan vpon theym loure
Their felicite vnwarly to deuour
Princes princesses your iyen do vp dresse
I mene the iyen of your discrecion
Se of this worlde the chaunge the doublenesse
The greate vnsurenesse the variacion
And aduertith for all your greate renoun
Fortunes dewes whan they moost swetly shoure
Than is she falsest your glorie to deuoure

¶Howe Iupiter rauysshyd Europe and howe Cadmus was sent to seke hir in diuers regions

tHe rehersayle of many an olde poete
By discent the lyne conueyed downe
Next saturnus the myghty kynge of crete
Ioue was crownyd by succession
As next his heire by procreacion
After his fadre the londe to enherite
Regnynge in crete as poetes list to wryte
One of the lynage as I you tolde aforne
Of the goddes moost souereyne and entere
And though he was of blode so high y borne
He chees Europe for to be his fere
And downe descendyd from his heuenly spere
And he that w [...] for all his deite
Supposynge in herte with her greate bewtie
And she was doughter to myghty kynge
Callyd Agenor by lynall discent
Whose myghty kyngdome and ryall faire dwellynge
Was in phenyce towarde the orient
And to arabic his londe was adiacent
Ferre by south as ye may rede and se
Towarde the ptyes of the rede se
But Iupiter whan he dyd aduer [...]
Of Europa the greate semelynesse
He thought he was woundyd to the hert
Vnto the deth biholdynge her fairenesse
And for his constrent and his mortall distresse
Seynge she was so faire in his sight
He rauysshyd her of very force and myght
But Agenor his owne fadre dere
Bigan on this caas ful pitously compleyne
Whanne she alas moost goodly and entere
Was him bicaught which doubled all his peyne
Recure was none though he dyd pleyne
Tyll he remembrynge on his regalie
Thought he wolde sende to aspye
His sonne cadmus her to recure ayen
For to serch her in many a region
Whereso his laboure were fructuous or in veyne
His fader set him a fell condicion
Not to retourne by none occasion
And therupon made him to be bounde
Tyll that he hadde the kynges doughter founde
He toke his shyppes by greate auysenesse
And biganne to saile in many a straunge se
Dyd his laboure and his besynesse
With many a worthy that were with him preue
But whan that he of reason dyd se
There was no mene for which that he was sent
For to accomplessh the fyne of his entent
Which glad hert deuoyde of gruchynge
Seynge the caas frowarde and contrarye
Humble of his chere tooke his excellynge
And of manhode list nat him self dispayre
But his meyne knyghly gan repayre
Towarde grece and pitously there to londe
Of appollo for to vnderstonde
To what partye that he myght drawe
He prayed god to wysse him or rede
Sūme token shewe or sūme maner lawe
Into what Ile that he myght him spede
Or that he wolde graciously him lede
Where as he myght bylde a cite
That were accordynge to him and to his meyne
And to appollo he dyde sacrifice
And made to him his oblacion
The god requyrynge goodly to deuyse
To what londe or to what region
[Page]For this dwellyng and habitacion
He shulde drawe withouten more obstacle
For him and his to make his habitacle
And cadmus thus before appollo stode
Knelynge emonge with full greate reuerence
And in the temple of delpho styll abode
With humble entendaunce and deuout diligence
Mekely besekynge by worde or by some sentence
That appollo wolde to him vnclose
To what partye he shulde him self dispose
This was his answere in conclusion
As the statue to him dyd expresse
To go and serch cuntrees enuyron
And tyll he fonde do his besynes
A [...]ole that were excellent of fairenes
Whiche by precept of appolles lawe
Hadde neuyr aforne in yoke ydrawe
And where that euer sekynge that he fonde
A bole stonde styll in his pasture
Appollo bad vpon that same londe
Where as he seeth this sight of auenture
That he shulde do his besy cure
To bylde a cite he and his folkes all
And bo [...]cia after the bole it calle
And whanne that cadmus the precept vnderstode
And in serchynge dyd his besynesse
He fonde a place where a bole stode
Fedynge him self whiche as by lykenesse
Was a place full plesaunt of largesse
Where as he stynt he ganne a cite reyse
Which that poetes greatly cōmende and preyse
And that his byldynge myght the more auayle
All the foreyns that dyd aboute him dwelle
Full lyke a knyght by force and by batayle
Out of that cuntre he dyd them expelle
Reisynge a cyte which that dyde excelle
And as Ouyde also recordeth the same
Vnto this day of thebes berith the name
And he was nat only glorified
For rerynge vp of this greate cite
But he was also magnifyed
For his manhode and his magnanymyte
And moost cūmendyd if ye list to see
For the surmountynge and famouse excellence
Which that he hadde in wisdome and science
For as myn auctour of him list endite
Thurgh his noble prudent purueaunce
He taught figures and litters for to wryte
And made lawes of full greate ordenaunce
Amonge the greges and set gouernaunce
Their vicious life by vertue to restreyne
And who outrayed was punysshyd with the peyne
And of entent to encrease his lynage
And his cite also for to multiplie
He toke a wife that was but yonge of age
And she was callyd as bokes specifie
Hermyone and touchynge her allye
Though that she were borne of riall blode
She was also both Ioly faire and gode
And this was done as writith myn auctour
After the deth of worthy Iosue
Sothonyel beynge successour
Hauynge the ledynge and the souereynte
Of isra [...]ll whanne thebes the cyte
Was foundyd first in the dayes olde
By kynge cadmus tofore as I you tolde
Foure doughters he had by his lyue
Full faire echon and goodly vnto se
And their names to reherce blyue
Semely was the eldest and next to anthonoe
The thrid in ordre was callyd ynoe
And Agaue was yongest of theym all
Of the whiche doughters thus it is byfalle
They were echon of port and of manere
Full wele fauouryd in euery mannys sight
Right womanly and heuenly of their chere
And for their bewte their fader anone right
As it was sittynge with all his full myght
Like their estates their byrth and also their age
Made theym be weddyd and ioynyd in mariage
To worthy prynces his lynage to auaunce
And they encresyd by procreacion
Whereof the kynge had full greate plesaunce
And greate reioysynge in his oppynyon
To saue his line by generation
With his neuewys and cosyns of allye
Fro to day to day to wexe and multiplye▪
And this encreasyd his felicite
Whanne he cosideryd verely in dede
The riche byldynge of his ryall cite
[Page]And fortune dyd his bridell lede
To greate riches in bokes as I rede
To greate nobles hauynge greate residence
In his cite of moost magnificence
His doughter Semel recorde of myn auctour
Though she descendyd were of the blode riall
To Iubiter she was ꝑamour
And by his power suꝑcelestiall
She conceyuyd in especiall
As poetis of hir list to endite
Him that is god of grapes rede and white
Callyd Bachus which hath the gouernaunce
Of wynes all and the regalie
Wherof after was take full greate vengeaunce
For whanne Iuno dyd first aspye
Of Iupiter the greate auoutrie
Of greate hatred and enuyous desire
She made semel to be brent with sodeyn fyre
By descendynge of a sodeyn leuene
And on semel the vengeaunce is downe went
And for the flawme consumyd was and spent
There was of hir left no remembraunce
But of the ende the wofull mortall chaunce
Also actheon the sonne of Acthonie
The greate myscheuys and infortunys borne
Whose fader was callyd Eristee
Come of the kynred that I you tolde to forne
With cruel houndes allas he was to torne
For that he sawe as bokes of him tell
Diane nakyd bath hir in a well
And as poetys remembre at the lest
Whan the ladyes of thebes the cyte
Heelde of Bachus solemly the feest
The yongest suster callyd agane
Doughter to cadmus allas it was pite
Ayenst hir owne sonne dere
She was so wode and mortall of hir chere
Murtherynge him in ful cruell wyse
In hir rage she was so furious
For he lough at the sacirfise
In Thebes doon by wymen to Bachus
The which sōne was callyd Pantheus
Whom that she slewe with a sharpe darte
In hir woodnesse as she him foūde aparte
These greate myscheuys fyll in the lyne
Of kynge cadmus thurgh his vnhappy chaunce
Fortune his noblesse ganne vndermyne
And thought she wolde his glorie disauaunce
All worldly gladnesse is medlyd with greuaunce
Experiens in Cadmus ye may se
So importable was his aduersite
For while he sat moost highest in his glorie
No parte clipsyd of his prosperite
His bright renowne and his riall memorye
In realmes spredde and many a faire cuntre
He moost wilfull in his high see
Sat with his lynage moost high in noblesse
Than cam fortune the false enchaunteresse
Of wilfulnesse and fonde occasion
Ayenst cadmus and made his renoun dulle
Of his kynred by false cullusion
She ganne away the brightest fethers pulle
And whan his shynynge was wex vp to the fulle
After the chaunge of fortunes lawe
His glorye gan discrece and withdrawe
It was more greuous to his dignynyte
A sodeyn falle from his high noblesse
Than if that he had neuir be
Set in the state of so greate worthynesse
For the furious mortall heuynesse
Of his kynrede withoute any more
Wolde haue greuyd a pore man full sore
And amonge his sorowes euerychon
To reherce playnly as it was
I dare afferme howe that there was one
Moost horrible and dredefull in such a caas
For Cadmus sonne callyd adamas
His sonne in lawe thurgh fals maloncolye
Fell sodenly into a fren [...]sye
Of whome the wife was callyd Inoe
Cadmus doughter as ye haue herde expresse
Which through the constreynt of his infirmyte
In his rage and furious wodenesse
Thought that his wife was a lionesse
And in his wilde ymaginacions
That his ij children was also ij lions
And vpon theym full loude he ganne to crye
Towarde his wife in hast he gan anone
And from hir armys there was no remedye
The childe he rent and on a cragge stone
He gan to birst it and breke it euery bone
[Page]The which childe bochas writith thus
Full tendre and yonge called was learchu [...]
And all this woful and sodeyne auenture
Of this rage whanne that she toke hede
As moost sorouful of any creature
Hir other childe she hent anone for drede
For of socoure she knewe no better spede
So as she myght gan hast oute of his sight
But willaway as she toke hir to flight
And hir husbonde cam after pursuynge
Like a wode lyon in his cruelte
Dou [...] from a mounteyn which was dependynge
She and hir childe fill into the se
Was it nat reuth / was it nat pite
A kynges doughter hir lorde in thebes crownyd
He to be wode and she for fere to be drownyd
Lo here the syne of Cadmus eueridele
[...]is [...] slayne and his allies all
And he him self from fortunes whele
Whanne he wenyd leest ful sodenly is fall
Hi [...] l [...]ll sugre tempred with moch gall
For amonge all his mortall peynes
Hi [...] l [...]ge men of thebes Citesynes
[...] ayenst him conspiracion
[...] him [...] e [...]il and his wife also
[...] sonnes his doughters brought to destruction
[...] the encreasynge of his mortall woo
[...] his wife compellyd both two
For ve [...]y pouert and verrey indigence
In [...] last age to purchace their dispence
[...] of cadmus the sorowes to descryue
And his mischeif to put in remembraunce
He banysshyd was twyes by his lyue
First by his faders cruell ordinaunce
Of his suster to make enquyraunce
And of there last in his weldy age
He was compellyd to holde his passage
Out of thebes his wife and he allone
In sorowe and wepynge to accomplisshe their dayes
Into Ill [...]rie togedre they be gone
Ther paciens put at fell assayes
Whoos bitternesse felt none alaies
Also of their ende and vnhappy fate
Neither of their deth I finde none other date
Saue that Ouide makith mencion
And Iohn Bochas the poete excellent
Saye that two bretherne zeto and amphion
Oute of thebes both by one assent
Haue this cadmus into ixil sent
His wife also after their high noblesse
To ende their life in sorowe and wretchidnesse
But the goddes of mercy and pyte
Whan they theym sawe by fortune thus cast doun
From their estates into greate pouertye
Hauynge of theym full greate passion
They made of theym a transformacion
Of both tweyne theym yeuynge a lykenesse
Of serpentys to lyue in wyldernesse

Lenuoye

O what astate may him selfe assure
For to conserue his life in sikernesse
What worldly ioye may here longe endure
Or where shall men fynde nowe stablenesse
Sith kynges princes from their high noblesse
Record of cadmus ben sodenly brought lowe
And from the whele of fortune ouerthrowe
Who may susteyne the pitous auenture
Of this tragedie by wrytynge to expresse
It is like vnto the chaūtplure
Begynnynge with ioye endynge in wretchydnesse
All worldly blisse is meynt with bytternesse
The sodeyn chaunge therof moy no man knowe
For who sittyth highest is sonest ouerthrowe
Was in this worlde yit neuyr creature
Rekyn vp princes for all their high noblesse
Fortune coude enclyne theym to hir lure
And theym enperissh through hir frowardnesse
Wherfore ye lordes with all your greate richesse
Be ware afore or ye daunce in the rowe
Of such as fortune hath from hir whele ouerthrowe

¶A processe of Oetes kynge of Colchos / Iason / Medee. Theseus Scilla Nisus and other mo

wHan Iohn bochas was moost indigent
To considre the successions
Of lynagys with all his entent
[Page]In his writynge and descripcion
To compile the generacions
Of many noble famous of estate
I mene of such as were infortunate
In his serchinge he fonde nat out a fewe
Were vnhappy founde in their lyuynge
To his presence anone there gan him shewe
A multitude full pitously wepynge
Amongys whiche full doolfully pleynynge
Cam forth Oetes and hath compleynt begūne
Kynge of Colchos and sone vnto the sūne
For of Phebus which is bright and clere
Poetis write that he was sonne and heire
Bycause he was so myghty of power
So fresshe / so lusty / manly / and right feyre
But of fortune he fyll in greate despayre
Cursynge his fate and his destayne
Whan Iason first entryd his cuntre agayne
By Pelleus sent from Tessalye
Therfore to accomplissh by diligent laboure
The greate emprises thorugh his chyualrye
If god and fortune list do to him fauour
They myght wynne the tresoure
This is to mene that he were so bolde
The ram to assaile which bare the flees of golde
This Iason thorugh counseil of Medee
By sorcerye and incantacion
The bole slough horrible for to se
And venquesshed the venymous dragon
The kynge despoilyd of his possession
Acomplisshed with carectis and figuris
Of Colchos the dredefull auenturis
And afterwarde whanne he his purpose had
He lefte Oetes in full greate despeire
And Medea forth with him he ladde
And hir brother which was the kynges heire
But as I fynde howe in his repeire
Oute of Colchos whanne they ganne remewe
Kynge Oetes after theym ganne sue
Vpon Iason auengyd for to be
Without tariynge he folowed proudly
The which thynge whanne Iason dyde se
This medea ganne shape a remedye
She toke his brother and slewe him cruelly
And him dismembryd as bokys make mynde
And pecemeel in a feeld bihinde
He ganne him cast all bespreynt with blode
Wherof his fader whanne he had a sight
Ful pale of chere still in the felde he stode
While she and Iason toke theym vnto flight
I trowe that tyme the moost wofull wyght
That was on lyue whanne he dide knowe
His childe dismembryd and a brode Isowe
Which cause was alas and welawaye
That he so stynt as man disconsolate
While that Iason fro Colchos went awaye
And Medea moost infortunate
Was rote and grounde of this mortal debate
For who sawe euer or redde of such another
To saue a straunger list to sle hir brother
Forsoke hir fader / hir cuntre and kynrede
The londe enperisshid through hir robberye
Of hir worship toke none other hede
Loue hath hir brouht in such a fantasye
And while that she abode in Tessalie
And with Iason dyde there soiourne
She made Eson to youth retourne
A yerde she toke that was drye and olde
And with hir herbes and cōmixtions
She made it boile / in Ouide it is tolde
And by car [...]tys and incantacions
And with the craft of hir coniuracions
The yerde bygan to bud and blosme newe
And to bere frute and leuys fresshe of hewe
And semblably with hir confe [...]tio [...]s
His olde humours she hath depuryd clene
And with hir lusty fressh pocions
His empty skyn tremlyng and right lene
Pale and wanne that no blode was sene
But as it were a dedely creature
Al this hath she transfourmyd by nature
Made him lusty and fressh of his corage
Glad of herte / lifly of [...]here and sight
Right wele cheryd and clere of his visage
Wonder deliuer both of force and of myght
In all his membres as weeldy and as lyght
As [...]uir he was in the same estate
By craft of Medee he was so alterat
After all this ayenst kynge pelleus
She beganne to maligne vncle vnto Iason
And of enuye she procedith thus
The kynges doughters she drawith vnto hir anone
Theym counseylinge that they shulde goon
[Page]Vnto their fader and playnly vnto him s [...]ien
If he des [...]ed to be yonge ayen
Ful restoryd his force to recure
And therwithall in lusty age floure
She behight to do hir besy cure
Like his desire to helpe and socoure
And in this mater so craftly laboure
Fynally stonde in the same caas
To be made yonge as his broder was
Touchinge which thinge for more euidence
T [...]s Medea hath to the doughters tolde
[...]f [...]tent to yeue the more credence
S [...]e [...]ad them take a ram that was right olde
And with a knyfe for to be so bolde
[...]o [...]e the best afore theym there he stode
And in a vessell drawe oute in olde blode
F [...]lly [...]ffermynge like as it were trewe
That [...] shuld be a lombe agayne
For ye by [...]afte wolde his blode remewe
[...] wise by euydence pleyn
Therof [...]lde no token shulde be seyn
[...] his membrys as lusty and enteer
As was a l [...]mbe [...]yned of one yere
[...] hereupon in such sleyghty wyse
She [...]ganne a processe of full false treason
[...] [...]s [...]r made vpon that lombe to practyse
[...] [...]ute his blode like hir entencion
[...] by crafte of false illusion
[...] by apparence in veyn
The olde ram to feme a lambe ageyn
[...] Medea by hir sleyght cumpassynge
Of [...]uye and venymous hatrede
[...] hath the susters in werkynge
[...] fader mortally to procede
[...] sharpe knyues they made hir fader blede
A [...] yddes the herte thrugh oute euery veyne
Supposyng the sely susters tweyne
That P [...]lleus renewyd shulde be
To youth ayen of force and of substaunce
But fynally by treason and Medee
He lo [...]te his life such was his woful chaunce
She this wrought only for vengeaunce.
As [...]ote and grounde of this cruell dede
Ayenst the nature of all womanhede
Supposynge in hir opinion
The deth greatly shuld please
Of pelleus vnto hir lorde Iason
Thorugh greate encerase set his herte at ese
But it reboundyd into his dissese
That finally Iason hir forsoke
For his offence and he his wey toke
In to Corynth to the kynge of Creon
Whoos doughter Crewso for hir greate beutye
Was aftirwarde weddyd to Iason
But whan this weddynge was knowen to Medee
Cast she wolde theron auengyd be
Beganne to conspyre of malice and enuye
And thorugh hir magik and hir sorcery
In ful greate hast ganne to ordeyne
A lityll coffre only of entent
And by hir yonge faire sonnes tweyne
With other Iewels she hath it sent
Vnto Crewso makynge a presente
Which of malice she liste to dispose
That whanne crewso the coffre dyde vnclose
The fire brast oute a full large space
[...]ent crewso by full greate violence
Set a fyre playnly all the place
By enchauntement there was no resistence
All went a fyre that was in hir presence
By vengeaunce dyde full greate damage
But whan Iason this fire sawe in his rage
And considerid the malice of Medee
Thought he wolde do execucion
For to punysshe the greate inequyte
Ayenst him compassyd of treason
For she of vengeaunce ayenst all reason
After that Crewso consumyd was and brent
Hir owne sonne [...] with that she had sent
Withoute routh or womanly pyte
She fasly murdryd the children that she bare
Lyke a stepmoder auengyd for to be
Cutte their throtys or that they were ware
Ayenst nature there was none other spare
But for hatred she hadde vnto Iason
After this murdre she fled awaye anon
So escapynge his indignacion
By craft of magyk she went at liberte
To Athenys and in that regyon
She weddyd was vnto the kynge Egee
Nat longe after a sonne by him had she
The which childe my [...] auctour tellith th [...]s
[Page]After Medea callyd was Medus
Aftir wh [...] name the famous region
I namyd [...] [...]ich callyd is mede
But folowynge euir hir olde condicion
This Medea voide of shame and drede
Compassyd hath of wilfull fals hatrede
That theseus the sonne of kynge Egee
With newe poison shall deuouryd be
But theseus ful lyke a manly knyght
In repayringe home to his cuntre
Of high prudence aspyed anone right
The mortall vengeaunce the greate cruelte
Of this stepmoder which of enmyte
Concludyd hath in hir entencion
Him to destroye vnwarly with poison
Hir herte of malice cruell and horrible
As she that was with treason euer alied
Whanne that she sawe hir purpose moost odible
By kynge Egeus fully was aspyed
She hath hir herte and wyttys newe applied
As in their bokys poetis haue compylyd
Ayen to Iason to be reconciled
She fledde away for fere of theseus
Lest he had doon hir vengeaunce
And fynally as writt ovidius
And morall senek concludith in sentence
In his tragedies makynge rememberaunce
Howe medea like as poetis se [...]en
Vnto Iason restoryd was agayn
Touchynge the ende of their furious discorde
Poetys make therof no mencion
Neither telle no meene howe they fyll acorde
But if it were by incantacion
Which so well coude turne vpso doun
Sundry thynges of loue and of hatred
And in bochas of her no more I rede
Saue whanne she hadde fulfylyllyd hir purpos
Myn auctour tellith that Iason and mede
Reuokyd haue ayen vnto Calchos
Hir fadre Oetis and from hir pouerte
Brought him ayen into his riall se
And to his crowne by force they him restore
Touchinge his ende of him fynde I nomore
Thus his fortune hath turnyd to and fro
First like a kynge hauynge full greate richesshe
After lyuynge in pouerte and in woo
Sithen restoryd to his worthynesse
Thus euir sorowe meynt with gladnesse
Who can aduert in all worldly thynge
Recorde of Mynos the noble worthy kynge
To whome I must newe my style dresse
Folowe the tracis of bochasius
The which Minos as ouyde doth expresse
Touchinge his birth he writith playnly thus
That he was manly wise and vertuous
Sone by discent of iubiter the grete
And of Europa born to be eire of crete
And of his persone wonder delitable
Ful renomyd of wisdome and of science
By diuers titles of laude commendable
Of birth / of blode / of kynghode & / prudence
For by his studye and enteer diligence
He foonde first lawes groundyd on reason
Wherby of Crete the famous region
Gouerned was and set in stablenesse
All iniuries and wronges to refourme
Made statu [...]ys extorcions to represse
Of rightwisnesse they toke the first fourme
And that eche man shulde him confourme
Like their degrees suget and souereyne
That no man had a mater to compleyne
He made his liegis to lyue in quyete
Cl [...]re shinynge in his riall noblesse
With swerde and ceptre syttynge in his sete
And while he floured in his worthynesse
He toke a wife of excelent fairenesse
Doughter to phebus in bochas ye may se
And she was callyd faire posiphe
And hir fader by recorde of wrytynge
In his tyme was holden ful famous
Of the Ile of roodes he was lorde and kynge
And in his dayes of port ful gloriouse
Right proude in armys and victorious
Takynge witnesse Methamorphoseos
His doughter had thre children by Mynos
The first a sonne callyd Androgee
And afterwarde ful faire doughters tweyne
Right goodly and womanly vnto se
But like as fortune dide for theym ordeyne
They felt their self greate trouble and greate peyne
The one callyd Adryana and phedra that other
Folowynge their fate it myght be none other
Androgeus by kynge Mynos was sent
For he shulde profyte in clergye
To athenes of vertuouse entent
There to studye in philosophie
And for he beganne to encrece and multiplie
And passe all other by studye in lernynge
And to ex [...]elle his felowes in cūnynge
They of enuye and false malice alas
Made ayenst him a conspiracion
And from a pynacle sacryd to pallas
Of ful greate heith they made him tumble downe
For which iniurye bochas makyth mencion
[...]s fader Minos a vengyd for to be
Leide a greate power aboute the cite
He cast him fully that no man shulde him let
But that he wolde do cruelly vengeaunce
And rounde aboute so sore he theym beset
With men of armes and with his ordenaunce
That fynally he brought theym to outraunce
And theym constreynyd within a lytell space
Their life their deth submyttynge to his grace
But while they made ayenst him resistence
Supposinge his power to withstonde
Nisus that was kynge of Magarence
Ayenst Minos their ꝑtye toke an honde
And oft tymes as ye shall vnderstonde
Whan kynge Minos dide the cyte assayle
Nisus withinne with myghty apparayle
Vpon the wallys stode in his defence
Whanne that Minos ful lyke a manly knyght
Faught withoute with sturdy violence
Like mars himsilfe in stele armyd bright
Wherof whanne Scilla oonys had a sigh [...]
Doughtir to Nisus aduertynge his prowes
Anone for loue she fyll in greate distresse
She was supprisyd with his high noblesse
His manly force expert many folde
Set scilla in greate heuynesse
For loue of Minos in poetis it is tolde
Make her herte presume and be bolde
First hir life to put in iuꝑdye
Hir faders life the cite the clergie
From hir herte loue hath sette a side
Ayenst nature hir blode and hir kynrede
And all frendship from her ganne diuyde
And of her worship she toke no maner hede
Loue made hir cruell ayenst all womanhede
First hir herte so sore set a fyre
Hir faders deth falsly to conspyre
For kynge Mynos beynge a straungere
Was so enpryntyd in hir oppynyon
Of creatures there stode none so nere
And for his sake by ful false treason
She compassyd the distruction
First of hir fader and the cite
So straunge a thinge alas howe myght it be
That a woman of yeres yonge and tendre
Coude ymagyne so merueilous a thinge
But it fallith that creatoures slendre
Vnder face of angelik lokynge
Been verrey wolues outewarde in werkynge
Also vndre coloure of their port femynyne
Sūme been founde verrey serpentyne
Lambys in shewynge shadowyd with mekenesse
Cruell as tigris who doth to theym offence
Of hunmble chere pretendynge a lykenesse
But wo alas what harme doth apparence
What damage dothe counterfete innocence
Vnder amantyll shrowdyd of womanhede
Whanne feynyd falsnesse doth the brydell lede
For this Scilla the kynges doughter dere
In whome he set his hole affection
His hertis ioye his plesaunce moost enteer
His worldly blisse his consolacion
But she all turnyd to his confusion
Not like a doughter but lyke a sorceresse
His deth compassyd the story berith witnesse
Hir fader had a fatell heer that shone
Brighter than golde in which dyde assure
Manly to fight ayenst his mortall foon
For in his hede while it dyde endure
He shulde venquessh and recure
And thorugh his knghthode to his encreas of glorye
In euery quarell wynne the victorie
But whanne kynge Nysus hir fader laye and slepe
Vpon a nyght [...]ell afore day
Full secretly or that he toke kepe
The heer of golde this scilla cut away
And vnto Mynos armyd where he lay
She him presentyd thorugh hir ordynaunce
Of fals entent him for to do plesaunce
But in this mater like as writith ouyde
Methamorphoseos who so takith hede
Her fader slepynge she knelynge by his syde
Toke a sharpe knyfe without feere or drede
While he lay nakyd she carf atwo his hede
Stale away of full fals entent
And to kynge Mynos the hede she doth present
And in hir comynge to his presence
Hir faders hede whan she afore him layde
Nothinge ashamyd of hir great offence
Vnto Mynos thus she dyde obrayde
And with bolde chere euyn thus she sayde
My lorde qd she with support of your grace
Yeueth to my tale leyser tyme and space
Certys my lorde loue hath excityd me
And constreyned to this cruell dede
To sle my fader distroye my cyte
For to gete me worship forsake womanhede
And made me hardy to make my fader blede
Thinges horrible thus haue I vndertake
For to accomplissh only for youre sake
My self disherityd for loue of your persone
Called in my cuntre a fals traitouresse
Disconsolate stale awaye alone
Of newe diffamed and namyd a maistresse
Of fals murdre I bringe a grete witnesse
My faders hede and his dedly visage
Ayenst nature to forther your viage
Wherfore I pray that ye lyst aduertyse
And considre lyke a gentyll knyght
Howe I for loue towarde your greate emprise
And to greate fortherynge also of your right
Haue first my fader depriued of his myght
R [...]ft him his life despoilyd his riches
To do plesaunce to your high noblesse
And no thynge axe vnto my guerdon
Neyther to my rewarde that me auaile
But that I myght haue full possession
Of your persone moost worthy in batayle
For there is no tresour that myght countiruayle
To my desire as that ye wolde in dede
Goodly accept me and my manhede
Ye may me saue and spyll with a worde
Make moost glad and moost dolerous
I nat requyre of you my souereyn lorde
But that ye wolde be to me gracious
For blode and kyn and my faders hou [...]
All lefte behynde if ye list aduerte
And vndepartyd yeue to you myn her [...]
Which to your highnesse ought Inough suffise
All thynge consideryd in your riall astate
Conceyued also howe in vncouth wyse
For your loue I stonde desolate
Saue of your mercy full disconsolate
Here is al and sum your loue I bye so sore
But ye do grace I can say you no more
And whan she had her tale tolde knelynge
With amaner of pretense of womanhede
Of all her treson a poynt nat concelynge
The kynge ystonyed of her horrible dede
By greate auys peised and toke hede
It was nat sittynge to prince or to kynge
To do fauour to soo frowarde a thynge
With troublyd herte and with a face pale
His look vpcast saide god forbede
That euer in cronycle in storye or in tale
That any man shulde of Mynos rede
Howe he supportyd so venymous a dede
Fauour a woman alas and welawey
Which slough her fader whan he abed lay
But for your hatefull and vnkynde rage
I pray the goddes echon and saturne
For to take vengeaunce on your fals outrage
For euery where wheder ye do retourne
And euery place where as ye soiourne
Londe and se shortly to expresse
They been enfecte with your cursydnesse
Youre owne mouth your outrage doth accuse
And your actes ben so abhomynable
That your giftes fully I do refuse
They been so frowarde and so reprouable
That your persone disnaturell and vnstable
Within my court it were a thynge nat faire
That ye shulde abyde or haue repaire
Ye be so hatefull on euery side
And contrarious of condision
I pray Tellius which of the erth is guyde
And to Nemtunus I make this oryson
As ferre as stretchith their damynacion
Vnder the bonde of their regaile
A dwellynge place that they to you denye
Whanne Mynos his answere thus deuyse [...]
On reason groundyd and equyte
And scilla sawe howe she was despysyd
Knewe no partie passage ne cuntre
To fynde socour wheder she myght fle
But despired lyke a traitouresse
Towarde the se anone she gan hir dresse
To entre the watir playnly if she myght
For verrey shame hir self for to shroude
And whan the goddes therof had a sight
They turned her as they that myght and coude
Into a quaile for to synge loude
Her fader Nysus they dyde also transmewe
Into a sparow [...] the quayle to pursue
This was the ende of Nisus Scille
And afterwarde of athenes the toun
Was yeldyd vp to stonde at the will
Of kynge Mynos withoute condicion
Euery yere by reuolucion
They of the cite shulde nat delay
Nyne of their children for a tribute paye
This was by Mynos the emposicion
Vpon athenes and of verry drede
They obeyed as made is mencion
And their children yere by yere they lede
In to crete the Minataur to fede
Vnto this monstre ordeyned for repast
Which at their comynge deuoured were in hast
But or that I forther do procede
In this mater I woll do my cure
To declare if ye lyst to take hede
Of this monstre to tell the engend [...]ure
Vncouth to here and ayenst nature
For by the writynge of Oiudius
This ougly beest was engendryd thus
Methamorphoseos the maner ye may se
Mynos had a bole of greate fairenesse
White as mylke and the quene posiphe
Louyd him so hoot the story berith witnesse
And dedalus dyd his besinesse
By subtyll craft and made his gynnes so
That ayenst kynde with her he had to do
And conceyuyd a beest monstruous
That was departyd half bole half man
And as the poete by wrytynge techith vs
Of all Minataurus thus the name bygan
And dedalus nat longe after whan
That this monstre was by the quene forth brought
This subtyll werkman hath an hous I wrought
Callyd Roboryntus dyuers and vncouth
Full of wrynkellys and of straungenesse
Ougly to knowe which is north or south
Or to what part a man shulde him dresse
Folkes were there blent with furious derkenes
Who that entrid his retourne was in veyn
Without aclewe for to resort ageyn
Of Mynotaurus this was the habitacle
Like a presone made for turmentric
For dampnyd folke a peynefull tabernacle
For all that lay there in iupardie
The monstre must deuoure theym and diffie
And specially was ordeynyd this turment
For all that were doun from athenes sent
But in this mater some folke varie
And afferme howe that quene Posiphe
Of kynge Mynos louyd a secretarye
Callyd taurus in bochas ye may se
And thus the kynge for all his rialte
Disceyued was for who may any while
Him self preserue where wymen list begyle
For by this taurus bochas berith witnesse
Quene posiphe had a childe full faire
Mynos nat knowynge by no lykenesse
But that the childe was borne to be his heire
His trust was good he fyll in no dispayre
For sūme husbondes as poetis haue compilyd
Which moost assure rathest been begylyd
Innocentys can nat deme amys
Namely of wyues that been founde true
Clerkys may write but doutles thus it is
Of their nature they loue no thinges newe
Stedfast of hert they chaunge nat their hewe
Haukys best preuyd sumtyme a chek can make
Yit for afaute the foule is not forsake
Of this mater wryte I woll nomore
But aye the tribute and seruage of the toun
Procedith forth they constreyned were so sore
Like as their lot turnyd vp and doun
For there was made none excepcion
Of high ne lowe neyther for soure ne swete
But as it fyll they were sent into crete
The statute was so ynly rigerous
They to [...]e their sorte as it came aboute
Tyll at the last it fyll on theseus
That he myght goo forth amonge the route
Kynge Eges son beynge in greate doute
Touchynge his life which myght nat be socouryd
But that he must with other be deuouryd
Which theseus for his worthynesse
And of his knyghthode for the great encrees
Thurgh manly force and for his prowes
Sumtyme was callyd the secunde hercules
Amonge amazones he put him self in prees
Weddyd Ipolito as bokes specifie
The hardy quene callyd of femynye
And afterwarde to thebes he is gone
Halpe there the ladyes in especiall
Which that compleyned vpon the kynge Creon
Which theym distroublyd lyke their astate riall
To holde and halowe the festys funerall
Of their lordes and quenes and princessis
Of wifly trouth to shewe their kyndnessis
For whanne this duke the maner had seen
And of Creon the greate iniquite
To the ladyes he made deliuer ageyn
The lordes boones of ruth and of pyte
Yit in his youth oute of his cite
He was deliueryd by statute full odible
To be deuouryd of this beest horryble
He gothe to prison for all his semelynesse
As the statute felly dyd ordeyne
But of ruthe and gentylnesse
Him to preserue from that dedely peyne
Of kynge minos the goodly doughtres tweyne
Adriane shope a remedie
And feir phedra that he shulde not dye
Thrugh her help he hath the monstre slayne
That was dredefull and vgly for to se
By theim he scapyd wherof he was full faine
Ledde them with him toward his contre
And by the waye deuoide of all pite
Adriane full falsly he hath forsake
A yenst his suraunce and phedra he hath take
In myddys the see he left her in an yle
Towardes no ꝑtye she knewe no declyne
She wepyth she cryeth alas the herd while
For of hir fate this was the mortall fyne
That for pyte bachus the god of wyne
Toke her to wyf whoo [...] crowne of stones fyne
Doth nowe in heuyn with ix sterres shyne
Thus of theseus ye may behold and se
To adriane the great vnstedfastnesse
The great vntreuth the mutabilite
The broke assuraunce and the newefanglenesse
But sely wemen kepe their stedfastnesse
Euyr vndefoulyd saue sūtyme of their kynde
They must them puruay whan mē be foūd vnkynde
Of theseus I can nomore nowe seyn
In this mater to make of him memorie
But to kynge minos I woll resorte ageyn
To tel howe fortune euyr fals and transitorie
In what poyntys diffacid hath his glorye
First of echoon bochas doth specifie
Of posiphe the foule aduoutrye
Which was his wife and stode wele in his grace
To his plasaunce she was moost souereyne
But a cloude of a small trespace
Made her lorde at her disdeyne
But he of wisdome bare pryuely his peyne
For such caas this is my sentence
Lete prudent husbondes take theym to pacience
On other thinges Mynos gan also compleyne
Hauynge in herte therof full greate greuaunce
That he so lost his faire doughters tweyne
And Mynotaurus slayne with myschaunce
Also to him it was a greate peyne
That theseus was goon at liberte
And from all tribute delyueryd his cyte
It greuyd him also in countenaunce and chere
That theseus Adriane forsoke
It likyd him also nat the manere
Vnto his wife that she phedra toke
And yit this phedra like as scith my boke
Hadde two sonnes by this theseus
First demophan and next antiochus
Also theseus after gan him drawe
Towarde cecile in stele armyd clene
With Pirotheus in armys his felawe
For to rauyssh proserpyna the quene
But of entent phedra full vnclene
Louyd her stepsone callyd ypolitus
But for he was to her daungerous
And to her lust frowarde and contrarye
In his apporte not goodly ne benygne
Of his fals entent anon she gan to varye
Ayenst hir full felly to malygne
With a prince of many token and signe
Of womanhede she gan him accuse
Her a [...]outrye falsly to excuse
Who sayth that wymen can nat ymagyne
In their diffence tales vntrue
To their desire if men list nat enclyne
Neither on their feynyd fals woo to rue
Anone they can cumpasse thinges newe
Fysshe and fynde oute of their entencion
A couert [...]loude to shadowe their treason
She hath accusyd yonge ypolitus
Of fals auoutrye in his tendre age
Tolde and affermyd to duke theseus
With full boolde chere and full pleyne visage
Howe he purposyd for to doo outrage
Only by force her bewte to presse
Her lorde besechynge to rofourme and dresse
The greate iniquite doon to his wife
While he was absent for thinge that bare charge
Wyues of tales sumtyme been inuentif
To suffre their tunges falsly flyen at large
But felkys that list of damage them discharge
Of such accusynge ne take they none hede
[...]yll the trueth be tryed oute in dede
I mene no thinge of wyues that been good
Neither of wymen that flouren in Innocence
For god forbede and the holy rode
But men shulde do due reuerence
To their noblesse and their excellence
Declare their bounte and their vertue shewe
And more theym cherisshe by cause there ben but fewe
Touchynge the accusynge ayenst ypolitus
Though it so were that it was fals in dede
zit he for shame and feer of theseus
As in the story ye may beholde and rede
In his hert he caught a maner drede
That he alas this sely yonge knyght
Fledde and withdrowe him out of his faders sight
[...]is indignacion playnly for to eschewe
Though by desert in him there was no lacke
Of hasty drede as gan remewe
Or in a chare or [...]on hors backe
His hors afrayed there fyll a sodeyn wracke
Doun from a roche pendaunt as ye shall lere
He and his chare were drownyd both in fere
Thus vngilty in his moost lusty youth
He was conueyed to his distruction
The sclaunder conspired as it is wele I couth
By fals phedra but in conclusion
The sclaundre turnyd to her confusion
For whanne she wyst Ipolitus was dede
Thurgh her defaute anone for shame and drede
She toke a swerde full sharpe I whet and grounde
And therwithall she raft her hert atweyne
Lo howe that vengeaunce woll euer ayen rebounde
On theym that falsely do their besy peyne
Lo sclaundre folke for like as they ordeyne
With their diffamys other folkys tawyte
God at laste their malice can aquyte
But some bokes of phedra do recorde
That she ashamed and confus of this dede
Hinge hir self vp full high with a corde
Lo howe fals sclaundre can folk quyte for ther mede
Wherfore I counseil euery man take hede
In such maters as stonde in vncerteyn
From his hasty langage his tonge to refreyne
Amonge these stories wofull for to rede
All bespreynt with terys in his face
Full sodenly iohn bochas gan take hede
In myddys the prees zisam cam to place
And howe that fortune gan also the manace
This proude duke full myghty and notable
Of kynge Iabyn callyd the greate constable
Of his ooste leder and gouernoure
To Israell verrey mortall foo
With people he rode like conquerour
And where that euer his meyne dyde goo
The erth quoke people dredde him soo
Fledde fro his face where as he cā a ferre
Nyne hundred waynes he hadde for the werre
Strongly in armyd with hokys made like sithis
Who that approchyd to mayme and to wounde
For this tiraunt of custum oft sithis
Hadde greate delite the Iewes to confounde
And all tho that his swerde hath founde
Kynge Iabyn bad prince Canaan
In israel to spare childe ne man
This zisara was sent to be their scourge
By goddes suffraunse their synnes to chastise
Their olde offencis to punyssh and to purge
As a flagell many sundry wise
But whan of reson they gan theym better deuyse
And for their trespassys to fall in repentaunce
God gan withdrawe the hande of his vengeaunce
For in their myscheef they gan the lorde to knowe
Felynge the pricke of his punycion
And mercy thanne hath vnbent the bowe
Of his fell yre and castigacion
To god they made their inuocacion
And he theym herde in their mortall drede
In iudicum the story ye may rede
Howe in the while that this zisara
Shope him of new the iewes to oppresse
In their diffence god sent theym Delbora
A prophetesse the story berith witnesse
To yeue theym counseyl their armes to redresse
And by the spyrite of her prophesie
For to withstonde the greate tyrannye
Of zisara which was descendyd doun
With a grete oost into the felde repeired
But desbora of high discrecion
Whanne that she sawe the iewes dispeyryd
And for to fight their corages sore apeyred
She made him first deuoutly in that drede
To crye to god to helpe theym in their nede
She was their Iuge and their gouerneresse
Cheef of their counseyll and of custum she
Causis dependynge of greate auysenesse
That stode in doute by dome of equyte
She tryed theym oute vndre a palme tre
And was nat hasty no mater to determyne
Tyll she the parties afore dyde examyne
And whan she herde and knewe of cōmynge
Of zisara with full greate puissaunce
That was constable of that myghty kynge
Callyd Ia [...]yn with all his ordenaunce
Vpon iewys for to do vengeaunce
This delbora gan prudently entende
The iewys ꝑtie by wisdome to diffende
She had barach hir husbonde anone right
Of Neptalym ten thousande with him take
Ayenst zisara to fight for their right
And that he shulde a greate enarme take
But he for drede this iourne gan forsake
And durst nat ayenst him tho verreye
But she were present and list him to conueye
Wele wele qd she syth it stondith soo
That of wantrust ye haue a maner drede
I woll my self gladly with you goo
You to supporte in this greate nede
But trustith fully as ye shall fynde in dede
That a woman with laude honoure and glorye
Shall fro you wynne the price of this victorye
It folowyd after sothely as she sayde
Auysely she made hir ordenaunce
And the cheef charge on her self she layde
As princesse of iewes gouernaunce
And prudently gan her self auaunce
With god conueyed and supporte of his grace
With zysara to mete in the face
And specially touchinge this viage
God toke aweye the spirite and the myght
Fro zisara his force and his corage
That he was ferdfull to entre into fight
Kepte his chare and toke him to flight
Knowynge no place in surely to abyde
Till that Iael a woman dyde him hide
Within her tent and almoost dede for drede
Vnder amantell desirous for to drynke
She yaue him mylke the slepe fyll on his hede
And while that he for heuynesse gan wynke
And sadly slepte she gan her to bethynke
Thought she wolde for zisara so shape
That with the lyfe he shulde nat ascape
She toke auaile that was sharpe and longe
And couertly gan her self auaunce
With an hamer myghty rounde and stronge
She droue the naile lo this was hir vengeaunce
Through oute his hede se here the sodeyn chaunce
On tyrantys that trust on fortune
Which woll nat suffre theym longe to contune
In their fals vsurpyd tirannye
To holde people in longe subietion
She can theym blaundisshe with hir flaterye
Vnder a colour of fals collusion
And with a sodeyn transmutacion
Fortune theym can that pore folke trouble
Reuerse their pride with their face double
And though she were defacid of figure
There shewyd in her a maner maieste
Of qu [...]enly honoure pleynly to discure
Her infortunys and hir infelicite
And to declare playnly / howe that she
Of all princessis / which stode in estate
She was her self the moost infortunate
Which yaue to Bochas full greate occasion
Whan he sawe her pitous apparaile
For to make a lamentacion
Of vncouth sorowes / which dyd her assaile
With a tragedye to wepe and to waile
Her importable / and straunge dedly strife
Which that she hadde durynge all her life
[...]e wryte of her a story large and playne
And of her birth / first he doth diffyne
And affermeth in his boke certeyne
She was discendyd of a noble lyne
In flourynge age / also whan she dyde shyne
She weddyd was for her greate bewte
Vnto the kynge of thebes the cyte
Which in his tyme was callyd sayus
And whan hir wombe by processe dyd aryse
The kynge was glad / and also desirous
The childys state to knowe in sum wise
And thought he wolde go do sacrifise
Vnto appollo to haue knowlechynge to forne
Touchinge this childe whan that it was borne
What shulde folowe in conclusion
He was desirous / and hasty for to se
First by the heuenly disposicion
And by the fauoure if it wolde be
Of appollos myghty deite
To haue answere amonge his wittys all
Of his childe / what fate shulde bifalle
His answere thought it were contrarye
To his desire / yit was it thus in dede
Appollo tolde him / and list no lengre tar [...]
That this childe shulde verrely in dede
Sle his fadre / and make his sides blede
And with his handes there was none other weye
But on his swerde he must nedis deye
The kynge was heuy / and trust on this sentence
Sorowfull of herte / god wote and no thynge fayne
And kest afore through his prouydence
That his sonne shulde in all hast be slayne
And that he wolde nat an houre delayne
After his birth but bad his men to goon
Into a forest and sle the childe anone
Lyke his byddynge the mynystres wrought in dede
Takynge the childe tendre and yonge of age
And into a forest with theym they gan it lede
To be deuouryd of bestes moost sauage
The moder alas almost fyll into a rage
Seynge her childe so inly fayre of face
Shall thus be dede and dyde no trespace
Lytell wondre though she felt sm [...]rte
To all wymen I reporte me
And vnto moders that been tendre of hert
In this mater Iugis for to be
Was it nat ruth was it nat pite
That a princesse a quene allas
Shulde knowe hir childe deuouryd in such caas
After his birth Layus toke good kepe
Without mercy respite or delaye
That vnto one which kept his shepe
This yonge childe vpon a certeyn daye
Shall be deliuered in all the haste he may
To this entent it myght nat be socouryd
But that it shulde of bestys be deuouryd
This saide shepeherde goth forth anone right
The childe benygne beholdynge of loke and face
Thought in herte and in his inwarde sight
He shulde doo to god a greate traspace
To sle this childe wherfore he dyd him grace
Toke first a knyfe and dyd his besy peyne
Through oute his fete to make holes tweyne
Toke a small rod of ayonge os [...]e [...]
Percyd the fete alas it was pite
Bonde him fast and by good leiser
The yonge childe he henge vp on a tre
Of entent that he ne shulde be
Through wilde bestes cruell and sauage
Be sodenly deuouryd in their rage
Vpon the tre while he henge thus bounde
Of auenture by sum occasion
A straunge sheepherde hath the childe I founde
Which of ruth and of pite toke him doun
Bare with him home in to his toun
Made his wife for to do hir peyne
To fostre the childe with hir brestys tweyne
And whan he was brought forth and recuryd
And full made hole of his woundes sore
This yonge childe which all this hath enduryd
Whan he in age began to wexe more
And that nature began him to rostore
The seide sheepherde that louyd him best of all
After his hurtys Edippus dyd him calle
For edippus is more to seyne
Who that conceyueth the exposicion
But fete I ꝑcyd throughout both tweyne
In that langage as made is mencion
And Meropa wife of kynge Polibo [...]
The sheepherde of full humble entent
Began the childe full lowly to present
And for she was bareyne of nature
She and the kynge of one affection
Toke edippus both into their [...]ure
As son and heire by adopcion
To reyne in corynth by succession
The kynge the quene of corinthe the cuntre
Hadde the childe in so greate cheerte
Let men considre in their discrecion
Sodeyne chaunge of euery maner thynge
This childe sent oute for his distruction
And nowe prouydyd for to be a kynge
And through fortune ay double in werkynge
He that was refuse to bestys moost sauage
Is nowe receyued to knyghtly herytage
Destitute he was of his kynrede
Forsake and abiect of blode and of allie
In tendre youth his fete were made to blede
Henge on a tree and began for helpe crye
But god that can in myscheef magnefie
And reconfort lolke disconsolate
Hathe made this childe nowe thus fortunate
And prouydyd to be a kynges heire
Of him that stode of deth in auenture
Fortune can shewe hir self both foule and faire
Folkys brought lowe full well ayen recure
And such as paciently can endure
And list nat grutch ayenst their chastisynge
God oute of myscheef can sodenly thē brynge
But whan Edippus was growe vp to age
Lyke a yonge prince encreasynge in noblesse
Lusty and stronge and fressh of his corage
Of auenture it fell so in sothenesse
[...]ther by strife or by su [...] frowardnesse
Or by [...] con [...]e [...] he had knowlechynge
Howe he was nat son vnto the kynge
As by discent b [...]t a fer foreyne
Wherupon full sore he bygan to muse
And for to knowe and be put in certeyne
Thought he wolde sum maner practik vse
And to the kynge he gan him self excuse
For a tyme withdrawe his presence
Tyll that he knewe by sum experience
Or by sum signe howe the mater stode
Thought he wolde do his diligence
To knowe his fader and also of what blode
He was descendyd and haue sum euydence
Touchynge trouth howe it stode in sentence
And herupon to be certified
Towarde appollo fast he hath him hyed
Which in Cyrra worshiped was that tyme
And yaue answere through his deite
To folke that cam at euyn and at prime
Of euery doute and ambiguyte
And there Edippus fallynge vpon his kne
After his offrynge had answere anone
Towarde Grece he shulde gone
Vnto a mounteyne that focis bare the name
And there he shulde of his kynrede here
Also like his faat the answere was the same
He shulde sle his owne fader dere
And after that to thebes drawe him nere
Wedde his moder of verrey ignorance
Callyd Iocasta through his vnhappy chaunce
He list no lenger tary ne abyde
This sayde edippus but forth in hast goth he
And on his weye he began anone to ryde
Tyll he the mounteyne of Pho [...]is dyd se
Vnder the which stode a greate cuntre
Callyd Citoyens / which that tyme certeyne
Werr [...]ide theym that were on the mounteyne
His fader layus through his chyualrye
With Citoicus is entryd into batayle
And edippus cam with the ꝑtye
Of the hille armed in plate and mayle
And as they began eche other to assayle
Amonge the prees at the entrecountrynge
Of auenture Edippus slowe the kynge
Vnknowen to him that he his fader was
Hauynge therof no suspection
Passyd his way platly this is the caas
And also vnknowe he cam to the toun
Of myghty thebes where for his high renoun
He was resceyuyd with full greate reuerence
Bycause that he slough in their diffence
Spynx the serpent horrible for to see
Sumtyme ordeyned by incantacions
For to distroy the toun and the cuntre
By his compassyd sleighty quesicions
Slough man and childe in all the regions
Such as not coude by wisdome or by reson
Make of his problem playn exposicion
Who so passyd by he coude him nat excuse
But the serpent wolde him felly assayle
w [...]th a problem make him for to muse
Callyd of sum men an vncouth deuynaile
Which for to expowne who that dyde assaile
There was none helpe neither other remedye
By the statute but that he must dye
And for all folke haue nat knowlegynge
Of this demaund what it was in dede
I well reherce it here in my wrytynge
Compendiously that men may it rede
First this s [...]rpent who that list take hede
Was monstruous and spake ayenst nature
And if it fill that any creature
Man or woman shulde forth by passe
High or lowe of all that region
As I saide erst there was none other grace
But if he made an exposicion
Of this serpentys frowarde question
He must dye and make no diffence
The which demaunde was this in sentence
The serpent axyd what thinge may that be
Beest or foule whan it is forth brought
That hath no power stonde go nor fle
And afterwarde if it be well I sought
Gothe first on foure or elles goth he nought
After by processe on thre and than on tweyne
And eft ayen as nature doth ordeyne
He goth on thre and efte on foure ageyn
Also kyndly right nature disposith it so
And in a while it foloweth in certeyn
To the mater which that he cam fro
He must of kynde resorte ayen therto
And howe can nat the menynge clerly se
He of this serpent shall deuouryd be
Which edippus full sobre in his entent
Nat to rakel or to hasty of langage
But in his hert with greate [...]uysement
And full demure of loke and of visage
Consideryd first this perilous fell passage
Sawe well to fore that it was no iape
And full prouyded that no worde ascape
At good leyser with hole mynde and memorie
Seynge the ernest of this mortall emprise
His life dependynge betwyxt deth and victorie
This quod he pleynly to deuyse
Is first a childe which may nat suffise
Whan it is borne the truth is alday sene
Withoute helpe him self to sustene
After on foure he naturelly doth crepe
For impotence and grene tendrenesse
Noricis can tell that do theym kepe
But afterwarde vp he doth him dresse
With his two fete the third to expresse
Is hande or benche or sopport of sum wall
To holde him vp lest he catch a fall
And afterwarde encresynge of his myght
To greate age whan he dothe atteyne
Of his nature than he goth vp right
Myghtely vpon his legges tweyne
Than comyth age his power to restreyne
Crokyd and lame like as men may se
With a staffe or potent to make vp leggys thre
But whan feblenesse or sekenesse do assaile
On hondes and fete he must bowe and lowte
For crossys potentis may nat thanne auayle
Whan lusty age is banysshyd and shet oute
Than eft ayen herof may be no doute
With foure fete to erth he doth retourne
Fro whens he came there styll to soiourne
All cam from erth and all to the erth shall
Ayenst nature may no protection
Worldly estatis echon they be mortall
There may no treason make redempcion
Who clymeth highest his fall is lowest doun
A mene estate is best who coude it knowe
Betwene high presumynge & bowynge doun to lowe
For who sit highest stande in Iuꝑdye
Vnder daunger of fortune lyke for to fall
Mischeef and pouertye as for their ꝑtye
Been lowest broght amonge these people all
Sūme folke haue sugre and sūme tast gall
Salamon therfore myrrour of sapience
Betwene greate richessis and betwene indigence
Axyd a meane callyd suffisaunce
To holde him content of compitent dispence
Not to reioise of to greate habundaunce
And euer in pouert to sende him pacience
Sobre with his plentye in scarsnesse none offence
As of grutchynge but betwene ioye and smert
Thanke god of all and euer be glad of herte
Erth is the ende of euery maner man
For the rich with greate possession
Deth as sone as I reherce can
As doth the pore in tribulacion
For deth ne makith no deuision
By singuler fauour but betwene both I lech
Of the porest [...]nd of him that is moost riche
This saide problem concludyd in this caas
Which the serpent began sleightly to purpose
That whan a childe is first borne alas
Kynde to his dethwarde anone doth him dispose
Eche day a iourney there is none other glose
Experience can tech in euery age
Howe this worlde is here but a pilgrymage
This saide Edippus first in thebes borne
Sent to a forest deuouryd for to be
Founde and brought forth as ye haue herde to forne
And after drawynge home to his cuntre
Slough his fader so infortunate was he
Of frowarde happys folowynge all his lyue
As this tragedye his fortune shall discriue
But for that he through his high prudence
Vnto the serpent declaryd euerydele
He slough him after by knyghtly violence
More by wisdome than of armure and of stele
Stace of thebes can tell you full wele
Which was one cause if yelist to seen
Wherthrough Edippus weddyd hath the quene
Callyd Iocasta princesse of that cuntre
His owne modre vnknowen to him both
And though she were right faire vpon to se
With this mariage the goddes were full wrothe
For their aliaunce nature gan to loth
That a moder as ye shall vnderstonde
Shulde her sonne take to be her husbonde
There was therein none conuenience
To be supportyd by kynde ne by reason
But if it so be the heuenly influence
Disposid it by the inclinacion
Of sum fals frowarde constellacion
Causyd by saturne or mars the frowarde sterre
To engendre debate or some mortall werre
In this mater pleyn thus I deme
Of no cunnynge but of opinion
Though he were crownyd with ceptre and diademe
To regne in thebes the stronge myghty toun
That some aspecte cam from heuyn a doun
Infortunate frowarde and full of rage
Which ayenst kynde denyed the mariage
He crownyd was by assent of all the toun
Flourynge a ceson by souereynte of pees
And while he helde the possession
Sonnes and doughters he had doutles
The first sonne callyd Ethiocles
Polly [...]enes callyd was that other
As saith bochas the secunde brother
Also he had goodly doughters tweyne
The eldest callyd was antigone
The secunde namyd was ymeyne
And both they were right faire vnto see
The quene Iocasta myght no gladder be
Than to remembre whan they wexe in age
Her goddes had encreasyd their linage
It was hir ioye and her felicite
To se her children that were so inly faire
But oft of ioye there comyth aduersite
And hope vnsured whan hope oft apaire
Contrarious trust woll gladly their repayre
Where fals wenynge in herte is conceyued
Through ignorance which many folk haue disseyued
What thinge in erth is more disceyuable
That whan a man supposith verrely
In prosꝑite for to stonde stable
And from his ioye is remeuyd sodenly
For where fortune is founde to hasty
To trise folke is greuous to endure
For sodeyn chaungis been hatefull to nature
Vnware wo that cometh on gladnesse
Is vnto hertis right passynge encumberous
And who hath felt his part of wilfulnesse
Sorowe suynge on is to him odious
And worst of all and moost contrarious
Is whan estatys highest of renoun
Been from their noblesse sodenly brought doun
There is no glorie which that shyneth here
That fals fortune can so magnyfie
But whan his lande brightest is and clere
She can eclipse it with some cloudy skye
Of vnware sorowe only of enuye
Seeth of Edippus an open euydence
Which by his life hadde experience
Of high noblesse and therwith also
Part importable of greate aduersite
His ioye euer meynt with full mortall woo
For while he regnyd in thebes the cite
And Iocasta with full greate rialtye
Within the cuntre there fyll a pestilence
The people enfectynge with his violence
Through all the londe and all the region
In euery age but moost greuously
On theym echon that were of that toun
The infection spred moost specially
And of vengeaunce the swerde moost rigerously
Day by day began to byte and karue
Of eche estate causynge folke to sterue
Thus began to encrece the mortalite
That euery man stode in Iupardye
Of their lyues through oute the cuntre
So importable was their maladye
That myght here the people clepe and crie
Despe [...]ed so were they of their lyues
Wide of all socour and of their preseruatyues
They sought oute herbes and spices in their coffres
And began to seke for helpe and other socouris
The cause enquerynge of prudent philosopheris
And of their moost expert deuynourys
Why that the goddes with so sharpe shourys
Of pestilence and so cruell wise
Lyst theym alas so mortally chastyse
But amonge all in soth this is the caas
There was founde one full prudent and full wyse
A prophete callyd Tiresias
Of prophesie hauynge a souereigne price
Whiche affermyd and saide in his a viis
As vnto him was shewed by myracle
Phebus him self declarynge the oracle
Cause of this sikenes and these maladies
As the goddes playnly haue disposyd
And senec writeth also in his tragedies
Though the cause be secret and I closyd
Vnto the tyme there be a kynge disposyd
Which slough his fader and raft him of his life
And hath also take his moder to his wife
Tyll this be done and execute in dede
There may be made no redempcion
But pestilence shall multiplie and sprede
Euer more and more through oute that region
Tyll vnto the tyme that he be put a doun
Fro his crowne which was nat longe agone
His fader slough amonge his mortall foon
And hath his modre weddyd also
Ayenst lawe and ayenst all right
Tyll that vengeaunce vpon that cryme be do
There shall be werre pestilence and fiyht
Sorowe and greate strife and euery maner wight
Of vengeaunce his neyghbour shall hate
Brother with brother and blode with blode debate
This all and sum there may be no socoure
Which brought the people in greate heuynesse
For Tiresia the greate dyuynour
By prophesie tolde theym thus expresse
And at the last by tokenes and witnesse
Men vnderstode and signes oute shewynge
This pestilence was brought in by the kynge
And though the people ne gaf no credence
To tiresia ne to his prophesie
The quene iocasta caught an euydence
And in her hert a full great fantasie
Specially whan she dyd aspie
Of kynge edippus the fete whan she se woundyd
Howe this romour was vpon trouth ygroundyd
Bycause also ther was a diuinour
Which tolde to forne that edippus shulde be
To layus in thebes successoure
Wherby the kynge the quene and the cite
Fyll in great trouble and grete aduersite
Well more than I by writynge can reporte
For there was no thinge that might theim recoūforte
Full oft in the day Iocasta gan to sowne
Kynge Edippus sobbe crye and wepe
In salt terys as they thē wolde drowne
Deth crampisshynge into theyr herte gan crepe
A day compleynynge a nyght they may nat slepe
Cursynge the houre of their natyuyte
That they shulde lyue that day for to see
Their mortall chaunce their dedly auenture
Their fortune also which gan on theym frowne
Impatient and doolfull to endure
Their frowarde fate with their lokes browne
The kynge for yre cast away his crowne
And bigan to race for constreynt of his peyne
Out of his hede his wofull iyen tweyne
Day and nyght he cryed after deth
Hatefull to come in any mannys sight
Moost desirous to yelde vp the breth
Woofull in herte to come in any lyght
Coorbyd for sorowe feble to stonde vp right
And specially in his dedely distresse
For drede and shame he daryd in derkenesse
The cruell constrent of his moost greuaunce
Was that his sones had him in despite
Which gan his sorowe greatly to auaunce
For him to scorne was set all her delite
Was neuer none that stode in wors plyte
For thus liynge and destitute of chere
Vnto the goddes he made this prayer
Besechynge theym with a full doolfull chere
Vpon his woo to haue sum compassion
And that they wolde for to auenge his smerte
Betwene his sones make a diuision
Eche to brynge other to destruction
This was his prayer in substaunce
That eche on other may take vengeaunce
In yeres fewe for their vnkyndnesse
They herd his prayer as ye haue herde diuise
The brethern two thurgh their cursydnesse
Eche gan other mortally dispise
For lacke of grace and for fals couetise
Eche for his ꝑtye desirous in dede
To fore other to reigne and to succede
And thus these bretherne moost infortunat
Betwene theym self fill at discenceon
And finally this vnkyndly debate
Brought all thebes to distruction
zit was there made first a conuencion
By enterchaungynge that eche shulde reigne a yere
The tother absent to play and come no nere
This was concludyd by their both assent
And by acorde of that region
Pollicenes rood forth and was abssent
Ethiocles toke first possession
But whan the yere by reuolacion
Was come aboute he fals of his entent
Vnto the accord denyed to assent
This was a cause of their both striues
Pollicenes thus put oute of his right
Tyll adrastus kynge was of argyues
Which thurgh all grece gretest was of myght
Sent vnto Thebes tedeus a knyght
His sone in lawe to trete of this matere
And the cause fynally to lere
Wherethrugh the kynge callyd Ethiocles
Wolde condescende of truth and of reasn
To stynt werre and to cherisshe pees
Aftyr the accorde and compas [...]cion
Vp to delyuer thebes that mighty towne
Vnto his brother which absent was without
Nowe that his yere was fully comme about
But he was false and frowerdly gan varye
Ethiocles from his conuencion
For which adrastus no lenger wolde tarye
Whan tedeus hadde made relacion
But callyd anon throughoute his region
All the worthy bothe nere and ferre [...]
Ayenst thebes forto begynne a werre
For this cause like as ye shal lere
Pollicenes to force his partye
I weddyd had the kynges doughter dere
I mene adrastus floure of cheualrie
Whanne tedeus dyd him certefie
Touchinge the answere of Ethiocles
And of his truth howe he was recheles
False of his promyse and cursedly forsworne
For to his truth none aduertence had he
Neither to the accorde that was made beforne
Touchinge the delyueraunce of thebes the cyte
But who that list the story cleerly se
Of these two brethern and their discencion
And adrastus lay tofore the toun
And tideus through his high prowes
Fought by the way goinge on message
And howe of grece all the worthinesse
With kynge adrastus went in this viage
And of the mischeef that fyll in that passage
For lacke of water tyll that ysiphile
Norissh of ligurgus so faire vpon to se
Thought Tideus to fynde out a ryuer
She that dyde in fairenesse so excelle
Neyther howe the serpent moost ougly of his chere
Of kynge Ligurgus the childe slough at the well
Neither howe amphiorax fyll adoun to hell
All to declare me semyd it was no nede
For in the syege of thebes ye may it rede
The story hole and made there is mencion
Of either ꝑtye their puissaunce and their myght
And howe adrastus laye to fore the toun
And howe they mette euery day in fight
And Tideus theus the noble famous knygght
So renomyd in actys morciall
Was slayne alas as he faught on the wall
And howe the brethern met among the prees
Lyke two tigrys or lions that were wode
With sharpe sperys this it is doutles
Euerich of theym shed others hert blode
This was their fyne and thus with theym it stode
Saue at their festys callyd funerall
There fyll a marueyle which I tell shall
Whan they were brent into asshes dede
Of their enuye there fyll a full greate wondre
Amonge the brondes and the coles rede
High in the eire the smokes wente a sondre
The one to one partye and that other yonder
To declare the story me lyst nat feyne
The grete hatred that was betwene theym tweyne
Thus for their Ire and false discencion
All the lordes and all the chiualrie
Were slayne of grece and also of the toun
And rote of all myn [...]uctour list nat lye
Was fals aliaunce and fraternall enuye
And cheef grounde with all the surplusage
Who serch aright was vnkyndly mariage
The quene Iocasta felt her ꝑt of peyne
To se her childre eche of theym sle other
Her sonne her lorde blynde on his iyen tweyne
Which to his sonys was fadre and also broder
Fortune wolde it shulde be none other
Also parca [...] susters which been in noumbre thre
Span so the thride at her natyuyte
Also whan Iocasta stode thus disconsolate
And sawe of Thebes the subuersion
The cuntre distroyed was and disolate
The gentyll blode shed of that region
Without comfort or consolacion
Thought she myght be nomore appeired
But of all hope fully dispeyred
Trist and heuy pensif and spake no worde
Her sorowes olde and newe she gan aduert
Toke the swerde of him that was hir lorde
With which Edippus smote Layus to the herte
She to fenysshe all her peynes smerte
And fro the body her soule to deuyde
Roof her self thurghoute euery syde
She wery was of her wolull life
Seynge of fortune the greate froowardnesse
Howe her diffame and slaunder was so rife
And of Edippus the greate wretchidnesse
Also of her sones the greate vnkyndnesse
All these thinges weyed on her so sore
For distresse she that liste to lyue nomnre
Bouchas writeth the fairenesse
Constreynt of sorowe causyd it to fade
The famous light also of her noblesse
And all the clerenesse of her dayes glade
With vnware armys she was so ouer lade
Of verrey anguyssh that her self dyd hate
So inly contrarie disposid was her fate
Thus deth deuourith with his bitter gall
Ioye and sorowe auoyde of all mercy
And with his dart he makyth doun to fall
Riche and pore theym markynge sodenly
His vnware stroke smyteth vndifferently
From him refusynge fauour and all mede
Of all estates he taketh so lytell hede
Better is to dye than lyue in wretchidnesse
Better is to dye than euer lyue in peyne
Better is an ende than dedely heuynesse
Better is to dye than euer in wo compleyne
And where as myscheef doth at folke compleyne
By wofull constreynt of longe contynuaunce
Better it is to dye than lyue in such greuaunce
Takith ensample herof and a preef
Of kynge Edippus that was so longe agoo
Of quene Iocasta that felt so greate myscheef
And of their children remembre also
Which euer lyuyd in enuye sorowe and wo
Fortune alas durynge al their dayes
Was so frowarde to theym at all assaies
Touchynge Edippus processe fynde I none
What ende he made in conclusion
Saue Bochas write howe the kynge Creon
Cosyn and heir by succession
Exilyd him cheyned ferre out of the toune
Where he induryd mischeef sorowe and drede
Tyll antropos vntwinyd his liues threde

¶Lenuoye

IN this tragedie thre thinges ye may se
The pryde of Iabyn and false presumpcion
Of quene Iocasta the greate aduersite
Of kynge edippus the enclinacion
To vicis all and the deuysion
Of the two brethern pleynly vs to assure
Kyngdoms deuyded may no while endure

‘Omne regnum in se [...] diuisum desolabitur’

