¶ The chroni­cle of Ihon Hardyng in metre, frō the first begynnyng of Englāde, vnto yt reigne of Edwarde ye fourth where he made an end of his chronicle. And from yt tyme is added with a cōtinuacion of the storie in prose to this our tyme, now first emprinted, gathered one of diuerse and soundrie autours of moste certain knowelage & substanciall credit, yt either in latin or els in our mother toungue haue writen of ye affaires of Eng­lande.


In officina Richardi Graftoni

Mense Ianuarii.


Cum priuilegio ad impri­mendum solum.


¶ The dedicacion of this present woorke, vnto the right honora­ble lorde Thomas duke of Norffolke, by thenprynter, Richard Grafton.

LOrde Thomas of Norffolke duke moste gracious
Of noble auncestrie and blood descended
A captain right woorthie and auenturous
And frō Scotlād euen newely retended
Wher Englandes querele ye haue reuenged
In the behalf of our noble kyng Henry
I wyshe you all health, honour, and victorie
¶ And because it hath pleased almightie God
In the right title and quercle of Englande
To vse your stocke as an iron rod
Wherewith to scourge the falsehood of Scotland
In whom is no truthe ne holde of any bande
Ihon Hardynges chronicle, as me thought was
Moste mete to bee dedicated, to your grace
¶ For Hardyng a true herted Englysheman
An esquier valiaunt hardie and bolde
And not vnlearned, as the time was than
Serched out of chronicles, bothe late an olde
All that euer by thesame hath bee told
How frō the begynnyng, Scotlāde dooeth reigne
Vnder kynges of Englande, as their soueram
¶ And Hardynges owne self, hath the partie bee
That from Scotlande, oft tymes hath brought
Their seales of homage and fealtee
Vnto the kyng of Englande, as he ought
Vnto whom the Scottes then sued and sought
Yeldyng to liue in humble subieccion
Of Englandes gouernaunce and proteccion
¶ But that people of their propre nature
Hath euen from the first, been so vntowarde
So vnstedfast, inconstaunte and vnsure
That nothyng maie possibly bee more frowarde
So haue thei continued from thens foorthwarde
Neuer gladde to bee in quiet and rest
But to defeccion, aye readie and prest
¶ Wherefore Thon Hardyng, to his lorde & mai­ster
Whom in his tyme he serued without blame
Edwarde, first duke of Yorke, and after
Kyng of this realme, the fourthe of that name
In this chronicle affermeth of thesame
That thei will rebell, till by prouision
The kyng of Englād shall haue made theim both
¶ And in deede Englād, hath oft been cōstreigned one
The Scottes slackenesse in dooyng their homage
To pricke forewarde, whē thei would haue refrei­ned
With yt sharpe spurre of marciall forceage
And to abate their wantonnesse of courage
With the iron rodde, of due correccion
As oft as thei attempted defeccion
¶ For ye Scottes will aye bee bostyng & crakyng
[Page] Euer sekyng causes of rebellion
Spoyles, booties, and preades euer takyng
Euer sowyng quereles of dissension
To burne and steale is all their intencion
And yet as people, whom God dooeth hate & curse
Thei alwaies begynne, and euer haue the woorse
¶ Englande hitherto hath neuer lacked power
As oft as nede wer, the Scottes to compell
Their duetie to dooe, and menne of honour
Englande hath had, as stories dooe tell
Whiche whensoeuer the Scottes did rebell
Wer hable at all tymes, theim to subdue
And their obedience, to England renue
¶ Emōges ye whiche noumbre, your noble father
In the twelfth yere of Henry the seuenths reigne
By aunciente recorde, as I can gather
Beeyng of suche credence as cannot feigne
Yode into Scotlande their pryde to restrein
With sēbleable power (as bookes dooen auowe)
And like commission as your grace had now
¶ That season he did so valiauntely
The Scottes vanquishyng and puttyng to flight
That thei ranne awaye moste shamefully
Not hable of hym tabide the sight
Nor hable to sustein, the brunt of his might
Soondrie castelles, he raced down to the grounde
Whiche to the honour of Englande did redound
¶ Kyng Iamy also, makyng greate braggue and vaūte
Hauyng his armie not a myle of that daie
[Page] Your father as a captain valyaunt
Made in a moment, for feare to runne awaye
The Scottish kyng, sēding foorth heraldes tway
Chalenged your father, wt many a proude woorde
Battayle to wage, and trye it by the sworde.
¶ And choose thou sir Earle, ꝙ kyng Iamy then
Whether we shall fight, armie against armie
Orelles I and thou, trye it manne for manne
For sparyng bloodshed, of either compaignie
That if it chaunce me, to haue the victorie
Nought shall I demaunde, for Englandes losse & thine
Sauig Barwike toune, for euer to bee mine
¶ Then to the heraldes, saied this noble knight
Shewe to your kyng, that in this place purposely
Battayle for to wage, my tentes haue I pight
I am not come to flee, but to fyght sharpely
As where he standeth, he maye see with his eye
And fyrst where he would, bloodshed saued to bee
Therof am I no lesse desirous then he.
¶ Secundarily, where it is his likyng
That I a poore Earle, and of meane estate
Maye combattre, with hym beyng a kyng
That our two fightes, may ceasse all debate
He dooeth me honour, after suche highe rate
That I must nedes graūt, my selfe bound in this case
Humble thankes to rēdre to his grace
¶ Now as for the towne of Barwike, it is knowē
(Which your lorde requireth in case I bee slaine)
Is the kyng my souereins, and not mine owne
[Page] So that graunte therof, in me dodeth not remain
But thys maie ye bear worde to your lord again
My person and lyfe, aduenture I shall
More precyous to me, then the round worlde all.
¶ When kyng Iamy, by his heraldes twoo
Spedefullye returnyng, had due knowlage
Muche otherwyse, then he loked for thoo
Of the Earles stout aunswer and message
Fled out of hand, and would no battayle wage
So that your father, retourned home victour
With coumfort, laude, praise, ioye and honour
¶ The same your father, in the fyfth yere
Of our moost noble kyng Henry the eyght
When hys grace and his armie at Turney were
And the same kyng Iamy, of Scotland streyght
Agaynst England, his banner dyspleyght
Vanquished the Scottes, & wt your helpyng hād
Slew there king Iamy, and brought him to England
¶ Agayne in the .xv. yere of the same reygne
Your selfe in proper personne, full courageous
Set forth against ye Scottes, without dysdeygne
Lyke a captayne valyaunt and venturous
Wher ye brēt Iedworth, a toune right populous
Wyth diuers victories, that your grace then had
Whiche made all Englande, to reioyse & be glad
¶ The yere folowyng also, as bookes testify
The Scottes came, with an houge power
Of .lx. thousande men vnder the Duke of Albany
Besiegyng Warke castel, thynkyng it to deuour
[Page] But heryng that your grace, dyd approch yt houe
The Scottes trembled, and so dyd theyr Duke
And cowardly fled, to their shame and rebuke.
¶ Sembleably, by thys your last viage
Nowe thys last October and Nouember
Made into Scotlande, to their great damage
It dooeth as me semeth, ryght well appere
That when pleaseth our king to send you thether
Your house in hys ryght, is appoynted by God
To bee to the Scottes, a sharpe scourge and rod
Wherfore thys chronycle of Ihon Hardyng
I haue thought good, to dedycate to your grace
Because the same in euery maner of thyng
Doothe best set out the nature of that place
With distaunce of tounes, and euery myles space
Besechyng your grace to take in good parte
Myne honest labours and beneuolent harte

The preface into the Chronycle of Iohn Hardyng.

EMonges all wryters, that haue put in vre
Their penne and style, thyn­ges to endite
None haue behynd theim, left so greate treasure
Ne to their posteritee, haue dooen suche delite
As thei whiche haue taken peines to write
Chronycles and actes, of eche nacion
And haue of thesame, made true relacion.
¶ By Chronycles we knowe, thynges auncient
The succession of tymes, and menne
The state of policies, with their regiment
Howe long eche partie hath ruled, and when
And what were all their procedynges then.
Chronicles make reporte of matiers dooen
And passed many thousand yeres gooen
¶ By Chronycles we knowe, in eche countree
What men haue been, of prowesse marciall
What persones chiefly in actiuitee
When and betwene whom, warres haue befall
Either ciuile or els externall
Howe thesame haue been, conueighed & wrought
Or els appeaced, and to quiete brought
¶ Chronicles dooe recorde and testifye.
[Page] Euen from the worldes first beginninges
And dooe kepe in continuall memorie
The course and processe, of all maner thinges
The liues and maners, of princes and kynges
Aswell Gentiles as Iudaicall
Aswell Iuste and godly, as tyrannicall
¶ What persones to their prince and countree
Haue been louing true and obedient
And at all times of necessitee
Haue serued thesame, with good entent
And constauntly therin, haue their liues spent
In Chronicles are regestred feithfully
To their immortall honoure and glorye
¶ Contrarye wise, who to their souerains
Or to their countrees, haue been wicked traitours
Or by collusion and crafty traines
Haue rebelled against their gouernours
Or the same to helpe, haue been slacke proctours
Are sembleably sette out by name
To their endelesse infamy, reproche, and shame.
¶ These thinges, and others a thousande mo
Wherby realmes, haue decaied or growen
Chaunged in processe, and altered to and fro
Fruitefull and expedient to bee knowen
Are in Chronicles, so plainly shewen
That thinges antique, to vs bee as apparent
As yf at their doinges, we had been present.
¶ Wherfore Goddes worde and holy scripture
Whiche abandoneth all maner vanitee
[Page] Yet of Chronicles admitteth the lecture
As a thing of greate fruite and vtilitee
And as a lanterne, to the posteritee
For example, what they ought to knowe
What waies to refuse, and what to folowe.
¶ The bible bookes, of Iudges and kynges
Althoughe moste full, of high diuine misterie
And farre surmounting all Ethnike dooynges
Yet yf they bee read, and take literally
Hath the fourme and course of a plain historie
What kynges serued God, and who trangressed
Whiche thereby prospered, or wer oppressed
¶ The bookes of the kynges euery where
Yf thinges seme touched ouer briefly
To a larger storye, dooeth vs referre
Whiche were Chronicles of eche manne truely
Sette out at length, to our memorie
Albeit those Chronicles (as it is euident)
Are loste, and dooe not remain at this present
¶ The bookes inscribed, Paralipomena
A perfecte membre, and piece of the bible
Is a summarye, of the kynges of Iuda
And therfore in Hebrue, it hath the title
And appellacion, of a Chronicle
The Machabees also, by my deming
Is a plaine historye, of holy writing
¶ Whiche bookes, if they had neuer been set out
It had been a greate maime to our knowlage
A lamentable lacke, with outen doubte
[Page] A greate cause of blindnesse to our age
And to our faith, inestimable damage.
But the spirite of God, the authour was
That those examples, might bee our glasse.
¶ Chronicles therfore, of true reporte
Whether of Christian realmes or no
Are matier of pleasaunce, fruite, and comforte
And for a thousande causes and mo
Diligently to bee attended vnto
Yea, and all maner writers of the same
Worthie laude, thanke, honoure & immortal fame
¶ Neither is any one to bee reiected
That in this behalfe, hath dooen his endeuoure
For though some bee, such as might bee corrected
Yet those that haue, therein bestowed laboure
Haue minded to profyte vs to their power
Neither any is so full, but somwhere dooeth faile
Nor any so bare, but dooeth somthing auaile.
¶ And what an exceding benefite trowe ye
Is it for eche manne, to haue cognicion
Of all actes, bothe of his owne countree
And also of euery forein nacion
As yf he had liued, when eche thing was dooen
And to view the actes of antiquitee
As though he did nowe, presentlye theim see
¶ Chroniclers therfore, I can highly cōmende
And emonge others, this authour Ihon Harding
Who with all his power, to this point did contēd
To the vttermost extent of his learning
[Page] That Englishe men might haue vnderstanding
Of all affaires, touching theirowne countree
Euen to his dayes, from olde antiquites
¶ And though his cōning, were not so muche
As some others, nor his intelligence
Yet his good minde, entent, and zele was suche
That in hym lacked, no pointe of diligence
After suche bookes, as he thought of credence
Feithfully to describe, suche thinges in rime
As happened to Englande, from tyme to tyme
¶ But in thinges dooen, before his owne dayes
He foloweth his authours, at auenture
Without choice or difference of the true wayes
Nor well assured, who were corrupte or pure
Nor whether they were certaine orelles vnsure
Whether fabulous, or menne of veritee
Whether vaine, or of good authoritee.
¶ But what soeuer, in his owne time was dooen
That he reporteth with all fidelitee
Right so as eche thing, ended or begonne
Withoute any spotte of insynceritee
Or dissimulation of the veritee
He founde all meanes, the veray trueth to know
And what he knewe certainly, that did he shewe.
¶ From the beginning of Henry ye fourth kyng
Of this realme of Englande, after the conquest
Euen to Edwarde the fourthes reigning
Whiche was thre score yeres and one at the leste
He leaueth nothing vnwriten at the largest
[Page] That was or semed to bee of importaunce
Touchyng peace and warre, wyth Scotlande or Fraunce
¶ Vnto the Scottes, he coulde neuer bee frende
Because he sawe theim towardes England
False from the begynnyng, to the last ende
Neuer standyng to anye league ne bande
Homage, fealtee, ne wryting of theyr hande
Neuer so readie to make rebellyon
As when thei promised moost subiection
¶ That if Ihon Hardyng, bee a trew man
And in this behalfe inspyred with prophecie
Thei wyll neuer bee, but as thei were than
Falle to England, suttle, and craftie
Entendyng myschiefe, when thei shewe contrary
Spoylers and robbers, that amende wyll neuer
Tyll our kyng shall haue made theim Englyshe for euer
¶ Neither is there anye, that euer wrote
Which in mat [...]ers of Scotland could better skill
Nor which their falshoode and vntrueth to note
Had more affection or better wyll
Or better knew water, woodde, toune, vale & hyll
Or was more feruente the Scottes to persue
Who to England he knew, woulde neuer be true
¶ Neyther anye Chronicler that euer was
Eyther dooth or can, more largly declare
Euen from Brutus, howe it came to passe
That kynges of Englande the soueraines are
And ouer Scotlande oughte rule to beare
Hymselfe is wytnes, of their subiection
[Page] And homage, vnder Englandes protection
¶ In other thinges, the tymes were suche
That though this werke haue some spice of blindnesse
Yet is the authour, not to be blamed much
For Popyshe errour, that season doubtlesse
Did all the worlde ouer go and oppresse
Therfore such thinges, we must in good part take
And pardon that faulte, for the tymes sake
¶ Yet haue we thought best, the autour to set out
Euen in suche fourme, as hymselfe dyd endite
It wer an vnquod thyng, yf we should go about
To alter and chaunge, that olde men haue wryte
Secondly to vs, it maye bee greate delyte
The blindnesse of those tymes to consider
From whiche hathe pleased God vs to delyuer
¶ Fynally the darkenesse of those dayes to see
To the honoure of our kyng dooeth redound
To whom by goddes helpe geuen it hath bee
All Popyshe trumperye for to confounde
Which thyng, al trew English hertes hath boūd
Incessauntly to praye, for kyng Henrye ye eyghte
Whose godly wisedome, hath made all streyghte
And for asmuch as Hardyng, his boke doth ende
With Edward the fourth, whose seruaūt he was
And to whome also, this booke he dyd commende
Consideryng also, the tyme and space
Beyng .lx. yeres and more, I coulde not let passe
So many goodly statutes and decrees
Battayles, and stories, not good to lese.
Wherfore I annexed theim by continuacion
Begynning wyth Edwarde the fourth of yt name
Then Edward the fyfth, kyng by generation
Whom Richard the third, to his immortal shame
Cruelly murdered, the story sayeth the same
But plaged he was, to hys greate greuaunce
With a shamefull death, as Goddes vengeaunce
Then Henry the .vii. nexte doothe ensue
Father vnto our moost dred soueraigne lorde
And of Henry the. viii, some thyng that is true
I haue here set forth, as wryters dooe accorde
Not in metre, but obseruyng worde, for worde
Myne authours, that wrote it all in prose
Reportyng the truth, without fraude or glose
¶ Now right gentle reader, thy parte shalbe
My good wyll and zele, my payne and labour
To entreprete and take in good parte and gre
Geuing to the same, suche good wordes of fauour
As may enforce me with all myne endeuour
The settyng forth of mo werkes to take in hande
To thy solace, and honour of Englande

¶ The Proheme of Iohn Hardynge into this his chronycle.

THe moste substance of power and of myght,
Through age distilled, into debilitee
Of me yt am this time an aged wight
And greate faute, haue of habilitee
This labour now shuld haue wthold fro me
But that my witte would haue some diligence
My ghoost to kepe from synne and insolence.
¶ This werke is great, and lōge to bryng to fyne
So doeth it euer fro tyme to tyme encrease
And long hath dooen, afore Christ dyd enclyne,
In Marie mother and mayden without lease
To chronicle, so men haue theim put in prease
Some in meetre, and some also in prose
Some in Latyn, full wysely dyd it close.
¶ And some in Frenche, they made for intellecte
Of men that could no Latyn vnderstande
More sufficiently endited and protecte
By ferre then I can it nowe take in hande
And some in lynes two, theyr ryme ay bande
But though my witte be not so curious
As theirs by ferre to make it glorious.
¶ Yet wyll I vse, the symple witte I haue
To your pleasaunce and consolacion
Moste noble lorde and prince, so God me saue
That in chronycles hath delectacion
Though it be farre aboue myne estimacion
Into balade I wyll it nowe translate
[Page] Ryght in this forme with all myne estymate.
My lorde of Yorke vnto your sapience.
I wyll remember a notabilyte
Of your elders rule and regymence
That had this lande of olde prioryte
Which ruled were after their dignitee
In vertue digne by roiall gouernaunce
And in vyce rulyd and misgouernaunce.
By whiche knowledge your discrete sapience
All vyce euermore destroye maye and reproue
By vertuous and blessedfull dilygence
And vertue loue, that maye not ought greue
Howe ye shall rule your subiectes while ye lyue
In lawe and peace and all tranquyllite
Whiche been the floures of all regalyte.
¶ Edward the thyrde that was king of this land
By ryght title, and very iuste discent
And kyng of Fraunce as I can vnderstande
By his mother quene Isabell the gent
Sister and heyre of Charles by hole entent
For Charles dyed without any chylde
The ryght discent vnto his mother mylde
Why shulde yt French forbarre you of your right
Numeri .xxvii.
Sith God of heauen in libro numeri
Gaue to Moises this lawe that nowe is lyght
In the chapiter seuen and twenty
By these wordes the doughter ryghtfully
Of Salphaat aske the fathers heritage
Geue them in possessyon amonge the cosynage.
¶ This kyng Edward reignyng in his dayes
In mercyall actes, tryumphe and victorie
Aboue all princes famed was alwayes
Fyue sonnes had, the worlde out to crye
Ther wer no mo suche of one patry monye
Edwarde the prince and eldest sonne of age
Who gat Richarde, that had the heritage.
¶ Leonell next borne, after in Antwerpe
In Brabant lande, that wedded vnto his wyfe
The erles doughter of Vlster as men do karpe
And begatte on her Philip his doughter ryue
And also his heire, whome he loued as his lyue
Whome erle Emonde of Marche the Mortimer
Wedded to his wyfe and begatte the erle Roger.

Edwarde the thyrd had fyue sonnes.

  • Edwarde prince.
  • Leonell.
  • Iohn duke of Lancastre.
  • Edmounde duke of Yorke.
  • Thomas of Woodstocke duke of Gloucester.
¶ That erle was after of Marche & of Vlster
With wylde Irishe that slayne wer in Irelande
Who had a sonne, erle Emonde Mortymer
That dyed without yssue I vnderstande
To whom dame Anne, his syster, vnto his land
Was veraye heyre, whō the erle of Cābridge wed
And gatte of her your selfe as I haue red
¶ Why should ye not then be her veraye heyre
Of all her lande and eke of all her right
Sith Iesu Christe of Iude lande so feire
[Page] By veray meane of his mother Mary bryght
To be kyng, claymed tytle and right
And so dyd name hym selfe kyng of Iewes
So by your mother, the right to you acrewes.
¶ After Lyonell that was duke of Clarence
And of Vlster the erle was, by his wyfe
And of Italie, for his greate excellence
Kyng should haue been, without any stryfe
Of all Europe, without comparatyfe
The royall lande, and to his espousaile
The dukes doughter of Melayn without faile.
¶ Iohn borne in Gaunt, of Flaūders chief cytee
[...]ke [...]orn in Gaūt.
The thyrde soonne was, of good kyng Edwarde
That wedded dame Blaunch, ful of feminytee
Duke Henryes doughter and heire afterwarde
Of Lancastre, by lawe of kynde and forwarde
[...] y [...].
Who gat and bare the fourth kyng Henry
That kyng Rycharde deposed wrongfully.
¶ Who gatte Henry the fyfth lyke conqueroure
[...] y [...].
Of Normandy, and mykill parte of Fraunce
That excelled bothe kyng and Emperoure
In marcyall actes, by his gouernaunce
Who gatte Henry the sixte at Gods pleasaunce
[...] yt [...]
Of suche symplenesse and disposicion
As menne maye se by his discrecion.
[...] For when Henry the fourth first was crouned
[...]ny a wyseman, sayd then full commenly
[...] third heyre shuld not ioyse but be vncrouned
And deposed of all regalitee
[Page iii] To this reason they dyd there wittes applye,
Of euill gotten good, the third should not enioyse
Of longe agone, it hath bene a commen voyse.

¶ Howe the maker of this booke saieth his auyse in briefe for the duke of Yorke.

¶ O my lorde of Yorke, God hath prouyde
In this for you, as men sayen commenly
So that no slouth you from his grace deuyde
But take it as he hath it sent manly
And rule well nowe ye haue the remedye
But neretheles, let euery man haue the right
Both frende and foo, it may encrease your might.
¶ Treate well Percy of marchys lyne discended
To helpe your right with might and fortifye
By tender meanes to holde hym well contented
Remembryng hym, by wyttie polycye
Howe by processe of tyme and destenye
Your right might all bene his, as nowe is yours
Through gods might, make thē your successours
¶ Edmoūde was then the .iiij. sonne, at Langlay
Edmoūd duke of yorke.
Borne, as knowen was well in the lande
A noble prince after, as men might say
At battayle of Orray, yt fought sore with his hāde
And Iohn of Gaunt his brother, I vnderstande
That fought ful sore, for Ihō of Mountfortright
Agayne Charles of Bloys a manly knight.
¶ This Edmoūde was after duke of Yorke creat
And had a sonne that Edward had to name
Whom kyng Richarde made to be denominate
In all his writtes exaltyng his fame
[Page] Kyng of Portyngale, his father yet at hame
Lyuyng in age I trawe of .lxxx. yere
A fayre person, as a man might se any where.
¶ Thomas Woodstoke, the .v. sonne was in dede
Duke of Gloucester, that tyme made and create
Thomas of wood stoke du­ke of gloucester.
By kyng Richarde murdered whom for his mede
Kyng Henry quyt with death preordinate
By Goddes dome and sentence approbate
Who sleeth, so shall he be slayne by his sentence
Well more murder whiche asketh ay vengeaunce
Mat. [...]vii.
¶ Who laye afore Paris, amoneth daye
With hoste royall without any batell
Of all enemyes moste dred he was alwaye
And Scottes moste hym bred without any fayle
For as they trowed by theyr owne rehersaile
Of prophecyes he shulde theyr lande conquere
And make the kyng to Englande homegere.
¶ Nowe haue I made vnto your owne knowlege
Edward prince of Wa [...] the eldest sonne of kynge Edward the .iii.
A remembraunce of Edwardes sonnes fyue
Your exampler to geue you a corage
So noble princes, I trowe were none alyue
After my wytte as I can discryue
The eldest sonne, whose lyfe I haue lefte oute
Who yt in Fraunce & all landes was moste doute

¶ Of the ryghte and tytles that my Lorde of Yorke hath to Fraunce and Spayne with Portingale & other landes by yonde the sea, Ierusalem and other landes.

¶ At batell of Poytiers tooke kynge Iohn
With greate honoure triumphe and vyctory
[Page iiii] By merciall actes, and verteous life aloone
And in Spayne, as made is memorie
The kyng Petro, by knightly victorie
To his kyngdome, he did restore again
By his brother putte out, with muche pain

¶ The appoinctement bytwixt duke Iohn & duke Emund who should bee kyng of Castle and Lyon, and what the maker of this booke sawe and red at Londō, to syr Robert Vmfrewill then lorde Vmfrewill.

¶ This kyng Petro to giue hym to his mede
Had nothyng els but doughters twoo full faire
Whiche he betooke, to that prince in deede
For his wages, for cause thei where his heire
With whome he did, to Englande so repaire
And Constaunce wedde, vnto his brother. Iohn
Emund his brother, the younger had anone
¶ Dame Isabell, the younger hight by name
Bytwene these brethren, was appoinctment
The first heire male, whiche of the sisters came,
The kyng should been, and haue the regiment
To you my lorde of Yorke, this dooeth appent
Duke of Yorke.
For your vncle Edwarde, was first heire male
To whome your father, was heire with out faile
¶ So kyng of Spayne, and also of Portyngall
Ye should nowe bee, by lyne of bloodde discent
By couenaunt also and appoinctement whole
As I haue seen of it the mununent
Vnder seale wryten, in all entent
Whiche your vncle, to my lorde Vmfrewill
At London shewed, whiche I red that while
¶ For Spayne & Portyngale beare the renoume
And commen name as I haue herde expressed
Both to the realmes of Castyll and Lyon.
And so the kynge of Spayne hath aye adressed
His royall style in wrytyng well impressed
Kyng of Castill and also of Lyon,
Accompted both so for his region.
¶ Nowe be ye knowe, of your title to Englande
The ty­tle of the kinges of Englāde to Scot­land and Ireland.
By consequens to Wales and Scotlande
For they perteyne, as ye maye vnderstande
Of auncient tyme, to the crowne of Englande
By papall bull, ye haue the right to Irelande,
Gascowe, Paitowe and Normandye
Pountyf, Bebuile, Saunxie and Sauntignye.
¶ And all the lande beyonde the charente
Of Dangolesme, Dangolismoys & Luyre zyne
Of Caoure; Caourenō, Pyridor & Pirygūt coūtre
Of Rodis, Ronegeauis, Dagō, Dagenoyse yt fine
Tharbe, Wigor & Gaure shoulde to you enclyne,
With all the fraunchyses and all souerayntie
As hath the kyng of Fraunce in his degre.

¶ Nō. that I Ihon Hardyng maker of this booke, delyuered to kyng Henry the syxte the copie of the treatie of this land as kyng Edward the thyrd treated and had them after the battayll of Poytours.

¶ Calys & Marke, Colne, Hāmys, Oye & Wale,
Sandegate & Guysons, with all the whole coūtre
With all the landes and townes betwene thē all
With all fraunchyses and royall souerayntie
[Page v] All those of right be yours in propertie
What by treate and what by veraye right
As kyng Edwarde them had of mykyll might.
¶ To Ierusalem, I saye ye haue great right
For erle Geffraye, that hight Plantagenet
Of Aungeoy erle, a prince of passyng might
The eldest sonne to Fouke, and first begette
Kyng of Ierusalem by his wife dewly sette
Whose sonne Geffray foresaide gatte on his wyfe
Henry the seconde that knowen was full ryfe.
¶ Yet haue ye more fro Bawdewyn Paraliticus
Kyng afterward, to thesame kyng Henry
The croune sente and his banner precious
As veraye heyre of whole auncestrie
Descent of bloode by tytle lynyally
From Godfray Boleyn and Robert Curthose
Godfray [...] Boleyn. Robert cur those.
That kynges were therof and chose.
¶ He sente hym also the Sepulture keyes
Resygnyng wholy vnto hym all his ryght
For to defende the lande from Sarizenes
For he was sicke and had therto no might
And all the lande, destroyed was to sight
By the Soudyan to great lamentacion
Of Goddes people, and all Christen nacion.
¶ He sente hym also the keyes of Dauids towre
With Heraclye, that of Ierusalem
Was Patriarke and greatest of honour
And with templers, which brought hym into this realme
Besekyng hym yt he would thē susteine
[Page] Full humbly askyng supportacion
For the cytiee and christen consolacion.
¶ All these titles, the chronicles can recorde
If they be seen by good deliberacion
Many of theim to these full well accorde
As I haue seen with greate delectacion
By clerkes wrytten for our informacion
As in olde feldes, cornes freshe and grene grewe
So of olde bookes cōmeth our cunnyng newe
Out of old bookes cō ­meth newe knowledge
¶ Of this I wyll nowe cease and forth procede
To my mater, wher fyrst I beganne
To chronicles of this lande for worthihed
To remembre in balade as I can
To that entent to please both God and man
And eke to please good femynitie
The dukes wyfe na­med Cece­ly
Of my lady your wife dame Cecely.
¶ That in Latyn hath litell intellect
To vnderstande the great nobilytie
Of this like lande of whiche she is electe
Tyme commyng like to haue the souerayntie
Vnder your rule as shulde feminitee
Whiche if it maye please her ladyshippe
My hert will reioyse of her inward gladshippe.
¶ For well I wote your great intelligence
That in latyn hath good inspeccion
Will pleased bee of your hie sapieuce
My lady that is vnder your proteccion
Your heyre also maye rede at theyr eleccion
Whiche if it may please your nobilitee
[Page vi] Of my laboure I would reioysed bee.
¶ Also for your heyres and for your successours
In tyme commyng to haue a clere knowledge
How of this realme the noble gouernours
Haue kept with helpe of Baronage
In victorye, tryumphe and surplusage
Sith Brute it wanne in his prioritee
It hath been kept in worthy dignitee
¶ But howe this ysle enbrased with this sea
Vnedefied was knowne first and founde
That Albion was named of propertee
Of dame Albione that first therein had ground
And after long, how Brute therof was crowned
That of his owne name called it Brytayne
And buylded it, wher all before was playne.
¶ The ende of the Proheme.

Here begynneth the Chronycle of Iohn Hardynge.

The firste Chapter.

¶ Of the .xxx. susters that first inhabited this lande & named it Albion, that nowe is Englande Wales & Scotland.

THe whyle that Troye was reignyng in his might
In Greece there was a kynge right excellente
That Dioclesiā, some booke sayeth he hight
Kyng Dioclesyā and Albyne his wyfe.
And of Surray that had the regimente,
Dame Albyne hight his wife, a lady gente
Who doughters had .xxx. wedded to there degree
To kynges all of greate nobilitee.
¶ Whiche fell in pryde, and hye elacion
Thynkyng to be in no subieccion
Of husbandes more, ne dominacion
But only by a fell conieccion
Toke hole purpose and full affeccion
To kyll there lordes slepyng sodaynly
Soueraynes to be, and lyue all seuerally.

The .ij. Chapter.

¶ Note that wemen desyre of al thynges soueraynte, & to my conceypt more in this land then in any other, for they haue it of the nature of the saied susters.

THe youngest suster, the mater all discured
To her husbande, and to her father gent
For whiche she was of al that dede assured
But they were putte in exile by iudgement
[Page vii] So rightfull were the princes of there entente
They iudged them to be put in the see
In shyppe topasse echeone fro there countree.
¶ As fortune would, to make there auenture
Which by processe, with streames to and fro
This chronicle is not true.
And tempestes greate, and sore disauenture
Of sickenes great and mykell other wo
And moste of all, they knewe not whether to go
Tyll at laste they came vnto this ysle
That then was waste, as chronicles do compile.
¶ But I dare saye, this chronicle is not trewe,
For in that ylke tyme, in Surraye was no kyng
Ne afterwarde, to tyme that Saul grewe
Ne no kyng was in Surray euer lyuyng
Saul was the fyrste kyng in the thyrde age.
That had that name, for Saule was ye first kyng
Of Surray realme, at the ende of the thyrde age
In Samuels tyme, the prophete wyse and sage.

The .iij. Chapter.

¶ Note that Hughe de Genesis a Romayne historiographier declareth in his chronicle all the kyngdomes of the worlde, and all the names of suche kynges as ruled in theim, from Noes floude vnto the byrthe of Christ. In whiche chronicle the foresayed Hughe writeth, that Danays kyng of yt Gre­kes had .l. doughters and that Egistus his brother kyng of Egypte had as many sonnes that maryed together, which doughters kylled theyr owne husbandes, and for that cause were banyshed, and saylyng on the sea were dryuen vnto a certain ysle, which, Albina beyng the eldest suster of theim named accordyng to her name Albiō, and Brute after that called it accordyng to his name Brytayne.

NE afore Brute, was in no realme yt name,
No kyng on liue, that hight ne called so
But of Arginos the kyng of full hye fame
[Page] Had doughters fifty, whose name was Danao
The kyng of Egipte, his brother Egisto
Had soonnes also fifty together wedde
In chronicles of olde as I haue redde
¶ Whiche doughters, slew their husbandes ech­one
Long before Brute was of his mother bore
So fynde I by these women alone
And by these soonnes thus slain before
The chronicle trewe, in their persones more
Then in the doughters of Dioclesian
Were in no lande that tyme so hight kyng none
¶ So in the yere of Aioth Iudge of Israell
These ladies here landed full weery and sore
Seuenty and twoo as Hugh dooeth tell
Whiche was I saie an hundred yere afore
That Brute came into this lande and more
By fyue yeres trulye, and well accompted
Of yeres ode so muche more amounted
¶ Also in Surray there was no kyng before
Kyng Alexaunder dedde and expired
For Seleucius was the first kyng thore
By all chronicles that I haue enquired
That chronicle should not bee desired
Seyng that it is not trew ne autenticke
By no chronicle vnto the trewth oughte like
¶ I dare well saie he sawe neuer Hugh Genesis
This s [...] [...] that our chronicle is false in the bee­gynnyng,
Ne he redde neuer the chronicles of Surry
Of Israell Iude ne of Egipciis
Of Argiuos, of Athenes, ne Thessaly
[Page viii] Of Macedon, Cesile, ne of Assery,
Of Lacedemon, of Lyde, ne yet of Latyn,
Of Affrique, of Asis, ne yet of Babelyn,
¶ Of Perce, ne Meede, Italye, ne Albany,
Of kyng Alexaunder, ne of his successors
That afore tyme reigned dyuersly
In dyuerse realmes, citees castelles and toures
Of Romany, ne of state of emperours
For had he seene all these and their stories
Of Dioclesian, he would make no memories,

The .iiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe these ladies had this Isle in the yere of Aioth .lxxii. in the third age of the world, and she called it Albion of hir name, and toke feauty & seruice of theim all, as souerayne ladie of this Isle, that nowe is Englande, Scotlande and Walis, as Hugh Genesis wryteth in his Dyaloge.

THese ladies so ay dwellyng in this Isle
The yeres of Aioth seuenty & two no lees
Dame Albyne was as mēne can compile
The eldest sister, and thought she would encrees
Hir self aboue theim all apon the dees
Sittyng, she tooke feauty, then of theim all
Trewe to hir to bee, for aught that might bee fall
¶ And then she gaue this Isle a propre name
Of Albion, out of hir name as chief
And called it so, frome thens forward the same
She ordained then bowes to their relief
Arowes & boltes and bowstrynges made in brief
To slee the Dere, the Bull, and also the Bore
The Beer, and byrdes, that were therin before,
¶ With pitfalles great & trappes thei did begile
The beastes and byrdes to theyr sustenaunce
They gatte eche daye with nettes and other wile
The fyshe in stagnes and waters sufficiaunce
Eche daye they made wyttye cheuesaunce
To helpe them selfe at their necessitee
For hungre, that they shulde not perished bee.

The .v. Chapter.

¶ Howe spyrites gatte Giauntes vpō the ladies, which gatte other Giaūtes within this lāde. Before Brute came were xii. M. Giauntes, what in this lāde that nowe is Englāde and the north that nowe is Scotland, and the west yt nowe is Wales, as the Scotte Marian saieth in his dialoge.

THese ladies with meate & drynke replete
And of nature reuigured corporally
And all there care forgette and vnder fete
Had great desyre to play them womanly
As wemen yet wyll do full louyngly
For to fulfyll the werke of womanhed
And bryng forth frute, the lande to rule and lede.
¶ So wer they tempted with inwarde meditaciō
And vayne glorye within their hertes implyed
To haue comforth of mennes consolacion
And knewe nothyng, howe of them to prouyde
But inwardly theim they glorifyed
So hote that spyrites in mannes forme
Laye by theim their desyres to performe
¶ So duryng forth in suche lust and delyte
With nature of theim selfe and feminacion
The spyrites gatte children, yt were Gyaūtes tyte
Of them through their owne ymaginacion
[Page ix] By feruent hete, moued with temptacion
Thus gatte they then great Giaūtes ful of might
Within shorte tyme that were longe and wight.

The .vi. Chapter.

¶ How the fathers laye by theyr doughters, the brethren by theyr systers, the sonnes by theyr mothers and euery kynde with other, as Hugh Genesis reporteth in his chronicles.

THe fathers then by theyr doughters laye
Mother ne syster agayne it not replyed
Of chylder fell sonnes and doughters ay
They gatte eche daye and strongly multiplied
Of theim this ysle then was so fortifyed
So stronge then was this generacion
None durst it noye for theyr malignacion.
¶ Amonge theim fell so great vnkyndnesse
Accordynge ryght well to there lyfe inordinate
That echoue of theim dyd other oppresse
That none of theim was lefte on lyue of ye estate
Of .xij. thousande within a lytell date
Whose pryde fell afore the incarnacion
Twelue hundreth yere, by veraye computacion.
¶ But Bartholomew de proprietatibus rerum
Sayth howe this ysle of Albion had name
Of the see bankes full whyte all or sum
That circuyte the ysle as shyppes came
Fro ferrome sene, as thei through the see fame
Sailed by & by for rypes and roches whyte
To shipmen were greate gladnesse and delyte.
¶ But Maryan saieth the chronicler to sewe
[Page] That dame Albion was the first that named it so
Both two myght be together clere and trewe
That shippes so saylinge to and fro
And at her coming they called it so both two
And so both waies maye be right sure & trewe
From whiche there wyll no chronycler it renewe
¶ Of this nowe wyll I sease and saye no more
To time come efte ye Brute hath wonne this lande
And slayne them all in batell foughten sore
But nowe of Brutus ye shall well vnderstande
Howe that he did in Greece and tooke on hande
And of what bloude he cam by clere discente
And howe in Greece he had greate regiment.
¶ And howe he gate this ysle by his prowesse
And called it by name the ysle of Britayne
And of his name for theyr worthynesse
He called his men Britaynes ay furth certayne
That Troyans were afore not to layne
To whiche I praye the holy Trinyte
That is one God in personnes thre.
¶ Of helpe and spede to bryng this boke to ende
The o­ [...]acyon of the authoure for yt makyng of this booke.
For symple is my wytte of all scyence
Of rethoryke as yet neuer I kende
And symple am of all intellygence
Yet wyll I not so hurte my conscyence
On olde goddes to muse or on to call
That false were euer and euer so wyll be fall.
¶ Of Saturnus ne yet of Marcury
The names of false goddes.
Of Iubiter of Mars ne yet of Venus
[Page x] Of Pallas ne of Mynerue ne Megary
Ne of Phebus Ceres ne of Geneus
Of Cupyde ne yet of Thisophonus
Dyan Bacchus ne of Cerbery
All these I wyll refuse nowe and defye
¶ And to ye god in heauen I praye in magestie
My wytte to enforce with might and sapience
With langage suche as may ought pleasaunt be
To your pleasaunce and noble excellence
For I am bare and naked of eloquence
By insuffycience and all symplicyte
To ende this booke as were necessyte.

The .vii. Chapiter.

¶ How Brute conquered Albyon & called it Britayne of his The ar­mis of Brute owne name, yt now is England Walis and Scotland, and the armes of Brute in whiche he was clade fyrste when he entred this ysle after Genesis the Italyane Chronycler were of Gowlys .ii. Lions crowne of golde Rampant and combattaunt.

AS chronycles telleth & make notificacyō
who so them wel shal know & vnderstand
Of what kynne blode and generacyon
Brutus firste came that conquered all this lande
It to remember I haue nowe take on hande
Through all olde stories by philosyphers cōpiled
In balade thus it shall be made and fyled
¶ As out of olde feldes newe corne groweth eche yere
Of olde bokes by clerkes newe approued
Olde knyghtes actes wt mynstrelles tonge stere
The newe corage of yonge knightes to be moued
[Page] Wherfore me thinketh old thinges shuld be loued
Dute of oldbokes cōmeth new wisedome.
Sith olde bokes maketh young wittes wise
Disposed well with vertues exercyse.
¶ At olde Adam therfore I wyll begyn
Who was I fynde, the first olde creatur
Conueyng downe lynyally in kyn
As discent in byrth and in gendur
Next vnto Brute, as mencion maketh scriptur
I shall reporte, as God wyll please to lede
My symple ghoost with language it to fede.
¶ For well I wote, without his supportacion
For to reporte his veraye genealogie
Howe he by discent in all generacion
From Adam downe to Troyane Auncetrye
Gotten and borne certeyne in Italye
Full herde it is, although I woulde full fayne
The ge­ne [...]a [...]ion of [...]ute
So symple be my spyrites and my brayne.
¶ Of Adam whiche was the fyrst creature
Came Seth forsothe and Seth gat Enos than
And Enos gatte afterwarde full sure
A sonne that hight and called was Canayn
Who gatte Melaliel, as scripture tell can
Who gatte Iareth of whom Enoke came
That Matusaly gatte of mykill fame.
¶ Matusale gatte Lameke, who Noe gatte
And Noe Iaphet, who gatte Cichym than
[...]h. [...]. [...]th. [...]m. [...]. [...].
That Cipre gatte after whom Cipres hatte
Cipre gatte Crete, that the ysle of Crete began
A famouse and a ryght notable man
[Page xi] And Crete gatte a sonne hight Cely
Cely. Saturne
Who gatte Saturne a wyse man and a wittye
¶ Of whome came then Iubiter of Frigy
Whiche is Turky wherin Troyes citee
In honoure stode and in great victorye
And Iubiter gate Dardanus no lee
That of Frigy in greate felicitee
So reygned kyng greatly magnifyed
And as a God amonge theim glorifyed.
¶ Of whom came so his sonne Eritonus
Who gatte a sonne that firste Troye edifyed
Erioto­nus. Troilus Ilis. Ilyon. Hercules Lama­done.
That Troilus hight of whome came kyng Ilis
That Ilyon made a palays of great pryde
Whiche for passyng other was both long & wyde
Where Hercules slough kynge Lamadone
And led awaye the royalles of the towne.
¶ Lamedone gatte the kyng Priamus
Who made agayn his palays Ilion
And Troies citee also more glorious
Then they were before their subuercion
And royall without peruercion
In ioye and myrth they stode many a yere
Achilles was Priamus brother.
And Achilles with hym his brother dere.

The .viij. Chapiter.

¶ A shorte lamentaciō of the maker, for kyng Lamedone lose his life and his estate that might haue stande in peace and suertie, for a litle succour of Iasone in his voiage.

O Lamedon of Troye, that bare the crowne
What fortune droue the, to dooe Iasone vnkyndnesse
[Page] Where he to paye, was so readye and bowne
For his vitayle that came in by distresse
Of tempest greate standing in heuinesse
Hym for to dryue oute of the regyon
And not refreshe hym at his requisicyon.
Lamedō shewed to Iason vnkind­nesse.
Whiche was the cause after of thy heuynesse
When he the slough and destroyed all thy cytee
And caste downe all thy myght and great nobles
With lytell thing that sauyd might haue bee
O good lorde? why shoulde thy royal dignytee
To straungers shewe that cruell vnkyndnesse
That to thy lande purposed no distresse.
Hector, Troilus Dephe­bus He­lenus, & Parys, came of Prya­mus.
Of Priamus came Hector and Troylus
Dephebus Helenus and Parys
Of royall bloude and dukes full glorious
Of excellence and greatest of empryse
Whiche were all slayne by fortunes excercyse
All the sege of Troye knyghtly in the defence
In mercyall actes as princes of excellence
¶ The palays greate and the noble cytee
By Grekes seeged, longe and many a yere
Was wonne at laste and wast as men yet see
This kyng & quene both two were slayne in feere
Where Anchises and Eneas his sonne dere
Anchy­ses, Eneas, Ascaneus.
And Ascaneus the sonne of Eneas
Escapyd awaye and on the sea dyd passe.

The .ix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Eneas exyled oute of Troye came to Cecyle and to Affrike to the cytee of Carthage, and fro thence to Italye, & there was made kynge of Tuskayne and of Latene.

ANd in Cicile they after did aryue
Where Anchises dyed and was dispent.
Eneas and his sonne to the sea gan dryue
With shippes .xii. to Italy had they mente
But wynde theim droue, again there entent
Into Affrique, where for Eneas sake
They welcome wer and worthely vptake.
¶ Fro thence after he tooke the sea agayn
And landed then in Italia
In Tibre mouth with trauayll & with payne
Where the towne and porte is of hostia
Where by the God he bidden was to ga
To helpe the kyng Euandre in his right
For after hym the God that land hym hight.
¶ To whom he went as hym was prophecied
And welcome was into Italie
Of kyng Euandre greatest magnified
For his wisedome fame and cheualrye
For his worshippe and for his auncetrye
He gaue hym than greate lordshippe and riches
And gold enough right of his worthynes
¶ Kyng Euandre made warre on kyng Latene
Latene. Turnus
In whose defence Turnus kyng of Tuskayn
Came, with greate hoste of Tuskalayns so fyne
Agayn Euandre, wher Turnus then was slayn
Eneas did that dede and that derayn
With mighty strokes courage and cheualrous
He wanne the felde in batell fortunous.
Betwene Euandre so and the kyng Latene
[Page] The peace he made, reste and concordaunce
And kyng Latens his doughter yt hight Labyne
Wedded to his wyfe, by veray good accordaunce
Betwene theim forth was no more discordaunce
And Eneas kyng was made of Tuskayne
Of whiche the kynge Euandre was full fayne.
¶ Sone after then dyed the kyng Latene
Whose realme Eneas had also in peace
In which he made a castell fayre and fyne
Labynyon it hyght wythout leace
His wyues name to worshyppe and encreace
Of whome he gatte a soonne, and dyed afore.
That he was brought into this worlde and bore.
¶ This worthy prince, kyng Eneas mortally
Ended his lyfe that was of hye prowesse
Where so God wyll to reigne eternally
Within the house of fame, where as I gesse
[...]er knightes fell of noble worthynesse
That more desyred in armes to haue a fame
[...]hen be the best in dede, and beare no name

The .x. Chapiter.

