THE IOIE­FVLL AND BLESSED REV­niting the two mighty & famous king­domes, England & Scotland into their an­cient name of great Brittaine.




Printed at Oxford by IOSEPH BARNES, & are to be sold in Paules Church yarde at the signe of the Crowne by Simon Waterson.

TO THE KINGS MOST EX­cellent Maiestie, IAMES by the grace of God, King of great Brittaine, France, & Ireland defender of the faith.

THE ioyfull; and hap­pie proclaimed vnion of your Maiesties two famous kingdomes, England and Scotland into the name of Great Brittaine, in one dutifull obedience of all, to one Royall Rightful Soveraigne over all, is the very Treasurie of the whole State; where your Maiestie is sole, & high Treasurer of weale publique: & your so­veraigne authoritie, beautified with Iu­stice for executing lawes: with wisedome for determining Right: with mercy, and grace, for releeving distressed Subiects, is [Page] the glorious abundant Treasure it selfe. And albeit I haue in my two bookes, like the poore widdowe, offered into your Treasury, but only two mites, yet I hope (& for that doe most humbly pray your gra­cious favor) that your highnesse will bee pleased in goodnes to accept my humble service; & duty, & to lay vp my two mites with the rest of the rich Treasure, though in the account, they be scarcely reckoned for a farthing. I haue with that care, and caveat as is meete, only observed the Te­nor of your highnes proclamation, and with dutiful, and due regard, left all other incident circumstances, and great consi­derations to the wisedome of the Hono­rable Commissioners, authorized by your Maiestie in both your Parliaments. As for all others, which dislike mine in­dustrie, and distaste my zeale, esteeming my labours lost, and better left vndone, then my reputation left vndone amonge them; I esteeme them only tanquam Peda­rios [Page] Censores trampling on truth, and cary­ing their eies in their heeles, and not in their head; neverthelesse I desire (if may be) to avoide their kicking, and spurning: if not, yet because I knowe my farthing good silver, able to indure touch, and tri­all, I haue without other respects in pub­lishing this booke, scattered abroad the fire of my zeale, to shew it felfe in its own shine, and placed my happynesse in your Maiesties approving mine endevours, knowing that the king of kings acknow­ledged the poore widdowe to haue cast in more into the Teasury, then al the rich men. Me selfe verily doe cast in all that I haue; and for my part, doe iudge it everie mans part, to depart from all, where hee oweth all. To this I can only adde my dayly praiers, and doe presently, and will still powre them forth to the God of all glorie, and mercie, lifting vp hands, & heart, that his manifold, and dayly bles­sings may bee multiplyed vpon your sa­cred [Page] person, vpon our gracious Queen, and vpon your Royall Seede for ever: and that all your kingdomes may flou­rish to your owne hearts desire, for ter­ror of foes, and endlesse comfort of all your loving Subiectes.

Your Maiesties faithfull Subiect and humble servant: Io. BRISTOLL.

THE IOYFVLL AND HAPPY vnion of the two famous kingdomes Eng­land and Scotland into the name of Great Brittaine.

THE State of England, and Scotland may bee resem­bled to the condition of Is­raell, and Iuda, not only for emulation, who haue most right to the Royall person 2. Sam. 19. of the Kings Maiestie. for their defence, and govern­ment; but also for that the two kingdomes were at first both but one. Besides, God, as he spea­keth by his Prophet, did also at first alike leade both them, and vs, with Gords of a man, euen with Hose. 11. Bands of loue. And as it pleased God, for sinne of people to breake those Bands, even both the Staffe of bands, and of bewtie, to dissolue the bro­therhoode Zach. 11. of Israell, and Iuda, so, for the iniquitie of our forefathers, God brake the Staffe of bands, signifying mutuall loue, and also Staffe of bewtie [Page 2] signifying order of government, and brought in vpon them, & vpon their posterity, even to these Is 9. our latter daies, a staffe of diuision, and yoke of bur­den vpon theirs, and our shoulders; which nowe for al that, out of the riches of his mercie, he hath also broken in peeces, making al one againe, as he spake by his Prophet Ezechiel, concerning Israel, Ezec. 37. and Iuda, saying, I wil make them one people in the land, vpon the mounetaines of Israell, and one king shall be king to them all, & they shall be no more two peoples, neither be diuided, any more henceforth in­to two kingdomes.

This foundation laide, as proiect of our whole purpose.

The trueth sheweth it selfe howe two king­domes, severed in place, not much differing in lawes, nor dissonant in language, but only disa­greeing heretofore in neighbourhoode, may bee comprehended vnder notion of one name, speci­ally seeing, when one ruleth both, and both be­come Subiect to one, they are no more two, but one body, lincked in like duety, and knit togither in one bande of obedience. To doubt this is in Strangers, ignorance, but in Subiects, a great offence.

For who so considereth that many Shires, with the principality of Wales, heretofore made one England, cannot but confesse, that likewise Eng­land, & Scotland, with al their territories, Ilands, [Page 3] Shires, and Countries make now one great Brit­taine, and al the people of both the mighty nati­ons, Brittaines: and that the Kings Maiestie hath done as princely an Act in vniting both the king­domes into one name, as hee did in vniting the Armes of both the Realmes into one Scutchion hauing a like Right in both. For all great Brittaine being his Maiesties inheritance, all his Subiects within that continent are Brittaines.

Iust, and reasonable was the demande of An­nius, chiefe Governour of Latines, in vniting Ro­manes, and Latines, saying, Ex vtra (que) gente vnum Liv. 1. Dec. 8. lib. oportet esse populum, vnam fieri rempub: eandē im­perij sedem, idem (que) omnibus nomen. And albeit the Latines were cōtent, for sake of Weale publique, to preferre Romanes before themselues, and bee called by their names (as the History there far­ther reporteth) Quoniam ab alter vtra parte con­cedi necesse est (quod vtris (que) benè vertat) sit hat sanè patria potior, & Romani omnes vocemur: ne­verthelesse the case not standing so with vs, that Scottish should be called by our name, nor we by theirs, me thinks, a thirde name of great Brittaine might easily, & equally please both: otherwise as King Deiotarus cut of al his children, saving one, Plut. 3. mor because he would leaue the kingdom but to one: so should English, swallowing vp name of Scot­tish, or Scottish drowning name of English, prooue such a Vine, which to bring but one [Page 4] grape to ripenes, is content that all Branches bee cut of, but one. But the questiō here is not, which of the branches should best prosper, but how all the branches may flourish, which abide in the Vine: and verily the question carieth in it selfe, his answere. Abide in the Vine. This Vine is but Ezec. 37. 19 one, though of many branches, and much fruite. And thanks be given to God, that his Maiesty by publique Proclamation, hath divulged the inser­ting and fast grafting of each branch, and al fruite into his owne Royal person, as into a fruitfull and flourishing vine, even into the head of the whole body, of howe many so ever partes consisting. Wherein his Highnesse hath laid the first stone, as he is the true and only foundation of happy v­nion: and yet, as yet, like Apelles fashioning onlie the exquisite and most excellent beauty of Venus in the head, but I hope also & will pray for perfe­ction in the rest: that the saying may be true. Rex velit honesta, nemo non eadem volet: and that an vniversal vnion may be as happie in successu, as it is most iust by proclamation in inceptu. That the head going before, the whole body may followe after in imitation, to worke out perfection of the desired happy vnion. That it may be verified, quod diu parturivit tandem peperit; & what God had in his providēce long purposed is fulfilled in these our happy daies. And that by no meanes that of the Poet may be imputed to vs, either by disobe­dience [Page 5] to our head, or disagreeing among our selues, humano capiti vartas inducere formas. Grammarians doe obserue, that Metallum, is so called, quasi, [...], that is post, & [...], that is aliud, because there is scarcely found no veine of Met­tal, where is not more of that sort adioyning to it: so among English and Scottish, they are not to bee thought of the true metalline Mine, but as drosse, & canker, corrupting, & consuming each other, which ioine not in the vniversal name of great Brittaine, so to continue, and dwel togither, to grow vp and agree togither: seeing nature hath made them all of one kinde, forme, complexion, habit, and language growing togither.

And verily divine is the mistery of vnion (whe­ther the provident wisdome of nature from God hath ingendred it, or the skil of mans reason hath observed it) where one of, and in it selfe, doth out of it selfe powre foorth innumerable formes of things; as Brittaine doth, even two kingdomes, & the principalitie of Wales, with many Shires, Ri­vers, Ilands, and people, and yet conteineth them all within it selfe: one having many, many ma­king one; where one of many is not divided a­gainst it selfe, and the many in one make no divi­sion to overthrow the whole; but all are the same; whither we respect vnion, or division.

And this doubtlesse is a divine power, or cele­stial vertue, not only for our purpose, but com­passing, [Page 6] & passing through the whole world, ma­king things either simple, or coniunct, but one; subsisting, by, & vnder the divine essence, which is one; and consisting in all his members, & parts vnited, but one; where each, & every part of this vniversall world, respecteth the whole, otherwise innumerable, but brought by vnion to a number, without number, even beginning of numbers, which is but one.

And this is most agreeing to the conceipte of wisest Philosophers, skilful in natures Secret: tea­ching, all (whatsoever is) to be but one: and that in the vniversal nature of things there is an agree­ing amitie, and intermixed affinitie,: where all the partes of the whole world accorde, by one trans­fused continuat spirit among them, being com­pact togither with one, and the selfe-same agree­ing force, & forceable agreement of nature, pro­ceeding from one beginning, continued by one meane, and referred to one end; everie particular being knit togither with the whole vniversality & diversity of things, & wrapt vp in one round orbe togither, that as partes of this worlde, they may dwell in one Center, or Circle togither.

To shut vp many things in few, and to shevve how certainely all things are contained in one, & one doth comprehende all, verily in Schooles of Philosophers, it is an infallible Maxime, that all things are communicated in one; Vnum hoc, [Page 7] prae (que) omnibus vnum. This one is al in al. Ruunt au­tem omnia, vbi vnitas non firmamentum, difflu­unt, vbi non coagulum. The demonstration in our entended purpose, is plaine. Many villages make one Shire, many Shires one kingdom, many king­domes one Imperial Monarchy: all which is Brit­taine, and Brittaine al these; and the Kings Maie­stie possessing, & governing Brittaine, possesseth, and governeth al these: and the Subiect, knovv­ing Brittaine, knoweth al, and every of these; for al these are one, and this one is al these. That as this excellent workemanship of Vnion sheweth it selfe in the mightie Masse, and fabricke of the whole worlde, so much more particulerly, and plainely doth it appeare in a modell of the same, even in the name, and honour of great Brittaine; where every Subiect ought cleerely to see in him selfe, that though he be tearmed, the little world, and compact of infinite varietie, and multiplicity of things, yet is he not two, but one man.

Here let the neere neighbourhoode, and con­iunction of man, and man, in mutual societie, and participation of profites, which man hath with man (where two friends are but one, and not par­ting meum, and tuum) confesse; that though they are in person two, yet in deede doe, with idem vel­le, & idem nolle, enioy the fruition of heaven, with the same aspect, & the commodities of the earth, with the same minde; where all things are com­mon [Page 8] to both, and yet proper to each one.

All which things are alleadged to shew that as every kingdome, & State of the world is vphelde with one, and the selfe same power, & life, where­with the vniversall world consisteth, So now it concerneth al, & every one Subiect, both of Eng­land, and Scotland, to participat in the cōmon o­bedience, transfused into al, vnder the governmēt of one: which duety is neglected of him, vvho a­gainst the kings designement, & right, & against his owne incorporation, reiecteth his vniting in­to the name of Brittaine. And in this vnion, qui non colligit, dispergit.

Where sacred vnitie is guide, and director, there, even from distinct of nature, vse of mutuall societie, and good of weale publique, many are knit togither inseperably; and great, and infinite numbers of all Sorts of people, are contained in one narrow compasse of neere coniuuction; for so the most populous and powrefull kingdomes, though two, or mo, vnder one Soveraigne, seeme to be, but as one whole body, And the whole bo­dy of Weale publique in subiection, and obedi­ence, but as one man: sic enim omnes aquoiure pa­rent omnibus imperature. And as in al things, so specially in this, are we bound, to render al praise, and thanksgiving to that thrice sacred Vnity, from whom, as from the first author, and fountaine, is sowen abroad in the world, that fruitful seede of [Page 9] cōstant vnitie; whose force draweth many of one houshold to be of one minde, and is ever doing good, in its owne nature, keeping Israel togither, like a flocke of sheepe.

