[Page] 1607 Lamentable newes out of Monmouth­shire in Wales.

CONTAYNING, The wonderfull and most fearefull accidents of the great ouerflowing of waters in the saide Countye, drowning infinite numbers of Cattell of all kinds, as Sheepe, Oxen, Kine and horses, with others: together with the losse of many men, women and Children, and the subuersion of xxvi Parishes in Ianuary last 1607.

[depiction of flood]

LONDON Printed for W. W. and are to be solde in Paules Church yarde at the signe of the Grey-hound.

To the Reader.

REader, when these newes were brought, & an impor­tunitie vsed to me, that I would giue thē some forme, & bestow an exhortation on them, I was vnwilling, both in regard of that short space (of lesse then one day which was limited to vndertake the matter) and also in respect of the vsual vnfaithfullnes of men ordinarily in reporting of such accidents as these bee: whereby it often falleth out, that the relater of them reap­eth much discredit. But when I could not haue these iust excuses taken, I began and finished this businesse, as the shorte [Page] space wold permit me. And now I offer it vnto thee, read it with that good affecti­on wherewith I doe present it, and I am sure, it both may and will profit thee by putting thee in remembrance why God doth punish others, that so thou maist thy selfe in time looke vnto thine own courses, least he proceed in the same or some more grieuous maner with thee: for our vices are the serpēts of our soules, stinging them to death, vnlesse we looke vp vnto him that was nailed vppon the Crosse, that so we may be cured of them, & be brought to forsake and relinquish them. Well then, seeing that it is meere wickednesse to change or alter good lawes, to awake strife, or wilfully to main­taine it; to abate nobility, & exalt the vn­worthy; to banish gods seruants, and to [Page] honour the gracelesse; to loue flatterers and dispraise the vertuous & plaine dea­lers; to imbrace delights and pastimes, & neglect works of duty and office, to ac­count vanitie a mother, and pure religi­on a step-mother; & in a word to regard nothing but idlenesse, riot, and wanton­nesse; and that the Lord vseth from time to time, to reueale his wrath from heauen against these and such like impieties: the Lord of his goodnes purge our land dai­ly, more and more, from such of them as doe beare anye rule in it: that so Gods indgements bring auerted, wee may haue his mercies continually mul­tiplyed vpon vs and ourpost­eritie, vnto the worlds end.



Wofull newes from Wales. Or The lamentable losse of diuers Villages and Parishes (by a strange and wonderfull Floud) within the Countye of Monmouth in Wales; Which hapned in Ianu­ary last past 1607. whereby a great num­ber of his Maties. Subjectes, Inhabiting in those partes, are vtterlye vndone.

THE holye Scriptures teacheth vs, that when as God had framed the Hea­uens, Earth, Sea, Aire and all that in them is, hee then created Mankinde the last of all: euen as it were a lit­tle briefe or concise Mappe, a summe or an abridgement of the whole Worldes perfections: to the intent, that beholding is soone [Page] as he was made this comely and gloriour Theater of nature replenished with all things profitable and delightful, either for soule or body, he might presēt­ly be put in remēbrance how much he was obliged vnto his and their Creator: yea admonished what occasion and cause he had to loue him in true since­ritie of affection, to obey his statutes in integritie of deuotion, to worship and glorifie him, who in infi­nite and aboundantly ineffable mercie, had ordey­ned him souereigne Lord and maister ouer all his creatures. But the text doth ad a point more nota­bly to be obserued: namely that the Lord made mankinde euen in his owne Image and like­nesse: the which was placed not onely in the erter­nall figure of his body, as Auidius wickedly main­tained, but euen both in soule and body, seeing sin doth consist in both, which is the contrarie thereun­to: and also that the renewing of the same againe in vs, is the sanctification of the one, as well as of the other: nay, as waxe is apter to receiue a print then clay; so the Soule being a spirit, and so neerer vnto the Diuine nature in the essence of it;

It tooke more into it of Gods Image, and did better expresse it then the bodie either did or could [Page] doe, wherfore the Lords Image wherin hee created our first parēts, was placed partly in mās substāce, especially in his soule, and in the essentiall partes powers, and forces of it, & partly also in certain qua­lities, and in a certaine honour, dignitie, and glory, wherewith they were adorned: for first the verye substāce of Adams soule did resemble Gods essēce, in the simplicity, inuisiblenes, & immortallitie ther­of, and also in that power which it inioyed to know and will.