For who sawe euer kyngdome or cuntre
Stonde in quiete of possession
But if there were right peas and equyte
And Iust accord without dissencion
Voide of vntreuth and fals collusion
Playnly declarynge by ensample and by scripture
Kyngdomes deuidyd may no while endure
Seeth here ensaumple of thebes the cyte
And howe that noble myghty region
Thurgh their frowarde fals duplicite
With werre were brought to their distruccion
Their promise broken and their couert treson
Shewyd by her armys impossible to recure
Kyngedomes diuidyd may no whyle endure
Pryncis princessys which haue the souereynte
Ouer the people and dominacion
If ye lyst longe lyue in felicite
Cheryssh your subgettis doo noon extorcion
And aduertyse of wisdome and of reason
As this tragedie doth to you discure
Kyngdomes diuidyd may no whyle endure

Howe Atreus kynge of messene wrought ayenst his brother Thiestes slewe his thre chyldren dis­mēbryd them pecys made Thieftes to ete of their flessh and drynke of their blode

bOchas the poete auctour of this boke
Him purposynge to gydre and compyle
Dyuers stories anon his pen he toke
Him remembrynge within a lytyll whyle
In this chapitle began direct his style
To wryte the storye and hye compendious
A forne all other of duke theseus
Lorde of athenys a famous great cite
Right stronge and mighty on euery syde
But at his backe bochas dyd one se
Which cryed loude and bad he shulde abyde
Bochas quod he fro the me lyst not hyde
My wofull case ne in no wise spare
My pitous compleynt to the to declare
I am thiestes besprent all with wepynge
Drounyd in teers as thou maist well see
Sometyme sonne of the mighty kynge
Philistines and born also parde
Of quene pellop [...]a excellent of beute
And for thou art desirous to endite
Of people vnhappy and their wo to wryte
My wyll is this anon that thou procede
Turne thy style and take thy pen blyue
Leue theseus and take of him non hede
But first my tragedie that thou discryue
For I suppose that in all thy lyue
That thou sawe neuir a thinge more dolorous
More vnhappy more frowerde ne pitous
Than is alas my mortall auenture
Incomperable the sorowe surmountynge
Of quene iocasta moste wofull criature
Or of edippus his faat euyr complaynynge
For my complaynt hath none endynge
But lastith euer and berith me witnesse
No wo resemblyth vnto my heuinesse
And with that worde iohn bochas styll stode
Full soberly to yeue him audience
And in the place demurely abood
To here the substaunce of his mortall offence
Which thus bigan to shewe the sentence
O iohn qd he I pray the take gode hede
My wo to wryte that men may it rede
Alas my brother rote of vnkyndnesse
Attreus callyd of reason sours and well
And fynder oute of treason and falsenesse
And all other in fraude he doth precelle
Whos couert hate is more than I can tell
I supposynge of verry innocence
In him no malice disceit nor none offence
But as brother shulde a brother trust
I trustyd him of hert wil and thought
By apparen [...]e none other cause I wiste
For in his persone I supposyd nought
That euer he coude so false a thinge haue wrought
But who may sūner another man disceyue
Than he in whome no malice men conceyue
I demyd of him as of my true brother
w [...]ynge he had feythfull ben to me
I sawe no signe ne I knewe none other
In him supposynge no duplicite
But wo alas who myght it euer be
Or who dyd euer in any story fynde
Blood vnto blode to be so vnkynde
I woll passe ouer to tell the worthynesse
Touchinge the estatys of oure progenytours
Of oure kynred & the greate nobl [...]sse
I tell no thinge neyther of our predecessours
Neither of my youth howe passyd ben the floures
I l [...]ue all this and vnto mynde call
The wretchidnesse that I am in fall
My brother fonde a fals occasion
Ayenst me and bigan a cause feyne
To banysshe me oute of oure region
And bigan at me of hatred so disdeyne
Vpon me affermynge in certeyne
In oure kyngdome which callyd is myssene
I shulde haue leyen by his wife the quene
This he compassyd full falsly of malice
Him self wele knowynge that it was nat so
Euer founde vnkynde and his auyse
Nat lyke my brother but like my dedely foo
And to encrese greate percell of my woo
By longe processe in his entencion
He ymagenyd my distruction
Wherof the people were full glad and light
Thurghout myssene that myghty region
At my resortynge fyndynge euery wyght
Nedy of hert and hole affection
Me to resort into that noble toun
And none so redy by signes oute shewynge
To make me chere in soth as was the kynge
There is no damage in comꝑyson
That may be lykenyd by no resemblaunce
To feyned truth and simulacion
Whan fraude is hyd with a faire countenaunce
Pretendynge truth outwarde by disseyuaunce
And vnderneth of moost false entent
Of doublenesse darith the serpent
As vnder floures is shrowdyd the dragon
For to betraisshe by sodeyne violence
Such folke as haue no suspeccion
But truly mene in their pure innocence
Tyll they be caught dispurueyed of diffence
As a fisshe with bayte of fals plesaunce
The hoke nat seen to brynge him to myschaunce
Thus semblably at my home comynge
I was resceyuyd with euery circumstaunce
Lyke as half heire and brother to the kynge
And he pretendynge as by coūtenaunce
That he had so inly gretly plesaunce
Of my repaire of truth he tolde so
For reioysinge saide he wolde go
And his cheif cause was fals couetise
Touchyng this thinge which he dyd on me feyne
And yit this kyngdome truly to deuyse
Shuld haue be deꝑtyd of right betwene vs tweyne
But ayenst truth he dyd so ordeyne
Me to besile out of that region
Him self alone to haue possession
Yit in his hert he cast another wyle
To my vndoynge and disolacion
To the place where he dyde me exile
Vnder a shadowe of fals collusion
To make a maner reuocacion
Of bretherhede shewynge a pretence
Me to resorte ayen to his presence
To be acceptyd as a brother shulde
With full accoorde styll with him forto abyde
All iniures of which afore I tolde
On either ꝑtye foryete and set a syde
That no thinge after shulde oure loue deuyde
But of one wyll and one entencion
Lede all oure life withoute diuision
Vnto his goddes to do sum obseruaunce
For this accord and humble sacrifise
Made his ministres with feithfull attendaunce
To waite on me in all their best wise
It nedith nat to tell ne diuyse
Neither by writynge in bokes for to set
Halfe the ioye he made whan we met
First howe frendly he dyd me enbrace
Of hertely gladnesse within his armes tweyne
And howe for ioye the terys on his face
Full enteerly gan distyll and reyne
That for my ꝑtye he [...]oude nat me restreyne
But that I must of frendship fraternall
Wepe as dyd he in his estate riall
The wily wolfe that cast him to deuoure
The sely lambe which can no diffence
Ne none helpe him self to socoure
So feble he is to make resistence
Which demyth truth of fals apparence
What wondre is it the fraude nat conceyuyd
Though such lambys vnwarely be disceyuyd
Though that roses at mydsomer be full sote
Yit vnderneth is hyd a full sharpe spyne
Sum fressh floures haue a full bytter rote
And lothsum gall can also sugre vndermyne
In dredfull stormes the sūne amonge doth shyne
And wnder a shadowe of feyned frenlihede
There is no frendship so perilous to drede
Thus remembrynge the feithfull wordes stable
Of my brother shewyd vnto me
At oure metynge the kyssynge amyable
The assuryd couenauntes at oure fraternyte
But oft tyme men may beholde and se
That lilyes growen amonge these netles thicke
And floure delice in myddes these wedys wicke
Thus while I restyd in the kynges hous
No thinge aduertynge his dedely crueltie
His olde hatred was so venymous
And so odyble to distroye me
Him self to auenge he toke my children [...]hree
And sikerly is it nat a wonder
He cut their throtes with a knyfe a sundre
For he thought that it dyd him good
Theym to dismembre into pecis smale
And in a vessell for to gadre their blode
While they lay styll and lokyd on him pale
This was his dede in a desert vale
Withinne a caue that no man shulde aspye
Treason conspired of his fals tirannye
This was the substaunce of his sacrifise
[...]o sle my children and make their hertis blede
I trowe the goddes therof dyde agrise
Of his fals offringe whan they toke hede
He dyd their membres after roste and sede
And with this viande moost abhominable
He made me to be seruyd at the table
In couert cruses also thus it stode
To staunche my thrust thrugh his cruel vēgeaūce
He made me vnknowe drynke their blode
Was nat this thinge to goddes displesaunce
Yis I dare say for by demonstraunce
Vpon this dede withoute more obstacle
The sonne in heuyn shewyd a myracle
Which sore agrysyd myght nat beholde
With his bemys theron to cast his sight
For displesaunce his cleernes began witholde
And for vengeaunce to withdrawe his light
The day tournynge for horrour into nyght
Whan he shone brightest in his mydday spere
Shroudyd his face and wold nat appere
But I alas vpon this caas horrible
That coude nat ymagyne neyther thynke
On any mater that was so odible
Get their flessh th [...]r blode also dyde I drynke
Which so sore doth to myn herte synke
That I may nat touchinge this auenture
The circumstaunce for constreynt discure
It nedith nat me to make rehersaile
Touchynge myn exyll of all maner thynges
Of diuers sorowes that me dyde assayle
My wofull sighes ne my greuous wepynges
Neyther vpon nyghtes my dolorous wakinges
My pouert neyther howe I stode in drede
To lese my lyfe wherof bochas take hede
And remembre all the cyrcumstaunce
If euer thou sawe of highe or lowe degre
More contrarie / or more vnhappy chauncis
Than thou herde remembred here of me
Weye in balauncis / my sorowes let se
If any sorowe or myscheef vnrecuryd
May countirpeyce to that I haue enduryd
Myn enfortunes I fonde theym ay so fell
Without fauour and socour dispurueyed
My brother on me euer so cruell
That I full oft desired to haue dyed
For to this day my sprite hath be conueyed
With sorowe and woo deuoide of all refuge
Wherfore I praye / o bochas be my iuge
And in thy wrytynge leue nat me behynde
Neyther in thy book / that thou nat disdeyne
Amonge the folke / that thou haue me in mynde
Which that for sorowe wepe / weyle / and pleyn
And thus T [...]estes rehersynge all his peyne
Like as he wolde him self on pecis rende
Made vnto bochas of his tale an ende

Howe Atreus accusyd him self of murdre and his brother vpon auoutrye doon with Europa the quene

aTreus after with a full pale chere
And of enuye full dede in his visage
And vnto Iohn bochas began aproche nere
Lyke as he had be fallen in a rage
And furiously abreyde in his langage
Howe may this be / that like a man were wode
[...]stes hath his venym sowe abrood
And like a ribaude falsly me accusyd
Nat withstondynge that I full cleerly se
Myn infortunys / which may nat be refusyd
So sore alas / they werke ayenst me
And though T [...]estes / fals and vntrue be
And vnto the bochas with a face pale
Ayenst me hath forgyd here a tale
Which in effect shall be founde vntrue
If I haue my compleynt to declare
For I purpose to tell a tale newe
Fro poynt to poynt / and for no man to spare
Howe he was grounde and roote of all my care
And euer like as it is befall
Reherce the begynnynge of my sorowes all
Sumtyme whan I regnyd in myssene
Of age lusty flourynge in my fresshenesse
With my wife Europa that was quene
Moost renomyd that tyme of fairenesse
Tiestes than as grounde of all falsnesse
As a traitour his tyme dyd aspye
Through his fals fraude and flaterye
Cumpassyd a mene within my cyte
By sleighty wyles that were incomꝑable
To corrupt my wyues chastite
My bedde defowlynge a thynge intollerable
And to the goddes verry abhominable
Vsynge the quene to his flesshly plesaunce
Tyll vnto tyme that contynuaunce
She by him had sonnes two or thre
Echon brought forth in fals anoutrye
Demynge that they had be
Myn owne children [...]yll that I dyd aspye
Howe that this swyne through his fals lecherye
This Tiestes / after Europa
Laye by his doughter called Pellopia
And by processe forth a childe she brought
[...]allyd Egistus / which whan he cam to age
As seyth bochas / full moch treason he wrought
For by his malice and his greate outrage
Destroyed was all hoole the lynage
Of Tantalus which by his lyuynge
In frigia regned as lorde and kynge
But this Egistus of whom I spake to forne
Falsly bygoten myn auctour sayth the same
Of Pellopia anone as he was borne
To hyde the sclaunder / and also the defame
Of Tiestes / and also for to saue his name
Whan he was but a daye of age
He was outcast to bestys full sauage
To be deuouryd the story is well couth
A mylche goot / god lyst for him purueye
To fostre him in his tendre youth
He nyght and day lyenge by hir syde
Within the forest thus he dyd abyde
Vnto the tyme he gan growe in age
Than to the court he holdeth his passage
Wherfore o bochas of herte I praye the
Which of these stories is moost terrible
Of Edippus [...] Iocasta / or of me
Tel [...] on anone if it be possible
Which of their sorowes is moost penyble
Of theban brethern moost full of woo and tene
Or of vs tweyne bretherne of myssene
I am a knowe as for my partye
Of vengeaunce I dyd a cruell dede
I slough his children of malice and enuye
And rostyd theym whan that they were dede
Only bycause if thou list take hede
That he bygate theym / as rote of all this strife
Vpon Europa / which that was my wife
Such hatefull thinges eche man shulde loth
Which aparteyneth to murdre and treason
Thus may I say we been vnhappy both
He first by trespas of fornycacion
Doon by the quene within my region
And I desclaundryd on that other syde
Of hasty vengeaunce to be an homycide
My bedde he defoulyd by his auoutrye
To god and man a thynge moost detestable
And I of malice and fals malencolie
Slough his childre and seruyd theym at the table
Thus enterchaungynge if it be comendable
Eche was desirous through oure vnhappy chaunce
Vpon other for to do vengeaunce
Oure greate hatred moost odious founde at all
Oure cruell dedys wrought on outher side
Senec rehersyth theym in especiall
In his tragedies / and there he doth deuyde
Our complayntys / oure malice / and oure pride
Oure fatall ende in sorowe and myscheef fyned
Whan antrapos oure lyues threde hath twyned
Whan Iohn bochas fully had aspyed
Of these two bretherne the accusacions
And howe they had maliciously replyed
Eche ayenst other in their discencions
He beganne dully to here their mocions
Put vp his pen and wrote not more a worde
Of their furye neyther of their fals discorde

Lenuoy

THis tragedye shewyth a figure
A maner of ymage and also lykenesse
Howe contrarye it is vnto nature
Blode vnto blode to shewe vnkyndnesse
This wofull storie can bere full well witnesse
All such debatis been as ye shall fynde
Hatefull to god and contrarye vnto kynde
For there is no more dredefull auenture
Than in kynrede to fynde frowardnesse
Neither no damage more ꝑilous to endure
Than in frenship whan there is straungenesse
A maner ꝑtye by example I dare expresse
To se the tre debate ayen the rynde
To god were hatefull and contrarye vnto kynde
Euery beest and euery creature
Loueth his semblable of kyndly right I gesse
And whan one truth tweyn hertys assure
Vndepartyd of verrey ꝑfightnesse
It were a visious froward cursydnesse
Their loue to knyt to louse or vnbynde
Hatefull to god and contrarye vnto kynde
Princes princessis doo your besy cure
From you to auoyde strif / fraude / and doublenesse
Remembre you vpon the vnhappy cure
Of these two bretherne and their wretchydnesse
And of their both malicious wilfulnesse
And howe their stryues / haue this well in mynde
To god was hatefull and contrarye vnto kynde

Of duke Theseus and Adryane that saued his life in the Caue / and howe he like a forsworne man forsoke hir & weddyd faire phedra which afterward slough hir silfe

aThenes sūtyme whā it was in his floures
Was callyd norice of philosopheris wise
Princesse of poetes and expert oratoures
Sūme of all sciencis as clerkis can deuise
Whens all cūnynge moost cleerly dyd arise
Named of Grece the lanterne and the light
Which through all erthe shed his bemys bright
With noble titles which been oute of noumbre
In euery coost his renoun dyd shyne
The fame therof was clipsid with none vmbre
All other scolys it did so enlumyne
For in that cite pleynly to determyne
Of the vn artys / as doū from one hede sprynge
There ran out ryuers and stremys of all cūnynge
These sciencis were callyd liberall
Only of fredam fraunchise and liberte
For of a storke that were prouyd thrall
There shulde no braunch studye in that cyte
[...]ut the ylke blode that were founde fre
Both by discent and syneall high noblesse
There to [...]oleye shulde haue interesse
This cyte was sacryd to myne [...]e
For their wisdome and their sapience
Of mercurie the festys they obserue
For rethoryk and for eloquence
And myghty mars yaue theym enfluence
With glad aspe [...]tys their ꝑtye to amende
Noblesse of knyghthode the clergie to defende
This toun was nobled by title of other thynges
And moost glorious / rekened in that age
By succession of Dukes and of kynges
Amonge which duke theseus by lynage
Sonne of Egistus full fressh in his corage
E [...]cellynge all / of prudence and manhede
That euer dyd the crowne there possede
For to that cite through his high noblesse
In their defencis / such trust / such affiaunce
He yaue to theym by his expert prowesse
Of his tryumphes so greate habundaunce
And specially their renoun to auaunce
He made theym free their trewage to lete
Ayenst Mynos the mighty kynge of Crete
For by his force the storie is well couth
Theym to fraunchise and all that regyon
The mynataur he slough in tendre youth
And afterwarde he of deuocion
To aquite him self lyke a chaumpion
Therof made solemp [...]e sacrifise
To Iupiter in moost humble wise
And a Theatre called Maraton
Duke theseus had the victorye
After he went to Colchos with Iason
Cheef of counseyle as made is memorye
And by processe to augment his glorye
With hercules his brother to conueye
Ayenst amazones he went to werreye
Conqueryd theym his manhode was wele sene
His force / his noblesse in that mortall strife
And after that Ipolita the quene
This theseus toke vnto his wife
And for his brother he layde in iuꝑde his life
Duke Pirotheus whan he dyd vndertake
The Centaures to outraye for his sake
This centaures poetys specifie
And s [...]ruyus makyth mencion
Howe they were sumtyme engendryd on askye
Whan first their fader callyd yrion
Was enammored full many a day goon
Vpon Iuno bycause she was so faire
Gouernesse and goddes of the aire
This yrion was hir secretarie
And for hir fairenesse and excellent bewtye
Louyd her full hote al be it she was contrarye
To his desire / bochas rede and ye may se
Him to delude he writeth howe that she
Hir selfe transformed / as she that myght and coude
Into the likenesse of an heuenly cloude
This yrion playnly supposynge
It was hir self and euene thus she wrought
The [...]loude enbrasynge without more taryenge
Of his foly the goddes there he sought
And wttheir medlīg betwene them forth they brough
The Centaures thise bestys meruelous
Which of nature been founde monstruous
Halfe man / half hors deꝑtyd thus in tweyne
And wonderfull by their discripcion
Of fals malyce dyd theym self ordeyne
On Pirotheus to make inuacion
And him to put oute of possession
Of his wife callyd ypodamen
And hir to rauysshe maugre all his men
There were of theym an hundrith as in noumbre
Swift as the wynde in their cours renynnge
Which of malice cast them to encoumbre
Duke perotheus the day of his weddynge
And to rauissh his wyf at their cummynge
If for his partie there were no defence
Ayenst their power to make recistence
But theseus lyst nat to delay
Pirotheus his brother to defende
First the centaures knightly he dyd outraie
So mortally they durst not him offende
After the conquest to hell they descende
Duke pirothe and worthy th [...]s
Maugre the daungere of [...] cerberus
There they rauisshyd in their mortall tene
Through their knyghthode if ye lift to lere
Dispyte of pluto / proserpina the quene
Which of iupiter was the doughter dere
And pirotheus fonde first the manere
Of wilfull force through his high renoune
Realmes to conquere and holde possessioun
But by writynge sothely of ouyde
He playnly tellith howe duke theseus
Arestyd was in hell and must abyde
By the force of cruell cerberus
And pluto was to him contrarius
Tyll pirotheus to fynde a relees
The case declaryd vnto hercules
Which of his knyghthode a remedye fonde
To helpe his frende dyd his besy peyne
First by his prowesse cerberus he bonde
At hell gatis with a treble cheyne
And of his manhode he dyd so ordeyne
Duke theseus from daunger to discharge
Maugry pluto for to goo at large
They were in armys brethern both tweyne
Louyd as brethern both in werre and pees
That neither coude vnto other feyne
Their lif to iupardye and put theim self in prees
And bothe as brethern were callyd hercules
To signifye / poetes can well tell
This name in conquest all other doth excell
By olde tyme they that were peerles
For their nobles in diuers regions
All they for manhode were namyd hercules
Such as were noisyd for fa [...]ous champions
Tigres to daunt borys and lions
And renomyd amonge theim euerichon
Bochas affermith that theseus was oon
First as I said by his knyghtly traueyle
Whan athenes stode in diuision
Amonge theim self by werre and bataile
By his wisdome and his discrecion
To set accorde within that noble toune
Theim that were exilyd and stode in no certeine
He of his knyghthode made them resorte ageyne
He yaf theim lawes wherby they shulde theim gye
Noble statutes foundyd of reason
Set amonge theim so prudent policie
In their lyuynge that no dissencion
Shuld arise by none occasion
Amonge them self in high or lowe estate
Prouidynge euer that there were no debate
Thus bigan the cite encreas and multiplie
To wex famous of wisdome and riches
There spronge the well first of philosophie
There first of knyghthode rose the high nobles
By theseus bochas berith witnes
Thus thinges two lyke as it is founde
Clergye and lawe dyd there habounde
For to set the cite in quiete
He made peas through all that region
And of knyghthode he manly dyd mete
The cruell tiraunt that callyd was creon
Maugre him / made restitucion
Of lordes bones that were at thebes slayne
To the ladies / wherof they were full fayne
Thus through grece anon his renoune spradde
His knightly fame bigan gretly multiplye
And longe in ioye thus his lyf he ladde
While that fortune list him magnifye
But ay hir gladnes is meynte with sum enuye
For she frowarde list no more soiourne
With theseus but bygan her face tourne
Awey fro him wexe ꝑuerce and frowarde
Of his glorye vngoodly gan to double
Doun from her whele she made go bakwarde
Of his gode name she gan the feders pulle
Whan his nobles was highest at fulle
I mene the full of his felicite
There folowyd an ebbe of great aduercite
And more euer her frowardly to aquyte
His vnhappis rehersynge one by one
One the first as bochas list to endyte
Was whan he lay in crete amonge his fone
And out of pryson shulde in to grece gone
Repeirynge homewarde and him self withdrawe
The minataure whan he had slawe
The first emprise that he vndertoke
Was whan he ascapyd the importable payne
Of mynatoures lyke as seith my boke
And with him had the kynges doughters tweyne
That he of malyce falsly lyst disdeyne
Ayenst adriane which that dyd him saue
From the deth whan he lay in the caue
Shulde haue be slayne had nat her socour be
In his repeire he toke therof non hede
He left her alone in great aduersite
Within an yle in mischeef sorowe and drede
And faier phedra with him he dyd lede
Weddyd her lyke a forsworne man
Thus with vntruthe his mischeef first began
Howe phedra qu [...]t her the story is well knowe
In his absence bochas wrytith thus
Whan that she within a lytill throwe
Louyd ayenst kynde her son ypolitus
But he to hir was contrarious
Wolde not assente to so foule a dede
For shame he fled and ꝑeell also for drede
To his fader for him dyd accuse
[...] ye to forne haue the story seyne
And for he dyd her company refuse
He went away and cam neuer agayne
For ye haue herde howe that he was slayne
Within acha [...] through his vnhappy chaunce
And howe phedra through mischeef and vengeaunce
Slough her self ayenst all womanhede
Here in this boke to fore as I you tolde
Of which thinge whan theseus toke hede
Thought it was vengeaunce for his offence olde
For he not quit him lyke as he was beholde
To adriane which shulde haue be his wyf
By whose socoure he scapyd with his lyf
This infortune and this vnhappy chaunce
Was to his nobles full contrarious
The deth also was to him a vengeaunce
Of his son callyd ipolitus
For sorowe of whome this duke theseus
With salte teres sore bygan to playne
And the exequies of the ilke tweyne
I trowe also it dyd him sore greue
Duke pirotheus whan he sawe dede
Slayne with a best and might not releue
Kynge orchus hounde which had a treble hede
Whoos teeth orrible of his blode were rede
Which infortune whan he gan beholde
Vnto the day he felt his herte colde
And for to reken the great wretchydnesses
The vnhappy chauncis that fyll him in his lyf
Amonge all his other great distresses
Was none so mortall and so full of stryf
As was whan he yaf credence to his wyf
Phedra callyd which an entencion
Cumpassyd vntruly an accusacion
Vpon Ipolitus of hatred and enuye
Bycause he wolde not do so great offence
As for to assente to her lecherye
Therfore of deth he felt the violence▪
And for his fadre to sone yaf credence
Bochas forbad husbendes all their lyues
Without preef not leue to sone their wyues
Neither be to hasty tales for to here
Of flaterers in chaumbre ne at the table
Forgers of lesyngess myn auctour doth well preue
To abyde with lordes that they be nat able
Hereon he makyth a chapytle full natable
And of his wrytynge this was the cause why
That prynces shulde examyne eche party
Of wisdome also and of discrecion
Without a preef not be perciall
For to a prynce it is confusion
If bitwene partyes he be not founde egall
Causyd many one for to haue a fall
God suffrid such not longe to continue
Withdrawith their grace and hyndreth their fortune
Thus theseus for his hastynes
His hap his grace distressyd day by day
The fame appallyd of his worthines
And frowarde fortune also in a waite lay
For his defautes to hyndre him if she may
Caste she wolde his nobles diasuaunce
And than his kyngedome by disobeisaunce
From him withdrawth honoure and reuerence
Full frowardly through all his region
They of athenes by cruell violence
Fyll ayenst him in rebellion
That he was fayne to fle oute of that toun
Thus hath fortune derkyd the brightnesse
Of all his noblesse and cast him in destresse
This was the ende by greate cantrariouste
Of Theseus after his daies glade
Whan the fressh floure of old felicite
Fortune aduerse / made theym for to fade
Eche thinge must bowe whan it is ouerlade
Worshippes and honoures whan the brightest shyne
With vnware chaunges than rathest do declyne

Lenuoye

THe vnsure gladnesse the ioye transitorie
The vnstable surenesse the transmutacions
The cloudy brightnes the fals eclipsid glorye
Of erthely princes which haue possessions
Monarchies and dominacions
Their sodeyn chaunge declareth to vs all
Their pompous suger is meynt with bitter gall
This blinde goddesse in hir consistorie
With hir plesaunce medleth discencions
After triumphes / conquest and victorye
Reueth from kynges their ceptris and their crowns
Troubleth the people with fals rebellions
See these dukes which from their whele been fall
All wordly sugre is ment with sum gall
This tragedie maketh momerie
Of dukes tweyne and of their high renouns
And of their loue write a greate historie
And howe they conqueryd dyuers regions
Gouernyd cites / cuntrees / and also touns
Tyl [...] fortune their prowesse dyd appalle
To shewe their sugre was meynt with sum gall
Princis princessis see howe deceptorie
Been all these worldly reuolucions
And howe fortune in her reclinatorie
With hir triacle temperith fals poysons
So maruelous been hir confeccions
Of frowardnesse she woll what so bifall
E [...]r with hir sugre of custum tempre gall

¶Here bochas writeth ayenst theym that yeuethe hasty credence to liers and flaterers

IN this Chaptre Bochas in sentence
Repreueth and blameth nat only princes
But all theym that ouerlightly yeueth credence
To euery tale and fable which is
R [...]po [...]tyd vnto theym for sothfastnysse
And list no thynge do / as it were dewe
To proue the trouth where it be fals or trwe
All though so be in euery maner age
Folkys been diuers of condicions
To tourne plie and chaunge in their corage
To outher partie with sodeyn mocions
And for to bowe by transmutacions
With euery wynde as done the vnstable leuys
Which hange / in trees / in forestes and in greues
But of all chaungis that chaunge is moost to drede
And moost feerfull is that variaunce
Whan that princis which may the people lede
Been founde vnstable in their gouernaunce
For their noblesse and their high punissaunce
Assureth theym by a maner of fourme
What euer theym list to acōplissh and to ꝑfourme
To comon profite they moost may auayle
Whan they been rulyd by wisdome and reason
And to the people they may moost disauayle
Whan they lacke wit and discrecion
Thus bitwene tweyne in euery region
The people draweth who that can discerne
To good or badde as princis theym gouerne
They may nat be to hasty ne to sodeyn
But doo all thynge by good auysement
Kepe theym from tunges that ꝑtyd been on tweyne
Nat be to hasty to yeue no iugement
And of folkes whan they been absent
Leue no tales / neither yeue no credence
Tyll that the ꝑtye may come to euidence
Sumtyme hath hapnyd howe that slaw credence
Hath in sūme be founde full noyous
But hasty credence I dare say in sentence
A thousande foolde is more ꝑilous
For vnauysyd / all hast is odious
For hast full oft / for lacke of reason
Of moch people hath been destruction
There is no damage that men can purpose
More to be dred nor more lamentable
Than a prince his eeris to vnclose
To euery tale and euery fable
It is a token their hertes be nat stable
Whan they to flaterers their eers don applye
Namely to such that can well forge and lye
Folkes be dyuers sum fals sum trewe
In diuers studies done their besynesse
Sum can studye and fynde out tales newe
And sum for lucre can maintene well falsnesse
And holde vp quarels ayenst rightwysnesse
Pretendynge truthe vnder a fals entente
To hyndre folkes which that ben innocente
[...] to suppose it were a great folye
[...] folkes shulde in their opynion
Speke or pronounce all on one partye
Or holde one way in their entencion
For semblably as there is a diuision
Of [...]oragis of high or lowe degre
So is there truly a great diuersite
In rehersaile or reporte of a thinge
For to his partye eche man is fauorable
S [...] man can saye well in all his rehersynge
S [...] man is double and sum man dissayuable
S [...] men say trewe and sum be variable
[...]fore a prynce of right as it doth seme
Shulde wele examyne byfore or that he deme
For there is noon more dredfull pestilence
Than a tunge that can flatere a fage
For with his cursyd crabbyd violence
He enf [...]th folke of euery age
Woo to tunges frowarde of their langage
And woo to tunges fals furious and wode
Which of no persone neuer can saye good
Bochas rehersith it is right wele sittynge
Than euery man other do comende
And say the best alwey in reportynge
For in wele sayenge no man may offende
Where men say wele god woll his grace sende
After men be / men must this pris vpreyse
Lyke their meritis alowe theym or despreise
But where a thynge is vtterly vnknowe
Let no man there be hasty of sentence
For rightfull iuges sittynge on arowe
Of their wisdome and of their high prudence
Will of truth haue first sūme euidence
I mene such as gouernyd be by grace
Or any dome forth by their lippis pace
A prince shulde assemble thinges tweyne
Within him selfe afore full prudently
Shet vp his domes bitwyxe lockes tweyne
One of the soule / reason for that partye
Prudence chosen / and right for the body
And bytwene theym both or he yaue a sentence
To counseyll call / truth and good conscience
First to considre with euery circumstaunce
And diligently doo their on his laboure
Of discrecion to take the balaunce
And first weye oute who is the accusoure
And whether that he for falnesse or fauoure
In his processe list to procede
Herof a prynce must of right take hede
He must also considre by and by
What that he is which to him is accusyd
And whether the accusour be frende or enmy
Or whether he shall be accept or refusyd
In his actis thus must afore be musyd
And whether he be by report of his name
A man well norsyd or sclaundred by diffame
If theseus thus had been auysyd
And consideryd of reason the meanere
He had nat so hastely deuysyd
His sonnes deth like as ye shall lere
For if there had assembled be in fere
In his ꝑsone prudence and reason
He shulde haue seen in his discrecion
By knowelegynge of longe experience
Of his wife the greate vnstedfastnesse
Which through hir froward compassynge eloquence.
Was redy euer to bringe folke to distresse
And in his writinge bochas berith witnesse
Of their nature wymen can flater and fage
And be sumtyme to copious of their langage
Also of wisdome duke theseus
Shulde haue consideryd afore in his entent
Howe that his sonne callyd Ipolitus
Of all vnclennesse was founde euer Innocent
And howe that he custum / made his went
Into forestys durynge his yonge age
To hunte at beestys which that were sauage
Rennynge on fote as ye shall vnderstonde
On hillis valeys to eschewe idelnesse
Modre of vicis with his bowe on honde
Dyane to serue of huntynge cheef goddesse
Sumtyme to hauke he dyd his besynesse
Also vnto fisshynge greatly he was applyed
So that his youth was neuer vnoccupyed
Thus he lyuyd in wodys solitarye
And of venus despisyd the seruyse
Amonge wymen he wolde neuer tarye
Their felawship he dyd alwey despise
For he demyd by sentence of the wyse
Who so touchith pytch by assay men may se
It fayleth nat he shall defoulyd be

‘Qui tangit picem et c̄.’

Ipolitus sawe well this thinge afore
Kept him at large from such contrariouste
His grene youth he wolde nat haue it lore
To be defoulyd for lacke of chastite
For he lyued euer in virginyte
And neuer dyde Bochas wyll nat varye
No thinge that was vnto god contrarie
Thus of entent he kept his body clene
Durynge his lyf both in thought and dede
Whose moder was ypolita the quene
Of amazones in ouide ye may rede
But wo alas that theseus toke hede
For a tale of phedra full of gyle
Without gylte / his to exile
After whos deth / sūme poetis seyn
Howe that Dyana for his chastite
Restoryd him vnto life ageyne
By Esculapius / and yaue him libertye
In hir forestes to hunte and to goo free
For which restorynge / as write Ouideus
As twyes a man / men call him verbius

‘¶M. de transformatis .i. bis vir’

But bochas here I not what he doth mene
Makith in his boke an exclamacion
Ayenst wymen that pite is to sene
Seith howe their life their generacion
Been of nature double of condicion
And callyth theym also dyuers and vnstable
Beestys resemblynge that been insaciable
He meneth of wymen been borne in Crete
And no thinge of theym that dwell in this cuntre
For wymen here all doublenesse they lete
And haue no tatch of mutabilite
They loue [...]o chaungis ne no duplicite
For their husbondes in causes smale or grete
What so euer they saye they cānot counterplete
Blessyd be god that theym hath made so meke
So humble / and feerfull of their condicions
For though men wolde cause and mater seke
Ayens their paciens to fynde occasions
They haue refusyd all contradiccions
And theym submyttyd through their gouernaunce
Oonly to mekenesse and womanly suffraunce
I speke nat of one I speke of all
That been professyd vnto lowlynesse
They may haue mouthes but langege haue they non
All true husbondes can bere herof witnesse
For weddyd men I dare full well expresse
That haue assayed and had experience
Best can recorde of wifly pacience
For as longith to men to be sturdy
And sumwhat froward as of their nature
Right so can wymen suffre paciently
And all wronges womanly endure
Men shulde attempte no maner creature
And namely wymen their mekenesse for to preue
Which may wele suffre while no man do theym greu [...]
Euery thynge resortith to his kynde
As bochas writith sumtyme of the yere
And yit who serchith by processe he shall fynde
That truth and vertue may neuer fade of chere
For rightwysnesse woll alwey shyne clere
Truth falsnesse in what they haue to done
They may no while assemble in one ꝑsone
Feer and flaterie they been contrarie
They may togydre holde soiour
Neyther symplesse which that can nat varye
May neuer accorde. with a baratoure
Neyther Innocence with a losemour
Neyther chastice cannot hir self applie
Hir to confourme vnto no rebaudie

‘¶Ar [...] mutat naturam’

By the ordynaunce set in their corage
And ech man foloweth his condicion
As of the stocke the frute hath the tariage
Pylgrymes may go full ferm their passage
But I dare saye howe ferre that euer they goo
There but sūme tarrage of that they cam fro
Bochas maketh an introduccion
In this chaptre of high noblesse
That princis haue in their possession
And by a maner laughynge doth expresse
Howe for to set theym in greate sekernesse
They haue seruauntis vpon theym abidynge
And men of armes day and nyght awaytinge
That no man may entre but if he haue licence
The frowarde portes stondinge at the gate
Put men abak by sturdy violence
It were full harde ayenst theym to debate
Their wat [...] his kept erly and also late
And theym to assure on nyghtes whan they slepe
The chaumberleyns their doris streitly kepe
Men assignyd their metis to assaye
To tast their wynes lest there were treason
Such mortall drede these lordes do affraye
Soo is there surenesse meynt with suspecion
Who fedyth him gladly that ferith him of poison
But pore folke fraunchisyd from such drede
Such as god theym sent with myrth they theym fede
But poetis that write tragedies
Their compleynynge is all of high estatis
Rehersinge euer the pitous Iuꝑdus
Their sodeyn chaungys and their wofull fatis
Their diuisions and theyr mortall debatis
And euer conclude their dytees who so can rede
High estatis stonde ay moost in drede
And grounde and rote of all this mortal trouble
As Bochas writeth and berith witnesse
Been these liers with their tunges double
Theym self ay forsinge truthe to oppresse
With whom flaterie is a cheef maystresse
And worst of all to their dredfull sentence
Is whan princis been hasty of credence
Hasty credence is rote of all errour
A froward stepmoder of all good counseyll
Grounde of greate hindringe a dredefull disseiuour
Faire of face with a ꝑlous taile
Gladly concludynge with full greate disauaile
Neyt neighboure vnto repentaunce
To all that trust and haue in hir plesaunce

Lenuoye

Princis princessis concidre howe in euery age
Folkes been deuers of their condicion
To plye and tourne and chaunge in their corage
Yit is there none to myn opinion
So dredfull chaunge ne transmutacion
As chaunge of princis to yeue Iugement
Or hasty credence withoute auysement
It is well founde a passynge greate damage
Knowen and expert in euery region
Though a tale haue a faire visage
It may include full greate decepcion
Hid vnder suger galle and fell poison
With a fressh face of double entendment
Yit yeue no credence without auysement
Let folkes beware of their langage
Kepe their tunges form oblocucion
To hindre or hurte by no maner outrage
Preserue their lippes from all detraccion
From chaūꝑtie and contradiction
For lest that fraude were founde in their entent
Ne yeue no credence without auysement
Princis princessis of noble and high parage
Which haue lordship and dominacion
Voide theym aside that can flater and fage
Fro tunges that haue a terrage of treason
Stop your erys from their bitter soun
Be circumspecte nat hasty but prudent
And yeue no credence withoute auisement

¶Of quene Althea / and howe Hercules by wymē was brought to confusion

wHan bochas had shewed his sentence
And declaryd his opinion
Ayenst theym that were hasty of credence
He began anone to make a digression
Fro that mater and of entencion
To serch out mo / his purpos to contune
That were doun cast and hintryd by fortune
And as him thought he sawe a company
Of many worthy which dyd apere
And amonge all first he dyd aspye
Quene althea as she gan nigh him nere
All bywepte her face and also her chere
With salt teerys that pyte was to sene
Which sūtyme was of calsidonye the quene
She was the doughter of kynge testius
Weddyd to Oene of calcidonye kynge
Of chere and face apperynge full pitous
Her here to torne and frowardly lyenge
And in token also of compleynynge
As writith bochas wherof he toke gode hede
Blacke was her habyte and torne was her wede
A sonne she had melliager he hight
In erth was there none feirer to se
Right well fauouryd in euery mens sight
And as I fynde at his natiuite
Present were the fatall sustres thre
With their rockes and bigan forto spynne faste
And toke a bronde and in to fyre it caste
And in that houre this was their langage
Touchynge this chylde we full accordyd be
And haue disposyd also the terme of his age
The space concludyd of his destyne
As longe tyme who so lift to se
Tyll this bronde amonge the coles rede
Be full consumyd in to asshes dede
But whanne althea aspyed their entente
And conceyuyd the fyne of their sentence
She roos vp and the bronde she hente
Out of the fyre with full great deligence
Quenchyd anon the firys violence
The dome of parchas she gan thus disobeye
The bronde reseruynge vnder locke and keye
Touchinge the fader of this meliager
Orneus of him thus I rede
Howe that he sought nygh and ferre
Goddes and goddesses who so lyst take hede
In hope onely for to haue grete mede
For to theim all poetes thus diuise
Saue to diane he dyd sacrifise
Wherof she caught an indignacion
Cast she wolde on him auengyd be
Sent a bore into his region
Full sauage and full of cruelle
Whiche deuouryd the frute of many tree
And destroyed his cornys and his vynes
That such scarsnesse of vitailes and of wynes
Was in his londe vpon euery syde
That the people of necessite
Compellyd were amonge to prouyde
Sōme meane weye / to saue their cuntre
And at the last they condescendyd be
That melliager lusty of his corage
Shuld chefe with him folkes fressh & yonge of age
This dredfull boor mightely to enchace
And furth they went echon deuoide of drede
With rounde speres they gan him to manace
But meliager made first his sydes rede
And with a swerde than smote of his hede
Wherof the cuntrye was both glad and fayne
And in this wyse the tusky bore was slayne
Sūme bokes tell of this huntynge
That a lady which was borne in arge
Callyd atthalonta doughter to the kynge
To sle this bore toke on her the charge
And with an arowe made his woundes large
Also in Ouide like as it is founde
Bycause that she yaue the first wounde
Melliager anone for a memorye
As he that was her owne chosyn knyght
Yaue hir the hede in tokene of this victorye
But his tw [...]ne vncles ayenst all skyll and right
Raft hir the hede of very force land myght
Hauynge despite that she in hir auyce
Of this victorye shulde bere awaye the price
With which Iniurie melliager was wroth
Ayenst theym proudly gan disdeyne
Pullyd oute a swerde and vpon theym goth
And through his manhode slough his vncles tweyne
And after that dyd his besy peyne
To take the hede and with humble entent
To athalente ayen to be present
One of his vncles was callyd Flexippus
A manly knight / but yonge of age
That other brother namyd theseus
But whan ther suster herde of that outrage
Howe they were slayne / she gan in hir visage
Wexe dede and pale alas for hir blode
Whan she aspyed the cause howe it stode
She had no mater god wote to be sayn
Quene althea to stande and beholde
Her brethern tweyne of her sonne slayne
At the huntynge of which tofore I tolde
First thinges twayn she gan peise and vnfolde
Of her brethern the loue / and nigh kynrede
And of her son the hasty cruell dede
And remembrynge she castyth in balaunce
Of hertly woo that she dide endure
Thought if she did vpon their deth vengeaunce
To sle her son it were ayenst nature
Thus in a werre longe tyme she dyd endure
Her dedely sorowe peisynge euery dell
Whedre she shall be tendre or cruell
Thus tendre I mene her son for to spare
Or punissh the deth of her brethern tweyne
Thus confortles all distitute and bare
In languisshinge she enduryd forth her payne
And remedye can she non ordeyne
Saue fayne she wolde euenge her if she may
But than furth came nature and said nay
It was her son ayenst all kyndly right
Of whom she cast auengyd for to be
To wymen all / an ougly straunge sight
That a mother deuoide of all pyte
Shulde sle her chylde so mercyles parde
Nay not so nature woll not assente
For if she dyd full sore she shulde repente
But o alas all fatall purueaunce
Kepyth his cours as sum clerkys sayne
But the wrytynge of doctoures in substaunce
And these deuines reply there agayne
And afferme the opinion is in vayne
Of theym that trust in fate or destyne
For god aboue hath the soueraynte
And of fortune the power may restrayne
To saue and spyll lyke as folke deserue
Ayenst his wyll they may no thynge ordeyne
Of necessite what cours that they conserue
But this mater all hooly I reserue
Vnto diuynes to determyne and conclude
Which not ꝑteynyth vnto folkes rude
But althea of calcidonye quene
Began sore muse and henge in balaunce
Her brethern dede whan she dyd theym seen
Than was she meuyd anon to doo vengeaūce
Vpon her son by full great displesaunce
But as poetes lyst for to compyle
Nature made hir withdrawe her hande a whyle
Thus bitwene ire and affection
She helde her longe of euery ꝑtye stable
Tyll that she caught in her opinion
A sodeyn rancoure which made her be vengeable
And hasty wrath which is nat commendable
Ayenst her sone made her with her honde
Out of her chyst to take the fatell bronde
And sodenly she cast it in the fyre
And wexyd cruell ayenst all womanhede
To execute hir venymous desyre
The fatall bronde amonge the coles rede
Consumyd was in to asshis dede
And furiously in her malencoly
The vengeaunce done she thus gan to cry
O ye parcas frowarde susters thre
Whiche of ioue kepe the lybrarye
And of chyldren at their natiuite
Awayte the sentence which may not varye
Wherso it be wilfull or contrarye
Vpon his domes takyng alway hede
Howe that ye shall dispose the fatall threde
Thou cloto takyst thy rocke on hande
And lathesys after doth bygynne
By great auise who so can vnderstande
The threde of lengthe to drawe and to spyrine
But whan the spirite shall from the body twynne
Thou antropos doest thy cruell peyne
Full frowardly to parte the threde in tweyne
I may well playne in such deperticion
Not for a day but woo alas for euer
Ye haue vntwynyd and made diuision
Of my two brethern and causyd theym disseuer
That here on lyue I shall se them neuer
And I of hast alas why dyd I so
To auenge their deth haue slayne my son also
O ye doughters of arberus the felle
Whoos ougly modre was the blacke night
And all your kynred and lynage lyue in hell
And for to auenge the wronge and great vnright
Which I haue accomplisshid in your sight
I woll with you perpetually complayne
Lyke my desert endure sorowe and payne
And while began with hir self thus stryue
Vpon hir sorowes that were endles
She made a swerde through her hert to ryue
Of hir self here she was recheles
And bochas after amonge all the prees
Sawe as him thought with a full hidious chere
Dede of visage hercules appere
Whoos fadre was Iupiter the greete
His moder doughter of amphitrion
Callyd Alcumena sumtyme borne in crete
And as poetis reherce one by oon
So excellent was there neuer none
To speke of conquest of victorie and of fame
Here in this worlde that had so greate a name
Dredfull of loke he was and right terrible
His beerd also blacke which henge full lowe doun
And all his heer as brestles were horrible
His robe also full merueylous of facion
Was of the skynne of a feers lyon
Which from his backe of verrey force he rent
Within a forest alone whan he went
In his hande he bare a maas of steell
Which to beholde was wonder longe and huge
By apparence as bochas felt wele
Demyd of reason a rightfull Iuge
That hercules had to his refuge
Wisdome with force for to encrece his fame
As beestys wylde for to make theym tame
And vnto bochas he gan loude crye
Take right good hede for it is no fable
I for my merites to speke of cheualrye
And noble triumphes am moost commendable
To be preferryd moost worthy and moost able
Which haue acōplisshed al that may excelle
Through high prowesse that any tonge can telle
Also of my byrth in heuen full thore ago
Fully conceyued my constellacion
Mighty Iuno saide vnto Inno
On such a da [...] in such a regeon
One shall be [...]ne most mighty of renoun
Noblest of nobl [...]s both in werre and pees
Of whome the name shall be Hercules
The which dome whan Inno vnderstode
Of Iupiter conceyuinge the entente
And knewe my fate shulde be so good
To lucynya her messaunger she sente
But sum seith howe downe hir self she wente
To this goddesse / goddesse of chyldynge
And her bisought to graunt her / her askynge
That she wolde from hercules translate
The influence of his natiuite
Helpe to reserue his name and his fate
And graunte it hooly to yonge Euristee
And that lucynya present wolde be
The same houre by iupiter prouidyd
It to possede all hool and vndyuidyd
Thus to the moder of this euristee
Iuno the goddesse grauntyd her fauoure
Therby disposynge that he shulde be
Mighty of puyssaunce lyke an emperoure
But of his noblesse the conquest and laboure
And of his manhode the prowesse and pursute
By hercules was fully execute
This hercules had the traueyle
And [...]uristeus bare away the name
Also hercules faught in plate and maile
And high emprises proudely dyd attame
But the reporte of his noble fame
To curistius fully was ascriued
Thus of his thanke was hercules depriued
Full oft in armys s [...]n man doth full wele
And oft causith that the felde is wonne
And of a nother that dyd neuer adele
The pryce out spredith like as shineth the sonne
And oft it hapneth that he that hath best ronne
Doth not the spere lyke his desert possede
Where fals fauoure yeueth euery man his mede
Fame in her palice hath trumpes mo than oon
Sum of golde that yeuith a full fressh soun
Sum man hath lande and deseruith noon
And sum heue be full worthy of renoun
No thinge preferryd by commendacion
As by reporte of statys high and lowe
So frowardly fame his trumpe hath blowe
Touchynge armys the poure ne the riche
Ben not of hertes echon coragious
Neither all men may not be eliche
Neither of their name egal ne gracious
And though the poure haue ben victorious
Of a venture to doo full well sum day
Other haue pynchyd to take his thanke away
One sleeth the dere with an hokyd arawe
Whoos part is none yit of the venyson
One betith the busshe another hath the sparowe
And all the bryddes in his possession
One draweth his nettes in ryuers vp and doun
With sundry baitys cast out lyne and hoke
And hath no part of all that euer he toke
An euydence herof ye may se
Full notale to be put in memorye
Of Hercules and of Euristye
For hercules gate ay the victorye
And euristeus recyued hath the glorye
Thus their palme departyd was in tweyne
That one reioysed that other bare the peyne
Euristeus was prince of Athene
Sonne and heire by discent of lyne
Vnto the kynge that callyd was scellene
Vnder whoos myght as bochas dothe determyne
Hercules through knightly disciplyne
Prouidyd so moost manly and moost wise
That from all other he bare away the prise
[...]ut wo alas that euer it shulde fall
So manly a knight so noble and notable
That any spot shulde his price appalle
Or cause his corage for to be vnstable
Which is a thinge dolefull and lamentable
From his knyghthode which a thinge to straunge
That euer a woman shulde his hert chaunge
I woll excuse theym by cause their nature
Is to chaunge hertys and coragys
Ayenst their nature no force may endure
For their [...]laterie and sugryd faire langage
Lyke Serenes fresshe of their visagis
For to enchaunge of princis the noblesse
More than hercules can bere herof wytnesse
Thus hercules astonyed and asshamyd
Vnto bochas shewed his presence
Sayde alas my knyghthode is diffamyd
By a full fals amerous pestilence
So sore constreyned by mortall violence
Wherby alas my manhode was applyed
To sleyth of wymen oppressyd and maistryed
To toke their habyte and cloth me in their wede
To shere my berde and force me visage
With oyntementis ayenst all manhede
To make it souple and chaunge my langage
And to compleyne more of myn outrage
Vpon my fyngers vtwies tolde
I had rynges richely wrought of golde
Thus was my corage chaungyd feminine
For loue of one callyd yolee
Of condicions though she were serpentyne
Me thought she was fairest vpon to se
That all my ioye was with hir to be
And that none shulde aꝑceyue my trespas
I chaungyd both habyte loke and face
And was a woman outwarde in apparence
Of entent to haue more libertye
To vse my lustys and haue experience
Of appetitis which that vnlefull be
Wherof the sclaundre reboundyth vpon me
That I dare saye my outragious trespace
Doth all my knyghthode and prowes difface
Wherof o bochas I praye the take good hede
For to discryue in termes playn and clere
Myn infortune lyke as it was in dede
That whan other conceyue the manere
Of myn vnhappis contagious for to here
They may by example / of me do their peyne
From vicious life their hertys to restreyne
For these folys that all wisdome despise
And been contrarie to vortuouse disciplyne
May yeue example to folkys that been wyse
And been to theym a lanterne of doctryne
Vicis to eschewe and prudently declyne
Fro flesshly lustys for it is taught in scolys
That wise men all day been taught by foolys
Whan bochas had conceyuyd the pleynt
Of hercules in his apperynge
And howe his nobles by wymen was atteynt
Through his disordynate lyuynge
He thought anone him remembrynge
It had be ruth for to put in mynde
His vicis all / and vertues left behynde
Considre also it was inꝑtynent
Outher by langage to write ayenst all right
Any thynge that shulde in sentinent
The fame amenuse of so noble a knyght
Or to discrees in any ma [...]ys sight
His glorious prowesse / [...]th poetis for his werri [...]
Reise his renoun so high aboue the sterrys
For he was both knyght and philosophere
And for his strength callyd a geaunt
For comon profite he gan all pro [...]ly profre
Of manly corage [...]eue therto full graunt
To entre into Egipt to sle the geaunt
Callyd Busiris of full fals entent
Slough all straūgers ye through his kyngdom went
For vnder a colour of lyberalite
Vnto his palys gladly he wolde call
Straungers echon that cam through his cuntre
And solemply receue theym one and all
And lyke a kynge bothe in chambre and hall
Make theym such chere in all maner thynge
As aperteynyd to a worthy kynge
But while his gestys lay a nyght and slepe
This fals tyraunt in full cru [...]l wise
Murdryd theym echon or they toke kepe
And after that / this was also his gyse
With their blode to make a sacrifise
To Iupiter god of that cuntre
Of hole entent to plese his deite
That in his kyngdome of frutes and greyn
The londe encreasyd by greate habundau [...]
Doun from heuyn he wolde sende they [...] reyne
This meane he made and this cheuyss [...]ce
To murdre and sle he had so greate pl [...]sau [...]ce
For all thynge him thought it dyd him good
To murdre his gestys and shede their blood
But whan this murdre of Busiris was couth
That no straunger myght passe his londe in pees
This manly knyght yit flowynge in youth
This noble famous this worthy hercules
Amongys other he put him self in [...]es
And lyke a gest outwarde in shewy [...]ge
Cam to the palys of Eusiris the kynge
Rebukid him of his greate outrage
Done to his gestys by cruell violence
And for to make pesible that passage
And for to auenge that his importable offence
And of his murdre to make a recompence
This hercules slough busiris in dede
And toke the blode which he dyd blede
Offryd it vp Iupiter to plese
For this vectorye him to magnifye
And all egipt thus was set in ese
Their londes their frutes gan also multiplye
Their greyn encresyd aboute on eche [...]tye
And to habounde by influence of [...]ey [...]
Which afore tyme of vitaile was bareyn
Another geaunt callyd antheus
Kynge of Libie and gouerned all that londe
Whom hercules moost stronge and moost coragious
Sumtyme out [...]aide and sloughe him with his honde
For as they wras [...]lyd by experience he fonde
Touchinge the erth this Geaunt it is true
His force his myght dyd alw [...]y renewe
But whan hercules the maner dyd aspye
Howe his strength renewed ayen so oft
Therayenst he shope a remedye
Hye in the eyre he ꝑcyd him vp a loft
And withis harde and no thynge softe
Backe and bone so sore he dyd enbrace
That he fyll dede to fore him in that place
But sūme bokys of this Geaunt tell
Within his kyngdome who dyd him assaile
He wolde of newe his chiualrie compelle
Eft ayen to mete him in bataile
And in this wise full feelde he dyd faile
To aforce of newe as folke shall vnderstonde
His strength his myght all ennemy [...]s to withstonde
But hercules of high discrecion
The feelde on him manly to recure
Had him by sleight out of his region
And as they met there of auenture
The sayde Antheus might nat endure
But was discomfited by hercules anone
Maugre his myght and his men echone
After this conquest hercules is goon
For excercise his prowes for to vse
Ayenst the myghty stronge Gercon
Kynge of spayne / of melleager / and Ebuse
The which tyraunt myght him nat excuse
That all his laboure as poetis ly [...]t compile
Was from these realmes his people to exile
His tyrannye myght nat longe endure
For hercules that noble worthy knyght
Made vpon him a greate discounfiture
And slough the tyraunt as they met in fight
And after that through his greate myght
Of high prowes and magnanymyte
Slough Cerberus with his hedys thre
The famous bole of the londe of crete
Wich that distroied all that region
He slough also whan that they dyd mete
And in Nemea he slough a feers lyon
And for a recorde of his high renoun
Of manly force his skyn awaye he toke
And to his body a coot therof he shope
To all his ennemyes to shewe him more dredfull
Therfore he ware that hidious garnement
And for he was in armys neuer founde dull
But [...]lyke f [...]essh euer in his entent
Into a mouteyne anone he made his went
Callyd [...]nantus and there in his passage
He slough Ab [...]or moost wilde and moost sauage
Besyde a ryuer callyd stiphalus
Of furious briddes he slough a greate noumbre
Within the kyngedome of kynge pheneus
All the [...]untre they dyde encumbre
For which their shadowe and contagious vmbre
On sede on frutes where euer they alyght
All was deuou [...]yd in euery mannys sight
Vpon the mounteyne callyd auentyne
Which is nat f [...]r fro rome the cite
There is a wode as cronycles determyne
Right fresshe of sight and goodly on to se
And hercules passynge by that cuntre
Fro Spaynewarde passynge by ytaile
Ca [...]hus the geaunt dyde him there assayle
While Ercules amonge the leuys grene
Layde him to slepe by sodeyne auenture
And his beestes ayenst the sonne shene
While that he slept went in their pasture
Cam Cachus forth full hidious of stature
Thought he wolde these beestys with him haue
Stall theym echon and hide theym in a caue
And like a thefe he made theym go bacwarde
That no man shulde the tracis of theym knowe
Neyther of their passage haue no rewarde
For by their tayles he ledde theym on a rowe
Into his caue which that stode full lowe
And for they were of excellent fairenesse
To kepe theym cloos he dyd his besynesse
Oute of his slepe whan hercules awoke
And perceyued his oxen were away
He roos vp and [...]est aboute his loke
Began to asspye in all the hast he may
To what ꝑtye the tracis of theym lay
And while he stode thus musynge in the shade
He herde lowynge that his oxen made
And by their lowynge he gan anone aproch
Towarde the ꝑtye where they were kept full cloos
Fonde the caue vnder a myghty roche
And proude Cachus which had theym in depoos
Ayenst Hercules he s [...]rdely aroos
But for all that he myght him self nat saue
For he him slough at the entrynge of the caue
And thus his beestys he hath ayen recuryd
That sempt afore inrecuꝑable
After the mounteyn by force he hath assuryd
Which for brigantys afore was full doutable
But by his knighthode it was made habytable
That men myght for drede of any foo
Whan euer they wolde frely come and goo
Tou [...]hinge his conquest vpon femyne
Ayenst amazones with theseus he went
The quene ypolita through his chiualrye
For his praye anone to him he hent
And ypolita of full true entent
Yaue vnto him in tokene of victorye
Of golde a gyrdell to haue him in memorye
After to affryk he went a full greate paas
Only of purpos the gardeyn for to se
Which aparteyned to kynge Athlas
That brother was to the kynge Promothe
In astrologie full well expert was he
And of this gardeyn of which I haue you tolde
The rich braunches and apples were of golde
Through magik made by greate auysement
Full streite kept and closyd enuyron
And I watchyd with a fell serpent
That no man entryd that rich mancion
But Hercules moost myghty of renoun
The serpent slought through his manly pursute
And fro the gardeyne he bare away the f [...]te
This sayde Athlas as bokes specifie
And poetys also of him endyte
He was cūnynge in astronomye
And therin dyd full greatly him delite
And many a boke he made and dyd wry [...]e
With greate laboure and greate diligence
In his tyme vpon that science
The which were more precious than golde
And more riche in his opinion
But hercules in soth as it is tolde
Gate all the bokes through his high renoun
Bare theym by force oute of that region
And to Grece like a conquerour
With him he brought for a greate tresoure
Of trace he slough the gea [...]nt outragious
That sumtyme was callyd Diomede
Which that murdryd all that cam to his house
And with their flesshe his hors he dyd fede
And through his wit / laboure / and manhede
Of Achelaus which was a greate wonder
He made the stremes for to deꝑte asundre
And by his wisdome dyd theym so deuide
In two ꝑties disseueringe his passage
For afore no man myght abyde
Of his cours the furious fell outrage
For in cuntrees it dyd so greate damage
Turnynge vpwarde there was none other bote
Where euer it flowed / of trees crop and rote
A greate emprise he dyd also vndertake
Whan that the mes hidious and horreble
Arriuyd vp of Archadies the lake
Which with their teeth and mowthes terrible
Callyd lerne the bestes full odible
Frute / greyn / and corne dyd mortaly deuoure
But Hercules the cuntre to socoure
Cam like a knight their malice for to let
And by his prudence destroyed theym euerychon
With in the lake the wormys vp he shet
Saue amonge all behinde was left one
And ayenst him / this hercules anone
Of knyghthode caught so greate auantage
That to the cuntre he dyd nomore damage
Thus all that euer may rehercyd be
Touchinge knyghthode / prowesse / or prudence
Or glorious fame / or longe felicite
This knightly man had moost excellence
And in armys longest experience
And for his triumphes and actis marciall
He set vp pilers for a memoriall
Which remembryd his conquestys moost notable
And his dedys by grauynge dyd expresse
Beyonde which no londe is habitable
So ferre a brode sprad his noblesse
But as the sonne leueth his brightnesse
Sumtyme whan he is fresshe [...]t in his spere
With vnware cloudes that sodenly appere
Semblably the noblesse and the glorie
Of hercules in this vnstable life
Eclipsyd was / and shadowyd his memorye
By Deianira that sumtyme was his wife
For by hir fraude cam in the mortall strife
As ye shall here the maner and the caas
Wherby that he lost his life alas
Yit for hir sake this moost manly man
Faught as I finde in singuler bataile
With Achelous sonne of the Occian
Like as poetis make rehersaile
And as eche proudly dyd assayle
This hercules of knighthode souereyne
Sent from his hede one of his armys tweyne
Of kynge Deme she was the doughter dere
To hercules ioyned by mariage
And as they cam to grete a ryuere
With sturdy wawes where was no passage
Nessus the geaunt ougly of visage
To hercules profryd his seruyse
And full falsly ayenst him bygan deuyse
Made his promys to hercules in dede
To put his life in greate auenture
Ouer the streme deianire to lede
By cause he was large of his stature
And for she was a right faire creature
Whan they passyd and I come to londe
Nessus falsy wolde vpon the stronde
Haue knowe hir flesshly / like as write ouyde
Hercules hauynge therof a sight
As he abode vpon that other side
And for to auenge him of his greate vnright
Toke his bowe and bent it anone right
And with an arowe filyd sharpe and grounde
Yaue to Nessus his dedly fatell wounde
Like a conduyt gusshyd out the blode
And whan he sawe that he must dye
To Deianire tofore him there she stode
With all his hert hir he bigan praye
That in one thinge his lust she wolde obeye
To take his shert and be nat recheles
With blode desteyned and sende it hercules
Therwith him to be reconciled
And she to him anone the sherte hath sent
Through whoos venym alas he was begilyd
For what by touchinge and what by enchauntment
His flesshe his bonys were all brent
And amonge his dedely peynes all
In to a rage he sodenly is fall
And as a beest furiously he ran
On v [...]l [...]es hilles amonge the craggy stones
Semblably as doth a wood man
Pullyd vp trees and rotes all at ones
Brake beestys hornes and all to knewe hir bonys
Was it [...]at pyte that a knight so good
Shulde amonge beestis rēne sauage and wood
Thus ouerwhelmyd was all his worthynesse
And to declyne went his prosperitye
And cause and roote of his wretchydnesse
Was for that he set all his felicite
To trust so moch the mutabilite
Of these wymen which erly and soone
Of their nature braide vpon the mone
Alas alas all noblesse and prudence
Prowesse of nature force and chyualrye
For sight of wisdome discrecion and science
Vertuous study profitynge in clergie
And the cleer shynynge of philosophie
Hath thrugh fals lustys here be manacyd
By sleight of wymen derkyd and diffacyd
O hercules I fele my penne quake
Myn ynke fulfullyd with bytter teerys salt
This pitous tragedye to write for thy sake
Whom all poetys glorifie and exalte
But fraude of wymen made thy renoun halt
And frowarde muses thy triumphes all to rende
For to descryue alas thy fatall ende

Lenuoye

THe soot venym the sauery poyson
The dredfull ioye the dolerous plesaunce
The wofull gladnesse the furious treason
Feith despiryd ay stable in variaunce
Vertue exilynge where lust hath gouernaunce
Through fals luxurie diffacen all noblesse
As this tragedie can bere full well witnesse
Where frowarde venus hath dominacion
And blynde Cupide his subgettis doth auaunce
And wylfull lust through indiscrecion
Is chosyn iuge to holde the balaunce
Their choise vnlefull hath through vnhappy chaūce
Derkyd of princes the famous high noblesse
As this tragedye bereth full well witnesse
O thou hercules for all thy high renoun
For all thy conquest and knyghtly suffisaunce
Thou were through wymen brought to confusion
And through their fraude & thy renomyd puissaunce
Disclaundryd was and brought vnto myschaunce
I were ashamyd to write it or expresse
Excepte this tragedie can bere me well witnesse
Princis pricessis of high discrecion
This thinge emprentid in your remembraunce
Of others fallynge make your protection
You to preserue through prudent purueaunce
Afore prouidyd that your ꝑseueraunce
Be nat ꝑturbyd by no fals sorceresse
As this tragedie of other berith witnesse

A processe of Narcisus. Bible. Mirra. and of other their infortunes to bochas compleynynge

nArcisus / biblis / and mirra all th [...]
Tofore bochas pitously dyd appere
Their infortunes their infelicite
To him compleynynge with a dedly chere
And of theyr comynge to tell the manere
Narasus first with sorowe and dooll atteynt
Bygan first all declare his compleynt
He was the sone of Cephisus the flode
And his moder callyd [...]rope
And by distent borne of gentyll blode
Of creatures fairest on to se
And as I fynde at his natiuite
Tiresias by sprit of prophesie
Touchinge his fate thus gan specifie

Ouidius xo. et xio. de transformatis

[Page]And of his harpe if ye lift to here
The god of appollo made a translacion
Amonge the ymagis of the sterris clere
Wherof men may haue clere inspection
But fortune to his confusion
Denyed him frowarde of hir nature
Whan he was slay [...] fredom of sepulture
Next Orpheus there dyd appere also
Of amazones worthy queenes tweyne
Merpesia and her suster Lampedo
Which in conquest dyd their besy peyne
And greate worshyp in armys dyd atteyne
Namynge him self by writynge nere and ferre
Doughters to mars which is god of werre
Merpesia rood oute in regions
And conqueryd full many a greate Cite
For couetise of greate possessions
To encreace hir lordship if it wolde be
And hir suster kepte suerly their cuntre
Of all ennemyes so there was no doute
While merpesia roode with hir oost aboute
But while she was in conquest moost famous
And hir ennemyes proudly dyd assaile
Fortune anone wex contrarious
And caused she was slayne in batayle
Lo what conquest or victorie may auayle
Whan that fortune doo at theym disdeyne
See here example by these quenes tweyne

Lenuoy

tHi [...] tragedie remembreth thinges fyue
Of Narcisus the excellent bewtye
And of biblis deth also descryue
The greate luxurie and dishonest [...]
Mirra diffamyd tournyd to a tree
To exemplifie that lecherie and pride
Been from all vertue set full ferre aside
Howe orpheus enduryd in his lyue
Ioy entermedlyd with aduersite
In his youth whan he dyd wyne
He felt in wedlo [...] full greate felicite
His worldly blysse meynt with duplicite
As fortune hir chaungis can diuyde
Which from all vertue be set full ferre aside
Merpesia for hir lift to stryue
With wilfull wer [...]s to encreace her cūtre
But hir pompe was ouerturned blyue
Whan in batayle vnwarly slayne was she
For of all werre deth is the fyne parde
So furious mars can for her folke prouyde
Which from all vertues been sett full ferre aside
Ye myghty princes [...]e wit and reason dryue
Youre high noblesse to considere and se
Howe fortune estatys can depryue
And plonge them doun from their prosperite
Pride and luxurie I counseile that ye flee
Fals auarice ne late nat be your gyd [...]
Which from all vertue is set full ferre aside