Neither is it an hard matter to vnite, and keep them togither, who liue vnder the same climate of heaven, & are of like language, manners, coun­tenance, lawes, customes, forme of bodie, fashiō of behavior, yea, and religion: à religando: Right­ly called the chiefest band of hearty vnion. For though the Hand Salamis bee controverted be­tweene Aelian. 7 [...] the Athenians, & Megarenses, yet must it be adiudged to the Athenians, because they li­ved after the same fashion and lawes; as now the skilful in the lawes of this land easily acknowledge what congruity and affinity is betweene most of the ancient lawes of both our kingdomes, more then is to be found betweene those of any other two nations. And albeit the Towne Sidas be con­troverted Athene 1 [...] betweene the Athenians, & Beotians, yet Epominondas wil adiudge it, to the Beotians and not to the Athenians, because the Athenians called an apple malum punicum, but the Beotians called it Sidas. There is betweene English, and Scottish smal, or no difference, nay now none at al, in vnion al being Brittaines, not so much as be­tweene Gileadites and Ephraimites in pronoun­cing Shibboleth, or Sibboleth, but al are of one language, & even of one Canaan language, only a [Page 10] little River Twede is common limit, or rather i­maginary bounde to both: and al from Twede Southward, is Brittaine within Twede, and al frō Twede Northward, is Brittaine beyonde Twede, yet both on this side, & that, al but one Brittaine (non nos mare seperat ingens, exiqua prohibemur aqua) as al France hath formerly bin divided into two parts, the one beyonde the Alps, the other within the Alps: and all Jndia Westward within the River Gange, and Eastward beyonde Gange. And all Scithia within Imaus, and without Ima­us. And though the Iland hath bin long time di­vided into two kingdomes, yet England it selfe hath oft times of divers, bin called Brittaine, as by a Surname: and if pars prototo, might haue that denomination, much more ought the whole being now made one. Therefore Linacre, & Gro­cinus of the one part called thēselues Brittaines, and Iohannes Maior of the other, affirmed that the kings of England, and Scotland wanted good Councel to advise them to marie togither, so to make of both one kingdome of Brittaine: & that only envious men, and they who neglected the Weale publiq ue, did hinder this vnion of peace. Which thing King Henry the seventh, and King Henrie the eighth, wisely forsaw, seeking by ma­riage to vnite both kingdomes into one. Discor­dantis saepe patriae non aliud est remedium, quam si ab vno regeretur.

Therefore the wise men haue most religiously observed two beginnings of things; one of evil, divisible, imperfect, manifold, called duallitie, or Binarius numerus. Another of good, indivisible, perfect, and in name, and nature, alwaies one, cal­led vnitas. If Duallitie, or Binarius, as cause effi­cient beare sway, then in the aire it breedeth in­temperature; if in citties, families, or kingdomes, wars, and discorde; if in the body, diseases; if in the minde of men, vice, and wickednes. But where vnion possesseth chiefe place, her fruites are, to the aire wholsome temper; to citties, families, & kingdomes, mutual loue, and ioie; to the bodie health, and strength; and to the minde, vertue, & godlines. For vnitie admitteth no duallity, know­eth no contrarietie, and by consequence no infir­mitie. But Duallitie seduced Adam in disobedi­ence, seeking to know, aswel evil, as good; who before, was sole Monarch of the whole earth, and was wholly good, and perfect, both in bodie, and Soule, vntil hee drew with a dubble twisted corde of contrarieties, vnto his body, in steede of health, sicknesse, & infirmities; and vnto his soule, in steede of Righteousnesse, sinne, and miserie; needing now to strengthen his body, bread; and to repaire his soule, grace; euen for body, & soule Gods mercy. For so he turned the Monarchy of perfect good, into a Monomachie, or duellum of good, and euil, sin, and righteousnes peace, and [Page 12] war, ioie, and sorrow, sicknesse, & health, yea life, and death. And now when the sole Monarch of the whole earth, left of to abide in the common obedience, and vniuersal vnion of al things to his creator (albeit al the creatures were before in vo­luntary subiection, vnited also to their sole Mo­narch Adam on earth) yet now everie creature lifteth vp himselfe against his sole earthly Sove­raigne, and against his Succession for euer. The earth wil not yeeld Adam bread, but by the sweat of his browes; the beasts become wilde, & cruel; yea the earth openeth her mouth against the suc­cession of disobedient Adam, and swalloweth vp Corah, Dattan, & Abiram; the waters drowne the whole world, except eight persons; the poore flie, can, and doth sometimes choake a man, ha­ving before neither power, nor wil, to doe it; Lice can devoure, and eate vp Herod; euen the vilest, and weakest creatures, can, and often doe destroy the greatest Tirants of the earth.

And in opinion of some, the holy Ghost see­meth in misterie to open this matter to a man of vnderstanding, forbearing in the second daies worke, to say all was good; as is plainely said of al the other fiue daies, and he saw all things good; not but that the worke of this day, was also good, (for al his workes, are, and were exceeding good) but because of waters, which in many places of the scripture signifie troubles, yea intollerable affli­ctions, [Page 13] and because of division of waters in that daies worke (God, being a God, not of division, but of peace) therfore the holy Ghost seemeth to for­beare to say in that place, and it was good. And yet would not these bee mistaken in their curiosi­tie, as if they concluded the diuision of waters in that daies worke, not to be good, (seeing that wa­ters in the clowds diuided from the Seas, are vp­holden by Gods prouidence, not to powre down and over whelme the earth) for they approue di­visions of constructions to be good, as the diui­ding the light from darknes, the day from night, and of whatsoeuer into parts, for ornament, and beauty of the forme diuided; but vtterlie con­demne diuisions of destructions, or of distractiōs, which is, frangere non dividere, comminuere non distinguere, to part the body from the head, or the members from the bodie, to bring order to con­fusion, vnitie to distraction, forme to a Chaos, & ens to privation, such division was that, whereof Caselius answered the merchant: Navem si divi­dis, Macr. 2. sa [...]. nec tu, nec socius habebit: & such diuifion the vnnatural harlot entended, requiring the liuing childe to be cut into two partes, let it bee neither 1. King. 3. mine nor thine, but divide it.

Where two, or three are made one, there is the image of God, of truth, of peace, of fortitude, of praise, & of perfectiō: but where one is drawn, diuided, and torne a sunder, there breaketh forth [Page 14] falshood, war, feare, dishonor, & confusion. They which are of God, embrace the one, and they which are of the deuil, the other. For God both in the Center, and Circumference of truth, is in simplicitie, and perfection, one: but the Devil, neither dwelling in this Center, nor sitting in this Circle, is carried in duallitie, nay contrariety of numbers, opposing evil against good, whose Cē ­ter being falshood, the circumference cannot be truth: his is a kingdome divided, and must fal, be­ing not a Monarchie it cannot stand. And yet we reiect not the number of two, so they continue, & persist in vnion, as it is written, they shall be two in one flesh: but reprobate is that duallitie, that ma­keth war in peace, begetting and ingendring di­uision, and contrarietie, controuersie, and confu­sion: and either of ambition, senslesnes, hatred, quarrel, open discorde, or rebellion, doth hinder that sweete Harmony of vnion; most pleasing to God, and most profitable for men, of whom saith Tacitus, In publicum exitiosi, nihil spei, nisi per discordias habent, tamen libert as, & praeciosa no­mina praetexuntur.

But do we not see by this vnfolding of things, how the perpetual course of trueth, and vnitie, throughout al in the world, doth euen now con­duct, and lead me, by the hand, to the matter now in hand? And verily I wil follow thee (sacred vni­on) whither soeuer thou leadest me, & into, what [Page 15] soeuer Region of vertue, thou intendest; I wil not leaue thee, being never vnlike thy selfe, alwaies wel accompanied, adorned, and beautified with diversitie of things, and never alone, and yet stil, but one. It is thy doing, that Prudence, the chiefe head, and governour of vertues, the rule and di­rection of al wel doings, and prescribing to every vertuous action, the manner, order, and course, of doing wel, doth so knit, and ioine togither al moral vertues, as that by thy secret influence they al may be found iointly in al wife Subiectes, and in everie one particulerly with one heart to performe that duety, which both yeeldeth right to the king, and maintaineth peace, and loue a­mong men. Siquidem communis vitae societas, in vnione consistit.

And seeing it hath pleased his Maiesty by pub­lique proclamation to assume the name and stile of King of Great Brittaine, iure haereditario, it is meete that al loving Subiects not only acknovv­ledge the clearenesse of his right, but ioyfully ap­plaude and cheerefully follow him herein; least murmuring, they, like evil, and base minded soul­diers follow their Emperor, with an evil wil, ac­cording to that saying, malus miles imperatorem Senec. sequitur gemens. We see some noble men, yea & the gentlemen in our State daily to purchase, & vnite Land, to Land, and Lordship, vpō Lord­ship, & to seeke by al meanes to shake of the Te­nure [Page 16] in Capite, and to hold al their Lands in some other one more free Tenure. And it cannot bee denied, that to al their several Courts, al Tenants and free holders willingly performe their several services: or els are fined by the Lord of the Man­nor, or by his Steward. And may the inferiour Lord expect more homage, from a Tenant, then a King require, both of Lordes, and Tenants, al Subiects to him, and holding al they haue, from, Tac. 1. Hist. by, and vnder him? pacis interest omnem potesta­tem ad vnum referri. But al gaine-sayers & mur­murers, qui contumaciam potius cum pernicie, quā obsequium cum securitate malunt, are not vnlike Mesech, and Kedar, spoken of in the Psalme, in re­spect of whom the good King complained to God, and to himselfe, saying: woe that I dwel with Mesech, and Kedar: I labour for peace, and they prepare them to battell, I studdy vnion, and they Liv. 1. Dec. 2. lib. striue to make division. Non placeo concordiae au­thor, said that good Valerius. But alas, why should Ephraim beare evill vvillto Iuda, or Iuda vex E­phraim, fratres'enimsumus: should not they ra­ther both togither vnited nowe into the name of Esa. 11. Britaines, as into the name of the beloued Israel of God, flee vpon the shoulders of the Philistines, and make spoile of their enemies, so that the Idu­mites, Moabites, and Ammonites, euen al their enemies might be subdued vnto them: Duo enim sunt, quibus omnis respub: servatur, in hostes for­titudo, [Page 17] & domi concordia. And verily the vniting the two kingdomes into the name of Brittaine, is not vnlike that chariot, drawne, with two horse­men, Es. 21. mentioned in Esay; at sight whereof, the watch-man cried, Babilon is fallen, Babilon is fal­len, & all the images of her Gods are smitten down to the ground. For so' (except we wil smother the childe of Vnion in his first birth) both English, & Scottish, wil soone heare him sound alow de into the whole world, that al great Brittaine is like Ie­rusalem, which is as a cittie, at vnitie within it selfe; and Babilon, even divisiō, disorder, discord, and confusion are confounded, and overthrown; and what King Egbert did write in Sand, King Iames hath blotted out, and troden vnder foote al the dishonour thereof, and engraven, as in a marble Srone, the perpetual honor of great Brit­taine by Royal restitution. This verily commeth of the Lord of hosts, which worketh with wonder­full wisedome, and bringeth excellent thinges to passe.

Alexander asked King Porus his captiue, how he would be entertained, & Porus answered, like a King, Alexander demaundeth againe: Porus answereth againe, in Kingly manner. Alexander asketh what els, Porus answereth nothing else: for in this, kingly manner, euery thing els, is cōtained. And though (God be praised for it) the cause be not, betweene English, and Scottish in Con­quest, [Page 18] aud captivity, as betweene Alexander, and Porus (but two famous kingdomes in right of bloud, vnder one mighty Monarch) yet our great Alexander in his high wisdome considering, how these two might best bee governed, hath in his owne roial heart best resolued it, namely by vni­ting them into one Monarchie, into one govern­ment, and into one name; and if any demaunde, how els, verily he must be answered no way else, for in this vnion whatsoeuer else is contained. Nā in istoc sunt omnia: euen, as the Stoiks, (who I thinke neither were in iest, nor arrogantly concei­ted) contained vnder Prudence, both iustice, and fortitude, and temperance, and whatsoever ver­tue els, accounting also him, who was perfectly wise, an Orator, a Poet, a rich man, a very King and an Emperour.

All blessings, and graces, may be thought at­tendants, and companions to vnion, who alone knoweth, how to order al things in government: and is a princely commander of Subiects obedi­ence, and subduer of gainsaiers, ordering vnrulie affections, bridling vntamed lustes, restraining swelling pride, composing rebellious appetites, determining al doubts, & rights, within the com­passe of her iudgement, and yet giving to euerie one, his due, by her discretion: And therefore is like the Sunne in the middest of heauen, among the Stars; and as the Stars take light of the Sun, [Page 19] so al blessings of Weale publique proceede from this sacred, & thrice happy vnion into the name of great Brittaine, whose glorious light shineth to all, and every one hath comfort thereby. It is also not vnlike the Soule in the body of man; for in the whole common Weale, it is wholly, and in every part thereof, whither it be of English, or Scottish entire. Tota in toto, & tota in qualibet parte. As a shining light, it sheweth a way for common good, and as a reasonable soule, giveth vnderstanding to the blindest body, to see the full fruition of al worldly happinesse: let no man shut his eies against the Sun, nor refuse, a living soule, for his Carcas.