Againe, as God is but one in the world, sustay­ning, quickning with life, and gouerning the same, so there is but one soule in the body, which beeing whole in euerie part therof without either augmē ­tation or deminution ruleth it, giuing vnto it life, sence and motion. Further also, the soule is like vn­to God in the faculties of the same, considering that as there is but one onely deuine essence in the God­head, & yet three distinct persons in respect of their external actiōs, so the soule is but one, howsoeuer it cōsisteth of three essential faculties: the intelletiue, the sensitiue and the vegetatiue. Moreouer as for the qualities of the soule, it did in wisdome, Justice tne hollines resemble God, as appeareth, in that [Page] Paul exhorteth vs to bee renued vnto these partes of his image as the moste excellent: On the other side, as for the body, it did resemble God in that im­mortalitie wherein at the first it was created: A­gaine, the seueral members of the bodie, resembled the varietie of his perfections, & therefore in respect of their diuers vses they are often in y scriptures, Metaphorically ascribed to him, as handes to shew vs his omnipotence, and eyes to teach to vs his pro­uidence: Besides, in his verie bodie man resembled God, in regard of a certaine imperious maiestie conspicuous therein; but principally in his face, & countinance which caused all y liuing Creatures to stand in aw of him. Briefly the whole man both soule and bodie, did and doth still in some small measure resemble God, in that his dominion wher­in as a little God, he is by the Lord appointed soue­raigne ruler ouerall thinges both in the earth, sea, and ayre. No to the deuil the old Serpent, being falne through his transgression into wretchednesse and miserie, and enoying the blessednes in which he sawe our first pa [...]e [...]s were planted in earthlye Paradice. he possessed the bodie of a serpent, & there in did come & tēpt Euah the mother of vs al, to dis­obey [Page] the Lord in tasting of y fruit which hee had forbidden her & her husband vpon paine of death to medle withal. What shold I say more? he drew her by his wiles to heare him accuse god of vnkindnes: frō hearing to suspition of his loue, from suspition vnto direct rebellion against his law: shee took of y meat prohibited & eat therof. yea not so cōtented she did intice & allure by perswasions her husband, vn­to the same capitall crime & office against the diuine maiestie, ye worlds creator. The fact being thus no­toriouslie committed, the Lord came & gaue his sen­tence vpon ye malefactors, namely that they should among other punishments specified in the text, re­turne vnto earth from whence they were taken:

Thus of immortall they were made mortal, chil­dren of death and corruption, but happy it had been if this calamity had extended no further then them­selues: [...]las Adam was a publick person, & receiued graces for al his posteritie, and therefore if hee had stood, we had likewise done so, but hee falling. wee fall together with him into the same calamityes which sin brought him into, euen into all miseries leading vnto death, and death it selfe vnto tempo­rall and eternall, vnlesse wee bee redeemed by [Page] our blessed mediator and redeemer Jesus Christ our Sauiour. So yt howsoeuer manye of the olde worldes Patriarkes liued seauen, eight, and nine hundred yeares, by meanes not onelye of their owne temperance, but also of a singular blessing of God bestowed on them, to the end they might the better finde out artes and Sciences which requi­red long experience: fill also the world the sooner with people, haue their obodience vnto the Lord the more fully tride. and the more purelye conuay true religion vnto their posteritie, as not passing through the handes of many persons, yet you see stil at the last they dyed: the power of originall sin, the wages wherof is death, alwaies at y lēgth taking hold vpon them, and because they vsed the benefit of their long life, not in such holy maner as the Lord required, but grew shamelesse in all euill courses, wee see that Almightie God being mooued vnto wrath by their enormous vices, sent a floud vpon them, and swept them away from the sace of the earth, like dung and excrements, onely preseruing faithfull Noah and his housholde, together with some reliques of the creatures, in an Arke which he had caused him to frame for that seruice: and as for [Page] their posteritie in Noahs linage, who repeopled the world againe, we see that the Lord did abridge their yeares by many hundreds from those which their forefathers did inioy that so they and wee to the worldes end might bee perpetuallye minde­full of their & our departure out of this vale of mise­rie, wherein wee haue no certaine habitation or in­heritāce, but are continually subiect vnto the arrest of death & hels prison, vnlesse in time we get all the debts of our offences cācelled by being made heires of the riches of Gods lone in his Sonne Christ Je­sus, for death striketh with more dartes then one, he hath euen almost infinite wayes to seize vppon vs, when from the Lord he hath his licence.