¶ Of the house of fame where knightes be rewarded after the merites in armes by Mars the God of armes, some trans­late wich kyrcheues of pleasaunce & some with rynges and onches, their sepulture in the felde of pitee by heuen gates yt haue be veraye louers of theyr louers ladyes and neuer panyneles but aye graceles.

BUt than hys soonne Siluius Postumus
Newe borne so young and tendre of age
Kyng of this lande was made Astanius
His brother dere that ruled his heritage
And peaceably kepte out of all seruage.
[Page xiii] Twenty wynter and eyght full mannely,
And gatte a soonne that called was Syluy.
¶ Whiche Siluius gatte and generate
Siluius ye father of Brutus.
His soonne Brutus on Crensa labius nece
All priuelie by hym de virginate
And sore besought by his subtilitees
And sumwhat of hir womanly petees
That tendred hym of god femynete
As womanhod would of all humilitee
¶ Soo after sone, the fate of death would soo
That passe away muste nede Ascanius
He gaue his brother Siluius posthumus tho
His heritage and riches plentuous
But Brutus waxed echedaye full beauteous
The praise of Brute.
And in mannehod well more in all vertue
Was none hym like in no place that mēne knewe
¶ Of .xv. yere when he was commen to age
At huntyng as he shotte at a dere
He sleugh his father vnto his greate damage
Howe Brutus slewe his father,
And at his birth as saieth the chronicler
His mother dyed as wrytten is full clere
Anone after as he was of hir bore
For whiche .ii. causes his herte was wonder sore
¶ Seyng Iuly this fals fortunite
The soroes greate in hym so multiplied
That there for shame of his fortunite
In no wyse would he no lenger dwell ne byde
But into Grece his sorowes for to hide
He went anone where exiles wer of troye
[Page] Whose sorowes great he leched all with ioye.
¶ Sir Helenus was Priamus sonne of Troye
And Anchises an olde worthy knight
Helenus. Priamus. Anchises.
And .vi. M. that of hym had great ioye
Of gentilmen of Troye exiled forth right
That hym besought with instaūce day and night
To helpe theim out of their great heped sorowe
In whiche they lay oppressed euen and morowe.
¶ For whiche he wrote his letter in that tide
To kyng Pandras that kyng was of that lande
Requiryng hym to let hym passe and ride
Frely, where so they would withouten bande
For whiche the kyng with power tooke on hande
To siege Brutus within his castell fayre
To whom Troyans strongly gan repayre.
¶ To Brutus so, to helpe theim at there might
Brutus. Anacletus
Who then anone sent forth Anacletus.
His prysoner, whom he had taken ryght
Vnto the hoste, to tell theim how Antigonus
Laye in the wood stollen awaye fro Brutus
Who went to theim, that next the wood then laye
And bad theim come and rescowe hym or daye.
¶ Whiche warde so brake & to ye wood can ryde
Brutus with that with all his hole power
There brake in and would no longer abyde
But slough the Grekes and tooke the kyng infer
But than as saith the veray chronicler
No lenger wolde he there abyde ne dwell
But furthermore as chroniclers doeth tell,
¶ With kyng Pandras, he made his appoincte­ment
Hym to deliuer, on this condicion
To wedde his doughter, by will and assent
Dame Innogen and shippis of his region
With vitaile and riches, to wynne lande & towne,
For there he woulde, no longer make soiourne
But with Troyans, to their lande attourne
¶ All this promysses and whole apoinctement
Fulfilled and spede, Brute with his wife
So sailed furth thorowe the Grekish oryent
The pil­lers yt Her­cules made of brasse.
To marytayne, and twoo pillers ganne he driue
That Hercules also with busy liue
To tyme he came to an olde citee
No creature therin, that tyme coulde see
¶ But a goddas, menne called Diane
Diane the Goddes,
That coulde declare, and expounde destynie
To whome Brute anone went vp alone
And laye afore hir, there full deuoutely
With candell brennyng, and with ceremonie
Besekyng hir, of succour and grace
Where that he might, hir worship in sum place
¶ With his Troyanes, therin for to abyde
And inherite, to whome then saied Dyane
By yonde all Gualle, an Isle full long and wide
Enclosed whole, within the occiane
With Giauntes kepte his destyned, the alaan
And thy Troyanes, to haue and enhabite
Therin to dwell, for euermore and enheret
¶ So sailyng furth, by Colum [...]nes of Hercules
[Page] Whiche been of brafse, by Hercules their sette
For when he came into the sea no lees
Of Spayne, wher that his meny Troianes mette
Of their lynage as it was to their dette
Thei came with hym echeone by one accorde
Corneus their capitain was and lorde
Corneus capitain of yt Troyās.

The .xi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Brute came frome Grece into Albion, and named it Britaine and howe he arryued at Totnesse in Deuinshire

HE sailed so fourth by the sea Aquitaine.
Where yt he arriued yt nowe is Guyā lāde
And sleugh the buckes of whiche thei wer full faine,
The bere & the bore and hartes all that thei fande
With out licence or yet any warand
Wherfore Guffor kyng of the lande full fell
With Troyanes faught, but Goryne their bare ye bell
¶ Brute tooke shippe and arriued in Albion
Where Diane saied, should been his habitacion
And when he came the coastes of it vpon
He was full glad and made greate exultacion
Reioysed highly of his fortunacion
In armes of Troye couered and well araid
Of whiche Troyanes wer full well apaid
He bare of goulis twoo liones of golde
The ar­mes of [...]e
Countre Rampant with golde onely crouned
Whiche kynges of Troie inbataill bare ful bolde
To whiche frō Troye was distroyed & confoūded
Their children slain, the next heire was he founde
And in tho armes this Isle he did conquere
[Page xv] As Marian saieth the veray chronicler
Maryan chronicler.
¶ At Totnesse so this Brutus did arriue
Corneus also and all their coumpaignie
The giauntes also he sleugh doune beeliue
Through all the lande in battaile mannely
And left no moo but Gogmagog onely
In all this Isle, so had he theim destroyed
Whom in prisone he kepte and anoyed

The .xii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Corneus wrastilled with Gogmagog the giaunt of the Isle, and sleugh hym.

BVt for he would knowe all his resistens
What he might dooe more then Corneus
He made theim bothe dooe their sufficiēce
In all wrastleyng whiche was moost rigorous
And to defende or sawte moost curious
On the sea banke, afore Brutus thei mette
Where by accorde the daye and place was sette
¶ This Gogmagog so thrafte Corneus
That rybbes three were broken in his side
Corneus then of might full laborous
Thought he would sone reuenge that tide
With that he stode and sette his leggues wyde
And gatte hym vp betwene his armes faste
And ouer the roche into the sea hym caste
¶ Whiche place hight yet Gogmagoges sawte
By cause he leped their frome Corneus
All if it wer nothyng in his defaute
[Page] But by the might of Coryn, full vigorous
Who was alway in bataill fortunous
For whiche Brutus had hym in greate deynie
And gaue hym aye worship and dignite
¶ This Brutus, thus was kyng in regalite
And after his name, he called this Isle Briteyn,
This Isle Briteyne.
And all his menne, by that same egalite
He called Briteynes, as chroniclers all saine
Of whiche thei all were full glad and faine
To Corneus he gaue to his availe
The duchie whole, and lande of Cornwayle.

The .xiij. Chapiter.

¶ Howe he buylded the citee of Troynouaunt, that nowe is called London. London.

SO was the name, of this ilke Albyon
All sette on side, in kalandes of achaunge
And putte awaye with greate confusion
And Briteyn hight, so furth by newe eschaunge
After Brutus, that slewe these Giauntes straūge
And wanne this Isle, by his magnyficence
In whiche he dwelled long tyme in excellence
¶ The citee greate, of Troynouaunt so faire
He buylded then on Thamis for his delite
Vnto the north, for his dwellyng & for his moost.
Whiche is to saie in our lāguage perfect,
Newe Troye, in bookes as I canne nowe endicte repeier
And nouell Troye, in frenche incomperable
Of Breteyne, a citee moost profytable
¶ This Briteyne is in length eyght .C. myle
[Page xvi] Fro Monsehole, that is in Cornewayle right
The lēgth and bredth of ye Isle of Bryteyne.
Vnto the northend of Catenes, to compile
And also in bredeth, frome sainct Dauid yt hight
To Yarmoth, that in Norffolke, is by sight
Twoo hundred myle, accoumpted well and clene
As autours saie, this Isle dooeth whole contein

The .xiiij. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Brute sette his lawes & peace of Troye in this Isle without whiche a kyng is no better then his subiecte or his leege manne.

IN which through out, his peace & lawe he set
Whiche been ye floures of all regalite
With out whiche, but if thei twoo bee met
There maie no prince holde prncipalite
Ne endure long in worthy dignite
For if those twoo, bee nought vp holden than
What is a kyng, more worth then his liege māne
¶ This kyng Brute, kepte well this Isle in peace
And sette his lawes of Troye, with ordre, rites,
And consuetudes, that might the lande encreace
Suche as in Troye, he knew was most profittes
Vnto the folke and the common profettes
He made theim wryten, for long rememory
To rule the Isle, by theim perpetually
¶ His menne he did rewarde full royally
With landes and rentes, yt with hym suffred pain
And Troynouaunt, he made full specially
An Archflaume, his sea Cathedrall certain
A temple therof, Apolyne to opteyne
By Troyane lawe, of all suche dignite
[Page] As archbyshop hath nowe in his degree.

The .xv. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Brute departed Britaine in thre partes to his thre sonnes, the two yonger to holde of the elder, so that Wa­les and Scotlande shulde do homage to Englande by hys ordynaunce by the lawe of Troye.

THis kyng Brutus this ysle deuided in. iii
Howe Brutus deuided this ysle.
A lytell afore out of this ysle he dyed,
To his thre sonnes yt were full faire to se
After his dayes to ioyse he signifyed
And when he had the Isle all tripertyed
He called the chyefe Logres after Locryne
Thre son­nes of Brute.
That doth extende fro Monsehole to Hūber fine.
¶ Fro Humbar north vnto the Northwest sea
Locryne [...] Albanacte.
Of all Britaine which he called Albanye
For Albanacte the kyng therof to be
His second sonne, that was both good and manly
To holde it of Locryne perpetually
And of his heyres by homage and feaute
As to chiefe lorde longeth the suffraintie.
¶ And fro the water of Waage right in yt southe
And Strigell castell to Seuerne all by and by
And so to Dee at Chester as it is full couth
Ryght in the North cambre he called for thy
For Cambre shulde it haue all plenerly
And on Locryne it should euer be homage
And of his heyres euermore in herytage.

The .xvi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe by lawe Troyane the souerayntie belongeth to the eldest brother or syster.

AS after the lawes of Troye y soueraintie
And all resorte of ryght doth apertayne
To the eldest brother in propertie
The eldest syster ryghte, so by ryght shulde bene
Souerayne lady and ouer them all quene
By equytie of that ylke lawe and ryghte
In place where it is holden lawe perfyghte.
¶ This kyng Brutus made people faste to tylle
The lande aboute in places both farre and nere
Brutus ordered ye people to sowe corne.
And sowe with sede and get theim corne full wele
To lyue vpon and haue the sustynaunce clere.
And so in feldes both farre and nere.
By his wysdome and his sapience
He sette the lande in all suffycience.
And as the fate of death doth assygne
That nedes he muste his ghoost awaye relees
To his goddes Dyane he dyd resygne
His corps to be buryed withouten lees
In the temple of Apolyne, to encreace
His soule amonge the goddes euerychone
After his merytes trononized highe in trone.
Fro beginnyng of the worlde to Brutus
Into this isle entred fyrste at Totnesse
Foure thousande yere .lxxx. and .iiii. were thus
As the chronycles therof beareth witnesse
And after the incarnacion to expresse
A thousande hole, a hundreth and fyftene
And of Hely Iudge in Iuly was eyghtene.
In the thyrde age he came into this ysle
[Page] And in the yere as it is afore expressed
But howe longe yt he reygned or shorte whyle
Walter of Oxforde hath confessed
Foure and twenty yere, as he hath inpressed
And other sayne he reigned thre and fourty yere
But Marian saith thre score he reygned here
¶ Whiche is moste lyke to be verifyed
By all his workes and greate operacions
Whiche in shorte tyme myght not been edifyed
Ne performed with shorte occupacyons
But in longe tyme by good consyderacyons
Rather it is lyke he reigned thre score yere,
By his greate workes and beginninges yt appere

The .xvii. Chapiter.

¶ Kyng Locryne the souerayne lorde of all Britayne had Logres to his parte, to whom his .ii. brethren dyd homage for Albyne and for Cambyr.

THis eldest sōne was king yt hight Locrine
Of all Britayne hauing ye souerante
Hauing Logres as Brute dyd determine
To whome Cambre and Albanacte the free
Obeying both vnto his royalte
There homage made as to yt lorde souerayne
And Emperoure of that lande of Britayne.
¶ There homage made and to Cambre went
Albanactus then rode to Albyne
And reigned so by lyfe in one assente
Eche one other to helpe and fortifye
And thus in peace holding their regalite
[Page xviii] But as they satte so beste in peace and reste
Kyng Humbar arose in Albyne full preste

The .xviii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Humbar slewe Albanactus, wherfore Locryne and Cambre gathered a great power and disconfyted king Humbar, & ceased Albany by excheter vnto Lo [...]res againe for defaute of an heyre.

IN the ryuer that called is Humbar nowe
Where Albanactꝰ anon did wt hym fyght
And in batel stroke Humbar on the browe
And felde hym were he neuer so wight
But Humbar arose agayne wt all his myght
* The death of Albanact
And in that stoure was Albanacte slayne
Kyng Humbar had the felde wt mikyll payne.
¶ King Locryne then & Cambre elles his brother
With hoostes great vpon king Humbar faughte
That of Humbarlande was king wt many other
In Albany that mikyll sorowe wrought
And with hym met where he before had fought
The ry­uer of Humbar wherof it tooke yt name.
Where sore for fyght he fledde to the ryuer
And there was drowned in that water clere.
¶ A greate parte of his hooste was drowned also
As they dyd flee in that water clere
And many slayne that myght no further go
And many other taken for prysonere
Locryne the felde had, and his brother dere
And to the shyppes where they had all rychesse
Theyr men to helpe that suffred there distresse
¶ All Albayne into his hande he seased
And helde hole to Logres ioyned then agayne
As it was firste and that lande well pleased
Of the resorte the people were full fayne
But in the shyppes a lytell from Almayne
He fande the kynges daughter of Germanye
Dame Estrylde that was full womanly.
¶ Whome for his wyfe he helde at his plesaunce
For whiche the duke Corneus was wroth
But frendes then by noble gouernaunce
The playne trouth to saye in soth
Made hym to wed, all yf it were full loth
The doughter so of Duke Corneus
With all frendeshyppe they were accorded thus
¶ Dame Gwendolyne ye hight by proper name
Of whome he gate a sonne yt hight Maddan
And in the meane whyle in preuy wyse at hame
He helde Estrylde as his loue and leman
Therof his wyfe vnwetyng, or any other man
And of her gate a doughter full femynyne
That Sabren hyght as chronycles do deuyne.
¶ In this meane tyme Corneus so dyed
To whome the quene Gwendolyne was heire
Whome kyng Locryne forsoke and replyed
And Estrylde weddid agayne yt was full fayre
How Lo [...]yn was [...]e in betrayle by hys wy [...]e Gwen­dolyne.
But Gwendolyn to Cornewayle dyd repayre
With her power, and faught wt kyng Locrine
Where he was slayne and had none other fyne.
¶ She drowned Estrelde and her doughter dere
[Page xix] In a ryuer whiche that tyme had no name
But fro thens forth for Sabryn farre and nere
That ryuer that was plentuous of name
The ry­uer of Seuerne, wherofit tooke the name.
Was called then Seuerne yt hath greate fame
Thus Seuerne firste had name in propertee
Of that lady that drowned was in specyaltee

The .xix. Chapiter.

¶ Gwendolena. quene of Britaine had Logres and Albayne Guendolena. in peace and reste .xv. yere.

GWendolyne so after fro kyng Locryne
Had reigned hole .x. yere and was slayne
The quene was of all Logres lādes so fine
And of all Albaine also through out incertayne
Crowned quene and so reigned with mayne
And seruyce tooke of Cambre for his lande
Who gouerned well her tyme, I vnderstande
¶ Fyftene yere and then her sonne she crowned
That Maddan hyght & into Cornewaile went
And then she dyed with sycknesse sore confounded
And to her goddes her wofull herte she sent
And thus this quene in her beste entente
To set amonge the goddesse euerychone
Euer to complayne her wedowhed alone

The .xx. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Maddan kynge of Britayne reygned after Gwen­dolena his mother, and reygned .xi. yeres.

MAddan her sōne was king of Britain then
Hauyng Logres and also Albany
That fourty yere there reygned as a man
[Page] Kepyng the lande in peace from tyrannye
Maddā kyng of Britain that is Englād & Scot­lande.
In whose tyme was none in his monarchye
Durste ought vary or any thing displease
So was he dred, and set the realme in ease.
Throughe all Britayne durste none another dys­plese
So wel the lawe and peace he dyd conserue
That euery man was gladde other to please
So dred they hym they durst no thing ouer terue
Againe his lawe, nor peace but theim conserue
So was he dred through his great sapience
Both in, and oute by all intellygence.
¶ He dyed so, and to his father yede
His sonnes two Maulyne and eke Memprise
A daye then sette whiche of theim shoulde precede
To the croune but then by couetyse
Howe ye one [...] to be kynge.
And that ylke daye the yonger Memprise
Slewe his brother Maulyne elder of age
To that entent to haue the herytage.
Memprise thus kyng destroied, his men all oute
Their landes their goddes or elles their liues certayne
Mēpryse kyng of Britaine
He tooke from theim all his lande aboute
Fulfylled all with pryde and great disdayne
His comonnes all with taxes did distrayne
So tirauntely, he lefte theim nought to spende
By consequent, thrifteles he was at ende.
His wyfe he dyd refuse and foule forsake
Vsynge the synne of horribilyte
The wret­ched end of Mempryse.
With beastes ofte in stede right of his make
Whiche by all ryght and equytee
[Page xx] Vengeaunce asked by fell bestialitee
And so hym fell, as to the wood he wente
A route of wolffes hym slough and all to rent.

The .xxi. Chapiter.

¶ Ebranke kyng of Britayne had Logres and Albany. Also he had .xx. wyues .xx. sonnes and .xxx. doughters, he made Yorke, Bamburgh, Edenburgh, Dumbritayne and Al­clude, Also he made an archeflaume at Yorke & his temple that nowe is an archebishoppe.

EBranke his sōne thē crowned was anone
Who shippes great made on ye sea to sayle
Ebranke reygned▪ lx. yeres.
Withhelde his knightes wt hym so forthe to gone
Vpon warre he went without fayle
Then into Gaule with a full manly tayle
Wher that he had riches innumerable
To holde estate royall incomparable.
¶ XX. wyues he had as chronicles saith
And .xx. sonnes of his owne generacion
And doughters fayre .xxx. that wer not laith
Whiche doughters so for theyr releuacion
Into Italie with great supportacion
There to be wedded in Troyan bloodde & maried
For ladies theyr with Troyans wer alyed.
¶ In Albany he made and edifyed
The castell of Alclude whiche Dumbritayne
The Castell of Dūbry­tayne in Scotlād.
And some autours by chronycle hath applied
And some sayen on the pight wall certayne
[Page] And the west ende it stode that nowe is playne
And some menne sayen it is Yorke cytee
Thus stande menne nowe in ambyguytee
¶ But sooth it is, he made this Dunbrytayne
A castell stronge that standeth in Albany
Vpon a roche of stone, hard to optayne
About the whiche the sea floweth dayly
And refloweth again nocturnally
Twyse in his course and to the sea again
In the whiche no horsse maye dunge certain.
¶ He made also the mayden castell stronge
That men now calleth the castell of Edenburgh
The ca­stel of Ediburgh.
That on a roche standeth full hye out of throng
On mounte Agwet wher mē may see out through
Full many a towne, castell and boroughe
In the shire aboute, it is so hye in heigth
Who wyll it scale he shall not fynde it light.
¶ He made also vpon mounte Dolorous
A castell strong that this daye Bamburgh hight
The ca­stell of Bam­burgh.
That on a roche is sette full hye and noyous
Full hard to gette, by any mannes might
The castell is so stronge and so well dight
If menne therin haue stufe sufficient
Or it be wonne many one muste bee shent.
¶ His sonnes all he sent to Germanye
To wynne thesame lande by labour and conquest
Vnder the rule of their brother Analye
Duke Assarake that was the eldest
A worthy knight proued with best
[Page xxi] All Germanye they gatte at theyr entent
And lordes wer made their as there father ment.
¶ Sixty yere whole he stoode and bare ye crowne
Reignyng fully in all prosperytee
No enemyes durst again hym vp ne downe
Warre, ne do in no wyse again his royaltee
He made a temple in * Ebranke citee
That is yorke.
Of Dyane, where an archeflame he sette
To rule temples as that tyme was his dette.

The .xxii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe after the death of Ebranke reygned Brutus greneshilde.

BRutus Greneshilde then by his name full ryght.
Both good & trewe, and easy of all porte
His people all that came into his syght
With all his might euermore he recomforte
Of all there sorowe that they to hym reporte
And why he hight Greneshilde to his surname
Brutus greneshilde reigned. xii yeres.
Because he bare on grene ay wher he became.
¶ Xii. yere he stoode reignyng full well in peace
And dyed so and by his father buryed
In Ebranke afore Dyane no lees
With Britons hole thyther accompanyed
With all honours that might bee multiplyed
In any wyse with all seruyse funerall
As longed to the fate of death ouer all.

The .xxiii. Chapiter.

¶ Leyle kyng of Brytayn had Logres & Brytayne, he made at Carlele a temple flamyne and a flaume to rule it.

THē Leyle his sōne was kyng of Britain so
Leyle kyng of Britain reygned .xxv. yeres.
That Carleele made that tyme in Albany
That now Carleile is called by frend & to
Whiche in Englyshe is to say fynally
The cytie of Leyle, for in brytayn tongue playnly
Cair is to saye a citee in theyr language
The cytee of Carleile by whō it was buyl­ded.
As yet in Wales is there commen vsage.
¶ This ilke kyng Leyle made then in that citee
A temple greate, called a temple flaumyne
In whiche he sette a flaume in propertee
To gouerne it by their lawes dyuyne
Of Iupiter, Saturne and Appolyne
That then wer of all suche in dignitee
After theyr lawes, as nowe our byshoppes bee.
¶ When he had reigned hole .xx. yere and fyue
In youth full well, and kepte lawe and peace
But in his age his people beganne to stryue
Failyng his lawes, cyties wold not warre cease
Cyuill warres greately beganne to encreace
And he dyed then settyng no remedy
Buried at Carleyle in his citee royally.

The .xxiiij. Chapiter.

¶ Rudhudebras kyng of Brytayne had Logres and Albany he made Caunterbury, Wynchester and Shaftesbury, and three temples and three flaumes of theim.

RVdhudebras his sonne was kyng anone
Rudhude­bras kynge reygned xxxix. ye­res.
Cair kent he made, yt now is Caūterbury
Cair went also & buylded of lyme & stone
That Wynchester is nowe, a towne full mery
[Page xxii] Caire Paladoure, that nowe is Shaftesbury
Where an Engel spake syttyng on the wall
Whyle it was in workyng ouer [...]
¶ In whiche citees, he made then temples three
And flaumes also as nowe these bishoppes been
To kepe the rites after their moralytee
Of there goddes, as in there bookes was seen
Of their fals lawes as thei dyd meen
When he had reigned by thyrtye yere and nyne
The dulful death made hym to earth enclyne

The .xxv. Chapiter.

¶ Bladud kynge of Britayne had Logres and Albany. He made an vniuersitee and a study at Stamforde & a flaume and his temple at Bathe his citee, whiche vniuersitee dured to the commyng of saynt Augustyne, and the byshoppe of Roome enterdited it for heresyes that fell emong the Sa­xones and the Britons together mixte.

BLadud his sōne, sone after hym did succede
Bladud reigned .xx. yeres.
And reigned after then full .xx. yere
Cair Bladud so that now is Bath I rede
He made anone ye hote bathes there infere
When at Athenes he had studied clere
He brought with hym .iiii. philosophiers wise
Schole to holde in Brytayne and exercyse.
¶ Stāforde he made yt Sāforde hight this daye
In whiche he made an vniuersitee
His philosophiers as Merlyn doth saye
Had scolers fele of greate habilitee
Studyng euer alwaye in vnitee
In all the seuen liberall science
[Page] For to purchace wysedome and sapience
¶ In cair bla [...]m he made a temple right
And sette a flamyne theirin to gouerne
And afterward a* Fetherham he dight
A manne decked in fethers,
To flye with wynges as he could beest descerne
Aboue the aire nothyng hym to werne
He flyed on high to the temple Apolyne
And ther brake his necke for al his great doctrine

The .xxvi. Chapiter.

¶ Kyng Leyr of Brytaine gaue away with his doughter all his lande and had it all again, and dyed kyng possessid.

HIs soōne was kyng high sette in royaltee
Leyr kyng,
Of all Brytaynes by name yt hight kyng Leyr
Who Laiceter made after hym called to bee
Cair Leyr his citee that buylded was full faire
He had doughters three to been his heire
The first of theim was called Gonorelle
The next Ragan and the youngest Cordelle
¶ Emonges theim, as Leyr satte on a daye
He asked theim, howe muche thei hym loued
Gonorell saied more then my self ay
And Ragan saied more then was after prouid
For ioye of whiche, the kyng was greately moued
I loue you more then all this worlde so fayre
He graūted theim twoo, of thre partes to bee heire
¶ Cordell the yoūgest, then saied full soberly
Father as muche as ye been in value
So muche I loue you, and shall sikirly
[Page xxiii] At all my might and all my herte full trewe
With that he greuid at hir and chaunged hewe
Senne thou me loues, lesse then thy sisters twain
The leest porcion shalt thou haue of Bryteine
¶ With that Maglayn duke of Albaine
Gonorell weddid, and had the lande all out
Euin of Walis, and of Cornwayle ther by
That duke was of those twoo landes stoute
Ragan weddid, to whiche twoo dukes no doubte
Kyng Leyr gaue rule and gouernaunce
Of all Bryteine, for age and none puissaunce

The .xxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Leyr made a temple, and a Flamyne to rule at all Laiceter.

A Temple that in his citee of Kaireleir
A Flamyne also, as he a bishop were
In name of Ianus the folke into repere
And then he wente, Gonorell to requier
Of the greate loue, that she aught hym so dere
That of hir promyse she failed vnkyndly
Wherfore he wente, vnto Ragan in hye
¶ She failed also for all hir greate promyse
And to Cordell that weddid was into Fraunce
Long after that he wente in greate distres
To helpe to wynne hym his inheritaunce
She succurred hym, anon with all plesaunce
Bothe with gold & syluer of right greate quātitee
To gette his lande again in all suertee
¶ Aganippe hir lorde, was kyng of Fraunce
[Page] That graunt hym menne, and goud sufficient
And sent his wife with hym, with greate puisaūce
With all aray, that to hir wer apent
His heire to been, by their bothes assent
For he was olde, and might not well trauell
In his persone, the warres to preuaile
¶ Kyng Leyr thus wāne his lande, wt all might again
And riegned well there after full thre yere,
And died so, buried at Kairleir menne sayn
In Ianus temple, in whiche tyme for age clere
The kyng of Fraunce, Aganype infere
Dyed, wherfore Cordell his ayre was soo
To rule Brytaine alone with outen moo

The .xxviii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Cordell quene of Fraunce and doughter of kyng Leyr, reigned after the death of hir father.

COrdell quene of Fraūce, and doughter to
Cordell quene of Fraunce
kyng Leyr,
Quene of Englāde after hir fathers daye
Fiue yeres reigned, as for hir fathers heyre,
And gouerned well the realme, all menne to paye
His sister soonne, then Morgan of Albanie
And Condage also of Cambre and Cornewaile
In battaill greate, hir tooke and putte in baill
¶ For sorow then, she sleugh hir selfe for tene
And buried was, by side hir father right
In Ianus tēple, whiche kyng Leyr made I went
At Kairleyr, so that nowe Laicester hight
Thus died this quene, that was of muche might
[Page xxiiii] Hir soule went to Ianus, whome she serued
And to Mynerue, whose loue she had deserued

The .xxix. Chapiter.

¶ Morgan kyng of Albanie, that cla [...]nyd all Briteyne, but this Isle of Britayne was departed, for this kyng had but Albany.

MOrgan yt eldest soōne of Dame Gonorell,
Clamed Brytein, as for his heritage
Warred sone of Condage as I spell
That kyng was of Cambre, in younge age
Duke of Cornewaile also for his homage
But this kyng Morgan was kyng of Albany
Soonne and heire of the eldest soonne varelie
¶ Cōdage was kyng of Cābre, yt Walis is nowe
And duke of Cornewaile his patrimonye,
Cōdage is that which we nowe call Walis
Claymed Logres as soonne and heire to Regawe
The myddill sister for his mothers proprete
As she that aught to haue hir partourye
At Glomorgane, with Morgan did he meete
In bataill sleugh hym, there casten vnder fete

The .xxx. Chapiter.

¶ Condage kyng of Logres Cambre, and duke of Corne­waile, gatte all Bryteine againe, and made a temple wt a Flamyne at Bangor,

COndage was kyng of all greate Britaine
Condage reigned xxxiii. yeres.
And in his hande, he seased all Albanie
For his eschete, that ought to hym againe
Resorte of right, and returne verelye
He made a Flamyne, a temple also in hye,
Of Mars at Perch, yt nowe his. s. Iohns towne
[Page] In Albany that now is Scotlande region
¶ He made another temple of Mynerue
In Cambre, which now is named bangour
The thyrde he made in Cornwayle for to serue
Of Mercury, in place where he was bore
For his people to serue the goddes there
Wherby he reygned .xxx. yere and three
In rest and peace and all tranquilitee.
¶ Ryueall his sonne that was pacificall
Crowned was than easye of gouernaile
Ryueall reygned vxii. yeres.
In whose tyme the greate tempest dyd befall
That dayes thre the flyes did hym assayle
Enuenoned foule vnto the death no faile
And rayned bloodde the same .iii. dayes also
Greate people dyed, the lande to mykell woo.
¶ Gurgustyus his sonne so reygned then
Gurgusti­us reygned xv. yeres.
In mykill ioye and worldly celynesse
Kepyng his landes from enemyes as a manne
But drunken he was echedaye expresse
Vnaccordynge to a prince of worthynesse
Out of drunkennesse succedeth euery vice
Whiche all men shuld eschewe if thei wer wise.
¶ Scicilius his sonne then did succede
In whose tyme echeman did other oppresse
The lawe and peace was exiled so in dede
Scicilius reygned xiiii. yeres.
That ciuill warres and slaughter of men expresse
Was, in euery parte of the lande without redresse
And murderers foule through all his lande dayly
Without redres or any other remedy.
¶ Iago succeded, and kyng was of this lande
Kyng Iago reigned x. yere.
As eiuill as was the kyng of Scicilus
The same vices, as I vnderstand
Orels wourse, and more malicious
Wherfore our lorde, toke vengeaūce of hym thus
He smote theim bothe, in suche aletargie
That sone thei dyed, for marrid with frenesie
¶ Kymar his soonne had then the diademe
Kyng Kimar reigned .xx. & viii. yere.
And kyng then was, with all kyndes of royalte
Kepyng his lande, as well did so hym seme
In lawe and peace, with greate felicite
The common weale and their vtilite
He did prefer euer in vniuersall
Whiche to a prince is a vertu principall
¶ First if he kepe not lawe nor peace certein
His people will nothyng dred ne doubt
Than stande he moost in parell to bee slaine
Orels putte doune right by his vnderlout
No better is he bee he neuer so stout
Then is his subiect, or another wight
That with rebell, vnlawfull kill hym might
¶ Gorbonyan that was his soonne and heire
Gorbo­niā reig­ned .xi. yere.
Was kyng, who had that tyme but soonnes twoo
The eldre hight Ferrex that was full faire
The younger hight Porrex whiche discordid so
That either of theim was alwaye others foo
For that the father sent Ferrex into Fraunce
To kyng Syward, that was of greate puisaunce
¶ But after long, when he had reigned .xi. yeres
[Page] Dyed awaye frome all royalte
Leuyng his lande by his good rule inclere
In sufficiente and all prosperite
Ferrex heryng of his mortalite
With power strong came to this lande againe
And with Porrex faught sore wher he was slaine,
¶ For sorow of whiche ther mother yt Iudō hight
To Ferrex came with hir maydens all in ire
Slepyng in bed slew hym vpon the night
And smote hym all on peces sette a fyre
Loo this cruell mother sett on fyre
With suche rancor that she could not ceas
Whiche for passyng ire was mercyles

The .xxxi. Chapiter.

¶ Clotane, Pynner, Ruddan & Stater reigned with barōs warres .xl. yere, howe this Isle of Brytaine was departed in foure parties & stood departed .xl. yere in barōs warres.

CLotane that then was duke of Cornwaile
Clotane with his feldes reigned. x [...]. yeres.
Next heire then was by all succession
But Pinner thē had Logres ī gouernaile
And kyng ther of was by wrong ingression
Ruddan had Cambre in his possession
And Stater was then kyng of Albany
Thus was this Isle then lede by tirannye
¶ Thus Brytain was to foure kynges deuided
Echeon of theim warryng on other
The barons also on warre were so prouided
That all the people to wast father and mother
Thei spared none, all wer thei sister or brother
And eche citee on other bothe towne and tour
[Page xxvi] And eche tyranne was a conquerour
¶ And lordes faine subiectes then to been,
The poore menne that afore yt warre wer desolate
Of all honour and worship that was seen
Through their manhode with people congregate
Lordeship conquered and roose to high astate
Laddes and boyes, the ladeis tho did wedde
Their kynne afore, nether lande ne hous hadde
¶ Fourty wynter thus duryng barons warre
This Isle so stoode in sorowe and in strife
In faute of might, the weaker had the wer
And suffered wrong that was then their life
For who that might, aught gette wt spere or knife
He helde it furth, as for his heritage
And waxid a lorde that a fore was a page
¶ Defaute of peace & lawe, sette theim on hight
To ouer runne lordes, and bee victorious
As worthy was for of their wrongfull might
The lordes were cause that thei were rygurous
That would not so their wronges malicious
At first with stande and punishe trespassoures
But suffer theim endure in their erroures

The .xxx. Chapiter.

¶ The conseipt of the maker of this booke touchyng barrons warres, in defaute of peace and lawe.

DEfaut of lawe, was cause of this mischief
Wronges susteined by mastry & by might
And peace laied downe that should haue been the chief,
[Page] Through whiche debates folowed all vnright
Wherfore vnto a prince, accordeth right
The peace and lawe euen with equite
Within his realme, to saue his dignite
¶ What is a kyng without lawe and peace
Within his realme sufficiently conserued
The porest of his, maye so encrease
By iniury and force, of menne preserued
Till he his kyng, so wt strēgth haue ouerthrowed
And sette hym self in royall maieste
As tratour Cade made suche an iuoperte
¶ O ye my lorde of Yorke and veraie heire
Of Englande, so this matter well impresse
Deipe in your breste, lette it synke softe and feire
And suche defautes, sette you aye to represse
At the begynnyng, lette your high noblenes
The trespassoures to chastes, and to restreine
And lette theim not, lawe, ne peace, disobeine
¶ O ye lordes, that been in high estate
Kepe well the lawe, with peace and gouernaunce
Lest your hurtes you hurte, and depreciate
Whiche been as able with wrongfull ordynaunce
To reigne as ye, and haue also greate puisaunce
For lawe and iustices, in lordes vnpreserued
Causeth many of theim to bee ouerthrowed

The .xxxi. Chapiter.

¶ Dunwallo Moluncyus kyng of Cornewayle conquerid Logers, Lambry, and Albanie as right heire of Brytayne he gaue fraunchises to the temple, plough, merkettes, feyres and hie wayes, so that none should disturbe by lawe nor by [Page xxvii] wrong, he made sixe temples in Logers Cambre & Albanie and also many Flāynes to rule theim of estate as bishop­pes nowe dooen.

KYng Clotein died, yt reigned in Cornewaile
Wherfore his soōne Dūwallo Molūcius
Dūwallo reigned .xl. yeres.
Was kyng of all his realme without faile
A mannly prince in armes full cuorageous
Assembled his hoost, and came full vigorous
Of kyng Pynner in Logres intrusour
And sleugh hym ther as wrongfull gouernour
¶ Kyng Ruddan and kyng Stater
Of Albanie with hoostes strong and wyght
Gaue hym battaill with mighty power
Where Ruddan & Stater wer slain downe right,
With all their hoostes and their greate might
And Dunwallo had the victory
With muche ioye and manhod mightely
¶ Dunwallo so called Moluncius
At Troynouaunt with royall diademe
Of gold crouned moost riche and precious
Dūwal­lo was ye first king of Bry­teine that was cro­ned with golde.
Vpon his hede as did hym well besene
The first he was as chronicles expreme
That in this Isle of Brytein had croune of golde
For all afore, copre and gilt was to beholde
¶ He graunted pardon vnto all trespasoures
Of whiche thei were full glad and ioyus
Amendyng all their faultes and errours
With all their hertes full beneuolous
He eked then by his witte full curious
With his lawe called lawe Moluntyne
[Page] Chargyng all menne to theim fully to enclyne
¶ He graunted vnto the temples euery one
And to the plough and all commen wayes
To markettes & faires wher mēne should gonne
Fraunchesies so greate and liberties alwais
That all menne beeyng in theim night or dayes
Should not betaken ne troubled in any wyse
Neither by lawe nor by no maistries
¶ Sixe temples he made in Cābre & Logres als
And in the lande also of Albany
Of Flamynes as fele, to serue their goddes fals
A temple also in troynouaunt sothely
This tē ple was. s Poules churche in Lōdon
Of peace and concorde he made verely
In whiche when there fell any discorde
Emong his lordes, there were thei made accorde
¶ When he had stond so kyng by fourty yere
He dyed awaye, and buryed was full fayre
In his temple then of concord full clere
At troynouaunt with greate repeir
To whome Belyn was eldest soonne and heire
And Brenny next was borne of younger age
Wherfore Belyn had all the whole heritage

The .xxxi. Chapiter.

¶ Belyne kyng of Brytain who gaue to Brenny his brother, Albany that made hym homage for it, and sone after made hym greate warre and was false to hym and after frendes againe in other landes, but not in Englande ne in Scotlande.

BElyn was kyng and sat in royall trone
Crowned with all maner of royaltee
To Brenny his brother he gaue the lande anone
Of Albany, for whiche homage & feautee
He made forthwith as to the souerayntee
His man became and kyng of Albany
Confirmed was and made full honorably.
¶ But after sone, his men hym sette to warre
Vpon Belyn, that fought in batayll sore
But Brenny fled and his men discomfite wer
For then he went vnto Norwaye therfore
And in that he dwelled thore
Wher he wedded the kynges doughter fayre
That taken wer by sea homewarde in repayre.
¶ By the kyng of Denmarke, yt Cuthelake hight
Who by tempest into Logres wer driue
And brought vnto Belyn mykell of might
Wher he bande hym, as chronycles doth briefe
Denmark to holde, of Belyn to haue leife
Home with his wyfe to passe so anone
Whom Belyn graunted home agayn so to gone
¶ Brenne anone great hoste of Belyne brought
Wher in the forest that tyme of Colatre
In batayll strong, kyng Brenny all forfought
Discomfite, fled in Burgoyn for feare
To duke Segwyn, to whom he gan hym beare
So manfully and wisely in all thyng
That he hym wedded vnto his doughter ying.
Sone afterwarde this duke Segwyn dyed
[Page] So Brenny than was duke by his wyfe
That to his brother alwaye full sore anoyed
Came with great hoste to fight with hym ful ryfe
Conwen their mother by her prerogatyfe
Betwyxte theim treated & made there wel accorde
On her blissyng nomore for to discorde.
¶ With wordes peteous, and mothers naturesse
Shewyng her pappes and wōbe wt great beautie
Lo here the wombe that bare you with syckenesse
As womanhode would and femynitee
Lo here the pappes, as was necessitee
That fed you ofte in your tendre age
For my loue nowe let be all this outrage.

The .xxxij. Chapter.

¶ These. [...]i. brethren wanne all Fraunce & all Italie to Rome and besieged Rome, gatte it and wer Emperours of it.

SO made she theim at one and well accorde
And made theim kisse & coūcelled theim to gone
To their lādes lest thei after discord
Whiche thei did with hostes greate anone
With manly men of armes full greate wonne
All Fraunce, thei wanne Sauoye and Lunberdy
Tuskayne also and all great Italye.
¶ Thei sieged Rome, wherfore their coūcellours
Galbo and Porcenna came it to rescue
With hostes greate, wher then these Emperours
Slewe syr Galbo and Porcenna the trewe
And Rome thei wanne that alway was vntrewe
Italye throughout obeyed theyr dominacion
[Page xxix] Without more stryfe or altercacion.
¶ Kynge Belyne there no lenger would abyde
But lefte Brenny alone with all that lande▪
And home he came with mykill ioye and pride
And Albyon he seased in his owne hand
And so kyng and lorde of all Brytayn lande
A citee fayre he made that Kaire vske hight
Whiche mē nowe callē Carlyō by name ful right.

The .xxxiii. Chapter.

¶ He made the hye wayes through out Britayn, and he founded three archeflamynes, at London one for Logres, ano­ther at Yorke for Albany that nowe is Scotlande for that tyme fro Humbre north that was that tyme Scotlande, & the thyrde at Laklion in Wales, for all Wales.

IN Brytayn then he made frō Cornwel sea
Of lyme and stone through all Brytayn
That men might ryde and go in al suertee
Vnto the sea by northe Catenes certayne
Whiche vnto all men was brode and playne
Another he made in bredth fro saint Dauid towne
Vnto the sea flowynge at Southamptone.
¶ Thre archeflamynes he made through al Bry­tayn
As archebyshoppes now in our lawes been
There temples all to gouerne and domayne
At Troynouaunt on Logres to ouer seen
Her fals goddes to serue and to queme
At Ebranke another for Albany
And at Karleō for Cambre on soueraynly.
¶ A towne he made ful hie that hight Belyn gate
[Page] At Troynouaunt his citee moste royall
Thyrtene flamynes of bishoppes high estate
And temples as many, in citees all
So that there were in his tyme ouer all
With other so afore edificate
Xxviii. flamynes in temples ordynate.
¶ And at his death, he bad his corps to be brent
Into powder all in a barell of golde
To put, and sete vpon his toure to represent
His body hole, who that seen it wolde
His triumphes all, that enemyes might beholde
Well wrought about, in ymagerie and scripture
Full royally wrought for to refigure.
¶ He reigned had then one and forty yere
When he thus died and to his God had sent
His woofull ghoost out of his corps full clere
Emong the goddes, euermore to bee present
For whiche his people of wepyng coulde not stent
There sorowes great in teares bitter thei did stepe
Whiche in streames rāne & fro their eyē did wepe.

The .xxxiiii. Chapiter.

GVrgwyn his sōne was crowned after him
Of Britayn bare then the diademe
Who made his lawe, vpon lyfe & lymme
Gurgwyn reigned xxx. yeres.
His peace also he kepte, as he did deme
As his iudges coulde it full well exprime
Into Denmarke he went for his truage
Whiche kyng Cuthelake graunt him in heritage
¶ He slewe yt kyng, and Danes great multitude
His seruise had, and made the lande to enclyne
To his lord shyppe and to his altitude
There truage paye, forthwarde nomore declyne
And as he came by sea then homewarde fyne
He founde shippes thyrty full of myghty men
Accordyng well as many fayre women
¶ At whose request, of his speciall grace
He gaue to theim the land, that nowe is Irelande
Wher they did wone & make their dwellyng place
There gouernaunte, so then I vnderstande
Was Partheleyn to holde it then hym bande
Of kyng Gurgwyn and all his lynage
Perpetually by feautee and homage.
¶ Neuerthelesse some chronicles reporte
That Irelamall their capitayn had to name
Howe Ire­lande was hold of this kyng & his heires.
By whome it was so bigged and supporte
That out of Spayn wer exiled and thither came
And some sayth that Hiberus of great fame
There duke was than and there gouernour
That of Spayne afore had been the floure
¶ This king Gurgwyn his surname was Batrꝰ
Came home agayn after the voyage sore
All forbeten, so was he corageus
That from his corps his ghoste departed thore
Reigned that had .xxx. yere afore
In Carlion after his high degre
Was buried so with full greate royaltee.

The .xxxv. Chapiter.


¶ Howe Guytelyn kyng of Britayne wedded Marcian to wife, that Mercian lawes made by her great wisedome.

GVytelyn his sonne gan reigne as heyre
Guytelyn reygned .x. yere.
Of all Brytayn aboute, vnto the sea
Who wedded was to Marcyan full fayre
That was so wyse in her femynitee
That lawes made of her syngularytee
That called wer the lawes Marcyane
In Britayne tongue of her owne witte alane.
¶ This Guytelyn was good of his estate
Full iuste he was in all his iudgement
Wise and manly of porte erly and late
Right meke and good euer in his entente
Although of state he was right excellent,
With eche poore man that came to his presence
Through whiche he waxed of moste hie sapience.
¶ When he had reigned ful peacebly .x. yere
He lefte the realme to his sonne and heire
And to his wife to be his counceller
For his sonne then was .vii. yere olde full fayre
Whom at her death she sent for all repayre
Of Barons all their she delyuered hym
To kepe, in payne of losse life and lymme.
¶ Sicilius his sonne reygned .xxiiii. yere
Sicilius reygned .xxiiii. yeres
And crowned was and dyed in iuuentude
That gouerned wel the realme full well and clere
At Karlyon buryed after consuetude
As kynges afore in all simylitude
With all repayre of all his Baronage
[Page xxxi] As well accorded vnto his hye parage
¶ Rymar his sonne the barons dyd crowne
With honoure suche as fell to his degree
* Rymar kynge.
Who twenty yere and one so bare the crowne
And kepte lawe and all tranquilytee
And peteous was euer as a king shulde be
In ryghtwesnesse accordyng with his lawe
Hauyng pytee and mercy where hym sawe
¶ Danius kyng his brother dyd succede
* Danius kynge.
Duryng .x. yere in warre and greate payne
Withouten reste he was alwaye in dede
The lawe vnkepte, was cause there of certayne
As myne authour it lyste nothyng to layne
I wyll it nowe wryte and in this boke expresse
That men may knowe his foly and lewdenesse

The .xxxvi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Moruile kyng of Britaine was slayne by his owne immoderate Ire, withoute knowledge of eny man with a fysshe bestyall of the sea.