[...]owe Narcisus / Biblis / and mirra dyed at the [...]yscheef

ANd thus Narcisꝰ through daūgere & disdeyn
Vpon the lady dyd crull vengeau [...]
But whan the goddis his cruelte ha [...] [...]yn
Towardys him they fyll a greate greuaunce
Of his vnmercy they had displesaunce
And right as he merciles was founde
So with vnmercy he caught his dedely wounde
For all daunger displesith to venus
And all disdeyne is lothsum to cupide
For who to loue is contracious
The god of loue wyll quite him on sūme side
His dredfull arowes so mortaly deuide
To hurt and mayme all that been recheles
And in his seruise founde merciles
And for Narcisus was nat merciable
Towarde Eccho for his greate bewtye
But in his port was founde vntretable
Cupide thought he wolde auengyd be
As he that her praier herde of pite
Causynge narcisus to fele and to haue his ꝑt
Of venus bronde and of hir firy darte
And on a day whanne he in wildernesse
Had after bestes rūne in huntynge
And for longe laboure gan fall in werinesse
He was desirous to haue sōme refresshinge
And wonder thurstlewe after trauaylynge
Myght nat endure lengre there to dwell
And at the last he fonde a c [...]stall well
Right fressh spryngynge and wondre agreable
The water lusty and delitable of sight
And for his thurst was vnto him importable
Vpon the brinkes [...]e fyll doun right
And by reflexion in myddes of the water bright
Him thought he sawe a passynge faire ymage
To him appere moost angelyk of visage
He was anameryd with the semelynesse
And desirous therof to stonde in grace
And yit it was nat but a likenesse
And but a shadowe reflectynge of his face
The which of fruence amerously to enbrace
This Narcisu [...] with a pitous compleynt
Ste [...]e into the well and so him self dreynt
And thus his bewte alas was layde full low [...]
His semelynesse put full ferre abak
Thus whan that he gan first him silf to knowe
And seen his visage in which there was no la [...]
Presumptuous pride causyd all to wrak
For who to moch doth of him self presume
His owne vsurpynge woll sonest him consu [...]
And fynally as these olde poetes tell
This Narcisus without more secou [...]r
After that he was drownyd at the well
The heuenly goddys dyd him this fauoure
They tournyd him into a full fressh floure
A water lilly which doth remedye
In hote accessys as bokys specifie
After that Narcisus was at the well dreyn [...]
And to Iohn bochas de [...]larid had his woo
[...]iblis apperyd with teeris all be spreynt
And toward [...] him a greate paas gan she go [...]
And hir broder Cānus cam also
And of one wombe as gemelles tweyne
But she tofore hir fate gan compleyne
She in her loue was nat vertuous
For ayenst god and kyndes ordynaunce
She louyd hir brother that cānus
And whan she sawe hir froward gouernaunce
He vnto hir yaue none attendaunce
Though she of sleight to complissh her entent
In secrete wise a pis [...]le to him sent
She saide it was an impossible thynge
Without hir grace hir self to saue
And but he were to her assentynge
She elles playnly may nat helth haue
But only deth and afterwarde hir graue
Thus in hir writynge to him she dyd attaine
And to be couert she [...]e wrote no name
But whan this pistle came to his presence
Vertuously therat he gan disdeyne
And yaue therto no maner aduertence
Neither toke none hede of hir furious peyne
But suffryd hir eternally to pleyne
Tyll that she was as Ouide can wele tell
With ofte wepynge transfourmyd to a well
Next cam mirra with face full pitous
Which that sumtyme louyd ayenst nature
Hir owne fadre callyd Cinarus
For whoos sake greate peyne she dyd endure
For she ne durst her sorowe nat discure
Tyll hir norice by signes dyd aspie
The hertly constreynt of hir maladye
For hir norice of which that I haue tolde
Conceyued hath by open euidence
As she knoweth both of newe and olde
In such maters all hole the experience
That through longe laboure and sleyghty diligence
Diuers weies and meanes out she sought
To hir faders bed that she mirra brought
With whome she had hir lust and hir plesaunce
For she vnknowe lay with him all nyght
He was disceyuyd by dronklewe ignoraūce
And on the morowe longe or any lyght
She stale away and went out of his sight
With hir uorice kept her longe cloos
Till vnto the tyme hir wombe rose
But hir fader that was of Cipre kynge
Which as I tolde was called Cinarus
Whan he the truth aspied of this thinge
That by his doughter he was disceyued thus
She wexe to him loth sum and odious
Fledde from his face so sore she was aferde
And he pursued after with his swerde
In arabye the hote myghty londe
Kynge Cinarus hath his doughter founde
And cruelly beganne enhaunce his honde
With his swerde to yeue her a wounde
But the goddys of mercy moost habounde
Haue fro the deth made hir goo fre
And through their power transfourmyd to a tre
Which after hir berith yit the name
Callyd Mirra as she was in hir life
Oute of which auctours say the same
Distillith a gūme a greate preseruatif
And of nature a full good defensife
To kepe bodyes from putrifaccion
And theym fraunchise from all corrupcion
By influence of the sōne bemys
Mirre is engendryd by distillinge of his kynde
With rounde droppis ayenst phebus stremys
And doun descendith through the harde rinde
And through the [...]ftys also I fynde
The seyde Mirra hath a childe forth brought
In all this worlde that it be well sought
Was none so faire fourmyd by nature
For of his bewtie he was peerles
And as poetis recorde by scripture
He callyd was the faire adonydes
And to his worship and his greate encrees
For he of fairenesse bare away the floure
Venus him chase to be hir ꝑamoure
The which goddes yaue to him in charge
That he shulde in his tendre age
In forestys while he went at large
Hunte at no beestys which that were sauage
But he contrarie to his disauantage
Through wilfulnesse I can say you no more
Was slayne vnwarly of a tusky boore
At the which he felly dyd enchace
But of foly in veyn was his laboure
For he laye slayne full pale of chere and face
Whom venus tournyd to a full fressh floure
Which was as blood of purple the coloure
Abud of goolde with goodly leuys glade
Set in the myddes whos bewtye may nat fade
And whan that Mirra fro bochas was withdrawe
And declaryd hir great aduersite
And of his fate tolde the motall lawe
Cam Orpheus full ougly vnto se
Sonne of appollo and of caliope
And apperyd with a full doolfull face
Sumtyme brought forth and yborne in trace
Full renomed in armes and in science
Famous in musyk and melodye
And full notable also in eloquence
And for his sote sugred armonye
Beestys foules poetys specifie
Wodys flodys of their cours moost stronge
Stynt of cours to herken his sote songe
An harpe he had of Mercurious
With the which Erudice he wan
And to bachus as writ ouidius
Sacrifisis solempne he began
And vnto hell for his wife he ran
Hir to recure with [...]oot touchis sharpe
Which that he made vpon his heuenly harpe
But whan that he this laboure on him toke
A lawe was made which that bonde him sore
That if that he bakwarde cast his loke
He shulde hir lese and se his wife no more
But it is saide sithen goon full yore
There may no lawe louers wele constreyne
So importable is their dedly peyne
If sūme husbondes had stonde in the caas
To haue lost their wyues for a loke soden
They wolde haue suffryd and nat saide alas
But paciently enduryd all their payne
And thankyd god that broken was the cheyne
Which hath so longe theym in prisonbounde
That they by grace hath such a fredom founde
To lye in prison it is a full greate charge
And to be stokked vnder key and lok
It well mery a man to goo at large
Than with yrons to be nailed to a blok
But there is a bonde which callyd is wedlok
Fetterynge husbondes so sore that is wondre
Which with a file may nat be broke asundre
But Orpheus fader of armonye
Thought Erudice which was his wife so faire
For hir sake he felt that he must dye
Bycause that he whan he made his repaire
Of hir in trouth no thinge enbracyd but aire
Thus he lost hir there is no more to seyne
And for the constreynt of his greuous peyne
Al his herte hir partynge sate so sore
The grene memorie the tendre remembraunce
That he wolde neuer wyue more
So faire he was escapyd his penaunce
For wedlok is a life of moch plesaunce
But who hath ones infernall peyne seyn
Woll neuer his thankes come in the snare ageyn

‘Ob quam cām secundas spreuit nupcias’

This Orpheus yaue counseyll full notable
To husbondys that haue enduryd peyne
To such as been prudent and tretable
One hell is dredfull / and more ꝑilous been tweyne.
And who is ones bounde in a cheyne
And may escape oute of daungere blyue
If he resorte god lete him neuer thryue
Vpon this sentence wymen were vengeable
And to his writynge full contrarious
Saide his counseyll was nat comendable
At the feest they halued to bachus
They fill echon vpon this orpheus
And for all his rethorik swete
They slough alas this laureat poete
The goddis haue prouyded for him a space
To lyue in erth and so longe endure
Till [...] at he knowe and se his owne face
And for his sake full many a ceruature
By ordynaunce of god and of nature
Whan they him see shall fele full greate peyne
If they in loue his grace may nat atteyne
[...]ut he shall be contrarye and daungerous
And of his port sul [...] of straungenesse
And his herte right [...]ly surquydous
By the occasion of his natif fairenesse
And presumynge of his semelynesse
No woman so fressh ne faire of face
That able were to stonde in his grace
And for the excellence of his greate bewte
He purposyd him in his tendre age
Neuir in his life weddyd for to be
He thought him so faire of visage
For which he cast him through his greate outrage
Ayenst all lustes of loue to disdeyne
To hunte at bestes alone and be slayne
And in this while that he kept him so
In forest and in wyldernesse
A water goddes that callyd was Eccho
Louyd him full hote for his greate fairenesse
And sekirly dyd her besinesse
To folowe his steppes right as any lyne
To hir desires to make him to inclyne
He herde hir wele but he sawe hir nat
Wherof astonyed anone he began to enquere
As he that was amerueylyd in his thought
Seyde euene thus / Is any wight nowe here
And she answeryd the same in hir manere
What euer he saide as longith to Eccho
Without a bode she saide the same him to
Come nere quod she and began to call
Come nere quod she my ioye and my plesaunce
He lokyd aboute amonge the rokkes all
And sawe no thynge beside ne in distaunce
But she abraide and declarynge hir greuaunce
And to him saide myn owne herte dere
Ne be nat straunge but lete vs dwell in fere
Nay nay quod he I woll no thinge obey
To youre desires for short conclusion
Well leuer I had pleynly for to dye
Than ye shulde haue of me possession
We be no thynge of one opinion
I here you well though I no figure se
Go forth your wey ye speke no more with me
And she ashamyd fled hir weye anone
As she that myght of him no socoure haue
But dispeyred this eccho is forth gone
And hyd hir sefl in an ougly caue
Amonge the rokkes is buried in hir graue
And though so be that men her voice may here
After that tyme she neuer durst apere

Of Priamus kynge of Troye / And howe the Monke of Bury translatoure of this boke wrote a boke of the siege of troye callyd troye boke

AFter these compleyntes and lamentacions
Which that bochas dyd in his boke compile
Medlyd amonge with transmutacions
Set in ouide by full souereyne stile
Whan he on theym had inusyd a longe while
Se the maner both of sorowe and ioye
He began to remembre of Priamus of Troye
First of his birth and of his kynrede
Howe amonge kynges he was moost famous
And as poetys recorde of him in dede
He descended of worthy darnamus
Which as his lyne declareth vnto vs
From Iupiter was finally come doun
Vnto his fader callyd kinge Lamedoun
Of olde troye this Lamedoun was kinge
Destroied by Grekys he and his cuntre
After whom this Priamus reignynge
Made therayen a myghty stronge cite
Where he full longe in full greate rialtie
With wife and children moost worthy of renoun
With ceptre and crowne helde the possession
Gouernyd his cite in pees and rightwisnesse
And fortune was to him fauourable
For of all asie the tresoure and richesse
He dyd assemble this kynge moost honorable
And in armys he was so cōmendable
That through the worlde as ferre as men may goon
Of high noblesse the renoun of him shone
This priamus had children many one
Worthy princes and of full greate might
But Ector was amonge theym euerichon
Callyd of prowesse the lanterne and the light
For there was neuer borne a better knight
Troylus in knighthode so manly was founde
That he was namyd Ector the secounde
But if I shulde reherce the manhede
Of kinge priam and of his sonnes all
And howe his cite besiegyd was in dede
And all the story to remembraunce call
Betwene him and grekys howe it is befall
The circumstauncis rehersynge vp and doun
To set in ordre the first occasion
Of the siege why it was first leyde
By hercules and also by Iason
The manere hole in troye boke is saide
Rudly endited of my translacion
Folowynge vpon the distruction
Callyd the secounde which by a coūtis clere
Fully enduryd the space of ten yere
For as me semeth the laboure were in veyne
Truly also I nat to what entent
That I shulde write it newe ageyn
For I had onys in commaundement
By him that was moost noble and excellent
Of kinges all for to vndertake
It to translate and write it for his sake
And if ye lyst to wete whom I mene
Henry the fift moost mighty of puissaunce
Yaue me the charge of entent full clene
Thinge of olde tyme to put in remembraunce
The same henry for knightly suffisaunce
Worthy for manhode rekene kinges all
With nyne worthy for to haue a stall
To holy church he was cheef diffensoure
In all such causis cristys chosen knight
To destroy heretikes he set all his laboure
Louyd all vertues and to susteyne right
Through his noblesse his manhode and his myht
Was diligent and dyd his besy peyne
To haue set pees betwyxe realmes tweyne
I mene in soth betwene Inglonde and fraunce
His purpose was to haue had a pees fynall
Sought out meanys with many circumstaunce
As well by trete as actis marciall
Theron Iuꝑtied life godes and all
But wo alas ayenst deth is no bone
This londe may say he dyed all to sone
For amonge kynges he was one of the best
So all his dedys conueyed were by grace
I pray to god so yeue his soule good rest
With holy seyntis in heuyn a dwellynge place
For here with vs to lytell was the space
That he abode of whom the remembraunce
Shall neuer dye in ynglande ne in Fraunce
This worthy kynge yaue to me in charge
In ynglisshe tunge to make a translacion
Oute of latyn within a volym large
Howe longe the gregys lay to fore the toun
And howe that Parys first at Citheroun
In venus temple slighly dyd his peyne
There to reioyse the faire quene heleyne
In which boke the processe ye may se
To him howe she was weddyd in the toun
And of the siege laide vnto the cite
By meneldy and kynge lamedoun
And many an other full worthy of renoun
On either ꝑtye which that in bataile
Fro day to day eche other dyd assaile
Wherto shulde I tell or what shulde I wryte
The deth of Ector or of achilles
Or wherto shulde I of newe endyte
Howe worthy troylus was slayne amonge the prees
The ende of parts or of pallamydes
Or the slaughter of manly deyphebus
Or howe his brother callyd helenus
Tolde afore howe it was greate folie
That parts shulde wedde this quene helyne
And howe Cassandra in hir prophesie
On this weddynge sore began compleyne
And for the constreynt of hir hertely peyne
How [...] she way mad and ran aboute the toun
Till she was caught and shet vp in prison
All this mater ye may beholde in dede
Set by and by within troy boke
And howe creseyde louyd dyamede
Whan worthy troylus she wilfully forsoke
Of hir nature a quarell thus she toke
To assaye both / if nede were also to feyne
To take the thirde and leue theym both tweyne
I passe ouer and tell of it nomore
Neyther by what meanys grekys wan the toun
Howe Eneas neither howe anthenore
Ayenst kynge priam conspired fals treason
Neither howe vliyes gate Paladion
The deth of priam neither of Heccuba the quene
Neither howe yonge pirrus slough yonge pollicene
Neither here to write it is nat myn entent
Repaire of grekys hom into their cuntre
After the cite at Ilyon was brent
Neither of their myscheef they had in the se
Neither howe vliyes fonde penolope
A true wife thoughe he were longe hir fro
Throughoute all grece I can rede of nomo
Of theise maters thus I make an ende
What fyll of grekes after their viage
To troye boke tho folke I sende
Which haue desire to se the surplusage
Howe grekys made first their passage
Towardys troye besegynge the cite
Rede the story ye gete nomore of me

Here spekith bochas the auctour of this boke ayenst the surquedous pride of theym that truste in richesse saynge these wordes vnto theym

yE proude folkes that set youre affiaunce
In strength / bewtye / or in high nōblesse
If ye considre fortunys variaunce
And coud a myrrour afore your [...]yen dresse
Of kinge priam and of his greate richesse
To se howe he and his children all
From their noblesse sodenly been fall
Ector of knighthode callyd sours and well
Sad and demure and famous of prudence
Paris also in bewtye dyd excelle
And helenus also in ꝑfight prouidence
Troylus in armys had greate experience
Also deyphebus preuyd manly in his fone
Yit in the werre they were slayne euerychone
Had nat this kynge also as I can deuyse
Noble Eccuba which that was the quene
A doughter callyd Cassandra the wise
Hir yonge sustre faire pollicene
Alas alas what may all such pride mene
For all be it their renoun spronge full ferre
Yit are these wymen deuouryd in werre
Was he nat myghty and stronge in al thinges
And had also of his aliaunce
Right worthy princes and many riche kynges
And nygh all asie vnder his obeisaunce
Holde in his tyme moost famous of puissaunce
Moost renomed of richesse and tresoures
Till that fortune with hir sharpe shoures
Whan that he sat highest on his whele
This blynde goddesse began him to assaile
Hir frowarde malice he felt it full wele
His golde his tresoure first it gan to faile
And darken gan his riall appariale
By which exaumple all proude men may se
The vnsure trust the mutabylite
Which in this worlde is seen and founde all day
In myddes of statys in their magnyficence
Ebbe after flowe maketh no delay
But halt hir cours there is no resistence
The tyde abyde nat for no violence
Eche man that standith of chaungis here in doute
Must take his tourne as it cometh aboute
Lete priam be to you a clere myrroure
Ye proude folkes that set your affiaunce
In suche veynglorye which fadeth as a floure
And hath of bewtye here none attendaunce
The worlde to you cast a full bittre chaunce
For whanne ye wene sit highest at full
Than woll she rathest your bright fethers pull
Ye haue warnyngys for to take hede
By ensaumple of other clere and right visible
Howe worldly blis is medlyd all with drede
And of your wittes and resons be sensible
Thinge seen at the [...]ye is nat incredible
And all this doctrine is to you in veyne
If in your tyme ye haue no chaungis seyne
Wherfore bochas vnto youre auayle
Full prudently put you at this issue
First of all he yeueth you this counsaile
To leue your vices and take you to vertue
And set your trust all hooly in Ihesu
For he may best i [...] myscheef helpe at nede
Of worldly chaungis that ye thir nat drede

Here also Iohn Bochos put a greate preisinge and a commendacion of suertie that stondith in pouertye vnder these wordes in sentence

THese greate lordshippis these high dignytees
Cheef thinge annexyd vnto the regalye
Whan they syt highest in their sees
And roundaboute stant the chyualrye
Drede entrith in [...]yll and enuye
And vnware chaunge which no man may knowe
The houre whan fortune wol make them loute lowe
They may wele holde a statly greate housholde
With a veyne trust their power shulde euer last
Clad in their mantell of purpyll peerl and golde
And on the whele of fortune clymbe vp fast
Lyke as she might neuyr doun theym cast
But ay the clymbynge highe is at all
Alas the sorer is their vnhappy fall
The fal of priam and of agamenoun
Out of right more to be compleynyd
Whan fortune had pullyd theym doun
And of malice hath at theym disdeyned
Than if they neuer to worship had atteyned
But their fallinge was the more greuous
Bycause tofore they were so glorious
O thou pouert meke humble and debonaire
Which that kepest the lawes of nature
For sodeyn chaungys thou wilt nat despaire
So art thou fraunchised from fort [...]es lure
All hir assautis thou lowly doest endure
That she may haue no iurisdiccion
To enterupte thy possession
Thou settest litell by all worldly richesse
Nor by his tresours which been transitory
Thou scornest theym that their sheltrons dresse
Towarde batailes for conquest and victorye
Thou despisest all shynynge of veynglorye
Laude of triumphes which cōquerours haue sought
With all hir pillages thou settist theym at nought
Thou despreysest all suꝑfluyte
None infortune may chaunge thy corage
And the shippis that saile by the see
With marchaundise amonge the flodys rage
Their auentures and their pilous passage
Life / body / good / all put in a [...]venture
Oonly for lucre greate richesse to recure
Of all such thinge thou takyst litell hede
Nor of that people that maners do purchase
Nor of pleters which for lucre and mede
Maynteyne quarels and questis do enbrace
Thou theym beholdest with a ful styll face
Their subtyll werkynge sought oute for the nonys
And sodeynly depart from all atonys
[Page]And your coragis knightly doth vpdresse
Agayn all titles holdith chaumꝑtie
Which apperteyne to fals auoutrye

Of mighty sampson which tolde his counseill to Dalida wherby he was deceyued.

wHo was more myghty or strong than sāpsō
None more deliuer the bible bereth witnesse
Without wepen he slough a feers lion
And for his ennemyes to him dyd expresse
His vn [...]outh problem anone he gan him dresse
Ageyn philistes and slough of theym thretty
To pay his promys spoiled theym by and by
[...]is problem was the text thus rehersynge
After the lettre in very sothefastnesse
There cam out mete of a thinge etynge
And fro the stronge there went out swetnesse
But his wife of frowarde doublenesse
Which euer wrouht to his disauaile
Of worthy sampson tolde the counsayle
What is more stronge than is a lyon
Or more sote than hony in tastynge
But wymen haue this condicion
Of secrete thinges whan they haue knowlegynge
[...]y bolne inwarde their hertys ay fretynge
O [...]her they must dye or discure
So b [...]le of custum is their nature
This was the caas the lion that was dede
Agayn the sonne gopynge lay vpryght
Aswarme of been entryd in his hede
Of whome there cam hony anone right
And whan sompson therof had a sight
He fantasied in his opinion
Full secrely this proposicion
As ye haue herde and gan it forth purpose
That philistes to him it shulde expowne
Vnder a peyne the trouth to him vnclose
But with his wife he pryuely gan rowne
And she on sampson gan compleyne and frowne
And feynyngly so longe vpon him wepe
That he nat coude his counseil from hir kepe
Which whan she knewe she made no taryenge
But playn and hole she gan it to declare
Such double trust is in their wepynge
To kepe their tunges wymen cannat spare
Such wepynge wyues euill mot theym fare
And all husbondes I pray god yeue theym sorowe
That to theym tell their counseyll eue or morowe
She tolde theym hole she tolde it theym nat half
And sampson than gan vopn theym smyle
If ye nat had herde it in my calf
Ye shulde nat a founde it a grete while
Who may be sure where wymen list begyle
Though bookys sampson of strongth so cōmende
Yit durst he nat ayenst his wife offende
This mi [...]y sampson dyd also his peyne
Thre hundred foxis ones that he fonde
He toke their tailes knyt theym tweyne and tweyne
And amyd euery eche he set a fire bronde
And as they ran in philistes londe
So furiously vp and doun they went
That they their frutes and their wynes brent
Eke by treason whan he was ones bounde
With newe cordys as he lay and slepe
There thre thousande which that sampson founde
To haue murdred him or that he toke kepe
He brake his bondes and vp anone he lepe
Of an asse he caught a chaule bone
And a thousand he slough of theym anone
He gan to feynt and had a sodeyn lust
For to drinke fadyd face and chere
And god sent him to staunch with his thruste
From the assys toth water cristall clere
Which that sprange ou [...]e large like a ryuere
Kefresshyd his spirite which afore gan dull
Tyll that he had of water drunke his full
After he went to Gazam the cyte
Amonge all his ennemyes that were of greate might
To his plesaunce where he dyd se
A full faire woman lay with hir all night
And on the morowe longe or it was light
Maugre the watch vpon his shulders square
The gatys stronge vp to an hill he bare
And in a valey which called was Sore [...]
Full hote he louyd dalida the faire
On whome his hert was full hote set
She coude her feyne so meke and debonayre
Make him such chere whan that him list repaire
But I dare call hir dalida the double
Cheef roote and cause of all his mortall trouble
He neuer dranke wynes white ne rede
Of Nazarees such is the gouernaunce
Rasoure ne shere touchyd neuer his hede
For in longe growynge stondith hir plesaunce
And this sampson moost myghty of substaunce
Had all his force by influence of heuene
By heris weringe that were in noumbre seuene
It was full secre in euery mannys sight
Amonge people tolde for an vnkouth thinge
Wherof sampson had so greate might
Outwarde shewyd by force of his werkynge
But dalida with hir flaterynge
Wolde neuer stynt enquerynge euer amonge
Till that she knewe wherby he was so stronge
She like a serpent daringe vndre floures
Or like a worme that wrotith in a tre
Or like an addre of many folde coloures
Right apperinge and faire vpon to se
For shrowdyd was hir mutabilite
With lowlihede and a faire pretense
Of true menynge vnder fals apparence
He ment trouth and she was variable
He was feithfull and she was viltrewe
He was stedfast and she vnstabele
His trust ay one she louyd thinge newe
She weryd coloures of many diuers hewe
In stede of blewe which stedfast is and clene
She louyd chaungys of many diuers grene
But to the purpose for to condescende
Whan she of sampson knewe all the priuete
Hir falshede shortly for to comprehende
She made him slepe full softly on her kne
And a sharpe rasoure after that toke she
Shoof of his here large and of greate lengyth
Wherby alas he lost all his strength
Damage in erth is none so grecious
As an ennemy which that is secre
Nor pestilence none so ꝑilous
As falsnesse where he is preue
And specially in femynyte
For if wyues be founde variable
Where shall husbondes fynde other stable
Thus sampson was by dalida deceyued
She coude so wele flatere forge and feyne
Which philistes whan they haue conceyued
Vnwarly bonde him in a mighty cheyne
Cast him in prison put out his iyen tweyne
And of despite after as I fynde
At their quernes made hym for to grinde
They made a feest statly and solempne
Whan they had all this treason wrought
And to rebuke him scorne him and condempne
Blynde sampson was afore theym brought
Which thinge full sore greuyd him in his thought
Cast he wolde in his preuy mynde
To auenge his blyndnesse sūme maner wey fynde
And whan he had thus bethought him longe
He made a childe him pryuely to lede
To tweyne postes large square and stronge
Enbracyd theym or any man toke hede
And gan to shake theym withoute fere or drede
So sturdely amonge his fone all
That the temple is vpon theym fall
Thus he was auengyd on his fone
Which that falsly dyd ageyne him stryue
Slough in his dyenge god wote many one
More than he dyd euer afore his lyue
And he was also the date to descriue
In israel the bible is myn auctour
Twenty yere there iuge and gouernoure

Lenuoye

THis tragedye yeueth in euidence
To whom men shall their coūseil out discure
For recheles tunges for lacke of prudence
Haue do greate harme to many a creature
Whan harme is done full harde it is to recure
Beware by sampson your counseyll well to kepe
That dalida compleyne crye and wepe
Whilom sampson for manhode and prudence
Israell had in gouernaunce and cure
Dauntyd lions through his magnificence
Made on a thousande a disconfiture
[Page]Full in any one haue clene been all their lyue
Vndefoulyd kept their virginite
And sūme coude ageyn all vices stryue
Theym to conserue in ꝑfight chastite
Deuoyde of chaunge and mutabilite
Though sūme other haue therageyn trespacid
The laude of theym is nat therwith diffacid
And who euer of malice list accuse
Thise sely wymen touchinge variaunce
Lette theym remembre and in their wittes muse
Men be nat ay stable in their constaunce
In this worlde there is no ꝑseueraunce
Chaunge is ay founde in men and wymen both
On outher ꝑtye be they neuer so wroth
No man shulde the vertuous atwite
In stede of him that dyd the trespace
Nor for a theef a trewe man endite
Nor for the gylty an Innocent manace
Good and wickyd abyde in euery place
Their price / their lak / late theym be reseruyd
To outher ꝑtye as they haue deseruyd
Though Iohn bochas in his opinion
Agayn wymen list a processe make
They that been good of condion
Shulde ayenst no maner quarell take
But lightly passe and their sleues shake
For ageyn good he no thinge made
Who can conceyue theffecte of this balade

The excuse of bochas for his writynge ayenst mys­gouernyd wymen in stede of lenuoye

yE wymen all that ye shall beholde & se
This chaptre and the processe rede
Ye that been good founde in your degre
And uertuous both in thought and dede
What bochas seith take ye none hede
For his writinge if it be decerned
Is nat ageyn theym that be well gouerned
For though it fall that one two or thre
Haue done amysse as therfore god forbede
That other wymen which stable and feythfull be
Shulde be atwytyd of their vngoodlihede
But moor commendyd for their womanhede
For this scripture if it be concernyd
Is ageyn theym that be nat wele gouernyd
A gallyd hor [...] the soth if ye list se
Who touchith him boweth his backe for drede
And who is knowe vntrewe in his cuntre
Shrinkith his hornes whan men speke of falshede
But good wymen haue full lytell nede
To grutch or frowne whan the truth is lernyd
Though there be sūme which be nat well gouernyd
Of Dalida / and quene Pasiphe
Though doublenesse dyd their brydell lede
Yit of lucrece / and penolope
The noble fame abrood doth shyne and sprede
Out of good corne men may the darnell wede
Wymen rebuke in their diffautys quernyd
And nat touch theym that be well gouernyd

Of myghty pirrus that slough pollicene which for his pride and auoutrye dyed in pouertie / slayne at the last by horestes

BOchas musynge in his remembraunce
And consideryd in his fantasie
The vnsure trust of worldly variaunce
Of men and wymen the chaunge and the folye
The same tyme he sawe a cōpanye
Of myghty princes full pitously wepynge
To him appere their fortune compleynynge
Amonge other that put theym self in p [...]es
Of myghty pirrus first he had a sight
That was the sonne of worthy achilles
Amonge Grekes the moost famous knight
Moost commended of manhode and of might
Sonne and next heire as bokes specifie
Of Pelleus kynge of Thesal [...]
This Achilles full manly of his herte
Hurte of Ector and his wounde grene
Slough ector after or he dyd aduerte
The which achilles for loue of pollicene
By compassynge or Eccuba the quene
Vndere Trety this grekis chaumpion
Was slayne of paris within troye toun
Who [...]s deth to auenge pirrus in his tene
Furiously with face dede and pale
Slough afterwarde the saide pollicene
And dismembryd all on pecis smale
Which for to here is a pitous tale
That a knight so vengeable was in dede
To sle a maide quakynge in hir drede
He coude for Ire on hir no mercy haue
But with his swerde moost furious and wode
Merciles vpon his faders graue
Like a tiraunt he shed hir chaste blode
The dede horrible diffaced his knighthode
That to this the sclaundre and diffame
By newe report reboundeth on his name
Po [...]tes saye and specially onide
Write whan grekis fro Troye shulde saile
Howe their shippis by an anker dyd ride
Of th [...]r purpose which longe dyd theym faile
But in this while he makith rehersaile
Oute of the erth manacinge of chere
Of achilles an ymage dyd appere
To grekis saide with a dedely face
I felt wele myn honour and my glorie
And my noblesse full lightly forth doth pace
Vnkynde people oute of your memore
Which by me had youre conquest and victorie
Your deuire doth pollicene to take
And on my graue a sacrifise to make
With hir blode loke ye spare nought
To springe it [...]ounde aboute my sepulture
Thus blode for blode with vengeaūce shalbe bought
And for my deth / the deth she must endure
And hole the maner of this auenture
And howe she died in her maidenhede
Methamorphose [...]s the processe ye may rede
In hasty vengeaunce set was all his ioye
With thurste vnstaunchid / troian blode to shede
He slo [...]gh priam the worthy kinge of troye
And into grece with him he dyd lede
Adromada the story ye may rede
Weddyd hir and after in certeyn
By him she had worthy sonnes tweyne
But in repairynge home to his cuntre
As Eolus dyd his shippes dryue
I finde he was a pirat of the se
And into Grece whan he dyd aryue
Fortune vnwarly gan ageyn him stryue
Forsoke his wife lete hir lyue alone
Toke another called hermyone
Which was that tyme in mariage
To horistes son of agamenon
And he alas of louys wilfull rage
Toke hir by force to his possession
But of auoutrye folowith this guerdon
Sodeyn deth / pouert / or shame
Open disclaundre / greate myscheef / or diffame
Eke in his tyme thus pirrus as I rede
Fyll into myscheef and greate pouerte
And with such meyne as he dyd lede
He was a rouer and robbyd on the see
And as poetes reherce ye may see
Of such robbynge by sclaundre and diffame
This worde pirate of pirrus toke the name
And as the story after doth deuise
The saide horistes gan sekerly espie
Where that pirrus dyd sacrifise
Tofore appollo that god to magnyfie
Full vnwarly horistes of enuye
Toke a sharpe swerde or pirrus coude aduert
Where that he stode and roof him to the herte
This was the fyne of pirrus in substaunce
For all his pride and greate presumpcion
Of fals auoutrye foloweth this vengeaunce
Losse of sūme membre pouert or prison
Or hatfull sclaundre by sūme occasion
Or sodeyn deth shortly in sentence
Complete in pirrus by ful clere euidence

Of Machaire and his suster Canace

AFtir this Pirrus cam canace the faire
Te [...]ys distyllynge from hir iyen tweyne
And hir brother that callyd was machaire
And both they pitoussly gan pleyne
That fortune gan at theym so disdeyne
Hyndrynge their fate by wofull auenture
Touchinge their loue which was ageyne nature
He was hi [...] brother and hir loue also
As the story plenly doth declare
And in a bed they lay eke both two
Reson was none why they shulde spare
But loue that causeth wo and eke welfare
Gan ageyn kinde so straungely deuyse
That he hir wombe made sodenly to arise
And fynally myn auctoure berith witnesse
A childe she had by hir owne brother
Which excelled in fauoure and fairenesse
For like to him of bewtie was none other
But of their loue so guyed was the rother
That Caribdis twene wyndis full contraire
Hath Canace destroied and machaire
For whan their fader the maner dyd espie
Of their werkynge which was so horrible
For Ire almoost he fyll in frens [...]e
Which for to appese was an impossible
For the mater was frowarde and odible
For which playnly deuoyde of all pite
Vpon their trespas he wolde auengyd be
The cause knowen the fader anone right
Last for their deth of rigour to prouide
For which machaire fled oute of his sight
And from his face his presence gan to hide
But woo alas his suster muste abyde
Merciles for their hatefull trespace
Suffre deth there was none other grace
First hir fadre a sharpe swerde to hir sent
In token of deth for a remembraunce
And whan she wist playnly what he ment
And conceyued his rigorous ordenaunce
With hole purpos to obey his plesaunce
She grutchith nat but lowly of entent
Lyke a meke doughter to his desire assent
But or she dyed she cast for to write
A litell lettre to hir brother dere
A dedly compleynt compleyne and endite
With pale face and a mortall chere
The salt terys from hir iyen clere
With pitous sobbynge set from hir hertis bringe
Distyllynge downe to tempre with hir ynke

The lettre of compleynt of Canace to hir broder Machaire.

OVte of hir swoune whan she dyd abraide
Knowynge no meane but deth in hir distresse
To hir brother full pitously she sayde
Cause of my sorowe rote of my heuynesse
That whilom were cheef sours of my gladnesse
Whan both oure ioyes by will were so disposyd
Vnder one key oure hertis to be vnclosyd
Whilom thou were support and sekirnesse
Cheef reioisynge of my worldly ioye
But nowe thou art the grounde of my sikenesse
Well of wanhope of my dedely penaunce
Which haue of sorowe gretest habundaunce
That euer yit had any creature
Which must for loue the deth alas endure
Thou were whilom my blisse and all my trust
Souereyn confort my sorowes to appese
Springe and well of all my hertys lust
And nowe alas cheef rote of my dissese
But if my deth might do the any ease
O brother myn / in remembraunce of tweyne
Deth shall to me be plesaunce and no peyne
My cruell fader moost vnmerciable
Ordeyned hath it nedys must be so
In his rigoure he is so vntretable
All merciles he will that it be do
That we algate shall dye both two
But I am glad sith it may be none other
Thou art escapyd my bestbelouyd brother
This is myn ende I may it nat asterte
O brother myn there is no more to saye
Lowly besechinge with all myn hole herte
For to remembre specially I praye
If it befall my litell sonne to dye
That thou mayst after sum mynde vpon vs ha [...]e
Suffre vs both to be buried in a graue
I holde him streitly atwene my armys tweyne
Thou and nature leyde on me this charge
He giltles with me must suffre peyne
And sith thou arte at fredam and at large
Late kyndnesse oure loue nat so discharge
But haue a mynde where euer that thou be
Onys a day vpon my childe and me
On the and me dependeth the trespace
Touchinge oure gyle and oure greate offence
But wela way moost angelik of face
Oure childe yonge in his pure innocence
Shal ageyn right suffre dethis violence
Tendre of lymmys god wote full giltles
The goodly faire that lieth here specheles
A mouth he hath but wordes hath he none
Can nat compleyne alas for none outrage
Nor grutcheth nat but lieth here all alone
Stille as a lambe moost meke of his visage
What herte of stele coude do to him damage
Or suffre him dye beholdinge the manere
And loke benygne of his tweyne iyen clere
O thou my fadre to cruell is thy wreche
Harder of herte than any tygre or lion
To sle a childe that lieth withoute speche
Voide of all mercy and remyssion
And on his moder hast no compassion
His youth consideryd with lippes soft as silke
Which at my brest lieth styll and souketh mylke
Is any sorowe remembryd by writynge
Vnto my sorowfull sighes incomparable
Or was there euer creature lyuinge
That felt of dole a thinge more lamentable
For canfortles and vnrecuparable
Are thilke hepyd sorowes full of rage
Which haue with woo oppressed my corage
Rekyn all my myscheuys in especiall
And on my myscheef remembre and haue gode mynd
My lorde my fader is myn enmy mortall
Experience ynough therof I fynde
For in his pursute he hath left behinde
In destruction of the my childe and me
Ruth all mercy and faderly pyte
And the my brother auoyded from his sight
Which in no wyse his grace mayst atteyne
Alas that rigoure vengeaunce and cruell right
Shulde aboue mercy be lady souereyne
But cruelte doth at me so disdeyne
That thou my brother my childe and also I
Shall dye exiled alas from all mercy
My fader whilom by many sundry signe
Was my socour and my supportacion
To the and me moost gracious and benygne
Oure worldly gladnesse our consolacion
But loue and fortune hath tournyd vp so doun
Oure grace alas / oure welfare / and oure fame
Harde to recure so sclaundred is oure name
Spot of diffamynge is harde to wasshe away
Whan noyse and rumoure abrode do folke manace
To hindre a man there may be no delaye
For hatefull fame flieth ferre in short space
But of vs tweyne there is none other grace
Saue only deth / and after deth alas
Eternall sclaundre of vs thus stant the caas
Whom shall we blame or whom shall we atwyte
Oure greate offence sith we may it nat hide
For oure excus reportis to respite
Meane is there none except the god cupide
And though that he wolde for vs prouide
In this matere to be oure cheef refuge
Poetis say he is blynde to a iuge
He is depaynt like a blynde archere
To make a right failynge discrecion
Holdynge no mesure nouther ferre nor nere
But lyke fortunys disposicion
All vpon happe voide of all reason
As a blynde archere with arowes sharpe grounde
Of auenture yeueth many a mortall waunde
At the and me he wrongly dyd marke
Felly to hindre oure fatall auentures
As ferre as phebus shyneth in his arke
To make vs refuse to all creatures
Callyd vs tweyne vnto the wofull lure [...]
Of diffame which wyll depte neuer
By newe reporte the noyse encresynge euer
Odious fame with swift wynges flieth
But all good fame enuye doth restreyne
Eche man of other the defautys seeth
Yit on his owne no man wyll compleyne
But all the worlde outcrieth of vs tweyne
Whos hatful ire by vs may nat be quemyd
For I must dye my fader hath so demyd
Their life to amende or the lorde do smyte
Through negligence or it be to late
And or the swerde of vengeaunce ker [...]e or bite
Into vertues their vicious life translate
Cherisshe rightwisnesse ageyn all wronge debate
With drede of god make theym self stronge
Than is no doute they shall endure longe
Who is nat ware by others chastisynge
Other by him shall chastised be
Harde is that herte which for no writynge
For noo doctryne nor none auctorite
For none exaumples will from his vices flee
To indurat is his frowarde entent
Which will nat suffre his hardnesse to relent
The rounde droppis of the smoth rayne
Which that discende and fall from aloft
On stonys harde at the iye as it is seyne
Perceth their hardnesse with their fallinge ofte
All be in touchenge water is but softe
The persynge caused by force nor puissaunce
But of fallynge by longe contynuaunce
Semblably of right I dare reherce
Oft redynge on bokys fructuous
The hertys shulde of prudent princes ꝑ [...]e
Synke in their mynde and make theym vertuous
To eschewe all thinge that is vicious
For what auaileth the exaumples that they rede
To their redynge if contrarie be the dede
Cūnynge and dede who can comprehende
In [...]re conceytis they been thynges tweyne
And if cūnynge do the dede amende
Than atwene theym is made a myghty cheyne
Anoble thynge and right souereyne
For than of cūnynge the laboure is well spent
Whan dede foloweth and both been of assent
Thus Iohn bochas procedynge in his boke
Which in noumbre is callyd the secounde
Gan for to wryte and his purpose toke
To set in stories such as he had founde
Of entent all vices to confounde
By ensaumples which he dyd expresse
And at the begynnynge of his besynesse
Myghty Saul to him dyd appere
Kynge of israell pitously wepynge
Dedely of face and with an hidous chere
His voice Ibroke by manyfolde sobbynge
And to myn auctoure his sorowe compleynynge
Requerynge him to gydre whan they mette
First in his boke his wofull fate to sette
Anone after I of entencion
With penne in hande fast gan me spede
As I coude in my translacion
In this laboure further to procede
My lorde cam forth by and gan to take hede
This myghty prince right manly and right wise
Gaue me charge in his prudent auyse
That I shulde in euery tragedie
After the processe made mencion
At the ende set a remedye
With a lenuoye conueyed by reason
And after that with humble affeccion
To noble princes lowly it directe
By others fallynge theym self to correcte
And I obeied his byddynge and plesaunce
Vndre support of his magnificence
As I coude I gan my penne auaunce
Al be I was baren of eloquence
Folowynge myn auctour in substaunce and sentēce
For it suffised pleynly vnto me
So that my lorde my makynge toke agre
[figure]

Howe Saul kinge of Ierusalem borne of lowe degre / as longe as he dred god was obedient to him / and rulyd by good counseile had many greate disconfitures [...] but at the last for is pride / presumpcion / and greate disobeisaunce he lost his crowne / and was slayne by Philistees

‘Nihil insolencius (quam) potens rusticus’ Incipit liber secundus

tHis saide saul of whō I spake to forn
Fulwel cōpacte & large of his stature
Of the lyne of beniamyn eke born
His fader Ceis was callyd [...] scripture
Whoos assis whilom left their pasture
Space of thre daies saul had theym sought
Lost his laboure and fonde theym nought
For th [...]y were gone out soo fer on straye
So dis [...]uered he ne coude theym mete
Tyll that a childe him suynge all the waye
Yaue him coūseyle his laboure for to lete
And that he shulde go to the prophete
Which was full famous holde in israell
Of whom the name was callyd Samuell
Which saul made in his hous to dyne
Receyued him of greate affection
And precept and ordynaunce deuyne
Samuell made no prolongacion
But shed the holy sacred vnccion
Vpon the hede of Saul doun knelynge
And full deuoutly of israell made him kynge
Of goddes peple to haue gouernaunce
With ceptre and crowne and hole the regalie
And his noblesse more mighty to auaunce
With mekenesse to rule his monarchie
[Page]God yau [...] to him a sprite of prophecie
Which was greate glorie to his magnificence
Of future thynges to haue precience
And while that he was meke and humble in dede
Voide of pride and fals presumpcion
And prudent counseyle with him did lede
Him to gouerne by good discrecion
He fonde quiete through all his region
No foreyn enmy durst him to werreye
While he the lorde mekely dyd obeye
[...] enmy might ageyne him recure
Through none emprises but sore dyd him drede
Made many greate disconfiture
Through his force knighthode and māhede
On philistees and dauntyd eke in dede
Two mighty kinges that one of anmyonytes
And another that gouerned Moabytes
[...]e was founde stronge and eke victorious
[...]he palestynesse bringynge to myschaunce
Ageyne ydumes so myghty and famous
Through his mighty prudent gouernaunce
That he their pride brought vnto myschaunce
Out [...]a [...]d theym of wisdome and manhede
Primo regum as ye may playnly rede
[...] was [...] sonne callyd of one yere
[...]ell whan his regne began
[...]able of hert and benygne of chere
Frowarde nor sturdy to no maner man
All that while loue of the people he wan
The tyme I mene while he was iust and stable
And in his werkes nat founde variable
But whan that pride gan his herte enhaunce
Wilfulnesse and fals malancolye
Outraied reason to haue the gouernaunce
Of his olde famous policie
And had forgetyn in his fantasie
To knowe the lorde and mekely sue his lawe
God from his crowne his grace gan withdrawe
The vnkynde worme of foryetfulnesse
In his herte had myned through the wall
Whan to god for his kyndnesse
Gaue no laude / nor no thanke attall
Which had him reised vnto estate ryall
From pore degre amonge all his kyn allone
A synguler sauour to set him in his trone
What thinge in herte may be thought more frowarde
Than is sodeyn fals presumpcion
Of a wretch that cam vp of nought
To yeue him lordship and domynacion
And for to make a pleyn comparison
Men shulde of reason drede a lion lasse
Than the rudnesse of a crownyd asse
What thynge to god is more abhominable
Than pride vpreysed out of pouerte
And no thinge gladly is founde more vengeable
Than are wretches set in high degre
For from his stok kynde may nat fle
Eche thynge resorteth howe ferre euer it go
To the nature which that it cam fro
Frute and apples take their talarage
Where they first grewe of the same tre
And semblably eche kynrede and lynage
Onys ayere it wyll none other be
By tokyn and sygne at the iye as men may se
Draweth comonly in euery creature
Sūme teche to folowe after his nature
I write nat this in rebuke of pouerte
But for such only as that it deserue
God of his might as men be well expert
May theym in vertue encrease and concerne
From all myscheef a pore man preserue
Reise him on height to domynacions
Through high noblesse of their condicions
By influence god may his grace shede▪
Where he fyndeth cause only by mekenesse
A pore man to reyse him vp in dede
Vnto the estate of vertuous noblesse
For oute of vertue cometh all gentylnesse
In pore and riche make none excepcion
But theym cōmende like their condicoin
A pore man which that is vertuous
And dredeth god in his pouerte
Eche thinge eschewynge that is vicious
And to his power doth trouth and equite
I dare right well what euer that he be
Puttynge no rebuke vnto his kinrede
But call him gentyll veryly in dede
But kinge saul was contrarious
Disobeisaunce founde in his werkynge
Whan god made him to be victorious
[Page]On amalech where agag was kinge
Him cōmaundyd to spare no maner thinge
Man nor woman beest nor childe socoure
But that his swerde shulde al quycke thinge deuoure
But saul wrought all in other wise
Eche thinge reseruynge that was faire to sight
And of entent to make a sacrifise
After his victorie he shope him anone right
Fatest beestis he chase and hath theym dight
Towarde the fire to make his offrynge
And fro deth he sparyd agag the kynge
He was reprouyd afterwarde of samuell
To goddes byddinge for he was contraire
As abiecte to regne in israel
That all good hope in him gan disspaire
His grace / his myght / gan pall and appaire
His prophecie after hath him failyd
And with afende he was also trauailyd
Thus from hir whele fortune caste him downe
Aualyd him from his royall se
And god also toke away the crowne
Both from him and his posterite
And set vp dauid for his humylite
Loo howe the lorde his domys can deuyde
To enhaunce mekenesse and to abate pride
Saul endured in his frensie
Awicked sprite so sore him dyd assaile
Vnto dauid euer he had enuye
That he was hardy to entre in bataile
With a stafslynge voide of plate and mayle
Slough Golias without fere or drede
Pullyd out his swerde and smote of his hede
At theyr repairynge home oute of the felde
Whan dauyd had slayne thus golye
Yonge maydens whan they behelde
The greate victorie they in their ermonye
In laude of dauyd thus gan synge and crye
Saul hath slayne a thousande with his might
Dauid ten thousande the lusty yonge knight
Saul disdeynyd and saide frowardly
They grauntyd haue a thousand to my name
And to the sonne herof I say
Yaue ten thousande to encrece his fame
Which is to me a rebuke and a shame
Wherupon this saul fret with [...]re
Of yonge dauid gan the deth conspire
In his herte he had a fantasie
Of their syngynge whan that he toke hede
Demt it was a maner prophesie
That dauid preferrid shulde be in dede
And to the crowne after him succede
Thought his childre as gan dyuyne
Shulde be depryued of the roiall lyne
Thus day by day saul weyes sought
To sle dauid playnly if he might
Al be it so that he no malice thought
But euer kept him lowly in his sight
Therfore good euer and grace on him a light
For ay the lorde of his magnificence
Ageyn tirauntys preserueth Innocence
And as the bible pleynly doth vs lere
This dauid had in his tendre age
For his noblesse the kinges doughter dere
Callyd Michol ioyned by mariage
And whan that saul fill in any rage
Dauid anone to aswage his woodnesse
Touchid his harpe and brought him in gladnesse
Saul fuloft gan dauyd to enchace
And werreye throughout all his londes
Through dese [...]ys him pursue and manace
Of entent to haue shet him vp in bondes
Or to sle him if he come in his hondys
But fynally god thorugh his ordenaunce
Preseruyd his knight from all maner myschaunce
Saul full oft was brought to mischeef
Yit ay from deth dauid dyd him saue
And herof this was a speciall preef
Whan dauid but his garnement in the caue
And mo tokyns if ye lift to haue
Another tyme Dauyd also kepte
The life of saul whan he lay and slept
The case was this as they hosteynge
Nat ferre asondre and saul lay and slepe
All his people aboute him slepynge
And vnpurueyed like a flocke of shepe
Of whiche thinge dauyd toke good kepe
Doun descendyd and made no delay
Cam to the tent where kynge saul lay
The spere of saul stondynge at his hede
Dauid toke it and went his way anone
Of his comynge there was no man toke hede
For saul slept and his men echon
[Page]And whan that he vp to the hyll was gone
Towarde saul ageyn he cast his loke
Made anoyse that all his knyghtes woke
First to abnor prince of his chyualrye
Dauyd seyde these wordes in sentence
Abnor quod he thou hast done greate folie
This day shewed a greate negligence
To suffre of saul the magnificence
In peryll stonde and none hede take
Aboute his persone to make his knightes wal [...]e
Thou art to blame for thy rechelesnesse
To leue the kynge stonde in so greate a drede
In slepe to haue more sauoure and swetnesse
Than of his life to take hede
Such negligence requireth for his mede
Deth and turment by rightfull iugement
Aboute a prince whan folke be negligent
And thou list to se an euydence
Howe that his life stode in Iuꝑdye
Se here his spere and yeue therto credence
Howe vnprouyded ye were in youre ꝑtye
Saul nor thou ye may it nat denye
Your life / you deth / youre power / your puissaunce
This day god put hole in my gouernaunce
But me to aquyte of youre Innocence
As euery man shulde vnto his kynge
And to declare in me was none offence
Ageyn his noblesse in wyll nor in werkynge
As god wote that knoweth euery thynge
That I neuer by no conspiracye
Wrouht nor compassyd ageyne his regalye
[...]O here exaumple of ꝑfight pacience
Ageyn malice to shewe kyndnesse
Where saul shewed his mortall violence
Dauid aquit him with suffraunce and goodnesse
The tyraunt venquesshyd by his prudent mekenesse
Men ageyn trouth may wele a werre gynne
But at the ende the palme he doth ay wynne
For of this story if that ye take hede
Saul is fall for his frowardnesse
Into myscheef and into sodeyn drede
For Philistees the bible berith witnesse
With a greate power gan their wardys dresse
Vpon kynge saul auengyd for to be
Their tentys pight besyde Gelboe
Wherof kynge saul astonyed in his herte
Had lost his sprite of knightly hardynesse
And specially whan he dyd aduerte
Prophete was none his armys to redresse
Of future thynges trouth to expresse
In israel which cast him in greate drede
Bycause that tyme samuell was dede
For saul had cast out all dyuynes
From israell and eche from dyuyneresse
Nat withstandynge the palestynesse
Were rys ageyn his power to oppresse
And he ne knewe no maner sorceresse
Of whom he myght any counseyll take
And he of god that tyme was forsake
In this wise he stode disconsolate
Counseyl of god nor prophete knewe he none
But a man moost infortunate
Vngraciously he sped him forth anone
And secrely this saul is forth gone
To a woman that shulde him rede and wysse
In israel callyd a phetonesse
Whiche is a name as clerkys writen all
And office who that taketh hede
Soulis of men ageyn to clepe and calle
I mene such that tofore were dede
Which is a thinge straunge for to rede
That wymen shulde who so lyst to lere
Make soules of dede men appere
Vnkouth and straunge is their opinion
And to my wyt a manere impossible
Nat accordynge me semeth to reson
Nor like a thinge which that is credible
That a soule of nature inuisible
Might appere or shewe visibly
Vnto iyen which that been bodely
But or that I any ferther flitte
Lest I were holde to presumptuous
To deuynes this mater I cōmytte
And wise clerkes that ben vertuous
In their wittes subtill and corious
To conclude as it doth theym seme
In this mater a trouth for to deme
Whether it was the soule of sconuell
Or other sprite that she dyd call
Which that tolde the kynge of israell
Of the bateyll that shulde after fall
[Page]His auentures and his myscheuys all
And of his deth he tolde also in dede
And howe dauyd shulde after him succede
Bycause only of his disobeysaunce
As it is writen / and for his rechelesnesse
On amelech for he toke nat vengeaunce
Thus the sprite bare to him witnesse
Wherof Saul fyll in greteate heuynesse
Knowynge no mene to escape oute of this doute
But take his fortune as it cometh aboute
Tolde him also his ennemyes were so wroth
The philistees beside Gelboe
In that batayle he and his children both
Shulde dye that day of necessite
His chiualrie shall scounfited be
Of his regne there is no lenger date
For god from him his kingdome will translate
And thus saul retournyd is ageyn
His meny after brought to discounfiture
And whan he sawe all his people slayne
And howe there was no mene to recure
In that dedly wofull auenture
He bad his squier / take his swerde as blyue
And through the herte that he shulde him ryue
That his ennemyes which were vncircumcised
Shulde haue no power in story it is founde
To fall vpon him as they haue deuysed
To yeue him his last fatall wounde
His high noblesse at myscheef to confounde
But his squier for fere of god and drede
Wolde nat assent to do so foule a dede
To slee his lorde he greatly was aferde
A thinge hatfull in euery mannys sight
But saul toke the pomell of his swerde
And in the grounde full depe anone it pight
And in all hast possible that he myght
Made the poynt in his furious peyne
To perce his herte and part euen on tweyne
The philistees anone as he was dede
Spoilyd him of his riall armure
Dismembryd him and smote of his hede
And in tokyn of their disconfiture
Toke the spoiles with all their besy cure
And therof made in all their best entent
To astraoth of pride a greate present
Thus was saul slayne in sentence
Of philistees vpon Gelboe
Forsake of god for inobedience
Abiecte also from his roiall fee
And thus for lackynge of humylite
Of god he was for euer set asyde
Lo here the ende of surquedye and pride

Lenuoye

HAue mynde of saul which of estate riall
From lowe degre was callyd for makenesse
But presumpcion made him haue a fall
Of god abiect for his frowardnesse
Lost his crowne the bible berith witnesse
And cause was for his disobeysaunce
To goddys byddynge he yaue none attendaunce
God nat axeth nomore of man atall
But hole herte without doublenesse
For all the giftys which in especiall
He yaue to man of high goodnesse
But he chastiseth all vnkyndnesse
Such as been rebell for to do plesaunce
And to his byddynge yeue none atendaunce
Noble princes vertue moost principall
You to conserue in youre high noblesse
Is to emprente in your memoriall
Feith equyte all wronges to redresse
To susteyne trouth and rightwisnesse
And tofore god holde heuenly the balaunce
And his byddinge yeue hole youre attendaun [...]

Acommendacion of Bochas vpon the vertue of obedience

VErtue of vertues mooste of excellence
Which that haue moost souereyn suffisaunce
Is the vertue of true obedience
Which set all thynge in rightfull gouernaunce
For ne were nat this prudent ordenaunce
Sūme to obeye and aboue to guye
Destroied were all worldly policye
Where that vertue and high descrecion
Auoidyd haue from theym all wilfulnesse
By tytle only of dominacion
Truly lyuynge vpon reghtwisnesse
Wronge and errours iustly to redresse
Of truth I may rightwell afferme and saye
The people mekely their biddynge shulde obeye
This noble vertue of feythfull obeisaunce
Establisshed vpon humylyte
Which includeth no double variaunce
In all regions and in eche countre
Causeth welfare / ioye / and prosperite
And as vertue cheef and souereyne
All vicious riete it pleynly doth restreyne
Obedience eke as men may se
Falsnesse exileth and all rebellion
For by tempraunce right and equite
Stant the welfare of euery region
For the mekenesse and lowe subieccion
Of comontees holde vp the regalies
Of lordshippes and of all monarchies
And no doute whan lordshippes of entent
Besy been the souereyne lorde to queme
To their subiettes do right Iugement
In conscience as right and reson deme
Than shall their crowne and dyademe
Vpon their hede ꝑseuere and fresshly shyne
And make subiettis to their biddynge en [...]lyne
Thus obe [...]saunce playnly at a worde
In such as haue lordship and souereynte
Done of entent to their souereigne lorde
Shall cause theym reigne in longe prosperite
And their subiettes of humilite
For their noble famous gouernaunce
Ay to be redy vnder their obeisaunce
For who that serueth the lorde of lordes all
And hath the people in his subieccion
God will kepe him that he shall nat fall
Longe preserue his dominacion
But ageynwarde whan wisdom and reason
Been ouermaistred with censualite
Farwell the floures of their felicite
Obedience blunteth the sharpnesse
Of cruell swerdys in tyrauntys hondys
And mekenesse appeseth the felnesse
Of hasty vengeaunce breketh on two the bondes
Eke pacience set quiete in londys
And where thise thre contune in comontees
Longe pees ꝑseuereth in kyngdoms and citees
Obedience doth also restreyne
Conspiracions and fals collusions
Whan she stant vnpartyd nat atweyne
There is no drede of no discencions
For she combyneth the true opinions
In the hertys of people full well afore prouyded
Vndre princes to stonde hole vndeuyded
Where princes be meke humble and debonaire
Towardys god of hole affeccion
Their subiettis be gladly nat contrarye
In their ceruise by no rebellion
For there is founde no deuision
But hede and membres eche for his partye
Be so gouernyd by prudent policie
Contrariously saul was put doun
Abiect of god for his obstinacie
Put from his ceptre / his crowne / his region
Of israell lost all the monarchie
For he list nat make his alye
Of frowardnesse and wilfull negligence
This noble vertue callyd obedience
For as it longeth in kyngdomes and citees
Vnder a key of vn beniuolence
Princes kynges to gouerne their sees
So apperteyneth due reuerence
To their subiettes by obedience
To obeye their lordes as they be of degre
By title of right in euery comonte
For obeisaunce if it be discernyd
With argus iyen who that taketh hede
As right requereth is nat well gouerned
Whan the membres presume ageyn the hede
Of gouernaunce there is no ꝑfight▪ spede
From vnyte they goo afrowarde weye
Whan subiettis their princes disobeye

Howe kinge Roboam for gyuynge feith to yonge counseyle lost the beneuolence of his people and dyed a foole

vNto Iohn bochas in ordre next ther̄ cā
With ful grete dole and lamentacion
The yonge kinge callyd Roboam
Sonne and next heire to Salamon
Entringe by tytle of iust succession
Besought myn auctour to make of his folye
And of his fallynge a pitous tragedie
First whan he entryd into his region
Twelue tribus gouernynge in dede
Rulyd him silf by will and no reason
Kepte his subiettes pleynly as I rede
Not vnder loue but vndre frowarde drede
Of olde wise to his greate disauaile
He despised the doctryne and counsayle
He demenyd as it was well couth
His ceptre / his crowne / and his regalie
By such folke as floured in their youth
Coude of custum their wittes well applie
To blende him falsly with their flaterie
Which is a stepmoder callyd in substaunce
To all vertue and all good gouernaunce
Alas it is greate dole and greate pyte
That flaterye shulde haue so greate fauoure
Which blindeth princes that they may nat se
Misteth the iyen of euery gouernoure
That they can nat knowe their owne erroure
Fals hony shed ay on their sentence
A fole is he that yeueth to theym credence
They may be callyd the deuyls tabourers
With frowarde sownys ceris to fulfyll
Or of Cures the ꝑilous botelers
Which gall and hony doun distill
Whoos drinkes ben both amerous and ill
And as clerkes well deuise cūne
Wors than the drynkes of Cirenes tūne
Erys of princes full well they can enoynt
With the softe oyle of adulacion
And their termys moost subtilly appoynt
Eche thinge concludynge with fals decepcion
Ay blandisshinge with amerous poyson
And fynally as the poete sayth
Their feith of custum concludeth with vnfeith
Flourynge in wordys though there be no frute
Double of herte plesaunte of langage
Of true menynge voide and destitute
In mustrynge outwarde pretende a faire visage
Who trustith theym fyndeth smale auauntage
By apparence and glorious fressh shewynge
Princes deceyuynge and many worthy kynge
Roboam can bere full well witnesse
From auoidynge folkes that were true
Howe he was hyndryd by flaterye and falnesse
By theym that coude forge oute tales newe
Whoos counseile after sore dyd him rewe
And with their feyned fals suggestion
Greatly abridgyd his domynacion
He dempte him selfe of more auctorite
Of foly youth and of presumpcion
Than was his fader in greate rialtie
And this pompous fals opinion
Cam into his conceit by adulacion
For flaterers bare to him witnesse
Howe he excelled his faders high noblesse
He dyd greate rigour and oppression
Vpon his people as it was well prouyd
And to fynde sum mitigacion
They in maters which that haue theym greuyd
Of their tributes for to be releuyd
Besought he wolde relece theym in their nede
But all for nought he toke therof none hede
All olde counseile from him he set aside
And refusyd their doctrine and their lore
And by fals counseyll of folkes full of pride
His pore lieges he oppressyd sore
And ten kynredys anone without more
For tyrannye and mysgouernaunce
From him withdrough the trouth and ligeaunce
This of the kynge conceyued the rigour
The people anone of Indignacion
Stoned adoram which was collectour
Of the tributis in all his region
From him deꝑtynge by rebellion
Wherof astonyed to auenge his greate vnright
In to Ierusalem toke anone his flight
And whan they were ꝑtyd from roboam
The ten kynredys by diuision
Chase theym a kynge callyd Ieroboam
And roboam within his roiall toun
To be auengyd of their rebellion
And for to do on theym cruell iustise
An hundred thousand he made anone to arise
With Ieroboam he cast him for to mete
And all at onys set in iuperdye
But rameus the prophete bad him leete
And from the werre withdrawe his ꝑtye
And more the quarell for to iustifie
Of his people frowarde departynge
It was goddys wyll done for a punysshynge
Touchynge the surplus of his gouernaunce
His roiall byldynge of many faire cite
His greate rich famous suffisaunce
Of wyne and oyle hauynge greate plentie
And howe his empire encreacyd yerys thre
Eke howe that tyme he rightfull was in dede
In Iosephus his story ye may rede
Of his children borne in right lyne
Eightene wyues as made is mencion
I fynde he had and many concubyne
Sonnes and doughters by procreacion
And howe his richesse and greate possession
That tyme encreacid as it is well knowe
To god aboue while that he bare him lowe
But as this auctour maketh rehersaile
In his encres and augmentacion
Mekenesse in herte in him gan wast and faile
And pride entryd with fals presumpcion
Vertue despisynge and all religion
After whos vices as seith this same boke
Wickyd exaumple of him the people toke
After the maners where they be good or ille
Vsyd of princes in diuers regions
The people is redy to vse and fulfyll
Fully the tracis of their condicions
For lordes may in their subiections
So as theym list who so can take hede
To vice or vertue their subiettis lede
Thus Roboam for his transgressions
In Iosephus as it is deuysed
And for his frowarde fals opineons
Only for he all vertue hath despised
Of god he was rightfully chastised
In ierusalem his cheef roiall toun
Of his enmyes besegyd enuyron
The kynge of egipt a sege aboute him layde
With so greate people that socour was there none
Albe it so that roboam abrayde
And praide god delyuer him from his fone
To auoyde of mercy his ennemyes euerychone
But god lyst nat graunt his praiere
But him chastised like as ye shall here
First his cite and his roiall toun
Deliuered was he knewe no better socoure
Vnder a feynyd fals composicion
For at their entrynge voide of all fauoure
Kepynge no couenaunt toke all the tresoure
Within the temple hauynge no pite
But ladde it home to egypt their cuntre
And to reherce it is a greate dole
Howe Roboam as Iosephus doth declare
Was inly proude and therwithall a fole
And of all wisdom destitute and bare
Vnmerciable his people for to spare
Hatynge good counseyle and so in his regalye
Regnynge a fole and so I lete him dye

Lenuoye

PHilosophers conclude and deuise
In their bokes of good experience
That counseylours / sad / expert / and wise
True of their worde stable of their sentence
Hasty nor recheles for no violence
Kepe and preserue the trouth I da [...] attaine
Noblesse of princes fro mische [...]d diffame
Hasty youth and rancoure in contrarye wise
Which haue to wyll all their aduertence
Except them self all other men despise
Through their vnbridelyd furious insolence
Nothing acqueynted with wisdome nor prudence
Bringe ayenwarde wherof they be to blame
Puttynge his noblesse in myscheef and diffame
Kynge roboam ageyn right and iustise
To yonge foles yaue faith and moost credence
Cruelly his subiettis to chastise
[Page]which put his people fro his benyuolence
Through ten kynredys from his obedience
Which was to him by recorde full greate shame
Puttynge his noblesse in myscheef and diffame
Noble princes do wysely aduertise
In ꝑseuerynge of your magnyficence
Of olde expert nat blent with couetyse
Take youre counseile and do theym reuerence
Eyed as argus in their high prouidence
Which conserue by report of good name
Noblesse of princes from myscheef and diffame

A chaptre descryuinge howe princes beynge hedeys of their comontees shulde haue noble chyualrie true Iuges their comontye to gouerne &c.

wHat erthely thynge is more deceyuable
Than of princes the pompe & veinglorye
Which wene stond in their estatis stable
As they the world had cōquerid by victory
And sodenly be put out of memory
Their fame cloudyd alas and their noblesse
With a derke shadowe of foryetfulnesse
Wherof cometh the famous clere shynynge
Of emperours in their consistories
Or wherof cometh their laude in reportinge
Saue that clerkes haue writen their histories
Or where nowe conquestys transitories
Or their triumphes where shulde men theym fynde
Nadde writers their prowesse put in mynde
Reken vp all and first the worthy nyne
In high nobles whiche hadde neuer peers
The ma [...] actis which cleerly dyd shyne
Their fame vpborne aboue all the nyne sterrys
With loude sownys of famous clarioneris
Their glorious palmes if they be well preysid
By lowe labours of comons was first reised
Make a lykenesse of these greate ymages
Coriously corue out by entaile
Hede / armes / body and their fresshe visages
Without / fete or legges may nat vaile
To stonde vpright for nedys they must faile
And semblably subiectis in comontees
Reise vp the noblesse of princes in their sees
As hede and membres in ymagys been one stone
Outher one stok by cumpas vndeuyded
And be proporcion their feturys euerichon
Set in true ordre as nature hath prouydyd
So that all errours through craft by circumcided
The hede highest by custum as men knowe
The body amyd the fete beneth lowe
Mighty princes for their high renoun
As moost worthy shall occupye the hede
With wit memorye and iyen of reason
To kepe their membres fro mischeef and drede
Like their degrees take of theym good hede
With clere forsight of a prudent thought
Their fete preserue they erre nought
There must be handes and armys of diffence
Which shall the ymage manly kepe and giue
From all assautis of foreyn violence
Which shall be named nobleste of chiualrie
Their true office iustly to magnyfie
Susteyne the churche and make theym self stronge
To se that wydowes and maidens haue no wronge
Prudent iuges as it is skyll and right
To punysshe wronge and surfetys to redresse
In this ymage shall ocupie the sight
For loue or hate by dome of rightwisnesse
For frende or fo his iugementis dresse
So egally the lawes to susteyne
In their werkes that none errour be seyn
Amyd this ymage there is a body set
An aggregate of people and degrees
By ꝑfyte pees and vnyte yknet
By thestates that gouerne comontees
As meires / prouostes / and burgeis in citees
Marchauntis olso which seke sundry londys
With other craftis which lyue by their hondis.
And as a body which stant in helthe
Felith no greef of no frowarde humours
So euery comon contynueth in greate helth
Which is demenyd with prudent gouernours
That can appese debatis and errours
The people kepe from all contrauersie
Causynge the welfare to encreace and multiplie
This body must haue a soule of life
To quike the membres with goostly mocions
Which shalbe made of folke contemplatif
The church cōmyttyd to their possessions
Which by their holy conuersacions
And good exaumple shulde as sterrys shyne
By grace and vertue the people enliunyne
Vpon the light of theyr condicions
Of this body dependith the welfare
For in their techinge and pridicacions
They shulde trouth to high and lowe declare
And in their office for no drede ne spare
Vices correcte like as they are holde
Sith they been herdys of cristes folde
Folowynge vpon of entent full clene
Laborers as ye haue harde deuysed
Shall this body bere vp and susteyne
As feete and legges which may nat be despised
For true laboure is Iustly auctorisied
And nere the plough vpholden by traueile
Of kinges princes farwell all gouernaile
Thus first if princes gouerned by by right
And knighthode suffre the people to haue no wronge
And trouth in iuges shewe oute his light
And forth in citees with loue he drawe a longe
And holy church in vertue be made stronge
And in his labour the plough ne feyne nought
Than by proporcion this ymage is well wrought
This mater hole for to exemplifie
Kynge Roboam for a fals oppression
And for his wilfull frowarde tyrannye
Lost a greate ꝑtye of his region
Wherfore lete princes considre of reson
God set the people for lordes auauntage
And to be oppressyd with seruage
Vpon sūme princes bochas doth compleyne
Such as haue a custome and manere
Ageyn their subgettes vngoodly to disdeyne
And of pride to shewe theym frowarde chere
Counseyleth theym to remembre and lere
As this chaptre dothe fynally diuyse
First oute of lordship all laboure dyd arise

