CONCORDANCY OF YEARES: Containing a new, easie, and most exact Computation of Time, according to the English Account.

Also the vse of the English and Roman Kalender, with briefe Notes, Rules, and Tables, as well Mathemati­call and legal, as vulgar, for each principle [...]

Newly composed and dige [...] [...]

The Contents follow after the Epistles.

Printed for the Company of Stationers. 1612.

Cum priuilegio.

TO THE RIGHT HO­NOVRABLE, SIR EDWARD COKE KNIGHT, LORD Chiefe Iustice of the Common Plea's, all health and happinesse in this world, and in the world to come.


HAVING spent some time in my Art of Geodetia, & Bookes of other matter, dedicated to the right honorable, the Lord Treasurer, and other times in my Topographicall Glasse, to the right hono­rable, the Lord Chancellor: After (as indu­ced by complaint of some) I obserued the inconueniences that happened to the vul­gar wits, and meane capacities in the calcu­lation of the expiration of time, by such Rules and Computations as be now extant, occasioned chiefly thereunto by the part­cipation of euery one Regnall yeare, with two Ecclesian yeares, because the yeare of [Page]any Prince his reigne (as yet) began in one yeare of our Lord, taking part of the same, ending in the next, & participating likewise therof; by which means, when a question is made by the Regnall yeare only, the cōmon doubt is to which yeare of our Lord it an­sweres vnto: or a questiō being made by the yeare of our Lord, without mention of the Regnall yeare, to know if it answere to the yeare of the King that did take beginning or ending in the Eclesian yeere. All these, & many other doubts (which to your Wise­dome are trifles) vnworthy the regard of such an ennobled spirit: yet to such, whose vnderstanding liues in a lower Region, a­mongst the mists and clouds of ignorance: to these, and the common sort, may this booke bring benefite; for whose sake I haue drawne new Tables and methods, which will be much auaileable to them, for whose sakes also I haue calculated perpetuall Ta­bles of the Termes and their Returnes, gui­ding the same with a Decemnouenall circle, as the Paschall Tables bee. And lastly, haue made a Prognostication, exact, and ad minu­tum for 19. yeares, being referred to the Meridian of London, and is perpetually more true then any euer yet extant, with [Page]other Astronomicall Rules, and new Tables, generall and necessary.

It resteth then, that as your Lordship is Lex loquens, out of whose mouth like Ora­cles proceed to posterities, that as you are a Lycurgus in prescribing Lawes for the Common-wealth, so you will be a Mecaenas in protecting literature for their necessary vse: That as you are a Cato in counselling for the good of all; so you will bee a Her­cules in defending that which is for the gaine of all. Vpon presumption whereof, I am bold to craue your noble patronage of this little booke, intended for the com­mon good: and if time and health (to the pleasure of God) permit oportunity, I will hereafter present you with a worke better beseeming your reading. In the meane time let me not be troublesome. Although your Lordships minde bee continually busied in matters of State; yet sometimes let your eyes view trifles. We reade of a noble Ro­mane that could both write, reade, and an­swere petitions at once; which though he were an admired Phoenix for his time, yet such that daily obserue you vpon your Tri­bunall seate, reading Lawes to some, pro­nouncing Iudgement to others, and hea­ring [Page]the complaints of all, haue beheld you with like admiration: insomuch that as we may wonder at the rarenesse of your gifts, so are we to pray for your Lordships con­tinuance in the place. But lest I proue troublesome, I end, euer praying for your Honours prosperity, resting,

Your Honours euer deuoted, ARTHVR HOPTON

To the Reader.

FRIENDLY Reader, oftentimes noting how much the Shepe­heards Kalender, the Perpetuall Prognostication, and the Com­putation be required, and how false their A­stronomicall Rules and Tables be, for the true place of the Moone, for her Coniunctions and Oppositions, with other things of like conse­quence, I thought it fit (especially being intrea­ted thereunto by a friend I well esteemed) to draw a booke that might passe vnder some of the former (or such like) name, that should salue and correct those vncertaine Tables (blots to the Art, and blemishes of the truth) and al­so wholly to reiect any of their methods, draw­ing forth a worke that might instruct the igno­rant in the truth, without intricate obseruati­ons, and satisfie the vnlgar without difficult calculations; and therefore haue set downe such Tables, such Documents, and such Notations, that are easie to be vnderstood, necessary to bee knowne, and aptly should agree with the vo­lume. [Page]As for the Concordancy of Yeares, I know certainly, that when you vnderstand the true vse thereof you will confesse, that it is far more easie, more true, and more profitable, then any booke yet extant of like purpose [...] happily the newnesse of the method may seeme strange to the vnlearned at first, but a little practize will soone perswade them the contrary. The wants of the old Computation be a little remembred in my Concordancy, not as if the Author thereof wanted vnderstanding in that point, for I suppose him right sufficient; but in that facilius est addere, quàm nouum compone­re: Yet I haue borrowed nothing, but what is common to all: If any thing be wanting, I wish you my further paines to supply it, and would haue wrote more, had I not feared to tire you with an ouer-great volume: But as it is, I hope it will be offensiue to none, since it is made for the good of all. And so commending this worke to them whose occasions tend that way, I end, resting

Yours to vse, ARTHVR HOPTON.
A briefe and necessary Table of the Chapters contained in this Booke.
  • OF the distinction of Creatures, and their respondency to the world, Chap. 1.
  • Of the definition of the world, Chap. 2.
  • Of the diuision of the world Chap. 3.
  • Of the Elementall parts of the world, Chap. 4.
  • Of the Aethereall or coele­stiall parts of the world, Chap. 5.
  • Of the first moueable, Ch. 6.
  • Of the Christalline Heauen. Chap. 7.
  • Of the starry heauen, Cha. 8.
  • Of the course, colour, mag­nitude and distance of the 7 planets, and the thicknes of their sphears, Chap. 9.
  • Of the magnitude of the Sun & Moone, & the rest of the Planets, with their diame­ters and distances from the Earth in miles, according to Tycho Brahe, and of the magnitude of the fixed starres, with other secrets concerning them, Chap. 10.
  • Of the sixe great circles in Heauen, & the 12. Signes, Chap. 11.
  • Of the foure lesser circles in Heauen, Chap. 12
  • Of Time. Chap. 13
  • Of the day both natural and artificiall, and their diuers beginnings. Chap. 14
  • Of the names of the Dayes, & their etymology, Ch. 15
  • Of the weeke, Chap. 16
  • Of a Moneth Solar and v­suall. Chap. 17
  • Of the lunar Moneth & the diuersities thereof, Chap. 18
  • Of the lunar yeare, both cō ­mon & extraordinary, ch. 19
  • Of the solar yeare, and the etymology thereof. Ch. 20
  • Of the Iulian yeare, or our vulgar yeare, & of the leap yeare, and the cause thereof, with diuers beginnings of yeares, Chap 21.
  • Vulgar errors reform'd. c. 22
  • [Page]Of the Kalends, Nones, &c. and what they be, Cha. 23.
  • Of the infortunate and fatall daies of the yeare, as also of the good and happy daies, Chap. 24
  • To find what planet reigneth any houre in the yeare, and how long he reigneth, c. 25
  • Of the natures & properties of the 7 planets, Cha. 26
  • A briefe discourse of the na­turall causes of watery me­teors, as snow, haile, raine, &c. Chap. 27
  • Diuers signes to prognosti­cate what wether is to­wards, Chap. 28
  • Of the foure quarters of the yeare, and first of Winter. Chap. 29.
  • Certaine predictions of the weather in euery Moneth, with necessary Abstracts, and the poeticall rising of the starres, Chap. 30
  • Predictions of euery day more particularly, Cha. 31
  • Of the golden number, cir­cle of the Sunne, Domini­call Letter, and Epact, &c. Chap. 32.
  • To get the age, change, full & quarters of the Moone, Chap. 33.
  • To finde what signe the Sun or Moone is in, Chap. 34
  • Of the Eclipses of the Sunne and Moone, and to know when they shall happen, and the quantity of obscu­ration. Chap. 35
  • To finde the houre of Sun­rising, & setting, the length of the day & night, with the breake of day, & continu­ance of twy-light. Cha. 36
  • To know how long the Moone shineth, when shee riseth, with the cause of her lesse, or greater light, C. 37
  • A Table to know the houre of the night by the moone, her comming to the south, the quātity of her shining, and full sea through Eng­land, Chap. 37
  • Astronomicall Elections for phisick and chirurgery, de­pending vpon the place and course of the Moone, Chap. 38.
  • Of the moueable Feasts, and diuersities of Easter, [Page]with the reason of our dif­ference with the Romans, Chap. 39.
  • To find the moueable feasts for euer, according to our English Kalender, Cha. 40
  • To find the moueable feasts according to the Romane Church. Chap. 41
  • Of the Ember and Fasting-dayes, as also of the times of mariage, Chap. 42
  • Of weights and measures v­sed in England, Chap. 43
  • Measures in longitude, and of the length, & the bredth and compasse of England, Ireland, and the adiacent Islands, Chap. 44
  • To know how to reckon how much your daily ex­pences commeth to in the whole yeare, very readily without a Table or Calcu­lation, Chap. 45
  • Of the difference of gold in finenesse, and the valuation of seuerall peeces of gold, with other necessary Ta­bles, Chap. 46.
  • Of the degrees of men be­fore the Conquest, Ch. 47.
  • The placing of Estates and Degrees of Nobility in England in this Age, C. 48
  • Of the number of Bishops in England, and how they be to take place one before the other, and of the num­ber of parish Churches in England, &c. Of the towns that haue Burgesses in the Parliament house, with the number of parishes in eue­ry shire, Chap. 49
  • A Concordancy of Yeares, containing a most exact Computation of time, with briefe Notes out of the best Chronicles against euery yeare. Also a briefe Description and vse of the same.


A ARtis, & ingenij vi, nixus (lector) in arcto
R Replicat Hoptonus cōmodapro partria.
T Tramite vulgari non est ingressus: at eccè
H Hîc procul occultas inuenit ille vias.
V Vraniae motus, numeros, scrutatur & astra:
R Rarus & aerarum computus ecce tibi.
H Hinc tibi concursus lunae, cum sole: notatur
O Ortus stellarum, Cosmicus, & Chronicus.
P Pandit deliquium solis, lunae (que): forensi
T Tum fastos memorat, iustitij (que) dies.
O Optamus placeat, saueas tu: sin minus, audin?
N Necquicquā infestans, rumpitor inuidiâ.

AD ARCTVRIVM HOPTON Annis etiamnum Iuuenilibus Ho­mine liboro verè dignis Studijs oppidò quàm insignitum, Carmine Phaleucio [...] Encomium.

AN, quem Patricius docebat olim
Iam tu
Scholler to the Irish Saint, wrot of Geneth­liaque Iudge­ments; liued vnder Ʋortiger a­bout CDLX. Bal.
Maccius? an scholae
A great Ma­chematitian, president of the publique Schooles (which for those times were as our now Vniuersities) at Caer-leon in Munmouth; not instituted by Arthur, as Cay in his antiquity of Cambridge supposes, but long after: otherwise how could there haue beene C C. Students there, about the Saxons ariuall, as is witnessed in Camden, out of A­lexander Ess [...]biensis; Nor doth the Munmouth Ieffrey affirme, that he in­stituted any Schoole there, but onely that he had, in the time of that pompous celebration of the Round Table-Order, a Schoole of C C. Philosophers in this Citie, which were altogether in coelestiall ob­seruations, and Astrologie iudiciall Bale puts all this at Chester, but vpon war [...]ant of the Brittish Story (which in some things is seriously to be regarded) it should be at Caer [...]leon vpon Ʋske, stiled Isea Leg. II Aug. in Surita's Antonmus, which may perhaps be meant by Ptole­m [...]es [...] although he places it in another people. He flourished vnder Ʋortimer.
Es Maugantius? Insulaenè Glasti,
Otherwise Mouinus, a Monke of Glastenbury in Somerset, an Astrologer in Ʋortiport reigne.
Melkinus? an aemulus Bladudi
Elmer forrein writers call him, so studious in curiosities, that hee aduentured the imitation of Daedalus, and the British Bladud's flying, but with no lesse mis-fortune. About the Confessors time was he a Monk of Malmsbury in VVi [...]shire, Bal. Cent. 2. Leland. Mal­mesburicus. Lib. 1. cap. 2. Camd. Matth. Paris in Hen. 3. so called frō Maldulph a Scot, or Sco­to-Hibernus, who (with Adelm his scholler) disputed & wrote about the great Controuersie of celebrating the true Passouer in his true time.
Rohert, surnamed Grosse-test Bishop of Lincolne, vnder Hen. III. besides his Mathematique sufficiencies, which remaine testified in his Computus, Higdens Polychronicon, and else where, spent seuen yeares labour in framing a Brasen-head, which (as Orpheus his did in Lesbos) should
Of such things as befell,
Philostrat in [...]. I Govver. in Confess. A­mantis lib. 4.
And seven yeres besinesse
He layd, but for the lachesse
Of halfe a minute of an houre
Fro first he began labours,
He lost all that he had do.

Such a peece of Magique performed is by an old Monke affirmed of Gerebert, G. Malmsh. de hist. reg. lib. 2. cui Gerebertus iste (contrà quam alijs) [...]st Ioannes PP XV. De themate mun [...] consule Petrum Alli­acens. ap. Pi­cum Mirand. aduers. Astro­log. lib. 5. cap. 9. & v. Iul. Firmic. Bal. Cent. 3. De praestig. Damonum. lib. 2. cap. 4. Th. Iames in Eclog. Oxonio-Cantabrig [...]ers. lib. 1. Leo Suan, in comvend phi­l [...]s [...]. Paracels. & ad Para­cels. lib. 1. de vitalongá. (afterward Pope Syluester II.) Composed Certà, as hee sayes, inspectione syderum cum videlicet ownes Planetae exordia cursus sui me. ditayentur, which how you can vnderstand, vnlesse, either when they are all in those points where in the Thema Mundi imagination of some Ancients (true Calculation cannot through vncertainty of Chronogra­phy) placed them, or else when by Parallax they are (such I meane, as may, the sine lesser) in point of their second Station at once, (a sy­steme perhaps too rare to finde) I confesse I know not. ¶

Robertus an tu
Perdoctus Capito? Tibi an
Roger Bachon in time of Edvvard 1. Doctor of Diuinity in Paris, and a Fran­ciscan in Oxford, a Dorsetshire borne Gentleman, whom it pleases Bale to stile, Praestigiator, & Magus Necromanticus, non in virtute Dei, sed operati­one malorum spiritum, and VVier reckons him among his Deplorati in [...]e­nij ho [...]ines; but that great Clarke M. I. Dee, long since, promised his Apologie. Notice, that the world hath of him, proceeds for the most part, from his Chy [...]ique doctrine, for which VVoarchadumists, and Spagiri­stique writers commonly vouch him. But his workes were diuers, both Mathematicall, Physicall, and Theologicall. Of some of them Cop­pies are extant in Peter-House, & Bennet Colledge in Cambridge, some in priuate hands, and in Panbrooke Hall Library, the Titles of some of his speciall treatises (not mētioned by Bale or Gesner) De prolongatione vitae, Antidotarium cussdem, De graduatione meduinarum, (in some of which I presume his report was of Artephius, whom he affirmed to haue, by art applied to nature, liued a thousand yeares) remaine in the Frontispice of a volume, the bookes themselues being vnhappily seised by pla­giary Harpyes. And questionlesse spight and ignorance (frequent ene­mies to learning and Art) haue depriued posterity of no small benefit by mis [...]censuring what they vnderstood not. Howsoeuer in others, in this learned Frier it hath bene too manifest, all whose workes fairly written, and well bound, were, by religious pretending Sciolists, d [...]'d as diuelish, with long nailes through thē, fastned to desks in the Franciscans library in Oxford, 1. Tovi [...] reb. Athiome. lib. 2. Laur. Hum fred. praefat. ad Iesiutismis. Homer [...] Br. Tum. ap [...] Oxon.lib. [...] & there among dust & mothes consumed; being suspected of heresie, he was cōmitted to prison by PP. Nicholas 4.
Adam de Ma­risco (pardon me that for the verse he vsurps a name of Homers King­frogge) familiar friend to Robert Grosse-test, both commended for Mathematicians, by Frier Bachon, to P. Clement IV.Camden. in Brigant. Ma mesbur. lib. [...] detgest. reg. cap. 3. Henrie Huntindor. lib 4. Bed. in Epit. hist. Angl. Bed. lib. 5. hist Anglie. cap. 20. Malmesh. de Pontific. lib. 5. Bal. Cent. 2. Hist. Dunel­mens. Br. Tui [...] apolog. 2. Cat. Antiq. Cantabrig. lib. 1. Br. Tuin. apo [...]. 3.1. Sarith. in Metalogic. lib. 1. cap. 3. Bal. cent, [...]. & [...] Gesner. bibli [...] th [...]. of Somerset by birth, by profession a Minorit, or Franciscan in Oxford.
Limnocharis remissa,
For his lear­ning & grauity surnamed Presbyter Venerabilis, borne at Iarrovv vpon Tine, in the Bishopricke of Durham, spent his life in letters vnder Be­nedict, or Bennet, surnamed Bishop, an English Gentleman of birth, and Abbot of VVeremouth (which founded that Abbey, and another at Iar­rovv, as one, and first of all brought builders of Stons-vvorke, vse of Glasse-vvindovves, Painting and such like into England from Rome, whi­ther he trauelled fiue seuerall times) and Ceolfrid his successor; wrote De Temporibus, Computo, and other vniuersall Learning. Neuer (as some thinke) liu'd out of his natiue Territory, nor by any likelihood cuer profest at Cambridge, as is gest at by Herrison and Cay, vpon argu­ment drawne from a cottage there called Bedes-house, no more then Anaximander and Anaxagoras vpon l. Lidgats testimony, or then Bellero­phon was an Oxford man vpon occurrence of an vnknown place there titled Bellerophontis Curia in the booke of S. Fridesvvides Monastery, or then this Bede and S. Colman liued, or were buried (with other old wiues tales of them) at Boscham in Sussex, as, without warrant, the vul­gar there haue a tradition. Malmesbury buries him in the Abbey of Iarr [...]vv: sed modo, saith he, cum Beato Cuthberto Dunelmi Situm fame consirmet.
Roger Suicet, first inuentor of the Art Calculatory in disputation, wherein multiplicatis particulis negatiuis & traiect [...]s peresse & non esse, calculo, (which was beanes and pease) oput erat, quoties erat dis­putandum. The worth of this subtile Doctor, Cardan and his most pe­netrating antagonist Scaliger, enough blazon: nor do the Titles of Ca­inllationes, and Quisqui [...]ae S [...]icetica in Vines, and Pic, Mirandula much de­tract from him. He was author of an Ephemerides, and other of that na­ture, besides a booke of the Art Cabalistique. Oxford was his Vniuersi­ty, and vnder Ed. 3, as is thought was iustly prou'd of him.
Suiceti ann'anima'st vtiolim Homeri,
Cantori Rudio? Magis mathesi
Credam Pythagorae, tot inter alti
[...] cum ingenij tot, ante pleros,
Artis symbola Patrie, Tibí (que)
Sic Dentur mutuò, priùs docendo
Quàm, Arcturî, poterant recèns oborto.
I. Selden è Soc. I. Templ.

Ianuarie hath xxxj. dayes. The Moone 30

♈ Aries is of the East, Masculine, Fiery, and Cholericke. Gouerneth [...]he Head, Face, Eyes, and Eares, &c. and sicknesses, the Apoplexie, Mummia, Spots Abortisments, Ring-wormes, and Morphewes, &c.☉ place
Ianuary hath xxxi. daies.
The English Kalender.Rom Kalē
Heb. No.Dayes.Sund. Let.Festiuall and fasting dayes, with old S. name [...]Kaleds Nones, & IdesPrimeDigitsNew moone, & suns eclipse.Prime. ☍Full moone & her eclipse.Digits. ☽Dayes.Sund. Let
 1ACircsicisionKalend304.48. P00 ☉011D
2BDct of Ste4No000 01212, 26, P012E
3CDct of Ioh3No1607.58 A00 0013F
4DDct of Inn.prid. no 0 111, 21, p014G
5EEd. denoseNonas57.15. P00 0015A
6FEpiphany.8Id00093, 13, p016B
417Gwed com. in7Id1309.52, A00 0017C
 8ALuciā. priest6Id208, 41., P175, 8 A018D
9BIoyce, vir [...]5Id 0 612, 12, p019E
10CSolin aquari [...]Id1808.24. P148, 7, P120F
11DLinus mart3Id10016 A35, 43 p021G
12EHillarie.prid. Id70 [...].18 P00 0022A
4213F Idus0001111, 31 A023B
 14GFelix priest.19Kl1509.22. A00 0024C
15AMaur. abb.18Kl000 0196.28. p025D
16BMarcellus.17Kl40, 32 p 0026E
17CAnthony16Kl12010 P85, 36, A027F
18DPisca. virg15Kl000161, 6, P028G
19EWolsta. Bi.14Kl [...]05.12. A59, 41, P029A
20F 13Kl903.18 P 0 0030B
4321GAgnes virg.12Kl000 0139, 19, P [...]31C
 22AVinc. Mart11Kl1707.54. P00 00Febr
23BTerra. begin10Kl000 025, 31, P02E
24CTimochte.9Kl602.52. P00 003F
25DCon. of paul8Kl14019 43. P1011, 40 A04G
26EPolicar. Bi.7Kl311. P187, 2, A05A
27F 6Kl14028.7. A72, 37, P06B
4428GAgne. the sec5Kl1106.14. A0 07C
 29AValeri. Bish4Kl1906 P1514, 26 A08D
30BBatild quee.3Kl000 041, 23, P9E
31CVictor & satprid. Kl [...]09.25. A00 0010F
Februarie hath xxviij. dayes. The Moone 29
♉ Taurus is of the South, Feminine, Earthly, and Melancholy. Gouerneth the Necke, Throat, and Voyce. Sicknesses the Squinancies, Scrophulus, Cathars, and horsenesse: and is a fortunate signe in most things.☉ Place.
22 [...]12
[...] [...]16
27 [...]17
[...] [...]18

[...] Leape yeare February hath 29 dayes, and S. Mathias day is obserued [...] day.

Februarie hath xxviij. dayes.
The English Kalender.Rom Kalé
Heb. NoDayes.Sund Let.Festiuall and fasting dayes, with old S. namesKalēds Nones, & Ides.Lēgth dayparts ecli.New mooue. & suns eclipse.Prime.Full moone, and her eclipse.parts ecliDayes.Sund Let.
 1Dfa [...]t,Kalends000 0 0 0011G
2EPuris. of Ma4 No16 5.43. A 0 0012A
3F 3 No0 0 0 0 0013B
454GGilbert bish.prid. No5 11.25 A 0 0014C
 5AAgathy vi [...]eNonas.13 [...]11. p916.45. A015D
6B 8 Id000 0173.14. p016E
7CAngle bish.7 Id206.47. A610.42. A017F
8DPaul bishop6 Id1003.8. P 0 0018G
9ESol in pisces5 Id1802.25. p143.20. A019A
10F 4 Id0 0 0311. 45. A20B
4611GGustacie, vi3 Id7 9.17. A 0 0021C
 12ATerme endprid. Id.0 0 0116, 43. A022D
13BWolstane.Idus.15 3.44. A 0 0023E
14CValentine.16 kl000 0197.47. A024F
15DJulian virg15 kl402.53. A84.31. P025 
16EConitance.14 kl127.14. A1611.44. P026 
17F 13 kl [...]00 0 0 0027B
4718GSimon bish12 kl [...]00 0510.50. A028C
 19ANat. H Pr. W11 kl [...].1 5 52. A 0 00Marc.
20BMildred vir10 kl000 0131.30. A02E
21C70 Martirs9 kl 0 [...]. 39. P 0 003F
22DCath. S. P8 kl 00 021.47. A4G
23EPolicar. fast7 kl 03.16. A1015.46 P05A
24FMath [...]. Apost6 kl 010.23. p18Mid­night06B
4825GVicterne.5 kl 8.42 A7 07C
 26ANestor mar.4 kl 4. P 0 008D
27BAugustine3 kl000 0158.12 A09E
28COswald bishprid. Kl1909.33. A 0 0010F
 Prime ☌Digigis [...] [...] Houres.Printe ☍Houres Minuts.Digits ☽ 
March hath xxxj. dayes. The Moone 30
♊ Gemini is of the West, Masculine, Airie, and Sanguine. Ruleth the Shoulders, Armes, & Hands. Of sicknesses, Phlegmones, Feriuncula, and other proceeding of bloud in the same places, and is a bad Signe to bleed vnder.☉ place
March hath xxxj. dayes.
The English Kalender.Rom Kalē
Heb. NoDaves.Sund Let.Festiuall and fasting dayes, with olds. namesKalēds, Nones, & Ides.Prime. ☌.Digits ☉New Moone & suns eclipse.Prime. ☍Full Moone and ber eclipse.Digits ☽Daves.Sund. Let
 1DDavid BishKalēds000 046.2. A011G
2EChad.6 No803, 13, A1212, p012A
3F 5 No16010.10, p14.5. p013B
494GAdrian ma4 No000 000 0014C
 5AEuseb. mar3 No000 000 0015D
6BVict, & Vic.prid. no500, 34, A95.30. P016E
7CPerpe, & FēNonas2114, 54, P170, 49, A017F
8DEL, martyre8 Id13022, 8, A69, 38. A018G
9EAgapite v [...]7 Id103, 15, A149, 47. P019A
10F 6 Id000 000 0020B
5011GSolin Aries.5 Id1808, 20. A00 0021C
 12AGregorie4 Id000 036, 0, A022D
13BTheodore.3 Id703, 12, A1111, 52, p223E
14CCandide mprid. Id1508, 40. P00 0024F
15DLonginusIdus.000 0196.28. p025G
16EGertrud. vir17. kl. AP4010.18. A00 0026A
17F 16 k12, 107, 40, p83, 52, A027B
5118GEdwa-king15 k000 0169.2. A028C
 19AIos. mart.14 k000 000 0029D
20BCuthbert.13 k.909, 22, P51, 10, A030E
21CBenedict.12 k. [...]00 0136, 12. P031F
22DPaulinus.11 kl1707, 41, A00 00Aprill
23ETheod.10 k.500, 44, P23, 36. P02A
24FInit. Reg. Iac9 kl000 0104.55. P193B
5225GAnn. of Mary8 kl14010.14. A10 004E
 26ACastor mar7 kl [...]05.39. P182.4. A05D
27BMartian6 kl0013.10, P79.37. A06E
28CDorothy.5 kl000 0157, 25, P07F
29DQuintine.4 kl000 000 008G
30EGuido. mar.3 k1911¾1, 47, A411, 7, p09A
31F prid. kl808.36. p00 0010B
Aprill hath xxx. dayes. The Moone 29
♋ Cancer is of the North, Feminine, Watery, and Plegmaticke. Ruleth the Breast, Ribbes, pappes of women, Longs, Liuer, and Spleene. Of sicknesses, Alo­pesia, watery eyes, Coughes, Rheumes, Scabbes, and Leprosie, and is good to di­minish Choler, to take Electuaries, and to Iourney.☉ place.
21 [...]10
22 [...]11
23 [...]12
24 [...]13
Aprill hath xxx. daies.
The English Kalender.Rom Kalē
Heb. No.Dayes.Sund. Let.Festiuall and fasting dayes, with old S. names [...]a [...]eds Nones, & Ides.Prime. ☌Digits. ☉New Moone & suns eclipse.Prime. ☍Full Moone and her eclipse.Digits. ☽Daves.Sund Let.
11GTheodo. vuKaleds000 000 0011C
 2AMary Egi [...]4 No1002.53. p.00 0012D
3BRich. bishop.3 No000 016.25. P013E
4CAmbros. bishprid. No5017, 7 A915.6. P1114F
5DMartia. marNonas.203.53. A1910.28. A015G
6EEgisippus.8 Id13017.19. A610.32. A016A
7FMise [...]i Dom.7 Id104.28. P20 0017B
28GQuind. Pasch6 Id000 01412.16. P018C
 9APassiō 7 vir5 Id800 000 0019D
10BSolin Taurus4 Id181.25. A310.26. p020E
11C 3 Id906.44. P00 0021F
12DTibur. & vaprid. Id000 0112.12. p022G
13EZenon vish.Idus.1508.43 A00 0023A
14FIubilate.18 kl. Ma406.42. P1 [...]3.16. A724B
315GTres paschae17 Kl0 0 0810.18 A025C
 16AIsidore vish16 Kl1202.5. A166.17. P026D
17BAnicete bish15 Kl108.44. P00 0027E
18CEleutherine14 Kl000 054.22. p028F
19DAlpheg. ma [...]13 Kl903.5. P00 0029G
20EVictor bish12 Kl1710. p1310.57 A030A
21FCantate11 Kl000 024.3 [...]. P0May
422GMense Pasch10 Kl60 [...]0.28. A00 002C
 23AS. George9 Kl140 [...]. 26. P103.13. A0 [...]D
24BWilfrid. Fast8 Kl000 018 [...]0.25. A [...]E
25CMarke Euan7 Kl303.55 A77 22. P0 [...]F
26DClere bishop6 Kl1100.56. p00 006G
27Evooem sucun5 Kl000 0157.25. A07A
28For Rogation.4 Kl1906.3. p00 008B
529GQuinq. pasch3 Kl000 043.35. P09C
 30AErkenwald,prid Kl80 48. p00 0010D
May hath xxxj. dayes. The Moone 30
♌ Leo is of the East, Masculine, fiery, and cholericke, ruleth the Heart, Stomacke, Backe, Sides, and Midriffe with Virgo: Of sicknesses, Cardiaca, trembling of the heart, and sounding: It is nought to vomit, good to beginne that you would haue publique.☉ place.
May hath xxxj. dayes.
The English Kalender.Rom Kalē
Heb. NoDayes.Sund Let.Festiuall and fasting dayes, with old S. namesKalēds Nones, & Ides.Prime. ☌Digigis ☉New moone, & suns eclipse.Prime ☍Full moone, and her eclipse.Digits ☽Dayes.Sund Let.
 1BPhil-& Iaco.Kaleds.000 0129, 25, A011E
2CAthanasius6 No.1605, 12, A00 0012F
3DIunē, scrue5 No.507, 32, p13.45, A013G
4EChristopher4 No.000 0178, 48, P714A
5FTerme ends3 No.1302, 36. A924.53, A015B
66GIo. port. lat.prid. no202 A610.23. A016C
 7AIob, of be [...]eNonas1005, 36, A00 0017D
8BAppa. s [...]mic.8 Id000 0143, 26, A018E
9Ctrans. Nich.7 Id184, 44. p00 0019F
10DGordian.6 Id000 031, 43. p020G
11EWhitsunday5 Id7117.4800 0021A
12FSol in Gemi4 Id1507 P111, 48, A022B
713GSeruatius.3 Id000 01910.56. A023C
 14ABonifatius,prid. Id402, 33, A86, 28, p024D
15BIsidor. mar.Idus.120 [...]0, 54, A00 0025E
16C 17 Kl. Iu000 0164, 9. A26F
17Dtrans. Bern.16 kl1020, 34, A00 0027G
18EDiosc. mar,15 kl000 057, 49, A028A
19FDunstan. c [...]14 kl905, 19, A20 0029B
820GBarnardin.13 kl175, 43, A132, 47, A030C
 21AHelen. quee.12 kl67, 40, P22, 43, A031D
22BDesiderii.11 kl000 01011, 34, A0Iune
23CTerm. begin10 kl1403, 14. A186, 58, P02F
24DAdelm. bish9 kl30Noone,00 003G
25EAugustine.8 kl11012, 49, A75, 55. A4A
26FBede. priest7 kl000 0158, 43, P05B
927GGermane.6 kl000 000 006C
 28ACord. mart.5 kl1909, 41. A00 007D
29BNichomede.4 kl000 046, 44, A08E
30CFelix. bish.3 kl803, 1, A1210, 25. P09F
31DNerius.prid. Kl16124, 57, P00 0010G
Iune hath xxx. dayes. The Moone 29
♍ Virgo is of the South, Feminine, Earthly, and Melancholy. Ruleth the Belly, Guts, and Midriffe with Leo. Of sicknesses, Iliaca, and Coliaca Passio, Opilations of the Spleene, and blacke laundes. Good to wooe, naught to mar­ry because of barrennesse.☉ place.
Iune hath xxx. daies.
The English Kalender.Rom Kalē
Heb. No.Dayes.Sund. LetFestiuall and fasting dayes with old S. namesKalēds, Nones. & Ides,Prime. ☌Digits. ☉New moon & suns eclipsePrime. ☍Full moon. & her eclipseDigits. ☽Dayes.Sund. Let
 1ANichomedeKalend.000 0 [...]11, 28. A011A
2 [...] 4 No.502.56. A [...]6.28. p012B
103GQuind. Trini.3 No.1300 0178.17. A013C
 4APetrocius.prid. No202.56. A0 014D
5BBonifa. hishNonas.1009.26. P60. 20 A1815 [...]
6CClaudius.8 Id.000 0140.54. P016F
7DVolstaue.7 Id.000 000 0017G
8FMedard [...]6 Id.1806.0. P00 0018A
9 [...] 5 Id.706.17. p. [...]0. 36. A019B
1110 [...]Tres Trinita4 Id.1515, 26. P1111.14 A020C
 11ABarit [...]-apos3 Id4010.28. A196.23. P0 [...]1D
12BSol in cancerprid. Id.000 000 00 [...]2E
13CTearme endsIdus1208.45. P83.15 A023F
14DBasil bishop8 Kal.1101.47. P [...]63.16. P0 [...]4G
15FVite.17 Kl000 000 0025A
16A 16 Kl101.41. A511.15 P2 [...]B
117BBotolphme15 Kl908.25. P1329. P027C
 18AMart & mar14 Kl1707.16. P [...]7.4. P028D
19BNat. Reg. Iac13 Kl000 000 0029E
20CCr [...] Edw12 Kl63.24 A106.53. P030F
21DValour v [...]11 Kl1410.22. A00 00Iuly
22EAlban. mart.10 Kl3011.41, P184.29. A02A
23FFast9 Kl400 076 P03B
1324GIohn Baptist.8 Kl000 000 004C
 25ACrās. of El7 Kl000 01511 A05D
26BIoh. & Paul6 Kl000 000 006E
27CCrescente5 Kl1900.6. A48.14 P07F
28DLeonis. fast4 Kl803. 16. P00 008G
29ES. Peter apost3 Kl000 0128. 26, A09A
30FCō. of Paulprid. Kl602. 36. A16. 34 P010B
Iuly hath xxxj dayes. The Moone 30
♎ Libra is West, Masculine, Airie, and Sanguine, tuleth the Lovnes, Na­uell, Reynes, Buttockes, and Bladder with Scorpio: Of sicknesses dinnesse of sight, stopping of vrine, the stone in the Reynes, and Cholicke, &c. Diminish cho­er, Iourney, vse no Venery.☉ place
Iuly hath xxxj. dayes.
The English Kalender.Rom Kalē
Heb. No.Dayes. [...]und. Let.Festiuall and fasting dayes, with old S. namesKaleds, Nones, & Ides.Prime. ☌Digits. ☉New Moone & suns eclipse.Prime. ☍Full Moone and her eclipse.Digits ☽Dayes,Sund. Let.
141BOct. Io. bapKalends510.9. A914.30. P011C
 2AVisit of Ma6 No1306.33. P179.14. P012D
3Bträ of Tho5 No205. 56. p00 0013E
4CTrä. of mar4 No000 063. 15. p014F
5DZoe virgin.3 No10012. 38. p00 0015B
6EOc. Pe. & Pprid. No000 01410.3. A16A
7FMartialisNonas.1805. 6. p00 0017B
158Gdepos. Grim8 Id000 0310. 36. A018C
 9ACyrill. bish.7 Id703. 9. A117. 9. p019D
10BSept. fratr.6 Id15010.49. A00 0020E
11CTran. Bene5 Id47.27. p192.26. A021F
12DNab. & Felix4 Id000 081. 22. p022G
13ESol in Leo.3 Id1208. 12. A00 0023A
14F prid. Id.000 0164.1. A024B
1615GTr. SwithIdus.105.0. P00 0025C
 16ARenelin. kin17. kl. Au9022.24. P52.1. P026D
17BTr. of Osin16 kl8 [...]13.50 P1717.53. P27E
18CArnolp bish.15 kl1703.21. A27.4. P028F
19DDog. dai. beg14 kl60 [...]0.36. A00 0029G
20EMarga. vir13 k140 [...].47. P102.5. A030A
21FPrared. vir.12 kl000 0184.38. P03 [...]B
1722BMary mag.11 kl31, 13. A00 00Aug.
 23AApolin. bish10 kl000 078.40. A02D
24BChristi. fast [...] kl1104.44. A 0 003E
25CIames apos [...]3 kl000 0152.12. A04F
26DAnnat. mar7 kl1901.17. P00 005G
27E7 sleepers.6 kl000 048.6. A06A
28FSamson. bi5 kl000 0126.49. P17B
1829GFell. & his fe.4 kl16011.6. A 0 008C
 30AAbdò & Sen3 kl506.5. P12.1. A09D
31BGermane.prid. Kl000 0910.43. A010E
August hath xxxj. dayes. The Moone 30
♏ Scorpio is of the North, Feminine, watery, and flegmaticke, and ruieth the secret members, the fundament and bladder, with Libra. Of sicknesses all fil­thy scabbs, and spots in the face, losse of sight, Canket and Haemarhoides, Leprosie, Alopec [...]a, and French pox. Vse drugges; else infortunate.☉ place
29 [...]15
August hath xxxj. dayes.
The English Kalender.Rom Kalē
Heb NoDayes.Sund Let.Festiuall and fasting dayes, with o [...] 8. na [...] [...]Kalēds Nones, & Ides.Prime. ☌Digigis ☉New moone. & suns eclipse.Prime ☍Full moone, and her eclipse.Digits ☽Dayes.Sund Let.
 1CLanun [...]sKalends134.16. A1711.48. A011F
2DSteph. mat4 No000 000 0012G
3EIunē of Ste3 No000 066.10. A013A
4F prid. No1003.53. A00 0014B
195GGouries cōs.Nonas000 0140.31. A015C
 6ATras. Christ8 Id1801.52. A37. 17. P1716D
7Bfeast of Iesu7 Id7011, 8. A00 0017E
8CCirfacke.6 Id1506. 8. P112.43. A018F
9DRomaf. mar.5 Id000 019Noone.019G
10ELawr mart.4 Id406. 22. A00 0020A
11F 3 Id12 [...]. 41 P81. 36. A021B
2012GClare virgi.prid. Id.000 0166. 33. P022C
 13AHippoliteIdus.000 000 0023D
14BSol in Virgo.19 kl108. 52. A00 0024C
15CAff. of Mart18 kl9011. 30 P53. 56. A025F
16DRoch. mart.17 kl17011. 6. A135. 14. P026G
17EOct of Laur16 kl [...]06. 5. P22. 37. A1327A
18F 15 kl000 0109. 56. A028B
2119GMagnus ma14 kl1402 28. A00 0029C
 20ALodowick.13 k000 0185. 8. A030D
21BBarnard12 kl301. 50. A711. 5. P031E
22COct. assump11 kl118. 34 P00 00Sept
23DTimot. Fast10 kl000 0155. 57. P02G
24EBarth. Apost.9 kl300 000 003A
25F 3 kl1901. 6. A47. 1. P04B
2226GSep [...]. in mar7 kl8011. 18 A00 005C
 27ARuff. mar,6 kl1607. 1. P123. 17. A06D
28BAugust bish.5 kl000 0110. 35. A07E
29CDog. dai, end4 kl503.42. A99.32. P08F
30DFelix & And3 kl304.22. P00 009G
31ELuthbert.prid. Kl1300 0173. 49. A010A
September hath xxx dayes. The Moone 29
♐ Sagittarius is of the East, Masculine, Fiery, and Cholericke, ruleth the Thighes and Hyppes: Of sicknesses hot Feuers Opthalima and bleared eyes, and falles from high places, and from horses; diminish flegme, conferre with Law­yers, vse shooting.☉ place.
September hath xxx. daies.
The English Kalender.Rom Kalē
Heb. No.Dayes.Sund. LetFestiuall and fasting dayes with old S. namesKalēds Nones. & Ides,Prime. ☌Digits. ☉.New moon & suns eclipsePrime. ☍Full moon. & her eclipseDigits. ☽Dayes.Sund. Let
 1FGiles AbbotKalend201.24, A610.16. P011G
232GAntho-mart4 No.106.37. P00 0012C
 3AOrdin. Greg3 No.000 0142. 9. P013D
4BTrā. of Cutprid. No.18011.48. A00 0014E
5CBertine.Nonas.7016. 58. P33. 33. A015F
6DEugenius,8 Id.000 01110. 30 A616G
7ENat. of Mary7 Id1502. 16. A00 0017A
8Fnat. of s. mar6 Id.407.41. P190 8 A018B
249GGorg. Mart5 Id000 084. 13. P019C
 10ASisuins.4 Id1201. 10. P00 0020D
11BProt. & Hia.3 Id000 000 0021E
12CMartian.prid. Id1010. 2. P1610.48 A022F
13DSol in LibraIdus [...]00 01 023G
14EHoly Crosse18. Noct9010 36. A2519.48 A024A
15FOct. of Mar17 Kl170114. P135.32 A025B
2516GEdith virg.16 Kl602.53. A108. 39. P026C
 17ALambert15 Kl1401. 7. P00 0027D
18BVict & Cor.14 Kl000 0188. 49. P028E
19CIanuar. mar13 Kl306. 9. P00 0029F
20DEustace. fast12 Kl000 073. 47. P030G
21EMatthew ap.11 Kl1101. 0. P00 00Octo.
22FMauritius10 Kl000 0159. 38. A02B
2623GTecla virg.9 Kl1932Noone.00 003C
 24AAndocheus8 Kl808. 10. P44.20. A04D
25BFirmine.7 Kl000 01211.47. A05E
26CEipri. & Iust6 Kl1604. 35 A19.21. P06F
27DCosin. & dam5 Kl503. 42. P00 007G
28EEuriper.4 Kl000 0910.55 A8A
29FS Michael3 Kl1307. 14. A178. 39. P09B
2730GIerom Prieprid. Kl204. 40. P00 0010C
October hath xxxj. dayes, The Moone 30
♑ Capricorne is of the South, Feminine, Earthly, and Melancholy, Ruleth the Knees. Of sicknesses, ache in the Kn [...]s, deafnesse, losse of speech, and sight, Itch, Scabbes, and fowlnesse of the Skinne. Conuerse with old men, sow, plant, make Gardens. [...] [...]lace.
27 [...]13
29 [...]15
3 [...]16
3 [...]17
October hath xxxj. dayes.
The English Kalender.Rom Kalē
Heb NoDayes.Sund. Let.Festiuall and fasting dayes, with old S. namesKalēds, Nones, & Ides.Prime ☌Digits ☉New Moone & suns eclipse.Prime. ☍Full Moone and her eclipse.Digits ☽Dayes.Sund. Let
 1ARemigiusiKalēds000 00 [...], 28, P.11D
2BLeodegar B6 No1008, 36, A1 [...]2, 43, A12E
3CCandid. mar5 No188, 34. P00 0013F
4DFrancis con4 No [...]00 03Noone.014G
5EApolinaris3 No70 [...], 38. A117, 36. P015A
6F p [...]id No150Noone,00 o016B
287GOcta. MartiNonas000 019 [...], 52. P17C
 8ADelage. vir8 Id [...]011. 4 [...]. P00 0018D
9BTerme begin7 Id000 087, 5, A019E
10CBerceō. & Vi [...]6 Id1206, 40, A0 020F
11DNichas. vir3 Id000 0162.5 A021G
12ECalixt.4 Id1011, 9, A00 0022A
13F 3 Id99, 12, P54, 26. A023B
2914GSol in scorpprid. Id1704, 20. A131. 17. P024C
 15AIewes feastIdus.000 0216.17. A025D
16BMich-moun1 kl. No.000 o107, 43, A026E
17CEtheldr. fast16 kl1402, 42, A00 0027F
18DLuke Euang15 kl000 0182. 25. P1928G
19EFrideswide14 kl [...]011, 55, A718. 55. P029A
20F 13 kl000 061, 44. P030B
3021Gxi. Mar-virg12 kl120 [...], 15 A00 0030C
 22AMary Sold11 kl19010, 5. P00 00Nouē
23BRoman. arch10 kl [...]035, 19. A41.49 P02E
24CWaglory.9 kl35, 31, A128, 53. P03F
25DCrit. & Cris.8 kl1102, 38, P00 004G
26EVrsula virg7 kl000 0110. 56. A05A
27FFlorence, fast6 kl506, 42, A00 006B
3128GSimon & Iud5 kl100, 26. A93, 16. A07C
 29ANarcissus4 kl0 0 0171, 26, P8D
30BGermā bish3 kl203 21. A00 009E
31CQuintineprid. kl1009, 24, P63.40. A010F
Nouember hath xxx. dayes. The Moone 29
♒ Aquarius is of the West, Masculine, Airie, and Sanguine, and ruleth the Legges: Of sicknesses Feuer Quartanes, blacke Iaunders, swelling of the Legges, and varices. Diminish Melancholy, lay foundations, plant, build, &c.☉ place.
Nouember hath xxx dayes.
The English Kalender.Rom Kalē
Heb. NoDayes.Sund Let.Festiuall and fasting dayes, with old S. namesKalēds, Nones, & Ides.Prime. ☌Digits ☉New Moone & suns eclipse.Prime. ☍Full Moone & suns eclipse.Digits ☽Dayes.Sund. Let.
 1DAll Saints,Kaleds000 0142. 22. p011G
2EAll Soules.4 No185.51. A39.39. P012A
3FWinifrid vi.3 No71. 46. P00 0013B
324GAmantinsprid. No1500 18, A116. 36. A014C
 5APapists conspNonas.000 000 0015D
6BLeonard.8 Id000 0198. 54. A016E
7CWilbrode.7 Id406. 3 A00 0017F
8D4 Crowned.6 Id12011. 30. P83. 29. A018G
9ETheodore.5 Id000 0169. 20. P819A
10FMar. v. of K4 Id1011. 9. P00 0020B
3311GNartine.3 Id9019.23. P53. 31. P021C
 12ASolin Sagit.prid. Id173. 23. P1311. 57. P022D
13BTrā. of ErkIdus.000 o28. 55. A023E
14C 18 kl. De63. 24. A1010.51. P024F
15DMacute.17 Kl1407. 14. P00 0025G
16EEdmū. arch16 Kl000 000 0026A
17F 15 Kl000 0188. 50. A027B
3418GOctab. Marti14 Kl305. 36. A00 0028C
 19AEliza. mart13 Kl1108. 29. P71. 31. A029D
20BEdmund. K12 Kl000 0152. 34. P030E
21CPres. of mar11 Kl1908. 4. A411. 36. P0Decē
22DCicily virg.10 Kl803. 15. P00 002G
23EClement.9 Kl1611. 53. P127. 13. A03A
24FGrisogonus8 Kl000 000 004B
3525GKateri. virg.7 Kl000 013. 27. A05C
 26ALine bishop.6 Kl500. 24. A99. 50. P06D
27BAgricola.5 Kl1307. 22 P00 007E
28CTerme ends.4 Kl2011. 19. P175. 7. A08F
29DFast3 Kl000 064. 40. P199G
30EAndrew ap o.prid. Kl.1009. 13. A00 0010A
December hath xxxj. dayes. The Moone 30
♓ Pisces is of the North, Feminine, Watery, and Flegmaticke, ruleth the Feet, Ankles and He eles: Of sicknesses, the Gout, Scabbes, Leprosie, Pal­sie, and Pushes, as Aries: Diminish Choler, take Drugges by Pylle, vse Fishing, &c.☉ place
December hath xxxj. daies.
The English Kalender.Rom. Kalē.
Heb NoDayes.Sund. LetFestiuall and fasting dayes with old S. namesKalēds, Nones, & Ides.Prime. ☌Digits. ☉.New moon & suns eclipsePrime. ☍Full moon. & her eclipseDigits. ☽Dayes.Sund. Let.
 1FLoyKalend1804, 19 P141, 9 A.011B
362GLiban. mar▪4 No.000 038.43. A012C
 3ADepo. of Os3 No.702. 7. A118.19. P013D
4BBarba. virgprid. No153. 23. P00 0014E
5CSabba. Ab.Nonas.000 000 0015F
6DNich. Bish.8 Id.000 0193. 30. A016G
7EOct. of And7 Id400. 55. A89. 58. P017A
8FCon. of Ma6 Id.1206. 22. P00 0018B
379GCypri. Abb5 Id.000 0161. 29. P019C
 10AEulat. virg,4 Id1010. 20, A [...]23.49. P020D
11 [...]Damasius3 Id905. 32. P52. 0. A1121E
12 [...]Sol in capri.prid. Id1705. 57. A139. 4. A022F
13DLucie virg.Idus607. 51. P00 0023G
14EOthy virgin.19. Kl. Ia000 0104. 38. P024A
15FValeri. bish18 Kl.141 55. P00 0025B
3816GMarimi.17 Kl000 000 0026C
 17ADiacor mar16 Kl3010. 3. P182. 38, A027D
18BBarnardin.15 Kl000 074. 35. P028E
19CVeneti. vir.14 Kl11010. 14. A00 0025F
20DJulian Fast13 Kl1906. 18. P152. 56. A03 [...]G
21EThomas Ap.12 Kl000 0410.7. A031A
22FDefider. ma11 Kl802. 29. A127. 27. P0Ianu
3923GVictor. virg10 Kl1601.17. P00 002C
 24AClaudy9 Kl00 110. 8. P03D
25BChristm. da8 Kl508. 42. P  04E
26CStephen.7 Kl000 095. 14. P05F
27DIohn Euang.6 Kl1302 23. P177. 3. P06G
28EInnocents.5 Kl200. 31. P00 007A
4029GThom. Be [...]4 Kl1007. 58. P64. 12. A08B
 30ATra. of Ia.3 Kl000 01411. 30. A09C
31BSliue. Bishprid Kl1804. 23. A310. 8. P010D
The Anatomy of mans Body, as the parts thereof are gouerned by the 12. Signes of the Zodiaque.
  • Aries. The head and Face.
  • Taurus. Necke,
  • Gemini Armes & shoul­ders.
  • Cancer Breast, stomach & ribs.
  • Leo Heart & Backe.
  • Virgo Bowels & Belly.
  • Libra. R [...]ines & loines.
  • Scorpio Secret memb.
  • Sagitati­us Thighs.
  • Capri­cornus. Knees.
  • Aquarius The Legges.
  • Pisces The Feet.
  • ♈ Aries
  • ♉ Taurus
  • ♊ Gemini
  • ♋ Cancer
  • ♌ Leo
  • ♍ Virgo
  • ♎ Libra
  • ♏ Scorpio
  • ♐ Sagitarius
  • ♑ Capricorne
  • ♒ Aquarius
  • ♓ Pisces.
The seuen Planets.
  • Saturne ♄
  • Iupiter ♃
  • Mars ♂
  • Sol ☉
  • Venus ♀
  • Mercuri ☿
  • Luna ☽
The Aspects.
  • Coniunct. ☌
  • Oppos. ☍
  • Quart. □
  • Sextil. ⋆
  • Trine △

