PALLAS ARMATA. THE GENTLEMANS ARMORIE; Wherein the right and ge­nuine use of the Rapier and of the Sword, as well against the right handed as against the left handed man is displayed: And now set forth and first pub­lished for the commmon good by the Author.

Hor.
Vis consilij expers mole ruit suâ.
Ea demum tuta est potentia quae viribus suis modum imponit.
Val. Max.

Printed at London by I. D. for Iohn Williams, at the signe of the Crane in S. Pauls Church-yard. 1639.

[...]
SENECA.
Qui ante nos ista moverunt, non domini nostri sed duces sunt: Patet omnibus veri­tas, nondum est occupate, multum ex illâ fu­turis est relictum.
BOETIVS.
M [...]serrimi est ingenij semper uti inventis, & numquam inven [...]endis.

Generosis Iuvenibus, & ad summa quaeque natis,

R GRENVILE IACO▪ CLAVERING IOH: WOLSTENHOLME THO: NEWCE GVIL: WATS IO: SIMAND

Verae amicitiae nulla finis,
nullus terminus.
Amicitiae vinculum potens
& praev alidum, ne (que) ulla
ex parte sanguinis vi­ribus
inferius.

Amicis ac fautoribus aetatem suspiciendis, colendis, adamandis.

VEstra in me merita, Ge­nerosi Iuvenes, suavissi­mi amici, & quae mihi vobiscum consuetudo, hoc tan­dem [Page] effecit, virtute plusquam magnetica, ut hunc vobis libel­lum, haec mea mitterem interlu­dia; Etenim volventi mihi met mecum, cui, quibusve hosce meos juveniles lusus inscriptos sacrarem, ad unum vos infudi­stis. Quod ut mihi Panico terro­re correpto contigit, non du­bitavi, quod occultus mihi Ge­nius insusurrabet, toti mundo expositum detegere.

Tot enim, tantaque amoris erga me vestri extitere indicia, ut, si mihi sigillatim enarranda forent, aeras & charta prose­quendis singulis non suppete­rent, & si, tamen tanta sunt om­nia, ut tenuis facundiae encomiis obfuscata prius jacerent in te­nebris, [Page] quam illustrata fulge­rent, effecistis denique ut dum vivam, moriar proh dolor ingratus.

Erunt fortean, quorum pecto­ribus stuporem creabit haud levem, quod tam exiguae molis opus cumulatorum beneficio­rum catervae Cyclopica auda­cia reponere ausim, atque sex praeclare de me meritis chartu­las hasce obtrusas dicare volue­rim, quarum tanta vix dignitas, si molem inspicias, ut unius su­beant aspectum; verum, quan­tumvis exile sit, quod offero, & angustum, animus ejus a quo proficiscitur laxior est & capaci­or, nec vos candidum amici pectus Schedarum congerie [Page] mensuros confido: nae malui me aliis imperitum vestrisque meritis imparem ostendere, quam vobis ingratum.

In ingrati culpam profecto incidissem, si in grati animi ob­sequio declarando, publice illos calamo seiunxissem, quos secre­tò pectori inclusos conjunctos­que affectu sincero veneror.

Interim vos, quicquid crudi, stoico stomacho, & nobilitate Spartana concoquite, si quid obscuri & abjecti inest libro, ful­gido nominus vestri spendore circumfusi facite ut corruscet, & qui prodire in lucem imma­turum hunc foetum voluistes, prodeuntis suscipite patroci­nium, obstetricum munus su­biistis, [Page] nutricum vicem, & Tu­torum tandem suscipere ne aversemini. Haec prece sollicitâ emulgere conatur vobis

aeternum man­cipatus. G. A.

Ad Lecturos Philathletas.

CAndide & ingeniose Le­ctor-Philathleta, non me fallacis gloriae insatiata cupiditas, non arida sitis famae garrulae, quae superborum ti­tulorum avidos titillat, ad scriben­dum allexit, sed fervens tui juvendi desiderium. Etenim, reputans ego­metmecum quam frigide, quam ob­scure, quam inconcinne alij hujus artis praecepta tradituri egerunt, quam fraudulentur deniquedum le­ctores suos per sinuosos anfractus deducentes, artis esse putarunt, si ce­larent artem, plurimorum me deside­rijs responsurum duxi, sin elatibris protractam Athleticam, enodatam publici juris fecissem.

[Page] Nae, omnium quae, suo fulgore Sol roseus tangit, illuminat, illustrat, post verbum divinitus traditum & secundū artes liberales, pulcherrima est, & utilissima gladiatoria facultas, ut ad propulsandas a corpore injurias ex­cogitata, & sirem justâ aestimatione prosequi velimus, unicam hanc artem ae que facere ad tuendam sanitatem ac reliqua omnia quotquot sunt, corpo­ris exercitia, & plus ad vitam prote­gendam quam ex iis ullum, fatebimur: Eorum enim plurima molle otium, nersque luxus genita produxit, fru­ [...]alitas & temperantia ne somniarunt [...]uidem, hanc artem dedita magnis [...]clytisque facinoribus tempora in­ [...]exere. Quid enim liberum homi­ [...]m minus dedecet, quam arma [...]actare? Quodnam corpus huma­ [...]m magis roborat exercitiam, feren­ [...]sque laboribus, ac adeundis pro [...]a Patriâ periculis aptiorem reddit? [...]llum. Invecta quidem antiquitús [...] sui cujusque defensionem, verum, [Page] nefanda libido lacescendi erube­scendum mortis genus infelic itempo­ris successu enormitatem detestan­dam introduxit, nam, ubi nosmet de­fendere didicerimus, statim alios of­fendere nitimur.

Heu gravem sortem, quoties ini­quus Additur saevo gladius veneno!

Sed quid gloriamur de infirmita [...]tibus nostris, cum brutis ex part [...] inferiores simus? Reliqua enim ani [...]mantia natura indulgens armis i [...]struxit, cornibus Taurum, dentib [...] Aprum, unguibus Leonem, solu [...] hominem imbellem, inermen, imb [...] cillum esse, & e terrae visceribus a [...] ma morte venalia petere voluit.

Neque in unâ aliquâ provincia q [...] se forsan enormi hac provocandi li [...] dine exonerari pateretur, cohib [...] poterit effraenis illa, & extra rectū [...] dinem evagans licentia, nisi in [...] fimul, ubi nunc dierum hos mo [...] peregrinantes contrahimus, ad n [...] liorem ordinem ista licentia revo [...]tur, [Page] revocataque evanescat: Cete­rum ut malum hocce adultum decli­netur (quod haud levioribus remediis restinguendum, quam libidinibus ar­descit) vix consultum fuerit, cum, si istâ prohiberemur consuetudine, in deteriora scelera prolabentes, nobis invicem, clam nexis insidijs, violen­tas manus essemus illaturi. Utendum hac arte, haud fecus ac artis Aescula­piae periti venenis, venena emorbosis corporibus expulsuri.

Certè mei muneris non est Athleti­ca tractare, aut exinde quaestū capere, mihi nec seritur nec metitur, atamen, cum jam diu addidicerem hanc artem ab exercitatissimo quodam armo­rum Magistro, cui jam defuncto non parem habet Europa, non possum non, quinquae olim in privatum usum stylo commendaveram, tibi non de­negata mittam in publicum, quo mi­nus publicae utilitati defuisse, vel sal­tem deesse voluisse videar. Modo me­lioris notae hominibus placuero, de [Page] caeteris haud multum ero sollicitus, calumnientur, virus evomant, patro­cinabitur mihi mea innocentia, pro­teget me tuorum conatuum pro mo­vendorum studium indefessum.

En itaque tibi mi Lector, artis Athleticae Systema compendiariâ Methodo conscriptum, tuum ego fa­vorem, & in judicando aequitatem ambio, Omnibus placere, & si fas esset, haud facile, nulli, probrosū. Im­peritis haec non peritis scribo, am­plecte [...] itaque imperite, connive pe­rite, si me in ipsâ herbâ oppresseris [...] nil ausurus sum adultus, si non elogij [...] digna, vituperiis ne onerato, cogitans [...] magni & excelsi animi signum esse laudibus indigna & proculcata, laudi [...]bus ornare, & erigere studuisse. Vale [...]

To the Gentle Reader.

MOst Courteous and Inge­nious Reader, it was not the insatiable de­sire of a shade like fame which soone vanisheth, nor the unquenchable thirst of an emptie glory, that did al­lure me to write this treatise, but the good will I bore thee and thine endea­vours. We ought to doe well, not because we would be frequently talked and spo­ken of by every man, but that wee may edifie and give content to our owne mindes; for as men are inconstant, so their actions and humours likewise are variable, and he that heapes up prayses upon thee to day may blame thee to mor­row. And although our name doth not die presently with us, if we, having done [Page] well in our life time be praise worthy, yet it cannot last for ever, but must once perish with the world, and thus we die twice.

The subject is praise worthy enough, but as for the Penman, Ile leave that to thy descreet censure: Good language I want, yet if I did not want it, thou wouldst want the understanding of the booke.

The Art of Defence may bee justly termed next to the liberall, the chiefe, the most necessary, as well in time of peace as in time of warre, at home and abroad, the most part of other exercises of the body being but for pleasure onely, or the health of the body, this for plea [...]sure, for health of body and soule too; for if thou bee knowne to be ex­p [...]rt herein, and to guide thy weapon by judgement, thou dost scarsely give any occasion of falling out, that thou mayst not be accounted a vaine man, and be­cause thou knowest what danger there is in, onely standing upon thine owne de­fence, [Page] when the unskilfull having one­ly courage, will quarrell upon any oc­casion, because the danger he may fall into is unknowne to him: besides no bo­dy will easily offend thee, so that skill maketh thee to be respected and feared, and to feare no man, if thou be engaged in any necessary quarrell.

And againe, if it bee thy chance to light into a company, where perhaps in thy presence some may fall out, then the reputation thou art in for thy skill may be the cause of their agreement, if thou thy selfe dost stirre in mediating betweene them, and thus thou mayst de­liver their bodies and soules from dan­ger, in hindring the shedding of blood. I cannot but marvaile extreamely, con­sidering the necessitie, why this art should be so much neglected▪ without the want of good and skilfull teachers be the cause. For with what confidence can we weare our weapons, with what safetie if we cannot use them? There is a great difference betweene the wearing [Page] and the handling of Armes, to weare a Rapier or Sword is onely fashionable, to use it, necessary.

If a man bee assaulted and hath no skill to trust to, he will be daunted and loose his courage, and although hee doth not loose his spirit, but with a resolute minde will strive to gaine the conquest, his fortitude becomes temeritie, and his owne valour will be his raine, because it is not ruled by reason.

And if thou hast never so good skill, doe not offend any one, nor contemning undervalue thine adversaries skill, al­though he hath none at all, for contempt engendreth carelesnesse, and careles­nesse destruction, ever that thou shun­nest thou escapest; therefore rather per­swade thy selfe that thine adversary hath more skill then thou, and fight wa­rily, as if thou wert to combat with thy better man, and thou shalt bee free from many perills, that else would be­fall thee. It is not my profession indeed to practise this science, or to get my li­living [Page] the same, but my ambition to un­fold that to thee for Grande mercy, which hath cost me both thankes and silver: I was encouraged by many of my friends to commit this treatise to the Presse, and easily induced to put it in action, seeing the want of such a sub­ [...]ect: yet I had scarsely ventured to put my selfe into the world, had it not plea­sed my noble friends to divide them­selves, and surround me with the fiery walls of their tender love. I present unto thy view a booke small in quantity, but great if thou peruse it throughly, groun­ded upon reason and experience, me­thodically composed, and (which I will not blush to speake) in such termes that there cannot be made any blow or thrust [...]t thee, but thou mayst finde remedy for there. There have indeede beene some few and those of great skill and expe­rience, that have written some discour­ses of this subject very obscurely, be­cause being that it wa [...] their living and profession, they thought it not expedi­ent [Page] to make that common by which they were maintained. I have fitted my selfe to thetimes, in speaking onely of single Rapier and single Sword, being that the Dagger, Gauntlet, Buckler are not in use, and because that the Rapier an [...] the Sword are the grounds of the lesse noble weapons. The Rapier of the Quar­ter staffe, of the longe Pike, of the Hal [...]bard: the Sword, of the two hande [...] Sword, and of the Falchion, so that [...] man who can play at single Rapier an [...] Back Sword well and judiciously, ma [...] with great ease learne to handle the re [...] of the weapons. There be some that wi [...]hold that a man having a long arm [...] and consequently a long reach, hath [...] great advantage of a short man, th [...] hath neither so long a reach nor so lon [...] a Rap [...]er as he, but if I should ma [...] bold to mantaine the contrary again [...] those, I should perchanse be held to d [...]liver a Paradox, which indeede is [...] Paradox but to the unskilfull: In bac [...] Sword-play a long weapon may bee a [...]vantagious; [Page] in Rapier-play it is not, if he that hath the shorter weapon doth but alwayes thrust close to his adversaries weapon: But if two play together that are both unskilfull, then hee that hath the longer Rapier doubtles hath advan­tage, because they thrust f [...]rre off from one anothers Rapiers.