If I could expresse the image of this vnion in liuely colours, I would surely make her a Goddes, faire, and beautiful, having a garland, & crowne of al blessings vpō her head, & sitting in a Chaire of State, with al good fortunes, vertues and gra­ces attending her, and as a Goddes in triumphant chariot going into the capitol, or temple of migh­ty Iupiter: where also the Poets haue found her, but called by another name, even Pallas, who is also named Monas, that is, vnitie: because ha­ving Macrob. one only parent, shee resideth in Iupiters braine, even in the chiefe seate of his wisedome; where al the Muses are her companions, so called Musae, quasi [...], that is altogither in one; where al the Graces go hand in hand, congratu­lating [Page 20] to vnion their mutual societie; where al vertue, and knowledge, are neere of affinitie, but Iustice, and government of cōsanguinity to her, her selfe stil holding primacy over al; as England, & Scotland, are cheerefully looking one towards the other in the name of great Brittaine, & as the two Cherubins did looke one towards the other, in one propitiatory. And thy royal state ô great Ezech. 28. Brittaine is as the annointed Cherub.

And as in the hart of man is placed fortitude, in his liver temperance, and in his minde Iustice, & yet al these, with al other vertues are annexed to Prudence, the common ligament of al; so is great Brittaine, by vniting al his kingdomes prin­cipalities, countries, and honours the compleate proportioned forme of al, and al in it both vniver­sally and particulerly, are fashioned and made fit on every side for happy coniunction and mutual correspondence. For this renowned name of great Brittaine standeth in steede of a Loadstone drawing al into one, chaining them togither with links of loue, as Lisippus made an image of fowre mettals mixed togither, gold, silver, brasse, and yron; expressing hereby absolute perfection of vertue, putting in gold, to signifie Prudence; sil­ver, Iustice; brasse, Fortitude; and yron, Tempe­rance: whereof they are altogither ignorant, as if they had never seene vertue, so much as pain­ted, who, to overthrow vniō in the name of great [Page 21] Brittaine, bring no vnion of vertues, euen excel­lencies of many Countries, to this so excellent worke. But skilful Zeuxes going about to depaint an absolute worke of a perfit virgin, tooke not on­lie view of one womans beautie, but had varietie of many the fairest, to accomplish out of al these a more excellent, and consummate forme of bodie.

Shal we not thinke the kingdome of Fraunce, containing Pickardy, Normandie, the Ile of France, Champaigne, Averne, Dalphenie, Bry, Bloys, Turin, the Dutchie of Aniow, Xantoin, Burgundie, and vniting to it little Brittaine, to be more glorious, in al these, being made one, then if but one only of al these were that kingdome? Doe we not see that the enlarging of the domini­ons of Spaine, in vniting, and establishing diverse kingdomes, and territories, as those of Aragon, Castile, and that of Portugal with others, hath so enlarged that kingdome, as that the like hath not befallen other Christian Potentates? Hath not the King of Denmarke, beside the Cimbrian Chersonese (where Holsatia, Theutomartia, the Dukedome of Sletia, Flensburgh, Friesland, and Iuthland doe lie) other spacious Ilands, fifteene in number, all comprehended vnder the name Denmarke, and vnited to that Crowne? Did not Iagello, taking to wife in the year, 1380. the prin­ces Hedingee the last of the blud Royal of Polo­nia, [Page 22] after he was installed king there, vnite al his owne principalities of Lithuania, and Samotga­thia Provinces of Russia, to the kingdome and Esth 1. Crowne of Poland? Did not Ahasuerus raigne from India to Ethiopia, over an hundred, twenty and seaven diuerse Provinces? And was not he so mightie (by reason of this varietie, subiected, and vnited to his sole government) that hee was, an hundreth, and fowrescore daies, shewing the ri­ches, and glorie of his Greatnesse, to al his Prin­ces, and to the mightie men of Persia, & Media? But to take example of one only Rome for all. How hath it beene renowned through the whole world, by ioyning al the nations of the world into one, euen to it selfe? Herehence it was called ter­rarum dea gentium (que) Roma, communis patria, mun­di compendium.

Omnia Romanae cedant miracula terrae,
Natura hîc posuit quicquid in orbe fuit.

But the Maiestie of this Empire grew so great by adioining other nations, and bringing them all into one:

Haec est, in gremium quae victos sola recepit,
Humanum (que) genus communi nomine fovit
Matris non dominaeritu, cives (que) vocavit
Quos domuit, nexu (que) pio longinqua revinxit.

And againe,

Fecisti patriam diversis gentibus vnam,
Dum (que) offers victis proprij consortia iuris,
Vrbem fecisti quod prius orbis erat.

And so may wee say of this renowned name of great Brittaine comprehending vs all of diverse nations in one, vnder our gracious King.

Huius pacificis debemus moribus omnes,
Quod cuncti gens vna sumus.

I could set forth, and confirme by sundry ex­amples, this vniting of many into one, and there­by shew, that the enlarging of dominion consi­steth in vniting altogither into one name, and e­stablishing diverse Territories vnder one Sove­raignetie, and government; and that the greater states, and Imperial powers of larger extent and far spreading domination are the more durable; Arist. Pol. and that the Monarchie of great Brittaine is like to be hereafter of more durance, strength, & ho­nor as partly (comming vnder our Kings govern­ment without conquest or constraint: nam errat longè mea quidem sententia, qui credat imperium stabilius aut firmius quod vi adiungitur quam quod facilitate & clementia) so now especially it beeing vnited in the whole, then heretofore divided in parts; his contexture being of a greater frame thē before, holding by more then one naile, and vp-holding its own greatnes: even as great buildings endure and subsist by their owne weight, as the Poet speaketh, Pondere tuta suo est. But I thinke it here, as needeful, to lay open that great fault, imputed to Constantine, dividing the Empire a­mong [Page 24] his Children; whereby of one Empire, hee made three, and withal a memorable diminution of his authoritie, and forces: which part Brutus also played, dividing this whole Empire of great Brittaine among his three Sonnes: of which, though two parts afterward, namely England, & Wales, were againe in good time vnited: yet Scotland stood, till now divided from the rest, & the rest from it, till God in special goodnes, nowe restored to former name, and government, al in­to one againe: for which our King Iames may challendge more glory by vniting al into one, thē Brutus or Constantine dividing it from one: and though Constantine the great, was counted the glory of Brittaine as being borne and made Em­perour here: yet may that commendation bet­ter fit our King Iames then Constantine: Tu nobi­les fecisti Britanias, quod illic ortus factus (que)es im­perator.

The Platan tree hath many goodly Branches, and boughes, and leaues in one body: and there­fore Xerxes in Herodotus, crowned him with a golden Garlande: doubtlesse there is a deserued glorious garland due to the name of great Brit­taine, bringing forth many goodly boughes, and branches, like to the faire, and wel spred Platan tree; or rather for the height of his honor, like the tall, and goodly Cedar, in whom, the dreame of Nabuchodonoser hath beene verified: for he saw [Page 25] a tree in the middest of the earth, great, & strong, whose height reached vnto the heaven, and the sight therof to the end of the earth: whose leaues were faire, and the fruit thereof, much: in which was meate for al, yea the beasts of the field had Dan. 4. shaddow vnder it, the fowles of the aire dwelt in the boughes thereof, and al flesh fed of it. But Nabuchodonosor heard also a watch crying out mightily, hew downe this tree, breake of his brā ­ches, shake of his leaues, scatter his fruit, that both beasts, and fowles may be put from him: ne­verthelesse leaue the stumpe of his rootes stil in the earth. So was the ancient honor, and glory, of great Brittaine: great, and mighty, high to hea­ven, faire, and fruitful, & of power over the whole Land from one end to the other: but the highest, who hath power over al, did (for the sin of the in­habitants) hew downe this goodly tree; yet left the Stumpe of the rootes in the earth. And out of it the tree is growne vp againe to former beau­tie, that we might learne to magnifie the King of heaven, as did Nabuchodonosor restored to the honor of his kingdome, to his glory, and beautie againe, to his Counsailours, and Princes, and to the establishment of his Throne with augmen­ted glorie.

And here let vs now consecrate to al eternitie the ancient name of famous great Brittaine, as a Pantheon of al blessings in peace, prosperitie, and [Page 26] honor: for as Pantheon was a Temple at Rome, rounde, and like to the capacitie of heaven, wher­in were put al the images of their Gods. So, I say, in the name and stile of great Brittaine, as in a Pantheon, are placed al worldly blessings, like stars shining from heaven, and having their influ­ence into the whole body of common weale, euē perfection of beautie in Sion.

Superstitious antiquity framed false Gods, one indued with this vertue, and another with that: this a wise, that a warlike, and another a iust God: yea for so many vertues, they framed so manie Goddesses, where one Temple might not be con­secrated to two Goddesses, but distinct vertues must be worshipped with distinct worship. So Val. Max. 1 as Marcellus dedicating one, and the same Tem­ple, to honor, and vertue, was thought to offende against religion. But our happy, and better in­structed age, reducing al to one, as it teacheth vs in religion both nations to be one, truely to wor­ship one true, and only God; so in civil things, & government, it offereth only one aboue and for all, that whatsoeuer is seperate, and distracted frō it, may be counted, as anathema, excommuni­cate, divorced, or as a barren handmaide to be sold to the vsurer, vnprofitable, imperfit, or as it were not at all.

And now, as vniō into the name of great Brit­taine, is like a Pantheon, and bringeth manifolde [Page 27] abundant blessings meeting togither, & concur­ring in one, so let vs account our selues most bles­sed in our soveraigne vnitor, in whose Royal per­son, and princely Succession, is laide vp al our o­bedience, and dwelleth al our happynes; even as that worthy Scipio, is said therefore to be borne, that there might be one, in whō al vertue should shew it selfe effectually, and absolutely perfect: hic est Scipio, quē dij immortales nasci voluerunt, Val. Max. 6 9. vt esset in quo se virtus per omnes numeros effica­citer ostenderet.

This is the voice of trueth it selfe; England, and Scotland are so naturally vnited in the name of great Brittaine, that the one neerely alyed to the other, can no longer be an alian, or stranger, one, to the other, except it may be said, that, Quia me­us est, non est meus, ipsa (que) damno est mihi proximi­tas. So this natural coniunction should be no v­nion, because it is both natural in the Soile, and real in the Subiect. But albeit the Romanes put into the Temple called Pantheon that precious Macrob. 3. gemme named Vnio, divided and cut in two, yet we with al our goods and geare, ought willingly be borne into the bosome of great Brittaine, quae fundit in omnes imperium, not distributing vnion into parts, but knitting vp al parts into one, as Ci­ceroes orator had al sciences, and Aristotles good man al vertues, as Cato was counted like perfect in al vertues, or as the divine Plato sealed vp in [Page 28] man, the lesser world, whatsoever vertue was in the whole world, or rather as Eden the plentifull Ezech. 28. garden of God sealing vp the summe of all perfe­ction and glorie, was fraight and deckt with all manner of precious stones, the Rubie, the Topaze, and the Diamond, the Chrysolice, the Onix, & the Iasper, the Saphir, the Emeraude, and the Carbun­cle, and gold. Even now may it be said of this vni­versal name of Brittaine, as it was saide of Rome. Imperij virtutum (que) omnium lar, and virtutum om­nium latissimum templum.

In ancient time it was counted ominous, if a stone fell, or a dogge came among brethren. And Cic. Off. 3. Socrates was wont to curse those, who by selfe cō ­ceipts, and head-strong opinion attempted to set a sunder those things, which nature coupled to­gither. And now if any factious Tribune of the people interpose himselfe to divide vs, and to di­sturbe the peace of Israel, thinking there is good fishing in troubled waters, and that the honours, and benefits, they hunt after, are attained in per­turbata Republica: whereof they vtterly dispaire in a peaceable State, quia in concordia ordinum, nullos se vsquam esse vident: verily such are not vnlike Medea, who so dispersed her brothers limmes, that they could not be gathered againe: cuius etiam vultu laeditu pietas: as the Mariners at Sea wel obserue in the two stars Castor, and Pol­lux, that if one without the other, appeare, they [Page 29] foresee a troubled Sea: but peaceable, and quiet without storme, and without danger in the sight of both togither.