Chap. I. Of the Distinction of Creatures, and their respondency to the World.

THE euerlasting God, as infi­nite in wisdome, as incompre­hensible in power, the only buil­der and maker of this wonder­full and glorious frame of the World, hath likewise (by his most diuine knowledge) created, and suffered man to perceiue thrée orders of creatures, all differing in themselues; which are corporall, as the Cle­ments; spirituall, as Angels; and compound, as Man: And these corporall bodies are subdiuided into bright and shining bodies, as Planets and Starres, or into opacious and grosse bodies, as the earth and mettals, or into diaphane and transparent bodies, as aire and water; Or these kind of bodies some haue being onely, as Stones; some, life and being, as Trées; some, sense, life and being, as Beasts; and others, vnderstanding, sense, life, and being, as Man, which is most no­ble of all other; and therefore the Philosophers haue called him Microcosmus, a little World, which doth respond vnto the greater: for as the [Page 28]motion of the whole glove is caused by the volun­tary motion of an intellectuall substance (which some call Daemones, or Intelligentiae) so man is moued by his intellectiue soule, because as Aristo­tle hath proued: Euery thing that is moued, is mo­ued by the vertue of another. And as this most wonderfull frame or Machina doth containe all things in it selfe, because Extra coelum nihil est: so man by knowledge is all, and at all nothing na­tural is hid from him, being not without motions & affectations equall to that glorious & heauenly Hierarchie. And to end this respondency betwixt Microcosmus and Cosmus, betwixt Man and the World, in man are two motions, intellectuall & sensuall, the one to good, the other to bad, so in the world are two locall motions, rationall and irrationall, the one into the West, the other into ye East: for as the irrationall motion is contrary to the rationall; so is the intellectuall to the sensuall. Man thus resembling the heauens, became a Christian, taking the denomination thereof from Christ; Iesus being the proper name, and Christ the surname; Iesus being the name of his God-head and diuinity, and Christ the name of his office and dignity: Iesus in Gréeke being called Sother, in Latine Saluator; in English both signifying a Sauiour; and in conclusion, note from S. Bernard 4 creations of man: The first with­out man & woman, as Adam out of the earth: The second of man without woman, as Euah, of A­dams rib: the third of man & woman, as we are: & the 4 of a virgin, without man, as Christ of Mary.

CHAP. II. The definition of the World.

THe world is Heauen and Earth, & all things therein contained as well simple as mixt, and (as Moses testifies) was made by God. The Latines call it Mundus à mouendo, because it is in continuall motion; it is called of the Gréekes Cosmus, à pulchritudo, because it is most faire and beautifull, as well by reason of the Elements, and such transparent bodies, as by reason of the resplendency of the Sunne, Moone, and Starres: for indeede what is more admirable to behold: which caused Plato to say, eyes were giuen to man to view the glory of heauen, as may also ap­peare by Ouid.

Os hominum sublime dedit, coelum (que) videre.

For what is a more sure testimony of the won­derfull workes of God, or what greater delight is there (to them that truly vnderstand it) then the beholding of the glory of the Sunne, Moone, and Starres, in obseruing their motions vpon their Excentrickes, and Concentricks, in noting the di­uersity of aspect and radiations, with their retro­gradations and directions, their magnitudes and distances, and such like. As for the name of hea­uen, it is called with the Latines Coelum, quià coelatum est, pictatum & ornatum.

CHAP. III. Of the diuision of the World.

THe world is diuided into two parts or re­gions, Elementary and Aethereall: The E­lementary part is subiect vnto daily alteration, and doth containe the Fire, Aire, Water, and Earth. The Aethereall region doth containe in his concauity, the Elementary region, and this Ae­thereall region is called of some, Quinta essentia, the quint-essence, or fist substance, which is a body of it selfe, differing from all Elements, and things Elementall, as well in matter as in forme, and no lesse in nature and quality, containing no contrariety, and being without corruption; such is heauen, and the matter thereof, but the Ele­ments are farre of otherwise, not simple, but com­pounded of viscotions matter: for a pure Ele­ment cannot be seene, because that which is pure wanteth colour, and that which wanteth colour is not visible, and therefore the Elements inter­mingle themselues according to their propinqui­ty, so that an Element is that whereof any thing is compounded: they are the first of compositions, yet of themselues not compounded: for they bee imagined simple bodies in respect of other bodies, compound and mixt of these Elements; euery part taketh name of the whole, as euery part of water, is water; and euery part of fire, is fire: They be diuisible into parts of diuers formes, and of the commixion of them is made and ingendred [Page 31]diuers things of sundry kinds, as well things ve­gitatiue, as sensitiue, rationall or irrationall, and euery of these Elements hath & nourisheth there­in liuing creatures, as the Salamander in our fire, which is but an imperfect element, because it is mixt with viscotious and earthy matter: the Ca­melion in the aire, which there also liueth, and Birds which there abide: the fish in the water, Moles and wormes in the earth, and man and beast vpon the earth: and you must know, that euery body compounded of the foure Elements, is elementary, not that they be Elements for­merly, but vertually in mixt bodies.

CHAP. IIII. Of the Elementall part of the World.

IN the Elementall part of the world is contai­ned the earth, the water, aire, and fire, the su­perficiall conuexity of euery one of these resting in the superficiall concauity of the next superiour Element; and therefore the earth hangeth in the concauity of the water; the water, in the concauity of the aire, and the aire in the conca­uity of the fire:euen as you sée the scales of onions one inclosed in another. Now for the earth, it is a round body like vnto a ball, darke and solid with­out any concauity, hanging by the prouidence of God, fixed in the middest of the world, insomuch that if you were in any other part of the earth, you should be no neerer vnto ye heauens then you are in England; which moued ye Philosophers [Page 32]to say: Stellae aequae distare à centro terrae, siue in Oriente, siue in Occidente, &c. And the Earth (as you shall perceiue hereafter) is but a point in respect of the Heauens, and is by nature cold & dry. Next aboue the earth is the water, the earth hanging in the concauity thereof, they both indéed making but one round globe, as may appeare by the eclypse of the Moone, the seas being bounded and limited by the earth, as may appeare by Psal. 107, and Iob. 38. the water is of nature cold and moist, in compassing the superficiall conuexity whereof is the aire, and is diuided into thrée re­gions, the inferiour, superiour, and meane; the inferiour is warme by reason of the reflection of the Sunne beames reuerberated and beateu backe by the earth: the superiour is hote by occasion of the proximity of the fire, and there Comets and fiery Meteors are ingendred; the meane is coldest, as well by the remotenesse of the fiery region, as also for that the reflection and reuerberation of the sunne beames cannot extend so farre, and here all watery meteors are created, as snow and such like: but the Element of aire of it selfe is warme and moist, hanging in the conca­uity of the fire, which is hote and dry, so that each Element hath qualities of the other by participa­tion as the aire doth participate with the fire in warmnesse, with the water in moistnesse, the earth with the water in coldnesse, and with the fire in drinesse, so that two elements be extreame­ly contrary, as the fire, warme and dry, is contrary to the water, cold and moist; and the aire warme [Page 33]and most is contrary to the earth cold and dry, so that there is in euery Element but one predomi­nating quality, called the qualitie passiue, because they be contrary amongst themselues and cannot consist in euery Element, as the fire exceedeth in heate, the aire in moistnesse, coldnesse in the wa­ter, and drynesse in the earth; and what other qua­lities they haue, commeth by participation: of the material vertue, and natural commixtion of which Element, all bodies perfect and vnperfect (which are bodies mixt) are ingendred: For you must know, that there is nothing in the world, but is compounded hereof as stones take most of the na­ture of the earth, mettals of the slimy nature of the water, plants, hearbs, and all liuing things take most of the aire, and yet all these haue part of the fire, and therefore some stones, as lime-stones and thunder-bolts, take most of the fire, other stones more of the water then earth, as Christall, Birrell, & Pearles, and other participate more of the aire then earth, as such that will not sinke, & so amongst mettals, some participate more of one element then of another: as lead and siluer of the earth; quicke-siluer of ye water; copper of the aire; and iron & gold of ye fire: so may it be said of hearbs and plants, the roots by their thicknesse participa­ting most of the earth; the leaues by their moist­nesse, of water; the blossomes for their lightnesse, of the aire; and the seede by reason of the genera­tiue spirit, of the fire: so do all beasts participate more of one Element then another, as is said be­fore: albeit some parts of them participate of the [Page 34]other Elements, as bones of the earth, flesh of the aire, the spirit vitall of the fire, and the humour of the water. Likewise the senses of man bee at­tributed vnto the foure Elements, as the vnder­standing to the fire, the reason to the aire, the ima­gination to the water, & feeling to the earth. The like is of the outward senses, the sight is appro­priated to the fire, for light is not without fire; the hearing to the aire, as caused by the reuerbera­tion thereof; the smell to the water: for no smell is without moisture; and the touching to the earth. So be the acts of the body, and passions of the mind attributed to the elements; as mouing slowly, to the earth: feare and sorrow, to the wa­ter: ioy, grace and maintenance, to the aire: an­ger, fury and vnrest, to the fire, Let this suffice, lest I be tedious.

CHAP. V. Of the Aethereall or Coelestiall part of the World.

THe celestiall part of the world, called of some the Aethereal Region, or Quinta essentia, en­compasseth and containeth in the concauity there­of, all the Elementall Region. And this celestiall part hath in it ye seuen Planets, & their spheares, the starry Firmament, the Christalline Heauen, the First Mouer, and the Emperiall Heauen, as shall follow.

Of the first Heauen.

The Philosophers had no knowledge of this [Page 35]Emperiall Heauen: onely the Scriptures teach vs to beleiue the saine; and is called the Empe­riall Heauen, by reason of the clearenesse and re­splendency: It is immoueable, made by God, the first day he began his creation of the world, and by him immediatly replenished with his ministers, the holy Angels: It is the foundation of ye world. most fine and pure in substance, most round in shape, most great in quantity, most cleare in qua­lity, & most high in place, where (as it is thought) remaineth the humanity of Jesus Christ, and hath therein thrée Hierarchias, holy orders, or principalities, called: Epiphonia, Epiphonomia, and Euphumia; and these are called of some, Su­percoelestiall, Coelestiall, and Subcoelestiall. Now the first hath in it thrée orders, as Seraphins, Che­rubins, and Thrones: The first excelling in zea­lous loue, the second in knowledge, and the third in iustice. Epiphonomia hath likewise thrée or­ders, as Principalities, teaching inferiours duty to their superiours: Powers, chasing away euill spirits, comforting such as fight in ghostly bat­tell; and Dominations, teaching men how to be­haue themselues in spirituall conflicts. Lastly, Euphumia or Subcoelestiall hath also vnder it thrée lower orders, as Vertues for comforters, Archan­gels, shewing miracles, and Angels working mi­racles: to conclude, here is the aboundance of all goodnesse, and perfect felicity with the priuation of euill.

CHAP. VI. Of the first Moueable.

VNder the Emperiall Heauen, is situate the First Moueable, called Primum Mobile, con­taining all other inferiour Spheares, and by his naturall motion moueth from East to West, and to the East againe in foure and twenty houres, and by violence of this motion carrieth with him all the inferiour Spheares, contrary to their pro­per motion, which is to the East; and many Phi­losophers thinke, that if this motion were not flackened by the contrary course of the inferiour Spheares, that the frame of Heauen and Earth would be torne in péeces, and nothing prosper or remaine, by reason of the violence thereof: This Heauen is puce and cleare without starres.

CHAP. VII. Of the Christalline Heauen.

THe Christalline Heauen is also a cleare sub­stance, void of Starres, not subiect to the sight, perlucid, transparent, and most slow in mo­tion, mouing (according to the succession of the signes) one degree in 100 yeares, and accompli­shing a full reuolution in 36000 yeares, but ac­cording to Alfonsus, in 49000 yeares. The rea­son why this heauē doth require so long a time, is because of the neernesse thereof to the first Moue­able, which turneth this heauen & the rest about [Page 37]with him by a contrary motion, as is said, and therefore the nearer any Spheare is to the first Mouer, the longer is he in accomplishing his re­volution: This reuolution of some is called Mag­ [...]nus annus Platonis, because when it was compleat he thought all things should returne to the estate they were at first. This Heauen is called of some the watery Heauen, by the authority of Scrip­tures, Gen. chap. 1. and in the Psalmes: All the waters aboue the firmament, &c.

CHAP. VIII. Of the Starry Heauen.

THis Firmament is a most glorious heauen a­dorned & beautified with all the fixed starres, whose naturall motion is vpon two little circles, the one about the head of Aries, the other of Li­bra, whose diameters is 4 deg. 18 min. and 43 sec. and is called the motion of Trepidation; but indeed ye motion of this heauen is thrée-fold: for first it turneth about from East to West in foure and twenty houres, according to the diurnall mo­tion: Next it moueth from West to East accor­ding to the 9 Heauen, and is called the motion of the Auges of the fixed starres; which Auges are points limiting the greatest distance of any Spheare from the center of the world. The last is made by vertue of his owne proper motion, as sometimes towards the South, and other times into the North, which is called Motus trepidatio­nis, as is said: this Spheare maketh his whole re­uolution [Page 38]in 7000 yeares, and this motion somes time is called Motus, accessus, & recessus, onely proper to the 8 Spheare, & in this spheare or hea­uen is the Zodiacke, and all the rest of the circles in the materiall spheare imagined to bee: And this 8 spheare, according to Albateginus is di­stant from the earth 19000 semidiameters.

CHAP. IX. The course, colour, placing, magnitude, and distance of the seuen Planets, with the thicknesse of their Spheares.

VNder and within the concauity of the starry Heauen is placed the Orbe and Spheare of Saturne, & so the rest successiuely, which are known by their colour and magnitude: and if any one re­quire to know why these spheares (being so ma­ny) are not subiect to sight, but seeme as one intire body: the reason is, for that they be Bodies per­spicuous, cleare and transparent. But to proceed.

Saturne mouing vnder the 8 spheare, is of a pale leaden colour, requiring 30 yeares to passe through the Zodiacke, and is bigger then the earth 95 times, Albateginus saith but 79. Alfra­ganus saith 91. their diameters being as 9 to 2; & is distant frō the earth 15800 semidiameters, but as Tycho Brache saith, 10550 semidiameters, and as the vulgar say, 237978 miles and a halfe, Saturne being from the firmament 120485 miles, so that the heauen of Saturne must containe in thicknesse 196044546/11 miles, otherwise it could [Page 39]not containe his starre.

Iupiter is next vnder Saturne, faire and bright, ending his reuolution in 12. yeares: according to Albateginus he appeareth as the 12. part of the Sunne, and therefore is bigger then the earth 81 times, Alfrag. saith 95. others 91. their diame­ters being as 32. to 7. he is distant from the earth 10423. semidiameters, but wc the vulgar 159357½ miles, whose heauen containes in thickenesse 18996546/11 miles, and is below Saturne 78721. miles.

Mars, within the concauity of the spheare of Iu­piter, appeares of a fiery colour, running his course in 2. yeares, appearing as the 20, part of the Sunne, and therefore doth containe the whole magnitude of the earth once, and as Albateg. saith, a third part more: some say once and ten sixtéenes, others would haue it twice, which is false: so that their diameters are as 7. to 6. Alfra­ganus puts Mars and the earth in a Sesquialter proportion, with an 8. part ouer, which is once and a halfe, and one 8. part. Mars is distant from the earth 4584. ferè semidiameters: but as the vulgar haue said 80536½ miles, and his spheare is in thicknesse 26308800. miles, and is vnder Iupiter 78721. miles.

The Sunne is placed in ye middle of the planets, most cleare & bright, the well-spring of pure light oculus mundi, anima & cor coeli, finishing his re­uolution euery yeare, delighting (as a Giant) to run his course. And according to Ptolomeus Al­bateginus, and Alfraganus, he is 166¾ times big­ger [Page 40]then the earth, so that their diameters beaye proportion, as 11 to 2. But Copernicus will haue the Sunne to be but 162 ferè more then the earth: so that their diameters areas 5 P. 27. M. to one. According to the first account, the Sunne is distant hence, 1150 Semidiameters; but with the later, 1142 semidiameters; and as the vulgar say, it is from the earth to Sol 64811½ miles, his Heauen containing in thicknesse, 343996 4/11 miles: hee being below Mars, 15725 miles.

Venus, vnder the spheare of the Sunne, doth appeare very cleare and shining; not thrée yeares past, being the Euening starre, she was taken of many at first for a Comet: for indeed shee is brighter then Iupiter; ending her reuolution as the Sunne, from whom shee cannot depart more then 48 degrees: so that going before the sunne, she is called the Morning Starre, and following the sunne, the Euening Starre: she appeareth as the 10 part of Sols diameter, and therefore is les­ser then the earth 36 times, their diameters be­ing as 10 to 3. Alfraganus would haue the earth 28 times more then Venus, others 39, others 37. Tycho saith, 6⅙ times: she is from the earth 618 semidiameters, and as the vulgar say, 41374 miles, lying below the Sunne, 23437½ miles, her Heauen being in thicknesse, 32744946/11 miles.

Mercury, wandring vnder the spheare of Ve­nus, appeareth somewhat shining, but not very bright, being neuer more then 29 degrees [Page 41]elongated frrom the Sunne, and therefore sel­dome seene; his diameter sheweth as the 15 part of the Sunnes diameter, whereby wee may ga­ther, that he is lesse then the earth 19000 times: Alfraganus would haue him 22000 at least: o­thers 32000, others 3143 times lesse. But Ty­cho will haue it but 19 times, and his diameter to be to the diameter of the earth, as 3 to 8. With the vulgar he is distant from the earth 28562 miles, and is below Venus 1282 miles: his Heauen containing in thicknesse, 253372⅔ miles.

The lowest of all the Planets is the Moone, whose body is encompassed within the spheare of of Mercurie, running ouer the whole Zodiacque in 27 daies, 7 houres, 43 minutes, and neere 6 seconds; she is lesser then the earth 39. times so that the body of the Sunne containes the body of the Moone, 6540 ferè. Herewith agréeth Pro­lemaeus, Albategnius, and Alfraganus: But Co­pernicus will haue the Moone 4.3 times lesse: so that (where with the former) their diameters bée as 17 to 5, with Copernicus it is as 7 to 2, and therefore the body of the sunne must exceed the body of the Moone 7000; of the vulgar she is said 15750 miles distant from the earth, with Ty­cho 60 semidiameters, whose heauen containeth 105222 2/33 miles, and is below Mercury 12812 miles.

As touching these distances of the planets, you must know that it is meant when they be in their meane motion, neither in their Apogaeon, or Pe­rigaeon: [Page 42]for then they be much further off, or farre neerer vnto vs.

CHAP. X Of the magnitude of the Sunne and Moone, and the rest of the Planets, with their diameters, and distances from the Earth, in miles, ac­cording to Tycho Brahe: and of the magnitude of the fixed Starres, and other secrets concer­ning them.

TYcho Brahe, a Dane (as by his workes, and commendations of our soueraigne Lord king Iames may appeare) a diligent obseruer of the celestiall bodies, doth much differ in their diame­ters, the magnitude of their bodies, and their di­stance from the earth, from all other ancient wri­ters, as it shall appeare by his demonstration of the sunnes magnitude.

He first obserued by a hollow instrument of 32 foote long, that the greatest apparent diameter of the sunne, being in his Apogaeon, was 30 mi­nutes, in his Perigaeon 32 minutes, and in his meane motion about the Equinoctiall, or a little after, 31 minutes, reiecting vtterly the opinion of Ptolemaeus and Copernicus, that affirme the apparent diameter of the sunne in his Apogaeon, to be 31 minuts, 40 seconds, in Perigaeon néere 34, and in his meane motion 32¾ minutes: Like­wise for the distance of the sunne from the earth in his meane motion, he reiects Ptolemaeus 1165 [Page 43]semidiameters, as too much, and Copernicus 1142 as too little, and iumps at the meane be­twixt both, & so pronoū ­ceth ye sun in his meane motiō 1150 semidiame­ters frō ye earth, draw­ing thereby more neare to a Germane, one Io. Franc. Offus. ye would haue the sunne 576 whole diameters from the earth, which is 1152 semidiameters, hauing thus presupposed his apparēt diameter in his meane motion 31 mi­nuts, & accordingly his distance from the earth 1150 semidiameters: thus hée demonstrates his Corpulencie.

DEC is the body of ye Sun, whose diameter DC maketh the angle DAC 31 M, at A the earth. Now ye distance of the sunne from the earth, is AB 1150 se­midiameters: therefore in ye right lined triangle

[astronomical diagram of sun and earth]

[Page 44]there is giuen two knowne sides containing a knowne angle: (for D A and C A differ not sen­sibly from A B) so that the third side is P. 1122½ ferè, and so many semidiameters of the earth doth the diameter of the sunne containe: therefore his diameter is greater then the earths 5 1/7 4/5 times, by which according to Cubicall numbers, ye body of the Sunne doth excéed the body of the Earth but 139. times, and no more will Tycho allow.

Now the Apparent diameter of the Moone in her meane motion, is 33. minuts, her distance 60 semidiameters: the diameter of the earth contai­ning her diameter 3 2/4 2/9 times, so yt their proporti­ons are as 2 to 7. And thus briefly of these two Planets, whereby it may appeare, that accor­ding to Tycho the diameter of the Sunne con­taines the Moones diameter 18 times, whereby the body of the Moone is lesse then the Sunne, aboue 5848 times: so that the Sunne, neither according to Prolemaeus, doth excéed the Moone more then 6000, nor yet according to Copernicus 7000 times: and in cōclusion, ye Sun in his meane motion is distant from the earth 1150 semidia­meters (as is said) in his Apogaeon in Iune, 1190. and in his Perigaeon but 1110 times, as in De­cember.

Now for the rest of the Planets according to Tycho take them thus briefly, lest I bee te­dious.

Saturne in his meane motion is from the earth semid. 10550. his apparent diameter is M. 1. S. 5. containing the earths diameter 2 9/ [...] [...]/ [...] times, bea­ring [Page 45]proportion as 31 to 11, excéeding the earth 22 times:

Iupiter is from ye earth 3990. semidiameters, his apparent diameter is M. 2¾, and in proporti­on to the earths diameter, as 12 to 5, excéeding the earth but 14 times.

Mars is distant from the earth 1745 semidia­meters, his apparent diameter not all M. 2 wan­ting about one third part, therefore saith Tycho: Per cubicam numerationem terra aliquanto plùs quā tredeciès Marte maior, that is lesse then the earth 13 times.

The apparent diameter of Venus is 3⅓ M. her diameter being to the diameter of the earth, as 6 to 11: so that the body of Venus is lesse then the earth 6 times, and ¾, and distant as the Sun.

Mercury his apparent diameter is 2⅙ M. which the auncient counted insensible, but Tycho saith, he being remoued something from the Sun appeareth as a Scarre of the first magnitude: his diameter being to the earths diameter, as 6 to 11, the corpulency of the earth excéeding him but times and is distant as the Sunne.

By that which is said we may conclude for the common capacity, that the Planets be distant in miles according to T. Brahe from the center of the earth, as followeth.

The exact distance of the seuen Planets from the earth, as they be in their meane motion, ac­cording to moderne obseruation.
Saturne is from the earth9073000 miles.
Iupiter,3431400 miles.
Mars1500700 miles.
The Sunne989000 miles.
Venus and Mercury in their meane motion be as the Sunne, to which Copernicus also assen­teth.
The Moone.48760 miles.

Of the fixed Starres.

The number of the fixed Starres, that the Astronomers take notice of, is 1025. But the Portugals haue brought home newes (by their voyages to India) of certaine other constellations and Cloudes néere to the South pole; but those discoueries as yet be not held probable, chiefly for that Ptolemaeus, in respect of the place where hee dwelt, with a little more trauell, might haue found them out, but did not. The starres in num­ber bee not infinite, as some'thinke, as may ap­peare, Psal. 147. He counteth the number of the Starres, &c. And in Nahum, Chap. 3. ver. 16. Thou hast multiplied thy Merchants aboue the starres of heauen.

Why the Starres seeme fewest in Sommer, and most in Winter.

The reason is, because the predominating cold of the Winter is driuen in Sommer into the middest region of the aire; where (by reason of the Antiperistasis, or circumstance of heate aboue and beneath) the aire is so ingrosed and thickned that our sight cannot pierce through the same, whereby the lesser starres appeare not to ye sight, [Page 47]whereas in winter the cold breaking forth, and dispersing it selfe, becommeth more thin, and the aire more pure, whereby wée may see vnto the starres, as through a transparent glasse, or the light of the Sunne, which obscureth the bright­nesse of the Starres, neuer departeth farre from vs in Sommer, leauing a mixture of his light a­boue the Horizon, whereas in winter he is much depressed, for the darker the night, the brighter the starres, and the more appeare, so the aire bée cleare. And this is another cause.

Of the magnitude of the Starres compared to the Earth.

Amongst the number of the fixed starres, there be six magnitudes, and the least is bigger then the earth, as followeth.

Starres of the first magnitude are to the globe of the earth, as 6859 to 64, their diameters bée­ing as 19 to 4, and therefore containe the globe of the earth 107 times, and ⅙ thereof, as the Heart of the Lyon, Orion, the Goat, &c.

Starres of the second magnitude, bee to the globe of the earth, as 19465109 to 216000, their diameters being as 269 to 60, and therefore ex­céedeth the earth 90⅛ times, as the right side of Perseus, the right thigh of Pegasus, &c.

Starres of the third magnitude be to the globe of the earth, as 15625 is vnto 216, their diame­ters being as 25 to 6, excéeding the earth 72 [...]/ [...] times, as the Girdle of Andromeda, &c.

Starres of the fourth magnitude, bee to the [Page 48]globe of the earth, as 6859 is to 125. their diame­meters being as 19 to 5, containing the earth 54 times, as the North Asellus, the former and later of the Kids, &c.

Starres of the fifth magnitude be to the globe of the earth as 1685159 is to 46656. their dia­meters being as 119 to 36, containing the earth 36⅛ times, as the third of the fourth in the left wing of Virgo, the right knée of Leo, &c.

Starres of the sixth magnitude be to the globe of the earth, as 9261 is vnto 512, their diame­ters being as 31 to 8, and therefore containe the globe of the earth 18 [...]/19 times.

Of Constellations.

A Constellation, called otherwise an Asterisme, is a represēting of a lining creature, or some other thing (after a certaine sort) as well for that the number of starres in that place represent ye forme of such a creature, or such a figure, as also for that these figures expresse some property of ye starres that are in them.

Of these Constellations, the number that bée in all the heauens, bée 48, whereof 21 bee in the North, in the South 15, and in the Zodiacke of the eighth spheare be 12, as Aries, Taurus, &c. But besides these constellations, there be some o­ther more lately deuised, as Antinous and Bereni­ces haire. Also the constéllations recounted by the Portugals, as the Crosse, the Doue, the Triangle, and the little Clouds about the South pole.

Of the twinkling of Starres.

The starres do not twinckle, as we thinke they [Page 49]do, onely our eyes bee deceiued by the motion of the aire: for as the aire hath one motion proper, that is vpwards, so hath it another motion im­proper, caused by the reuolution of the heauens e­uery 24 houres, which draw all the aiery region about therewith, by which meanes, the apparent forme of the starres is distracted, seeming to cast forth sparkles, called twinckling, which wée may well proue by a péece of siluer in the bottome of a swift running riuer, or by looking vpon the stars, which by reflection be seene in the same.

But the Planets doe not twinckle, because they bée farre more néere vnto vs, whereby their beames be stronger, and lesse distorted, piercing strongly through the aire, so that they shine cleare without any twinckling: for the nearer any light is vnto vs, the stronger is the beame of the light that procéedeth from the same.

What the starres be made of.

The Starres be of the same matter as the Hea­uen is, wherin they be fixed, they be defined, Den­sior pars sui orbis, so that they bee of the same matter, though farre more thicke, apt to receiue and retaine the light of the Sunne, whereby they become subiect to the sight: for let the light of a candle pierce through any hole vpon the roofe of some darke house, and the light of the same will appeare, and make that part shining and subiect to sight, whereas the contrary would happen in a light and perspicuous place: for the heauen it selfe is most pure and thinne, and not visible, & there­fore some thinke the milke-white circle in heauen [Page 50]called of Astronomers, Galaxia, is more visible then the rest of the heauen, Arist. saith, but vn­truly, that it is a Meteor; Others say, it is made by reason of the number of starres in that place, which confusedly mingle their light together, as Democritus: therefore vnderstand a starre to be of the same matter as his heauen is, being onely the thickest part of his orbe, which reflecting, not transmitting the beames of the Sun, cause him to be more shining and subiect to sight.

CHAP. XI. Of the 6 great Circles in Heauen, and the twelue Signes.

MAN, with the pencell of imagination, hath traced out in the 8 spheare, 6 great circles, and also 4 lesser: the great circles are, first the Ho­rizon, which some call the Finitor, and is a great circle diuiding the visible part of the heauen from the inuisible: that is, the vpper hemispheare from the lower.

2 The Meridian is a circle passing by the poles of the world, and the Verticall point, to which circle when the Sunne commeth, aboue the earth it is noone, and vnder the earth, night,

3 The Equinoctiall is a great circle diuiding the spheare into two parts, and when the Sunne is therein (which happeneth twise euery yeare) the daies and nights are equal through the world, vnlesse with such that inhabite iust vnder the Poles.

4 The Zodiaque is a great oblique circle, 12 degrées broad, diuiding the spheare into two equal parts, and crossing the Equinoctiall in Aries and Libra, so that the part vpon the North side the Equinoctiall is called the North part, and ye other betwéene the Equinoctiall and the South pole, ye South moity of the Zodiaque: In the middest of this broad circle is a line called the Eclipticke, or via Solis, for that the Sunne and Moone bée ne­uer eclipsed, but in that circle: so that there bée 6 degrées vpon the North side the line, and o­ther 6 vpon the South side the Eclipticke, which is called North and South Declination, further then which ye Sun departs not North or South, being bounded with the Tropiques. This circle is called Zodiacus à [...], which is vita, because ac­cording to the motion of the Planets vnder the same, life is giuen vnto all inferiour creatures, or it is called [...] Zodion, which is Animal, be­cause it is diuided into 12 equall parts, euery part being called a signe, and haue the name of some one liuing creature or other, agréeing to the na­ture of those parts, or by reason of the disposition of the fixed starres, agréeing to the nature of those beasts: with the Latines it is called Signifer, quia sert signa, or because it is diuided into them. Arist. in Lib. 2. de Generatione & Corruptione, calleth it Circulus obliquus, where hée saith, that accor­ding to the accesse and recesse of the Sunne in this oblique circle, all generation and corruption is made in these inferiors: the which signes with their characters follow.

  • 1 Aries ♈.
  • 2 Taurus ♉.
  • 3 Gemini II.
  • 4 Can­cer ♋.
  • 5 Leo ♌.
  • 6 Virgo ♍.
  • 7 Libra ♎.
  • 8 Scorpio
  • 9 Sagitarius ♐.
  • 10 Capricor­nus ♑.
  • 11 Aquarius ♒.
  • 12 Pisces ♓.

Of which 12 signs the first 6 be called Northerne, the other Southerne, the Astronomers doe also diuide some into Ascendents, as from Capricorne to the end of Gemini, Others into Descendents; as from the beginning of Cancer, to the end of Sagitarius: some againe be Vernal, as Aries, Tau­rus, and Gemini: some Estiuall, as Cancer, Leo, Virgo: some Autumnall, as Libra, Scorpio, Sa­gitarius: and some Hiemall, or Brumall, as Capri­corne, Aquarius, and Pisces, which signifie the 4 quarters of the yeare: the first compared to san­guine, and attributed to child-hood; the second choler, attributed to youth; the third melancholy, attributed to elder age; and the last flegme, attri­buted unto old age. Also some are of the fiery Triplicity, as Aries, Leo, Sagitarius; some of the earthly Triplicity, as Taurus, Virgo, Capri­corne; some of ye aiery triplicity, as Gemini, Libra, Aquarius; and some of the watry Triplicity, as Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces. Some againe are moueable, others fixed, others common: Some likewise bée Orientall, some Meridionall, some Occidentall, & some Septentrionall, some diur­nall, some Nocturnall, some Masculine, & others seminine, as shal appeare in their proper natures.

5 & 6. The Colures are two great circles mo­ueable and passing by ye poles of the world, whose office is to distinguish the Solstitials and Equino­ctials, [Page 53]they bee called Colures à [...] with the Greekes, which is Membrum, and [...], which is Bos syluester, because the taile of a wilde beast being erected (which is a member) doth make a semicircle yet vnperfect: or as Schola interprets it, A [...] with the Greekes, or [...], the first, sillable beeing short, à [...], which is Mutilum, mancum, vnperfect, or maimed, and [...], which is Cauda the taile, because they appeare vnperfect, or maimed, being neuer séene all at once to vs, but as it were the taile or some part cut off: these two circles, the one passe by the beginning of Cancer and Capricorne, appointing the Som­mer and Winter Solstitials: the other by the be­ginning of Aries and Libra, coequating ye dayes and nights, and crosse one the other with tight sphericall angles vpon the poles of the world, and these 4 times are expressed in these 2 verses.

Hac duo Solstitium faciunt: Cancer, Capricornus:
Sed noctes aequant Aries, & Libra diebus.

CHAP. XII. Of the foure lesser Circles in Heauen.

THese circles bee called lesser circles, because they diuide not the spheare into two equall parts, as the great circles doe, and they bée foure in number, called the two Polar circles, and the two Tropickes, of which Polar circles, the one is called ye Arctique, the other the Antarctique, both being made by the conuersion of the Poles of the Ecliptique, so that they be alwaies distant as far [Page 54]from the poles of the world, as the Sunnes grea­test declination from the Equinoctiall commeth to, which is 23 degrées 28 minutes: the Arctique taketh his name of Arctos, which is the Beare, whose one fore-foote doth also describe this circle. This circle is also called Septentrional, of Septen­trio, which signifies 7 Oxen, represented by the 7 starres in the lesser Beare. The Tropickes take their names from the Greekes also, à [...], which is conuersio, or [...], which with Cicero lib. 2. de natura Deor. is Reuersio, so that taking the Tro­pique from Tropos, it is a conuersion or reuersion of the Sunne, because being in either of these circles, hée alwaies turneth againe towards the Equinoctiall.

CHAP. XIII. Of Time.

TIme is the measurer of motion, and (as Ar­mandus saith) of Rest and Quietnesse, contai­ning thrée parts; Past, Present, and to Come: Time present, called (Nunc) being a moment in­diuisible, or the least part of Time, and yet the beginner and ender of time: euen as a point is the least part of a line, and yet beginneth and endeth the same; for Nunc (now, this instant) doth knit Tempus praeteritum, & futurum, ending time past, and beginning time to come. There is also a space or time, called Seculum. An age in English, being an hundred yeares: at the end of which time, in Rome they were vsed to celebrate Plaies, called Ludi seculares. There is another [Page 55]space of time, containing a thousand yeares, called Aeuum, being ten Ages; But Iohannes de sacro Bosco, diuides the lesser parts of time into fiue parts, as Quadrans, the fourth part of the day, or six houres, an houre being the 24 part of a natural day; 2 Punctus in the Sunnes account the 4 part of an houre, in the Moones the 5 part; 3 Mo­mentum, the 10 part of Punctus; 4 Vncia the 12 part of Momentum, and the last is Atomos, the 44 part of Vncia.

CHAP. XIIII. Of the day both Naturall and Artificiall, and their diuers beginnings.

THe day is of two sorts, Naturall and Artifici­all, the Naturall day is the space of 24 houres, in which time the Sunne is caried by the first Mo­uer, from the East into the West, and so round a­bout the world into the East againe.