Howe Mucyus Sceuola slough an Innocent in stede of kinge Porcēna that laide siege to Rome.

wHan kinge porcēna with his chiualrie
Agayn romayns a werre first began
The toun besegynge vpon eche ꝑtye
With greate puissaunce brought of tuskan
In the cite there was a knightly man
Mucius Sceuola which cast in their distresse
To breke the siege through his high prowesse
Lete arme him self clene in plate and maile
For comon profite to auaunce his corage
Kynge porcenna proudly to assaile
A tyme prouyded to his auantage
Through the sege to make his passage
And finally at his in comynge
Iuꝑte his ꝑsone for to sle the kynge
But like as tellith titus lyuius
Where Porcenna sate in his roiall see
This Senatoure this manly Mucius
Sawe a prince of greate auctorite
The kynge resemblynge clad in one liuere
Atweyne decernynge no maner variaunce
Slough that prince of very ignoraunce
But whan he knewe that he dyd faile
To sle porcenna enmy to the toun
And sawe he had lost all his trauaile
He made a pitous lamentacion
Bycause he dyd execusion
Of ignorance ageyn his owne entent
To spare a tiraunt and sle an Innocent
For which he was with him self full wroth
That he was founde so negligent in dede
And with his hande vnto a fire he goth
Made it brenne bright as any glede
Both nerf and bone and his flessh to shede
His hande consumynge on pecis here and yond [...]
And from his arme made it ꝑt a sondre
And as the story declareth vnto vs
This manly man this noble senatoure
Afore tyme was callyd mucyu [...]
Which for the comon dyd many greate laboure
And for the vncouth hasty fell rigour
Done to himself the romayns all
Sceuola they dyd him after call
As moch to say by langage of that londe
Who take a right the exposion
As a man which is without an honde
And after him by succession
All his ofspring [...] borne in the toun
In remembraunce for to encrece his fa [...]
Of Sc [...]uola [...]are after him the na [...]
By this exaumple and many other moo
If men list here corages to awake
They shulde se what ꝑill and what woo
For comon profite men haue vndertake
And whilom [...]ru [...]us for Lucrecis sake
Tarquyn chacyd for his transgression
And kinges all oute of rome toun
Touchinge Lucrece exaumple of wifly trouth
Howe yonge Tarquyn hir falsly dyd oppresse
And after that which was to greate a routh
Howe she hir self slough for heuynesse
It nedeth nat rehece the processe
Sith that Chaucere cheef poete of bretayne
Wrote of hir life a legende souerayne
Rehersinge there amonge other thinges
Eche circumstaunce and eche occasion
Why romayns exilid first their kynges
Neuer to regne after in their toun
As olde cronicles make mencion
Remembringe also the vnkindly greate outrage
By encrece done to Dido of Cartage
Eke other stories which he wrote in his lyue
Full notably with euery circumstaunce
And their fatis pitously dyd discryue
Like as they fill put theym in remembraunce
Wherfo [...] if I shulde my penne auaunce
After his makynge to put theym in memory
Men wolde deme it presumpcion and veyne glorie
For as a sterre in presence of the sū [...]e
Lesith his fresshnesse and his clere light
So my rudnesse vnder skies dūne
Dareth full lowe and hath lost his sight
To be comparyd ageyn the bemys bright
Of this poete wherfore it were but veyne
Thinge saide by him to write it newe ageyne

Howe lucrece oppressed by Tarquyn slough hir self

BVt at Lucrece s [...]yne I will a while
It were [...]ite hir story for to hide
Or slouth the penne of my rude stile
But for hir sake all maters set aside
Also my lorde bad I shulde abyde
By good auice at leyser to translate [...]
The doolfull processe of hir pitous fate
Folowynge the tracis of collucyus
Which wrote of hir a declaracion
Moost lamentable / moost doolfull / moost pitous
Where he discriueth the dolorous treason
Of hir constreyned fals oppression
Wrought and compassid by vnware violence
The light vntroublyd of hir clere conscience
Hir fader whilom callyd Spurius
Hir worthy husbonde namyd collatyn
Which by the luxurie and treson odious
And vicious outrage of sextus proude Tarquyn
Oppressyd was and brought vnto hir fyn
Whoos dedely sorowe in Inglissh for to make
Of pitous ruth my penne I fele quake
This saide Tarquyn this euyll auisyd knight
This slaundred man moost hatefull for his dede
Cam like a theef alas vpon a night
With nakyd swerde whan noman toke hede
Vpon Lucrece she quakinge in hir drede
Lyenge abed ferre from hir folkes all
And knewe no refuge for helpe for to calle
He manasynge in his frowarde entent
On hir beholdynge with a furious chere
That with his swerde but she wolde assent
Hir and a boy he wolde prente I fere
Suchone as was moost ougly of manere
Moost vnlikely of ꝑsone and of fame
Thus he hir thrat for to slaundre hir name
But his entent whan she dyd fele
And sawe no mene of hir woful chaunce
The morowe after she list no thinge concele
Tolde hir husbonde holy the gouernaunce
Him requerynge for to do vengeaunce
Vpon this cryme saide like a trewe wife
She wolde hir herte perce with a knyfe
In this mater this was hir fantasie
Better was to dye than to lyue in shame
And lasse ill to put in Iuꝑdye
Hir mortall body than hir good fame
Whan honour dieth farwell a mannys name
Be [...]t were out of his life diseuere
Than slaunderous fame to sle a man for [...]
But to that purpos hir husbond saide nay
Hir fader also was therto contrarie
Makynge a promyce without more delay
To do vengeaunce howe they wilnat tarie
To her declaryngt with reasons debonarie
Vndre these wordes trouth and right cōserued
To sle hir self she hath no thinge deserued
For sodenly and also vnauisyd
As a foole is trappyd in the snare
By vnware fraude vpon the practisyd
Thou were disceyued pleynly to declare
Ha [...]inge this conceyt hard is to repare
The name of theym which falsly be diffamyd
Whan wronge report the high renowne hath shamyd
Touchinge thy ꝑsone I dare offerme and s [...]yn
That it were a maner impossible
And like a thinge which neuer yit was seyn
That thy worship was founde corruptible
But stedfast ay and indiuisible
Vnptyd vertue and made stronge
And nowe desirous to auenge thy wronge
On thy Iniurye we shall auengyd be
Consideryd first the dedely heuynesse
Which thou suffridest by greate aduersite
Whan the auoutour thy beutye dyd oppresse
And reioysynge by a fals gladnesse
Maugre thy wyll as a theef by night
The encombred of very force and myght
But if thou woldest leue all thy mournynge
And restreyne thy importable woo
Sone shuldest thou se an egall punysshinge
Vpon thy moost frowarde mortall foo
To warne all other they shall nomore do s [...]
In chastisinge of fals auoutrie
The and thy renoun of right to magnifye
What was diffasinge to thy true entent
Though his youth vnbridelyd went at large [...]
So for to aforce a cely innocent
Whoos wickydnesse ought to bere the charge
And we of right thy conscience discharge
The ioye vnlefull of his fals plesaunce
With double palme thyn honoure doth auaunce
Conceyue [...]nd se o thou my Lucrece
Howe that reason and good discrecion
Shulde thy trouble and thy mournynge ceo [...]
Of right restreyne thy opinion
So rechelesly to do punycion
With knyf or hande to sle thy silf alas
For others gilt and didest no trespas
Latbe Lucrece / [...]atbe all thy dool
Cece thy complaynt and thy woo restreyne
Shulde I fro the lyue alone all fool
And thy deth ꝑpetuelly compleyne
To put thy fader in importable peyne
Of oure welfare be nat so recheles
To dye and leue our childre moderles
Of prudence eke thou oughtest for to se
And aduertise only of reason
Though of force thy body corrupte be
Thy soule inwarde and thyn entencion
Fraunchisyd been from all corrupcion
Offence is none considre in thyn entent
With will and herte yeue therto full consent
Thou were nakyd in thy bed lyenge
Alone vnware slepinge and voide of myght
Suspeciousles all of his comynge
That tyme namely bycause that it was night
A feerfull woman and he a manly knight
Al be it so vnknightly was his dede
With nakyd swerde to assaile thy womanhede
He might thy body by force well oppresse
By sleighty weyes that he had sought
But wele wo [...]e I for all his sturdynesse
He might neuer haue maistry of thy thought
The body yeldyd the herte yeldyd him nought
Ye were tweyne / thou feble / and he right stronge
Thy trouth afforcyd he werker of the wronge
Where mightest thou haue greter preice or laude
All right considred trouth and equite
First counterpeysed his force and sleighty fraude
Than to ꝑseuere in femynite
With thought enchaunged and infragilite
Of woman hede to haue an hert stable
What thinge in the might be more comendable
It is well [...]know [...] thou were of herte ay one
To all fals lustys contrarie in gouernaunce
More like an Image [...]erued oute of a stone
Than like a woman flesshly of plesaunce
The tyraunt fonde in chere and countenaunce
Which euer after by womanly victorye
Shalbe ascryued to thyn encreace of glorie
Thy fader Brutus hath the well excused
Mysilf also thy blode and thy kynrede
On this mater late nomore be musyd
To sle thy silf or do thy sydes blede
Certys Lucrece thou hast full litell nede
It were greate wronge by all oure iugement
To spare a tyraunt and sle an Innocent
Thy silf to murdre to sūme it wolde seme
Thou were gilty where as thou art clene
Dyuers wittes diuersly wyll deme
Report thinge thou none didest mene
For which thou shalt paciently susteene
Tyll thy chast wifly Innocence
May se him punysshed for his violence
Folke wyll nat deme a ꝑsone Innocent
Which wilfully whan he is nat culpable
Yildeth him self to deth by iugement
And neuer was afore of no gilt portable
His owne dome vpon him self vengeable
Causeth the people though their report be nought
To deme a thinge that neuer was done ne wrought
To be auengyd vpon thyn owne life
In excusynge of thy dedly fame
To shewe thou art a true weddyd wife
Wenynge by deth to gete the a name
In this deuice thou art greatly to blame
Where thou yit knowest thyn honoure clerly shyne
To yeue the people mater to deuyne
And with that worde lucrece dyd abrayde
Full dedely both of loke and chere
To theym ageyn euyn thus she saide
Lathe husbonde / lathe my fader dere
Speke nomore to me of this matere
Lest men dempt in hindringe of my name
I dred deth more than fals diffame
Youre counseyle is I shall my life conserue
To sorowe and sclaundre but no gladnesse
But lasse ill it is at an houre to sterue
Than euer languyssh in sorowe and heuynesse
Deth maketh an ende of all worldly distresse
And it was saide sith full yore ago
Better is to dye than euer to lyf in woo
Whan that worship in any creature
Is slayne and dede by sclaunderous report
Better is of deth the dredfull peyne endure
Than by fals noise ay to lif in discomfort
Where newe / and newe diffame hath his resort
Neuer dyeth but quickeneth by the outrage
Of hatefull tunges and venymous langage
Do youre deuer to halowe and make stable
The chast chaumbres of wifly gouernaunce
For in this case if ye be variable
On fals auoutrye for to do vengeaunce
There shall folowe euerlastynge remembraunce
Howe true spousaile as ye haue harde deuysed
In youre cite broke and nat chastised
If ye be founde in such case necligent
To punyssh auoutours of right as youre charge
Through youre slouth as ye were of [...]assent
Luxuere vnbridelyd shall re [...]e abrode at large
Who shall than youre conscience discharge
Or what woman stonde in sekirnesse
Of Lucrece afforcyd the clennesse
O dere husbonde what ioye shulde it be
To thyn estate in any maner place
Like as thy wife to cherissh me
Or in thyn armes me goodly to enbrace
The gilt horrible considered and trespace
By Tarquyn done alas and welaway
Which in my ꝑsone may neuer be wasshed away
And fader myn howe shuldest thou me call
After this day thyn owne doughter dere
Which alas refuce of wymen all
That to thy plesaunce was whilom moost entere
Within thy hous whan I dyd lere
By clere exaumple of manyfolde doctryne
All that ꝑteyned to vertuous discipline
Which I haue lost nowe in my dayes olde
Dispeyred it to recure ageyn
Myn owne childre I dare nat theym beholde
Bycause the wombe in that they haue leyn
Diffoulyd is and pollute in certeyn
Which was tofore in chastite conseruyd
Chastise the auoutre as he hath deseruyd
And for my part to speke in wordes fewe
Lenger to lyue I haue no fantasie
For where shulde I out my face shewe
Or dare appere in any company
Sith a derke spot of fals auoutrie
Shall euermore whether it be fals or true
Into myn hindrynge the sclaundre to renewe
Lust afforcid hath a fals appetite
Of freelte includyd in nature
Maugre the wyll there foloweth a delite
As sūme folkys say in euery creature
Good fame lost full harde is to recure
And sith I may my harmys nat redresse
To you in open my gylt I wyll confesse
All be I was ageyn my wyll oppressyd
There was a maner constreyned lust in dede
Which for no power might nat be redressyd
For feblenesse I stode in so greate drede
For which offence deth shall be my mede
Sith leuer I haue with sūme edge tole
To sle my silf than lyue in slaundre and dole
O fader myn spare and haue pite
And dere husbonde rue on myn offence
Goddys and goddessys callyd of chastite
To my trespas graunt an indulgence
For of my gylt to make a recompence
Where that venus gate in me a vauntage
Deth shall redresse and chastise myn outrage
For if I shulde make a delay
To perce my brest with sharpnesse of a knife
Men wolde deme and say fro day to day
To make my sclaundre more opyn and more rife
Howe that I was more tendre of my life
Than of my worship which to greate a shame
To loue my lyfe more than my good name
In this mater no witnesse is so gode
To put away all fals suspecion
As with a knife to shede my hert blode
I might nat make a better purgacion
To all folke that haue discrecion
Than fynally by my deth to excuse,
The gilt horrible of which men me accuse
Goo forth my soule pure and inmortall
Cheef witnesse of myn Innocence
Tofore tho iuges which been infernall
First Mynos kynge to deme my conscience
With Radamanthus to yeue a sentence
Lyke my desert that it myght be sene
In wifly trouth howe that I was clene
Thou erthely body which through thy fairenesse
Were to auoutry full greate occasion
Of thy blode shed out the rednesse
And by thy sides late it raile doun
Stere and exite the people of this toun
To do their deuer within a litell while
For loue of tarquyn all kinges to exile
And firste I pray my husbonde moost entere
Of this vengeaunce to make no delay
With helpe and socoure of my fader dere
To punysshe the auoutour in all the hast ye may
Late him take his wages and his pay
Lyke as ye se and pleynly nowe concey [...]e
For his offence the deth I do receyue
And sodenly or they might aduert
She toke a knife and with greate violence
Through the brest euyn vnto the herte
She made it glide there was no resistence
Full pale and dede fyll doun in their presence
And by occasion of this pitous dede
Tarquyn exiled and hooly his kinrede
For which cause by recorde of writynge
Was there neuer in Rome the cyte
After that day no man crownyd kynge
As in cronycles ye may beholde and se
Thus for luxurie and their cruelte
Their tyrannye and fals extorcion
They were exiled oute of rome toun

Howe rome after was gouernyd / and virginea by hir fader slayne

GOuernyd after by other officers
As is remembred in titus Lyuyus
Callyd decembre of diuers cronicles
Amonge which there was one appius
A iuge vntrue proude and luxurious
Which through the cite the story berith witness
Behatyd was for his greate falsnesse
And onys it fyll as he best his loke
Vpon amaide moost [...]ly faire of sight
A fals desire within his herte he toke
Hir to disuse ageyn all skyll and right
And she was doughter to a worthy knight
Full manly founde in his dedis all
And virginius the Romayns dyd him call
Whoos goodly doughter the story doth v [...]lere
Was after him for his noble fame
Virginia callyd moost goodly and entere
And for this cause she bare the same name
But appius to greatly was to blame
Which hath conspired through his greate falsnesse
If that he might her beutye to oppresse
This iuge vntrue both in thought and dede
Of lawe vnrightfull sought oute occasion
Made a sargeaunt of his to procede
Ageyn this maide to take an accion
Cleymyd hir his seruaunt by fals collusion
And this done was by appius of entent
That he on her myght yeue a iugement
And by thys mene in his fals delite
Thought he myght her beutye best disuse
So to accomplisshe his flesshly appetite
She beynge feble the accion to refuse
Wh [...]rupon hir fader gan to muse
Fully conceyued of Appius the manere
In her defence wrought as ye shall here
Whan Appius had yeuyn his iugement
Ageyn this mayde which afore him stode
Hir manly fader moost knightly of entent
Toke hir apart as he thought it good
And with a knife shed hir hert blode
Dempt it better to sle hir in clennesse
Than the tyraunt hir beute shuld oppresse
Thus hole conseruyd was hir virginite
And vndefoulyd was hir maidynhede
For virginius to kepe hir honestye
Sparyd no thinge to make hir sides blede
But Appius for this horrible dede
And Decemuyr through his vnhappy chaunce
Had in that cite neuer after gouernaunce
As the story also maketh mencion
Appius ashamyd of this dede
Slough him silf fetre [...] in preson
Of a fals iuge lo here the fynall mede
And tho tribuni in rome gan succede
Tweyne right and wronge truly to discerne
And romayn lawes iustly to gouerne
Men may here se as in a myrroure clere
Estatis chaungyd for theyr greate offences
And by sūme pore ꝑsones singulere
Princis put doun from their magnificences
Which nat considre in their greate excellences
Howe god ordeyneth his yerde many sundry wise
The pore sum whi [...]e the pompous to chastise
Heron to shewe exaumple anone right
Markyd in story for a notable thinge
Pansanias of Grece a manly knight
Of Macedonye slough Philip the kinge
At a table where he was sittynge
Atwene Alisaundre and Olympiades
His wronge to auenge amyddes al pres
Eke Salmator a knight of lowe degre
For wronges done in especiall
Of manly force groundyd on equite
Slough of cartage the prynce Hastruball
Which brother was vnto duke Hanyball
Beside a ryuere as they met in batayle
Callyd metaure which renneth in Itaile
Wherfore ye princes if ye lyst long endure
Be right well ware be ye neuer so stronge
In youre lordshippis nat to moch assure
Or surquedie the poraile to do wronge
In your discrecion conceyuynge euer amonge
Gretest drede is that may your state assaile
Whan subieccion doth the people faile

Lenuoye

THis tragedie declareth in partye
What myscheef foloweth of extorcion
Eke of spousebrech and of auoutre
By Tarquyn done through fals extorcion
Vnto lucrece within rome toun
Kynges exiled for such mysgouernaile
And fals outrages done to the poraile
Eke appius of wilfull tirannye
Ageyn virginya toke an accion
Through a fals lust of froward lecherie
Blent and ferderkyd his memory and reason
Which was cheef cause and occasion
Why the estate of dishōme dyd fayle
Through fals outrage done to the porayle
Kynge philip lost cepture and regalie
Of macedonye the famous region
Vnwa [...]ly slayne amyd his chyualrye
Sittynge at the table within his chheef dongeon
And grettest cause of his fallynge doun
Was whan fortune his pride dyd assaile
For fals outrages done to the poraile
[...]u [...]e has [...]uball whome bokys magnifie
Vp to the heuyn for his high renoun
[...]hoos triumphes raught vp to the skye
And had all cartage in his subieccion
Yit was he slayne vnwaily by treson
By a seruaunt so what it doth auayle
Treson purposyd afore in the poraile
[...]oble princes your reason do applie
Which ouer the people haue dominacōn
So prudently to gouerne theym and guye
[...]at loue and drede by true affeccion
P [...]se [...]ue their hertis from fals rebellyon
[...]th to your highnesse no thinge may more preuayle
Than true subieccion expert in poraile

[...]owe Ieroboam kinge of Israell for Idolatrie [...]sobedience cam to a myscheuous ende

[...]Eyt these stories in bochas as I fynde
There dyd appere vnto his presence
Kinges sixe him praynge to haue mynde
Vpon their fall by vnware violence
From their estatys of roiall excellence
And tofore all I fynde that there cam
Of all israell kynge Ieroboam
Vnto myn auctoure he began to declare
His dedely compleynt with a pale face
His greate myscheuys and his euyll fare
And howe he fyll doun from his kingly place
Through gret vnhappis which did his hight enbrace
And as this story playnly hath deuised
For his offencys howe he was chastisyd
An Idolatrie he was as it was tolde
Reisyd vp auteers of very force and might
Set therupon two calueryn of pure golde
Dyd theym worship ageyn all skyll and right
Gaue euyll exaumple in the peple sight
Whan he dyd with fumys and ensence
To fals ydoles vndue reuerence
Fro the temple he made the people gone
Preestes ordeyned after his owne guise
Forsoke the tribe of leuy and aaron
And vpon Bethell his offringe gan deuise
And while he dyd vnlefull sacrifise
God that wele knewe of him the fals entent
From Ierusalem a prophete to him he sent
Which him rebuked of his mysgouernaunce
And gan the peryles to him specifie
Tolde him afore for to do vengeaunce
Of dauid kinge there shulde come one Iosie
Whiche shulde his preestes that falsly coude lye
Manly destroy and sle theym all at onys
And into asshes brenne theym flesshe and bonys
And in token of their distruccion
The prophete tolde amonge theym all
Howe his auters shulde bowedoun
And his ydoles from their stage fall
Whan that folys their goddys falsly call
Whiche haue no power to helpe in no manere
For they may neyther see / fele / nor here
After this prophete Iadan had tolde
These s [...]ide signes playnly to the kynge
His auter fyll on pecis many folde
And ouerturnyd bacwarde his offringe
For which the kynge furiously lokynge
Put forth his hande the story maketh mynde
Bad his men the prophete take and bynde
And as he his arme raught oute on length
Had no power it to withdrawe ageyn
Wex vnweldy / contracte / and lost his strength
And whan the kinge these tokyns hath seyn
And howe the prophete spake no worde in veyn
Greatly astonyed coude sey nomore
But praide Iadan his arme to restore
And by his praiere and mediacion
Of his arme after this vengeaunce
There was anone made testetucion
And of his peyne feleth alegaunce
For which the kynge with full greate instaunce
Requeryd him to be so gracious
That day to abide and dyne in his hous
But the prophete wolde nat assent
Nouther with him to ete nor to drinke
Toke his asse and forth anone he went
On whoos deꝑtynge the kynge gan sore thinke
And fantasies gan in his herte synke
Specially whan he toke hede
Of all his tokens howe they were true in dede
God bad Iadan in this greate emprise
To Ieroboam first whan he was sent
Ete nor drinke in no maner wyse
In that cyte while he was present
But a nother prophete of entent
Full olde and sligh on that other side
Compellyd hath this Iodan to abide
Him aforsinge by fals collusion
To resorto ageyn vnto the cite
And to make no contradiccion
With him to dyne of fraternite
To him affermynge it may none other be
For god sent him as to his frende and brother
To abide with him and pleynly with none other
Of frendlihede and true affeccion
Within his hous to shewe his presence
For a repast and a refeccion
This goddis will and fully his sentence
To whoos wordes the prophete yaue credence
And as they sat at dyner both in fere
God vnto Iadan seyde in this manere
For the brekinge of my commaundement
Thy greate offence and thy transgression
That thou hast be so wilfull negligent
Thou shalt endure this punicion
Be all to torne and rent of a lion
And in thy cuntre thou shalt nat recure
With prophetis to haue thy sepulture
Of which thinge this Iadan no thinge fayne
Gan to deꝑte with full heuy thought
Of a lyon amyd of the weye slayne
But his asse harmyd was rightnought
A full greate merueile if it be wele sought
The lion sittynge as in their diffence
And kept theym both from all violence
All these tokens might nat conuert
Ieroboam fro his iniquite
Goddis warnynge him list nat to aduerte
Nor by his prophete correctyd for to be
Wherfore god wolde that he shulde se
Vengeaunce folowe as it ded in dede
Both vpon him and his kinrede
A sonne he had which fyll in greate sekenesse
Callyd abimen the boke doth specifie
For which the kinge bad the quene hir dresse
To go disgysed without cumpany
Vnto a prophete which callyd was achie
Him to requere truly for to seye
Whether the childe shulde lyue or dye
And in his inwarde sight contemplatif
God shewed him by clere inspeccion
Of Ieroboam howe she was the wife
For all hir sleyghty transformacion
For nouther fallas nor fals decepcion
May be god but it be parceyued
For he / ne his prophetys may nat be decyued
She cam to him in straunge wede
At the enterynge he callyd her by hir name
Come forth quod he for it is no nede
To hide thisilf as it were for shame
For the trouth truly to attaine
God hath yeuyn me fully knowlegynge
What thou shalt answere and sey to the kynge
Sey pleynly to him and marke it in thy thought
In thy repaire these wordes rehersynge
Sith god hath made the and reysed vp of nought
From a seruaunt to regne as a kynge
Fro Dauidis kyn moost worthy regnynge
Partyd the kingdome and yeuyn it vnto the
And thou vnkinde therof canst no thinge se
His greate goodnesse is out of remembraunce
Fully forgetyn of thy frowarde pride
In fals goddys put thin affiaunce
God aboue falsly set aside
Wherfore from the anone he shall deuide
Thy kingdome hole without more delay
And fro thy lyne the crowne take away
And for thou hast thy confusion
Thy feith vnfeithfull to fals goddis take
Wrongly refusyd thy religion
Of god aboue and pleynly him forsake
This is the ende which that thou shalt make
The and thy kyn no man may socoure
Flessh / skyn / and bone houndes shall deuoure
And at the entrynge home to the cite
Thy son and his thou shalt fynde hym dede
Of all his kyn though there were none but he
Founde very goode take therof good hede
Of which answere the quene fyll in greate drede
Entrynge the cite in especiall
Hir childe was dede and lay colde by the wall
Of this warnynge the kinge toke none hede
But made him redy with full greate aparaile
Forty thousand with him he dyd lede
Of manly men armyd in plate and maile
With kinge abias for to haue a greate bataile
The which abias that was of iuda kinge
Vnto his people saide at their metynge
O noble knightes haue one thinge in momerie
No man venquessheth platly to conclude
With greate people nor getith victorie
With noumbres hepyd nor greate multitude
Fals Idolatres god will theym delude
Nat suffre his seruauntes that been true and sad
Of miscreauntis to be ouerlad
Triumphe is none founde of newe or old
In these ydolys of stone nor siluer shene
Nor in calueryn of metall made or golde
[...]ue to that partye which vntruly mene
And sith that god knoweth oure quarell clene
There is none hope / force none nor might
With theym grounde theym a cause ageyns right
Hope of victorie standith vpon rightwisnesse
Of theym that cast their synfull life to amende
And list forsake wronge and al falsnesse
And with hole herte vnto the lorde entend
Which shall this day his grace to you sende
Oure true cause truly to termyne
And thus Abias gan his tale fyne
His preestys gan their trumpes for to blowe
And kinge Abias through his high renoun
Gaue to his people both to high and lowe
For manly confort and consolacion
And fifty thousande by computacion
Were slayne that day which full proudly cam
Vpon the party of kinge Ieroboam
And all the partye of Ieroboam
And all that were of his lyne borne
After this bataile vnto mischeef cam
Whan they were slayne with houndes all to torne
As the prophete had theym tolde beforne
But for the kinge toke therof none hede
With soden vengeaunce god quit him his mede

Howe zereas kinge of Ethiope was slayne in bataile

AFter him to Bochas dyd appere
Next in ordre pleynly as I finde
One zareas with a sorowfull chere
And he was kynge of Ethiope and ynde
Whoos yien were almost with wepynge blynde
Praynge myn auctour his vnhappy chaunce
With other wofull to put in remembraunce
And that he wolde recorde by scripture
His sodeyn fall and dolorous distresse
And his diffamous hatefull disconfiture
With the dispoilynge of his greate richesse
And howe kinge asaph through his high noblesse
And his people as he dyd theym assayle
Hath him venquesshyd and slayne in bataile

Howe Adab kinge of Ierusalem lost ceptre and crowne

OF Israell than cam the wofull kinge
Callyd Adab full pitously wepynge
Vnto bachas his compleynt rehersinge
Howe kinge basa by subtyll fals werkynge
With slaughter causyd his fallynge
Whan fortune gan falsly frowne
And toke vniustly from him ceptre and crowne

Howe the vengeable prince zambrias set a toure on fyre and brent him silf

NExt cam zambrias a prince vengeable
Which slough kinge helam by fals treason
That was founde also full vnstable
For this zambrias of entencion
Hath murdryd him within the cheef dongeon
Of his castell with a full greate route
As he vnwarly laide a siege aboute
But a maryn a prince of full greate might
Cam into Tharse a famous grete cite
And cast him plenly lyke a worthy knight
On this zambrias auengyd for to be
Him to destroye without mercy or pite
But in a toure as zambrias went
Set it a fire and so him self brent

Of kinge Achab and Iezabell his wife

wIth sighes sore and wepynge importable
Cam kinge Achab vnto Iohn bochas
Whos hertely sorowe was incomperable
And compleynynge full oft seide alas
Besechinge him to write his wofull cas
Compile his fallinge and the fate yfere
Of Athalia his owne doughter dere
To god aboue moost contrarious
This Achab was in all his gouernaunce
And had a wife cruell and lecherous
Callyd Iesabell which set al hir plesaunce
On goddes prophetys for to do vengeaunce
In the byble their malice men may see
And ydolatres they were both he and she
God for their trespacis as it was wele seyn
Aforeshewyd by true prophesie
Sent thre yere neither dewe ne reyn
Vpon the erth their grayne to multiplie
Tyll eft ageyn by prayere of Helye
Holsom waters from heuen gan descende
Which gaue theym cause their cursyd life to amende
But his wife that cursid Iesabell
To eche thinge ha [...]full which was diuyne
An hundryd prophetis she slough in Israell
Vnto baal for they wolde nat inclyne
And she also slough Naboth for his vyne
Through whoos outrage and fals oppression
Achab was brought to his confusion
Of his enmyes outraied in bataile
With a sharpe arowe caught his fatall wounde
Tyll all his blode by bledynge dyd faile
Aboute his chare with many dropys rounde
That the wordes were full true founde
Of helias which tolde him as it stoode
That hungry houndes shuld licke his bloode
In a cite than callyd Israell
Doun from a toure Ioyned to a wall
The seyde quene callyd Iesabell
Was ouercast and had a dedely fall
Touchinge these myscheuys for she was cause of all
Beware ye princes remembring all youre lyues
To eschewe fals counseile yeuyn by youre wyues

Of quene Gatholia for hir tirannie slayne

nExt to Achab in ordre dyd sue
Gatholia with doolfull countenaunce
Both besechinge as him though due
Hir sodeyn fall to put in remembraunce
Sours and cheef rote of sorowe and mischaunce
Vsurpacion and of fals couetise
Like as hir story herafter shall deuyse
She was vpreised by fauoure in thre thinges
For fader / broder / and also hir husbonde
Were in that tyme echone crowned kinges
With ceptre and swerde as ye shall vnderstonde
Many emprises their dayes toke on honde
And howe fortune their highnesse dyd assayle
I cast shortly to make rehersaile
She fyll of fortune in the vnhappy boundys
First whan hir fader was with an arowe dede
His blode vplickyd with cruell hungry houndes
Aboute his chaar rennynge doun full rede
His body pale lay who that toke hede
Like a careyn nakyd and dispoiled
With foule blacke erth amyd the feeld [...]soiled
Cause of another vnhappy heuynesse
And of hir dedly desolacion
Was the people felly dyd theym dresse
Of Arabie in their rebellyon
Ageyn hir husbonde of entencion
To robbe his tresoure to their auantage
And his richesse by outrageous pillage
Sūme of his meyne they put in prison
There was ageyn theym made no diffence
Sparyd nouther cite brough nor toun
Slough man and childe thorugh s [...]urdy violence
Hir lorde enfect with sodeyn pestilence
Conceyued fully by his maladye
There was no geyn but he must dye
After his dethe moost wretchyd and odible
His body corrupt his bowellys fyll doun
Of his cateyn the stench was so horrible
There enf [...]t aboute him inuyron
With so greate horroure and putrefaccion
That no man might abide nor endure
To bringe his body vnto sepulture
Hir thirde vnhap wherof she was full fayn
That fortune li [...]t hir eft assayle
Made hir vncle kinge Ioram to be slayne
With an arowe as he fled in bataile
She supposinge greatly it shulde auaile
Like a woman moost furious and wode
She of kynge dauid slough all the roiall blode
[...] purpose was to gouerne all the realme
Alone hirsilf to haue dominacion
To regne in Iuda and Ierusalem
This Gatholia by vsurpacion
And for that cause in hir entencion
With mortall swerde she made tho fyne
That were descendyd from dauid doun by lyne
Eycept one Ioas there left none a lyue
Childe of a yere sonne of kinge Ochosie
Whom Iosaketh the story doth discryue
Of very pyte caught a fantasie
The childe to saue that he shall nat dye
From the malice of Gatholia
And she was wife to bisshop Ioiada
She and this bisshop with hole herte and entere
Kept this childe in full sec [...]e wise
Within the temple the space of seuen yere
And in the seuenth the story doth deuise
Ioiada toke on hir this emprise
Yonge Ioas within a certeyn day
By iust title to crowne him if she may
His messangers he sendith out anone
Of princis tribunys gan a counseyl call
Of prestys eke and leuytes euerichon
And whan he had discuryd to theym all
Hole his entent thus it is befall
Sworne and assentyd as it was sittinge
That yonge Ioas shalbe crowned kinge
For by promyse which that is diuyne
Quod Ioiada if ye take hede
God hath behestyd to dauid and his lyne
And assured vnto his kinrede
In ierusalem howe they shal succede
And though Ioas be yonge and tendre of might
He to the crowne hath neuer lasse right
In this mater I will nat that ye slepe
But to shewe youre true diligence
On foure ꝑtyes the temple for to kepe
That no man entre by no violence
And in the myddes by roiall excellence
Quod this busshop no man shall vs let
On Ioas hede a crowne for to set
And whan eche thinge was brought to the poynt
His high estate to encrece and magnifie
The people anone whan he was anoynt
Viuat rex they began to crye
And whan Gatholia gan this thing espie
For very Ire and the sodeyn wonder
Of malencolye hir clothes cut asondre
Ran to the temple and gan make afray
With hir meyne and to crye aloude
Bad theym go sle and make no delay
The yonge kynge in all the hast they coude
Hir venym hid vnder a couert cloude
All atonys hir purpos to recure
By sodeyn malice she gan that day discure
The temple kept entre had she none
People ordeyned awaytinge for the nonys
And or she might any forther gone
Clenly armyd the Centurionys
The cruell quene assailyd all atonys
And of hir malice to write a short tale
They slough hir after of Cedron in the vale
Lo here the ende of murdre and tyrannye
Lo here the ende of vsurpacion
Lo here the ende of fals conspiracye
Lo here the ende of fals presumpcion
Borne rightfull heires wrongly to put theym doun
O noble princes though god hath made you stronge
To rightfull heires be ware ye do no wronge

Lenuoye

THese tragedies / to estatis and degrees
Fully declareth the decepcions
Of fortunes fals mutabilitees
Shewed in prouinces Cites and eke toūs
Princes vnwarly lost their possessioūs
Which from their synnes in no maner wise
Had of god warnynge and list nat for to rise
Mighty princes cast doun from their sees
Lost their lyues and their regions
Vnwarly throwe from their felicitees
Ieroboam for his oppressions
And for his frowarde fals oblacions
Done to ydoles his story doth deuyse
Had of god warnynge and list nat for to rise
Achab also had greate aduersitees
Through fals counseyle and exortacions
Of Iezabell rote of Iniquitees
Dyd to his people greate extorcions
She slough prophetys goddys champions
Bothe he and she moost cursyd in their guyse
Had of god warnynge and list nat for to rise
Gathalia with hir duplicitees
And conspiryd fals intrusions
Slough dauidis sede to entre their dignitees
And to possede their dominacions
But for hir hatfull fals collusions
Vnwarly slayne for hir greate couetise
Had of god warnynge and list nat for to rise
Princes remembre in your prosperitees
And se afore in your discrecions
Wronge clymbinge vp of statys or degrees
Outher by murdre or by fals tresons
Axeth a fall for their fynall guerdons
Namely of theym that the lorde despise
And for his warnynge lift nat for to rise

Howe Di [...]o quene of cartage slough hir silf for conseruacion of hir chastite

NOwe must I put my rude stile in prees
To quene dydo make my passage
Hir lorde Siche was preest to hercules
Hir fader Belus fell in greate age
Kinge of Tire and she quene of Cartage
And it is red in bokes that been true
Howe first in Tyre was founde purpyl hue
Cadmus founde first lettres for to write
Gaue theym to grekys as made is mencion
Whoos brother Fenix as clerkes eke endyte
Founde first the coloure of vermylion
And of cartage the famous mighty toun
This sayde Dido hir story doth expresse
Howe she was quene and founderesse
But hir husbonde was cheef lorde and sire
Callyd Sicheus full famous of ronoun
Of this noble cite callyd Tire
Had greate tresour and greate possession
And for enuye kinge Pigmalion
Brother to dydo this Siche slough in dede
Of fals entent his richesse to possede
Dido this slaughter toke greuously to herte
Sore compleynynge this vnhappy chaunce
Cast she wolde if she might asterte
Fle oute of Tire and hir silf anaunce
With all the tresoure and the habundaunce
Behinde left whan hir lorde was dede
Hir shippys entringe went away for drede
She knewe and dred the gredy auarice
Of hir brother kinge pigmalion
And howe that hatefull vnstauncheable vice
Was grounde and rote / and cheef occasion
Why that hir lorde was slayne in that toun
For whom she cried full oft welaway
Whoos deth was cause why she fled away
She had also this opinyon
Which caused moost hir hertly heuynesse
That sith hir brother pygmalyon
Had slayne hir lorde for his greate richesse
If she abode that he wolde him dresse
Parcell for malice / parcell for couetise
To haue tresoure sum treason to practise
And for to eschewe his malice and treason
For hir nauy she maketh ordenaunce
By the auice of theym in whom as by reason
She shulde of right set hir aff [...]aunce
And they full redy hir to do plesaunce
By one assent for no thinge wolde fayle
With faire dydo out of that lande to saile
In Cipres first was hir arryuaile
And there she fonde by the ryuer syde
Of yonge maydens with full rich apparaile
Sixty and ten in the same tyde
Which in the temple of venus dyd abyde
After the custome as I can reporte
Of Cipriens straungers to disporte
And in their moost feithfull humble wyse
After the rightys of Cipre the cuntre
Vnto venus eche day do sacrifise
Theym to conserue in their virginite
Duringe their life to lyue in chastite
Neuer to be ioyned in mariage
And with quene dido they went to cartage
In their passage fyll a greate myracle
As seruius meketh mencion
For Dido toke of Iuno this oracle
Outher by apparynge or by aduision
Of cartage to bylde that myghty toun
And at reuerence of that greate goddes
She to the ꝑtyes fast gan hir dresse
The sayde cite st [...]tly for to founde
And hir werkmen as they the erth sought
An oxys hede of auenture they founde
And to quene dydo anone the hede they brought
Menynge wherof to serche out they thought
And hir clerkys in their deuynayle
Tolde it was tokyn of seruage and trauayle
For which she list to bylde that place
And remeue as she ought of right
And fro thens but a litell space
A soile she fonde full dilectable of sight
And as hir werkmen with their full might
The grounde gan serche / anone or they toke hede
The story tellyth they fonde an hors hede
And by expownynge of hir deuynours
Fonde this best myght greatly auayle
Vnto princes and mighty conquerous
Necessarie in werre and bataile
And for no wight hir noblesse shulde assayle
Cartage she byldyd of so greate excelleence
Ageyn all enmyes to stonde at diffence
Sūme bokes declare and specifie
Dydo dyd as moch londe purchace
As a skyn in rounde myght ocupye
Of an ox theron to bylde a place
The grounde compacyd toke a large space
Which strongly bildyd thus it is befall
After the skyn men birsa dyd it call
And whan this cite mightely was wallyd
After a skyn wrought by good curray
The name take / Ca [...] it was callyd
Lethyr of birsa pleynly this is no nay
Toke eke his name duringe many a day
Carta and birsa knyt in their langage
As moche to say as this worde cartage
And in Affrik stant the teritorie
Where she bylded this cite dilectable
Founded it in laude and memorie
Of mighty Iuno the goddys honourable
The cyte wallyd with toures stronge and stable
Tyme of kynge dauid amyd the fourth age
As I saide erst callyd it cartage
With greate worship she regnyd in that toun
Euer of purpos to lyue in chastite
And rounde aboute floured hir renoun
Of hir prudence and hir honestye
Tyll the reporte of hir famous beutye
Cam to the [...]erys which gladly wyll nat hide
Of a kynge that dwellyd there beside
Of Musitans he was lorde and sire
As poetis pleynly list descryue
Which in his herte greately gan desire
The quene dido by hir assent to wyue
Vnto hir grace if he myght aryue
But for she had auowed chastite
She neuer cast maried to be
The kinge supprisyd with loue in his corage
For hir wisdam and hir greate boūte
Sent for the princis of cartage
On this mater to haue a greate trete
To condescende if it might be
Like his desire in all their best entent
Do their deuer to make hir consent
With his request he gan theym eke monace
If he failyd of his entencion
Like his desire to stonde in his grace
Seide he wolde be enmy to their toun
To ordeyne by force for their distruccion
Nat fully sobre / nor fully in a rage
This was to theym playnly his langage
But for they knewe hir greate stedfastnesse
And hir hert very inmutable
They were aferde any worde to expresse
Lest their answere were nat acceptable
To his highnesse for he was nat tretable
Eke in their concent they gan also recorde
To his desire the quene wolde nat acorde
With good auyce an answere they puruey
To his purpos in party fauorable
Aferde he wolde their noble toun werreie
Or of disdeyne vpon theym be vengeable
But quene Dido in her entent ay stable
Cast she wolde what so euer they hir tolde
Hir chast auowe feithfully to holde
She set aside of this cruell kinge
His fell manacis and his wordes greate
And to hir princes for their consentynge
Which stode in feer of that he dyd theym threte
She vnto theym yaue a maner hete
For they were bolde to attempte or to attame
To trete of mater reboundynge to hir shame
Nay rather dye quod she than assent
To his desires which [...]kynge god forbede
Or fro the tentre of my chast entent
For to remeue outher in thought or dede
Which disclaundre to all womanhede
To condescende for any manacynge
To breke my vowe for plesaunce of a kynge
Touchinge manaris made to this cite
For to destroy it with his greate might
Without cause or title of equite
To grounde him a quarell ageyn right
Only for he is blynded of his sight
With frowarde lust my chast auowe to assaile
Be right well sure howe he therof shall fayle
If ye were bolde and manly of corage
For comon profite your cyte to diffende
And withstonde his vicious outrage
To trete with him ye woldnat condescende
But myn entent platly to comprehende
Whether it be to you ioye or displesaunce
In my promys shall be no variaunce
My lorde Sicheus which alas is dede
Vnto the worlde who list aduerte
Trust verrely for manacynge nor drede
That he shall dye in myn herte
Nor he shall neuer myn auowe ꝑuert
Thus auisyd while that I stande fre
Quene of cartage to gouerne this cite
Myn hasty answere I praye you disdeyne
But that ye list to yeue me liberte
With youre support that I may attayne
To haue a space grauntyd vnto me
This to mene the space of monethis thre
My lordes wyll to accomplissh of entent
Which whilom made in his testament
Vnder colour to hir auantage
She toke this space bokes specifie
That she might hir cite of cartage
The mene tyme strongly fortefie
Ageyn hir ennemyes that for no slogardye
Of theym that wolde hir high estate confounde
Vnpurueyed hir cyte nat be founde
Whan thre monethys passyd were and gone
She after wolde for hertely plesaunce
With sundry rightes many mo than one
To all hir goddys do sum obseruaunce
For a speciall singuler remembraunce
Of him that was as folke shall vnders [...]nde
Whilom hir lorde and best belouyd husbonde
And more to exalte hir glorye and his honour
Helde his exequies by due reuerence
Of all cartage in the highest toure
With brennynge fire fumys and encence
Hir princis all beynge in presence
To which she gan declare in compleynynge
Hir dedly sorowe doun from hir [...]oure lokynge
Farwell my frendes farwell for euermore
Vnto my lorde my husbonde I must gone
To him I mene that was my lorde of yore
For of husbondes god wote I haue but one
Praynge you to report euerychon
After my deth dydo of cartage
Ioyned was but ones in mariage
Sey to the kinge which you manacyd
My chast beutye that he wolde assayle
Go tell him howe that I am pacyd
And of his purpos howe that he shall faile
His manasinge shall nat him auayle
And saye howe dydo dyed for the nonys
For she nat wolde be weddyd more than onys
Leuer I haue my life nowe to lose
Rather than soile my wedowes chastite
Late him go ferther sum other to chose
For in such case he shall nat spede of me
And with the tresoure of myn honestye
Which I haue truly obseruyd all my lyue
I wyll departe oute of this worlde nowe bly [...]e
And into fire that brent clere and bright
She ran in hast there is nomore to seyne
Saue with a knif in euery mannys sight
Full sodenly she roof hir herte on tweyne
Whoos pitous deth the cite gan compleyne
Sore wepynge for wonder and for ruthe
In a woman to fynde so greate a truthe
After hir deth they dyd their besinesse
To holde and halowe a feest funerall
Worshiped hir like a chast goddes
And hir commendyd in especiall
To heuenly goddys / and goddes infernall
And wedowes all in their clothes blake
And this fest wept for hir sake
Touchinge Dido late there be no strif
Though that she be accusyd of Ouide
After bochas I wrote hir chast lif
And the contrarie I haue set aside
For me thought it was better to abyde
On hir goodnesse than thinge reherce in dede
Which might resowne ageyn hir womanhede
To Eneas though she were fauorable
To Itaile makynge his passage
All that she dyd was comendable
Him to receyue comynge by Cartage
Though sūme folke were large of their langage
Amys to expowne by report or to expresse
Thinge done to him only of gentilnesse
There shall for me be made no rehersaile
But as I finde wretyn in bochas
For to say wele may moche more auayle
Than frowarde spech in many diuers case
But all Cartage oft saide alas
Hir deth compleynynge throughout their cite
Which slough hir silf to obserue hir chastite

Lenuoye

O Faire Dido moost stable in thy cōstaunce
Quene of cartage myrroure of high noblesse
Regnynge in glorye & vertuous habundaūce
Callyd in thy tyme cheef sours of gentils
In whom was neuer founde doublenesse
Ay of one hert and so thou dydist fyne
With light of trouth all widowes to enlumyne
Chast and vnchaungyd in thy ꝑseueraunce
And inmutable founde goodnesse
Which neuer thoughtyst vpon variaunce
Force and prudence wardeyns of thy fairenesse
I haue no langage thy vertues to expresse
By newe report so cleerly they shyne
With light of trouth all wydowes to enlumyne
Olode sterre of al good gouernaunce
All vicious lustus by wisdome to represse
Thy grene youth flouringe with all plesaunce
Thou doist it bridell with vertuous sobirnesse
Diane demenyd so chastly thy clennesse
While thou were soul planly to termyne
With light of trouth all wydowes to enlumyne
Thy famous bounte to put in remembraunce
Thou sloughyst thy self o Innocent purenesse
Lest thy surenesse were hangyd in balaunce
Of such that cast theym thy chastite to oppresse
Deth was Inough to bere therof witnesse
Causynge thy beutie to all clennesse to enclyne
With light of vertue all wydowes to enlumyne

Lenuoye direct to wydowes of the translaoure

O Noble Matrones wich haue all suffisaunce
Of womanhede your wittes do vpdresse
Howe that fortune list to tourne hir chaunce
Be nat to recheles of sodeyn hastynesse
But ay preuide in your stablenesse
That no such foly entre in youre corage
To folowe Dido that was quene of Cartage
With hir maners haue none acqueyntaunce
Putout of mynde such fol [...]isshe wilfulnesse
To sle your silf were a greate penaunce
God of his grace diffende you and blesse
And preserue youre variaunt brotilnesse
That your trouth fall in none outrage
To folowe dydo that was quene of Cartage
With couert colour and sobre countenaunce
Of feithfull menyng pretendith a [...]enesse
Countirfeteth in spech and daliau [...]ce
All thinge that sowneth into stedfastnesse
Of prudence by greate auisnesse
Youre self restreyneth yonge and olde of age
To folowe Dido that was quene of Cartage
[...]ate all your port be voide of displesaunce
To gete frendes do your bes [...]esse
And be neuer without pur [...]yaunce
So shall ye best encreace in richesse
In one a [...]o [...] may [...]e no [...]e [...]irnesse
To youre herte be diuers of langage
Contrarye to Dido that was quene of cartage
Holde youre seruauntis vnder obeisaunce
Late theym nouther haue fredam nor largesse
But vnder daunger do their obseruaunce
Daunte their pride theym bridelynge with lownesse
And whan the serpent of newfangylnesse
Assaileth you do your auauntage
Contrarye to Dido that was quene of Cartage

Howe vicious Sardanapalle kinge of assirie brent him self and his tresoure

oF Assirie to rekyn kinges all
Whiche had that londe vnder subiection
Last of all was Sardanapalle
Moost femynyne of condicion
Wherfore fortune hath him throwe doun
And compleynynge moost ougly of manere
Next after dydo to bochas dyd appere
To vicious lust his life he dyd enclyne
Amonge assiriens whan he his regne gan▪
Of fals vsage he was so femynyne
That amonge wymen vpon the rocke he span
In their habite disguysed from a man
And of froward flesshly insolence
Of all men he fled the presence
First this kynge chase to be his guyde
Moder of vices callyd Idelnesse
Which of custum eche vertue set aside
In eche acourt where she is maistres
Of sorowe and myscheef the first founderesse
Which causyd only this sardanapall
That to all goodnesse his wittes dyd appall
He fonde vp first riete and dri [...]enesse
Callyd a fader of lust and lecherye
Hatefull of herte he was to sobirnesse
Cherisshinge surfetis watche and glotenye
Callyd in his tyme a prince of baudrie▪
Fonde rere [...]opers and fethirbeddys soft
Drinke late and chaunge his wynes oft
The aire of metys and of baudy cokys
Which of custum all day roost and sede
Sauour of spetys ladlys and flessh ho [...]ys
He loued well and toke of theym greate hede
And folke that dranke more than it was nede
Smellynge of wyne for their greate excesse
With theym to abyde was holy his gladnesse
H [...] [...]ought also it did him good
To hau [...] [...]boute him with skyll and right
Boistous bo [...]hers all bespreynt with blode
And wa [...]ry fisshers abode euer in his sight
Their cotys poudryd with sca [...]is siluer bright
Dempte their odour duringe all his life
Was to his [...]orage best preseruatife
For there was no herbe spice gras ne ro [...]e
To him so lusty as was the borde [...]house
Nor gardeyn none so holsom nor so sote
To his plesaunce nor so delicious
As the presence of folkes lecherous
And euer glad to speke of rebaudye
And folke cherisshe that coude flatere and lye
Tyll at the last god of very right
Displesed was with his condicions
Bycause he was in euery mannys sight
So femynyne in his affe [...]ions
And hooly yaue his inclynacions
Duringe his life to euery vious thynge
Terrible to here and namely of a kynge
But as bochas list to put in mynde
Whan Arbachus a prince of grete renowne
Sawe of this kynge the flesshly lustys blynde
Made with the people of that r [...]gion
Ageyns him a comuracion
And to him sent for his mysgouernaunce
Of high disdeyne a full pleyn diffiaunce
Bad him beware and proudly to him tolde
That he him cast his vicious life to assaile
And in all hast also that he wolde
Within a feelde mete him in bataile
Wherof astonyed his hert gan to faile
Where amonge wymen he sat makynge gau [...]i [...]
No wight aboute but flateres and baudys
And vp he rose and gan him silf to auaunce
No s [...]uf aboute him but sergeauntes riatous
Toke the felde without gouernaunce
No men of armys but folkes vicious
Whoos aduersary callyd arbachus
Made him proudly the felde to forsake
That like a cowarde his castell he hath take
And for his herte frowardly gan faile
Nat like a knight but like a losengoure
His rich perre his roiall apparaile
His golde his Iewels vessels and tresoure
Was brought afore him doun of a toure
Amyd of his palite and yaue his men in charge
Of cole and fagot to make afire full large
In which he keft his tresoure and Iewels
More bestiall than like a manly man
And amyd his riche stones and vessels
Into the fire furously he ran
This triumphe Sardanapallus wan
Which fire consumed for his finall mede
Brent all to asshes amonge the coles rede
Tofore his deth bad men shulde write
Vpon his graue the boke doo specifie
With letters large this reason for to endyte
My cursyd life my frowarde glotenye
Myn Idelnesse myn hatefull lecherye
Hath ausyd me with many fals desire
My las [...] daies to be consumpt with fire
This Epitaffe on his graue he sette
To shewe howe he was in all his lyue
Besy euer to hindre and to lette
All maner vertue and ther ageyn to stryue
Who foloweth his tra [...]e is neuer like to thryu [...]
For whiche ye princes se for youre auaile
Vengeaunce ay f [...]loweth vices at the taile

A commendacion of [...]chas of ve [...] [...] [...]ynes rehersynge names foūdyrs of diuers sciencys and cūnynges in repreef of Idelnesse

THere eke other that list falsly prouide
Fals flesshly lustys and dissolucions
Riete outrage frowarde disdeyne and pride
Vices to enhaunce in their affeccions
With many vnlefull cro [...]yd condicions
Reason auoidynge as I reherce shall
Theym silf delitynge for to bestyall
Tweyne maner folkes to put in reme [...]raunce
Of vice and vertue to put in a difference
The good alweye hath sit their plesaunce
In vertuous laboure to do their diligence
And vicious people in slouth and negligence
And the report of both is reseruyd
With laude or lacke as they haue deseruyd
Men must of right the vertuous preferre
And truly preyse labour and besynesse
And ageynwarde dispreysen folke that erre
Which haue no Ioy but in Idelnesse
And to compare by maner of witnesse
Vertuous folke I wyll to mynde call
In rebukynge of kinge Sardanapall
THe olde wise called Pictagoras
By soūde of hameris auctours certyfie
Example toke and cheef maister was
That fonde oute musyke and melodye
Yit of Tubal some bokes specifie
That he by strooke of smethis where they stode
Foude first oute musyke tofore noes flode
And Iosephus remembreth by scripture
That this Tubal coude forge well
First ymagyned makynge of armure
With Instrumentes of Iron and of steel
And their temprures he fonde oute euerydell
Lucyus Tarquyn in story as I fynde
Fonde cheynes first folke to fettre and bynde
The children of Seth in story ye may see
Flourynge in vertue by longe successyons
For to profite to their posterite
And first the craft of heuenly mocions
Fonde of sondry steries the reuolucions
Bequeth their cūnynge of greate auauntage
To them that after cam of theyr lynage
For their vertue god gaue them greate cūnynge
Touchinge natures both of erth and of heuyn
And it remembred sothely by wrytynge
To lastyn ay for water or for leuene
Generacions there were of them seuene
Which for vertue withoute werre or strif
Trauayled in cūnynge durynge al their lif
And for that adam dyd prophesie
Twyes the worlde destroyed shulde be
With water and onys stond in Iupartye
Next with fire which no man might flee
But Sethis children all this dyd see
Made two pyl [...]s where men myght graue
From fire and water the ca [...]ctes for to saue
That one was made of tyles harde I bake
Fro touch of fire to saue the scripture
Of harde marbyll they dyd another make
Ageyne water strongly to endure
To saue of letters the prente and the figure
For their cūnynge afore gan so prouide
Ageyne fire and water ꝑpetually to abyde
They dempte their cūnynge had been in veyn
But folke with theym had been portable
And for their labour shulde afterwarde be seyn
They it remembrid by writinge full notable
Vnto fore god a thinge ful comendable
To theym that folowe by scripture and writinge
Or that men dye departe their cūnynge
For by olde tyme folke diuers craftys founde
In sondry wise for occupacion
Vertue to cherisshe vices to confounde
Their witte they sette and their entencion
To put their laboure in execucion
And to outrage this is verrey trouth
For mannys life negligence and slouth
Olde Ennok ful famous of vertue
Durynge that age fonde first of euerychon
Through his prudence lettres of hebrue
And in a pilere they were kepte of stone
Tyll that the flode of Noe was gone
And after him Ca [...]n was the seconde
By whom of hebrue lettres were first founde
And Catacrismus the first was that fonde
Letters also as of that langage
But letters wretyn with goddes owne honde
Moyses first toke moost bright of his visage
Vpon Syna as he helde his passage
Which of carectis and names in sentence
From other writinge had a difference
Eke afterwarde as other bokes tell
And saynt Ierom rehercith in his style
Vnder thempire of zorobabell
Esdras of hebru gan lettres first compile
And Abraham gan sith a greate while
The first was in bokes men may see
That fonde lettres of Cire and of Cald [...]e
Isys in egipt fonde diuersite
Of sondry lettres partyd into tweyne
First for prestes and for the comonte
Vulgar letters he dyd also ordeyne
And fenices dyd their besy peyne
Lettres of Greek to fynde in their entent
Which that Cadmus first into Grece sente
Which in noumbre fully were seuentene
Whan of Troye ended was the batayle
Pallamides their langage to sustene
Put thre therto which greatly dyd auayle
Pidagorus for prudent gouernaile
Fonde first out .y.a figure to discerne
The life here shorte and the life that is ete [...]
First latyn letters of oure .a. b. c.
Ca [...]mentis fonde of ful high prudence
Greate Omerus in Isidere ye may se
Fonde amonge Grekis craft eloquence
First in rome by souereyne excellence
Of rethorike Tullius fonde the floures
Ple and diffence of subtyl oratoures
[...]all [...]rates a grauer moost notable
Of white yuor dyd his besynesse
His hande his [...]ye so iuste were and so stable
Of an ampte to graue oute the lykenesse
Vpon the grounde as nature doth him dresse
This craft he fonde as Sardanapall
Fonde Idelnesse moder of vices all
Of a s [...]ryueyn Bochas maketh mencion
Howe a scrowe of litell quantite
Wrote of al Troye the distruction
Folowynge Omerus by greate subtilte
Which is had amonge Grekes in greate deynte
Bycause he was founde in his writinge
So compendious the story rehersynge
Marmychides made a chare also
And a smal schip with all the appareile
So that a Bee might close them both two
Vnder his wynges which is a greate merueyle
And no thinge seyn of al the hole entayle
This craft he fonde of vertuous besynesse
To eschewe the vice of frowarde Idelnesse
Pan god of kynde with his pypes seuene
Of recorders fonde first the melodyes
Of mercurye that sit so high in heuene
First in his harpe fonde sugred armonyes
Holsom wynes thrughe fyned from their lies
Bachus fonde first on wyne heuy lade
Licour of licours corages for the glade
Perdyx by compas fonde triangle and lyne▪
And Euclyd first fonde Geometrye
And phebus fonde the craft of medicyne
Albumasar fonde astronomye
And mynarua gan charis first to guye
Iason first sayled in story it is told
Towarde Cholchos to wynne the flees of golde
Ceres the goddes fonde first tilth of londe
Dionisius triumphis transitorye
And Bellona by force first oute fonde
Conquest by knyghthode and in the felde victorye
And martis sonne as put is in memorye
Called Etholus fonde sperys sharpe and kene
To renne a werre in platys bright and shene
Eke Aristeus fonde oute the vsage
Of mylke and cruddes and of hony sote
Piroides for greate auauntage
Fro flyntes smyte fire darynge in the rote
And pallas which that may to colde do bote
Fonde oute weuynge this is very soth
Through hir prudence of al maner cloth
And fido found firste oute the science
Of mesures and of proporcions
And for marchauntes dyd his diligence
To fynde balaunces by iust dyuisions
To auoyde all fraude in citees and in toūs
On nouther party playnly to compyle
Of true weight that there were no gyle
Compare in ordre clerly all these thinges
Founde of olde tyme by diligent trauayle
To the plesaunce of princes and kynges
To shewe howe moch cunynge may auayle
And weye ageynewrde the frowarde aquitayle
Contrariously howe Sardanapall
Fonde Idelnesse moder of vices all
Late princes all herof take hede
What auaileth vertuous besynesse
And what damage the reuers doth in dede
Vicious life slouth and Idelnesse
And these exaumples late theym eke impresse
Amyd their herte and howe Sardanapall
Fonde Idelnesse moder of vices all

Lenuoye.

NOble princes here ye may well se
As in a myrrour of ful cleere euidence
By many exaumples more than [...] or thre
[...]at harme foloweth of slouth and negligence
Depe enprentynge in your aduertence
Howe greate hindringe doth wilfull frowardnesse
To your estate throughe vnto us Idelnesse
Whan reason falleth and censualite
Holdeth the brydell of l [...]chero [...] insolence
And sobernesse hath lost his liberte
And to false lust is doone the reuerence
And vice of vertue hath an apparence
Misledeth princes of wilfull rechelesnesse
To greate erroure of frowarde Idelnesse

Howe amazias ī Iuda kinge for pride and presūpcion was venquesshed in batayle & after slayne

IN his study as bochas sat musynge
With many vncouth soleyne fantasye
To him apperyd many mighty [...]inge
And tofore all cam worthy amazie
His sonne also that called was Iosie
Of dauidis blode descendynge as I rede
Eche after other in Iuda to succede
First amazias compleyned in fortune
Causinge his greuous great aduersitees
The traitouresse called in comune
These kinges tweyne castinge from their sees
Who [...] ouerturnynge from their dygnitees
Vnware fallinge dredfull and terrible
Been ceriously remembred in the byble
Their ende men may there rede and see
Howe fortune their fates dyd entrete
Wherfore teschewe and fle prolixite
Of tedious thinge in this processe to lete
And in substaunce to glene oute the grete
Of their fallynge I purpose nat to spare
Compendiously the causes to declare
This amazias hauynge gouernaunce
By iust title of succession
The ceptre of iuda with all the hole puissaunce
Fu [...]l p [...]sibly in his possession
Tyll that pryde and fals presumpcion
Moost frowardly dyd his herte [...]nbrace
Which all atonys made him lose his grace
In herte he had amaner veyneglorye
Bycause that god made him to preuaile
In his [...]onquest and to haue victorie
A [...] [...] to venquyssh in bateyle
Eke [...] [...]anytis as he them dyd assaile
Purposinge after if he might
With Israelitis of pryde for to fight
Vnto kinge Ioas of israel he sent
Him cōmaundynge to obey his hyddinge
And be like subget as were in their entent
His predecessours in all maner thinge
Whilom to dauid the noble worthy kinge
This was his sonde to Ioas plat and pleyne
Which by a problem thus wrote to him ageyne
THe ougly thistle of the vales lowe
Proudly presumynge aboue his degree
To make his pride openly be knowe
Sent his message to the Cedre tre
That his sonne myght wedded be
To his doughter all though in substaunce
Atwene theym two was a greate discordaunce
But of the forest the bestes sauagyne
In their corages had therof disdeyne
All of assent fersly dyd enclyne
The this [...]le leuys abrode vpon the pleyne
That there was nouther leef nor prik seyne
This was the problem which Ioas by wrytinge
Sent in a pistle to amazie the kinge
BVt Iosephus in his orygynall
The saide epis [...]le as he doth expresse
Seith [...] the vale howe the pouder small
Of pride sent to the high Cypresse
That his doughter of excellent fayrenesse
Vnto his sonne pleynly to deseryue
Myght be delyuered and hau [...] hir to wyue
But a fell beest which beside stode
Of cruell Ire and Indignacion
With fete disdeynynge the pouder cast abrode
High in the ayre aboute him enuyron
The which ensample conceyued of reason
Who that attempteth to clymbe high a loft
With vnware chaunge his fall is full vnsoft
A twene the cedre of trees of roiall
And a sharpe thisile is no conuenience
Nor twene a cipresse estatly founde attall
And lothsum pouder is a greate difference
For royall blode shulde haue no assistence
So be ioyned nor knyt in mariage
With such as been brought forth of lowe p [...]g [...]
The cedre is strong [...] and mighty of substa [...]nce
In his vpgrowynge right as any lyne
And though the thistle haue spottes of plesaunce
He hath eke prickes sharpe as any spyne
And both natures playnly to termyne
The cedre of kynde who loke well aboute
To no though thistle shulde his braunches lou [...]e
Halsom of odour is the faire cipresse
As bokes tell and vertuous of kynde
Dust and pouder playnly to expresse
Troubleth the ayre and makith folkes blinde
For which in spousayle conuenience to fynde
Late estates of their birth honourable
Voide all rascalye and wedde their semblable
[...] amazias wold nat be ware
For no warnynge nor for no prophesie
But styll in herte greate hatred bare
Agayne kinge Ioas of malyce and enuye
Into a feelde brought all his chiualrye
Gadred theym out both nere and ferre
Ayenst goddes wyll on him to gynne a werre
And kinge Ioas full like a worthy knight
Into the feelde fast gan him spede
And all the knightes of iuda anone right
With smet of vengeaunce with a sodeyne drede
To byd them fle god w [...]t it was no nede
And amazias for al his great pryde
Stode destitute and no man by his syde
With him was none lefte of al his meyne
So god and Ioas ayenst him wrought
Of Ierusalem entred the cite
And amazie of force with him he brought
And in the temple the tresoure out he sought
Golde and siluer and holy theyr richesse
And to Samarie home he gan him dresse
And amazias he lete oute of pryson
After all this and suffryd him goo fre
To his myscheef and his confusion
And he was delyuered from his captyuyte
For slayne he was in Lachi [...] the cyte
Amonge his frendes by symulacion
His deth conspired vnder full fals treason

Howe vpon Iosias succedynge kinge next in Iuda toke vengeaunce smote him with lepre

aFter in Iuda the mighty region
Next Amazias Iosias gan succede
Wonder manly and famous of renoun
In all his werkes full ꝓuident in dede
And of his knight hode venquesshed as I rede
The pales [...]ynes for all their greate puissaunce
With all ambye he brought vnto vtiraunce
Bylded touns and many a stronge cite
And vnto Egipt he his boundes set
Made castels beside the rede see
And in his conquest whom that euer he met
Of manly pride he wolde lette
I mine al tho that were his aduarsaries
To his lordship to make theym tributaries
He dyd his laboure also to repare
Ierusalem after his ruyne
The walles rered which on the soyle laye bare
Made newe toures right as any lyne
Fanys of golde their torrettes to enlumyne
And toffor [...]e theym lete werkmen vndertake
Square bastilis and bolewerkys to make
He delyted to make fressh gardeynes
Dyuers greyne and herbes for to knowe
Reioysed to plante sondry vynes
To graffe trees and sedes for to sowe
And straunge frutes make th [...]m growe arowe
And with him had his ennemyes to encombre
Thre hundred thoused manly men in noumbre
His noble fame gan to sprede wide
And greatly ded for his prowes
Wherethrugh his herte corrupt with pride
Bycause only of his greate riches
And frowardly he dyd his [...]esynes
For to maligne in estate royall
Ageyne the lorde which is immortall
To god aboue he gan wexe obstinate
Tha [...] [...] processe full small he dyd wynne
[...] [...]oure caught in his roiall estate
To [...]owe his fader in vnthrift and synne
That grace and vertue from him dyd twynne
In moost shyninge of his magnificence
Fortune proudly assayled his excellence
Cast she wolde within a lytell while
His surquedye and frowarde pride assayle
And full vnwarly deceyue him and begile
To make his power to appall and to faile
Wh [...] [...] kinge toke on thapparaile
Of a [...] of very frowardnesse
And into temple proudly gan him dresse
Beynge in purpos on a solempne day
To take his way vp to the hye aultere
Falsly vsurpynge who so euer saide naye
To sacrifie holdynge the cens [...]re
Tofore the aulter that shone of golde full clere
For which offence the bible saith the same
Azarias the busshop dyd him blame
Gan withstonde him in the face anone
Fourescore prestes beynge in presence
Of the kynred descended of Aaron
Which forbad him and made resistence
That with his hande he shulde put incence
Vpon the aulter ageyne goddes lawe
Him chargynge boldly his presence to withdrawe
But of despyte he made theym holde their p [...]es
In payne of deth began theym to manace
And sodenly amonge all the prees
An erthquaue fyll in the same place
And therwithall in the kinges face
Of the sonne there smote a beme so bright
That all his face was skorkyd with the light
He wexyd a lepre foule and right terrrible
For his offence as god list ordeyne
To euery man of loke he was terrible
And but fewe his mischeef gan compleyne
And a greate hyll the same houre carf on tweyne
Nat ferre aside from the towne without
Cytees distroynge that stode rounde aboute
On kinge Iosie god toke his vengeaunce
For all his lordship and his magnificence
To punisshe his pride and his frowarde puissaunce
And brought him lowe for his greate offence
For his ꝑsone was put oute of presence
Perpetuelly as holy wryt can tell
Ferre from all people with lepres for to dwell
His flessh was troubled with diuers passions
For his sekenesse auoydded the cyte
In cry and sorwe and lamentacions
His li [...] [...] lad in greate aduersite
And so he dyed in sorowe and pouerte
Symply buryed for all his greate might
Within an Ilande that stode f [...]r out of sight

An exortacion to princes to be auised to do ageyn goddes preceptes.