MOruyle his sonne a baste goten and bore
Moruyle reygned .xvii. yere.
On Tangusta his specyall paramour
Was crowned then after faught full sore
with the kyng of Morians as a conqueroure
Where he hym kylled and had the felde yt houre
And lefte no man on lyue and brente theim all
His Ire exceded his wytte and gouernall
¶ Sone after then came fro the yrishe sea
[Page] A bestyous fyshe, a monstre sume dyd it call
Wherof afrayde was all the comontye
For it deuoured the folke both great and smalle
Wherfore the kyng his yre myght not apall
Ne cesse, afore he foughten with it had
All sodaynly alone as a man ryght mad
¶ Where both were dead or any man it knewe
His yre full fell was and vntemperate
His discrecyon out of his brayne flewe
But he coulde not by reason ordynate
Proroge his wyll ne yre inordynate
By other meanes with people multytude
It to haue slayne by wytte and fortytude.
¶ He reigned had that tyme but seuentene yere
When he thus dyed and fondly dyd expire
Vnsemingly of any prynce to heare
That he with suche a monstre shoulde desyre
To fyghte alone so preuely of yre
But sonnes he had full fayre then fyue
Of manly men also substantyfe.
¶ Gorbonian his eldest sonne of fyue
Gorbony [...] reygned .x. yere.
Was after kyng and helde the maieste
Ryghtwesse and trewe to euery creature
In peace his realme and all tranquillyte
And to his people he helde all equyte
Tyllers of lande with golde he dyd comforte
And soudiours all, with goodes he dyd supporte
¶ Arthegall his brother signed with Diadene
The kyng was then with all solempnytee
[Page xxxii] By natyfe byrth nexte brother as men deme
Who good men hated of his iniquyte
Oppressyng them by greate subtylyte
And all fals folke with ryches dyd auaunce
His Barons all deposed hym for that chaunce

The .xxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe this kyng was crowned in defaute of his elder bro­ther, and after of pure pytee crowned his brother agayne.

CLydoure then the thirde brother generate
* Eledoure kyng reyg­ned v. yeres
Was kyne create by all successyon
And bare the crowne with all royal estate
By lordes wyll and there concessyon
That ruled well withoute oppressyon
When he had reigned so fully fyue yere
Arthegall he founde that was his brother dere
¶ As he was gone on huntyng for his disporte
In the forest and woode of collatre
That sought had frendes and found had no comforte
But heuy was and of full simple chere
Whome Eledoure toke in his armes clere
And brought hym to his cytee of Alclude
That then was of great myght and fortytude.
¶ In Albany then was it the greatest citee tho
Besyde the woode that tyme of collatre
Where his Barons and many other moo
At his biddyng were come and presente there
Whome syngulerly he made them for to swere
Vnto Arthegall his brother to be trewe
* Arthegall reygned. [...]. yere.
So purposed he, to crowne hym all newe.
¶ And then anon in haste so forth they rode
To Ebranke and helde then his parlyament
Where of good loue and tender brotherhod
The crowne he set with very trewe entente
On Arthegalles hede & thought it was wel spent
By hole decree and iudgement of his mouth
And made hym kyng agayne by north and south
¶ Arthegall kyng crowned so all newe agayne
Full well his lordes after dyd loue all perlees
Forsoke all vyces and tooke to vertue playne
And set his lande and people in all kyne and ease
Reigning .x. yere, he fell in greate disease
In maladye of dyuerse great syckenesse
Dead and buried at Carleyle as Igesse.

The .xxxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Eledoure was yt seconde tyme crowned king of Britayne for his good rule.

THe Briteines all crowned Eledoure
That reygned after .xiii. yere in dignytee
Eledoure reigned xiii yere
So well theim payde to haue hym gouer­noure
For his goodnesse and his benignyte
And for he was so full of all pytee
That in all thynge mercy he dyd preserue
Well better euer then men coulde it deserue.
¶ Iugen with force and eke syr Peredoure
Iugen and Peredour reigned. vii yere toge­ther.
His brethren two on hym rose traytorously
Deposed hym oute of his hye honoure
And prisoned hym full sore and wrongfullye
All in the towre of Troynouaunt for thy
And parted the realme betwixte theim two
Together reignyng .vii. yere and no mo
¶ Paredour then had all the lande full clere
Para­dour rei­gned by hym self iiii. yeres
And crouned was, reignyng after worthely
His lawe and peace, kepyng full well foure yere
And dyed then, and to his goddes full hye
He passed so, and buryed full royally
After their rites and their olde vsage
With greate honour by all the baronage.

The .xxxix. Chapiter.

¶ Eledour kyng of Brytein thrise crouned, for his good rule and good condicions.

ELedour was kyng all newe made againe
Eledour reigned. .x. yeres.
Thrise crouned yt kepte his olde cōdicion
Of whome the lordes & cōmons wer full faine
And sory for his wrongfull deposicion
He reigned so fro losse and all perdicion
Reignyng after full peacebly tenne yere
Buried full faire, at Alclude his citee clere,
¶ Gorbonian that was Gorbonian his soonne
Gorbo­niā kyng of Bry­taine.
The croune after his vncle in all thynges
That ruled well fro tyme that he begonne
Full well beloued with olde and also with young
He reigned tenne yere of Brytein kyng
And dyed then with worship whole enterred
As to suche a prince of right should bee required
¶ Morgan yt was the soonne of kyng Arthegall,
Morgan reigned .xiiii. yere
Was crowned then and held the royalte
Full fourten yere he ruled the realme ouer all
The lawe and peace with all tranquillite
He kepte full well in all prosperite
For whiche he was full greately magnified
[Page] In all his realme with people landefyed
¶ Emnan his brother so was crouned kyng
Emnan kyng reigned .vii. yere.
Seuen yere reigned in all kynd ofe tiranny
For whiche he was deposed as an vnderlyng
When he had reigned seuen yere fully
That to god and manne was euer contrarie
Till all his lordes and commons euerione
Whiche wer full glad awaye that he was gonne,
¶ Iuall the soonne of kyng Ingen did reigne
Kyng Iuall reigned .xx. yere.
Louyng alwaye to kepe all rightwesnese
Hatyng all vices, and of good menne was faine
All vicious menne, he helde in sore distres
Helpyng poore menne fallyng in feblenes
When he had reigned full well by twenty yere
He dyed awaye as saieth the chronicler
¶ Rymo the soonne that of kyng Paradour
Kyng Rymo reigned xvi. yere.
Crouned was then, louyng all gentilnes
All vertue euer he louid and all honour
And in his tyme was plenty and larges
Of his people full well belouid I gese
And dyed so in all felicite on hye
Sixten yere whole reigned when he ganne dye
¶ Gerennes then the soonne of Eledour
Kyng Gerēnes reigned, xx. yere.
To reigne beganne and ruled well this daye
And sone the deathe hym toke and dyd deuour
If I the treuth of hym shall saye
That twenty yere he reigned all menne to paye
The lawe and peace full well aye conserued
Of his commons the loue aye deserued,
Kyng Catellus
Catellus his soonne then ganne succede
reigned, x. yere.
Kepyng the lawe and peace as he had hight
Oppressours all, that poore menne did ouer lede
He hanged euer on trees full hie to sight
That ensample of theim euery manne take might
Tenne yere reigned full of felicite
And dyed so vnder his vnsure deite
¶ Coile his soonue after hym succede
Kyng Coile reigned, xx yere.
And crouned was, reignyng so twenty yere
In lawe and peace as to his worthihede
Accordyng was for lawe and peace cōserued clere
As euery manne maye se bothe farre and nere
The floures been of royall dignyte
In whiche he reigned twenty yere ere he did dye
¶ Porrex his soonne was crouned in his astate
Kyng Porrex,
Esye of porte to speake with euery wight
Their comonnyng to hym was delicate
Who reson spake he fauoured as was right
Who viceous spake or did in his sight
He chasticed theim after the cause required
Reignyng fiue yere, of no lande had he fered
¶ Cheryn his soonne norished in dronkennes
Kyng Cheryn.
Customably, to whiche folowed all kynde of vyce
It exiled witte out of his brayn doubteles
And reason after that, made hym full vnwyse
He was of all his gouernaunce so nyce
And reigned so in Brytein but one yere
When he dyed laied, was on the bere
¶ His soonne Fulgen reigned but one yere
[Page] Eldred his brother and Androge hight the thirde
Kynges after hym echeone were synguler
Fulgēce, Eldred & Androge
A yere reignyng whose good rules are hid
For why, vnto no manne was it kyde
Thei dyed sone, for long that might not dure
In suche drōkennes, full weake was their nature
¶ Vryan the soonne of kyng Androge
Three yere reigned, that was full lecherous
A mayden young, wher he did ride or goo
He had euery daye, he was so vicyous
But yet he was gentill and bounteous
All if he had maydens in suche charte
Wedowes and wifes, he had in greate plentie
¶ Elynde was kyng, & fiue yere bare the croune,
Full well ruled the realme in all kynd of thyng
In Astronomye, full redy aye and bowne
Dedancius also reigned fiue yere full young
Who the realme ruled in all maner thyng
Full peseably frome that Elynde was dedde,
Bothe twoo dyed in their floreshed youthede
Deto [...]. Gurgū ­cius. Merian Bledudo Cappe. Owen & Sicilius all these reigned eche of theim .ii. yeres. Bledud. Gabred. cantor.
¶ Detonus then was kyng reignyng twoo yere,
Gurguncius so twoo yere bare also the croune
And Meryan twoo yere by wrytyng clere
Bledudo then full ready bowne
Twoo yere also bare the croune
Cappe and Owen and then Sicilyus
Eche after other by twoo yere reigned thus
¶ Bledud Gabred reigned, expert in song
And in all musike instrumentes
[Page xxxv] Farre passyng was all other and had been long
Suche was his cunnyng and his sentementes
That for a god in all folkes ententes
In myrth and ioye and maner of melodye
Archi­uall. Eldoll. Redon Redrike, Samuel Pirry. Penisell & Capre. eche of these reigned two yeres.
Thei honoured hym tenne yere onely
¶ Archiuall, then his brother reigned so
And Eldoll after his soonne, succeded anone
And Redon then his soonne, came nexte hym thoo
Redrike his soonne, when his father was gonne
Croune and septer receiued, hath anone
Samuell, Pirre, Peneysell and Capre
Seuerally echeone reigned twoo yere

The .xl. Chapiter.

¶ Elynguellus kyng of Brytein had greate will to here all mēne whē thei came to hym, whiche is a vertue. For greate cunnyng maketh a manne wyse and to knowe muche, and for mischefes to fynde remedies, as my lorde Vmfrewill commended neuer a manne, that putteth a mischief and canne fynde no remedie therfore.

ELynguellus whiche was Capre his sōne
Bothe wyse and sadde, and in his realme helde right,
He herd all menne what counsaill that thei conne
For oftymes a symple manne to sight
More wysedome hath in his insight
And better reason canne in his braynes fynde
Then canne a lorde, though he maye beres bynde,
¶ Who in his lande did wrong or any vnright,
He prisoned hym in sore and greate distresse
He gaue his menne yt souldyours were full wight
Lyuelode to liue vpon, frome all destres
[Page] Sicke folke and poore caste into feblenesse
He visited aye, and reigned had seuen yere
When that he dyed and left his realme full clere
¶ Hely his soonne, in all thyng good and wise
Howe Hely the soonne of Elyng­wellus made the Isle of Hely.
Succeded then, the Isle of Hely made
His palais gaye that might right well suffice
He buylded ther that was bothe long and brade
Wherin he dwelled muche, and moost abaide
The lawe and peace he kepte and conserued
Which himvpheld that he was neuer ouer terued
¶ Three soonnes he gatte, Lud and Cassibalain
Kyng Hely reig­ned .xl. yere.
The third was called that tyme sir Nemynus
When he had reigned sixty yere in certaine
The death cruell to menne that is aye noyeous
In his commyng that is alwaye douteous
Hym sleugh a waye, who was at Hely buryed
Afore his god that ther was edified

The .xli. Chapiter.

¶ Lud kyng of Brytain buylded frome London stone to Lud gate & called that parte Luds toune, & after by processe, was called London by turnyng of tongues.

HIs soonne and heire was Lud of muche
Kyng Lud reigned .xl. yere.
Thē crouned by all the baronage
His citees all eke his heritage, castelles wight
He did repeire that were his heritage
And where was worthy his seruesse and homage
To hym was doone, in landes al aboute
Was none withstode so was he dred and doubte
With walles faire, and towres freshe about
[Page xxxvi] His citee great of Troynouaunt full fayre
Full well he made and batelled throughout
And palays fayre, for royalles to appeare
Amendyng other defectyfe and vnfayre
From London stone to his * palays royall
This palays is nowe the bishop of Londōs palays beside Poules.
That nowe Ludgate is knowen ouer all.
¶ Betwene Londonstone & Ludgate forth right
That called was then for his name Ludstone
He made men buyld, that London so then hight
His Palays fayre then made he there anone
With toures high, bothe of lyme and stone
Besyde Ludgate, and his temple nere thereby
His God to serue and hym to glorifye.
¶ When he had reigned by fourty yere all out
He died so, and in his temple fayre
Entoumbed was, with stories all about
Androgeus was then his sonne and heyre
Passyng of sight and Iuly fayre
Tenancius his yonger sonne of age
Which wer to young to rule the heritage.
¶ Cassibalayn there vncle then was kyng
And founde his neuewes full honestly and well
Cassibalayn rei­gned .xxxiii. yere.
And nourtred theim while thei wer chylder ying
And at there age when they could reason fele
He theim auaunced right worshipfully and well
Androge he made and created duke of Kent
Of Troynouaunt also by whole entent.

The .xlii. Chapiter.


¶ How Iulius Caesar came to Britayn, that nowe is Eng­lande, and arryued in Thamis, and fled to Fraunce for newe succour.

HE made also then Tenancius
Duke of Cornwail yt time of mikel might
In whiche tyme so came Caesar Iulius
Into the lande of Fraunce that nowe so hight
And on a daye walkyng vp and downe full right
On the sea syde, wher he this lande did see
Desyryng sore of it the souerayntee.
¶ His nauye greate with many soudyoures
To sayle anone into this Britayn made
In Thamis aroue, wher he had ful sharpe shores
And countred was with Brytons that abade
With Cassibalayn the kyng of Brytons brade
Wher after battayll smytten and forfought
Iulius fled and then preuayled nought.
¶ To Fraunce agayn and there he did soiorne
The Frenche wer fayn of his discomfiture
And trowed to make hym so fro theim retorne
But the Britons full besely did there cure
In this batell as came them of nature
The dukes of kent and eke of Cornewayle
And Nemynus theyr Eme did moste preuayle.
¶ Crudan the kyng that tyme of Albany
Gnechet the kyng also of Venedose
That northwales nowe is called specially
And kyng Bretayle that was full vertuous
A manne in armes passyngly curious
Of Denycye, southwales that nowe hight
[Page xxxvii] He asked helpe of Fraunce that fayled hym right.
¶ Then sent he to all landes there about
To poore menne all, he gaue full great ryches
And exyled men of warre that wer full stoute
He gaue liuelode and felons all douteles
He delyuered quyte, fre of all distres
All outlawed menne, he graunted full perdon
The bondemen also of euery region.

The .xliii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe, whan Iulius Caesar failed power, he gatte newe power by wily polycy, to haue his purpose, and came again to Brytayn and fled the seconde tyme.

IN whiche meane tyme, whē he was redy so
With his nauy came to brytayn again
Into Thamis where Cassibalayn tho
Great pyles of tree and yron sette hym again
His shippes to peryshe and so he did certain
Throughe whiche, greate parte of hys nauy was drowned
And some other in batayl wer cōfoūded
¶ Then fled he eft with shippes that he had
Into the lande of Fraunce wher he was ere
Hym purposyng to Rome, full wo by stad
Of his rebuke with sorowe and with care,
But then the kyng full glad of his euell fare
A feaste royall at Troynouaunt he made
Where great discorde, with his neuewes he had

The .xliiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Iulius Caesar came agayne to Britayne the thyrde tyme & accorded with the kyng and had truage of hym.

PVrposed fully on theim to bee auenged
For whiche thei sent anone to Iulius
And prayed to come his right yt he had chalē ged
To clayme it hole thei wrote hym right thus
Thei should hym helpe with people plenteous
Through whose councell, ful gladly then he came
At Douer arryued with mykeil ioye and game.
¶ Where then the kyng Cassybalayn he met
And fought full sore, where that Androgeus
Out of a woode on Cassibalayn set
And to a mounte hym droaue, where that Iulius
And he hym sieged again full coragious
He fought full sore with all manly defence
All nyght afore, by myghty resistence.
¶ But some for drede of famyshement
He treated with the duke Androgeus
To paye his tribute to Roome in good entent
And to amende all thynges greuous
With all his might and hertes beneuolence
Androgeus to all this did assente
And made Iulius to this fully consent.
¶ This truage was .iii. M. [...]i. well payde
Eche yere to Rome of siluer good and fyne
These princes thus accorded wer and daied
In peace and reste and Iulius went fro heyne
To warre vpon Pompey, yt nought wold enclyne
To Romys Senate after that Iulius
Hym had conquered by warre full fortuous.
¶ With whome then went the duke Androgeus
[Page xxxviii] And in Britayne no lenger wolde abyde
He lefte his brother duke Tennancius
In Britayne with Cassybalyn that tyde
And so to Rome with Iulius dyd ryde
But Neminus brother of Cassybalayne
Full manly fought on Iulius tymes tweyne.
¶ With strokes sore, ayther on other bette
But at the laste this prynce syr Iulius
Crosea mors, his swerde in shelde sette
Of the manly worthy sir Neminus
Whiche of manly force and myght vigorous
The swearde he brought away oute of the felde
As Iulius it set faste in his shelde.
¶ Through which stroke, sir Neminus then died
And buried was at the north gate certayne
Of London then, where nowe is Scotlande edified
London cytee royall of all Britayne
Thus this worthy knyght in his graue befayne
Crosea mors, his swearde layde by his syde
Whiche he brought from Iulius that tyde.
¶ After whiche accorded this kyng Cassybalayn
Reigned fully in Britayne then .vii. yere
Payeng trybute to Rome alwaye certayne
Rulyng his lande in lawe and peace full clere
And reygned had in all, full thyrtye yere
And foure aboue vnto his god so yede
Buryed at Ebranke wt all knyghtly worthihede.

The .xlv. Chapiter.

TEmancius his neuewe then full faire
Temancius reyg­ned .xvii. yere.
Kyng Luds sonne yt duke was of Corne­wayle
With Diademe was crowned as ryght heire
Of all Britayne had the gouernalle
Who kepte the lande in his tyme by good gouer­nalle
Full .xvii. yere to his god then wente
Buryed full fayre as to suche a prynce appente.
¶ Kymbalyne so was his sonne and heyre
Noryshed at Rome instructe with cheualre
That knyght was made with honour great & fayer
By Octauyan reigning then enterly
Emperour then of Romes great monerchy
In whose tyme was both peace and all concorde
Through all yt worlde, and borne was christ oure lorde
This Kinbelyne reigned fully .x. yere
And ruled this lande in lawe and peace full well
And dyed then as sayth the chronycler
That ilke same yere that christe was borne wt zele
Of his mother a mayden fayre and wele
For christen folke by grace then to redeme
From payne of hell to blysse as clerkes deme
¶ From tyme yt worlde firste was begoonne and made
Vnto the tyme of Christes natiuytee
Accompted ere through christendom full brade
Fyue. M. yere .ix. score and .xix. bee
Or goddes sonne cam man for to bee
As Crosius the discyple of Austyne
In this writyng so as he coulde determyne.
¶ Guyder his sonne and heyre full corageous
[Page xxxix] That crowned was and kyng of excellence
reigned. xi iiii. yere.
The trybute which the Romayns had of vs
Denied then and made greate resystens
With great trouble and manly violence
Vnto the tyme that he had reygned clere
In Bretayne by .iiii. and fourty yere.
¶ In whiche yere then the Emperour Claudius
At Caire peers that nowe porchestre hight
Arryued a lande with people full corageous
He closed the gates afore with mykyll myght
And the cytee assauted both daye and nyght
The cytezens to famyshe and conquer
His name in armes and honour to proffer.
¶ But king Guider fought there wt themperour
And slewe men on euery syde aboute
Rescowyd the towne as very protectour
And made hym to fle, were he neuer so stoute
But one Hamon rode faste into the route
Hauyng on him the Britains sygne of warre
Who in the prees slewe the kyng Guyder.

The .xlvi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Aruiragus kynge of Britayne reygned .xliiii. yere. And howe in his tyme Cladeus Emperour had truage of this lande, and maryed his doughter to the kynge.

ARuiragus yt sawe his brother slayne
His brothers armis vpon hym self he cast
Aruiragus reigned .xl.iiii. yere.
And king was then of all ye great Britain
Vpon Hamon pursued tyll at the laste
He droue hym into the hauen full faste
And drowned him there, after hight Hamō towne
[Page] That men nowe call shorte speche Southhāpton
To winchester kyng Aruiragus rode
Whether Claudiꝰ came wt Romans ful of pryde
Where Aruiragus with Britayns him abode
But as they should haue fought in that tyde
By both theyr councelles they were drawē on side
Claudius doughter to wed they were accorde
And truage to paye eche yere withoute discorde.
Then Claudius sente for dame Gennyse
His doughter fayre full womanly to see
She came in haste as then it myght suffyse
To come oute frome so farre lande and countre
And in a mede with floures of greate beaute
Wedded they were, where Claudius then made
A cytee fayre Cayre glowe to name it had
¶ Of his name it was so denominate
[...] Wher of Gloucester was so na­med.
Nowe Gloucester standynge on seuerne syde
The maryage after Christe was incarnate
Was in the yere fourtye and syxe that tyde
So in Britayne two yere he dyd abyde
Orcades ysles in the meane tyme he conquered
In whiche he enfeffid the kyng & hym preferred.
¶ And home to Rome he passed so agayne
But after agayne, the kyng truage denyed
And none wolde paye, wherefore Vaspasyan
Hyther was sent with Romains fortifyed
At Ruteporte that nowe Sandwiche is notifyed
The kyng hym met and put hym frome the lande
To Totenesse went and notwithstandyng fande.
¶ So went he forth to Exceter his waye
Caire Penelgorte then hight and it assaide
Where then the kyng hym met the seuentene day
With hoste full stronge, but then the king preuayled
But Gennyse the quene greatly auayled
By her trety made them full well accorde
That with Rome he dyd no more discorde.

The .xlvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Ioseph Aramathie came vnto Britayne with Vas­pasyan, and chrystened a parte of this lande.

VAspasyan wintered then in Britayne
At the prayer of quene Gennyse
And had truage then fully payde agayne
To Vaspasyan, as before was the gyse
With whome Ioseph full holy and full wyse
Of Aramathie with his felowes fourtene
Into this lande then came and gaue contene.
¶ For whome so then Vaspasyan praid the kyng
The quene also to hym to be good lorde
And good ladie, which they graunted in all thing
Declaring then, and fully dyd recorde
This worthy Vaspasyan by his owne worde
Howe he hym tooke oute of Cayphas prysone
Preserued by god and not by mannes reasone.
¶ For fourty yere and two he in prisone laye
Fro Christes death to tyme that he hym fande
Withoute meate or drynke by any maner waye
[Page] But only was conforted by goddes sonde
And howe he hym brought oute of Ierusalē lond
All this he tolde, the king and eke the quene
And prayde theim his supporters to been.
¶ After the wynter nexte in somer tyed
Vaspasyan to Rome then went agayne
Ioseph abode and fully landifyed
The lawe of Christe, to whiche he was full fayne
And the kyng gaue the sothe to sayne
Twelue hydes of lande ye then Mewtryn hight
Whiche Glastenbury is nowe named full right
In bretayne then this Ioseph dyd conuerte
Brytons ay howe to knowe the incarnacyon
Afore that Paynyms and also peruerte
He taught them of his conuersacyon
Of his passyon and his resurreccyon
With other thinges as the chronycler saith
That apperteygneth to Christes fayth
¶ Agrestes reygned by .iiii. and syxty yere
When he was dead & in caire glawe was buryed
In a temple entoumbed fayre and clere
Of his goddes that there were deifyed
Aboute whyche tyme so oure ladye Mary dyed
Or elles assumpte in body and soule on lyue
Vnto the blysse after her ioyes fyue.
¶ But Vaspasyan with his hoste full royall
And Ioseph also came into Britayne
The yere of Chryste was then accompte in all
Seuenty and syxe the sooth for to sayne
[Page xli] Whē Vaspasiā to Roome retourned home again
The kyng enduyd Ioseph in meutryne

The .xlviij. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Ioseph conuerted this kyng Aruiragus & gaue hym a shelde of yt armes that wee call sainct George his armes whiche armes he bare euer after, & thus became that armes to bee yt kynges armes of this lāde, lōg afore sainct George was gotten or borne, and as Maryan the profounde chro­nicler saieth, he bare of siluer in token of clennes, a crosse of goules significacion of the bloodde that Christe bleedde on ye crosse, and for it muste nedes of reason by called a crosse.

IOseph conuerted this kyng Aruigarus
By his prechyng to knowe ye lawe deuine
And baptized hym as writē hath Neninꝰ
The chronicler in Bretain tongue full fyne
And to Christe lawe, made hym enclyne
And gaue hym then a shelde of siluer white
A crosse endlong and ouer twhart full perfect
¶ These armes were vsed through all Brytain
For a cōmon signe eche māne to knowe his naciō
Frome enemies whiche nowe we call certain
Sainct Georges armes by Nenyus enformaciō
And thus this armes, by Iosephes creacion
Full long afore sainct George was generate
Were worshipt heir of mykell elder date

The .xlix. Chapiter.

¶ Marius the kyng of Brytain reigned sixty yere and three, howe the peightes inhabited firste in Albany yt is Sotclāde nowe in these dayes, in Catenes & thei wer the North peightes, and a parte of theim inhabited sone after bytwyxt the Scottes sea and tweid that were called South peightes.

MAryus his soonne was then intronizate
And sette on high in trone of maiestie
With croune of golde full royally coro­nate
As worthy was vnto his royalte
Who nourished was at Rome in his inuente
With his mothers kynne the beest of the empire
With Claudius also, that was his oune graūdsir
¶ In whose tyme a peight hight Rodrike
With power greate by sea came fro Sythy
As proude and bryme as lyon marmerike
Arreued so vp in Albanye
Distroiyng whole the lande all sodainly
With whome yt kyng thē faught in greate battell
And sleugh hym with oute any faile
¶ Wher then in signe of his high victorye
He sette there vp a stone in remembraunce
Of his triumph, of his aduersatie
Titled on it, his fame for to auaunce
Howe the peightes, there brought to vttraunce
Wher the redde crosse is nowe in Westmerlande
In Stanys more, as I canne vnderstande
¶ Then to ye peightes left a liue, he gaue catenese
To dwell vpon and haue in heritage
Whiche weddid wher, with Irish as I gesse
Of whiche after Scottes came on that linage
For Scottes bee to saie their langage
A collecciō of many into one
Of whiche the Scottes were called so anone

The .l. Chapiter.

[Page xlii]

¶ Howe Scottes came of Scota kyng Pharois doughter yt came after many daye into Albanye so yt of peightes Irish & of Pharois people collect togethers wer Scottes named For at the tauerne or at a gatheryng of people or of mony is called a scotte and so came first ye name of Scottes which Scottes inhabited theim by twixt catnes & ye Scottishe sea.

BVt Mewynus the Bryton chronicler,
Saieth in his chronicles orther wise
That Gadelus and Scota in the yere
Of Christe seuenty and fiue, by assise
At stone inhabitte as might suffise
And of hir name that countre there aboute
Scotlande she called that tyme with outen doubt
¶ This Scota was, as Mewyn saieth the sage
Howe Galway had fyrst the name of kyng Gadelus
Doughter and bastarde of kyng Pharao yt daye
Whome Gadele wedded, and in his olde age
Vnto a lande he went, where he inhabited ay
Whiche yet of his name is calle Gadelway
And with the peightes he came into Albanie
The yere of Christ aforsaid openlye
¶ And at hir death she left a precious stone
In Albany, on whiche Moses did preache
And buryed there she was by hir self alone
Whiche stone was holy, as some menne then did teache
And did miracles, so was yt cōmon speache
In honour it was had, bothe of greate and small
And holden for a relique moost speciall
¶ This stone was called the regall of Scotlāde
The re­gall of scotlande
On whiche yt Scottish kynges wer brechelesse set
At their coronomente as I canne vnderstande
[Page] For holynes of it so did thei of debte
All their kynges vpon this stone was sette
Vnto the tyme kyng Edward with long shankes
Brought it awaye again the Scottes vnthākes,
¶ At Westmonestery it offered to sainct Edward
Where it is kepte and conserued
To tyme that kynges of Englande afterward
The subieccion of Scotlād.
Should coroned bee, vnder their fete obserued
To this entent kept and reserued
In remembraunce of kynges of Scottes alway
Subiectes should bee, to kynges of Englāde ay
¶ Also afore the fifte kyng Henryes daye
Their siluer coigne was as it ought to bee
The kynges face loked on side all waye
To his soueraigne lorde of Englande as I see
Whiche to been hetherwarde of egalite
Vnto their lorde thei haue of newe presumed
To looke euen furth, whiche would nowe bee consumed
¶ Kyng Maryus kepte yt realme in lawe & peace
Full of riches and of prosperyte
And dyed so at Sarum buryed dowteles
When he had reigned sixty yere and three
His tribute payed, full well to Roome citee
Of Christes faith sumwhat he was enformid
But muche more he neded to haue been reformid
¶ Coylus his soonne was kyng then crouned so
Coylus, reigned xiii. yere.
Who mutryed was at Roome in greate vertue
Held well his lawes egall to frende and foo
And in his dooynges full iuste he was and trewe,
[Page xliii] His life alwaye and rule in vertue grewe
That full great name of hym was notifyed
And in all landes of honoure multiplied.
¶ The lordes, gentiles, yemen, and commontee
He cherished well, and in no wise oppressed
And to theim gaue, wher was necessitee
And tribute payde to Rome vndistressed
And at his death with sickenesse impressed
He buried was at Norwhiche then full clere
When he reigned had fully .xiii. yere.
¶ Somewhat in fayth of Christ, he was instruct
But not fully, as was necessitee
Like as he was in Rome with hym inducte
So helde he forth in all stabilitee
And as he harde in all symylitee
Howe Ioseph had his graundser enformed
With benyng herte and wil, he hym confyrmed.

The .li. Chapter.

¶ Lucius kyng of Britayn reigned .liiii. yere, and was the se­conde Christened kyng of Britayn by Faggan & Dubyan that baptized all this lande, and for the same cause bare the same armes after he was baptized. Also he made of .iiii. archeflamynes in Britayn three archebyshoppes at Lon­don, Yorke and Carlion.

AFter kyng Coile, his sonne then Lucius
Lucyus kyng.
So crowned was with royall diademe
In all vertue folowed his father Coilus
To compare hym in all that myght beseme
He put his will after as his witte could deme
[Page] In so farre forth, that of Christentee
He contynued so a Christen man to bee.
¶ And in the yere of Christes incarnacion
An .C. foure score and tenne
Eleuthery the first, at supplicacion
Of Lucyus, sente hym twoo holy menne
That called wer Faggan and Duuyen
That baptized hym, & all his realme throughoute
With hertes glad and laboure deuoute.
¶ Thei taught yt folke, ye lawe of Christ eche daye
And halowed all the temples in Christes name
All mawmentes and Idols caste awaye
Through all Britayn, of al false goddes thesame
The temples flamynes, the Idols for to shame
They halowed eke and made bishoppes sees
Twenty and .viii. at dyuers great citees.
¶ Of .iii. archeflamynes, thei made archbishopri­kes
One at London, Troynouaunt that hight
For all Logres with lawes full autentikes
To rule the churche & christentee in right
Another at Carlyon a towne of might
For all Cambre, at Ebranke the thirde
From Trent north, for Albany is kyde.
¶ All these workes Eugeny then confirmed
The kyng then gaue to Faggan and Duuyen
The ysle of Analoon and by cherter affirmed
That was called otherwyse Mewtryen
Also frely as Ioseph and his holy men
Had it afore, then forth for theyr dispence
[Page xliiii] Wherof thei wer glad, and thought it sufficience.
¶ But whē this kyng had reygned in cotēplaciō
Fyftie and .iiii. yere in all prosperitee
He departed to God, desyryng his saluacion
In heauen to dwell, with all felycytee
Where the Aungelles synge incessauntely
Glory, honoure and euerlastyng prayse
Be to the lambe of God, nowe and alwayes.
¶ At Cairglowe buried, after his dignitee
For whom all men made great lamentacion
Who bare before the baptyme of propertee
His Auncestres armes, and after with consolaciō
He bare the armes, by his baptizacion
Whiche Ioseph gaue vnto Aruigarus
As the Briton saith, that hight Mewynus.
¶ For cause he had none heire to kepe the lande
Through all Britayn the barons gan discorde
Vnto the tyme that Romayns toke on hande
To chese a prince by there stedfaste accorde
But .iiii. yere wer gone or then they could accorde
In whiche tyme then Seuer the senatour
Hether came to be theyr gouernoure.

The .lii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe that ther was Britons warre .iiii. yere after the death of Lucius.

SEuerus thus the worthy senatour
Seuerus kyng.
Descēded downe, right heire to Androgeꝰ
The eldest soonne of Lud that with the Emperoure
[Page] Out of Britayn that went with Iulius
Whiche Senatoure afore sayd Seuerus
To Britayn came and was intromizate
And with a crowne of golde was coronate.
¶ He brought with hym frō Rome two legion
With whom great part of Britons helde ful sore
And other parte of the northren Britons
With Fulgen stode was kyng of Scotlande bore
Gathered great people euer more and more
With whom yt Pightes & fugitiues .viii. esenable
Destroyed the lande by warre full violable

The .liij. Chapter.

¶ Howe Seuer made a dike with a wall on it, of turues and soddes to kepe the Pightes and the Scottes from the Bri­tons, ouertwharte the land frō the east sea vnto yt west sea.

BVt kyng Seuer hym droue wt batayl sore
Farre north vnto the Scottishe sea
wher thei abode & dwelled forth euermore
Betwene the Scottishe sea and twede no lee
But some bookes sayen to Tyne in certayn
And so is like, for Seuer there did make
A dike, and wall for the Scottes & Pightes sake.
¶ From Tymnouth to Alclud his fayre citee
With turues & soddes & wer theim to againstand
Where the water myght not the Enemytee
Kepe of warre from his trewe Britayn lande
By fyfty myles accompted I vnderstande
To the weste sea, that was of greate Brytayn
This wal wt dikes, pightes & Scottes did refrein
¶ But kyng Fulgē of Pightes & Scottes again
With hoste full great, sieged Ebranke citee
Whiche Seuer rescowed, and was slayn
And Fulgen also for beten there did dye
Receaued his guerdon for his tyrannye
At Ebranke the kyng Seuer was buried
With victorie and honours glorified.
¶ Getan his sonne, a Romayne generate
Getā king of Britain chosen by yt Romayns.
The Romaynes then, hastely did crowne
And Britons bloodde together congregate
By hole assente, and playne eleccion
Bassyan chase without collucion
For borne he was of the feminytee
Of Britayn bloodde and consanguitee.
¶ This Bassian with Getan then did fight
In great batayll wher Getan so was slayn
To Bassian so discended all the right
Bassian reygned vii. yere.
Of whiche the Brytons all were full fayn
Within .iiii. wekes was all this done full playn
But Bassian then his brother buried
And Romayns all on hepes mortifyed.
Bassian then was crouned kyng of Brytayn
Full well he helde the realme .vii. yere in peace
To tyme Caranse confedered hym agayn
With Scottes & Pightes vpō hym gon encrease
All fugitiues, outlawes to hym, came prease
For long he had a robber been by the sea
And richer was, then any kyng myght bee.
By his manhode set all on roberye
[Page] Of lowe bloodde came, rysen by insolence
To soudyours he gaue wages full greatly
For to betraye the kyng by diligence
He to the kyng so made by violence
Whiche promyse kepte, he slewe the kyng anon [...]
In place wher as thei wer with hym alone.

The .liiii. Chapiter.

¶ Carense kyng of Britayne reigned .iiii. yere by treason, borne of lowe bloodde and rose vp of robery by the sea.

THrough treason of Carense Scottes & the Pightes
Caranse reigned liii. yeres.
Assented so by fals cōfederaciō
Through his giftes & his subtyll slightes
Betwene theim wrought in councell priuatly
This false Carense so gatte the monarchie
Of all Britayn within the sea aboute
Foure yere he reigned, of porte that was ful stoute
¶ The Barons were so with gold englaymed
By this Carense and by his language swete
Semyng like truth in maner as he proclaymed
As nothyng is more redy for to mete
Then coueteous and falshode as men lete
So wer they all with his giftes enfecte
The kynge was slayne and he was electe.
¶ But whē to Rome was knowne yt false disceyt
Of this Caranse and his wronge intrucion
The Senate sent a letter by theyr conceyte
Hym to distroye by dewe execucion
Who for his faute gaue hym absolucion
[Page xlvi] In batell stronge slewe hym and had the felde
And Scottes all and pyeghtes yt with hym helde

The .lv. Chapiter.

¶ The wordes of the maker of this booke vnto my Lorde of yorke touchynge gouernaunce of this lande, by example of this kyng Caranse through robbery refen of poore bloude to royall estate.

O Worthy lorde and duke of Yorke yt been
Consyder well this case full lamentable
The righwes kig wel gouerned as it was sene
Thus murdred was, of him yt was vnhable
And set hym selfe in trone moste honourable
Of all Britayne, yet came he vp of nought
And of lowe bloude, and it were wysely sought.
¶ Good lorde when ye be set well vnder crowne
With treytours and misruled ryatours
Dispence right so, with all suche absolucyon
And lette hym seke no other correctours
But maynteyne theim, your lawes gouernours
And ouer all thyng, be ye the chefe Iustyce
To kepe the peace, that no false you suppryse

The .lvi. Chapiter.

ALlecto then crowned and made kyng
* Allectus kyng reyg­ned .iii. yere
Of all Britayne reigning fully yeres thre
And well he ruled in all maner werkyng
By power of the Romans greate postee
That brought with him from Rome legions thre
But Britayns then dyd set a parlyament
And chase a kyng by theyr hole assent
¶ Asclipiade that was duke of Cornewayle
Who with Brytons to troynouaunt came
Whylest Romans were by theyr hole gouernalle
At sacrifyce of their goddes faynte and lame
Agaynste whome Alecto of greate fame
Full mightly then faught tyll he was slayne
But Gallus drewe all Romans in agayne.
And kepte the wallys for whiche Asclepiadote
The seege aboute the cytee strongly layde
In which meane while Britōs brake in, god wote
And slewe Gallus and Romains sore affrayde
All out of araye and sore dismayde
Besyde a broke that walbroke men nowe call
That Galbroke then was called there ouer all
Of Gallus name that slayne was in that place
And some sayne of walshemen afterwarde
Walbroke it called for a sodaine case
That then byfell vpon a daye full harde
Of the Brytons that with theim so miscaryed
Ouer that ylke brooke full sore & harde distressed
By Cornyshmen slayne downe ther, & oppressed

The .lvii. Chapiter.

¶ Asclepiadote kynge of Britayne reygned .x. yere, in whose tyme was great persecucyon in Britayne, sayncte Albons slayne and many thousandes slayne for Chrystes sake.

ASclepiadote was crowned king agayne
In royall wyse with all solempnyte
Asclepia­dote reyg­ned .x. yere.
The lawes well he helde and put in great payne
Ouer trespassours, for their peruersite
[Page xlvii] Theuys and robbers on galowis hanged to be
But in his tyme the Emperoure Dioclesyan
Into Britayne then sente Maximian.
¶ This Maximian to surname Hercelyus
A tyraunte false that christente anoyed
Through all Britayne of werke malycious
The christoned folke felly and sore destroyed
And thus the people with hym foule accloyed
Religyous men the prestes and clerkes all
Wemen with chylde and bedred folkes all
¶ Chyldrē soukyng vpon the mothers pappis
The mothers also withouten any pytee
And chyldren all in theyr mothers lappys
The crepyls eke and all the christentee
He kylled and slewe with full great cruelte
The churches brent all bokes or ornamentes
Bellys, relyquys that to the churche appendes

The .lviii. Chapter.

¶ This persecucion was in yt yere of Christes birth a C. lxxx and .iiii. yere, and the .x. yere of kyng Asclepiadote.

HE slew that time & martyred saint Albone
And with him also Iulus and Araon
And Amphimabal yt wolde not dye alone
But offered hym to dye with him anone
For Christes loue as faste as he myght gone
For thousandes sele were martered in those daies
Whose soules be nowe in blysse and shal alwaies
¶ Asclepiadote reygned fully but .x. yere.
[Page] Who for great feare suffred all this payne
And durste nothyng agayne this tyraunt steare
But him withdrewe to hyde hym was full fayne
This persecucyon as some chronyclers sayne
The .x. yere was of Asclepiadote
For whiche duke Coyle agayne him rose ful hote
¶ The duke Caire colun that hight Coylus
Whiche cytee nowe this daye Colchester hight
Then crowned was that slewe Asclepiadotus
For cause he came not fourth wt all his might
The tyraunt fell to agaynstande as he hight
Wherfore Britayns were all full gladde & fayne
Of kynge Coylus yt succured all theyr payne.

The .lix. Chapiter.

¶ Kyng Coyle of Briteyne reygned .xi. yere, that was father to saynte Elyne.

HE ruled the realme in lawe and peace ful wel
Kyng Coylus reyg­ned .xi. yere
That for his wyt and vertuosyte
Able he was as chronycles coulde fele
To haue ruled all the emperalyte
For ryghtwesnesse, manhode, and moralytee
A doughter had he and none other heire
Elyne that hyght farre passyng good and fayre.
¶ That afterwarde she was and is canonyzed
In shryne at Rome that is saynt Elyne
Her father Coyle set her to be excercysed
In philosophye and other scyence clene
In whiche she coulde her selfe ryght wel demeane
That she was able by wytte and sapience
[Page xlviii] The realme to rule and haue therof the regence

The .lx. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Constancius Senatoure and Emperour of Rome wedded saynt Elyne, and by her was kyng of this lande.

THe Romans sēt to Britayne Constancius
That Spayne had put in hole subieccyon
Vnto Rome, as chronicles haue writē thus
Who landed here withoute reieccyon
To whome kyng Coyle by good direccyon
His message sente, offeryng hym his truage
And he to stande king, and holde his herytage.
¶ Of whiche, Constance was glad of his entente
And here abode at prayer of the kynge
His doughter wed by their whole assente
Elyne his heyre yt was both good and yonge
Of hye wysdome and womanly conning
And there with all the fairest that men knewe
More Angelyke then womannyshe of hewe
¶ Within fyue wekes after her father dyed
Buryed at Care Colune his owne cytee
Greatly cōmended, well famed and laudifyed,
Both on this syde and beyonde the sea
Eleuen yere reigned in greate dignyte
And ouer all thyng alway comon publyke
Of his realme wrought not many kīges him lyke

The .lxi. Chapiter.

COnstance was kīg crowned wt Diademe
Constaūce kyng reyg­ned. xv yere
And Elin quene through al great britain
On whom he gate a sonne yt had bapteme
[Page] That Constantyne called was then in certayne
But kyng Constaūce of Rome was hye cheftaine
By the senate fyrste made the Emperoure
And after kyng of Britayne and gouernoure.
Whiles he laboured for Romes publyke profete
With his felowe that hyght Galerius
That Emperoure of Rome by greate delyte
Whiche of maxence of porte malicyous
Werryd full sore with werke full cheualrous
And all the weste this constaunce had and hylde
Galerius had the Este there into bylde.
¶ And after when this Constaunce of Britayne
Was crowned kyng the comon wele preferryd
Of all his realme not lettyng for disdayne
He wrought it aye and no tyme it differed
As chronycles of hym sayde and referred
And when he had reygned hole .xv. yere
At Ebranke was he buryed full clere.

The .lxii. Chapiter.

¶ Constantyne kyng of Britayne sonne of Constaunce and of saynte Elyn, by. xxxiiii, yere, was fyrst kynge of Bry­tayne, and afterwarde Emperoure of Rome.

HIs sonne ful yonge Constantyne his heire
Then crowned was by all the baronage
Constan­tyne reyg­ned .xxxiiii. yere.
Who lykely was, semely and ryght feire
Of .xv. yeres, so in his tender age
Great manhode had to rule his heritage
Of greate wysdome was and of sapience
By discrecyon had he intellygence.
¶ He had also a lambishe pacience
To here all pleyntes mekely with sobernes
A lyons chere in felde with good regence
Discrecion good, to chastysh wickednes
The welfare of his realme with busines
Preserued euer and kepte in regyment
And wher nede was, he made suppowelment
¶ The Senatours of Roome by letters well en­dite
Praied hym to come to Roome as emperour
For to destroye Maxence and disherit
Of Christen folke the cruell turmeutour
Of Christen faieth, the cursed confoundour
For of his birth thei saied it sette hym so
Maxence to stroye that was his fathers fo
¶ For whiche he went to Roome wt greate power
Of Britons strong, wt flemynges and Barbayns
Henauldes, Gelders, Burgomans & Frenche full clere
Duchemēne, Lūbardes also many Almains
The yere of Christ three .C. and ten wt Romains
Mette with Maxence and with Dioclesian
And their feloe that hight Maximian
¶ Sumwhat afraid of their multitude
Constantyne then he held vp to heuen
And sawe a crosse in whiche was enclude
This reason good in hoc vinco. full euine
His ferdnes so anone then did hym leuen
In signe of whiche, a crosse of goules he bare
In his baner white, & with hym faught he there
¶ He had the felde and putte theim to the flight
[Page] Wherfore euer after he bare twoo armes clere
In all likenes to euery mannes sight
As Englishemenne in this lande bare theim here
Sainct Georges armes nowe called wtoutē wer
Thus hath the kyng of englande, to theim right
Throughe eldres goottē, by god his verey might
¶ The senate whole, hym mette and magnified
His high tryumphe, and mighty victorye
With laude and honour fully glorified
As vsage was, that tyme of Romanye
At certain gates sette vp for memory
And crouned hym in imperiall trone
That so manly had quit theim of their foone

The .lxiii. Chapiter.