The Artificiall day continues from Sunne rising to Sunne setting, and the Artificiall night is from the sunnes setting to his rising. And you must note that this naturall day, according to di­uers, hath diuers beginnings, as the Romanes count it from mid-night to mid-night, because at that time our Lord was borne, being Sunday, and so do we account it for fasting dayes. The Arabi­ans begin their day at Noone, and end at Noone ye next day: for because they say the Sunne was made in the Meridian, and so doe all Astronomers account the day, because it alwaies falleth at [Page 56]one certaine time. The Vmbrians, the Tuscan [...], the Iewes, the Athenians, Italians, and Egyptians, do begin their day at sunne set, and so do we cele­brate festiuall daies. The Babylonians, Persians, and Bohemians, begin their day at sunne rising, holding till sunne setting, and so do our Lawyers count it in England.

The Phisitians diuide the day into 4 quarters, the first is from the 9 houre of the night to the 3 houre of the day, warme and moist, mouing to sanguine. The second is from the 3 houre of the Artificiall day, to the 9 houre, warme and dry, in­creasing choler. The third is from the 9 houre to the 3. houre of the night, cold and dry, begetting melancholy. The fourth is from the 3 houre of the night, to the 9 againe, cold and moist, causing phlegme.

Ioannes de sacro Bosco diuides the Artificiall day thus into 4 quarters, calling the first Rubens, the second Splendens, the third vrens, & the fourth Tepens, whereupon the sunne is fained to haue 4 horses, Eous, Lampas, Pyrois, & Phlegon.

The Iewes began at sun rising, and so diuided the Artificial day into 4 quarters, alotting to eue­ry quarter 3 houres, wherby also they diuided the day Artificiall into 12 equall parts, calling euery part an houre, and beginning at sunne rising: so that 12 a clocke, or high noone, was their 6 houre, and sunne set their 12 houre: so that where the Scriptures say: The Ague left him the seuenth houre, that is, at one a clocke; so the labourers ye came into the Vineyard at the 11 houre, came at [Page 57]fiue of the clock: but by this 5 a clock is meant the houre of the Artificiall day, and not the Naturall day, the which is knowne according to the time of the yeare: for the Artificiall day is done some time of the yeare before 5, as in the 25 Chapter.

CHAP. XV. Of the names of the Dayes, and their Etymologie.

THe Iewes call their first day Sabbatum, the next, Prima Sabbati, the next, secunda Sab­bati, &c. according as is written: Manè prima Sabbati surgens Dei filius: that is, the first day after the Sabboth, which is our Sunday, vpon which day the Romanes (calling the Planets Gods) began their account, calling ye first the day of the Sun, the next of ye Moone, the next of Mars, the next of Mercury, the fifth of Iupiter, the sixth of Venus, and the last of Saturne, still skipping to the third Planet, because the 24 houres in the Ar­tificiall day and night, are giuen to the 7 Planets successiuely: so that if Sol rule the first houre vp­on Sunday, (as hee must, because it is his owne day) then Venus hath the next, and so proceed, gi­uing euery of the 24 houres a Planet in true suc­cession, & you shall finde, that the 24 houre, which beginneth Munday, falleth to ye Moone; therefore if any day be denominated by any one planet, the next day following taketh denomination of the third Planet next following, which order after the Christians obserued. And you shall note, that [Page 58]a day in Latine, called Dies, is so called, à [...], which is Clarus, or à [...], which is Duo, because ye naturall day is diuided into 2 parts, to wit, in­to Day, & Night: or it may be called Dies, à Dijs: for the Planets be called Dij, (Gods) whereof the dayes take their names.

Nox, the Night, is so called, à Noceo, noces, be­cause it is Tempus nocentibus aptum, a fit time to do hurt and mischiefe.

CHAP. XVI. Of the Weeke.

A Wéeke hath diuers names, in Latine it is called Septimana, à Septem and Mane, as it were, hauing septem Matutina tempora, seauen mornings: And so pars is taken pro toto. It is also called Hebdomada, ab [...], which is septem, as containing seauen daies. It is also cal­led Sabbatum by the Iewes, and therefore it is said in Scripture, Ieiuno bis in Sabbato, &c. wherby Sabbatum is Aequiuocum ad totam sep­timanam. And you must note, that the Iewes Sabboth day was Saterday, but the Christians ob­serued Sunday for to begin their wéeke, because on that day our Lord was borne, rose, and sent his holy Ghost vpon his Apostles.

CHAP. XVII. Of a Moneth, Solar, and Vsuall.

OF Moneths there be thrée kinds, Solar, Lu­nar, and Vsuall. The Solar moneth is the [Page 59]space of time that the Sun runneth through one signe of the Zodiacke, being 30 dayes.

The Vsuall Moneth is the number of dayes according as they bee in our Kalender, and a­mongst the Latines, Romulus first distinguished the moneths, diuiding ye yeare into 10 moneths, because in that time a woman might bring forth a childe, or because (during that time) it was not fit for a woman to marry after the death of her husband.

The first moneth he called Martius, à Marte, of Mars his Father, or rather of Mars in respect of warre, because as then the Romane Kings were vsed to procéed in expeditions: for it is rather thought that Amulius was Romulus his Father. then Mars, Amulius being his vnckle.

The next moneth he called Aprill, ab Aperien­do, because then the poares of the earth opened. The third is May, à Maioribus: the fourth Iuni­us, à Iunioribus. The rest of the moneths were called Quintilis, Sextilis, September, October, Nouember, and December, because they were 5 6, &c moneths distant from March. But after, Numa Pompilius added, two more moneths, to make them twelue, calling the one Ianuary, à Ia­nua, because as you passe per Ianuam in atrium: so per Ianuarium in annum: or of Ianus, the God of Merchandize, who hauing two faces, so Ianu­ary hath two respects, the one to the yeare past, the other to the yeare to come. The other mo­neth he called February, à Februo: that is, a Plu­tone, because then the Romans offered sacrifice to [Page 60] Pluto, and the infernall Gods, for the soules of their ancestors: or it is called February, à Febre, because as then in warme regions, men were ac­customed, Febricitare, that is, to be sicke of an A­gue: so also may September be said, quasi septi­mus ab imbre, which is à Tempore pluuioso. And to these moneths he gaue some 30 daies, others 31 daies orderly: so that when he came to Ianu­ary he wanted a day, which he tooke from Febru­ary, which he restored againe in the Leape-yeare. Then commeth Iulius Caesar, and altereth the moneth Quintilis to Iuly, calling it after his name: for that hee was borne in that moneth. After whom commeth Augustus, and calleth the moneth Sextilis Augustus, after his owne name; and grudging that his moneth August should haue lesser dayes in it then Caesars moneth, hee taketh another day from February, adding the same to August, and thereby left February but 28 dayes, whereby hee did disorder the daies of the moneth, that before did consist of 30 and 31 daies successiuely, making Iuly, August, and September haue 31 dayes altogether, and February but 28 dayes: wherefore to auoid this inconuenience, he was forced to take a day from September, gi­uing it to October, & another from Nouember for December. The which ordination of ye moneths, and position of dayes, is vsed to this present time, according to these verses:

Sep. No. Iun. Ap. dato triginta: reliquis magic vno:
Nisit bissextus, februus minor esto duobus.

Which is,

Thirty daies hath September,
Aprill, Iune, and Nouember:
The rest haue thirty and one,
Saue February alone.
Which moneth hath but eight and twenty meare,
Saue when it is Bissextile, or Leape-yeare.

CHAP. XVIII. Of the Lunar Moneth, and the diuersities thereof.

OF Moneths Ioan. de sacro Bosco noteth 4 kinds, as the moneth of Peragration, of Apparition, Medicinall, and the moneth of Con­secution.

The moneth of Peragration is a space of time containing daies 27, houres 7, minutes 43, se­conds 7, thirds 15, fourths 36, fifths 55. In which space the Moone runneth through the 12 signes of the Zodiacke, and is called of some a yeare, of which yeares it is not much for one to liue 1000: for 80 Solar yeares make as ma­ny within 40. But this moneth is accompli­shed certaine minuts sooner or later, according to her swift or slow motion.

The second is the Moneth of Aparition con­sisting of 28 dayes, vulgarly diuided into foure wéekes.

The Moneth Medicinall containeth (according to Galen) 26 daies and a halfe, and is also diuided into 4 wéekes.

The last is the moneth of Consecution, being a space of time that the Moone departing from con­iunction with the Sunne, passeth round about the circls of the Zodiacke, returning to ye point where she left the Sunne, finishing her Moneth of Pe­ragration, but finding the Sunne not there, because he is carried by his owne proper motion neere one signe further, shee is forced to spend two daies, 4 houres, 44 I. 3 II. and 16 III. to ouertake the Sunne, before shee can come into coniunction againe: so that this moneth is produced vnto 29 daies and a halfe, &c. and is called the Moneth of Consecution: for that the Moone prosecutes to ouertake the Sunne.

CHAP. XIX. Of the Lunar Yeare, both Common and Extraordinary.

OF Lunar yeares there bee two kindes, the one is called in Latine Annus Communis, the other Embolismalis. The common Lunar yeare is the space of 12 Moones (not Moneths) or changes, which the Latines call Lunations, it is called the common yeare Lunar, in respect of his accord with the Solar yeare: for as the one con­taines 12 Moones Lunar: so the other consisteth of 12 moneths Solar, the one hauing 365 dayes, the other 354 dayes; (but in both there is omissi­on of fractions) so that the Solar yeare excéeds the common Lunar yeare, 11 dayes, of which the E­pact is made.

The yeare called Annus Embolismalis, is a space of 13 Moones, containing 384 dayes, so that this yeare exceedeth the common Lunar yeare 30 daies, & the Solar yeare 19 dayes, it is called Em­bolismus ab Embolismo, as Bissextilis is à Bis sex, Sacro Bosco castles it Embolismus ab [...], which is quiddam insertum.

CHAP. XX. Of the Solar yeare, and the Etymology thereof.

THe Astronomers make many diuisions of this Solar yeare, which are not much néedfull to be knowne, in respect of this Treatiss. To bee therefore short, the Solar yeare is a space of time that the Sunne by his proper motion departing from some point in the Eclipticke, returneth to the same place againe: and this yeare Solar is ei­ther Astronomicall, or Poeticall; the Astronomi­call yeare is either Tropicall, or Sidereall; and the Tropicall yeare is either Equall or Vnequall. The Tropicall yeare taketh his beginning from the Vernall Equinox, containing 365 dayes, 5 houres, 49 minuts, 15 seconds, and 46 thirds, but the vnequall or aparent Tropical yeare containes sometime more, as 365 dayes, 5 houres, 56 mi­nuts, 53 seconds, and 1 third; and other times lesse, as 365 dayes, 5 houres, 42 minutes, 38 se­conds, and 27 thirds: And this vnequality is made by the vnequall precession of the Equino­ctiall points.

The Egyptians wanting the vse of letters, set forth the yeare like an Adder eating her owne taile: so that it may bee said, Annus ab An­guis a Snake; wee may depaint the yeare by a King, in respect they both turne round in them­selues: so may it be called Annus from Annulus, a King: for a motion in a King finished, beginneth againe without end, and therefore Virgil ‘At (que) in se sua per vostigia voluitur Annus.’ Some call a yeare, Annus ab innouatione, because the strength and vertue of all vegetable things is renewed, and are passed ouer by the course of time: It is called Annus ab An, which is Circum, and eo in, by reason of the foresaid reuolution of Time.

CHAP. XXI. Of the Iulian yeare, or our vulgar yeare, and of the Leap-yeare, and the cause thereof, with the diuers beginnings of yeares.

IVlius Caesar, anno mundi, 3925.45 yeares be­fore the birth of Christ, and the yeare before his bloudy death noting the falsenesse of the yeare then vsed, by the Councell of Sosigenes, an ex­cellent Mathematitian, made the yeare to consist of 365 dayes and 6 houres, and because it would be very difficult to computate these 6 houres eue­ry yeare: for should you begin this yeare at 12 of the clocke and 6 houres, it must end the next yeare at 12 and 6 houres, and the next yeare fol­lowing would end at mid-night, &c. So that wee [Page 65]should driue the beginning of the yeare euery 4 yeares a day further, without the getting of a day: so that in 124 yeares, the Annuntiation of Mary would fall to bée where Saint Marke E­uangelist is, or a day sooner. To auoyd which in­conuenience Caesar concluded, that at euery foure yeares there should be a day gotten by the surplus of the 6 houres in euery yeare: for 4 times 6 make 24 houres, which day he added to February, for that it is the shortest moneth, and according to ye ancient, and also according to our Churches ac­count, the last moneth; and this day they put at the 25 of February, so that the letter F is twise re­peated, Saint Mathias day being obserued vpon the later, according to the verse

Bissextum sextae Martis tenuere Calendae,
Posteriore die celebrantur festa Mathiae.

So that the Iulian yeare is two-fold, as Iulian and Bissextill, it is called Bissextill, of bis and sex, because the 6 Kalends of March is twise repea­ted: so may it be called Annus intercalaris, because of the day that is put betwéene: so may February in that respect be called Mensis intercalaris, and so may the 25 of February, that yeare, be called Dies intercalaris.

But since the Romanes haue found that this Iulian yeare was too great, and by helpe of Anto­nius Lilius, they haue abated the quantity of the yeare, making it to consist of 365 daies, 5 houres, 49 minutes, and 12 seconds, whereby their ac­count in the celebration of the festiuall daies, and of the times of the yeare, differeth 11 dayes from [Page 66]ours, as in my Kalender; and yet is neither of these accounts precisely true, by occasion of the vnequall precession of the Equinoctiall points, of which here is no place to speake.

By this that is said, in the Chapters before, you may gather that a wéeke hath seuen dayes, or 168 houres; a moneth 4 wéekes, 30 dayes, or 720 houres (I speake of Solar moneths;) and a yeare 52 wéekes, 12 moneths, 365 dayes, or 8760 houres: But the leape yeare hath 366 daies, or 8784 houres, wanting indéed, according vnto true calculation 47 minutes, and 12 seconds, and so much doth euery foure yeares differ from our Iu­lian yeare, which is 11 minutes, and 48 seconds euery yeare.

And you must note, that according vnto di­uers men, the yeare hath diuers beginnings, which some call Aera; Numa Pompilius did begin the yeare at the Hyemall Solstitiall, because as then the Sunne began to ascend.

Romulus began the yeare at the Equinoctiall of March, because as then all things began to flourish, all trées and plants to bud, &c.

The Arabians begin their yeare at the Estiuall Solstitiall, because they are of opinion yt the Sun was made in Leo. Some let their yeare take be­ginning at the Autumnall Equinoctiall. The E­gyptians count from the death of Nabuchad­ono­zor; the Persians from Iezdegird, the Arabians or Moores, from the preaching of Mahomet, who was after the birth of Christ, 626 yeares. The Astronomers begin their yeare the first of Ianuary, [Page 67]and so do we take it vulgarly in England: But the Church of England, and the date of all writings, and such like, hath their yeare to begin vpon the 25 day of March. The Iewes began their yeare after two sorts, viz, for feasts in March, and for o­ther affaires in September: And so must wee vn­derstand Ezechiel, chap. 40. vers. 1. The Spani­ards did reckon their yeare for tributes, and all o­ther payments, from the Emperour Octauian, vntill King Iohn altered it to the Natiuity of our Lord; and you shall note that it was 500 yeares after the birth of Christ, that the Christians did begin their yeare at the Annunciation of Mary.

CHAP. XXII. Vulgar errours reformed.

I Tould you before in what time the Sunne did finish his course through the 12 signes of the Zodiaque, and here you must know further, that he hath thrée motions, as slow, being in Apogae­on, or his greatest Eccentricity, and then goeth not aboue 57 minutes, 18 seconds in 24 houres, and sometime but 56 minuts, 43 seconds. Swift, being in Perigaeon, or nearest the earth, and then may goe one degrée, 1 minute, and 43 seconds in 24 houres: and his meane motion, at what times he passeth 59 minuts, and 8 seconds in 24 houres, by occasion whereof diuers things happen con­trary, as the vulgar take it, as there be more daies by about 10 from the Equinoctiall of March vn­to the Equinoctiall of September, then there is [Page 68]from the Equinoctiall of September to the Equi­noctiall of March.

By occasion of this diuersity of the Sunnes motion, the vulgar be also much deceiued, that say that the dayes doe lengthen and shorten one houre euery 15 dayes, which is false, indéed from the 11 of March vnto the 27 of Aprill that pro­portion is true: but then from the 27 of Aprill it must be to the 17 day of May, which is 20 daies before the day be an houre longer, and then from the 17 of May (at what time the day is 16 houres long in the latitude of 52 degrèes, and 20 minuts) vnto the 12 of Iune, which is 26 dayes, the day doth but lengthen halfe an houre and 3 minutes. The like it doth in shortning.

Another errour doe they run into concerning the Dogge-dayes, wherein the old Computation was much to blame, in pretending a certainty for the beginning of them the 6 of Iuly, and ending the 17 of August, which is false, as I noted in my Almanacke 1607: But as there, so also in this Kalender shall they be truly placed: the effect of the Starre Plin. reporteth, lib. 1. chap. 40. of his Naturall History.

Another errour most runne into, concerning the primeing of the moone: for it is not (as they sup­pose) alwaies vpon the 5 day, it containes a halfe quarter of yt Moone, & happeneth she being 3 daies and 18 houres old, being then 4 points of the com­passe to the Eastward of the Sunne.

Also you shall note that when the hornes of the Moone hang perpendicular one ouer the other, [Page 69]then the Moone is 90 degrées of the Eclipticke a­boue the Horizon; if the vpper horne incline more into the East then the lower horne doth, then she is short of 90 degrées: but if the vpper horne be more into the West, the Moone is more then 90 degrées of the Eclipticke from the Hori­zon: but this is not meant degrées of altitude, ta­ken instrumentally.

CAAP. XXIII. Of the Kalends, Nones, &c. And what they be.

YOu must know that in euery moneth there be thrée principall dayes, which (as the Ro­mans pleased) gaue denomination to all the rest of the daies in the yeare, and they be called Ka­lends, Nones, and Ides.

The Kalends be the first day of euery moneth, from which the daies are accounted backwards, calling the next day in this regression, Pridiè Ca­lendas, as the last of March is Pridiè Calendas Aprilis; they were called Kalends, or Calendae, as it were Colendae, because in old time they were v­sed to sanctifie the first day of euery moneth in ho­nour of Iuno: and therefore Ouid said: ‘Vendicat Ausonias Iunonis cura Calendas.’ Or they be called Kalends of [...] Calo, which is voco, to call, because the first day of euery moneth the Pontifex minor standing in an eminent place of ye Citie, did make 4 calles or more, according to the number of daies, that the Faires, called Nundi­nae, should endure: & therefore in the plurall num­ber [Page 70]they bee called Calendae, as it were calles.

Or they may bee called Kalendae, Kalends, à [...], which is Bonum, because the first day of e­uery moneth one friend was accustomed mu­tually to giue certaine gifts or presents to ano­ther, to the end that all the moneth following, there might happen to them bonum omen.

Now the Nones bee certaine daies placed in e­uery moneth, wherof the most hath but 6, and the moneth yt hath least, 4. they begin at the Ides, and end at the Kalends: they take their name (as some say) of Non, because during that time, the Romanes sanctified no day to their God, as may appeare by Ouid: ‘Nonarum tutela Deo caret, &c.’

Or they might be called Noue, by reason of the renouation of their images euery moneth: or they are called Nonae, à Nundinis, which is Faires, or markets, because the number of Nones, limited the duration thereof in euery moneth.

Lastly, about the midst of euery moneth there be certaine daies called Ides, which is (as it were) Diuisions: for they diuide euery moneth into 2 parts, and are a number of 8 daies, which in eue­ry moneth (according to the order of daies in our Kalender) follow the Nones, according to the verse.

Octo tenent Idus menses generaliter omnes.

But some moneths haue more Nones then o­thers, as in the verse.

Mar. Ma. lul. Oct. senas, reliquis dato bis duo Nonas.

Therefore if you take all the Nones and Ides, [Page 71]of euery moneth, and adde them together, substra­cting the whole from the number of dayes in the moneth, then is the remainder the number of Ka­lends in that moneth; and as there is Pridiè Ka­lendas, so there is Pridiè Nonas, and Pridiè Idus.

And you must know, that amongst the anci­ent Astronomers, there bee certaine vnfortunate dayes in euery moneth, the which in many mat­ters they held ominous and fatall: but of the truth thereof let them iudge that are obseruers thereof; onely I will set them downe, lest of some the booke bee condemned for their absence, and in such sort as no one as yet hath obserued.

CHAP. XXIIII. Of the infortunate and fatall dayes of the yeare, as also of the good and happy dayes.

  • IAnuary the
  • February the 8.10. and the 17.
  • March the 15.16. and the 19.
  • Aprill the 16. and 21. Not so euill the
  • May the 7.11.20. Not so bad the 3. and 5.
  • Iune the 4. and 7. Not so euill. 10.15.22.
  • Iuly the 15.20.
  • August the 19.20. These not so bad, 1.29. and 30.
  • September the 6 and 7. Not so bad, the
  • October the 5. Not so bad, the 3.16.24.
  • Nouember the 15.19. Not so bad
  • December the 6.7.9. Not so euill the 15.17.22.

Furthermore, Astrologers will haue in euery [Page 72]Moone 2 infortunate daies, wherein they recount it most vnhappy to begin or vndertake any kinds of worldly affaires, and they repute them right perilous many wayes else, the which dayes fol­low.

In Ianuary the 3 and 4 day of the new Moone. February the 5 and 7. March the 6 and 7. April the 5 and 8. May the 8 and 9. Iune the 5 and 15. Iuly the 3 and 13. August 8 and 13. September 8 and 13. October 5 and 12. Nouember the 5 and 9. December the 3 and 13.

Againe, there bee sixe most infortunate daies chosen out of the whole yeare by some, wherein they aduertise no man to bleed, because of great danger of death: and for that the effects of the Constellations worke most wonderfull to death, and otherwise be right vnfortunate: It is therefore very ill to haue a child borne in them, for feare of an euill death; and bad and vnhappy they be in other humane affaires, as ye ancients teach, and they be.

Ianuary the 3 day. Iuly the 1. October the 2. Aprill the 30. August the 1. and the 31.

Moreouer, in euery moneth there were two dayes which were called Aegri, mali, & Aegypti­aci, they be called Aegri, ab effectu, because, ac­cording to the opinion of many, if any fell sicke in any of these dayes, they should hardly or neuer escape it: They bee called Mali, because it was naught to begin any kinde of worke, by reason of the euill affections of the Constellations: They be called Aegyptiaci, because they were inuented [Page 73]of the Egyptians: and they do also note vnto vs the 10 plagues of Egypt in these verses:

Sanguis, rana, culex, muscae paruae, pecus, vlcus;
Grando, locustae, nox, mors, prius orta necant.
Bloud, frogs, lice, flies, all cattell lost their breath,
Plague, haile, locusts, night, no man scaped death.

Now these infortunate daies were noted al­waies in the Romane Kalender, notwithstanding ye inhibition of Augustine, saying: Calendas men­sium, & dies Aegyptiacos, non obseruetis. But yet to satisfie all, take them in the ensuing verses.

Armis Gunfe. Dei Kalatos, Adamare dabatur.
Linamemor, Constans gelidos, Infancia quosdam.
Omne limen, Aaron bagis, Concordia laudat.
Chije linkat, Ei Coëquatae, Gearcha Lifardus.

Of the words in these foure verses, euery two serue for one moneth, the first standing for Ianu­ary: If therefore you desire to know the first of the two former fatall daies in any moneth, count so many daies from the beginning of the moneth de­scending, as the first letter in the first word is di­stant from A inclusiuely, according to the Alpha­bet, & where that number ends, there is the fatall day; as in Aprill L. (beginning Lixa) is the 10 let­ter in the Alphabet, therefore the 10 day is fatall, and according to the number of the first letter (in the order of ye Alphabet) of the secōd sillable, ye said houre of yt said day is vehemently to be suspected.

But to haue the second fatall day of the moneth, you must reckon so many daies from the last day of the moneth ascending, as the number of yt first letter of the second word, for yt moneth, commeth [Page 74]vnto in the order of the Alphabet, as in Aprill M. for Memor, is the 11 letter in the Alphabet, therefore the 11 day before the last of Aprill is a fatall day which is the 19 day of Aprill, and so as before, the first letter of the second sillable doth shew the most infortunate houre, according to the number thereof in the Alphabet, & you must note, that H in this account is taken for no letter.

Againe, there be certain vnfortunat & bad daies in ye yeare, called Dog-daies, as before is remēbred.

Likwise through England, the 28 of December, being Innocents day, is called Crosse-day, and so is it accounted euery wéeke.

There be other daies recounted in a little foolish booke, called the Booke of Knowledge, taken ac­cording to the course of the Moone, as thus: The first day of the Moone Adam was made, & that he counteth a fortunate day, but it is false: for Adam was not made the first day of the Moone; for the fourth day of the creation was the Sun & Moone made, and Adam the 6 day: so that the Moone was made 2 daies before Adam, & what vertue should the moone receiue by the creation of Adam. The like errour is vpon the 2 day of the moone for Eue, & so of the rest, which since their errours is appa­rent, they be better omitted the repeated & for the truth of the rest I commend to your experience.

And you must note that there be other daies in­fortunate and euill, caused by the motions of the starres & planets and by the aspects of the Moone to the rest of the 6 planets, as in the ensuing table is compendiously to bée séene.

A Table of the Moones Aspects to
SaturneAn infortunate day; Iourney not to princes conuerse not with old mē, fly husbandmē, & Rurall labou­rers.Iovne with ru­rall people, till the earth, plant trees, vines, & such like: But doe not seeke the loue of wo­men.Conferre not with Princes & aged men, ab­staine frō phi­sicke and iour­nies, seeke not thy desire.Accompany rurall people, repaire thy house, plant vines, and till thy ground.Entertaine no seruant, be­gin, nor vn­dertake no kinde of thing.
Iupiter.A fortunate day; Goe vn­to great men, and Rulers expect good councell, and iustice.Accompanie Lawyers, and Ecclesiasticall men, reade law and statutes.Study Phylo­sophy, and you may intreate of Law mat­ters, as iudge­ments, &c.Begin all ho­nest workes, repaire & seek to Kings, Pre­lats, & Iudges, it is good to meet them.Take thy iourney, it is good to meet with persons Ecclesiastical.
Mars.An infortu­nate day; Take no iourney, a­uoyde Souldi­ers and warfa­ring men.Buy weapons & horses for war, take iourny to­ward war, deale with Alchimy, & fire workes.A day of feare, beware of con­tention, the peace & truce shall not hold.Dispose of all things necessa­ry for war, buy horses of war, make experi­ēce in alchimyTake no iour­ney, hire no seruant, seeke no loue of womē, auoide cōpany of any
Sol.Begin nothing, but what thou wouldst should bee kept close and secret.Repaire to Kings, Princes, &c. Effect thy busines, expect the office and dignity sought.Take heede of princes and great men: for this day is to be shund in all affaires.Giue gifts to Kings & great men, aske and haue, a league betwixt kings shall hold.Come not be­fore great mē auoid this day in all thy af­faires as most infortunate.
Venus.Dayes of prea­sure; put on new apparrell, seeke the Loue of women, now they bee tra­ctable, aske & haue.Good to seeke loue of women, take a wife, wo­men be fond.Hire thy ser­uant, dayes of sport, put on new apparrell, and take a wife.Combe thy haire, seek the loue of womē, set thy childrē to schoole, put on new appa­rel, in al let not the ☽ be in LeoHire seruants, take thy iour­ney, proceed in matrimo­ny, it is a day of pleasure and content.
Mercury.Beginne Cal­culations and writings, exe [...] ­cise merchan­dise, let th [...] Ambassador, or Messenger proceed.Write Letters, seeke Offices [...], set children to [...]choole, accom­ [...]anying witt­men, and Sin­gers.Let Ambassa­dors, Messen­gers, or postes proceede iour­ney, excellent to buy or sell.Poets be busy, make verses, exercise thy things witty, let thy Chil­dren goe to schoole.Accompany Penne-men, send messen­gers, take a iourney, exer­cise the Ma­thematickes.

And you must not, yt yt fortunate planets be Iu­piter & Venus; yt infortunate & wicked are Saturne and Mars; the indifferent be Sol, Mercury, & Luna.

So that the Coniunction of the good, is good; of the euill, had; and of the indifferent, indifferent, excepting the Sunne and Moone.

Also the good in Coniunction with yt bad, is bad; the good with the meane is indifferent, and the bad with the meane is bad.

Certaine daies of the yeare be also good or bad, according to the place of the Moone in ye heauens, and those places bee called Mansions, as in the Table, according to which the temperature and quality of the day is much altered.

A Table of the Mansions of the Moone for this Age.
Man.Beginning of e­uery Mansion.Quality.The Elections.
12753TemperateIourney, take phisicke, especially l [...]xatiues.
21045Temperate or dry.Iourney by water, sow, plant, &c. Do not purge or vomit.
32337Very moist.Make Marchandize, buy cattell, do not Nauigate.
4629Cold &; moist. most cold.Plant, sow seeedes, &c. Bad for mariages, and voyages by water.
51921Drye.Voyage, treat of mariage, set chil­dren to schoole, take medicines.
6213Temperate.Apt to warre, bad to sow seedes, plant, &c.
7155moiste.Apt to till the earth, and to iour­ney, &c.
82757Cloudy and temperate.Iourney, specially by water, take phisicke, best in pilles.
91049drye.Good to Nauigate, otherwise bad in all things.
102341moiste.Good for mariage, bad to iourney, good to plant or build.
11632Temperate somthing coldSow, plant, deliuer prisoners, leaue laxatiue medicines.
121935moiste.Plant, sow, marry, bad to Nauigate onely.
13217Temperate.Iourney, Nauigate, sow, plow, con­tract Matrimony.
14259Temperate.Sow plant, take physicke, bad to iourney, and marry a widdow.
15281Moiste.Digge pits, delue, ill to voyage and marry.
161053Moiste and colde.Infortunate and bad.
172345MoisteBuy beasts, seeke to Widdows, bad to Nauigate.
18637Drie.Build, sow, plant, saile, ill in mari­age.
191929Moiste.Warfare, besiege a Towne, plant, sow, iourney, Nauigate.
20221TemperateBuy cattell, hunt wilde beasts, bad for Mariage.
211513Temperate,Lay foundations, build, sow, seek to Prince or Magistrate, marry not.
22285Moiste.Take physicke, Nauigate, marry not.
231057Temperate.Take physicke, iourney, ill to mar­ry, or lend.
242349Temperate.Lead thy Army to battell, marry, sow, medicine, voyage not.
25641Drie.Iourney towards mid-day, or sunne set, best for strife, lay foundations.
261943Drie.A most fit day for physicke, in all other affaires bad.
27225Moiste.Plant, sow, vse Merchandize, but do not Nauigate.
281517Temperate.Sow, vse Merchandize, marry, take physicke, do not lend or voyage.

CHAP. XXV. To finde what Planet doth reigne any houre in the yeare, and how long hee reigneth.

TO go briefly to worke, resolue the houres of the day into minutes, by multiplying them by 60, adding to the product the odde minute, the totall then diuided by 12, doth tell you how long a planet doth reigne: The like for the night. But for the more ease behold the ensuing Table.

A Table of the Inequall, Temporall, or Planetary houres for euery day and night in the yeare.
Horae DieiHorae Noct.Horae Diei.Horae Noct.Horae Diei.Horae Noct.Horae Diei.Horae Noct.Horae Diei.Horae Noct.

The vse of the precedent Table.

In the first row vpon the left hand finde the lenghth of the day or night in houres, and if there be any minuts annexed, finde them in the top of the Table, where they bee set thus: 0, 12, 24, 36, 48. And so in the common angle shall you finde the length of the planetary houre for the day or night, vnder their proper Title, and if you want the iust minute, take the néerest, for the difference produceth no sensible errour: as when the day is 16 houres, 24 minutes long then the length of a planetary hour for day is 1 houre, 22 minuts, and aplanet ruleth that night but 38 minutes, as in the Table.

The length of a planetary houre thus found, it rests to finde any time of day what planetary houre it is, which as yet none of these little bookes haue taught: You must therefore learne (as here­after) at what houre and minute the Sunne doth rise vpon the day proposed, and also ye true houre of the day at the time proposed, by some clocke, or rather Sunne-diall, and thereby get how many houres and minutes the said proposed time is af­ter Sunne rising, the number of which houres multiply by 60, and to the product adde the odde minute: then the totall diuided by the number of minutes, that a planet reigneth, the quotient is the number of the planetary houre.


The Sunne riseth at 8 of the clocke (vpon a certaine day) which day is 8 houres long, and I [Page 80]am required to finde what planetary houre it was at 10 before Noone: 10 is two houres after 8, 2 multiplied by 60, yeeldes 120. which parted by 40 minutes (for so long a Planet ruleth that day, as in the Table) and the quotient is 3. There­fore I conclude it is the third planetary houre, and if there had beene any minutes remaining, those would haue shewen how many minutes of the planetary houre had beene spent.

Deale so with the night, counting them from Sunne set.


Another way I can shew you; hauing any time of the day giuen, and are required to know what planetary houre it is at that instant, you must consider if the question were made before high noone, or after: if the question were made be­fore noone, worke as before: if after noone, adde the houre of the clocke after noone to the houre and minute of Sunne setting: so haue you the di­stance of time from Sun-rising, then worke like­wise as before.

Lastly, hauing found what planetary houre it is, then must you séeke what planet doth reigne that houre, which is thus done: Consider what planet the day is called by, as in the 15 Chapter, and giue to that planet the first houre, and to the next the second houre, vntill you come to ye houre proposed, & that planet which falleth to that houre is the planet ye ruleth at that time. But for more ease behold the ensuing Table, which I haue new­ly made for that purpose.

A Table to finde what Planet doth rule euery houre by day or night.
Day Re.Night. R.

The vse of the Table.

Seeke the day proposed in the top of the Table, and in one of the two rowes vnder the same day, finde the planetary houre, against which in the first row vpon the left hand is the character of the planet that gouerneth that houre of the day, vn­der the title of Day Re. signifying Regniments of the day planets, and vpon the right hand is the planet that ruleth that houre of the night, vnder Night Regniment, as vpon Sunday, Mercury ruleth the third houre of the day, and Sol the same houre of the night.

CHAP. XXVI. Of the natures and properties of the seuen Planets.

SOmething I would say, that when you haue found what planet reigneth, you might like­wise know the nature and condition thereof,, but I must bee briefe: for indéed heere is no place in this small volume to handle the same in such am­ple manner as it ought to be.

Saturne (being well affected) is graue with authority, thinking of déepe matters, disputing of grauity alouer of secret matters, silent, solitary, laborious, doing labour and toyle, a gatherer of wealth, couetous, desirous of money, and studi­ous for his owne proper benefite, a Zelotype, bea­ring care of his body, vncertaine in kéeping pro­mise, a louer of husbandry; and being made in­fortunate and weake, he is an abiect, squalid, ex­cogitating of base things, a pick, thanke and com­plainer, fearefull, auoiding light, louing solitari­nesse, sad, enuious, stubborne, suspitious, superstitious, vntrimmed, malignant deceiptfull, yet fearing deceipt, couetous, austere, slothfull, dull and a lyar: His nature is cold and dry, and is charactred thus ♄.

Iupiter being the onely signifier and well affe­cted, maketh men honest, religious, iust, doers of good turnes, magnanimous, faithfull, verecundi­ous, beneuolent, manly famous gouernours, of great diligence, graue, and modest, giuen to fol­low [Page 83]their businesse, wise carefull to liue, louers of their owne, and of their friends, liverall, and without fraud: But being euilly affected, is more prodigall and proud: His nature is hot & moist, thus figured ♃.

Mars, well affected, is generous, fit for gouern­ment and rule, valiant, strong, angry, giuen to battell and warre with vehemence, apt, without fraud, fearing no danger, desiring reuenge, impa­tiént of seruitude and iniuries, vaunting, not re­spectiue of riches: and being euilly affected, is cruell, vniust, a brawler, a tyrant, a murtherer, dreadfull, rash, vnfearefull, proud, drunke. turbu­lent, a blond-shedder, fierce in prouoking quar­rels, and fearefull to performe, the author of dis­cords, arrogancy and seditious: He is hot and dry, thus charactred. ♂

Sol is the most noble Planet, hee is magnani­mous, industrious, prouident, ambitious, signi­fying Kings Princes, Potentates, labourers of gold, he is valiant, secret, honest, quiet, giueth long life, and a healthfull body, a sincere and very good minde, princely dignities, and riches, and aboue the rest, he maketh men curteous famous wise, rulers, louers, desirous of honours: His Na­ture is hot and dry cholericke, and is thus cha­ractred ☉.

Venus fortunatly affected, maketh one faire-spo­ken, good, a louer of swéet things, pleasant, merry, faire, delicate in gesture, elegant, a doer of good-turnes, pittifull, giuen to please, and apt to plea­sures, giuen to singing and dauncing, impatient [Page 84]of labour, gallant, and yéelding loue to such, so­ciable, yet seruing God religiously: But being e­uilly affected, she is effeminate, fearefull, a louer of maids, spending much vpon them, without re­spect of fame or infamy, idle, sluggish, apt to lust, a Zelotype, or giuen to iealousie: Her nature is cold and moist, flegmaticke, thus chara­ctred ♀.

Mercury well scituate, and fortunate affected, causeth a sharpe wit, maketh one studious, capa­ble of learning, easie to be taught, wise, subtill, wary, and héedfull, accomplishing all things with great dexterity, obtaining a great part of Poëtry, Geometry, and the Mathematickes, without tu­tor, desiring many differences, and disputing ele­gantly of many matters, of good manners, wittily applying himselfe to time and place, an imitator of the good: But being infortunate and badly scituate, hee is maleuolent, malicious, subtile, crafty, forsworne, lying, especially his essentiall dignities being of the bad, and he néere the Dra­gons taile, for then he is most ill.

The Moone maketh one thoughtfull, vnstable, vagabonds, fearefull, faint-hearted, prodigall, she signifieth messengers, shipmen, Quéenes, Ladies, also common people, fishers, and such that deale about waters, also such that are in continuall mo­tion, as Lackies, &c. Also Widowes, mothers, &c. she maketh one delighting to study histories, to walke from place to place, to Nauigate, plant, &c.

CHAP. XXVII. A briefe discourse of the naturall causes of watery Meteors, as snow, haile, raine, &c.

YOu must first vnderstand, that all watery meteors, as raine, snow, or such like, is but a moist vapour drawne vp by the vertue of the Sun, and the rest of the Planets into the middle region of the aire, where being congealed or dis­solued, falleth vpon the earth, as haile or raine.

Of the Raine-bow.

Pliny saith the Rain-bow is made by the Sun-beames striking vpon a hollow cloud, when their edge is repelled, and beaten backe against ye Sun, and thus ariseth variety of colours, by ye mixture of cloudes, aire, and fiery light together. But (as he saith) it pretendeth neither faire nor fowle we­ther.

Of Raine.

Of these kinde of meteors you may read Arist. libro primo Meteorologicorum, cap. 1. & 2. But briefly, Raine is a cold vapour, and earthly hu­mour, raised from the earth and waters into the middle region of the aire, where by the extremity of cold it is thickned into the body of a cloud, and after being dissolued, falleth vpon the earth.

Of Haile.

Haile is ingendred of Raine, congealed into [Page 86]Ice, fréezing the drops presently after the dissol­uing of the cloud, whereby wee haue great irre­gular stones fall on the earth; I haue séene them in that fashion 1610 containe 4 inches about: for the higher it commeth, and the longer it tarieth in the aire, the rounder it is and the lesser.

Of Snow.

Snow is of the same humour that Haile is, but not growne together so hard. Pliny saith, Haile sooner melts then Snow, and that Haile commeth oftner in the day then in the night.

Of Frost and Dew

When in the day time through ye faint heate of the Sun, there is a cold and moist vapour drawne vp a little from the earth, presently at night it descendeth againe vpon the the earth, and is cal­led Dew, and in the Spring or Haruest, it is a signe of faire weather; but if by meanes of cold it be congealed, it is called Frost, & therefore Dewes come not so often in hote seasons, neither when winds be vp, but after a calme and cleare night, frosts dry vp wet and moisture: For when (as Pliny saith) the Ice is melted, the like quantity of water in proportion is not found.

Of Winde.

Winde is nothing but many exhalations drawn from the earth & inforced laterally aboue the sun.

Of Sodaine Blasts.

A windy exhalation being throwne downe, and [Page 87]encompassed (as Pliny saith) in a thin course of cloudes newly ouer-cast comming at some time with such a violence, as it bursts & cleaues a drye cloud in sunder, & makes a storme, of the Greekes called Ecnephias, but when this cleft is not great, but that the windes vs forced to turne round, & role in this discent without lighting, there is made a whirle-puffe, or ghust, called Typhon, which is to say, the storme Ecnephias, sent forth & winding violence, & this winde doth beare many things away with it, changing from place to place; but if the hole in the cloud were great, it is called Turbo, casting downe and ouerthrowing all that is next it. Pliny saith, no Ecnephias commeth with snow, nor no Typhon from the South: some say, vinegar throwne into this wind, breakes the gust.

Of Earth-quakes.

Plenty of windes gotten into the bowels holes & corners of the earth bursting out of the earth, & the earth closing againe, causeth the shaking, or earth-quake, and is a token of insuing warre.

Signes of Earth-quakes.

When waters in well or pits be troubled, and haue a bad sauour, the long absence of ye windes, strange noises, the obscurity or darknesse of the Sunne with clouds, and strangly coloured, &c.

Of Thunder and Lightnings.

When an exhalation hote and dry mixt with moisture, is carried vp into the middle region and there inclosed in the body of a cloud: Now these [Page 88]two contraries being thus shut or pent vp in one roome together, they fall at variance, whereby the water and fire agree not vntill they haue broken the prison wherein they were pent, so that fire and water flye out of the cloud, the breaking whereof maketh a noise, like the renting of cloath, which we call thunder, and the fire lightning, the thun­der being made first, but the lightning first séene, in respect the sight is before the hearing; and of lightnings there be many sorts.

That which is dry burneth not at all, dissipa­ting and dispersing: that which is moist burneth not likewise, but blasts, and altereth the colour: but that which is cleare is of a strange operation, it draweth vessels dry without hurt to the vessell; it melteth mettall in bagges or purses, and hur­teth not the bagge or purse, nor the waxe that sea­led the bagge hurt; it breaketh the bones, and hurteth not the flesh; and killeth the childe in the wombe, not hurting the mother. Pliny saith, Scythia by reason of cold, and AEgypt by reason of heate, haue seldome lightning.

What things be not hurt with lightning.

It hurteth not ye Lawrel tree, it entreth not past 5 foot into the earth, such that are shadowed with the skinnes of Seales, or Sea-calues, are fréed, the Eagle is frée, &c. Many other wondrous & strange kind of Meteors bee there in the heauens often times séene, as Comets, burning Dragons, &c. but this volume will not containe an ample dis­course thereof.

CHAP. XXVIII. Diuerse signes to prognosticate what weather is towards.