Thus wee see sometimes men consume away & languish: sometimes the Pestilence doth destroy them: sometime the sword, and sometimes famine: euerie one some thing or another according to the speech of the Poet, Happie is he that is so prouided as y in deed no kinde of death is suddaine to him: & seeing examples vse to mooue vs, let vs seriously thinke vpon the late inundation of waters, which hath euen a [...] vnawares surprised many who little expected such an accident, that so by the due noting [Page] of it, wee may bee incited to prepare our selues for some tempest in one kinde or another, as terrible vnto vs as that hath been to thē knowing that these prodigious ouerflowinges of the waters, howsoe­uer natural causes, as Gods instruments doe claim their partes in thē yet they proceed from the Lords own direction, who by his punishing of others with thē, doth threaten grieuous calamities, euē against our vice, vnles I say speedy repentance, & amend­ment doe auert his feareful wrath & iudgemen frō vs, apparātly kindled in many kindes within these few yeares last past against vs. It hath alreadie by the pen of another beene related, what great harme hath beene doone by the deluge of waters inuading Somersetsh. & couering neere the Severne 20, mile in cōpas, to the ruine of al creatures & places which lay within y circuite: further it hath beene shewed yt al Erent marsh is couered, & y sea got vp between Barstable and Bristowe as high as Bridge-water: what is done in Herefordsh Glocestersh. & diuers other bordering places vpon y seas, it cannot yet in special be recorded vpon ground of certaintye: but touching Monmothsh. in Wales, the report of one in place of authoritie, & that not vpon a bare heare­say, is this.


IN the month of Ianuarie last past vpon a Tues­day, the Sea being very tempestuously moued by the windes, ouer-flowed his ordinary Bankes, and did drowne 26. Parishes adioyning on the Coast side, in the foresaide Countrey of Mon­mouth-shire, the particulars whereof doe follow: all spoyled by the greeuous and lamentable furie of the waters.

  • Matharne.
  • Portescuet.
  • Caldicot.
  • Vndye.
  • Roggiet.
  • Lanihangiell.
  • Ifton.
  • Magor.
  • Redwicke.
  • Gouldenlifte.
  • Nashe.
  • Saint Peire.
  • Lanckstone.
  • wiston.
  • Lanwerne.
  • Christchurch.
  • Milton.
  • Bashallecke.
  • [Page] Saint Brides.
  • Peterston.
  • Lambeth.
  • Saint Mellins.
  • Romney.
  • Marshfield.
  • Wilfricke.

[Page] Now all kinde of Cattle being for twentie foure miles in length, and foure in breadth, were drowned: R [...]kes and mowes of corne torne out of their places and carried away. Againe, the Sea hath beaten down at the foresaid times, a great multitude of houses, scat­tering and dispersing the poore substance of innu­merable persons. So that the damage done in the fore­said places, both in cattel and other goodes, is supposed to amount vnto the value of aboue an hundreth thou­sand pounds.