Entertaine therefore, gentle Reader, these first fruits of mine endeavours, with as good and noble a minde as I wrote it with a d [...]sire to benefit thee, and to advance thy skill, which if thou dost thou shalt oblige me further, and give me great encouragement to enlarge it with Emblemes, and the art of Cami­nering, a thing very usefull, namely how to assault an enemy farre off with a Rapier. Farewell, and peruse this with health and joy.

In laudem operis & Authoris

IS death of late growne feeble, and her Dart
So blunt, that shee must learne to kill by Art?
Or are her Ministers, Chance, Sicknesse, Age,
Too few in number to fulfill her rage?
That man and man in mortall feu'd combine
To date her Trophies in a rubrick line
Drawn with a Penne of Steele, by which device
Their slaughter'd bodies fall her sacrifice?
Tis so, such is their madness [...], that for lone
Of peoples breath they'le prostitute their owne;
Vertue unarm'd suffers by such, whilst might
Incroacheth on the priviledge of right.
But Sonne of Mars to rescue innocence
From injuries, hast publisht this defence
And teachest how with skill to countermaund
The deadly outrage of a stronger hand.
Thy Booke, although the volume be but small
Is great enough t'undoe Chirurgions Hall;
Charon may yawne and stretch, expecting fares▪
(As watermen doe at the Temple staires
Ith' long vacation ere they earne a groate)
Yet want a naulum to repaire his boate.
SAM. BRIGGES. Master of Arts and Fellow of Kings Col. in Cambridge.

To the deserving Author.

THe joyntlesse Fencers glory who rehearse,
Must let his fancy blood and bleed a verse;
In sheetes of St [...]ele must entertaine the Nine,
And write with Quills shot from th' brisl'd Porcupine.
Spirit of Arts! Lovely! Misterious strife!
Deaths true Commedie acted to the life.
Motions pleasing-horrid! here the same sight
Daunts the valiant which makes the coward fight.
You that let fall your Babell thoughts at least,
When tumults omen what your feares suggest,
Your valour hence unsheath againe, draw breath
By Art, and live in th' very act of death.
The left hand man that falsefies his Play,
Ne're yet oppugned, now makes himselfe away:
Thy Art exact thus kills without offence,
And murther qualifies to innocence.
When judgement umpires 'twixt the hands and eye,
The first stroake types a perfect victory,
(Grand Master of the great Art Masculine)
Lawrell thine owne Temples, for th' Field is thine;
Triumph in th' Booke of Fate, this wounding Balme
Whilst thee in th' Cirque we Coronet with Palme.
Io. G [...]DOLPHIN. Bach. of the Civill Law, of Glouc. Hall Oxford.
THou who as yet thy Steele dost feare
Which at thy back doth hang, and ne're
Did'st draw thy blade but for to show't,
Or tell the price for which 'twas bought;
See here the Art to use it, such,
That Naples scarce can teach so much:
Behold thy foe in paper bleede,
And cut, that pittie 'tis to reade,
(Here thou mayst learne to laugh at those,
At Callis, who to blinde their foes,
The Sand into their faces throw,
And then attempt a desperate blow)
Her's nobler shifts to foyle his hand;
To drink his blood let lie the sand:
Now thou art taught by finer art
To cut life's Gordian thread a part▪
Pallas invites thee here to looke,
Read, and thy life's sav'd by thy booke.
ANTHONY ASKHAM, Fellow of Kings Colledge in Cambridge.

To his worthy, valourous, and ingenious friend the Author.

NOt for thy love, or kindnesse showne to me
Doe I commend this Booke, or yet praise thee;
For though I know thou art a friend of mine,
I praise this for its owne sake, not for thine.
Thou herein to the Reader dost impart
In a plaine way that famous Martiall art
Of fencing, which by charge and toylesome paine
Thou hast attain'd, and striv'st to make us gaine
By thy great labour, and hereby dost prove
That th'art not onely full of skill but love
Of th' common good, for which thy name shall be
Both lov'd of us and our posteritie.
IO. SOTHEBY Of Grayes-Inne.

To his Friend.

LOng peace (some say) breeds Warre, a Fate
Contemptible in its selfe, for us to hate,
Yet when necessity to the Sword gives Law
Twere more then dastardy not to draw:
With braver spirits that them attempt to doe,
Her's honored skill, and skill for honour too:
Loe her's a Mr. not for Boyes but Men,
Who terminates all weapons with his Pen;
His postures such that addes to our life Fame,
(Life overpast) a Trophee to our Name.
For if we honour give to Law, alone
That keepes us in our owne possession
What dignities sufficient, or what degree
Can recompence that Art which keepes us free
From forreine and demestique foes, from wrongs,
In duels, combats, multitudes and throngs,
And in the Amphitheater to strive
With savage Lions who shall survive?
Hadst thou beene there thy nimble skill and Art
Would soone have wonne dire Neroes heart
Who would have thought Romes treasury to be
A small reward and recompence for thee.
Besides 'twill adde unto thy worth: by Sword
Caesar himselfe through Flintie mountaines bord
[Page] Much more our stony hearts thy Art and skill,
Pierces and workes in us both power and will
Yet men will carpe, envie at vertue aimes,
The fairest face may be Sunburnt with staines
And know, Mechanicks that doe not understand
Some Pety-Marchants growne behind hand
Will secretly contemne, abroad their feare
Will reconcile them l [...]st thou shouldst heare
And question words with blowes, Heroick blood
Termes this the sinewes of the publicke good,
But I doe wrong thee much in this low praise.
Nay I should wrong thee if I gave thee Bayes
Alone; since thy victorious hand and tongue
Deserves the noble Palme, the Muses song.
Tamberlayne Bowdler, Nuper ex Aed. Christ. Oxon. nunc de Gray Hospitis.

To his Friend the Author.

MArs and Minerva in a Nuptiall band.
By a sacred Flamen here conjoyned stand,
At this great marriage after the English rite
I offer here mine English worthlesse mite.
A. SMALLVVOOD, Master of Arts, sometimes of S. Peters Colledge in Cambridge.
GReat Master of the Sword and Pen [...] poore we
Hang onely Trophies t'your humilitie;
We but increase your traine, not gild your Bayes,
Nor adde to th' shout of victory, your praise
Would weare a Caesars stile out; one that writes
With the same Art and Courage, that he fights.
Mankind's your de [...]ter, Sir: and should each one
Y'have sav'd a Garland bring, our Okes were gone;
Duells may now be lawfull: for to fight
Will be but Exercise, or Play in spight.
Each man's impassable, more safe from harme
Than if he wore a Lapland Witches charme.
And though our Lawes forbid it, yet y'have tooke
A course to save the Dueller by's booke:
Pallas now scornes her Gorgon, and ith' Field
Sheele make your Booke her Study and her Shield.
WILLIAM CREED. Oxon.

To the Reader.

HArke Reader, would'st be learn'd ith' W [...]rres,
A Captaine in a Gowne?
[...]trike a league with Bookes and Scarres?
And weare of both the Crowne?
[...]ouldst be a Wonder? such a one
As could winne with a Looke?
A Schollar in a Garrison?
And conquer by the Booke?
[...]ake then this Mathematick Shield▪
And henceforth by its Rules,
[...]e able to dispute ith Field,
And combate in the Schooles.
[...]hil'st peacefull Learnin g once agen,
And th' Souldier do concorde,
As that he fights now with her Penne
And shee writes with his Sword.
RICH. LOV [...]LAC [...]. A. Glouces: Oxen.
HEre troopes of Figures muster, here along
March long-shank'd lines, & angles in a throng
The Sword's the Leader, and a sharpe one too,
That never brookes to word it, if he doe
But turne, they turne streight with him; Figures the
Dissigure, Angles vary, Lines begin
To cringe and crooke themselves and trembling flye
To corners: So they'r Angl'd instantly.
Tis well the Sword's the Leader, 'twould molest
To ranke him rightly more then all the rest.
The Lines claime him for theirs, and thus conclude
That needs must be a Line that's Longitude.
Should I so count Him? th' Angles would confute
My forwardnesse; cry out, are lines acute?
Ranke him with us; the body Sphaericall
Would next step in, thus argue, d' ont swords all
Touch planum still in puncto? So doe wee;
Tis plaine, this touchstone proves him kin to me.
Thus would they wrangle for him, though tis know
The Sword for equalls would admit of none.
Hee'd make them soone confesse their properties,
By cutting them into infinities.
Mysterious Artist! whose profounder skill
Has made the Sword a Scholler g'ainst its will,
Has made it learn'd, and, though it selfe not knowes
To make a Geometrick figure in its blowes.
WILL. BEVVE, New Coll. Ox. Fel [...]
THankes Mathematick Fencer, that dost tye
The Sword to th' booke and fight in Geometry▪
That hast given eares to weapons and dost cause
Armes to be subject to the voice of lawes.
Proceed thus in thy Miracles; be read
And wonderd at, the same path few can tread▪
D. VIVIAN. Fell. new Coll. in Oxon.
SIR,
THe praises which to Xenophon were due,
May now deservedly be fixt on you:
By this we doe you right, not wrong him, when
You weild as well as he the Sword, and Penne.
But this is not enough: thou dost out-doe
Not Xenophon alone, but nature too:
That each man should defend himselfe, we be
By nature taught, but how we should, by thee.
W. W. Oxoniensis.

Errata.

FOlio 6. line 29. for line read time. fol. 32. line 25. for Is read If. fol. 46. line 22. for under his, read under thy, fol. 58. line 5. for left legge, reade right legge.

LIB. I.

PARS PRIOR: The first part of the first Booke; Containing how a Right-handed man is to play against a Right-handed man at single Rapier.

CHAP. I. Treateth of things that must be knowne be­fore we proceede to the subject it selfe.

FIrst of all we are to know that the Rapier is divided into two parts, namely into the Prime and the Secunde.

The Prime is measured from [...]he Hilt to the midst of the Rapier, and [Page 2] being the strongest part, is consequently t [...] be made onely use of in putting by thrus [...] or blowes.

3 The Secunde is taken from the midst [...] the Rapier to the point, and being th [...] weakest of the Rapier is therefore onely [...] be used in offending or making of thrusts▪

4 As for the posture or the carriage of th [...] body and [...]or making of thy thrusts at thi [...] adversary, observe with mee these rul [...] following.

5 Thy Rapier thou must hold with a be [...]ded arme, so that the point of thy Rapi [...] bee lineally answerable to thine elbow.

6 Thy left hand thou art to hold over th [...] left eye to put by a suddain thrust witha [...] which by chance at eyther of thine ey [...] might be directed.

7 Thou art only to shew thy right side, [...] if thou dost consider with thy selfe, th [...] wilt finde it onely advantagious to the [...] when thou standest upon thy defence, [...] it will be something hard for thine adve [...]sary to hit thee I must needs confesse, b [...] if thou meanest to offend thine adversar [...] it is a small advantage to thee or none [...] all; for first of all, thy thrust thou can [...] n [...] make with such a force, when thou sta [...]dest altogether with a halfe body, as whe [...] thou shewest something of thy breast▪ [...] [Page 3] [...]hen besides, when thou makest a thrust at [...]hine adversary stepping forwards with thy right leg towards him thou commest [...]o stand with a halfe body, and then if hee did ayme at that part of thy breast which thou didst shew he will misse it, if thou lost but thrust at the selfe same instant his [...]hrust approacheth, therefore every dis­creete Teacher and judicious Master ought [...]o leave that free to his Schollers, being [...]hat it is a thing of no great moment.

8 Thy left legge must be something ben­ [...]ed, and thy right legge too, but not alto­gether so much as thy left legge, upon which all the weight of thy body must [...]ie.