The principality of Wales shall witnesse this truth, which never receaved any thing more be­neficial for the people there, then vniting that Country to the crowne & kingdom of England. For whilest it was alone without his brother, it was subiect to storme, ful of contentions, war, & shedding of bloud but ioined with his brother, it flourished with peace, and at this day is blessed in the vniformity of government there established. And in mine opinion, it is well observed in the Cronicle of Wales, how God was not pleased with the first change of the name of Brittaine in­to the name of England; for presently followed the terrible and cruel invasion of the Danes, & af­ter that the conquest of the Normans. But memo­rable is it, that the Brittaines ruled al the whole Ile togither, with the out Iles of VVight, Mon, in English Anglisee, Manaw in English Man, Orkney, and Ewyst, 1137. yeares before Christ, and after the yeare of his incarnation 688. even to the death of Cadwallader, the last King of Brit­taines, and of the noble race of Troians. Which when in succeeding age many mightie & famous Kings of England, considered, they laboured by al meanes to recouer and resume the name and stile of Kings of great Brittaine, accounting it dis­honorable, [Page 30] to leese any iot of the honor of there most princely progenitors. And therefore King Knute, King of England, mighty in his dominions of Swethen, from Germany to the North poles, with Norway and Denmarke, having obtained prosperous successe in warring against Scotland, is recorded after his death, the mightiest prince in the West parts of the world, and of al the no­ble Jle of Brittaine. And so VVilliam the Con­querer, for the good successe he likewise had in Scotland, is recorded king of al Brittaine; & Hen­ry the second, surnamed Curtmantle, is also for like successe, recorded king of al Brittaine. And if they be Renowned and honored with name and stile of Brittaine, which by rightful descent, or by con­quest, were inheritours but to one part only, though by their fortunes in warre, they also clai­med the other; what rightful title, must we then acknowledge, most iustly now to belong to his most excellent Maiestie, in the imperial crowne of both, who by lineal descent inheriteth both. Which thing seemeth in his highnesse late pro­clamation to be strongly and truely enforced: for that his Maiesty doth not covet any new affected name, but assumeth a title warranted by authen­tical charter, and records of great antiquity, not borrowed of forraine nations, but from the actes of his progenitours, both before and sithence the conquest, who had not so iust, nor great cause, as [Page 31] his Maiestie hath:

Causa iubet superos melior sperare secundos.

Here I wish I had as many eies, as Argos, to looke into their devises, who seeke to divide Eng­land from Scotland, & Scotland from England, renouncing the name of great Brittaine, least ioi­ned in one, they might as the forenamed stars, appeare togither, shine togither, and bring ioy togither. I would then not spare to lay open, (as Cneius Flavius did reveale to the world the tricks and misteries of Lawyers of that time, and there­fore was said to put out their eies, and to cut their purses) how also these Adamants hinder the na­tural power, and vertue of the load stone: whom I cal Adamants, aswel for repugnant qualities, as that they be truely Adamants, even Sonnes of Adam, practising rather in disobedience, dissenti­on, and ruine of al, to lay hands vpon that is for­bidden, then to draw the yron, nay golden chaine of lincks of loue, in obedience to the king, and for common peace, and preservation of men.

But herein such imitate the devise of Q Fabius Labeo, Val. 3. 3. seeking to haue the ship of common weale divided in partes; as when by compact of league with Antiochus he ought to receiue halfe part of Antiochus shippes, cut them al in the middest, craftely, so to defraude Antiochus of his whole Nauy: or else imitate they Cyrus, Herod. 1. dividing great Rivers into many litle Brookes, til they be not on­ly [Page 32] passable, but even dried vp: for so these seeke to stay the maine & mighty Streame of great Brit­taine by dividing it, and in dividing, to make it of sundry kindes, vnlike it selfe. Such dividing, into parts, is disioyning of the parts, by disioyning dis­membring, and by dismembring, spoyling, ma­king Plin. 36. 17. the stone Scyros, which whole and firmely compacted, doth swim and floate aboue the wa­ters, to sincke, and be drowned, because it is divi­ded. But our two famous kingdomes with al their provinces, shires, and Countries vnited into the name of great Brittaine, are like the goodly and pleasant river Danubius, which passing by ma­ny Countries keepeth his name, til it enter into Illiricum: where receiving into it sixtie other ri­vers of diverse other names, leeseth not only his owne and al their other names of parts, but is cal­led Ister, one for al containing al.

Here I require both of English, and Scottish, is either of them now, as a people disiointed one from the other? Or as Sande without Lime? Or scattered straw without binding? Or as Sampsons Foxes running divers and contrary waies, with fire-brands of dissention among them? Nay here in the glory of great Brittaine is renowned, that King Iames, and his Royal issue doe gather togi­ther that, which was scattered, and vnite that, which was divided, and restore that, which vvas lost, and saue that, which was endangered even [Page 33] by this meanes, vniting al in one name of Brit­taine, as it was saide of Rome, vniting so manie Countries into it selfe, al parts which disagreed heretofore are now well agreeing. Heerevpon Rome was said to be anchora a fluctuanti mundo: & as he faith in Tacitus, regnae bellag, per Gallias sem­per fuêre donec in nostrum ius cōcederetis. So hap­pily doeth this vniversal coniunction of all vnder one head, take away al discorde, and maintaine coniunction of loue for everlasting continuance. Onely they, which wil be alone, and not contai­ned vnder one name of great Brittaine, are not bound vp with the sheaues, nor carried home in­to the Barne, and therefore are like gleanings af­ter harvest, left behinde in the field, subiect to storme, they come not two and two into this arke, and whatsoeuer remaineth alone, extra arcam, perit.

Such are not vnlike that captaine, whom Xer­xes Herod. [...]. rewarded with a garland, for escaping aliue, when al other Souldiers were slaine, and yet be­cause he came alone without the rest, he hanged him: and as the Athenians in the warre with the Herod. 5. Aeginetae, when one returned, without his fel­lowes, ranne al vpon him, and killed him, asking where were the rest? And what can such (I pray you) as seperate themselues from the happy vni­on of al Brittaines answere for themselues, if they be called to account. Can any be English, & not [Page 34] Scottish, can any be Scottish, and not English? Let that outcry against the Romanes be ingemi­nated against such, saying: Quintilius Varus, re­store vs our Legions, where are our souldiers, what is become of them? Where are the English where are our Scottish, let al restore themselues, & each one the other to the name of Brittaines. And so I say to al, and everie one of both nations, Cedo alterum. (For I feare least this name Cedo al­terum, mentioned in Tacitus, be yet scarcely foūd among many: but I cal alowde where art thou, Cedo alterum, giue vs thy selfe, bring in thy friend, yea yet another, and another, be not wanting to the weale publique; vna navis bonorum omnium, al good Subiects are conteined in one Shippe of common Weale, numerum non habet illa suum, one is not perfit without the other: for Brittaines Subiect ought maintaine mutual societie for cō ­mon good. As for others disclayming vs, and dis­ioyning themselues, only I wish they may all bee of the same consort, and societie with vs, for, vi­ctrix causa dijs placuit, though, victa Catoni.

And albeit many great, and mighty Poten­tates one earth make a great Shew of copia ver­borum, by copious recital of many Provinces, & kingdomes; as if his Maiestie shoulde intitle him­selfe by al the several Shires vnder his dominiōs, and not by one honorable Title of great Brittaine comprehending al: yet to shew how this misliked [Page 35] some, it is recorded when the Emperors Embas­sador comming to the French King rehearsed the Emperours stile at large, which consisted of ma­ny dominions and names of coūtries; the French king willed his Herralde to repeate and say over the name of France as many times as the other had rehearsed the several titles of his masters do­minions: intimating that one name of France wel compacted and vnited of many particulers into one general name, was better then diverse parti­culer names of many countries. And when Quin­tius Liv. 4. Dec. 5. lib. Flaminius heard how his army was terrified, at the recital of many his enemies forces, of their diversitie of names, of countries, of Armor, and of multitudes, Dahae, Maedi, Caedu sij, Elemei, Cata­phracti, &c. Speare men, Horse men, Foot men, Archers, &c. Oh saith he, what a doe is here, with numbers, and diversitie of numbers: al these are but only Sirians, and make a great shew, like that great Supper, which mine host at Chalcis dressed for me, and for my followers, with much variety, and marveile at the diversitie of the dishes, and yet al was but of one flesh, though of so many di­vers dressings. The Riuer Peneus may better serue Herod. 7. for instance: it divideth it selfe, and floweth into many divers Rivers, and everie one of these Ri­vers in his division, hath a proper name to him­selfe, one after this name, and another after that: but al these meeting in one, and becomming a­gaine [Page 36] one great, and mighty River, do, now loose the particuler names, which they held being divi­ded, and are called by one general name, as be­fore, namely Peneus. Non sunt multiplicanda en­tia sine necessitate.

It is not reasonable that brethren from one pa­rent, shoulde bee divided in one house, though they be severed in distinct place: but be as fingers to one hand, knit togither by common iointes for mutual offices: even as the brethren Molionides, are poetically imagined to haue but one body: or rather the three Geriōs, to haue many bodies, but one soule, and one minde; not vnlike to that of Pithagoras, vt vnum ex pluribus fiat, many in name, but one in deed. And as when Piso vvas commended to posteritie for frugalitie, I doubt not, but he was wise withall; and as when Lelius was renowned for wisedome, I doubt not, but he was iust withal: and Metellus for pietie, I doubt not, but he was temperate withal: and Aristides for Iustice, I doubt not but he was valiant withal: yet I know that the denomination, is ever but of one, though it containe things two, and moe: as the Temple consecrated to two brethren Castor, Suet. Iulius. and Pollux, was named only Castors Temple: and the munificencie of two Consuls, Caesar, and Bi­bulus, was called only Caesars munificencie: and even many imaginarie shewes, and shaddowes haue seemed compleat, in deciphering one thing [Page 37] only: yea the very images of excellent men, haue beene patterns, and resemblances of many con­summat vertues in one: as Plutarchs Alexander, Xenophons Cirus, Homers Vlisses, Virgils Aeneas, & Lucians Imagines, in steede of al.

And as there is a common Idea, and infolded notion of al things in the minde of man, so the o­verviewing the whole race and tract of things in the world, doth tel vs, that as many peculiar ex­cellent properties, may be, and are in one man, & he over them, as sole Monarch over al the diver­sities of worthiest vertues; so a king vnder his im­perial power hath to him subiected many Shires, States, Citties, Honors, Provinces, & kingdomes himselfe being sole Soveraigne, and Lord over al. Therefore though magnanimity only, was attri­buted to Cirus, only modesty to Agesilans, onlie wisedome to Themistocles, skil to Phillip, & bold­nesse to Brasidas: yet Alexander, as Plutarch re­porteth, was furnished, and ful-fraight with all these. And Quintus Metellus is reported to at­taine, Pet Crin. 13. 5. and possesse togither, ten of the chiefest, & greatest things, that euer he desired (as if hee had at once ten Provinces vnder his commaund) and was knowne a mighty warrier, a sweete oratour, a great commander, to prosper in his greatest af­faires, to be in greatest honor, of great wisedome, a chiefe Senator, plentiful in children, rich of sub­stance, and most renowned in the Citty. So copi­ously [Page 38] hath one man beene stored with plentifull variety of manifold graces, al these at once dwel­ling in him, and he wel ordering them; euen as one free, and absolute Monarch may, & doth rule many mighty, and divers Nations, knit in one by obedience, and loue among themselues, and by law, and lustice from the king, who by his lawes speaketh alike to al, is heard of al, and vnderstood of al: vna, eadem (que) communi voce.

I confesse the name of great Brittaine hath beene long time eclipsed, or rather like those voi­ces, Plut. which Antiphon saide were kept close, and frozen vp in the Winter, vntil the heate of Som­mers shining Sunne resolued the frozen, and fast bound aire, that they might bee againe disclosed. Comfortable is the warmth of this blessing, in the Sunshining day of our soveraigne king; wher­in not only clowds are scattered, but the renow­ned name of great Brittaine breaketh forth as a gladsome voice from frozened aire, & commeth forth, as a Bridegrome out of his chamber, long time before lockt vp like a prisoner. Doubtlesse this is our yeare of Iubile, a year of delivering the Captiue, of making the bond, free, and of ioy, e­ven in sort, and true sence to vs, Annus Platoni­cus, wherein things are come about againe to be as they were, (Iure Postliminij) to recover our selues, and be restored to name, & fame of great, and glorious Brittaine, long, & lately diuided in­to [Page 39] two kingdomes, but now most happily, & ioie­fully subiected, & revnited in al the government thereof vnto one only Soveraigne, most wise, and most religious governour of the same.

Deus haec benigna restituit in sedem vice.

Doubtlesse this is the Lords doing and it is mar­veilous in our eies, this is the day the Lord hath made for vs to reioice, and be glad therein. For as it is said, we owe to God our selues, for creating vs, when we were not; and more then our selues, for re-creating, and restoring vs, when wee vvere lost: So ought al good Subiects thinke the daies more happy, and ioyful, in which they are nowe, as it were new borne, then those, in which they were first borne, as is wel said; non minus illustres, at (que) iucundi sunt illi dies, quibus conservamur, quàm quibus nascimur. Happie art thou, ô Israel, ô people saved by the Lorde, who is like vnto thee? Thou wert lost, and art found, bond, and art free, Eclipsed, and art glorious, dead, and art aliue, thy name forgotten, and beholde, it resoundeth even among hard rocks, and in the hollownes of moū ­taines; thy beautie withered, and behold thy val­laies stand thicke, replenished, and adorned, with fairest varieties of al good; thy yeares forgotten, thy feathers plucked, and thy strength weakned, and behold thou waxest young, and lustie like the Eagle; yea thine honor, the honor of thine anci­ent name ruined like an old house, but beholde it [Page 40] is now repaired, and called after his owne, & olde name; even as deliaca navis, torne, and taken in peeces, was renued, and built againe, to his most ancient forme, and called stil deliaca navis. Sic rerum summa navatur.