¶ Thanswere of Constantyne whā he was a leper & should haue been heled with the bloodde of innocentes, and howe he sent his mother sainct Elyn to seke the holy crosse. And howe he gaue his palis and dignite emperiall of Roome to Siluester. And howe he went to Besaūce and builded it all newe, & called it Constantyne & destroyed all the Aryanes heresies and dyed there at sainct Nychomede whose daye is halowed with the Grekes in the twenty and one daye of Maye.

BVt howe that he a leaper after grewe
And by his leches, vtterly infourmed
Many innocentes whiche ther were borne newe
For his health should slain beē & disformed
By theim into heale again returned
In whose bloodde bathed, he should haue been
His leprous swames, to haue weshed of clene
¶ But howe their death of emperiall pitee
He then released, rather to haue his pain
Then to recouer by tyranne crueltee
His health and life so to gette again
For whō these innocentes, should haue been slain
And howe he was, by Siluester made clene
With holy water that yet in Roome is seen
¶ Nor howe he sente his mother sainct Elin
To seke the holy crosse, whiche she hym brought
Ne howe she brought the clerkes with hir again
Of Iewes lawe, it to approue for nought
With Christen clerkes, by reason well out sought
Ne when our lawe by Siluester for trewe
Was best approued, that other lawe vntrewe
¶ Howe then he gaue his awne palais royall
Constā ­tine first graūted to the. b. of Rom [...] yt prima­cye.
With Roome all whole, and all the dignite
Through out Romany, with sea emperiall
To Siluester that had the papall sea
He gaue it to hym all quite and free
And to his successours perpetually
Ne howe he distroyed the aryans heresy
¶ Nor howe he went frome Roome to Besaunce
And of his name, then called it Constantyne
Nowe menne it call, by all rememoraunce
Constantyne noble, wher to dwell he did enclyne
There his lawes to kepe and to determyne
And there he sette his throne emperiall
And for his domes, his sea iudiciall
¶ Nor howe he dyed, after that Nichomeyd
[Page] In cathologe emong the sainctes noumbred
Of Maye the twenty and one daye in dede
Vnder shryne buryed and subumbred
Emong all Christē kynges worthy to bee remem­bred
Whose daye & feast ye Grekes haue eche yere
Solemply, as for a sainct full clere
¶ And when he dyed, reigned had and imperate
In Brytain, Roome, and also at Constantyne
By thirty and foure yere ende, and determinate
And in the yere of Christ as menne did determine
When this worthy emperour, his life should fyne
Three hundred was and fourty also full euen
So when his soule was rauished into heuen
¶ And these lōgyng not to Brytons gouernaūce
But vnto Roome and the empire
Whiche me nede not with my stile auaunce
For Marian hath the Rooman chronicler
All the whole substaunce and the mater
So well it maye with rethorike termes fayred
Whiche by my simplenes I would not wer appaired
¶ But after his daye came one Octauius
Duke of Westesax that crouned was for kyng
That sleugh the werdeins of constatynus
Whiche that he sette for Brytain gouernyng
In his absence to keipe it in all thyng
For whiche the senate Traherne to Brytain sent
Sainct Elyns vncle that into Brytain wente
¶ With legyons three at Portesmouth did lande
And to Wynchester then rode furth right
[Page li] Where Octauius came, hym to withstande
And with hym faught and putte hym to flight
Went to Portesmouth again full right
Wher then he shipped full faste to Albanye
Wher on stanemore thei faught again on hye
¶ Wher Traherne wāne the felde with victorie,
Kyng Tra­herne.
And into Logres came crouned with dignite
And well did rule then all his monarchie
All menne hym loued for his sanguynite
In his tyme in greate nobilite
He kepte it well frome all tyranny
Foure yere complete in all thyng worthily
¶ In whiche tyme, so then the said Octauius
Procured his death by whiche then was he slain
By a traytour full false and odyus
So was he kyng of Brytain then again
And sone then after, he fell in age vnbain
A doughter he had, that was bothe good & faire
Whō sume counsailed, bycause she was his here
¶ To Conan Meryadoke anone for to marye
And other counsailed vnto Maximian
Kyng Traherne his soonne a prince of Romanye
To Constantyne next heire he was alaane
Whiche maryage was fulfilled and tane
Maximian hir wed, then Octauius
By fourten yere then reigned and dyed thus
¶ Maximian after hym ganne succed
And crouned was maugre of all his fone
For ire of whiche Conan departed in deede
[Page] And warred sore on Logres so anone
Maximian reig­ned in all xxx .iiii. yere.
Wherfore the kyng, full faste with hoost gan gon
And countred hym with bataile fell and strong
The kyng preuayled, that other so did emong
¶ Till on a daye, their frēdes made theim accorde
The kyng ruled the lande, full well in peace
Fiue yere fully, without any discorde
In whiche tyme, he gatte full greate riches
Thought in hym self, ouer the sea to passe
Hauyng no will, in Bryton long to abide
But into Fraunce, he was so sette in pryde
¶ With hoost full greate he landed in Armorike
A duchy that was longyng vnto Fraunce
The lesse Brytain, nowe of Gaule kyngrike
And conquered it by marciall gouernaunce
To Conan then, it gaue hym to auaunce
To holde of hym, and called it lesse Brytain
And stuffed it then with Brytons, soth to sain
¶ And furth he went & wan the realme of Fraūce
And so by processe, Almaigny hym obeyed
So did a greate parte of Italy, by accordaunce
He putte to flight Gracyan, that hym desobeyed
And Valentynyan, with hym conueighed
And sleugh by battaile, Fulgen mightely
And Emperour was made of Romany
¶ Conan the kyng, then of litle Brytayn
To Dyanote the duke of Cornewaile sent
For Vrsula his doughter, letters plain
His wife to bee, in verey good enteut
[Page lii] With her also of maydens, that wer gente
The .xi. M. vyr­gins.
Xi. thousande, in his land to bee wed
For Frenchewemen, they would haue none to bed
¶ This Dianote, custos was of a Britayn
His doughters wt those virgyns then forth sente
In Thamis shipped, and cast in Almayne
By tempest greate, there shippes all to rente
Many of theim wer dead, and many shente
In sykenes, frayde in stormes, and sore tempest
That ful fayn thē there, wold haue had there rest.
¶ Gwames was then kyng of Houndelande
And Malga kyng of Pightes, paynymes hatous
In whose landes they arryued, I vnderstande
Vnto theim then, they wer full odyous
Passyng yrefull, and full malicious
And for they would not, be deuirgynate
They slewe theim all, through crueltee and hate.
¶ Whiche now beē saynts, & marters euerychone
In nonnes mynster, conserued in Coleyn
That noumbred been, both with frend and foone
Xi. thousand virgins, of greate Britayn
Maximian the emperoure of Romayn
When he had reigned .xxxiiii. yere
By Gracyās frendes was buried, & layd on bere.

The .lxiiii. Chapiter.

¶ Gracian kyng of Britayne, in whose tyme kyng Malga & Gwaymes distroyed all Britayne

GRacian, when Maximian was slayne
To Britayn sent then, by the Senatours
Gracian kyng.
In whose time kīg Malga & kīg Gwayme
[Page] This lande ouer road, standyng in all honoures
That mortall fooes, and cruell tormentours
To Christen fayth wer and malicious
All mercylesse and passyng rigorous.
¶ Whiche kynges two, roote of all crueltee
Full false paynemes replete of felony
The churches brent, and slewe the commontee
Wyues nor childre, ne yet the clargye
Ne religious ne yet the prelacye
Thei spared not, but mercylesse theim kylled
Of wickednes so foule, thei wer fulfylled.
¶ But Gracian that crowned was and kyng
In domys false, and in his iudgementes
Fell dispiteous great tallages takyng
Both of the lordes there landes and rentes
And of gentilles agayn all there ententes
So did he also of all the commontee
For whiche thei sle we hym without pitee
¶ Gwames and also Malga the kynges two
Destroyng Britayn without any reste
The Senate sent a legion of knightes tho
Into this lande, of eche region the beste
Chosen out of all the worthieste
The whiche putte Gwames and Malga to flight
That shipped home vnto there lande full right.

The .lxv. Chapiter.

¶ The Senate of Rome sente a legion of knyghtes into Britayn, who made the Britons to make a walle of lyme and stone from the easte sea vnto the weste sea and called it the peight wall.

THis legion and Britons hole assembled
That made a wall well wrought of lyme and stone
Where Seuer made of turues & soddes sembled
With castelles strong and towres for the nones
At eche myles ende to agaynstande all the foonyse
From sea to sea as yet it is well seen
In dyuers places, where it was wonte to been.
¶ This legion home returned then agayn
For Britayn then suffred great disease
The Scottes & Pightes ther did theim ful great payn
Syxe yere then next, of whiche to haue some ease
To kyng Aldrye there sorowes to apease
Of esser Britayn, then sent theim Constantyne
To be there head and also there medecyne.
¶ This Constantyn kyng Aldries brothers wife
Was crowned then with royall diademe
Constā ­tyne rei­gned .x. yere.
At Caircester as Brytons could deuyse
That with his hoste royall as did hym seme
Gwayme and Malga, as chronicles do exprieme
The Scottes and Peightes he vēged & ouercam
That Brytayne wrought afore full mykel shame.
¶ Thre sonnes he had full fayre by his wife
Constance then was the eldest sonne of all
That was not wise, wherfore then in his life
He made hym monke, he was so bestiall
To gette the life aboue celestiall
His secounde sonne that hight Aurelius
His surname was called Ambrosius.
¶ The youngest sonne hight Vterpendragon
These two were wyse, but young they wer of age
To there vncle sent, to be at his direction
Nurture to learne, and all maner language
By whiche after they maye haue knowelage
With discrecion and all good ordinaunce
To rule and haue the realme by gouernaunce
¶ When Constantyne had reigned well .x. yere
Vpon a daye, as he in his garden went
A Peight that was in his house, hym full nere
Hym slewe anone, by treason and consent
Of Vortiger, that euer in his entent
Conspyred had, to haue the regaltee
Of greate Britayn, the kyng so to bee.

The .lxvi. Chapiter.

¶ Constaunce kyng of Britayne reigned but one yere, that was monke first and after made kyng, and was not wyse but an ideote, whome Vortiger crowned to that entent to make hymselfe kyng by false cōtryuyng, seyng the kyng full symple to rule the lande.

COnstaunce his sonne ye mōke was in Cair­gwente
Constaūce kyng.
Vortiger duke of westsex, was that daye
In haste crowned, by barons hole assente
Knowyng he shulde, be but a foole alwaye
The realme to saue, and kepe out of disraye
He waged Peightes, on hundreth to serue yt kyng
Alwaye vpon his body abydyng
¶ He made the kyng, full certenly beleue
Thei shuld espie emong the enemytee
[Page liiii] By their frendes, yt no Peightes shuld hym greue
Ne Scottes of theyr greate peruersitee
But thei of it, afore in certayntee
Shuld let hym witte, there malice to vnderstande
Such subtyll meane, to fage the kyng he fande.
¶ And vnder that, a while he payed theyr wage
Full well with chere, full good & all pleasaunce
Vnto a daye he sayd, to theyr knowlage
The kyng nomore would haue theyr attendaunce
But wer he kyng, he shuld theim well auaunce
Whiche thyng, and euer came to preefe
About his ꝑsone, they shuld be cherished as cheefe
¶ There wages also, full well shuld be payde
For whiche behest, anone they slewe the kyng
And brought his head to hym full foule arayde
Of which he made hym wroth, in all semyng
But to London, by his subtyll wrytynge
He gaue charge, the Peightes all to kyll
And none escape, nether for good ne yll.
¶ This Vortiger, protectour was that yere
And in his handes, the kynges castels all
He had, and sawe he might the crowne full clere
Haue at his wyll, so dred the lordes temperall
And prelates hie, that were spirituall
His heuynesse and indignacion
That they assented to his coronacion.
¶ Whē Cōstaūce thus, yt kyng had been one yere
And could nothyng, of rule ne gouernaunce
The commons sawe, he was an ideote clere
[Page] Theyr voyces all gaue, with all theyr obeisaunce
To Vortiger with theyr hole attendaunce
As comons would euer yet of olde and newe
Eche yere their kyng to chaunge and renewe.

The .lxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Vortiger kynge of Britayne reigned .xviii. yere through his falshed and treason cōspired with Peightes, to slea his kyng. And howe Engist and Horsus paiens landed in Kent and were beloued with Vortiger, and howe wed­nisdaye and frydaye had name, and what goddes and god­disses they honoured. Howe and when Engist and Horsus lāded in Kēte, & made Thoncastre & horne castre in the coū tre of Lyncolne, & howe Engist sent for his doughter & ma­ried her to kyng Vortiger, and brought in with her greate multitude of paiens, that accombred all the realme both of warre & of Christen fayth, wherfore the Britons crowned the kynges sonne.

THis Vortiger thē crowned kyng of might
Vortiger kynge of Britayn reygned .xviii. yeres
The Peightes and Scottes for he there kyng so kylled
They sclaundred hym, that mikell good he hight
Vnto Peightes, the kyng haue slayn and spilled
By suche treason his will they so fulfilled
And after by his preuy ordinaunce
He made thesame be slayne, for thesame chaunce
¶ For whiche they aroose on hym to been auēged
With ful great hoste destroyed both corn & towne
And brent his lande, and felly reuenged
In whiche tyme came into this region
Engist and Horsus dukes of great renoune
By sort sent out all voyde of Saxonye
With menne of warre also of Germanye.
¶ In shyppes thre arryued so then in Kent
When Vortyger at Caunterbury laye
Whiche he withhelde anon, and farre him sent
To warre on the Scottes and Pyeghtes aye
That brent his lande and noyed day by daye
Peynemis they were and trowyd of Mercury
And on Venus theyr goddes of Payanie.
¶ That Mercurie woden, in their language
Was called so by his propre name
For whome they honoured of olde and age
The fourth daye in euery weke at hame
* Wednys­daye, wher­of it was named.
And so of Mercury geuing it a name
And of wodē called it wednisdaye
Of olde custome as they haue vsed alwaye
¶ And Venus also, was theyr hygh goddesse
For whome alwaye they halowed the sixte daye
Of euery weke in prayer and holynesse
Who in theyr tonge friday was called alwaye
For whose honoure, that named was frydaye
The Sonne the Moone, Iubiter and Saturne
And Mars the God of armes, they dyd adorne
¶ The yere after of Christes incarnacyon
Foure hundreth full fourty and syxe also
Was when Engyst into this regyon
Firste came, and hauen wt thre shippes and no mo
As saynte Bede sayeth in gestis anglorum so
with scottes & Pieghtes they faught ful mightely
And droue theim oute and had the victorye.
¶ This Engist had then none habitacyon
[Page] Desyringe so a castell in to dwell
Hym and his men, to kepe frome all aduersacyon
Of Scottes & peyghtes yt enemyes were then fell
As all olde Chronyclers canne you tell
Asked as much ground, as a bulleis skyn thonge
Myght cyrcuyte fully of brede and longe
¶ Whiche the king him graunted then anone
He made a thonge then of a bullys skyn
So small and longe, that rounde about dyd gone
A stony grounde to set his castell in
And thus by subtelte and his sleyghty gyn
Where then he made Thongcastre as men tolde
In Lyndesey, that nowe is Castre of the wolde.
¶ Engyst then sent for his doughter Rowan
That came anone, with shyppes eyghtene
Well stuffed of men, for they were of Britayne
Agayne the Scottes and Peightes to opteyne
Whome Vortiger then, thought ful longe to sene
She proferred him a drynke and sayde wassayle
As he was learned, he sayde to her drynke hayle
¶ Which wordes fyrst came vp so into this land
With that he set his herte her for to loue
That he her wed by all kyndes of lawfull bonde
As then the church could best hym learne & moue
And thus the Saxons by Vortiger set aboue
For whiche his sonnes, and all the Baronage
Hym hated sore, ryght for his maryage
¶ Of Paynimes bloodde, for to their ydolatrye
Greate people were then, turned and peruerte
[Page lvi] And greate also in Pilagien heresye
Were accombred, and hole to it aduerte
Wherfore his sonne, the people to conuerte
For Lupus sent, and his felowe Germayne
Christen fayth to preache, in all Britayne.
Which bishoppes. ii, the folke conuert did againe
By processe so, and home agayne then went
This Engyst then, to please the kyng full fayne
For his sonne Occa, to Germany sent
For Ebissa and Cherdryk by consent
Of Vortiger, that .iii. C. shyppes brought
Of men of warre, the best that might be sought.
Of whiche his sonne, that then hight Vortimer
Of his fyrste wyfe, and also the barons all
Of suche multytude of people, affrayed were
And to the kyng, as then it did befall
Compleyned had, without helpe in generall
Wherfore anone, together they dyd consent
This Vortymer to crowne by hole assent.

The .lxviii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Vortymer the sonne of kynge Vortyger, kynge of Brytayne to withstande the power of Engyste, and of Saxons was twyes crowned. Howe this Engyst vnder treaty slewe all the Baronage of Brytons on yt playne of Salysburye.

THen Vortimer they crowned anon ryght
With royalte, that might to it appende
Vortymer kynge of Britayne.
That was ful wise ap pued, lyke a knight
In all courage, that to knighthode did extende
[Page] For to assayle or elles for to defende
Who with myscreauntes faught sore vpon De [...] ­went
So did he elles at all place where he went
¶ At Abirforth he fought with theim also
The better ay he had where as he yede
But Catigerne his brother was kylled tho
And horne also was slayne by greate manhode
And thus Vortimer victorius where so he yede
An other tyme vpon the north sea bankes
He faught with them, in batayle their vnthankes
¶ They fled vnto the ysle then of Tenecte
Where he theim syeged fearfully and assayled
And slewe theym doune on hepes ay as they met
That theyr power almoste then was fayled
All forefoughten and full sore batayled
Besought the kyng they myght haue his lycence
To Germany to make their reuertence.
¶ So wente they home, with lytell folke alyfe
That in his tyme, they came no more agayne
But cytees all, and churches amended full ry fe
The christentee to mainteyne was full fayn
But then anone the subtell quene Rowayne
Made hym to be poysoned, of whiche he dyed
With her venymes thus was he mortifyed.
¶ In a pyller of brasse he layde on hyght
At the gate where Saxons, had landed afore
He bad his men for also farre as he myght
Hym se, he truste they wolde not nerre come thore
But neuerthelesse, they letted not therfore
[Page lvii] But buryed hym at Troynouaunt cite [...]
As he them bade, with all solempnite
¶ Kyng Vortiger was crouned then again
For Engest sent and bade hym come anone
For Vortimer his soonne was deade and slain
Who wt three hūdred shippis full of mēne echone
In Brytain landed, and to the kyng ganne gone
Of whome he was full glad and well reioysed
And of his folke that were of greate power noised
¶ But Brytons all, and also the baronage
To fight with hym, arose by whole consent
For whiche he sent to theim by message
That to the realme, none eiuill he ment
But for to helpe the lande in his entent
And if thei were of his hoost, displeased
As thei could best deuise, thei should been eased
¶ And bad theim set a daye wher thei might mete
By their auise his power home to sende
Or all to hold, for their common quiet
Fro their enemies, the realme for to defende
All his defaute by their auise tamende
The Brytons thought his profer reasonable
And to the realme also full profitable
¶ Thei sent hym woorde to mete the first daye of Maye
With foure hundred so on euery side
Vpon the plain of Sarum in meeke araye
The craft & pollicye of Engist
That Caire Cradok was called so that tyde
Byside Awmesbury full fair edefied
Again whiche daye, this Engist bad his menne
[Page] Within their hoses a long knif to haue then
¶ And when he saied Nemyth, your sexes then
Eche manne then slee, a Bryton with his knife
For so I shall, vs marshall as I can
A fore a Bryton, a Saxon sette full rife
So shall wee reue theim sonest of their life
And sette vs ay in rest and moost quiete
At a daye lymete, together when wee mete
¶ A daye assigned, as was his ordinaunce
The watche woorde saied, eche panyme a Bryton slewe
Foure .C. lordes, of Christes holy creaunce
Betrayed were, by Engist so vntrewe
The death of whome, many a Bryton did rewe
Whose corps all, were buryed at Awmisbury
Whiche after that daye, was made a Nonnorye
¶ With the hoost of panymes came full fast
And toke the kyng, held hym at Troynouaunt
For marred sore and greately was agast
What so thei asked, anone he did theim graunt
The citees all and castels sufficiaunt
To lette hym passe awaye without troublaunce
Whiche Engist graunted, because of aliaunce

The .lxix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Engist caused Logres to bee called then En­gestlande, of whiche the commons putte gest awaye in their common speache, and call [...] it England for shortenes of speache.

ENgist with his hoost had all thorient
The South & North, in all ye greate Bri­tain
In his kepyng, except thoccident
Englāde wherof it was so named.
Whiche Brytons held of warre and muche pain
By olde chronicles, as I haue herd saine
And then anone, he called it Engestes lande
Whiche after was shorted, and called England
¶ Through the cōmons, yt thought it long to say
And muche lighter, in tongue to saie Englande
Then with their mouth, ouer long to name it aye
By long producyng, to call it Engistislande
And thus came first in, as I vnderstande
As I conceiue, thus came first Englandes name
For short speach, corrupt per sincopene
¶ But Engist then, gaue all the lande about
To Saxons all, and kyng was so of Kent
But Vortiger in Cambre sought through out
To buylde vpon, a castell to his entent
To holde hym in, fro the panymes violent
Whiche in Cambre, the castell of Genoren
He made full strong, in the lande of Hergigyen
¶ Vpon the ryuer of Ewey, on Cloarte hill
But of dragons and of the water vnder
That Merlyn saied, that castell did so spill
Ne of his birth that many menne on wounder
Of that werke, bothe aboue and vnder
That no father had, ne of his prophecye
I cannot wryte of suche affirmably
¶ Notwithstandyng, that philophiers wise
[Page] Affirme well, that sprites suche there been
Bitwene the moone and therth called Incubice
That haue gotten chyldren of wemen vnseene
As in stories diuerse I haue so seen
Howe the philosophier, wise Magancius
Affirmeth it also, and Apuleyus

The .lxx. Chapiter.

¶ Aurelius Ambrose kyng of Brytain the seconde soonne of Constantyne,

AVrelius Ambrose brother of Constaunce
Into Britain with strong & greate power
And segid then Vortiger by ordinaunce
In his castell of Genoren full clere
Whiche with wild fire he brent, and hym in feere
And crouned was by all the baronage
To reioyse Britain that was his heritage
¶ He sought Engist that panyme was full grym
With hoostes thei faught, but Aurele had yt better
The Saxons fled, before that were full brime
For in their quarel, it might bee no better
Duke Eldoll toke Engist and did hym fetter
In Kent as he hym mette awaye fleyng
At Conanburgh hym brought to the kyng
¶ Where he was heded with swerd, and decollate
And Occa then and his soonne Ebissa
His cousins dere at Yorke came, in ful late
And with hym Saxons full many one moo
Wher then the kyng, hym segid with muche woo
But Occa then, and al his compaignie
Came to the kyng to whome he gaue mercye
¶ The kyng then made a worthy sepulture
With yt stone hengles, by Merlins whole aduise
For all the lordes Brytons hye nature
That there were slain in false and cruell wise
By false Engest and his feloes vnwise
In remembraunce of his forcasten treason
Without cause, or any els encheson
¶ But Pascencius the soonne of Vortiger
With hoost of Irish, Cambre he destroyed
With whome the kyng faught with his power
And droue hym out, to Irelande sore anoyed
Of his people many slain and foule acloyed
But Eopa then clad in monkes clothyng
With his poysonis, then poysoned had the kyng
¶ But then the kyng of Irelande and Pascence
In Cambre brent, the kyng full sicke then laye
He sent Vterpendragon for defence
With hoost royall and mighty greate araye
He faught wt hym, for whiche thei fled that daye
With shame and hurt to Irelande home again
Vterpendragon the felde so had full plain
¶ Then Vter sawe a starrye beame full bright
And asked Merlyn, what that it might meane
He said it is Stella Cometa righte
It sygnifieth the kyng his death to been
That nowe is gonne to the blisse I ween
The dragon also, thy self dooeth signifye
With beames twoo extendyng seuerally
¶ The beame southward, to Fraūce yt dooeth ex­tende
[Page] Thy soonne that thou shalt haue dooeth signifie
That shall conquere, all Fraunce vnto thend
Almaignie also and all Germanie
And so to Roome, throughout al Romanie
Aboue all princes, in his tyme moost fained
Through Christente moost dred and best named
¶ That other beame to Irelande extendyng
Thy doughters eke dooeth also signifie
Their children also, that of theim shalbe comynge
The realme to haue with all the regalie
Thus Merlyn to hym dooeth specifie
So went he furth anone to Cairgwente
Where he had woorde of his brothers enterremēt
¶ Within the Giaūtes carole that so then hight
The stone hengles, that nowe so named been
Where prelates & dukes, erles & lordes of might
His sepulture to worship there were seen
Thus this worthy kyng, was buryed by dene
That reigned had, that tyme but thirten yere
When he was dedde and laied so on beere

The .lxxi. Chapiter.

¶ Vter Pendragō kyng of Brytain and of his armes that he bare.

HIs brother Vter, at Cairgwēt was croūd
Vter Pendragō kyng of Bry­tain.
In trone royall thē fully was admit
Twoo dragons made of gold royall that stound
That one offred of his deuout wit
In the mynster there as he had promit
That other before hym, euer in battaile bare
Of gold in goulis, wher so he gan to fare
¶ Tharmes also of Troye, that Brutus bare
Tharmes also, of good kyng Lucius
Whiche after baptyme, his armes alwaye ware
The same armes that kyng Constantynus
At his batayll against Maxencius
So bare alwaye, yt saynt George armes we call
Whiche Englyshemen nowe worshippe ouer all.
¶ And for he bare, the dragon so in warre
The people all, hym called then Pendragor.
For his surname, in landes nere and farre
Whiche is to saye, in Britayn region
In theyr language, the head of the dragon
And in the north, as he a castell made
Pendragon hight, wher he his dwellyng had.
¶ But Occa sonne then, of that false Engist
And Oysa also, the sonne of Occa with
That northlande brent, of which when Vter wyst
He faught with theim, there saued theim no grith
Nor none of the people, that came theim with
He tooke Occa and Oysa, in batayll
Beside Dane hill, wher they did hym assayle.
¶ The Saxones also he slewe, yt with hym came
And had the felde, with all the victorie
For ioye of whiche, he made great ioye and game
Proclaymed his feast, of Pasche solemply
To holde at London, wher then he made his crye
That euery lorde, his wife with hym shuld bryng
For worshippe of that feast, and of the kyng.

The .lxxii. Chapiter.


¶ Howe the kyng was an amoured of the duke of Gorloys wyfe, and how he gatte on her kyng Arthure.

EMonges other, Gorloys duke of Corne­wayle
His wife did bring Igrene fayre of figure
Whose beautee their, all others made to faile
So well and hole auised was nature
Her womanhede exceded euery creature
That though nature, her beautee woulde haue a­mēde
Hir cōnyng might therto in no wise extēde.
¶ Of whiche beautee, and of her goodlyhede
The kyng with loue, so greatly was oppressed
It chaunged all his corage and manhede
In kalendes of eschaunge, he was so impressed
For whiche the duke with hir then home adressed
Perceauynge well, the kynges fykelnesse
Was set for loue, on her womanlynesse
¶ In Tyntagell his castel strong, he her set
Hymselfe then laye, in castell Dymyoke
Wher then the kyng hym sieged her to get
But Merlyne then, from it hym did reuoke
And by his councell subtelly dyd prouoke
Knowyng his loue; he had to dame Igrene
By coniurisons made in haste full yerne.
¶ He made the kyng, vnto duke Gorloys like
Hymselfe like to Brethel in all semblaunce
That then was the dukes preuy myke
And Vlfyn lyke, by all kyns gouernaunce
Vnto Iordan in all maner conysaunce
That moste knewe of the dukes preuytee
[Page lxi] By whiche he brought to Igrene all three.
¶ Thus laye the kyng hir by, euer whē he would
She trustyng then, that he had been hir lorde
But euer his siege he made sadly to been holde
His people assautyng the castell by one accorde
But Gerloys men, then pleynly did recorde
Theyr lorde was slayn and Vter had the felde
Of which she merueyled, & then fast hym behelde.
¶ There gatte he then, on hir a sonne full fayre
And fro hir went, vnto his hooste agayn
The duke was slayne, with all his moste repayre
Of whiche the kyng, glad is not to layne
To Tyntagell with all his hoste full fayne
He came anone, and had it at his wyll
He comforted hir, and bad her holde it styll
¶ But then betwene theim two he did discure
The priuetee in all, as it was wrought
And sette his daye to wed hir and to cure
Of heuynes, that she was then in brought
Her lordes death so muche was in hir thought
For hir so slayne, hir wyfehode also defouled
Afore that tyme, that euer was kept vnfouled.
¶ And at the daye, he wedded hir and cround
And she ferforth with childe was then begonne
To comforte her, he sette the table rounde
At Wynchester, of worthiest knightes alone
Approued best in knighthode of their foone
Whiche table rounde Ioseph of Arimathie
For brether made of the seynt Grall onely.
¶ In whiche he made, the seege pereleous
Where none shulde sytte, without great mischiefe
But one that shuld be moste religious
Of knightes all, & of the rounde table chiefe
The saynt Graal, that shuld recouer and acheue
By aduenture of his fortunitee
And at his death, a virgyne shulde bee.
¶ But at hir tyme, the quene had borne a soonne
That Arthure hight, and was of statur fayre
More large of lymme, and wysest vnder sunne
Of his age then, to bee his fathers heyre
Of all his lymmes, right comly, stronge & fayre
But Occa then and Oysa, that afore
Stale home, were come & warred in Britayn sore.
¶ The kyng sent forth, syr Loth of Lowthian
A worthy prince, hardy and bounteous
His doughter had wedded, yt hight thē dame Anne
A manly manne, and right cheualrous
The first knight, that was electe right fortunous
Of the table round, that ofte with theim did fight
That ofte preuayled, and sometyme put to flight.
¶ For whiche the kyng, ordeyned a horse litter
To beare hym so then, vnto the verolame
Wher Occa laye, and Oysa also in feer
That saynt Albones, nowe hight of noble fame
Bet downe the walles, but to hym forth they came
Wher in battayll, Occa and Oysa were slayne
The felde he had, and therof was full fayne.
¶ There was a well, whiche his enemyes espied
[Page lxii] That he vsed the water ofte to alaye
His drynkes, all his sores to be medifyed
Whiche they venomyd, with poyson on a daye
Of whiche he dyed, and went to blisse for aye
In the carole, besyde his brother dere
As to suche a prynce, it dyd ryght well affere.
¶ He reygned had then. ix, and thyrtye yere
And in the yere of Chrystes natiuyte
Fyue hundreth and syxtene, then was full clere
The realme he lefte, in good felicyte
Arthure his sonne, to haue the royalte
To reygne and rule the realme, yt then was able
That of his age, was none so cōmendable.

The .lxxiii. Chapiter.

¶ Arthure kyng of Britayne, reygned .xxvi. yere. Howe the kynge bare syxe banners in his warre, and howe he renew­ed and increased the table rounde, and helde vp royally the rule of it, and howe he conquered Irelande and Denmarks with all the ysles of theim.

ARthure his sōne vp growen, then peerlesse
Throughout yt world approued of his age
Of wyt and strength, beawte and largesse
Kynge Ar­thure.
Of persone hye, aboue his Baronage
And other all, of Brytons vasselage
By his shoulders, exceded in longitude.
Of all membres, full fayre in latytude,
¶ At Circestre then of .xv. yere of age
When Dubryk archbishoppe of Carilyon
[Page] With all estates within his herytage
Assembled there Duke, earle, lorde, and baron
And commentye of all the regyon
Vpon his hedde did sett the dyademe
In royall wyse, as wele hym dyd beseme.
¶ The yere of Christes byrth .v. C. and syxtene
Was whan he was crowned all with golde
Where than he made, a vowe for to sustene.
The chrysten fayth, the churche also to vpholde
The peace and lawes, mawgre who so other wold
The Saxons also, to warre and destroye
That of longe tyme, had done vs greate anoy
¶ King Arthure sought yt Saxons in Scotland
His chiefe baner of goules was to see
An ymage of our Lady of golde enthronde
Crowned of golde, as freshe as it myght be
His other banner was of the Trynite
Of golde and goulis of saynt george was yt third
The .iiii. was Brutus armes knowen and kyd
¶ The fyfte baner of goulis .iii. crownes of gold
The syxte of Goulis, a dragon of golde fyne
With hoost full great, of Britons yt were holde
On Douglas water the Saxons he did vntwine
Colgrim yt was their capitayne fled fro thyne
To Yorke anon, and it with people helde
His men then slayne, the kyng had so the felde▪
¶ Cheldrik & Baldoffe, two dukes of Germanie
With hostes great, then landed in Britayne
To Colgrym came, and brent that lande in hye
[Page lxiii] But to Arthure kyng Howell came full fayne
With hoost great, his systers sonne certayne
Of lesse Britayne, that with his vncle went
Against Colgrym to fyght in his entent.
¶ Cador the duke, that tyme of Cornewayle
The kynges brother of his mothers syde
Came to the kyng, with people yt might auayle
So dyd all other, of all Britayne full wyde
With their enemies then met of mikell pryde
And vaynqueshed theim at Lyncolne then seging
For whiche they fled full faste yt, syege leauing
¶ To Calidon wood nere vnto the sea
Where the kynges two, theim seged sore about
That for famishment & fought, they swore to be
The kynges men and their lande throughoute
For to voide their people, of all the land out & out
Colgrym, Baldolffe, and also duke Cheldryk
That chieftayns were wt dughty duke Cordrik
¶ And leyde hym hostage, all this to spede
And when they were vpon the sea agayne
They landed eft at Totnesse so in dede
And seged Bathe where Arthure was full faine
Their hostages honged in their syght ful plaine
And with them fought Colgrym & Baldof slewe
To Cordryk gaue westsex to be his man trewe.
¶ Duke Cador then folowed vpon the chace
And slewe Cheldryk, and his of Saxonie
And to the kyng agayne came for this case
That kyng beseged was in Albanye
[Page] Wherfore they went, with hoste full manly
To Alclud, where Scottes & peightes laye about
Theim discomfyted, and hym delyuered oute.
The Scottes & peightes, he droue into oute ysles
Of Scotland then, & there became his men
To lyue in peace, that euer were full of wyles.
But Gwillomare, the kyng of Irelande then
Ouer kyng Arthure, full harde warre beganne
With hoste full greate, of Iryshe and Saxonye
In Scotlande brent, and also in Albanye.
¶ But then yt kyng hym met, & with hym faught
Discomfyted hym, and put hym to the flygt
Vnto Irelande, with batayle sore vnsaught
Of Scotlande, then of Lowthyan by ryght
The kyng was then, that loth of Lowthian hight
The fyrste knyghte, was so of the table rounde
To Arthure true, & also his lyegeman founde
¶ His syster Anne, vnto his wyfe had wed
On whome he gate the curteous knyght Gawen
In Dunbar castell, his lyfe there he ledde
And Aguzell was kyng, that tyme certayne
Of Albanye, and Vryan, of Murref playne
The kyng was then, to kyng Arthure full trewe
His lyegeman aye, and chaunged not of newe.
¶ The kyng Arthure, then wedded to his wyfe
Gwaynore faiereste of any creature
That tyme accompted, for passyng birth natyse
So Iuly fayre, she was of her fygure
More aungelyk, then womannyshe of nature
[Page lxiiii] In so ferfurth, mē thought them selues wel eased
Her to beholde, so well al folke she pleased.
¶ The table rounde, of knightes honourable
That tyme were voyde, by great defycience
For many were, through actes marcyable
Dispended then, by warres violence
Wherfore the kyng, then of his sapience
The worthyest of euery realme aboute
In the table rounde, then sent without doute.
¶ The thre kynges foresayde of Scotlande
Two kynges also of Walys, full chyualrous
Howell the kyng of lesse Briteyne lande
And duke Cador, of Cornewayle corageous
And worthy Gawen, gentyll and amarous
And other fel, theyr rule was wronges to oppresse
with their bodyes, where lawe myght not redresse
The fayth, yt church, Maydens, & widowes clene
Chyldren also, that were in tender age
The cōmon profyte, euer more to sustene
Agayne enchauntmentes, his body for to wage
Agayne whiche crafte, of the deuelles rage
Theim to destroye, and all kinde of sorcerye
Of whiche were many, that tyme in Brytaynye.
¶ On whitsonday, alwaye euery yere
They shoulde eche one at the feaste be wt the king
In anye place, where euer so that he were
But yf he were in prysone, or harde lettyng
By dede of armes, death, or elles sycke lyeng
In whiche cases, one of the table rounde
[Page] Shulde seke hym all yt yere, tyll here were found.
¶ Also their rule was eche one should tell
His owne actes of warrys auenture
Afore the kyng at meate howe hym byfell
In his trauayle or of his misauenture
The Secretorye, should put it in scrypture
For none auaunt, it should not then betake
But for his rule to holde, ye king then dyd it make
¶ Also to steare & moue, yonge knightes corage
To seche armes and warrys of worthynesse
And of dyuerse landes, to learne the language
That elles wolde lyue at home in ydylnesse
For honoure & ease, abideth not together doutlesse
Also it moueth these poore & yonge knighthode
To be auaunced, by theyr ladies lyuelode.
¶ For doute it not, Ladies ne gentylwemen
No cowardes loue, in maner that is abusyon
And shamefull also repreuable amonges men
His cowardyse doth him greate confusyon
A man to withdrawe him, by feynt collusyon
For better is, with honour for to dye
Then with lyfe, ay ashamed for to be
¶ The somer nexte, Arthure went to Ireland
With batayle sore forfoughten yt conquered
And of the kyng had homage of that lande
To holde of hym, so was he of hym feared
And also gate as chronycles haue vs lered
Denmarke, Friselande, Gotelande, & Norway
Iselande, Greneland, Thisle of Man & Orkynay
¶ He conquered these, to hold of hym euermore
He made kyng Loth that was of Lowthian
Of Norway kyng, wher he had fought full sore
And Lowthyan he made his soonne Gawayne
The kyng to hold of hym by homage then
For Norway was his veray heritage
Discent of bloodde of kyng Sechelynes lynage
¶ Kyng Arthure then, through Christētie moost famed
And conquerour aboue all kynges royall
Was thē moost doubted of māhode & best named
But kynges and princes of Septentrionall
His to present moost high emperiall
Eche daye came newe, that then more like it semid
An heuenly life, then erthely as menne demid
¶ He held his houshold, and the rounde table
Some time at Edenburgh, some tyme at Striue line
Of kynges renomed, and moost honourable
At Carleile sumwhile, at Alclud his citee fyne
Emōg all his knightes and ladies full femenine
At Bamburgh also and Ebrank citee
At London at Wynchester, with greate royalte
¶ At Carlion, Cardif, and Aualyne
In Cornwaile also Douer and Cairelegion
And in Scotlande at Perthe and Dunbrytain
At Dunbar, Dumfrise and sainct Iohns towne
All of worthy knightes, moo then a legion
At Donydoure also in Murith region
And in many other places, bothe citee and towne
¶ But euer as next, the valey is the hill
[Page] After long rest commeth sharpe labour
Kyng Arthure then had so firmely sette his will
To conquer Fraunce as his progenitour
Maximian did, with full greate honour
Wherfore he sent, to all his homagers
That to hym came with all their powers

The .lxxiiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Arthure conquered Fraunce, and sleugh kyng Frolle of fraūce, and wan many lādes thither­ward, and when he had wone Fraunce and ruled it nyne yere, he came to Carlion and he and the quene were crouned there again with greate solempnite & dewe seruice dooen by his homagers.

ANd into Fraunce anone so furth he went
And in Paris Frolle yt was gouernour
Bysegid then, who vnto Arthure sent
Profered hym bataile, with full greate honour
With hande for hande, for right of themperour
To fight with hym, to iudgen all the right
Whiche to fulfill, Arthure graunted and hight
¶ At a daye assigned, thei twoo together mette
Within an Isle without Paris citee
Wher either other, with wepons sore then bette
But kyng Arthure, by greate humanyte
That daye hauyng, of hym the souereingte
Sleugh Froll yt daye, with Caleburne his swerd
For whiche all Fraunce, of hym were sore aferd
¶ Paris thei yeld, and all the realme of Fraunce
The royals all, to kyng Arthure obeyed
[Page lxvi] Seruice did hym, and all whole obeisaunce
As to their kyng, and hym nomore disobeyed
He sent Howell, with hoost and hym conueighed
To Guyan then, who made Guytard obeye
To kyng Arthure, with all that euer he maye
¶ Nauerne and Spain, Portyngale, Aragon
Prouince, Sauoye, and Langdok with also
Flaundres, Braban, Henauld and Burgoyn
Orliaunce, Poytiers and Lectoo
Cateloigue eke Almaignie and many mo
Holande, Selande, and Gelders within fere
His menne became, as prince without pere
¶ At Paris then he feasted all thastates
By fourty dayes, were he and also the quene
Were crouned then and had the lande subiectes
In all honour and ryalte as was seen
He feasted all the commonalte full clene
The prelates whole and the vniuersite
And ladies all, with their feminite
¶ Nine yere, he helde his throne riall in Fraunce
And open hous, greately magnified
Through all the world, of welthe and suffisaunce
Was neuer prince, so highly gloryfied
The rounde table, with princes multipled
That auentures then sought cotidianly
With greate honour, as made is memory
¶ And when he had, so ruled Fraunce neni yere
To Brytain went, he home then again
At Cairlion his citee faire and clere
[Page] At witsondaye to se, his knightes faine
He sette his feast royall, the sooth to sayne
By fourty dayes, for all that there woulde been
Moost for his knightes, that he desired to seen
¶ At whiche feast he, and the quene also
Crouned were, with royall diademe
By Dubrice, that tharchibishop was tho
At Carlion as the churche did deme
With all rialtie as well did beseme
Tharchebishopes of London and Ebrank
Came to that feast, and had full muche thanke
¶ At the Enoyntyng of this moost noble kyng
Tharchebishop of London the right arme
Tharchbishop of Yorke by all writyng
The left held vp, without any harme
While the people to see that sight, did swarme
This was their charge and verey dewe seruise
Of anonxcion tyme, to dooe and excersise
¶ Kyng Agurell that was of Albanye
The kyng Posses of Southwalis that hight
And of Northwalis Ewayn the kyng manly
And duke Cader of Cornwaile by right
Afore the kyng bare foure sweordes full bright
Whiche was seruice of greate antiquite
For their landes dewe, to his souerente
¶ Afore yt quene Gwaynour, the queenes came
Of Southwalis, Northwalis and Albanye
And the duches of Cornwaile, of greate fame
Right well bee seen of chere benyngly
[Page lxxii] Eche of theim bare on her hande on hie
A turteldoue, that was of coloure white
To please the queene, so was her moste delite.
¶ Syr Kay was then the duke of Aungeoy
At Parys made by Arthur and create
His stewarde was that had with mekell ioye
A thousande knightes, to serue early and late
Ententyfly not feynt, wery ne mate
Duryng the feast, clothed all in Ermyn
For best araye, that he could best ymagyn.
¶ Sir Bedwer then at that feast was Boteler
A thousande knightes with hym consociate
The feast to serue, of wynes good and clere
Clad all in graye, of pelury preordinate
That was full riche, accordyng to there estate
Thetis goddesse of waters ther had no might
For Bacchus god of wynes, shed his power right
¶ Thousādes many, of lordes & knightes hono­rable
Eche daye duryng the feast imperiall
Afore the kyng and quene incomperable
To masse and meate, went in especiall
A thousande ladies of estate temporall
Besyde thousandes that were of lesse degree
Wyues and wydowes with other virginitee.

The .lxxv. Chapiter.

¶ A good cause to make knightes worthy and coragious, and ladies and gentilwomen to lyue in great clennes.

THer was no knight, accompted of honoure
But if he wer, in warre approued thrise
Nor with ladies, beloued as paramoure
Whiche caused knightes, armes to exercyse
To be vertuous, and clene of life and wise
It comforte also ladies, and theyr femynitee
To lyue the more, in perfite chastitee.
¶ And when this feast royall was dissolued
The kyng rewarded so highly, eche estate
And in his mynde, ymagened and inuolued
Howe sone and when, at tyme preordinate
They might agayn bee consociate
And commaunded theim, at the nexte Pentecost
There for to bee with him, both least and moste.
¶ Dubricyus, then archebyshop of Cairlyon
Mekely ceased, and hole forsoke his cure
Purposyng so of good religion
An heremytes lyfe, thence forwarde to endure
In whose steade, Dauid of life full pure
Was set to rule the churches dignitee
To Gods pleasaunce with all libertee.
¶ To Mangauero, the sea Pontificall
Of Chichester he gaue withouten lette
Of Wynchester with the cōmoditees all
To Duuyan he gaue, and hym in sette
To God and the churche, as fell of dewe dette
Thysse of alclud also Pontificall
To Eledoure, he graunted, as might befall.
¶ As then befell, the feast of Whytsondaye
[Page lxxiii] That all his knightes, of the table rounde
To his presence, were commen in good araye
And euery knight, his auenture that stounde
Had tolde the kyng, as his order was founde
Whiche aduentures, the kyng made all be writtē
In his register, euer to be knowen and weten.

The .lxxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Galaad came to kyng Arthure and atheued yt seege pereleous in the roūd table, & howe the saynt Graal apered at supper in yt hal, wherfore he made a vowe, neuer to abide two nightes in one place, to tyme he knewe what it was, and that he might se it agayne.