9 Thy feete they must be placed not very [...]arre from one another, that thou mayst make a long thrust upon any occasion, and [...]hey must bee placed like a great Roman [...] upwards, or an I turned backward, just [...]s in dauncing, that thou mayst have the greater strength in thy left thigh to re­ [...]all thy body suddenly when thou hast per­ [...]ormed thy thrust.

10 When thou wilt make a thrust, then [...]retch out thy right arme, and step for­ [...]ard with thy right foot and let them [...]oth goe together at one and the selfe same [...]ime, and when thou steppest forward [Page 4] with thy right foote, but doe not stirre thy left foote; the weight of thy body must wholly lye upon thy right thigh, as soone as thou hast performed thy thrust, in­stantly recall thy body againe, so that the weight of thy body come to rest upon thy left thigh againe (as it did before thou made thy thrust) not recalling thy right legge, with which thou didst formerly step forwards, but, in the meane while thou bindest him after thy thrust remove by little and little thy left legge towards thy right legge, for thus doing thou canst thrust home at thine adversary againe as soone as thou hast occasion.

11 Thy thrust thou must make close to thine adversaries Rapier, as if thou woul­dest strike fire out of his weapon, which i [...] thou dost not doe, you will both be hurt i [...] neither of you have skill; if one of yo [...] have but skill, and knoweth to observe this then hee onely will bee endangered tha [...] doth not thrust close to his adversaries Ra­pier.

12 Yet this is not all, but thou must like­wise thrust close to the Secunde or wea­kest part of his Rapier, with thy Prime o [...] strongest part of thy Rapier, for if thou canst doe that, he cannot put thee by.

13 When thou dost thrust at thine adver­sary [Page 5] without, over his right arme, thou must doe it with a Secunde. When thou makest a thrust at thine adversary within, [...]hou art to doe it with a Quarte.

14 Ever when thou hast made a thrust at [...]hine adversary, stringere him on the same [...]ide thou didest thrust, in the recalling of [...]hy body, not removing thy point from his; for else he may wound thee too upon [...]hy comming off.

CHAP. II. The forreigne termes of Art, that doe occurre in this Treatise, are unfolded.

1 STringering is the touching of thine adversaries point with thy point, which thou art to doe upon any occasion, that [...]hou mayst secure thy selfe on eyther side [...]rom a thrust, which commonly is termed [...]inding.

2 To Cavere, is to turne thy point under [...]hine adversaries Rapier on the other side, when thou art bound, or he doth thrust at [...]hee.

3 Tempo is, that thou takest heed never to make a thrust or blow at thine adversarie, [Page 6] without thou hast a faire opportunity to hit, or requisite measure, that he be within thy reach.

4 Mensure is the distance betwixt thee and thine adversary, whereof thou art to judge (if thou canst reach him or no) before thou thrustest, that thou mayst not offend in vaine.

5 To Parere, is to decline, to put by, and to turne off a thrust or blow.

6 Finda is called in the Italian tongue [...] deceit or cousnage, and metaphorically brought into fencing, when I doe as if [...] would thrust into one part of thy body [...] and seeing that thou dost catch after my thrust to put me by, I then recalling my point doe thrust somewhere else, at which place I in the beginning did not ayme, be [...]fore thou strovest to put me by.

7 To Passere is when thou doest thrust [...] thine adversarie without or within to [...]wards his brest, and hee doth put by th [...] thrust upwards, and thou in the mean [...] while hee lifteth up his arme, bowest th [...] body, and letting thy point sinke down [...] into a Secunde under his right arme do [...] passe behind him.

8 To thrust Contratempo, is to thrust th [...] selfe same line thine adversarie do [...] thrust.

[Page 7] 9 To Battere, is to beat or knocke eyther with the Rapier or foote.

10 To Voltere is, when thine adversary doth thrust at thee, and thou first parering his thrust, doest just upon the approaching of his thrust turne thy body round about to­wards thy left side out upon thy right leg, so that thy back commeth towards thine adversary, and thy left legge betweene thy right, and thine adversaries right legge, and thrusteth him with a Quarte at his right breast: But this is a trick altogether full of danger, [...]unlesse it be used to avoyd the Passade withall.

CHAP. III. Concerning the Guards.

1 THere are but foure guards ac­cording to the foure wayes thou canst turne thy hand, viz. Prime, Secunde, Tertz and Quarte.

2 The Prime is when thou houldest thy Rapier in such a manner that the outside side of thy hand doth looke towards thy left side out, and the inside of thy hand looke towards thy right side out. This is [Page 8] subdivided into a straight Prime, when thy point looketh straight forwards, and into a hanging Prime, when thy point doth looke towards the ground.

The Secunde is, when thou holdest thy Rapier in such a sort that the outside of thy hand looketh upwards, and the inside of thy hand towards the ground. This is likewise subdivided into a straight Secunde whenthy point looketh straight forwards; into a hanging Secunde, when thy point looketh downewards towards the ground, and finally into the middle Secunde, when thou holdest thy Rapier with a Secunde and a bowed arme, so that the point of thy Rapier lookes sheere out towards thy left side.

3 The Tertz is when thou dost holde thy Rapier in such fashion that the outside of thy hand looks towards thy right side out, and the inside of thy hand towards thy left side out.

This againe is subdivided into the High Tertz when thou holdest thy point up­wards yet with bended arme, so that thy hilt equallize thy Right breast in height; into a middle Tertz, when thou holdest thy weapon with a bent arme that the point lookes straight out forwards, so that the Hilt in height equalize thy waste: And [Page 9] lastly into a low Tertz, when thou holdest thy weapon with a straight arme downe­wards, so that thy Hilt bee equall to thy knee in height, or a little below.

4 The Quarte is when thou holdest thy Rapier in such a manner with a bended arme, that the outside of thy hand looke downe towards the ground, but the in­side upwards. This is likewise subdivi­ded into a straight Quarte when thy point lookes forwards, and into a hanging Quarte when thou holdest thy Rapier with a Quarte and let the point sinke downe.

CHP. IV. How to make use of all the foure guards, and upon what occasion each of them may bee used, as being different from one another.

1 THe Prima is onely to bee thru­sted at the outside of thine ad­versaries Rapier over his right arme, and is never to be used within, and is the weakest of all the guards.

An example how thou shalt use the Prime.

2 If thine adversary lie open within, then [Page 10] stringere him within as soone as he maketh a thrust at thee without, and turneth his point under thy Rapier, instantly thrust at him with a Tertz over his right arme close to the weake of his Rapier, if then hee doth strive to put by thy thrust to­wards his right side, then turning thy Tertz into Prime thrust at his right breast.

3 The Secunde is used without over the right arme in a long thrust, and in a Passa­de, then likewise under the arme in a Pas­sade without, and againe within in a long thrust and in a Passade. [Page]

[figure]

Examples how to use the Secunde without.

4 If thine adversary bee open within then stringere him within, as soone as hee maketh a thrust at thee without, over the Prime on the strongest part of thy Rapier, then put it by with a Quarte towards thy rightside out, and at the same instant thou dost put by, change the Quarte into a Se­cunde and thrust over his right arme at his right breast, or Passere.

How to Passere with the Secunde without.

5 If thine adversary lie open without, then thrust him over his right arme without, if he then should parere thy thrust upwards, then while he is parering upwards, bow thy body and let the point sinke downe in­to a Secunde under his right arme, and Pas­sere him, but passing behind him clap thy left hand upon his Hilt, for feare he should knocke thee passing, with the Hilt.

How to use the Secunde within.

6 If thine adversary lye open within, then thrust him within with a Quarte as soone as hee doth put by thy trust towards his left side out, yet so that the point of his Rapier looketh towards thy body, then change thy Quarte into a Secunde close to his Rapier, and make a long thrust at his right breast: But if hee doth parere to­wards [Page 13] his left side, that the point of his Rapier likewise doth looke towards his left side out, then change likewise thy Quarte into a Secunde and Passere him: And if hee doth parere thy thrust upwards let thy point sinke in under his arme within and doe the same.

7 The Tertz is onely used without, over the arme, never in the making of a Pas­sada.

An example how to use the Tertz without.

9 If thine adversary lye open within, then stringere him within, as soone as hee makes a thrust at thee without, then thrust him o­ver the Secunde or weakest part of his Ra­pier with a Tertz, and with thy Hilt goe low.

8 The Quarte is for the most part used at the inside of the Rapier, yet sometimes without over the right arme, and then the Quarte is called Riversá, as having chan­ged her nature and propertie, because shee onely ought to be used within.

An example how to use the Quarte within.

10 If thine adversary lie open without, then Stringere him without, as soone as he doth make a thrust at thee within, then thrust with the Quarte close to the Secunde or the weakest part of his Rapier betweene [Page 14] his right arme and his right breast, and when thou hast performed thy thrust, then presently stringere within.

Another manner.

11 Let thine adversarie stringere thee with­out, then make a finde at him within, as soone as hee doth catch after thy finde to­wards his left side out, then let thy point sinke downe under his right arme, and thrust him with a Quarte under his right arme at his right side.

An example how to use the Quarte without.

12 If thine adversary be open without, thrust him with a Secunde or Tertz over his right arme, close to the Secunde or weakest part of his Rapier, if hee then doth put by thy thrust with a Quarte towards his right side out, then at an instant turne thy Se­cunde or Tertz into a Quarte, and thrust home at his right breast, or Voltere if thou please: And if thou wilt thou mayst clappe thy left hand upon his Rapier within, when thou dost touch him with thy Quarte, not catching hold of it, but onely turne his blade away towards the left side, and thou wilt easily turne his weapon out of his hand. [Page]

[figure]

CHAP. V. Treateth how to stringere right, and of other things that are to be observed here in strin­gering.

1 WHen thou art to play with thin [...] adversary, and dost intend to offend him, thou must eyther assault him with stringering, or with a contra-posture (whereof wee will heare in the ninth Chapter following) be­sides these two wayes there is none other. Yet stringering is the chiefest, which if thou wilt use, it behooveth thee to be very wa­ry that thou mayst not incurre any hazard; marke therefore these following Rules.

2 On what side thine adversarie lieth open there thou art to stringere him, not lying too hard upon his Rapier, because hee may let his point suddenly sinke downe, and then thou following his point downe­wards dost open thy body too much, that hee may easily turne over his point, and thrust thee without over thy right arme, or within, before thou canst recover thy weapon.

3 If thine adversary lie open without, thou must stringere him without, if hee lie open [Page 17] within, thou must stringere him within.

3 Towards that side where thou wilt stringere him, thou must steppe: And if thou meanest to stringere him without, then step with thy right legge towards thy right side, and let thy point looke to­wards thy right side over his Rapier▪ If thou makest account to stringere thine ad­versary within, then thou must step with thy left legge towards thy left side, and let the point of thy Rapier looke over his point towards thy left side out.

4 If he holdeth his weapon so that hee is open on both sides, it is all one, on which side thou dost stringere him.

If thine adversary will not suffer him­selfe to be stringer'd, what thou art to doe.

5 If thine adversary shakes the point of his Rapier from one side to another, be­cause thou shalt not stringere him, make a halfe thrust at him as it were a Finda or falsifying, thus thou doest force him to come to thy Rapier and put by thy thrust; when he now hath parered thy thrust and is come to thy Rapier, then cavere instant­ly to the other side of his Rapier where he is open, and stringere him; when thou hast attained to thy purpose, then follow his [Page 18] Rapier close, according to the 13. Chapt [...] following.

How to avoyd thine adversaries Stringering.

6 If thine adversary doth meane to stringere thee eyther without or within, then before he doth touch thy Rapier, lift th [...] point of thy Rapier over his, and thru [...] him either with a Quarte if hee doth pro­secute thy Rapier without, or without over his arme with a Secunde, if hee doth prosecute thy Rapier within.

As for Example,

7 If thine adversary doth make account to stringere thee without, then lift the point of thy Rapier towards thy right side over his point, and thrust him with a Quarte at the inside of thy Rapier close to the Secunde or weakest part of his wea­pon.

8 If hee make a count to stringere thee within, then before hee doth touch thy point with his weapon, lift the point of thy Rapier over his point towards thy left side, and thrust him at the outside of his Rapier with a Secunde at his right breast.