TO begin first with the Sunne, the best prog­nosticator of all other, if he rise cleare, not fie­ry red, if he chase the clouds before him into the West; if at Sunne-rising there be a circle about the Sunne, and it vanish equally away, if he be red at setting: all these argue faire wether to in­sue. But if he be fiery red at his rising, if he shew pale and wan, if at rising hée séeme hollow, if red and blacke cloudes be about him at his rising, or if his raies be red both at a rising and setting, if his beames at a morning or euening be contracted or short, if it raine at Sunne-setting, or his raies looke darke or blew, or gather, if at his rising his beames séeme not bright and cleare, if before his rising the cloudes gather like globes mouing not into the west, if a circle of cloudes appeare incom­passing the Sunne, leauing not all his light, if his circle about the Sun be broke, if at his rising hee cast his beames a farre off amongst the cloudes, if he spread his beames before he be vp, if at his set­ting he be ouercast with a thicke misse: all these signifie wet, and often tempestious wether. Also looke if the circle called Halo, be blacke, for if signi­fieth raine, and if it breake, winds, from that part as the fraction in the circle respecteth.

Presages by the Moone.

According to the Aegyptians, if on the Prime [Page 90]day the Moone be faire and bright, it will be faire; if red, windes; if dimme and blackish, fowle we­ther according to the verse.

Pallidaluna pluit, rubicunda slat, alba serenat.

Marke the typs of her hornes when she is fiue dayes old, with Pl. But best when she is pri­med, if they be blunt, raine; if pricking vpward, and sharpa-pointed, windes. Pliny saith, these things fall truest vpon the fourth day. If her vp­per horne, which bends northwards, bee onely sharpe and pricked, winds from that coast: but if the nether horne be so, windes from the South; if the fourth day after her change she haue a red cir­cle or Halo about her, windes and raine. Varro saith, when the Moone is 4 dayes old, if shée put her hornes direct and straight forth, it is tempest at sea, vnlesse there bee a cleare circle about her: If the one halfe of the full Moone séeme pure, faire wether; if red, windes; if blackish, raine; mistes and cloudes about the Moone haue like effect, as Halo, the more the worse, whilest the new Moone is Croissant and rising with the vpper tip of her horne blackish, telleth of wet after the full: but then other tip being so, raine before the full: and if (as Varro saith) this blackishnesse appeare in the middest of the Moone, raine at the full: a cir­cle about the full Moone declareth windes from that part that the circle is most splendant; if her hornes at her rising shew more grosse & thicke then ordinary, looke for raine plentiously, and that before long: if she appeare not before the Prime, the West winde blowing withall, cold winter­like [Page 91]wether all that Moone. Lastly with Pliny, there bee 8 points in euery Moone, and so many dayes (according as shee falleth vpon the angles of the Sunne) which many onely obserue, and take their presages of future wetherby, to wit, the and the very day of con­iunction.

Presages by the Starres.

Next vnto the Moone we may place ye Starres; if the Starres séeme to shoote, windes from that quarter the Starre came from: the wetter the Spring and Sommer, the dryer the Autumne. Autumne faire and dry bringeth a windy Win­ter: a circle about any of the other Planets, great showers: if the cloud in Cancer, called Praesepe, or the manger standing betwixt Aselli, or ye little Asses appeare not, though otherwise the aire bée cleare, fowle winterlike wether: if the Northerne of these starres bee hid, great windes from the South, but the other being hid, North-east windes.

Of the Raine-bow.

If two Raine-bowes appeare, raine: a Raine-bow presently after raine, faire wether.

Presages from Thunder and Lightning.

If in sommer there be more thunder then light­ning, windes from the coast it thundred; but if the lightning excéed, raine: lightning without thun­der, betokens raine and thunder: if it lighten on­ly from the North-west, raine the ensuing day; if from the North, windes thence; if from ye South-North-west, [Page 92]or full west if lighten, especially in the night, winde & raine from those coasts: mor­ning thunder, windes; but mid-day thunder, raine.

Presages by the Cloudes.

If the racke ride apace in the aire, windes from that coast they come, the worse if it come from the North or South: if at Sunne-set the racks ride on both sides fromwards him, tempest: blacke cloudes flying out of the East, rains at night: but from the west, raine the next day: if the cloudes bee disparkled many together of the East, flying like fléeces of wooll, raine for 3 daies after: when cloudes flye low, séeming to settle vpon the tops of hils, cold wether insueth; but the mountaine tops being faire and cleare, the wether will take vp: if the cloudes séeme full charged, and yet looke white withall, which constitution of the aire is called by some Towers, by others white wether, haile is at hand.

If mistes come downe from the hils, or descend from the Heauens, and settle in the Valleyes, it promiseth faire hot wether: mists in the euening shew a hot day on the morrow. The like when white mistes rise from waters in the Euening.

Prognostications by fires.

From the heauens we will procéed to our com­mon fires.

The fire burning pale, or kéeping a huzzing noyse, stormy wether: if the flame of fire or candle mount, winding and wauing, as it were, winds: [Page 93]the like if the fire or candle goe out of it selfe, or kindle and take fire with much adoe. Further, when you discerne many sparkles gather toge­ther in the fire, knitting one to another, the coales hanging to the bottome, or side of the pot newly taken off the fire, the fire raked in the imbers, kée­peth a spitting and sparkling from it, if the ashes vpon the earth grow together, or when the liue coale shineth brighter, or burneth more then or­dinary: all these be tokens of raine.

Prognostications by water.

If the sea, within the hauen, after the departing of the flood in a low ebbe water be calme, & yet kéep a noyse & rumbling within, winde; if it do thus by fits, cold wether and raine; if in a calme season the sea strond, or water-bankes resound or make a noise, great tempest: the like of the sea it selfe; the puffins swimming aboue water, tell of cold wether for many daies: the sea being calme, hea­uing and puffing vp, sheweth there is great store of winds within her, which will shortly breaks out to a tempest.

Prognostications from Fishes and Fowles.

The Dolphin disporting vpon the waues, fore­shewes winds: if they fling and dash the water this and that way, and the sea be rough, faire we­ther: the Cuttle, or little Calamaria Loligo laun­cing and flying about the water, the Cockles, or Winckles sticking hard to the grauell, the Sea­vrchings thrusting themselues into the mudde, or [Page 94]couered with sand, the croking extraordinary of Frogges, the low flying of Swallowes, the chir­ping of Sparrowes, the crying of Peacockes and Hearnes, the bathing of Crowes, the stinging of of Flyes and Gnats, the early straggling of Sea­mewes the proking of their fethers by the Guls, Malards & Duckes, all foreshew winde or raine. Contrary the Water-fowle gather together and combate, or Cranes make haste to flye into the middest of the land, or Cormorants and Guls forsaking the waters, or Cranes soring quietly a­loft, or Crowes or Rauens gaying against the Sunne, are all tokens of faire wether. But if the Howlat cry Chi-uit, raine: Rauens crying one to another, as if they sobbed and vexed, clapping themselues with their wings, windes: but do­ing it by interualles of time, wet and winde: the late returning home of Iacke-dawes, hard we­ther: also yt working of the spinner, the busie hea­uing of Moles, the appearing of wormes, Hennes resorting to the roost couered with dust, the Ante busied with her Egges, the Bées in faire wether not wandring farre abroad, Bels heard further then ordinary, the wallowing of dogges, the alte­ration of the crowing of the Cocke, befoken all fowle wether.

Prognostications of foure-footed Beasts.

The leaping and playing of shéepe, & such small cattell, shew alteration of wether: the crying of Swine, Oxen & beasts licking themselues against the haire, or holding vp their nose and smelling in­to [Page 95]to the aire, swine shaking hay, or such like stuffe: beasts eating gréedily, or licking their hooues, or sodainly moue here and there: all signifie raine or fowle wether.

Prognostications from woods, stones, &c.

The hearbe Trefoile looketh rough against a tempest, and the leaues thereof will stand staring vp, as if it were afraid thereof. Also if dishes, stones, or such like, sweate or be wet: if waine­scot doores that ioyne well, be stubborne to open, if salt dissolue in the salt-saller, or any solid body sweate, looke for great raine: the like is séene by the pissing of Dogges.

If there bee a rumbling noise, or sounding in the mountaines and forrests, or if the leaues of trées flicker and play themselues, no winde stir­ring, which foretell some change of wether: the like prediction is gathered by the light downe of Poplares or Thistles flying to and fro in the aire: looke what is said of the noise in forrests, vnder­stand the same here in vallyes, and in the aire. I cannot stand to runne into an ample discourse of this subiect, lest I driue the quantity of my vo­lume beyond my intent; but they shall be amply handled in a Booke I haue to come forth, called Cosmologia & Meteorologia.

CHAP. XXIX. Of the foure quarters of the yeare, and first of Winter.

VVINTER, the first quarter Astro­nomical, taketh his beginning when the Sunne entreth into Capricorne, during vntill he haue gone to the latter part of Pisces, it is the coldest time of the yeare, and the colder and dryer the wholsomer, yet ouer much cold killeth trees in a warme region, especially such that bee tender. A warme, and moist Winter is vnwholsome, and an enemy to husbandmen, but reasonable store of snow doth ranken the fields and preserue corne.

The diseases of this quarter bee pushes in the face, leprosie, tooth-ach, red-spots, feuers, the scab, fluxes of bloud by the inferiour parts, paines of the eyes, palsies, gouts, and such like.

Of the Spring.

THe Spring is the most comfortablest quar­ter in all the yeare, and is of nature warme and moist, for then the Sunne draweth neere to the Zenith, comming towards the starres of a warme nature, and then yt East-winds blow dis­pearcing the superfluous humors, making the earth apt to bring forth all things, for the good and comfort of man: This quarter beginneth when the Sunne entreth into Aries, at what time [Page 97]the dayes and nights be equal, and continueth vn­till the 12 of Iune, at what time the Sunne hath runne through Aries, Taurus, and Gemini; if the Spring be much moist, the fruite will bee rotten and scarce, but wéedes will abound; if hoate, the trées soone bring forth leaues; the fruits of that quarter, as Cheries, &c. will soone be ripe, which being not gathered before their full maturity, will bee subiect to wormes, especially in warme regi­ons, but it is seldome with vs, though frequent in Italy. Roses will bee frome, but not so swéete, & all such things shal better please the sight then yt sent or tast; if it bee cold and dry, there will hoare frosts fall in the end of the quarter, according to the full Moone, the wine and fruits will be scarce; being dry and not hot, fruits will bee scarce but good, with want of graine; if it be cold the fruits will be late riping; if it be wet, with much South wind, and the former Winter dry with Northen winds, the next Summer will happen agues, and bleerenesse, dropping of the eyes, and paine of the bowels. A dry Spring with much Northen winds, and a wet Winter full of Southerne winds going before, causeth women with child to bee deliuered before their time, or to bring forth weake children. Gal. l. 3. Aphor. 3. So that if the quarter vary from his proper nature, the commo­dities of the earth be made worse and scarce, the ordinary diseases of this quarter bee leaprosies, red spots, tooth-ach, feuers of bloud, pushes or wheales in the face, small-pox, ring-wormes, fal­ling-sickenesse, paines in the throate and necke, [Page 98]the Kings euill, wens, griefes in the shoulders and armes causes by bloud.

Of Sommer.

SOmmer is of nature hot and dry, like the fiery tryplicity, or like the chollericke; if taketh be­ginning when ye Sun entreth Cancer, continuing vntil he haue passed ouer Cancer, Leo, and Virgo, and now is rage and choller most abounding, be­ing the hottest time [...] the yeare, but in the begin­ing there rise certain [...] [...]arres in Cancer, whose vertue is to make moist, especially Aselli, so that the Sunne comming to them, some raine falleth, to fructify the earth, but comming to Leo, beeing neere Syrius and Procyon, starres of a warme na­ture, the heat groweth most vehement, to tempe­rate which the Etesian winds blow. Lastly com­ming to Virgo, which is a barren signe, ye constel­lation of Arcturus rising, a mittigation of heat is produced, with some raine.

If Sommer be ouer wet, the Sommer fruits shall putrify, and there will bee but small store of graine, there will be many sickenesses: if it be one­ly dry, there will happen want of graine, and Sommer fruits will be wholsome, the fishes shall die in waters, great sicknesses will happen: if it exceede in heat, many sicknesses also will happen with great store of Sommer friutes: if to con­clude it bee cold, the yeare will bee wholsome, but the fruits rotten.

This quarter as it is hot and dry in nature, so [Page 99]doth it accordingly alter the humors in mans bo­dy, bringing all fruits to their ripenesse, cattell to their fatnesse, and men to their wealth, the sick­nesses agreeing to the nature thereof, bee griefes and torments about the breast, ribbes, and spléene, pushes, leprosy, and diseases of the face as in the Spring: bleard and sore eyes with other impedi­ments therein, the plurisy, cough, heart and sto­macke-aking, sorrow, vexations, feuers of bloud, apostumes, pestilence, feuers, the ianndise, paines in the belly and secret parts, with other in­firmities proceeding of melancholy.

Of Autumne.

AUtumne is ye fourth and last quarter Astro­nomicall, but the third according to our En­glish accompt, by nature is cold and dry, melan­choly, like old age, resembling the element of the earth, beginning at the Sunnes first ingresse into Libra, producing thereby a second Equinoctiall, cocquating the daies with the nights, which may also be called our second Spring, making an apt time to take Physicke, bléed, &c. but in that Libra is a signe of the Airy triplicity, there is produced heat with temperate moisture, but comming to Scorpio the aire is made more cold and moist, for Scorpio is of the watry triplicity, but comming to Sagitarius, a signe of the fiery triplicity, accom­panied with certaine starres of a warme nature, there is made a restraint of the extremity of wet and cold, for the good of such as sow & plow.

If Autumne be most moist, grapes will be pu­trified and wine bad, if the end be wet there will be want of fruite the insuing yeare, if the begin­ning be dry, there will be penuria Milij, if hot ma­ny sickenesses and euils; if cold there is losse of haruest fruits in quantity, iuyce and beauty.

The diseases of this quarter properly be paines in the backe, darknesse of sight, retention of vrine, fluxes of bloud, paynes in the backe and priuy parts, with infirmities in the face, as in the Spring, also the canker, fistuloes, emrods, the stone and grauell, feuers of bloud, and impedi­ments in the eies.

And here note that Winter in Latine Hyems, is so called, ab [...] which is dimidium, for the vul­gar people doe diuide the yeare into two parts, Sommer and Winter, Winter being ye greater. Ver the Spring, is so called à vireo vires, because then omnia virent all things flourish, Aestas Sommer, is so called ab aestu: which is à feruore, by reason of heat. Lastly Autumnus, Autumne, or Haruest, is so called à bonorum anni augmentati­one, or it taketh name with Hipocrates, ab ortu Arcturi, during till the Vespertine setting of the Pleiades, or of Autumnus, which is morbidum, or tempestiuosum: & these foure times be resembled to the foure Regions of the world, to the foure Cardinall winds, to the foure Elements, to the foure quarters, to the foure humors, & to the foure ages, as in the ensuing table.

 Warme and dryHot & moistCold & moistCold & dry
Regions of the worldOriensMeri.Occid.Septe.
Cardinall windsEastSouthWestNorth
4 ElementsFyreAyreWaterEarth
4 Quarters of the yeareSommerSpringWint.Autu.
4 HumorsCholorSangu.FleameMelā.
[...] AgesYouthMa. sta.Ageold ag.

CHAP. XXX. Certaine predictions of the weather in euery moneth, with necessary abstracts, and the Poeticall rising of the Starres.


NEw-yeares day in the morning being red portends great tempest and warre: after ry­seth Orions girdle Vespertine, troubling the ayre, causing South-west winds, the 10 and 11 day doth Lucida Corona produce by a Vespertine set­ting, about which time also riseth Asellus and praesepe, great causers of raine the more Iupiter being in moist signes: ye 12 day Asellus riseth Cos­micall, the 13 Praesepe setteth Cosmicall: the 20 the South part of Asellus ryseth Chronicall: the 28 Sirius riseth Vespertinus: the 30 Eagle riseth Cosmicall. All which with Ptolemaeus bring wet and tempest: some say if the Sun shine the 12 of [Page 102]Ianuary, there shall be much winde, others Prog­nosticate of Saint Pauls day, saying: if the Sunne shine it is token of a happy yeare, if raine or snow, indifferent: if misty, great death, but if it thunder there will bee great windes and death that yeare.

The Abstract.

Cut timber, ridde fruit trees of superfluous branches, vncouer their rootes, drench weake and sicke cattell, Kyne with veriuce, horses with wa­ter and ground malt, fodden witha little bran, dig gardines, lib and geld for rearing.


THe third day Regulus riseth Chronicall, the fourth he setteth Cosmicall, of whom Ptol. saith, the cleare starre in the heart of the Lyon be­ginning to set, the North winde bloweth, with of­ten raine. Carda. saith it raiseth the South-west windes. The 9 the taile of the Dolphin doth set vespertine, which Ptol. saith bringeth windes and snow, and the more raine the winds being south. Some say thunder vpon Shroue-tuesday fore­telleth winde, and store of fruit, and plenty, the Sun-beames being early abroad: others affirme that so much he shineth that day, and the like hoe shineth euery day in Lent.

The Abstract.

Set, cut, and lay quicke-sets and roses, sow, [Page 103]beanes, pease, and oates, especially the land being cold and stiffe: furnish your gardens with sallads for Sommer.


THe 6 day Vindemiator riseth vespertine, brin­ging North winds with frost, the 8 riseth the Rammes-horne, snow or raine: the 10 Arcturus riseth Chronicall, causing tempests. Carda: saith, at the vespertine rising of this starre, Swallows be séene, and the Spring commeth. Stadius cap. 7. at the vespertine setting of Arcturus, swallows depart by multitudes, and at his vespertine rising come againe: and this rising bringeth South-west winds, and by-west, blowing commonly 12 daies with raine or haile, ending in the west. Herewith agréeth Ptol. Plin. Stadius, Collumell, and others, especially being furthered with the radia­tion of the Moone or Mars. The 11 or 12 day Sol entreth Aries, the West windes blow, Storkes come, with Ptol. in Aegypt they came the 17 of May. The 21 Spica Virginis setteth Cosmicall cloudy.

Some say, so many mistes in March, so many hoare frosts after Easter.

The Abstract.

Now (regarding winde and weather) graft, also couer the rootes of your trees opened in De­cember [Page 104]or Ianuary, with ranke earth: sow pease, beans, oates, parsneps, onions, artichockes, cow­cumbers, sage, & mellons; manure barly land, but in cold clay ground sow at the end of the moneth.


THe 17 of Aprill, Augustus terminus Pleia­dum, one of the seauen starres riseth Cos­micall, the other following a little after, causing Westwindes: the 22 the South part of Lucida Lancis setteth Cosmicall, often proue king show­ers of raine. Some say if it raine vpon Ascension day (which sometimes falleth in Aprill) it doth be­token scarrity of all kinde of foode for cattell, but being faire, it signifieth plenty.

The Abstract.

Yet it is good to sow Barley, chiefly in strong land, some kinde of garden-seeds sow now also, as Mellons, Citrions, Cowcumbers, & Artichockes: sow likewise Hempe & Flax, setting some garden-herbes towards the end of the Moneth. Now the time beginneth to barke trees, and to yeeld to good Day-men natures aboundance.


THe fourth of May Sirius, or Canis maior set­teth vespertine, tempest from the South and [Page 105]North-east, and by-north; and as Stadius saith, if the full Moone happen within two daies before or after, it prognosticates blasting to corne, and other flowers. The 6 and 7 Hyades begin to set, the South blowing with raine: So Ptol. speaketh of the setting of the 7 starres. The 9 Pleiades set Chronicall, causing [...] South winds, which with Ptol. at last turne into the West. The 11 the Buls Eye setteth: the 18 Procyon setteth Helia­call, making wine rage in Cellers with Stadius. The 23 the Eagle riseth Chronicall, which hap­pening at the new or full Moone, all fruits bee hurt with wormes and Caterpillers with Carda. The 24 the 7 starres rise Cosmicall: the 27 the Buls Eye riseth Cosmicall, both which fore-shew raine, and hurt to vines.

Some say, the Sunne shining vpon the 25 day, wines shall prosper well; also in the end of May Okes begin to beare blossomes, which happe­ning fore-shewes much tallow and fruit.

The Abstract.

In the beginning you may sow Barley, set and sow tender hearbes & seeds, as sweet-Marierome, Sommer-sauory, Basill, &c. Set Stilles to worke, vsing, May deaw therein stirring land for Wheate and Rye.


THe 6 day the lesser Dogge setteth vespertine, which happening at the full Moone, hurts all [Page 106]fruits. Stadius saith if it happen at full Moone, it bringeth mischiefe to swéet flowers and vines, by reason of his burning heate: The 12 Sol enters Cancer, Vine and Oliues flourish: the 16 Arctu­rus setteth Cosmicall, making the aire intempe­rate: the 21 ye left side of Orion riseth Cosmicall, raising the West windes. If it raine the 24 day, Hazell-nuts do not prosper.

The Abstract.

Set Gilloflowers and Rosemary, sow Lettuce 3 or 4 dayes after the full, which is also good from February to the end of September: sheare sheep, fetch home fewell, and towards the end of the moneth begin to mow.


THe 2 day riseth Orions Girdle, and is a Cri­ticall day: for if it raine this day it doth con­tinue so often for 4. wéeks. Stadius saith, if Iupiter be aspected with Mars, Mercury, or the Sunne at this rising, great tempest is portended at the ri­sing of the great Dogge, and foresheweth North­east windes, and by-North, corruption of the aire, with the rising of the Etesian windes. The 13 Lucida Coronae. setteth Chronicall: the 23 ye North part of Asellus setteth vespertine, at which time with Ptol. the North-east, and by-East winds blow, as fore-runners of ye Etesian winds, [Page 107] Carda: these winds, as fore-runners of the rising of the Dogge, blow 8 dayes before, with which Stadius agréeth. Some say, if it be faire 3 Son­dayes before S. Iames day, corne wil be good: but wet, corne withereth.

The Abstract.

At the full Moone gather flowers and seedes, and let your flowers rather dry in the shade then the Sunne: for the Sunne draweth away their ver­tue: but to auoid corruption, before you take them away, let the Sunnes heate be vpon them a while. Take heed of suddaine colds, for nothing sooner breedeth the plague: and therefore to drinke being hot is naught. It were vaine to tell good husbands that it is now fit for them to be in medowes, and else where to prouide for Winter. Therefore I will commend this rime to sluggards and idle persons.

Labour in Sommer, take paines with the Ant,
Else in the Winter, liue cold, and in want.


THe first of August ye great Dogge riseth Cos­micall. Carda. saith at the rising of this starre all liuing creatures bee troubled, and that it is scarce possible that drynesse and sicknesse should not be. Stadius recounts many more enormities, as troubling of wine in Cellars, Dogges going [Page 108]mad, fluxes of the Seas & waters, death of fishes, with the extremity of heate, especially if Mars or Iupiter be in fiery signes. Diaphanes saith, if at the rising of the great Dogge with the Sunne the Moone be in Aries, it doth presignificate raine and tempest; in Taurus, stormes; in Gemini, pesti­lence; in Cancer, drynesse; in Leo, burning heat; in Virgo, showers often, with vntimely birth of children; in Libra, great drynesse; in Scorpio, plagues; in Sagittarius or Capricorne, raine and tempest; in Aquarius, drought and sicknesse; in Pisces, raine the insuing yeare: But these Stadi­us saith be not knowne to him for truths: for he holds them more substantiall that bee taken, Ex­varijs commixtionum causis. The 3 day the Ea­gle setteth Cosmicall, the South-west and by­west windes blowing with great heate. Carda. saith, it raiseth the Etesian windes, which with Ptol. do continue 21 daies: the 8 Regulus riseth Cosmicall, raising North-east, & by-north winds: the 13 day ye great Dogge riseth Heliacall, which limits the beginning of the Grecian yeare, and of this rising be diuers obseruations: if then the heauen bee cloudy and darke, it signifieth a heauy time with plagues, &c. but being faire and cleare, it is good. Also the 13 of August, the Dolphine setteth Cosmicall, bringing raine, and beginning Autumne, according to Ptol. The 24 is S. Bar­tholomewes day, if the winde change not the fol­lowing night, the vulgar hold it good. Stadius recounts tempests, with haile, &c. to come from the West, and North-west part, in the end of [Page 109] August, which often doe hurt.

The Abstract.

Reape Wheate and Rye, sow Winter hearbes in the new Moone: stirre land for Wheate and Rye, and about the end of the Moneth downe with Oates, or before, according to the goodnesse of your soile. Looke more in Iuly.


THe first day of this moneth is Criticall, if it do not raine then, the rest of Autumne is like to bee dry: the 12 day Arcturus riseth Cosmicall, raine: and with Ptol. after two dayes Swal­lowes leaue to be séene. The 13 day is Equino­ctiall, windes from West, North-west: the 17 Lucida Coronae riseth Cosmicall, Ptol. windes turne, troubling the seas with winterly weather. So many dayes old the Moone is on Michaelmas day, so many flouds will happen that Winter.

The Abstract.

Cut downe your Lent-tilling, gather the fruits of your trees, conuerting them to vse, as Crabbes for Veriuice, &c. About the mid­dest of the Moneth sow wheat and Rye in cold and strong land, sow winter parsneps, and Car­rots, get hyues, &c.


THe 15 day the Dragons Taile setteth ves­pertine, after this day wee must expect no more warmenesse: and therefore the Germanes call it den Galen Sommer. The 21 the East windes blow: the 26 the left foot of Orion setteth with the 12 degree of Scorpio: causing often great raine: if leaues now hang vpon the trées, some say it portends a cold winter, or many Caterpil­lers.

The Abstract.

Sow Wheat and Rye, the sooner the better, for feare of raine. The new Moone maketh a fit time to set and remoue yong trees, as the Plum, Peare, Apple, and Bay-tree, to set Nuts, Akornes, &c. & after the full moone gather your winter fruits.


THe 4 or 5 day the Scorpions heart setteth ves­pertine, which with Astrologers is a Critical day. The 5 day the Dogge setteth bringing sou­thernly wether: the like iudge of Orion, which setteth about this time. The 8 day Succulae or Hyades sets Cosmicall, frost or raine: the 10 the Pleiades set Cosmicall, if then the heauens bee cloudy it denunciates a wet winter: if day, a [Page 111]sharpe winter. Pliny saith: Succularum & Ple­iadarum occasum terrâ marique turbidum esse. The 24 Arcturus setteth Heliacall, causing often raine, with Cardanus.

The Abstract.

The time is apt to make Malt, to kill Bacons, to cut Ashes, to sow, if you were too late the last moneth, to set Crabbe-tree stockes, to remoue Trees, as in the last moneth in the increasing of the Moone, but in the wane set beanes, pease, &c. Also now vncouer the rootes of your Apple trees, and so let them rest till March.


THe 6 of December is Dies Nicholai, of which Cardanus thus saith: Proximi septem Dies à. Bruma totidemque ante, raro ventis infestantur: they be called Halcyon dayes. Stadius saith, a­bout the Brumall Solstitiall there doth hap­pen Halcyon or most Tranquill weather: the 26 day the faire starre Arcturus setteth vespertine, and then with Carda. the South winds blow.

Some say, if Christmas day come in the new Moone, it is a token of a good yeare, and so much the better, by how much it is neerer the new Moone, the contrary happeneth in the de­crease.

The Abstract.

The time is good to fall timber, to vncouer the roots of Apple-trees, to fallow land for Barley, to set beanes, pease, &c. the wether being not too hard: and now Fowlers be busie with Lime­twigges, and other engines to take Fowles. Let a warme fire be thy bathe, the Kitchin thy Apo­thecaries shop, and good hoat meate thy dyet, to which according to thy ability, inuite thy neigh­bour. Therefore to conclude,

If thou be poore, and canst not feast at all,
Go feast with such as shall to feasting call.

CHAP. XXXI. Predictions of euery day more particularly.

TO giue you iudgement of the temperature of euery particular day, there must be great care had, and many things obserued, as the quality of the signe, the Lord of the lunation, the quality of the Absids, and of the Planets: for there is no great change of wether vnlesse Saturne, Iupiter, or Mars be aspected: also the méeting of the planets, & mingling of their vertue with the Fixed Starres, whose nature and magnitude are duely to bée obserued: the want, or not obseruing of these, and many other which appertaine to preiudications, cause our ordinary and common Prognosticators so grosly to erre, as I noted in my Almanacke 1608: for as I said there, so must I héere also: Qui non potest in singulos dies de pruina niue [Page 113]grandine &c. Distincte praedicere, huic praedicen­ti abundantiam aut penuriam frugum, nequa­quam fides adhibenda est. Ouer and beside what is said, the aspects of the Planets amongst them­selues are most heedfully to be regarded, euen as in the ensuing Table, set in Latine for the more breuity.

Enter this Table with the ♂, ☍, or [...] of the Planets, noting the weather in the common Angle.
Turb. Hum. Hum. rem. cal Neb. pruma Nub. Nix.Venti pluu. vēti et imber venti Nub. vent. NiuosaPluu. & frig. Pluu subita. Pluu. frig. Plu. aut Nix.Pluu. frig. Grand. toni Plu. frig. nix vel Neb.Plu. vel tō Ton. gran. Plu vel tur Remis. fri.Tur. vel hu grand ton vēt vel plu Turbi.V Ae A Hy
AEris Temperam.Ventos MagnosTemperam.Ventos toni fulm. ventos Rmiss. frigTurb. vent Toni tem. Turb. uent Remis. friVeris, AEstatis Autumni Hyemis.
Minuit fri­giditatem & humid in sig. cali & ful. in aestate.Ventos ali quando nubi feros in aesta Toni.Pluuiam Imbrem pluuiam Remiss.frig.Venti Sicc. Tonit fulm. Venti Sicc. Remiss. frigVeris. AEstatis, Autumni Hyemis.
Alterat ae­rem pro na­tura tempo­ris.Ventos ali­quando cum humid, & plu presertim vento fig.Pluuiam To­ni. imbrem pluuiam hu­miditatem.Veris, AEstatis, Autumm, Hyemia.
Hu. vel Nub. Remiss. calor Neb. Turb. Turb. vel NixVentos hu­midos vel saltem Nubi.Veris, AEstatis Autumni, Hyemis.
Aliquando ventos Nu­biferos.Veris. AEstatis, Autumni, Hyemis,

Ouer and besides these aspects you must like­wise note the mansion that the Moone is in, as in the 24 chapter, so shall you (conferring these things together) produce more substantiall preiudi­cations, but indéed here is no place amply to deliuer such rules yt should bee obserued before (according to Art) you can bee able to giue iudge­ment of any one day, for I let passe all in resepect of the vnaptnesse of the volume.

CHAP. XXXII. Of the Golden number, Circle of the Sunne, Dominicall letter, and Epact, &c.

THe golden number is a Periodicall reuolu­tion of 19 of our ciuill yeares, in which time the old Phylosophers thought that all the lunations or aspects betwixt the Sun and Moone, returned to the same place they were at 19 yeares before, for in that space the Dragons head made a Periodicall reuolution, but this is not so, for in 19 yeares there is an Anticipation of an houre and a halfe very néere, wanting but 75 seconds, so that looke what coniunction hapned this yeare in Aries at noone, shall fall 19 yeares hence, one houre & halfe before: this Circle is cal­led Decem-nouenalis Circulus, whose parts bee called the golden number: for that it was writ in golden characters in Tables of siluer, and so sent to Rome, or for that they bee written in red or golden leters in the Kalender, and is found thus.

Adde to the yeare of our Lord 1. (for so much was the Prime when Christ was borne) which diuide by 19, the remainder is the Prime or Gol­den number.

Of the Epact.

THe Epact is nothing else but a number of 11 daies, which the common solar yeare doth excéed the common Lunar yeare, ye one consisting of 365 dayes, the other of 354 daies, and there­fore they adde that excesse vnto ye Lunar yeare, to coequal thē, for Epactae with ye Greekes frō [...], which signifieth intercalare, or addere, by the ad­dition of which excesse in euery foure yeares, there is gotten a number more then 30, which is greater then the Epact can bee, because from change to change there can be but 30 dayes: there­fore 30 must be taken from that excesse, and the remainder is the Epact for the next yeare, as 1611 the Epact is 26 to which adde 11, so haue you 37, from which take 30, and you haue 7 the E­pact 1612.

To get the Epact for euer, doe therefore thus, multiply the Prime by 11, parting the product by 30, so is the remainder the Epact; or as is said, adde 11 to the Epact of this yeare, so haue you ye Epact of the next, or see the age of the Moone ye 11 Calends of Aprill, for that is the number of the Epact.

But because I will ease you of calculation, sée the ensuing Table, which sheweth you in perpe­tuall [Page 116]the Concordancy betwixt the Prime and ye Epact, so that hauing one, you may find the other answering thereunto, and for your further ease I haue added the yeares of our Lord to it: hauing the yeare of our Lord, vnder it in order you haue the Prime and Epact, and when the yeares in this Table be expired, beginne them againe, placing 1631 where 1612 is, &c. so shall your Table bee perpetuall.

A Table to finde the Golden number and Epact for euer.

Of the Circle of the Sunne, and Do­minicall letter, and to find them for euer.

THe Circle of the Sunne, is nothing else but a reuolution of 28 yeares, in which time the Dominical letters make all their seueral changes, & it is called the Circle of the Sunne, not for that it sheweth any motion of the Sunne, but because by meanes thereof the letter Dominicall is alwaies found as we had a circle called Cyclus lunaris, by reason of the office it had, because it was first in­uented [Page 117] ad monstrandas lunationes, so this is cal­led the Solar Circle, or rather in English, the Sun­day Circle, because it comprehends all the varie­ties and changes that the Sunday letter can haue, by reason of Byssextile or leap-yeare. In briefe, this Circle is called the Circle of the Sun, because it acquaints you with the Sunday letter, which is the day of the Sunne.

To finde the Circle of the Sunne, either in the old or new Kalender do thus, adde to the yeare of our Lord proposed 9 (for our Sauiour was borne when ye number was 9) which parted by 28 (as by ye number of yeares of the whole circle) so shall the quotient shew you yt number of reuolutions of ye said circle, & the remainder the circle of the Sun.

Of the Dominicall letter.

THe Dominicall letter is alwaies one of these seuen letters ABCDEFG, and doth shew ye Sunday letter, or day of the Sunne all the yeare, vnlesse it be in Byssextile or leap-yeare, for then there be two Dominicall letters, whereof the first of the two in this Table serueth from the begin­ning of January, to Saint Mathias eue, and the other to the yeares end, but for your more ease be­hold the ensuing Table, where the Circle of the Sunne and Sunday letter are placed vnder the yeare of our Lord, and when the yeares of this Table be expired, set 1641 where 1612 is, so will your table be perpetuall, if you procéed as before.

A perpetuall Table for the Circle of the Sunne and Dominicall letter.
Ann. Do.161616171618161916201621162216231624 
Domini­call letterGFEDCBAGFEDC 
Ann. Do.162516261627162816291630163116321633 
Domini­call letterBAGFEDCBAGF 
Ann Do.1634163516361637163816391612161316141615

Note if it bee leape-yeare the first of the two letters beginnes the yeare.

Also note the Epact changeth alwaies the first of March, and the Dominicall letter and Prime, &c. the first of January.

Of the Romane indiction.

Wee haue no great vse of this circle in England, it is vsed of the Bishops of Rome in ye instruments and writings of their Pronotations, imitating thereby the old Romanes, though theirs were to another purpose, as to beare account of the payment of trybute: it is a number of 15 yeare, but for that it stands vs to little purpose in [Page 119]England, briefly find it thus.

Adde to the yeare of our Lord 3, and diuide the product by 15, so shall the remainder be the num­ber of the said indiction, and this indiction is counted from September, not from March.

To get the Age, Change, Full, & Quarters of the Moone.

TO find the age of ye Moone you must haue 3 things, as the Epact, the number of mo­neths from March to your proposed moneth in­clusiuely, and the day of the moneth, these thrée summes had, adde them altogether, so haue you ye age of the Moone, but if the summe excéed 30, sub­stract 30, and that which you leaue is the age: this is meant if the moneth, wherein the question was made, haue 31 daies, for hauing lesse you must take away but 29 as oft as you may.

Now if you know the age of the Moone any moneth this yeare, and would know how old she shall bee the same day the next yeare, you must adde to her present age 11, so haue you her age the same day of the moneth the ensuing yeare, and to that age adde 11, so haue you her age the second yeare ensuing, and so infinitely, remembring to reiect 30 as before.

Likewise if you desire to know the age of the Moone in the yeare last past, that is all found by addition, of 19 as before by 11, remembring the reiection of 30.

To finde the new, full, and quarters of the Moone.

MArtin Cortez teacheth rules to find the day of coniunction, but they bee not so true as that of Gemma Frisius, which is thus: adde to the Epact the number of monethes from March to ye proposed moneth, including the said moneth, the which taken from 30, the remainder sheweth the day of the change, but if the summe of addition excéed 30, you were best to substract from 59, so is the remainder the day of the change, in which point Gemma Frisius left vs destitute: the change had, the full Moone is found by the addition of 15 daies, and so by addition of 7 daies and 9 houres, to the new or full Moone, you haue the first or last quarter.

To finde the new or full Moone more exactly by my new Tables.

THese briefe rules that the ancient Astrono­mers haue taught, and the moderne obser­uers corrected, howbeit they were singular in re­spect of the inuention, yet doe they faile a day at least, especially when the Epact is aboue 26: wherefore you shall haue the day, houre and mi­nute of the change and full Moone set in my Ka­lender and truely verified till 1630, which by the ensuing rules will serue perpetually, the vse whereof is thus.

Consider if you séeke the change or full Moone, for they haue Primes both in seuerall columnes vpon ye left hand vnder this title Prim. ☌ Prim. ☍ [...] therefore when you know what the Prime is for the proposed yeare, séeke the same in one of the rowes of Primes descending, and note against what day of the Moneth it stands,: for that is the day of the change or full Moone, according to the Prime you tooke: then in the row vnder New or Full Moone is the houre and minute of change, or opposition, noted with this letter A, or P, sig­nifying that it happened before or after noone, ac­cording to the letter there placed.


1612 the Prime is 17, and I desire to know what day & houre the change and full moone shal fall on in August: First therefore for the New Moone, I find the Prime 17, in the row vpon the left hand vnder the title Prim. ☌, which stands a­gainst the 16 day of the Moneth, therefore the change was the 16 day: then against 17, vnder the title New Moone, is 11.6. A. which signifieth that the new Moone, which happened the 16 day, was at 11 of the clocke, and 6 minutes before Noone.

Now for the full Moone in August, I seeke the Prime for that proposed yeare, vnder the proper title of Prim. ☍, which you shall finde to stand a­gainst the 31 day, and then vnder the title of Full Moone, is 3.49. A, whereby (as before) you may conclude, that the Full Moone in August 1612, will be the 31 day, at 3 of the clocke, and 49 mi­nutes before noone.

And here note, against some Primes you shall finde 16 or 17 houres, or more, with this letter A or P, which signifieth that the Aspect happened so many houres before or after high Noone of the same day.

Now if you would know any of these Aspects after 1630, you must substract 1 houre and 30 minutes from the time of the happening of the Aspect, and when you haue done so 19 yeares, then substract 3 houres, and so forth, alwaies sub­tracting 1 houre & 30 minuts for euery 19 yeares: hereby will those Tables be made more true per­petually, then any that yet were euer extant.

CHAP. XXXIIII. To finde what signe the Sunne or Moone is in.

TO finde the signe that the Moone is in, Ioan, de Sacro Bosco saith thus: Multiply the age of the Moone by 4, parting the product by 10, so shall the quotient shew you ye number of signes that the Moone is distant from the Sunne: then the ramainder multiplied by 3, noteth to you the degrée of the signe that the Moone is in: There­fore finde the place of the Sunne, as hereafter, and from thence count the signes and degrées be­fore found, and where it ends, is the place of the Moone: but this rule is not precise, and besides, is tedious for the vulgar.

To know what signe the Moone is in by my new Tables.

FOr this purpose there be so many Tables out, and they subiect vnto much errour, that if the Moone do worke in these inferiour bodyes, as Pli­ny affirmes, lib. 2. chap. 99, or alter the humors thereof according to her place in the Zodiacke, as the learned teach, and experience confirmes: then vaine and vnnecessary be those Tables, that so lead the vulgar into such errours and abuses: for either it is necessary that her true place bee knowne, or needlesse to bee sought: if needlesse, what needeth any obseruation at all? if necessary, how do they beguile them that put trust therein? For the Sheep-heards Kalender, Generall Prog­nostication, Computation, and such like bookes, suppose the Moone neuer to her slow moti­on, but when she is in Cancer, Scorpio, or Pisces, which is extreamly false: for you shall perceiue her stay: dayes in the other signes, if you peruse my Tables, as in Aries, Taurus, or Gemini, &c. which their Tables will not allow: which errour is like that of Pliny, lib. 2. chap. 17, saying, that ye Moone entreth not twise in coniunction with the Sun, in any other signe but Gemini, which is not so, as in the yeare 1609, and 1612, in August and Sep­tember, there bee coniunctions in Virgo, as in Aprill and May 1610 in Taurus. Also hee saith, there is neuer any coniunction of the Sunne and Moone in Sagittarius, the contrary is 1613, in [Page 124] December, and 1614 in Nouember: Therefore to finde what signe the Moone precisely is in euery day in the yeare, till 1630, do thus; Get ye Prime as before, and then resort vnto your Kalender, fin­ding the Moneth, and the Prime in the head of the Table for that moneth: Now descending downe ye Columne, which is vnder your Prime, vntil you come against the day of the moneth, there shall you finde against the said day of the moueth, the true signe that the Moone is in that day.


1612 the Prime is 17, & I desire to know what signe the Moone is in the 7 day of May; I there­fore descend the Columne vnder 17, vntill I come against the 7 day, which stands vpon the left hand the Table, there I finde ♐. I conclude the Moone is then in Sagittarius: then the 8 day in ♑, Capri­corne: but the Computation, and the rest of the bookes say, the 8 day in Sagittarius, which is false. Lastly, ouer each of my Tables for the Moone, is placed the nature of the signe she is in.

To know what signe the Sunne is in.

The Degree and Signe that the Sunne is in, stands in the last columne in the former Table, for the place of the Moone vpon the right hand, against the day of the moneth, and vnder this Title ☉ place.

CHAP. XXXV. Of the Eclipses of the Sunne and Moone, and to know when they shall happen, and the quantity of obscuration.

THe Eclipse of the Sunne is nothing else but the conueying of the Moone (which is a darke body) betwixt our sight and the Sunne, insomuch that the Sunne looseth no light, but onely wee are depriued of the same, in respect of the in­terposition of the Moone; and this neuer happe­neth but when the Sunne and Moone be in a vi­sible coniunction: for you haue your meane, true and visible coniunction, the which true and visible coniunction alwaies happen together when the Sunne and Moone haue no paralax, which is when they bee in coniunction in the 90 degrée: s [...] that the further the true coniunction is from the 90 degrée, the greater is the difference of these two coniunctions: so that you can haue no eclipse of the Sunne, but when the visible coniunction is néere the Nodes.