But alas, a man wil giue all that hee hath, so that his life may bee preserued & this is it which wee estéeme of aboue all worldly treasures: how­soeuer, as one said well of olde, it being nothing but a bridle and miserable fetter, which chaineth the pure and euerlasting soule, vnto the vile, sin­full, and corruptible bodie. But surely there is none eyther so greate an Oratour, or else so migh­tie an Enchaunter as life is; for it doeth per­swade vs vnto the contrarie of that which wee both sée & féele: for although we know our owne frailty, and [Page] that we must needes die, yet what wrongs, what ha­treds, what labours, & what vnspeakeable wretched­nesse will men endure, rather then leaue these their clay houses, wherein they are but Tenants at Will, subiect to be dispossessed at Gods pleasure. Wel, saide the Roman wise man: That séeing the flowers of life be but lusts and pleasures, false shewes, shadowes, and vanities, the fruites thereof but labour, care, sick­nesse, and tediousnes, yea the trée it selfe but corruption and frailety? Oh what reason haue men to doate vpon it? why should death be so fearefull vnto them: especi­ally when hauing their portion in Christ Jesus, they are well assured that their felicity is not in this life to be expected, but in the world to come. Into the which, Death is our Ferriman: and consequently our ad­uantage: as the Scripture tearmeth him. Ne­uerthelesse, séeing life is precious, as Natures bles­sing, left with vs by the Lord in trust, and to be rede­manded by him, and obediently yéelded vp by vs at his pleasure, for his glory: how happy woulde those that endured the foresaide losses haue thought them­selues, [Page] if so bee that they had but escaped away with their liues. But poore wretches, the most of them were drowned, by the foresaid invndation: not as though I did iudge them all miserable who did die therein. For as Koper saith touching the flood which did surprise the olde worlde: in the first iudgement, wherein the transgressing Angels were to be censured, and in the last day of Assizes generall: onely the reprobate haue beene and shal be condemned, the elect saued. But in iudgements that fal out betwéene; neyther the elect a­lone are preserued, nor the reprobate onely are de­stroyed. And yet no doubt many of them, yea the most were prophane, as the residue of all our Countrey is, in respect of the multitude: for pride, gluttony, drun­kennesse, the very Metropolitane City of all the Pro­uince, of vices, fornication, and all sortes of vncleane­nesse, the which the Lord threatneth to punish where he findeth them, in a feareful manner: doe euen walke vp and downe like Rulers in all places. And what shall I say concerning the contempt of the Ministerie of the word, and the manifold wrongs continually of­fered [Page] euen vnto the most reuerend and faithful Mini­sters of the same. Is the couetousnesse of our yron hard hearted age, vnknowne to any man? doeth it not de­stroy and corrupt daily more and more, both Church and Common weale among vs? hath it not stollen al­most into euery corner, and crept wei neare into eue­ry heart, maring all where it commeth? But hee is blinde who noteth not the seuerall kindes of oppressi­on euery where practised: and the lying and dissimula­tion euery where vsed. In a word, iolenesse, one of those sinnes which caused Sodome to bee destroyed, is most palpably to bee noted in all states and conditi­ons of men among vs: both in Church and com­mon-weale: while the Cleargie doth nothing but looke for liuings, and leaue the labours of their functi­on: and the Gentry estéeme more of their Hawkes, Howndes, and other their vainer pleasures, then the godly discharging of their offices wherein the Lord hath set them? And shal wee then imagine that they were onely good that are gone in this calamity of waters? Certainely, as I make no question, but [Page] God hath had his faithful seruants among them: so I doubt not, but that the greatest part of them were e­uen as the rest of our Nation is at this daye: lewde and prophane wretches, whom the Lord hath thus plagued, for to recall vs if it be possible from our filthy practises: lest at once hee be prouoked to poure downe the ful vialls of his wrath vpon vs. And there­fore, if wee be wise, let other mens harmes make vs warie, lest custom in vice make it grow euen another nature to vs. Wherefore aboue all things, let vs take héed that long escape of punishment, or the vaine hope of long life do not delude vs, & make vs run on stil into our sins like the hard horse into the battel: for our life is but like the Gourd of Ionas, or the pilgrimage of Ia­cob, the daies whereof [...] as few as euil: yea it is like unto the viston of Esdras, goodly too looke vpon, but va­nished in a moment: And therefore, there is nothing more perillons to be entertained by vs then the Mot of Epicures, (o thanatos vden pos:) death belongs not to vs: séeing we are therby brought to be carelesse of our actions. But to return vnto our foresaid narration.

[Page] The foresaid waters hauing gotten ouer their won­ted limittes, are affirmed to haue runne at their first entrance with aswiftnesse so incredible, as that no Gray-hounde coulde haue escaped by running be­fore them. And they yet couer twenty foure miles in length, and foure and more in breadth: which it the water were quite gone againe, be not to be recouered within the space of fiue or sixe yeares, to bee so ser­uiceable ground as formerly they haue béene: yea, and there is no probabilitie that that part of the Countrey, wil euer be so inhabited againe in our age as it was before this floud, howsoeuer it hath heretofore bene re­puted, the richest and the fruitfullest place in all that Countrey.