GAlaad that tyme, was .xv. yere of age
The goodlyest afore, that men had seen
Whō Laūcelot gat in very clene spousage
On Pelles doughter, yt kyng full longe had been
Of Venedose, that northwales is nowe, men wene
Clene armed, came at meate & obeyed the kyng
The quene also, and estates there syttyng.
¶ And sate hym downe, in the siege pereleous
Of the table rounde, where none durst sitte afore
But Ioseph, that was full religious
That made it so, ere Galaad was bore
And kyng Arthure, that satte therin therfore
And neuer moo, that it had ought presumed
But they were brent therin, shamed & consumed.
¶ Whiche Ioseph sayd, afore that tyme ful long
In Mewyns booke, the Britayn chronicler
As writen is, the Britons iestes emong
[Page] That Galaad the knight and virgyne clere
Shuld it acheue and auentures in all fere
Of the seyntgraale and of the great Briteyn
And afterwarde a virgyne, dye certeyne
¶ But the knightes all then of the round table
Conceyued well and fully then beleued
He was thesame persone incomperable
Of whō Merlyn sayd euer shuld been wel cheued
Moste fortunate of all knightes that then lyued
For whiche they all anone to hym attende
In all thynges that to knighthode appende.
¶ At supper as he sate agayn at euen
In thesame seege with full knightly constaunce
That proued well, whiche made theim al beleuen
That by his rule and noble gouernaunce
To all knightes he shuld do great pleasaunce
In speciall to all of that order
Ful greate worshyp and all knightly honoure
¶ So sodenly, doores and wyndowes al clapped
With hydeous noyce, farre passyng meruelous
Opened and sperred, al by theim selfs fast rapped
For whiche thei trust of some cause meruelous
As with that noyse the saynt Graall precious
Flowe thryse about, within the hall full ofte
Flytteryng ful fast, aboue theim high on lofte.
¶ And as it came sodenly vnknowen
Right so it went awaye withouten lees
The knightes all that tyme that had it sawen
Amerueled were, of it doutelesse
[Page lxix] Wherfore they all with wepens gan to presse
To see and wete, what thyng it myght bee
But whether it went, they could nomore it see..

The .lxxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Galaad and the knightes of the rounde table made theyr auowes to seke the saynt Graal, some tyll thei found it, and some for a yere.

BVt on yt morowe, Galaad & other knightes
Afore the kyng by one assent compered
Where Galaad made his auowes & high­tes
Neuer to lye, but he were presoned
In one place in no maner of grounde
Two nightes together, no where tyll he it see
Besought the kyng his knight that he might bee.
¶ The kyng hym made a knight of ye table roūd
And armes wolde haue geue hī, but he wold none
Afore that he gatte theim in a stronge grounde
By auenture, or els vpon his foone
And tooke his leaue to passe so forth anone
The knightes all, then of the rounde table
Graunt hym seruice a yere, then perdurable.

The .lxxviii. Chapiter.

¶ The lamentacion of kyng Arthure for his knightes vpon theyr departyng from hym, & of the rule whiche Galaad made emōg the knightes in the quee [...] of the saynt Graal, and howe at A [...]elon he found a shilde of thesame armes, a speare & a swcorde that Ioseph lefte there for hym, which armes, Aruiragus, Lucyus and Constantyne bare of siluer a crosse of Goules.

FOr whiche the kyng wt heuy & dulful chere
Thus sayd: O God what shall I do or say
That my knightes al, which I had ī quere
Thus sodenly fro me, that passe awaye
They my blisse, my hertes hele eche daye
My landes helpe, custodyes of my crowne
And membres of my corps, to kepe my region.
¶ O God, yt deth wold brest myne hert on twayne
Who shall maynteyne, my crowne & my ryghtes
I trowe nomore, to see you eft agayne
Thus hole together, and so goodly knightes
Would God, I might make myne auowe & high­tes
To passe with you, in what land so ye go
And take my parte with you, both in well and wo.
¶ This Galaad then, rode forth, with his route
At euery waye, he made a knight for to departe
To tyme they were, all seuerally gone oute
And none with hym, so had echone theyr parte
And yf any met, another at any arcte
His rule was so, he shuld his felowe tell
His auentures, what so that hym befell.
¶ And also sone, as theyr waye laye on sūdrywise
They shulde departe, and mete nomore agayn
But aduenture, it made of exercyse
Of diuers stretes, that together layne
Of this mater, is nomore to seyne.
But when he had, his felowes all conueyed
He tooke his waye, full like a knight arayed.
¶ Of auenture he came to Auelon
[Page lxx] Where that he found a shylde, that was ful white
A crosse therin of Gowlys, by it one
A speare also, a sweard of great delyte
The whiche with hym, he bare awaye full tyte
He gyrde hym with the swerde, anon full ryght
The shylde he hunge, vpon his shoulder lyght.
¶ The spere he toke on hande, ful lyke a knyght
But there he founde in bokes clerely wryten
Howe Ioseph loste that shylde, therin forth ryght
When he there dyed, as then it was well weten
And also in scrypture, lefte there wryten
That no man should it beare, without mischeue
But one that should, y doughteous siege acheue.
¶ That same was wryten, ryght there of y swerd
Whiche Vacyan lefte there, when he dyed
And of the speare, he was nothyng a ferde
All, yf the same parell of it was notifyed
Lyke as to fore of it was specifyed
But when that he had, laboured so foure yere
He founde in walys, the Saintgraal full clere.
¶ Then rode he forth, vnto the holy lande
Through god and holy inspiracyon
To god he gaue his seruyce, and hym bonde
To chastyte, and greate contemplacyon
And kyng was made, by hole coronacyon
Of Garras then, and duke of Orboryk
Of whome the people, full well dyd theym lyke.
¶ Syr Boers with hym went, and syr Percyuall
And other moo of the table rounde.
[Page] Whome knyghtes he made of the seynt Graall
Whiche order so he ordeyned then, and founde
At Sarras, that to Egypt lande doth bounde
To lyue chaste, and maynteyne christentye
Lyke as Ioseph dyd of Armathye.
¶ But longe after vpon the whitsondaye
Sir Boers and Percyuall came to the kyng
With knyghtes all, that lyuyng were that day
At Carlyon, but Percyuall dyd bryng
Vnto that courte full dolorous tidyng
Syr Galaad his herte closed all with golde
Vnto the kyng full openly and tolde.
¶ Howe Galaad had acheued the auenture
In kyng Pellis householde with great honoure
That called was yt saint Graall by scrypture
And Kyng was made, by his worthy laboure
As he that was of knyghthode a worthy floure
Of Sarras so and duke of Orboryk
Besyde Egypte, where there was none hym lyke
Where thenne he made .xii. knightes of the order
Of saynt Graall in full signifycacyon
Of the table, whiche Ioseph was the founder
The saynt Graall what it is.
At Aualon, as Mewyn made relacyon.
In token of the table refyguracyon
Of the brotherhede of Christes souper & maundie
Afore his death of hyghest dignytee.
¶ And howe Galaad then at his deth you prayed
His herte to bury, besyde kyng Eualake
And duke Saraphe, in golde thus arayed
[Page] Where they be buryed, besyde Ioseph their make
And thus muche he prayed you to do, for his sake
In the chapell of our Lady, Chrystes mother
At Glastenbury, with dyuers sayntes other
¶ This kyng Arthure with Princes & barons al
And all knyghtes of the rounde table
To Glastenbury then rode as myght befall
And there enterred the hert of Galaad honorable
With all seruyce for the death accordable
And ouer it he hanged his shylde that he bare
The whiche afore, saint George armes were.
¶ And when this feaste, was come vnto an ende
The kyng Arthure also and quene Gwaynour
To all estates, greate gyftes gaue and sende
As they were wonte eche yere afore
For his great honoure encreased more and more
Of hyghe knyghthode, houshold and all largesse
Aboue all princes moste famous he was doutlesse
¶ These were knightes then of the table rounde
Morued the Earle that tyme of Gloucestre
Of shrewisbury, therle Heralde that stounde
Therle Mawren also of Worcestre
Therle Ingence that was of Leycestre
Arthegall therle of Warwyke full corageous
Therle Curson of Chestre full bounteons
¶ Kymar then Earle of Caunterbury
When the Earle of Bathe, and Ionathall
Thearle of Dorcestre, Gallus erle of Salisbury
The earle Gurgen, of Herforde knowen ouer all
[Page] Beuyse, Earle of Oxenforde, that men dyd call
Gwerande earle, that was of Excestre
And Paradoure, the earle of wynchester
Cador the duke, that then was of Cornewayle
The kynges brother was, on the syster syde
Dame Igrene was their mother, without fayle
Gwytelene earle of Carlele, was that tyde
Waldeue the duke, cōmended and landifyed
Of Northumberlande, a lorde of greate power
Fro Humbar north, to Twede then was full clere
¶ Kynge Aguzell, that was of Albany
Kyng Vriayn, of Murref, with Ewayne
His sonue, that was corageous and manly
And the noble and curteous knyght Gawayne
That kyng was then, of all fayre Lowthyan
And syster sonne, vnto the kyng Arthure
Mordred his brother, was of the same ordoure.
¶ Loth of Lowthian, that kyng was of Norway
Of Lowthyan, that kyng afore had been
Father to Gawayne, and murdred was that days
Kyng Vryan of South walys I wene
The kyng Pellis, of Northwalis full clene
The kyng Howell also of lytell Britayne
Boers and Hester, Degionaunt and Ewayn.
¶ Syr Percyuall Launcelot, Delake and kaye
Sir Colingraunt Bedewer, and syr Degarye
Geryn of Charters, ye douzepers of Fraunce gaye
The kynges of man, Orkeney, Irelande all thre
Of Iselande, Gotlande, and dukes of dignyte
[Page lxxii] Of Portyngale, Nauerne, and Cateloyne
Of Spayne the kinges, & the duke of Burgoyne
¶ Syr Lyonell Gryffith, Kynkar Olenius
Donalde Macoyle, Cynmarke, & Gorbonian
Kymbalyn Rydran, Eualake, and Carthelius
Crade, and Cradok, Dunwallon, and Morgan
Gadwaloure, Eneas, and Ternuan
And many mo, yt were full longe to wryte
Whiche with my style, I canne not nowe endyte.

The .lxxix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the embassado of the Emperoure Lucius was recey­ued solemplye, and presented the Emperours letters vnto kynge Arthure, and also of the tenoure of the same letters, the whiche Lucius sent to hym.

BVt whyles the kyng sate in his trone royal
His prynces all, and knyghtes of dignite
Aboute him there thambassade imperyall
Were fayre brought vnto his royall dignite
That Prynces were of authoryte
Of moste rype age, and reuerende chere
With Olliffe Braunchies, in their landes clere
¶ Otokyn of message, and legacye
A stately pase, vnto his hye presence
Where they offered, of Lucius Heberye
The letters then, on knees with reuerence
Of whiche this, the wordes and comprehence
As foloweth nowe, when they were reed and sene
As chronyclers wryten, thus do contene.
¶ Lucius of Rome, the Emperoure
Procurator for all the hole senate
Of the Publyke profyte, chiefe gouernoure
By hole Senate made and denominate
To Arthure kyng of Britayne procreate
Sendeth gretyng, lyke as thou haste deserued
Nowe in Fraunce, which was to vs preserued.
¶ Amerueled much, of wronges that yu hast done
Within our lande of Fraunce by great rygour
Without ryght, that better had bene vndone
But yf thy wytte amende, thy foule erroure
That syth of Fraunce, then were the gouernour
No trybute payde, but as thyne owne conquest
Haste holde it aye, vnder thyne areste.
¶ And for thou haste no wyll, it to amende
And were so prowde, to do so cruell a dede
Kyng Froyle to sle, to vs that dyd apende.
And mekell more, for cause thou takest no hede
Of the gate imperyall, that we lede
To whiche all landes obey, and paye truage
Saue thou alone, gaynstandest of thyne outrage
¶ Wherfore we byd strayghtly and cōmaunde
That from August nowe, nexte within a yere
Thou come to Rome, and pay that we demaunde
The truage, which thou haste of thy power
Of Britayne longe withholde, so in feare
And thy defautes, amende thou did in Fraunce
By sentence of the Senates ordynaunce.
¶ And elles, we shall approche to thy countre
[Page lxxiii] And what so thy foly hath vs be refte
With sweordes, wee shall it make restored bee
Till our senate, as first it was infefte
The liuelode, that thy father so the lefte
Thou art els like for thine intrusion
To lose and be brought into confusion
¶ Wrytten at Roome in the consistorye
By whole auise, of all the wise senate
At Pasche last past, to byde in memorie
Their regestred and determinate
Lest thy youthed, our letters and the date
Would couer, with feyned forgetfulnesse
Trustyng in vs, the same defaute I gesse
¶ With that the kyng, went to the Giaūtes toure
With princes all that were of his counsaile
By their aduise, to wryte to the themperour
For his honour, and for his gouernall
Of whiche so wise, would not for gette ne faill
So well were made to Lucius and endite
Whiche saied right thus, as in my stile I wryte

The .lxxx. Chapiter.

¶ The letter that kyng Arthure sent again to Lucius themperour of Roome.

ARthure kyng of all the greate Brytain
And Emperour of Rome, by title of right
Whiche deforced by Lucius Romain
Pretendyng hym for Emperour of might
Vnto the same Lucius, for thyne vnright
Vsurper of the sea emperiall
Sendeth gretyng, as enemie moost mortall
¶ To the senate of Roome it is well knowen
Howe Iulyus Ceaser with iniurye
The truage had, Brytain was brought so lowe
By helpe of erle Androgeus, and his traytorye
That brought hym in, by his false policye
Without right or title of discent
Or any right, that to the senate appent
¶ And what so he had, then by iniurye
Leefull to vs, nowe is it to withstande
For what euer thyng, is take vniustly
Maye neuer be had, as I can vnderstande
By any other, to hold it with strong hand
Frome hym that had it, well and rightfully
By none other maye bee had lawfully
¶ By whiche reason, the wrong we shall defende
And hold our realme so, in our first astate
Of seruage free, as it to Brute apende
Who held it free, afore that Roome bare date
Whose right to vs, is nowe determinate
And by suche right, as thou dooest nowe pretende
We maye clayme Roome, & to thempire ascende
¶ For kyng Belyn, that was our auncetour
And Brenny also, the kyng of Albanye
All Roomain did wyn, by conquest there
Of Roome thei had, and all greate Italie
And sleugh themperour, by their great maistrie
And crouned were in the sea empiriall
Wher no prince was, that tyme to theim egall
¶ But yet we haue, a better title of right
[Page lxxiiii] To thempire whiche nowe we will pretende
For Constantyne, sainct Elyn soonne of right
By right of bloodde, of Constaūce downe discēde
Emperour was, that Roome did well defende
Again Maxence, and his feloes tweyn
Whiche there made, muche Christē people to dien
¶ Maximian kyng of greate Brytain
By whole decre, and will of the senate
Was emperour of Roome, and ruled almaigne
Whose rightes we haue, and al their whole astate
And heire of bloodde, borne and generate
Wherfore we clayme, the throne empirial
Frome hens furth, by lawe Iudicial
¶ As to the daye, whiche thou hast vs sette
To paye to Roome, the tribute and truage
We shall bee their, to chalenge of dewe debte
Truage of Roome, with all their rerage
And to enioyse and hold our heritage
Of Roome citee, to kepe the souereigne sea
With all that longeth to themperalite
¶ And if thou wilt me sonner haue or seeke
Bryng Romanye with the, wher so thou will
With me I shall bryng, Brytain eke
And whiche of vs, that daye maye other kyll
Bere Roome with hym, and Brytain also their till
Wryten at our citee of Cairlion
By whole aduise of all our region

The .lxxxi. Chapiter

¶ He gaue to thambassatours royall giftes, and sent his [Page] letters with his ambassatis to passe to Roome with theim in cōpaignie & he with his hoost folowed sone after theim.

THe kyng then gaue vnto yt hie ambassate
Full riche giftes & golde enough to spend
And bad theim giue their lordes in whole senate
His letters so, whiche he then to hym send
And bad theim saie, that soner then he wend
He should hym se, before the daye assigned
In trust of whiche, theim with his seale assigned
¶ This noble kyng Arthure, his princes prayed
And barons all, and knightes honorable
To passe with hym, at wagis to bee payed
With their power, and their retenue able
For to directe, his right full resonable
Marciall actes, thempire to obtein
To whome thei all consented, whole and clene
¶ And with the kyng, thei passed forth anone
Into Brytain, wher Howell then was kyng
Wher then he hard, y countre make greate mone
For a Gyaunt, horrible in all thyng
That rauished had, by his cruell werkyng
Kyng Howell sister, Elein without pere
Bytwene his armes, was slain and layed on bere
¶ For whiche yt kyng, to mount Michell thē wēt
With that Gyaunt, that faught a bataile sore
With Caliborne his sweord, or that he stint
He sleugh hym there, to death for euermore
And charged Kay, for his victorie thore
To smyte his hedde of, then for memorye
[Page lxxv] In worship of his worthy victorye
¶ In whiche mount, kyng Howell hir tōbe made
A chapell faire, theron edefied
Sith that tyme hether, vpon that place abade
Wher that Gyaunt, and she were homycied
But all his hoost, and people hym magnified
And all the landes about, wholy enioyed
Of that Gyauntes death, so felly anoyed
¶ The kynges all, of Portyngale and Spain
Of Nauerne also, and eke of Catheloyne
Vnto hym came, and dukes of Almaigne
The dukes of Sauoy, and of Burgoyne
Douze peres of Fraunce, and the duke of Lorain
The kynges also, of Denmarke and Irelande
Of Norwey, Iselande and of Gotelande
¶ Through Fraūce, Burgoyn, Sauoye & Lumbardie
Into Italy, and so through all Tuskayn
Fro Tuskayn, then so into Romany
To Awbe ryuer, kyng Arthure came so than
And loged on that water as manne
Wher with Lucius, he faught, in battaile strong
Either other proued, with strokes sore emong
¶ But kyng Arthure, and the princes all
His knightes also there, of the round table
So manfully theim bare, that daye ouer all
That neuer their better were seen, nor more able
So were Romaynes, that daye full cōmendable
Ne none might dooe better in any wise
So worthely thei faught without feyntise
¶ And at the last the Brytons bare the bell
And had the felde, and all the victorye
Wher Arthure sleugh, as chronicles dooeth tell
Themperour Lucius Hibery
And toke his feloe contributorye
But Lucyus hedde, to Roome for his truage
He sent his corps also, for their arerage

The .lxxxii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the senate and the citee of Roome, mette hym in seuen processions, and crouned hym and there wintred hym by all the whole winter.

THe senate sent vnto the kyng Arthure
And prayed hym, thempire to admit
Whiche became hym, & semed hym of na­ture
As Constantyne did in the honour sitte
And al truage forthward, thei would remitte
Of greate Brytain, neuer to aske it more
But make it free, as it was euer before
¶ To whiche prayer, kyng Arthure did consent
And came to Roome, in royall high astate
Wher the citee, by good and whole assent
Full richely hym mette, and the senate
With greatest laude, that might been estimate
And euery gate, his triumphe and his glorie
Full curyously was wrought, in greate storie
¶ The seuen orders in procession
Full solemplye, at Peters churche hym mette
The wifes whole by good discrecion
The wydowes after full deuoutly sette
[Page lxxvi] In order came then, nexte as was there dette
The virgyns then, of pure virgynitee
And then thynnocentes of tender iuuentee
¶ Thorders all of good religion
The preastes, and clerkes seculer
The byshop and cardinalles in vnyon
With the sacrement, and lightes clere
And Belles ryngyng, therewith in fere
Euery order with laude and reuerence
Reioysed greatly of his magnificence.
¶ At the Capytole, in the sea imperiall
They crowned hym, with crownes thre of golde
As Emperoure, moste principall
And conquerour, that daye moste worthy holde
Wher then he fested, the citee manyfolde
Of Rome the byshop, and all his cardinals
The senatours, with other estates als.

The .lxxxiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe that tydynges came to the kynge at Roome, that Mordred had wedded his wyfe, and vsurped the crowne of Englande, for the whiche he came home agayne, and gaue Mordred batayll at Douer, where Arthure pre­uayled, and after again at Wynchester, wher the round table began and fell for euer.

ALl that wynter, at Rome he did soiourne
In palays of Mayns palacium
The somer cā, yt home he might retourne
At whiche somer, so when it was come
Tydynges came to Arthure, hole and some
[Page] That duke Mordred, was kyng of all Britayn
And wedded Gwaynour, to his wyfe certayn
¶ For whiche at Rome, he made his ordenaunce
To rule that lande, and all the hole Empire
And home in hast, with full great purueyaunce
To Britayne came, to venge hym on that sire
That trayterously, agayn hym did conspire
To rauyshe his wife, by stronge and mighty hāde
And also for vsurpyng the crowne of his lande.
¶ At porte Rupyn, whiche nowe Douer hight
He landed then, where duke Mordred hym met
And fought full sore, by all a daye to night
Wher syr Gawen & Anguzell, were sore bet
And slayne both two, so sore they were ouer set
But Arthure had the felde, and Mordred fled
To Wynchester that night, full fast hym sped.
¶ The kyng folowed fast, vpon the chace
And there he fought agayn, with hym full sore
Where many princes and lordes in that case
Were slayn on bothe sydes, for euermore
Of the round table, that longe had been afore
Many worthy knightes, there were spended
For Arthures loue, that might not been amended.
¶ The rounde table, at Wynchester beganne
And there it ended, and there it hangeth yet
For there were slayn, at this ylke battayl than
The knightes all, that euer did at it sitte
Of Britayne borne, saue Launcelot yode quyte
And with the kyng, folowed on the chase
[Page lxxvii] When Mordred fled to Cornwayle, for. yt case.

The .lxxxiiii. Chapiter.

¶ The battayll of Camblayn, where Arthure preuayled and s [...]ewe Mordred, and Arthure had his deathes wounde, and howe Arthure died and was buried in the Blacke chapel of Glastenbury.

WHer on the water, yt called was Camblayne
Mordred abode, wt mightie hoste & stronge
With Arthur fought, yt day of hie disdayne
Full oft alone, euer as they met amonge
But Arthure slewe Mordred, with his knyfe long
That Calibourne was called, of suche vertue
That whomsoeuer he smote therwith he slewe.
¶ But this Mordred, gaue Arthure deaths woūd
For whiche he yode, his woundes to medifie
Into thysle of Aualon, that stound
And gaue Britayne, that was full solitarie
To Constantyne, duke Cader sonne on hye
His neuewe was, for Cader was his brother
As well was knowen, they had but one mother.
¶ Kyng Arthure then, in Aualon so died
Wher he was buried, in a chapell fayre
Whiche nowe is made, and fully edified
The death of kyng Arthure.
The mynster churche, this daye of great repayre
Of Glastenbury, where nowe he hath his leyre
But then it was called the blacke chapell
Of our Lady, as chronycles can tell.
¶ Wher Geryn erle of Charters then abode
[Page] Besyde his toumbe, for whole deuocion
Whether Launcelot delake, came as he rode
Vpon the chace, with trompette and clarion
And Geryn tolde hym, ther all vp and downe
Howe Arthure was, there layde in sepulture
For whiche with hym to byde, he hight full sure
¶ And so they abode, together in contemplacion
And preastes were, aboute his toumbe alwaye
In prayers greate, and holy meditacion
With heare, the fleshe repressyng night and daye
Three dayes eche weke, at breade and water aye
They fasted & lyued in great sorowe and penaūce
To soules helth and Goddes hye pleasaunce.
¶ But whē the quene Gwaynour had perceyued
Howe Mordred was fled awaye then thryse
Frō Yorke then yode, lest she were deceyued
On fote by night, with a mayden full wise
To Carlion to lyue, in Goddes seruice
In the mynster of saynt Iuly, with Nonnes
In prayers whole, and greate deuocions.
¶ This kyng Arthure, to whō none was cōdigne
Through all the world, so was he then perelesse
His life and soule, to God he dyd resigne
The yere of Christ, as chronicles expresse
Fyue hudreth and two, in sothefastnesse
And fourtye also, accompted hole and clere
At his endyng, without any were.

The .lxxxv. Chapiter.

[Page lxxviii]

¶ The commendacion of Arthure, after the conceipte of the maker of this booke in fewe woordes, and also the compleynte and lamentacion of the sayde maker for the death of Arthure

REigned he had then, sixe and twenty yere
Moste redoubted in erth & moste famous
The worthiest, and wysest without pere
The hardyest man, and moste coragious
In actes marciall, moste victorious
In hym was neuer, a drope of cowardise
Nor in his herte a poynte of couetyse.
¶ There was neuer prince, of giftes more liberal
Of landes geuyng, ne of meate so plenteous
Agayn his fooen, was moste imperiall
And with his owne subiectes moste bounteous
As a Lyon in felde, was moste douteous
In house a lambe, of mercy euer replete
And in iudgement euer eguall was and discrete.
¶ O good lorde God, suche treason & vnrightes
Why suffred thy deuyne omnipotente
That of theim had precience and forsightes
That myght haue lette, that cursed violence
Of Mordredes pryde, and all his insolence
That noble kyng forpassyng conqueroure
So to destroye, by treason and erroure.
¶ Fortune false, executryse of weerdes
That euermore, so with thy subtilitee
To all debates, thou strongly so enherdes
That where men euer, would lyue in charitee
Thou doest perturbe, with mutabilitee
[Page] Why stretchest thou so thy whele vpon Mordred
Agayne his eme, to do so cruel dede
¶ Wherthrough that high, & noble conqueroure
Without cause, shuld algates peryshed bee
With so many kynges, and princes of honour
In all the worlde, might none there better bee
O fals Fallas, of Mordredes propertee
Howe might yu so, in Gwynoure haue such might
That she the death caused of so many knightes
¶ O false beautie, of Gwaynour predestinate
What vnhappe made the, false to thy lorde
So good a prince, and so fortunate
Was neuer yet seen, as all men can recorde
The whiche betwene you made so greate discorde
That he and all his princes, wer there slayne
Thy chaungeable hert, to venge he was so fayne
¶ But O Mordred tofore, so good a knight
In greate manhode, proudly aye approued
In whom thyne eme, the noblest prince of might
Put all his trust, so greately he the loued
What vnhappe, thy manly ghost hath moued
Vnto so foule, and cruell hardynesse
So many to be slayn, through thyn vnhappynes
¶ The highnesse of thyne honoure, had a fall
When thou began, to do that iniurie
That great falshode, thy prowesse did appall
As soone as in the entred periurie
By consequens, treason and traitourie
Thy lorde and eme, and also thy kyng souerayn
[Page lxxix] So to betraye thy felowes eke certayne.

The .lxxxvi. Chapter.

¶ Constantyne, kynge of Britayne, sonne of duke Cador of Cornewayle reygned foure yere.

COnstantine his brother sōne was crowned
Duke Cador, sōne of Cornwaile boūteous
Afore had been, one of the table rounde
In Arthures tyme, a knight was ful auenturous
In trone royall was set, full precyous
With Diademe on his hed sygnifyed
At Troynouaunt, where no wight it replyed.
¶ Who then anone, with Saxons sore did fight
And also with Mordred sonnes two
Their capitaynes were, & put theim to the flyght
That one fled to wynchester, and hyd hym so
That other to London, with mykyll woo
Where Constātyne theim bothe in churches slew
At the autres, where they were hyd in mewe.
¶ This constantyne set all his lande in peace
And reygned well foure yere, in greate noblesse
And dyed then, buryed at Caroll no lesse
Besyde Vterpendragon full expresse
Arthures father, of greate worthynesse
Whiche called is the stone, Hengles certayne
Besyde Salysbury vpon the playne.
¶ Aurelius Conan, his cosyn fayre
* Aurelius Conan, kīg of Bri­tayne, reygned thre yere.
The sea royall then helde, and ganne succede
To hym, as nexte then of bloude and heyre
[Page] His vncle, and his sonnes two in dede
In prysone slewe, to crowne hym selfe I rede
That should haue been, kynges of all Britayne
Afore hym so, yf they had not be slayne.
¶ He maynteyned aye ciuyle warre and debate
Bytwene Cytees, Castelles, and countees
Through al his realme, wt mysruled mē associate
Whiche was greatly agaynst his royaltees
And but thre yere, he reygned in dignitees
As God so wolde, of his hye ordynaunce
For wronge lawes, maketh shorte gouernaunce.
¶ Then Vortyper, succeded after hym
Crowned was then, with all the royalte
* Vortiper king of Britayne reygned. vii yere
Agaynste whome, the Saxons stronge & grym
Made full greate warre, destroyed the comente
But in batayle, by greate humanyte
He them ouercame, and set his lande in peace
Vnto the tyme, that death made him decease.
¶ Seuen yere he reigned, and his people pleased
And tender was he, of his comynalte
Aboue all thyng, he sawe that they were eased
The publyke cause, afore the syngulerte
Preserued also, as it of ryght should be
For cōmons fyrst, for prynces supportacion
Were set, and nought been waste by dominacion
¶ Malgo nexte hym, to the crowne attayned
Feyrest of other, that euer was in his daye
Malgo kīg of Britayn reygned .xxii. yere.
All tyranny, fully he restreyned
And conquered holy, thryse of Orkenay
[Page xc] Irelonde, Denmarke, Iselonde, and eke Norway
And Gotlande also, obeyed his royalte
He was so wyse, full of fortunyte.
Within his realme, was none so large ne strong
Ne none that was, in feacte of warre so wise
With swerde or axe, to fyght in the thronge
Nor with his speare, that had suche exercyse
For to assayle hys fooes, and them suppryse
And defence also, he had great keenyng
As any prynce euer had, or any kyng.
¶ But one defaute he had, of greate offence
Of Sodome synne, he wolde it not amende
He haunted it euer, withoute any defence
Whiche greued god, and brought hym to an end
Two and twenty yere, as dyd appende
His lande he helde, in peace and vnyte
Without suppryse of any enmytee.
¶ Carreys was then crowned kyng anone
That loued well in all cytees debate
* Carreys, kīg of Bri­tayne, reygned thre yere.
Betwene townes and citees euery chone
And in suche wyse, maynteyned early and late
Imagened of his wyll preordinate
So muche in warre, that cytees and countrees
Full comen were, of his malicyousnesse.
¶ For which Britons, made hym full mykel war
And Saxons also, vnto kyng Gurmound sent
Of affrycans, that then in Irelande were
Who with his fleete to perfourme his entent
To Britayne came, by all theyr hole assent
But Saxons then, and he were full accorde
[Page] And Britons also, that had ciuyle discorde

The .lxxxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Gurmounde kynge of Affrycans, conquered Bry­tayne, and departed it in seuen kyngdomes, to Saxons, [...] Englyshe, and went to wynne moo landes, & made Gur­monde Chester.

G Ʋrmoūde, yt then was mighty cōquerour
King of Affricās, most dred in euery lond
with helpe of Britōs & theyr great socour
And of Englishe & Saxons had made thē bonde
That dwelled that tyme in Northumberlande
And other places in Britayne, vnder truage
Rose with hym whole, agayne yt kynges outrage
¶ And fought with him, and put hym to yt flight
To Circestre went, and strongly helde the towne
But kyng Gurmound, yt towne then seeged right
And gate it so, with myght & greate renowne
Wherfore he fled to wales, for his proteccyon
what came of him, myne authour nought exp̄ssed
But with the death, I trowe he was oppressed
¶ But Gurmound then, Britaine hole destroied
Bothe churche and towne, & eke the christen faith
For he a Paynym was, and sore anoyded
The chrystentye, as Gyldas wrote and seyth
Through Logres yt whole was lost, wt paynī ley­eth
The prelates, all curates, and religyous
With reliques all fledde awaye, full dolorous.
¶ And hid them then in hilles, woodes and caues
[Page lxxxi] Tharchbishops, the one of London then
And Tadyok of Yorke, that fled fro Knauis
With sainctes bones, to wildernes fast ranne
And hid hym there, and Gurmond sore did banne
With crosse and bell, & with greate candill light
Thei cursed hym, as ferre as the churches might
¶ This kyng Gurmōd gaue all Northūberland
Frome Trent North, yt then hight Berun & deyre
Northfolke, Southfolke and Cābrydge shire at hāde
Whiche Estāgle, Bede calleth in his storie
And all fro Trent to Themis, for memorye
Mers he called, all to English gaue
That dwelled ther, for euer to reioyse and haue
¶ He gaue all these, to Englishe menne in deede
Whiche came out of a lande, hight angulo
In Germany that was, and with woodes I rede
Replenished of wild bestes, buck and doo
Sith that tyme hether, hathe been and yet is so
Wherfore thei were, of it called Englishemenne
All Logres & Northumberlande, Anglande then
¶ He gaue Sussex then to the Saxons
Essex, Midelsed, with Surry whole and Kent
But then Hamshire, Barkeshire, toures & townes
And Shropshire whole, & Gloucester as thē apēt
All these were called, Westsex as Bede ment
Thus dalt he the lande, to theim therin dwellyng
Whiche long afore, paied truage to the kyng
¶ Thē went he home, through Fraūce & it distroi­ed
And many other landes and regions
[Page] But Brytons then, to yt West parties sore anoyed
Droue theim of Logres, with all religions
To liue in peace, for dred of rebelions
For after Carreis was fled, thei had no kyng
To tyme Cadwan, was made by their chosyng
¶ So stode thei then, kyngles by twenty yere
Howe yt Britons were kyn glesse xx. yere.
Fro the yere of Christ, fiue hundred and four score
And therto three, as clerly dooeth apere
Ʋnto the yere after that Christ was bore
Sixe hundreth and three, without any more
When Cadwan was of Brytons, kyng elect
And crouned was, to rule theim and protect
¶ O kyng Carreis, vnhappiest creature
A lamen tacion of yt maker of this booke to yt lordes.
That in Brytain reigned euer afore
What infortune made the flee from thy cure
What caused the to maintene so euermore
Eyuile discord within thy realme so sore
That might haue reigned, ouer many a lande
Through whiche, thyne owne is lost I vnderstād
¶ Thou vnderstandest full litill theuangilye
That euery realme, within it selfe deuide
Shall desolate bee made, as clerkes tell
Mat▪ xii.
And euery hous on other, shall fall and slyde
Thy wycked will, that nowe is knowen wyde
That suffred so debate, bytwyne lorde and lorde
Bytwyne citees and landes, cyuyle discord
¶ The cause was of thy disheriteson
And of thy realmes desolacion
That with lawe and peaceble constitucion
[Page lxxxii] Might haue been saued, with greate consolacion
And the churche preserued, in greate prosperacion
The Christen faith, in thy lande distroyed
That with the peace, shuld haue be kept vnnoyed
¶ O woful Carreis, thyne heires & thy Brytons
Their children all, the widdowes and their wifes
The commonalte in citees and in townes
The churche also may bāne, full sore those striues
By thy supporte, that rest so many their liues
Wher lawe and peace, if thou had well conserued
All had been saued, with thanke of god deserued
¶ Defaute of lawe, was cause of this mischiefes
Wronges sustened, by maistry and by might
And peace layed downe, that should haue been the chief
For whiche debate folowed and vnright
Wherfore vnto a prince accordeth right
To kepe the peace, with al tranquillite
Within his realme, to saue his royalte
¶ What is a kyng, without lawe and peace
Within his realme sufficiently conserued
The poorest of his realme, maye so encrease
By iniury and force, to bee preferred
Till he his kyng, with strength haue ouerterued
And sette hym self in royall maieste
If that he bee, in suche a ieopardie
¶ O ye lordes and princes of high astate
The coū cel of the maker to duke Ri­chard of Yorke.
Kepe well the lawe and peace in gouernaunce
Lest your subiectes defoule you and depreciate
Whiche been as able, with wrongfull gouernaūce
[Page] To reigne as ye, and haue as greate puysaunce
If peace and lawe been voyed, and vnytee
The floures are lost, of all your souerentee
¶ O worthy prince, O duke of Yorke I meane
Discendid downe of highest bloodde royall
Se to suche ryotes, that none sustene
And specially, that alyens none at all
Inhabite not with power, greate ne small
That maye this lande, ought trouble or ouer ride
For twies it was so wonne, with muche pride
¶ Through Vortiger, by Engist and Horsus
Whome he receiued, whiche after hym distroyed
And with his helpe full false and noyous
The worthy bloodde of Brytain, sore anoyed
At the Caroll murdred, and all accloyed
And nowe again, when Carreis was exiled
The kyng Gurmōd, & the Saxons hym beguiled
¶ For Saxons, Peightes, and Englishemenne
Reigned then through all the Logres lande
Deuided in seuen realmes fully then
Westser Sussex, and Kente I vnderstande
Estser and Mers, Estangle, & Northumberlande
That droue Brytons, into the West countre
To Walis and Cornwaile, fro towne and citee

The .lxxxviii. Chapiter.

¶ Ethelbert kyng of Saxons.

Hils Ethelberte was reignyng kyng of Kēt
W Sainct Austin sēt by Gregory of R. bisshop
Landed in Tenet, with clerkes of his assēt
[Page lxxxiii] And many monkes, to teache the faith I hope
That clothed were, echeone vnder ablacke cope
Whiche in procession, with crosse and belles came
The latinies syngyng in Iesus his name
¶ In the yere of Christ his incarnacion
Fiue hundreth foure score and sixtene
Kyng Ethelbert, had in his dominacion
All Kent throughout, with greate ioy as was seen
Were baptized then, in holy water clene
To whome Gregory sent Mellito and Iusto
With other clerkes, and doctours many mo
¶ Gregory hym made, archebishop of Caūterbu­ry
Of all Englande, hiest then primate
And had the paule with hyest legacye
By Gregorye, sent to hym and ordinate
Fro London then, thus was that tyme translate
To Caunterbury, the sea Metropolitan
And London sette, as for his suffrigan.
¶ Saynt Augustyne then, wt helpe of Ethelbert
Saynt Augustyns made, & Christes churche also
That Christes churche hight, as it was aduerte
And sacred so by hym, and halowed tho
For the chiefe sea, Metropolitan so
Of all Englande, by Gregory ordinate
And saynt Augustyne, of all Englande primate.
¶ Then Augustyne made Peter a clerke deuoute
Of saynt Augustynes thabbot religious
And made Mellito, as Bede clerly hath note
Of London then byshoppe full vertuous
[Page] A clarke that was then beneuolus
Who then conuerted, of Essex the kyng Sebert
And all his lande, baptized with holy herte
¶ Kyng Ethelbert, sainct Poules edefied
And kyng Sebert Westminster founded
Mellito theim both halowed and edefied
Austyn then, made clerke full wel grounded
Iust o that hight, of Rochester full well bounded
The bishop then to preache, and helpe Austyn
And to baptise the folke by his doctrine
¶ Saint Austyn set ful nere to Walis his seant
That prelates all, bishops and doctours wise
Of Brytons bloodde, thither might well atteine
To make all rest and loue in humble wise
Through all yt churche and lande, by good auice
To whiche sean came, tharchbishop of Brytain
And bishops fiue, with doctours wise certain
¶ In whiche Austyn syttyng as president
Archbishop and also the high primate
Required and prayed, with all his whole entent
As he that was of England high prelate
By Gregory sacred and ordinate
Of fraterne loue and due obedience
To helpe hym furth, with all their diligence
¶ To conuerte and to teache the Saxons all
The Englishe also, in Christen feith and trewe
And baptize theim, through Brytain ouer all
The pasche to kepe, as Roome did then full dewe
To whiche Brytons aunswered, yt they not knewe
[Page lxxxiiii] That he had suche estate, in all Britayn
For they had three archebyshops to obeyn.
¶ Of Cairlyon, London and Yorke citee
By byshops of Rome graūted to vs & ordinate
Full long afore ye had suche dignitee
Wherfore we will obeye, no newe primate
And specially none Englyshe newe prelate
For Englyshemen, and Saxons haue vs noyed
And haue our lande, and all our kyn destroyed
¶ And Pasche we wyll holde forth as we afore
And holy fathers, vnto this daye haue vsed
We wyll not chaunge, for youre doctrine ne lore
There shall no newe, emong vs been abused
As saynt Iohn did, we haue it not refused
That on Christes bozome, saw his great priuetees
So will we vse, and none other solempnitees.
¶ S. Austyne saied, sith ye nowe thus forsake
The seed of God, to sowe by your doctryne
The Christen fayth, for to encrease and make
By ryghtfull dome of God, ye muste enclyne
Vnder theyr handes, that fro the fayth declyne
The cruel death to suffer, for hie vengeaunce
Sith ye refuse Christes wyll and ordinaunce
¶ This tyme, eche kyng warred on others lande
Of seuen kynges, of Saxones nacion
And of Englyshe with Peightes I vnderstand
And Britons also, did great aduersacion
But Ethelfryde of Englyshe gouernacion
Of Northumberlande kyng, and Panyme cruell
[Page] Fought with Aydan, the kyng of Scottes fell.

The .lxxxix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kynge Ethelfryde of Northumberlande had ser­uyce of Aydan kyng of Scottes, the yere of Christ .vi. hundreth and three, after saynt Bede.

AT Degfastan, wher Ethelfryde preuayled
And sette Aydan, in his subiection
To Bedes dayes, ye Scottes nomore assay­led
Homage of the Scottes.
Englande, but aye obeyed his ediccion
And was his man, without contradiccion
And held of hym, his lande as was accorde
By many yeres, thens forth nomore discorde.
¶ This battayl was, of Christes incarnacion
Syxe hundreth yere & three, as sayth saynt Bede
And of his reygne, by Bedes computacion
The eleuenth yere it was then, as I rede
That twenty yere and .iiii. reygned there in dede
In all his tyme, to whom the Peightes obeyed
And Iryshe also, and nomore hym disobeyed.
¶ In that same yere, of Christes incarnacion
The Britons all, did sette theyr parliamente
At Cairlion, by good informacion
Cairlegeocestre hight, as some men ment
That Westchester is become of entente
Where they did chose, Cadwan vnto there kyng
Theim to defende, fro theyr fooes warryng.

The .xc. Chapiter.

[Page lxxxv]

¶ Cadwan kynge of Britayne, that firste was prince of Northwales. This Cadwan was crowned in the yere of Christ syxe hundreth and thre, and after Bede by. xiii yere reigned ouer the Britons, in the west parties of all Wales and Cornwayll.

THis kyng Cadwan, at wynchester crownd
Was made ye kyng, of Britayne & Brytōs
Agayn whom kyng Ethelfrede, yt stound
Warred full sore, all the regions
Where Brytons were, so did he all religions
Who westchester sieged, with violence
Wher Brochewall therle, made greate defence.
¶ But there he slewe, Brochewall in batayll
And gatte the towne of westchester, in that tyde
Where .xii. C. monkes, without fayle
A murder of Mōkes.
He slewe downe, right a lytle there besyde
That came to praye for peace, without pride
Fro Banger there, in hole procession
That marters wer there, by his oppression.
¶ Whō kyng Cadwan, wt mighty hoste & strōge
Met in felde, full ready for to fight
But both theyr frendes treated, so theim emong
That good accorde betwene thē, was made righte
Duryng theyr lyues, well kepte as they hight
With all frendshippe, great loue and vnytee
That both theyr realmes, stoode in great dignitee
¶ But Ethelfrides wyfe, with chylde farre gone
Violently exiled and repudiate
And wedded another, full wrongfully anone
Wherfore she went, to recouer his estate
[Page] To kyng Cadwan, full sycke and desolate
Whom he receyued, with noble reuerence
And sory was, for her wofull offence.
¶ But thē his wife, as great was gone wt childe
For whiche he kept hir in house to abyde
To tyme he might, hym haue reconsyled
Her to receyue, and set the other on syde
But in the meane tyme, they might no lēger abide
Both queenes delyuered, wer of sonnes two
That one Edwyn, that other hight Cadwallo.
¶ The chylder two, together noryshed were
In tender age, to tyme that they were men
At whiche tyme, there rose full cruell warre
Betwene Redwald, kyng of Estangle then
And Ethelfride, that fought as folke did kenne
Wher Ethelfryde on Idell, was downe slayne
And Redwald the feld, ther had with payn.
¶ Kyng Cadwan then, out of this worlde so died
Thesame yere, so dyd Austyne also
And Laurens made fully, and glorifyed
Archebyshop of Caunterbury tho
And Ethelbert of Kent, to heauen dyd go
Thus chaunged they theyr habitacion
Some to payne, and some to saluacion.
¶ Cadwall then, the sonne of kyng Cadwan
Cadwall lxi. yeres. reigned
After his father had reigned .xiii. yere
Was crowned at Westchester as a man
Of Britons all, as clerely dyd appeare
The yere of Christ .vi. C. and .xvi. cleare
[Page lxxxvi] That reygned well, full syxtye yere and one
Aboue all kynges, as souerayne of echeone.
¶ But kyng Edwyn then, of Northumberlande
The sonne and heyre, vnto kyng Ethelfryde
Was crowned kyng at Yorke, I vnderstande
For whiche, the kyng Cadwall hym defyed
And made hym warre, with Britons fortifyed
And sente hym worde, no crowne for to were
And elles he should vnder it, his hed of shere
Which Edwyn then accompted, at ryght nought
But kepte estate full royall, and condigne
with crowne of gold, at yorke ful freshly wrought
Elfrydes sonnes, of his wronge wyfe vndigne
Goten and borne, he felly dyd repugne
Hym dyd exyle, in Scotlande dyd abyde
For his mother was exyled, by Ethelfryde.
¶ And Ethelfryde hym gate, on his wrong wyfe
And had exyled, his owne wyfe truely wed
Edwyns mother, as knowen was full ryfe
Full great wt chylde, with hym, as Bede hath red
Then made he welles, in dyuerse countrees spred
By the hye wayes, in cuppes of copper clene
For trauelyng folke, faste chayned as it was sene
¶ And euery daye, he rode withouten reste
With trompettes lowde, afore him where he rode
That euery wyght, myght suerly in hym truste
That he wolde then, of his ryghtwyshode
Do euery man ryght, without more abode
All complayntes here, & as lawe wolde reforme
[Page] So all his lyfe to rule, he did confirme.
¶ He sente vnto Ethilbalde, kyng of kent
His syster for to haue, and wed her to wyfe
Dame Ethelburge, that was full fayre and gent
But Ethelbalde, then sent hym worde by lyfe
It was not good, but lykely to make stryfe
That a christē woman, to a Paynim shuld be wed
And elles he sayde, his message had be sped.
¶ Edwyne then sent his message so agayne
He wolde well, she kepte her owne creaunce
And bade hym sende, with her a chapelayne
And clerkes wyse, without any varyaunce
To kepe her in her fayth, and in all suraunce
And yf her fayth be better then is myne
When it is knowen, I wyll therto enclyne.
¶ Kyng Ethelbald, her sent with Paulyne
That sacred was byshop of Yorke that tyme
By Iusto archbyshop, that was full fyne
Of Caunterbury to kepe her true Bapteme
And her beleue, that none her fethers lyme
With heresye, to foule his owne creaunce
Thus wedded he her, at Yorke in all suraunce.
¶ The yere of our Lorde .vi. hundreth & .xx. tho
And fyue therto, as Bede hath clerely writen
And in the yere .vi. hundreth and twenty so
And syxe therto, kyng Edwyn as is weten
To westsex went, where batayle sore was smyten
Betwene hym, and byshop Quychelyne
King Kinigils sonne, of westsex then so fyne.
¶ Where then he slewe, this manly Quichelyne
For cause he had, compassyd his death afore
By pryuey wyse, as he coulde ymagyne
He put the lande then vnder trybute sore
And Kynygell, the kyng of westsex thore
Became his man, and helde of hym his lande
At his byddyng to ryde with hym, and stande.