9 Thou canst likewise avoid stringering with Cavering; namely, when thine ad­versary [Page 19] will stringere thee without▪ then before hee doth touch thy point, cavere or turne thy point from thy left side towards thy right side under his Rapier, and thrust him with a Quarte within at his right breast close to his Secunde or weakest part of his Rapier.

10 When he will stringere thee within, then turne the point of thy Rapier from thy right side towards thy left side under his Rapier, before he doth touch thy point, and thrust with a Secunde at the outside of his weapon at his right breast.

11 Else canst thou avoid stringering like­wise with making of Finda's, namely, when he will stringere thee without, then before hee doth touch thy Rapier, make a Finda at him within, as if thou didst meane to thrust at him within with a Quarte, as soone as he doth catch after thy thrust to­wards his left side with his Rapier, then recalling thy point thrust him at the out­side of his Rapier over his right arme with a Secunde, at his right breast.

12 When he will stringere thee within, then before hee doth touch thy Rapier within, make a Finda at him without, as if thou didst intend to thrust over his right arme; as soone as he doth catch after that, thrust towards his right side, then turne thy point [Page 20] under his Rapier, and thrust him at the in­side of his weapon with a Quarte at his right breast.

How thou shalt make thy selfe loose againe when thou art stringered.

13 If thine adversary hath stringered thee without, then let the point of thy Rapier by degrees sinke downewards, if he then doth follow thy point with his point, Cavere instantly from thy left side to­wards thy right side under his Rapier, and battiering him first at the inside of his Ra­pier, thrust with a Quarte at his right breast at the inside of his Rapier.

14 Or when he followeth thy Rapier with­out, when thou dost let thy point sinke, then lift the point of thy Rapier from thy left side towards thy right side, over the point of his Rapier, and thrust him with a Quarte at the inside of his Rapier at his right breast.

15 But if hee will not follow thy Rapier downewards when thou lettest thy point sinke, but makes a thrust at thee, then thrust Secunde Contra-tempo, or at the comming of his thrust at one and the selfesame time, at the outside of his Rapier at his right breast, or else Quarte contra-tempo at the inside of his weapon at his right breast.

16 [Page 21] If thine adversary hath stringered thee without, then cavere from thy left side to­wards thy right side under his Rapier, but slowly, and cavering turne thy hand into [...] Secunde, then thou art open within yet [...]oose from his Rapier, if he then maketh a thrust at thee within, then battiering him first at the inside of his Rapier, thrust him with a Quarte within at his right breast.

17 But if he doth follow thy Rapier with­in towards his left side out, then cavere from thy right side towards thy left side under his Rapier, and thrust him with a Secunde without over his right arme, at his right breast.

18 Or when he doth follow thy point to­wards his left side with the point of his Rapier, so that thou art not in danger of his point, then let thy point sinke downe under his Rapier, and stepping in Passere him with a Secunde at the inside of his weapon.

19 If thine adversary hath stringered thee without, then retire, stepping onely back­ward with thy left legge, in so much that the weight of thy body come wholly to [...]ie upon thy left thigh, and when thou steppest backe with thy left legge, draw thine arme to thee in a Secunde bowed, [Page 22] that the point of thy Rapier looke quite out towards thy left side, as soone as hee commeth to stringere thee againe, then cavere from thy left side towards thy right side under his Rapier, and thrust him with a Quarte within at his right breast.

Or when thou hast thus retired, and he commeth to stringere thee againe without, then thrust him over the Secunde or wea­kest part of his Rapier, with thy Prime or strongest part of thy weapon at the out­side of his weapon, over his right arme at his right breast.

CHAP. VI. Treateth how and upon what occasion thou art to Cavere.

CAvere tooke its beginning from a Cock fight; for Ca­millo Agrippo a reverend Mr. of defence at Rome 50. yeares agoe (who was the inventer of the Dagger) seeing two Cockes com­bat together, and observing, how when one of the Cockes leaped up to strike the other with his claw, the other seeing him come leaping at him went quite under him [Page 23] on the other side, conceived that he might make use of this in his Art, and comming home made tryall of it, and found it a very usefull and remarkeable observation.

1 Cavereing is therefore onely to be made use of, when thine adversary doth thrust at thee over the Secunde or weakest part of thy Rapier, because thou canst not parere his thrust, thy point being unable to resist.

2 And if thine adversary doth thrust thee on eyther side of thy Rapier, over the Prime neare thy Hilt, then thou art to Parere and put by his thrust, for if thou dost Cavere then, thou wilt surely bee wounded, because before thou canst end thy Cavereing, his point will be upon thy breast, by reason of the Circuler motion of thy Cavereing which is slow, his thrust be­ing both swift and streight: yet here is a remedy for it, namely if thine adversary maketh a thrust at thee over the Prime or the strongest part of thy Rapier (viz. neare thy Hilt) and thou wilt cavere, then just when thou dost cavere, stepping back with thy left legge, so that the weight of thy body come wholly to rest upon thy left thigh, breake him the Mensure, that is, come out of his reach. Examples how to use Cavereing I will specifie in the follow­ing Chapter.

CHAP. VII. Treateth of divers wayes, how thou s [...]alt put by all sorts of thrusts that are made at thee, at the outside of thy Rapier.

1 IF thine adversary bee open within, then stringere him within, thus doing thou wilt compell him to make a thrust at thee without over thy right arme, as soone as hee thrnsteth at thee over thy right arme, and it bee over the Prime or strougest part of thy Rapier neare thy hilt, then parere his thrust towards thy right side with a Quarte not stirring thine arme but onely turning the wrest, so that the point of thy Rapier looke to­wards thy right side out, having parered and turned off his thrust, speedily change thy Quarte into a Secunde, and make a long thrust at the outside of his Rapier at his right breast.

2 Or stringere thine adversary with a Tertz [Page 25] at the inside of his Rapier as soone as his thrust approacheth towards thy right breast over thy right Arme, and over the Prime or strongest part of thy Ra­pier, then not turning thy Tertz into a Quarte as before, but onely with a stayed arme turne thy point in a Tertz to­wards thy right side, so that thy Ra­pier doth slide along his blade towards his point, at the outside of his Rapier; when thou hast parered his thrust with thy Tertz, then change thy Tertz into a Secunde, and thrust at his right breast over his right arme.

3 Hold thy Rapier with a Tertz, so that the point of thy Rapier stands upwards a little, and let thy right arme bee something bended that thou bee open without over thy right arme, then one­ly stret [...]h thy bended arme, and his thrust will bee deluded; when thou hast pareret his thrust, then turne thy hand into a Secunde and thrust him over his right Arme at his right breast.

If thine adversary makes a long thrust at thee without, then as soone as thou seest him make at thee, make a long step in upon him with thy right foote, and then with thy left foote, [Page 26] and put by his Rapier with a Qu [...]te downewards towards thy right side, comming so suddenly in upon him, thou dost, as it were, disarme him, thrust then at an instant with a Secunde over his right arme at his breast.

5 If thou dost String [...]re thine adversary at the outside of his Rapier, and hee doth make a thrust at thy thigh outwardly, then let the point of thy Rapier sinke downe into a hanging Secunde and parere it, this done, instantly Passere under his Rapier, or when thou hast parered, then thrust with a Secunde home, over his right arme.

6 But if he doth thrust over the Secunde or weakest part of thy Rapier over thy right Arme, being that the Secunde is too weake to resist, then cavere from thy left hand towards thy right hand under his Rapier, and first battiering at the inside of his wea­pon thrust the Quarte close to his Rapier at his right breast.

7 If thine adversary doth thrust againe at the outside of thy Rapier, over the Se­cunde or the weakest part neare the point, then l [...]t thy point sinke downe into a hanging Quarte, lifting up the hilt behind, thus thou dost toucht his Secunde or the weakest part with thy Prime or the stron­gest part of thy Rapier, thrust then with [Page 27] the Quarte at the inside of his Rapier at his right thigh.

CHAP. VIII. How to decline those thrusts that are made within.

1 IF thine adversary doth make a thrust at thee within close to the Prime of thy Rapier, then parere it with a Secunde downe towards thy left side, and at the same instant thou parerest change thy Secunde into a Quarte close to thy adversa­ries Rapier, and thrust at his right breast, at the inside of his weapon.

2 Thou mayst likewise battiere him within upon his Rapier when his thrust commeth, and in the same moment thrust the Quarte at his right breast.

3 But if he when he makes his thrust, doth thrust close to the Secunde or weakest part of thy Rapier, then cavere from thy right hand towards thy left hand under his Ra­pier, and thrust with the Secunde over the weakest part of his Rapier, at the outside of his Rapier at his right breast.

4 Or when his thrust approacheth, cavere [Page 28] towards thy left side under his Rapier, and Passere under his weapon, or under his right arme with a Secunde.

5 Or else when his thrust commeth, let the point of thy Rapier sinke downe into a Secunde at the outside of his Rapier, and parere it towards thy right side out, and having parered, passere with a Secunde with­out at his right thigh; or when thou thus hast parered, then thrust a long thrust with a Secunde over his right arme, at his right breast.

6 If thine adversary doth thrust at thee within close to the Secunde of thy Rapier, then stepping backe with thy left legge so that the weight of thy body come wholly to rest upon thy left thigh, draw thy Ra­pier to thee, letting it slide along his Rapi­er within towards his point, thus doing thou commest with the strongest part of thy Rapier close to his weaker part, and having this advantage make a long thrust at him within close to his Rapier with a Quarte at his right breast.

7 But if thine adversary doth thrust lowly at thee, then let thy point sinke downe in­to a Quarte, and thrust him with a Quarte at the inside of his weapon at his right thigh.

CHAP. IX. How thou art to demeane thy selfe against ma­ny sorts of guards.

Against the Secunde.

1 IF thine adversary doth lie in a high Secunde with a stretched arme and is open within, then stringere him within; as soone as he will thrust at thee without over thy right arme, then thrust the Tertz at the same time his thrust approacheth, over the Secunde of his Rapier without, at his right breast, and with thy hilt goe some­thing low, when thy thrust is now arri­ved at his breast, that hee may not be able to cavere.

2 If he doth lie againe in a high Secunde as before, and is open within, then Stringere him within, in the midst of his Rapier with a bended Arme in a Tertz, so that the point of thy Rapier stands upwards, and thy hilt low; as soone as hee will thrust at thee without, over thine arme, then changing thy Tertz into a Secunde Passere under his right arme, not touching his Rapier.

3 But if hee lie open without then strin­gere [Page 30] him without, as soone as he doth thrust at thee within, then let the point of thy Rapier sinke downe into a Secunde, close to the outside of thy adversaries Ra­pier, and Passere him with the Secunde at his right thigh.

4 If he lie againe in a high secunde with a straight arme, but doth open himselfe on both sides of his Rapier, then goe with the Tertz just under his Rapier, that the point of thy Rapier bee directed towards his hilt, whether soever he doth thrust at thee, thrust Secunde contra-tempo at the out­side of his Rapier over his right arme, and at his right breast.

5 If he doth lie in the middle Secunde, and the point of his Rapier doth looke quite towards his right side out, then Stringere him at the outside of his Rapier, and strin­gering goe towards thy right side about like in a Circle, thus thou wilt force thine adversary to make a thrust at thee within, when his thrust approacheth▪ then Voltere with the Quarte at the inside of his Rapier at his right breast.

6 If he doth lie in a middle Secunde againe, then stringere him at the outside of his Ra­pier, and suddenly make a finda at his face upwards with a Tertz, if he lifteth up his arme to defend his face, then passere him [Page 31] under his right arme: but if hee doth put it by with a Quarte toward [...] his right side, let him not touch thy Rapier, but lift thy point over his point, and thrust him with a Quarte within, at his right breast: Or if he will put it by with a Quarte towards his right side, then let him not touch thy Rapier, but cavere towards thy right side under his Rapier, and thrust the Quarte at the inside of his Rapier at his right breast.

Against the Tertz.

7 If thine adversary doth lie in a high Tertz with a bended arme, so that the point of his Rapier doth stand upright, then make a finda at him within; when he doth intend to put by thy feigned thrust to­wards his left side, let him not touch thy Rapier but cavere towards thy left side un­der his Rapier and thrust with the Quarte without over his right arme, at his right breast: If he will not regard thy finda, then thrust with the Quarte at his right breast within; when hee doth parere thy thrust, then turne thy Quarte into a Secunde and passere him. In the interim observe (that if thou meanest to stringere him within) if hee doth towards his left side lift the point of his Rapier over thine to thrust [Page 32] thee over thy right arme, thou then [...] ­verest towards thy right side under his Rapier and thrustest a Quarte at him with­in.