LEt princes al in their prouidence
Be right well ware any thing to atame
Which vnto god shulde be offence
List that the fyne co [...]clude to their shame
Let theym thinke for all their noble fame
But they repent god of his Iustise
Their frowarde pride vnwarly wyll chastise
Let theym be ware of malice to presume
Ageyne his church to do offencion
For god of righ all tyrauntis wyll consume
In full short tyme for their presumpcion
Which will nat suffre their domynacion
To enterupt for all their greate myght
Nor breke the fraunchise of holy church right
To prudent princes which can discerne
Let kinge Iosias / considred his offence
Been in their mynde a myrrour and lanterne
To holy church to do due reuerence
And conceyue in their magnificence
God wil of right be they neuer so stronge
Chastise their malice though he abide longe

Howe kinge Ozie was takyn by kinge salmanazar and dyed in prison

THere was another that called was Ozie
Which whilom regned as I afferme dare
In israel whome fortune by enuye
Made him betake or he was ware
Beseged aboute of kinge Salmanazare
And into assirie vnder his daunger
The bible telleth he was a prisoner
His cites townes brought to distruction
And all his people vnder longe seruage
Were take and kepte in stronge babilon
Suffred there greate peyne and damage
And in prison by furious outrage
This saide Ozias in cheynes bounde sore
For sorowe dyed of him write I nomore

Howe senacheryb kinge of assirie was slayne

wIth these forsayde woful kinges thre
Senacheryb of assirie kinge
Cam to Iohn bochas moost ougly to se
Full pitously his fate compleynynge
And specially his vnwore chaunginge
He gan bew [...]yle oppressed in his thought
From hye noblesse howe he was brought to noughte
His reason sprad through many diuers R [...]me
And all people gan him magnifie.
A syege he layde vnto Ierusalem
In the tyme of kinge Sedechie
But in his moost froward surquedye
Goddes angel tofore the cyte
An hundred thousand slough of his meyne
And the more to make him aferde
Amyd of his people the silf some night
Goddes angell shoue awey his berde
With a sharpe swerde that shone faire and bright
Left his syege and toke him vnto flight
And in a temple his goddys worshippinge
Sloughe him silf as he sat knelinge

Howe kinge sedechie for fals forsweringe was slayne and made bl [...]nde in prison

tOuchinge the compleynt of kinge Sedechie
And of his sorowes to shewe the manere
Holy wryt do clerly specifie
Wherfore it were but veyne to tell theym here
For there men the processe may pleynly lere
Howe Ioachim kinge of Ierusalem
His owne brother was led oute of his Rem
Wherof in herte he felt full greate soor
This Sedechias as it is there founde
Bycause the kinge nabugodonosor
His brother hilde stronge in prison bounde
Fully in purpos the Iewes to confounde
For this tiraunt had in that mortall strif
His brethren / children in prison and his wif
And yit this tyraunt in his tyrannye
This fauour dyd in his fell rage
Vnto this moost wofull Sedechye
To suffre him regne in his greate age
From yere to yere to pay him a truage
By fayth and othe and composicion
Reysed of his people and brought to babilon
¶Yit Sedechias in especiall
By a maner of fals felicite
Him silf reioysed in his se royall
To occupye that noble dignyte
And so forgate the greate aduersitye
Of his brother and other frendes al
Touchinge the myscheef that they were in fall
Of pride he fill into presumpcion
Whan he remembred his brethre and his lynage
Considred howe fro kinge Salamon
He was descendyd by title of heritage
Gan disdeyne to pay his truage
And to maligne in herte he was so wroth
And falsly brake his suraunce and his othe
He had o maner indignacion
Which he caught of olde remembraunce
Howe tyme passed to kinge Salamon
By his manly prudent gouernaunce
Kynges aboute for a recognysaunce
Payed tribute and dursit it nat withseye
Fro yere to yere his noblesse to obeye
Which thinge remembred of kinge sedechie
As he wexe greate and stronge in puissaunce
O [...] hye disdeyne his tribute gan denye
Set asyde his feith and assuraunce
So that his othe stode in no substaunce
For he ageyne the kynge of babylon
Presumptusly fyll in rebellion
And his kingdom to strength and fortefie
Thought he wolde to his auauntage
The kinge of egipt haue on his partye
Of pride he fyll into so greate outrage
That he nomore wolde pay his truage
Full fynally such wayes he hath sought
That of his othe litell he rought or nought
But woo alas it is a dolfull thinge
To be remembred in hye or lowe degre
That any prince or any worthy kinge
Shulde fals his oth or vntrue be
Or that men shuld such variaunce see
In their corages which been so hye borne
For any cause falsly to be forsworne
By reporte it doth their fame trouble
Infortuneth and clipsith their noblesse
Whan a prince is of his heeste double
And chargith nat of wilfull recl [...]snesse
Alby his promys conclude on doublenesse
Though god a while suffre theym and respyte
At the vnset houre their falsnesse he wyll quyte
His warnynge oft he sent to theym afore
Bycause they lacke prudent policie
Recorde I take of nabugodonosor
Which cam vnwarly on kinge sedechye
For he his tribute gan falsly him denye
With all his power as dyd abrayde
To Ierusalem a mighty syege layde
They within constreyned were of nede
The kinge himsilf there was no better deffence
With mannys flessh his people for to fede
While the Caldeis by mighty violence
Of very force withoute resistence
On falsforsweringe for to take wrake
Their mighty toures and their walles brake
To sle and kyll they list none to spare
Who so euer they met or cam in their sight
Sedechias left the towne all bare
But take he was as he him toke to flight
In cheynes bounde and fetryd anone right
In whoos presence to encrece his peynes anon
His yonge childre were slayne euerychon
Hys wyues moost woful in their cherys
Which in theyr tyme moost goodly were and fayre
Delyuered were in handes of straungeris
And more alas to put him in dispayre
Into his kingdome neuer to haue repayire
With sharpe tonges it was to greate a payne
Out of his hede were rent his [...]yen tweyne
Of Ierusalem his cite was brent
Pleyne into the grounde into asshes dede
His greate riches his tresoure hooly sent
To babilon with stones blewe and rede
Vessels of golde which richest were in dede
Without mercy or remyssion
Caldeis toke to their possession
And thus in sorowe and in wretchidnesse
He dyed alas fetryd in prysen
Loo here the ende of ꝑiurie and falsnesse
Loo howe fortune can tourne vpsodoun
Of mortall men the condicion
Nowe richest shynynge in hye prosperite
With vnware chaunge to hatefull pouertye
Nowe men lyft vp to royall dignitees
Nowe hye aloft by fulsum habundaunce
But what auayleth to syt in royall sees
To folke that haue therin none assuraunce
Namely whan fortune holdeth the balaunce
Which aye of custome vnto high estates
Hath a false ioye to shewe hir chekmates
Recorde I take of princes more than one
Their wofull fatys hangynge in Iupartye
Remembred late and amonge echon
The wofull fall of kinge amazie
His sonne eke lepre which called was Iosye
And last of all howe in Babilon
Kinge Sedechias dyed in prison

Lenuoye.

NOble princes concidre the fallas
Of fortunys frowarde flatene
Seeth hir deceytes in many dyuers cas
Howe she first mocked manly amazye
Which slayne was for his surquedye
To yeue you warnynge by exaumple as ye may rede
Whan ye sit highest your fall is moost to drede
And as it remembreth in Bochas
Eke in the byble of kinge Iosye
In his tyme howe famous that he was
Both of riches and of chyualrye
Punysshed with lepre bokes specifie
For his presumynge remembreth this in dede
Whan ye syt highest youre fall is moost to drede
All worldly glory fleeth hens a greate pas
I take witnesse of kinge Sedechie
For f [...]ls forsweringe he slayne was alas
M [...]de blynde in prison the story cannat lye
Thus sheweth fortune through her frowarde enuye
To you princes if ye list take hede
Whan ye sit hyghest your fall is moost to drede

Howe kinge astryages laboured to disherite cirus But god suffred his malice nat to preuayle

AFter these kynges one folowed in the pres
And to bochas his compleynt discure
And he was called the greate as [...]riages
Which tolde in ordre his vncouth auenture
Lorde of Asye as bokes vs assure
And had of tresure durynge all his life
Aboue all kinges a prerogatife
Moost infortunate in all his gouernaile
Felte of fortune none aduersite
Saue an heir male no thinge dyd him fayle
For he moost glorious sat in his glorious se
Of wordly welth he lackyd no plentye
Except only as clerkes of him write
He had no son his kingdome to enherite
Which to his welth was greate discres
Lest succession fayled in his lyne
A doughter had he called mundanes
Oute of whoos wombe as bokes determyne
He drempte on a night howe he sawe a vyne
In his auision with him so it stode
Ouer all asie his braunchis spred abrode
He had also a reuelacion
Slepynge a night after his soupeere
Thoughe he nat knewe the exposicion
He thought he sawe a cristallyn ryuere
With lusty waters as any beryll clere
Out of her wombe with his stremys fresshe
The soyle of asye make tendre and nesshe
Touchinge this ryuer and this lusty vyne
To him shewyd in his auision
Within him silfe he coude nat termyne
Therof to finde no clere conclusion
Withoute some maner exposicion
To him declared by folkes in sentence
Which of such dremys had experience
To him he called his astronomers
His philophers and his dyuynours
That knewe the menynge of the nyne speers
Vmages of sterres their houses and theyr toures
And such as were expert expositours
And they were assembled euerichon
Touchinge his dreme they cordyd all in one
To tell him trouth they were nat recles
Sayde his doughter fro whom there cam a vyne
She that by name was called mundanes
Shuld haue descendynge from his lyne
Whoos noble fame through asye shulde shyne
Which shulde put through his renowne
Him by force of his armys oute of his region
This was his fate he might it nat refuse
The heuenly cours but it dyd fayle
Wherupon he sore gan to muse
Such fantasies dyd his herte assayle
Fyll in greate doubte of their dyuynayle
Thought he wolde make puru [...]aunce
For to withstonde goddes ordenaunce
Full harde it is to make resistence
Ageyn thinge ordeyned whan god woll that it be
And namely there where as influence
Of heuyn aboue hath shape a destyne
Some men recorde that no man may it flee
The dome of this where it holde or flytte
To astronomers all hooly I cōmytte
This saide kinge of whome I spake but lote
Cast he wolde for his auauntage
The ordenaunce reuerse and the fate
Of the heuyn with all the surplusage
And yeue his doughter as in marige
To some vnworthy pore infortunate
That neuer were lykly to rise to hye estate
And in this wise kinge astriages
Maried his doughter as in his entent
To one worthy called cambyses
Demynge therby by short auisement
Within him silf that he was right prudent
Wenynge that noblesse cam by discent of blode
And nat by grace nor as the heuyn stode
In his reason was nat comprehended
Howe socrates mayster of platon
Of full lowe bed by birth was descendyd
And nat tenher [...]te kindome nor region
But for to haue fully possession
Of morall vertue and philosofye
Durynge his life his wyt he dyd applye
He sought contrees for wysdam and science
And secret cūnynges to serch he dyd his peyne
And he fonde out through his dyligence
This philosophre as bokes acerteyne
To ioy reserued outher to peyne
By grace of god which is eternall
Howe mennys soules be founde ay inmortall
The greate appollo in bokys it is founde
Gaue iugement of equyte and right
That socrattes in vertue moost habounde
And moost preferred in euery mannys sight
Was called of wysdom the lanterne and the light
And wisest named at euyn and at Pryme
Of philosophers that were in his tyme
The poete also called Euripides
Moost honourable called in that age
All be his moder of life was recheles
And contagious through vicious outrage
Yit was this poete for al his vile lynage
Moost vertuous founde at assayes
Of all poetes that were in his dayes
Called in his tyme a greate tragicien
Bycause he wrote many tragedies
And wolde of toruth spare no maner man
But theym rebuke in his peotries
Touchinge the vices of flesshly fantasies
Compleyne in princes their dedes moost horryble
And eche thinge punisshe that was [...]dyble
Another called clerke domestenes
The moost subtyll rethorician
And moost Inuentif amonge all the pres
That euer was sith the worlde began
Albe of birth he was a pore man
Yit had he moost souereyne excellence
Amonge philophers of spech and eloquence
By which exaumple me semeth doutles
That roial blode nor hye lynage
To mennys birth yeueth but smale encres
Nor vnto vertue but litell auauntage
For hye nobles toketh nat his corage
Of rich nor pore nor statys souereyne
But of his grace as god list ordeyne
Wherfore of foly kinge astriages
Contrariously ageyne all gentrye
Bad that his doughter called mundanes
First whan folke with childe hir dyd espye
For to accomphissh his frowarde fantasie
Whan it were borne chargynge aboue all thinge
Of archanye to bere it to the kinge
Which in that tyme was called arpagus
And as I fynde he dyd in vertue floure
And spyte had the story telleth thus
That bestes shulde the lytell childe deuoure
But god that may in myscheef best socoure
To kepe the childe was nat recheles
Ageyne the malice of kinge astriages
Which had cāmaundyd of malyce and hatred
Howe that this childe grene and tentre of age
By arpagus shulde be cast in dede
To be deuoured of bestes moost sauage
But for he dred to do so greate outrage
To his shepeherde him silf to stonde at large
The childe to sle he fully yaue the charge
This herdman all be that he was loth
To execute this woful auenture
Into a forest forth with the childe he goth
And gaue to bestes that lytell creature
Whom to fostre by grace ageyne nature
A wylde bitch hir whilpes there forsake
And to her pappes the litell childe she toke
And with hir milke she made him sup and dyne
And besy was for him to enchace
Wylde f [...]u [...]ys and bestes sauagyne
That none ne durst neygh to that place
Loo howe that god dispose can his grace
Innocentes fro myscheef to preserue
Ageyne fals enuye which wolde make theym sterue
O blode vnkinde founde in kinrede
For couetise / o blode disnaturall
Of fals malyce / o blode full of hatrede
To murdre a childe borne of the stok royall
Where mannys reason is turned bestyall
Falsly transfourmed vnto cruelte
To sle a chylde where bestes haue pyte
The cely heerde hath tolde his wife the cas
And she anone of pyte dyd aryse
With hir husbonde went a ful greate pas
Into the forest beholdinge all the guyse
As heretofore ye haue herde deuyse
Seynge the childe with lyppes tendre and softe
The bytches pappes howe he sook f [...]ll ofte
The sayde heerde called Sparag [...]
His wife also of whome tofore I [...]
This yonge childe toke in their dep [...] [...]
And in hir armes she softly gan it [...]
And he full goodly hir face gan beholde
And on his maner the same while
In childly wise on hir gan to smyle
The childes laughtre whan she dyd aduerte
With all hir hole feithful diligence
She gan to cherisshe it and with all hir herte
She yaue it soke with ful greate reuerence
Albe the bitch made resistence
Compleynynge stode fully at abaye
The lytell childe whan she sawe lad away
Full pitously she gan to houl and crye
At their departynge doolfully compleyne
And after theym full fast gan to hye
The childe to lete she felt so greate a peyne
Lo howe that god of mercy can ordeyne
A cruell best such sorowe for to make
And so to mourne for a childes sake
But euery thinge that god wyll haue preseruyd
May nat fayle to stonde in sekernesse
Hys secre domys been to him silf reserued
There can no man expowne theym as I gesse
For he sh [...]pe first that this sheperdesse
Of sparagos the true pore wife
For to be mene to saue the childys life
Home to hir house the childe she ledde [...]one
And it to fostre dyd her besynesse
Of other salary god wote knewe she none
Saue that her herte therto dyd hir dresse
And moore enteerly the story beryth w [...]tnesse
She tendryd him and with more besy [...]
Than him that was hir childe borne of nature
And as the story playnly doth expresse
This yonge childe as he wexe in age
Fro day to day encresyd in noblesse
Lyke for to be right manly of corage
Cirus he was called in that langage
To saye in latyn playnly in substaunce
A man yborne to greate enheritaunce
And whan the renoun of his excellence
By longe processe and of his greate encresse
Cam by the report vnto the audience
Of his a [...]ell the greate astriages
And howe the kinge was founde recles
Called arpagus for to do vengeaunce
On yonge cirus he fyll in displesaunce
This is to mene astriages was wroth
That arpagus was founde merciable
Cyrus to saue and for that he was loth
Ageyns all right for to be vengeable
To sle a childe a thinge nat comendable
Demynge of trouth in his conscience
God was nat payde to murdre Innocence
Astriages cast him to be wreke
On arpagus by fals collusion
Bycause that his byddynge he dyd breke
And was contrarye to his intencion
Cirus to sle ageyne all reason
And for that cause astriages I rede
Of arpagus lete sle the childe in dede
This to say by fals compassinge
And couert mordre wrought by astriages
The sonne was slayne of arpagus the kinge
And after rostyd alas full causeles
And sith presented amonge all the pres
To sore his fader a thinge moost lamentable
With astriages he sate at the table
But whan this kinge called arpagus
Conceyued hath this mordre moost terrible
And howe his son and heire was slayne thus
In his Ire moost furious and odible
In all the hast that it was possible
He is repayred home to his housholde
And all the cas to Cirus he hath tolde
And howe his sonne was slayne for his sake
In the moost hatful odious crueltye
Excitynge him with him to vndertake
On this fals mordre auengyd for to be
To him declarynge of trouth and equyte
Howe he was borne by discent in dede
As right heire to regne in perce and mede
To him declarynge the story by and by
First of the dreme of astriages
And howe that he by fraude full falsly
Made his doughter called Mundanes
Poorly to be wedded vnto cambyses
Which was his moder and howe in tendre age
He was oute cast to bestes full sauage
By a shepperde and shepperdesse
Fosteryd he was in greate pouerte
And brought from bestes oute of wildernesse
By cause god wolde he sauyd shuld be
For thilke lorde which euery thinge may se
Whan that he hath a thinge afore disposed
Nedys it must fall and may nat be deposed
This sayde Cirus at his natiuyte
Ordeyned was by reuolucion
Of the heuenly sperys in noumbre thries thre
So stode that tyme his constellacion
That he shulde haue the domynacion
Ouer all asie by influence dyuyne
Afore figured by spredynge of the vyne
What may the fraude of slayghty folke auayle
Innocentes to put out of their right
Though trouth be hyd amonges the parayle
Hard brought forth and dare nat shewe his light
Yit god wyll ordeyne that the bemys bright
Shall some one day shewe out his cleernesse
Maugre all tho that wolde his title oppres [...]
For this Cirus as clerkes of him write
Was by the title of his moders syde
Borne to be kinge all asie to enherite
Albe his aiel from him wolde it diuyde
But god that can for trouth best prouide
Hath for Cirus by processe so ordeyned
That he of asie the lordshyp hath atteyned
Cirus that tyme was growen vp well of length
Well proporcioned of membres and stature
Wonder delyuer and passynge of greate strength
Straunge emprises proudly to endure
And to Iupart and put in auenture
His owne persone the fame was of him so
Was none more lykly where men shulde haue adoo
And by the counseyle of kinge arpagus
Whan this Cirus was well waxe in age
With perciens proude and surquedous
And archanytes cruell of corage
For to recure his rightfull heritage
Began with cirus armyd with plate and mayle
With astriages to holde batayle
And he ag [...]ynewarde gan to take hede
And with him toke many a worthy knyght
With all the puissaunce of the londe of meede
Hath take the felde the same day forth right
To disherite cirus of his right
But god and trouth was atwene theym tweyne
Egall iuge their quarell to dareyne
The feeld ordeyned and splayed their baners
On outher party full proudly on they set
At thassemblynge like lions of their cheres
In the face as they fresshly mette
With rounde speres sharpe ground and w [...]et
Tyll that Cirus of grace more than noumbre
Of his aiel the partye dyd encombre
This mighty Cirus this yonge champion
Throughoute the feeld gan such a slaughter make
With his knightis as he went vp and doun
That as the deth his fomen him forsake
Astriages vnder his baner take
The feelde venquesshed for all his false veynglorye
To shewe that right hath alwey the victorye
A man of malice may a thinge purpose
By a maner frowarde prouydence
But god aboue can graciously dispose
[...]geyne such malyce to make resistence
[...]en for a whyle may suffre violence
[...]nd wronges greate where so that they wende
[...]ut trouth alwey venquessheth atte ende
Astriages fonde ful soth his dreme
Though he ageyne it made purueaunce
To haue depryu [...]d Cirus of his rem
He was deceyued of his ordenaunce
For where that god th [...]ugh his myghty puissaunce
List for heiris iustfy to prouide
Sleight in such cas of man is set asyde
Maugre the might of astriages
Cirus on him made a disconfiture
And all asie reioysed eke in pees
Of very right as was his aduenture
And by iust title he dyd also recure
The loude of mede like as was his fate
And into perce he dyd it hole translate
Ageyne his a [...]l he was nat vengeable
Which had wrought to his distruccion
But was to him benigne and merciable
And grauntyd him of hole affection
The forte part of the region
Of archanye of which afore I tolde
Him to susteyne in his dayes olde
For kinge Cirus wolde nat his lyue
Suffre his a [...]l of very gentilnesse
That men shulde him fynally depryue
Of kingly honour for none vnkindnesse
To yeue exaumple to princes in sothnesse
Though god in erth haue y [...]uyn theym myghte
They shulde ay mercy medle with the right

Lenuoye.

NOble princes youre erys do enclyne
And considre in your discrecions
Howe dremys shewed by influence byuyne
Be nat lyke sweuenys but like auysions
Or resemble to reuolucions
Which though men wolde distourbe and make fayle.
God wyll nat suffre their malice to preuaile
A stragies dempt he sawe a vyne
Shewed of trouth and none illusions
From his doughters wombe right alyne
Spred in asie ouer the regions
But to disherite by fals collusions
Yonge Cirus the kinge dyd his trauaile
But god nat suffred his malice to preuayle
Princes remembre that in honoure shyne
Vpon this story in youre entencions
And be wel wyllyd where god list forthre a lyne
Outher to riches or dominacions
To fauour theym to their promocions
Be nat contrarye in youre acquytaile
Syth god will suffre no malice to preuayle

Howe Candalus king of Lide was made cokwold and after slayne

wHile Iohn bochas cast his loke asyde
In his studye as he sat wrytinge
To his presence cam the kinge of Lyde
Called Candalus full pitously pleyiung
With salt teris full lowly besechinge
That he wolde swage his greuaunce
His dedly sorowe to put in remembraunce
His compleynt was moost of vnkindnesse
For fals deceyt ageyne all skyll and right
That where his trust was moost of gyntylnesse
He mocked was for all his greate might
For of his hous there was a certeyne knight
Gyges called thinge shamefull to be tolde
To speke playne Inglissh made him a cokolde
Alas I was nat auised will be forne
Vncūnyngly to speke such langage
I shulde haue sayde howe that he had an horne
Or sought some teeme with a fayre visage
To excuse my rudnesse of this greate outrage
As in some londe Cornodo men do theym call
And some afferme howe such folke haue no gall
Thus was the cas whan phebus shone shene
The somer ceason in his assencion
Whan sote braunches were clad in newe grene
Hete importable had dominacion
Whan that the quene for recreacion
Vnprouided that no man dyd hir kepe
Vpon hir bed lay nakyd for to slepe
And as clerkys of hir beute wryte
There was on lyue none fairer creature
Nor more excellynge lyke as they endyte
Of f [...]m [...]lynesse hir story doth assure
Callyd for bewtye cosyn to nature
And worthy eke if I shall nat fayne
To be compared to Grisilde or Eleyne
Kynde in hir forge list no thinge to erre
Whan she hir wrought by greate auisenesse
To make of beute the very lode sterre
And yeue hir beute fauour and semelynesse
But for nature had so greate besynes
To fourme a woman that was so fressh of hewe
She had forgete for to make hir true
Hir iyen were very celestyall
Hir heere vntressed like phebus in his spere
A thinge resemblynge that were immortall
So angelyk she was of loke and chere
An examplarye of port and manere
There was no lacke saue nature thrugh hir slouth
Had lefte behinde to yeue hir fayth and trouth
And on a day as she lay slepynge
Nakyd on bed moost goodly to sight
Ful vnwarly cam candalus the kinge
Into the chaumbre where titan shone ful bright
And shewed her beutye vnto his owne knight
Of entent he shulde bere witnesse
Howe she excelled all other in fayrenesse
And whan Giges gan in ordre se
Of this quene the greate excellence
He was enamoured vpon hir beutye
All the while he stode there in presence
Gan ymagyne a treason in silence
To sle his lorde without longe taryenge
Wynne the quene and after regne as kinge
This was the ende dolful and pitous
To be remembred hatefull and terrible
Of this noble worthy candalus
For of his trust to moch he was credyble
Vnto Gyges the traitoure was o [...]yble
And yit more folisshe wherby he lost his life
Outwarde to shewe the beutye of wife
Though she were faire and goodly vnto see
There was no trust nor no se [...]y [...]nesse
For other had as good parte as he
Gyges coude bere therof witnesse
Alas a quene or any greate princesse
Assent shulde hir fame for to trouble
But if nature excuse theym to double

Howe what thinge kinge Midas touchid was gold yit dyed he in miserye and wretchydnesse

BVt who so euer was therwith loth or fayne
Gyges was after crowned kinge of lyde
Whan that his lorde was by treason slayne
Of him the surplus bochas set asyde
And in his study as he dyd abyde
There cam of frige mydas the rich kynge
Tolde myn auctoure his compleynt with wepinge
For there was neuer by conquest nor laboure
No kinge afore that had more richesse
Nor more plente of golde nor of tresoure
At whoos birth poetes thus expresse
Aboute his cradell amptis gan him dresse
While he slepte and gan aboute him leyne
A full greate noumbre of pured whete greyne
Wherupon moost expert diuynours
As they toke hede in their attendaunce
Such as were best expositours
Saide it was a tokyn of habundaunce
To haue of richesse al maner suffisaunce
And concludynge playnly gan to tell
Howe he all other in tresour shulde excell
Poetys of him wrote that were full olde
Bachus gaue him the mighty god of wyne
What he toucheth shall tourne into golde
As gode as that which cam oute of the myne
At al assayes to be as pure and fyne
This request as writeth Ouidius
Was vnto Midas grauntyd of bachus
He thought gold myght him moost auayle
What he handlyd was golde with touchinge
But whan hungre his stomake gan assayle
His bred his mete was clere golde in shewynge
And whan he gan to fayle of his fedynge
And fonde of gold no recure to escape
Besought Bachus some remedye to shape
Bachus bad him go bath in a ryuer
To wassh away the coloure aureat
Where it is shewed the goldy grauel clere
Which example declareth to eche estate
That golde allone maketh men nat fortun [...]t
For what may golde or tresoure there auayle
Where men in hungre fynde no vitayle
Or what is worthy golde peerle or stones red
Grene Emeroudys or sciphirs ynde
Whan men enfamyned haue neither greyne ne brede
Nor in such mysche [...]f vytaile may none fynde
For to fosture theire nature and their kinde
A barly loof in such a distr [...]sse
More myght auayle than all wordly richesse
This knewe mydas and was experte in dede
Though he of golde had so greate plente
That with metall he might him silf nat fede
Which caused him of necessite
To considre and cleerly for to see
That brede more vayleth for fosterynge of nature
Than all richesse that men may h [...]re recure
For which this kinge gan hate all richesse
Golde and tresoure he had eke in disdeyne
Left his crowne and his roial noblesse
And chase to kepe shepe vpon a pleyne
All wordly worship was to him but veyne
Of malencoly and frowarde pouerte
Endyd his lif in greate aduersite
For of ire and impacience
Fynally thus with him it stode
Furiously in his greate indigence
As writeth bochas howe he dranke the blode
Of a bole sauagyne and wode
With loue enchaufed made noo delaies
Moost bestyally endyd thus his dayes

Of balthasar kinge of babilone / and howe daniel expowned. Mane. Techel. Phares.

nExt to bochas or that he was w [...]e
As he sate wrytynge with ful grete labour
Of babilone cam greate balthasare
To declare his sorowe and his langoure
Which had mysused full falsly the tresoure
And the vessels brought to Ierusalem
In babilon cheef cite of his rem
For at a souper with his lordes all
Whan of the vessels he dranke myghty wynes
And solemply sat in his roiall stall
And rounde aboute all his concubynes
Philophers magiciens and dyuynes
There cam an hande the byble doth assure
And on the wall gan write this scripture
Mane techel phares wretyn in his sight
Though he the menynge conceyued neueradell
Which on the wall shewed faire and bright
Fro whos sentence auayled no [...]e appele
But the prophete holy danyel
Fully expowned to balthasar the kinge
This mysterye of this derke writynge
This worde mane playnly and nat tary
In latyn tunge betokeneth in substaunce
The dayes counted and rekened the noumbrarye
Of thy regnynge and of thy greate substaunce
And techel sowneth a weyenge in balaunce
In tokyn thy power and kingdome by mesure
God hath theym peysed they shall no while endure
Phares also betokeneth a brekinge
In romayne tunge into pecis smale
For thy power and frowarde r [...]bellynge
Shall from the hye be brought into the vale
This is holy wryt and no fayned tale
For whan princes wyll nat their life redresse
God wyll vnwarly their surquedye represse
Thou were by tokyns warnyd longe afore
By many exaumples the story ye may ride
By the fallynge of Nabugodonosore
And thou therof toke full [...] litell hede
The lorde to thanke and haue his name in drede
For which thou shalt within a l [...]tell throwe
Lose sceptre and crowne and be brought full lowe▪
LEte princes all thi [...] [...]tory haue in mynde
And for them silfe notably prouide
And namely th [...] that been to god vnkinde
Their concubynes for to set aside
And make vertue for to be there guide
Voide lecherye and fals presumpcion
Which hath brought so many to destruction
Nabugodonosor had repentaunce
And was restoryd to his possessions
But god of right toke sodenly vengeaunce
On Balthasar for his transgressions
Wherfore ye princes dispose youre reasons
After youre merites to haue god merciable
For your demerites to fynde him vengeable
Ageyne holy church take no quarelis
But aduertise in youre inwarde sight
For Balthasar dranke of tho vessellis
Stale fro the temple of very force and myght
He loste lordship and lif vpon a night
So that the kingdome of assiriens
Translatyd was to mede and perciens

Lo Cresus and balthasar were venquesshed by cirus and the sonne of cresus slayne at the hūting of a bore

NExt to Iohn bochas within a throwe
Writinge of princes many pytous fate
he sawe kinge cresus with other on the rowe
Lowly besechinge his fallynge to translate
And howe fortune ageyne him gan debate
And of his micheef doolful for to rede
For to descryue anone he gan procede
For as it is remembred in wrytynge
As god and kinde list for him ordeyne
Of Lyde he was gouernour and kynge
And lordship had the story can nat feyne
Of many kyngdoms more than one or tweyne
Fame in that tyme so dyd him magnyfie
That he was called floure of all chyualrye
And he was also in his tyme founde
The moost experte in werre and in bateyle
And of richesse was the moost habounde
And most exallinge in conquest to preuaile
Plente of people with roial apparaile
And with al this to his greate auauntage
Noumbre of childre tenblysshe his lynage
In the moost highest of his royal see
And all was well and no thinge stode amys
Yit ta [...]use his felicite
A dreme he had and truly that was this
Howe that his sonne which called was athis
Was take from him and by mortall outrage
Slayne sodenly in his tendre age
This woful dreme dyd him greate distresse
And put his herte in greate dispeyre
Stondynge in fere and greate heuynesse
Bycause his childe tendre yonge and faire
Which that was borne for to be his heire
Shulde causeles in such myscheef dye
So as his dreme afore dyd specifie
Of this processe to declare more
Howe cresus dreme fulfylled was in dede
From olimphus there cam a wilde bore
Moost furious and sauagyne of drede
With fomy tosshes which fast gan him spede
Downe descendynge and no where list abyde
Tyll that he cam into the londe of lyde
And gan distroye their frutes and their vynes
Where euer he cam in any maner place
Brake the nettes and the stronge lynes
Of the hunters that dyd at him enchace
But vnder supporte of the kinges grace
His sonne of whome I spake tofore
Gate him licence to hunte at this bore
His fader cresus demynge of this cas
There was no cause of drede in no manere
Though his sonne were present at the chas
With other hunters such game for to lere
But aye fortune with her double chere
Is redy euer by some fatall treyne
At such disportes some myscheef to ordeyne
For one there was which had gouernaunce
Vpon this childe to wayte and to se
Chasynge the bore to saue him fro myschaunce
From all damage and aduersite
Which many lusty folke of that cuntre
With hornes houndes and sharpe speres groūde
Sekynge the bore tyll they had him founde
And as they gan feersly the bore enchace
He that was charged to be the childes guyde
As with his spere he gan the bore manace
The hede nat entryd but forth bygan to glyde
And on the childe which that stode beside
The stroke alight and or hedyd aduerte
The speres hede rose him throught the herte
But of this childe whan the deth was couth
Tolde and reported hooly the manere
Howe he was slayne in his tendre youth
Borne to be heire vnto his fader dere
Cresus for sorowe chaungyd loke and cher [...]
And for constreynt of dool in his visage
He resembled a very dede ymage
But euery sorowe by longe contynuaunc [...]
At the last it sumwhat must aswage
For there is none so furious greuaunce
Nor so mortall Importable rage
But longe processe yeueth him auauntage
I mene as thus there is none so greate a sorowe
But it might cese outher eue or morrowe
Philosophers concluden and discerne
And by their reasons recorden by scripture
Thinge violent may nat be eterne
Nat in one poynt abydeth none auenture
Nor a sorowe may nat alwey endure
For s [...]oundmel [...] through fortunys variaunce
There foloweth ioy after greate greuaunce
The sorowe of Creses though it were intollerable
And at his hert the greuaunce sat so sore
Sith that his dole was irrecupable
And mene was none his harmes to restore
Myn auctor Bochas writeth of his wo nomore
But of his fall howe he fyll in dede
To tell the maner forth he doth ꝓcede
And for a while he set his stile aside
And his ꝓces in ꝑtye he forbare
To speke of Cressus that was kinge of lyde
And gan resort to write of Balthazar
Ageyne rehersinge or that he was war
Howe mighty Cirus of woful auenture
Made on him proudly a disconfiture
And as it is put in remembraunce
Of Balthasar to holde vp the partye
Cresus with him had made an aliaunce
With all his puissaunce and all his chyualrye
His lif his tresoure to put in Iuꝑtye
Sworne in armes as brother vnto brother
By Cirus venquesshed that one after that other
[...]oth their myscheef no lenger was delaied
Albe that Cresus faught longe in his diffence
He fynally by Cirus was outrayed
And depryued by knightly violence
Take in the felde there was no resistence
And rigourously to his confusion
With mighty feters cast in derke prison
And more to encreace his greate aduersite
A sonne of his / tendre and yonge of age
That was dumbe from his natiuite
And neuer spake worde in no maner langage
Cirus cōmaundynge by furious outrage
That Cresus shulde by vengeable cruelte
By a knight of Perce in pryson hedyd be
And with his swerde as he gan manace
Cresus to haue slayne without all reuerence
The dombe childe there p̄sent in the place
Which neuer had spoken thus saide in audience
Withdrawe thy stroke and doo no violence
Vnto my lorde thy fame so to confounde
To sle a kynge that lyeth in pryson bounde
The knight astonyed hath his stroke forborne
Greatly abasshyd in that derke habitacle
Which herde a childe that neuer spake toforne
Ageyne his swerde to make an obstacle
Ran and tolde this meruelous miracle
To mighty Cirus with euery circumstaunce
Hopinge therby to atempred his greuaunce
But where as tyrauntes been set on cruelte
Theyr crokyd malice ful harde is to appese
So indurate is their iniquite
That all in vengeaunce is set their hertis ese
Themsilf reioisinge to se folkes in disease
Lyke as they were in their frowarde daunger
Clenly fraunchised fro god and his power
This cruel Cirus moost vengeable of des [...]
To execute his fell entent in dede
Lete make in hast of fagot a greate fyre
And gan them kyndle with many colys rede
And made Cresus quakynge in his drede
For to be take where as he lay full lowe
And bad men shulde into the fire him throwe
But Iubiter which hath his vengeaunce seyne
Howe cruel Cirus with malice was atteyne
From heuyn sent a tempest and a reyne
That sodenly the horrible fire was quaynt
Woful Cresus with dredeful fire made faynt
Escapyd is his furious mortal peyne
God and fortune for him lift so ordeyne
This auenture in maner merueylous
The herte of Cirus gan sumwhat to enbrace
And causyd him for to be pitous
Ageyne gresus and grauntyd him this grace
To occupye while he hath lift and space
The londe of Lyde except only this thinge
He shulde nat after be callyd kinge
And thus of lyde the kinge dyd fyne
Which toke his begynnynge of one ardisius
And endured the space of kinges nyne
Loke whoso wyll the bokys tell thus
Herof nomore but forth vnto Cirus
I wyll procede with all my besy cure
For to translate his wofull auenture

Howe the cruell tyraunt Cyrus delited eu [...] slaughter and shedynge of blode & so endyd

HEyre by discent to greate astriages
Poorly brought forth as made is mencion
And had al asie to his gr [...]ate encres
Holdynge that rigne by iust sucession
In longe quyete wihtout rebillyon
Tyll tyme he thought in full froworde wise
The worlde was small to staunch his couetise
He had an Etyke moost contagious
Fretinge vpon him for desire of good
A dropsie hatefull and [...]urious
Of frowarde rage that made his herte wode
A w [...]fuy [...]e [...]a [...]ast to shede mannys blode
Which ouer [...]horted by fals malencolye
His [...] into tyrannye
But whan he presumptuously entende
To robbe [...] through his pillage
God and fortune made him to descende
Full sodenly from his [...] [...]age
[...] was a greate auauntage
To [...] of very fo [...]e and might
Though [...] of right
To [...] souereyn [...]e
[...]
[...]
[...]
Aboue sad [...]outh and [...]
Which causeth princes from their estate royall
Or they be ware to haue es [...]deyn fall
For the lordshyp of all as [...]
Might nat suffise to cirus gredynesse
But thought he wolde conquere [...]ithia
And there werre to encreace his grete richesse
Though he no tytle had of rightousnesse
Saue a fals lust wherof men shulde haue ruth
That wyll in princes shulde oppresse truth
First this cirus all princes dyd excelle
Both in conquest victorye and batayle
Of gold and tresoure as bokes him tell
Kingdoms to wynne he dyd moost preuayle
And yit to vyces dyd his herte assayle
First couetise euer to encreace in good
With a desire to sh [...]de mennys blode
With two vices he brenneth euer in one
That neuer might from his herte twynne
Made a greate arme towarde Septemtrion
And cast him proudly to set on and begynne
Cithia the myghty londe to wynne
Quene thamacis there regnynge as I fynde
Whoos kingdome Ioyneth vnto ethiopie in ynde
Toward the partye which is orientall
The see of suri [...]e floweth full plentuus
Downe to the see called occidentall
And southwarde renneth to Concasus
And folke of cythie that ben laborious
Which tyle the londe hath nat to their lyuynge
But only frutys which from the erth springe
The londe of Cithie is rich for the nonys
From greyne and frute a londe full couenable
Rich of golde peerle and precious stonys
Right comodious and wonder delectable
But a greate party is nat habytable
The people dredful to belde their mancions
For feer of deth bycause of the griffoūs
The noble fame nor the highe renoū
Was nat ferre knowe nor Isprad aboute
Of Thamaris quene of that rigion
Nor of hir noblesse within nor without
Tyll that kinge Cyrus with a full greate route
Into [...]his gan him proudly dresse
The hardy quene to spoyle of hir richesse
But she hir fame more to magnifie
Gan in great hast with full rich apparayle
Full prudently assemble hir chiualrye
And toke a feelde if he wolde hir assayle
Redy with him to haue a batayel
And of hir meyne like as seyth my boke
Vnto hir sonne the thryd parte she toke
And yaue him charge in the same place
Him silf that day to acquyte lyke a knyght
And for to mete Cirus in the face
And no thinge drede with him for to fight
But whan kinge cirus of him had a sight
Cast him that day the yonge prince oppresse
Rather by wyles than manhode or prowesse
First he lete stuffe his large pauilions
With greate plente of drinkes delectable
Dyuers metes and confeccions
Rounde aboute vpon euery table
And in his menynge passinge deceyuable
Lyke as he had in maner dredfull be
Toke all his hoste and gan anone to fle
This yonge prince of menynge Innocent
Nothinge demynge as by supposayle
But that cirus was with his meyne went
And fled for fere he durst him nat assaile
And whan he fonde such plente of vetayle
He and his knightes thrugh misgouernaunce
To ete and drynke set all their plesaunce
They had of knighthode lost all the disciplyne
Forsoke mars and put him oute of sight
And to Bachus their hedes gan enclyne
Gorge vpon gorge tyll it drough to nyght
And proude Cirus cam on theym anone right
With all his oft they oute of theyr armure
On bestyall folke made a disconfiture
Cruell cirus left none alyue
Of hygh nor lowe made none excepcion
They were to feble ageyne his might to stryue
For cheef cause of their destruction
Was drunkenesse which voideth all relacion
And wise men rehercen in sentence
Where folke be dronkyn there is no resistence
And whan this slaughter by relacion
Reportyd was and brought to the presence
Of Thamaris quene of that region
Vnto hir herte it dyd full greate offence
But of ire and greate impacience
Seynge hir sonne slayne in tendre age
For sorowe almoost she fyll into a rage
But for all hir wofull dedly peyne
She shewed no tokyn of femynyte
But of prudence hir wepyi [...] gan restreynt
And cast hir pleynly avenged for to be
Vpon kinge cirus and on his cruelte
Sente out meyne tespien his passage
If she him finde might at auauntage
And with hir meyne gan feyne amaner flyght
Vp to the mounteynes dredefull and terrible
And cirus after gan hast him anone right
In hope to take hir if it were possible
Amonge which hilles more than it is credyble
Been craggy roches moost hidous of enteyle
Perilous of passage and vode of all vitayle
And cirus there fyll in greate daungere
All vnpurueyed of drogemen or of guyde
To fostre his people vitayle was none there
Erringe as bestes vpon euery syde
And they of cithie gan for him so prouide
Wherof their quene god wote was full fayne
At greate myscheef that all his men were slayne
None of all was take to raunson
Nor he him silf escaped nat hir boundes
Such wayte was layde to theyr distruction
And he through percyd with many mortall woundes
On pecis rent as b [...]ers been with houndes
The quene comaundynge whan he lay thus to torne
To hir presence this body to be borne
First she hath charged to smyte of his hede
Whan she hath thus the victory of him wonne
And in a bath that was all blode rede
She ganne it throwe within a lytell tonne
And of despyte right thus she hath begonne
Moost tirauntly in hir wofull rage
To dede cirus to haue this langage
O thou cirus that whilom were so wode
And so thrustleugh in thy tyrannye
Ageyne nature so to shede mannys blode
So wuluysshe was thyn hatfull dropsye
That mercy non myght it modefye
Thyn etike ioyned gredy and vnstable
With thrust of slaughter [...]p to be vengeable
It is an horrour in maner for to thinke
So greate a prince rebuked for to be
Of a woman mannys blode to drinke
For to disclaundre his roiall maieste
Out gladly euer vengaeble cruelte
Bf right requireth with vnware violence
Blode shed for blode iustly to recompence
OF mighty cirus the imperiall nablesse
Was by a woman vēquesshed and borndoun
God made her chastise his furious wodnesse
And for to oppresse his famous highe renoun
For where vengeaunce hath domynacion
In worldly princes playnly to deuise
With vnware stroke god can theym well chastise
The ende of cirus can bere full well recorde
Howe god withstondith folee that been vengeable
Lordship and mercy whan they been at discorde
Right wil nat suffre their state to stonde stable
And for this cirus was so vnmerciable
He with vnmercy punysshed was in dede
Deth quyt for deth lo here his fynall mede
In slaughter and blode he dyd him moost delite
For in tho thweyne was his repast in dede
He fonde no mercy his vengeaunce to respite
Where he fonde mater any blode to shede
Such ioy he had by deth to se folke blede
And for the sight dyd him so moch gode
His fatall ende was for to swymme in blode
Lo here thexequies of this mighty kinge
Lo here the ende of his estate roiall
There were no flawmes nor brondes clere shynynge
To brenne his body with fyres funerall
Nor obseruaunces nor offringes marciall
Nor toumbe of golde with stonys rich and fyne
Was none ordeyned that day to make his shryne
Epithaphie there was none red nor sunge
Be no poete with their poetries
Nor of his triumphes there was no bell rung [...]
Nor no wepers with subbinge tragedyes
None attendaunce but of his enmyes
Which of hatred in their cruell rage
Cast out his cateyn to bestes moost sauage
Lo here of cirus the fynall auenture
Which of all asie was whilom emperoure
Nowe lyth he abiect with oute sepulture
Of high nor lowe he fonde no better fauour
Lo here the fyne of all worly laboure
Namely of tyrauntys which list nat god to drede
But set their lust to slaughter and blode to shede

Lenuoye.

RIght noble princes concidre in your sight
The fyne of Cirus pitous and lamentable
Howe god punysshth of equite and right
Tyrauntys echone cruell and vengeable
For in his sight it is abhomynable
That a prince as philosophers write
In slaughter of men shulde him silf delite
This sayde cirus was a full manly knight
In begynnynge right famous and notable
Nature yaue him semlynesse and myght
For in conquest was none seen more able
Tyll tyrannye the serpent deceyueable
Merciles his corage dyd atwyte
In slaughter of men whan him gan delite
Wherfore ye princes remembre both day and night
Tafforce youre noblesse and make it ꝑdurable
To gete you fauour and loue of euery wight
Which shall youre statys conserue and kepe stable
For there is conquest none so honourable
In gouernaunce as vengeaunce to respite
Mercy preferrynge in slaughter nat delite

Howe amilius for couetise slough his brother and Remus / and Romulus norisshed by a wuluesse

aFter kinge cirus bochas dyd espye
Two worthy brethren with facis pitous
Borne by discent to regne in albanye
Both of one fader the story telleth vs
The one of them callyd Amylyus
And to remembre the name of that other
Muniter I called was his brother
They hadde a fader which namyd was ꝓchas
Kinge of that londe the story doth deuyse
After whoos deth pleynly this the cas
Amilius for fals couenese
His brother slough in full cruell wise
That he vniustly by fals tyrannye
Might haue the kingdome alone of albany [...]
This albana by discripcion
Lyke as bochas affermeth in certeyn
Is a cite nat ferre fro rome toū
Set on an hyll beside a large pleyn
The beldinge statly rich and well beseyne
Stronge walled with many a rich toure
And ascannis was first therof fondoure
Which callid was in his fundacion
Albania for the grete whitnesse
The [...]e kinges after by succession
Named albonoys princes of greate noblesse
And by descent the story bereth witnesse
From kinge prochas recorde on bokes olde
Cam these two brethren / Rea ther suster tolde
Muniter slayne as made is mencion
The kinge occupyed by amilius
And rea entred into religion
For to be wympled in that holy hous
Sacryd to vesta with virgynes glorious
Therfore to a byde and be contemplatyf
With other maydyns duringe all hir lif
And this was done while she was yonge of age
By hir brother of fals entencion
That she shulde haue no maner heritage
Nor clayme no title in that region
Of hir kinrede by none accasion
But stonde professyd in virginyte
Tofore vesta and lyue in chastite
¶Yit natwitstandynge hir virginall clennesse
She hath conceyued by naturall myracle
Gan to encreace in hir holynesse
Whoos wombe aros in kinde was none obstacle
Ageyne such bolnynge auayleth no tryacle
But the goddesse for hir so dyd ordeyne
That she at onys had sonnes tweyne
The temple of vesta stode in wildernes
Where Rea had hooly the [...]ouernaunce
Of preesily honoure done to the goddes
With many straunge vncouth obseruaunce
But by hir brothers mortall ordenaunce
Hir yonge sonnes might nat be socoured
But cast oute to bestes for to be deuoured
But a she wulfe which whelpyd had late
To yeue theym soke dyd hir besynesse
By god ordeyned or by some heuenly fate
Theym to conserue fro deth in theyr distresse
For holy writ playnly bereth witnesse
God can diffende as it is well couth
Children from myscheef in theyr tendre youth
But in this while this sayde amilius
That was their vncle as made is mencion
Ageyne his sustre froward and furious
Made hir be sh [...]t in a full derke prison
And ther compleynynge the distruction
Of her two children borne to hir repreef
For very sorowe dyed at greate myscheef
These sayde children deuoyde of all refute
Beside a ryuer lay pitously cryenge
From all socoure nakyd and destitute
Except a wulues vpon theym waytinge
At whoos wombe full styll they lay soukinge
Vnto nature a thinge contrarious
Children to souke on bestes raueynous
But he this lorde of euery creature
Right as him list can both saue and spyll
And bestes which been rage of their nature
He can aduerte and make theym lye full styll
Tygres lyons obeyen at his wyll
The same lorde hath made a fell wulues
Vnto tweyne children hir biggys for to dresse
And while this wulues had theym in depos
There cam an herde called Faustulus
Behelde their soukynge and sawe theym lye ful clos
Which shepperde was of kinge amilius
Caught vp these children the story telleth thus
And brought theym forth with greate diligence
Vnto his wife that called was laurence
And she for loue dyd hir besy peyne
Theym to fostre tyll they cam of age
Gaue theym souke of hir brestes tweyne
Fro day to day of herte and hole corage
And they were called as in that langage
After the story that one of theym remus
And the seconde was named romulus
Of which brethern breuely to termyne
The toun of rome to [...]e origynall
Of fals disclaundre first began that lyne
The rote oute sought full vicious founde at all
Cleerly remembred for a memoriall
Their begynnynge grewe of such incontinence
As clerkes call incestus in sentence
Incestus is a thinge nat faire nor gode
After that bokes well deuise cūn [...]
As trespassinge with kyn or with blode
Or frowarde medlynge with hir that is a nūne
And th [...]s the lyne of rome was begūne
For slaughter murdre and fals robbrye
Was cheef begynnynge of all their auncetrye
Of couetise they toke their auauntage
Ligge [...]s of weys and robber [...] openly
Murdrers also of their owne lynage
And stronge theuys gate to their cumpany
Spoiled all tho that past theym forby
Vnder shadowe of kepinge their berstaile
All maner people they proudly dyd assaile
To sle marchauntys they had no conscience
And for to murdre folke of euery age
Wymen to oppresse of force and violence
In all that cuntre this was their vsage
Where they abode there was no sure passage
And these two brethren like as it is founde
Fonde first the maner of speris sharp grounde
A spere in greke callyd is quiris
And for that cause the sayde romulus
As bokes say and sothely so it is
He afterwarde was callyd quirinus
Which with his brother that callyd was Remus
Was in all thinge confederat and partable
That [...] was vious and dampnable
And a [...] i [...] [...] accordynge to their life
For lak of vertue they fyll in greate diffame
And atwene theym there was an vncouth strif
Which of both shulde yeue the name
Vnto the cite atwene ernest and gaine
After their names come to be called
Thus fyll the cas afore or it was walled
And therupon full longe lasted their stryues
Which shulde of theim haue domynacion
Shewynge their tilles and prerogatyues
Who shulde of theym yeue name to the toun
And regne as kinge in that region
There was no reason who shulde go beforne
Bycause they were both at onys borne
But to fynyssh their fraternall discorde
They haue prouyded atwene theym anone right
Thus condescendinge to put theym at acorde
Nouther by force oppression nor myght
Th [...]t [...] of theym sawe grettest flight
Of [...] flyenge high vpon [...]n hyll
Shulde name the cite at his owne wyll
Of this accorde for to be witnesse
They with theym ledde a full greate multytude
Throf to yeue adome of rightwisnesse
Both of wyse and of people rude
All at onys this mater to conclude
And to an hyll callyd auentyne
They been ascended this mater for to fyne
And bryddes sixe to remus dyd appere
By augurye as they gan procede
Called vultures ful feers in ther manere
But in noumbre the double dyd excede
That romulus sawe whan he toke gode hede
Wherof there fyll a greate contrauersye
Which of theym shulde preuaile on his ꝑtye
Thus first of all remus had a sight
Of sixe byrdes called vultures
And for to auaunce and preferre his right
He full proudly put him silf in prees
But romulus was nat recheles
His brothers clayme playnly to entrouble
Afforced his title with the noumbre double
¶Yit of his purpos one of theym must faile
Though it so be that they euer striue
But Romulus gan fynally preuayle
And to the cite he forth went blyue
And as auctours lyst [...]chone discryue
And in their bokes as they reherce all
After his name rome he dyd it call
An [...] all foreyns to exclude oute
And ageyne theym to make stronge diffence
First he began to wall i [...] rounde aboute
And made a lawe full dredefull in sentence
Who clymbe the wall by any violence
Outwarde or inwarde there is nomore to seye
By statute made he must nedys dye
This was enact by ful pleyne ordynaunce
In peyne of deth which no man breke shall
But so befell remus of ignoraunce
Which of the statute knewe no thinge atall
Of auenture went ouer the wall
For which a knight ordeyn in certeyn
The seyde remus hath with a pykeys slayne
His brother list [...]at in no maner wise
Ageyne the lawe to be fauourable
But assented parcell for couetyse
Vpon remus to be more vengeable
Of this entent to make his regne stable
That he alone might gouerne and none other
By no clayme founde nor brought in by his brother
And that the people shulde theym more delyte
There to abyde and haue possession
As olde auctours of romulus do write
Within the boundes of the same toun
That he deuised by greate prouision
In cumpas rounde so cronycles compile
A teritorye that called was asile
This asilum by romulus deuysed
[...]as a place of refuge and socours
Like a theatre with libertees fraunchised
For to receyue all foreyn trespassours
Theuys murderers weyliggers and robbours
By greate resort within the walles wyde
To fostre all brybours that durst no where abyde
And with fled people fro dyuers regions
The cyte gan to encrece and multyplye
And banyshed folke of straunge nacions
To finde refuge thidre gan theym hye
And thus by processe gan their chiualrie
F [...]st through tyrauntes recheles of werkynge
Tyll al the worlde obeyed their biddynge
Of wylfull force without title of right
They brought all people vndre subiection
A [...]leyme they made by violence and might
And toke no hede of trouth nor reson
And the first auctour of their fundacion
Was romulus that gadryd all this route
Within the cite and wallyd it aboute
And many day as made is mencion
He had this cite in his gouernaunce
And was the first kinge crowned in that toun
And regned there by contynuaunce
Full many [...]erys tyll the variaunce
Of fortune through hir fals enuye
In campania made him for to dye
Vpon a day whan it gan thundre loude
His name for euer to be more magnefied
Sūme bokes [...]ay he was rapt in a cloude
High vp in heuene to be stellified
With other goddys statly deif [...]ed
There to be stalled by iupiters syde
Lyke for his knightes as mars list prouide
Lo here of panymes a fals opinion
To cristes lawe contrarye and odious
That tyrauntes shulde by fals opprossion
Be called goddys or named glorious
Which by their lyue were founde vicious
For this pleyne trouth I dare it well tell
They rather b [...]en fendes full depe in hell
For but in erth their domynacion
Conueyed been by vertuous noblesse
And that their power and high renoun
Be set on trouth and rightwisnesse
Lyke their estates in prince or princesse
I dare afferme of theym both tweyne
For vicious lyuynge they must endure peyne
But whan they been feythfull of entent
Right and trouth iustly to mayntene
And in their roiall power be nat blen [...]
Wronges redressinge and pore folke sustene
And so contune with concscience moost clene
Such life more rathe than pompe of worldly we [...]ys
Shall make them regne in heuene aboue the sterrys
For which late princes vnderstonde atonys
And worldly princessys with all their greate riches
That their high hornys fret with rich stones
Towarde heuene their passage doth nat dresse
But vertuous lyfe charite and mekenesse
Whan they lyst pride oute of ther herte arace
That causeth theym in heuene to wynne a place
There is nomore straunge abusion
Nor tofore god greate ydolatrye
Than whan princes list catche affecion
Creatures falsly to deifie
Be collusion brought in by sorcerye
Nowe god defende all princes well disposed
With such fals craft neuer to be enoysed
And their iyen by none illusions
Be nat englued nouther with hoke nor lyne
Nor by no boytes of fals inspeccions
Wrought by cyrenes by drinke or medecyne
Which of their nature resemble to a shryne
Through richesse outwarde and beutye souereyne
And who loke inwarde be lyke a foule careyne
God of his grace amende all such outrage
In noble princes and saue theym from such werre
And theym enlumyne disposinge their corage
In such fals worship they nomore ne erre
Like to argus that they seen afcere
That no false fagynge cause theym to be blinde
Goddys nor goddessys to worship ageyne kinde
And though that romayns dyd worship and honour
To romulus by a constreynt drede
Lette no man take exaumple of their errour
But to that lorde whoos sydes were made rede
To saue mankinde and on a crosse was dede
Let men to him in cheef their loue obserue
Which can theym quyte better than they can deserue

Howe mecyus kinge of albanoys beynge fals of his othe and assuraunce / was drawen into pecys

NExt romulus with [...]erys albe sprent
Vnto Iohn bochas apperyd mecius
Of chere and loke and of his port faynt
His fall declarynge frowarde and despitous
And he was called eke sufficius
Lowe of birthe and simple in vpgrowynge
Of Albanoys tyll fortune made him kinge
Ageyne whoos pride the romayns gan warreye
Full mightely oppressinge his cuntre
And for kinge mecius liste theym nat obeye
They cast theym fully auenged for to be
Bycause his birth was but of lowe degre
And was risen vp vnto estate royall
They theym purpos to yeue him a sodeyn fall
Hasty clymbynge of pouert set on hight
Whan wronge title maketh him to ascende
With vnware peys of his owne might
A sodeyn fall maketh him to descende
Whan he list nat of surquedye entende
Fro whens he cam nor him silfe to knowe
Tyll god and fortune his pompe hath ouerthrowe
For this mecius of presumpsion
Thought ageyne romayns his pride myght auayle
Gan werre ageyne theym by rebellion
Was nat feerfull their noblesse to assaile
Tyll on a day was signed abaytaile
Both their ostys within a feelde to mete
To take their part whether it be soure or swete
That tyme in rome regned hostilius
A manly man and a full worthy knight
Tweyne him concludyd and kinge mecius
They tweyne to mete in steel armyd bright
For both batayls to trye oute the right
By iust accorde and therin nat varye
The party venquesshed to be tributary
And hooly put him in subieccion
Withoute entretynge or any more delay
And finally for short conclusion
Kinge hostilius the triumphe wanne that day
That albanoys coude nat say nay
But that romayns as put is memorye
By singuler batayle had wonne the victorye
Thus had romayns first possession
Of albanoys to obey them and to drede
Mecius yelded and sworne to the toun
Neuer to rebell for fauour ne for mede
But he was double founde in dede
Of his assuraunce and fals to their cyte
He was chastised anone as ye shall see
Ageyne Fidenates a cuntre of Itayle
Kinge hostilius for their rebellion
Cast he wolde mete theym in bataile
For comon profite and for diffencion
Both of his cite and of his roiall toun
And for to afforce his party in werkinge
Of albanoys he sent vnto the kinge
To come in hast with his hoole chyualrye
And tarye nat in no maner wise
But make him stronge to susteyne his partye
Lyke his behest as ye haue harde deuyse
But kinge mecius full falsly gan practyse
A sleighty treason and a couert wyle
Ageyn his promys the romayns to begyle
¶Yit he outwarde pretendynge to be true
Cam to the feelde with a full greate meyne
Lyuynge in hope to see some chaungis newe
That he on rome might auengyd be
And specially that he might se
Kinge hostilius of frowarde enuye
That day outrayed with all his ch [...]ualrie
First whan he sawe the romayns enbatailed
And fidynates on that other syde
Their wardys redy for to haue assayled
He couertly dyd on an hyll abyde
And to nor fro lyst nat goo nor ride
[...]or his persone put in Iupartye
But who was strengest to holde on that ꝑtye
Wherof the romayns fyll in suspeccion
Of [...]inge meenis whan they toke hede
[...]ill hostilius of highe discrecion
Through his knighthode put theym oute of drede
And gan dissinule of meenis the falshede
And to conforte his knightes of entent
[...]yde what he dyd was done by his assent
[...] was full loth that his chyualrie
[...] knowe theffect of me [...]nis treason
Which cause might in all or in partye
Full greate hindringe by some occasion
[...]o deme in him falsnesse or treson
Yit of trouth the story bereth witnesse
All that he ment was vntrouth and falsnesse
Thus of manhode and of high prudence
He to his knightes yaue herte and hardynesse
Made theym set on by so greate violence
[...]at he the feelde gate of high prowes
[...]n fydynates brought in so greate distresse
And so outrayed on force on euery syde
Tofore romayns that they ne durst abyde
And whan mecius sawe theym thus outrayed
By a maner of feyned fals gladnesse
Like as he had in herte be well payed
To hostilius anone he gan him dresse
Him silf reioisinge by counterfet likenesse
And for his menynge playnly was conceyued
So as he cam right so he was receyued
Thus whan mecius stode in his presence
With a pretense of feithfull stablenesse
And all thapport of trouth in apparence
He shadowed hath his expert doublenesse
Vnder sote hony couert bitternesse
Freendly visage with wordes smoth and playne
Though mouth and herte departyd were in twayne
But hostilius hath all his fraude espied
And his compassed falsnesse and treson
And therupon hath iustly fantasyed
A peyne accordinge I peysed of reson
Him to punyssh by a double passion
This to mene lyke as he was deuyded
A double torment for him he hath prouided
This was his dome and his fatall peyne
By hostilius contryued of iustice
his fete his armys atwene charettys tweyne
Naked and bare the story doth deuise
To be bounde and knyt in trauers wyse
Contrariously the horse to drawe and hale
Tyll all his body were rent on pecis smale
And right as he was cause of greate trouble
Founde ay in dede moost full of variaunce
Therfore his peyne was made in maner double
Right as him silf was double in gouernaunce
Fals of his othe of hest and assuraunce
And double in menynge as he hath ꝑseuered
So in his ende his membres were disseuered
His fete were drawe from the hede asondre
There was no ioynt with other for to abyde
Here was a legge / and an arme lay yondre
Thus eche membre from other gan deuyde
And for he coude holde in outher side
By fals pretens to outher party true
Him to chastise was founde a peyne newe

A Chaptre howe princes shulde of their othes and promises be true auoydinge all doublenesse / and decepcion

LO here the ende of double fals meninge
Whan worde and herte be contrarious
Othe and behest fals founde in a kinge
Of albanoys as was this mecius
O noble princis prudent and vertuous
Lette neuer story after more recorde
That worde and dede shuld in you discorde
For kinge mecius variaunt of corage
Whoos inwarde menynge was euen on treason set
Treynes contryuynge with a fayre visage
His thought his herte with double corde fret
By bochas called deceit and fals baret
Which vice descryuynge concludeth of reson
Fraude of all fraudes is fals decepcion
For with a face flaterynge and pesible
Pretendinge trouth vndre fals plesaunce
With his panteris perilous and terrible
Trappeth innocentes with grenys of myschaunce
I mene deceit that with hir countenaunce
Folkes englueth symple and recheles
And theym werreith vnder a face of pes
Puissaunce of princes famous and honourable
Hath be deceyued by this traitouresse
And folke moost prudent in their estate notable
Hath be distroubled by such fals doublenesse
And many a knight victorious of prowesse
Hath been entriked for all his high renoun
By treynes founde of deceit and treson
Deceyt deceyueth and shalbe deceyued
For by deceyt who is deceyuable
Though his deceyt be nat out parceyued
To a deceyuour deceyte is retournable
Fraude quyt with eraude is guerdon couenable
For who with fraude fraudolent is founde
To a defrauder fraude wyll ay rebounde

Of kinge hostilius that first weryd purpyll hewe consūpte with fuyleuene

wHat shulde I more of deceyte endite
Touchinge the fraude of kinge mecius
For I me cast nowe finally to write
The fatall ende of kinge hostilius
Which was the first as saith valerius
In rome cite that auctours knewe
Amonge kinges that weryd purpyll hewe
But after all his tryumphall noblesse
And many vncouth knightly high emprise
Fortune tappalle the pris of his prowesse
Made him to be in full frowarde wise
Recheles and slowe to do sacrifise
To Iubiter for which sent from heuene
He was consumpte with sodeyn firy leuene
Here men may se the reuolucions
Of fortunes double purueaunce
Howe the moost mighty of romayn champions
Haue sodenly be brought vnto myschaunce
And their outrages to put in remembraunce
Greate conquest turned to woo fro ioye
For a rebuke I sende theym this lenuoye

Lenuoye.