The .xci. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Cadwall fled, and was dryuen from his realme by kynge Edwyn, and helde it in subieccion, and was bapty­zed by saynt Pawlyn archbyshop of Yorke.

KYng Cadwallo then, of all Brytons
The yere of Chryste .vi. C. and eyghtene
By wronge councell, on Edwyns regions
Great warres made, but Edwyn then full kene
Faught with hym there, full sore as it was sene
And to the flyght hym droue, out of the felde
All Britayne lande he conquered so, and helde
¶ Cadwallo fled, vnto lytell Britayne
And dwelled there, in heuynesse and in payne
By dyuers yeres, and durste not come agayne
The subie [...] cion of the Scottes.
For power none he myght, not yet obteyne
The Britaynes durste hym not obeyne
For kyng Edwyn, had hole dominacyon
Of theim and Saxons, & of the Scottyshe naciō
¶ And in the yere of Chryste .vi. C .xx. and .vi.
Edwyns doughter that named was Eufled
At Yorke was borne, to whome men dyd complex
Maydens twelue, to take the chrystenhede
[Page] That lordes doughters wer, of great worthihed [...]
Whiche saynt Paulyn archbyshop dyd baptyse
In Yorke mynster, in full holy wyse.
¶ And in the yere of Chryste .vi. C .xx. & seuen
The chrysten lawe, disputed amonge his lordes
Was founde beste, to wynne the blysse of heuen
Wherfore Edwyn, by good and hole concordes
Both of his comons, and also of his lordes
With all his realme, baptime toke as goddes mē
Of saint Paulin, that archbishop was then
¶ In that same yere, byshoppe Honorius
To Paulyn sent, the palle of dignyte
The kyng Edwin, and this ylke Paulins
Yorke mynster made newe, of greate beaute
And comons all, full well so baptized he
In Northumberlande, in Swale, Owse, & Trent
And other ryuers in countrees, where he went.
¶ By thyrty dayes, and sixe labored he thus
And then he came, to Lyncolne with Edwyn
Where he conuerted Blecca, as Bede sayth to vs
The Mayre, and all the cōmons by his doctryne
And Lyndsey hole, vnto the fayth deuyne
And made the mynstre of Lincolne, at his costage
Of kyng Edwyn, and also the colage.
¶ And in the yere .vi. hundreth and thyrty moo
Iusto dyed, to whome Honoure dyd succede
Of Caunterbury, archbishop made was tho
Whome saint Paulin, as wryten hath sent Bede
Dyd sacre then at Lyncolne, so in dede
[Page lxxxviii] In the mynster that he and Edwyn founde
The kynges colage, named that ylke stounde.
¶ And in the yere .vi. hundreth thyrty and two
Kynge Edwyne, by holy doctryne,
Of saynt Felyx, an holye preste that was tho
And preachyng of the holy archbyshop Paulyn
Of Chrystes worde, and verteous discyplyne
Conuerted Edordwolde, of Estangle the kyng
And all the realme, where Felyx was dwellyng
¶ At Dōmok then, was Felyx fyrste byshop
Of Estangle, and taught the chrysten fayth
That is full hye, in heauen I hope
But then the kyng Edwyn, as Bede sayth
Had made the people stable in the chrysten layth
To Yorke went home, with hym also Paulyn
To rule the lande, after the lawe deuyne.

The .xcii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Cadwall and Penda slewe kyng Edwyn, and reig­ned ouer Brytons agayne.

BVt in the yere .vi. hundreth thyrty & thre
Kyng Cadwall, of Britaine that had been
With king Penda, of Merces great coū ­tre
Assembled stronge, with hostes fell and kene
And Northumberlande brent, as then was sene
And slewe both wyfe, and chylde olde and yinge
Prestes and clerkes, they spared there no thyng.
The churches all, they brente and foule destroied
Whome Edwyn met, with power that he might
[Page] At Hatfelde towne, in herte full sore anoyed
All redy so, in batayle for to fyght
within yorkeshyre, where Edwin was slaine right
And all his realme, was wasted and subuerte
By kyng Penda, that a Paynym was peruerte.
¶ The same yere then, for cause of warre & stryfe
Saint Paulyn went to Kent there to dwell
With Ethelburge, that was kyng Edwyns wyfe
That welcome were, as Bede surely doth tell
At Rochester, as that tyme befell
Saint Paulyn was, vnto the sea translate
And byshop therof, then denominate.
¶ Kyng Cadwall reygned full hole agayne
In Britayne lande, as prynce without pere
Aboue Englyshe, as lorde souerayne
Ouer Saxons, Scottes, & peightes, clere
Subiecctō of Scottes
And Englyshe also, as clere did appere
And Eufryde then, and Osdryk paynimes fell
Northumberlande then helde, as Bede doth tell
¶ Whome Cadwall and Penda, felly slewe
From tyme they two, had reygned but a yere
Oswolde theyr cosyn, as knowen was full trewe
That in Scotlande noryshed was full clere
To Englande came, with mighty greate power
And gate his ryght, and all his herytage
With helpe and socoure, of his Baronage

The .xciii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Oswolde kynge of Englande reygned ouer Bry­tons, Scottes, and Peightes, Iryshe, and ouer all Logres and Cambre.

THis kyng Oswolde, in Englāde gan suc­cede
The yere of Christ, vi .c. was thē clere
Thirty and fiue, replete of all manhed
And afterwarde, full clerely did apere
As to suche a prince, of nature should affere
That Yorke minster, repaired then all newe
Of lyme and stone as Christen prince and trewe
¶ Who for ayde then, into Scotlande sent
An holy monke he was and religious
And bishop sacred, after Christes entent
In Christes doctrine, he was full laborous
Whome for teachyng and preachyng vertuous
He made hym bishop of all Northumberlande
Whose sea was chief then, at the holy Isse lande
¶ In that same yere, Oswold to Westsex rode
For Christ his loue, at prayer of sainct Biryne
Wher thei the kyng Kynygill, of paynymhode
Baptized, and made a Christen manne full fyne
And sette Westsex vnder tribute syne
For to bee payed to hym and his heires
Perpetually by yere, at certeine feires
¶ Sainct Biryne bishop, thei made furth right
Of all Westsex, at Dorchester was his sea
Frome Oxenforde, but litill waye to sight
Kyng Oswold wedded Beblam his wife to bee
Kyng Kynygilles doughter, full faire to see
And on hir he gatte, a soonne hight Cidilwold
In Deyre reigned, vnder his father Oswold
¶ And in the yere sixe hundrith thyrty and sixe
[Page] Kyng Penda sleugh Ordewold of Estanglande
In bataile strong, and mighty gan to vexe
That wastid sore about hym euery lande
As tyraunt fell, wher he the Christen fonde
He sleugh theim downe, and cruelly ouer ran
Sparyng nother wife, childe, ne manne
¶ The kyng Oswold, so mighty was in deede
That ouer Scottes, Peightes, and Brytaines
Irish, Westsex, and English I rede
And ouer Logres and all the Saxons
None so mighty aboue all regions
As Flores and Bede hath wrytten thus
Whose wrytynges are full vertuous
¶ As he at meate, did sitte vpon a daye
At Bamburgh, a palmer came to his gate
Asked some good, for Christ his loue alwaye
To whome he sent his dishe of syluer plate
For cause he had not els for his astate
The poore manne to refresh and comforte
Sainct Bede of hym, thus clerely dooeth reporte
¶ An holy manne, within his hermitage
Desired sore in his meditacion
If any better, of any maner age
Wer in the lande of any nacion
To whome was said by reuelacion
That kyng Oswold, more holy was of life
Notwithstandyng, he had weddid a wife

The .xciiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe an hermite proued sainct Oswold his wife at [Page xc] his desire by biddyng of sainct Oswold

WHerfore he came, vnto the kyng Oswold
And prayed hym, he might knowe his life
And of his reuelacion then hym told
Wherfore he toke to hym, his ryng by life
And bade hym saye, the quene that was his wife
To dooe with hym, on nightes twoo or three
As she was wonte, at home to dooe with me
¶ This token had he, he satte with hir at meate
His meate & drynke, when he would haue the best
But water and brede, he might none other gette
And then at night, she leide hym for to rest
Right with hir self, so well hir self she trest
And when he was, ought sette to dooe amisse
In water he was cast, his fleshe to keele and lisse
¶ But when the daye came, he was full fain
And of the quene, full soone he toke his leue
Vnto the kyng, he went anone again
And prayed hym fast, he might passe home at eue
For of his life, he would no more preue
Whiche more holy, was one daye and night
Then all his life, he euer been might
¶ But Cadwall the kyng of Brytons sent
The kyng Penda, to warre on kyng Oswold
Whome Oswold mette, with greate assemblemēd
In battaile strong, at Heuenfeld as God would
Wher people fled, with people manyfold
To kyng Cadwall, who with Penda anone
Assembled an hoost, on Oswold for to gon
¶ Oswold thei mette, on Marfeld that tyde
Wher he was slain the yere of Christ was than
Sixe hundred whole, and fourty and twoo beside
His hedde and armes, as Bede the holy manne
In his chronicle hath write, who so rede it can
Vpon a tre was hong many a daye
That rotted not, nor in this world neuer maye
¶ Oswy then in all Northumberlande
The croune had, and all the royalte
Oswy kyng of Northū ­berlande
With Cadwallo he hight, allwaye to stande
As souereigne lorde of Bryton, then was he
And ouer all other, had then the mageste
But this Oswy made Humwald for to kyll
The kyng Oswyn, that feloe was hym tyll
¶ For cause he rose, on hym with multitude
And nought for thy, when thei together mette
All his people of full greate fortitude
He withdrewe then, and with Humwald sette
In pryue wise, without any lette
But false Humwald, priuely hym slewe
On whome he trusted, and trowed had bee trewe
¶ Quene Eufled that was kyng Oswys wife
Kyng Edwyn his doughter full of goodnesse
For Oswyns soule, a minster in hir life
Made at Tynmouth, and for Oswy causeles
That hym so bee slain, and killed helpeles
For she was kyn to Oswy and Oswyn
As Bede in chronicle dooeth determyn
¶ This Oswyn nowe is canonized in shryne
[Page xci] Saynt Oswyn called, at Tynmouth gloriously
But kyng Oswy, to Cadwall did enclyne
And Oswalde his hed, and arme had leue to burye
Whiche he betoke to quene Bebla in hye
Who closed theim in siluer, fayre and clene
And theim betooke, to saynt Aydan I wene.
¶ This kyng Cadwall, his feast at Londō made
To hym all kynges, as souerayne lorde obeyed
Kynge Cadwal
Saue kyng Oswy, at home that tyme abade
For whiche he trowed, that he hym disobeyed
Wherfore he sent to Penda, and hym prayed
To warre on Oswy, without delaye
And make hym, to his souerayne lorde obey.
¶ In which meane tyme, this Penda slewe Anne
Of Estangle, that long had ben kyng
A Christen prince, and a full manly manne
And so came on kyng Oswy fast rydyng
Wher on the felde, they met sore fyghtynge
Whom Oswy slewe, and .xxx. dukes also
That with hym came, and .xxx. M. moo.

The .xcv. Chapiter.

¶ In the yere of oure lorde God .vi. hundreth and. [...]v. Pen­da slewe the kyng of Escangles, and the yere of our Lord God .vi. hundreth and .vi. Oswyne slewe Penda kynge of Marchelande, and the foresayde kynge Oswyne con­discended to holde and kepe his Easter accordyng to the vse of Roome and Caunterburye, the yere of oure Lorde vi. hūdreth and .lxiii. whiche before was celebrated accor­dyng to the Iudeicall custome.

THose battayls two, after thincarnacion
Syxe hundreth yere, fyfty wer & also fyue
In the yere after, by computacion,
That kyng Oswy, made Penda kyng belyue
Of Marces lande, and to conuerte his lyue
By teachyng of Dwyma, made byshop thare
And all his lande, by vertue of his lare.
¶ Kyng Oswy made houses .xii. of religion
Sixe in Deyry, and sixe in Berū to bee
With his doughter Elflede for deuocion
Whom he auowed, in clene virginitee
To sacre so, and lyue in chastitee
For his triumphe, and for his victorie
Of kyng Penda, and his panymerye.
¶ The kyng Oswy, of Christes incarnacion
The yere .vi. C .lx. and also three
Had all the clerkes, of his dominacion
With many other clerkes, of farre countree
For to dispute the Pasche, when it should bee
The whiche afore, was held diuersly
One vse at Yorke, another at Caunterbury
¶ But this seynt Oswy, then helde it at Whitby
Where then saynt Hilde, in all deuinitee
Was hole instructe, amonge all the clergie
Where Wilfride, with Egilbert and she
Concluded all the clerkes of the countree
And fro thens forth, thei helde it in certeyne
As Caunterbury vsed, and did obeyne
¶ This kyng Oswyn, then died in the yere
[Page xcii] Sixe hundreth hole, sixti and also ten
At Whytby then, wher Hild was abbas clere
At Streyneshalgh, named was so then
Emonge the couente, of this holy woman
And in Hildes schole .vi. byshops wer enfourmed
In holy wryte, as she theim had confourmed.
¶ These were the names of the byshoppes right
Bosa, Oskford, Etla and also Tatfryde
Iohn of Beuerley the fyfte, that then so hight
The sixte then, was the holy man Wilfryde
All in the lawe of Christ enfourmed that tyde
With this virgyne clene, of royall discent
Of kyng Edwyn and Oswalde bloode full gent.
¶ Whiche virgyne clene, died so in the yere
Of Christ .vi. C. and foure score also
About whiche tyme, saynt Awdry y virgyne clere
At Hely died, emonge hir floures tho
Of holy virgyns, and wydowes also
Whiche she had gathered, & kept in cloyster clene
Whyle she there was thabbasse, as was sene.
¶ Who wyfe was twyse, in westsex first espoused
The secounde tyme, vnto the kyng Egfryde
Of Northūberlande, her maydenhed euer housed
I dar well saye, it was neuer set asyde
There might no man, hir herte frō Christe deuide
So hole it was sette vnto chastitee
Inuiolate she kepte her virginitee.
¶ For good ne gold nor any great rychesse
With her housebandes to been deuirginate
[Page] Hetherto might neuer eschaunge her sekirnesse
So sad it was, it was neuer violate
But euer clene, as in her fyrst estate
By her housbādes, for ought they could her hight
But virgyne died, through grace of God almight
¶ Thus Awdry then, frō Egfride was deuorced
For cause, she would not lese hir maydenhede
To tyme hir soule, wer lowsed and vncursed
In hely abode, where then she made in dede
An house of Nunnes, as writtē hath saynt Bede
To serue the God, aboue celestiall
In prayers good, and matens nocturnall.
¶ Wylfride from Yorke, exiled and expelled
The kyng of Sussex, and all his lande
Conuerte all hole, and mawmetrye downe felled
Wher, so three yere afore, I vnderstande
Suche vengeaunce reigned, in that kynges land
That ther grewe no grasse, nor no maner of corne
The people died, for hunger all for lorne.
¶ And that same daye, when they were conuerte
The grasse and corne, that welked were afore
By three yere passed, waxed grene and gan reuert
Through prayer of Wylfryde, yt prayed therfore
For whiche the kyng, made hym bishoppe thore
That fyue yere hole, there so occupyed
The byshopyes cure, and Christes fayth edefied.
¶ And in the yere .vi. hundreth .lxxx. and fyue
Kyng Egfride rode with hoste into Scotlande
And warred on pightes & Scottes wt mekel striue
[Page xciii] Whō then they s [...]ewe, as Bede could vnderstande
With many worthy knightes, of Northūberland
At Nettansmore, in an hye mynstre buryed
A worthy place, in Scotlande edified.
¶ Eche kyng of seuen, on other warred sore
But kyng Cadwas, that then was souerayn lorde
Accorded theim, as myster was ay where
By his good rule, he made euer good accorde
Wher any strife or warre was, and discorde
And all the realines, in Britayn hole baptized
And bishoppes in theim sette, and autorised.
¶ Kyng Ethelride of Mors, and quene Ostride
His wyfe, doughter of Oswy Berdnaye
Buried Oswalde, with myracles glorified
Where many yere, full styll there after he laye
Vnto the tyme the suster, as bookes saye
Of kyng Edward thelder, hym translate
To Gloucester abbey, to his estate.
¶ Cadwallo kyng of Britons, in the yere
Of Christe goddes sonne .vi. C. sixty and sixtene
So died awaye, who reigned had full clere
Full sixty yere and one, as well was sene
That souerayne lorde, of all Britayn had been
After the decease, of the good kyng Edwyn
And made all seuen kynges, to hym enclyne.
¶ He made his ymage, of laton full clene
In whiche he put his body balsomate
Vpon an horse of laton, fayre to sene
With a sweorde in hande, crowned like his estate
[Page] Full hye sette vp, to sight on Ludgate
His battayles all, and his greate victorie
Aboute hym wrought, was made for memorye

The .xcvi. Chapiter.

¶ Cadwalader kyng of Brytayn, and lorde of all .vii. kynges in Britayne.

CAdwaladrus, after hym gan succede
Cadwala­der kyng.
Both young and fayre, in florishyng iuuēt
That Cadwalader was called as I rede
Who of Britayn, had all the souerayntee
Of Englyshe and Saxons, in eche countree
Of Pyghtes, Iryshe & Scottes his vnder regēce
Subierciō of yt Scot­tes.
As souerayne lorde, and moste of excellence.
¶ Kentwyne the kyng, of westsexe then died
The yere of Christ sixe hundreth .lxxx. and sixe
The mekill warre, had made and fortifyed
Vpon Britons, and felly did hym wexe
So combrous he was and cruell gan to wexe
Whose realme the kyng Cadwalader conquered
And Sussex also, and slewe y kynge wt his swerde
¶ In whiche yere then, Gatta by shop died
Whose sea was then, at Hexham vpon tyne
That byshop was, of Yorke notified
For Wilfryde was, hold out with mekyll pyne
And exiled from his benefice that tyme
From Yorke that tyme, by the kynge Alfride
Of Northumberland, whose cure Gatta occupied
¶ After whose decease then Iohn of Beuerlay
[Page xciiii] Was made byshop of Yorke, and had the sea
Then the Cathedrall at Hexham so alwaye
For wylfryde was in Sussex farre countre
But then certayne Alfryde of cruelte
Cōmaunded Iohn, to vexe and noye wylfryde
But tender loue, they helde on eyther syde

The .xcvii. Chapiter.

¶ How Cadwalader fel in greate impotencye, that he might not gouerne the lande, wherfore in defaute of lawe & peace fell Barons warre and ciuyle discorde in all the realmes.

THe kyng Cadwaladre beyng impotent
So euery daye, & helde no gouernaunce
Nether lawe ne peace wtin his regiment
Wherfore Britons, dred none ordynaunce
But eche one toke on other great vengeaunce
Fro that time forth, eche countre on other warred
And euery cytee agaynste other marred.
¶ Thus in defauee of lawe and peace conserued
Cōmon profyte, was wasted and deuoured
Percyall profyte, was sped and obserued
And Venus also, was cōmonly honoured
For lechery and aduoutry, was moste adoured
Amonge them was cōmon, as the carte waye
Ryot, robbery, oppressyon, nyght and daye
Of which came then, manslaughter, & homicide
And cyuyle stryfe, with sore contencyons
Through Britons land, euery where, on eche side
With batayles greate, and fell discencions
[Page] As Bede wryteth amonge his mencyons
They dred nother the kyng, ne god almyght
Wherfore he sent vengeaunce on them full ryght
That through the warre, ye tylth was all destroied
* A greate plage.
Churches all, and husbandrye vnoccupyed
That with hunger, the people were sore anoyed
That people great, in stretes and feldes dyed
And muche folke, as Bede hath specifyed
The fayth of Chryste, for hunger then forsoke
And drowned thē selues, so sore ye payne thē toke.
¶ Their catell dyed, for faute of fode eche daye
Without meate, or any sustenaunce
In townes and feldes, and the cōmon waye
Through which their enfecte, was wt that chaūce
That multitude of folke, in greate substaunce
On hepys laye, full lyke vnto mountaynes
That horryble was of sight, aboue the playns.
Vnburyed hole, withoute Sacrament
By pestylence also, many one dyed
Some woode, some raynage went
And some were in lytargie implyed
An other some, with batayle mortifyed
With murther also, amonge themselues dispent
Full many were, that none an other lament.
Through which defautes, not amēded nor correct
The bishoppes fled, the prestees & clerkes anoyed
To Walys went, there to be protecte
In cauys hyd, accombred and accloyed
Full heuely deseased, and full greatly anoyed
[Page xcv] With saynctes bones, and relyques many one
Morning full sore, and makyng there their mone
¶ Then fel a yere of pardone, and of grace
At Rome, where the kyng Cadwaladrus
All desolate, and sory for that case
In pylgrymage thyther, purposed thus
With herte deuoute, and wyll beneuelous
With his Brytons together consociate
Of worthy bloude so borne and generate.
¶ To haue pardone, and playne remissyon
Of theyr trespasse, synnes, and neglygence
That they put nought, reddour ne punissyon
By lawe, payne, and discrete prouidence
On trespassours, that dyd violence
Through which their land, & they were so mische­ued
That wt law kept, might wel haue bene acheued
To Rome they came, of whom ye bishop was glad
Sergio that hyght, who them graunt remissyon
Of all their synnes, with herte and wyll glad
Saue onely then, of their omissyon
And neglygence, of hole punissyon
That they put nought vpon the trespassoures
Of cōmon people, that were destroyours
Whiche was not in his power to relese
Without amendes made, and restitucyon
To common weale, and theyr due eucrease
As they were hurte, in faute of due punissyon
He charged them, for theyr playne remissyon
The cōmonte to supporte and amende
[Page] Of as [...]te good, as they were so offende.
In ye meane whyle, whyls they at Rome so were
The Saxons hole, and Englyshe consociate
Toke all theyr lande, liuelod, and other gere
To Saxon they sente ambassyate
To Angulo, to be assocyate
With many mo of theyr countree men
For Britons all, at Rome were bidyng then
¶ And bad them come in haste, and tary nought
For theyr owne helpe, and for their waryson
The whiche they dyd, and hither fast they sought
The Brytons lande, they toke in possessyon
And kepte it forth, with many a garyson
For Brytons came no more therto agayne
For king Cadwallader, thē dyed at Rome certain
His Brytous also dyed homewarde by the waye
In dyuerse places, and some went to Britayne
Other some to Fraunce, there to abyde for aye
And some also to Normandy, and to Spayne
That to theyr owne, they came no more agayne
But Saxons hole, and Englyshe it occupyed
Euer more after, and strongly edifyed.
¶ Some chroniclers saye, he had by visyon
No more to come into Britayne the more
But to the bishop of Rome with great contricion
Confesse hym, and take his penaunce thore
And absolucyon for his synnes sore
And howe ye bishop of Rome buryed him royally
And on his tombe, set his Epitaphye
¶ In laten letters, in marble stone well graue
Declared hole his conuersacyon
Forsakyng all the worlde, heuen to haue
And howe ye byshop of Rome, by his confyrmaciō
Called hym Peter, whome Bede by relacyon
Calleth a saynt in blysse, hole disposed
Fro whiche he may in no wyse be deposed.
¶ This Cadwalader of Britons was ye kyng
That reygned full, as souereygne lorde .xii. yere
And in the yere .vi. hundreth and nynte beyng
And dyed so, as sayeth the chronyclere
That of westsex, then had be kyng two yere
Of whome walshemen holden opinyon
Of Englande yet to haue the reuercyon
¶ When yt his bones be brought fro rome again
Amonge them all, haue suche a prophecye
And Englande then, efte synce called Britayne
Thus stande they yet, in suche fonde matesye
In truste of whiche vayne fantasye
They haue full ofte, Englande sore anoyed
And yet they wyll proue, yf it maye be destroyed.

The .xcviii. Chapiter.

¶ The lamentacyon of the maker of this booke, and his counsayle to my Lorde of Yorke, for good rule in the realme of Englande.

O Gracyous lorde, O very heyre in ryght
Of great Britayne, enclosed with a sea
O very heyre of Logres, ye now England hyght
Of wales also, of scotland, which all thre
[Page] Britayne so hyght, of olde antiquyte
O very heyre of Portyngale and Spayne
Whiche castell is, and Lyons soth to sayne.
¶ O very heyre, of Fraunce and Normandye
Of Guyan, Peytowe, Bayen, Man, & Angeoy
Membrys of Fraunce, of olde warre openly
O very heyre of Ierusalem, and Surry
All this meane, I by you that should enioye
Ye or your heyres, my lorde of Yorke certayne
That wrongefully haue bene holde out to seyne
¶ But O good lorde, take hede of this mischieue
Howe Cadwaladore, not kepyng lawe ne peace
Sufferyng debates, and cōmon warrys acheue
And fully reygne, and put hym nought in preace
By lawe nor myght, to make it for to cease
For whiche there fell so great diuisyon
That he was put vnto deheryteson.
¶ Not he alone, but all his nacyon
Deuolued were, and from theyr ryght expelled
Full fayne to flee, with greate lamentacyon
From greate Britayne, in which they had excelled
In which their aūcetour, afore lōg time had dwelled
And knew their foes mortal, shuld it occupy
For euermore without remedye.
¶ Which is the payne, most fell aboue all payne
A man to haue bene in hye felycite
And to fall downe, by infortune agayne
In myserye and fell aduersyte
Howe maye a man haue a thyng more contraye
Mat .xii.
[Page xcvii] Then to haue been well, and after woo begone
Incomperable to it, bee paynes echone.
¶ Wherfore good lord, the peace euermore mainteine
And ryottes all, chastyce by prouisyon
And lawe vpholde ryghtfully, and sustene
And ouer all thyng, se there bee no deuisyon
But reste and peace, without discencyon
For where a realme, or a cytee is deuyded
It maye not stand, as late was verified
¶ In Fraunce as fell, full greate diuision
Through whiche, yt first Henry kyng of Englāde
Ouer rode their lande, by greate prouision
And conquered theim, thei might not hym wt stāde
All their citees, were yeld into his hande
For cause of their cruell descencion
Emong theim sustened by contencion
¶ Roome, Carthage, and many other citees
And many realmes, as clerkes haue specified
Haue been subuert, and also many countrees
By diuision, emong theim fortified
Wher vnite and loue, had been edified
Might theim haue saued in all prosperite
Frome all hurt, and all aduersite
¶ Whexfore good lord, thynke on this lessō nowe
And teache it to my lorde of Marche your heire
While he is young, it maye bee for his prowe
To thynke on it, whē that the wether waxeth faire
And his people, vnto hym dooeth repaire
And litill hath, theim to releue and pease
[Page] Then maye it hap, with it his people case
¶ For what sauour a newe shell is taken with
When it is olde, it tasteth of the same
Or what kynd of ympe, in gardein or in frith
Ymped is in stocke, fro whence it came
It sauourith euer, and it nothyng to blame
For of his rote, frome whiche he dooth out spryng
He must euer tast, and sauour in eatyng
¶ While he is young, in wisedome hym endowe
Whiche is full hard to gette, without labour
Whiche labour maye not bee, with ease nowe
For of labour came kyng and emperour
Let hym not bee idill, that shall bee your successor
For honour and ease, together maye not been
Wherfore writh nowe the wand, while it is grene
¶ Endowe hym nowe, with noble sapience
By whiche he maye the wolf, werre frome the gate
For wisedome is more worth in all defence
Then any gold, or riches congregate
For who wanteth witte, is alwaye desolate
Of all good rule and manly gouernaunce
And euer enfect, by his contrariaunce
¶ Endowe hym also in humilitee
And wrath deferre, by humble pacience
Through whiche he shall, increace in dignitee
And catch alway, full greate intelligence
Of all good rule and noble regymence
And to conclude, wrath will euer sette a side
All maner of thyng, whiche wisedome would pro­uide
¶ Behold Bochas, what prices haue through pride
[Page xcviii] Be cast downe frome all their dignitee
Wher sapience and meekenes had bee guyde
Full suerly might haue saued bee
And haue stand alwaye in might & greate suertee
If in their hartes, meekenes had bee ground
And wisedome also, thei had not be confound

¶ Nowe foloweth of the Englyshe kynges and Saxones.

The .xcix. Chapiter.

THis Cadwalader, nowe laide in sepulture
That some tyme was yt kyng of great Brytain
And of Westsex also ther wt full sure
To whome succedid Iuore his soonne certain
Reignyng ouer Brytons that did remain
In Wales then, without any socour
But onely he became their gouernour
¶ With whome Iue, his cousin was at nede
That warred sore the Englishe and Saxonye
Many winters, and nought preuayled in deede
Sauyng thei reigned, vpon the Vasselry
That wer out castes, of all Brytany
But Ingils and Iue his brother dere
In westsex reigned, which Cōrede his sonnes were
¶ Whom Englishe then, and all the Saxonye
Theim chose and made, to bee their protectours
Again Iuor and his cousin Iuy
That were that tyme, the Brytons gouernours
To Wales fled, for helpe and greate socours
But Ingils and Iue of Englishe bloodde discent
Then kept Englande, full well by one assent
¶ A yere all whole, and then this Ingils dyed
And Iue was kyng, of Westsex fully cround
That reigned then, full greately magnified
Eyght and thyrty wynter, full well and sounde
With his brother, and what alloen that stoūde
In whose tyme, Theodore then dyed
Of Cauntorbury archebishop signified
¶ Whiche Ingile & Iue, did call this lande En­glande
After Inglis, as thei had harde afore
After Engest, it called was Engestes lande
By corrupt speach, Englande it hight therfore
And afterwarde, so that name it hath euer bore
As Gurmound also, afore it had so named
Whiche sith yt tyme, hath been ful hougely famed
¶ Kyng Iue and Ingils, in Westsex first began
The yere sixe hundred foure score, & therto nyne
So did Iuo and Iue in Wales then
Ouer the Walshe, that were of Brytons line
In muche trouble and woo as fill that tyme
Kyng Alfride in all Northumberlande
Wittred and Welbard, in Kent I vnderstande
¶ In Englande yet, were kynges seuen
Vnder kyng Iue, that twenty battailes smote
Vpon Iuor and Iue, accompted euen
But in the yere, as Bede hath saied and wryte
That euery manne his debte, to kynd paye mote
Kyng Iue dyed at Roome, then was the yere
Seuen hundred and seuen and twenty clere
¶ And at his death, he gaue to Roome eche yere
[Page xcix] The Roome pence through Westsex all about
Roome pence,
Perpetually to bee well payed and clere
For vnto Roome he went without doubt
And with theim, lordes and gentils a greate route
In pilgrymage, for Eld and impotence
When he might not the lande well defence

The .C. Chapiter.

¶ Etheldred kyng of Westsex protector of Englande that reigned thyrty yere.

ETheldred in Westsex, to hym gan succede
And kyng was then, and held the royalte
Protector was of Englāde their in deede
And helde his tyme, euer furth the souereingtee
In heritage and perpetualitee
That thyrten yere reigned in good astate
Whiche cherished peace, and chastised all debate
¶ Wher any wrath was, growyng in his lande
Emong prelates or lordes temporall
In citees or in cuntrees wher he fande
Accordid theim, in euery place ouer all
And in his tyme the kynges inspeciall
Vnder his rule and sure proteccion
He kept in peace, by lawfull direccion
¶ Who dyed so, of Christ his incarnacion
The yere sixe hundreth & fourty accompted tho
Entombed at Bathe, with sore lamentacion
Of all Englande, as well of frende as foo
Which Bathe citee, some tyme was called soo
Achamany, in Brytain language
By Achaman that had it in heritage
¶ In his tyme was Oswyk in Northumberlād
And dyed then, to whome Colwolphe did succed
Edbertpren in Kent I vnderstand
And Ethelbald in Mers was thē I rede
In Essex also, was then reignyng Selrede
And Ethelrede in Estangle that daye
All these wer kynges, and vnder hym alwaye
¶ So fro that tyme furth, & fro the Scottish sea
To Sulwath [...]loud, and to the water of Tyne
The Peightes had and kept without lee
Wher kyng Edwin, their kyng was by right line
Rulyng that lande in peace and lawe full fine
That chaunged then mayden castell name
To Edenbrough a towne of greate fame

The .C .j. Chapiter.

¶ Cuthred kyng of Westsex protectonr of England and reigned sixtene yere,

CVthred was kyng, crouned of al Westser
Kyng Cuthred.
And protectour of all Englāde that daye
His kynges vnder hym, yt then wer full sixe
Did hym homage anone withouten delaye
Saue Ethelbald of Mers, that saied hym naye
For whiche he warred on hym then full sore
That bothe their landes, troubled were therfore
¶ Full oft thei mette, & faught with great power
Some that one, some tyme that other had
Victorie in felde, with strokes bought full dere
But when that kyng Ethelbald was moste glad
This kyng Cuthred, that was nothyng a drad
At Berford with hym mette in strong battaill
[Page C] And slewe hym then, as Bede maketh rehersall
¶ Which Ethelbald in Mers, one & fourtye yere
Had reigned hole, and diuerse abbeys founded
In Mers lande, at Crouland one full clere
Of Monkes blacke, within the fennes groūded
To whiche Turketyll his chaunceler founded
Gaue sixe maniers, to theyr foundacion
And abbot there was made by installacion
¶ This Battayl was, of Christes natiuitee
Seuen hundreth and fyue and fyftye yere
Wher Ethelbalde of Mers, the kyng did dye
To whom Borrede, there was the kyng full clere
But this Cuthrede of Westsex layed on here
Was in the yere of Christes birth to weten
Seuen hundreth hole, and syxe and fyfty written.
¶ To whome Segbert, in all regalites
His cousyn next of bloode by all recorde
Segbert. kyng.
Was kyng crowned, and had the dignitee
But full he was, of malice and discorde
That with his kynges, could no tyme wel accorde
Wherfore they would, no lenger of hym holde
But droaue hym out, of all his lande full bolde
¶ For lawe ne peace, he did not well conserue
But chaunged lawe, euer after his deuise
From good to euell, eche other to ouerterue
To spoyle and robbe, his commons to supprise
Thus in the lande, he made full great partyes
Wherfore the kynges, and lordes did hym expell
That but one yere, he dyd in it excell.
¶ And afterwarde exiled, as he hym hyd
Within a wood, a swynherd made his ende
Then with his staffe, he slewe hym so betyd
For all his hye estate, thus was he spend
A prouerbe is of olde, was wysemen kend
That wronge lawes, make euer shorte lordes
Whiche wysemen yet remembre, and recordes.

The .C .ii. Chapiter.

¶ Kynulphe kyng of Westsex protectoure of Englande, the whiche reigned .xxvi. yere.

KYnulphe succeded & had the gouernaunce
Kynulph kyng.
Of Westsex then, with all to it appente
Protectour was by all thordinaunce
Of kynges all, and the lordes assent
As his elders afore had regimente
The yere of Christ .vii. hundreth fyfty and seuen
As Bede hath written, and accompted full euen.
¶ Of all the kynges, and lordes of Englande
He tooke feautee and royall hole homage
As souerayn lorde, honoured in all the lande
And mightly mayntened his heritage
His kynges all, and all his baronage
The peace and lawe, he kepte by diligence
Was none that would displease his excellence.
¶ He reigned hole, in all kyndes suffisaunce
Sixe and twentye yere fully accoumpted
In greate honoure and myghty great puysaunce
Was none hym like, nor none hym surmounted
[Page Ci] But death alone, to his corps amounted
Dryuyng his soule, out fro the worldly nest
To heauens blisse, eternally there to rest.
¶ At wynchester he was full fayre buryed
The yere .vii. hundreth foure score and also thre
Emong the people, highly magnifyed
As to suche a prince, longeth of royaltee
Right well beloued, of his lordes and cōmontee
In whose tyme Offa of Mers kyng
Vnto the B. of Roome, sent his letters prayeng.
¶ To depriue Lambert of Cauntorbury
Of primacy, and also of the palle
Whiche the byshop Adrian, anone hastely
Graunted hym then, by bulles written papall
Lambert depriuyng, of his sea primall
By whiche Aldulphe, byshop then of Lychfelde
Hye primate was, and thestate there helde.
¶ The pall he had, and all the dignitee
Lambert depryued, without any delay
Of primacie, and of all souerayntee
Of all the churche of Englande hole that day
From Humber south, to Aldulphe did obeye
And Lychfeld then for metropolitan sea
Was set aboue, and had the dignitee.
¶ But Egfryde then, the sonne of Offa kyng
Of Mers, the pall and all the primacie
Did well restore, to Christes hye pleasyng
To Award then byshop of Caunterburye
Wher it abode, euer after worthyly
[Page] Vnto this daye, with all the dignitee
As of olde right, it should haue souerayntee
¶ This tyme Kynot, of Pyghtes was the kyng
Fro forth to Carleile, and from the Scottishe sea
To Tyne that tyme his lordshyp was & dwellyng
The whiche he helde, by homage and feautee
Of the kyng then of Northumberlande in fee
And was his man also, in warre and peace
As his elders had doen, without leace.
¶ In whose dayes, tharchbyshop Egbert
Of Yorke, brother was as I can vnderstande
To the kyng of Northumberlande Edbert
The primacye and pall, brought to Yorkes lande
By the B. of Rome graunted, without gaynstand
Whiche from the death, of the good kyng Edwyn
Had ceased long, from the tyme of saynt Paulyn
¶ About this tyme, as well is expressed
Vnguste the kyng of Pyghtes, rode in Englande
On warre, wher then he was full sore distressed
By the manly kyng of Northumberlande
Where he auoiwed, yf he came to his lande
A churche to make of full great dignitee
In worship of saynt Andrewe should it bee
¶ And at his home commyng one Regalo
Fro Constantyne by reuelacion
Brought certayn bones of saynt Andrewe tho
Ignoraūce in those dayes.
To kyng Vngust, where by his relacion
He founded then, a mynster of his fundacion
Of saynt Andrewe, wher his bones shryned been
[Page Cii] As there in dede I was, and haue it seen.

The .C .iii. Chapiter.

¶ Brightryke kyng of Westsex protectour of Englande rei­gned .xvi. yere, that began to reigne in the yere of our Lorde vii. hundreth .iiii. score and three, and died in the yere .vii. C. foure score and nynetene.

BRightrike cousyn, yt was nexte of bloode
To kyng Kenulphe, by hole intelligence
Of Westsex, was kyng full wise & good
And protectour of Englande in regence
Whiche gouerned right well, with great sapience
The yere of Christ .vii. hundreth .iiii. score & three
When that he tooke on hym the dignitee
¶ He wedded Edburge kyng Offa his doughter fayre
Of Mers, for loue & peace & good accorde
Betwene theyr landes, with all theyr hole repayre
The kyng Albert, also of good accorde
Only of purpose, to make concorde
Of Eastlande came, to Offa for peace
Betwene theyr lande, the warres for to ceasse
¶ And his doughter to wed, vnto his wyfe
For more suertee of loue, and good accorde
Whom quene Eburge, of Mers because of strife
Afore had be, betwene hym and hir lorde
And for she would not vnto the mariage accorde
Made hym to bee slayn, in full priue wise
Within his bed, afore that he myght ryse.
¶ For whiche Offa, greatly was agreued
[Page] And buried hym, at Harforde his citee
And Offa then and Humbert, as is breued
Bishop of Lychefelde, wher then was his see
Whiche kyng and byshop, with great royaltee
Translate that tyme, saynt Albone in shryne
Of siluer gylt, with stones fayre and fyne.
¶ Whiche Offa died, the yere of Christ full clere
Seuen hundreth .iiii. score and thereto seuentene
When he had reigned so, ix. and thyrty yere
At Offa aye buried, that tyme as well is sene
With all honoure, as to suche a kyng beseme
To whom Egfride his sonne, then gan succede
And after hym, Kynuphe reigned in dede.
¶ Whiche Offa gaue through Mers, the Rome peny
Vnto the churche of Rome, full longe afore
Tharchebyshoprych from Cauntorburye
Vnto Lychefeld, translated for euermore
By his will, euer to abyde thore
So stode it then, for certeyn all his lyue
As Flores sayth, and doeth it so subscriue.
¶ This Azdulphe, kyng of Northumberlande
Slew Wade his duke, that again hym was rebel
Besyde Mulgreue, where as men vnderstande
His graue is yet men saye, vpon the fell
For his falshed and treason, as bookes tell
Betwene Gysburgh and Whitby, sothe to saye
Where for treason, he was layd in the hie waye.
¶ In his fourth yere, wt duke Kylrike he fought
And droaue hym to his shippes then agayn
[Page Ciii] In Humbar, so that he had not to his fraught
But fewe persones, were lefte alyue vnslayne
And in his yere eleuen, with mykell payne
With Danes he fought, againe yorkeshyre right
where many thousādes he slewe, yt were ful wight
¶ And on a daye, as he from huntyng came
All hote chased, his men bottelles founde
In his chaumber, in which was wyne of name
Menne called yt tyme, Vernage of straunge land
Whiche wine was poysoned, as I vnderstande
Of whiche he dranke, and poysoned was anon
Vnto the death, and might no ferther gone.
¶ He dyed the yere .vii. C .lxxx. and nyntene
At Tewkisbury, buryed in sepulture
Of whose death, Edburge that was quene
Was blamed then, for that mysauenture
For she dyd make that drynke, men sayde ful sure
Certayne persones by venym to haue slayne
That loued her nought, and was her euer agayn
But what for feare, and what for speche she fled
With great rychesse, of passyng great measure
In Fraunce vnto the kyng, full fast she sped
But of her rule, thence forth I set no cure
It was so lewde to reporte in scrypture
I wyll not breake my brayne, it to reporte
For wemens wele, the which I wolde comforte

The .C .iiii. Chapiter.

¶ Egbert kyng of Westsex, protectour of England that reigned .xxxv. yere, & dyed in the yere of Chryste, viii. hundreth [Page] thyrtye and thre, as after shall appere.

EGberte, cosyn to the sayde Segberte
Kyng of Westsex, was royally accepte
Kyng Eg­berte.
with all honour, yt the lordes could aduert
And eche man glad, no creature excepte
So graciously fortune, then had hym kepte
That all people ioyed, his coronacyon
For cause he was, of Britons generacyon.
¶ For downe he was, from Asserake discent
Kyng Ebrank, sonne of consanguinytee
Syth Cadwalader dyed, and was dispent
Was none ryght heyre, of Brytons bloud but he
As Chronycles tell, lyke as a man maye se
For systers sonne, he was to kyng Sygbert
Of Westsex hole, as Flores coulde aduerte.
¶ Also men sayde, he came of Ingils bloude
And very heyre he was, to hym and Iue
For whiche Englysh & Saxons, with him stode
And helde with hym, as for theyr bloude natyfe
Protectour was he made, there so belyue
Of all Englande and Wales, hole conquered
And Cornewayle asso, as it is chronicled.
¶ Then toke he, of all kynges leege homage
Excepte Bernulphe, yt kyng of Mers was tho
Woulde do hym none then, for his herytage
Wherfore he brent his lande, & did him mikyl wo
And so they gathred great hoost, on both sides tho
Where Bernulphe, then at Glenden hym met
In Mers lande, trowyng hym to ouerset.
¶ But kyng Egberte had then the victory
And slewe Bernulphe, for all his boste and pryde
To Ludican, he gaue that lande in hye
To holde of hym, as other dyd on euery syde
Through all Englande, yt was both longe & wide
Then droue he kyng Balrede, out from all Kent
And all his realme destroyed sore and brent
¶ But Ludican was false, by foule treason
Whome kyng Egbert then slewe in batayle sore
For his falshode, and his rebellyon
And to Wylaffe, he gaue that lande ryght thore
Was Bernulphs sonne, to haue for euermore
To holde of hym, of ryght and herytage
By seruyce dewe, of feaute and homage.
¶ Then in his tyme, the Danes sore destroyed
The ysles of shepey, and Tenet also
And to the sea, they went agayne vnanoyed
And after sone, in Northumberlande tho
They dyd aryue, and wrought full mekell woo
With whome Egbert, there faught wt smal meny
That oute of the felde, they made hym to flye.
¶ Kyng Egbert drewe south, then into the lande
And helde the felde, to tyme his sonnes two
Athylwolfe and Ethylbert, I vnderstande
With hoste full greate, came ridyng to hym tho
Where then he bare, the crosse of golde ay so
In his lefte hande, and in his ryght a swerd
With which he made, his fooes therwith al aferd
¶ For there he had the felde and victorye
[Page] And slewe Dardan, a knyght full chyualrus
The kynges sonne, of Denmarke sekerly
And all his hos [...]e, that was full malicyous
By vertue of the crosse, patyfe precyous
For whiche alwaye after, in hys banner
Of azuer whole, the crosse of golde he bear
¶ Whiche armes so full, after this daye
Kyng Kinigyll of Westsex, had them bore
Fro his bapteme, thenne afterwarde alwaye
And all the kynges after, so dyd euermore
Of Westsex, so in mynde of Christes lore
His crosse, his death, and his holy passyon
Whiche Iewes him wrought, without compassiō
When kyng Egbert had fyue and thyrty yere
Reygned in lande, and felt full great syckenesse
Of whiche he dyed, of Chrystes birth full clere
The yere so then .viii. C. was expresse
Foure and thyrty, nother more ne lesse
At Wynchester, then royally buryed
As Flores sayeth, and well hath notifyed.

The .C .v. Chapiter.