Moreouer, the land ouerflowed with the Seuerne sea, is valued at aboue fortie thousand pounds by the yeare, only in the said Country of Monmouth, which is yet vnder the waters, and to hee recouered againe from them at the Lords good pleasure.

Further, among other matters, these things are re­lated as certaine truths. As that a certaine man and a [Page] woman heuing taken a trée for their succour, and e­spying nothing but death before their eyes: at last a­mong other things which were carried along in the streame, perceyued a certaine Tubbe, of great large­nesse to come néerer and néerer vnto them, vntill it rested vppon that Tree wherein they were: Ju­to which (as sent vnto them by GODS pro­uidence) committing themselues they were carryed safe, vntill they were cast vppe vppon the drie shoare.

Againe, of a maide ceilde, not passing the age of foure yeares: it is reported, that the mother thereof, perceiuing the waters to breake so fast into her house, and not being able to escape with it, and hauing no clothes on it, set it vpon a beame in the house, to saue it from being drowned. And the maters rushing in a pace, a little Chicken as it séemeth, flew vp vnto it, (it being found in the bosome of it, when [...]s helpe came to take it downe) and by the heate thereof, as it is thought, preserued the childes life in [Page] the middest of so colde a tempest.

An other little childe is affirmed to haue bene cast vpon land in a Cradls, in which was nothing but a Catte, the which was discerned as it came floating to the shore, to leape still from one side of the Cradle vnto the other, euen as if she had bene appointed steresman to preserue the small barke from the waues furie.

Moreouer one Mistresse Van, a gentlewoman of good sorte, whose liuing was an hundred pound and better by the yeare, is auouched, before she could get vppe into the higher roomes of her house, hauing marked the approach of the waters, to haue bene surprised by them and destroyed, howsoeuer, her house being distant aboue foure miles in breadth from the sea.

Besides these thinges in Monmouth-shiere, al­readie specified: One Mistresse Mattheus of Lan­daffe in Glamorgin Shiere, dwelling some foure miles in breadth frō the Sea, is said to haue lost foure [Page] hundreth English Ewes. Much corn is likewise there destroyed in that Countrey, many houses ruinated, and many other kindes of Cattell perished. The number of men that are drowned, are as yet not knowne to exeéede abaoue twentie hundred. A mul­titude more then did, had perished for want of foode, and extremitie of colde, had not the right Honourable the Lord Herbert, sonne and heire to the Carle of Worcester, and sir Waltar Mountague, Knight, brother vnto the Recorder of London, who dwell neare vnto the foresaid places, sent out boates, (fet­ched tenne miles compasse vpon Waines) to reléeue the distressed. The Lord Herbert himselfe (as the re­lation is) going himselfe, vnto such houses as he could, that were in extremitie, to minister vnto them proui­sion of meate and other necessaries. And these are the things touching these foresaid places, which haue béen deliuered as truthes vnto vs, of vndoubted veritie. And there we leaue them.

As for our selues, séeing we are all of vs subiect vn­to [Page] the like sinnes that others are: and that these when wée dayly fall into them, doe like the bloud of Abell, sollicite the wrath and vengeance of the Lord to be powred downe vpon vs. Let vs thinke vpon the iudgementes which God hath inflicted vpon o­thers for their vices, that so wée may be the more auerted from the like offences. Thus did Dauid doe. And the Prophet Hab: doth witnesse, that the grie­uous plagues which euen in a vision hée did sée should came vpon the Chaldeans, did make him to quake and tremble: what would he haue done, it so be that hée had seene the very actuall execution of them? would not hée haue applied them vnto his owne per­son, remembring that his miserie by nature was as great as any others? But no man-careth to knowe himselfe and his owne deseruings: euerie one dalighteth to marke his brethren, and their in­firmities, being therein like vnto those Lamiae or Faicies: concerning which, Plutarch speaketh, who when they went abroad, filled their heads with [Page] eyes, but when they came home againe, plucked them out, and put them vp in boxes: As for his owne breath, each one thinketh it to be swéet enough, as the Prouerbe speaketh. The Lorde of his mer­cie graunt, that we may learne in time to be wise vn­to our owne health and saluation, least that these water-flouds in particular, prooue but fore­runners vnto some scarefull calami­ties, more generall.


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