8 If thine adversary doth hold his weapon in the Tertz and with a streight arme, then stringere him within, and stringering him step towards thy left side, and goe about as it were in a circle, then he will bee forced to thrust at thee without; as soone as his thrust approacheth, bow thy body, and not touching his Rapier, passe behind him un­der his right arme.

9 Or when thou dost stringere him within, make a finda at his face with a Quarte up­wards as soone as hee lifteth up his arme, then let thy point sinke downe under his right arme, and passe behind him.

10 Or stringere him within, and make thy finda downewards at his belly, when hee doth catch after it downewards, then ca­vere towards thy left side under his Ra­pier and thrust with a Secunde over his right arme.

Against the Quarte.

11 Is thine adversary doth hold his Rapier in a Quarte, so that the point of his Rapier doth looke towards his right side out, that he be open within, then hold thy Rapier in a Secunde, and direct the [Page 33] point of thy Rapier towards his Hilt within, as soone as he doth thrust at thee within, then Voltere with thy Quarte at his right breast within.

Against one that lies with a stretcht arme, and the point upwards.

12 If thine adversary doth lie with a stretcht arme, so that his point stan­deth upright, as it were in a Triangle, then goe with a high Secunde and a stretched arme at the inside of his Rapier, and make him a finda at the outside of his Rapier, as if thou didst meane to thrust him at his right breast, over his arme; as soone as hee will put it by towards his right side out, then recall thy point towards thy right side under his Rapier, and changing thy Secunde into a Quarte, thrust with a Quarte at the inside of his Rapier, at his right breast.

13 Or when thou art at the inside of his Rapier with thy Secunde, then make a Finda within at his face, as soone as he doth catch after thy finda towards his left side, then cavere towards thy left side under his Rapier and thrust him with a Secunde, or with a reverse (a Quarte so cal­led because thrusted without, view the [Page 34] fourth Chapter, the ninth number) at the outside of his Rapier over his right arme.

14 Or if he lieth againe as formerly he did, then goe with the high Secunde and a stretched arme at the outside of his Rapier about as in a circle, and thy point hold to­wards his right eye, doing thus thou shalt compell him to put by thy point upwards; when thou seest him lifting up his arme, then let thy point sinke in under his right arme, and bowing thy body passe behind him under his right arme.

If thine adversary holdeth his left hand behind his hilt for to parere thy thrusts, how thou art to de­ceive his left hand.

15 Make a thrust at thine adversary close to the outside of his Rapier over his right arme, when thine adversary doth endea­vour to parere thy thrust towards his right side over his right arme with his left hand, then let him not touch thy Rapier with his hand, but just as hee is comming to­wards thy weapon with his hand, lift the point of thy Rapier over his left hand to­wards thy right side out, and thrust him with a Secunde over his left hand, and his right arme.

16 [Page 35] Or when he doth catch after thy Rapi­er towards his right side, over his right arme with his left hand, then let him misse thy Rapier, letting thy point sinke in under his left arme, and thrusting him with a Secunde at his breast as before, and over his right arme.

17 Thrust at him at the inside of his Rapier with a Quarte, as soone as hee holding his left hand behind his hilt, doth meane to parere thy thrust with his left hand to­wards his left side out, then lift the point of thy Rapier towards thy left side over his left hand, and thrust him with a Quarte at the inside of his Rapier at his right breast.

18 Or when he doth catch after thy thrust towards his left side, then cavere from thy right side towards thy left side under his left hand, and thrust him with a Quarte at the inside of his Rapier at his right breast.

19 But if hee doth strive to put by thy in­ward thrust with his left hand, towards his right side, under his right arme, then let him misse thy Rapier and cavere to­wards thy right side under his left hand and thrust him with a Quarte over his left arme.

20 Or when he doth meane to put by thy thrust under his right arme towards his [Page 36] left side out, then let thy point sinke in un­der his left arme, and thrust with the Quarte at his belly.

CHP. X. How thou mayst escape the Passada.

1 THe best way to avoyd the Pas­sade that thine adversary shall not be able to use the same a­gainst thee without, is to pa­rere all thrusts that are made without with a Quarte (according to the first rule of the seventh Chapter.) As for the inward Passade to elude, is to make use of the second rule of the eight Chapter.

2 But if thou wilt (of purpose to elude him) give him occasion to make a Passade upon thee without, lift up thy arme and put his thrust by upwards, and as soone as hee lets his point sinke downe under thy right arme, then Voltere with a Quarte at his right breast, thus doing thou wilt escape his Passade, for his point doth passe in the turning of thy body about. [Page]

[figure]

3 [Page 38] Or when thou puttest by his thrust up­wards, and he lets his point sinke downe into a Secunde under thy Rapier for to Pas­siere thee, then let thou likewise sinke thy point downewards into a Secunde, and first parering his Rapier towards thy right side make a Passade upon him without, under his Rapier.

4 Or when hee will Passere, then step back onely with thy left foote, so that thou commest out of his Mensure and reach, and the weight of thy body come wholly to rest upon thy left thigh, and stepping backe with thy left legge, cavere under his thrust towards thy left side, and Passere him without under his Weapon.

5 Or else when he will Passere thee with­out under thy right arme, then step back [...], (not with thy left leg as before) but with thy right legge behinde thy left legge, which thou art not to stirre, so that thy left side be onely seene, and parering his thrust towards thy right side out with thy left hand, thrust with a Secunde at his right breast.

CHAP. XI. Remedies for the Volte.

1 THe best way to shunne the Volte is, that thou alwayes thrustest with a Secunde over his right arme at his right side, then hee can neither Voltere thee within, nor without with a reverse over thy right arme, without danger of his life.

2 But if thine adversary doth Voltiere at thee of his owne accord, then let thy point sinke downe into a hanging Quarte, and make a long thrust at him at the inside of his Rapier, at his right thigh.

3 Or Voltiere with him contra-tempo, and thrust at his right bre [...]st.

4 Else when hee turneth himselfe about and will make a Volte at thee within, then let the hilt of thy Rapier sinke downe close to the weakest part of his Rapier, and holding thy point upright, thrust him with the point into his back.

CHAP. XII. How thou art to behave thee against thine ad­versaries Finda's or falsifying.

1 IF thine adversary by falsefying doth strive to make thee doubt­full of his thrust, and where thou shalt looke for his thrust, then let him not deceive thee, but goe straight in upon him, and thy right arme or Rapier doe not stirre, holding thy point streight forwards in a right line, then will thine adversary, when thou commest too neare him, be constrained to make a thrust at thee, or to put by thy Ra­piers point; whither soever he then doth thrust, within or without, parere it accor­ding to the rules prescribed in the seveuth and eighth Chapters precedent; and if he puts by thy point towards what side soe­ver it be, then cavere instantly under his Rapier▪ and thrust either with a Secunde without, or with a Quarte within, accor­ding as he puts by thy thrust towards his right or left side.

[Page 41] Or else hold thy Rapier in alow Tertz with a streight arme downewards neare thy knee, then hee can doe thee no hurt with his findes, as soone as hee doth make a thrust at thee, then thrust Secunde contra­tempo at the outside of his Rapier over his right arme.

CHAP. XIII. How thou must prosecute thine adversaries Rapier when thou hast stringered him.

1 STringere thine adversary with­in, as soone as he doth cavere under thy Rapier towards his left side and makes a thrust at the outside of thy Rapier over thy right arme, then stepping in with thy right legge, put by his thrust downewards towards thy right side, when thou hast put by his thrust without, then let thy Rapier rest at the outside of his Rapier and stringere him without, as soone as hee steppes back and will make a thrust at thee within, then steppe in towards him with thy left legge before thy right legge and put that thrust by towards [Page 42] thy left side resting likewise with thy wea­pon at the inside of his Rapier till that hee be in thy [...]ensure or reach, and then thrust where thou pleasest, ever looking & obser­ving his point, neither would I wish thee to regard or listen to those who speaking against all reason and knowne experience will make thee beleeve that thou art one­ly to observe his eye, which may easily de­ceive thee (as if he be squint-eyed) by ob­serving thine adversaries point thou art lesse endangered; for the Rapier is guided by the eye, not the eye by the Rapier, and being so that thou canst not for certaine know by the eye where hee will thrust I hence doe conclude that it is better and safer to regard and watch the point which doth endanger thee, then the eye which is deceiving.

CHAP. XIV. Containing observations against the seventh precedent Chapter.

1 MAke a thrust at thine adversary without, over the Prime or strongest part of his Rapier neare the hilt, as soone as hee doth parere it with a Quarte towards his [Page 43] right side out, then let the point of thy Rapier sinke downe into a hanging Quarte lifting up the Hilt behind, thus doing thou dost touch the weakest part of his Rapier with the strongest part of thine, thrust then with the Quarte at his right thigh.

2 Or when he doth put by thy thrust with a Quarte, let thy point sinke downe into a hanging Secunde, and thrust at the inside of his Rapier, at his right thigh.

3 Or if he doth put by thy thrust with his Quarte towards his right side downe­wards, then stepping towards thy left side with thy left foote, lift the Hilt of thy Rapier over the weakest part of his wea­pon▪ though close to it, and let thy Hilt sinke downe at the outside of his Rapier and stringere him, or thrust if thou pleasest: This may likewise be used in the fifth Chap.

4 Make a thrust at thine adversary with­out over the Secunde or weakest part of his Rapier, if hee then cavere towards his right side [...]nder thy Rapier for to thrust a Quarte at thee within, then let the point of thy Rapier sinke downe into a hanging Secunde at the outside of his Rapier, and breake his Cavereing, and then at an instant Passere him at the outside under his Ra­pier.

5 [Page 44] Thrust at thine adversary with the Se­cunde, over the weakest part of his Ra­pier, without, as soone as hee doth cavere under thine approaching thrust with the Quarte towards his right side out, for to thrust at thee within, then seeing him ca­vere change thy Secunde into a hanging Quarte, and letting thy point sinke downe at the inside of his Rapier thrust him with the sayd Quarte at his right thigh.

6 Or when thou dost thrust at him without over his Secunde or the wea­kest part of his Rapier, and he doth caver [...] towards his right side under thy thrust with a Quarte, of an intent to thrust▪ Quarte contra-tempo with thee, then stay thy intended thrust, and battiere him at the inside of his Rapier with thy Rapier, and thrust him at the same instant thou battie­rest with a Quarte at the inside of his wea­pon, at his right breast.

7 Or when hee cavereth againe towards his right side under thy thrust, then ca­vere thou at the selfe same time towards thy left side under his Rapier when hee doth cavere, and thrust him with a Secunde at the outside of his Rapier at his right breast.

CHAP. XV. Containing observations against the eigthth preceden [...] Chapter.

1 THrust at thine adversary with­in close to the Prime or stron­gest part of his Rapier neare his hilt, as soone as hee pare­reth thy thrust towards his left side out with a Secunde, then change thy Quarte into Secunde, and passing behinde him thrust at his right thigh.

Or when hee parereth thy Quarte with a Secunde towards his left side, then step with thy right foote towards thy right side, and letting the point of thy Rapier sinke downewards, lift the Hilt of thy Rapier close to his weapon towards thy right side, over the Secunde of his Rapier, and stringere him within, and as soone as thou hast stringered [Page 46] him battiere him at the inside of his wea­pon, and presently upon it thrust with the Quarte at the inside of his weapon at his right breast.

3 Or when he parereth thy thrust with a Secunde towards his left side, then step with thy left legge towards thy left side, and thrust him with a Quarte under his right arme at his belly.

4 Thrust at thine adversary within, over the Secunde of his Rapier with a Quarte, when thou seest him cavere towards his left side under thy thrust, of an intent to thrust thee without over thy right arme with a Secunde contra-tempo, then change thy Quarte into a Secunde, and thrust him over his right arme, at the outside of his Rapier, at his right breast.

5 Thrust at thine adversarie againe with­in, close to the Secunde of his Rapier with a Quarte, as soone as hee doth ca­vere towards his left side under his thrust, for to thrust Secunde contra-tempo over thy right arme without, then cavere thou likewise, but towards thy right side under his c [...]vering with the Quarte, and battiering him first at the inside of his Rapier thrust instant­ly upon it with the Quarte at the [Page 47] inside of his Rapier at his right breast.