¶ Athelwolfe kynge of Westsex, reygned .xix. yere, & dyed the yere .viii. hundreth .liii. after Chrystes byrth,

AThelwolfe was king crowned at his citee
[...] Tythes firste graū ted to the clergy in Englande.
Of Westchester, in all royall estate
To whome the kinges, & lordes made feaute
And homage leege as was preordynate
That reygned after .xix. yere fortunate
And graunted the churche, tythes of corne & haye
[Page Cv] Of bestiall also, through Westsex for aye
¶ In the yere eyght hundred thirty and eyght
The Danes arriued with shippis fourscore & thre
Wher Athelstane his sonne did with theim feight
And duke Wolfward, by greate fortunitee
Theim toke and sleugh with all felicitee
But Athelstane, in that battaile was slaine
Of his warres, that was the capitain
¶ And in the yere eyght hūdred thirty and nyne
The kyng faught sore wt Danes at Mersyngton
Wher erle Harbart was slain a prince full fyne
But Danes all were take and slain their a doune
Without mercy, cracked vpon the croune
The kyng came home, with honour and victorye
As Flores saieth, right in his memorye
¶ And in the yere eyght hundred fourty and one
The Danes watched thest sea cost throughout
With diuers hostes, for which yt king made great mone
All helples thē, the Danes yt were so stout
In many places, with many dyuerse rout
All harmles went, without hurt or pain
By dyuers tyme, that yere home again
¶ In the yere eyght hundred foure and fourtye
At Carham then, the kyng full sore did fight
With Danes fell, and had the victorye
And at Alnewik he faught, again furth right
With Danes also, wher kyng Redwolf yt hight
Of Northumberlāde, and erle Alffride was slain
And full greate parte, of their hoost certain
¶ Kyng Athilwolf came to the South contree
Wher Danes then in battaile with hym faught
In Somersetshire, wher he made many dye
And gate the feld, and sleugh all that he caught
Wher great people yt daye the death hath raught
Tharchbishop with his full wise clergie
Bysyde Sandwiche, of Danes had victorye
¶ And in the yere eyght hundred fifty and one
The Danishe hoost, in Thamis did arriue
Kent, and Southray, Sussex, and Hāshire anone
Distroyed sore and throughe yt South gan dryue
Wher muche folke thei sleugh, bothe māne & wife
Whiche host ye kyng, wt battaile slewe doune sore
That home again retourned thei no more
¶ And in the yere eyght hundred fifty and three
The kyng Edmond of Estangle began
To reigne after Albert of greate beautee
That holy was, as his legend tell can
But Athilwolf the kyng buryed then
The kyng of Mers, that had his doughter wed
All Wales wan, theim thought thei had well sped
¶ This Athilwolf to Roome toke his waye
In pilgremage with hym, his soonne Alurede
Cardinall was of Wynchester that daye
Wher then he had, the bishoprike, in deede
A perfecte clerke, he was as saieth sainct Bede
A philosophier wise, and well approued
And by the bishop of Rome, cōmēdid well, & loued
¶ And there thei were abydyng ful twoo yere
[Page Cvi] And home thei came, vnto the kyng of Fraunce
And his doughter Indith ther weddid clere
By assent of hym, and all his hole puysaunce
And so with worship, and noble gouernaunce
Fro thens he came, sone into England
With hir and with his soonne as I vnderstand
¶ And in the yere eyght hundred fifty and three
The death his soule, gan frome his body dryue
Vnto the blisse eternall, there to bee
In heuen aboue, wher is euerlastyng life
To Peter and Pole he graunted infenitife
The Roome pence then of all Englande
As Flores saieth, as I can vnderstande
¶ He was then buryed, at Winchester in royall wise
As to suche a prince, of reason should affere
And with his wife, as did full well suffice
Foure soonnes he had, worthy without pere
Sir Athilwold, Ethelbert, Elfride the dere
And Alrude the youngest of echone
Afore theim all, one bast had Athelston
¶ Athelbold was kyng after hym and heire
And protector, with all the prerogatif
His stepdame wed, menne saied it was not faire
The churche him gan punishe and chastiue
For cause he wed, hir so vnto his wife
Again the lawe and christen conciense
Vnaccordant, with his magnificence
¶ That reigned whole, twoo yere and no more
In greate sikenes and pain inmorderate
[Page] Greately vexed, and punisshed was right sore
Menne saied it was, for sinne inordinate
With his stepdame, that was so consociate
But then he had, as God would repentaunce
For his trespas and misgouernaunce
¶ Afore he dyed, he did full sore repent
And for his synne, stode to correccion
Of holy churche, for his amendement
Submitted whole, without obieccion
And for to liue, in clene perfeccion
Departed were by lawe and deuorced
Afore his soule was passed and vncorced

The .C .vi. Chapiter.

¶ Ethelbert kyng of Westsex protector of Englande that reigned fiue yere.

SIr Ethelbert his brother gan succede
Kyng Ethel bert.
In whose dayes, the Danes destroied sore
The east parties of England then in deed
And home againe, they went harmeles therfore
Destroyed the people, and the lande right sore
But sone ther after, kyng Ethelbert them mette
And sleugh theim downe, in bataile sore and bet
¶ An other hoost, then newe spoyled all Kent
And by treaty, wyntred within the Isle
Of Tenet, then by Kentishe mennes assent
But at last, thei with a subtell wyle
Despoyled all Kent, and falsely did beguyle
And to their shipis went without delaye
Into Denmarke, with muche riche araye
¶ This Ethelbert reigned whole fiue yere
And dyed the yere of verey Christ his date
Eyght hundred whole and therto sixty clere
As Flores saieth, and hath it approbate
But with sykenesse he was so alterate
He dyed then, and at Shirborne buryed
With greate worship and honour laudified

The .C .vii. Chapiter.

¶ Elfride kyng of Westsex protector of Englande reigned sixe yere, and dyed in the yere of Christ eyght hundred lxvi.

ELfride was kyng, after his brother then
Kyng Elfride.
That reigned so, with all the dignitee
In Westsex whole, and mightely began
Protector was as was necessitee
For Danes then of greate iniquite
His lande foule brent, wasted and destroyed
That all Englande, was combred and anoyed
¶ In the east cost of Englande specially
In Estangle, wher Edmond then was kyng
Ther did greate hurte full cruelly
In Northumberlande full felly warryng
The people destroiyng, and the lande brennyng
Wher Danes then, sleugh the kyng of that lande
Byside Yorke, so as Flores dooeth vnderstande
¶ Also thei sleugh, in Northfolke all about
The people doune, and in Suffolke also
The kyng Edmond thei sleugh without doubt
Of Estangland, with arowes sharpe tho
Was shot to death, with muche other woo
[Page] That is a sainct honored this daye in blisse
At Edmondes bury canonyzed I wisse
¶ Hungar and Vbba sleugh hyw full cruelly
And brent abbeis throut all England that tyme
By North and South, and prestes full cursedly
All holy folke fled out of that realme
Thei sleugh all people that had take bapteme
At Colyngham sainct Ebbe, that was abbesse
Their nonnes putte from theim in sore distresse
¶ For dred of the tyrauntes twoo, full cruell
And their people cursed and full of malice
That rauished nōnes, euer wher their herd tell
In hir chaptre, ordeined again their enemies
Should not deffoule, their clene virginitees
She cut hir nose of, and hir ouer lippe
To make hir lothe that she might from hym slipe
¶ And counseled all hir susters to dooe the same
To make their fooes to hoge so with the sight
And so thei did, afore thenimies came
Echon their nose and ouer lipe full right
Cut of anone whiche was an hogly sight
For whiche tho fooes thabbey and nonnes brent
For thei theim self disfigured had shent
¶ Frō Twede to Thamys, abbais then thei brēt
And churches hole and people sleugh right doune
Wiues maydens widdowes and nonnes shent
Through all the lande and the est region
People sleyng in euery borough and towne
The women euer thei diuiciate
[Page Cviii] In euery place and fouly defflorate
¶ And in the yere .viii. hundreth fyftie and sixe
He died so, and from this worlde expired
Whom all his tyme, the Danes full sore did vexe
Agayn hym euer, full sore they had conspired
Theyr hertes in malice, alwaye sore affcerd
Sometyme the worse they had, sometyme yt better
As Flores sayth, and written hath in letter

The .C .viii. Chapiter.

¶ Alurede kyng of Westsex protectour of Englande reigned xxi. yere and died the yere .viii. C .xcv.

ALurede, kyng was of this region
Alurede kyng.
That brother was to this noble Elfryde
A perfect clerke, proued in opynyon
As clerkes could discerne, and proued
In knighthode also approued and notified
So plenerly, that no man knewe his peer
So good a knight, he was and singuler.
¶ In battayles many, in his fathers dayes
And also in his brethren tyme all thre
He fought full ofte, and bare hym wel alwayes
That for his dedes and singularitee
He was commended amonge thenemytee
Within the lande and out, as well was knowe
His fame among the people hye was blowe.
¶ Whyles he was kyng, he had aduersitee
With Danes oft, that on hym did ryue
Destroyed his lande, with great iniquitee
[Page] The whiche full oft, with might he did out driue
And slewe thousandes, that lost theyr lyue
Through the warres, begon of theyr outrage
That meruayll was to sene, of one lynage.
¶ And in the yere. viii, hundreth sixty and eyght
The Danes came to Yorke, and toke the towne
Hunger and Vbba, with many a wyle sleight
Wasted the lande about, both vp and downe
And so came forth to Mars, with hostes boune
And to Westsex, whom then the kyng Alurede
Discomfited there, with the hoste that he did lede.
¶ The Danyshe hoste, to Redyng came agayn
Another hoste at London, was with pride
Of Danes also, that wrought hym mekyll payne
But whyles these hoostes, were parted and deuide
With his power, Alurede gan to ryde
And at Anglefeld he fought, in Barkeshyre right
Where victorie he had, maugre of theyr might
¶ At Redyng in Barkeshire, then he mette
An hoste full greate, where he had then agayn
The victorye, and his fooes downe bette
At Basyng also, he slewe theim downe certeyne
At Asshenden, he droue theim out all pleyne
And gotte the felde, with all the victories
As Flores sayeth right in his memories
¶ And in the yere .viii. C. syxty and fourtene
The Danishe hoste, rode Lyndsey & Mars coūtre
And home agayn, as then was well sene
In Northumberlande, with greate prosperitee
[Page Cix] The Danes rode, doyng great aduersitee
Where the bishoppe then of holye Isselande
And all his monkes were, full fast fleand
¶ With s. Cuthberts bones, bare about .vii. yere
Nowe here, nowe there, in dyuers places aboute
For dread of Danes, and enemyes that there were
In Northumberlande dwellyng, yt tyme ful stout
But then the kyng, the sea sayled throughout▪
And shyppes gatte, with much great ryches
For to defende his lande, fro greate distresse.
¶ In Westsex then, with fooes agayn he met
Wher they fro hym, to Exeter that night
Fled full faste, where Alurede theim ouer sette
And slewe theim downe, in batayll and in fyght
And then in Mers, anone he fought forth ryght
With Danes tho, and also with Norwayes
That wasted had all Mers, in many wayes.
¶ Then fought he also, at Chipnā in Wilshire
And Hunger and Vbba and duke Haldene
Tyrauntes cruell, hote as any fyre
The Christen folke did brenne, wast and slene
With cruell tourmentes, did theim care and tene
Where Alurede had the victorie
And slewe that daye, all the Danyshyre

The .C .ix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kynge Alurede fled, to Ethelyngay in Hidils, for dreade of Danes, and serued an oxherde of the countree.

GVtron the kinge of Denmarke yt was tho
In Westser werred ful sore, & brent y lond
Wyth whych the kyng so marryd was wt wo
He wyst not well whether to ryde or stond.
But to Ethelyngay anone he tooke on honde
To ryde, where then he hyd hym in a place
For drede of Danes, suche was hys hap & grace.
¶ In Denwolfes house, thoxerd of the towne
So was he then, in poore and symple araye
Wher Denwolf, cladde hym in hys owne gowne
And tender was to hym there alwaye
But hys wyfe made hym to laboure aye
Wyth bakynge and wyth bruynge wonder sore
In water beryng, she made hym worke euer more
Where then hys lordes & knyghtes in good araye
Came to hym then, wyth hooste and greate powre
Where than the kynge vpon Gutron that daye
In batayle stronge, wyth corage freshe and clere
Foughte sore, and tooke Gutron prysonere
And thyrtye dukes wyth hym in companye.
Vnchrysten were, they all of panymrye
¶ And had the felde wyth all the vyctorye.
And of Danes manye thousande slewe
He baptyzed than as made is memorye
Thys kynge Gutron, that after was full trewe
And named was Athylstan all newe.
To whome the kynge, gaue than all Estenglande
As Edmonde had, to holde of hym that lande.
¶ And all hys dukes were also there baptyzed,
[Page Cx] And chrysten menne, bycame for goddes loue
The yere of Chryste .viii. C. thenne compeysed
Seuente and .viii. as Flores doth approue
The kyng was then, agayne at his aboue
Remembred hym of Denwolfe, that hym hyd
And sent for hym to Ethelingay, he dyd.
¶ His wyfe was deed, & somwhat was he letred
At his desyre, the kyng set hym to lerne
To tyme that he was wyse, and mekell betred
In holy wryt that he coulde well discerne
And then the kyng made hym byshop as yerne
Of Winchester, when Dunbert there so dyed
That byshop was afore hym sacrafyed.
¶ In the yere .viii. C. and foure score
The Danes in Thamis, & wintred at Foulham
The kyng came in somer after thore
And slewe them all, that they went neuer hame
The deed, the quycke, the maymed, and the lam [...]
All buryed wer, where the batayle was smyten
As Flores sayeth, and clerly hath it wryten.
¶ At Rochester the Danes were efte on londe
With whom the kyng, there faught, & many slew
Many drowned, and lyeng on the sonde
As they vnto theyr shyppes, agaynwarde flewe
He droue them there, vnto a warmly stowe
After theyr laboure, to haue recreacyon
Vpon the sondes, to make theyr habitacyon.

The .C .x. Chapiter.

¶ How Marine bishop of Rome, graūted to kyng Alurede to [Page] found an vniuersytee and study for clerkes, which he made at Dxenforde, where the clerkes be sworne, they shall not rede for theyr fourme at Stamforde.

ANd in the yere .viii. C .lxxx. and tweyne
Marine bishop of Rome, graūted to kīg A lurede
To foūd & make a study thē again
And an vniuersyte for clerkes in to rede
The whiche he made, at Oxenforde in dede
To that entent, that clerkes by sapyence
Agayne heretykes, should make resystence.
And chrysten fayth mayntayne, by theyr doctryne
The kyng also, to comforte and counsayle
By theyr teachyng, and wytty disciplyne
As Phylosophers of olde, dyd great auayle
To kynges, prynces, and cytees, gouernayle
Gaue all theyr wyt, in studye and dilygence
Agayne mischeues, to fynde and make defence
¶ And in the yere .viii. C .lxxx. and eyght
All his ryches, in fyue partes he ganne deuyde
One parte to men of warre, to kepe his ryght
An other parte, to lande tyllers in that tyde
The husbandry to mayntayne and to guide
The thyrde parte, all churches wasted to restore
The .iiii. vnto the studye for theyr lore
And to the Iudges, and men of lawe well lerned
The fyfte parte, full wysely he dispende
To holde the lawe in peace truly gouerned
Disposed thus, he was the realme tamende
This was a kyng, full greatly to commende
[Page Cxi] That thus could kepe his lande from all vexaciō
And not to hurte, his cōmons by taxacyon.
¶ For truste it well, as god is nowe in heuen
Who hurte the poore people, and the cōmontee
By taxes sore, and theyr goodes fro them reuen
For any cause, but necessytee
The dysmes to paye, compell of royaltee
Though they speake fast & mumble wt the mouth
They pray full euyl with hert, both north & south
The yere of Chryste .viii. C. lxxx and thyrtene
The duke Hastyne of Danes, euer vntrewe
Destroyed the lande, with hostes proude & kene
By Easte and Weste, that all the lande did rewe
Whome the kyng in batayle, felly slewe
After diuerse batayles, amonge them smyten
In sondry places, there as it was well weten
¶ In euery shyre, the kyng made capitaynes
To kepe the lande, with folke of theyr countree
And shippes many, & galaies longe wt Chieftaīs
And Balyngers, with bargys in the sea
With whiche he gate ryches, greate quantyte
And at a flud, was called Vthermare
He slewe an hoste of Danes, with batayle sare

The .C .xi. Chapiter.

¶ How duke Rollo a panyme, gate Normandye, of whome all the dukes of Normandye, be lynally discended.

ANd in the yere .viii. C .lxxx. and senentene
The duke Rollo, of Denmarke nacyon
A Painim stout, with mighty hoste & kene
[Page] In Englande brent without any delacyon
Whome Alurede by good supportacyon
Droue then agayne: vnto his nauy ryght
And of his men, a thousande he slewe in fyght
¶ Whiche Rollo then, landed in Normandye
Of whome all dukes, of that prouynce discent
And wan that lande, with swerde full manfully
And duke there was made, of hole entent
By processe after, and by the kynges assent
Of Fraunce, whose doughter he wed vnto his wyfe
And christen man became so all his lyfe.
¶ At charters fyrste, he seged so the towne
Superset, cyonsnesse with dāp­nable ydo­latrye.
Where they wtin, our ladyes smocke then shewed
For theyr banner, and theyr saluacyon
For feare of whiche, full sore in herte he rewed
All sodaynly, and vnto Roan remoued
Where then his wyfe, dame Gylle was dede and buried
Without chylde betwene them notifyed.
¶ But then he wedded Pepam, the syster fayre
Of duke Robert, of Normandye and Roone
On whome he gate William his sonne & heyre
That after hym was duke therof anone
When yeres many were passed and ouergone
But nowe at this to ceasse, I wyll enclyne
Tyll afterwarde, I shall tell forth theyr lyne
¶ Kyng Alurede, the lawes of Troye and Brute
Lawes Moluntynes, and Marcians congregate
With Danyshe lawes, that were well constytute
And Grekyshe also, well made and approbate
[Page Cxii] In englyshe tongue, he dyd then all translate
Whiche yet be called, the lawes of Alurede
At Westmynster, remembred it in dede
¶ And in the yere .viii. C .lxxx. and eyghtene
Then Alurede, this noble kyng so dyed
When he had reygned .xxix. yere clene
And with the Danes, in batayls multiplyed
He faught often, as Colman notifyed
In his chronycle, and in his cathologe
Entytled well, as in his dyaloge
¶ That fyftye batayls, and syx he smote
Somtyme the worse, and somtyme had the better
Somtyme the felde, he had at his note
Sometyme he fled awaye, as sayth the letter
Lyke as fortune, his cause lefte vnfeter
But neuerthelesse, as ofte when so they came
He contred them, and kepte the lande fro shame.

The .C .xii. Chapiter.

¶ Edwarde the fyrste kyng of Englande reygned, xxiiii. yere and dyed the yere of Chryste .ix. C. and, xix.

EDwarde his sōne, so crowned was anone
Of Westsex, then by all the parlyament
Protectour was made, againe the fone
Whiche warred sore, in Englande by assent
The yere .viii. C .lxxx. and fyftene spent
Earle Athylwolde he exyled, into Fraunce
For he a nonne had rauyshed, to his vsaunce.
¶ But after that, this same earle Athylwolde
[Page] With Danyshe hoste, Mers and Estanglande
Destroyed sore both, kyng Edwarde full bolde
Slewe Ethalwode, and his hoost I vnderstande
Discomfet hole, and droue them out of lande
And made all kynges of Englande, his subiectes
For so he thought, it was his very dettes
¶ He sommoned then at London, his parliamēt
Where he deposed, the kynges euerychone
Of all Englande, and made them by assent
Dukes and earles, thence forwarde so anon
In euery kyngdome, then he ordayned one.
And in some thre, he made by ordynaunce
And all kyngdomes, foringed by gouernaunce
¶ And he to be the kyng, of all englande
Proclaymed hole, to voyde all varyaunce
Discorde and warre, that many yeres had stande
Whyles seuen kynges, had the gouernaunce
Ther might no lawe, ne peace haue perseueraūce
Wherfore he toke, of euery Duke homage
Of Earles also, and of the Baronage.
¶ Scotland and Wales, he warred sore in dede
Homage of the Scottes
Tyll they became his men, and made homage
For souerayne Lorde of Britayne, as I rede
The kynges then dyd for theyr herytage
For all theyr men, and for their vasselage
To ryde with hym, where that euer he gooe
In warre and peace, agayne frende and fooe.
¶ Duke Ethelrede of Mers, and also his wyfe
Elfled that hyght Westchester, then repayred
[Page Cxiii] That wasted was, by Danes warre and strife
Whiche Roomaynes first builded, had and feired
In tyme when, thei to this lande repeired
Of Roomayne werke, whiles thei here occupied
That citee first, full freshly edified
¶ Thē faught the kyng, wt Danes at Wodefeld sore
In Mers & also at Herford wt greate pain
Wher victorye he had, of theim euermore
Again he faught with Danes soth to sain
At Towcester, and laid theim on the plain
In Yorkeshire also, he slewe the Danes downe
And voided theim all out of his region

The .C .xiii. Chapiter.

¶ This kyng made an vnion of all the realmes, and called it Englande, and after it failed neuer of that name.

THis noble kyng thus made an vnion
Of seuē realmes, yt stode three hūdred yere
Sixe and thyrty also in greate deuision
And warres many, as Colman saieth full clere
Fro Gurmond had driuen out Carreis here
Whiche was the yere fiue .C .iiii. score & thirtene
Vnto the yere of Christ nine hundred & nientene
¶ These erles all, and dukes then held the lawe
As shryues nowe in shires dooen and maintene
That the commons ouerlaied, full sore with awe
And sore oppressed their states to sustene
Wherfore he voided theim out of office clene
And shryues made through all his region
Whiche haue not forgete extorcion
¶ This noble kyng, Edward thelder hight
When he had reigned full twenty & foure yere
Buryed he was at Winchester full right
As in Flores, full clerely dooeth apere
Who in his tyme surely had no peere
Of wysedome nor manhode as was seen
The lawe and peace that could so well sustene

The .C .xiiij. Chapiter.

¶ Athelstane kyng of England reigned fiftene yere and dyed in the yere of Christ nine hundred thirty & fiue. How Con­stantyne kyng of Scottes warred again Athelstane but he recouered his homage by myracle of sainct Iohn of Beuerley as sheweth here afterward.

SIr Athilstane his eldest soonne of age
In wisedome euer full sadly & well auised
At Kyngstō was crouned & toke homage
Of all the lordes right as he had deuised
Agaynste whome all Wales as thei suffised
Then he warred, but he made theim obeye
And made homage, his meune to bee for aye
¶ In wohse tyme so, y yere of Christ nine hūdred
And thyrty more and fiue full accompted
Robert Rollo his soule and corps asondred
His corps to the earth, his soule amounted
Whiche in knighthod, his Danes surmounted
That reigned had then duke of Normandy
By thirty yere accompted full clerly
¶ To whom succedid his soōne Wyllyā lōgspee
That after hym was duke of Normandy
[Page Cxiiii] But then the kyng of Scottes by cruelte
Rebellyō of the Scottes.
Hight Constantyne, hym warred cruelly
For whiche, kyng Athilstane mightily
Stroyed all Scotland till his people dyed
For cold and hunger dyed and mortified
¶ But he was so comforted euen by miracle
That he faught a none, wt this kyng Constātyne
And had the feld and his habitacle
Theim droue through all the lād wt muche payne
To tyme he was, full fain to enclyne
To Athilstane, for to make his homage
Homage of the Scottes.
For all Scotland that was his heritage
¶ Anlaaf the kyng of Denmark, full of pride
Cousyn to kyng Constantyne of Scotland
With shippis many arriued on Humberside
At Burnesburgh and claymed of England
For to haue of the kyng as I vnderstand
The truage, whiche his eldres had afore
And with hym brought Colbrōd to fight therfore
¶ And Athilstane at the daye assigned
Made hym redy the battaill to haue smitten
Again Colbrond, armed with hart benyngned
But then sir Guy of Warwike as was weten
Guy of Warwicke.
In palmer wyse as Colman hath it wryten
The battaill toke on hym for Englandis right
With Colbrond in armes for to fight
¶ Wher then he sleugh, this Danyshe champion
By whiche battaill, the truage was relesed
By couenaunt made and composicion
[Page] Betwene the kynges afore and warres cesed
Thus kyng Anlaaf, home to Denmarke presid
Without more warre or conturbacion
And sir Guy went to his contemplacion
¶ Kyng Athelston then, fraunchesid Beuerley
In the worship of God and sainct Iohn
Wher in his life, is written for euer and aye
The miracle of his stroke so in the stone
That neuer manne might dooe but Athilston
Through grace of God and his direccion
Through prayer of sainct Iohn and affeccion
¶ This noble kyng was euer more iust & trewe
To God his faith, and to churches deuocion
To poore menne grace, on subiectes euer did rewe
To preestes and age reuerence in feld and towne
In dome sadnes, trouth and discrecion
And in the yere nene hundred thyrty and fiue
When he had reigned sixtene yere with life
¶ His brother Edmōd for kyng thē was crouned
Kyng E [...]mōd reigned [...]i. yere.
Of Englande whole by concent of all estate
To whome Dothowe kyng of Scotlāde yt stoūde
And Howell of Walis the kyng then create
As was afore vsed and determinate
Homage of the scottes.
Feaute to hym made and leege homage
For Wales and Scotlande yt was their heritage
¶ He sette sainct Dunstan then at Glastenbury
Vnder thabbot of monkes and religion
That abbot was with hym at Canturbury
This kyng Edmond was slain by a felone
[Page Cxv] Whiche of malice, and his false treason
That forfet had, and dampned was to dye
For his forfet, and for his felonye.
¶ At Cauntorbury, as y kyng hym saw on a daye
For yre on hym, he ranne and sore hym wounde
For whiche he stroke, the kyng for aye
So they dyed both two, ther in that stounde
Eche of theim, of his mortall wounde
Whiche to a prince, accorded in no wyse
To put hym selfe in drede, wher lawe may chastice
¶ He reigned but .vi. yere then all out
And died the yere .ix. hundreth fourtye and one
At Glastenbury buried without doute
For whome the people, made then ful great mone
For lawe and peace, he kept to euerychone
And his commons, neuer his tyme supprissed
And oppressours of hym alwaye were chastised
¶ His brother Edrede, after hym had the crowne
Edrede kynge of Englāde
At London then, and tooke royall feautee
Of all estates, within his region
Excepte Scotlande, that through theyr vnlewtee
Rebelliō, of ye Scottes.
Crowned Gilryke, a Dane of great beautee
Of royall bloodde borne and generate
And for theyr kyng, hym fully had create.
¶ Kyng Edrede went to Scotland we his power
And all the lande, wasted sore and brent
Wherfore the Scottes, by hole consent for feer
Put downe Gilryke, from all the regyment
And droaue hym to Denmarke or they stent
[Page] And to Edrede came all the Baronage
Homage of ye Scottes.
And to hym made feautee and homage
¶ And in the yere .ix. hundreth fourty and nyne
He died, buried at Wynchester his cytee
When that he had, his soule made to enclyne
Out of his corps, to passe awaye and flee
Where God of heauen, would that it should bee
But .viii. yere full, he reigned and no more
When death hym toke, with sikenes great & sore.
¶ Edwyn his brother, resceyued then the crowne
Edwyn kynge.
Folyshe and proude, and of his will maligne
And in his wytte, was full lytle reason
Whom his barons, for cause he was vndigne
Made hym his crowne, for to resigne
Deposed hym then, out fro his regiment
At the parliament, by theyr commen assent.
¶ Whom saynt Dunstane, for aduoutre blamed
But it amende, he would in no kyn wyse
Of whiche he was, full openly defamed
Through all the realme, he was the more vnwise
For whiche the lordes, and commons all did ryse
And droaue hym out, awaye wher no man knewe
Thus synnes olde, make shames come full newe.
¶ He reigned had, but .iiii. yere and no more
When he was depriued of his estate
Without thanke of God or man therfore
And well worse, was of all men moste behate
Of his reygne hauyng no lenger date
Who dyed the yere .ix. hundreth fyfty and thre
[Page Cxvi] Foringed hole from all his magestee

The .C .xv. Chapiter.

¶ Edgare kyng of Englande, reigned .xviii. yere & died in yt yere of Christ .ix. hundreth three score and eleuen.

HIs brother Edgare by a commē assente
Was chosen kyng, as chronicles recorde
With diademe crowned, at his parliamēt
And homage toke royall of euery lorde
So mercyfull and full of misericorde
Was he, that saynt Dunstan reconciled
Whome kyng Edwyn, wrongfully had exiled.
¶ Whom archebyshop of Cauntorbury he made
With all estate and primates dignitee
Of Monkes and nonnes, mynsters fayre & glad
Fourtye founded of religioustee
Within his realme, of his owne royaltee
Endewed theim all in lande and tenemente
Sufficiently with all establyshemente
¶ He wedded Elfbede yt dukes doughter Ozmere
On whom he gate a sonne, both good and fayre
That after was saynt Edwarde the marter
Who was his eldest sonne and his heyre
A lykely prince towarde, both comly and fayre
Elflede died, he wedded Elfrith to wyfe
That doughter was to duke Orgare be life
¶ On whom he gate Ethelbert so anone
The kynges of Wales, he had in subieccion
[Page] The Scottes kynge Kynowth withouten moon
Homage of yt Scottes.
Made hym homage, without obieccion
Thus all were vnder his proteccion
And rode with hym, alwaye in warre and peace
In all his tyme, withouten leas.
¶ So trewe he was, and in his dome wyse
That for no mede, nor fauoure wold he false
The trewe leuers, his lawe did not despyse
He socoured euer, and felons hanged hy the halse
Conspiratours, murtherers and traytours als
The cōmon weale, aboue all thyng preferred
Which euery prince, shuld se wer wel obserued
¶ He taxed not his commons, ne supprysed
Ne holy churche, nor yet the clergie
But lyued on his owne, as it was assised
Vpon his rentes, and landes morallye
His officers hym ruled, full no tably
In euery shire he went in priuetee
To spie and knowe, who hurtes the commontee.
¶ He was a kyng, full worthy and condigne
That let not, for his ease nor his laboure
To searche and see defautes, that were maligne
And theim correcte, he was a gouernoure
God set neuer kyng, to be a ryotoure
Thoffice of a king
To trippe on tapettes, and lyue in ydelnesse
But for to rule, with all kyndes of busynesse
¶ He died the yere .ix. hundreth sixty and eleuen
When he had reygned full eyghtene yere
Buried he was, at Glastenbury to neuen
[Page Cxvii] His corps to the earth, his soule to heauen clere
When he had been dead, foure and twenty yere
Byshop Oswald, of that same diocise
By counsell of thabbot, that was wyse
¶ Abbot Edwarde of that place that hight
Who layde hym in a toumbe, made of newe
For it was shorte, he brake his legges wight
Of whiche the bloodde, as rede and freshe of hewe
As euer it was sprent out, all hote and newe
Into his eyen, by whiche he lost his sight
Men sayd it was, for he had so hym dight
¶ Edwarde his sonne, that eldest was and heire
Saynt Dunstan then, as made is mencion
Edwarde marter kynge of Englande.
Tharchbyshop of Cauntorbury fayre
So crowned hym, kyng of this region
Whom dame Alfrith of false presumpcion
His stepmother, to crowne syr Ethelrede
At Cornisgate, so cut his throte in dede
¶ As he with her did drynke, of good entent
And buryed was, at Warham then anone
But afterwarde the B. of Rome, to England sent
To take hym vp, and laye hym hye anone
In a toumbe made of siluer gold and stone
As a marter, then hym canonized
At Shaftesbury, where he is autorized.
¶ And dyed in the yere of Christ .ix. hūdreth clere
Sixty also accoumpted and fyftene
That reigned had in Englande, but .iiii. yere
His soule to blysse, went then as is well sene
[Page] Where nowe he muste, euer dwell and been
In ioye eterne, emonge the sayntes of heauen
And there with Christ goddes sonne beleuen

The .C .xvi. Chapiter.

¶ Kyng Ethelrede, kyng of Englande reigned .xxxviii. yere and dyed in the yere of Christ, a thousande and thirtene

THen Ethilrede, withouten tariyng
At Kyng stone tho, by all the baronage
Crowned was, fayre & royally as kyng
Ethilrede kyng.
His brother was, and heyre of heritage
But saynt Dunstan then, by his trewe language
Prophecied and sayd, withouten leas
In all his tyme, he should not reigne in peace.
¶ For to this realme he sayd he had no right
But by murther and cruell homycede
Of your brother, that for you was dight
Whiche murther euer asketh vengaūce on euery syde
Wherfore he said, serue God what so betyde
And then it is the fayrest chastisement
To be put out, fro that same regyment.
¶ Saynt Dunstan died, and went to heauen
The kyng rode forth, to London his citee
And as he rode, he sawe a cloude full euen
A wonder­full token.
As rede as bloodde, as all the people did see
Whiche Englande hole ouerspred in quantitee
Fro whiche the bloodde, reyned vpon the ground
That men trouwed to haue ben peryshed yt stound
The next yere after, the Danes at Southhāpton
Arryued, and brent the countre there aboute
Also they spoyled, and sore brente the towne
And so they dyd all Cornewayle throughout
And Deuenshire also, and somerset no doubte
With Dorsetshire, and Wylshyre, & Barkeshrye brent
And to London came, or euer yt they stent
The suburbes there, they spoyled sore and brent
Two dukes then, of Denmarke and Norwaye
Northfolke, Southfolke, & Essex, or they stent
Brent and spoyled, and so forth helde the waye
To London then, where theyr felowes laye
So assembled they, and passed into Kente
Where that countre, they spoyled sore and brent
¶ The lande of kent to them graunted truage
To lyue in peace, and home agayne they went
But in Northfolke an other hoste their passage
Made then, and so to Lyncolne or they stent
All Lyncolneshyre throughout, then they brent
And Yorkeshyre also, and home they went againe
With pylage great, of which they were full faine
¶ The king might get, no helpe wt them to fight
For which he treated, wt king Anlaaf of Norway
And wt king Swaan, of Denmarke for his right
That destroyed had the lande, in fell araye
And truage hight, them furthwarde to paye
For they had no power, amongest thē to prayse
And was full fayne, the warres for to cease
But yet kyng Swayne, wold nothīg rest for this
[Page] He came agayne, and crowned was for kyng
Greate tallage, of all this lande a mysse
He toke alwaye, and specyally all other thyng
Saynt Edmūdes landes, he hurt by great taskīg
And tallage, which of it that he raysed
Vnegally, he pondred then and peysed.
For whiche warrys, quene Emme to Normandy
To her brother, duke Rycharde the thyrde
With her sonnes, Alurede and Edwarde her by
And Edmunde Ironesyde, then it so betyde
All these the toke, and in a shyppe she dyd
And with kyng Ethelrede by the sea led pryuely
For helpe to haue gotte his lande there by
¶ In whiche tyme, whyls he in Normandye
Was so [...]ournyng, kyng Swayn full lowde then cryed
And sayde vnto his men, & fast gan crye
I am but deed, saint Edmunde hath me spyed
And with a speare, hath me here mortifyed
Wo worth yt day, I noied S. Edmundes ground
For with his speare, my hert he hath sore wounde
¶ He dyed ryght so, without confessyon
And whyther he went, I ne wote ne whare
But well I wote, in good and true professyon
Saynt Edmonde king dyed, and made his fare
To blysse eterne, withoute any care
But then the Barons, and lordes of Englande
Sent worde to Ethylrede, with hym for to stande
And wrote to him, how yt kyng Swayn was deed
And bade hym come, to his lande agayne
[Page Cxix] And so he dyd, by councell and theyr rede
He exyled all the Danes, with greate disoayne
And slewe them downe in batayle, wt great payne
For whiche therle Edryk, sent to kyng Knowte
To Englande to come, with hoost great and stout
¶ This ylke kyng knowte, yt sonne was to kyng Swain
To England cam wt host & great power
Whome Ethylrede then met, and faught agayne
In batayle stronge, & droue him home full clere
With whome Edryk, then fled as dyd apere
Into Denmarke, as a false traytoure vntrewe
Purposyng so to come agayne all newe
But kyng Ethelred in the meane tyme, then dyed
The yere of Chryste, a thousande and thyrtene
And reygned had, as Colman notifyed
Thyrtie and eyght, in warre and intene
Euer ne we and newe vexed as was sene
His owne lande fled, for drede of en myte
Without socoure, fro it he was fayne to flee.
¶ Thus was he chastysed, for his mothers gylt
Accordyng well, to holy trewe scrypture
For cause that she, his brother had slain & spylt
And lyke the wordes of saynt Dunstane, full sure
That sayde it was, a punishyng full pure
Oute of the realme, to be dryuen and expelled
In whiche by syn, he had so hye excelled.

The .C .xvii. Chapiter.

EDmond Ironeside gotē & generate
Of his first wife, a dukes doughter of Englād
Edmonde Ironesyde reigned kīg of Englād thre yere.
After Ethelrede his father was ꝓrogate
Vnto the crowne, of all this royall lande
Men called hym so, as I can vnderstande
Where euer he rode, armed was he ay
Oppressours all, to chastyce in his waye.
¶ Knowt of Denmarke, assayled ofte this lande
So in this tyme, that euer he armed went
To vse the feate of armes, I vnderstande
As to knyghthode, full well it dyd appent
Thus Colman sayth, and Flores that he ment
But syxe batayles, agayne kyng Knowt he smote
With victorye, as Flores hath it note.
¶ But then to voyde, the greate effusyon
Of chrysten bloude, they two together accorde
To fyght them selfe, for full conclusyon
Within an yke of Seuerne, by concorde
Withouten warre, or any more discorde
And who so then, myghte get the victorye
Reioyse the realme, and all the monarchye
¶ And at theyr daye, and place so assygned
They armed, met with strokes knyghly set
With speare and swerd, eyther other so repugned
With axe and dagger, eyther on other bette
Eyther of them tryste, the ouerhande to gette
But at laste kyng Knowt, to hym alayde
These wordes there, and thus to hym he sayde.
¶ Wolde god Edmonde, thou were so couetouse
[Page Cxx] As I am nowe, and as myne herte now wolde
And in this case, as glad and desyrous
We shulde not longe, this batayle thus holde
And to our men, great gladnesse manifolde
Yf thou the halfe, of Denmarke had with me
And I the halfe of Englande, had with the.
With whiche they both the wepons fro thē caste
And eyther other, in armes gan them embrace
That both theyr hostes, amarueled were ful faste
What it dyd meane to ceasse, in so lytell space
But when they knewe, betwne them the case
They kneled all, and Chryste they laudifyed
With herte deuoute, ye eche of them so victoryed.
¶ Their realmes both, they parted then in two
By hole accorde, betwene them so concorded
And loued euer, as brethren after so
As chronycles, haue well hole recorded
Fro that tyme forth, no more then they discorded
This ysle where they faught, hyght Clyues
Of cōmon langage, as then it dyd them please
¶ But Edryk of Lyncolne, euer vntrewe
Reconsyled home, by Edmonde was agayne
By subtyll meane, this good king Edmond slewe
In pryde wyse without wounde or mayne
But in what fourme, I can not wryte nor sayne
When he had reygned, yt tyme fully .iii. yere
Buryed he was, but where no man durste spere
¶ But in the yere of Chryste, a thousande so
He dyed awaye accompte, and syxtene
[Page] Vnknowen to his people, and Lordes tho
For whom they made great dole, as thē was seen
But neuerthelesse, it myght no better bene
This false Edryk, so falsely it couered
That openly it was, not then discouered.

The .C .xviii. Chapiter. * Knowt kynge of Englande and of Dē marke.

KYng Knowt, reigned in Englād thē anon
And wedded had quene Eme of England
Ethelrede wife, which gate him loue anon
In Englande, of all the estates of the londe
Of cōmons also, that were both fre and bonde
On her he gate a sonne, that harde Knowt hight
On his fyrste wyfe, had Swayne & Herold ryght
¶ He sent Edmonde and Edwarde, yt sonnes two
Of Edmōd Ironeside, to Swithen to kīg Knowt
To slee or lowse, to kepe in pouerte so
That they should neuer haue power in nor oute
To claime England, neyther with hoost ne route
Whome he sent forth, then into Hungry
To the emperoure, with letters worthely
¶ Besechyng hym, to noryshe them and saue
Declaryng hym, whose sonnes that they were
The whiche he dyd, full worthy and gaue
Vnto Edmonde, his owne doughter dere
Whiche Edmonde then dyed, and she in fere
Without chylde, wherfore Agas his coosyn
Doughter of Herry, he gaue to Edwarde fyne
¶ Of whiche Edwarde, called Edwarde thexyl [...]
Came Edgare, then called Edgar Athelyng
[Page Cxxi] But Knowt it let, hym self then crounyng
That to London to hold his Christmas
With his houshold, went then with greate solas
¶ Wher erle Edrik, to kyng Knowt hym cōfessed
That he had slain, kyng Edmond Ironeside
His owne leege lorde with cruell death impressed
To gette his loue, and with hym dwell and bide
For vnlikely it was to goo or ride
Twoo kynges together in Englande
He saied was not accordyng in the land
¶ The kyng his woordes well herd and cōceiued
And howe he asked a reward for his mede
There made hym tell, howe he his lorde disceiued
Afore the lordes, as he had dooen in deed
The whiche boldely he did without dreed
Hauyng no shame, to aske a greate reward
For whiche the kyng & lordes gaue whole award
¶ To hang hym on the toure duryng his liue
To he were dedde, that all folke might hym se
And his treson there, openly to shriue
And after that, to hang there till he dye
For whom then was emong the commons truily
A greate biworde, as many one yt woundre & rōne
As did on therle Edryke of Strettoun
¶ The kyng went to Norway and it conquered
And droue the kyng O [...]f out of that land
And held it so by conquest of his swerd
Full worthily he gouerned euery land
To peace and lawe, he kept theim as he faund
[Page] And in his domes, was rightwyse and stable
And to the poore alway merciable
¶ Kyng Malcom of Scotland, thē did homage
To hym and furth became, for euer his manne
Homage of yt Scottes,
So did the kynges of Wales of hye parage
And all the North West Occian
For their kyngdonies, and for their landes than
And in his tyme moste he was redoubted
Of all princes and in all londes loaued
¶ To Roome he rode, in royall goodly wyse
And there was with the bishop greately commed
As Christen prince, by papall whole aduise
The cardynalles foure, whiche the bishop had sed
At Malburgate, foure mile fro Roome extende
With greate meyne hym mette, & greate honour
As if he had been of Roome themperour
¶ At his commyng again into England
He gaue Norway vnto his soonne sir Swayne
And to Herold his soonne as I vnderstand
England he gaue, of whiche he was full fain
And to Harknowt, Denmarke he gaue certain
And so dyed in Christen whole creaunce
At Shaftisbury buryed by his ordynaunce
¶ The yere of Christ a thousand so was than
And thirty foure also truly written
When he had reigned, fro the tyme that he began
Eightene yere whole, as well it was wrytten
With the darte of death, whē that he was smitten
In whose dayes the land was inquiet
[Page Cxxii] Full of riches and of welfare whole replete

The .C .xviij. Chapiter.

¶ Herold kyng of England the soonne of kyng Knowt reig­ned fiue yere, and dyed in the yere a thousand and .xxxix.

HErolde his soonne; was crouned then in deede
By Loofrike yt duke of Leiscestre
By Londoners, in Flores as I reede
By Danyshyr also, as saieth the letter
That strong werre then, and of power greater
Then other lordes of Englishe nacion
At London made was this coronacion
¶ Alurede the soonne, of kyng Ethelrede
With fifty sailes, landed at Southampton
Wher kynge Herold with hoste hym met in deede
Redy to fight with hym for the croune
But certain lordes of Englondes region
Betwene theim treated, that Alurede went again
To Normandy, to duke Robert full plain
¶ But afterward, as Alurede so rode
Fro his mother vnto the kyng Herold
The duke Goodwyn on Gyldismore hym bode
With people greate, of nombre manyfold
And slewe his menne downe there as he would
And led hym furth to Ely and hym slewe
As traitour false, that euer had bee vntrewe
¶ Some chronicle saieth, he putte out bothe his eyen
Fro whiche he dyed sone for pain and woo
Some other sayin, he slette his wombe full keen
[Page] The lengest gut to a stacke he nayled tho
Led hym about the stack ther with muche wo
Till all came out that was his wombe within
Thus sleugh thei hym, with sobteltie and gyn
¶ His mother quene Eme, Edward then sent
To Normandy to duke Wyllyam anone
That hir cousyn was, to kepe he were not shent
By kyng Herold, of his cruelty alone
Warnyng hym of the treasō yt Herold had dooen
For whiche cause Herold hir exild
Out of England, and Edward also hir child
¶ To Flaundres she fled, then full sore amoued
To erle Badwyn hir cousyn nie of bloodde
Declaryng to hym, howe Herold had distroyed
Hir soonne Alurede that heyre of England stood
And exiled hir, without socour or good
And Edward also hir soonne, heire of England
His brother children also, awaye in vncouth land
¶ Wherfore therle, to kyng Hardknowt then wrote
All hir compleynt and of his socour prayed
And he should help, with all his might God wote
It were amendid of that she was affrayed
He came anone, in warre full well aryed
Into Flaundres, his mother for to please
Hir for to socour, and sette hir hert in ease
¶ In whiche meane while, the kyng Herold dyed
At Westminster, and buried was full feire
After he had reigned, as it is notified
Fiue yere reigned without any heire
[Page Cxxiii] Of his body gotten, after hym to repeire
England to gouerne, wherfore the lordes by assēt
To kyng Hardknowte then into Flaundres sente
¶ To bee their kyng, sith Herold was a gone
To please hym with, and his mother to comfort
Who came to England furth with anone
And crouned was with all the whole disport
That lordes conde, as Flores dooeth report
Thus kyng Hardknowt was kyng of Englande than
Who worthily yt tyme to reigne tho began
¶ This kyng began his brothers death to venge
Kyng Hard knowt▪
On erle Gowyn, that erle was then of Kent
That peased was, for he should not reuenge
With riche giftes, whiche that he on hym spent
With meekenesse lowe, & swore that he was sent
To dooe that thyng, on pein of high treson
By kyng Herold, charged without reason
¶ Through good and giftes, & mighty hie riches
And of his kyn, that meekely hym obeyed
And by acquaintaūce, that thei made then expresse
Vpon the holy euangelis sworne vndelayed
The kyng graūted hym his grace & was well payed
To make hym of his coūsell, & of gouernaūce
Without more wrath or any discordaunce
¶ He maried then his sister Gunylde to Henry
Themperour, that falsly was accused
Of synne and cryme vsed in auoutry
With a young manne the whiche hir excused
After the lawe of the land that was there vsed
[Page] By battaill of his hand that then their flewe
His accusour approuyng hym vntrewe
¶ For the whiche she would, nomore come in his bed
But lyued sole euer after, so hir life
For good ne gold for aught that he hir beed
For loue ne threte, for betyng ne for strife
With hym dwellyng, forthwarde as his wife
In all thynges els, euer at his gouernaunce
Bothe daye and night in womanly pleasaunce
¶ Kyng Hardknowt then, his doughter maryed
Vnto a duke of the Danishrie
At Lambirgh dyed at his feast magnified
Emong his lordes and all his prelacie
And putte hym whole in God his high mercye
And charged theim, his brother Edward to croūe
To reioyse the land of Englandes region
¶ This was the yere of Christ then inscriued
A thousand whole fourty also and one
When that he had reigned, as was subscribed
The twoo yere whole, whē he was thus wyse gone
For whom was made that tyme full muche mone
At Wynchester, byside his father buryed
With lordes all, thither full well accompaignied

The .C .xix. Chapiter.