ROme remembre of thy fundacion
And of what peple thou toke thy begynnīge
Thy byldinge gan of fals dissencion
Of slaughter murdre and outrayous robbinge
Yeuynge to vs a maner knowlegynge
A fals begynnynge auctours determyne
Shall by processe come vnto ruyne
Where be thy emperours moost souereyne of renoun
Kinges exyled for outrayous lyuynge
Thy senatours with worthy Scip [...]on
Poetes olde thy triumphes rehersynge
Thy laureat knightes moost statly there rydynge
Is by longe processe brought vnto ruyne
Where is nowe Cesar that toke possession
First of the empire the tryumphe vsurpinge
Or where is lucan that maketh mencion
Of all his conquest by cerious writynge
Octauyan moost solemply regnynge
Where is bycome their lordship or their lyne
Processe of yerys hath brought it to ruyne
Where is tullius cheef lanterne of thy toun
In rethoryke all other surmountynge
Morall Senec or prudent sad Caton
Thy comon profit alwey preferringe
Or rightfull traian moost iustly in his demynge
Which on no party lyftnat to declyne
But longe processe hath brought all to ruyne
Where is the temple of thy proteccion
Made by virgil moost corious of bildinge
Images erect of euery regyon
Whan any lande was founde rebellynge
Toward that parte a small bell herde ryngynge
To that prouince the ymage dyd enclyne
Which by longe proces was brought to ruyne
Where is also the greate extorcion
Of consuleris and prefectys opprossynge
Of dictatours the fals collusion
Of decemvir the frowarde deceyuynge
Of all echon the odious rauyne
Hath by processe the brought vnto ruyne
Where is bycome thy dominacion
Thy greate trybutys thy tresours shynynge
The worlde all hole in thy subieccion
Thy swerde of vengeaunce all people manacynge
Euer gredy to encrece in thy ge [...]ynge
[...]o thinge by grace which that is dyuyne
Which hath the brought by processe to ruyne
In thy moost highest exaltacion
Thy proude tyrauntys prouyncis conquerynge
To god contrarye by longe rebellyon
Goddys goddessis falsly obeynge
Aboue the sic [...]rys by surquedous clymbynge
[...]yll vengeaunce thy noblesse dyd vntwyne
With newe compleyntis to shewe thy ruyne
[...] doun thy pryde and thy presūpcion
[...] pompous boost thy lordshipes encresynge
[...] thyn outrage and lay thy boost adoun
[...] false goddis playnly desyenge
[...] thyn herte vnto that heuenly kinge
Which with his blode thy sorowes for to fyne
Hath made thy raunson to saue the fro ruyne
From olde saturne drawe thyne affeccion
His golden worlde fully despisinge
And from Iupiter make a digression
His silue [...]en tyme hertely despreisinge
Resorte ageyne with will and hole menynge
To him that is lorde of the ordres nyne
Which mekely dyed to saue the fro ruyne
Though mars be myghty in his assencion
By influence victories disposynge
And bright phebus yeueth consolacion
To worldly princes their noblesse auaunsynge
Forsake their rightis and thy fals offrynge
And to that lorde bowe doun thy chyne
Which shed his blode to saue the fro ruyne
Venged mercurye cheef lorde and patron
Of eloquence and of fayre spekinge
Forsake his seruice in thyn opinyon
And serue thy lorde that gouerneth all thinge
The sterryd heuyn the speres eke meuynge
Which for thy sake was crownyd with a spyne
His herte eke perced to saue the fro ruyne
Castup of venus the fals derision
Hir firy bronde hir flateries renewynge
Of diana the transmutacion
Nowe bright nowe pale nowe clere nowe drepinge
Of blinde cupide the fraudolent mockinge
Of Iuno bachus proserpina Lucyne
For none but crist may saue the fro ruyne
Voyde of Cirses the bestyall poison
Of cirenes the furious chauntynge
Let nat Medusa do the no treason
And fro gorgones tourne thy lokynge
And let Sinderesis haue the in kepinge
That crist iesu may be thy medecyne
Ageyne such raskail to saue the fro ruyne
Of fals ydolis make abiuracion
To similacres do no worshippinge
Make thy resort to cristis passion
Which may by mercy redresse thyn errynge
And by his grace repare thy fallynge
So thou obey his vertuous disciplyne
Trust that he shall restore thy ruyne
His mercy is surmountynge of foyson
Euer encreceth without amenusynge
Ay at full eche tyme and eche ceson
And neuer waneth by none eclipsynge
Whan men list make deuoutly their rekenynge
To leue their synne and come to his doctryne
He redy is to kepe theym from ruyne
O Rome rome all olde abusion
Of Cerimonies falsly disusinge
Ley theym aside and in conclusion
Cry god mercy thy trespacis repentynge
Trust he wilnat refuse thy axynge
The to receyue to laboure in his vyne
Eternally to saue the from ruyne
O noble princes of high discrecion
Sithe in this worlde is none abidinge
Peyse coscience ageyne wyll and reason
While ye haue leyser of herte ymagenynge
Ye bere nat hens but youre deseruynge
Let this conceyte ay in youre thoughtes myne
Bexaumple of rome howe all goth to ruyne
Explicit liber secundus.

Sequitur prologus libri tercii

lIke a pilgryme which that goth on fote
And hath none horse to releue his trauaile
Hote drye wery and may finde no bote
Of wel cold whan thrust doth him [...]ssaile
Wyne nor licour that may to him auayle
Right so fare I which in my besynesse
No socoure fynde my rudenesse to redresse
I mene as thus I haue no fressh licoure
Oute of the conductes of Calliope
Nor through cly [...] in rethorike no floure
In my laboure for to refressh me
Nor of the sus [...]ers in noumbre thries thre
Which with Cithera on per [...]aso dwell
They neuer me gaue drinke o [...]ys of their well
Nor of their springes clere and cristalyn
That sprange by touchynge of the pegase
Their fauour lakkyth my makinge tenlumyne
I finde their bawine of so greate scarcete
To tame their tūnes with some droppe of plente
For polip [...]emus through his greate blyndnesse
Hath in me dyr [...]ed of argus the brightnesse
Oure life here short of wit the greate dulnesse
The heuy soule troubled with trauayle
And of memorye the glasynge br [...]tylnes
Drede and vn [...]ūnynge haue made a stronge batayle
With werynesse my sprite to assayle
And with theyr subtyll crepynge in moost [...]
Hathe made my sprite in makynge for to [...]
And ouermore the feerfull frowardnesse
Of my stepmoder callyd [...]
Hath a bastyll of forgetfulnesse
To stoppe the passage and [...] my reson
That I myght haue no clere [...]
In translatynge of n [...]we to q [...]e me
Storyes to wryte of olde antiquite
Thus was I set and stode in double were
At the metynge of feerfull weys tweyne
The one was this who euer list to lere
Where as good wyll gan me constreyne
Bochas taccomplisshe for to do my peyne
C [...]m ignoraunce with a manace of drede
My penne to rest I durst nat procede
Thus my silf remembringe on this boke
It to translate howe I had vndertake
Full pale of chere astonyed in my loke
Myn hande gan trymble my penne I felt quake
That dispeyred I had al moost forsake
So greate a laboure dredefull and importable
It to perfourme I fonde me so vnable
Twene the residue of this greate iourneye
And lityll therof that was begūne
I stode chekmate for fere whan I gan se
In my weye howe lytell I had rūne
Lyke to a man that fayled day and sūne
And had no lyght to accomplissh his viage
So ferre I stode abak in my passage
The night cam on derkyd with ignoraunce
My wytte was dull by cleernesse to discerne
In rethorike for lacke of suffisaunce
The torchis oute and quenchid was the lanterne
And in this cas my style to gouerne
Me to furthre I fonde none other muse
But harde as stone p [...]erides and meduse
Support was none my dulnesse for to guye
Pouert approchyd in staall crokyd age
Mercurye absent and philologie
My purs ay light and voide of all coynage
Bachus ferof to glad my corage
An ebbe of plente scarcete atte full
Which of an olde man maketh the sprite dull
And vnto purpos this auctour full notable
To his scolers there beynge in presence
Full demurly gan reherce a fable
With many a coloure of sugred eloquence
Theron concludynge the sūme of his sentence
Touchinge a strif which he dyd expresse
Atwene glad pouert and this blynde goddesse

A disputacion bytwene fortune and glad pouert.

QVod andalus whilom of fortune
In straight place there sat glad pouerte
Which resembled of loke and figure
A recheles woman moost ougly vnto see
At a narowe metynge of hye weyes thre
All to torne to raggyd and to rent
A thousand patches vpon hir garnement
She was hidous both of chere and face
And in semynge voyde of sorowe and drede
And by that wey as fortune dyd pace
And of glad pouert sodenly toke hede
She gan to smyle and laughe at hir in dede
By a maner scornynge in certeyne
Of hir array she had so greate disdeyne
Whoos frowarde laughter whan pouert dyd espye
Howe she of her had indignacion
She rose hir vp of high malencolye
Pleynly to shewe hir entencion
Without good day or salutacion
Doynge to fortune no maner reuerence
Vndre these wordes declarynge hir sentence
O thou fortune moost fole of folys all
What cause hast thou for to laugh at me
Or what disdeyne is in thyn herte fall
Spare nat adell tell on late se
For I full litell haue adoo with the
Of olde nor newe I haue none aqueyntaunce
Nouther with the nor with thy gouernaunce
And whan fortune beholdeth the manere
Of glad pouert in hir totorne wede
And kn [...]we also by countenaunce and chere
Howe she of her toke but lytell hede
Like as she had to her no maner nede
The which thinges conceyued and seyne
To pouert she answered thus ageyne
My scornfull laughter playnly was for the
Whan I the sawe so megre pale and lene
Nakyd and colde in greate aduersite
Scabbyd scoruy scalled and vnclene
On backe and body as it is well sene
Many a beest walke in ther pasture
Which day by day of newe thou doest recure
Hauynge no thinge to wrap in thy hede
Saue a brode hat rent oute of nattys olde
Full oft hungry for defaute of brede
Slepynge on strawe in the frostes colde
And where thou comyst as men may well beholde
For feer of the childre theym withdrawe
And many a dogge hath on thy staf Ignawe
To all estatys thou art moost odious
Men with the wyll haue no daliaunce
Thy felawship is so contrarious
Where thou abydest may be no plesaunce
Folke hate so dedly thy frowarde acqueyntaunce
That fynally I dare conclude of the
Where euer thou comyst thy felaweship men fle
Whan glad pouert gan playnly vnderstonde
The rebukes reherced of fortune
The rude resons that she toke on honde
Which frowardly to hir she dyd entune
As pouert were a refus in comune
By the repreuys that fortune on hir laide
For which pouert replied ageyne and sayde
Fortune quod she touchinge this debate
Which of malice thou doest ageyne me take
Be well certeyne touchinge my pore estate
I of fre wyll thy fauour haue forsake
And though folke say thou mayest men rich make
Yit I had leuer be pore with gladnesse
Than with trouble possede greate richesse
For though thou seme benynge and debonaire
By a maner counterfete apparence
Fatte and well fed with rounde chekys faire
With many colours of trouth as in pretence
As therof feith were very existence
But vnder all thy floures of fresshnesse
The serpent glydeth of chaunge and doublenesse
And though thy clothynge be of purple [...]
With greate awaitynge of many chamberer [...]s
Of golde and perle ech day chaungyd newe
Clothis of golde and sondry fresshe [...]tiris
And in thyn housholde ful many officeris
Yit I dare well put in Iupartye
With the to plete and holde chaumpartye
Thus glad pouert gan wexe importune
Of chere contrarye of loke and of language
Ageyne this lady which callyd is fortune
That of dysdeyne she fyll into a rage
Beholde quod she of pouert the corage
In wretchidnesse stondynge disconsolate
Howe ageyne me she is nowe obstynate
She cannat se howe she stant outrayed
Feare from the fauour of my felicite
Yit of pride she is nat disamayed
Nor list nat bowe f [...]r to obeye me
Though she be caste in mendicite
Ferthest abacke I do you well assure
In mischeef set of any creature
But truly pouert for all thy truaundyse
Maugre thy pride and thyne outrage
I shall the punysshe in full cruell wyse
To make the lou [...]e vnder my seruage
Which resemblest a dedely ymage
That were newe resyn oute of his graue
And yit of pride dar [...]st ayen me raue
But whan fortune had these wordes sayde
Glad pouert gan fall in greate gladnesse
And ageyn fortune with a so deyne brayde
She gan hir conceit out she wed and expresse
Fortune quod she though thou be a goddesse
Called of folys yit lerne this of me
From thy [...]eruage I stonde at liberte
But if I shall algatis haue adoo
With the in armys moost [...] and vengeable
Touchinge the quarell that is [...] vs two
There is one thynge [...] right confortable
That thy corage [...] and vnstable
And where an herte [...] deuyded
Victory in [...] prouyded
My lyf [...] nouther [...]
Nor the [...]
Though [...] langag [...]
Appropryd be to [...]
And in despite of thy presumpcion
I haue forsake of my fre volume
All the tresours of worldly vanite
Whilom I was as thou hast deuysed
Seruaunt to the and vnto thy tresours
But from thy daunger nowe that I am fraunchised
Sekynge of the nouther of helpe nor socoures
Manace kinges and myghty emperours
For glad pouert late nouther sone
With thy riches hath no thinge to done
For though thou haue enbraced in thy cheyne
Worldly princes and goodes transitories
And riche marchauntes vnder thy demeyne
Yeuyst to knighthode conquest and victories
The fadinge pali [...]e of laude and veynglories
But whan echone thy fauour haue recured
Than is glad pouert fre fro thy lure assured
Al thy seruauntes stonde vnder drede
Quakinge for fere of thy doublenesse
For nouther wisdome force nor manhede
Fredam bounte lone nor gentylnesse
May in thy fauour haue no sekernesse
They be so possyd with wyndes in thy barge
Where as glad pouert goth frely at his large
Thy manasynge doth me no duresse
Which worldly princes dreden euerychon
They may well quake for losse of greate richesse
But I glad pouert therof desire none
As flowe and ebbe all worldly thinge must gone
For after flodys of fortunes tyde
The ebbe floweth and wyll no man obyde
Flowe and ebbe to me both alych
I drede no thinge thy mutabilite
Make whom thou list outher pore or rich
For I no thinge wyll requere of the
Nouther lordship nor greate prosperite
For with thy giftys who that hath to done
Of chaungys braydeth ofter than the mone
Out of pouert cam first these emperours
That were in rome crownyd with laurere
Fredam and largesse made theym f [...]st victour [...]
Causinge [...] [...]ame to shyne bright and clere
Ty [...] couetise brought theym in daungere
Whan they of foly in their moost excellence
To thy doublenesse dyd reuerence
For whan fredam a prince doth forsake
And couetise put away largesse
And streytnesse into housholde take
And nygardship exileth gentylnesse
Than is withdrawe from their hye noblesse
The peples herte and playnly to deuyse
Of their seruauntis far well all good seruise
All such sodeyne chaungis in comune
In this worlde vsyd nowe fro day to day
Echon they come by fraude of fals fortune
Experience hath put atte assay
Loue / trouth / and feyth be gone ferre away
And if that trust with princes wyll nat tarye
Lit [...]ll merueyle though the people verye
For through thy chaungis of fraudolent fairenesse
There is nowe vsed in euery region
Glad chere out shewed with couert doublenesse
Vnder the courteyn of simulacion
So feere is nowe adulacion
That in this worlde may be no surete
But if it rest in glad pouerte
¶Yit of thy ꝑilous frowarde variaunce
I set no store truly as forme
For all thy frendship concludeth with myschaunce
With sodeyn mischeef of mutabilite
Which yeueth me herte to haue adoo with the
For suffisaunce in my pore estate
Shall to thy chaungys sey sodenly chekmate
Fortune with angre almoost dispeyred
Of these wordes toke full greate greuaunce
Pouert quod she which mayst nat be apeyred
But I nowe shewe ageyne the my puissaunce
Men wolde lytell accoumte my substaunce
O mighty pouert o stronge hercules
Which ageyne me puttyst thy silf in prees
Supposyst thou it shulde the auayle
Outher by force or by hardynesse
To haue adoo with me in bataile
Which am of conquest and of high prowesse
In armys called lady and princes
For there is none so mighty conquerour
That may preuaile without my fauour
Of these wordes pouert no thinge afferde
Answered ageyn thus playnly in sentence
Though I here haue spere shelde nor swerde
Nor choson armour to stonde at diffence
Pollex nor dagger to make resistence
But bare and naked anone it shall be seyne
Where thou with me darest wras [...]le on this playne
Which shalbe done vndre condi [...]on
That none of vs shall him silf withdrawe
But styll abyde of entencion
Tyll he that venquessheth ordeyned hath a lawe
Such as him lyketh ageyne his felawe
The which lawe shall nat be delayed
To be accomplisshed on him that is outraied
Of whose wordes fortune ageyne gan smyle
That pouert profred so proudly to assaile
And vpon this she stint a lytell while
And to pouert she put this opposayle
Who shall quod she be urge of this bataile
Or yeue dome iustly atwene vs tweyne
Of this quarell which we shall dareyne
I aske also another question
Touchinge thy profre of furious outrage
Where as thou putest a condicion
And a lawe with full proude langage
Where shalt thou finde pledgys or hostage
To kepe the promys which thou doste ordeyne
Therof to abyde the guerdon or the peyne
I mene as thus if there be set alawe
Atwene vs two or a condicion
[...]y suerte which may nat be withdrawe
As vnder bonde or obligacion
But there is nouther lawe no reason
May binde a begger if it be well sought
Whan it is preuyd that he hath rightnought
The sect of pouert hath a protection
From all statutes to go at lyberte
And from all lawe a playne exepcion
Than foloweth it if thou binde the
To any lawe that may contryued be
It were fraunde pleynly to endyte
Which hast rightnought thy ꝑty to aquyte
Thou art so feble if I cam therto
That thou were brought vnto [...]
For no power whan all that were [...]
Thou shuldest fayle to make thy fynaunce
Both destitute of good and of substaunce
And sith no lawe nowe thy persone [...]
It were foly with such one to Iupa [...]
If I wolde compulse the to wrake
To axe of the tresoure of kinge darye
On that party thou stondest ferre abak
My payment so longe shulde tarye
Indigence wolde the to varye
And if I wolde thy persone eke compare
To alisaundre thy sydes been full bare
And fynally thou stondest in such caas
Of myserye wretchidnesse and nede
That thou myghtest of reason singe alas
Both forsake of frendship and kinrede
And there is none dare pledge the for drede
Yit like a fole supprised with vaynglorye
Hopyst of me to wynne the victorye
QVod glad pouert I doubte neueradell
That the victorye shall pas on my syde
Pledge and hostages lett theym goo farwell
I axe nomore of all thy greate pride
But to the ende that thou wilt abyde
Pledge thy feyth albe that some men seyth
To trust in fortune there is full lityll feyth
And for my part in this high emprise
Syth I haue pledges nouther one nor two
More sure hostage can I nat deuise
But if so be the victory thou atteyne
Than yelde my body bounde in a cheyne
Perpetuelly lyke the condicion
With the to abyde fetred in prison
Than fortune lough more than she dyd aforne
Whan she sawe pouert so presumptuous
In his array all to raggyd and to torne
And had nouther rent londe nor hous
It is quod she a thinge contratious
Vnto nature who that can aduert
To a begger to haue a sturdy herte
And if I the venquesshed in batayle
It were to me no worship nor auaūtage
What shulde thy body vnto me auayle
The to enprison streytly in a cage
It shulde be a charge and a costage
Thyn empty wombe eche day to fulfyll
If thou mightest haue vitayle at thy wyll
And if I wolde my silf to magnefie
Tokyn of tryumphe after my chare to lede
Men wolde deme it a maner mokerye
And say in scorne take of that fole gode hede
Howe he a begger hath ouercome in dede
Faught with him for to encrece his name
Which conquest turneth to his disclaundre and shame
¶Yit whan I haue brought the to vttraunce
My power shadowed and my greate might
And thin outrage oppressed by vengeaunce
After all this as it is skyll and right
It shalbe couth in euery mannys sight
Oute declaryd the greate difference
Atwene thy feblenesse and my greate excellence
Than to represse thy surquedye atones
Cruell Orchus the tydogge infernall
Shall rende thy skyn asondre from the bonys
To shewe my power which is imperiall
And to declare in especall
Pouert recleymed vnto pridis lure
With me to plete may no while endure
And sodenly or glad pouert toke hede
Fortune proudly first began tassayle
And vnwarly hent hir by the hede
Demynge of pride that she may nat fayle
Throughe hir power to venquessh this batayle
But it may fall a drewry in his right
To outraye a geaunt for all his greate might
God taketh none hede to power nor to strength
To highe estate nor to highe noblesse
To square lymmes forged on brede or length
But to quarels groundyd on rightwisnesse
For out of wronge may growe no prowesse
For where that trouth holdyth champartye
God wyll his cause by grace magnyfie
Wherfore pouert stronge in hir entent
Light and delyuer voyde of all fatnesse
Right well brethed and nothinge corpulent
Small of dietie surfetis to represse
Ageyne fortune proudly gan hir dresse
And with an ougly sterne crull face
Gan in armys hir proudly to enbrace
Pouert was slendre and might well endure
Fortune was rounde short of wynde and breth
And wombes greate oppressed with armure
For lacke of wynde the greate stuf them slethe
And many a man bringeth to his deth
For ouermoch of any maner thinge
Hath many one brought to his vndoynge
Amene is best with good gouernaunce
Tomoch is nought nor ouer greate plente
Gretter richesse is founde in suffisaunce
Than in the flodys of suꝑfluyte
And who is contente in his pouerte
And grutchith nat for bitter nor for sote
What euer he be hath fortune vnder fote
Couetise put him in no dispeire
Wherfore pouert in herte glad and light
L [...]st fortune full high vp in the eyre
And hir constreyned of very force and might
For glad pouert of custome and of right
Whan any trouble ageyne hir doth begynne
Ay of fortune the laurer she doth wynne
Maugre fortune in the eire alofte
Constreyned she was by wylfull pouerte
That to the erth hir fall was full vnsoft
For of pouert the bony sharpe kne
Slendre and longe and lene vpon to se
Hit fortune with so greate a might
Ageyne the herte she mightnat stonde vpright
To signefie that pouert with gladnesse
Which is content with small possession
And grueth no force of tresoure nor richesse
Hath ouer fortune the dominacion
And kepeth hir euer vnder subieccion
Where worldly folke with their rich apparaile
Lyue euer in drede fortune wolde faile
The pore man afore the theef doth synge
Vnder the wodes with fressh notys shyll
The rich man full feerfull of robbinge
Ou [...] kinge for dred rideth forth ful styll
The pore a [...] large goth where him list at wyll
Strongly fraunchised from all debate and strif
The rich aferde alwey to lose his lif
Thus glad pouert hath the palme I wonne
Fortune outrayed for all hir doublenesse
Vpon whom pouert in hast is ronne
And streyned hir with so greate duresse
Tyll she confessed and playnly dyd expresse
With feith and handem all hir greate peyne
To abyde what lawe pouert list ordeyne
Andiin hast after this disconfiture
Fortune began to compleyne sore
But glad pouert which all thinge might endure
Charged fortune scorne hir nomore
For it was saide sith goo full yore
He that reioyseth to scorne folke in veyne
Whan he is lothest shall scorned be ageyne
¶Yit quod pouert though thou were despitous
Wordes rehersynge which were nat faire
Straunge rebukes full contrarious
And repreuys many thousend paire
Thou shalt me finde ageynwarde debonayre
For though a tonge be slaundrous and vengeable
To slaundre ageyne is no thinge comendable
Thou must concidre touchinge oure batayle
The ordinaunce and imposicion
That which of vs in conquest do preuayle
To bringe his felawe to subiection
He shall obey the statute of reson
And accomplissh of very due det
What lawe the victour list vpon him set
For which thou shalt the sayde lawe obeye
With circumstauncis of the condicion
By me ordeyned and no thinge ageyne seye
Make no grutchinge nor replicacion
Concidred first the fals opinyon
Of theym that seyn all worldly auenture
Of good and bad abyde vnder thy cure
Sūme poetes and philosophers also
Wolde in this cas make the a goddes
Which be deceyued I dare say both two
And their errour and foly to redres
I shall withdrawe in very sekyrnes
Vnhappy auenture awey fro thy power
That she nomore stonde in thy duunger
This lawe of newe vpon the I make
That first thou shalt al open in sōme pleyn
Euyll auenture bynde to a stake
Or to sum pelere where she may be seyn
To shewe exaumple to folke in certeyn
That noman shall lose hir ne discharg [...]
But such as liste with hir to go at large
Herof to make a declaracion
Touchinge thy might of euyll auenture
Thou shalt forgo thy domynacion
To hindre and harme any creature
But only folys which in thy might assure
They of their foly may fele greate damage
Nat of thy power but of thyn owne outrage
For thilke foolys which that list vnbynde
This wretch called vnhappy auenture
Of wit and reson they make theym silf blinde
Lyke as the worlde stode in fortunys cure
As though she might assure theym and vnsure
And theym dispose to welth or wretchidnesse
In their erroure hir callinge a goddesse
Such wilfull wretchis that theym silf betake
To put their fredom in hir subiection
Of god aboue the power they forsake
And submitte theym agen all reson
Vnder fortunes transmutacion
Their liberte full falsly for to thrall
Namely whan they a goddesse list hir call
With a dirke myst of variacion
Fortune hath clouded their clere naturall light
And ouershadowed their discrecion
That they be blent in their inwarde sight
For to considre and beholde aright
Howe god aboue put vndre mannys cure
Fre chois of good his reason to assure
The lorde enlumyned of his bountuous largesse
With mynde and wit his memoriall
Towarde all vertue his steppis for to dresse
Endued his reson for to be naturall
Of frowardnesse till he waxe bestyall
To binde him silf contrariously in dede
To serue fortune atwene hope and drede
Thus bestyall folke made hir a goddes
Falsly wenynge she might theym moost auayle
With hir plentees of habundaunt richesse
And sūme deme in their supposayle
With vnware chaunge she dare the greate assayle
Whoos trust alway medlyd is with trouble
And hir plesaunce includith menynge double
And sūme afferme that she may auaunce
Conquestis greate and disconfitures
And howe it lith also in hir puissaunce
To forther and hindre al maner creatures
And cal hir princesse of al auentures
The rich to enhaunce by roial apparayle
And by disdeyne to hindre the porayle
Whan she maketh moost fulsum hir profres
Hir blaundisshinge is farcyd with falshede
Whan hir richessis been stuffed vp in coffres
They been ay shet vnder a locke of drede
Wherfore ye rich of one thinge take hede
As your gadrynge cam in with plesaunce
Right so your losse departith with myschaunce
¶Youre gredy thurst tresoure to multiplye
Causith an etike of non̄suffisaunce
In you engendrynge a fals Idropsye
With a sharpe hungre of worldly habundaunce
Makynge of you a maner resemblaunce
With tantalus whan ye do deppest synke
Than is your nature moost thrustleugh to drynke
Who clymbeth highest on fortunes whele
And sodenly to richessis doth ascende
An vnware turne afore seen neueradell
Whan he leest weneth maketh him descende
Fro such chaungys who may him silf defende
But they that be with pouert nat dismayde
And can with litell holde theym silf appayde

Howe kinge hostilius worshippynge fals goddys was consumpte with fiery leuene

ANd while bochas gan muse in this matere
Considred first all worldly thinge must faile
With wepynge [...]yen there dyd appere
Princis that whilom were famous in Itayle
Which gan there fall full pitously bewaile
For more contrarye was their fallinge lowe
That they tofore had no myscheef knowe
For more vncouth is thilke aduersite
Namely to princes whan it is sodeyn
Which euer haue lyued in prosꝑite
Hauynge on fortune no mater to compleyne
Than of a wretch that lyueth ay in payne
Of custum causeth conceyued the sentence
Of Ioy and sorowe a full greate difference
Of Ioye passyd the newe remembraunce
Whan folke been fall from their felilicite
In treble wise it doth theym greate greuaunce
The vnware turne from their tranquilite
The vnsure trust and mutabilite
In worldly power which that they haue founde
Vnto their hertis yeueth a greuous wounde
But a wretch which in wretchidnesse
Hath euer lyued and neuer was partable
Of no welfare nor of wylfulnesse
Nor neuer founde fortune fauourable
His sorowe his myscheef been so customable
That of his paynes longe contynuance
Doth to his greuys a maner allegaunce
But to princes which sat so high aloft
A sodeyne fall is moost contrarious
And their descendynge wele the more vnsoft
In their tryumphes that thy were glorious
Recorde I take of kinge hostilius
Which in rome from his roiall stall
Whan he sat crowned moost sodenly is fall
It is remembred of olde and nat of newe
Of all rome that he was lorde and sire
The first of kinges that weryd purpyl hewe
And of that cyte gouerned the empire
Had of fortune all that him list desire
Tyll that he fyll in all his regalye
Into a frowarde dedly maladye
And of his paynes to finde allegaunce
To the temples he went on pylgrymage
His offringe made with deuout obeysaunce
Wherby sumdell his paynes dyd aswage
And he was restoryd of corage
Felt him silf that he dyd amende
To comon profite ageyn he gan entende
Vpon Talbanys regnynge in his glorye
To greate auaile of rome the cyte
Through his knighthode he had a greate victorye
After the which by full greate cruelte
He beraft theym fraunchise and lyberte
And made theym after through his high renoun
To be to rome vnder subiection
After his conquest the story doth deuyse
In his noblesse full statly and roiall
He gan make a riche sacrifise
To queme and please for a memoriall
After the rightes Cerymonyall
To Iubiter by full greate reuerence
Afore his auters with fires and encence
But for that he in his inwarde entent
By circumstaunces of his oblacion
Was recheles founde and also neglygent
By some frowarde fals affeccion
The goddys caught an indignacion
And sodenly descendynge from the heuene
He was consumpte with a firy leuene
His fals goddys might him nat auaile
Iupiter Saturnus nor venus
Let all cristen defye such rascaile
For to oure feith they be contrarious
And amonge goddys a thinge moost outraious
Is whan that princes blent in their folye
List erthly thinges falsly deifie
For vnto god is hatefull and odible
A withdrawynge of his reuerence
To magnifye thinges corruptible
With vndue honoure with fals concupiscence
Wherfore ye princes be ware of high prudence
Lest god vnwarly punyssh your noblesse
Make you in erth no fals god nor goddesse

Howe anchus kinge of rome was murdrid by Lucynyo by thassent of his wif

THinke on achus kinge of rome toun
Which was so noble shyninge in his glorye
Weryd a crowne full famous of renoun
Next hostilius as put is in memorye
Wan the palme of many greate victorye
But for all that with a full sharpe knyfe
He murdred was by assentinge of his wife
He loued hir best aboue eche creature
Considred nat hir flatere nor falsnesse
Hir double menynge vnder couerture
Falsly blent this princis worthynesse
To robbe and reue him of his greate richesse
Was hir laboure with counterfete plesaunce
In hir entent to bringe him to myschaunce
This anchus had a greate affeccion
Vnto his goddis to make sacrifises
And to augment the relegion
Of paganysme made in sundry wises
Through his manhode and circumspect diuises
Vpon Latynes rebell to his cyte
For comon profite he made a greate arme
One of their citees called polotone
He knightly wan maugre al their might
And whan he had of theym full victorye
He abode no lengre but anone forth right
Made al the people in euery mannys sight
As prysoners this romayn champion
Brought afore him bounde into the toun
Eke as I finde this anchus nolde cece
For comon profite in his affeccion
Their teritories to augment and encrece
In all the cuntrees aboute enuyron
Towarde the ryuere where tybre renneth
At the which place he lete edifie
A full stronge cite which called is ostye
But nat withstandynge all his worthynesse
He was depryued the story telleth soo
Of his kingdom and his greate richesse
By a foreyne called Lucynyo
His wife tarquild assented was therto
By whoos outrage and gredy couetise
Anchus was murdred in full cruell wise

Howe Lucynyo that murdred anchus was after murdred

tHus fro the whele of fortune he is fall
Lucynyo in rome is crowned kinge
And the romayns after dyd him call
Tarquyn the olde by recorde of writynge
Which hath ateyned by fraudolent werkynge
And by his subtyll forgyd eloquence
Vnto thestate of roiall excellence
He first ordeyned in his estate roiall
Turneis iustes in castellys and citees
And other playes called marciall
With many famous greate solempnytees
Sessions for statys and degrees
This tarquyn eke was first that dyd his peyne
In opyn stretys tauernes to ordeyne
Eke to preserue his cite oute of doubte
If their ennemyes lyst theym to assayle
He was the first that walled rome aboute
With myghty toures vnlykly for to fayle
And had also many stronge batayle
With Sabynes in their rebellyon
And made theym subget vnto rome toun
But for he was assented to depryue
Worthy anchus from his estate roiall
And after that toke tanquyld vnto wyue
Which slough hir lorde by treason ful mortall
God wolde of right that he shuld haue a fall
The lorde wyll nat which euery thinge may see
Suffre murdre longe to be secre
For Lucynyo for his greate offence
Touchinge the murdre of kynge anchus
Islayne was by sodeyn vyolence
Of two shipperdys the story telleth thus
Which of entent were contrarious
Atwene them silf by a fayned strif
To finde a weye to reue him of his life
For while the kinge sate in iugement
Vpon their quarel for to do iustise
Full sodenly they beynge of assent
Fyll vpon him in full cruell wise
And with an axe the story doth deuise
One of theym or any man toke hede
On two ꝑtyes roof the kinges hede
This thinge was done by the procurynge
Of two childre sonnes to anchus
Which were exiled by false compassinge
Of lucynyo ageyne theym moost yrous
To him their presence was so odious
But they them shope though they were oute of sight
Their faders deth to auenge if they myyht
For of nature blode wyll auengyd be
To recompence the wronge of his kinrede
In this chaptre like as ye may se
Blode shed for blode thus both dyd blede
By which example lete princes take hede
Howe murdre done for supplantacion
Requyreth vengeaunce for his fynall guyrdon

Lenuoye

THis tragedie by clere inspeccion
Openly declareth in substaunce
Howe slaughter of princes causeth subucion
Of realmys cytees put oute of ordenaunce
Of mortall werre longe contynuaunce
Blode by supplantynge shed of kinges tweyne
By exaumple here shewed fals murdre to restreyne
The fyne declarynge of murdre and fals treson
The dede horrible cryeth ay vengeaunce
To god aboue to cast his [...]yen doun
To punyssh this synne through his mighty puissaūce
For it is modre of myscheef and myschaunce
Wherfore ye princys do sum lawe ordeyne
Within youre boūdis thre vices to restreyne
The vice of sclaundre murdre and poyson
Where euer these thre haue aqueyntaunce
They bringe in sorowe and desolacion
Put at a preef by newe remembraunce
Of falshede vsed vndre faire countenaunce
Wherfore ye princes do youre besy peyne
Within youre boundys these vices to restreyne
God defende this noble region
With these thre vices to haue allyaunce
For sleaundre firste deuoureth high renoun
And sleeth gode fame throug fals dalliaunce
Harme done to late foloweth repentaunce
Wherfore ye princes doo a lawe ordeyne
To punyssh their malice fals tunges to restreyne
God hath of murdre abhominacion
And fals poyson doth to him displesaunce
There is no peyne in comparison
Condigne to murdre peysyd in balaunce
Wherfore ye princes make an ordenaunce
Within youre boundes of some preuy peyne
By due punysshinge fals murdre to restreyne
O noble princes prouide of reason
Ageyne these vices to make purueaunce
Of rigoure shewe due execucion
With your laboure and hertely instaunce
Let deth be guerdon for their fynall penaunce
To warne all other by constreynt of their payne
From these thre vices their corages to restreyne

Howe for the offence done to Lucrece by Tarquyn was neuer after crowned kinge in rome

tOuching this tarquyn of whō I nowe told
As myn auctor maketh mencion
He called was Tarquinius the olde
Which longe in rome had dominacion
Tyll his kinrede and generacion
For the offence done vnto Lucrece
Caused the kinges the names to cece
For his sonne which after dyd succede
For his outrages and his extorcions
And for many an other cruell dede
For his hatefull vsurpacions
His frowarde life and fals condicions
Amonge the people both styll and loude
He called was tarquinius the proude
Full obstynat he was in his entent
Ambicious taccroche greate richesse
Tyll that fortune wexed impacient
Ageyns him in all his greate noblesse
Gan hir snaris and hir crokys dresse
Thought she wolde but he kept him wele
All sodenly cast him from hir whele
A sonne he had full vicious as I finde
To all vertue moost contrarious
To be frowarde it cam to him by kinde
And of nature proude and despitous
Ageyne the people fell and malicious
Nat loued but drede for tyrannye of right
Is thinge moost hatyd in the peple sight
This proude Tarquyn the story is well couth
Ageyn Lucrece dyd a greate outrage
Oppressed hir beutye in his vnbridelyd youth
His trouth assailinge in a furious rage
For which his fadre and his lynage
Exilyd were and for this hatefull thinge
There was neuyr after in rome crowned kinge
Hir body corrupt she clene of herte and thought
By force assayled was hir Innocence
Oppressed hir beutye but hir spryte nought
Hir chast will dyd none offence
But entryd is into hir conscience
A great remors for all hir wifly truthe
To sle hir silf which was to greate a ruthe
And for that bochas remembreth pitously
Hir dedly sorowe and lamentacion
Write hir compleynt in ordre ceriously
Which that she made for hir oppression
I folowe must and make mencion
After myn auctour ꝑcell rehersynge
Touchinge hir wordes sayde in hir dyinge
All be it so by biddynge of my lorde
Rehercyd haue in my trāslacion
After Pierms here and there a worde
Of a full doolfull declamacion
By him remembred of entencion
For hir sake men might se and rede
What wifly trouth was in hir womanhede
And Iohn bochas list nat set asyde
But that he wolde reherce in sentence
Hir wofull compleynt and therupon abide
Of wronges done to hir Innocence
And though I can nat folowe his eloquence
I shall sue the trouth of rehersynge
As in substaunce theffect of his wrytinge
THe morowe next after this foule dede
Lucrece vproos with a full dedly chere
Oute of hir face gone was all the rede
And dirked were hir heuenly iyen clere
All clad in blacke after the manere
Of thilke folke which in especiall
Be wont to goo to festys funerall
All hir frendes beynge in presence
Husbonde fader with other eke also
By and by rehersynge in sentence
The circumstaunces of hirtely woo
And or that I any forther goo
Vnder hope my lorde wyll me supporte
What that she sayde I wyll to you reporte

The greuous compleynt of Lucrece vpon hir oppression

FOr as moch quod she as I Lucrece
Am by the lawe Ioyned in maryage
To the my lorde whoos loue shall ay encrece
Towardes the with all the surplusage
Of wifely trouth to endure all myn age
As humble subget with faythfull obeysaunce
Vnder thy lordship and thy gouernaunce
O Collatyn my lorde and true husbonde
Best beloued of hole affeccion
I wyll no more no quarell take on honde
Nor in no wise take none accion
Withoute that thou list enclyne doun
Goodly thyn erys to yeue me audience
To that I shall reherce in thy presence
Iniury done or any maner wronge
Ageyne my worship or myn honeste
By the lawe my sentence is made stronge
It toucheth you also wele as me
I am so hooly yoldyn vnto the
Thou art myn hede who cleerly can discerne
Lorde and husbonde my body to gouerne
Parciall causes in soth there may none be
Atwene vs twayne nor none disseueraunce
For sote and bytter ioye and aduersite
We must theym wey both in one balaunce
Counterpeyse oure sorowes oure plesaunce
Entermedle all thinge that stant in doute
Receyue oure fortune as it cometh aboute
There may atwene vs be no menynge double
But one herte one wyll and one corage
And as woman that stondyth nowe in trouble
Withoute polisshinge of any faire langage
I must disclose to you the greate outrage
Done vnto me and playnly it discure
Which to redresse lith holy in youre cure
For the mater to speke in wordes playne
A right oute serched and the trouth oute founde
As a iust cause vndifferent to tweyne
Towarde vs both the quarell doth rebounde
And more strongly oure mater for to grounde
Reherce I wil so that ye sauf it vouch
A mortall wronge which the and me doth touch
In a castell which called is Collace
Of which my lorde here hath the gouernaunce
Tarquyn the yonge cam into that place
I full disware to make purueaunce
Ageyne his comynge or any ordenaunce
Tofore nat warnyd of his officers
Sat vnpurueyed amonge my chamberers
Of entent to eschewe Idylnesse
We sate and span wollys soft
For she of vices is a cheef maistres
Where she is cherisshed and I set aloft
But of custome as I haue done full oft
I and my wymen duly as we ought
To auoyde slouth full besyly wrought
His entrynge was meke and debonayre
Benygne of porte of loke and of visage
With a precence of many wordys fayre
In whoos menynge was full greate outrage
His chere contraire vnto his corage
In this wise [...]here [...]e was receyuyd
Wherby alas I falsly was deceyued
Atte pryuie face as me thought it due
I him receyued at his in comynge
[...]oos vp mek [...]ly and gan him to salue
As apperteyned in all maner thinge
Vnto the sonne of a worthy kinge
And truly tarquyn for which I say alas
Me to be [...]aisshe stode in the same caas
A kynges sonne shulde of dutye
[...] to wymē wall and proteccion
Prese [...]e and kepe theym in all suerte
T [...]at no man shulde of no presumpcion
Doo them no wronge nor oppression
[...]a [...]he [...] dye than se theym suffre vnright
[...]uer [...]singe the office of a knight
[...] contrarye of knighthode he hath wrought
By fals outrage done ageyns me
Wronge weyes and crokyd menys sought
Of lawes tweyne to breke the liberte
And difface the auctorite
Of lawe Ciuile and naturall also
In my persone offendynge both to
First by his subtyll compassinge
He gan espye theserys of the place
And whan abed alone I lay slepinge
Lyke a lyon full sterne of loke and face
With his left hande my throte he dyd enbrace
And in his other helde ageyne all lawe
Me to oppresse a nakyd swerde I drawe
Thus afforsynge my wifly chastite
Ageyne knighthode he dyd this greate offeence
My lyfe my worship put in ꝑplexite
Hauynge no might to make resistence
Me manasynge by dedly violence
The tone of tweyne to dye in his entent
Or to auoutrye falsly to consent
Thus I stode sool atwene deth and dyffame
My body corrupt my sprite abode clene
My spousaile brokyn and my gode name
For euer disclaundryd that whilom shone full shene
Euyll fame of custome wil alwey waxe grene
Neuer dye the people so theym disporte
The worst of thinges gladly to reporte
Alas alas amonge my sorowes all
This one [...] the moost that doth my herte agrise
I am nat worthy that men me shulde call
Or haue the name in no maner wyse
For the offence which ye haue herde diuise
To be called in this wretchid life
Of Collatyn fromhens forth the wife
Myn iyen also be blindyd with dirkenesse
Only for shame to liftup their sight
Outher their stremys or bemys vp dresse
Of the cleer heuene to loke vpon the light
Nor I may neuer be of the noumbre of right
Of true matrones amonge theym ferre or nere
For to be rekened in their kalendere
Let myn Iniurye and this mortall cryme
Be so punysshed of right and equite
Withoute delay of any lenger tyme
That euer after it may exaumple be
Through all the worlde and eke in thys cyte
With such a peyne therupon diuised
That all auoutours may be therby chastised
And if it seme in youre opinyon
In this caas I shuld be vnpure
I wyll receyue iust punycion
And the peyne paciently endure
If it so stonde that ꝑauenture
Ye deme of reson that be so iust and stable
In this mater that I be culpable
Hir tale tolde whan they longe had mused
On this complaynt in their inwarde sight
Of trouth echon they helde hir full excused
Made albeheft with all their full myght
To auenge hir wronge and lucrece anone right
Toke a sharpe knif or they might aduerte
And roue hir silf euene through the herte

The compleynt of Bochas vpon the luxurye of princes as by exaumples of many diuers myschaū cys

bOchas in herte brennynge hote as fyre
Of very Ire and indignacion
Ageyne tho princes which in their desire
Haue fully set their delectacion
Their felicite and their affeccion
To folowe their lustys of fals lecherye
Frowarde spousebrech and of auoutrye
He writeth ageyne that seketh occasions
Places of lustes to haue their libertees
For to fulfyll their delectacions
And for to accomplissh their greate dishonestees
Deuise oute tauernes in borowes and citees
And sittynge there amonge their cumpanye
After the dede they boost of their felye
If any man pyntche at their outrage
Or theym rebuke for their transgressions
They wyll answere with frowarde fals langage
And for their party alledge greate resons
First howe it longith to their condicions
By right of nature as it is well couth
Frely to vse lechery in youth
Afferme also howe lawe of kinde is fre
And so afforce theym to sustene their partye
By exaumple of dauyd which that toke barsabe
And for hir sake howe he slough vrye
Dede manslaughter and fals auoutrye
For theym alledgynge ageyne right and reson
For dalida the luxurie of sampson
The storye also they frowardly applye
Howe for a woman prudent Salamon
The lorde offendynge dyd Idolatrie
And in difference of their opinion
Reherce these storyes for their exc [...]sacion
Of their errour therby a pryce to wynne
As tofore god lecherye were no synne
They nat considre in their entencion
Of these storyes of euery circumstaunce
First of kinge dauyd the greate contricion
Nor vpon sampson howe god toke vengeaunce
First howe he loste his force and his puissaunce
For his offence they haue nat this in mynde
Nor howe both his [...]yen were made blynde
Nor their resons they list nat to enclyne
For to conceyue in their discrecion
The spryte of wisdome heuenly and dy [...]eyne
Was take awey fro prudent Salamon
In chastisynge for his trangression
And some doctours a [...]erme ouermore
Howe salamon repentyd him full sore
The play of youth folke called lecherye
Sey it is a game of nature
And to susteyne and bereup their partye
Howe it sit well by recorde of scripture
Vnto euery lyuely creature
That stant in helth and in coraious
Of very kinde to be lecherous
Vicious reporte they haue in remembraunce
But vertuous thinge is ferre out of mynde
Flesshly lustes and lecherous plesaunce
In their desires be nat left behinde
Auauntynge lyenge they can of newe oute finde
And nowe a dayes they hold it curtesye
Othys horrible flateringe and rebaudye
In their auyce they take lityll hede
Vnto the doctryne of noble Scipion
Which commaundyd in story as I rede
To Masmysma full famous of renoun
Nat to touch by no condicion
Sophonisba fairest of visage
But it were by wey of mariage
Though she were borne of the blode royall
Hir youth was set to all honeste
Doughter and heire to noble hastruball
Duke of cartage the story ye may se
And for hir vertues of scinenyte
She weddyd was of birth as she was lyke
To kinge Siphax which regned in affrike
And for to preue the greate liberte
Which is in vertue conueyed by reson
And the fals thraldom of dishoneste
Of both to make a playn comparison
After the doctryne of Censoryn Caton
Shewed by him to folkes in comune
That vertue neuer is subget to fortune
Vertue conserueth mesure and reason
Considereth thinges afore or they befall
Taketh none emprises but of discrecion
And on prudence foundeth hir werkes all
Ay to hir counseyle attemperaunce she doth ca [...]
Warly prouydinge in hir silf withinne
The ende of thinges tofore or she begynne
This was the doctryne taught forth of caton
Lecherous lustys to put theym vnder fore
Grauntynge to vertue the domynacyon
[...]luk [...]p vices braunch crop and rote
Frute of goodnesse groweth vp so sote
Whan it is plantyd of youthe in corage
It neuer app [...]lleth in helth of his tarage
Caton of vertue was a cheef officer
Preferringe [...]uer comon commoditees
Tofore prophetes that were singuler
To enhaunce the comon in kingdoms and citees
Their wyttes peysed and their habilitees
Persones promotynge in whome it was supposed
That they in vertue were naturally disposed
Manly in herte he was ay to sustene
Indifferent trouth and all iustise
Flesshly delytes of folke that were vnclene
He was ay redy by rigoure to chastise
And set lawes in full prudent wise
For to punyssh flaterers and lechours
And such as were open auoutors
He had of wymen none opinyon
With theym to dele for lust nor for bewte
But if it were for procreacion
So stable he was founde in his degre
The boke redynge of Immortalite
Which plato made the trouth well oute sought
Therin concludynge howe soules dye nought
But lyueth euer in ioy or peyne
Thus wrote plato in his oryginall
Men may the body by deth full well constreyne
But the soule ay abideth immortall
For which this Caton stedfast as a wall
For comon profite to dye was nat aferde
Whan he him silfe slewe with a nakyd swerde
But to fortune afore his deth he sayde
O thou princesse of worldly godes veyne
To thy flaterers I neuer dyd abrayde
Thy fauoure is so fals and vncerteyne
That neuer I faught no fraunchise to atteyne
As for my silf no parciall singulerte
But all for profite touchinge the comōte
Ageyne cesat I made resistence
To conquere fredom to me and to the toun
Freely to eschewe his mortall violence
This worlde despisynge in myn opinyon
Oure fraunchyse thrallyd vnder subiection
Iustly forsakynge the variaunce of this life
My soule conueyed to be contemplatife
This philosophre this prudent olde Caton
Tendringe in herte comoū comeditees
Tofore his deth wrote of compassion
To theym that sat in roiall dignitees
Which had of vertue lost the lybertees
Princes besechinge that were luxurious
To take exaumple and folowe kinge Drusus
The which drusus by succession
Heire to augustus was next him emperoure
Set all in vertue his affeccion
And it to cherissh dyd hooly his laboure
To lust vnlefull he neuer gaue fauoure
And touchinge loue duringe all his lif
He neuer had lust but oonly to his wife
And in his paleys amyd of his royall see
Of noble princes dwellynge in rome toun
He axed was for all his dignite
What maner corage of temptacyon
Or what feruence or delectacion
Within him silf he had of louys play
Sool by his wife whan he a bedde lay
And like a prince fulfylled of high noblesse
Answered ageyne with sobre countenaunce
Touchinge such lust as foloweth flesshlynesse
Lyke as nature me put in gouernaunce
In one alone is set all my plesaunce
For with none other for no concupiscence
Saue with my wyfe I neuer dyd offence
Princes echon folowe nat the traas
Of noble drusus as ye shall vnderstonde
For sūme haue stonde all in a nother caas
Such as can holde two or thre in honde
Nowe here nowe there as botys come to londe
Nat considringe their crees nor disauayle
Whan newe fangylnesse bloweth in theyr sayle
Eke bochas writeth sūme princes haue be bounde
Which viciously haue done their besy peyne
Vertuous wymen by flatery to confounde
And tendre maydens to bringe in a trayne
Such manacis and tormentys to ordeyne
Theym to transfourme from their ꝑseueraunce
And interrupte their virginall constaunce
But of such folke that yeue no force of shame
Nor drede god such treynes to deuise
Husbondmen forsoth ar moost to blame
With foreyne wymen to trespace in such wyse
I trowe their wyues theym may ynough suffise
For many be feble their dettys for to quyte
Though they in chaunge theym silf falsly delyte
Sūme afferme for theym silf alledgynge
To such outrage that they haue licence
Frely of nature to vse theyr owne thinge
And in such cas to no wight doo offence
But frowarde is their errour in sentence
Fro bonde of wedlok whan they be so vnstable
And tofore god moost hateful and dampnable
For she that is trhough hir highe noblesse
Named of clerkes which cleerly can concerne
Doughter of god lady and princesse
Reson called to guyde folke and gouerne
Atwene good and euyll iustly to discerne
She hath departyd pleynly to conclude
The life of man from life of bestis rude
This lady reson sith go full yore
Gaue vnto man wyt and discrecion
Taught him also by hir souereyne lore
Twene vi [...]e and vertue a greate diuision
And he shulde in his eleccion
Vnto a [...] vertue naturally obeye
And in contrarye all vicious lif werrey
And to enprinte in his memoriall
Howe of luxure the greate dishoneste
Disfourme a man and make him bestyall
And disfigure of what estate he be
For whan that reson of high or lowe degre
Is fled awey folke may afferme than
He is like a best rather than a man
Wherfore lete princes that haue been defectyfe
To folowe their lustes of censualite
Shape theym by reason for to amende their life
And to conserue and kepe their chastite
Both of virgyns and wifly honeste
And to punyssh all tho that list laboure
The honest fame of wymen to deuoure
For whan a lechoure by force or by [...]maistrye
Defouled hath of virgynes the clennesse
Widowes opprossed and by auoutrye
Assayled wyues that stode in stablenesse
Who may than their sclaundrous harme redresse
Whan their gode name is hurte by such report
For fame lost ones can neuer haue his resort
A theef may robbe a man of his richesse
And by some mene make restitucion
And sum man may disherite and oppresse
A pore man from his possession
And after make satysfaccion
But no man may restore in no degre
Amayden robbyd of hir virginite
A man may also bere a castell doun
And bylde it after more fresshly to the sight
Exile a man oute of a region
And him reuoke where it be wronge or right
But no man hath the power nor the myght
For to restore the paleys virgynall
Of chastite whan broken is the wall
Men may also put oute of seruise
And officers remeue from their place
And at a day whan fortune list diuise
They may ageyne restoryd be to grace
But there is nouther tyme set nor space
Nor neuir in story nouther redde nor seyne
That maydenhede lost recured was ageyne
For which men shulde haue a conscience
Rewe in their herte and repente sore
And haue remors in their greate offence
To rauyssh thinge which they may na restore
For it is saide and hath been sayde ful yore
The Emeraude grene of ꝑfight chastite
Stolne onys away may nat recured be
And hard it is to rauysshe a tresoure
Which of nature is nat recuꝑable
Lordshyp may nat of kinge nor emperoure
Refourme a thinge which is nat refourmable
Rust of diffame which is nat inseꝑable
And maydenhede lost of newe or yore
No man alyue may it ageyne ros [...]ore
Romayns olde through their pacience
Suffred tirauntys in their tyrannyes
And in their cite to do greate violence
The peple to oppresse with their robberies
But to punyssh they set streyte espyes
On fals [...]utours as it is well couth
Wydowes to rauysshe and maydens in ther youth
Vpon this mater the story bereth wytnesse
Touchinge thexil of kinge tarquinius
Afore rehercyd by wrytinge full expresse
The hatefull deth of apius [...]laudius
For his trespas done to virgineus
The iugementys rehercyd and the peyne
And fro the offyce depryued bothe tweyne
Was nat the cite whilom desolat
Of Synachites for their ribaudye
Of one sichen which gan a greate debate
To heue accomplisshed his foule lecherye
Whan yonge dyna as bokes specifie
Went rechelesly walkynge vp and doun
To se the maydens of that royall toun
But whan Sychen this dyna dyd espye
Sool by hir silf walke in the cyte
[...]e began anone assayle hir by maystrye
And for to aforce hir virgynyte
Bycause she had no leyser for to flee
Whoos greate offence and transgression
The cyte brought vnto distruccion
Hir fader Iacob and hooly hir kinrede
Ageyne this Sichen gan inwardly disdeyne
Whan the furye of mars was moost to drede
To be venged they dyd their besy peyne
And specially hir worthy brethern tweyne
Fyll on the cyte Symeon and leuy
To auenge their suster and stroy it fynally
So mortally they gan with theym stryue
With their swerdys grounde sharpe and kene
Of male children they left none alyue
They were so vengeable in their furious lene
The Sychanytes might nat sustene
That day ageyne theym to stonde at diffence
So importable was their violence
For where that god list punyssh a man of right
By mortall swerde farwele all risistence
Whan grace faileth force goth awey and myght
Febleth of princes the magnificence
Chaunge their power into impotence
Reuerseth the kinges their statly regalye
Exaumple in Sichen for his fals auoutrye
It was an harde dredfull punycion
That one princis trespas in lecherye
Caused afore god that all a region
Destroyed was withoute remedye
This story tolde for to exemplifye
Whan noble princes to wymen theym submitte
Grace and all fauoure anone doth from theym flye
Of this mater what shulde I write more
In genesis the residue ye may rede
The deth of Sichen and of kinge Emor
And howe their kingdome destroyed was in dede
Of Sychanytes lo here the finall mede
Of lecherye and of his fals plesaunce
Which many a realme hath brought vnto mischa [...]
What shulde I eft rherce ageyne or write
The fals auoutrye of Paris and heleyne
Their wofull fall Guido dyd endyte
Poetes echon eke dyd theyr besy peyne
To declare howe only by these tweyne
The worthy blode for short conclusion
Of troy and grece cam to distruccion
But oft it falleth that moch habundaunce
Of worldly good with greate case and richesse
In folke that set all hooly their plesaunce
To folowe their lustys and frowarde wilfulnesse
Hath caused in londes greate mischeef and distresse
Whan vicious life their corages dyd encombre
Destroyed kingdoms and peple oute of noumbre
For whan the people through fals obstynacye
Is indurate to amende theym and correct
And wyll nat tourne theym from theyr lechery
But ay be red [...] their soulys to enfect
And vnto purpos my style I wyll directe
To exaumplifye howe Gabaa the toun
Was for his synnes brought to confusion
Whilom this people called Gabonytes
From beniamyn descendyd in their lyne
Were ay disposyd to folowe theyr delites
And of custome their wittes dyd enclyne
In worldly plente to floure and to shyne
And dempt alwey to theym it was moost due
Of wylfulnesse their lustys for to sue
In lecherye was set all their plesaunce
And in that vice they lad moost their lyf
Wherby they were brought vnto myschaunce
And many slayne by full mortall strife
Whan the leuyte cam forby with his wife
Full excellent of fetures and beutye
And toke his lodgynge within that greate cyte
He was full olde and she was inly fayre
He impotent and she but tendre of age
Through Gabaa makinge there repaire
The citesynes of importune rage
Shewynge the furie of their greate outrage
So longe that nyght hir bewtye dyd assayle
Tyll life and breth atonys dyd faile
Contagious the sclaundre and the diffame
In iudicum the story ye may rede
Which to reherce is a maner shame
To here the abusion of that foule dede
And howe the leuite amorowe gan take hede
With pitous chere and sawe his yonge wife
Tofore the gate depryued of hir life
He hent hir vp and layde hir on his asse
To noyse this cryme vpon euery syde
Though in such cas he myght doo no lasse
Toke a sharpe swerde and lyste no lengre abide
On twelue ꝑties he gan hir to deuide
And to eche trybe of iacob he hath sent
A certeyne ꝑtye to se their iugement
Which thinge to theym was hatefyll and terrible
And in their sight full abhomynable
And in all haste likely and possible
All of one wyll and one corage stable
On Gabynates for to be vengeable
They gadryd haue shortly to conclude
Tassaile that toun a full greate multitude
Whan they first mette atwene theym thus it stode
The twelue tribus were twyes put to flight
On outher ꝑtye greate quantyte of blode
Was shed amonge theym in that mortall fight
For sixty thousande who that coumpte a right
Were slayne there the story wyll nat lye
To auenge the sclaundre of fals auoutrye
Loo here the guerdon of the frowarde firis
In lecherous folke that wyll nat staunchyd be
That brent so hote through bestyall desiris
In Gabaa the myghty stronge cyte
Which was destroyed for his inequite
And almoost brought of beniamyn the lyne
Thrugh his offence to eternall ruyne
Eke for his feruent dronkyn lecherye
Olophernes by Iudith lost his hede
And all his host and all his chyualrye
Left the felde and fled away for drede
And he lay bathyd in his blode all rede
Thus thrugh thir vice if it be wele sought
Full many a prince hath be brought to nought
These sayde stories ought Inough suffise
If men wolde considre and take hede
The greate vengeaunces in many sondry wise
Which god hath take for this synne in dede
As in their bokes they may beholde and rede
Warnynges afore full oft put at preef
Howe they theym silf shal saue fro myscheef

Lenuoye.

tHis tragedye yeueth vs a grete warnynge
By clere exaumples of many folde reson
Howe many a prince for their misleuynge
And many rich roiall mighty toun
Many a cyte and many a regyon
Haue been euer sith full notable and famous
For synne of princes that were lecherous
The chose of god dauid the worthy kinge
Prophete of prophetes moost souereyn of renoun
On Bersabe for a sodeyn lokinge
To slee vrye caught occasion
For which he suffryd greate punycion
Chastised of god he and all his hous
For cause only that he was lecherous
Greate repentaunce he had and greate sorowynge
And made psalmys of greate contricion
With wofull teerys and manyfolde wepinge
To make a seth for his transgression
y [...]uynge to princis full clere direccion
For to eschwe the flaterye odyous
And the fals fraude of woman lecherous
Whe [...] was there euer of science or cūnynge
So renomed as was kinge Salamon
Yit wymen made him through fals flateringe
To foreyne goddis done oblacion
Which clipsed his honoure and brought his fame doū
That was in whilom moost vertuous
Tyll he through wymen fyll to be lecherous
Is it nat eke remembryd by wrytinge
Of israel howe the cheef champion
Which goddis people had in his ledynge
I mene the famous mighty stronge Sampson
That through his force torent the lyon
But dalida with terys plentuous
His grace bereft him and made him lecherous
Sichem was slayne eke for the rauysshinge
[...]f yonge dyna as made is mencion
His fader Emor brought to his endynge
Lost his riches in that descencion
And his kingdom brought to destruccion
Loo here the ende of princes vicious
Which theym dispose for to be lecherous
It is in erth one the moost ꝑilous thinge
A prince to be of his condicion
Eff [...]mynat his wittys e [...]lynynge
By fals desires of flesshly mocion
To put him silf vnder subieccion
And thrall his reson tresour moost precious
To the vnlefull lustys hatefull and lechorous
This is the sentence full pleynly in menynge
Where wymen haue the domynacion
To holde the reyne their hokys oute tastynge
That censualite hath Iurisdiccion
To entre on reson by fals intrusion
Werre ageyne vertue moost contagious
To be venquesshyd of lustys lecherous
It taketh fro men their cleernesse of seynge
Causeth greate sekenesse and corrupcion
And to all vertue it is gretest hindrynge
Maketh men seme olde as by inspeccion
Appallith their mynde and disposicion
Shortith their daies thinge dredfull and pitous
Whan they dispose theym to be lechyrous
Noble princes in your ymagenynge
Conceyue of wymen the fals decepcion
Namely of theym that loue but for wynnynge
And labour ay for your possession
Whoos sugred flatrye is fals collusion
Lyke to Syrenes with vois melodious
Enoynte youre erys to make you lecherous

Howe Cambyses assentynge to the murdre of his brother mergus / at the last slough him silf

AFetr the deth o [...] mighty kinge cirus
Next cam his sonne called cambyses
Heyre by succession full victorious
Which tofore bochas put him silf in prees
And gan his compleynt this is doutles
That they of Egipt in many vncouth wise
To sondry goddys dyd sacrifise
First vnto apys they dyd sacrifise
Callyd Serapys their gretest god of all
Regnynge in egipt moost o [...] excellence
And god of goddys folys dyd them call
And of his noblesse thus it is befall
Slayne by his brother which is a greate wonder
Seuered on pecis and full ferre cast asondre
And they of egipte made theyr ordenaunce
Vpon peyne of deth in their statute olde
A god to call him and do their obseruaunce
Within his templis like as they were holde
Wherof Cambices tofore as I you tolde
All the temples of that region
Cast him by force for to throwdoun
The temple of Iupiter to robbe it by rauyne
Called amon without excepcion
His knightes sente to bringe it to ruyne
But they echon for their presumpcion
With sodeyne leuene were smet and bete doun
Wherof Cambises in asye tho regnynge
Had this dreme as he lay slepynge
He drempt his brother that called was Mergus
Shulde in the kindom after him succede
Wherof in herte he were so enuyous
That he purposed of rancoure and hatrede
By some mene to make his sides blede
And that his purpos shulde take auayle
A magicien he toke to his counsayle
And he was holde a full greate philosophre
Collyd cometes full sleighty and cūnynge
To whom cambises made a full large profre
Of golde and tresoure to make him assenting
To execute this horrible thinge
And that he wolde in moost cruell wise
The murdre of Mergus compasse and diuise
And while cambices ordeyned this [...]eson
To sle mergus his owne brother dere
God from aboue cast his iyen doun
Him to punissh in full cruell manere
For he wexed wode who so list to lere
Caught a sharpe swerde and roue his thigh on twene
And sodenly he dyed for the peyne
For two causes god toke on him vengeaunce
As myn auctour bochas doth expresse
For his presumptuous and fals disabeisaunce
Spoilynge the godes of hir greate richesse
And for the frowarde greate vnkindnesse
To yeue assent to the contagious cas
Whan that mergus his brother murdred was
The deth of whom was cheef occasion
Of full greate werre stryues and debate
Eke fynall cause why all the region
Of mighty Perce stode disconsolate
For heire was none of high nor lowe estate
By title of right through his vnhappy chaunce
To be there kinge and haue the gouernaunce
For the magycien called cometes
Which slough mergus as ye haue herde expresse
To [...]e his brother called dropastes
And made him kinge the story bereth witnesse
Bycause that he resemblyd in likenesse
Vnto mergus of face and of stature
To crowne him kinge therfore he dyd his cure
The deth of mergus outwarde was nat knowe
Nor pleynly publised in that region
His body buryed and cast in erthe lowe
Of whom the murdre and fraudolent treson
The pitous slaughter wrought by collusion
And all the maner by processe was espied
So openly it might nat be denyed
And in what wise the noyse gan out sprede
Touchinge this murdre odious for to here
Whan that oropastes occupied in dede
The crowne of perce the story doth vs lere
There was a prince full notable and entere
Called hostanes than gan his wit applye
Of high prudence this murdre oute tespye
While that oropastes vnder a fals pretence
Of ꝑciens was receyued as for kinge
The seyde prince dyd his diligence
By inquisicion to haue knowlegynge
By what ingyne or by what sleighty thinge
The seide oropastes caught occasion
In stede of mergus to occupye the croun
On this matere he had a coniecture
That his title was nouther hole ne clere
The trouth to trye he dyd his besy cure
And to serch oute hooly the manere
He sought so ferre that he cam right nere
And in this cas lettyd for no slouth
Tyll that he had founde oute the trouth
The cas was this pleynly to termyne
He had a doughter full faire of hir visage
Which of the kinge was cheuest concubyne
By whom he thought to catch auauntage
And vnto hir he hath sent his message
Secrely to enquere howe it stode
Where that the kinge were come of cirus blode
And bad that she shulde secrely take hede
While that he slept to do hir besy peyne
With hir handes for to fele his hede
And to grope after both hiserys tweyne
And if it fyll there is nomore to seyne
Vpon his hede that she none erys found
To tell hir fader of trouth as she was bounde
This mighty prince hostanes knewe wel
Right as it is recordyd by scripture
Touchinge this cas howe it stode euery dell
Howe kinge Cambises of sodeyn auenture
By his lyue for aforfeture
Made of Oropastes the story seith nat nay
But his tweyne erys to be cut away
And herupon to be certyfied
He was desirous to haue full knowlegynge
Which by his doughter whan it was espied
Vpon a night lyenge by the kinge
Gropynge his hede as he laye slepynge
Full subtyll felte and toke good hede
Howe he none erys had vpon his hede
And to hir fader anone she hath declared
The secretnesse of this auenture
And for no fere nor drede he hath nat spared
Howe that it stode pleynly to discure
And first of all he dyd his besy cure
All the princes of perce lo [...]de I feere
To counseyle call to entrete of this matere
And whan they were assembled euerychon
Of Oropastes he tolde theym all the chaunce
And howe that mergus was murdred yorengon
As [...]re tofore is put in remembraunce
Whereupon to set an ordenaunce
And to redresse these wronges done toforne
Of ꝑce londe were seuene primes [...]rne
Of one assent in their entencion
[...]y bonde of othe they made their assuraunce
And a full secrete comunicacon
To put Oropastus from his roiall puissaunce
Which had all ꝑce vnder his gouernaunce
By a full fals pretence of heritage
For he was like to mergus of visage
These seuene princes of which toforne I tolde
All of one herte and by their othe Ibounde
Prudent and manly and of yerys olde
Haue sought a tyme Oropastes to confounde
And with their swerdes sharpe whet and grounde
Vnder couert in their apparaile
Cam of entent Oropastes to assayle
And in the palcis whom euer that they met
Or ageyne theym made resistence
All of accorde they feersly on him set
But the magicien that was there in their presence
Cam ageyn [...] [...]ym by sturdy violence
And at [...] gan theym so constreyne
That of the princis they haue I slayne tweyne
But fynally the tother princes fyue
Whan that they sawe their tweyne f [...]eris blede
In all the paleys they left none alyue
And kinge Oropastes quakinge in his drede
Full vnwarly or that he toke hede
Was slayne there guerdoned for al his might
Of pretence kinges that regne and haue no right

Howe Oropastes occupyed the crowne of Perce by Iniust title was murdred

For like thy moder if thou receyue me
And me accepte vnto thy presence
I must therafter so gouerned be
To tell my tale playnly in sentence
So that thou yeue me frendly audience
And if I be nat receyued in such wise
More strongly my tale I must diuise
This noble prince thys Corolian
Whan that he herde his moder thus compleyne
Full like a lorde and a knightly man
Gan hir enbrace in his armys tweyne
In louly wise there is no more to seyne
Sauf like a sonne of due and right
To hir he sayde ful like a gentyll knyght
Madame quod he be it to youre plesaunce
To here my conceyte as in this matere
With feythfull herte and humble attendaunce
I you receyue as for my moder dere
But and ye lyke benyngly to here
The ingratitude done in moost cruell wyse
To me of romayns I purpos to chastise
A sonne quod she touchinge their offence
Done to thy noblesse and their greate outrage
They shall by menys their trespasse recompence
And thinke thou art borne of their lynage
And suffre that mercy thy rigoure may aswage
And thinke of nature thou mayst nat wel with seye
Thinge for the which thy modre doth nowe preye
Thou shalt nat close thyn entrayles of pite
To the requestys of me and of thy wife
Nor gynne a werre ageyne thy cuntre
To stroye thy lyne by newe mortall strife
Thy children and me to make vs lose oure life
Weye in balaunce to romayns thyn hatred
Ageyns the loue of me and of thy kynrede
Sende home ageyne thy straunge soudiours
Which been so redy the romayns blode to shede
Lette stonde in pees oure walles and oure toures
Suffre thy grace thy rancoure to excede
So that thy pyte may put awaye all drede
And condescende to receyue for hostage
Me to be pledge for their greate outrage
Beholde the wombe in whiche that thou were borne
And se [...]lso my nakyd sydes tweyne
By which thou were fostred here toforne
If there were lacke thou woldist crye and pleyne
Remembre theron and at me nat disdeyne
But vnto mercy receyue this cyte
At the request here of thy wyfe and me
Whilom my mylke thy cherisshinge was and fode
To s [...]ynte thy crye whan thou dydest wepe
There sote dropys full holsom were and gode
Thy tendre youth for to preserue and kepe
And lyke a modere to bringe the a slepe
I woke full oft to the I was so kinde
Wherfore dere sonne on my requeste haue mynde
If that thou list this cyte nowe torment
Their demeritys by rigoure recompence
Punysshe me for theym and I wyll assente
To bere the gilt of their greate offence
But dere sonne let thy magnificence
Suffre of knighthode that mercy may in dede
Attempre thy right or thou to dome procede
Suffre romayns to lyue in quiete
Graunt theym pees ageyne their greate outrage
Some drop of pite let in thyn herte flete
And thinke thou art borne of their lynage
Loke vpon theym with mercifull visage
Which offre theym silfe as they shall fulfyll
Their lif their deth all hooly at thy wyll
Remembre of nature howe that the lyon
Sette aside his rage and his woodnesse
To theym that mekely afore him fall doun
His roiall kinde will do theym no duresse
Texemplyfye to knightly noblesse
With rigorous swerde thou shalt nomore manace
Theym that be louly yelde vnto thy grace
And whan this prince this Corolian
Had herde all that his moder list to seyne
He goth to hir in all the hast he can
Bespreynt with terys that on his chekys reyne
And hir enbracyd with his armys tweyne
And sayde moder there may be no lettynge
Me hole of herte to graunte youre axynge
The sege he made for to auoide awaye
And to repayre home to their cuntre
And with his moder and wife he was that day
With greate gladnesse and solempnite
Anone receyued into that cite
Lyke as fortune him neuer wolde haue fayled
But she sone after of newe hath him assayled
The gery romayns stormy and vnstable
Which neuer in one styll coude abyde
Ageyne this prince moost knightly and notable
For to conspire of newe they gan prouide
And banysshed him to Tuskan there beside
Where he was slayne within a litytell space
For he the romayns afore toke to grace