Now all eclipses of the Sunne beeither totall without duration, which happeneth when the Moone hath no apparent latitude at the time of ye visible coniunction, or partiall, which duration, may happen thrée manner of waies: First, when the diameter is only darkened as when the appa­rent latitude of ye Moone is equal to her apparent semidiameter. Secondly, when there is more then his semidiameter darkened, as when the [Page 126]Moones apparent latitude is lesse then her appa­rent semidiameter: And lastly, when there is lesse then the Sunnes diameter darkened, as when the apparent latitude of the Moone is grea­ter then her apparent semidiameter; and you shall know if the apparent latitude of the Moone excéede 34 minutes, 51 seconds, the Sunne can­not be any thing eclipsed, and the greatest eclipse the Sunne can suffer, is when he is in the Auge of his Eccentricke, and in his greatest eccentrici­ty, and the Moone in her opposite Auge, where­by such places that bee sytuate within the com­passe of the Moones shadow, may loose the whele light of the Sunne, the diameter whereof doth containe 280 of our English miles, or therea­bouts. Further it may so fall out, that you shall see the whole body of the Moone within the com­passe of the Sunne, the Sunne séeming to loose his light in the very middest, and about the same will appeare a narrow shining circle, of thrée quar­ters of an inch in bredth, which happeneth when the Moone is in her Auge, and the Sunne in his least eccentricity, and in oppost Auge: but this discourse is not fit for this volume, therefore to the matter.

To finde the Eclipse of the Sunne.

You must know that the body of the Sunne is supposed to be diuided into 12 Digits, and that hée is neuer eclipsed but at the new Moone: therefore finde the new Moone, as you bee taught before, & then in the row vpon your left hand, vnder the ti­tle Digits ☉, sée if there stand any figure against [Page 127]the same, for then may you conclude the Sunne to be Eclipsed, the same houre that ye new Moone happens, and that there be so many parts of his body darkened, as the figures vuder Digits ☉ ex­presse.


1612. In May I finde the new Moone to happen the 20 day, at 5 of the clocke, and 43 min. before Noone: then against the same, vnder Digits ☉, stands 8/12, therefore I conclude that the Sun shall be eclips [...] at that houre, 8 parts and a halfe, and if there [...]ad stood such a marke as this (●) he had bene eclipsed, though not visible in our Horizon.

After the same order may you finde what e [...]ip­ses happen any day of any moneth for any yeare to come, or thus: séeke vnder the title of Digits ☉ what figures stand there, and what Primes an­swere thereunto, then finde the said Primes in the little Table before, and ouer the head thereof is the yeare of our Lord God.

Of the Eclypses of the Moone.

To speake properly of an Eclypse, it is an ob­scuration of light in the Sunne, and a defection of the Moone: for the Moone is a darke and grosse body, hauing no light but such that thee receineth of the Sunne, whereby she is neuer eclipsed, but at such time that the earth is betwixt the Sun & her, which chanceth thee béeing at the full diame­tricall opposite to the Sunne, and some what néere to the head or taile of the Dragon: But these E­clipses of the Moone for diuers causes, be not al­waies after one manner, as first by reason of her [Page 128]vnequall latitude, which sometime is nothing at all, whereby the eclipse is greater in magnitude, and longer in duration. Another time her latitude is so great, that thee falleth but a little within the shadow of ye earth, loosing but a little light: & some­time she commeth not in the shadow of the earth, and then is not eclipsed: for it is generall, that when the Moones latitude, at a true Opposition, is lesser then the semidiameter of the shadow, and the Moones body both, being set together, that the Moone will be eclipsed, and the more those semidiameters exceed the latitude, the greater is the Eclipse.

Againe, these Eclipses differ in respect of the vnequall thicknesse of the shadow of the earth: for the body of the Sunne (as is said) is greater then the body of the Earth: and therefore the shadow cannot be Cylindricall, or Calathoidall, but onely Conicall, rising beyond the earth, and ending in a point: but for all these and many other causes of the variety of lunar Eclipses, yet we may re­duce them for breuities sake, into two princi­pall heads, as Totall and Partile: the Totall is two-sold, as either without continuance of time, loofing all her light but for an instant, be­cause the semidiameter of the earth is as great as the Moones latitude, and her semidiameter: or to­tall with continuance, loosing all her light for a certaine space, because the semidiameter of the sha­dow of the earth, in the place of the Eclipse, excee­deth the latitude of the Moone, and her bodily somidiameter.

The Partile Eclipse of ye Moone is when part if the body of the Moone is darkened, whereof there be 3 sorts: first when halfe her diameter is darkened, happening when the latitude of the Moone is equall to the semidiameter of the earths shadow: next when lesse then the semidiameter is darkened, happening when her latitude is more then the semidiameter of ye earths shadow. Third­ly, when more then the Moones semidiameter is obscured, which cometh to passe when the latitude of the Moone is lesse then the semidiameter of the earths shadow.

Of the parts of the Moone Eclipsed.

Like as the body of the Sun, so also the body of ye Moone is imagined to bee diuided into 12 parts, because their diameters appeare as a foot long, so that we say they bee eclipsed so many digits or fingers, but for the Moone by reason of the thick­nesse of the shadow of the earth, she may be eclip­sed 23 Digits: but I should proue ouer-tedious amply to discourse of these matters: therefore find out her eclipse thus:

To finde the Moones Eclipse.

Finde (as before) at what houre, and what day of the moneth any full Moone happeneth, and there finde the eclipse of the moone, as you did that of the Sunne, remembring alwaies to séeke the moones eclipse vnder the Title Full Moone, and her E­clipse, and the Digits, or parts of her body eclipsed in the row vpon the right hand, vnder Digits ☽, remembring what is said of the Sunne. This is casie.


To find the houre of Sun-rising and setting, the length of the day and night, with the breake of day and continuance of twi-li [...].
MonethsDayesBreake of day.Sunne risingLength of dayLength of nightSunne settingTwy­light.
May113042515985173 [...]1030
20Al day4015598180no night
Iune1and no darke night.351161774389but con­unuall twylight
Iuly1  401559808000
20 [...]157139341426447645
20554808016040 [...]66
Dece, [...]558810740162035002

The vse of the former Table.

IF you would know at what houre the day breake, the Sunne rise and set, and how long the daies and nights be, and when twi-light ends, do thus:

In the first row vpon your left hand, finde your moneth, and in ye next row rightwards the day of the moneth, which are placed against the moneth three times, thus: 1, 10, 20, and when you want the iust day, take the neerest, for it will serue precise enough: The day of the moneth thus found, proceed rightward against the said day, so shall you see the houre and minute of all the fore­said vnder their proper Titles, and against the said day of the moneth. As the 20 day of August the day breaketh at three of the clocke and 8 mi­nutes, the Sunne riseth at 5 and 18 minutes, the length of the day is 13 houres, and 23 minutes, and so proceed forth.

To finde the houre of the day.

MVltiply the signe of the Sunnes Altitude (taken instrumentally) by the signe of the semidiurnall Arke, diuiding the product by the signe of the Sunnes Meridian altitude, reseruing then the quotient, séeke the arke answering to the same, as you be taught in the'seuenth booke of my Staffe, called Trigonometria, the which arke con­uert into houres, as you be also taught in the said [Page 132]seuenth booke: so haue you the number of houres from Sunne rising, if your obseruations were be­fore noone, or the distance from Sun set, if they were in the afternoone.


In the ensuing Scheme finde the degree that the Sun is in, in the lowerend thereof, and in the side B A finde the altitude of the Sun, then note where the line passing by the degree of the Sunne paralell to B A, intersects with the line running from the altitude of the Sunne, and paralell to D A, or C B: for the houre-line passing by that in­tersection is the houre of the day.


The 21 of Aprill 1612 the Sunne is in the 10 degree of 8, and 30 degrees high, the paralels issuing from which two places, intersect at E, and the houre-line passing by is marked with 8, and 4, so that if your obseruations were before noone, it had beene 8, if after noone 4 of the clocke.

By this means the degree the Sunne is in, and the houre of the day giuen, you may find his alti­tude the same houre, and contrary: also hereby you may finde the rising and setting of the Sun, &c. and many other pretty conclusions which the ingenious will soone know, and I for breuities take omit.

The Meridian Line.

South Signes






North Signes




CAAP. XXXVII. To know how long the Moone shineth, when she riseth and setteth, with the cause of her lesse or greater light.

THe Moone hath no light but what shee re­ceiueth of the Sunne, being a darke and grosse body, as is well manifested in the time of her eclipse, and though the vulgar thinke shee is now partly lightned, and now totall, the imagi­nation is méere false, for she alwaies retaines one & the selfe same quantity of light at her quarters & other aspects, as at the full: for shee is a round Globe, and that part of the globious body that be­holdeth the Sunne is alwayes lightened: so that when she is neere the Sunne, the lightned halfe is auerted and turned from vs respectiuely to the Sunne because she commeth more and more vn­der the Sunne, receiuing thereby light vpon her vppermost part, which beholdeth the Sunne, and therefore the further she is from the Sunne, the greater is her light, and to know how long shee shineth, do thus:

All the time of her increase multiply her age by 4, but in the decrease, or after the full, see what her age wanteth of 30, the which also mul­tiply by 4, and make partition by 5, the quotient sheweth the number of houres shee shineth after Sun-set, or before his rising. Lastly, the remaine­der multiplied by 12 sheweth the minutes to bee added: for alwaies whilest she doth increase, shee [Page 135]followeth the Sunne, and shineth after Sun-set, her lightned part looking into the West: but de­creasing she goeth before the Sunne, and shineth before his rising, her lightned part looking into the East.

To know when the Moone riseth and setteth.

This rule, in respect of the manifold motions of the Moone, but chiefly in respect of her latitude, is not alwaies so precise, they may serue for a shift, and sometime is precise.

Note therefore the length of her shining, as before, and also note if it be in the increase or de­crease of the Moone, and then for either worke thus:

All the increase to the houre of Sun rising, adde the quantity of her shining, so haue you her rising: the same quantity adde to the time of Sun-set­ting, so also haue you her setting.

But after the full, take the quantity of her shi­ning from ye Sun rising, & you haue her rising: the same also taken from Sun-setting, sheweth the time of her setting, and if substraction cannot bee made, borrow 12.

But for such that cannot finde the quantity of her shining Arithmeticall, let them enter the ensu­ing Table with her age, finding the same in one of the rowes descending, or ascending, in the first columne vpon the left hand, answering to which in the next columne vnder the title, The Moones comming to South, shall you finde the houre and minute of her shining: then for her rising and set­ting, worke as before.

CHAP. XXXVII. A Table to know the houre of the night by the Moone her comming to the South, the quantity of her shining, and full sea through England.

The ☽ Age for her shi­ning.The Moones comming to south.The Mooues Age.High water at
London Timot. HartlepolBristow.Graues­endBarwicke Ost-end.
Note that the houre of the Moones comming to the South is the time of full Sea at South-hampton, Quindborow, and Portsmouth.

Against the age of the Moone in the third row, haue you the time of the full sea in any of the Hauens vpon the right hand: and if you desire to know the high water or time of the Tide in any other Hauen in England, you must adde the houres and minutes placed by the name of each Hauen vnto the houre of the Moones comming to the South: as the Moone being three dates old, commeth to the South at two of the clocke, and 24 minutes: then if you desire the high water at Redban, you must adde 45 minutes more, so haue you 3 of the clocke and 9 minutes.

For the high water at Redban or Aberden adde 45 minutes, for Dundee, S. Andrewes, Silly, 2 houres 15 minutes: for Frith, Leith, Dunbar, 4 houres, 30 minuts: For Flamot 5 houres 15 mi­nutes: for Foy, Lyn, Humber, Waymouth, Dert­mouth, Plimouth, 6 houres: For Milford, Bridgewater, 7 houres 30 minutes: For Port­land, Peterport, 8 houres 15 minutes: For Or­kenpoole, Orwell, 9 houres, Diep, Lux, Lenoys, 9 houres, 45 min. For Bolein, Douer, Harwich, Yarmouth, 10 houres 30 minutes: For Callice, Rye, and Winchelsy, 11 houres, 15 minutes.

To know at what time the Moone will bee full South any day in the yeare.

Seeke her Age in the third Columne, answe­ring to which in the second columne is the houre of her comming to the South, and note all the in­crease shee commeth to the South after Noone, [Page 138]that is, vntill she be 15 dayes old, and all the de­crease she commeth to the South in the morning.

To know what of the clocke it is in the night by the Moone.

Looke vpon any Sun-dyall, and see what of clocke it is by the shadow of the Moone (as you doe by the Sunne) noting how much it wants or is past 12 of the clacke: for so much it wants or is past the houre of her comming to the South that day, which houre you bée taught in the last note to finde.


Vpon a certaine day I looked in a Sunne-dyall and found the shadow of the Moone to point at 10 of the clocke, which wanted two houres of 12, the same day I also found her age 9 dayes, and thereby her cōming to the South was at 7 houres and 12 minutes, therefore it wanted 2 houres of the same: so that it must be 5 of the clocke and 12 minutes past: or if the same day the shadow had beene at 2 after noone, it had beene 2 houres past 7, and 12 minutes, to wit, 9 and 12 minutes: So of the rest.

CHAP. XXXVIII. Astronomicall Elections for physicke and Chirurgery, depending vpon the place, and course of the Moone.

IF thy body be filled with naughty and superflu­ous humors, then were it connenient for thee [Page 139]to draw bloud, so the heauens consent thereunto, and thy age agree therewith; which being not circumspectly weighed, it may be most dangerous to the Patient (of which no vnderstanding man is ignorant) but when necessity vrgeth, as for the Pestilence, Plurisie, Phrenzy, &c. then, though the Heauens deny, yet a veine is spcédily to bee ope­ned, ad aegri salutem. This considered of medi­cines some be purgatiue, some comfortiue and o­thers in the meane betwixt both. Medicines pur­gatiue be either Soluendo or Leniendo: In the first the Moone must be in Cancer, Scorpio, or Pisces. For the other the moone must bee taken when she worketh more in moistnesse then dry­nesse, being in a △ or * with Mars; and you must take beed in the houre of giuing the medicine lest the Moone haue any aspect with Saturne: for he congeales the humors, making the medicine worke little: likewise let her bée frée from any as­pect with Iupiter: for hee is the giuer of life, the helper and comforter of the vertues: so that the medicine can but weakly expell the humors, ma­king the body affected with an euill quality. Fur­ther, in all purgatiue medicines obserue the in­suing Rules.

  • The ☽ in S in ⚹ or △ with ♀, Purge choler ♀ not cōbust, With ele­lectuaries.
  • The ☽ in S in ⚹ or △ with ☉, Purge phlegme. With ele­lectuaries.
  • The ☽ in S in ⚹ or △ with ♃, Purge the Melancholy. With ele­lectuaries.
  • The ☽ in ♏ in ⚹ or △ with ♀, Purge yt cholerick ♀ non vsta With Poti­ons.
  • The ☽ in ♏ in ⚹ or △ with ☉, Purge the Plegmatick With Poti­ons.
  • The ☽ in ♏ in ⚹ or △ with ♃, Purge the melancholy. With Poti­ons.
  • [Page 140]The ☽ in ♓ in ⚹ or △ with ♀, Purge ye cholericke ♀ non vsta, With Pils.
  • The ☽ in ♓ in ⚹ or △ with ☉, Purge the Phlegmaticke. With Pils.
  • The ☽ in ♓ in ⚹ or △ with ♃, Purge the Melancholy. With Pils.
  • The ☽ in ♎ or ♒ in ⚹ or △ with ♀, Purge yt cholerick vt suprà with any kinde of medicine.
  • The ☽ in ♎ or ♒ in ⚹ or △ with ☉, Purge the Phlegmaticke. with any kinde of medicine.
  • The ☽ in ♎ or ♒ in ⚹ or △ with ♃, Purge the Melancholy. with any kinde of medicine.

But let not the Moone be in any of the signes that chaw the Cud, as ♈, ♉, ♑, for then the me­dicine will stay but a little with the patient, cau­sing him to vomit, vnlesse you intend to purge by vomiting. Also in purging the melancholy let not Saturne haue domunon, nor Iupiter in pur­ging the sanguine, or the liner; nor Mars the cho­lericke, bitter sweats, &c. nor Luna the head, nor Mercury in purging the lungs.

How the vertues be corroborated.

The vertues be either Vitall, Animall, or Na­turall; the Vitall vertues remaine in the heart, the Animall in the braine, and the Naturall in the li­uer; the Vitall vertues are gouerned of Sol and Iupiter, the Animal of Luna, Mercury and Venus, and the Naturall of Ioue and Venus.

Other vertues be also gouerned of the planets, as the vertue Attactiue is governed of Sol, the Disgestiue of Ioue, the Retentiue of Saturne, and the Expulsiue of Luna.

Also the signes thus gouerne the vertues, Aries and Sagitarius ruleth the Atractiue, Gemini and Libra the Disgestiue, Taurus and Virgo the Re­tentiue, and Cancer and Pisces the Expulsiue.

Also the vertues be ruled by the planess thus: Sol the well-spring of the vertues Vitall, Luna of the vertues Animall, Saturne of the Receptiue, Iupiter of the Augmentatiue, Mars of the Attra­ctiue, Venus of the Appetitiue, and Mercury of the Imaginatiue: Therefore when you would for­tifie any of these vertues, fortifie the planet signi­fying the same, and it is done.

Rules for drawing of bloud.

In letting of bloud you must know what per­sons are fit to bléed, and what not; and if they bée fit, how it is with the Patient inwardly, for his complection and age, and outwardly for the time of the yeare, time of the moneth, day and diet.

For Complection.

For the Phlegmaticke let the Moone be in Ari­es or Sagittarius when you draw bloud. For the Melancholy in Libra or Aquarius. For the Cho­lericke in Cancer or Pisces: and for the Sanguine in any of the aforesaid: Luna signum membrum dominans peragrante.

For age let bloud.

In youth from the change to the first quarter.
In middle-age from the first quarter to the full.
In elder-age from the full to the last quarter.
In old age from the last quarter to the change.

For the time of yeare.

The Spring is best, Haruest in different, the [Page 142]rest of the yeare had, and to be vsed but vpon ne­cessity.

For the time of Moneth.

Let not bloud thrée dayes before and after the change, the day before and after the Coniunction of Luna and Saturne; the like of the Coniunction of Luna and Mars. Let not bloud Venus and Lu­na in Coniunction, while Venus is combust.

Let not bloud the day before and after the full Moone: the like obserue ye Moone in Coniunction with Saturne or Mars.

The Moone in any aspect with Iupiter or Ve­nus, or in ⚹ or △ with Sol or Mars, produce a fit tune to let bloud.

The time of day.

The morning fasting is best, or in the euening after perfect disgestion, prouided the aire be tem­perate, and the wind not South.

Such persons that bee not fit to bleed, be they that he vnder 14 yeares, or more then 56 yeares old, or such that be exceeding fat, or very leane.

And after bleeding vse no violent exercise, no sleeping, venery, or gluttony.

Meats good for the whole body, and of a Sanguine Iuyce.

Grapes Raisons, and Figges bée good before meate, morning milke drunke fasting. Pullets, Pigeons, Capenets, Veale sucking yong Porke, Béefe not aboue three yeares old, Rice with Al­mond milke, Birds of the field, greene Geese, Henne-egges new poched, not hard, Feasants, [Page 143]Partriges, and Fishes of stony riuers.

Meate good to beget choler, and dry vp watery phlegme.

These ensuing vsed moderately, be very good for that purpose, else they burne and inflame: that is, swéet meates, Garlicke, Onions, Hony, Pep­per, Rocket, Léeks, old Wine measurably drunke.

Meate good to temper Choler, and to asswage heate with moistnesse.

New Cheese, Rapes, Lambes, Cowcumbers, all great fish, Lungs, Braines, inward parts of Beasts, and meares full of sinewes.

Meate good to beget melancholy, and to mitigate heat with coldnesse.

Béefe, Hares-flesh, Brawne, salt meate, Fish, or flesh, old Chéese, hard Egges, Apples vnripe, thicke wines, vnleuened bread, Milke much sod­den, Shell-fishes, Browne bread, Fennell and Basill.

Things good for many parts, and first good for the Head.

Galingall, Marioram, Rosemary, Roses, Hy­sop, Camomell, Rue, and Frankincence.

Good for the Heart.

Cinnamon, Saffron, Cloues, mace, Buglosse, Burrage, Setuall, Rosemary, Mariorom, Muske and Nutmegs.

Good for the Stomacke.

Quinces, Nutmegs, Saffron, Wormewood, [Page 144]Corrall, Minte, Cloues, and Coriander prepa­red.

Good for the Eyes.

Fennell, Veruen, Cloues, Cold water, Celen­dine, Eye, bright.

Good for the Liuer.

Lettice, Liuer-wort, Violets, Rose-water, Plantan, Fennell, and Cloues.

Good for the Lungs

Licoris, Raisons, Ahmonds, Dates, Lung­wort and pennidice.

Rules of Bathing.

Bathes be vsed for the cause of health or clean­linesse, for cleanlinesse take the Moone in Libra or Pisces, in Sextile or Trine with Venus.

Being vsed for health, consider if she sicknesse proceed of drynesse or moistnesse.

If of moistnesse, take the Moone in Aries, Leo, or Sagitarius, in Sextill or Trine with Sol or Mars.

If of drynesse, let the Moone bee in Cancer, Scorpio or Pisces, aspected as before with Jupiter or Venus.

Elections for Ablactation, or weaning of Children.

For delicatenesse take the Moone in Gemini, Virgo, Libra, or the first halfe of Sagittarius, well aspected with Venus. That they may be couetous the Moone must be in Leo, aspected with Mars.

To be good husbands, and bufie in the commo­dities of the earth take the Moone in Taurus, Vir­go, [Page 145]and Capricorne, well affected with Mars.

The Moone without Aspect, and furthest from the Sunne, maketh them forget the Nurse.

Elections for Husbandry.

Before you plant or graft consider the winde, for if it bee in the North or East cease thy labour. This foreknowne plant or graft generall, the Moone increasing in Taurus or Aquarius.

Remoue and set yong trees in the last quarter, the Moone in Taurus or Capricorne, in Septem­ber, October, Nouember, and February.

Sow all kinde of Corne, the Moone increasing in Cancer.

Set or sow all kinde of séeds, the Moone well seated in Aries, Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Libra, Capricorne, Aquarius or Pisces, but with this prouiso, that your seeds, whose rootes be round, be sowen three or foure dayes before or after the full moone; but for store take the increase from February to Iune.

Gather fruits at the full, &c.

Fell Coppice in the first quarter, sheare shéepe in the increase, and then cut haire to make it grow fast and thicke.

Cut vines in February, March, or September, the Moone increasing in Aries, Libra, or Scorpio.

Libbe or geld cattell the Moone increasing, in Aries, Sagittarius, or Capricorne.

Mucke your land, that the weedes may not grow thereby, in the decreasing.

CHAP. XXXIX. Of the moueable Feasts, and diuersities of Easter, with the reason of our difference and the Romanes.

HAuing spoken of the changes of the Moone, &c. It followeth to speake of the moueable Feasts, because they depend thereon, and haue no fixed place in the Kalender, being sixe in number, to wit, Septuagesima, Quadragesima, Easter, Rogation Sunday, Ascension, and Whit­sunday.

Septuagesima is so called of 70, as it were con­taining 70 dayes, which the Church doth obserue in remembrance of the 70 yeares that the children of Israëll were vnder the Babylonicall seruitude, and is alwayes three Sundayes before Qua­dragesima.

Quadragesima is simply said of 40, as contai­ning 40 daies, which the Church recounts in re­membrance of the 40 daies that Moses fasted, when he receiued the Lawes of our Lord, Elias fasted so many daies, & so many daies fasted Christ before the tempter came; and because the actions of Christ should be instructions to vs, therefore we should endeuour to fast so many daies.

Easter is the principall of all other Feasts and so ordained by God at first, and at this day there bee three sorts, that is, Pascha Hebraeorum, the Iewes Easter, Pascha Verum, our Easter, and Pascha Nouum, the Romanes Easter.

The Iewes Easter was commanded to be kept the 14 day of the first moneth, called Abib, which day at Euen was the Lords Passouer, and the 15 day should be the holy Conuocation, as you may see, Exod. chap. 12. verse 18. Leuit. 23.5. Deut. 16.1. Numb. 28.16. Esdras. 7.10. And this 15 day is taken for the first day after the first full Moone, happening after the Spring Equinoctial: which institution the Iewes altered, holding a superstitious opinion of daies, and thereby would not keepe their Easter vpon a Munday, Wednes­day, or Friday, breaking thereby the commande­dament of God like stiffe-necked people, as in the 2 booke of the Kings. chap. 23. v. 22.

Our Easter was ordained 322 yeares after the Incarnation: for Constantinus Magnus no­ting the errors risen amongst the congregation of the Christians & the many contentions that conti­nually rose after the Apostles time about the cele­bration of Easter, assembled from all Nations; 18 Bishops & other learned, as wel Greeks as Latins & AEgyptians, such that could withall well deter­mine of the motions of ye celestial bodies: Amōgst whom was Eusebius, Bishop of Caesaria chiefe, being an excellent Mathematitian, and hee kept them there two yeares vpon his owne cost and charges, and so 323 after the Incarnation there was a new Decemnouall, or Golden Number instituted, differing from that the Romanes then vsed, which made it the longer before they would consent vnto it: for by this new Circle Easter should be celebrated vpon the Sunday next [Page 148]following the first fuil Moone that should happen after the entrance of the Sunne into Aries, and this new institution continued not passing sea­uen yeares after the Nicene Councell: for in 330 there fell differences betwixt the Romanes and the Greekes about the same, which continued neers 200 yeares: and then in the time of Iusti­nianus the Emperour, Dionysius Abbas, a wor­thy Romane, Anno 527, began to draw Paschall Tables, and Rules Ecclesiasticall, according as it was ordained at the former Councell, which he finished Anno 532, and then at a Counceil at Calcedon it was established, that whosoeuer held any other Easter then that after the statutes of Rome, should ber counted an hereticke, and therefore till 1582, no man durst presume to al­ter the Easter, though they saw the Equinoctium still flye backwards from the 21 of March, inso­much that it is now about the 11, day, by reason of which anticipation sometimes there happens two full Moones before wee can keepe our Ea­ster, which was a cause the Romanes altered their Kalender, and thereby is there 28 daies diffe­rence sometimes betwixt vs and them, as in Anno 1557, 60, 71, 84. and 87, also there may happen 35 dayes, as in Anno 1565, 68, 76, 79, in all which yeares there happens two full moones betwixt our Easter, and the Spring Equinoctiall, so did it 1595, and farre more late, as 1603, and so shall it 1622, the which inconuenience the Ro­manes finding, reformed their Paschall Tables, whereby they produce Easter alwayes the Sunday [Page 149]following the first full moone, according to the foresaid first generall Councell held at Nice in Pontus 322 yeares after the Incarnation: But now whether it be best for vs to alter our Tables and Kalender according to that Councell, I will not presume to argue: if some say all Christians vsed this wee doe 1055 yeares, I answere, the Nicene Councel made no respect of the smal want that the day in cucry Leape yeare wanted of 24 houres, being but 47 minutes, 12 seconds, as in the 21 Chapter: but since there is passed 1289 yeares this present yeare 1611. whereby the E­quinoctiall is gone before the 21 of March (as it was then obserued) 10 dayes, and this is the cause of the difference betwixt vs and the Ro­manes, whereby the Astronomers are forced in their Registers to distinguish thus betwixt vs and them, Annus Nouus & Vetus, and so of the Kalender, and of Easter, and the other moue­able feasts, as before, but this volume is too short for an ample discourse.

Now Easter hath diuers names, according vnto the diuersity of Nations, with the He­brewes it is called Pascha, with the Greekes, Basis, and with the Latines Transitus, with vs Easter.

Rogation Sunday is so called, because nos ro­gat Ecclesia, the Church commanded vs to conti­une fasting, processions, and praiers as well a­gainst the bodily Woolues, such as late were in [...]tance, as also against the spirituall Woolues.

Pentecoste is so called from [...], which [Page 150]is Quinquagesimus, because there be 50 dayes betwixt Easter and Whitsunday inclustuely, and this time the Church doth obserue in remēbrance of the Law giuen vnto Moses in the burning mount, as also in memoriall of the Holy Ghost, that appeared to the Apostles like clouen tongues as you may read Acts 2.1.

And these be called moueable Feasts for that they haue not any fixed place in the Kalender, by reason of the celebration of Easter, whereupon the finding of all the rest depend.

CHAP. XL. To finde all the moueable Feasts for cuer according to our English Kalender.

ENter this Table seeking the Golden Num­ber in the first row descending vpon the left hand, which hauing found, proceed directly vnto the right hand, vntill you comme vnder the Do­minicall letter for the proposed yeare: so shall the number in the common angle shew you the num­ber of wēeks of Interuallum Minus, and the num­ber iust ouer the Dominical Letter, are odde daies to be added, which is the distance of weeks and dayes betwixt the birth of our Lord, and Quin­quagesima, or Esto mihi, which is Shroue-sun­day.

A Table of the distance betwixt Christmas day and Shroue-Sunday, seruing for the English Kalender.


1613. The Golden number is 18, and the Dominicall letter is C, finding therefore 18, in the fist row vnder Prime, and then proceeding [Page 152]rightwards, vntill I come vnder C, I finde seuen weekes, and ouer C 2 I conclude Interuallum mi­nus, for from Christmas to Shroue-sunday is se­uen weekes and two dayes.

This Interuallum minus being found, find the same in the ensuing Table, vpon the first row vpon the left hand, answering to which shall you finde the rest of the moueable Feasts in order, ac­cording as they bee written in the front of the Table.


1613. I found Interual. minus 7 weekes, 2 dayes, answering to which in the insuing Table, is Quadragesima. Feb. 2. Easter day April 4. Roga­tion Sunday. may. 9. and so forth, and lastly Internal. maius, 25 weekes, which is the number of weekes betwixt Trinity Sunday and Aduent Sunday.

A Table whereby to finde the Moueable Feasts in the English Kalender.
Interual. Minus.Quadra­gesima.Easter day.Rogati­on.Ascensi­on day,Whit­sunday.Aduent Sunday.Inter­uallum maius.
538 Febr.22 Mar26 Apr0 Apr [...]10 Ma.29. No.27
54923271 May.113027
551024282121 Decē.27
6113271 May51527 No.26
641630481830 No.26
65173159191. Decē.26
66181 April61020226
712038122227 No.25
752471216261 Decē.25
81271015192927 No.24
83Mar. 1.121721312924
8421318221 June,3024
85314192321 Decē.24
916172226527 Nou.23
951021263091 Dece.23
1001223281 June.11323
10113242921227 No.22

One thing note in the vse of this Table, that ye Leap-yeare hath two Letters, as GF, BA, DC, FE, AG, CB, or ED, the first of these alwaies beginning the yeare, as in Chap. 30. but you must enter this Table with the later.

To finde the Moueable Feasts otherwise.

Seeke the change of the Moone in February, for that yeare, as in Chap. 31. the next Tuesday after is Shroue-tuesday, but if the change be vp­on Tuesday, then the next Tuesday following is Shroue-tuesday, then the next Sunday is the first Sunday in Lent, six Sundayes after is Easter day, to which adde 5 weekes, so haue you Rogation Sunday, then is it foure daies more to Ascension day, from which proceed forwards 10 dayes for Whitsunday, the next Sunday after is Trinity Sunday, and the next Thursday, Corpus Christi day.

CHAP. XLI. To finde the Moueable feasts according to the Romane Church.

THe Romans say they do obserue their Easter & yt moueable feasts both according to Gods commandement, and according to the Edict in the Councel of Trent: the truth thereof I leaue to the learned, and here set downe how to finde it for Merchants and others that haue to doe beyond the seas.

To haue their Easter, you must first finde the [Page 155] Epact, (for they haue reiected the Golden Num­ber in that behalfe) and yet doth their Epact often misse a day, sometimes two, and seldome hit truly the day of the new Moone, euen as with vs it doth.

But to find the first find the Golden Number in the insuing Table, vnder it is the Epact.

An. Do.1614161516161617161816191620162116221623An. Do.162416251626162716281629163016121613 

And this is a perfect agreement of the Prime and Epact in the new Romane Kalender, and is true vntill 1700. And for your more ease I haue added the yeare of our Lord God vnto 1630, so yt knowing what yeare of our Lord it is, you haue vnder it both the Prime and Epact, and when these yeares of our Lord God be expired, then set 1631 where 1612 is, and 1632 where 1613 is, and so proceede, whereby you make your Table serue so long as the Epact and Prime agree which is vntill 1700 be past: or take 10 from our Epact found, Chap. 30. so haue you the Romane Epact till 1700, after which time deduct 11 for the cor­reption of the yeares.

Now to finde the moueable feasts according to the Romanes, do thus: First, finde the Epact, as before, and then the Dominicall Letter for the [Page 156]

Tabula Paschatis noua Reformata.
Lit. Do.Cyclus Epactarū.Dies Ci­nerum.Pascha Resurre.Ascensio Domini.Pente­costesAduent. Domini.
D23. * 29.28.27 26.25, 25.244. Febr. 11. Feb. 18. Feb. 25 Feb. 4 mar.22. Ma. 29. mar. 5 Aprill. 12. Apr. 19. Apr.30. Apr 7 May 14. may 21. may 28 may10 May 17 may. 24 may. 31. may. 7. June29. No. 29 29 29 29
E23. 5, 4, 3.2.1. * Febr. 12 Feb 9. Febr. 26. Feb. [...]. mar.23 mar. 30. mar. 6 Aprill. 13. Apr. 20. Apr.1. may. 8. may 15 may. 22. may 29. may11 may. 18 may. 25 may. 1 Iune. 8 Iune.30. No. 30 30 30 30
F23. * Freb. 13. Feb. 20. Feb. 27 Feb. 6 mar.24. mar. 31. mar. 7. April. 14. apri. 21 Apr.2. may. 9. may. 16. may. 23, may. 30. may12 may. 19. may. 26 may 2 Iune. 9 Iune1. Deec. 1 1 1 1
G23. * Febr. 14 Feb. 21. Feb. 28 Feb. 7 mar.25. mar 1. April. 8. April. 15. Apr 22 Apri.3 may. 10 may. 17 may. 24 may. 31 may13 may. 20 may 27. may 3. Iune. 10 Iun.2. Dece. 2 2 2 2
A23. * 29, 24.8. Febr. 15 Feb. 22 Feb. 1 Febr. 3 mar.26. mar 2. April. 9. aprill. 16. apr. 23. apr.4. may. 11 may. 18. may. 25. may 1 Iune.14. may 21 may. 28 may 4 Iune. 11 Iun3 Dece. 3 3 3 3
B23. * 29.28.27 Febr. 16 Feb. 23. Feb. 2. mar. 9. mar.27 mar 3 aprill 10 april. 17. apr. 24. apr.5. may. 12. may 19 mar. [...]6. may 2. Iune.15 may 22 may. 29 may. 5 Iune. 12 Iun.2. No. 27 27 27 27
C23. * 29.20 Feb. 17. Feb. 14. Feb. 3. mar. 10. mar.28. mat. 1 [...]. april. 11. april. 18. april. 25. april.6. may. 13 may. 20. may 17 may. 3 Iune16 may 23 may 30 may. 6 Iune. 13 Iun.28. No. 28 28 28 28

[Page 157]proposed yeare, as you be after taught; these had, finde the Dominicall letter in the last Table vpon the left hand, then in ye square answering to that letter finde the Epact amongst the numbers there set: this had procéed right wards in the same line, so shall you haue the day and moneth yt any of the feasts written in the top of the Table happeneth vpon. This needeth no example.

One thing note, if the proposed yeare bee Bis­sextile, then must you finde Dies Cinerum, or Ash-wednesday, with the former of the letters, and the rest of the feasts with the later letter.

A Table to finde the Circle of the Sunne and Dominicall Letter in the Romane Ka­lender, till after Anno 1700.
Ann. Do.161216131614161516161617161816191620 
Ann, Do.162116221623162416251626162716281629 
Ann Do.1630163116321633163416351636163716381639
Cyclus1516171819202122232 [...]

The vse of this Table is: Find the Circle of the Sunne for the proposed yeare, so haue you the Dominicall Letter vnder it: or finde the yeare of our Lord, so haue you the Circle of the Sunne, [Page 158]and Dominicall Letter vnder the same. And this Table you make perpetuall, if when the yeares of our Lord there placed be expired, you place 1640 where 1612 is, and so proceed, and when that cir­cle of yeares bee finished, set 1667 where 1640 was, proceeding forth in like manner.

CHAP. XLII. Of the Ember and Fasting-daies, as also of the times of Mariage.

THere be foure times in the yeare called Anni quatuor tempora, which the Church hath ap­pointed for Ieiuniall or fasting dayee, euery of which times containeth three daies, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday: two of which fasts depends on dayes fixed, the other vpon dayes moueable: First, we fast in the Spring to the end as all things then flourish, so may also the workes of men: in Sommer, that we may be in charity: in Autumne, that we may bring forth the fruits of good workes: and in winter, that as the leaues fall from the trees, and small hearhes dye, so vice may be killed in vs, and superfluities fall from vs: Or we rast to temperate and moderate the humour predominating that quarter, as Choler in Sommer, &c. as in Chap. 27. the which fasting dayes be

  • The Wednesday, Friday and Satur­day after Quadragesima,
  • The Wednesday, Friday and Satur­day after Whitsunday,
  • The Wednesday, Friday and Satur­day after Holy Crosse.
  • The Wednesday, Friday and Satur­day after Saint Lucies day.

But if Holy Crosse, or S. Lucies day fall vpon a Wednesday, then take the Wednesday follow­ing: as for other fasting dayes, they be noted in the Kalender. And the cause wherefore the Ro­manes and we obserue no fasting day, betwixt the Resurrection and Ascension day is (as I take it) grounded vpon this Text: Can the children of the Mariage Chamber fast whilst the Bridegrome is with them, &c. Mark. 2.19.

Times prohibited from Marriage.
  • from after Aduētsunday after Septuagesima 3 dayes before the Ascension. till 8 daies after the Epiphany.
  • from after Aduētsunday after Septuagesima 3 dayes before the Ascension. till 8 do. after Easter Trinity Sunday.

CHAP. XLII. Of Weights and Measures vsed in England.

In England wee commonly vse two kinde of weights, as Troy, and Auerdupois: by ye Troy weight we weigh wheat, bread, gold, siluer, and such like, and this Troy weight containes in eue­ry pound 12 ounces, euery ounce 20 peny weight, euery peny weight 24 graines, whereby a Marke weight is 80 ounces, as in the insuing Table.

Peny weight24012060402010517/4

By the weight Auerdupois is weighed all kinde of Grocery, all phisicall drugges, all grosse wares, as Rosin, wax, pitch tarre, tallow, hempe, flax, &c. and all Iron, stéele, lead, tinne, copper, a­lome, copporas, &c. and though the pound of this weight be greater then the pound Troy, yet is the ounce lesse, because the pound Troy hath but 12 ounces; and the pound Auerdupois 16 ounces, as in ye Table ensuing: & you must note that the Auerdupois pound is diuided into Graines, Scru­ples, Dragmes, and so to ounces euery one hauing a proper Character to expresse the same, as is set after the Table.

Graines768038401920480240120603015 [...]01 [...]5
Scruples3841929624126 [...]11/ [...]¾77/27/4

Graines gr. Scruples ℈. Dragmes ʒ. Ounces ℥. Pounds. £.

How Ale and Beere is measured.

These two sorts of Liquor are measured by Pints, Quarts, Pottles, Gallons Firkins, Kil­derkins, or halfe barrels & barrels, as in the insu­ing table, & these & such like be concane measures.

 Beere Measures.Ale Measures.
Pottles.72361821 64321 [...]21 
Gallons.361891 321681 
Firkins.421 421 
Kilderkin21 21 
Barrels.1 1 

How Wine, Oyle, and Hony is measured.

One Gallon of Wine containes 8 pound of Troy weight, whereby are measured the vessels in the insuing Table.

Pint.2110100867 [...]504336252128842
Rundlet.1474 ⅔3 ½2 ⅓1 ¾1 
Barrels.842 ⅔21 ⅓1 
Tierce of a pipe6321 ½1 
Hogshead.421 ⅓1 
Punchion.31 ½1 
Pipe or But.21 

Measures of Graine.

All kinde of graine is measured by Troy weight of which 8 pounds make a gallon, whereof are made Pints, Quarts, Pottles, Gallons, Pecks, Haise-bushels, Bushels, Strikes, or halfe coombs, Cornoockes, Coombes or halfe Quarters, Quar­ters, or Seames & Lasts, whose quantity behold in the insuing Table.


And know that the Barrell, and halfe barrell of Herrings, and likewise of Butter and Sope, are the same measure vsed for Ale. Herring are coun­ted by the hundreds, thousands, and Lasts; a Last being 10000. euery thousand being 1200, which is 12000 Herrings in the Last, at 120 the hun­dred.

Of Iron and Lead.

Iron is counted by the Pound, hundred, and Tun, and Lead by the pound, hundred, and fod­der.


Hundred19 ½1

Tinne, Copper, and Lattine haue 112 pounds to the hundred.

Of Fuell.

All fuell is sised by the statute, of which there be Shids, Billets. Fagots and Coles: all Shids must be foure foot long beside the carfe, and vpon them is or 5 markes or notches, and then they must be in compasse about ye midst 16.23.28 33 or 38 inches, according as it hath number of markes

All Billets should be three foot long, and there be three kinds thereof, as the Single, a Cast, and a Cast of two, the first being ynches about, the next 10, and the last 14 inches compasse.

Fagots should be three foot long, and the band beside the knot 24 ynches made round, for your flat Fagots be much lesse, though they be all one compasse about.

The Sacke of Coles is 4 bushels.

How things be Numbred. Furres.

Sables, Martins, Minkes, Ienits, Filches, & Grayes haue foure skins in the Timber.

Coney, Kid, Lambe, Budge, Cat, &c. haue fiue score in the hundred.

The skins of Goats are numbered by the kippe, which is 50, and Calues by the dozen 12, I means being tanned.

There is also in Lether hides Dickers & Lasts, the Last is 20 Dickers, or 200 hides, a Dicker is 10 hides.

Of Fish.

Ling, Cod, or Haberdine hath 124 to the hun­dred: Stock-fish 120 to the hundred, so hath Her­ring. A Last of Barrell-fish is twelue Ale Bar­rels.

Of Paper and Parchment.

A Bale of paper is 10 Reame, or 200 quires, a Reame is 20 quires, or 500 sheetes, a quire is 25 sheetes.

A Rowle of parchment is 5 dozen, or 60 skins; a dozen is 12 skins.

Of Wooll.

A Last of wooll is 4368 pounds, or 12 sackes: a sacke is 364 pounds, or 2 weyes: a wey is 182 pound, or 6 Toddes and a halfe: a Todde is 28 pounds, or two stone: a stone is 14 pound, and a cleaue is halfe a stone, so that a Last hath 312 stones, and 156 Toddes, and a Sacke hath 26 stones.

CHAP. XLIIII. Measure in Longitude, and of the length and the bredth and compasse of England, Ireland, and the adiacent Islands.

THrée barley cornes make an ynch, 12 ynches a foote, 3 foote a yard, 5 yards and a halfe a pearch, 40 pearches in length, and 4 in bredth an Acre, 4 in bredth, and 10 in length a rood, or quar­ter of an Acre, so that an Acre hath 43560 square feet, 4840 square yards, and 160 square pear­ches.

Also an English mile is 8 Furlong, 88 scores, 320 pearches, 1056 paces, 1408 Elles, 1760 yards, 5280 feet, 63360 ynches, 190080 Barley cornes, as you may see more largs in my Geode­ticall Staffe, Lib. 2.

The compasse of the earth is 360 degrées, or 21600 Italian miles, or 5400 common Germane miles, or 4320 miles of Sueuia, whose diameter is 6872 8/11 Italian, 1728 2/11 Germane, or 1397 6/11 miles of Sueuia.