And albeit worldly kingdomes and civil states seeme subiect to alteration, and do carrie in their outward appearance, faces sometime shining, & glorious as the Sun, and sometime defaced, dark­ned, and deformed, conquering, and conquered, triumphing, and enthralled; yet the common weale it selfe like the ship before mentioned, rui­nated and repaired, is stil the same; even as the Sunne though eclipsed is stil the same; and a river sometime shallow, sometime deepe, stil the same; and a man now sicke, now in health, stil the same. Respublica, enim semper vt ciuitas, est contigua, v­nâ, perpetuâ (que) serie compacta, & though admit it mutation, as our state did long time, ever since the first division, til this blessed day; yet Brittaines cōmon weale, was but sicke for a season, til health returned into the whole bodie, by the glory of the head. So as now the first and Ancient com­mon weale of great Brittaine is againe cōformed to his prime estate, sound, the same, & like it selfe; and is likely so to continue and flourish, so long as it retaineth the common band of communitie, & individual knot of vnitie. As Socrates is saide, as long as he is Socrates, to bee one and the same. [Page 41] Whither in childhoode, or manhood, in infancy, or in age, the same Socrates. But Heraclitus deny­ed, because of the sodaine change of men and things, that one man could goe into the same ri­ver twice: and ill debtors borrowing mony here­tofore, refuse payment, because they thinke them selues not the same men, & plead the day is past, and cannot be againe; deluding with that saying: Ego non sum ego: hodie & heri. But such conclusi­ons or rather collusions are simple rustical follies; as he saith, rusticus expectat dum defluat amnis, at ille labitur & labetur in omne volubilis aevum. For howsoever times alter, yet truth ever sheweth it selfe; as the river Lycus, running a long vnder the earth for a long space, breaketh fourth againe, & as is said, alio (que) renascitur orbe.

The sleepers in Sardos, when they awaked, Arist. Phys thought they had passed no time: but we shal be more drowsie, and sottish then they, if now row­sed from our long sleepe, wherein the honourable name of great Brittaine was forgotten, we now not open our eies to acknowledge the happynes of these our daies: wherein our hearts may leape for ioy, to see our most gracious king, as a father of peace, and procreator, protector, and perfitour of Subiects ioie, sit in Royal seate of great Brit­taines most ancient, & most absolute Monarchy: whereby our strength, peace, wealth, and honor is the more increased, in that our Soveraigne is [Page 42] the more vniversallie obeyed, and we are doubt­lesse hereby more blessed, thē al our fore fathers: of whom we say, as Demaratus the Corinthian said, that al dead Grecians are deprived of greate ioy, in that they lived not to see Alexander in Darius Chaire. But comfortably spake hee in the Comedie: gaudeo, cum video huius generis reli­quias; and how ioyful is it for vs to acknowledge one an other Brittaines, as it was for them bre­thren in the Comedie which after so long time came to knowledge one of an other: yea now for vs to knowe one an other to bee Brittaines by all signes and tokens, non naevo aliquo aut crepundijs sed corpore omni. And though he may bee pittied, which sitteth alone mourning, and crying: nec mihi cognatus quisquam fuit isto nomine: yet may both English, and Scottish reioice, because nei­ther Sister is a widdow, but all their legitimate children are now of one name, and one bloud, become, and borne againe Brittaines, as it were by a Pithagorical Palingenesia, even twice Brit­taines, as Hippolitus was called Virbius, because hee lived againe; and was twice the same man. Aeson miratur; & olim ante quater denos hunc se reminiscitur annos. And surely (as Plinie saith) sparsas & laceras gentilitates colligere & conne­ctere, est, vt it a dicam, rena sci iubere.

Thus we say, and thus we sing, Redeunt Satur­nia Regna, even the golden age of Brittaines Mo­narchy [Page 43] is come againe: Alter Tiphis, & altera, quae vehat Argo. delectos Heroas: at (que) iterum ad Troiam magnus mittetur Achilles: another gover­nour, and chiefe Master, of the common weales Ship, and another Arke, or Argosie, as before, doth transport the Nobles, and Commons both of England, and Scotland, to fetch the golden fleece, which Egbert that Dragon held so long time in his iawes. Quondam etiam victis redit in proecordia virtus. Now then, siquid patriae virtu­tis, if there be in vs vallour, of men stirred vp, with remembrance of the name, and honour of our Country: Si quid antiquorum hominum: if any drop of our Ancestors blood liue in vs: Si quid hu­manitatis: if any touch of brotherly kindnes, wee cānot, but readily imbrace each other, as the an­cient Romanes reconciled after long civil war, & shedding much bloud Iungebant Castra, & consa­lut Tac. Hist. abant Cives: yea and triumph also as they did, saying, exurgere, & reviviscere Romani nominis memoria incipit, & gloria: vnlesse it may be saide of vs, as of that base minded Vitellius: tant a tor­pedo invasit animum, vt si eum principem fuisse Caeteri non meminissent, ipse oblivisceretur: or it may be said to vs Brittaines descended from Eru­tus, as sometimes to another Brutus, in an other sense, not here intended: Dormis Brute, & nones Brutus.

Our Countrie men, & neighbors of Wales, as [Page 44] Chronicles reporte, deriue them selues, from an­cient true Brittaines: and doe retaine the Brittish tongue, though somewhat mixed, called Cambe­raec, which could never be extinguished by anie attempts of Romanes, Saxons, Danes, Normans: & that famous Citty London, is stil by them cal­led Trenwith, of Brutus first named Trenovantō. And the Countrey it selfe is called Cambria, of Camber, Brutus Sonne, though we cal it VVales, a word imposed by Saxons, naming thē VValshe, which is strange; and many mountaines, rivers & cities are among thē stil retaining British names: extremos pudeat redijsse: let vs be ashamed to bee last, or backward, seeing another Arthur king of all great Brittaine raigneth; least we stil seeme o­verawed, and captivated to the Conquerour Eg­bert his wil, and by his beating vs, to bee made, as base vassals, forgetting our selues, our names, and our Countrie, and not daring to challendge, or acknowledge them: even as that base Slaue So­sia was enforced to yeeld to his Master Mercury, Plau. Amph. and say, pugnis me fecisti tuum, etsi sum ego, tamen non credomihi, nomen simul abstulit cum forma.

Neither doe I esteeme the change of name, a matter of indifferencie, as if it were all one, whi­ther we were called Brittaines, or cōtinued Eng­lish, and Scottes. But in my Iudgement it is rea­son to alter all into Brittaines, because it was our most ancient, and is the more honorable [Page 45] name, except we wil weare the Badge of slaverie on our sleeue, to brag to the world, that we are not ashamed, to be conquered, so to shew our na­kednesse, and shame, which Adam sought to co­ver, when he once saw it. Neither in mine opini­on is it reason, that the now Nobles or Gentle­men of England, should delight in name imposed by that Saxon; seeing the whole race of Saxons is for the most part rooted out by the Danes and Normanes, and none of Saxons blood that vvas Noble, or almost but Gentil is left; and seeing (as Chronicle reporteth) it was counted in the daies of the Conquerour, a reproach to be called an English man, or to ioine in mariage with any of the English (which in my vnderstanding is Sax­ons nation.) Redit ad authores genus, & generosa in ortus exurgunt semina suos.

And verily names, and titles, are matters of great consideration: vnlesse, like Varro, not caring Aug. de civ. 1. 22. for name, we should also say, that the God, whom the Iewes worshipped, was but the same Iupiter, and common God of other Countries, though otherwise called, nihil interesse censens quo nomi­ne nuncupetur, dum eadem res intelligatur. But in the vnion of the Sabins and Romaines, (as Eutro­pius reporteth) this was especially agreed vpon, that the Sabins and Romaines should assume one an others name promiscuously: so that by no meanes they should bee distinguished by name. [Page 46] Andalbeit among vs, custome hath begotten prescription, yet we may remember, what is wel said in the Commedie: nunquam it a quisquam, benè subduct a ratione fuit, quin res, at as, vsus, a­liquid apportet novi, vt quae prima putes, post in experiendo, repudias. As in the Romane storie, (when it was obiected that innovations, were dā ­gerous to the state, and nothing was to be done, whereof formerly there was no president) saith Livi. 1. Dec. 4. lib Canuleius. Quid postea? nullane res nova institui debet? & quod nondum est factum (multa enim non dum sunt facta, in novo populo) ea, ne (sivtilia qui­dem sint) fieri oportet?

Whilest we of England were put a part from Scotland, it was reason wee should haue a name divided, and distinguished from them, & retaine that name, and condition, as pleased fortune to impose, as Andromache saith to her Sonne, sume, quod casus dedit: but being restored in integrum, and every part knit togither, it is a like reason we returne to our old name, & say, as in the Prophet, Hose 2. I will goe, and returne to my former husband, for at that time, it was better for me, then now. And no man, when he hath tasted the new wine, but saith the old is better. So that as the Romaine Empire first was a Monarchie, afterwardes governed by two Consuls, and so a long passing through divers kindes of governments, til it returned to his for­mer state of Monarchie, to be as it was at first: e­ven [Page 47] so the state of great Brittaine, first was as a Monarchie al governed by one; since it was divi­ded, but nowe it returneth to his Monarchie a­gaine. Moribus antiquii res stat Romana viris (que).

For men wax wearie, in time, of their present condition: and Rome mole laboravit sua: or ra­ther, and more truely, God setteth bounds to al things, which they cannot passe: even the migh­tiest powers haue their periods. And al worldly kingdomes thus changing, (after long experi­ence) say, the first is best; and so likewise, vt rerum, it a verborum interit vsus, quem penes est rerum, & vis, & norma loquendi. But in this case neither the thing, nor the name, being changed: but wee lawfully recovering that, which was lost, renew­ing the title of great Brittaine, enioying our Coū ­try (as we did before) calling al Brittaines, & hol­ding al things in the same safety, and security vn­der name of greate Brittaine (as before vnder names of England and Scotland) say all and each one to other, pascite, vt ante, boues, pueri submit­tite tauros.

It is a good, and gracious deede to provide for real agreement in al equal coniunction, and mu­tual participation. But, in my simple opinion, it had beene verbo tollere, & reipsa relinquere, only in shew to take away difference, but not in deed, without vniting both kingdomes into the name and stile of great Brittaine; for, as he complained, [Page 48] Cic. Ep. ad Att. Tirannis occidit? Tirannis vivit? So if the olde enmity of English, and Scottish be removed, and yet the names stil remaine, I feare that the verie names woulde ever put ill men in minde of olde grudge, and incite new variance: as is said of one, that he was Romani nominis inimicus, at deadlie hatred with the verie name: where the name is taken for the very cause of hatred. As, eo nomine hostis, for that cause, even for name sake he is an enemie: even as in Rome, when all things vvere accorded, and all parties pleased, only a name, which was in dislike among them, was thought hinderance to their mutual Concorde, and con­tent, Liv. 1. Dec. 2. lib saying, nō placere nomen, id pericule sum esse, id officere, id obstare libertati: and therefore the Senate perswaded, Lucius, Tarquinius, Collatinus otherwise in al respects approved, and beloved of al, even for his names sake, to forsake his office, saying, absolve beneficium, amicus abi, exonera ci­vitatem vano (for san) metu. This I speake, least retaining former name of English, and Scottish, which heretofore hath beene offensiue to each o­ther, we cal (as before is spoken) the ill disposed to former opposition, as betweene fire, and water, even to kindle such a fire in Iacob, as wil devour in Israell, and no water shall bee able to quench it in Bethell. Where it may be thought more fit, to set aside al difference of former names: vt exonere­mus rempub. vano (for san) metu; as it is said of one [Page 49] quod nihil est metuit, metuit, sine corpore nomē. And if any account, the feare of name, nothing, (be it also say I nothing) yet a man cannot be to care­ful, or feareful of that which is counted even no­thing, seeing it is said. Qui cavet, vix etiam cavet, dum cavet.

Let former destructions bee present instructi­ons. Offensiue distinction of names hath bred much wo. In Italie faction of Guelphs and Gi­belines arose for name sake. In Englande much blood for the white and red Rose. In Iustinians time feareful division betweene the Veneti and Prasini about colours blew and greene. In which grievous contentions, arising first of small or no cause but only of difference in name and diversi­tie of colours, deadly hatred is oft times kindled among former friends, as against sworn enemies. After Phalarides death, the Agrigentini made a decree that none should vse glauca veste, because the Tirants did vse glaucis subligaculis: for they hated whatsoever, might remember them of for­mer Tiranny. And the Romanes publiquely or­dained, that no Romane should be ever called af­ter the name of Manlius; for, because his remem­brāce Liv. 1. Dec. 6. lib was displeasing, they would haue his name vtterly perish. I wish that nomen, or mentio ipsa, the names English, and Scottish, borders, for­mer feud, warres and bloudshed betweene the two nations, were not once mentioned within [Page 50] our lips, but as nomen Pelopidarum vtterly put out, abolished, and never heard of, as that which is laid vp in silence in the Graue: even now that not the least occasiō be left, no not in sport or in­ter ludicra certamina (as we haue a name of plaie amongst vs called prison base, one part striving for England, and an other for Scotland, represen­ting vnto vs the variance betwixt both nations) lest it proue, as that betwixt them two brethren, Demetrius and Perseus, king Phillips sonnes; who in ludicio certamine, opposite one to the other, with their companies divided on both sides, fell in earnest vnto a maine deadly warre one a­gainst the other. I say, as neere as may be, these opposite tearmes of Scottish and English should cease; except they remaine, as only they oughte remaine, Epithits pertaining to one name of great Brittaine, and to one people Brittaines, as al the Iewes of al the several Tribes, were called Iacob Gods people, and Israell his inheritance.