Here endeth the first part of the first Book, treating how to use a single Rapier a­gainst a Right handed man.

LIB. I. PARS POSTERIOR. The second part of the first Booke, shewing how a Right handed man must play with a Right handed man at single Sword.

CHAP. I. If thine adversary doth strike at the outside of thy Sword at thy head, how thou shalt pa­rere it.

1 IF thine adversary be open within, then stringere him within as soone as hee maketh a blow at thy head without, then stepping in towards him, parere his blow with a Quarte towards thy right side downewards, and having [Page 50] parered, strike instantly with the Quarte towards thy left side at the inside of his right arme, and having performed thy blow, steppe back againe with thy right legge and stringere him at the inside of his Sword.

2 Or if he striketh at thee againe without▪ at thy head, then step with thy right legge towards thy right side, and receive his blow with a Secunde, with the outside of thy weapon, and in one motion, at the same instant thou receivest his blow bran­dish thy Sword over his within, towards thy right side, and strike at the inside of his weapon at his head.

3 Or when his blow approacheth to­wards thy head, at the outside of thy wea­pon, then steppe in upon him, and thrust him with a Secunde over his right arme, without, if hee parereth thy Secunde up­wards, then let thy point sinke in under his right arme and bowing thy body passe behind him: Or else when hee doth parere thy Secunde upwards, then at the same instant strike downewards at the out­side of his right legge.

4 Or parere his blow with a Quarte to­wards thy right side▪ and parering, in one tempo, or the selfe same motion of thine arme passe behind him, and passing make [Page 51] a back blow with a Secunde at the Hamm [...] strings of both his legges, and in striking catch hold at thine adversaries Hilt with thy left hand, that he may not strike thee, at thy passing behind him with a backe blow.

5 Or steppe with thy left legge towards thy left side, at the comming of his blow, and strike him at the outside of his right arme with a Quarte, and instantly strin­gere him without, that hee may not strike thee at thy head.

6 Or step backe with thy left legge at the comming of his blow, not stirring thy right legge, so that the weight of thy bo­dy come wholly to rest upon thy left thigh, (for doing so thou commest quite out of his reach and mensure) and in the stepping backe strike him with a Qu [...]rte at the outside of his right arme downe­wards, and instantly raise thy weapon a­gaine and stringere him without.

7 Stringere thine adversary at the inside of his weapon, as soone as hee striketh at thee without, then just at the turning of his wrist, let the Secunde sinke in under his arme, and bowing thy body well, passe be­hind him, and with thy Hilt goe some­thing high in thrusting.

8 Or cavere towards thy right side under [Page 52] his▪ Sword at the comming of his blow towards thy head without, and doe as if thou meanest to thrust him at his right eye within, as soone as he lifteth up his arme to parere thy thrust from his face, then let thy point sinke under his right arme within, and passe behind him, or else strike him with a Quarte at the inside of his right arme, or right legge.

CHAP. II. How thou shalt put by and parere those blowes which thine adversary makes at thy head within.

1 IF thine adversary doth make a blow at the inside of thy Sword, towards thy head, pa­rere his blow towards▪ thy left side downewards with a Secunde, onely turning thy wrest and▪ thy point towards thy left side, when thou hast parered his blow, then strike with a [...]ack [...]low, and a Secunde towards thy right side at the outside of his right arme, a [...]d instantly stringere him within, when thou hast performed thy blow.

2 Or when his blow doth approach, be­fore [Page 53] it arriveth, cavere towards thy left side under his blow, and cavering step towards thy right side with thy right foote, and receive his blow with the Secunde, with the outside of thy Rapier or Sword, and instantly strike with a Quarte at his left cheeke, at the inside of his weapon.

4 Or when his blow approacheth, cavere under his Sword towards thy left side, and stepping in upon him, catch with thy left hand under thy right arme, towards thy left side over thy adversaries weapon, hold of his Hilt and strike him at his head. [Page]

[figure]

4 [Page 55] When he doth strike at thy head againe within, then when thou seest his blow comming, step [...]e with thy right legge to­wards thy right side, and strike him with a Quarte at the inside of his right arme.

5 Or when his blow commeth towards thee, step backe with thy left legge, so that the weight of thy body come wholly to rest upon thy left thigh, not stirring thy right foote, and strike him with a Quarte at the inside of his Rapier, and although he steps never so farre, yet he cannot reach thee, thou being out of his mensure and reach. [Page]

[figure]

6 [Page 57] Or When his blow approacheth, cavere under his Sword towards thy left side, and stepping in upon him catch with thy left hand, over thy right arme towards thy left side hold of thine adversaries Hilt, and strike him with a Secunde, or a back blow at the outside of his right legge, as doth appeare in the precedent Picture.

7 When hee doth strike at thee within a­gaine at thy head, then at the lifting up of his arme, thrust with a Quarte from under up at his wrest, and although thou shoul­dest misse of his arme, yet thrusting close to his Rapier on eyther side thou canst strin­gere him without or within, according as thou dost light on eyther side of his weapon, and consequently bee safe e­nough.

8 Stringere thine adversary within in the midst of his Rapier, as soone as he lifteth up his wrest to strike at thee on eyther side, then strike him at the inside of his arme with a Quarte towards thy left side.

9 Or else when his blow is comming to­wards thee within at thy head, then at the lifting up of his arme thrust with a Quarte at the inside of his Rapier at his right breast; if then thine adversary doth strive to put by thy Rapier towards his left side, then turning thy Rapier into a Secunde, [Page 58] and letting thy point sinke in under his right arme passe behinde him: or when he doth put by thy thrust towards his left side, then strike downewards with a Quarte at the inside of his left legge.

CHAP. III. If thine adversary doth strike at thy right arme without, how to elude it.

1 LEt thine adversary stringere thee within, suddenly make a blow at his head without, as soone as hee will strike thee at the outside of thine arme, then let thy Hilt sinke downe at the outside of his Sword, so that thou with the Prime of thy Sword dost touch his Secunde; having this advan­tage of him strike with a Quarte towards thy left side, at the inside of his right arme.

2 Make a blow at thine adversary with­out at his head, as soone as thou perceivest that he will strike at thee at the outside of thy right arme, then turne thy blow in the aire, and let him misse thy arme, and strike with a Quarte at the inside of his weapon at his head, or else with a Secunde [Page 59] or back blow at his right cheeke.

3 If thine adversary doth strike from un­der up with a Secunde or a backe blow, at the outside of thine elbow of his owne accord, not invited by any opportunity from thee, then let thy point sinke downe­wards into a hanging Secunde, and Passere him at the outside of his right thigh.

4 Or when thou hast let thy point sinke downe into a hanging Secunde, at the out­side of his weapon, then turne thy weapon close to his Rapier into a Quarte and strike him at the inside of his right thigh to­wards thy left side out with a Quarte.

5 Or when thou hast let thy point sinke downe into a Secunde at the outside of his weapon, and put by his blow then lift up thy point, and strike with a Secunde or a back blow towards thy right side, at the outside of his right arme over his Hilt.

CHAP. IV. If thine adversary doth ayme at thine arme within, how thou shalt elude him.

1 LEt thine adversary stringere thee at the outside of thy weapon, at a suddaine make a blow at him at the inside of his weapon at his head; if thine adversary then doth strike at the inside of thy arme upon the turning of thy wrest, then not performing thy blow intended, goe quite away towards thy right side with thy weapon and with a stretched arme, till his blow bee passed under thy right arme, and then instantly strike him with a Quarte from thy right side over his hilt, at the in­side of his right arme.

2 If thou dost strike at thine adversaries head within, and perceiving that hee will strike at thy right arme within, let the hilt of thy weapon sinke downe into a Quarte at the inside of his weapon, close to the Secunde or weakest part of his Sword, then having this advantage strike with a Se­cunde or back blow over his hilt towards thy right side, at the outside of his right arme.

[Page 61] 3 If thine adversary doth strike from un­der up with the Quarte at the inside of thy weapon at thy elbow, then let the point of thy weapon sinke downe into a hang­ing Quarte, and thrust him within at his right thigh.

4 Or when thou by letting thy ponit sink downewards into a Quarte hast parered his blow, then in the same Tempo or in­stant, raising thy point, strike with a Quarte at the inside of his right arme.

CHAP. V. How to parere and put by such blowes that are made at thy right legge without.

1 IF thine adversary doth strike at thy right legge without, letting thy point sinke downe into a Secunde at the outside of his Sword, and having parered it, raise thy point and strike with a Secunde or backe blow at the outside of his right arme, or else at his right cheeke.

2 Or when he striketh at the outside of thy right legge, let thy point sinke downe­wards into a Secunde againe, and parere it as [Page 62] soone as thou hast put by, presently change thy Secunde into a Quarte close to the out­side of his weapon, and strike him with a Quarte under his weapon at his right thigh within.

3 Or when thou hast put by his blow by letting thy weapon point sinke downe­wards into a Secunde, then presently Pas­sere him under his weapon, or raise thy point and thrust him with a Secunde over his weapon at his right breast.

4 Or when thou seest his blow approach towards thy legge without, then draw thy legge to thee, and strike with a Secunde or back blow at the outside of his right arme, or his right cheeke.

CHAP. VI. How to Parere those blowes that are made within at thy legge.

1 IF thine adversary doth make a blow at thy right leg within, then let the point of thy Ra­pier sinke downe into a hang­ing Quarte, when thou hast thus Parered his blow, then raise thy point [Page 63] and strike with a Quarte, at the inside of his right arme over his Hilt.

2 If he againe doth strike at thy right legge within, then let the point of thy weapon likewise sinke downe into a Quarte as be­fore, and having eluded his blow, turne thy weapon close to his into a Secunde, and strike with a back blow under his weapon towards thy right side, at the outside of his right legge.

3 Or when thou espyest his blow com­ming towards the inside of thy legge, then let thy point sinke downe into a Quarte, and thrust at the inside of his right thigh.

4 Or let thy po [...]nt sinke downe into a Se­cunde at the comming of his blow, and in one motion let thy Sword goe about thy head, towards thy right side, and strike him at his right cheeke.

5 Or when thou seest his blow comming towards thy right legge within, before it arriveth draw thy legge to thee, and strike him with a Quarte towards thy le [...]t side at the inside of his arme, or strike him at his left cheeke with the Quarte.

CHAP. VII. Treateth of five observations against the first Chapter of this second part.

1 IF thine adversary doth put by thy blow with a Quarte to­wards his right side out, then shalt thou just when hee doth put by thy blow, lift thy point over his weapon towards thy right side, and strike him with a Secunde or back blow at the outside of his right arme.

2 Strike at thine adversarie at the outside of his weapon at his head, as soone as hee will put by thy blow with his Quarte towards his right side, then touch not his Sword, but strike at his right legge with­out, and in one motion strike under his Sword through, towards thy right side and stringere him within.

3 But if thine adversary doth put by thy blow▪ thou makest at his head with­out, with a hanging Secunde, then in one motion strike downewards with a Se­cunde at the outside of his right legge, and presently raise thy point and stringere him [Page 65] without, else he will strike theeat thy head.

4 If he doth againe parere thy blow with the Secunde, then let thy weapon rest at the outside of his weapon, and so soone as he striketh at thee within, then Voltere with the Quarte at the inside of his weapon at his left breast.

5 Or when he puts by with a Secunde let the point of thy Rapier sinke at the out­side in under his left arme, and passe be­ [...]inde him under his right arme.

6 Or as soone as hee putteth by thy blow with a Secunde, then let the Prime and strongest part of thy weapon slide along he Secunde and weakest part of his wea­ [...]on towards thy right side, to the end of his weapon, and strike from thy right side upwards at the outside of his left arme, and [...]n one motion strike quite through and Stringere him within for feare that hee [...]hould likewise hurt thee.

CHAP. VIII. Containeth some lessons against the second Chapter precedent.

1 STrike at thine adversary at his head within, if hee parereth thy blow downewards with a Se­cunde towards his left side, then [Page 66] letting him not touch thy Rapier, but lif [...] thy point towards thy left side over his weapon, and strike him with a Quarte a [...] the inside of his right arme.

2 If he doth parere thy blow againe with the Secunde towards his left side downe­wards, then let him not touch thy wea­pon but strike him at the inside of his right legge.