The compasse of the Heauens is 1017562500 miles, and so much doth the Sun go in 24 houres according to the motion of the first Mouer, and in his meane motion in the Zodiaque hee goeth euery day 2826562 ½ miles, so that his peragra­tion in respect of his compassing the heauens e­uery naturall day, is 306392500000 miles in the whole yeare.

Measures of England, and the adiacent Islands.
  • The compasse of England is 1532 miles.
  • The greatest length thereof Northwards and Soothwards is from Barwicke to the Lands end, which not crossing the sea is 386 miles.
  • The shortest length from Barwicke to Calshot Castle in South-hampton shire is 286 miles.
  • The brodest place of England from the Lands end to Sandwich is 279 miles.
  • From S. Dauids in the West in Penbrooke-shire, through the middest of Worcester and War­wicke-shire Eastward to Yarmouth in Norfolke is 240 miles.

And this is the next brodest place in England.

Of Ireland.
  • Ireland, reiecting adiacent Islands, and some Indraffes, is in compasse 948 miles.
  • The length Northward and Southward is 303 miles.
  • The bredth East and West is 113 miles.

Being taken in the South parts from the vtter­most point of the Continent Westwards, to the East point of Cilana, lying ouer-against S. Dauids in Penbrooke-shire.

The Isle of Man.
  • The Isle of Man is in compasse 91 miles.
  • [Page 167]The length is 28 miles.
  • The bredth 18 miles.
The Isle of Anglesea.
  • Mona or Anglesea is in compasse 85 miles.
  • The length 21 miles.
  • The bredth 18 miles.
The Isle of Wight.
  • The Isle of Wight is in compasse 57 miles.
  • The length 22 miles.
  • The bredth 11 miles.

CHAP. XLV. To know how to reckon how much your daily expences commeth vnto in the whole yeare very readily without a Table, or Calculation.

TO auoid all Tables, and to giue you a ready rule to beare in memory, do thus: Suppose you spent 6 pence the day, and would know what it amounteth vnto in the yeare, which to doe, say thus: sixe pence the day, is sixe pounds, six halfe pounds, and six groates, which set together, ma­keth 9 pounds two shillings. Againe 7 pence the day is 7 pounds, 7 halfe pounds, and 7 groates in ye yeare, which set together, maketh 10 pounds 12 shillings, and foure pence: The like of any other.

How Money is numbred in England.

The greatest péece of English siluer now coined ordinarily at ye Tower is called 12 d. or a shilling, and that is diuided into two parts, which be cal­led 6 pence, or testons, and that is subdiuided into two other parts, called 3 pence, being one fourth part of the shilling. Againe, the 12 pence is diuided into 6 parts, euery of which part is called 2 pence The shilling is diuided into 12 parts cal­led pence, into 24 parts called halfe pence, and in­to 48 parts called farthings: we haue now a péece of siluer stamped, which is the ¾ of a shilling, cal­led 9 pence, and the halfe of that called 4 pence halfe peny, thrée of which make a Scottish marke, which is 13 pence halfe peny sterling: out of these small peeces there is made other summes, that haue proper and peculiar denominations, as Crownes, Nobles, and Markes, and their halfes, a Crowne is 5 shillings, a Noble 6 shillings 8 pence, a marke 13 shillings 4 pence, or two No­bles: foure Nobles is 26 shillings 8 pence: fiue Nobles is 33 shillings 4 pence: seuen Nobles is 2 pounds 6 shillings 8 pence: 14 Nobles is 4 pounds, 13 shillings 4 pence, and 20 Nobles is 6 pounds 13 shillings 4 pence. Againe, foure Marks is 2 pound 13 shillings 4 pence: fiue Marks is 3 pound 6 shillings 8 pence: 20 Markes 13 pound 6 shillings 8 pence: 40 Markes is 26 pound 13 shillings 8 pence: And an hundred Markes is 66 pound 13 shillings, 4 pence.

A briefe remembrance of the princi­pall Faires in England and Wales, the Moneth, Day, and Place where they bee kept, more largely set forth then heretofore.

¶ Faires in Ianuary.

THe third day at Llanybyther: Tuesday after the Twelfe-day, at Salisbury, and at Mel­ton Mowbray: Thursday after at Banbury, and at Litterworth: 7. at Llanginnie: 25. at Bri­stoll, Churchingford, Grauesend, and at Nor­thalerton euery Wednesday from Christmas till Iune: 31. at Llandyssell.

¶ Faires in February.

THe first day, at Brumley: the second at Lin, Bathe, Maidstone, Budworth, Reading, Bicklesworth Vizes, and at Whitland: the third at Borgroue: the eighth, at Tragarron: the ninth, at Llandaffe: the 14. at Owndle and at Feuersham: the 24. at Vppingham, Higham­ferries, Walden, and at Tewkesbury: On Shroue-munday at New-castle-vnder-line: On Ash-wednesday, at Lichfield, Exceter, Roystone, [Page 170]Abington, Ciceter, Tamworth, Dunstable, Tun­bridge, Fockingham, and Eaton: The first Munday in Lent, at Winchester, and at Cher­say in Surrey: The first Tuesday in Lent, at Bedford, the first Thursday in Lent, at Ban­bury.

¶ Faires in March.

THe first day, at Llangadog. Madrim, and at Llangeuallah: the eight, at Tregarron: the 12. at Stamford, Sudbury, Wooborne. Wrex­ham, and at Bodnam: the 13. at Wye, and Bodwin: the 17. at Patrington: the 18. at Sturbridge: the 20. at Alesbury, and at Dur­ham: the 24 at Llanerchimeth: the 25. at Nor­thampton, Malden, Cardigan, Malpas, Saint Albons, Ashwell, Huntington, all the Ladi­dayes, at Saint Iones in Worcester, & at Wood­stocke: the 31. at Malmesbury. Mio-lent Sun­day at Saffron-walden, and at Odiham: Mun­day before the Annunciation, at Kendall, Wis­bich, and at Denbigh: the fifth Sunday in Lent, at Grantham, Salibury, Sudbury, and at Helx­some: Wednesday before Palme-sunday, at Drayton: Thursday at Llandissell: Palmesun­day Eus, at Newport, Pomfret, Leicester, Skipton, Ailesbury, and at Wisbich: Palme­sunday, at Worcester, Llandaurenuoure, Bil­lingsworth, and at Kendall: wednesday before Easter, at Llanuillinge and at Kaerline: Thurs­day before Easter, at Sudmuster, and at Kette­ring: [Page 171]On Good-friday, at M [...]llaine, Bishops-castle, Action-burnell, Longuer, Risborow, Bury, Amptill, Bishops-hatfield, Brewton, Hinning­ham, Rotheram, Ipswich, S. Pombes, Gilford, Nutly, Engfield, and Charing.

¶ Faires in Aprill.

THe second day at North-fléet, Rochford, and at Hitchin, the third, at Leeke: the fifth, at Wallingford: the seuenth, at Darby: the ninth, at Billingsworth, the munday next after, at Eues­ham: the 22 at Stabford: the 23. at Chichester, Tamworth, Ipswich, Charing, Amptill, Hin­ningham, S. Pombs, Burie, Wilton, Wortham, Brewton, castle Combes, and at Bewdley: the 25. at Darby, Vttoxeter, Dunmow, Colebrooke, Buckingham, Winchcombe, and at Cliffe: the 26. at Tenderden, and at Clete: Munday in Ea­ster wéeke, at Gainesborow, and at Onay: tues­day in Easter wéeke, at Daintrée. Hitchin, Brails, Rochford, Sandbach, and at Northfleet: wednes­day in Easter weeke at Wellingborow: Friday at Darby, Saterday at Skipton: Munday after Lowsunday, at Bicklesworth, Euesham, and as Newcastle vnder-line.

¶ Faires in May.

THe first day, at Leycester, Warwice, Oswe­strée, Kinuar, worsworth, Bricke-hill, Con­gerton, Reading, Stow ye old, Pombridge, Chens­ford, [Page 172]ford, Perin, Andouer, Maidston, Llantrissent, Vske, and at Grighouel: the second, at Pwllhely: the third at Stafford, Bromyard, Nun-eaton, Rats-dale, Waltham abby, Elstow, Hinning­ham, Chersay, Chepnam, Cowbridge, Aberga­nennie, Mounton, Denbigh, Merthir and Tid­uile: the fifth, at Marchenlleth: the sixth at Almes­burie, Hoy, and Knighton: the seuenth, at Be­uerly, Newton, Oxford, Stratford vpon Auon, Hanslop, and at Bathe: the ninth, at Maidstone: the tenth, at Ashburne: the 11 at Dunstable: the 15. at Welshpoole: the 16. at Llangarranogge: the 19. at Rochester, Odehil, Mayfield, and Wel­low: the 20. at Malmesbury: the 25. at Black­burne: the 26. at Lenham: the 29. at Cram­brooke. Rogation weeke, at Beuerley, Engfield: On Ascension Eue, at Darking, and Abergelcy: On Ascension day, at Bremmencham, Bishops-stratford, Kidderminster, Eccleshall, Wigan, Middle-with, Stopford, Chappell-Frith, Rosse, Burton vpon Trent, Vizes, Brasted, Sudmu­ster, Eglesrew in Keames, Chappell-kinon, Bridgend, and Bewmarris: Munday after As­cension day, at Thacksteed: On wednesday af­ter at Shrewsbury: On Friday, at Ruthin: On Whitsun-eue, at Skipton vpon Crauon, Wis­bich, and Newin: On Whitsun-munday, at Rats dale, Rye-hill, Lenham, Kirbie, Stephen, Cribbie, Salisbury Chichester, Exceter, Daring­ton, Bradforde, Ryegate, Bromyard, Linton, Burton in Landsdale, Shalforth, Whitchurch, Cockermouth, Applebée, Harstgréene, Oundle, [Page 173]Sleford, Saint Iues, Agmunsham, Enesham, Amerson, and at Sittingborue: On Whitsun-Tuesday, at Melton-mowbray, Canterbury, Rochford, Lewis, Midhurst, Epping, Perith, Long milford, Faringdon, Daintrée, Laighton­bussard, High Knots-ford, Aihbie Delazouth, Lon­guer, Elsmere, Munmouth, Llanymthiuery: On Wednesday, at Leek, Roystone, Newarke vpon Trent, Sandbar, Llanbedder, Pont-stephen, and Llandebie: Whitsun-thursday, at Kingstone and Cake-field: on Friday, at Darby, Cocksall, and at Stow in the Parish of Gwullyn: On Trinity-eue, at Rowell: On Trinity Munday, at Kendall, Tunbridge, watford, Spilsbie, Criswell, Raily, and Vies: On Tuesday after Trinity, at Aberga­uennie, and Radnor: On Wednesday, at Aber­frow: On Corpus Christi day, at Brimmidgham, Kiddermuster, Prescot, Saint Needes, Bishops­stratford, Banburie, Launimerchimeth, New­port in Munmouthshire, Neath, Eaglesrewe, Llangrist, Caerwid, and Haligh: On Friday, at Couentrie, Chepstow in Munmouthshire: Mun­day after Corpus Christi day, at Belton.

¶ Faires in Iune.

THe third day, at Ailesbury: the ninth, at Maid­stone: the tenth, at Maxfield, Wellington, Newborough, Okingham, Hoit Llanwist, New­castle in Emlin, and Kinwillgaio: the 13. at Newtowne in K [...]dewen: the 14. at Bangork: the 15. at Pershore, seuen miles from worcester: the 16. at Newport in Keames, and Bealth: the [Page 174] 17. at Nigham-ferries, Stow-gréene, Hadstorke, and Llanuillinge: the 19. at Bridgenorth: the 21. at Ystradmeyricke: the 22. at Shrewesbury, and Saint Albons: the 23. at Barnet, castle E­bichen, and Dolgellie: the 24. at Westchester, Colchester, Wakefield, Horsham, Wenlocke, Croyden, Bedford, Bromsgroue, Barnewell, Glocester, Lincolne, Peterborow, Windsor, Ha­lifax, Lancaster, Ashburne, Bishops-castle, Tun­bridge, Leicester, boughton-greene, Kerkehame in Aundernesse, Hartford, Kingstone, Reading, Ludlow, Romford, Pemsey, Shaftsbury, Breck­nocke, and Preston: the 26. at Northop: the 27. at Burton vpon trent, Falkestone, Llandogaine: the 28. at Royston, Hescorne, Saint Pombes, Machenlleth: the 29. at Woluerhampton, Staf­ford, Wem, Woodhurst, Marleborow, Mount-Sorrell, Lower-Knots-ford, Southam, Boulton by ballon, Peterborow, Yorke, Onay, Bunting­ford. Vpton in Worcester-shire, Whitnay, Lem­ster, Westminster, Buckingham, Bromley, Se­nocke, Llambeder, Pont-stephen, Cardiffe, Lla­mergaine, and Bala: the 30. at Maxfield.

¶ Faires in Iuly.

THe second day, at Congerton, Wooburne, Huntington, Ashton vnderline, Smeth, and Swansey: the third, at Hauerson: the fifth, at Burton vpon Trent: the sixth, at Llanidlae, and Llanibither: the seuenth, at Canterbury, Albrigh­ton, Vppingham, Chippingnorton, Vizes, Burnt­wood, [Page 175]Chappel-Frith, Richmond, Tenbury, Ha­uerford-west, Treshenimycha, Emlin, Castle­maine, Denbigh: Munday after Relique-Sun­day, at Fodringay, and Hauerhull: the 11. at Partney, and Lide: the 13. at Llaurhaidarmach­nant: the 15. at Pinchbacke, and Gréene-steed: the 17. at Leeke, Winchcombe, Saint Kenel­mes, Llauvilling: the 20. at Betley, Vxbridge, Awferton, Bowline, Cateshy, Boulton in the Moores, S. Margarets by Dartford, Odiham, Barkway, Ickleton, Tenbie, Neath, and Lla­nymthiuery, at Woodstocke: the 22. at Stony­stratford, Bridgnorth, Battlefield Bicklesworth, Baynards castle, Broughton, Clitherall, Kes­wicke, Norwich, Kingstone, Marleborough, Tet­bury, Winchester Colchester Mauolin-hill, Ne­warke vpon Trent, Roking, Kidwallie, With­grigge, and Ponterley: the 23, at Chestone, and Karnaruon: the 25. at Saint Iames by London, Saint Iames by Northampton, Bristow, Dar­by, Dudley, Chichester, Stone, Shifnall, Stam­ford, Louthe, Liuerpoole, Thrapstone, Barcom­stead, Buntingford, Doncaster, Baldocke, wal­den, Tilbury, Ipswich, Rauenglasse, Crith, Brumley, Ashwell, Hatfield, Broadocke, Rea­ding, Douer, Chilholme, Malmsbury, Aldergame Broomesgroue, Camden, Wigmor, Chickham, Trobridge, Rosse, Machembleth, Landengeiram, chappell-Iago, and Stackpoole: the 26. at Bewd­ley, Tiptrie, and Raiadargwy: the 27. at chappel-Frith, Richmond in the North, Warrington, Horsham, Canterbury, Malpasse, and Ashford.

¶ Faires in August.

THe first day, at Shrewesbury, Longhborough, Yorke Newcastle vpon Tine Selbie. New­ton, Dunstable, Bedford Saint Edes, Yelland, Northam-church Sledburne, Exceter, Thacke­steed, Rumnay-maling, Feuers;ham, Wisbich, Bathe, Horseney, Karmarthen, Kaergwily Hay, Llantrissent, Chepstow, Llaurwest, and Flint: the fourth at Linton and Radnor: the ninth at A­berlew: the tenth, at Melton-mowbray, Chorley, Rugbie, Chidlee, Oundle, Seddyll, Weydon, Frodsham, Banbury, Alchurch, walton, Ludlow, Waltham, Farneham, Warmester, Toucelier, Croyley, Kilgarron, Haleigh, Saint Laurence by Bodwin, Diffringoliwich, Newborough, Ken­walgaio, Harley, and Marras: the 15. at Eles­mere, Tutbury, Hinkley, Saint Albons, Belton, Huntington, Gis [...]orough, Cambridge, Goodhurst Kaerlile, Preston, Wakefield, Marleborough, Whitland, Cardigan Rosse, Swansey, Eglwys­vait, Yminith, Newin, and Newport in Mun­mouth shire: the 16 at Rayaydargwy: the: 4. at London, Kiddermuster, Nauntwich, Pagets-bromley, Croylie, Northalerton, Tuddington, Faringdon, Tewkesbury, Sudbury, Norwich, Douer, Oxford Chorley, Beggars-bush, Brom­ley, Aberconwey, Munmouth, and Mountgome­ty: the 28. at Sturbridge in worcestershire, Ashford, Talisarnegréene, and welshpoole: the 29. at Corby, Kaermarthen, Brecknocke, and Ka­erwis, [Page 177]Sunday after Saint Bartholomew, at Sandbich.

¶ Faires in September.

THe first day, at chappel-Siluy, Saint Giles in the bush, and Neath: the fourth, at Okkam: the seuenth, at ware, & woodbury-Hill: at Scur­bridge, wakefield, waltham on the woulds, Bre­wood, Drayton, Northampton, Atherstone V [...]ce­cester, Gleyborne, worseworth, Chalton, Part­ney, Bury, Huntington, wolfe pit, Chattom, Smeathe, Reculuer, Malden, Snide, Rocking­ham, Hartford, Drifield, Llandissell, Kardigan, whitland, Cardiffe, Tenby, and Bewmarris: the 13. at Pwlhely, and Newtowne in Kedwin: the 14. at Newport, Chesterfield, Richmond, Rippon, Stratford vpon Auon, V [...]rscley, Hets­bury, Smalding, waltham-Abby, Penhade, wootton, Denbigh, Newborough, Rosse, Mun­cton, and Abergauennie: the 15. at Raiadargwy: the 17. at Cliffe, and Llamdlasse: the 20. at Llan­uellie, and Ruthin: the 21. at Stafford, Shrews­bury, Nottingham, Peterborough, Kingstone, Maiden [...] brackley Daintree, Bedford, Baldocke, S. Edmundsbury, woodstocke Lenham. Do­uer, Katherine-hill by Gilford, Croydon, Vizes, Marleborough Braintree, Houlden, wendouer, Canterbury, Abergwilly, and Knighton: the 23. at Pancridge in Staffordshire, an Horse-Faire 6. or 7. dayes: the 24. at Llanuillingh: the 28. at Dolgeth, and Kaermarthen: the 29. at west­chester, [Page 178]Leicester, Lancaster, Ashburne, Saint Albones, Saint Iues, Vxbridge, Higham-ferries, Selby, Killingworth, Ludlow, Kingsland, Black­burne, Tuddington, Basingstocke, woodham-Ferry, Corkermouth, Maulton, way-Hill, Buck­land, Bishops-stratford, Sheford, Hull, Merthyr, Llanvihangell, Aberconwy, Llocher, Machenleth, Llanidlasse, wennir, 7. daies, and at Hay.

¶ Faires in October.

THe Munday after Saint Michaell, at Fase­ley: the third, at Boulton in the moores: the fourth, at Saint Michaell: the sixth, at Saint Faithes besides Norwich, Hauent, and Maid­stone: the 8. at Chichester, Hereford, and Bi­shopsstratford, Swansey, Llambeder. Pont-ste­phen, Harborough, Gainsborough, Blithe, Ash­burne, Sabridgeworth, Hodnet, and Deuizes; the 12. at Boulton in Furnace, and Llangoueth: the 13. at Tamworth, Drayton, Grauesend, windsor, Hitchin, Royston, Marshfield, Colche­ster, Stapforth, Staunton, Charing, Aberfrow, Newport in Munmouthshire, Leighton-bussard, and Edmundstow: the 18. at Bridgenorth, Bur­ton vpon Trent, wellingborough, Tisdale, wi­gan, Barnet, Banbury, Middle-wich, Ely, Bi­shops-hatfield, Brickhill, Newcastle, Faringdon, Henley in Arden, Marlow, Vphauē, Tunbridge, Ashwell, Yorke, wrickley, Holee, Charleton, Lawhadden, Kidwelly, Iske, and Radnor: the 19 at Saint Frideswides by Oxford: the 21. at Co­uentrie, [Page 179]Newarke, Cice [...]or, Stokesley, Lentham, Saffronwalden, Hereford, and Lanibither: the 28. at VVhitchurch, Lemster, VVarwicke, lo­wer Knots-ford, Abby de la Zouch, Prestone in Aundernes, Hertford, Oxford, Biodenden, VVarmester, Llanedy, VVision, and Abercon­wey: the 29. at Talisarnegreene: the 31. at Ru­then, VVakefield, Stokesley, pwlhely, and A­bermarles.

¶ Faires in Nouember.

THe first day, at Ludlow, Mountgomery, Bir­klesworth, and Castlemaine: the second at Léeke, Lougborough, Maxfield, bishops-Castle, Elesmere, Belchingley, Mayfield, & Kingstone: the third, at Kaermarthen: the 5 at VVelshpoole: the 6, at VVellington, Pembridge, Newport­pond, called Cole-faire, Salforth, Lesforth Trig­ny, Andouer, VVetshod, Hartford, Maling, Bed­ford, Marron, & Brecknocke: the 10, at Wem, Shifnall, Lenton, seuen dayes: Rugby, Laniby­ther, and Aberwingrin: the 11. at Marleborow, Douer, Fockinghā, Newcastle in Emlin, Shafts­burie, Tlathera Maies, Aberkennen, Mūmouth, Trean, and Withgrigge. Munday after Saint Martin, at Eaglesrow in Keames, at Karnar­uon: the 13. at Gilford. the 15. at Llanithiuery, and Machenleth: the 17. at Hide, Northampton, Spaldocke, Harlow, Lincolne: the 19. at Hors­ham: the 20. at Saint Edmundsbury, Heath, and Ingerstone: the 22. at Penibout, Sawthy, [Page 180]the 23. at Sandwich, Ludlow, Frome, Tudding [...] ­ton Kates-crosse, Bwelth, Bangor, and Carline, at Higham-ferries: the 28. at Ashburne: the 29 at Lawrost: the 30. at Bewdley, Oswestrée, Cubley, Boston, Warrington. Bedford in York­shire, VVakefield, Rochester, Gréene-stéed, Pe­terfield, Baldocke, Amptill, Colingborough, Mai­den-brackley, Narbert, Pecorées in Gower, Cob­ham, Gargreue, Preston, Harleigh, and Brad­ford.

¶ Faires in December.

THe fifth day, at Pluckley Dolgeth, and New­ton: the 6. at S. Neids, Arundell, Ex [...]eter, Northwich, Grantham, Seuenocke, VVoodstock, Hendingham: the seuenth at Sandhurst: the eighth, at Leicester, Northampton, Kinuar, Mal­passe, Clitherall, Helxsome, VVhitland, Ka [...]di­gan, and Bewinarris, at Llanvnen: the 21. at Hornebie, the 22. Llandilauawr, the 29. at Can­terbury, Salisbury, and Royston.

Of the Dimensions of England, and other parts of the World, according to other Authors.

BRITAINE, as M. Pitheas, and Isidorus report, is in compasse, 3825. miles, which is false, but Pliny saith, when this Dimension was taken, the Romanes had knowledge but to the Forest called Caledonia. Agrippa saith, it is in lenghth, 800. miles, and in bredth, 300. miles, and that Ireland is as broad, but not so long by 200. miles. Some of our owne Countrimen haue pub­lished the compasse of England to be 4340 miles, and that ye length from Barwicke to Portsmouth, is 320 miles, and the bredth in the brodest place, which is from Douer (or rather from Sandwich) 300. miles but it is not so much, as you may ga­ther by my dimensions before, which be truly set downe.

Of Europe.

Pliny, Lib. 6. Chap. 31. saith, that Europe is in length 3748. miles, and that the bredth at the broadest is 250. miles. Agrippa would haue it 910 from the bounds of Cyrene, ending at the Garamantes: for so farre to them was knowne and discouered.

Of Asia.

Pliny also saith, that Asia is in length, 63750 miles, and in bredth from the Aethiopian Sea, to Alexandria, situate vpon Nilus, 1875. and that Europe is scarce halfe so bigge as Asia.

Also, that Europe is twice as much as Affrica, and a sixth part ouer: so that by Plinies Compu­tation, in reducing all these parts together, Eu­rope is a third part of the Earth, and an eighth portion ouer, and Asia a fourth part, and one 14 portion, and Affrica a fifth part, with an ouer­plus of a 16 portion.

But the ignorance of these Authors is herein to bee excused, in respect it is not so now: For since their time our Trauellers haue found out, as it were, a new world, of which they were ig­norant of, imagining no such thing, to wit, A­merica, and Magellana, so that as they before di­uided the world into three parts, now bee there flue such parts: but Pliny (like the Author of such another great English volume) was for­ward to write much vpon reports, and that of the meanest, as Hunters, Fowlers, Sheepheards, &c. And therefore since hath beene called by some, Rusticus Mendax. But as his workes hee lear­ned (though much matter impertinent, and er­roneous) so is he in many things excuseable. As for Europe, it now consists of aboue 28. King­domes, beside the Romane Empire. In length it containeth from the Cape of Portingale to the ri­uer [Page 183] Taneus 3800. miles, and in bredth, from the Archipellago to the Frise Ocean, 1200. miles, and is wasted vpon the westerne and Northerne part, partly by the Ocean, and partly by the Bal­thean Seas: as for the other foure parts of the world, I cannot here stand further to speake of them.

CHAP. XLVI. Of the difference of Gold in finenesse, and the valuation of seuerall peeces of Gold, with other necessary Tables.

VVHat is meant by Troy, or Auerdupois weight, is declared before, and what is meant by the ounce, &c. is expressed likewise in Tables for that purpose: It resteth therefore to giue you a Table of the finenesse of gold, because there is some gold better then other, and also to deliuer the valuation of certaine peeces of Gold.

A Table of the difference of Gold.
 Angell Gold.French. Gold.Soueran Gold.
A pound weight.36. l.33. l.30. l.
An Ounce.3. l.55. s̄.50. s̄.
The halfe ounce.30. s̄.27. s̄. 6. d.25. s.
Quarter of an ounce.15. s̄.13. s̄.9. d.12. s. 6. d.
Halfe quart. of an oūce.7. s̄. 6. d6. s̄. 10. d6. s. 3. d.
Farthing gold weight.3. s̄. 9. d.3. s̄. 5. d ¼3. s. 1. d. ½
Peny weight.3. s̄.2. s̄. 9. d.2. s. 6. d.
A Graine.1. d. ½1. d 12/48.1. d. ½

But here you must note, that it is intended in this Table, a peny weight of Goldsmiths weight, which is made by the weight of 24 barley cornes, dryed, and taken out of the middest of the eare, 20 of which peny-weights make an ounce, and 12. ounces a pound Troy, as before.

Of which weight the insuing peeces of Gold, weigh, as followeth.

A Table of the weight and valuation of seuerall peeces of Gold.
The Names of Gold.The weight.
George Noble.3. peny-weight.
Angell Noble.3. peny-weight, 7 grains ¼
The Reall.4. peny-weight, 23 grains
First crowne of K. H.2. peny-weight, 9 graines.
Salute.2. peny-weight, 5 graines.
Old Noble.4. peny-weight, 9. grai. ½. ¼
Base Crowne of K.H.2. peny-weight.
2 parts of a Salue.1. peny-weight, 11. grain.
Elizab. Soueraigne.3. peny-weight, 14 grains.
Edwards Soueraigne3. peny-weight, 14. grains
Great Soueraigne.10. peny-weight.
Elizabeth Crowne.1. peny-weight, 19 grains.
Soueraigne of K. Ed3. peny-weight, 14 grains
Soueraigne of K. H4. peny-weight.
French Noble.4. peny-weight, 16 grains
K. Edward.3. peny-weight, 14 grains
Vnicorn of Scotland.2. peny-weight, 10. grains
Scottish Crowne.2. peny-weight, 5. graines.
Philips Reall.3. peny-weight, 10. grai. ½
French Crowne.2. peny-weight, 5. grain. ½
Old French Crowne.2. peny-weight, 5. graines.
Philips Crowne.2. peny-weight, 5. grains. ½
Flanders Rider.2. peny-weight, 6. grain. ½
Flanders Crowne.2. peny-weight, 5 grains
Flanders Reall.2. peny-weight, 10. grain. ½
Flanders Roial with the spread Eagle.2. peny-weight, 6. grains.
Flemish Angell Portigu.3. peny-weight, 6. grains.
Crusado with the crosse standing.2. peny-weight, 6, grains.
Crusado. †2. peny-weight, 6. grain. ½
Double Ducat.4. peny-weight, 12. grain.
Single Ducat.2. peny-weight, 6. grain. ½
Double D. of Rome.4. peny-weight, 13. gr. ½. ¼
Ducat of Rome.4. peny-weight, 13. gr. ½.¼
Double Pistolet.4. peny-weight, 8. grains.
Single Pistolet.2. peny-weight, 4. grains.
Ducat of Valence.2. peny-weight, 6. grai. ½
Ducat of Florence.2. peny-weight, 5. grains.
Golden Castilion.2. peny-weight, 23. grains
Ducat of Castile.2. peny-weight, 6. grain. ½
Ducat of Aragon.2. peny-weight 6. grain. ½
Hungary Ducat.2. peny-weight, 7. grains.

The new restraint for the exportation of gold, ac­cording to the proclamation dated the 23 of No­vember in the 9 yeare of his Maiesties reigne of great Britaine, France and Ireland, 1611.

THe circumstance of this Proclamation is to restraine the great gaine that is made by the exportation of our gold, as being like wise a conse­quent of the disproportion betweene ye price of his Maiesties coines abroad, & here within his King­dome. For which cause, & others, too long to recite, it is Authorized, ye all seueral peeces of Gold here­after mentioned, to be currant within this realme respectiuely hereafter, at the values following.

The piece of gold called the

  • Vnite. 22 s̄.
  • Double crown 11 s̄.
  • Britain. crown. 5 s̄. 6. d.
  • Thistle crown. 4 s̄. 4 d. ob. q
  • Halfe crowne. 2 s̄. 9 d.
  • The coin of gold of Scotland, called the 6 l. peece. 11 s̄.

Our gold called the

  • Rose roial 33. s̄.
  • Spur roial 16. s̄. 6 d
  • Angell 11. s̄.
  • These be not currant in Scotland.

All other peeces of gold of his Maiesties proge­nitors, and now currant proportionall to bears the like increase as followeth.

Euery peece of gold formerly currant for 30 shillings, to be 33 shillings. For [...]0 s̄. to be 22 s̄. For 15 s̄. to be 16 s̄. 6 d. For 10 s̄. to bee 11 s̄. For 5 s̄. to be 5. s̄. 6 d. For 2 s̄. 6 d. to be 2 s̄. 9 d. .

But if the gold shal be too light, according to ye abatemēts folowing, thē any subiect may refuse it.

Euery peece of gold currant for 30 s, must not want aboue 4 gr. di. Currant for 20 s. not to want aboue 3. gr. Currant for 15 s. not to want aboue 2. gr. Currant for 10 s. not to want a­boue 2 gr. di. Currant for 5 s. not to want aboue 1. gr. Currant for 2. s. 6 d. not to want di. gr.

A Note of a Necessary Table.

Oftentimes tradesm [...]n & others buy their cōmo­mities by ye hundreds & would retaile by ye yound, as 4. d. the l, is 1 l. 17. s. 4. D. the hūdred at 112 to the hundred: for which purpose, & for any other sum there is an ensuing table, whose vse is thus. Seek what you pay by ye l in one of ye left rowes descēding vnder poūds, answering to which right­wards vnder hūdreds is what it cōmeth vnto at 112 ye hūdred: as 1 d. the l cōmeth to 9 s. 3. d. the hūdred, & contrary, 7. s the hundred, is ob. q. the l.

A Table for such as buy, or vse retailing, at 112 in the hundred
PoundsBy the hūdredPounds.Hūdreds
 lsd lsd
a q.0246. d. q.2184
a ob.0486. d. ob.388
a ob. q.0706. d. ob. q.330
1 peny.0937 pence.354
1 peny q01187. d. q.378
1 pen. ob01407. d. ob.3100
1 d. ob. q01647. d ob. q.3124
2 pence.01888 pence.3148
2. d. q.1108. d. q.3180
2. d. ob.1348. d. ob.3194
2. d. ob. q1588. d. ob. q:418
3 pence.1809 pence.440
3. d. q.11049. d. q.464
3. d ob.11289. d. ob.4 [...]8
3. d. ob. q11509. d. ob. q.4110
4 pence.117410 pence4134
4. d. q.119810. d. q.4158
4, d ob.22010 d. ob.4180
4. d ob. q24410. d. ob. q544
5 pence26811 pence5 [...]8
5. d. q.29011. d. q.550
5. d. q.211411. d. ob.574
5. d. ob. q213811. d. ob. q598
6. pence.216012 pence5100
A most excellent Table for any man to vse, first diligently calculated, 1605.
What 100 pound forborne for any time vnder 21 yeares commeth vnto ac­cording to the rate of 10 pound in the hundred, at compound interest:What 100 poūdis worth for any time vnder 21 year before hand after the for­mer rate,What 10 poūd Annuitve is worth for any time vnder 21 yeares, accor­ding to 10 p: in the 100
196111110016708 [...]130
2067215011417385 [...]9

CHAP. XLVII. Of the degrees of men before the Conquest.

THe first was a Hertzoge, which was the Constable of England, and now in the Nor­man tongue, he is called a Duke.

The next in the Saxons speech was a Marken­riue, which is called a Marques in the Brittish tongue, and was chiefe in the horse campe.

The next in the Saxons speech was an Elder­man, which is now called an Earle, and hee was Iudge in the County where hee dwelt, & had the third part of the profits of the County-Court to­wards his paines and charges.

The next in the Saxons time was a Vicecount, who in the absence of the Elder-man did execute iustice, and in ye Norman spéech was called a Vice­count, and is now called a Sherife, or Reaue of the Shire.

The next in the Saxons speech was a Thayne, which in the Brittish tongue is interpreted a Dy­nast, and in the Norman speech a Baron, and in Latine is Thanus.

The next degrée was a Vauasour, which is now called a Knight Barronet, and he had his Mannor place where he kept his Courts.

The next in the Brittish tongue was a Norg­hough, which after the Danish speech was called a Knight.

The next degree was the Edleman, which wée now call the Gentleman. I reade not of Esquires, [Page 191]vnlesse it were Laueffer, which the Linguists doe rather interprete a Pursiuant.

The next in the Saxons time was a Bocland­man, which the Danes called a Swaine, and is now a Charterer, or Free-holder.

The next in the Saxons time was Gebures, which we call Husbandmen.

There is a degrée called a Farmer, which pro­perly is, as (some thinke) where a man letteth out land for a certaine time for meats & drinke, as you may read yt Canutꝰ Rex dedit firmario Ecclesiae de Glastenbury vnam hidam terrae, &c. And this was onely for the reliefe of old sickly Monkes: but hée is now a Farmer that can get a good liuing, and pay but a little for it to the Lord.

There is yet another degrée called Hlafordines, the which were bond-men and are now Copyhol­ders, and their Lords were taled Hlafords.

CHAP. XLVIII. The order of the Nobility and all other degrees and estates of England as they were set and distinguished in the time of King Henry, &c.

  • 1 DUkes of the bloud royall.
  • 2 Other Dukes.
  • 3 The eldest sonnes of Dukes of yt bloud royal.
  • 4 Marquesses.
  • 5 The eldest sonnes of other Dukes.
  • 6 Earles.
  • 7 The yongest sons of Dukes of ye royall bloud.
  • [Page 192]8 The eldest sonnes of Marquises.
  • 9 The eldest sonnes of Earles
  • 10 Vicecounts.
  • 11 The younger sonnes of Dukes.
  • 12 The younger sonnes of Marquises
  • 13 Barons.
  • 14 The eldest sonnes of Vicecounts.
  • 15 Knights of the order of S, George, which vulgarly be called Knights of the Garter.
  • 16 Knights of the Kings Counsell
  • 17 The yonger sonnes of Earles.
  • 18 The yonger sonnes of Vicecounts.
  • 19 The eldest sonnes of Barons.
  • 20 Knights Banerets.
  • 21 The new order of Knights Baronets.
  • 22 Knights of the Bath.
  • 23 Doctors of the Kings Counsell.
  • 24 Knights Batchelours
  • 25 Esquires of the Kings Counsell.
  • 26 The eldest sonnes of Knights Banerets
  • 27 Ths eldest son [...]ne of Batchelour Knights
  • 28 Esquires of the body.
  • 29 The yonger sonnes of Knights Banerets.
  • 30 Esquires.
  • 31 Gentlemen.
The Nobility of England, according to their authority and degrees, as they bee now liuing, 1611.
  • Marques of Winchester.
  • 1 Earle of Arundell.
  • 2 E. of Oxford.
  • 3 E. of Northumber­land.
  • 4 E. of Shrewsbury.
  • 5 E. of Kent.
  • 6 E. of Derby.
  • 7 E. of Worcester.
  • 8 E. of Rutland.
  • 9 E. of Cumberland,
  • 10 E. of Sussex.
  • 11 E. of Huntington.
  • 12 E. of Bath.
  • 13 E. of Southampton
  • 14 E. of Bedford.
  • 15 E. of Penbroke.
  • 16 E. of Hertford.
  • 17 E. of Essex.
  • 18 E. of Lincolne.
  • 19 E. of Nottingham
  • 20 E. of Suffolke
  • 21 E. of Northampton
  • 22 E. of Dorset.
  • 23 E. of Salisbury.
  • 24 E. of Exceter.
  • 25 E. of Moūtgomery
  • 1 Vicecount Mountag.
  • 2 Vicecount Lysle.
  • 3 Vicecount Rochester Carnborne.
  • 1 Lord Abergeuenny
  • 2 L. Audley.
  • 3 L. Zouch.
  • 4 L. Willoughby of E­resby
  • 5 L. Lawarre
  • 6 L. Barkley
  • 7 L. Morley
  • 8 L. Stafford.
  • 9 L. Scrope
  • 10 L. Dudley.
  • 11 L. Sturton
  • 12 L. Herbert of Chep­stow.
  • 13 Lord Darcy of the North
  • 14 L. Mount-eagle
  • 15 L. Sands
  • 16 L. Vaux
  • 17 L. Windsor
  • 18 L. Wentworth
  • 19 L. Mordant.
  • [Page 194]20 L. Cromwell
  • 21 L. Euers.
  • 22 L. Wharton.
  • 23 L. Rich.
  • 24 L. Willowby of Pā ­ham.
  • 25 L. Sheffeild.
  • 26 L. Paget.
  • 27 L. Darcy of Cliche.
  • 28 L. Howard of Ef­fingham.
  • 29 L. North.
  • 30 L. Chaundos.
  • 31 L. Hunsdon.
  • 32 L. S. Iohn of Bletfoe
  • 33 L. Burleigh.
  • 34 L. Compton.
  • 35 L. Norris.
  • 36 L. Howard of Wal­den.
  • 37 L. Knowles.
  • 38 L. Wotton.
  • 39 L. Ellesmere, & now Lord high Chaun­celour of England.
  • 40 L. Russell.
  • 41 L. Grey of Groby
  • 42 L. Petre.
  • 43 L. Harrington.
  • 44 L. Dauuers.
  • 45 L. Gerard.
  • 46 L. Spencer.
  • 47 L. Say and Sele.
  • 48 L. Denny
  • 49 L. Stanhop.
  • 50 L. Carew.
  • 51 L. Arundel of War­den.
  • 52 L. Cavendish.
  • 53 L. Kniuet.
  • 54 L. Clifton.

Other estates of honour and dignity there bée in respect of the office they beare, which are high­ly preferred, and take place, some of them, before ye Nobility, as ye place of the Lord high Chancellor of England, the Lord high Treasurer, the Lord high Admirall of England, &c.

And you must note, that the eldest Sonnes of Dukes, are not Earles by birth, yet take place [Page 195]before Earles, no more then the eldest sonnes of Earles be Uicecounts; as for the rest of any of their sons, they be by rigor of the law but Esquiers.

Of Women.

The estate of women is such, by the curtesie of England, that if they get to any degrée of estate, they neuer loose it, though they marry more base­ly, and yet are capable of a higher degrée, as a La­dy marrying with a gentleman, taketh place as a Lady, according to the estate of her Lord or knight that was her first husband, so likewise of a Dut­ches, &c. But if they debase themselues ouermuch, as to marry with a Clowne, or one of base paren­tage, then they bée not so much esteemed amongst the better sort, though of curtesie they affoord her a place.

CHAP. XLIX. The number of Bishops in England, and their order this present yeare, whereof foure take place by act of Parliament, the rest according to their consecration. The number of Pa­rish Churches in England, and num­ber of parishes in euery Shire, with the Knights and Bur­gesses of the Parlia­ment house.

The Prouince of Canterbury.
  • 1 George Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 2 Iohn B. of London.
  • 3 Thomas B. of Win.
  • 4 Anth. B. of S. Dau.
  • 5 Wil. B. of Excester
  • 6 Hen. B of Salisbury
  • 7 Hen. B. of Bangor
  • 8 T. B. of Peterborow
  • 9 Fran. B. of Landaffe
  • 10 Iohn B. of Bristow
  • 11 Rob. B. of Hereford
  • 12 Iohn B. of Norwich
  • 13 Iohn B. of Oxford.
  • 14 Ric B of Asaph
  • 15 Wil. B. of Lincolne
  • 16 Lancel. B. of Ely
  • 17 Hen. B. of Worcest.
  • 18 Iam. B. of Bath and Wels,
  • 19 Ric. B. of Couentry and Lichfield.
  • 20 Sam. B. of Cicester.
  • 21 Giles B. of Glouce.
  • 22 Ioh. B. of Rochest.
The Prouince of Yorke.
  • 1 Tobias Arch-bishop of Yorke.
  • 2 Bishop of Durham
  • 3 Bishop of Carlile
  • 4 B. of Westchestr.

England thus deuided into Bishoprickes, it hath therein 9272 parish Churches, as you [Page 197]may note by the number of parishes in each shire in the table following, and 52080 Townes besides Citties & Castles. It hath also 25 Shires of which 13 bee Welsh. It hath 26 Bishoprickes, of which 4 be Welsh. England is also diuided into 3 great Prouinces, or Countries, & euery of them speaking a seuerall and different Language, as English, Welsh, and Cornish; and their language (which is strange) alters vpon the sodaine, euen as the Prouinces part: for in this Towne they speake English, and do not vnderstand Welsh or Cornish, and in the next Towne Cornish, not vn­derstāding English or Welsh: but in many things the Welsh and Cornish somthing agrée: but now (God bee praised) England and these Prouinces, with Scotland, are all vnder the subiection of one King, which neuer was since the diuision thereof by Brute, to his three sonnes, being then called Britaine; as to Locrine the eldest, hee gaue this part of Britaine, called England: to Albanact the second, the Country of Albany, now called Scot­land, and to Camber the yongest, hee gaue the Prouince of Cambria, called now Wales.

And you shall note, that the lands that Abbots & such like men enioied before the suppressiō there­of, did containe, 15. Carledomes, 1500. Knights lands, 6200. Esquires lands, 100. Almes-houses, besides to the Kings Treasury 20000. l. as may appeare by a petition exhibited in the 11 yeare of Henry the 4. at a Parliament held at Westmin­ster, and reuiued in the 2. yeare of Henry the 5. in a Parliament at Leicester.

What Shires belong to euery Bishoprieke, or Diocesse, and first in the Prouince of Canterburie.