And herein (seeing as Vegetius saith) principis est pro salute Reipublicae, & nova excogitare, & anti­qua restituere) both nations ought ioyfully ap­plaud the late proclamation, and in al humblenes of duety, submit themselues to the kings Maie­sties good pleasure, seeking thereby the common good of Weale publique, and not his owne glory (as they doe, who cal their lands after their owne name, to get a name vpon earth: & as Valens the [Page 51] Emperor desired, (according to his ambitious, & vaine-glorious humour,) to call this whole Continent Valentia, after his owne name: for which thing also Henoch the Son of Caine, buil­ding Gen. 4. a Cittie, was first noted,) but as a king most gracious, not natus sibi sedpatriae (as Hadrian the Emperour professed before al: ita se rempublicā gesturum, vt sciret populi rem esse non propriam) thinketh only on the ancient name, non tam mu­tans, quam aptans, so to roote out remembraunce of former hatred, and to vnite both into one. Pa­stor populi non suum ipsius, sed Subditorum quaerit commodum: & officio suo semper fungitur, vtili­tati consulens, & societati.

Chaunge of names hath ever beene thought meete in policie, even where men formerlye Strangers, and of diverse kingdomes were to bee trained vp togither, and framed in fashion one to the other: as were giuen to Daniell, Hananiah, Dan 1. Mishaell, and Azariah, new, and other names. And Daniell was called Baltasar, and Hananiah, Shadrah, and Mishaell Mesach and Azariah A­begnego of purpose, by changing their names, to make these forget themselues, their country, and if it were possible, the God of their fathers. And so the Turkes haue, from time, to time, in their pollicie changed the olde names of those places, they now possesse, which before professed Chri­stianity, and when vpon any Conquest, they take [Page 50] [...] [Page 51] [...] [Page 52] into their government Christians, they impose on them new names, to liue like them, and as one people among them: & shal we thinke it a wrong or inconvenience, that, if a Grecian Prince or o­ther Christian king recover against the Turke, they afterward abolish a name imposed on them, and calany province, people or city after their old and ancient name? Et si hoc in arido, quid in viridi? If this be done (ex facto) by the children of this world, vnto an evil end: may not his Maie­iestie in his princely wisedome (fas estet ab hoste doceri) (exiure) for the vndoubted good of the children of light cal to remembrance, and put in Dio. 52. execution the wise councel of Maecenas to Au­gustus: to take away al differences, whatsoever, e­ven of the meanest thinges, which might bee thought on, whither of name or apparell, or anie thing else, to the intent all thinges might bee throughly composed in one vniforme fashion, & conformitie among al his Subiects, to their vn­doubted good?

It hath beene often observed, that parva scin­tilla neglecta magnum saepe excitavit incendium. And sores sleightly cured, break forth into grea­ter danger. And, if I might boldly write my mind without mistake, I would vndertake sufficiently to proue, that if the name had not beene chaunged into great Brittaine, it might be feared we should not long (as we ought ever) continue one; & that [Page 53] (loue being not without dissimulation) we would among our selues, as is vpbraided to the incon­stancie of another nation (now not to be here na­med) Ridendo fidem frangere, and so loue, as that we would hate againe. For as a chiefe inhabitant, and commander in privernum, being asked in the Senate at Rome, what peace they should expect, Livi. 1. Dee. 8. lib auswered, sibonam dederitis, fidam, & perpetuam: simalam, haud diuturnam. So here may it be saide, if vnion in name, bring also in deed, a good com­position, and faithful coniunction bona fide, it will doubtlesse by Gods goodnes, last ever: but other­wise I feare (which God forbid) may againe rent in sunder, and make the newe breach worse then the former. And therefore wise was that saying; eiusdem iuris esse debent qui sub eodem rege victu­ri Curt. 10. sunt, and that practise of Romulus renowned, who by vnion of divers nations, eodem nomine et Liv. 1. Dec. 1. lib eodem iure latinos vocavit. And hereof grew the Italicum bellum, because the Latines vnited in o­ther respects, were not ioined eodem iure with the Romanes. To speake plaine, wee al confesse our vnion in our obedience to the King, as to the head: but yet without that vnion also in the name of great Brittaine already concluded, & of other things thereto requisite (to be farther by the Ho­norable Commissioners considered.) I feare wee shal proue, as imperfect, if not deformed bodie, as Apelles (before noted) painted Venus only per­fect [Page 54] in the head, and left al the partes of the bodie vnperfect. Neither can I, for my part, imagine that parte of the bodie well vnited to his heade, which doeth not concurre withal the body in all his parts perfect with the head. Vt nec pes nec ca­put vni reddatur formae.

Herein let natures workmanship in our natu­ral bodies lead vs to the imitation of her wisdom, in the government of bodies civil: and as shee hath in naturall mixtion reduced the fowre con­trary Elementes into a temperate and agreeing conformitie, by taking away suspition of emulati­on, making them loose their proper names, and iointly called mistionis forma: so shoulde wee by temperate discretion bee willingly vnited with our neighbour friends into one corporation: es­pecially seeing the reality of everie thing wee en­ioy is to continue in al respects the same, and on­ly a formality of appellation a little changed. Na­turam ducem dum sequimur non aberrabimus, said he: and the God of nature hath spoken it, so that we must beleeue, that a kingdome divided cannot stand, howsoever it may glorie in the multitude of his parts: wherein a common weale may fitly be resembled to musical instruments; which how­soever consisting of the multitude of strings, yet the harmony is in the vnity of proportion with a­greeable consent of distinct sounds. Now as a lit­tle iarre in musicke, a little intention or remission [Page 55] of any one string discordeth al the harmony: so in this excellent musical concorde of a wel-orde­red kingdome, never so smal difference, though it be but titular betweene the severall partes of one common weale, sometimes breedeth hatred, of­tentimes envy, but alwaies emulation. Where­vpon Phillip Comines wel observed, finitimorum amulationem nativam esse: that it was essentiall for neighbour regions to emulate one the other: which is only remedied by taking away the frets and by incorporation making them not now our neighbours, but al one with our selues. And here­in consisteth the nature of true mixtion (whereat al common weales shoulde tende) when every thing remaineth that was, yet nothing as it was; when many contrary things yeelde vp their con­trariety and plurality vnto one, consisting of all; which participating of al their recōciled natures, imposeth only a new name, to their new manner of being, which is to be one insteede of many; & that not by coacervation or apposition of things without farther mixtion, remaining stil distinct within themselues, but by vnion of consociation, which taketh nothing away. frō these things that were before distinct, but their distinction. Out of vvhich mistion wil arise excellent temperature, which we hope long to see in our British; Com­mon weale, wherein no humor either of English or Scottish, may be predominant, but tempera­mentum [Page 56] aequabile, and that ad pondus too. Which as it is seldome founde any where, so it is alvvaies found where it is foūd with perennity. And con­cerning such mistion was that saide of Romulus & Traianus, and now may it bee saide of our King Iames; diversas gentes it a commercio miscuit vt quod genitum esset vsquam id apud omnes natū esse viderctur. And of such mixtion may that of Zeno be said, alterius chorus maior, meus autem concin­nior: an other Kings Empire may be greater, cō ­sisting of diversity of nations, but ours more com­pact and vnited in one. And this mixtion of both our nations so mixed in one, bringeth forth but one titel of GREAT BRITTAINE. Vnū, sedleonem, as the proverbe hath.

Which I the rather vrge here, against Polite­ans (if any such be) of this age, who seeke to nou­rish faction and opposition in the State, and cō ­mon Weale, and thinke nothing better; quam si in commune non consulant; who ever haue a Row­land, for an Oliver; where feareful experience doth often shew the fruites of that Axiom; con­traria contrarijs curantur. Which manner of keeping Subiects one opposite, and offensiue to the other, is a flinty, and fierie societie, even socie­tas lapidum, fornicationi similima, quae casura, ni­si invicem obstarent, hoc enim ip so continetur. And this practise, wheresoever prevailing, is more then Machivelian, even divellish sowing seede of [Page 57] dissention in parts, to destroy the whole. There­fore it being an infallible, but wofull grounde of truth: nulla salus bello: It is meete that all and e­very Subiect of great Brittaine, vnderstand, and professe the other part of that verse, pacem te pos­cimus omnes. For so I thinke this Axiome in a State, is better for preservation of Weale pub­lique: similima similimis nutriuntur.

And if I were worthy, here would I advise all the Magistrates of great Brittaine, which either now doe, or hereafter shal beare rule vnder their high Soveraigne, in any partes of his dominions, to remember in al their high honours, that Cleo, and Themistocles tooke contrarie courses, & were both misliked in time of their Magistracie. For Cleo called al his friendes, and old acquaintaunce togither, and renounced them openly, giving thē to vnderstand, that now he was so advanced, they shoulde expect nothing from him for former friendships sake. And Themistocles answered one, wishing him to be alike to al, and not partial, that he would not sit in Seate of honour, and not doe more good to former friends, then to others. But trueth is, in a common wealth, nor disdaine of former friends becommeth Cleo, nor partiall fa­vours Themistocles; for communitie regardeth neither any man, neither any cause for private re­spects, but is as the Sunne, yeelding alike commō Pli. paneg. comfort to al: which thing I wish al, as one man, [Page 58] wisely to perceiue, and willingly performe. And Zenop. yet may Cirus haue in remembraunce, the verie meanest of them, with whom somtimes he lived. and Ahasuerus looking into the Chronicles may remember those, which haue saved the king, frō any, who sought to lay violent hands vpon him. And the Macedonians may not either grudge, or disdaine that Alexander prefer the Persians be­fore them of his owne Country. Ecquis est qui ve­stra Liv. 1. Dec. 6. lib. necessaria suffragia pro voluntarijs, & serva pro liberis faciat?

But to returne into the kings high way for the name of Brittaine: seeing his Maiestie may saie, non me Troia capit, Scotland alone doth not con­taine my greatnesse: and therefore speaketh also to England: salve fatis mihi debita tellus: Eng­land is also the lot of mine inheritaunce: and both England, and Scotland, wil I make one Em­pire, and renew their names into first title of great Brittaine, as it were Ilium in Italiam portans: (though in removing all the Gods out of Tē ­ple, to giue place to Iupiter, only that petty God Terminus refused, and would not moue) yet let the Termini, and bounds of both our nations, & all the people therein contained, willingly giue place to the iust pleasure of their sole Monarch, and even in this also, acknowledge King Iames their supreame head, and governour: where obe­dience in each Subiect, is like reconciled Ge­nius, [Page 59] vtrius (que) Regni: which though before was as angrie Iuno, much adverse to the Romanes, yet now like Iuno, out of her very image seemeth to speake alowd, Romam se velle ire: Anger is ap­peased, displeasure forgotten, and discorde come to a perpetual ende.

Nec quenquā incuso, potuit quae plurima virtus
Esse, fuit: toto certatum est corpore regni:

And now the whole common weale, odijs satu­rate, quiescit.

Neither may contention, either of antiquity, or any other dignity (whereabout Albanes, and Dionys Ha licar. 3. Romaines, so much contended, and woulde not yeeld one to the other) break this common band of loue among our selues, or loyaltie to our Sove­raigne, who imbraceth both nations with equall and indifferent loue. But we ought to consider, that both English and Scottish (quis maior? aeque Plau. Menec ambo pares) making no question of difference for common good sake, without difference may challendge like interest in his Maiesties favor (& vitula tu dignus & hic) to be divided equally, and graciously among al, by Geometrical proportiō as his Maiestie shal bee pleased to deeme meete. Which thing may moue al to mutual kindnes, & reciprocate loue one towards the other, with an orderly conformity of both to liue togither in all peace, and Christian charitie, affectioned to loue one another, with brotherly loue, and in giving ho­nores Rom. 12. [Page 60] goe one before the other; as it is said of Scipio and Lelius; actuo savitaeiter aequali graedu exeque­bantur: not grudgingly, nor contentiously, stri­ving for prerogatiue of blessing; and birthright, in his Maiesties favour; as if it might be saide to Gen. 27. his highnesse, hast thou but one blessing my father? for his Maiesties aboundance, and overstowing measure of honour powreth fourth, as out of a fountaine, streames to fill vp every empty chan­nel, nemo ex hoc numero mihi non donatus abibit; and where every one may bee contented: cuncta aderunt; animus, site non deficit aequus. Herein let vs take example frō the Romane common weale (and surely for our instruction may it be said, nul­la vnquam resp. nec maior, nec sanctior, nec bonis exemplis ditior fuit) where Dyonisius Halicarnas­seus Lib. 5. giueth vs a straunge shewe of two Consuls Largius and Claelius, who both stroue to giue pre­cedence one to the other, preferring each other before himselfe, and reckning one an others worth before his owne: & this done, two or three several times, neither presuming to goe before the other, but stil refusing, & could by no meanes either bee perswaded to take the preheminence one before the other. But is any mans eie evill, because the Kings eie in speciall and gracious as­pect is good? Doubtlesse when a king doth not all things ad voluntatem, sed ad vtilitatem omnium: they which mislike (and yet seeme of the same [Page 61] league, and society with others) doe notwithstan­ding like Nahaz the Ammonite, ioine in commō 1. Sam. 11. covenaunt, with others, but on condition only, that they may thrust out the others right eies. Hoc­cine Liv. 1. Dec: 6. lib est in commune honores vocare? quaenam ista societ as? quaenam censortio est?