Howe Melciades duke of Athenys with smal noumbre venquesshyd [...]i C M ꝑciens / and after by his comonte that ay of custum desireth a chaunge of pryn­ces newe he was cheyned in prison and so dyed

AMonge other that put theym silf in prees
For to beweyle their greuous heuynesse
Cam of Athenys duke Melciades
Which through his manhode & famous high prowesse
And through his knightly renomed noblesse
Like as auctours his tryumphes lyst cōmende
Faught many a batayle his cite to defende
And of victories as it is compiled
For comon profite of that notable toun
Fought with a tiraunt that was tofore exiled
C [...]lled hippias which by fals treson
Had to kinge Darye made a suggestyon
Vpon athenys in all the hast he myght
To [...]ise all perce ageyne that toun to fight
Six hundred thousande acoūted was the noumbre
Of pereus armyd in plate and mayle
T [...]ym of Athenes by force to encombre
Echone assembled theym proudly to assayle
[...]ut this duke for no thinge wolde fayle
Melciades but knightly toke his place
With ten thousande he met him the in face
For both he was right manly and right wys
And of his handys prouyd a right good knight
Set vpon theym with so prudent auys
That they of perce for all their greate might
Were foure tymes put vnto flyght
By thilke duke if I shall nat feyne
And by the noblesse other knightes of tweyne
Themystodes I called was the tone
Whice of his hande as auctours list discriue
Was in a feelde prouyd on his fone
The manly knight in his tyme alyue
Which thylke day so proudly dyd stryue
Ageyne theym of perce and such a slaughter ma [...]e
That fynally the feeld they haue forsake
Cynegirus a knight eke of that toun
The same day thrugh his chiualrye
With blody swerde as he went vp and doun
Withoute noumbre in his malencolye
Slough ꝑciens bokys specifie
That for the tyme that they no refute cūne
Saue to their shippes for drede of deth the rūne
And there he wrought a straunge greate merueyle
As writeth bochas affermynge in certeyn
The gretest ship that bare largest sayle
With his right hande he gan it so restreyne
Lyke as it had be fastned with a cheyne
Maugre Perciens which dyd theym sore greue
That by no craft they coude nat make it meue
But whan that they none other refute wyst
Freely to escape out of his daungere
Tyll they his right hande hughe of by the wrest
But with his left hande he gan approch nere
And helde it styll an vncouth thinge to here
That he had force so great a ship to let
But than alas his left hande of they smet
¶Yit maugre theym whan he their malice seeth
All were it so that he had lost eche hande
The ship he helde styll with his teeth
That they ne myght departe from the lande
Lyke as their vessell had fall vpon sande
Causer that day myn auctour doth reherce
Two hundred thousande were slayne of them of ꝑ [...]e
And whan this singuler mighty champion
Cynegirus moost vncouth of corage
Had done this marueyle as made is mencion
Of very anguyssh he fyll into a rage
Lyke a beest furious and sauage
Ran aboute alas for lak of mynde
In bochas boke nomore of him I fynde
But in this processe after I behelde
Ay howe that fortune can hir frendys faile
For Melciades leder of that feelde
And gouernoure of all that greate batayle
Causynge victorye as made is rehersayle
Yit his people of malice and of yre
Ageyne his noblesse falsly gan conspire
They of Athenys set him in pryson
And in cheynes mightily him bounde
Vnkindly they yaue him this guerdon
For all the knighthode they in him founde
Yit had he suffred many mortall woūde
In their diffence and for their libertees
To saue their lyues their toun and their cuntrees
This was the ende of duke Melciades
Through the constreynt of his stronge bondes
Eke they exiled the knight Themystodes
Oute of their toun to lyue in the straunge londes
That was so worthy prouyd of his hondis
To shewe the chaunge and mutabilite
Founde in fortune and euery comonte

Lenuoye

THe stormy trust of euery comonte
Their gery corages and troubled cōstaunce
In this tragedye men may beholde and se
Nowe vp nowe doun as fortune cast hir chaunce
For they of custum haue ioye and moost plesaunce
In their desires vnstedfast and vntrewe
To see eche day a chaunge of princes newe
Corolian of rome a cheef cite
Was there protectoure through his mighty puissaunce
Venquesshed their ennemyes set theym in suerte
Brought in rebellis to their obeysaunce
But they ageynwarde of wilful variaunce
Banysshed him twyes and n [...] cause knewe
Saue for to se a chaunge of princes newe
The knightly nobles the magnanymyte
The police the prudent gouernaunce
Of Melciades duke of the cuntre
Where that athenys is cheef toun in substaunce
Whan he their comon ganne moost to auaunce
The more vnkindly in honoure that they grewe
Moost they were besy to chaunge him for a newe
Themystodes hauynge the souereynte
Of knightes all that barespere or launce
Durynge his tyme I take nomore on me
For comparisons doo oft tyme greate greuaunce
Sixe hundred thousande he put to vttraunce
Vnto Athenys neuer founde vntrewe
Yit they conspired his exile for a newe
What thynge may here floure in felicite
Or stonde stable by longe contynuaunce
In highe estates outher in lowe degre
Nowe flowe nowe ebbe nowe ioye nowe mischaunce
After fortune holdeth the balaunce
And specially fals feynynge and vntrue
Comons desire a chaunge of princes newe
Noble princes in youre prosperite
On sodeyne chaunges set youre remembraunce
Fresshnesse of floures of braunchis the beute
Haue ay on chaunge a tremblynge attendaunce
In trust of comons is no ꝑseueraunce
As wynter and Somer been dyuers of their hewe
So be they dyuers in chaunge of princes newe

Howe xerses kinge of Perce for his rauyne / and couetise was dismembryd in smale pe [...]ys

ANd tofore bochas full pitously wepyng [...]
For to declare his dedely heuynesse
Cam xerses next of Perce kinge
And gan compleyne his dool and his distresse
Which in thre thinges the story bereth witnesse
And as the cronycle cleerly can vs tell
All other princes in erth he dyd excelle
In high estate was none so greate as he
Nouther in richesse nor wordly habundaunce
Nor none that tyme of so greate dygnite
For as it is put in remembraunce
He had all Perce vnder his obeysaunce
Nor neuer prince as auctours do conclude
Hosteyed attonys with such a multitude
Space of fyue yere he had his ordynaunce
Seuene hundryd thousande people he dyd reyse
Dempte of fals pride ageyne his greate puissaunce
None erthely power might counterpeyse
But sūme auctours alowe him nat nor preyse
Bycause thay he people to encombre
Set all his trust to conquere with greate noumbre
But manly princes haue this opinyon
In multitude stondeth nat victorye
For knightly prowesse of euery chaumpion
Which manly [...]ast theym in armys to haue victorye
Enprentyd hath fix in his memorye
Marciall triumphes god ne doth nat shewe
In noumbre greate no rather than in fewe
This seyde xerses by recorde of auctours
Had also in cronycles as I rede
Thre hundred thousand straunge soudeours
Withoute other that were of perce and mede
Which gan the erth for to cure and sprede
Dried ryuers they dyd atteyne
[...]a [...]f doun hilles and made valeis oleyue
This was cheef conceyte of his fantasies
To haue all erth vnder subieccion
Thought his power raught aboue the skyes
Of surqu [...]dye and fals presumpcion
For as he dempte in his opinion
Howe in his power playnly that it lay
Fro god of heuene the heuene to take awaye
But thilke lorde that can the meke enhaunce
And from their seys the proude put doun
And namely theym that haue no remembraunce
To aduertise of wisdome and of reson
To knowe the lorde moost mighty of renoun
The lorde of lordes which playnly to compile
Wyll suffre tyrauntys to regne but a while
And one the marueyle that euer I dyd rede
G [...]est and vncouth playnly vnto me
[...]o howe yerses kinge of perce and meede
For to shewe a speciall singulerte
Oute of Asie ouer the greate fe
As saith myn auctour whom I dare aledge
Into Europe made a mighty bridge
Sūme men parauenture wyll therat disdeyne
And [...] is a marueyle nat credible
Yit craft in [...]aas to such thinge may atteyne
Which by nature semeth an impossible
And as to me it is a thinge odible
Thinges to inpugne autentike and olde
Which notable clerkes in their dayes tolde
These newe men that haue but lityll seyn
Nouther expert in craft nor in nature
For lacke of reson holde all such thinge veyn
Though that it be remembred in scripture
For euery maruayle and euery auenture
Is to straunge to him as I reherce can
That lacketh the cause wherof the grounde began
This seyde xerses had eke possession
By the title of his fader darye
Of all egipt as made is mencion
But they of grece were to him contrarye
Wherfore he cast no lenger for to tarye
This proude prince but mightely werreye
Lacedomynoys which wolde him nat obeye
But one that was callid Demeratus
Which of that cuntre had afore be kinge
And was exiled the story telleth vs
That tyme with xerses in houshold abidynge
Which loued that londe for all his exilinge
Gaue theym warnynge to saue them fro myschaūce
Of xerses power and all his ordenaunce
He wrote theym letters grauen in a table
All thenprises of xerses oute of doute
Of all his stuffe and people incomperable
And of his noumbre and his greate route
The which table cured was withoute
Full subtilly with wexe I planed playne
That of his sonde there was no lettre seyne
Thus was thentent of xerses first discured
Vnto the Grekis and all his fals werkinge
But in one thinge they greatly were assured
Of trust they had by experte knowlegynge
In Leonidas their noble famous kinge
Which amonge Grekys of prowesse & for sight
Was in tho dayes hold for the best knight
Of chiualrye called the lode sterre
The summe of knighthode yt shone so bright [...] shene
The berre vp both in pees and werre
And strengest pylere his partye to mayntene
The Grekys right hande their noblesse to sustene
Charbon [...]le of armys myrrour of policie
And surest capteyne a felde to rule and guye
And as myn auctour remembrethe in his boke
Howe in this caas he was nat recheles
But in all hast foure thousand men he toke
To let the weyes and comynge of xerses
And by an hyll called Thermophiles
Where perciens began first their viage
He knightly cast to stop their passage
The murdre of xerses outwarde was vnknowe
Nor howe artabanus had the treson wrought
Tyll afterwarde within a litell throwe
He had of newe forged oute and sought
Fals odious traynes that were neuer thought
Told artaxerses as he gan with him rowne
Howe darye cast to occupie the crowne
And howe the deth of xerses was ordeyned
Only by darye and by none other wight
Wherupon which ought be compleyned
Artaxerses prouyded anone right
The slaughtre of darie and so ageyne all right
This yonge brother in his Innocence
Was falsly slayne and dyd none offence
¶Ye wite by whom this treson was compassed
Twene brethren theyne to make diuision
The yonger slayne and no thinge trespassed
Moost redy wey to the destruccion
Of artaxerses for in conclusion
Whan the brethren murdred were in dede
Artabanus thought to succede
But artaxerses by pleyne instruccion
Of one that was called Baccarus
By toknes knewe the couert fals treason
Of this forsaide double artabanus
And howe that he by treynes outragious
Had xerses slayne as ye haue herde to forne
And darye appechyd wherby that he was lorne
But this vncouth straunge treson wrought
Whan artaxerses had knowlegynge
By greate aduys weyes he hath sought
Artabanus to brynge vnto rekenynge
But specially he dred him of one thinge
He feble was to bringe this thinge aboute
Of his seuene sonnes he had so greate doute
But for to accomplissh fully his entent
Full secrely this was his ordenaunce
To all the worthy he hath his letters sent
Dwellynge in perce vnder his obeysaunce
Withoute excuse or lenger attendaunce
Armyd echon and especiall
To come in hast vnto his court royall
Cause of their comynge was to him nat knowe
The kinges purpos was holden secre
And kept so cloos both from high and lowe
That to his menynge no man was pryue
Except the kinge sayde he wolde see
What noumbre of men if it come to nede
In his diffence he might gadre and lede
And amonge other cam artabanus
Vnto the court and list nat for to fayle
A man that was cruell and coragious
Full of sleightes in all his gouernayle
Which thilke tyme armed was in mayle
For he with him none other armoure ladde
Saue on his backe an haburion he hadde
Than artaxarses beynge in his strength
To him abrayde of fals affeccion
For that my mayle wanteth of his length
I wolde with the chaunge myn haburion
The tother hauynge none euyll suspeccion
Vngyrt him silf wolde no lenger byde
Both swerde and dagger cast theym ferre aside
And while that he threwe of his haburion
And with the mayle stopped was his sight
He beynge nakyd for short conclusion
The kinge oute pulleth a swerde kene and bright
And through the herte he roue him anone right
And after that of indignacion
Toke his seuene sonnes and cast theym in prison
Of their ende what shulde I more endite
Nor of their deth make degression
God may his vengeaunce a while respite
But murdre wyll oute and all such treson
And for artaban had a condicion
Falsly to murdre as ye tofore haue seyne
With vnware murdre he gwerdoned was ageyne
Thus euer murdre requireth for his wages
Sclaundre importable odious for to here
A worde diffamous moost foule in all langages
The sounde horrible by report to appere
A clyps duringe whoos derkenesse may nat clere
For this worde murdre moost ougly and vnfaire
By a rehersinge infecteth all the aire

Of Duke palantes and Spartenois werred th [...]m of Myssene for rauysshinge thir maydens

aFter the deth and fatall caas
And pitous murdre of artabanus
Next in ordre apperyd to bochas
A mighty duke callyd palantus
Sonne of a knight named arathus
Which was exiled though he no treson ment
Oute of his cite that called was Tarente
Vpon his exile he sore gan compleyne
Besechinge Bachas to gete him a space
Within his boke to write his greuous peyne
Albe though he whilom stode in grace
By glad aspectis of fortunes face
For she him reysed by fauoure of hir might
To Dukes estate from a pore knight
But [...]eriously this mater to conueye
Howe he was made duke and gouernoure
Whan Sperteyns gan mortally werreye
Ageyne Myssenys as sayth myn auctour
With greate cos [...]age and diligent laboure
And cause was this for they with mighty honde
Rauysshed by force all maydens of that londe
For this people nowe named Spartenoys
As the story cleerly can deuyse
Were call [...]d afore Lacedomynois
In armys prouyd manly and right wyse
And while they dyd a solempne sacrefise
Vnto their goddes the people of Messenye
Rauysshed their maydens or they it coude espye
On which wronge for to do vengeaunce
The Spartenoyse caught indignacion
And of assent with all their hole puissaunce
They layde a syege rounde aboute the toun
And of one wyll and one affeccion
They made a vowe the syege whan they begonne
Neuer to departe tyll the toun were wonne
Afore the toun fully ten yere they laye
And fro the syege as they had made their oth
They nat departyed nouther night nor daye
But styll abode and nat a sondre goth
Therof their wyues beynge at home were wroth
To theyr husbondes a messangere they sent
Vnder these wordes declarynge their entent
Sayd it was nat accordynge with reson
They lyke wydous to lyue disconsolate
Withoute confort or consolacion
Ferre from their husbondys to stonde desolate
Mischeuys considred that fall in eche estate
By longe absence which eche man shuld drede
Through diuers sekenesse that fall in womanhede
The tyde abide nat for no maner man
Nor stynt hir cours for no creature
And herde it is as we reherce can
Thinge to withstonde that cometh of nature
Harme done by kinde is frowarde to recure
And there is founde full lytell sekirnesse
Where as nature afforceth brotylnesse
This lytell sonde ought Inough suffise
To declare damage that may fall
By longe absence folkes that been wise
Sumtyme departyd ageyne men may nat call
That seldom is seen in loue doth appalle
And no thinge maketh more wyues erre
Than disseueraunce of folke that be in werre
This was the affect pleynly in substaunce
Sent to their husbondys which at the syege laye
Compleynynge they had had no plesaunce
Space of ten yere as in loues playe
But desolate in sorowe and greate affray
Their lyfe they ladde affermynge in sentence
Cause of their constreynt was their longe absence
And whan the letters were at the syege radde
Tofore the cite in all there mortall striues
They were astonyed and gan to wax sadde
And very wery almoost of their lyues
For to considre the compleynte of their wyues
Tyll their capteyne a remedye oute sought
By whoos counseyle euyn thus they wrought
First olde knightes that the syege sworne
It for to accomplissh and cast theym to be true
His counseyle was as they had hight beforne
To holde their promys and therfore no thinge rue
But yonge knightes that were come of newe
Myght as they lyst freely at their wyll
Chose whether they wolde goo or byde styll
And herupon for their moost auayle
In hast their capteyne as made is remembraunce
Of high prudence yaue theym their counsayle
That knightes olde liche their assuraunce
Shulde of the siege haue the gouernaunce
And yonge knightes moost fressh and welbeseyne
Shulde from the syege home be sent ageyne
They made amonge them a ful straunge ordinaūce
At their home comynge withoute difference
To entirchaunge their wyues for plesaunce
And take hir first that cam to hir presence
This was the accorde amonge theym in sentence
Moost redy way to their opynyon
To engendrure and procreacion
There was amonge theym quarell nouther stryfe
In this matere nor no variaunce
For euery man mysused others wyfe
To their desires as was to theym plesaunce
And thus children through this ordenaunce
That were engendryd the cas is thus befall
Parthenoys men dyd theym after call
Which in oure tunge to speke in wordes pleyne
After the greek who list considre and se
Is nomore pleynly for to seyne
Than thilke children which engendred be
In auoutrye wherfore in that cuntre
Parthenois of custum they were named
Borne of wombes which that were diffamed
The fals occasion of this auoutrye
Caused after greate myscheef and damage
That noman coude as for his partye
By succession whan he cam to age
By tytle of right cleyme his heritage
For where a lyne falsly doth procede
Harde is to knowe by right who shall succede
The disturbaunce of fals succession
And titles cleymed afforced with greate might
Where that auoutrie hath dominacion
And is supported of wyll and nat of right
And cleyme of trouth hath lost his clere light
Though their partyes myghty been and stronge
God wilnat suffre they shal endure longe
And Parthenoyse peisynge all these thinges
Howe fals assuraunce was in their synage
The gyntill blode troubled first of kinges
For no man knewe of high nor lowe parage
His owne fader by liklynesse of visage
Nor fader none by his greate erroure
Coude yeue no title to his successoure
Whereupon folowed a greate myschhaunce
Hatefull to here through the cuntre
Eche man troubled in his countenaunce
Who shulde cleyme by any lyberte
To entre his londe or to stonde fre
Such doubte they had eche man for his partie
So importable was their auoutrye
This greate myscheef who so taketh hede
By longe processe made theym to knowe and se
Howe they were able as by lyklyhede
For their outrages for fall in pouerte
And of assent they cast theym for to fle
Vnder a capiteyne by stronge and mighty honde
For that cuntre to wynne sum other londe
And as I rede they chase duke Palantus
Of whome I spake to gouerne the passage
Takinge no leue the story telleth thus
At their departinge begynnynge their viage
They were so confus of cheer and of visage
For there was none of that greate route
To chose his fader but that stode in doute
They helde theym silf very ashamed
And for shame oute of that londe they went
Lyke people disclaundred and diffamed
Through the auoutrye to which they dyd assent
And to a cite that called was Tarent
Which stant in Poile a mighty stronge cuntre
This duke palantus cam with his meyne
And there he put through his greate myght
The citezeines oute of that cyte
And gate Tarente full like a manly knight
And there abode in longe prosperite
As gouernoure and duke of that cuntre
Tyll that his pople by fals collusion
Him to depryue sought oute occasion
They him exiled whan he was fall in age
Lo what it is in comons to assure
Stormy of herte vnsure of their corage
That seelde or nouer their frendship doth endure
Men may to day their fauoure well recure
And to morowe let set it at a preef
They rathest hindre whan men stonde at mischee

Of Ceson Quincius exiled and Grac [...]us take prysonere

I Can nomore reherce of Palantes
Duke and leder of Parthenoys
But I wyll tell howe Ceson quincius
Cam tofore Bochas with a full pitous voys
His tale gan howe graccus prince of Equo [...]s
Both atonys gan their songe entune
Moost doolfully to pleyne on fortune
This mighty prince Ceson quincius
Compleyned f [...]rst as made is mencion
Howe they of rome were contrarious
And felly wrought to his distraccion
And full vnius [...]ly banysshed him the toun
And nat with standynge he was a dictatoure
Him to confounde they dyd their besy laboure
Cause of his exile compassed as I rede
That he was slough they seyde and neglygent
Him to defende touchinge appele in dede
Which ageyne him was brought of fals entent
Yit Cin [...]nnatus his fader by assent
[...]ayde for amendes as sey Crony [...]leris
Met oute of londe draught of thre arblasteris
¶Yit his enmyes wolde nat be content
[...] procede that he was exiled
Dyd [...]ytor [...]ion of his iugement
As in his story full playnly is compiled
[...] after neuer might be reconsiled
[...]hich I haue pyte to put in remembraunce
So lytell offence shulde haue soo greate vengeaunce
Grac [...]us of rome called Cloellius
Prince of Equois myn auctour seyth the same
Was in his tyme notable and glorious
And a greate duke full renomed of fame
But howe the peple of Equois toke first their name
Vnder support that no man haue dysdeyne
I wyll the processe declare here in certeyne
Iohn Bochas sayth there is a nacion
Which that first were called hunoys
And secondly also by succession
Of full longe tyme named anathois
And olderlast men called him Equois
Lyke as I trowe myn auctour seyth the same
Of hors moost swyft they toke first the name
And as it is remembred in sentence
By their manhode and famous hardynesse
Ageyne alisaundre they made a stronge diffence
On horsbacke through their greate swyiftnesse
Beside the hyll pleynly to expresse
Which in Cronycles is called Cancasus
This people of Equois were victorious
To their noblesse pleynly as I fynde
No thinge in erth was more expedient
In their conquest of Ethiope and ynde
As hors moost swyft seruynge their entent
Therby conquerynge all the oryent
So greate prowesse was in their passage
That Equois brought all Egipt to seruage
Thus where euer Equois dyd abyde
They gate greate good to their possession
And Graccus was their gouernoure and guyde
Which by his sterynge and fals suggestion
Ageyne the romayns fyll in greate rebellion
But to withstonde him they sent oute anone right
Cincinatus proued a full good knight
He was well trusted and knowe in the toun
And for his prudence chosen a dictatour
His liflode small and his possession
Albe he was a worthy werrour
Which hath venquesshed by his knightly laboure
The seyde Greccus for all his worthy power
And hom to rome brought him prisoner
Cyncinatus in his chaar was set
Callyd quincius for this greate victorye
And moost solempnely with senatours met
Which yaue to him for to encrece his glorye
Laude of triumphe to put him in memory
And Graccus after for his rebellion
With cheynes bounde cast in a derke prison
And there he dyed in full greate myscheef
After his conquestis first famous and notable
An euidence to vs and a greate preef
Howe fortune is ay fals and vnstable
Euer double frowarde and deceyuable
The fall of Graccus declare can full wele
That whilom sat so highe vpon hir whele

Here Bochas rehercith the tyrannye of Apius and falsnesse of Iuges

NAtwithstondynge Bochas tofore hathe tolde
Of apius the falsnesse importable
And his outrages and surfetys many folde
To be remembred hatefull and repreueable
[...]t as him thought it was here couenable
To more rebuke and spottynge of his name
[...]ewe to reherce his sclaundre and diffame
The greate offencys of thys apius
And oppressions that he vpon him toke
Made him growe so inly couetous
Through his rauyne that all the people quoke
As ye may se in the seconde boke
Where myn auctour doth cleerly specifie
His fraude in domys and his lecherye
Eke this tyraunt remembred ye may rede
Cheef iuge he was with other officers
Called Decemvir and through his pride in dede
Ageyne the custum of theym that were his feris
He made to be borne standardes and baneris
In other wise of high presumpcion
Than vsis were beforne in rome toun
These Iuges had a custum and manere
Lyke their estates in their gouernaunce
Eche after to haue borne a banere
Where they went such was their ordenaunce
By twelue sargeauntes noumbred in substaunce
But apius of pride and greate outerage
I chaunged hath that castum and vsage
He first ordeyned ech shulde in his place
Of Decemvir haue a banere borne
In their walkinge the people to manace
An hundred men of armys theym beforne
And twenty ouer by a statute sworne
Wherby the cyte bare greate coste in dede
And all the people were put in fere and drede
To see the sargeauntes walke in plate and mayle
They thought it was a merueylous werkinge
Iuges to go with such apparaile
In their procedynge as ech had been a kinge
And hole thentent of apius menynge
Was that he shulde of power and might
Do what him list were it wronge or right
The rightful punysshe and the gylty spare
Fauoure wronge for brybes and for mede
The peple oppressed stode in sorowe and care
Fonde no socoure to helpe them in their nede
Lawe was there none for reson laye by drede
Wyll was Iuge and plesaunt equite
And thus by maistry was gouerned the cyte
And as it is remembred by bochas
Apius was lecherous of nature
And caught a quarell as ye haue herde the cas
Ageyne virgynya a mayde clene and pure
And for he shulde no thinge in hir recure▪
Touchinge his lust hir fader in that strife
With a sharpe swerde made hir lose hir life
And for this tyraunt by fals rebaudrye
Caused hir deth by hasty violence
And for he shulde her beutye nat mastrye
Dyinge a mayde in hir chast Innocence
Therfore he was demyd in sentence
As is tofore made clere mencion
For to be cheyned and dye in pryson
Eke decemvir loste their power
And neuer in rome after bare no name
Nor of that sect was made none officer
And amonge all apius bare the blame
Whoos cryme reboundeth to his eternall shame
As ye haue herde who that can discerne
And than trybunys were chose for to gouerne
And in bochas lyke as it is founde
The sayde Iuges in myscheef dyd fyne
While apius laye in prison bounde
Exyled were all that other nyne
The gode the tresoure of theym and of their lyne
Achetyd was for short conclusion
To comon profite and encrece of the toun

Lenuoye

THis lytell tragedye doth shortly d [...]uise
What myschef foloweth for the grete vnright
Vsyd by Iuges in many sundry wyse
For whan fauour blynded hath their sight
And Innocence is borne doun with might
And in his quarell pouert may nat procede
Bycause that trouth oppressed is with mede
A iuge shulde of equite despise
To take gyftes of any maner wight
And redy be all wrōges to chastise
From all giftes turne away his sight
His handys close his erys stop aright
And be ay ware for frendship hate or drede
That trouth be nat oppressed with mede
The noble doctryne and vertuous emprise
Of philosophers that had so greate insight
Was this to iuges that prudent were and wise
For frende or foo their domys be so dight
Of rightwisnesse that the sonne bright
Eclipsed neuer list men for their falshede
Report that right was put abacke for mede
Noble princes supportours of Iustise
Called lode sterres to yeue the people light
On apius lette Iuges nat practise
That trouthis laumpe be clere both day and night
Youre office p [...]sed that longeth to a knight
Hol [...]up the balaunce of dome in your manhede
That lawe in iuges be nat corrupte with m [...]de

Bochas ageyne the vntruth of Iuges

SVynge vpon the deth of apius
And his rebukes for his greate outrage
Bochas by wrytinge wexe sūwhat yrous
Ageyne iuges fals and thought in his corage
They shulde be sad and demure of age
And their life by vertue shulde drawe
To kepe the preceptes and statutys of the lawe
They ought of reson theym silfe to habyle
To haue science of philosophie
And knowe their textys of canon and ciuile
And therupon their wittis hole to applie
For cūnynge Iuges by prudent policie
Cause of ordenaunces in lawe comprehended
Through rightfull dome greatly to be cōmended
Iustise of lawe doth rumys enlumyne
Susteyneth trouth supporteth Innocence
Of rauynours boweth downe the chyne
Punyssheth robbours for their greate offence
Sluggy traaūtes for theyr [...]
And feyned beggers that greatly dis [...] [...]
Constreyneth theym to laboure and [...]
Foundours of lawe by antiquyte
Caused in londes was suffred none errour
And made of princes the royall mageste
To shyne in worship by diligent laboure
Wrested corages of many conquerour
That their tryumphes no forther shulde atteyne
Than lawe of god and nature dyd ordeyne
Wyll was that tyme vndre subieccion
Of rightwysnesse by trouth full well conueyed
Sensualite was seruaunt to reson
And froward lust was vnder lok well keyed
Sentence of statutes was nat disobeyed
The rich dyd right through euery londe
Pore folk [...] lyued by laboure of their honde
Lordship that tyme auoyded mayntenaunce
Holy church lyued in persitnesse
Knigh [...]hode tho dayes for trouth whet his launce
And fals extorcion had none interesse
Marchauntes wynnynge cam all of rightwyssnesse
Artificers the werkday weere nat Idell
And besynesse of laboure helde the brydell
Wymen that age farced were nor horned
Nor their tayles were nat serpentyne
Wise men of foly nor clerkes were nat scornyd
Which in science moost fresshly dyd shyne
Lawe disherited none heires from their lyne
Lesyngmongers fonde that tyme no socours
And flaterers were made than no confessours
This golden worlde flourynge in vertue
Borneup by loue grounded on stablenesse
Of auoutry sprange oute none Issue
Princes with doctryne establysshed their noblesse
Preesthode in prayere knighthode in worthynesse
Eche thyinge by lawe stode vnder gouernaunce
Marchauntys by mesure and iust peis of balaunce
First phoroneus by diligent laboure
Fonde oute lawes that kinge was of argyues
The Grekis studye he gilt with greate honoure
This politike prince auoyde theym from stryues
His statutys kept durynge all their lyues
Foūde first the maner bochas doth deuise
Howe to Iupiter was made sacrifise
Eke mighty myn [...]s whilom kinge of Crete
Ordeyned lawes ageyne transgressions
To fere by rigour f [...]lys that were vnmete
And staunch of surfetes all occasions
Made for robbers mighty stronge prisons
And dedalus his cheef artificere
Made laborintus by diligent entere
And mercurie borne by the flode of Nyle
As writeth lattance was of egipt kinge
Vnto marchauntes dyd lawe first compile
Of weight and mesure to vs in chaffaringe
And for his wisdome and excellent cūnynge
Of olde p [...]tys that whilom were so wise
He called was god of marchaundise
Solon also the best lawes made
As valare writeth him silf to magnefie
Athenienses therof were full glade
His greate wisdom whan they dyd espie
They fonde therin so moch policie
And euer he was redy for to debate
Ageyne tyrauntes so sore he dyd theym hate
Kynge Ligurgus yit whilom dyd his cure
To make lawes to comon auauntage
And that they shulde ꝑpetually endure
He made his people be sworne of euery age
While that he went oute on pylgrymage
Fro poynt ta poynt to kepe theym in certeyn
Vnto tyme that he cam home ageyne
And for his lawes were of greate substaunce
And profitable to euery comonte
He chase to lyue in exyll and penanuce
Neuer to resorte ageyne to his cite
That his statutes by eternyte
Shulde nat be broke as ye haue herde toforne
By the conuencyon to which they were sworne
To comon profite had he such tendirnesse
That he forsoke his kingdome and kinrede
To lyue in exyle his story bereth wytnesse
But or he dyed as he lay bedrede
He bad his bonys shulde be cast in dede
Amyd these fer oute from the stronde
That his statutes myght in their strength stonde
He eschewed eueryche occasion
As a thinge hatefull which was nat fayre
That his forseyde royall myghty toun
Shulde breke their othe bycause of his repayre
But touchinge that he put theym in dispaire
Cast him neuer resorte in their dawes
List they wolde breke the sentence of his lawes

Here Bochas maketh an exclamacion of the extorcion of the officers of Rome

IOhn bochas hers maketh a digression
And by rebukinge cast him so tassayle
Thilke officers that were in rome toun
Which by extorcion oppressed the poraile
And ageyne Iuges also of Itayle
And namely theym that lucre or mede
Set trouth aside and toke of it none hede
He maketh ageyne theym an exclamacion
Such as to vertue were contrarious
And vnder coloure and occasion
Of their office list to be lecherous
Lyke condicion vnto Apius
And fynally as it was after sene
Fals in their domys and of their lif vnclene
O quod bochas o trouth o thou Iustise
Which in youre noblesse whilom dyd excelle
Where in effect is nowe your excercise
Where is youre wonynge alas where do you dwell
Of your practike full fewe men can tell
So ferre put backe is nowe your disciplyne
Youre kyn exiled and youre noble lyne
Aduocatys that nowe done occupye
Youre olde sees and places full royall
All to falshede their wittes they applye
Such couetise nowe regneth ouer all
Causes of ciuile and causes crymynall
Their domys take where they be fals or trewe
All after wyll by statutes chaunged newe
There been eke other called accessours
Syttinge by Iuges to yeue theym counsayle
Which may full well be called rauenours
For they nat laboure but for their owne auayle
A noumbre of robbers folowe at their tayle
To pylle the people as ye haue harde toforne
Bare as a shepe that is but newe shorne
There is nomore in this mater to seyne
Saue only this trouthstant desolate
And rightwisnesse dare to no wight compleyne
With wronge oppressed wepinge and desolate
Wherfore ye princes that sit in high estate
Such thinge to amende but ye better hede list take
God shall with you a full harde rekenynge make
¶Your office is in your magnificence
[...]wene man and man all wronges to redresse▪
And where a mater is ageyne conscience
Is to refourme only of rightwisnesse
To stonde by trouth maynteyne no falsnesse
And let wise counseyle such maters examyne
Or ye of hast theron determyne
Haue such thinges in youre mynde amonge
Thinke god wyll quite like as ye deserue
Ye spot youre noblesse if that ye do wronge
His swerde of punysshinge drede or it kerue
Let youre reson and conscience conserue
Your noble estates and thinke like your werkinge
The lorde of you wyll axe a rekenynge

Of Alcibiades exiled and after brent in his bedde

AFter other that put theym silf in prees
Tofore bochas their compleintis to discure
Cam of Athenys alcibiades
That t [...]me alyue the fayrest creature
And as it is remembred by scripture
He was discrete and was at all assayes
O [...]e the s [...]r [...]ngest and manly in his dayes
He was first borne of full high lynage
Aboue all other of moost semelynesse
Well proporcioned and hardy of corage
Loued and well sauoured for his greate fairenesse
Famous in knighthode for his worthynesse
Subtyll witted and coude by eloquence
Moch comprehendyd vnder short sentence
His wyt enclyned to many folde sciences
Had of cūnynge a passinge retentyf
Loued clerkes and fonde theym their dispences
Such as in practif he sawe moost inuentif
To rede in bokes reioysed all his lif
Kept what he redde in his memoriall
And of wise counseyle was none to him egall
An vncle he had I called perioles
Which stode in daungere of excessif spendynge
Yit in his youth this Alcibiades
Seynge his vncle pensif in lokinge
Cast of wisdome to remedye that thynge
And for to aswage his hertis heuynesse
Gaue him this counseyle by greate auisenesse
First to reherce howe the mater stode
And of vncles wofull highe distresse
There was to him delyuered a sūme of gode
To repaire the temple of a goddesse
Called minerua but for the greate excesse
Of his dispencis he stode sūwhat in drede
Touchinge thacoumpte which he muste yelde in dede
Alcibiades hereupon musynge
To his vncle gaue counseyle in sentence
Vncle quod he let be youre thinkinge
And for youre silf shape this diffence
Nat for tacoumpte by mene of youre prudence
Afore prouided with face and chere vnfeyned
To such duresse that ye be nat constreyned
And whan perioles his counseyle aduertiseth
Fonde to his worship it was resonable
And by good leiser him silf full well auyseth
And by prouision prudent and notable
Saued his estate from eche thinge repreuable
So that he stode touchinge this matere
As for accoumptis oute of all daungere
Alcibiades of athene cheef capteyne
From day to day waxe vp to greate encres
Such another was there no where seyne
Theym to gouerne both in werre and pes
And all the Cyte by assent him ches
Of their nauye in especiall
Vpon the se to be their admirall
For his knighthode they sent him oute aferre
To Cathenois to be their gouernoure
Geyne Ciracusenes for to gynne awerre
First there receyued with glorye and greate honoure
But in the ende of his greate laboure
Fortune that is aye varyaunt and vnstale
Was to this duke nat founde fauourable
He was accused to theym of the toun
Which in athenys had gouernaunce
That he was gilty in party of treson
By theym reuokyd for all his greate puissaunce
Of capteynship and by their ordenaunce
And fortunes fals mutabilite
Vnwarly pryued from all dignite
But for him silf thus he gan prouide
Went into exyll nat ferre fram that cuntre
Into a cite that called was Elyde
There for to haue fredom and liberte
And of his lyfe to stonde in suerte
For in athene they wolde haue him dede
Vnto their goddes to offre vp his hede
But whan he was of their entent certeyn
To Lacedomoyn he toke the right way
And by relacion there he herde seyne
Howe Cathemenses were put to a fray
In a batayle vpon a certeyne day
Which that they helde to their aduersite
Geyne Cathenoys as they faught on the see
But the cause of this disconfiture
As was tolde to alcibyades
Was by thre capteyns thrugh their mysauenture
Which in their ledynge were founde recheles
The cheef of theym named domestenes
The tother called the story telleth vs
The tone Niceas the tother Eurilocus
Alcibiades hauynge herof tydinge
To auenge his wronge put him silf in pres
Of Lacedomoyn he goth first to the kinge
Which of trouth was called Agydes
Besechinge him to graunte to his encres
Certeyne soudiours oute of his cuntre
For to werreye athenoys the cite
Thus he wax stronge of noble prouidence
Had greate people vnder his gouernaunce
And lyke a duke made stronge in his defence
The people gadred to his obeysaunce
That other princes which were of high puissaunce
Gan haue enuye of wylfull frowardnesse
And to malygne ageyne his high noblesse
For seeld or neuer in any region
Prowesse of armys nobles of cheualrye
Encres of riches report of high renoun
Fame of cūnynge in craft or in clergie
May nowhere dwell withoute sūme enuye
From whoos malice as folke expert may see
Saue only wretchis no man hath liberte
For which this prince as put is in memorye
Escaped nat for all his high parage
But that some enuyed at his glorye
For in this lyf no man hath auauntage
Ageyne tunges nor odious fals langage
To stop such venym this the best obstacle
That men with suffraunce tempre their triacle
The clere prowesse of Alcibiades
Steyned the nobles of other princes
His cure him reysed vp to so greate encres
To the heghest trone of fortunes hall
Such fatall grace is vnto him fall
That in tho dayes pleynly this is no fable
There was in knighthode none to him resemblable
In his exyll so cleere his renoun shone
And thrugh Grece gaue as greate brightnesse
As doth a tube aboue eche other stone
Yit for to clips and shadowe his worthynesse
Lacedomonois dyd their besynesse
Such as nat might to his noblesse atteyne
By fals reporte his renoun to restreyne
A wayte was layde to take him at myscheef
And many treynes were serched out and sought
Of entent to put him at repreef
But all that euer ageyne him they haue wrought
At the ende the purpos cam to nought
For god prouideth of his magnificence
Ageyne such malyce to saue innocence
He was likly to fall in greate daungere
Lacedomonois gan so at him disdeyne
Bycause his honoure and nobles shone so clere
That to his fone it was a dedly peyne
And thus his lif stode in no certeyne
For all be it he manly was and wise
He knewe no thinge their purpos nor malice
He had almoost I warned be to late
And like to haue stonde in greate ꝑplexite
And more his grace and fortune tabate
By thoccasion of his greate beute
He with the quene was waxen full pryue
For in hir grace so well stode there none
Which gaue him warnynge of theym yt were his fone
And by the counseyle only of the quene
Fro Lacedomoyne he wisly toke his flylght
Towarde athenys and thought he wolde seen
His owne cuntre full lyke a manly knyght
And though they hadde nat gouerned theym aright
Towardys him beynge in distresse
To auenge his wronge he dyd theym no duresse
For he thought it was ageyne nature
To be vengeable or shewe his cruelte
By thoccasion of any auenture
Or gynne a werre vpon his cuntre
His natyf blode meuyd him to pite
And of very naturall gentylnesse
Was deboneyre ageyne their vnkyndnesse
The cas was this for short conclusion
Howe kinge Dary with greate apparayle
Thought to werreye of indignacion
Theym of athenys and their toun tassayle
And in purpos proudly to preuayle
Thes [...]fferenes a prince of greate puissaunce
Of Daryes power had all the gouernaunce
Fynall cause and grounde of all this werre
That darius gan on theym so hastely
And that he sent his puissaunce from so ferre
For to destroye athenys vtterly
Was to holde vp and susteyne the party
Of lacedomoyne which of olde hatrede
Were euer enuyous theym to oppresse in dede
[...]ut by mene of Alcibiades
And his trete founded on prudence
Thesifferenes enclyned to the pes
Therby in party tappese his violence
And all was done of noble prouidence
And fro the place to which he was exiled
He to athenys shulde be reconcyled
Vnto the cite he dyd signefye
Howe darius had made his ordenaunce
And by his letters he gan theym specifye
If they wolde stonde at his gouernaunce
To condescende pleynly in substaunce
He wolde laboure and no lenger tarye
To make accorde atwene t [...]eym and kinge darie
This was the mene that he ment
Within athenys that the sanatours
Shulde of the cite after their entent
Haue full lordship and be their gouernours
But as clere weddyr troubled is with shoures
Right so vnwarly within that royall toun
Through this trete fyll a discencion
The cōmoners gan sodenly dysdeyne
To be so thralled vnder subieccion
And so by assent the comons dyd ordeyne
Oonly tappese all fals discencion
For to reuoke ageyne into their toun
Alcibiades as they thought it mete
Through his prudence to set theym in quyete
First in his comynge myn auctour doth reporte
He was made duke ageyne of that cite
And gan the party of comons to supporte
And theym restore to their olde liberte
Where thrugh the senat dredynge the comonte
Fled into exyll full ferre oute of all prees
Oonly for drede of alcibyades
They stode that tyme in so greate disioynt
Their toun deuided and oute of gouernaunce
That they were brought euene to the poynt
To yelde the cyte vnto the obeysaunce
Of lacedomoyn through their vnhappy chaunce
Within theym silf whan they gan debate
Vnder their duke the Senat bare such hate
But the comons ches in their dyffence
Alcibyades to gouerne that vyage
And to the see with cost and greate dispence
Withoute abode he holdeth his passage
In mighty shippes made for auauntage
Well enarmed and cast if he myght
With lacedomonois proudly for to fight
Thre mighty capteynes were on that other syde
The first zestro bochas telleth thus
And the seconde that was their lorde and guyde
Called Mydare the thryd pharbanasus
On the se and londe in armys full pompous
But of knighthode and magnanimite
Alcibiades toke theym all thre
Stronge was the fight or that they were take
Of all their meyne away there scaped none
The duke that day gan such a slaughter make
Of high prowesse vpon his mortall fone
Cast ouer boord almooost euerych [...]n
And after that whan he cam to londe
Anewe batayle met him on the str [...]nde
Such wayte was laide aboute him enuyron
Of his ennemyes by sodeyne auenture
But of athenes thys mighty champion
Which might in armys moost souereynly endure
Made of his fone a newe disconfiture
Thus in short tyme this prince in his estate
On londe and water was twyes laureate
And after that he lyst nat for to cesse
Nor tabyde the space of half a day
The comon profite of his toun tencrece
Towarde Asye he toke the right way
And touns castellys that were take away
Which apperteyned to athenys of right
He gate ageyne full lyke a manly knight
Maugre all that to him were contrarye
Or wrought ageyne him by rebellyon
Throughoute asye in the londe of darye
He knightly brought theym to subieccion
Ageyne whoos swerde halpe no proteccion
And fynall laboure was of his entent
The comon profite of his toun to augment
And with this glory and with this noblesse
He to athenys repeyred is ageyne
And all the cite with ioye and greate gladnesse
Cam oute to mete him vpon welfayre playne
And that his triumphes shulde openly be seyne
Both olde and yonge with full glad visages
Of their goddys brought oute the ymages
This was their cry and noyse of all the prees
Victorious prince whoos triumphes marciall
Shall euer be songe with laude and newe encrees
Tofore the goddys which been immortall
Welcom welcom oure protectour and oure wall
Sheeld of oure welfare ageyne all violence
Phebus of knighthode and swerde of oure diffence
Thus with thei [...] goddys they made him egal
By vncouth preysurge of paganismes rightes
Lyke as he had be very immortal
And sange refreytes to comende his merites
And to enhaunce his glorye they set all their delytes
And with the light of eternall fame
Set vp torches to enlumyne with his name
Thus certeyne dayes they halowed of entent
Through all the cite for his high prowesse
Tyll fortune hath his iyen blent
With newe fauoure of worldly fals swetnesse
For all hir suger is meynt with bitternesse
A baite of hony shad oute at pryme face
With mortall venym hyd vnder to manace
For in his highest clymbynge vp aloft
And in thascence of fortunes whele
After hir custome as she hath full ofte
Whan he best wende for to stonde wele
She drewe hir fauour from him euerydele
Made the people vnder his obeysaunce
To fall in myscheef for lacke of gouernaunce
Thus fro this duke fortune gan to varye
And his noblesse goo bak and eke faile
Whan kinge Cirus successoure to darye
Full vnwarly fyll on him in batayle
And gan his knightes proudly to assayle
Whan he dispurueyed voyde of prouidence
Was ouerlayde to make resistence
For finally this alcibiades
At myscheef take which he might nat recure
Whan through veyne glorye he was made recheles
His noble estate testablisshe and assure
Lacke of forsight caused his disconfiture
And to encrees of more aduersite
Banysshed ageyne oute of his cite
Thus diffacyd and clypsyd was his glorye
His cyte put in straunge gouernaunce
By lacedomonois after their victorye
So that he knewe no maner cheuisaunce
To refourme his vnhappy chaunce
Saue to refute myn auctoure doth reherce
Howe that he fled vnto the kinge of perce
From athenys of newe he was exiled
And thritty persones furious and vengeable
Chase in their cite as bochas hath compyled
The toun gouerned albe they were nat able
Vsinge a maner hatefull and repreuable
Through their rauyne temporisshe their cite
A thinge moost odyous to all comonte
A worme of drede was bred vp in their herte
Which suffred nat theym to lyue in pees
Amonge theym silf whan they dyd aduerte
The greate prudence of alcibyades
Howe in manhode he was peerles
Lyst he wolde after for all their multitude
Knightly acquite their ingratitude
And of assent to abrydge his lyue dayes
They ageyne him of malyce haue conspired
After his exill to make no delayes
For to accomplyssh that they longe haue desired
With brennynge hate their hertys falsly fyred
To murdre by enuye causes ageyne right
Alcibiades the noble worthy knyght
Thus the tyme approched and the date
T [...]me afore set by constellacion
Of his parodye and his lyues fate
Which was con [...]luded as made is mencion
By cruell murdre to his distruccion
Alas what prince with golde or soudiours
[...]ay [...] prouyde agayne fals conspiratours
Fortune of newe gan at him enchace
From her traynes that he ne scape might
Dayly pursued from place aye vnto place
Through perce & meede though he were oute of sight
Till that his ennemyes fyll on him by night
Slepinge alas to sone they were sped
Whan they him fonde they brent him in his bed
T [...]us by murdre their purpos was acheuyd
Alas it was to horrible a dede
[...] good a knight so wele in armys preuyd
So [...]o [...]ed so famous in manhede
For to be brent amonge the coles rede
[...] vnwarly in his bed I take
And so confirmed amonge the coles blake
This was the ende of alcibiades
Which in k [...]ighthode was moost souereyne
In werre a lyon and a lambe in pees
As [...]ars victorious his sate so dyd ordeyne
To [...]amys paleys he fleeth with wynges tweyne
Sone to Mynarua to speke of high prudence
And lyke mercurye by notable eloquence

Here Bochas maketh an exclamacion vpon the deth of Alcibiades

O Fatall sustren which span the lyues threde
So shorte a terme why dyd ye determyne
To suffre him brenne amonge the coles rede
Ye were to hasty to breke and vntwyne
His web of knighthode yt thrugh the world dyd shyne
And cast of noblesse his bemys oute so clere
Alas that euer he fyll in your daungere
Oute on Stix and on attrapos
That haue of malyce slayne so good a knight
Oute on you thre that kepe youre silf so clos
Doughter I called of the derke night
And thou le [...]ū that queyntest eke the light
Of alcibiades myrroure and lanterne
To speke in knighthode howe men shulde thē goūne
Ye sle the worthy and wretchis ye do spare
Torcites lyueth hector is slayne in dede
Youre funeral smokis maketh realmes nowe so bare
To race vp Cedrys their braunches may nat sprede
Ye palle the laurer ye make the firses sede
Full lytell thanke in kingdoms ye deserue
Caytifs to fostre and do the worthy sterue
Alcibiades is passed in to fate
Light of knighthode light clipsyd in the shade
The par [...]as susterne to sone set his date
Of his high noblesse to make the laurer fade
Lacedomonois of his deth were glade
Funerall fire his body hath diffred
For high prowesse his soule stellefied

Lenuoye

ALas this tragedye doth myn herte blede
My penne quaketh of ruth and of pyte
In my wrytynge whan that I take hede
To see the straunge feerfull diuersite
Of all worldly vnsure felicite
Howe from their sees shortly to comprehende
Frowarde fortune doth princes doun descende
Alcibiades of corage and of manhede
As is reherced in bokes ye may se
Of gentylnesse and of goodlihede
Of semelynesse of fredom of bountye
Of high prudence and magnanymyte
Was moost famous as auctours him cōmende
Yit from his sete fortune made him descende
All the people bothe of perce and meede
Whyle he gouerned Athenys the cite
Stode in his daungere and gan his swerde to drede
And all that were rebell to his cuntre
He chastysed them in their moost cruelte
But whan his fame gan highest vp to ascende
Doun from her whele fortune made him descende
Murdre and treson with prudens frendlihede
Outwarde faire chere couert Iniquite
Plesaunce in spech and vnder that falshede
Hony shedoute sharpe tayled lyke a bee
Songe of Sirenes to drowne men in the see
In one combyned their malice can extende
To cause princes doun from their sees descende
Noble princes that se so moch and rede
Remembringe storyes of antiquite
Afore prou [...]nge that treson nat procede
Be aye moost dredefull in high prosꝑite
Let others fallynge a myrrour to you be
The turne of fortune all auctours reprehende
Where who syt hyghest is rediest to descende

Here bochas writeth ageyne the desires of people.

aFter this processe if ye list to lere
Like as Iohn Bochas maketh mencion
That wordly folke most souerenly desere
To haue in lordship greate axaltacion
And vp to clymbe in their intencion
Of worldly worship to the highest place
All erthely tresoure atonys to enbrace
The feruent flame of their gredy desires
In moch gaderynge findeth no suffisaunce
Their hungry etike kindeleth so the fires
Of auarice by longe contynuaunce
That their thrust with worldly habundaunce
On tantalus riuere abraideth euer in one
Drownyd in drinkinge and deme their partis none
There may no tresoure their dropsye well staunche
The more they drinke the more they thurst in dede
In tagus flodys the depper that they launche
The gretter drinesse doth in their brestys brede
The higher water an ebbe moost they drede
Fals indigence their herte hath so confounded
At the fullest sees they seme their barge is grounded
Thus euery man wolde to greate richesse atteyne
With suffisaunce but fewe holde theym content
Who moost haboundeth nowe rathest wyll cōpleyne
For lacke of gode alas howe they be blent
Where shal ther gadring where shal ther gode be spēt
Sum one parcas shall theym therof discharge
Whom they moost hate and spende it oute at large
Within a body full litell of stature
Corages growe vp to their magnificence
Which vp tascende do their besy cure
And in their clymbinge and transitorye ascence
Hauinge an hope of worldly apparence
Lyke as no thinge their puissaunce might trouble
No thinge aduertinge howe fortune is double
Sūme sette their ioye in conquest and in werrys
To enbrace all erth vnder their puissaunce
Lyke as they might reche aboue the sterrys
To bringe doun heuene vnto their obeysaunce
But if their power were weyed in balaunce
And counterweyed aright in their memorye
They shulde well finde that all is but veynglorye
What may auayle theym their fethirbeddys soft
Shetys of reynes longe large and wyde
Dyuers deuyses or clothes chaungyd oft
Or vicious meyne walkinge by their side
Voide of vertue ambicious in their pride
Which causeth princis by report of such fame
For their myslyuynge to haue an heuy name
And thus for lacke of vertuous diligence
Through fals luxure and Idelnesse
And vpon flaterers the outragious expence
Support of wronge oppressinge rightwisnesse
Where lesingmongers haue an interesse
Whom to susteyne whan princys do their cure
God wyll nat suffre that they shall longe endure
Office of princys is to support right
His swerde of knighthode fro wronge to redresse
The pore releuynge to oppresse theym nat with might
His olde seruauntes wele preuyd nat disdeyne
His hasty rigoure and his vengeaunce sodeyne
Let mercy tempre to dome or he procede
And god shall quyte him whan he hath moost nede

Here Iohn bochas speketh ageyne Idelnesse rehercinge howe sūme men haue ioye in one science and sūme in another

Myn auctour Bochas maketh a rehersayle
In eschuynge of froward Idelnesse
That vnto vertue may more auayle
Good diligent laboure and honest besynesse
And so concludynge full pleynly doth expresse
Euery man reioyseth this sentence is nat glos [...]d
[...]o do such thinge to which he is disposyd
Sūme haue ioye by heuenly influence
To knowe the cours aboue celestiall
And sūme of knighthode do their diligence
To p [...]eue theym silf in actys marciall
And sūme reioise in their entent fynall
In eloquence sūme in philosophie
Sūme aboue all to studye in poetrye
The hardy knight is seruaūte to saint george
M [...]uynge of planetys sercheth thas [...]ronomore
Martys smyteth laboureth in his forge
Ha [...]ys of steele maketh tharmoure
[...]ut the diuisoure by diligent entere labo [...]
[...] f [...]ssh contriuynge out of the olde entayle
Fyndeth newe diuises of plate and eke of mayle
The laborere set holy his plesaunce
[...]o [...]yl [...]h of londe in tyme to sowe hys greyne
[...] his sede by yeerly habundaunce
And that his plough laboure nat in veyne
[...] y [...]ge his cesons of drought and eke of reyne
And poetes to syt in their librarye
D [...]s [...]e of nature and to be solitarye
[...]uch as men loue such thinge they vndertake
F [...]ssh or foule to hunte with their houndes
Sūme of wulle sundry clothes make
By philosophers was founde oute first the groundes
And of all study they set oute first the boundes
Caused poetys pleynly to conclude
Oute of all prees to lyue in solitude
Logiciens delyte in argumentys
Philosophers in vertuous lyuynge
And legistres folowynge the ententys
Greatly reioyse in lucre and wynnynge
Phesiciens trauayle for getinge
And of poetys this the subtyll fourme
By newe Inuencion thinges to transfourme
Poetys shulde eschewe all Idelnesse
Walke by ryuers and wellys cristalyne
To hye mounteyns amorowe their cours dresse
The myst diffied whan phebus first doth shyne
Studye in bokys of morall disciplyne
No thinge coueite but let their entent
With moderate fode [...]or to be content
Their cheef laboure is vices for to fage
With a maner couert simylitude
And none estate with their language
By no rebukynge of termys dull and rude
What euer they wryte on vertue ay conclude
Appeyre no man in no maner wyse
This thoffices of poetys that been wise

Howe malleus duke of cartage for oppression and tyrannye was hewen into pecys.

wHan bochas had rehersed of poetys
Their straūge studye & soleyne writinges
And their desires of solitary seetys
In plesaūt places to make ther dwellīges
Besyde ryuers and holsum well springes
Which accomplisshed he gan his penne auaunce
Princes of auffrike to put in remembraunce
And while he dyd this besy diligence
Their pitous fallys to put in memorye
First there cam tweyne vnto his presence
Their olde noblesse appalled & their glorye
Which as him sempte within a terytorye
Of auffrike boundes longynge to cartage
Dyd first appere moost dedly of visage
The tone of theym was named malleus
Duke of cartage of auffrike lorde and sire
His sonne also called cartalus
Whilom cheef prince and busshop eke of Tire
But Mallcus which helde the greate empire
Of all auffrike for his pompous outrage
Exiled was for euer oute of cartage
Which caused him in herte he was nat merye
But ay remembred vpon his fell banysshinge
Gadred his people within the londe of surrye
And in the felde while he lay hostynge
Cast hi [...] fully to make no tarynge
But in all hast of knightly fell corage
Maugre his ennemyes resort vnto cartage
Gauenge his exil his herte was set afire
And his entent more to fortefie
He sent in haft his letters doun to Tyre
To Tartalus that he shulde him hye
And bringe with him al the cheualrye
Of his cite in stele armyd clene
His faders party to holde vp and sustene
But whan this bysshop knewe hooly the manre
Of this purpos which ye haue herde deuise
He considred howe that tyme of the yere
Ordeyned was to doo socrifise
Afetr the rites of their paynym wise
To hercules which in that cite
Aboue all goddys had the souereynte
Whoos feest was holde space of certeyne dayes
Which for to halowe he nedis must entende
And by the custum make no delayes
But that he must therto condescende
And leuer he had his fader toffende
As in such caas than thrugh negligence
Vnto his goddys for to do offence
Wherof his fader had indignacion
The caas arectinge to vnkindnesse
And therof caught a greate occasion
Ageyne his sonne of frowarde wylfulnes
For princys oft of furious hastynes
Wyl pike a quarell causeles in sentence
Ageyne folke absent though there be none offence
And sūme tunges venemous of nature
Whan they ꝑceyue that a prince is meuyd
Tagregge his Ire doo their besy cure
With fals langage to make him more greuyd
But there is no poyson so wel expert nor preuyd
As is of tunges the hatefull violence
Namely whan princis list yeue theym audience
The feest accomplisshed of mighty hercules
Al Innocent of double or fals menynge
This seide bisshop of wyll nat recheles
Cam to his fader withoute more taryinge
Chaungyd nouther habyte nor clothinge
With all thensignes and in the same wise
As he tofore had done sacrifise
Anone his fader made no delay
Without excuse it wolde be no be [...]
Of hasty rancoure the silf same daye
Made him be hanged vpon an hye gybet
Lawe and iustise were both aside set
And tyrannye moost furious and wode
To do vengeaunce in trouthes place stode
Who can or may tyrauntys well descryue
Whoos marciall swerdis been whet ay for vengeaūce
Their blody thurst doth through their hertis ryue
Ther erys ay opyn to here of him myschaunce
Their furious merth their mortal wode plesaunce
Their pale smylinge their laughter of fals hatrede
Concludeth euer vpon sūme cruell dede
They be mynistres to parcas sustren thre
To vntwyne the thredys of folkes here mortall
And very cosyns through hasty cruelte
Vnto the wode furies infernal
Children to pluto of vengeaunce marciall
Which for their vices but they bere theym wele
Shall turne in helle on Ixions whele
Thus malleus fader moost vnkinde
Lyke such a tyraunt shed oute his cruelte
As ye haue herde and after as I fynde
Of furious herte and of olde enmyte
By force is entred cartage the cite
And slough all tho in his hatefull yre
That him afore had exyled into Tyre
Wrought after wyll and no thinge after right
Gan robbe and spoile that noble famous toun
Which made him hatyd in the people sight
For his outrage and greate extorcion
Hauynge no ioye nor consolacion
Within his herte pleynly nor gladnesse
Saue lyke a tyraunte the people to oppresse
The people of cartage sore gan to compleyne
Vpon their missheef and desolacion
As bochas writeth rehersinge in certeyne
Wyl is a stepmoder of wyt and of reson
And where that princis haue domynacion
And by fals pillage to riches clymbe vp fast
Trust right well their lordship may nat last
Their greate power of worldly excellence
To their accrochinge of temporall richesse
Whan they be tirauntes may stonde in no diffence
And frowarde wyll ruleth their highnesse
For what is lordship playnly to expresse
In this worlde here if it be dicerned
Loue of the people whan they be wyll gouerned
For tirannye and fals oppressyon
Causeth princes to stonde in greate haterede
And what is worth their domynacion
Withoute loue let preue it at a nede
Men for a tyme may suffre theym and drede
[...]is whan that drede constreyned is and gone
[...]an is a prince a man but alone
See an exaumpte howe malleus of cartage
For all his castellys and toures made of stonys
For his oppression vengeaunce and outrage
[...]e people of affrike rose on him all atonye
And [...]ughe asondre his flessh and also his bon
Cast theym playnly on him they were so wode
Vnto their goddys to offre vp his blode
The people dempt of mortall cruelte
There was none offringe so plesaunt nor couenable
Vnto their goddys to ple [...]e their deite
As blode of t [...]rauntes which that be vengeable
Thus cruell princes make the people vnstable
Of necessite which ought be compleyned
To wrek [...] their wronges that they be constreyned
[...]o here the ende of malleus the tyraunt
Which doth to princes full well exemplefie
To god aboue howe it is nat plesaunce
Theym to delite in no such robbrye
Nor pylle the people by no fals tyrannye
Nor for no tales be hasty of vengeaunce
For all such thinge to god is displesaunce

Lenuoye.

REd and considred this sayde tragedye
Sheweth to princes a myrrour full notable
Howe they ther rigour shal tempre & modefie
Or they procede for to be vengeable
For in a prince it is right comendable
Rancoure of herte of chere and of corage
For to differre tyll that their yre aswage
Their hasty yre their sadeyne malencolye
Their colerike fumys the furye vnrestreynable
Their vnqueynt fires with flame of tyrannye
Their fretynge etyke of hate incomꝑable
Lyke bestyall tygres like lyons vntretable
Ne will nat suffre that infernall rage
Diffarre their domys tyll their yre asswage
The royall lyon of mortall gentrye
Amonge bestes of force incoporable
Preueth nat his power nor his regalye
Geyne bestys prostrat which be nat defensable
And mighty princes shulde in caas semblable
For Innocentes take mercy in morgage
Respitynge rygour tyll that yre asswage
The sparcle of vengeaunce is quickyd in ꝑtye
By windes foure fell and abhomynable
Blast of detraccion and blast of flaterye
Blast of fals rowners that forge many fable
And blast of bribours moost vicious and culpable
With smoky slaunders and felons fals visage
Causeth yre of princes that it may neuer asswage
For which let princes of noble polecye
Beware of tunges double and deceyuable
Which with their venym infect eche cūpanye
Their poynaunt poyson is so penetrable
To folke absent it is myscheuable
So depe fretith their serpentyne langage
Causynge in princes their yre may neuer asswage
Noble princes let vertue magnefie
Your high estatys to make you merciable
For morall senke doth cleerly specefie
The trone of princes by clemence is made stable
Vengeaunce delayed to god is agrea [...]e
And hasty rygoure doth outrageous damage
Whan humble requestys youre yre may nat asswage

Howe the substaunce of the host of himilcho duke of cartage goynge to conquere Cicile dyed of pestylence and after him silf slayne

After these noble mighty princes tweyne
Next in ordre with pale and dede visage
Tofore Iohn Bochas hymilcho gan cōpleyne
The vnhappy fall of his fatall passage
Whan he was sent by auctorite of cartage
To conquere thrugh his mighty puissaunce
The londe of cicile vnto their obeysaunce
They of cartage had an opynyon
That it was lefull after their entent
Withoute title of right or of reson
Their teritories and boundes taugment
And for that cause hymilcho they sent
The mighty duke their noblesse tauaunce
Which of cartage had hole the gouernaunce
And for he must passe by these
Towarde cecile this noble worthy knight
With him he had a full greate enarme
Chose oute of cartage in stele armyd bryght
Their fone to conquere of very force and might
But fortune gan at him so disdeyne
That to his purpos he neuir might atteyne
Grounde and gynnynge of his distruccion
To be remembred shortly in sentence
There fyll of the ayre a greate corrupcion
Which caused a full greate pestilence
Amonge his meyne by vnware violence
And sodeyne myscheef that is vpon him fall
He lost almost his worthy knightes all
Dye all his people was slayne in that moreyne
That but a fewe be left of his meyne
Infortunate he turned is ageyne
Home to cartage and they of the cite
All causeles of hasty cruelte
Hath slayne this duke as bochas doth compile
Lo who may trust fortune any while

Howe Heynon duke of cartage was dismembred

aFter whoos deth a man there gan succede
A mighty duke that called was haynoun
Which purposed for to chaunge in dede
His name of duke by fals ambycion
And to be called thrughoute that mighty toun
Kinge of cartage and therupon of pride
To finde oute weyes he felly gan prouide
He was nat [...]content a duke men shulde him call
But of cartage for to be named kinge
And lyke as his purpos that it shulde fall
Fro day to day the menys compassinge
Howe he might fulfyll this vncouth thinge
For to be crowned and regne in that londe
And at the last this mene wey he fonde
He had a doughter yonge and tendre of age
Which of the people stode in greate fauoure
And he him cast to geue hir mariage
To a yonge knight sonne to a Senatoure
Which in the cite was a gouernour
And that his purpose might be atteyned
Day of the mariage and tyme was ordeyned
And in his palyce cheef and principall
This sayde duke lete make his ordynaunce
To holde a feest full solempne and royall
And with great costys made his purueaunce
Of sondry dayntees which that in substaunce
Were necessarye in all manere thynge
Vnto the feest of a worthy kynge
He gaue in charge vnto his purueyours
That al were redy ageyne a certeyne day
And to his feest cam all the senatours
Dwellynge in cartage there durste no man say nay
And of his purpose to make no delay
Though his fraude was nat apperceyued
He caste that day that sūme shulde be deceyued
He conceyued in his inwarde entent
He to be kynge and regne in cartage
The senatours wolde neuer assent
To their custome nor their olde vsage
He durste therof vtter no langage
Kepte him secrete without noyse or soun
And fully caste him to procede by tresoun
The next wey he knewe no better rede
To his desire than pleynly to ordeyne
That of cartage the senatours were dede
Than were he lykly his purpos to atteyne
For to be crowned lorde and souereyne
So taccomplyssh his lust in all thinge
And in cartage to regne as lorde and kinge
For if the Senate were vtterly destroyed
He shulde finde no maner resistence
Wherby his purpos shulde be enclosed
Nor dare say nay to his magnificence
For in the poraile there was no diffence
And at this feest he cast him to procede
All his entent to conclude in dede
His officers he made to be sworne
To helpe destroye falsly by poyson
The senatours of whom I spake to forne
And that their vitayle and deyntes in foyson
And eke their wynes for short conclusion
Shulde with venym be intoxicate
Through all the palys and spare none estate
These officers had a conscience
For to accomplissh so horrible a thinge
And secrely vnder greate prouidence
To the Senate therof they gaue warnynge
And whan they knewe this mortall compassinge
Of duke haynoun to shewe all affray
They put in prudence the weddynge in delay
Wherof this duke gan haue suspeccion
And this mater fill in a maner drede
Thought he wolde by sum collusion
Ageyne cartage more mortally procede
And gan call to helpe him at his nede
Of mau [...]ayne a kinge of greate renoun
With him by force to fall vp on the toun
Made him promys to his auauntage
For to make fre distribucion
Of the richesses tresours and pyllages
Which that he might finde in the toun
For vtter fyne of his entencion
Was to destroy of wylfull cruelte
The famous cartage the mighty stronge cyte
Of all the thrallys in the toun dwellinge
And suche as were borne of lowe lynage
To strength his party this was his werkinge
He made theym all by mortall fell outrage
Within the mighty castell of cartage
To kepe theym cloos of malyce and enuye
Ageyne the cite him silf to fortefie
But all for nought the mighty senatours
Therof ware and of high prudence
Geyne his malice and all his fals robbours
They made theym stronge and thrugh their ꝓuidence
In especiall to ordeyne a diffence
First on their party to let the comynge
Of Mauritayne the stronge cruell kinge
And of assent they list nat delay
But rose atonys by greate ordenaunce
Their fals duke to venquessh and outraye
Him and his cherles they broute to vttraunce
Fyll vpon him with a greate puissaunce
And fynally procedinge of resoun
This was his dome by auys of all the toun
First of this duke as it is remembred
He was despoiled his doublet eke vnlaced
Ioynt fro ioynt hewyn and dismembred
And from his hede oute his iyen araced
And right as he had afore compaced
To haue destroied his owne mighty toun
As ye haue herde he receyued the guerdoun

Lenuoye.