4 But if he doth parere it upwards with [...] Quarte, then strike him at the inside o [...] his right arme.

CHAP. IX. An observation against the fourth preceden [...] Chapter.

1 STrike at thine adversaries righ [...] arme within, when hee dot [...] stretch out his arme quite to­wards his right side, the [...] thrust with a Quarte at his right breas [...] within.

CHAP. X. Against the fifth Chapter.

1 DOe as if thou wouldest strike at thine adversarieslegge with­out, as soone as he lets his point sinke downe into a Secunde, for to parere thy blow, then doe not touch his weapon, but raise thy point, and strike him with a Secunde or back blow, at the outside of his right arme.

2 Or when he lets his point sinke downe into a Secunde, then presently raise thy point and passere him with a Secunde over his right arme.

CHAP. XI. Observations against the sixth Chapter pre­cedent.

1 DOe as if thou wouldest strike within at thine adversaries legge, if hee then lets his point sinke downe into a Quarte to put by thy blow, then let him not touch thy weapon but [Page 68] raise thy point and strike him at the insid [...] of his right arme.

2 Or when he lets his point sinke down [...] into a Quarte, then lift thy point over hi [...] weapon towards thy left side, and Passer [...] him with a Secunde at the outside of hi [...] weapon, at his right thigh.

CHAP. XII. How thou art to demeane thy selfe against such guards as doe occurre in Back-Sword play.

1 IF thine adversary holdeth his back Sword in a Secunde and a stretcht arme, then make a strong back blow with the Secunde in the outside of thine adversaries weapon; as soone as hee strikes at thee within, then stepping a little back­wards with thy left leg strike him with a Quarte at the inside of his right arme.

2 If thine adversarie holds his weapon with a stretched arme, so that the point of his Sword standeth upwards, as it were in a Triangle, and if he be open without, then go with a high secunde at the outside of his weapon, and let the Prime or strongest part [Page 69] of thy weapon slide along the Secunde or weakest part of his weapon towards his point, and then strike with the secunde from thy left side at the inside of his left [...]rme.

3 But if he be open within, and holdeth his weapon in the same guarde, then goe with the Quarte and a stiffe arme at the inside of his weapon, and with the Prime or strongest part of thy weapon slide along thy adversaries Secunde or the weakest part of his weapon, towards his point, and in one motion of thine arme strike with a Quarte at thine adversaries elbow without.

CHAP. XIII. Containeth some few offensive rules.

1 SStetch thine arme and let thine adversary binde or stringere thee without, and then draw thy blade at thee in a Secunde frō his weapon, as soone as hee doth follow thy weapon without, for to stringere thee, then lift the point of thy Rapier toward thy right side over his weapon, and [Page 70] strike him with a back blow at the out­side of his right arme.

2 But if he stringere thee within, then let thy weapon sinke downe into a low Tertz, if hee doth follow thy weapon downe­wards for to stringere thee within, then before he doth touch▪ thy weapon within, lift thy point towards thy left side over his weapon, and strike him with a Quarte at the inside of his right arme.

3 If thine adversary be open within, then doe as if tho [...] wouldest strike at his head within with a Quarte, as soone as hee to­wards his left side will put it by, then lift thy point towards thy left side over his weapon, and strike him with a Quarte at the outside of his right arme.

4 Strike at thine adversary within at his head, if he doth parere it towards his left side with a Quarte, then turne thy hilt in over his right arme at the outside of his weapon, and beating his arme downe­wards with the pummell of thy weapon, cut him then through his face with a Quarte. [Page]

[figure]

LIB. II.

PARS PRIOR. The first part of the se­cond Booke, shewing how a Right handed man is to play with a Left handed man at single Rapier.

CHAP. I. Containeth the use of the foure generall guards against the left handed.

1 THee right handed man doth thrust the left handed man with the Prime onely at the outside of his Rapier, over his left arme.

2 The Secunde is used by the right handed [Page 74] against the left handed without, over his left arme in a long thrust, and in a Passade and in a Passade under his left arme; and is likewise used within, in a long thrust, and in a Passade.

3 The Tertz is onely thrusted at the left handed, at the o [...]tside of his Rapier, over his left arme.

The Quarte is thrusted at the left handed man without, over his left arme, likewise within in a long thrust and in a Volte, and then it may be called a reverse, as having changed her propertie and nature.

CHAP. II. The use of the foure guards against the left handed man is particularized, how thou art to thrust with the Prime or Secunde at the outside over his left arme.

1 IF thine adversary be open within stringere him at the inside of his Rapier, as soone as hee caveres to­wards his right side under thy Rapier, for to thrust thee within with a Secunde, then just at comming of his blow thrust with a Tertz, or a Quarte at the outside of his Rapier, over his left arme; [Page 75] if he then parereth thy thrust with a Quarte towards his left side, then turne thy Tertz or Quarte into a Secunde or Prime, and thrust him without over his left arme at his left breast.

How to passere a left ha [...]ded man with a Se­cunde, at the outside of his Rapier under his left arme

2 If thy left handed adversary bee open within, then stringere him at the inside of his Rapier, as soone as he will thrust at thee within with a Secunde, the [...] at the approaching of his thrust make at him at the outside of his Rapier over his left arme, with a Tertz or Quarte, if hee then will put by thy thrust upwards with a Se­cunde, then let the point of thy Rapier sinke downe into a Secunde under his left arme and passe behinde him.

How thou art to use the Secunde within at thy left handed adversary.

3 Stringere thine adversary at the outside of his Rapier, when he cave [...]eth towards his right side under thy Rapier, and will thrust thee without over thy right arme, then thrust just at the comming of his thrust with a Secunde at the inside of his Rapier close to the Secunde or weakest part of his weapon, betweene his left arme and left breast▪

How the Tertz or Quarte is to be used with­out, over the left handed mans arme.

4 Stringere thine adversary within, as soone as hee doth thrust at thee within with a Secunde, then thrust with the Tertz or Quarte close to his Secunde or weakest part of the Rapier at the outside of his wea­pon over his left arme at his left breast, and when thou dost thrust then goe low with thy Hilt.

How to thrust the Quarte within at thy left handed adversary.

5 Let thy left handed adversary stringere thee at the inside of thy Rapier, and upon a suddaine thrust at him within with a Se­cunde close to the Secunde or weakest part of his Rapier, neare his point, if hee doth strive to parere thy Secunde with a Quarte towards his right side, then change thy Secunde into a Quarte and Voltere him at the inside of his weapon at his right breast: But if hee doth parere too farre towards his right side, that thou canst not hit his breast, then let thy Quarte sinke in un­der his left arme and Voltere him with thy Quart at his left side.

CHAP. III. How thou art to put by those thrusts which thy left handed adversary makes at thee without, over thy right arme.

1 STringere thine adversary at the outside of his Rapier, if then hee doth make a thrust at the outside of thy Rapier over thy right arme, then parere it to­wards thy right side with a Quarte, and at an instant make a long thrust with a se­cunde close to his Rapier, betweene his left arme and his left breast.

2 Or parere his thrust with a Quarte to­wards thy right side, and instantly thrust wsth a secunde at the outside of his left arme at his left side, and when thy thrust is arrived, then clap thy left hand upon the outside of his Rapier, over thy right arme, not catching hold of his Rapier, and put­ting it by with thy left hand towards thy left side, turne his Rapier out of his hand and disarme him.

3 But if hee doth thrust at thee with­out, over the secunde or weakest part of thy Rapier, so that thou art not able to Parere his thrust, then [Page 78] cavere towards thy right side under his weapon, and battiering him first at the out­side of his weapon, thrust Quarte contra­tempo at the outside of his Rapier over his left arme.

4 Or else when hee doth thrust over thy right arme againe, and close to the Se­cunde or the weakest part of thy Rapier, being not able to parere his thrust, cavere towards thy right side, under his thrust, and cavering turne thy point in a Secunde over his weapon towards thy left side, and let it sinke downe at the inside of his Rapier, and Passere him at the inside of his weapon at his left thigh.

Review the seventh and eighth Chap­ters of the first part of the first booke.

CHAP. IV. How to put by those thrusts which thy le [...]t handed adversary makes at thee at the in­side of thy weapon.

1 IF thine adversary doth make a thrust at thee within, neare the hilt over tht Prime and strongest part of thy Rapier, then put by his thrust with a Secunde towards thy [Page 79] left side downewards, and in one tempo or motion of thy wreast, change thy Se­cunde into a Quarte, not stirring from his Rapier, and thrust with a Quarte at the outside of his Rapier over his right arme.

2 Or else when his thrust approacheth, then battiering him first at the outside of his Rapier, thrust with a Quarte at the outside of his weapon over his left arme, at his left breast.

3 But if he thrusteth at thee within close to the Secunde or weakest part of thy Ra­pier, then cavere towards thy left side, un­der his thrust, and first putting him by to­wards thy right side with a Quarte, Pas­sere him at his left breast, within.

4 Or if hee doth thrust at thee within a­gaine close to the weakest part of thy Ra­pier with a Secunde aiming at thy right breast, then let thy point sinke downe into a hanging Quarte, at the outside of his weapon, and thrust him at his left thigh. Review the seventh and eighth Chapters of the first part of the first booke.

CHAP. V. How thouart to demeane thy selfe against se­verall guards which thine adversary might use.

Against the Secunde.

1 IF thine adversary doth hold his weapon in a high Secunde, with a stretched arme, and is open without, then stringere him without, as soone as hee doth thrust at thee within with a secunde, then let thy point sinke downe in a Quarte close to his Rapier without, and lifting up thy hilt behinde, thrust him with a Quarte under his Rapier, at his left side.

2 Or if he doth hold his Rapier in a high secunde with a stretched arme and is open without, then stringere him likewise with­out, if he then doth thrust at thee without, over thy right arme with a secunde, then at the comming of his thrust, cavere to­wards thy right side under his Rapier, and thrust Quarte contra-tempo at the outside of his weapon over his left arme.

3 But if hee holding his Rapier in a high secunde be open within▪ stringere him with­in as soone as he doth make a thrust at thee [Page 81] within, then let thy point sinke downe into a secunde at the inside of his Rapier, and passere him at his left thigh.

4 Or when thou stringerest him within, and he doth make at thee with a secunde, at the inside of thy Rapier, at thy [...]ight breast, step then with thy right legge to­wards thy right side, and thrust him with a Quarte at the outside under his Rapier at his navell, and thy hilt lift up something behind.

Against the middle Secunde.

5 If thine adversary doth hold his Rapier in a middle secunde with a bended arme, so that the point of his Rapier lookes quite towards his right side out, then string [...]re him at the outside of his Rapier, and stringering goe about towards thy left side; thus thou dost constraine him to thrust at thee; as soone as his thrust ap­proacheth at the outside over thy right arme, then put by his thrust towards thy right side with a Quarte, and instantly changing thy Quarte into a secunde, thrust him at the inside of his Rapier at his left breast.

6 Or if hee doth lye in a middle secunde, as before, then stringere him likewise at [Page 83] the outside of his Rapier, upon a suddaine make a Finda at his face upwards with a Tertz, not stirring thy whole arme, but onely thy wrist; as soone as hee lifteth up his arme for to defend his face with his Rapier, then let thy point sinke downe into a secunde under his left arme, and passe behinde him: But if he parereth thy finda with a Quarte towards thy left side, then cavere in one motion towards thy left side under his Rapier, and thrust him with a secunde at the inside of his Rapier, at his right breast.

Against the Tertz.

7 If thine adversary holdeth his Rapier in a high Tertz with a bended arme, so that the point of his Rapier standeth upright, and he be open within, then make a finda at him within, as soone as he doth catch after thy finda with his Rapier towards his right side out, then lift the point of thy Rapier towards thy right side over his Rapier, and thrust with a Quarte at the outside of his Rapier over his left arme, at his left breast.

8 Or when hee doth catch after thy finda towards his right side, then let thy point sinke in under his left arme, and thrust [Page 82] him with a Quarte at his left side.

9 If he doth not catch after thy finda, then thrust home at the inside at his weapon with a secunde at his left breast.

10 And if thou wilt stringere him within thou must observe well that (if hee lifteth the point of his Rapier towards his right side, at the inside over thy Rapier) thou thrustest Quarte, the selfe same time his thrust approacheth, at the outside of his Rapier at his left breast.