But whosoever entendeth truely the common good, let him remember, that Solon said: the only way to keepe Subiects in vnitie, is to mainetaine an equalitie for al: for motus, as Plato saith, is in inequalitate; but status, and quies in aequalitate: which thing is spoken, not to breed, or maintaine parity in condition of men, for that equality were true inequalitie, nay iniquitie, so to confound the world. But these things are alleaged to shew that our gracious Soveraigne may herein (I speak vn­der favor) be resembled to IANVS, who had two faces, to looke forward, to looke backeward: for so his Maiestie is set in the middest, sole Sove­raigne of al great Brittaine, to looke on England, to looke backe to Scotland, and with princely & favourable aspect to countenance both, Tros Ru­tulusve fuat, nullo discrimine habebo: where both being made one common Country, that saying may wel befit our common Emperor. Hostem qui feriet, mihi erit Carthaginensis, quisquis erit. And there is that equalitie, before mentioned, distil­ling from his Grace and Maiestie in honouring, and defending both alike▪ (Iusta pari premitur, Tib, [...] [Page 62] veluti cum pondere libra, prona nec hac plus parte sedet nec surgit ab illa.) where none ought striue contentiously, least they seeme to offer violence to the kings Grace, or to his honor, or to both: as the Mid wife charged Pharez in making the breach between him, and his brother, by forcing his birth before his brothers, through strife in his mothers wombe: whose name therfore, was cal­led Pharez, which signifieth division.

But our brotherhood is not in strife, as that of Caine and Abell, Esau and Iacob, Ismael & Isaac, nor as that of Geta and Antoninus, Sonnes to the Emperor Severus: after whose death, their mo­ther Herodia. 4. Iulia was forced to divide the Empire be­twixt her sonnes, severing and setting them a sun­der into seperate governments with a sea betwixt them, because of their hot contentions and im­placable hatred. And God forbid, that we should by opposite contentions one against another, provoke the common parent of both our nati­ons, as those two brethren did their parent Iulia, to cry out against vs, as shee did against them: O my sonnes, you haue found the way, how to bee severed and divided by sea and land, into distinct regiments, and as you say, the water diuides you one from the other: but how will you divide mee your mother? How shal I bee divided betweene you both? Will you distract me into parts also? As them two louers (mentioned by Plutarke) [Page 63] striving for their loue, dum vter (que) ad se certatim rapere conatur, rent her in pieces? Let our strife rather be like that of Ephestien and Craterus, who Diodor. 17 contended whither should loue their king Alex­ander most; in so much that Alexander was enfor­ced to decide the controversie, adiudging that Ephestion loved the king best, and Craterus Alex­ander best. So it pleased the king in his sentence equally to divide his loue, and so did they both e­qually strine to loue: and after this manner did the Iones and Chij contende in loue to Hercules: Paus. 7. and Iuda and Israel for David. And so I doubte not but our contention is of the like loue, & dutie towards our Soveraigne: but as for hatred and malice amongst our selues, so seperating vs that we cannot be mixed togither, Dij talia Graijs, er­rorem (que) hostibus illum. Seeing (as he said) no grea­ter Tacit. de Germ. hurt can be wished to our enemies then to be disvnited among themselues, and if they will not be at one with vs, that they may bee at oddes be­tweene themselues: mane at quaeso duret (que) genti­bus si non amor nostri at certe odium sui. Quando nihiliam praestare fortuna maius potest, quam ho­stium discordiam.

And nowe farther to enforce this vnion into both nations, the rather, because we are both a­like vnder one head and governour: hath not his Maiestie two eies, to respect both kingdoms; two eares, to heare a like the cause of both: two shoul­ders [Page 64] to beare alike the burden, and care of both; two hands, to distribute honours alike to both; & two feete, to goe, one before the other, yet both alike to support but one body? The inequalitie only is, if we are not alike duetifull, and thankeful; neither doe we, as the ApostleRom. 12. exhorteth, carrie like mindes one towardes another; nor make our selues in our owne conceipts, equal to them of the lower sorte. And where Xenophon calleth Magistrates, and mighty men, the kings eies, the kings ears, the kings shoulders, yea also his hands, and his feete, it is not thereby meant, that they should thinke, they also had two eies, to envie one the other; two eares, to listen after advanta­ges, or offenses, one against the other; two shoul­ders, to shoue at, and shoulder out one the other; two feete, to outrunne, and preuent one the o­ther; to hands, two catch, & snatch, one from the other, or to carrie fire in one hand, and water in the other, or to builde with the one, and to pull downe with the other, or with the one to offer a guift, and with the other a stab; altera manu pa­nem, altera lapidem; but that their eies, eares, shoulders, feete, and hands, are, or should be mu­tuall helpers one to the other, for the common good, and publique service of the whole State. And I perswade my selfe, that all Magistrates vn­der his Maiestie, of the one, or other nation, vni­ted now in one common name of Brittaines will [Page 65] for publique Administration of the common Weale, so see with their eies, heare with their eares, beare vp the head with their shoulders, and walke vprightly, having pure, and cleane handes, that as the fingers in the hande are distinctly divi­ded, and yet doe clap, and claspe themselues togi­ther, for more strength; so all of commande and in authority within great Brittaine, though they haue distinct offices, yet will so concurre, and a­gree togither, that though there appeare among Aug. de Chatizan­disrudibus. them, and their distinct publique services, as, in digitis, divisio, it shall not bee, ab vnitate prae­cisio.

And verily the two kingdomes, are like tvvo handes warming and enfolding each other, con­tinuing two, yet in one bodie: vvhere if the right hand challendge more necessarie vse, and service in the bodie, then the left, or the left hande, more then the right, & one not readyly yeeld to ioine with the other, as is meete, the head may in his good pleasure, make choice and vse of ei­ther: as in the Romane Storie, when Tribunes Liv. 1. Dec▪ 4. lib disagreed for chiefest honour, Quintus Servilius, Consul, of much lesse dignitie, and authoritie, then a king, tooke the matter into his own hands, saying, patria maiest as altercationem istam diri­met.

Here Prudence among Subiectes hath neede intermeddle with all other vertues, and shew the [Page 66] power of vnion in her selfe; where Iustice de­maundeth righte, fortitude tollerateth, what ought be borne, temperance reformeth wil, sub­dueth anger, moderateth passion, and represseth ambition; and al in vnitie of obedience coupled togither, bring forth plentiful fruit, for societie, honour, and ioy. Which thing wel pleased Mar­cus Furius Camillus, Dictator of Rome, seeing all the Senate, and Subiects of Rome, not only ac­corde in the common execution of each office for common good of al, but willingly, and loving­ly, both highest, and meanest to embrace one the other, saying, that the common Weale, was flou­rishing, Liv. 1. Dec. 6. lib and most happie: sitales viros in magi­stratu habeat tam concordibus iunctos animis, pa­rere, at (que) imperare iuxtaparates, laudem (que) confe­rentes potius in medium, quam excommuni ad se trahentes: whereof the Senate, Consuls, and Tri­bunes gaue testimonie, and good proofe, vvhen they all submitted, all authorie to Camillus, per­swaded in themselues, nec quicquam de maiest ate sua detractum, quod maie statieius viri concessis­sent.

In Brittaines vniō, England may not exalt it selfe aboue Scotland, nor Scotland striue against Eng­land, but both as mēbers of one body vnder one head, ought to haue the same care one for the o­ther, as if one member suffer, all suffer with it, and if one be honoured, all the members reioice with [Page 67] and as in the church, so in the common Weale, one is my doue, one is my darling, shee is the onely beloved of her mother, & deere to her, that bare her; so I know there are diversities of guifts, and differences of administrations, and diverse man­ners of operations in both; and God hath set the members of the whole body, everie one of them, several in the body, as it hath pleased him, but, omnia ab vno ad vnum: All from one head, and to one ende. He that is wise will consider this. Qui Aug. de cō ­sensu. evāg vero curiosiores sunt, quam capaciores, quaedam ma­gis contentiosè obiectanda, quàm prudenter consi­deranda esse arbitrantur.

And nowe seeing I haue waded so farre in the vnion of Brittaines; English may not mislike, that Scottish beare office among, and with them, as if they were of a farre Countrey, hunting after o­thers Treasures, serving the king of Babilon, and not as the same Subiects to Hezechias; for they are of, and for England, as we, and wee of, and for Scotland, as they, and both for both, being made one. Nay rather we ought desire their society, & reioice in this community, setting before our eies for example, that saying of Austin of the com­muniō of Saints, made fellow heires with Christ through the mercie of our good God: Deus, cum haberet vnicum, noluit esse vnum, sed habere fra­tres. And, (if in humane matters, humane ex­amples more mooue) remembring that Scipio [Page 68] was as glad of his Brothers preferment as of his owne; and that Castor, would not be a God with­out his brother Pollux, but would be only Semi­deus, that his brother might partake with him; as Aug. de bo. no viduit. is wel said: habent oculi in corpore magnum hono­rem, sedminorem haberent si soli essent.

Tac. 11. An. In the time of Claudeus, the Emperor, when it was consulted that the Senate should be supplyed with more Senatours, the Peires and Nobles of France, long before enfranchised free denisons of Rome, sought also to participate in honours, ma­gistracies, and dignities with Romanes: and the matter beeing handled on both sides with greate consideration, the Romanes alleadged against the French, that Italie wanted no sufficient men with­in it selfe, for it selfe. And that there was no rea­son to incorporate others with them, who had beene at so deadly hatred, and bloudy warres a­gainst them. What? not private men, not the common people, not strangers, but enemies ta­ken into the Senate? Was it not counted for a wonder that the Athenians did take only Ana­charsis into their Citty? Would the Lacedemoni­ans admit it the Tyrrheni to participate in their ho­nours, though they had done them service? And had their mothers also Athenian women? But the good Emperour replying, said to the Senatours, that he would assume into the Senate, of all his Subiectes, such as he found most worthy, of what [Page 69] Country soever, alleadging, that his own Ance­stors were descended from the Sabini, and made of Nobilitie and Senate of Rome, and that the Iulij were taken from Alba, Coruncani from Ca­merium, the Porcij from Tusculum, Etruria, and Cic. pro Balbo. Lucania, and from al partes of Italie chosen into the Senate. And that by this meanes Italie was extended, and greatly enlarged, so as not only, the people, but al their possessions, had their depen­dance vpon the state of Rome, and grew into one nation and people of Rome. And that a setled state chiefly flourished, when the people in habi­ting even beyonde the river Padus were receiued into the communitie of Romane Cittizens. And lastly, that nothing was more hurtful to the Lace­demonians & Athenians, then their refusal to en­crease the common weale by accesse of new and other people. What? Shal not they be admitted because they and Romanes haue had deadly feud one against the other? So the Aequi, so the Volsci. And yet are nowe al one and the same people of Rome. This forcible speach pierced their harts, and prevailed so, as that al submitted their iudge­ment to the Emperors wisdome. Which thing I thought good here to remember, not forgetting also what Anna said to Dido.

Quātuvrbē soror hanc cernes? quae surgere regna, Connubio tali, Troum Comitantibus armis? Punica se quantis attollet gloria rebus?

Which if we cōsider, as we should, we cannot then but ingenuously acknowledge, that good & praise worthy was the speech of Paedaretus, vvho vnderstanding hee was not chosen into the num­ber of the Trecenti, who chiefly bare rule, said, he did glorie there were so many, his betters in the common Weale. And no lesse commendable was his saying, who wished, he could raise from the dead many moe, such excellent Cittizens; as Quintus Fabius wel advertised, Titus Octacilius, Liv. 3. Dec. 4. lib. nec tu id indignari possis aliquem in civitate Ro­mana, meliorem haberiquamte. Doubtlesse the common weale is more happy, and doeth there more flourish, where is more choice of worthy honourable men, to be imploied in publique af­faires, as neede, and occasion require. And as ar­rowes in the hand of the strong man, so are the succession, and children of such: blessed is King Iames that hath manie kingdomes, like many qui­vers ful of them: but as for the arrowes, which of them shal abide in the quiver, and which of them shal be taken forth, and sent, or shot abroad, that is in the power of the Archer: neither may one say, why hast thou taken me; nor the other, why am I left with the rest: an non in caelo ipso sualuce Aug. de bo­no viduitat sol Lunam superat, non vituperat? Et stella à stella differt in gloria non dissidet in superbia?