Canterbury and Rochester hath all Kent. Lon­don, hath Essex, Middlesex, and part of Hartford­shire. Chichester hath Sussex. Winchester hath Hampshire, Surrey, and the Isle of Wight. Sa­lisbury, hath Wiltshire, and Barkeshire. Exceter hath Deuonshire & Cornewall. Bathe & Welles hath Sommersetshire. Glocester hath Glocester­shire. Worcester hath Worcestershire, and part of Warwickshire. Hereford hath Herefordshire, part of Shropshire, part of Monmouthshire, part of Worcestershire, & part of Radnorshire. Couen­try & Liechfield hath Staffordshire, Derbyshire, and the rest of Warwicke and Shropshire. Lin­colne (greatest of all) hath Lincolne, Leicester, Huntington, Bedford, and Buckinghamshire, and the rest of Hartfordshire. Ely, hath Cam­bridge, and the Isle of Ely. Norwich hath Nor­folke & Suffolke. Oxford hath Oxfordshire. Pe­terborough hath Northampton & Rutlandshire.

Diocesses in Wales.

S. Dauids hath 331 parishes. Landaffe 156. Bangor, 95 and Asaph 128 parishes.

In the Prouince of Yorke.

Yorke hath Yorke & Nottingham. Westchester, Cheshire, Richmondshire, and part of Flint and Denbigh in Wales. Duresme hath the Bishop­ricke of Duresme, and Northumberland. Carlile hath Cumberland and Westmerland.

Of the Shires, Cities, and Boroughes of England that haue any Knights, or Burgesses in the Parliament house, the Shires standing Alphabetically.

  • Bark­shire.
    • New-windsor,
    • Reading.
    • Wallingford.
    • Abington.
  • Bedfordshire.
    • Bedford towne.
  • Bucke­inghamshi [...]e.
    • Bukingham T
    • Wickham.
    • Alisbury.
  • Cambridge towne.
  • Cheshire, Chester cittie
  • Cumberland, Carlile ci.
  • Corn wall.
    • Launceston alia Newport,
    • Lest­hued,
    • Dunheuet Turo,
    • Bodmin,
    • Holston,
    • Salt­ash,
    • Camelford
    • Grampond,
    • Po­ney.
    • Trogony
    • Tresmena, alia Basing,
    • S. Iues
    • S. Iermeines.
    • S. Michael,
    • Foy,
    • S. Maws,
    • Castled.
  • Darby towne.
  • Deuon­shire
    • Exceter Citie.
    • Toines.
    • Plimmouth.
    • Barstable.
    • Plimtō,
    • Stone­stocke.
    • Clyston,
    • Dartmouth, whose proper name is Hard­nesse.
  • Dorsethire.
    • Poole,
    • Dorcester Line,
    • Melcombe
    • Waymouth,
    • Bertport,
    • Shaftbury.
    • Wareham.
  • Essex.
    • Colchester,
    • Malden.
  • Glo­cester­shire.
    • Glocester Citie.
    • Cicester towne.
  • Hartfordshi.
    • S. Albons.
  • Here­ford­shire.
    • Hereford Citie.
    • Lemster towne.
  • [Page 200]Hūting­ton­shire.
    • Huntington
    • Towne.
  • Kent.
    • Canterbury.
    • Rochester
    • Maidstone.
    • Quinborough
  • Lanca­shire.
    • Lancaster town.
    • Preston in Hol­dernesse.
    • Leuerpoole tow.
    • Newton,
    • Wi­gan,
    • Clithero.
  • Leice­stershi,
    • Leicester Towne.
  • Lin­colne­sh [...]re.
    • Lincolne Citty,
    • Grimby.
    • Stamford,
    • Grantham,
    • Boston.
  • Middle­sex.
    • London Citty,
    • Westminsterci.
  • Norfolk
    • Norwich Citty.
    • Linne.
    • Thetford town
    • Gr. Yarmouth.
    • Castell rising
  • Norrh­hamptō ­shire.
    • Northamptō T.
    • Peterborow Ci.
    • Higham Ferry.
  • Northū berlandshire.
    • Newcastle vpō tine,
    • Barwicke town,
    • Morpith,
    • & the Bishoprick of Durham.
  • Not­tinghā ­shire.
    • Nottingham T.
    • East Stretford.
  • Oxford­shire,
    • Oxford Citty.
    • Woodstocke,
    • Banbury.
  • Richmondshire.
  • Rutlandshire.
  • Shrop­shire,
    • Shrewsbury,
    • Bridge-North
    • Ludlow,
    • Wenlocke.
    • Bishops castle.
  • Somer­setshire,
    • Bristow & Bath cities,
    • Welscit­ty,
    • Taunton
    • Bridgwater.
    • Minhead.
  • South­hamp­tōshire,
    • Winchester Ci.
    • Southampton.
    • Portsmouth.
    • Petersfield.
    • Stocke-bridge,
    • Christs-church.
    • Whit-church.
  • [Page 201]Staffordshire
    • Lichfieild City.
    • Stafford T.
    • Newcastle vn­derline.
    • Tamworth.
  • Suffolk
    • Ipswich,
    • Donewich,
    • Orford,
    • Alderburgh,
    • Sudbury,
    • Ely.
  • Surrie.
    • Southwarke.
    • Blechingley,
    • Riegate,
    • Guil­ford,
    • Gatton.
  • Suffex.
    • Norsham,
    • Midhurst,
    • Lewes,
    • Shorehame,
    • Brandbro.
    • Stei­ning,
    • east gréen­stead,
    • Arundell,
    • Chichester Citi.
  • War­wicke­shire.
    • Couentrie City.
    • Warwick town
  • West­me [...]lād.
    • Appleby
    • Towne.
  • Wilt­shire.
    • Salisbury Citi.
    • Noua Wiston.
    • Downtō,
    • Hin­den,
    • Hetesbury.
    • Westbury,
    • Calue,
    • Deuises.
    • Chippingham,
    • Malmsbury,
    • Cricklad,
    • Old Salisbury,
    • Wotton basset,
    • Marleborough,
    • Bodwine the great,
    • Lodgers­hull.
  • Worce­stershire
    • Worcester Cif.
    • Wiche.
  • Yorke­shire.
    • Yorke Citie,
    • Sharborough T
    • Kingston vpon Hull.
    • Hedon,
    • Thuske.
    • Knaresborough.
    • Rippon.
    • Borough-bridge
    • Alderborugh,
    • Beuerly.
The Prouince of Wales.
  • Mount­gomeryshire,
    • Mountgomery Towne.
  • Mon­mouthshire.
    • Monmouth Towne.
  • Radnorshire.
    • Radnor Towne.
  • Den­bighshire.
    • Denbigh Towne.
  • Pen­brookeshire.
    • Penbrooke Towne.
  • Cardi­gāshire
    • Cardigan Towne.
  • Flineshire.
    • Flint Towne.
  • Car­marthē ­shire.
    • Carmarthen Towne.
  • Carnar­uāshire.
    • Carnaruan Towne.
  • Brecke­nocke­shire.
    • Brecknocke Towne.
  • Angle­sey.
    • Newborough Towne.
  • Merio­nethshire.
  • Clamor­gāshire.
    • Cardiffe & Her­uerd Townes.
A Table of the number of Parish-Churches in euery Shire, with the number of Shires in England and Wales.
13Carnaruan shi.68

A Computation of the seuen Ages of the world for this present yeare. 1612.

From the

  • First Age.
    • Creation vnto the Flood. 1656
    • Creation till this yeare, is 5574
    • Flood till this yeare, are, 3918
  • secōd Age.
    • Floud to Abraham, is, 292
    • Birth of Abraham till this yeare, 3626
  • third Age.
    • Birth of Abraham till the departing of the Israelites out of Egypt. 503
    • Departing of ye Iraelites till this yeare. 3121
  • fourth Age.
    • Departing of ye Israelites vntill the building of the Temple. 482
    • Building of the Temple till this yeare. 2641
  • fifth Age.
    • Building of ye Temple til the Captiuity of Babylon. 414
    • Captiuity of Babylon till this yeare. 2252
  • sixth Age.
    • Captiuity of Babylon till the Birth of Christ. 614

The seuenth Age beginneth at ye birth of Christ, & hath continued 1612 yeares at the 25 of March, and so forth to the pleasure of God.

A Geographicall Description of the wales from one notable Towne to another, ouer all Eng­land, and thereby how to trauell from any of them to the Citie of London, set forth after a new order.

Note that the figures in the rowes vnder this marke *, is the distance of that towne they stand against from London, or from the towne you are directed vnto.

From Yorke to London 150. miles.

From Yorke go first vnto Tadcaster, which is 8. miles. thence to


From Norwich to London, 86 miles.

From Norwich go first vnto Windam, which is 5 miles. thence to

Ickinghā sands,660
Whitford bridge,1040

From Yarmouth to Colchester, and so to London, 92. miles.

From Yarmouth go first to Lestisse, 6 miles. thence to


From Walsingham to London 82 miles.

From Walsingham go to Pickam 12 miles. thence to

to London as in Norwich way. 

From Cockermouth to Lancaster, and so to London, 223 Miles.

First go from Cockermouth to kiswike, 6 miles. thence to

S. Albons,1020

From Shrewesbury to Couentry, and so to London, 126 Miles.

From Shrewsbury go to Watlingstréet, 7 miles. thence to

London, as in Lancaster-way. 

From Cambridge to London, 44 Miles.

First go to Royston, from Cambridge 10 miles. thēce to


From Oxford to London 47 Miles.

First go to whatley-bridge, from Oxford 5 miles. thēce to


From Ludlow to Worcester, and so to London, 106 Miles.

From Ludlow go to Tenbury, which is 5 miles. thence to


From Carmarthen to London.

Go first to Laundouery which is 20 miles. thēce to

London, as in Ludlow-way. 

From S. Dauids to Hereford, and Glocester, and so to London, 210 Miles.

From S. Dauids go to Axford, 12 miles. thence to


From Carnaruan to Chester, and so to London, 207 Miles.

Go first vnto Conaway, which is 24 miles. thence to

London, as in Cockermouth-way. 

From Bristow to London, 97 miles.

First go vnto Marefall, which is 10 miles. thence to


From Exceter to London, 138 miles,

Goe first vnto Honiton, which is 12 miles. thence to

Basingstoke,16 [...]9

From Douer to London, 55 miles.

First go vnto Canterbury, which is 12 miles. thēce to


From Rye to London, 48 miles.

First go to Plimwell, which is 15 miles, thē to

London,1 [...] 

From Southampton to London, 64 miles.

Go first vnto Twifor, which is 8 miles. thence to


From Couentry to Oxford, 44 miles.

First go vnto Southam, 10 miles. thē to


From Couentry to Cambridge, 46 miles.

Go first to Dun-church, which is 8 miles. thē to

Higham ferries,1018
S. Cedes,810

From Bristow to Oxford, 48 miles.

Go first vnto Sadbury, 10 miles. thē to


From Bristow to Shrewsbury, 70 miles.

First go to Awfte, which is 8 miles. thēce to


There is another way to goe to Shrewsbury from Bristow, as to Glocester, Tewkesbury, Worcester, and Bridgenorth, &c, but it is 17. miles further, and then you passe no Ferry.

From Yorke to Shrewsbury 103 miles.

Go first to VVetherby, which is 7. miles, thence to


From Barwicke to Yorke 108 miles.

Go first to Belford, which is 12 miles. thence to


Of the distance of diuers other Citties out of England from the Citty of London, &c.

  • VIrginia lyeth West South-west, 3650 miles from London, and their longest day is 14. houres, min. 28. Sunne riseth at 8 a clocke, & 17. minutes.
  • Babylon lyeth East South-east, 2710 miles their longest day being 14. minutes shorter then at Virginia, Sun rising 4 houres 59 minutes.
  • Ierusalem lyeth South-east by East, 2320 miles, lying vnder the parallell with Babylon, Sunneriseth 3. houres 6. minutes before vs,
  • [Page 212]Constantinople lyeth East South-east 1480 miles, whose longest day is 15. houres, 24 min: Sunne riseth at 5 and 24 minutes.
  • Rome lyeth South-east, 896 miles, their lon­gest day being 15 houres 4 minutes, at 5 and 28 minutes, the Sun riseth,
  • Lisbone lyeth South South-west, 776 miles, the longest day being 14 houres, 44 min. at 5 and 26 min. the Sunne riseth.
  • Geneua lyeth South-east 440 miles, the lon­gest day being 15 houres 34 min. Sunne riseth at 5. hou. 8 minutes,
  • Dublin lyeth North-west and by North, 290 miles, the longest day being 16 houres, 44 min. Sunne riseth at 2 houres and 48 minutes in the morning.
  • Edenborough lyeth North North-west 286 miles, the longest day being 17 houres, 22 min. Sunne riseth 3 hou. 9. minutes.
  • Paris lyeth Southeast & by South, 240 miles, the longest day being 16 houres, Sun riseth at 4. of the clocke, and 3. minutes.
A Concordancy of Yeares, containing a most exact Computation of time, with briefe Notes of the best Chronicles against euery yeare.
Years of our Lord.post. cōq.K. reigne.time expired.Easter day.VVilliam, Duke of Normandy, base sonne of Robert the 5 Duke of that Dutchy, and cousin germane to King Edvvard, after the battell at Hastings came to London, & was crownd on Christmas day, 1067, but according to the Church now, 1066.
Wil. Conque began. Oct. 14
106611546April 16 
1067115458The King besieged Exceter.
106822544ma. 23. FRo. Cum. Ear. of Northū slain by the Cōmons,
106933543Aprill, 2The English came out of Scotl. against the K.
1070445424The K. bereued all abbies of their treasures.
10715554124.The castle of Ledes and Oxford built.
1072665408 AThe King inuaded Scotland, forced the King to homage.
107377539Mar. 31 
107488538April 20Married priests remoued by the Pope.
1075995375Bishop of Durham slaine for his cruelty.
10761010536ma. 27. CA great Frost from October till April.
10771111535April 16A blazing star on palm-sunday nere the sun.
107812125348The Towre of London built by the King.
10791313533ma. 24.A great murther by an Abbot in his Church, who killed 3 Monkes, wounded 18 men, that their bloud ranne from the altar downe the steps, at Glastenbury: and this yeare was an earth-quake on Christmas day.
10801414532apr. 12. E 
10811515531aprill 4 
10821616530aprill 24 
10831717529aprill 9England surucied, rated, & the men [...]bred.
10841818528ma. 31. GThe King had homage generally, and 6 shil­lings for euery hide land.
10851919527aprill 25 
10862020526aprill 5Battle Abby, Stelby Abby built by the King.
10872121525mar. 28Gavvens sepulchre found in Wales.

Wil Conq. died Sept. 9. Defect.

Wil Ruf. began Sept. 9. Defect.

He died, hauing reigned 20 yea. 11 mo, & 14 dayes in anno 1087, buried in Normandy,
Anno Do­mini.Post CōqK. Reignetime expiredEaster day.Rufus was a variable man, couetous, & an oppressor of the Commons, & very prodigal. Henry brother to Rufus, borne at Salby, cal­led Beauclarke for his learning.
1087211525mar. 28The Nobles rebell, and are vanquished at the Castle of Rochester.
1088221524Apr. 16 B 
1089232523aprill. 1 
1090243522april. 21The King of Scots did homage,
1091254521april 13The King built the Castle of Tine.
1092265520ma. 28. DThe Earle of Northumberland slew the King of Scots, and his Sonne.
1093276519aprill 17 
1094287518aprill. 9The King assaulted Wales, but did no good.
1095298517mar. 25Warres aginst the Infidels.
1096309516apr. 13. FR. Duke of Norm. went towards Ierusalem.
10973110515aprill, 5The Earldō of Goodwin drownd by the sea.
10983311514mar, 28Ierusalem yeelded to Godfrey of Bullen: also in this sommer bloud sprang out of the earth in Barkeshire, at Finchamsteed.
10993312513aprill 20 
11003413512aprill 1 

Wil. Rufus slaine, Aug. 1 Defect

Henry the 1 begā. Aug. 1 Defect

K. Rufus reigned 12 yeares, II monethes, 2 weeks, 3 dayes, being slaine with an arrow.
1100341512Apr, 1 AS. Edw. lawes restored: the yard made.
1101351511april 21Winchester and Glocester burnt.
1102362510april, 6Norwich Church, & S. Bartholmews hospital built, the one by that Bishop, the other by a minstrel:
1103373509mar. 29 
1104384508apr, 17 C 
1105395507april, 94 circles & ablazing star appeare about the sunne.
1106406506april. 25 
1107417505april. 14The K. perpetually imprisons his brothers, 8 and Trinity within Algate is founded.
1108428504apr. 5. E 
1109439503april, 25The Emperor Henry maried the K daughter.
11104410502april, 20Robert the Kings base sonne made first Earle of Glocester.
11114511501aprill, 2 
11124612500apr. 23 GThe King inuades Normandy, 12
11134713499april, 6Great mortality, 13
11144814498mar. 29Worcester burnt, 14
11154915497april, 18Octo. 10. Thames and Medway dry, 15. Chester burnt: a blazing starre.
11165016496apr. 2 BThe moone seemed turned into bloud.
11175117495mar. 25 
11185218494april. 14S. Giles without Oldburn built by Q. Maud, 18
11195319493april, 6The order of Templars began, 19
11205420492apr. 18 DMany battles betwixt the English & French King, 20
11215521491apr. 10 
11225622490mar. 26The King returning to England, his children, & the Duke of Normandy, with 160 persons were drowned, Anno Reg 22
11235723489april, 15 
Anno Do­mini.Post Cōq.K Reignetime expiredEaster day.Stephen, Earle of Boloine, son of the Earle of Blon and Adela the Conquerours daughter, being wel personaged & fauoured, gentle, politique and martiall, free from exactions,
11245824488apr. 5. F 
11255925487mar. 29Coyners had their priuy members cut off, and their right hands for false coyning, 25.
11266026486aprill, 11The monastery of S. Oseth in Essex foūded, 26
11276127485aprill, 10 
11286228484apr. 22. AMen ware haire like women.
12296329483aprill, 14 
11306430482mar. 30 
11316531481april, 21The King gaue his daughter the Empresse to the Earle of Angiers, 31.
11326632480apr. 12. CCarlile made a Bishoprike, 32.
11336733479Ma. 25From west Cheape to Algate burnt, 33.
11346834478april, 15Worcester defaced with fire, 34. and the Hospitall of S. Crose by Winchester founded by Henry Blors Bishop of Winchester.
11356935477april, 6 

Henry 1 dyed Decem. 2 period,

Stephen began Decem. 2 period,

Henry 1 reigned 35 yeares, 4 moneths and 11 dayes, boweld at Roan, buried at Reading
1135691477april. 6. 
1136701476ma. 22. F.Great fire about London-stone.
1137712475april, 17Exceter besieged by the King, 2.
1138723474april, 3All Rochester burnt with 39 Churches.
1139734473april. 2210000 Scots slaine by the Bishop of Yorke, for aiding Maud Empresse, 4.
1140745472apr. 7. F 
1141756471mar 30The Earle of Glocester inuaded Notinghā, 6
1142767470april, 19Lincoln besiged, the K. prisoner & restored, 7 The King besieged Waltham Castle.
1143778469april. 4 
1144789468ma. 26. BBoxley Abbey founded, Anno Reg. 9.
11457910467april, 15The King forceth the Towre of London frō the Earle of Essex, at S. Albons, 10.
11468011466april, 14 
11478112465april, 20The Empresse goes into Norway.
11488213464apr. 11 D 
11498314463april, 13S. Katherines by the Towre built for poore, by Queene Matild, Anno Reg. 14.
11508415462april, 16 
11518516461april 18England was full of trouble and warres, 16 Gratianus dyed.
11528617460ma. 30. FQueene Maud deceased,
11538718459april, 19 
11548819458april, 4 

Stephen dyed, Octo, 25 Defect.

Henry 2 began Octo, 25 Defect.

He reigned 18 years, 11. moneths, 18 dayes, and buried at Feuersham in Kent,
1154881458april. 4Flemings departed Englād, their castle spoi­led, being built to pill the rich, and spoyle the poore.
1155891457mar. 27 
1156902456apri, 5. A 
1157913455Ma. 31The K. goes against Wales, fels their woods.
Anno Do­mini.Post Cōg.K Reignetime expired.Easter day.

Henry 2. son of Ieffery P [...]anta [...]enet, and Maud the Empresse, he was noble, wise, stedfast, yet a wedlocke-breaker.

Richard the 1, for his valour called Cordelion, son of Henry the 2. who would haue no Iews nor women at his Coronation.

1158924454april, 20 
1159935453april, 12The K. had 124 p. Escuage of the English. 5.
1160946452ma. 27. CThe Kings sonne marieth the French Kings daughter, he 7, she 2 yeares old, Anno Reg. 6.
1161957451april, 16 
1162968450aprill, 8.30 Germans professed théselues publicans, they be burnt with a letter, and whipped, 8.
1163979449mar. 25.London bridge new built with timber,
11649810448apr. 12. E 
11659911447april, 4 
116610012446april, 24A great Earth-quake in Ely, &c. 12
116710113445aprill, 9Wars betwixt Englād & France renewed, 13
116810214444ma. 31. G 
116910315443april, 29The king crowns his son in his own time, 15.
117010416442aprill. 5Thomas Becket murthered: after was the re­giment of Ireland granted to the King by Pope Adrian the 4, an Englishman, called Nicholas Breake speare.
117110517441mar. 28 
117210618440apr. 16. B 
117310719439aprill, 8Leicester burnt & razed: K. of Scots prisoner
117410820438mar. 24.K. Henry the son, &c. reconciled to the King.
117510921437april, 13The King and his son visit T. Beckets tombe London-bridge built with stone, towards the which, a Cardinall, and the Arch-bishop of Canterbury gaue 1000 markes.
117611022436apr. 4. D 
117711123435april, 24 
117811224434april, 9. 
117911325433aprill, 1 
118011426432apr. 20 FVsurers punished.
118111527431april, 5 
118211628430mar. 28S. Austines in Bristow founded.
118311729429aprill, 17 
118411830428apr. 1 AThe king sent an army into Wales.
118511931427april, 21Glocester burnt.
118612032426april, 13Paris in Fraunce, and London paued, and thatching in both left, because all lubericke was spoiled thereby with fire: Maud the Empresse dveth
118712133425mar. 29 
118812234424apr 17 C 
118912335423aprill, 9. 

Henry the 2 dieth Iuly, 6 Defecti.

Rich. the 1. began Iuly, 6 Defecti.

He reigned 34 ye 9 mo. 1. day, & is buried at Fonterland in a monastery by him founded.
11891231423aprill, 9Robert Hood, and little Iohn, and this yeare London obtained to bee gouerned by She­riffes and Maiors.
11901241422mar. 25 
11911252421aprill, 14 
11921263420am. 5. EKing Richard taken prisoner by Leopold,
Anno Do­mini.post con­que­stumK. reigne.time expired. 612Easter day.K. lohs, brother to K. Richard the I. was of complection melancholy: Hee granted the Shrief wicke of London & Midolesex to the Citizens for 300. pound perannum, as of old.
11931274419mar. 28His ranfome was 100000. pound.
11941285418april, 10 
11951296417april, 2The King Crowned againe, Anno Reg. 6. The King complains of Leopold to the Pope.
11961307416apr. 21. GHe excommunicates Leop. Duke of Austria.
11971318415april, 6The King, & the Earle of Flanders conspire.
11981329414mar. 29The King tooke 5 shillings of euery Hyde­land through England.
119913310413aprill, 18 

Rich the 1. slaine Aprill, 6. period.

K. Iohn began. Aprill, 6. period.

Richard the 1 reigned 9 years, & 9 moneths, buried at Founteuerard, his heart at Roan, his bowels at Chalne.
11991331413april, 18 
12001341412apri, 9. B 
12011352411mar. 25The King had 3 shillin. for euery plow-land.
12021363410april, 14The King of Scots, with many of his Nobili­ty, did homage to the King at Lincolne.
12031374409aprill, 6 
12041385408ap. 28. D 
12051396407april, 12Arthur Earle of Brittaine murthered. By reason of a frost from Ianuary to March, wheat was sold for a marke the Quarter. which before was at 12 pence, Anno Reg 6.
12061407406aprill, 2 
12071418405april, 22The King took the 13 part of all moueable, goods, both of the Lay and Religious.
12081429404apr. 6 F 
120914310403mar. 29London-bridge builded with stone, and this yeare the Citizens of London had a grant to choose them a Mayor: and the king of Scots gaue 11000 markes, and his two daughters for a pledge for a treaty of peace.
121014411402aprill, 10 
121114512401aprill, 3 
121214613400ma. 25. A 
121314714399aprill, 13 
121414815398april, 6By meanes of Pandulph the Barons excom­municated, their Charter and Liberties be­fore granted, disanulled.
121514916397aprill, 9 
121615017396apr, 10 C 

King Iohn dyed, Octob. 19 periodic.

K. Henry 3 began Octob. 19 periodic.

He reigned 17 years, & 17 weekes, buried at Worcester, dying at Newarke Castle, with much griefe for the losse of diners things.
12161501396apr. 10. C 
12171511395mar. 26 
12181522394mar. 25 
12191533393aprill, 7 
12201544392ma. 29 E.The new worke of our Lady Chappell at Westminster begun by the King.
12211555391april, 11 
12221566390aprill. 3 
12231577389april. 23 
12241588388aprill, 14The King of Ierusalem seeketh aid of the King to win Ierusalem.
12251599387mar 30 
Anno Do­mini.Post conque­stumK Reignetime expired. 1612Easter day.Henry the 3 eldest son of Iohn, aged 9 yeares, was crowned at Glocester, remaining in cu­stody of VVil Marshall Earle of Penbrooke, in his life hee tooke the 15 part of all mens goods moueable.
122616010380april, 19The Citizens of London had liberty to hunt a certaine distance about the City, and to passe toll-free through England, anno reg. 10.
122716111385april. 11 
122816212384ma. 26 B 
122916313383april, 15 
123016414382april, 7 
123116515381mar. 23Thunder lasted 15 daies; beginning the mor­row after S. Martins day.
123216616380april 12 
123316717379apr. 3 DFoure Sunnes appeared beside the true Sun, of a red colour.
123416818378april, 23 
123516919377april, 8The Iewes of Norwich stole a Boy and cir­cumcised him, minding to haue crucified him at Easter.
123617020376ma. 30. F 
123717121375april, 19 
123817222374april, 4 
123917323373mar. 27 
124017424372ap, 15 A 
124117525371april, 14The Iews were forced to giue 20000 marks at two termes in the yeare, or suffer perpe­tuall prison, Anno Reg. 25.
124217626370april, 20 
124317727369april, 12 
124417828368apr, 3 C 
124517929367april. 16 
124618030366april, 8The King enlarged the Church of S. Peters in Westminster.
124718131365mar. 31 
124818232364apr, 19 EThe King farmed Queene-hiue for 50 pound per annum, to the Citizens.
124918333363april. 4 
125018434362ma. 27 
125118535361apr. 10Great tempests vpon the sea and fearefull: and this yeare the King granted, that where­tofore the Citizens of London were to pre­sent the Mayor before the King whersoeuer he were, that now Barons of the Exchequer should serue.
125218636360mar. 31 
125318737359april, 20 
125418838358mar. 29 
125518939357aprill, 10 
125619040356april. 16Peter Colledge in Cambridge founded by Hugh Balsama, being after Bishop of Ely.
125719141355april, 8 
125819242354mar. 24 
125919343353aprill 3 
126019444352apr. 4 D 
126119545351april. 24 
126219646350april, 9Baliol Colledge in Oxford founded by Iohn Baliol, father to Iohn Baliol, King of Scots.
126316747349april, 1 
126419848348april, 26 
126519949347april, 5 
Anno Do­mini.post con­que­stumK. Reignetime expired. 1612Easter day.Edvvard the 1 after the Conquest son to Hen­ry the 3 surnamed Longshankes, who destroyed the Iews Sinagogue, and after banished them all our of England, bearing their charges till they were out of his Realme.
126620050346mar. 28 
126720151345april, 17 
126820252344apr, [...]. A 
126920353343mar. 24The Thames hard frozen from S. Andrew to Candlemas.
127020454342april, 1 
127120555341april, 5Bow-steeple fell downe, and did much hurt, Anno Reg. 56. Anno Dom. 1271.

Henry 3 dyed, Nouemb. 10 period.

Edw. 1 began Nouemb. 10 period.

He dyed hauing reigned 56 yeares, and 4 weekes, buried at Westminster.
12722061340ap. 24. C 
12732071339april, 9 
12742082338april, 1 
12752093337april. 14Great Earth-quakes, Anno Reg. 3. and vsury forbidden to the Iewes.
12762104336apr. 3 E 
12772115335mar. 28 
12782126334april, 17Merton Colledge in Oxford founded by VValter Merton, 126. and this yeare transla­ted by the King to Oxford: and this yeare also was the statute of Mortmaine enacted.
12792137333april 2 
12802148332apr, 21. G 
12812159331april 13 
128221610330mar. 19 
128321711329april, 18The Iewes Synagogue destroyed.
128421812328april 9. B 
128521913327april, 25 
128622014326april, 14Knights Templars suppressed, and Knights of the Rhodes ordained.
128722115325april 6 
128822216324ma, 28 DThe extremity of the Sunnes heate killed many.
128922317323april, 10 
129022418322april, 2 
129122519321april, 22The Iewes corrupting England with vsury, had first a badge giuen them to weare, that they might be knowne, and after were bani­shed to the number of 15000009 persons.
129222620320april 6. F 
129322721319mar. 29 
129422822318april. 18 
129522923317aprill, 3 
129623024316ma. 25. A 
129723125315april, 4Iohn Baliol King of Scots contrary to his ale­geance rebelled: The King won the Castle of Barwicke and Dunbar, slew 25000 Scots, and conquered Edenborough.
129823226314april, 6 
129923327313april, 19 
130023428312apr, 16 C 
130123529311aprill, 2The King againe subdued most part of Scotland, tooke the Castle of Estreucline, with other, and made the Lords sweare him fealty.
Anno Do­miniPost con­que­stumK. Reignetime expired. 1612Easter day.Edvv. the 2. son to Edvv 1. born at Carnar­uan, he was comly of body, but vnstedfast of maners, not regarding to gouerne his realme by discretion, which caused much trouble.
130223630310april. 22And 1302. the King gaue his sonne the princedome of Wales, the Dukedome of Cornwal, and Earledome of Chester.
130323731309aprill, 7 
130423832308apr. 29. E 
130523933307aprill, 18 
130624034306aprill, 3 
130724135305mar. 26 

Edward the 1. dyed, Iuly. Defect

Edward the 2. began. Iuly. Defect

He died of a bloudy-flix, hauing reigned 34 vea. 8. mo. & 6. dai. buried at Westminster.
13072411305mar, 26 
13082421304ap. 14, GPurce of Gaueston exiled.
13092432303aprill, 6 
13102443302april, 19Gauestone returned out of Ireland.
13112454301april, 21Gauestone beheaded.
13122465300ma. 26. B 
13132476299april, 15The battell at Streueling, where the Scots had the better. And this yeare the King of Fraunce burned all his leporous and pocky people, as well men as women: for that he supposed they had poysoned the waters, which caused his leprosie. And about this time, the Iewes had a purpose to poyson all the Christians by poysoning their springs.
13142487298aprill, 7 
13152498297april, 13 
13162509296ap. 11 D 
131725110295aprill, 3 
131825211294april, 23 
131925312293aprill, 8 
132025413292ma. 30. F 
132125514291apri, 19 
132225615290april, 1 [...] 
132325716289mar 27Michaell house in Cambridge founded, by Haruid de Stanton priest.
132425817288ap. 15. A 
132525918287aprill, 7 
132626019288mar. 23Clare-hall builded in Cambridge, first foun­ded by Ri. Badovv, enlarged by Gualther Thea­steed, the foundation whereof at last by both them, was resigned to the Lady Elizabeth Claire.

Edw. the 2. depos. Ianua. 25 period.

Edw. the 3. began Ianua. 25 period.

He was deposed by his Queene when he had reigned 19 years, 7 moneths, and 5 daies.
13262601.286mar. 23 
13272611285aprill, 1 [...] 
13282622284apr. 3. C 
13292633283april, 2 [...] 
13302644282aprill, [...] 
13312655281mar. 31The Scots seeking to dissolue the siege at Barwicke, were slaine to the number of 8 Earles, 1300 Hors-men, & of common Soul­diers 35000. nere to Halidon: he won Barwick & sent Baliol to keep the realme of Scotland.
13322666280apr. 19. E 
13332677279aprill, 5 
13342688278mar. 27 
13352699277april, 16 
Anno Do­mini.post con­que­stumK. Reignetime expired. 1612Easter day.

Edvvard the 3 began his reigne at 14 years, ordered then most by Isabell his mother.

Richard the 2 began his reigne at 11 yeares old, he was more bountiful then his progeni­tors, but ruled by yong & idle Councellors, which brought him to misery.

133627010276apri. 4. G 
133727111275april, 20 
133827212274april, 12Queenes Colledge in Oxford founded by the Queenes Chaplaine, R. Englishfield.
133927313273april, 28 
134027414272ap. 16. B 
134127515271aprill, 8 
134227616270mar. 31 
134327717269april, 13Penbrooke Hall founded in Cambridge, by Mary Valentia.
134427818268apri, 4 D 
134527919267mar. 27 
134628020266april, 26The King saileth into France, & maketh war. .
134728121265april, 1.The Scots inuade Northumberland, are put to flight, and their King taken prisoner by the Bishop of Yorke, Moubray, and others
134828222264apr. 20. F 
134928323263aprill, 12 
135028424262mar. 28 
135128525261aprill, 17 
135228626260apr. 8 A 
135328727259mar. 24 
135428828258aprill, 13Gunuile & Caius Colledge in Cambridge founded by Edmund Gunuila Parson: and this yeare was Trinity Colledge founded by VVilliam Bateman, Bishop of Norwich This yeare also was Canterbury Colledge in Oxford founded by Simon Islip Archbishop of Can­terbury, and suppressed by Henry the 8. and put to Christ-church.
135528929257aprill, 5 
135629030256apr. 24. C 
135729131255april. 9 
135829232254april, 1 
135929333253april, 21 
136029434252apr. 5. E 
136129535251mar. 28Men and beasts perished in diuers places with Thunder and Lightning; and Fiends were seene speake vnto men as they tra­uelled.
136229636250april, 17 
1363 [...]9737249aprill, 2 
136429838248ma 24. G 
136529939247aprill, 13 
136630040246aprill, 5 
136730141245aprill. 18The Prince of Wales taking compassion of Peter King of Spaine, driuen out of his king­dome by his Bastard brother, restored him againe.
136830242244april. 9. B 
136930343243aprill, 1 
137030444242april, 14 
137130545241aprill. 6 
137230646240ma. 28. DThe first Bailiffes in Shrewsbury.
137330747239april, 17The Duke of Lancaster passed through France without battell: and about this time Boccace the poet dyed.
137430848238aprill, 2 
137530949237april, 22 
Anno Do­mini.posti, con­questumK. Reignetime expired. 1612Easter day.

Henry the 4. sonne of Iohn of Gaunt was made King more by force then lawfull suc­cession.

Henry the 5 exceeded the meane stature of men, hee was beauteous, long-necked, body slender, leane and small bones, and could run well, and was strong.

137631050236ap. 13 F 
137731151235april 29 

K. Edw. 3. dyed. Iune, 21. Defectiue

Rich. 2. began. Iune, 21. Defectiue

He dyed at his Manor of Shene, when he had reigned 50 ye. 5 mo. 7 da. buried at Westmin.
13773111235april, 29New Colledge in Oxford founded by VVilli­am VV [...]ckham, Bishop of Winchester.
13783121234april, 18 
13793132233april, 10The making of Gunnes found and Rebels in Kent and Essex, who entred London, be­headed all Lawyers, and burnt all bookes of law, burnt houses: But the Essex men vpon the Kings intreature and pardon, did returne home. The men of Kent persisting, the king commanded the Lord Mayor to arest VVa [...] Tyler their Captaine, which hee did, strikin [...], him vpon the head, and after the kings at­tendance dispatched him; at which the trai­tors murmured so, that the Mayor ser [...] armed me to relieue the King: for which the Mayor and fine Aldermen were knighted, & Iack Stravo being taken, confessed all.
13803143232ma 25 A 
13813154231april, 14 
13823165230april, 8 
13833176229mar. 22 
13843187228ap. [...]0 C 
13853198227april, 2 
13863209226april, 22 
138732110225aprill, 7 
138832211224ma 29 EAnd 1388, picked shooes, [...]ed to then knees with siluer chaines we [...]e vsed. And men with long gowns rode on side saddle-like the Queene that brought si [...]e-saddle first to England: for before they [...]ode a [...]d.
138932312223april, 18 
135032413222aprill, 3 
139132514221mar. 26 
139332615220ap. 14 G 
139332716219aprill, 6 
139432817218april, 19 
139532918217april, 11 
139633919216apri. 2. B 
139733120215april, 22 
139833221214april, 7 
139933122213mar. 30The King made blancke Charters, 1399.

Rich. 2 deposed Septē 29 periodic.

Henry 4. began. Septē 29 periodic.

He was deposed when he bad reigned 2 [...] yeares, 3 moneths, and 14 dayes.
13993331213mar, 30The King burnt all the blanke Charters made to K. Richard.
14003341212ap. 18 D 
14013352211april, 3Pride exceeding in monstrous apparrell.
14023363210mar. 26The first Duke of Millaine.
14033374209april, 15The bartell of Shrewsbury.
14043385208apr. 6. FThe French beaten from the Isle of Wight. Scroope, Archbishop of Yorke conspired against the King.
14053396207april, 19 
14063407206april, 11 
14073418205mar, 27A Frost for 15 weekes.
14083429204ap. 15 A 
Years of our Lord.post con­que­stumK. reignetime expired. 1612Easter day.Henry the 6 began his reigne at 8 moneth's old, the gouernance of the Realme was com­mitted to the Duke of Glocester, the guard of his person to the Duke of Exceter, and the Duke of Bedford was Regent of France.
140934310203april, 7. 
141034411202mar. 20 
141134512201april, 12Guild-hall in London begun.
141234613200apri, 3. CNew Nobles made 4 pence lesse thē before.

Henry, the 4. dyed 5. began Mar. 20 periodi.

Henry, the 5. began Mar. 20 periodi.

Hee dyed hauing reigned 13 yeares, 6. mo­neths, & 3 daies, and buryed at Canterbury.
14123461200april, 3 
14133471199april. 23Sir Iohn Old Castle committed.
14143482198aprill. 8Moore gate first builded.
14153493197april, 31The King sailed into Normandy with 1000 saile. The battell at Agincourt.
14163504196ap. 20. E 
14173515195april, 11A decree for Lantherne and Candle-light in London.
14183526194mar. 27 
14193537193april, 16Sir Iohn Old C [...]st [...]e hanged and burned.
14203548192apr 7. GThe King made Regent of France.
14213559191mar. 23The Bishop of Winchester lent the King 20000 pound to stay a subsidy.
142235610190april. 11 

Henry the 5. dyed Aug. 1 Defect.

Henry the 6. began Aug. 1 Defect.

Hee died when he had reigned 9 yeares, 5 moneths, 24 daies, & is buried at Westminst.
14223561190april, 11 
14233571189april, 3 
14243582188apr. 23. BThe young King of Scotland taken by the English in the 8 yeare of Henry the 4. remai­ned prisoner till 1424. and being deliuered, was married to the Lady Iane, daughter to the Earle of Somerset, Anno Re [...]. 2.
14253593187april, 8 
14263604186mar. 31 
14273615185april, 20Raine from the first of Aprill to Hollontide
14283626184apr, 4 D 
14293637183mar. 27 
14303648182april, 16 
14313659181april, 1 
143236610180apr. 20. FThe King being 12 yeares old, was trium­phantly crowned King of France in our La­dies Church in Paris, with the consent of both kingdomes, and the French called him Little Harry.
143336711179april. 12 
143436812178mar. 28 
143536913177april 17 
143637014176apri, 8. A 
143737115175mar, 31All-soules Colledge in Oxford founded by Henry Bishop of Canterbury, the king great­ly augmenting the reuenewes.
143837216174april, 13 
143937317173april, 5 
144037418172ma. 27 CLincoln Col. in Oxf. founded by R [...]. Fleming. Kings Colledge in Cambridge founded by Henry the sixth.
144137519171april, 16 
144237620170april, 1 
144337721169april, 21 
Anno Do­mini.posti­con­que­tun.K. Reignetime expired. 1612Easterday.Edvvard Earle of March, hauing deposed Hen­ry 6 was crowned by the name of Ed. the 4 and after was deposed, and driuen out of his Kingdome; but at last, by helpe of his bro­ther, re [...]ained the Crowne.
144437822168apr. 12 E 
144537923167mar. 28A manage concluded betwixt the Kingson, and the King of Cicils daughter.
144638024106april, 17 
144738125165april, 9Queenes Colledge in Cambridge begun by Lady Margaret, wife to Henry the 6. And 1447 Diuinity Schoole was sounded by Humphrey Duke of Glocester.
144838226164ma. 24. O 
144938327163april, 13 
155038428162april, 5 
145138529161april, 25 
145238630160apri. 9. EPrince Henry borne. October 12 and before this time the Mayor of London euer rode to Westminster.
145338731159april. 1 
145438832158april, 21 
145538933157aprill, 6The Duke of Yorke was discharged of the protectorship.
145639034156ma. 28 D 
145739135155aprill, 17 
[...]45839236154aprill, [...] 
145939337153mar. 25Katherine-Hall in Cambridge founded by Ro VVoodlarke, Doctor of Diuinity: and this yeare was Ma [...]dalen Colled [...]e in Oxford founded by VVilliam Ʋ Ʋunsleet, Bishop of Winchester,
14603943815 [...]april, 13 

Henry 6 deposed March. 4 periodi

Edward 4 began March. 4 periodi

Being deposed, he reigned, 8 yeares, 6 mo­neths, and 8 dayes.
14603941152aprill, 13 
14613951151aprill, 5 
14623962150aprill, 18 
14633973149aprill, [...]0 
14643984148april, 1. AThe battell at Hexham.
14653995147aprill 14The King taken neere the Abby of Selby in Yorkeshire, and sent to the Towre.
14664006146aprill, 6 
14674017145mar. 29 
14684028144apr. 17 C 
14694039143aprill, [...] 
147040410142aprill, 22King Edvvard proclaimed vsurper, hauing fled to Flaunders, and King Henry restored The K. Edvvard landed at Rauensport, regai­ned the Crowne, by helpe of his brother, Duke of Clarence, tooke Q. Margaret with prince Edvvard prisoners.
147140511141aprill, 14 
147240612140ma. 29. E 
147340713139aprill, 18 
14744 [...]814138april, 1 [...] 
147540915137mar. 26 
147641016136apri. 14 GThe King sailed into France to aide the Duke of Burgondy; but by sute of the French King, peace was concluded.
147741117135aprill, 6 
147841218134mar. 22 
147941319133april, 11A great Dearth.
148041420132apr, 2 B 
Anno Do­mini.post con­quesinKing Reignetime expired. 1612Easter day.Edvvard the 5 about 13 yeares old, was de­priued of his life and Crowne by his Vncle the Duke of Glocester. Richard the 3. brother to Edvvard the 4 was made King, Iune, 22. and was crowned at Westminister, but was shortly after slaine.
148141521131april, 22The Citizens of London lent the King 5000 marke.
148241622130april, 7 
148341723129mar. 30 

Edward 4. dyed, Aprill, 9 Defect.