11 If thine adversary holdeth his Rapier in a Tertz with a stretched arme, so that the point of his Rapier be lineally answerable to his left shoulder, then stringere him without, and when thou dost stringere him goe about towards thy left side as it were in a circle, not stirring▪ from his Rapier the meane while thou goest about, then he will be forced to thrust at thee, at the outside of thy Rapier over thy right arme, then just when he is turning his point under thy Rapier for to thrust thee without over thy right arme at thy right breast, bow thy body, and thrusting him with a Secunde un­der his left arme passe behind him.

12 But if thy left handed adversary when thou Stringerest him without, will per­force put by thy point with his Quarte to­wards his left side, then yeeld to him by [Page 84] degrees, and letting thy point sinke downe suddainly in a Secunde, passere him at the outside of his Rapier at his left thigh.

13 Or when thou dost stringere him with­out, upon a suddaine battiere him at the outside of his weapon, and thrust him with a Quarte at the outside of his Rapier, at his left breast.

14 If thy left handed adversary doth hold his Rapier in a low Tertz, with a stretch­ed arme downewards, so that the hilt of his Rapier doth equallize his knee in height, then stringere him at the inside of his Rapier with a hanging secunde, as soone as he doth thrust at the outside of thy Ra­pier, over thy right arme nigh thy hilt, then put his thrust by with a Quarte to­wards thy right side, and thrust him with a Secunde at the inside of his weapon, at his left shoulder.

15 But if hee doth thrust over the weakest part of thy Rapier, then changing thy Se­cunde into a Quarte thrust contra-tempo at the outside of his Rapier, over his left arme at his left breast.

16 Or if he doth holde his Rapier in a low Tertz as before, then let the point of thy Rapier sinke downe into a hanging Se­cunde, and direct thy point towards his hilt, as soone as hee doth thrust at thee on [Page 85] eyther side, then thrust Quarte at the out­side of his Rapier over his left arme and at his left breast.

If thine adversary doth hold his right hand behind his hilt for to put by thy thrusts, what thou art then to doe.

17 Make a thrust at thy left h [...]nded adver­sary within with a Secunde, as soone as he doth catch with his righthand towards his right side after thy Rapier, then lifting the point of thy Rapier towards thy right side over his right hand, thrust him with a Se­cunde at the inside of his Rapier at his left shoulder.

18 Or when he wil put by thy thrust with his right hand towards his right side out, then let him misse thy Rapier with his hand, and cavering towards thy right side under his right hand, thrust him with a Secunde at the inside of his Rapier at his left shoul­der.

19 Thrust at thy left handed adversary with a Quarte at the outside of his Rapier, over his left arme, as soone as he with his right hand towards his right side over his left arme doth catch after thy Rapier, then let the point of thy Rapier sinke in under his right hand and thrust him with a Quarte at the outside of his Rapier, over his left arme, [...]t his left breast.

20 [Page 86] Or if thou dost thrust something low, and he doth endeavour to put by thy thrust with his right hand under his left arme, toward his left side out, then lift thy point towards thy left side over his right hand, and thrust him with a secunde at the inside of his Rapier at his left shoulder.

CHAP. VI. How thou shalt elude thy left handed adver­sary his Passada.

1 IF thine adversary be open with­out stringere him without, as soone as he cavering towards his left side under thy Rapier doth thrust at the outside of thy Rapier over thy right arme, then lift up thine arme of pur­pose that he may attempt a Passade, when he lets his point sinke downe in a Secunde under thy right arme, for to Passere thee then let thy point sinke downe into a Quarte at the outside of his Rapier, and thrust him with a Quarte at his left thigh.

2 Give thine adversary oportunity againe to Passere thee by lifting up thy right arme, as soone as he lets his point sinke in, at the outside under thy right arme, then step­ping [Page 87] backe with thy right legge behind thy left legge, let the hilt of thy Rapier sinke downe close to the outside of his Ra­pier and stringere him, and at the same in­stant clap thy left hand upon the outside of his Rapier (not catching hold of it) and thrust with the Quarte over his left arme, at his left breast.

3 Give him opportunity againe to passere thee by the lifting up of thine arme, as soone as he lets his point sinke downe in a Secunde under thy right arme, then tur­ning thy body about upon thy right legge Voltere him with a Quarte over his left arme.

CHAP. VII. How to escape the left handed mans Volte.

1 THrust at thine adversary with a Secunde at the inside of his Ra­pier as soone as he will Voltere a Quarte over thy right arme contra-tempo, hanging thy Secunde into a Quarte thrust him at his left side.

2 Stringere thy left handed adversary with­out, if he then of his owne accord not invi­ted by thee, doth Voltere with a Quarte o­ver thy right arme, then stepping a little [Page 88] backe with thy right legge behind thy left legge, let thy hilt sinke downe at the in­side of his Rapier, and instantly stepping forwards againe with thy right leg thrust him in at his back with a Tertz upwards, but hold thy hilt low behind.

3 Stringere thy left handed adversary with­in, if he then will make a Volte at thee with a Quarte at the inside of thy Rapier of his owne accord, then let the point of thy Ra­pier sinke downe into a Secunde at the in­side of his Rapier, and Passere him with a Secunde at the inside of his weapon at his left thigh.

Having thus done with thrusts I pro­ceede to blowes.

Here endeth the first part of the second book, treating how a Right handed man is to play at single Rapier against a Left handed.

LIB. II. PARS POSTERIOR The second part of the second Booke shewing how a right­handed man is to play at single Sword with the left handed.

CHAP. I. If thy left handed adversary doth strike at thy head without.

1 STringere thy left handed adver­versary at the outside of his weapon, as soone as he striketh at the outside of thy Rapier at thy head, then parere his blow with a Quarte towards thy right side downewards, when thou hast parered, at an instant strike with a Quarte towards thy left side at the outside of his left arme, or at his left cheeke.

2 Or just at the approaching of his blow steppe in, and let the Prime of thy Rapier [Page 90] slide along thine adversaries without, to­wards his point, and in one motion of thine arme strike with the Quarte under his weapon at the outside of his left arme.

3 Or when his blow is comming with­out towards thy head, then thrust with a Secunde at the inside of his weapon at his left shoulder, which thrust if he doth pa­rere towards his right side with a Quarte, then strike downewards with a Secunde or back blow at his left legge within.

4 Or steppe towards thy left side with thy left legge at the comming of his blow, and drawing thy right arme to thee, cut him at the inside of his left arme with a Quarte.

5 Or steppe with thy left legge backwards not stirring thy right legge, just at the comming of his blow, and strike him at the inside of his left arme with a Secunde.

CHAP. II. If thy left handed adversary doth strike at thy head within.

1 STingere thy left handed adver­sary within, as soone as hee doth strike at thee within, then parere his blow with a Secunde downewards towards thy left side, and in a moment strike with a Secunde or a back [Page 91] blow at the inside of his left arme.

2 Or when thou seest his blow comming at thee within, then thrust him with a Quarte at the outside of his weapon, over his left arme, if he parereth that thrust then strike downewards with a Quarte at his left legge without.

3 If he doth strike within at thy head a­gaine, then stepping back with thy left legge; strike him with a Quarte at the out­side of his left arme.

4 Or stepping with thy right legge to­wards thy right side out, at the approach­ing of his blow, strike him with a Secunde or Quarte at the outside of his left arme.

CHAP. III. If thine adversary doth strike at the outside of thy right arme.

1 SStrike at thy left handed adver­sary within, if he doth strike at the outside of thine arme, then drawing thine arme to thee let thy hilt sinke downe at the out­side of his weapon, and strike with a Quart at the outside of his arme towards thy left side out.

2 If thine adversary doth strike from uu­der up with a Quarte at the outside of thy [Page 92] weapon at thy elbow, then let thy point sinke downe into a Secunde, and Passere him at his left thigh, or when thou by letting sinke thy point downewards into a Se­cunde at the inside of his weapon hast pa­rered his under blowe, then immediatly raising thy point, strike him with a Se­cunde or back blow at the inside of his left arme.

CHAP. IV. If thine adversary would strike at the inside of thy right arme.

1 MAke a blow at thine adversary without with a Quarte, if hee then doth strike with a Secunde at the inside of thy right arme, seeing that, turne thy blow in the aire, and goe with a stretched arme towards thy right side out, then hee doth misse thine arme, as soone as his blow is passed under thy right arme, at an instant strike with a Quarte towards thy left side at the outside over his weapon, at his left arme.

2 If he striketh from under up with a Se­cunde at the inside of thy right arme, then letting thy point sinke downe into a Quarte, when his blow approacheth, at the outside of his weapon, and thrust him with a Quarte at his left thigh.

3 [Page 93] Or let thy point sinke downe into a Quarte at the comming of his blow to­wards the inside of thy right arme from under up, and parere his under blow, upon a suddaine raise thy point and strike him with a Quarte at the outside of his left arme, or at his left cheeke.

CHAP. V. If thine adversary doth strike at thy right legge without.

1 IF thy left handed adversary doth strike at the outside of thy right leg with a Quarte then at the approaching of his blow, let thy point sinke downe into a secunde at the the inside of his weapon and parere his blow, as soone as thou hast parered, strike with a secunde or a back blow (first raising thy point) at the inside of his left arme, or right cheeke.

2 Or when thou seest his blow comming towards the outside of thy right legge, then drawing thy right legge to thee, let his blow passe towards thy left side, and strike him with a secunde or back blow at the inside of his left arme, or else at his face.

CHAP. VI. How to Parere those blowes that thy left han­ded adversary makes at thy right legge within.

1 IF thine adversary doth make a blow with a Secunde at the inside of thy right legge, then let the point of thy weapon sink downe into a Quarte and parere it, presently raise thy point againe and strike him with a Quarte at the outside of his left arme.

2 Or when thou hast parered his blow with a Quarte then changing thy Quarte in­stantly into a Secunde, close to the outside of his weapon, strike him with a Secunde or a back blow at the inside of his left leg.

3 Or seeing his blow approach towards the inside of thy right leg, draw thy right leg to thee and let his blow passe thy leg, and strike contra-tempo or at one time with him with a Quarte at the outside of his left arme, or else at his left cheeke.

An advertisement to the Reader concerning the left handed.

There is no very great difficultie for a right handed man to play against a left han­ded at Rapier or at back Sword, when thou caust play against a right handed, and dost but observe those rules which I have [Page 95] set downe at large in the first booke of this treatise, onely note these following axiomes.

1 Those rules thou makest use of against a right handed man within, thou must use against the left handed without. As for example, Thou alwayes must thrust at the right handed man with a Quarte at the in­side of his Rapier, this Quarte thou must use against the left handed without over his left arme.

2 Those lessons thou must make use of a­gainst thy right handed adversary without over his right arme, them thou must use against thy left handed adversary at the inside of his Rapier. Example, As when thou dost thrust the right handed man at the outside over his right arme with a Se­cunde or a Tertz, even so thou must thrust the left handed man at the inside of his Ra­pier with a Secunde only, not with a Tertz, because the Tertz cannot keepe off a blow in this case but you will both be wounded.

3 When thy left handed adversary, maketh a thrust or blow at thee without, thou mayst safely parere, like those thy right handed adversary maketh at thee without.

4 And those thrusts or blowes thy left han­ded adversary maketh at thee within thou parere like those thy right handed adversary maketh at thee within.

[Page 96] And thus I have finished the whole trea­tise concerning the true and genuine way of Fencing, which in these our deplorable dayes is most highly necessary. It were to be wished for that a Saturn [...]ne and golden age might againe returne, when armes should cease and the use of them be slack­ned, and we might not have reason to be­waile and lament our cloudy times with the saying of that learned and praise wor­thy Heathen:

Damnosa quid non imminuit dies?
Aetas parentum pejor avis tulit
Nos nequiores, mox daturos
Progeniem Vitiosiorem.

That this Page might not bee empty, I thought it not amisse to set downe these following verses of that divine Boetius.

Libri IV. Metrum 15.
Quid tautos juvat motus exitare?
Et propria fatum sollicitare manum
Si mortem petitis propinquat ipsa
Sponte sua, volucres nec remoratur equos
Quos Serpens, Leo, Tigris, Vrsus, Aper
Dente petunt ijdemse tamen e [...]se petunt,
An distant quia, dissidentque mores,
Iujustas acies & fera bella m [...]v [...]nt,
Alteriusque volunt perire telis?
Non est justa satis saevitie ratio▪
Vis aptam meritis vicem referre?
Dilige jure bonos, & miseresae malis.
FINIS

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