And albeit there be a kinde of iealousie, and natural strangnesse among men, vntil they better [Page 71] grow in knowledge one of the other, and do eate, (as our English Prover be hath) a Bushel of Salte togither: yet haue wee long since shaken of that infamie, which Horace laid vniustly vpon vs, that Brittaines were vncurteous, and vnhospitall to strangers: and haue learned to graunt Incorpora­tions, and immunities even to strangers in deed, and to enfranches strange nations for trade with vs, making them partakers of our Rights: much more then should we be lesse nice of al immuni­tie, and naturall communitie with vs towardes those, who now are one with vs; that though in the Comedie, cause of strangnesse amonge men be alleadged, quianec ille te novit, nec tu illum: yet we should be ashamed, quasi Canes, latratu ac­cipere quem non agno scimus.

Yea rather should wee reioice to heare by this vnion, how that Lacedemonij Medizant, and Me­di Plut Arta [...] Lacedemonizant, both Scot and English, so fa­miliarly converse togither, and are growne into one anothers natures and manners, that like Ser­vilij fratres, they are all one. And shoulde wee wish by reason of the neighbourhood, and nere­nesse of both nations, as also for likenesse of lan­guage we should be alone: even as the historian discourseth of the Phryges and Troiani, & likewise Dionys. 1. other nations, how they were taken for the same, & called by one anothers names promiscuously, because they were so neere one to the other; and [Page 72] the same also were counted but one nation, and of one kinde, by reason they were of the same lan­guage: a most sure argument (saith he) that they be but one people, who agree in one language; as it is most absurde, the inhabitants of the same places should differ in language, if they be of the same kinde. Why then (as he saith) iube hanc Ter. Adel. maceriam dirui, quantum potest, huc transfer, vnā fac domum. And according to that resolution.

—foederis aequas
Iungamus leges, socio s (que) in regna vocemus.

Especially seeing they may challendge with Livi. 1. Dec. 4. lib. vs: cives esse, & licet non easdem opes habere, ean­dem tamen patriam incolere: quare connubium pe­timus, & societatem, quod finitimis, externis (que) da­ri solet: nihil novi ferimus, sedid, quod populiest, petimus: Vt quibus velit populus Romanus honores mandet. Was not Numa Pompilius though no Romane, fetcht from Sabins, and made king of Rome? Was not also Lucius Tarquinius, not so much as of Romane blood, made king there? And was not Servius Tullius, though borne basely, & Liv. ibid. of a bond woman also made king there? Et dum nullum fastiditur genus, in quo eniteret virtus, Romanum crevit imperium. but no such excepti­on of Scottish blood, his Maiestie being rightlie, and anciently descended of royal English blood, and his nobles hence forth in their posteritie, be­ing with vs, & we with them, al of Brittish blood: [Page 73] an esse vlla maior, out in signior contumelia potest, quam partem civitatis, velut contaminatam, in­dignam connubio haberi? Quid est aliud, quam exi­lium intra eadem moenia, quam relegationem pati? ne propinquitatibus, ne affinitatibus immiscea­mur, ne societur sanguis?

What may wee say more, but render all possi­ble praise, and thankes to our good, and gracious God, who by his servant our Soveraigne, hath reduced, and restored the whole Iland of greate Brittaine, answerable to his first beginning, and auncient former being; like to one Cittie, even one Ierusalem, which is a Cittie, at vnitie with­in it selfe. Hoc verè Regium, duos populos vnum efficere. As the king of kings hath in mercy done to Iew and Gentile, to Grecian, and Barbarian, fecit vtra (que) vnum: he brake downe the partition Wall, and hath gathered the people, and king­domes togither to serue him, dissociata locis con­cordi pace ligavit. And why should not many, and moe then two kingdomes, as well civilie a­bide in vnitie of Subiection, as many Christian nations continue in vnitie of faith? But that the one hath the spirit of God, which is authour of peace, and louer of concorde, directing them: and the other the spirit of Satan, authour of con­tention, and cause of confusion, perverting them, Which thing King David well perceaved pray­ing God for his Sonne Solomon, that hee might [Page 74] enioye the fuil possession of the whole dominion from sea, to sea, promised to Israel vnder Moses, but not fully obteined till then, because of the peoples sins. And albeit for our manifold, & great sins, this whole Iland hath been overlong divided into two, and forced by former division to many battels, & much shedding of blood; yet we praise God, that in these our daies, the ful possessiō ther­of is restored, & giuen to our peaceable Solomon; so as not only al his own subiects even from Sea, to Sea, of both the kingdomes, are in him vnited into one; but even the potent, & powerful neigh­bour kings seeke peace, and make league with Is­raell even the kings of Tharsis, & of the Isles, bring presents, the kings of Sheba, & Seba brings guifts, as in the daies of Solomon.

This change (even the happiest chaunge that ever was) from a people so divided from one, by Gods eternal decree, and special mercy, to bee made one, biddeth vs open our eies, & calleth vs a lowd, come, & see; spe (que), fide (que) inquit, maiora vi­debis. For our Iland, formerly for sin divided (as the Echinades Insulae, were fained by Poets, once far seperate, & distracted, for contempt of their Gods) is now become like that Iland Delos, which though it floated, & was tossed sometimes vpon the waters, àgente in gentē, as one waue forceth another; was neverthelesse reported to bee after­wards, truly firme, and stable. Doubtles that God [Page 75] which hath written in the waters, & the Sea, legi­ble for every eie to see, & read Mare Britannicū: & who hath continually carried in directing the pens, & pēsils of al Cosmographers, Mapmakers, or whatsoever Historiographers) whō Alphon sus Siciliae calleth optimos Consiliarios mortuos) not to alter the first, & old name, but to cal it in all their writings, & descriptions, Mare Britannicū; hath graciously, & miraculously effected for the lande also, that out of the dead ashes of olde great Brit­taine, should be raised evē the selfe same Brittain, as the Phenix living, and dying, est cadem, sednon Lactan. eadem, quia ipsa nec ipsa est. O admirable Meta­morphosis, & happy change: England, & Scotlād haue left, though not lost, their names, both be­ing preserved in the Bosome of great Brittaine: nō duo sunt, nec forma duplex, but, neutrū (que) & vtrū ­ (que) videtur: and of both vs English & Scottish being now Brittaines may it be said, as of thē two brethren, altervter & vter (que); altervter est vter (que) vter (que) autem neuter. Which I againe call that faire Phenix, dying, & living, eadem, & non eadem, quia ipsa nec ipsa est.

In which excellent, & wonderful work, the ra­ther, & better to bring to passe the good purpose of vniting the two kingdoms & people into one, it hath seemed best to the godly wisedome of di­vine prouidence, first, & long since to knit all our harts in one holy religion, & in the same service, [Page 76] & godly worship, to make vs al like Citizens with the Saints, and of the houshold of God, renewed in Christ, and reconciled into one body, acknow­ledging but one God, & professing but one faith, & religion, the hope of our vocation. Whereby we learne, & cannot but confesse, (if, as Ciprian saith, consiliorū gubernaculum, lex sit divina) that, that common Weale best pleaseth God, which commeth neerest to the Church of God, that wi­sest Politeans, are best Christiās, that best govern­ments haue correspondence with Gods lawes; & that those kingdomes are best ruled, & the more blessed, which are of one heart & one obedience, even as al are one in Christ, who is the head, & al vnder his government, are by one spirite, but one bodie.

Wherfore the good Emperors Theodosius, & Valentinianus writing to Cipriā Bishop of Alex­andria, were bold to cōmende their government, according to the platform, before described, say­ing: A pietate quae in deū est, Reipublicae nostrae cō ­stitutio pendet, & multa vtrin (que) est cognatio, & so­ciet as, &c. Which most excellent patterne, and forme of government, is after the example of Christ, vniting al into one: & this the Psalmist re­sembleth to that precious ointment, powredon the head of Aaron, & running down his beard, even to the skirts of his cloathing: for so doth sweete, and precious vnion rest chiefly in the heade, which is [Page 77] but one, & from thence run al along, & alike to al the parts of the people, which are but one.

But shame on Schisme, whither it be civil, or ecclesiastical; for it renteth the seamlesse Coat of Christ, both in the Church and in the Civil state, even in the doctrine, & ceremonies of the one a­gainst the truth of God; & in christian charitie, & common civillity of the other against the peace of mē. Wherfore whosoever opposeth himselfe against the one, or other, is more vnreasonable, & may be thought more cruell, then the souldiers, which would not divide Christs seamlesse Coat, but castlots, whose it should be, saying: sortiamur cuius sit. For it caunot be denied, but that they; which divide great Brittaine, to haue it divided within and against it selfe, divide that, for which they cannot say, sortiamur; seeing cuius is known, & sit cannot be denied: but sortiamur, & cuius, & sit, must wholly, and only be left to king Iames, & to his royal succession for ever.

Only let our contention be, as was that of Is­raell and Iudah, who should be forwardest in brin­ging our king vnto the seate of his kingdome, so nowe to preserue the possession of his kingdome, sartum & tectum, inseperably vnited to the king, & iointly vnited and vndivided within it selfe. V­nus rex, vna lex; vnus pater, vna communis patria; vnum caput, vnum corpus. Let not privat respects hinder a common good: let every man be as one [Page 78] man, of one hart & one soule, vnited to the kings designe, for the everlasting good of every one. If the king had commanded thee a great thing, woul­dest not thou haue done it? How much more then, when he saith, be you all of one minde to liue a­greeably togither, in one vniforme gouernment, for your owne vndoubted good. Cedat ius propri­um regi, patriae (que) remittat.

And to conclude in nomine, & omine Concor­diae: to consummat this structure of vnion, and to consecrate it to all eternity, as the Romanes did their Temple of concord. Behold, now is the time Liv. 8. of vniting both nations togither; (as he saide) Si quando vnquam consociandi imperij tempus epta­stis, en hoc tempus adest, & virtute vestra, & deûm benignitate vobis datum. Heretofore, as C. Marius said he could not audire ius prae strepitu armorum; so by reason of civil discord betwixt both nations the name of vnity was but as a pleasant song, tou­ching the eare, but not entring into the heart or serious consideration of either part. And so vntill this day this contagiō hath crept in every where. The name of Brittaine seemed as a brutish name, al commixtion betwixt vs seemed confusiō, any mutation for vnion sake an vtter subuersion of all the state. But now the matter is come extra Rubi­conem: iacta est alea: the matter is proceeded in: aut nunquam tentes aut perfice. Such a matter of state is not slightly to be intended. And I know [Page 79] that al the honorable Cōmissioners on both sides thinke every one of them selues not to be imploi­ed in this so great busines, only as pro Consule and in his own person, but pro Consulibus, & in com­mune omnium; & therfore will bee assembled like wise Romanes, who after long dissention, and part takings, made ful reconcilement & concord per­petuall for all matters in Aede Concordiae. And I doubt not, but al Subiects wil in all places, as the Graecians did after long variaunce embrace that ioyful [...] agreed on, for good of al, not for fa­shion sake, as among heathen, but for conscience sake, as among such, which truely know, and feare God, who is author of Vnity, & but one God: that so there be henceforth, a perfit, and perpetuall e­stablishment, according to the lawes of Medes, & Persians, which may not, nor cannot be altered; re­membring, inimicitias mortales, amicitias im­mortales esse debere.

Only yet I would set before all mens eies that worthy speech of the renowned Tullus Hostilius king of Romanes, in the reconcilement of Rome, and Alba, & represented vnto vs in vniting Eng­land, & Scotland by our gracious king. Quod bonū Liv. 1. Dec. 1. lib faustum felix (que) sit populo Romano, ac mihi vobis (que) Albani, populum omnem Albanum, Romā traducere in animo est▪ Civitatem dare plebi: primores in pa­tres legere: vnam vrbem: vnam Rempublicam fa­cere: &, vt exvno quondam in duos populos divisa [Page 80] Albanares est, sic nanc in vnum redeat. And now also concerning the name I recite only a poetical fable, yet moralized no fable: that whē Neptune. & Pallas did striue, whether of them should giue name to Athens, it was agreed, that hee, or shee should name the Citty, who could bring the best guift for common good. Wherefore Neptune did strike the Shore, & it brought forth an horse, fore shewing that Athens should be warlike: but Pallas gaue the Cittie an Oliue, signifying peace, & that the Citty should flourish by peace: where vpon, peace being more profitable, then warre, Neptune was enforced to yeelde his interest; and Pallas gaue the name. Oh how blessed are the peace makers? Howe beautiful are their feete? How glorious, and ioyfull the light of their coun­tenance?

—pax optima rerum,
Quas homini novisse datū est pax vna triumphis
Innumeris potior.

King Iames doue-like brin­geth the Oliue branch, sheweth that the vvaters are abated, anger a ppeased, dangers escaped, for­rows fled, and that salvation, and ioy entereth the Arke of great Brittaine.

God saue the King.

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