Edward 5. begā. Aprill, 9 Defect.

He died, hauing reigned [...]2 years, 5 weekes, and one day, buried at Windsor.
14834171129mar. 30 

Edwa. 5 murthered Ian. 22 Defect

Ri. 3. vsurp. began. Ian. 22 Defect

He was murthered hauing reigned two mo­neths and 18 dayes.
14834171129mar. 3 [...] 
14844 [...]81128ap. 18. DThe king began the high tower at Westmin.
14854192127aprill. 3The battell at Bosworth.

Richard 3 slaine August, 22 periodi.

Henry 7 began August, 22 periodi.

He was slaine when he had reigned 2 years, 8 weekes, and 5 dayes, buried at Leicester.
14854191127april, 3Sweating sicknesse. The King ordeined a number of good Archers to attend him, cal­led Yeomen of the Guard.
14864201126mar. 20 
14874212125aprill. 1 [...]Prince Arthur borne, 1487.
14884223124apri. 6 F 
14894234123aprill, 19The Earle of Northumberland slaine.
14904245122aprill, 11 
14914256121aprill, 3Henry the Kings sonne borne.
14924207120apr. 22. A 
34934278119aprill, 7 
14944289118mar. 30 
149542910117aprill 10 
149643011116apri, 3, CIesus Colledge in Cambridge founded by Iohn Alcocke, the 29 Bishop of Ely.
149743112115mar. 26 
149843213114aprill, 15 
149953314113mar. 31Gascoine wine at forty shillings the Tun.
150043415112apr. 19. E 
150143516111aprill, 1 [...] 
150243617110mar. 27Prince Arthur married to Katherine, daugh­ter to Ferdinand, King of Spaine.
150343718109april. 16 
150443819108apr 7. GChrist Colledge in Cambr. first founded by Henry 6. who named it Gods house: but this yeare Henry the 7. granted a Charter to his mother that it might bee translated at her pleasure, for the benefite of Students, pro­uiding it were euer called Christs Colledge.
150543920107mar. 23 
150644021106aprill. 12 
150744122105aprill. 4 
150844223104aprill, 30 
150944324103aprill. 8 
Anno Do­mini.post con­que­stumK. ReigneTime expi­red 1612Easter day.King Henry the eighth, was a mighty man, and wise: He abrogated the Popes authori­ty in England, and pulled downe their Ab­bies, &c.

Henry the 7. dyed, Apri, 22 Defect.

Henry the 8. began. Apri, 22 Defect.

Henry 7. dyed at Richmond, hauing reigned 23 years, 10. mo & 24. da. buried at Westmin.
15094431103april [...]S Iohns Colledge in Cambridge being an ancient Hostell, was conuerted to a Colledge by the Excecutors of the Countesse of Rich­mond, and Derby, and Mother to H. 7. in this yeare, as her will was.
15104441102mar. 31 
15114452101april, 20 
15124463100ap [...]il 10 
1513447499mar. 271513. Ʋ Ʋill. Smith, Bishop of Lincolne, founded Brason nose Colledge in Oxford.
1514448598april. 18 
1515449697aprill, 8Magdalen Colledge an Hostell first for di­uers Mo [...]kes of sundry Monasteries, was this yeare translated by the Duke of Bucking­ham, who this yeare built vp the Hall.
1516450796ap. 23, F 
1517451895april, 12 
1516452994aprill, 4 
15194531093april, 2 [...] 
15204541192apr. 8. A 
15214551291mar. 31 
15224561390april, 20 
15234571489aprill, 5 
15244581588m [...] 2. C 
15234591687apri [...]l 17 
15264601786april, 1.Corpus Christs Colledge founded by Ri. Fox, Bishop of Winchester.
15274611885apri, 21 
15284621984apr. 12. E 
15294632083mar. 28Queene Katherine brought before the two Cardinals: her marriage at last found vn­lawfull.
15304642182aprill. 15 
15314652281aprill. [...] 
15324662380ma 31. GSir Thomas Moore discharged. T. Audley, Lord Chauncello [...].
15334672479aprill. 13 
15344682578aprill [...]The Popes authority abrogated.
15354692677mar. 20Sir Thomas Moore beheaded.
15364702776apr. [...]6 BThe King married the Lady Iane.
15374712875aprill. 1 
15384722974april, 21Christ-church in Oxford founded by Cardi­nall Ʋ Ʋolsey.
15394733073aprill. 6 
15404743172ma. 28 DQueene Katherine beheaded.
15414753271april. 17 
15424763370aprill. 9The King married Ka. Parre, and this yeare the King went to Boloin.
15434773469mar. 25 
15444783568apr. 13, F 
15454793667aprill, 5 
15464803766april, 25Trinity Colledge in Cambridge founded.
Anno Do­mini.post con­que­stū.K ReigneTime expiredEaster day.Edvvard the sixth began his reigne at nine yeares old, who hauing his Councell ap­pointed by his Father. After him succeeded Mary, his eldest Sister, who restored the Popes authority. And after her Elizabeth, se­cond daughter of Henry the eighth.

Henry the 8. dyed Ian. 28 period

Edw. the 6. began. Ian. 28 period

He dyed, hauing re [...] 37 yeares, 10 mo­neths and two dayes, buried at Westminster.
1546480166aprill 25 
1547481165april, 10Muskelborough field.
1548482264april, 1. AThe siege of Hadington.
1549483363april, 21Boloin yeelded.
1550484462aprill, 6The second fall of base money.
1551485561mar. 20 
1552486660apr. 17. CThe new Seruice-booke in English.
1553487759aprill. 2 

Edward 6 dyed, Iuly 6. Defectiu

Mary began. Iuly 6. Defectiu

He died at Green-wich, buried at Westminster, when he had reigned 6 ye. 23 wee. 5. dai.
1553487159aprill, 2Bishops restored.
1554488158mar. 15Ʋ Ʋiat beheaded.
1555489257april, 14The first vse of Coches in England.
1556490356apr. 5. ETrinity Coll, in Oxf, being in Anno 1370 a religious house, & called Durham Colledge, was now refounded by Tho. Pope knight.
155749145 [...]april. 1 8 
1558492554aprill. 1 [...] 

Q. Mary died. Nouē. 17. periodi.

Q Elizab began Nouē. 17. periodi.

She died hauing reigned 5 yeares, 4 moneths and 22 dayes, buried at Westminster.
1558492152april, 10Now the Masse was suppressed.
1559493153mar. 25 
1560494252ap. 14. GAll base money suppressed.
1561495351aprill, 6Paules steeple burned.
1562496450mar. 2Going to New hauen.
1563497549aprill, 11108 parishes infected in London.
1564498648apri, 2. B 
1565499747april, 22Thames frozen, Anno Reg. 7.
1566500846april, 14This yeare sir VVil Peter Knight augmented Exceter Colledge, first founded by VValte Stapleton, Bishop of Exceter 1556
1568501945mar. 3 C 
15685021044ap. 28. D 
15695031143aprill, [...]0 
1570504124mar. 26Diuers Armiēs sent into Scotland.
15715051341april, 15The Duke of Norfolke arrained.
15725061440apr. 6 FThe Massacre in France.
15735071539mar. 22Edenborow yeelded to the English.
15745081638april, 12An Earth-quake.
15755091737aprill, 3The Family of Loue.
Anno Do­mini.post con­que­stumK. Reignetime expiEaster day.Charles Iames the first of that name, son to Henry Stevvard, Lord Darley, & Mary, King & Queen of Scotl. borne at Edenburg. whose god-father was Ch. K of France, & Phill. D of Sauov, Q. Eliz. being his godmother, who gaue him a Font of gold of 333. ounces; whose true successor he is.
15765101630apr. 22. A 
15775111935aprill. 7 
15785122034mar. 30 
15795132133april 10Frobushers voyage to Cathay. A blazing star. Great snow. great floods. A ge­nerall earth-quake.
15805142232apr. 3. C 
15815152331mar. 26 
15825162430april 15A blazing starre. Strange tempest.
15835172529april. 14The prince of Orange slaine.
15845182628apr. 19. EEmanuel Colledge in Cambridge founded by VValter Mildmay.
15855192727aprill, 11 
15865202826aprill, 3Sir H. Sidney deceased.
15875212925aprill, 16The Queene of Scots beheaded.
158 [...]5223024apr. 7 GTilbury Campe.
15895233123mar, 30Portugall voyage.
15905243222aprill, 19Christs Colledge in Cambridge founded.
15915253321aprill. 4 
15925263420ma. 26. BTerme at Hartford.
15935273519aprill, 15Prince Henry borne in Scotland.
15945283618mar. 31 
15955293717april, 20A great dearth, Anno Reg. 37.
15965303818apr. 11. DThe Spaniards win Callis.
15975313915mar. 27The voyages to the Isles of Tercera's.
15985324014aprill, 16The King of Spaine dyeth.
15995334113aprill, 8The Earle of Essex rode towards Ireland.
16005344212ma. 23. F 
16015354311april. 12The Earle of Essex beheaded. 43. Marshall Baron of France arriued.
16025364410aprill, 4Seminaries executed.

Q. Elizabeth died Mar. 24 periodi.

K. Iames began. Mar. 24 periodi.

She dyed hauing reigned 44. years, 4. mo­neths, & 14 daies, buried at Westminster.
An. DP. CkrSc.T. e.East. da
  • The great plague in London, wherof dred from Decem. 1602. to Dece. 1603, 30 578 peace with Spaine.
  • 3 Popes in 6 weekes.
  • Powder treason
  • The King of Denmark cometh to England
  • Great inundations in England.
  • The Oath of Alegeance ministred.
  • The first planta­tion of Virginia.
  • The King of France mur­thered.
  • And the prince created Prince of Wales, & after setteth his house in hono­rable fashion & order, his Titles be: Henry Prince of VVales, Duke of Cornvvall and Rothe­sey, and Earle of Chester.
160253613610aprill, 4
16035371379apri. 24
16045382388ap. 18. A
16055393397mar. 31
16065404406apri, 20
16075415415april. 5
16085426424m. 27 C
16095437433april. 16
16105448442aprill, 8
16115459451mar. 24
Anno Do­minipost con­questumK. Re. EnglandK. Re. Scotlandtime expiredEaster day.
161254610460apr. 12, E
161354711471aprill, 4
161454812482april, 24
161554913493aprill. 9
161655014504ma. 31. G
191755115515april, 20
161855216526april, 5
161955317537mar. 28
162055418548apr. 16, B
162155519559april, 1
1622556205610april, 21
1623557215711april, 13
1624558225812ma 28. D
1625559235913april, 17
1626560246014aprill, 9
1627561256115mar. 25
1628562266216apr. 13, P
1629563276317aprill, 5
Anno Do­mini,post con­que­stumK Re. England.K Re. Scotlandtime expireEaster day.
1630564286418mar 28
1631565296519aprill. 10
1632566306620apri. 1. A
1633567316721april, 21
1634568326822april, 6
1635569336923mar. 29
1636570347024ap. 17. C
1637571357125aprill, 9
1638572367226mar. 25
1639573377327april, 14
1640574387418apr. 4. B
1641575397529april, 25
1642576407630april, 10
1643577417731april, 2
1644578427832ap. 21. G
1645579437933aprill, 6
1646580448034mar. 29

Note in the reading of these briefe Chronicle Notes, at the end of many of them you shall haue certaine figures set, which signifies the yeare of the King it happened in; because sometime the accident was not in that regnal yeare that stands against the Eclesian yeare.

The Description and vse of this New Table, called A Concordancy of Yeares.

THis my Concordancy of Yeares, hath in e­uery page 5 seuerall rowes, vnder seuerall Titles, as the first row is vnder the Yeare of our Lord, beginning at 1066. at what time the Con­queror began, & so continuing to the yeare 1646. The next row is vnder post Conquestū, shewing how many yeares any yeare of our Lord, or any yeare of any King was after the Conquest. The third is vnder Kings Reigne, shewing how the yeares of the Kings answere to the yeares of our Lord. The fourth is vnder Time expired, shewing [Page 230]how many yeares it is since any of the yeares pla­ced in any of the 3 former rowes, at this present yeare 1612. And the last row is placed vnder the Title of Easter day, shewing what day of the moneth Easter day fell vpon any yeare since the Conquest, to the yeare 1646. In which row al­so be certaine Capitall letters placed, which bee the later of the Dominicall letters in the Leape-yeare, as in Chap. 21.

Now these things considered, you are to vn­derstand, that all the difficulty in computating of time is when the question is onely propounded by the yeare of the Kings reigne, and therefore if you can deuise when any question is made by any yeare of any King, to know in what yeare of our Lord it was, then the labour is nothing: for you must know, that euery yeare, of any King as yet, began in one yeare of the Lord, & ended in ye next insuing yeare which is the cause of this difference. But to make all more plaine, I will propound certaine examples both of the yeare of our Lord, and of the regnall yeare.

Quest. 1 I haue a Lease for an hundred yeares, bearing date in Aprill 1514, and I would know this yeare 1612. what time I haue remaining.


Séeke first the yeare of our Lord, 1514, & their begin to tell at the next yeare forwards, calling 1515. one, 1516. two, and so procéed, vntill you come to 1612: so shall you count to the number [Page 231]of 98 yeares, and so many of your 100 yeares be expired: But in the numbring thus, you must re­member, that before & after the change of euery Prince, one & the same yeare of our Lord is twice placed, therefore omit the one in your reckoning.

Or take 1514 out of 1612, so haue you 98 years: Or séeke (with more ease) in the third row vnder Time expired, what figures stand against 1514, so shall you finde 98, as before, and so ma­ny yeares be expired, 1612. But if you had sought this any other yeare after 1612. as 1614, then must you haue séene what figures in ye fift row had béene against 1614, as 2, the which 2 must haue béene added to 98: so had you 100 yeares. The like for any other yeare after, to 1646.

Quest. 2. I haue a Lease granted for 60 yeares, bea­ring date the 8 of Ianuary, in the 6 yeare of Edward the 6. and I would know this yeare 1612, how many years be expired.


You must note first that the regnal yeares stand periodicall, or compleat, against the yeares of our Lord: so that the yeare Regnall standeth against that Eclesian yeare, or yeare of our Lord it ended in, and not against that it began in: so that if a question in the Computation be put in the begin­ning of ye regnal yeare or in this Concordancie in the ending of ye regnal yeare, the demand is easie: but if ye contrary happen, it is more hard. There­fore the matter and intent of this my worke is, when a question is pronounded by the yeare of [Page 232]any King, to know in what yeare of our Lord it was: ye is, whether it were in the yeare of cur Lord. God that the regnall yeare did take beginning, or ending in. This considered, all shall be made easie by the ensuing examples.

Seeke in your Tables for Edward the 6: then in the row vnder K. Reigne, finde the 6. yeare of his reigne, which you shall sinde placed against 1552, against which in the row vnder Time ex­pired, is 60. My leass is therefore expired in Ja­nuary the 8 day, 1612. Or hauing found the yeare of our Lord, count as in the first question, or sub­stract 1552 from 1612, as before: but reckoning with the old Computation, you haue 61. yeares, which is false: but to make all plaine, worke as followeth.

Notes to bee obserued for this new kinde of of casie Computation.

YOu must first consider, that in my Kalender in the Margent vpon the left hand, the wéekes be numbred from our Lady day, the which number for breuities sake, is called the Hebdomadall Number.

Next, here is an insuing Table, wherein the names of all the Kings and Quéenes of England since the Conquest be writ: and to them is added a certaine number of wéeks and daies, as to Hen­ry the 7, 21 wéekes, and 3 dayes, which I call E­pact, which Bosco saith is Intercalare, or addere. But howsoeuer, you may admit the word with­out offence, since it is but for distinction or diffe­rence sake which had worke, [...] followeth.

A Table of the Epacts for each King.
KINGS Names.Epact.KINGS Names.Epact.
Wil. Conquerour290Hen. the. fourth.271
Wil. Rufus.240Henry the fifth.512
Henry the first,183Henry the sixth.225
Stephen.360Edw. the fourth.490
Henry the second304Edward the fifth21
Richard the first.145Rich. the third.112
Iohn.16Hen. the seuenth213
Henry the third.311Hen. the eighth40
Edward the first.335Edw. the sixth.440
Edward the secōd146Mary.151
Edward the third.434Elizabeth.336
Richard the secōd124King Iames.515

When any question is propounded by the yeare of any King only, without mention of ye Eccles [...] [...] yeare, you must note in what Kings reign [...] [...] what moneth, and day of the moneth it [...] date. Next, 'find the said moneth, and [...] moneth, & sée what Hebdomadall [...] [...] ­reth thereunto: that is, how [...] it is from the 25 of March: [...] [...] ­ble finde the name of the King [...] number of wéekes & da [...] [...] pact: and against the [...] numbers, viz. [...] consider which [...]

If the E [...] [...] the dem [...] [...] [Page 234]yeare, which standeth against the Ecclesian yeare periodically.

But if the Hebdomadall number be the grea­ter, the demand was made in the beginning of the Regnall yeare, which answereth to the Ecclesian yeare, or yeare of our Lord next before. And of both these differences an example followeth.

Quest. 3 I haue an Euidence bearing date the 13 of May, in the 23 yeare of Elizabeth. I would know 1612, what yeare of our Lord it was, how long since, & how long after the Conquest it was.


To answer this question by this new Table, first séeke ye Epact of Elizabeth, which is 33 wéeks & 6 daies: then the Hebdomadall number of the 13 of May, is 13 wéeks: here the Epact is ye grea­ter. Therefore, according to the first difference, ye demand is made in the ending of the regnal yeare that stands periodically against the yeare of our [...] in the Concordancy. Wherefore to resolue [...] [...]estion, find the 23 yeare of Elizabeth, [...] [...] [...]ich standeth 1581, in the first row: in [...] 15, & in the fourth is 31: whereby [...] Euidence was dated in the 25 Anno Domini 1581, 515 af­ [...] [...] that it is 31 yeares since, [...], see the answere to [...]

Quest. 4. I haue a lease bearing date the 5 of March, in the 2 yeare of Elizabeth, and is to continue for 60 yeares: I demand what yeare of our Lord it was dated in, and consequently how many yeares bee expired this yeare 1612.


As in the last question, conferre the Epact of Elizabeth, and the Hebdomadall Number of the 5 of March together, noting which is the greater. In this question the Hebdomadall number is the greater: therefore according to the second diffe­rence, the demand was made in the beginning of the regnall yeare, which answereth to the yeare of our Lord next before.

Séeke therefore the second yeare of Elizabeth, against which in the first row is 1560: but for the causes before said, you must take the yeare next before: that is, 1559, and that yeare of our Lord was the lease dated in, the tune expired standing against the same, as 53 and so many yeares of my lease bee expired. But if you séeke how many yeares be expired in any other yeare after 1612, worke as in the first question.

Quest. 5. To finde Easter day, and the rest of the moueable feasts, because many times Deeds, &c. beare date vpon such dayes, without mention of the moneth, as also to finde the Dominicall letter.

First seeke the yeare of our Lord God, or yeare of the King, against either of which in the last row vpon the right hand, is the moneth, and day of the moneth ye Easter day fell vpon that yeare: which had, get the other moueable Feasts thus:

From Easter day count fixe Sundaies backe­wards, so haue you Quadragessima, or the first Sunday in Lent: then goe backe vnto the next Tuesday, so haue yee Shroue-tuesday. Againe, From Easter day forwards count fiue weekes, or 35 dayes; so haue you Rogation Sunday. The next Thursday after is Ascension day. Ten dayes after is Whitsunday. The next Sunday following is Trinitie Sunday, and foure dayes after is Cor­pus Christi day.

Hauing found Easter day, see what day of the Moneth it happened on, and finde that day in the Kalender: for the letter answering thereto was Dominicall letter that yeare.

As 1611 Easter day was the 24 of March, to which F answereth in the Kalender: therefore F was Sunday letter that yeare.

But when it is Leape-yeare there be two Do­minicall letters, whereof that which beginneth the yeare, and serueth till Saint Mathias day, is noted by the time in the Table when Easter day happeneth, and the other seruing to the end of the yeare is the next letter in the Alphabet that goeth before: or this letter is found by Easter day, as before.

Quest 6. I haue a deed bearing date vpon Wednes­day day in the Easter weeke, in the yeare of our Lord 1556. I desire this present yeare 1612. to know in what Kings yeare it was, what moneth, what day of the Mo­neth, and how long since it was dated.


First seeke 1556, against which vnder Easter day, standeth Aprill 5. Wherefore Easter day was the 5 of Aprill, D beeing Dominicall let­ter: so that Wednesday in Easter weeke was the 8 of Aprill, G standing for the same: then you may see it was in Queene Maries time: and remembring what was said before) in the third yeare of her reigne, and that it is 56 yeares since, and 490 after the Conquest.

Now if any euidence beare date vpon the Ka­lends, Nones, or Ides of any moneth, they bee easily found in the Kalender without further speech, because they stand against the ordinary day of the moneth.

Note by ye name of euery King deceased, you shall finde one of these words, Periodicall, which signifieth the King reigned so many yeares as be in the Concordancie, beside odde monethes, &c. or Defectiue, which signifieth hee did not reigne compleat so many yeares, but onely wrote of so many.

Quest. 7. How shall I make a Concordancie of principall times of note, that were in be­ing long since?


In the ensuing Table is set downe how many yeares it is since at this present yeare 1612.

Since the

  • Creation 5582
  • Flood. 3925
  • Promise of Abra­ham. 3558
  • Israelits departure out of Egypt 3128
  • Entrance of Brute into England. 2719
  • Building of ye Tem­ple of Salomō. 2648
  • Building of Rome. 2363
  • Captiuity of Baby­lon. 2217
  • Death of Alexander 1936.
  • Birth of Christ, 1612
  • passiō of Christ. 1579
  • England receiued the faith. 1432
  • Conquest of Eng­land. 546
  • Inuenting of Prin­ting. 152
  • Order of Templars 494
  • Time ye London & Paris were cōman­ded to be paued. 426
  • Building of London bridge with stone. 435

But if you séeke how long it is since any of these times after 1612, séeke in your Table what num­ber standeth against yt proposed yeare of our Lord in the row vnder Time expired, & that adde to the time of note proposed, & if the demand were made in any yeare before 1612, take ye number vnder ye title Time expired answering to the yeare of our Lord out of ye number in the former table: as 1600 I would know how long it was thē after the Cre­ation: therefore according to what is said, I take 12 from 5582, so haue I 5570, my demand.

Quest. 8. How shall I finde the Golden number, Circle of the Sunne, and Epact by this Concordancy?


To the time of Post Conquestum adde three, and from the Total reiect 19 so often as you may, or diuide by 19: so is ye which remaineth the Gol­den number, and the quotient, or number of 19 reiected, the number of Reuolutions of the said Circle since the Conquest.

Now for the Circle of the Sunne, to the time of post Conquestum, adde 11, diuiding by 28, as before by 19, so is the remainder the Circle of the Sunne.

For the Epact worke as in the 30. Chapter.

To know if figures be mistaken in the Concordancy.

Adde Anno Domini, and Time expired together, for they must make both 1612, I meane in none of the Tables after 1612.

Also, adde Time expired and post Conquestum both together: for they must make 1612.

Also take 1066 from the proposed yeare, and the remainder is post conquestum.

Lastly, take Ann. Dom. proposed frō the present yeare of our Lord, so haue you Time expired. Let this suffice for the briefe vse of this Concordancy.

Of the foure times of pleading, called Tearmes, and of their Returnes.

For the hearing and determining of all kinde of cōtracts, discords, & such like in yt common weale, [Page 240]there be foure times in the yeare appointed, which be called Termes, because in those dayes the lear­ned Iudges set Finis & Terminus, Contentio­num, or Terminus litis, that is, an end of conten­tion and debate betwixt party and party.

Now euery of these foure Tearmes consist of foure, fiue or eight Returnes: euery Returne of foure daies, and euery day seruing vnto a seue­rall purpose.

Note therefore that euery Tearme hath but part, or all of these 6 kinde of Returnes, viz. Crastino Octabis, Quindeno, Tres Mense, and Quinque, as you may gather hereafter. Euery of which Re­turnes hath a Basis, or knowne day, from whence they take their denomination, and bee reckoned. The signification of which sixe kinde of Returnes is thus:

Crastino is the morrow after the Basis, or day nominated, as Crastino Trinitatis, is the morrow after Trinity Sunday, Trinity Sunday being the Basis, and the day that giues the denomination. Octabis is 8 dayes after inclusiuely. Quind. is 15 dayes after, Tres, that day thrée-wéekes, Mense that day moneth, & Quinq. that day fiue wéekes.

Now euery of these Returnes hath foure seue­ral, daies wherupon they consist: The first where­of hath double signification, the one is the day of Returne, and the other the day of Essoyne for the defendant in a personall action, or the Tenant in are all action, to bee essoyned. The second, is the day of Exceptions, for the Plaintiffe or De­maundant to lay an exception, if no Essoyne bee [Page 241]cast, that the Defendant shall not be essoyned, or amerced. The third is, Returna Breuium, that is, the day whereon the Sheriffe must returne the writ. And the fourth is the day of appearance for Parties and Iurors in the Court of Com­mon Pleas.

But if so any of these dayes fall vpon an Holy­day, that is no Court day: as in Easter Tearme vpon Ascension day, in Trinity Terme vpon S. Iohn Baptists day, in Michaelmas Terme vpon All-Saints day, and in Hillary Terme vpon the Purification of our Lady, or vpon any Sunday, (all which bee not Court dayes,) then must the next day following serue for both. As if the Es­soyne day fell vpon a Sunday, then Munday must serue for Essoyne day, and day of Excep­tion both.

As for these dayes, they haue all most vse in the Court of Common pleas, where all sutes com­mence by originall &c. But for Latitats, or other processe vpon a bill certaine, it is vpon a day cer­taine, as Die lunae proxi, post Purifi. which must alwayes be reckoned from the essoyne day.

In the Starre-chamber, Chauncery, Court of Wards, and Court of Requests, they vse none of these Returnes, but onely the day of appearance, which is quarto die post.

Yet note well, if a Capias, Exigent, Scri-faci­as, or Destringas be executed after the day of Es­soyne by the Sheriffe, or a Commission seate vp­on out of any of the foresaid Courts, after the said Essoyne day, it is neither iustifiable, nor war­rantable: [Page 242]but for that these Termes may be found out easily by euery one for euer, as also for that it is most fit for all men to know, I haue deuised in performance thereof, the ensuing Table for their sakes, whose vse is thus.

To find the beginning and ending of the Tearmes by a new Table for euer in a most easie maner.


By the 32 chapter you must first get ye Prime & Dominicall letter, which had, enter this little en­suing table, finding ye Prime in the margent vpon ye left hand, from whence proceed rightwards, vn­till [Page 243]you come vnder the Dominical letter of ye pro­posed yeare, noting in the common angle the num­ber answering thereunto, & also the number in the head of the Table, ouer the said Dominical letter.

A new and perpetuall Table to find the beginning and ending of the foure Tearmes.
Inter­minEaster Tearme.Trinitie Tearme.Michaelmas Tearme.Hillarie Tearme.
53Apri, 8may 4ma. 22Iu. 10Oct, 9No, 28Ia, 23Feb. 12
54april 9may 5ma. 23Iu. 11Oct, 9no, 2Ia, 23feb. 12
55apri. 10may 6ma. 24Iu. 12Oct, 9no, 28Ia, 23feb, 12
56apr. 11may 7ma. 25Iu. 13Oct, 9no, 28Ia, 23feb. 12
6 [...]apr. 12may 8ma, 26Iu. 14Oct, 9no, 28Ia, 23feb. 13
61apr. 13may 9ma. 27Iu. 15Oc. 10no, 28Ia, 24feb. 12
62apr. 14ma. 10ma. 28Iu. 16Oct, 9no, 29Ia, 23feb. 12
63apr. 15ma. 11ma. 29Iu 17Oct, 9no, 28Ia, 23feb, 12
64apr. 16ma. 12ma. 30Iu. 18Oct, 9no, 28Ia, 23feb. 12
65apr. 17ma. 13ma. 31Iu. 19Oct, 9no, 28Ia, 23feb. 12
66apr. 18na. 14Iune 1Iu. 20Oct, 9no. 28Ia, 23feb. 12
70apr. 19ma. 15Iun. 2Iu. 21Oct, 9no, 28Ia. 23feb. 13
71apr. 20ma. 16Iun. 3Iu, 22Oc, 10no. 28Ia, 24feb. 12
72apr. 21ma. 17Iun. 4Iu, 23Oct, 9no, 29Ia, 23feb. 12
73apr. 22ma. 18Iun. 5Iu, 24Oct, 9no, 28Ia. 23feb, 12
74apr. 23ma. 19Iun. 6Iu, 25Oct. 9no, 28Ia, 23feb. 12
75apr. 24ma. 20Iun. 7Iu, 26Oct, 9no, 28Ia, 23feb. 12
76apr. 25ma. 21Iun. 8Iu, 2 [...]Oct, 9no, 28Ia, 23feb. 1 [...]
80apr. 26ma. 22Iun, 9Iu, 28Oct, 9no, 28Ia, 23feb. 13
81apr. 27ma. 23Iu. 10Iu, 29Oc 10no, 28Ia, 24feb. 12
82apr. 28ma. 24Iu. 11Iu. 30Oct. 9no, 29Ia, 23feb. 12
83apr. 29ma. 25Iu. 12Iuly 1Oct, 9no, 28Ia, 23feb. 12
84apr. 30ma. 26Iu. 13Iuly 2Oct. 9no, 28Ia, 23feb. 12
85May 1ma. 27Iu. 14Iuly 3Oct, 9no, 28Ia. 23feb. 12
86may 2ma. 28Iu. 15Iuly 4Oct, 9no. 28Ia. 23feb. 12
90may 3ma. 29Iu. 16Iuly 5Oct, 9no, 28Ia. 2feb. 13
91may 4ma. 30Iu. 17Iuly 6Oc. 10no, 28Ia. 24feb. 12
92may 5ma. 31Iu, 18Iuly 7Oct, 9no, 29Ia, 23feb. 12
93may 6Iune 1Iu. 19Iuly 8Oct, 9no. 28Ia, 23feb, 12
94may 7Iun. 2Iu. 20Iuly 9Oct, 9no, 28Ia, 23feb, 12
95may 8Iun. 3Iu. 21Iul. 10Oct, 9no, 28Ia. 23feb. 12
96may 9Iun. 4Iu. 22Iul, 11Oct, 9no, 28Ia. 23feb, 12
100may 10Iun, 5Iu. 23Iul, 12Oct, 9no, 28Ia. 23feb, 12
101may 11Iun, 6Iu 24Iul, 13Oc, 10no, 28Ia 24feb, 12
102may 12Iun. 7Iu. 25Iul, 14Oct, 9no, 29Ia. 23feb, 12

The which two numbers keepe, calling that you found in the body of the Table weekes, and that in the front of the Table, dayes: then to find how the Tearmes shall happe, enter the Table before, and in the two rowes vpon your left hand, vnder Interuallum minus, finde the num­bers formerly found in the little Table, answe­ring to which vpon your right hand, is the begin­ning and ending of euery Tearme, vnder their proper Titles.

Example. 1613. The Prime is 18. and the Dominicall letter C, as in the 32 Chapter: then I enter the former little Table, and finde 18 vpon the left side, and so proceeding vntill I come vnder C. I finde 7 in the body of the Table, and 2 ouer C: the which 7 and 2 I finde in the Table of Termes, in the rowes vnder inter, min. whereby procee­ding rightwards, I may conclude that Easter Tearme shall begin Aprill 21, and end May 17.

Trinity Tearme begins Iune 4, and ends Iune 23, and so forth. The like for any other yeare. As for the Returnes of euery Tearme, they be these that follow.

  • Easter Tearme hath 5 Returnes.
    • Quindeno paschae, Tres paschae, Mense paschae, Quin (que) paschae, & Crastino Ascensionis.
  • Trinity Tearme hath 4 Returnes.
    • Crastino Trinitatis, Octabis Trinitatis, Quin­deno Trinitatis, and Tres Trinitatis.
  • [Page 245]Hillary Tearme hath 4 Returnes.
    • Octabis Hilar. Quind. Hill. Crastino Purifica­tionis, and Octab. Purificationis.
  • Michaelmas Tearme hath 8 Returnes.
    • Octa. Michael, Quind. Mich, Tres Mich. Men­se Mich. Crastino Animarum, Crastino Martini, Octa. Marti. Quindeno Marti.

Now if you would know what day any of these Returnes happen vpon, remember what is faid before, and it is easie.

The vulgar Notes of the Tearmes.
  • Easter Tearme beginneth 17 daies affer Ea­ster, and endeth 4 daies after Ascension day.
  • Trinity Tearme beginneth the next day after Corpus Christi day, ending the wednesday fort­night.
  • Michaelmas Tearme beginneth the 9. or 10 of October, ending the 28. or 29. of Nouember.
  • Hillary Tearme beginneth the 23, or 24 of Ia­nuary, ending the 12. as 13. of February.
  • The Exchequer alwaies openeth eight dayes before any Tearme; onely excepting Trinitie Tearme, and then it openeth but 4 daies before.
A new Table for twenty yeares, shewing the be­ginning and ending of the foure Termes: the vse whereof is thus: Seeke the yeare of our Lord in the Colume vpon the left hand, an­swering to which in a right line right­wards, is the day of the moneth that enery Terme beginneth and endeth, vnder their pro­per titles.
Anno Dom.Easter Tearme.Trinitie Tearme,Michaelmas Tearme.Hillary Tearme.
1612Ap. 29ma, 25Iū, 12July, 1Oct, 9N 1.28Ia, 23Fe. 12
1613apr. 21ma, 17Iun, 4Iun, 23Oct, 910. 29Ia. 23Fe. 12
1614may 11Iun. 7Iu, 24Iul, 1310282312
1615apr, 26ma, 22Iun, 9Iun, 289282313
1616apr. 17 [...] 13ma, 31Iun, 199282312
1617may 7Iun, 2Iu, 20July 99282313
1618apr. 22ma, 18Iun, 5Iu, 249282312
1619apr. 14ma, 10ma. 28Iu. 169292312
1620may 3ma. 29Iu, 16Iuly, 59282313
1621apr. 16ma, 12ma. 30Iun, 189282312
1622may 8Iun, 3Iu, 2.Iul, 10Oct, 9282312
1623apr. 30ma, 26Iu, 13Iuly 29282312
1624apr. 14ma, 10ma, 28Iun, 169292312
1625may 4ma 30Iu, 17Iuly 610282312
1626apr. 26ma, 22Iun, 9Iu, 289282313
1627apr, 11ma, 7ma, 25Iu, 139282312
1628apr. 30ma. 26Iu, 13Iuly, 2928212
1629apr. 22ma, 18Jun, 5Ju, 249282312
1630apr. 14ma, 10ma, 28Iu, 169292312
1631apr, 27ma, 23Iu, 10Iu, 2910282 [...]12


As 1612, Easter Tearme beginneth Aprill 29, and endeth May 25. Trinity Tearme begins, Iune 12, and ends, Iuly the first, &c.

The old and vulgar Rule remembred in diuers Books, whereby to know the Law-dayes, in the Court of Arches, the Audience of Canterbury, the Spirituall and Ciuill lawes throughout the yeare, which I am bold to insert, since it is proper to no particu­lar Author.

Michaelmas Tearme.
  • S. Luke.
  • S. Simon & Iude.
  • S. Faith.
  • S. Edward.
  • All Saints.
  • S. Martine.
  • Edmond K.
  • S. Katherin.
  • S. Andrew.
  • The Conception of our Lady.

Ye must well vnderstand, that the first day en­suing each of the Feastes set downe before euery Terme, the Court of ye Arches is kept in the fore­noone at Bow Church: and in the afternoone the same first day, is kept in Southwarke the Admi­rall Court for ciuili causes.

The second day after each of these feasts, ye Au­dience Court of Canterbury is held in yt Consisto­ry in Pauls in the fore-noone: and the Prerogatine Court of Canterbury is kept in the same place in the afternoone the same day.

The third day following any of those feasts, the Bishop of Londons Court of Consistory is holden in Pauls in the fore-noone: and in the same place is the Court of the Quéenes highnesse Comissioners vpon Appeales, and the court of Delegates holden in the after-noone the same third day.

Hillarie Tearme.
  • S. Hillary.
  • S. Wolstane.
  • Conuers. of Paul.
  • S. Blase.
  • S. Scolastice.
  • S. Valentine.
  • Ashwedensday
  • S. Matthias.
  • S. Chadde.
  • Perpet. & Feli
  • S. Gregory.
  • An. of our L.

Vnderstand that the foure first Feasts of this Terme be neuer chāged, but are certaine; the other are sometime kept, and somtime omitted, after the course of the yeare altered. And if it so chaunce, ye one of those feasts be Ashwedensday, that are after S. Blase day, so that the same Law-day after Ash­wedensday cannot be kept, because the Law-day of ye other feast doth light on the same day: the se­cond Law-day after Ashwedensday shall be kept, and the other omitted.

And if the Law-day after Ashwedensday be the next day after S. Blase, then shall all and euery of those daies bee obserued in order, as they may be held conueniently.

And note, that although Ashwedensday be the 7 in order, yet it hath no certaine place, but is chan­ged as the feast of Easter causeth it.

Easter Tearme.
  • The 15. day after Easter.
  • Saint Alphage.
  • Saint Marke Euangelift.
  • Inuention of the Crosse.
  • Gordian.
  • Saint Dunstane,
  • Ascension day.

In this Terme, the first sitting is alwaies kept [Page 249]the Munday being the 15 day after Easter, and so after the feasts here noted, which shall next follow by course after Easter, and ye like space being kept betwéene other feasts, the rest of the law-daies are kept the third day after the Ascension, which is the last of this Terme. And if it happen that ye Ascen­sion day do come before any of those feasts afore­said, then they are omitted for that yeare. And like­wise, if any of those dayes come before the 15 day after Easter, those dayes are also omitted.

Trinitie Tearme.
  • Trinitie-sunday.
  • Corpus Christi.
  • Boniface bishop
  • S. Barnabe.
  • S. Botolph.
  • S. Iohn.
  • S. Paul.
  • Tr. S. Tho.
  • S. Swithin.
  • S. Margaret.
  • S. Anne.

Remember that the Law-daies of this Terme are changed by the meanes of Pentecost; and the first sitting is holden alwayes the first day after Trinitie Sunday, and the second Law-day is hol­den the first day after Corpus Christi day, except it fall on some day aboue named, which chaunceth somtime, and then the fitter day is kept. And after ye second session account foure daies or there about, and then looke which is the next feast, and the first law-day after the said feast shall be the third sessi­on: the other law-daies follow in order, but so ma­ny of them are kept, as for the time of the yeare is thought meet.

Note generally that euery day is called a Law-day, [Page 250]that is not Sunday or holiday, and that if the feast day being knowne of any Court day in any Terme, and the first or second day following bee Sunday, then the Court day is kept after the said holiday or feast day.

First of all, these dayes are not altered, except they light on Sunday, or some Holiday, and euery day is called a Law day, vnlesse it be Sunday or Holiday.

Note pag. 241. l. 10. Corpus day is omitted.

Wages for Boat-men, and for their Barges and Boats, confirmed by Act of Parli­ament, Ann. 6. H. 8. Cap. 7.

VVHeréas Watermen, or Maisters of Barges and Boats, did (as they doe) continually practise to raise the wages or hire of their Boats, breaking thereby ye ancient custome and reasonable wages, and so abused the great, and exacted on the poore, whereby many assaults and frayes wore (and sometime are) committed, which hath often caused manslaughter: and also by reason of that easte and vnconscionable gaine, the seruants of many House-holders and Hus­bandmen neare adioyning where such Boates or Ferries were, did daily runne from their maisters and become Watermen. For the auoyding of which, and many such other inconueniences, it was ordained by the former Statute of H. 8. that these laudable customes, and ancient orders of wages for Boat-men should bee obserued and [Page 251]kept, vpon pains that the offender should forfeit treble the fare: and that all Bailiffes, Consta­bles, and other the Kings officers next adioyning vnto the Ferries, vpon complaint to them made, or to any of them by them that be grieued in that behalfe, to arrest them, and commit them to ward for their misdemeanour, and that they should make fine for the same. All which, to the end the poore and simple should not be deceiued, nor the better sort deluded: and to the end euery one might in that behalfe certainly know, what wa­ges was due to euery Ferry, whereby both par­ties might know: the one when he giues, and the other when he receiueth abountifull reward. And that they should not murmure when a Gentle­man giueth three pence, or foure pence for crossing the water, I haue taken paines to set downe the wages allowed to euery Ferry by the Statute, as followeth.

  • First, for wages for Boat-men, and for their Barges or Boates, or for a Barge from London to Grauesend, foure shillings, or else euery person and his male two pence, so it passe not foure shil­lings.
  • From London to Erith, Greenewich, Grastor­rocke, or Purfleete twelue pence, or else for euery person and his fardell a peny, so it passe not 12 d.
  • From London to Wolwich, thirtéene pence for a Boat or Wherry, that is, the Tyde-boat, or else euery person a halfe peny.
  • From London to Greenewich foure pence, or else a halfe peny for euery person and his fardell.
  • [Page 252]From London-bridge, Old Swan, the Crane in the Vintry, S. Mary Queries, or Pauls Wharfe, to Westminster, or Lambeth, or from Westminster or Lambeth to any of the foresaid places 3 pence, or else euery person a halfe-peny.
  • From Blacke-Friers, Bride-well and the Tem­ple to Westminster or Lambeth, two pence with their males, or a halfe-peny for euery person, so it amount not aboue two pence.
  • From Westminster to Lambeth, or Strand-gate, or any way crossing the water, a halfe peny.
  • For a boat from London to Mortlake 12 d. or else euery person 2 d. with his male. And from those places aboue named to London, for a Boat or Barge, the like summes of money.
  • Watermen rowing in great Barges we Lords, or other persons, to haue 6 d. the day, and find thē ­selues, vnlesse they row to Mortlake, &c. then to haue 8 d. a péecs by day, and find themselues.

ANGLICANI IVRIS PRACTI­cis & expertis, salutem.

EDIDI, studiosi Iuris professores, hoc Concord [...]ntium annorum Epitomen, haùd profectò ingenij ostentandi gratia, sed ingēti sanè desiderio iuuandi legulios: proptereà quòd experientia mera cognoui, non­nullos, necpusillos causidicos, nec tyrones legu­leios turpiter errare & incautè trasilire, cùm prop­ter corum imbecillitatem in Arithmetica calcula­tione, tùm propter indigentiam tabularum anno­rum Concordantiam explicare. Dabo igitur o­peram supputare, imò, tabulam praeclaram & cō ­pendiosam aedificare, non ectypò & incommodè, sed de nouo, nubes depellere, & vmbras inscitiae discutere, vt absque difficultate, aut vllo sudore, ad respondendam aliquam questionem in nostra An­glicana Computatione, facilitate perueniamus. Quae si non ingrata fuissent tibi, ac lectoribus, in­tellexero, mea in posterum ad scribendum auge­bitur industria; interim igitur, si aliquid propter praesentes occupationes, & rarum in his exercen­dis vsum, non satis commodè explicatum digestu­que fuerit id vel humanitèr corrigendo, vel pati­enter ferendo, hanc lucubratiunculam nostram qualemcunque boni consule.

Ʋale. Arthur Hopton,

Imprinted at London for the Com­pany of Stationers 1612.

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