THis tragedye doth pitously copleyne
And maketh a maner lamentacion
Of these mighty rich princes tweyne
Slayne in cartage as made is mencion
Causles the toun saue by thoccasion
That pestilence in his frowarde viage
Slough all his people that were borne in cartage
Fortune also gan frowardly disdeyne
Ageyne this rich mighty duke haynoun
Whan of malice gan mortally ordeyne
The Senatours to murdre of his toun
At his fest by craft of fals poyson
As ye haue herde reherced his outrage
He was ageywarde dismembred in cartage
Who doth vengeaunce vengeaunce shall atteyne
In high estate withoute excepcion
And who of pite vengeaunce doth restreyne
He shall of mercy receyue the guerdon
For right requireth of trouth and reson
Cruell princes shall haue for theyr wage
Deth like this duke dismembred in Cartage
Noble princes do youre best peyne
For to preserue fro rebellion
The comon people which stonde in no certeyne
With euery wynde turnynge vpsodoun
After fortune they chaunge affeccion
Turnynge their hertys with trist or glad visage
Lyke as the people dyd whilom in Cartage

The auctour ageyne couetous people

NAture that is content with a litell thinge
The wyse ware the circumspect goddesse
Which vnder god in heuyn aboue regnynge
The worlde to gouerne is called thempresse
Moder of richessis the first founderesse
Which serched oute by hir arti [...]eris
The straunge tresours hid in the myneris
This noble lady this princesse moost famous
Knowynge of man the vncouth condicions
Sawe by experience richessis were noious
In him teclipse the disposicions
And conuey his inclynacions
By a wronge way vertue to set asyde
Howe couetous was a full perilous gyde
For auaryce is to all vertues contrarye
The gredy worme the serpent vnstauncheable
Man to be traisshe with promyses debonayre
At pryme face sote and a greable
Taught him of nature by craft moost deceyuable
Through subtyll serchinge as it were for the nonys
First oute of erthe to delue precious stonys
Of rich myners they serch oute the entrayles
To fynde oute metals for worldly auauntages
Contryued shippes with their brode sayles
By diuers sees to make their passages
And couetise ordeyned first viages
Caused princes to ride in londes ferre
Eche ageyne other for to gynne awerre
Of auarice gan first these robberies
Awaite of brigantys and al extort pillages
Murdre slaughter and couert briberyes
Of olde contryued furious fell damages
Wrought and enchened in all maner ages
Nowe in these dayes let set it at a preef
Fals couetyse caused all such myscheef
She was first rote of fals extorcion
To spoyle the temple moder of rauyne
And sterer vp of oppression
To take by force this was hir doctrine
And as myn auctour doth pleynly determine
And concludeth in full pitous wise
Rote of all euyll is fals couetise
She is eke norice of tontek and of strife
Mastresse of murdre and wilfull violence
Made men to i [...]parte body gode and lif
Caused discencyon and disobedience
Grutchinge of comons withdraught of reuerenc [...]
By rigorous constreynt sodeyne rebellions
Rumour in realmes vnware subuersions
This frowarde dragon full of Idropsie
Whoos fretynge etik there may no plente fede
To staunche his thurste there is no remedye
The more he drynketh the more he hath ay nede
And the more tresoure the more he stant in drede
With Cantalus though he swymme in the flodys
In mygdas well pleyneth for lak of godes
This worme eke causeth that men in their riches
Haue drede of theuys a night in their walkynge
And they here on cofre bed or presse
Cat rat or mous or any worme meuynge
He weneth anone within him silf demynge
That there were come with greate apparayle
Sum vncouth pelour his tresoure to assayle
The wofull soule stondeth euer in drede
And ay abydeth in laboure and trauayle
And of the godes which he doth possede
Falleth in despayre le [...]t they wolde him fayle
Twene hope and drede there is such batayle
Through entermynynge eche other to confounde
To be moost gredy whan they moost habou [...]de
The next wey he knewe no better rede
To his desire than pleynly to ordeyne
That of cartage the senatours were dede
Than were he lykly his purpos to atteyne
For to be crowned lorde and souereyne
So taccomplyssh his lust in all thinge
And in cartage to regne as lorde and kinge
For if the Senate were vtterly destroyed
He shulde finde no maner resistence
Wherby his purpos shulde be enclosed
Nor da [...]e say nay to his magnificence
For in the poraile there was no diffence
And at this feest he cast him to procede
All his entent to conclude in dede
His officers he made to be sworne
To helpe destroye falsly by poyson
The senatours of whom I spake to forne
And that their vitayle and deyntes in foyson
And eke their wynes for short conclusion
Shulde with venym be intoxicate
Through all the palys and spare none estate
These officers had a conscience
For to accomplissh so horrible a thinge
And secrely vnder greate prouidence
To the Senate therof they gaue warnynge
And whan they knewe this mortall compassinge
Of duke haynoun to shewe all affray
They put in prudence the weddynge in delay
Wherof this duke gan haue suspeccion
And this mater fill in a maner drede
Thought he wolde by sum collusion
Ag [...]yne cartage more mortally procede
And gan call to helpe him at his nede
Of mountayne a kinge of greate renoun
With him by force to fall vp on the toun
Made him promys to his auauntage
For to make fre distribucion
Of the richesses tresours and pyllages
Which that he might finde in the toun
For vtter fyne of his entencion
Was to destroy of wylfull cruelte
The famous cartage the mighty stronge cyte
Of all the thrallys in the toun dwellinge
And suche as were borne of lowe lynage
To strength his party this was his werkinge
He made theym all by mortall fell outrage
Within the mighty castell of cartage
To kepe theym cloos of malyce and enuye
Ageyne the cite him silf to fortefie
But all for nought the mighty senatours
Therof ware and of high prudence
Geyne his malice and all his fals robbours
They made theym stronge and thrugh their ꝓuidence
In especiall to ordeyne a diffence
First on their party to let the comynge
Of Mauritayne the stronge cruell kinge
And of assent they list nat delay
But rose atonys by greate ordenaunce
Their fals duke to venquessh and outraye
Him and his cherles they broute to vttraunce
Fyll vpon him with a greate puissaunce
And fynally procedinge of resoun
This was his dome by auys of all the toun
First of this duke as it is remembred
He was despoiled his doublet eke vnlaced
Ioynt fro ioynt hewyn and dismembred
And from his hede oute his iyen araced
And right as he had afore compaced
To haue destroied his owne mighty toun
As ye haue herde he receyued the guerdoun

Lenuoye.

THis tragedye doth pitously copleyne
And maketh a maner lamentacion
Of these mighty rich princes tweyne
Slayne in cartage as made is mencion
Causles the toun saue by thoccasion
That pestilence in his frowarde viage
Slough all his people that were borne in cartage
Fortune also gan frowardly disdeyne
Ageyne this rich mighty duke haynoun
Whan of malice gan mortally ordeyne
The Senatours to murdre of his toun
At his fest by craft of fals poyson
As ye haue herde reherced his outrage
He was ageywarde dismembred in car [...]age
Who doth vengeaunce vengeaunce shall atteyne
In high estate withoute excepcion
And who of pite vengeaunce doth restreyne
He shall of mercy receyue the guerdon
For right requireth of trouth and reson
Cruell princes shall haue for theyr wage
Deth like this duke dismembred in Cartage
Noble princes do youre best peyne
For to preserue fro rebellion
The comon people which stonde in no certeyne
With euery wynde turnynge vpsodoun
After fortune they chaunge affeccion
Turnynge their hertys with trist or glad visage
Lyke as the people dyd whilom in Cartage

The auctour ageyne couetous people

NAture that is content with a litell thinge
The wyse ware the circumspect goddesse
Which vnder god in heuyn aboue regnynge
The worlde to gouerne is called thempresse
Moder of richessis the first founderesse
Which serched oute by h [...]r arti [...]eris
The straunge tresours hid in the myneris
This noble lady this princesse moost famous
Knowynge of man the vncouth condicions
Sawe by experience richessis were noious
In him teclipse the disposicions
And conuey his inclynacions
By a wronge way vertue to set asyde
Howe couetous was a full perilous gyde
For auaryce is to all vertues contrarye
The gredy worme the serpent vnstauncheable
Man to be traisshe with promyse [...] debonayre
At pryme face sote and agreable
Taught him of nature by craft moost deceyuable
Through subtyll serchinge as it were for the nonys
First oute of erthe to delue precious stonys
Of rich myners they serch oute the entrayles
To fynde oute metals for worldly auauntages
Contryued shippes with their brode sayles
By diuers fees to make their passages
And couetise ordeyned first viages
Caused princes to ride in londes ferre
Eche ageyne other for to gynne awerre
Of auarice gan first these robberies
Awaite of brigantys and al extort pillages
Murdre slaughter and couert briberyes
Of olde contryued furious fell damages
Wrought and enchened in all maner ages
Nowe in these dayes let set it at a preef
Fals couetyse caused all such myscheef
She was first rote of fals extorcion
To spoyle the temple moder of rauyne
And sterer vp of oppression
To take by force this was hir doctrine
And as myn auctour doth pleynly determine
And concludeth in full pitous wise
Rote of all euyll is fals couetise
She is eke norice of tontek and of strife
Mastresse of murdre and wilfull violence
Made men to i [...]parte body gode and lif
Caused discencyon and disobedience
Grutchinge of comons withdraught of reuerence
By rigorous constreynt sodeyne rebellions
Rumour in realmes vnware subuersions
This frowarde dragon full of Idropsie
Whoos fretynge etik there may no plente fede
To staunche his thurste there is no remedye
The more he drynketh the more he hath ay nede
And the more tresoure the more he stant in drede
With Cantalus though he swymme in the flodys
In mygdas well pleyneth for lak of godes
This worme eke causeth that men in their riches
Haue drede of theuys a night in their walkynge
And they here on cofre bed or presse
Cat rat or mous or any worme meuynge
He weneth anone within him silf demynge
That there were come with greate apparayle
Sum vncouth pelour his tresoure to assayle
The wofull soule stondeth euer in drede
And ay abydeth in laboure and trauayle
And of the godes which he doth possede
Falleth in despayre lest they wolde him fayle
Twene hope and drede there is such batayle
Through entermynynge eche other to confounde
To be moost gredy whan they moost habou [...]de
Hope vnasured with drede disespeired
Merynge in hertys make a mortall werre
Whan hope presumeth with drede he is apeyred
And lyke a cowarde maketh him stande aferre
Dull of his chere as is a cloudy sterre
Which darnat shewe the light of his tresoure
But euer to encres set holy his laboure
He dare nat touch thinge he loueth moost
His cofres cloos be shet vnder key
Though he hath moch he make therof no bost
Lest for his tresoure men wold him werreye
Pleyneth for nede like as he wolde deye
Feyneth fals pouert to spare his dispence
Oppressynge plente with frowarde indigence
And though his chestys happed be with golde
With yron barrys fast shet and closed
Fals scarsite gouerneth his housholde
[...]h [...] by none excesse he is nat vndisposed
His indigent herte so streytly is enosed
[...]o herebus heire and yit well worse in dede
In gretest richesse to compleyne vpon nede
This herebus hath of yron nat of stone
For auarice vil [...] a foule cyte
Where as the whele turneth of Ixion
Vnder the boundes of Thephone
Where zeziphus may neuer a day goo fre
But with his stone contynually trauayleth
And the more besy his laboure leest auayleth
Thus auarice to vertue moost contrarye
Founde amonge vices full contagious
Euer b [...]sy their restles stone to carye
Nowe vp nowe do un with wery ze [...]phus
Whoos endles laboure braydeth on Theseus
Which helde the bridell of fru [...]tles besynesse
Condempned in hell to lyue in Idelnesse
Of couetise the cruell marinere
Is called Charon which with flegonte
By many a strete and many fell daungere
Sayleth in the flodes of furious Acheronte
Vnder that derked and cloudy Orizonte
Where auarice ches whilom negardshipe
For tresorer his cofres for to kepe
First to declare the labour in gaderinge
Of couetous men as it is in dede
And counterpeise howe their streight kepynge
Is euer meynt with importable drede
Sorowe at deꝑtynge for their mortall mede
Which may be called of trouth and equyte
Of Cerberus the wakyr hedys thre
The first hede is vnstauncheable desire
Of worldly godes greate riches to atteyne
The more encres the hoter is the fyre
The seconde hede is the dredfull peyne
Which in kepynge his herte doth constreyne
Vnware departynge that sodenly doth fall
Is the thrid hede that greueth moost of all
This wakyr worme that beryth these hedys thre
Is called the worme of gredy couetise
Whoos besy constreynt restles ꝑplexite
Troubleth the soule in full furious wise
Which frowarde monstre pleynly to deuise
Braideth on ydra of whome poetis seyne
One hede but of / there gr [...]e thre ageyne
Euer at the tayle of plente and richesse
Of custum foloweth grutchinge and enuye
For he that hath of tresoure greate eichesse
Is seeld glad as for his partye
Thus both tweyne stonde in Iu [...]tye
The rich with plente holde him nat appayed
And the nedy with pouertis affrayed
And yit in pouert is full greate sekirnesse
Which is a tresoure that no man wyll assayle
As myn auctour Bochas bereth wytnesse
An [...]lates amonge the porayle
Lyued in pees sure from all batayle
Helde him content with such as god him sent
Whan rich were armyd and to the werre went
Vertuous pouert standeth euer in sekir caas
To watch his hous he hath full lytell nede
But proude pompye assegyd in duras
For fere of Iulius stode in greate drede
But people rude herof take none hede
Such as reioyse theym for to shede blode
In straunge werres wrongly to gete gode
Storyes olde full well reherce cūne
Dyuers studyes of folke here mortall
First howe diogenes was content in his tūne
In which he made his lodgynge principall
And sawe the cours aboue celestiall
Lyued gladder amonge philosophers
Than kinge Cresus with all his stuffed cofres
And if men wolde vnto mynde call
The greate myscheuys folowynge in habundaunce
And thinke also howe sardanaball
For all his trisoure cam vnto mischaunce
And howe sophodius porest in substaunce
Had but a gardeyn full of lekis grene
And [...]ghtnought elles hym silf to sustene
This philosopher was euer glad and light
There was no watch made his tours
Full surely slept he all the longe night
Hauynge no drede of theues ne robbours
In somer walkinge amonge the grene flours
And in colde wynter full merily and oft
On drye strawe he lay and slepte full soft
Cyncynatus a pore laborere
Feyed dyches to gete his sustenaunce
Withoute grutchinge euer glad of chere
Both in porte and in his countenaunce
Dempt he had as moch suffisaunce
To his plesaunce as cresus kinge of lyde
Content with lytell nature was his guyde
This pore man in his pouert assured
With litell fode and clothys but a fewe
Had hertys ese and gladsum pes recured
It liked him nat ouer his hede to hewe
Which thinge conceyued cleerly doth vs shewe
That Ioyous pouert conueyed with gladnesse
Grutchinge auoyded surmounteth all richesse
And if that folke coude considre a right
Their pitous sighes their thoughtfull besynesse
Their wofull labours their lytell slepe anight
Which they endure for worldly rychesse
And of thabidynge the dredfull sekirnesse
Which thinge peysed and called to memorye
All erthely power is double and transitory
And by storyes which been credible
To preue their power is nat abidynge
But at a poynt slidynge and fallible
Whilom Mas [...]ssa of Munydye kinge
That was so myghty by recorde of writynge
For fere of Siphax oonly his lif to saue
Fled into mounteyns and hyd him in a caue
And there he fonde full smale vitayle
Constreyned narowe of indigence and nede
Whan other deyntees in myscheef gan him fayle
He gadred rotes and ete theym in his drede
Eke proude xerses kinge of ꝑce and meede
Dranke blode and water to staūche his gredy thurst
Drede and traueyle gaue him so greate a lust
¶Yit sūme men wolde seye of auenture
They were compelled ageyne their volunte
These kinges tweyne such myscheef to endure
Maugre their wyll of necessite
For casuell chaunce raft theym their liberte
So that the rigoure of this sode [...]e rage
Cam in by constreynt and of no corage
But for all that folke in their pouerte
On greate metys that theym silf fede
Been also stronge hole and faire to see
And also lusty preuyd at a nede
Vpright of lymmes their iourneis for to spede
As longe lyued the cause to expresse
Is oonly this they do none excesse
To pore men the best medecine
Is due laboure with moderate abstynence
Good aire in feeldes whan phebus list to shyne
Voidinge derke mystes that cause pestilence
Of heuy stomake they fele no violence
They nat enrych lechys nor potecaries
Theym silf to saue with vncouth let waries
But folkis rich werkyn the contrarye
Which in theym causeth maladyes stronge
For their dyete euery daye they varye
With dyuers metys and their syttynge longe
And with all this their appetites wronge
Take oute of tyme which they may nat endure
Which by custum oppresseth their nature
And thus myn auctour shortly to deuise
Seeth howe glad pouert standeth moost in sekirnesse
And of all euyll he seeth howe couetise
Is rote and grounde with fals extort richesse
Ryot annexed engendringe longe sikenesse
Theron concludynge howe moderate dyete
Set body and soule in moderate quiete

Howe Enagora kinge of cipre was by Artaxe [...] ses outrayed and put from his kingdom

FOlowynge in ordre the proces of Bochas
As he remembreth next in his writynge
To him appered rehersinge thus the caas
Enagora that was of Cypre. kinge
His iyen derked by many folde wepinge
Bycause he had lost that rich londe
Which he toforne had conquered with his honde
This londe of Cypre as made is mencion
Of [...]uers metallys is passingly habounde
Hath of richesse greate plente and foyson
And of his site like as it is founde
It s [...]andith ferre south with many hillys rounde
And hath also many cōmeditees
Within his boundes of touns and cytees
Touchinge this cipre I can nomore seye
Of which londe Enagora was kinge
Tyll he gan proudly for to werreye
With Lacedomonois their ꝑty sustenynge
Geyne Artaxerses and ar their metynge
The seide Enagora was brought to vttraunce
Put from his kingdome and from all gouernaunce

Howe Theo kinge of egipt by artaxerses was dryuen from his kingdome and fled into Arabye

NExte Enagora cam the kinge Theo
Of all Egipt longe tyme possessoure
And to Iohn bochas he gan declare his woo
Howe fortune dyd hir frowarde laboure
And from him drough hir frendship and fauour
And sodenly through hir iniquite
She kest this kynge doun from his roiall see
She list hir malice from him nat differre
Ne wold nat suffre him for to lyue in pees
But caused him for to gynne a frowarde werre
Ageyne the sayde mighty Artaxerses
Wenynge therby to haue had g [...]ate en [...]
Gadred shippes and made a greate arm [...]
In his entent to haue [...]et him on the se
To lacedomonois he was fauourable
Sent theym vessels stuffed with vitayle
Dempte of pride that him silf was able
With artaxerses to holde a batayle
But hasty trust doth folys often fayle
For this theo was after anone right
Dryuen oute of egipt and Iput to flight
Artaxerses pursued him so sore
Tofore his face he durst nat appere
Fled into Arabye myn auctour seyth nomore
Banysshed from egipt dedly of face and chere
And of his fate who so list to lere
He was depryued from kingly dignite
And by fortune cast from his royall see

Howe Amynta of Mecedoyne kinge had by Eru [...]i [...] his wife Alisaūdre / ꝑdica / & philip yt were slayne

ANd amonge other their fates compleynynge
Trough fortunes dredfull violence
There cam amynta of macedoyne kynge
And to Iohn bochas shewed his sentence
And to declare his magnificence
To alisaundre grauntfader in his life
Hauynge foure children by Erudice his wife
The first of theym was alisaundre called
And perdica named the seconde
The thrid philip in Macedoyne stalled
Kinge of grece like as it is founde
Which in richesse greatly dyd habounde
And was eke fader this noble werrour [...]
To alisaundre the mighty conqueroure
And or myn auctour further doth procede
He maketh a maner of digression
From his mater like as ye may rede
And gynneth in ordre a descripcion
Of macedoyne the famous rigion
Amonge grekys writeth in especiall
Of seuyn prouynces it is the principall
And so procedinge [...]e s [...]ith howe that cuntre
S [...]a [...]heth his boundes abou [...]e him enuyr [...]n
Towarde the see which called is E [...]ee
Forth by a [...]ya towarde Septemtrion
And to Messie westwarde it goth doun
And who that can by craft the coostys cast
To dalmacia the name therof doth last
In macedoyne he doth also vs lere
Of olimpus standeth the greate mounteyn
And in that kingdome is many greate mynere
Of golde and syluer like as bokes seyne
And on that hill is nouther wynde ne reyne
For thilke mounteyne so hye doth attteyne
That it may nouther blowe there nor reyne
The kinge amynta of whom [...] spake toforne
Had in grece many greate batayle
Olimpiens in macedoyne borne
And Illiriens to gedre he dyd assayle
Through his wisdome he dyd alweye preuayle
But with his enmyes while he stode moost in strife
His deth was shapyn by Erudice his wife
Myn auctour bochas of hir doth diffyne
She Imagyned his distruction
Bycause she had another concubyne
On whom she se [...] all hir affeccion
Day set and tyme to his confusion
Fully ordeyned at a mariage
He to be slayne of one of his lynage
He had a suster callyd vryone
Which prudently espyed the manere
Of Erudice and secretly allone
Goth to the kinge and tolde him all Ifere
And as the story in ordre telleth here
Though she failed that daye of hir emprise
She thought fulfylle it in another wyse
This to mene of hir iniquite
Of hir fraude and fals Imagynynge
She was in cause through hir contrariouste
Of the distruction of their mighty kynge
For the conclusion of hir fals werkinge
Was to haue slayne the kinge and all his lyne
She to haue regned with hir concubyne
But whan she sawe she might nat acheu [...]
Hir furious p [...]s by none auenture
Hir venymous malice vpon hir lorde to preue
On other partyes she dyd hir besy cure
Enmy [...] and mys [...] [...]
Ageyne the kinge by mys [...] [...]
With sorowe and trouble for to short his dayes
Night and day his life stode euer in drede
Him to be traisshe she cast oute hoke and lyne
And who is he that or may take hede
Frely tescape teschewe as declyne
Malice of wymen whan they be serpentyne
Se an exaumple in this quene Erudice
Voide of al vertue and ful of euery vice
Alas no prince can be ware by other
To bridle their nobles with renys of reson
Such as cōmitte alas both ship and rothir
Vnto Sirenes to rowe theym vp and doun
Throughout caribdys to their distruction
By craft of Circes alas they were made nyce
Blinde to remembre vpon this Erudice
Which made Amynta to lyue in sorowe and drede
To rest in pees suffred him to haue no space
In thought and trouble his lif he gan to lede
Tyl by longe processe deth him gan manace
Yit or he dyed fortune gaue him grace
His eldest sonne by wisdome to ordeyne
Called alisaundre his crowne to atteyne
Thus alisaundre was his successoure
For Cathinenses gan their rancoure lete
Ageyns him for he with greate laboure
By their suffraunce cam to his royal sete
And for to set this realme in quiete
First with athenys the mighty stronge toun
Prouidyd a pes of hye discrecioun
And for to auoyde al ambiguite
Of olde debatys and of olde outrage
First he sent into that stronge cite
His sonne philip yonge and tender of age
On pees assured to lye there for hostage
And in that cite the story bereth witnesse
He gan to growe vnto full hye noblesse
He was cōmittyd vnto the disciplyne
Of a gr [...]te duke called Epamynedon
Which to all vertue his youth made enclyne
For of this duke Iustyn maketh mencion
By a maner recommendacion
Tofore nor after as by his auys
Was neuer no prince more ex [...]ellent nor wys
First he cōmendeth his vertuous corage
His hye noblesse his vertuous excellence
And by discent he borne of high lynage
And into thinges concludeth his sentence
Seith that he was of moost magnificence
Egall to mars by famous chyualrye
And sōne to phebus through hye philosophye
And bochas here doth his stile auaunce
Full notably with excellent langage
And seyth no tresoure atteyneth in substaunce
To thilke richesse auoidynge all outrage
As whan there is by bonde of mariage
[...]nyt vp a knot atwene excellence
Of famous knighthode and of dame prudence
This knot auayleth more than golde in cofre
And is more glorious ꝑpetually to abyde
A mighty prince to be a philosophre
Which can by prudence all vertues set aside
For whan to manhode prouidence is guyde
And vertuous force is capteyne in the werre
Let men well trust that party may nat erre
This Epamynoda of knighthode susteynoure
Carbun [...]le of vertue as bokys tell cūne
Of gentyll maners called the fomous floure
And of high noblesse a very worldly sūne
Whoos knightly triumphes be so hye vp rūne
To martis paleys with the blessed soūs
Of famous trumpettys and golden clariouns
For he was called the bright clere myrrour
Of rightfull quarels the party to sustene
Of extort wronges moost iust reformatoure
Ay egall iuge of entent moost clene
Which neuer coude no thinge but trouth mene
Wolde of custum for hate nor alliaunce
On nouther party declyne the balaunce
And to cōmende his vertuous prowesse
His prouyd trumphes his magnanimyte
His marcial actys his knightly besynesse
In the getinge of many stronge cite
As all his laboure was for the comounte
Which to augment he wolde neuer cesse
Such ioye he had the comons good to encrece
This was also his vsaunce euermore
What euer he gate to parte it in largesse
Of golde nor coyne he set but lytell store
For all his herte was sette on gentylnesse
By manly fredom and playnly to expresse
He sparyd no gode it shewed well in dede
His true seruauntes to helpe theym in their nede
He kept nat in cofres his tresoure
Of his nature he was so liberall
For to releue eche manly soudeoure
Such as were preuyd in actys marciall
And for to holde his fest funerall
After his deth his story maketh mynde
Through fre departynge there left no golde behinde
All his offices and famous dignitees
And greate [...]mpryses in his tyme wrought
Encresed fraunchises through Grece in his citees
With lib [...]tees by his prudence oute sought
For comon profite and for him sylf rightnought
With greate augmentinge of straunge teritoryes
All this cam in by mene of his victories
And amonge all his knightly excellences
By diuers auctours vnto mynde is brought
Howe all his lyfe he studyed in sciences
And vpon eūnynge set hooly his thought
By manly prowesse of deth he rought nought
That was shewyd as it is well founde
The day whan he receyued his dethys wounde
He was home borne vnto his pauillyon
All his armure with blode steyned red
And on a couche by his men laide doun
And gan abrayde as he lay half ded
Sires quod he of one thinge take hede
Hath any enmy this day in the feelde
Whan I was wounded takyn vp my sheelde
And whan his knightes had tolde him nay
By a maner of knightly reioysinge
He theym cōmaunded withoute more delay
To his presence that they shulde it bringe
And therupon full pitously lokinge
Full like a knight and with mortall chere
He kissed it and seide as ye shall here
Thou were my felowe in armys and my breother
That neuer woldest my felawship forsake
Sure and abydinge there was nat such another
In euery iourney that I dyd vndertake
To me welcome an ende I must nowe make
After my deth my soule shall haue plesaunce
The to be kept yit for a remembraunce
A fore his deth it is put in mynde
The same houre it cam to his memorye
To enquere he left nat behinde
Haue we quod he this day had victorye
Or in the feelde who hath the palme of glorye
His knightes he prayed that day he shulde deye
The playne trouth that they wolde him seye
And they him tolde playnly all the caas
Howe his party had wonne the feelde of might
And with that worde he so reioysed was
That he his sprite yelde anone vpright
And so he dyed like a worthy knight
In whom is shewed what auayleth in sentence
Noblesse of knighthode ioyned with prudence
And by the mene of his wise doctryne
Philip that laye with him in hostage
Gan encrece in knightly disciplyne
Wex in vertue right as he wex in age
Whoos fader was by furious outrage
Callyd alisaundre as made is mencion
Slayne by his moder by couert fals treson
After whoos deth perdyea in dede
The yonger brother the story doth deuise
To the crowne gan lyneally succede
Anone slayne after in full cruel wise
Such fals murdre euery man shulde agryse
As ye haue herde first of amynta
Of alisaundre and of kinge ꝑdica

Howe the proude tyraunt Aman was hangyd and the Innocent preseruyd

THe horrible fall furious for to rede
That foloweth after of the greate aman
A ful fals tyraunt founde in thought & dede
And was of byrth a macedonyan
Which as the byble full wel reherce can
Was cheef mayster who can well concerne
With assuerus his people to gouerne
He was exalted hie in pryde
To goddys people moost contrarious
His hatefull venym he list nat for to hyde
But lyke a tyraunt moost malicious
Of wilfull rancoure fell and despitous
Fully disposed and coude him nat withdrawe
To destroye the iewes and their lawe
To his entent he gate auctoryte
By his subtyl fals compassinge
Sent oute lettres into eche cuntre
Throughoute all perce by biddinge of the kinge
That hye and lowe within the londe dwellynge
No wight except that people all aboute
Shulde vnto aman obeye knele and loute
This was the biddinge of kinge assuere
Whan quene vasty was voyded for hir pryde
And hester chosen a mayde moost entere
Was brought to courte with the kinge to abide
Which had in youth for to be hir guyde
A worthy Iewe called mardoche
Within Susus a large faire cite
By whoos counseyle euery thinge she wrought
Passinge fayre and of greate mekenesse
And whan the Eunukes to the kinge hir brought
She was acceptyd for hir greate fairenesse
Vnto his grace hir story bereth wytnesse
And there cherisshed in especiall
Aboue al the maydens in the court royall
And of al perce was she crowned quene
A pes cōmaundyd through all tho regions
Duringe the feest that men might sene
The kinges nobley in citees and in touns
And of this feest the rich roiall souns
Cam to the erys of simple mardoche
Which cam with other the maner for to se
Tofore the paleys as he dyd abyde
With other Iewes in his cūpanye
Of hap as he kest his ere aside
He of two porters the counseyle dyd espye
Howe they theym cast by fals expiracye
To sle the kinge some day of that yere
Lyke their entent whan they fonde best leysere
Whan mardocheus prudently gan fele
The secret malice of theyr compassinge
Of compassion he wolde it nat concele
But made hester discure it to the kinge
Whereof conuyct they were led to the hanginge
As me semeth a competent guerdon
For all that falsly Imagyne such treson
By which mene the seyde mardoche
Was well accepted to kinge assuere
Lykly also to stonde at lybertye
Oute of the malice and fell daungere
Of cursyd aman which make him no chere
But compassed in full fell manere
Him to destroye and Iewes all I fere
This mardocheus the byble tell can
Withdrough him self to do reuerence
Vnto this tyraunt the frowarde prince aman
Lyke as the statute commaundyd in sentence
Which thinge tauenge by frowarde violence
This aman made of hatrede to be set
Afore the pal [...]ys a myghty stronge gybet
But who that cast him to do vengeaunce
And Innocentys for to oppresse with might
And wif [...]ull malyce tagregge their greuaunce
As god were blynde and had of theym noo sight
Bu [...] at the last he wyll of very right
Punysshe the proude for furious violence
The pore supporttinge for their longe pacience
As mardocheus by Innocent liuynge
[...] mene of hester and hir greate mekenesse
Acceptyd was to assuere the kinge
The lawe of Iewes set in more surenesse
Frowarde aman for his cursednesse
V [...]ngeable of pride the bible ye may se
Was hye enhangyd vpon a galowe tre
Mardocheus of prudence and reson
The furious daungere of aman set asyde
Preseruyd his people fro distruction
The tyraunt hangyd for his frowarde pride
Thus can the lorde his iugementys diuide
Whan he seeth tyme moost mighty and puissaunt
Support the simple and punysshe the tyraunt

Of the two brethern artaxerses and Cirus and Ar­taxerses slough his children and concubynes and howe they ended

AFter the fall of aman doutles
Whan he best wende haue regned ī his flou [...]s
Tofore Iohn bochas cam artaxerses
Moost renomed his tyme of conquerours
Which gan declare his sodeyne sharpe shours
With all the ꝑcellys of his mortall peyne
Which that fortune ageyne him gan ordeyne
This artaxerses as put is in memorye
All other princes excelled in richesse
Which in his chare famous of worldly glorye
And with his throne of wordly hye noblesse
Sate in his tyme the story bereth witnesse
Hyest exalted that was of any kinge
That he shulde fall was it nat an vncouth thinge
Kynges he had vnder his obeysaunce
An hundryd prouynces twenty and eke seuene
Sonne vnto darye prince of moost puissaunce
His fame dred more than firy leuene
None so mighty vnder the sterryd heuene
Accoūted was that tyme in werre and pes
As was this kinge called Artaxerses
He had a brother that named was Cyrus
Oute of one stok cam their both lynes
But artaxerses the story telleth thus
Was lorde of greynes of oyle and of wynes
And had also by diuers concubynes
An hundred children lyke as it is tolde
And fiftene ouer tofore or he wex olde
Of both bretherne the power last ferre
Duringe their tyme stode in full hye estate
Yit atwene theym was full mortall werre
Ageyne nature an vnkindly debate
For thilke werrys be moost infortunate
Whan blode with blode let no man deme other
List werrey as brother ageyns brother
And fynally cause why this werre gan
Atwene these bretherne as made is mencion
Through which debate there dyed many a man
The grounde of al and first occasion
Was only this for succession
After kinge darye regnynge in ꝑce and mede
Which of theym twayne shulde next succede
But artaxerses by a maner prouidence
Put his brother pryuely in prison
That he ne shulde make no diffence
Nor gadre people to his distruction
This yonge Cirus as made is mencion
Was fast stocked and eke as it is tolde
That his stockys and feters were of golde
And thoughe it be nat remembryd in bochas
Howe that Cyrus escapyd fro prison
Yit also sone as he delyuered was
Through ꝑce and mede ridinge vp and doun
Gadred people of entencion
Through olde hatrede his brother to assayle
The feelde assigned they met in batayle
Where cyrus proudly put him silf in prees
To shewe his manhode in especiall
Sought his brother called artaxerses
And gaue to him a wounde full mortall
Withoute frenship or fauour fraternal
That artaxerses his wounde gan so ake
Constreyned was the feeld to forsake
And Cyrus was than furious as a leon
His aduersaries gan mortaly to wake
But fals fortune full of collusion
Vnder feynt smylinge a mowe gan him make
Which caused alas that day that he was take
Afore I woundyd it wolde be none other
And than presentyd to his vnkinde brother
And though this cirus had afore be founde
Yonge fressh and lusty and manly of his honde
By the constreynt of his mortall wounde
He dyed anone for he no socoure fonde
Than the two kingdoms within perce londe
Fyll to the hondes of artaxerses
In which after he lyued longe in pees
Thus a greate space like a mighty kynge
All perce he helde vnder his obeysaunce
By famous noblesse full gloriously shynynge
Hauynge of richessys moost fulsum habundaunce
And as it is put in remembraunce
To more encrece of his prosꝑite
In true wedlok he had sonnes thre
The first of theym called darius
Arabratus named the seconde
And the thryd named was Othus
Manly princys lyke as it is founde
And of nature like as the kinge was bounde
Vnto darye as it is made mencion
Aboue echon he had affeccion
And for he dempt him able to the werre
By lyklihede of yerys yonge and grene
He cast fully his noblesse to preferre
Of hye prudence thus he dyd mene
His impotence to supporte and sustene
For he was feble in ꝑce to regne alone
He set vp darye with him in his throne
Which was a thinge straunge and contrarious
Ageyne the custum of perciens vsaunce
But he supposyd his sonne darius
Shulde in such cas encres and auaunce
His faders ꝑty of naturall attendaunce
And shewe vnto him trouth and kindnesse
His impotence to cherisshe of gentylnesse
But in estatys oft it doth thus fall
Whan that princes be ronne ferre in age
Their childrens loue ageyne theym doth appall
Shewynge no frendship saue for auauntage
Howe that they may reioyse their heritage
And in such caas whan they wex stronge
Thinke their faders lyue all to longe
And artaxerses stode in the same cas
As in his story playnly ye shal finde
By rehersaile and writynge of bochas
Howe this darye was fals and eke vnkinde
Foryetfull and had no thinge in mynde
Howe his fader the trouth to reherce
Hath made him egall with him to regne in ꝑce
And to declare the first occasion
To his fader howe the seyde darye
By a fals maner of rebellyon
Gan in his werkinge for to be contrarye
Which to discure I wyll no lenger tarye
But with my penne in all hast procede
Here to discryue howe it fyll in dede
Artaxerses amonge his concubynes
It is remembred howe that he had one
Which for to rekne wyues and virgynes
Was fairest holde of theym euerychon
Called artasia of full yore agone
And was that tyme hir bewtye to descryue
Amonge perciens the fairest holde alyue
And though she were Ironne ferre in age
Lyke as bokys lyst of hir expresse
Both of coloure and also of visage
She kept hir bewtye and hir natif fresshnesse
Which was afore for hir semelynesse
To seyde Cyrus breuely to termyne
Chose longe aforne to be his concubyne
But whan this Cirus was passyd into fate
Which for his brother might nat lyue in pees
Anone vpon withoute lenger date
She was take vp for kinge artaxerses
Bycause she was of beutye peerles
After longe tyme whan he fyll in age
She cleymed was by tytle of heritage
Of kinge dary by his faders lyue
Feynynge his cleyme by succession
And though his fader ageyne it dyd stryue
And thus began as made is mencion
Of their debate the first occasion
For darye cast albe he bare it styll
Hir to reioyse ageyne his faders wyll
And to accomplyssh falsly his entent
Of hir to haue full possession
Tafforce his partye he made this argument
Cirus quod he as made is mencion
Regnynge in ꝑce the mighty region
And this story doth pleynly determyne
For hir beutye made hir his concubyne
And after tyme whan cirus was dede
Artaxerses his fader ye may se
Next him succedinge in ꝑce it is no drede
List hir to cleyme eke for hir greate beutye
And so quod da [...]ye she longeth nowe to me
B [...]cause she is so plesaunt to my sight
By succession I wyll hir cleyme of right
Thus kinge darye to his fader s [...]yde
He wolde haue arthasia the faire
And therwithal artaxerses gan abraide
And answeryd with face debonaire
My sonne quod he I wyll nat be contraire
To thy desire but of affeccion
Delyuer hir to thy possession
Of his promys he after gan repent
Cast him to make another cheuisaunce
And secretly his concubyne he sent
Callyd arthasia as made is remembraunce
And through his sleyghty vncouth purueaunce
Vnto the temple such menys he hath sought
Of greate Appollo that she in hast was brought
Where she was veyled and made a preesteresse
After the rytes pleynly and the guyse
Of olde paynemes by amaner holynesse
And there professed for to do seruise
As their statutes constreyne and diuise
Duringe hir lyfe it might none other be
She bounde was to lyue in chastite
This thinge was wrought by compassinge
Of artaxerses by frowarde ielousye
Wherof darye the yonge lusty kynge
Waxt almoost wode whan he dyd it espye
And gan compasse of malencolye
Furyous rancoure and hasty cruelte
Vpon his fader auengyd for to be
And his party of force to sustene
With him he had the story meketh mynde
His bretherne in bast an hundred and fiftene
Which to their fader were fals and vnkinde
Of all this noumbre there left none behinde
That for this purpos onys lyst dissent
His deth of one wyll they assent
¶Yit of this straunge fals conspiracie
Artaxerses hadde a knowlegynge
Alt [...]o [...]gh the storye doth nat specifie
Howe ne by whom he had therof wittynge
For which in hast he made no taryinge
To gadre meyne and make him silf stronge
Him silf tauenge of this disnaturall wronge
For artaxerses like as the caas tho stode
Though it sate wele to his high nobesse
To be vengyd vpon vnkinde blode
For law nature decrees rightwisnesse
And all statutis dampne vnkindnesse
Wherby this kinge occasion dyd finde
Ageyne his children bycause they were vnkinde
Sūme men deme howe greate multitude
Of many children maketh a man stronge
But therupon pleynly to conclude
Vertue is cause if she dwell theym amonge
But if their corage enclyneth vnto wronge
And vicious life do their bridell lede
The gretter noumbre the wors they must spede
A progenye borne of a cursed lyne
May through his frowarde fals infection
Outwarde by coloure of trouth though they shyne
Vnder apparence and simulacion
Infect and corrupt all a regyon
For it is sayde of full olde langage
Frute of soure trees take a soure tarage
This was well shewed in artaxerses
That suffred his brother dye at myscheef
Bledynge his wounde left him helples
Which to his name shall euer be repreef
Thus blode vnkinde vnkindly maketh his preef
For all the children fro his stok descendyd
Were cursed euerichon as here is comprehendyd
Their stok was first contagious of nature
The griffis froward though they were grete ī noūbre
Which of assent dyd theyr besy cure
By fals treson their fader to encombre
But there is no shade nor no couert vmbre
So closely kept namely of fals gyle
But the venym wyll shewe oute sūwhile
And thus the deth contagious conspired
Of artaxerses sith go full yore
Wheron to auenge his herte was so fired
Of furious Ire and Ibrent so sore
That he nat coude differre it ferthermore
But with his meyne fyll on theym anone
Or they were ware and slough theym euery [...]
He slough also all his concubynes
That were their moders of whom I tolde to forne
Suffred none to lyue of their lynes
So of that lynage he hath the wede vpshorne
Fonde amonge all no greyne of good corne
Conuict by dome whan they were presentyd
To his deth howe echon they were assentyd
His clothys spreynt with the vnkinde blode
Of his children which he dyd shede
After whoos deth in greate mischeef he stode
And so in sorowe his lyfe he dyd lede
Dyed after in myscheef and in drede
Deth quyt with deth and rage with rage
Loo here the fyne of his vnweldy age

Lenuoye.

THis tragedye aforne declareth here
The greate outrage of vnkindnesse
Atwene two brethren regnynge both Ifere
In ꝑce londe as ye haue herde expresse
Tyll diuision of all myscheef mas [...]resse
Gon entre in through fraternall hatrede
Which ageyne kinde destroyed their kinrede
The werre arose contagious for to lere
Throughoute all Perce of mortall frowardnesse
Of Cyrus deth rehersinge the manere
Howe helples he dyed in distresse
And howe the noumbre of brethren dyd them dresse
To sle their fader the story ye may rede
Causinge an ende of all their hole kinrede
Kinge artaxerses with a frowarde chere
His Iniuries and wronges to redresse
Slough his children their moders eke Ifere
Spared nat one of frowarde cursednesse
By which occasion toke a greate sekenesse
After dyed in mischeef and in drede
Causinge an ende of all his hole kinrede
Loo here a sorowe nat ꝑticulere
For through all perce ran the cursednesse
The croked fame spred both ferre and nere
Of this vengeable hasty fell woodnesse
The ayre infectinge with sclaūdrous blaknesse
To shewe the vengeaunce the contrarious mede
Of blode vnkynde borne of one kinrede
Noble princes lift vp your iyen clere
And considre by greate auisnesse
The wofull stryues the odious fell daungere
Sowne in kinredys of wilful straungenesse
Of all rancoure youre corage do redresse
P [...]isinge the mischeuys folowynge on in dede
Of blode vnkinde borne of one kinrede
Explicit liber Tarcius.

Incipit Prohemium Libri quarti

FRute of writynge set in cronicles olde
Moost delectable of fresshnessh in tastynge
And moost goodly and glorious to beholde
In colde and hete lengest abidynge
Chaunge of resons may do it no hind ringe
And whereso be that men dyne or fast
The more men tast the lenger it wyll last
It doth corages renewe ayen and glade
Which may be called frute of the tre of life
So parmanable that it wyll neuer fade
To the fyue wittes gretest restoratys
And to then plesaunce moost cheef confortatif
For of nature whan they be quyk and gode
They of this frute take their naturall fode
Auctours heron conclude and eke assent
Howe that writynge of his kindly right
Doth louyd ꝑsonys and lyknessis represente
Of frendys absent seueryd ferre from sight
D [...]rkenesse of absence is cleryd with the light
Thus frute of writinges hath his auauntages
Of folke fe [...]of to presente the ymages
Lawe had perisshed nadde by writinge
Oure feyth appallyd ner vertue of scripture
For all religion and ordre of good lyuinge
Taketh their exaumple by doctryne of lectrure
For writinge causeth with helpe of portrature
That thinges derkyd of olde that were begonne
To be remembred with this celestyall sonne
God set writinge and letters in sentence
Ageyne the dulnesse of oure infirmite
This worlde tenlumyne by crafte of eloquence
Canon Ciuile philosophie these thre
Confermyd fraunchises of many stronge cite
Couenauntys asseled trouthis of olde assuryd
Nadde writynge be might nat haue endured
Dyligence cheef triumphatrice
Of slogardye negligence and slouth
Eke of memorye vpholder and norice
And registrere to supposalayle trouth
Hath of olde laboure and ellys were greate routh
Brought thinges passyd notable in substaunce
Only by writinge to newe remembraunce
Writynge is cause that herto is remembryd
Lyfe of prophetys and patryarchis olde
Howe the appostles and martirs were dismembryd
For cristys feyth his baner vp to holde
And writinge shewethe tofore as I you tolde
Of confessoures the greate stedfastnesse
And of virgynes the virgynall clennesse
Like to a tre which euery yere bereth frute
Shewynge his beutye with blosoms & with floures
Right so the fode of our inward refute
By diligence of these olde doctours
And daily frute of their feithfull laboures
Haue oure corages fostred and pastured
By writinge only which hath so longe endured
The Epigrames whilom ꝑshed had
Of prudent prosꝑ that was so vertuous
And of Seneke the tragedies sad
The Stratagemys of vrgecius
Rebuke in vicis of noble ꝑcius
If in olde writinge had be founde a lacke
These seyde thinges had ferre be put abacke
Writinge caused poetes to recure
A name eternall the laurer whan they wan
In adamaūt graue perpetually to endure
Recorde I take of virgill mantuan
That wrote the armys and prowesse of the man
Called Eneas whan he of high corage
Cam into Itayle from Dydo of cartage
Thre famous bokis this auctoure list compile
Eneidos first which that dyd excelle
In rethorike by souereynte of stile
He dranke suche plente this peote as men tell
Of the stremys that ran doun from the well
Wrought by tho susters that ben in noumbre nyne
Prowesse of knighthode moost cleerly to termyne
For in that boke he cast nat to fayle
With voice melodious for to discriue aright
The greate conquest of rome and of Itayle
Wrought by Enee the manly troian knight
Whoos veers notable yeue so clere a light
Through all the world as in rethorike
That amonge poetis was none vnto him lyke
He wrote also this poete with his hande
By humble style other bokes tweyne
One of pasture the next of tilth of lande
The veers conueyed with fete of metrys pleyne
By which thre laboures a palme he dyd atteyne
To make his name thrugh dytees dilectable
Aboue poetys to be moost comendable
Writinge of poetis hath set within his clos
Conquest of knighthode their triumphes & renouns
Rede of Ouide Methamorphoseos
The greate wondres the transmutacions
The morall menynge vncouth conclusions
His boke deponto and with greate diligence
Full many a pistle compleynynge for absence
Of crafte of loue a boke he hath compiled
Wherof Ceser had full greate dysdeyne
Which was cause that he was exyled
To abide in ponto and neuer come ageyne
And yit he dyd his laboure in certeyne
In hope of grace his voutis to applye
To write a boke of louys remedye
Writinge of olde with letters aureat
Laboure of poetis doth highly magnefie
Record on petrak in rome laureat
Which of two fortunes wrote the remedye
Certeyne Egloogys and his cosmographie
And a greate conflicte which men may rede & se
Of his quarels within him silf secre
He wrote seuene psalmys of greate repentaunce
And in his affrike cūmendyd scipion
And wrote a boke of his ignoraunce
By a maner of excusacion
And set a notable compilacion
Vpon the life called solitarie
To which this worlde is frowarde and contrarye
And thus by writinge he gate him silf a name
Perpetually to be in remembraunce
Set and registred in the hous of fame
And made epistles of full high substaunce
Called sine titulo and more him silf to auaunce
Of famous wymen he wrote thexcellence
Gresilde preferrynge for hir greate pacience
Writinge also remembred hath howe troye
Distroyed was sith gone many a yere
The slaughter of hector cheef pylere of their Ioye
And for the party of Grekys wrote of Omere
Which in his writynge was particulere
For Tachille that wrought all by fraude
Aboue hector he gaue a singuler laude
Writynge causeth the chapelet to be grene
Bothe of Esope and of Iuuenal
Dantis laboure it doth also sustene
By a report very celestyall
Sunge amonge lumbardys in especial
Whoos thre bokes the greate wondres tell
Of heuene aboue of purgatorye and of hell
Men by writynge knowe the myracles
Of blessed seyntes and of their holynesse
Medicyne salue and eke obstacles
Geyne mortall woundes and euery greate sekenesse
Recreacion and solace in distresse
Quiete in laboure in pouert pacience
And in richesse right trouth and conscience
Shortnesse of life and foryetfulnesse
The wyt of man dull and ay slydynge
Negligence and frowarde Idylnesse
Echon stepmoder to science and cūnynge
That I dare sey nad be writinge
Only ordeyned for our auauntages
Ded were memorye and mynde of passed ages
And thus in cheef the causes afore tolde
Meuynge the herte of bochas to writinge
And to remembre by many storyes olde
Thestate of princes in chaires hye sittinge
And for vices their vnware fallynge
Yeuynge exaumple as I afferme dare
Of fals fortune howe they shall be ware
His first thre bokes by full clere myrours
Fully accomplisshed as bochas vndertoke
The cause of fallynge of many conquerours
Oonly for trouth and vertue they forsoke
For which myn auctoure towarde his fourth boke
Gan sharpe his penne to his eternall fame
Only by writinge to gete him a name
Myn auctour bochas that so moch coude
Begynneth here to make a processe
Ageyne the outrage of princes that were proude
Which were brought lowe for their frowardnesse
And notably remembreth the mekenesse
Which stondeth hole in one and doth contune
Is ay fraunchised from daungere of fortune
But he in maner doth recapitle ageyne
That fall of many that sat in hye stages
Howe they for vices stode ay in no certeyne
Cam to myscheef for their greate outrages
Remembringe first of priam the damages
And he lost ceptre and regalye
For susteyninge of fals auoutrye
The fal rehersinge of astriages
That gaue his doughter whilom in mariage
To one that was called cambyses
A pore man borne of lowe lynage
For he shulde haue none auauntage
In no maner nouther in right ne wronge
By rebellyon ageyne him to be stronge
For he toforne had had a vision
Howe there shulde one procede of his lyne
Which shulde him put oute of his region
And cause him in myscheef to fyne
But yit fortune coude him vndermyne
That all his wisdome stode in none auaile
For ageyne god preuaileth no counsayle
I [...] nedeth nat his story to reherce
Nor that maner of his vnhappy chaunce
Nor the fallynge of Cirus kinge of ꝑce
Nor of kinge Tarquyn for his mysgouernaunce
Though bochas here put theym in remembraunce
For as me semeth it were a thinge in veyne
Thinge onys tolde to tell it newe ageyne
And he list nat nowe to be recheles
N [...]we ageyne to make rehersayle
If the kinge called Artaxerses
Sith it is tolde what shulde it more auayle
But he procedeth streight vnto Iitayle
To their stories and begynneth here
At marchus maulius a romayne consulere
Finis Prologi.
[figure]

Incipit liber Quartus Howe marchus maulius wrought and dyd for Rome toune / And at the laste he was by the comons coste into Tibre and there drowned

wHilom in rome there was a graete lynage
Called mauliois of renomed noblesse
And of that stok right fair ī his yōge age
Cā thys marchꝰ the story bereth witnesse
Which by processe for his worthynesse
Was thr [...] tymes by iust electioun
Made consuler of that worthy toun
Which to the comon full greatly dyd auayle
He dyuer [...] tymes for the touns right
Faught in his dayes many stronge batayle
And ay preuayled through his greate might
And in the feelde by a singuler fight
Outrayed his enmy like as it is tolde
And toke from him a riche bye of golde
Torques in latyn in ynglyssh is a bye
A cercle of golde which that marchus wan
Brought it home through his chyualrie
And of Torques he was called than
Marchus Torquatus and thus the name gan
He to be called the story telleth vs
Amonge romayns Torquatus maulius
And he wold oft inpart good and life
For the Cyte entre the felde alone
And there conqueryd for a prerogatyf
Sundry crownes with many riche stone
Wan tunicles of golde manyone
For thilke tyme for diuers high emprises
Were crownes made in many sundry wises
For as Agellius maketh mencioun
There were in rome de [...]ised straunge croils
For such as had foughten for the toun
As for their laboure receyued their guerdoils
By a prerogatyf callid chaumpioūs
Which sundry tymes of manhode and of might
Iupartyd their lyues for the toūs right
Lyke their desertys the croūs toke ther names
For sūme of theym were called triumphall
Youe vnto knightes for their noble fames
Othir also callyd obsidionall
In romayne tunge and sūme there were mural
Eke other tweyne Naual and castrence
And al they were of greate excellence
The triumphal made were of golde
Offr [...]d in triumphes to worthy emperours
Set with saphirs and rubies many folde
Vpon the hedys of mighty conquerours
And whan that rome was shynynge in his floures
That crowne called with braunchis boor [...]ed fayre
In their vulgar thaureat coronayre
Thobsidional of which I spake toforne
Deuised were the bok [...] doth specifie
Crownes notable wrought lyke greyne or corne
y [...]ue vnto princes which through thir chyualrie
Res [...]ued s [...]gys and saued the partye
Of th [...]ym that were closed streight within
Through prowesse a crowne for to wynne
Another crowne that called was mural
Was gyuen and grauntyd by the emperoure
To him that first wan vpon the wal
A [...] ony siege and there abode the shoure
Fightinge alone In hope of some socoure
And he that might such a brunte sustene
Shulde of laurere were a crowne of grene
Naual crownes whilom were ordeyned
For theym that faught manly in the see
Whan their shippes were to gedre cheyned
He that of manhode and marcial surete
Vpon his enmyes made first entre
Receyue shulde in all the people sight
Korue liche a rother a crowne clere and bright
The crowne next which is called castrence
Was yeuyn of custome to that manly knight
That list auaunce him through his magnificence
Hostes assembled Iuparte wolde of might
[...]orne all other entre in to fight
[...] [...]ilde eke receyue his nobles for to queeme
[...]erryd crowne made like a dyademe
The crowne also which called was Ouall
Toke first name of ioye and gladnesse
Which kinges princis in actis marcial
Osed sūtyme in their ioyous noblesse
At sodeyne scarmysshes of casuel hastynesse
[...] [...]han they venquesshed proudly in batayle
[...] as their highnesse vnwarly wolde assayle
And for they were of power Inuyncible
Their noble crownys coriously were wrought
Of miitis braunchys which been imputrible
Enduringe euer and corrupt nought
For this worde Oual if it be wel sought
Is seyde of gladnesse as put is in memorye
Ordeyned for princes after their victorye
Another crowne callyd Cynyca
Of oken bowes was made roūde and pleyne
Ordeyned for theym which pro re publica
Coude in batayle rescue a cetesien
And sle his enmye that was a foreyne
Of mighty oke he shulde for manhede
Cleyme to were a crowne vpon his hede
And like as knightes in marcial delites
For comon profite dyd him silf auaunce
So for their noble victorious merites
The romayn people had a great plesaunce
With sodeyne crownes ma [...]all in substaunce
For to guerdon their knightes moost famous
Myn auctour recorde called agellius
Amonge other that dyd his besy peyne
Such crownes manly to recure
Marcus [...]aulius in manhode souereyne
Put oft his life in mortal auenture
For in his force so moch he dyd assure
That he deserued full yore agone
Of these sa [...] [...] mo that one
And to encres of his noble fame
He dyd a thinge both manly and diuyne
Wherby that he gate him a surname
To be called marchus Capitolyne
Which aboue al his names dyd shyne
Whan he alone wherby [...]e is cōmendyd
The Capitoyle from enmyes hath defended
Whan they of fraunce had take the eyte
Put all rome at myscheef vnto flight
And laide awaite with a greate meyne
The capeto [...]le for to take at night
By a passage that lay ferre oute of sight
Vnder a roch called Carmenton
Their caue entryd into the cheef dungeon
They were shroudyd vnder a derke vale
With ordenaunce and mighty violence
Towarde mydnight the wal for to scale
Moost couertly theym kepinge in scilence
Dempt pleynly for lackynge of resistence
That they shulde in [...]gre tho withinne
Their houre assigned the Capitoile wynne
But the ges that were within clos
The wakir foulys by noyse of their comynge
Gan bete their wynges and vp anone they aros
Where through this marchus in his bedde lyinge
Gan tabrayde and made tareynge
Toke his harneys moost furious and wroth
And to the wallys in all haste he goth
And him that cam first vpon the wall
Of very force without more tariynge
Doun into tybre he made theym haue a fall
And all his felawys besy in scalinge
With sheelde or pauys or ladders vp reisinge
This manly Mark shortly to comprehende
Into the flode made theym to descende
Vnto the deth of him they were abauyd
For by his knighthode and his hye renoun
Maugre theym the Capetoyle sauyd
And afterwarde rescued all the toun
For the fortune in conclusion
Which that tyme dyd vnto him fall
Capitolinus men dyd him after call
And for he was so victorious
Him s [...]lf alone by this hye victorye
This name he gate to him and [...] his hous
Perpetually to be in memorye
And registred in the consistorye
In their cronicles his name determyned
With golden letters to be enlumyned
And the gees of whoom I spake also
That so well kept watch vpon the night
I take were and offred vnto Iuno
Solempnely with greate torchys light
To whom also it grauntyd was of [...]ght
Whan a famyne made their store to fa [...]e
They sparyd were and take for no vitayle
And thus was Mark a mighty conqueroure
Worshiped in rome all beynge of assent
But whan sūme folke be set in greate honoure
Sumtyme it hapneth they holde theym nat cō [...]ent
With couetise their hertys be so blent
Fro suffisaunce aboue their degrees
To surmounte to higher dignitees
This maulius was fret in his corage
To gretter worshipes sodenly to ascende
Demynge so to haue had auauntage
And in him silf gan frowardly pretende
In that cite all other to transcende
Beside triumphes which were to him reseruyd
Higher to clymbe than he hath disseruyd
But there was one as made is mencion
Callyd Camillus a lorde of greate substaunce
Which in the cite and in that mighty toun
Aboue all other had gouernaunce
And as it is put in remembraunce
To his gretnesse no man might atteyne
Age whoos noblesse marchus gan disdeyne
In his herte he had a greate enuye
Which caused him by outrage for to erre
Ageyne Camillus which for his chiualrie
The toun gouernyd both in pees and werre
And for marchus wolde him silf preferre
Aboue that prince in worship and honoure
First of the people he gate him greate fauoure
And by a maner of conspiracye
He gadred hertys of the comonte
And drough also vnto his party
Greate multitude throughout the cyte
And thus arose first the dredfull enmyte
Within rome the story telleth thus
Atwene these princes Camyll and maulius
Thus first the venym atwene theim two was [...]owe
Of hasty hatrede by fals occasions
Which in the cyte atwene hye and lowe
Caused of newe diuers discencions
After the vncouth straunge opinions
For euery wight drough to his partye
As they were meued in their fantasye
But for to stynt this outragyous erroure
And these hasty stryues furious
Ageyne fro Tuscan cam a dictatoure
That tyme callyd Cornelius Cassus
Which of wisdome blamyd maulius
For he caused such rancoure in the toun
And for his gilt cōmaundyd him to prison
Which was in maner hindringe to his name
And appallyd in partye his noblesse
For a tyme gan teclipse his fame
But afterwarde the cloude of that derkenesse
By comon fauoure was turned into clennesse
For as it had be right for the nonys
In his diffence the comons roose at onys
First whan they had amonge their greate rumours
Myd of their fel hatefull contencion
Shortly rebuked the worthy senatours
Bycause marchus was set in pryson
Which had been so helpelich to the toun
Whom to delyuer they diuers menys sought
And as I finde euene thus they wrought
First they clad theym in moornynge cloth [...]s blake
Pale of their facis pitously wepinge
Their beerdis vnsha [...]e their heer to rende & shake
Like furious men vp and doun rennynge
Tofore the prison all the night wakinge
And on his harmys pleynly to be wreke
They gan manace the prison for to breke
And for to stynt their outragious clamoure
The senatours made anone ordeyne
To delyuer him oute of his soioure
Lose his feters and to breke his cheyne
And whan he was delyuered oute of peyne
He lyst nat stynt of hasty cruelte
Of proude corage auengyd for to be
And in his furious fell presumpcion
Maugre the senatys and tribunys euyrichon
Seide he wolde gouerne rome toun
At whoos outrage they gan disdeyne anone
The peoplys hertys from him were agone
And for his pride they by auysement
Assigned him to come to iugement
Forsake he was throughoute the cite
There cam nat one with him of his kinrede
He fonde no helpe in his aduersite
Saue a fewe cam with him in dede
Of the comons full feble at such a nede
And thus alas he fonde no resistence
Was vailable vnto his diffence
But for socoure constreyned and in drede
Aweye he put his clothinge and vesture
And nakyd stode verely in dede
Shewynge his woundes which he dyd endure
At many scarmysshe and disconfiture
And for rescuse to speke in wordys fewe
The capitoyle to theym he dyd shewe
And in supportinge eke of his quarele
Me [...]inge the people to rue on his compleynt
First to his goddys loude he dyd appele
To preserue him of that he was atteynt
The people about him with teers al be spreynt
That the Iuges astonyed were in dede
Where as they sat agayn him to procede
But secrely he was led out of prees
To a place called frowmentyne
And there alas they were mercyles
His dome by rigoure fully to termyne
Sparyd nouther nobles nor lyne
For the Capitoile out of the cheef dungeoun
Lowe in to Tibre for to be caste doun
This was his ende voide of al fauour
Which no man wolde redresse nor amende
By cruelte caste out of al that tour
Which he whilom moste knightly gan defende
But what man can by writynge comprehende
The vnsure socour fonde in necessite
To them that laboure for any comonte
Lat men beholde that trust in worldly thinges
And namely them that be proude and hauteyn
Opyn their iyen caste vp their lokynges
[...]o considre and se wel in certeyn
Who trusteth fortune his truste is but in veyn
And if ye lyste a cleer exaumple fynde
Amonge remembre on marcus in your mynde
What might auayle his nobles in batayle
[...]ies of golde crownes of laurere
His riche platys or his vncouth mayle
His mighty sheeldes that shone so bryght and clere
Or his triumphes songe ferre and nere
Or his victories for the cite wrought
In his mischeef auayled him right nought

Here bochas writeth in part ayenst such as can nat be content with suffisaunce but vsurpe to hygh dignitees

HEre Iohn bochas calleth to memorye
The straunge Salaire the famous guerdoū
Of theym that gate by conquest and victorie
Honoure and triumphe within rome toū
Howe it was vsed he maketh mencion
Ceriously reherceth the manere
Which I shall write if ye list to here
A vise was take first of estatis thre
Of men of armys which that were present
That sawe in dede the magnanymyte
Of him that shall haue it by iugement
Of the clergye they must haue eke assent
And of the Senat and people moost notable
By preef soughtoute that he were founde able
This prince also outher the capteyne
Which shall the triumphe receyue of very right
Within a charefull richely beseyne
He shalbe set of golde boornyd bryght
Fret with stonys which shall yeue a light
As phebus doth in his mydday spere
That no derkenesse aboute him shall appere
This heuenly chare shall for more delite
To shewe thencres of his knightly glorye
Be led and drawe with foure stedys white
Through the cite in tokyn of his victorye
And he shall haue for a singuler memorye
In his right hande a palme of golde full shene
And on his hede a crowne of laurer grene
He shall eke haue aboue all his armure
Poudryd with palmys a cote of purpyll rede
In his lefthande his quarels for to assure
A standard rounde declaringe his manhode
And all aboue set vpon the hede
The princes armys full rich of apparayle
In whoos quarell he accomplisshed in batayle
And of custum the seyde standerd shall
Be richely depent with rede coloure
And so this knight this man moost marciall
Shall be conueyed lyke a conqueroure
And yit for more encres of his honoure
Vpon their fete his prysoners euerichon
Take by his manhode aboute his chare shall gone
The moost worthy fast by his syde
All the remenaunt after on him lokynge
Echon of the poetys which in the toun abide
Shall on him waite at his home comynge
Dytees deuise and of his conquest singe
And straunge mynstrellys to be also recorde
Their instrumentis shall touche at a corde
All of entent to yeue him more corage
To the capitoyle so he shalbe brought
And list of pryde he fall in none outrage
Nor surquedye within his owne thought
The moost wretch shall of the toun be sought
Which of custum shall haue a staf on honde
And in the chare behinde his backe vp stonde
Gnotos Eolitos in Greke he shulde seyne
Which in oure tunge pleynly doth expresse
Knowe thy silf remembrynge in certeyne
Vpon fortunys frowarde doublenesse
On whom thou trust may be no sekyrnesse
And who that douteth where that it be thus
Lat him remembre the ende of maulius
What auailed his triumphes or his byes
Crownys of golde and peerlyd fressh tunycles
His high prowe or all his chyualryes
Synguler feightinge or marciall ꝑticles
Newly remembryd or red i [...]olde cronicles
Peise his merites and see [...]we at the last
Howe into tybre their champyon they cast
To his excuse auayled neueradell
Fauour of comons carectis of his woundys
Nor to the goddys his lamentable appel
Nor remembraunce of their fraunchised boundys
Teritories nor wynnynge of the groundys
Which that he wan with spendynge of his blode
All knyt in one to him to stede they stode
Here ye may se howe fortune sodenly
Cleernesse of fame can chaunge to derkenesse
Glorye to reproche worship to vylanye
And ioy passyd to mortall heuynesse
Swetnesse of sauoure into bitternesse
And sobirnesse into furious rage
And olde fraunchise to thraldom and saruage
For there was neither request nor prayere
That auayled to his delyueraunce
In cheynes fetryd dedly of loke and chere
Abode the sentence of his fynall gouernaunce
Pale of face with tremblynge countenaunce
Whan he alas gan mortally approche
Of Terpeya to the hidous roche
Of Terpeya this roche bare the name
After a lady as made is mencion
Called tarpeya which fyll in greate diffame
Bycause she was assentyd to treson
To haue brought enmyes into rome toū
Wherof conuyet hir story is well knowe
Vnder that roch she was Idolue lowe
This roche also was called Carmentoun
After a woman of greate auctorite
Callyd carmentys which through hir high renoun
The capitoyle made in that cite
And she fonde lettris first of oure abc
And cūnynge had amonge hir werkis all
Declare afore thinge that shulde befall
And on this harde sturdy roche of stone
Fro the capitoyle marchus was cast doun
Other fauoure nor frendship fonde he none
For all his batayles fought for the toun
The comons hertys were turned vp so doun
Whoos loue is lyke preuyd at assaye
A bla [...]e of fire nowe bright nowe awaye
The comon people may hote and crye fast
As their hertis stedfast were and stable
But at a nede their promys wyl nat last
Of [...] corages they be so remeuable
To folowe reson gerissh and vntretable
Lightly declynynge and is full greate ruth
After opinions and no thinge after truth
This mallius was of his trust deceyued
Whoos lust vnlefull was departyd on tweyne
First whan of pride he wolde haue be receyued
To high estate which he might nat atteyne
Where through the Senate gan at him disdeyne
And the comons ay fals at such a nede
Lest him in myscheef and toke of him none hede