¶ Kyng Edwarde the confessour kyng of Eng­lād reigned twenty and foure yeres, yt began the yere of Christ a thousand fourty and one and dyed the yere a thousand sixty and fiue.

EDward his brother, sōne of kīg Ethelrede
King Edwarde yt [...] cōfessou
was crowned then, kyng of Englande
The yere of Christ, a M. then in dede
Fourtye & one, as Flores could vnderstande
To whom the kyng Swayn, of Denmarke lande
The tribute whiche he had, fully relesed
And warres all betwene theim ceassed.
¶ To sende hym then, the hole Englyshe nauy
Agayn Magnus, that kynge was of Norwaye
That helde it so, by wrong and tirannie
Whiche Edwarde sente anone in great araye
With lordes, knightes and squiers freshe & gaye
With archers many, by whiche he gate his lande
Of Norwaye hole, and seazed it in his hande.
¶ Erle Eustace of Boleyn, that had wed
Edwardes suster, on his mother syde
To Edwarde came, at Douer sore bested
Where then his men, a burges slewe that tyde
Wherfore therle Goodwyn, set full of pryde
Therle Good­wyn.
Asked the kyng, to haue delyueraunce
Of therls men, to byde his ordynaunce.
¶ Notwithstandyng, yt Burges slewe his knight
For that same cause, wherfore he it denyed
But made peace then, as he therle had hight
Of Boleyne, so his brother in lawe alied
For whiche therle Goodwyn sore replied
And warred sore, vpon the kyng eche daye
With his sonnes fyue, in full great araye
¶ Not cōsideryng, yt kyng his doughter had wed
[Page] And his treason perdoned had and hyd
Of his brothers death, when yt he murthered had
Whom then the kyng, Somond cōmaunde & bid
Vpon his legeaunce, whatsoeuer betid
For to aunswer in his courte, and amende
Defautes all, betwene theim might be kende.
¶ At whose summons, he would not then apeare
But warred sore, both he and his sonnes fyue
For whiche the kyng, theim exiled out all clere
But after they landed and did aryue
At Sandwiche, so the kyng theim met belyue
Where lordes then, theim treated and accorded
And afterwarde nomore they discorded.

The .C .xx. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Sywarde duke of Northumberlande, slewe in bat­tayle Maclom kyng of Scotlande, and crowned Malclo­me kyng at Scome, accordyng to saynt Edwarde the con­fessoures commaundement whiche Malclome did homage to saynt Edwarde, as apeareth by his letters patent.

DVke Siwarde then, was of Northūberlād
In batayle slewe kyng Maclom so in dede
Of Scotlande then, yt false was of his bād
Whiche to the kyng he made, who taketh hede
Wherfore the kyng, in Marian as I reade
By his letters charged, duke Siward take on hād
To croune Malcolin yt was of Comberland
¶ The whyche he dyd full myghtely anon
At Skone abbey, wher kynges were all crouned
Vpon his hed he set the crowne anone
[Page Cxxv] And toke homage of hym, vpon the grounde
Homage of yt Scottes.
In Edwardes name, as he of right was bounde
For that ylke realme, and as his elders dyd
Suche fortune then, to Englande was betid.
¶ The kyng Gryffyn of Wales, then was slayn
That Herford shire spoyled had and brent
His hed set vp, at Gloucester full playne
For his vntruthe, and falshed, that he ment
And sone therafter, his brothers hed was sent
Vnto the kyng for his rebellion
So wer they both foringed for treason
¶ And as kyng Edward, in his palayce of pride
Duke Goodwyne, then sittyng at his table
Sawe the butler on his one fote slyde
And lyke to fall, that other fote full stable
As he was seruyng the kyng at his table
Then held hym vp, that he fell not to grounde
Kyng Edward sayd, to Gudwyn in that stounde
¶ As his one fote, ye se helpe that other
Full well and trewe, I fynde it dayly nowe
Had ye ne bene, thus had helpe me my brother
Therle then to the kyng on side gan bowe
And sayd, if I wer cause, I praye God nowe
This breade passe not my throte, but dead I bee
And straungled here anone, that ye maye see.
¶ At his prayer anone, with that he died
For with that breade, straungled was he yt stound
It might not passe his throte, as men espied
Wherfore the kyng then, bad drawe out yt hounde
[Page] Vnder the boorde, as he that false was founde
On whome God shewed an hasty iudgement
Approued well, by good experiment.
¶ Wher Herolde had, therle Algare exiled
Fro Leycestre, where erle he was so then
The kyng Eward, agayn hym reconsiled
And perdoned hym, and toke hym for his man
Of Couentre, as Flores tell it can
The lord he was, and there thabbey founde
And buried there is, with his wyfe that stound
¶ This Algare was, the sonne of erle Leofryke
Whiche Leofrike was, the duke Lofwynes sonne
That erles had been there, none afore theim like
But duke Siwarde, as he did wonne
Syckenesse hym tooke, and sore vpon hym ronne
In whiche he dyd, hym arme in all degree
And had his axe in hand, full lyke to dye.
¶ He sayd vnto the lordes, then hym about
Thus semeth well, in armes a knight to dye
And not in bed to lye, loure and loute
Tyll death hym kyll, with paynes cruelly
As would God, here were my moste enemye
That I myght dye vpon hym, nowe in right
In armes thus arayed like a knight.
¶ With that he died, for paynes that he felt
Vpon his fete standynge in that arays
And shoke his axe, while yt his hert gan swelt
And to the ground he fell in that afraye
Who buried was, at saynt Marie abbeye
[Page Cxxvi] At Yorke citee, with worshyp and honoure
As likely was, for suche a gouernoure.
¶ The kyng Edward, the duke of Northūberlād
To Tosty gaue the sonne of duke Goodwyn
Vnder the name of erle, as Flores doth vnderstād
After whiche tyme, all haue been erles syne
With landes and rentes, both fayre and fyne
Whiche estate suffice, for princes ben both two
In euery lande accompted, where they go.
¶ He disherited erle Waldyue, his owne sonne
Who erle was then, create of Huntyngdon
Of Northampton also, as chronicles tell can
A worthy prince, of all this region
That rule a realme coulde, well then by reason
Another prince, was Loafrike that daye
Erle of Leycestre and Couentry no naye
¶ Whiche Loefrike had a wyfe, yt Godiue hight
That naked, throughout all Couentree
The tolles sore, and seruage agayn right
To redeme hole of her femynitee
She in her heare, hangyng beneth her knee
Vpon a daye, rode so through all the towne
To bye it free, by her redempcion.
¶ For otherwise, therle would not it free
But yf that she, rode naked through all the towne
Vpon the daye, that all men might her see
Trustyng she would not for no waryson
Haue doen it so, by suche redempcion
But thus by witte, she kept her selfe vnshamed
[Page] And freed the towne, worthy was he blamed
¶ Kyng Edwarde sente then into Hungary
For his cousyn, the sonne of Emond Ironesyde
Themperoure sent hym, Edwarde gladly
His brother sonne, and folke with hym to ryde
His sonne Edwarde Athelyng by his syde
Margarete and eke Christine his doughter dere
Whiche kyng Edward, receyued with good chere
¶ He maried Margarete, mighty wt great riches
To kyng Malcolyne, of Scotland was that daye
That on her gatte, fiue sonnes of great noblinesse
Edwarde, Dunkan, Edgare, Alixander the gaye
And Dauid also that kynges were all no naye
Eche after other, of Scotlande throughout
Whose mother is now S. Margrete wtout doute
¶ At Dumfermlyn shryned and canonized
On whom Malcolyne a doughter gate also
Kyng Henryes wife, the first full wel auised
Quene Mawd yt hight, yt well loued Englāde tho
These crosses fayre and roiall as menne goo
Through all Englande, she made at hic expense
And dyuerse good orders throwe his prouidence
¶ Another sustre, this same saint Margarete had
That Christine hight, kyng Edwarde thē ꝓfessed
In religion to lyue, she was full glad
To holy lyfe, disposed and adressed
An holy woman of lyfe, and of god blessed
Who at hir death hir soule then vncouered
And to our lorde, full mekely so it offred.
¶ In his forest, as he pursued a dere
In Essex, a palmer with hym met
Askyng hym good, whome gladly he dyd here
He claue his ryng, and in sonder it bette
The halfe of whiche, he gaue without lette
To the Palmer, that went awaye anone
That other good to geue hym, there had he none
¶ But after that, full longe and many a daye
Two pylgrames came, vnto that noble kynge
And sayde, saint Iohn thappostell in pore araye
Vs prayed, and bad straytly aboue all thyng
Ignorance and super­sticyon.
To you present, and take this halfe golde rynge
Whiche ye gaue hym of almesse and charyte
And bade vs say, that ryght sone ye should him se
¶ Whiche ryng he set together there anone
And that ylke place he called, ay after hauerynge
And that same place, where they it braste alone
He called ay after that tyme, Claueryng
In Essex be bothe fayre standynge
Where that he made two churches of saint Iohn
Theuangelyst, and halowed were anon
¶ Sone after that, he dyed and went to blysse
But fyrste he made duke Herold protectoure
Of his cousyne, to gouerne and to wysse
Edgar Athelyng, full yonge a gouernoure
Whome he ordeyned to be his successoure
As very heyre to Edmonde Ironesyde
But thus Herolde, then set all that asyde
When he had be kyng .xxiiii. yere
[Page] He dyed the yere, a thousande syxtye and fyue
* Herolde kynge of Englande duke Good wins sōne.
At Westminster canonyzed is full clere
All newe he made, the churche there in his lyue
All were he not ryght heyre, as men in stryue
A confessoure he is, full hye in heuen
With God to dwell, euermore and beleuen.
Herolde by strength, then crowned was for kynge
Forsworne that was, vpon the euangelystes
For to crowne Edgar Athelynge
And hym protecte, and defende in all wyse
Vnto his age, that none the realme suppryse
This was his othe, of whiche he was forswore
All yf he made Edgar an Earle therfore.
¶ The earle Tosty, then of Northumberlande
That brother was, vnto the kyng Herolde
By kyng exyled, out of the lande
To Englande came, with kyng Herold full bold
Of Norwaye then, in Chronycle as is tolde
But kyng Herolde of Englande, with them met
At Staūford brydge, to death they both wer bet.
¶ Besyde yorke, was this batayl ful sore smyten
Where kyng Herolde of Englande, had the felde
And slewe Herolde Harngrey, as was wryten
Kyng of Norwaye, and earle Tosty vnder shelde
That neuer after, myght armes welde
And thousandes fell, of Danes and Norwayes
He kylled there that daye, as Flores sayes.
A yere he reygned, whom Willyam Conquerou [...].
That duke was then, of all fayre Normandye
[Page Cxlviii] Hym slewe in batayle, for his ymagyned erroure
Agayne hym, that he dyd so cruelly
And not wolde mende, ne yet satisfye
The duke Willyan, so the felde then conquered
With strokes sore, for whiche the lande was ferd
This kyng Herolde at Waltam, whiche he found
Of foure score chanons, full fayer was buryed
At the hye aulter, & as a kyng was crownde
All yf he were intrusor notifyed
And in batayl slayne, and victoryed
Of gentylnesse, the Conquerour bad so
All yf he were afore his mortall fo

¶ Willyam Conque­rour, kyng of Englande, and Duke of Nor mandye, beganne to reygne, the yere of Chryste, a thousande .lxvi. and reygned .xxiiii. yere, and dy­ed, the yere, a thousande .lxxxx. and the sayde Conqueroure founded the Abbaye of Batayle, for the soules of the people slaine there, the fourenene daye of October, in the yere of Chryste a thou­sande, thre score and syxe.

The .C .xxi. Chapiter.

THe .xiiii. daye of October accompted
The duke Wyllyam yt was of Nor­mandye
Duke Willyā of Nor­mandye.
At London was crowned, and an­noynted
In trone royall, to hauethe Monarchye
By his conquest, and his victorye
Withoute tytle of ryght to hym discente
But onely of his tryumphall entente
¶ The yere of Chryste, was when Alurede hym crowned
Tharchbyshop of Yorke, & hye primate
A thousande hole .lxvi. well founde
Quene Mawde his wyfe, to hym assocyate
He crowned also, that tyme in her estate
The abbay of batayle, that then he bounded
And for the soules there slayne, he founded.
¶ He called it so then for a memorye
Of his batayle, by whiche Englande he gate
[Page Cxxix] In token of his myghty victorye
That Englande there he had, so well ouerset
To praye for the soules slayne, as was his det
Whiche abbaye is in Sussex, in that stede
Where the batayle was, and the people dede.
¶ The South part of England then he rode
And dalt it largely vnto his menne
The North again hym rebelled then abode
With help of Danes, in that countre were then
And Scottes also, that false wer, when and whē
But kyng Wyllyam, that worthy conquerour
Discomfite theim, with long and sore labour
¶ To Normandy he went, then right anone
And with hym had Edgar called Athelyng
Edwyn and Morkar afore that were his fooen
For cause they should not, then make more risyng
In his absence, while he were ther abidyng
But at his home commyng with hym again
He brough theim all, of whiche the folke were fain
¶ Gospatrik that then was erle of Cumberland
That not again stode king Malcolin in his werre
When he distroyed therldome and his land
But hym withdrewe out of waye full ferre
Wherfore the kyng, as saieth the chronicler
Hym disherited, and gaue to Rauf Mesthyne
His erldo, meto whom menne did enclyne

The .C .xxii. Chapiter.

¶ Homage of Scotlande dooen to kynge Willyam conque­rour, at Birmithi in Scotland, and also howe the kyng of [Page] Fraunce scorned the kyng Wyllyam & he quit it hym after

THen rode the kyng into Scotlād anone
And brent the land vnto Abirnythy
Where kynge Malcolyne submitted hym with great mone
And homage leege hym did full humbly
Homage of the Scottes.
And amended there all his iniury
Then went he furth, to Duram wher he offred
And to the churche, he gaue great good vncoffred
¶ He thē his lawe and peace alwaye proclaymed
Officers made in euery shire about
And so held on, to London vnreclaymed
Wher his iustice he sett yt land throughout
The kyng of Fraunce, thus scorned hym out of doubt
That kyng Wyllyam in Gesine had lyen long
And tyme hym wer been kyrked, with good songe
¶ When he this hard, to Fraunce he went anone
There to bee kirked, he offrid his candill bright
A thousand townes he brent, as he did gone
At theim he prayed, the kyng of Fraunce to light
His candill then, if that he goodly might
Whiche at his kirkehale and puryficacion
To Mars he thought, yt tyme to make his oblaciō
¶ Edwyn therle proclamed of Leicester
After decesse of Algary his father dere
And erle Morcare his brother that after
Dyed bothe twoo, Lucy their suster clere
Of Leicester then, and Lyncolne bothe in fere
The coūtesse was, whome kyng William maried
To Iue Tailboys erle of Angeou magnified
¶ To kyng Wylliam then came full glad again
At Wynchester he held his parliament
Wher he then slewe, for wrath and greate disdain
The duke Waldiue, that no harme to hym ment
But onely for he counselled and consent
To erle Edgar, to gette his heritage
Of England whole, and made to hym homage
¶ Who duke was then of Northumberland
And erle create was, also of Huntyngton
By chronicles olde as menne can vnderstand
Entitled whole, as of all Northampton
Beheded was at Wynchester towne
Whose hedde together, grewe to the necke again
Buried at Crowland, for sainct the soth to sain
¶ The kyng then made, as I vnderstand
The bishop then, of Duresme that Walter hight
Erle proclamed of Northumberland
Whom at Catteshede, yt countre slewe doune right
The kyng then made, a lord that Awbryke hight
Erle of yt countre, yt durst not Scottes withstande
Wherfore he gaue, Robert Mowbray that lande
¶ And made hym erle of Northumberland
The kyng then sent vnto euery shire
Iustices to sitte, throughout all the land
Of all lordshipis, and knightes fees enquere
What temporales he had, to knowe he had desire
And what perteined vnto his royall croune
And what the churche had of deuocion
¶ Vnto his soonne, eldest then generate
[Page] All Normandy he gaue in heritage
And England whole, to Wyllyam nominate
His second soonne gaue with all thauauntage
And to Henry his third soonne young of age
Therldome gaue then of Gloucester sea
With the honour of slede, for euer in certente
¶ He dyed the yere a thousand four score and ten
And of his reigne twenty yere and four tho
At Cane buried, in thabbey that hight then
Sainct Stephēs abbey, by Cane that stādeth so
His doughter Ade, afore had maried tho
Vnto therle Stephē of Bloyes, a prince of might
Of warres wyse, and a full manly knight

The .C .xxiij. Chapiter.

¶ Wyllyam Rufus kyng of England reigned thirtene yere, and began to reigne in the yere of our lorde a thousand four score and ten, & dyed yt yere a thousand one hundred & three.

HIs soōne Wylliam Rufus as he deuised
Kyng W [...]lliam Rufus
Was crouned then wt great solempnitee
But after soone, duke Robert was auised
To clayme England by his priorite
And Normandy also, as for his proprete
As he that was his eldest soone and heire
With hoste full greate, in England game repeire
¶ And made greate warre vpon his brother so
Three yere all out, betwene theim so continued
Till at last thei bothe, betwene theim twoo
Did condiscende, as well to theim perteined
With whole herte and will, nothyng feined
[Page Cxxxi] The iudgement of kyng Philip of Fraunce
To vndergo and bide his ordinaunce
¶ In whiche meane while, his brother erle Hēry
The castels all belongyng to the croune
As high constable of England properly
Then seazed had in his possession
As his office by good dereccion
Asked of right and of good consuetude
To kepe theim sure to the crounes excelsitude
¶ The kyng Philip, by his auised parliament
Gaue iudgement, betwene the brethren twoo
As kyng Wyllyam their father full ment
All Normandy, Robert should haue euer moo
And Wyllyam England, & frendes should bee so
And liue in peace, without any clayme
And either other releace, and whole disclayme
¶ Therle Henry of England then constable
Deliuered all the castels and citees right
To kyng Wyllyam his brother enheritable
As he was bound, and fully so had hight
Duke Robert then, his brother a worthy knight
To England came, to sport hym with his brother
At whiche tyme, either was glad of other

The .C .xxiiij. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Malcolyn of Scotland warred in England for his wifes right, pretendyng yt she was right heire of England, and afterward he did homage to kyng wyllyam Rufus for the realme of Scotland.

His Malcolin of Scotlād greatly claimed
T To haue England then by his wifes right
Margarete suster of Edgar, heire ꝓclamed
Of England whole, that expelled was by might
Of kyng Wyllyam conquerour by vnright
So for his right, the Northland he destroyed
And home he went again, nothyng annoyed
¶ But then the kyng and his brethren twoo
To Scotland rode and wasted sore the land
Till Malcolyne came, and did his homage
Homage of the Scottes.
By letter wrytten and sealed I vnderstand
Whiche Hardyng gaue, in to kyng Henryes hād
Without reward or any recompence
Of mayne labour, his costagis and expence
¶ The duke Robert went home to Normandy
And kyng Malcolyne & his soonne, then Edward
Warred again Northumberland in hie
But erle Robert that kepyng had and ward
Of Northūberland, wt hym then faught full hard
Byside Alnwike at Malcolyne well were slain
There Malcolyne and Edward his soōne certain
¶ Whē quene Margret, so of yt tidynges knewe
She eate neuer meate, for sorowe dyed anone
At Dunfermelyn, buryed as then was dewe
But nowe she is there shryned in fleshe and bone
Workyng miracles, as sayeth many one
Entombed faire, and in the firetree translate
Of whiche abbey nowe is she aduocate
¶ The Scottes then made, Dunwalde so their kyng
[Page Cxxxii] Malcolynes brother, that to it had no right
But Dunkā, sonne of Malcolyne that knowyng
With helpe of kyng Wyllyam, and royall might
Of Scotlande, so droaue hym awaye to flight
And crouned was, as chronicles vnderstande
Homage of yt Scottes.
And homage made to wyllyam for his lande
¶ Sone after, kyng Dunkan of Scotland slayn
By treason was, and Dunwall restitute
Vnto the croune of Scotlande then agayne
Whome Edgare then, by succoure and refute
Of kyng Wyllyam droue out, all destitute
Of any helpe, and crouned was in Scotlande
To kyng Willyam did homage for his lande
Homage of yt Scottes.
¶ Of whose homage, Iohn Hardyng gaue yt let­ter
Full clerely made, written well and sealed
The whiche also, with other letters better
That by reason maye not be repeled
The whiche, yf he would haue enbeseled
The kyng Iames vnto his waryson
A M. marke, hym hight of his discrecion.
¶ And in his tyme, Roes that Richarde hight
The kyng of Wales, in battayl strong was slayn
Besyde the castell of Brekenham, then full right
Fro whiche tyme forthe, theyr kynges seazed full playn
And princes called they were, soth to sayn
The kyng with hoste, on Robert Monbraye rode
Who with the kyng, faught of his traytourhode.
¶ And discomfite, helde Bamburgh castell then
And the kyng enduryng, full .vii. yere
[Page] Consentyng with the lordes, that so began
For to depose the kyng, of his croune clere
And duke Robert his brother, with great power
To croune and make, the kyng of all Englande
With Normandy to ioyse, I vnderstande.
¶ The kynge exiled Anselme of Cauntorbury
Tharchebyshop, that withstode his wronges
Doen to the churche, and to the prelacie
To the commons also, that theim belonges
Seuētene tounes, wt also many churches amōges
And abbeys foure, he wasted and confounde
The newe forest in Hamshire for to founde
¶ He buylded the Newcastell vpon Tyne
The Scottes to gaynstande, and to defende
And dwell therin, the people to enclyne
The towne to builde, and walle as did append
He gaue theim ground, & golde ful great to spend
To buylde it well, and wall it all aboute
And fraunchised theim, to paye a free rent out
¶ The rentes & frutes, to tharchbishop ꝑteinyng
And to the byshoppes of Wynchester & Sarum
And also .ix. abbeys lyuelod conteynyng
In his handes leazed, and held all and some
But for his workes & buylynges held eche crome
With whiche he made then, westmynster hall
And the castel, of Newecastell withall.
¶ That stādeth on Tyne, therin to dwel in warre
Agayne the Scottes, the countree to defende
Whiche as men sayd, was to hym mekill deer
[Page Cxxxiii] And more pleasyng, then otherwyse dispende
And muche people for it, did hym cōmende
For cause he dyd the commen wealthe sustene
Of marchers vnnumerable to mayntene.

The .C .xxv. Chapiter.

¶ This kyng Willyam Rufus taxed so sore the commons, yt they'might not mayntene tilthe, for whiche fell great derth and great myschiefe and moren of catel for defaute of food, for whiche the commons wer glad of his death.

GReat tallage of England, then was raysed
In so ferforth, that tilthe of land was leyd
Of which sued mischiefe, nothyng praysed
For faute of food, morayn of bestiall frayed
And death of people, for hunger sore arayed
A kyng woteth not what harmeth housbandrye
Housbande to pill, and taxe outragiously.
¶ To Godis dome, haue no consyderacion
Howe that this kyng, on huntyng as he stoode
Vnder a tree, and as writynges maketh mencion
Walter Tyrel at his game in that wood
Shotyng at a dere, of whiche he drewe no bloode
But stroke the kyng, vnto the dethes wounde
That there anone he died, vpon the ground
¶ At Wynchester then, buried anone
The date was then, of his reygne .xiii. yere
For whome the folke, no sorowe made nor moone
He hurte theim so, with taxe and tallage here
Of Christ a thousande an .C. and three yere clere
Whose death the folke, in no wise did complayn
Were they all therof, bothe glad and fayn.

The .C .xxvi. Chapiter.

¶ Henry the first kyng of Englande and duke of Normandy [...] reigned .xxxvi. yere, and died in the yere of Christe a thou­sande .C. and .xxxix.

HEnry his brother, yt first was of that name
was crouned thē, wt al yt honour might be
Kyng Henry the first
He recōsiled saynt Anselne that cam hame
Who crouned Maude his wyfe full fayre & free
That doughter was, full of benignitee
To kyng Malcolyne, & saint Margarete yt quene
Of Scotlande, whiche afore that tyme had been.
¶ On whom he gate Willyam, Richard & Mold
Whose goodnesse, is yet spoken of full wide
If she were fayre, hir vertuous manyfolde
Exceaded farre and vices she set aside
Debates all, that engendred were of pride
She staunched hole, with all beneuolence
And visited sycke and poore with diligence.
¶ The presoners also & wemen eke with childe
And in gesene lyuyng ay where aboute
Clothes and meate, and beddyng newe vnfiled
Wyne also and ale, she gaue without doubte
Where she sawe nede, in countrees al throughout
These crosses all, that yet bee moste royall
In the hye wayes, with gold she made theim all
¶ Kyng Edgare thē, hir brother was of Scotlād
That to kynge Henry then made homage
The byshop of Duresme, then toke on hande
Homaeg of yt Scottes.
[Page Cxxxiiii] The duke Robert, to gone in message
To make hym clayme Englande his herytage
The whiche he dyd, anon withoute delaye
As they accorded vpon a certayne daye.
¶ But Anselne, byshop of Caunturbury
And also quene Maude, then made them well ac­corde
The kyng to paye, thre. M. marke yerely
To duke Robert, withoute more discorde
And counsayled then the kyng, as was recorde
To loue the lordes, that made the discencyon
Betwyxte his brother, and hym by conuencyon
¶ The kyng Henry, warred Robert Estenuyle
The eldest sonne of Roger Mountgomery
And his brother, that was so called that whyle
And create Earle of Shrewysbury
Who his castell of Arundell helde for thy
And Shrewysbury also, and the cytee
With other mo castels, in his countre
¶ Whiche to the kyng, he yelde by conuencyon
He and his brother, to passe to Normandye
With all theyr men, without discencyon
To theyr father, Roger Mountgomerye
That earle was there, of Bolesmo manly
The kyng went then, to Caue and to Baxhous
Helde them with force, and herte full couetous
Whiche towres Robert the duke of Normandy
Asked of hym, to haue delyueraunce
And his money, of thre thousand marke yerely
Whiche he ought hym, by the hole concordaunce
[Page] Whiche he agayne sayde, and stode at variaunce
Wherfore they fell on warre, and toke the felde
With hostes greate, full sore faught vnder shelde
¶ At Tenarthbray, that is in Normandye
Where Nigell then, of Albany that hyght
Toke duke Robert, in batayll manfully
And brought him bound, vnto the kyng wt might
For which yt kyng anone there made him knight
And gaue hym landes, that were forfet afore
By Robert Stutuyle, in Englande for euermore
¶ He gate also a castell, besyeged longe
Whiche he scalyd, with noble polycie
And to the kyng it gaue, though it were wronge
For whiche, the kyng gaue hym anon in hye
The landes, all that forfet were only
By Robert Monbray, earle of Northumberland
In his brothers tyme, as I vnderstande.
¶ The same Nygell, that hyght Albanye
A sonne had then, whome the kyng Henry
Roger Monbray, dyd call euer after ay
Thus Albany was chaunged morally
Vnto Monbray, for the lyuelod onely
Whiche Monbray had afore of herytage
These Monbrayes nowe, rose fyrst of hye corage
¶ This kynge Henry then seazed Normandye
And made his sonne Willyam duke of yt lande
And home came to Englande then in hye
And in the yere of Chryste, to vnderstande
A thousande hole, an .C. and ten on hande
[Page Cxxxv] His doughter Maude, he maryed to Henry
That Emperour was then of Romanye.
He put his brother duke Robert in straite warde
And many other, that were of his cognisaunce
Where he released couenauntes and forwarde
Afore wryten of his enherytaunce
That betwene them, myght make any dystaunce
And founde hym euer, in all royall estate
By good auyse, and councell ordynate
¶ Whiche duke ordred was so, for he forsoke
The realme, of al the lande of Ierusalem
When he was chose therto, and nought it toke
For couetyse, to haue this Englyshe realme
For he forsoke that fortune, as men dyd deme
Agayne goddes wyll, and his hye ordynaunce
For chosen he was, by all chrysten creaunce.
¶ For at wynnynge of Ierusalem
Where prynces many, kynges and dukes were
He was the worthyest of any realme
And bare hym beste, in knyghtly dede of warre
At all assautes, moste knyghtly dyd hym beare
The honoure all, and fame he had euermore
And chosen was there, to be kynge therfore,
¶ Men saide, yt God gaue hym suche punyshmēt
His brother, to put hym in greate myserye
Vnto his death, agayne his owne entente
For he forsake Chrystes owne monarchye
In whiche he was borne, & for man lyste to dye
The chrysten fayth, to mayntayne and encrease
[...] [...]
[Page] For couetyse his brother, to discreace.
¶ The yere of Chryste, a thousande was ful cle [...]
And an hundreth also, and therwithall eyghtene
When good quene Maude was deed, & laide on be [...]
At Westminster buryed, as well was sene
For heuynesse of whiche, the kyng I wene
To Normandy, then went vnto his sonne
The duke William, & there with hym dyd wonn [...]
¶ The third yere after, to England came agay [...]
The duke his sonne, Willyam of Normandye
His brother Rycharde also, the sothe to sayne
And earle Rycharde, of Chester in company
With many other lordes, in shyppes them bye
Vpon the sea were dreynt in greate distresse
Of the whiche the kyng, had then great heuinesse
¶ Which duke Williā had wed y doughter then
Of Fowke Tailboys, Earle of Angeou had bene
With whome a .C .lx. knyghtes with many men
And ladyes many, were drowned as was sene
And then the kyng wed Hadelyse the quene
The duke Godfrey daughter, yt was of Loreyne
Of his mournyng, to comforte him agayne.
¶ And in the yere, a thousande fully accompte
And an .C. twenty, and also fyue
Themperour Henry, the death surmounte
And passed to God fro Maude that was his wife
Who to her father, king Henry came belyfe
Abode with hym in Englande, then▪ two yere
Maude Empryce, was called then full clere
¶ And in the yere of Chrystes incarnacyon
A thousande was, an .C. twenty and seuen
When kyng Henry, in greate prosperacyon
His doughter Maude, thempryce to neuen
The earle Geffrey Plantagenet euen
Earle of Angeou, the sone of Fowke Tailboys
So maryed had of fame, that had the voyce.
¶ On whome he gate a sonne, yt Henry hyght
By surname called Henry fitz Empryce
Then dyed his eme Alexaunder forth ryghte
* Homage of yt Scot­tes.
The kyng of Scottes, a prīce of great enterpryce
That homage dyd for Scotlande, as suffyce
So dyed, then to whome Dauyd succede
His brother was, saint Margarete sonne in dede.
¶ That to kyng Henry, made his homage
And then to Maude, the foresayde Empryce
* Homage of yt Scot­tes
By hole assent, of all his Baronage
By letter wryten and sealed, as maye suffyce
which Iohn Hardīg, in Scotland brought of p̄ce
with many mo, for foure .C. marke and fyftye
At biddīg & cōmaundement of the wt king Henry
¶ Cadwalan, prynce of Wales at Wadeyet
In batayle faught, where kyng Henry him slewe
And greate people of Wales, that there forset
Were slayne that daye, to hym yt were vntrewe
Of whiche batayl, Wales maye alway rewe
The yere a thousande, an .C. and thyrtye
And there tyll two, as made is memorye.
¶ Then went the kyng to Normandye agayne
[Page] And there abode, and kepte all Normandy
To tyme he dyed, of whome that lande was fayne
But Englande then of it, was full heuy
When he had reygned so full worthy
He dyed in the syxe and thyrtye yere
At Boys Leon, of his reygne then full clere.
¶ Of Chrystes date, was then a thousande yere
An hundreth also, and. ix, and thyrtye moo
Buryed at Redynge, as well it doth appere
In the abbaye, whiche there he founded so
Of monkes blake, where euer they ryde or goo
That pray for hym, & for quene Maude his wyfe
Who eyther other loued withouten stryfe

The .C .xxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Stephan of Bloys, kynge of Englande reygned .xix. yere, & beganne the yere of Chryst, a thousande .C. and. xxxix, and dyed in the yere a thousande .C .lviii.

STephā of Blois, his sister sōne was croūd
A manly mā, was thē of great power
Kyng Stephan.
And king was made of England yt stound
Withoute stryfe, or any maner warre
To Normandy he went, and seazed all there
and gaue it to his sonne, syr Eustace
And made hym duke therof, with great solace
¶ Thus Eustace, then duke of Normandy
To Parys went, to kyng lewys of Fraunce
His homage made for his lande so in hye
And put oute then, with greate contraryaunce
The offycers, that dyd to Maude pleasaunce
[Page Cxxxvii] And wed the suster of kyng Lewes to wife
For supowaill of it without strife
¶ The kyng Stephā to Englād thē home came
And tidynges had, howe kyng Dauid had distroied
The North parties, & dooen full muche harme
Wherfore he brent Edenburgh then and noyed
And the countree aboute, he sore accloyed
For wiche Dauid his soonne to Henry then sent
To bee his manne, thens furth at his entent
¶ To whome kyng Stephan therldō of Hūtyngton
Then gaue, and erle therof hym so create
Who then for it, by verey due reason
His homage did as it was ordinate
Homage of the Scottes.
Whiche Hēry dyed, and neuer had kynges estate
For whiche the Scottes, seyn thei owe no seruice
To Englishe kynges, but onely of this wise
¶ Kyng Stephan then bet the castell doune
In England, so that stode hym to defence
His menne thei gaue to their enheritesoun
And all foon, for cause of their offence
He disherite with might violence
Diuers erles and lordes he disherite
And many other of his frendes enherite
¶ The yere of Christ a thousand was then gone
An hundred thirty and eight also
Kyng Stephan brake all his othes a none
That he had made vnto the barons tho
For whiche thei rose full sore again hym so
And warred hym felly on euery side
[Page] And he on them also with mikyl pryde.
¶ The yere a thousande, an .C. thyrty and nyne
Maude Empryce, in England claymed her right
With earle Robert, of Gloucestre her brother fine
And earle Randolf of Chester, with all his might
Syr Bygot earle of Northfolke then hyght
Awbrey Ver then earle of Oxenforde
And Willyam Bawne, yt then was earle of Her­forde
¶ Willyam Legroos, earle of Almarle tho
Robert Louell, & Willyam lorde Percy
Kyng Dauyd her eine, and many other mo
Of earls and barons, that were full hardy
The castell then Lyncolne gate on hye
The cytee helde of Lyncolne with also
With hoste full greate, lyggyng with them so
¶ Where then the kyng, y castell seged longe
Tyll he it had, by treaty and conuencyon
And bode therin, with power greate and stronge
Tyll Maude and he, as made is mencyon
With stronge batayles, and great discencyon
Besyde Lyncolne, where then she had the felde
And Stephā taken, & hurt sore through his sheld
To Brystowe then, earle Roberte Clare hym led
And in the towre, there kepte in stronge pryson
The Empryce Mawde, with power that she had
To Wynchester then, she rode segyng the towne
Where the quene Maude, as made is mencyon
Kyng Stephā his wyfe it rescowed wt batayl sore
And toke the earle Clare his eme thore

The .C .xxviij. Chapiter.

¶ Thenterchaunge of kyng Stephan and of tht duke Robert Clare duke of Glocester.

FOr which cause thē, to haue hir eme again
Themperesse and quene Maude accordid
To enterchaunge, yt kyng so then full fain
For erle Robert without more, concordid
This enterchaunge, thus made and recordid
The kyng hir sued vnto Oxenford
Fro whens she went, by night to Walyngford
¶ Vpon the frost, in the wynter season
In her smocke alone, with hir vncle dere
That none hir knewe, of theim without the towne
So like hir smocke and the snowe was in feer
The kyng knewe not in what place that she wer
For Oxenford he gate, and Awbray slewe
Of Oxenford, that was an erle full trewe
¶ The kyng Stephan, a castell then began
At Wilton, where kyng Dauid with power
And erle Robert, of Glocester that was then
Hym droue awaye, out of that place full clere
And bet it downe, to the ground full nere
To Walyngford, the kyng with power went
Themperesse to sech was his entent
¶ Hir partie then, droue hym then awaye
With greate slaughter of menne and occ [...]sion
And euery lorde on other, made greate affraye
And spoyled other through al this region
[Page] By greate impression and cruell sore raunson
The kyng treated with erle Randolf full trewe
But false then was his treaty, as menne knewe
¶ For when he came vnto his presence
Anone he putte hym in sore prisone
To tyme he had by his magnificence
The castell of Lyncolne vnto his croune
And putte hym then to fyne and greate raunsom
So variaunt he was alwaye of hight
Fro euē to morowe, that no man trust hym might
The fiftene yere of the same kyng Stephen
Therle Geffrey of Angeou decessid
A noble prince as all menne did beleuen
Henry his soonne, of persone well encressed
Of childishe wit also full relesed
And of age he was then fiftene yere
To Scotland came, kyng Dauid to require
¶ Of his socour, and of his supportacion
England to gette, that was his heritage
Who made hym then, full greate consolacion
And with hym came without fee or wage
With full assent of all his baronage
Vnder baners, kyng Dauid made hym knight
Vpon the felde, again kyng Stephen to fight
¶ But suche treaty was made and good accorde
That kyng Stephen, to Henry shoulde retourne
As very heire, without more discorde
At his decesse, to Henry whole retourne
The croune of England, without more soiourne
[Page Cxxxix] Who died then, after in his .xix. yere
At Feuersham buried, he was full clere.
¶ Of Christes date, was then a thousande yere
And an hundreth fyftye and eyght also
His wyfe and he, there buried both in feer
The whiche he found, whyles he was lyuyng so
And reigned here, in muche trouble and wo
And had this realme, without any ryght
For themprise Maude, that fayre lady bright

The .C .xxix. Chapiter.

¶ Henry fitz Emprice kyng of Englande and erle of An­geou, duke of Normandye and Guyen, by .xxxvi. yere and beganne to reygne the yere of oure Lorde a thou­sande a hundreth .lviii. and dyed the yere a thousande an hundreth and .xciiii.

HEnry therle of Angeou was tho
kyng Hē ­rye the seconde.
In this meane tyme, had bē in Normādy
And set his rule therin, for frende or foo
And crouned was at London worthely
With all the lordes of his hye monarchie
And made hym then, theyr feautee and homage
The prince of Wales also for his heritage.
¶ He wedded then a lady, fayre and bright
Dame Alianor, the dukes doughter of Guyen
And heyre therof, and lady by all right
Possession had with all, the profytes then
And welbeloued was she with her men
Deuorced fro the kyng Lewes of Fraunce.
[Page] That hyr had wed to wyfe, of his puysaunce.
¶ And on her gatte two doughters, fayre & gente
But for sibrede and consanguinitee
They were departed, by papall iudgement
On whome kyng Henry, by Christes decree
Gatte sonnes foure, of great humanitee
Henry, Richarde, Geffrey, and Iohn also
Elianor and Ihone, his doughters two.

The .C .xxx. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Malcolyne the seconde kyng of Scottes made ho­mage for Scotlande & for therldome of huntyngdon.

IN this meane whyle, kyng Dauid then so dyed
To whō Malcolyn, Hēryes sōne was heire
Whiche Henry was erle notified
Of Huntyngdon, without any dispayre
Of that erldome, bothe good and fayre
And sonne was, to this noble kyng Dauy
That wedded had, erle Waldens doughter onely.
¶ To enioye therldome, by her enheritaunce
That gat on her, this Malcolyne that was kyng
Of Scotlande nowe, of mighty hye puysaunce
That homage made, for his enherityng
Homage of yt Scottes.
Vnto Henry, that then was of Englande kyng
For all Scotlande, and also for Huntyngdon
Whiche seruices both, were due vnto the croune.

The .C .xxxi. Chapiter.

[Page Cxl]

¶ This kyng Henrye exiled Thomas becket byshop of Cauntorburye.

HE maried then, his sonne the young Henry
To the doughter of the kyng of Fraunce
He exiled then, Thomas of Cauntorbury
Out of Englande, and many of his aliaunce
For cause of his rebellious gouernaunce
And as he came fro Rome, by Fraunce awaye
With language fel, he prayed the kyng that daye
¶ The poyntes to mende, and so to Englād went
For which the kyng, was with hym sore displeased
That then he sayd, had I had men that ment
Myne honeste, I were not thus diseased
With suche a clerke, thus greued and vneased
Therfore three knightes, Raynold le Fitz Vrsy
Raynold fitz Vrsy Hughe Maruile Robert Tracy.
Hughe Moruyle hym slewe with Robert Tracy.
¶ But kyng Malcolyne died, that was full true
Of his homage, at Westchester ensealed
To kyng Henry dooen, so as it was due
For it should not be gaynsayd ne counselled
Homage of yt Scottes.
Nor afterwarde of Scottes be repeled
To whiche Malcolyne, Willyā his sonne & heyre
Was crouned kyng of Scotlande then full fayre.

The .C .xxxii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kynge Wyllyam of Scotlande wente in to Normandye, with kyng Henry of Englande the seconde, as his liegeman.

THis kyng Wyllyam then rode with hoste full stronge
Subiec­cion of yt Scottes.
The Northrē lād he brent & sore distroyed
By east and west, of both Merches of Englande
The lorde Vesty, with it was anoyed
The lorde Vnfreuyle with syckenesse so accloyed
With power great at Alnwike with hym faught
Wher he was takē, in batayll sore and caught
¶ Whō to the kyng, to Londō then thei brought
Vnto kyng Henry, with great honoure
Then had the kyng, tydynges he liked nought
His sonne Henry, by kyng Lewys socoure
Besieged Roan, with hoste great and rygoure
For when the kyng, to Normandy then went
The kyng Wyllyam, with hym his labour spent.
¶ And Dauid also, his brother with al his might
That erle was then, create of Huntyngdon,
And Robert ferers erle of Leycester so hight
And Roger clare, with theim of great renoume
Of Gloucester, that erle was in possession
With other lordes, and the siege sone remeued
And his cytee of Roan, full well rescued.
¶ The siege and saute, perdoned and forgeuen
At the prayer of kyng Lewys of Fraunce
Within fewe yeres, in peace and rest to liuen
He crowned his sonne without distaunce
Kyng of Englande, and gaue hym gouernaunce
And at the feast of his coronacion.
He sewed afore hym, for his consolacion,

The .C .xxxiii. Chapiter.

[Page Cxli]

¶ This yonger Henry reigned but .iiii. yeres, and died before his father, wherfore he is not accompted as kynge because his father outlyued hym and reigned after his death.

ANd to hī said, sōne thinke I do you honour
A kynge to serue you thus, nowe at youre meate
He aunswered hym full vnthankefully that houre
And sayd, it was no reproue ne forfete
An erls sonne to serue the kynges sonne at meate
For whiche the father Henry, to Irelande went
Tyll young Henry the kyng was dead and spent
Then came Henry, and had the gouernement
The father and kyng, was then admytte agayn
And reigned then, and had the regiment
And but .iiii. yere his sonne reygned soth to sayen
Wherfore he is among kynges certeyne
Not accoumpted, by no chronicler
For his father was kynge afore and after clere.

The .C .xxxiiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Wyllyam of Scotlande made his homage to kyng Henry the seconde.

THe kyng Wyllyam, at his daye assigned
To Yorke came, to do there his homage
Homage of yt Scottes.
That made it then, & nothyng it repugned
But for his due dette, then for his heritage
Of Scotlande whole, by veraye due knowlage
Of his barons, and by his euydence
Agayne it founde he then, no trewe defense.
¶ The kynge Henry then, cōquered all Irelande
[Page] By papall dome, there of his royaltee
The profytes and reuenues of the lande
The dominacion, and the souerayntee
For errour whiche agayn the spiritualtee
They helde full longe, & would not been correcte
Of heresyes, with which they were infecte.
¶ He founded then, the priory of Newstede
Within Shirwod, and Waltham founded newe
Afore were secular without hede
Whiche regular he made, in order due
And other two houses of order trewe
He founded there, for his soule to praye
Where was holy seruyce kepte euery daye.
¶ Geffreye his sonne, the thyrde gotten and bore
That duke of Britayne was hole create
By his wyues right, to enioye for euermore
Whiche was a prince, of royall great estate
At Parys dyed, that Arthure create
To sonne and heyre, and Isabell the fayre
His doughter was, without any dispayre
¶ In the yere of Christ, a thousande clere
An hundreth and sixty also and one
Baudewyn the thyrde, died taken priesoner
By the Sarysens, that were his mortall foone
Of his body, that yssue then had none
To whome his brother Almarike did succede
To Ierusalem, and there was kyng in dede
¶ By treason of therle Triples then
The Christen hoste, that had foule betrayed
[Page Cxlii] When Bawdewyn was so taken, through yt false man
That great people of Christē had thē reised
And on the felde, nothyng to be praysed
To the Sarysyns went, with all his power
And discomfyt the chrysten hoost full clere.

The .C .xxxv. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Geffrey Plantagenet, otherwyse called Plantage­neth Earle of Angeou, elder brother of Bawdewyne and Almaryk, shoulde haue ben king of Ierusalem afore, and so by consequens thys kynge Henrye shoulde haue be kynge of it.

BVt yf ryght, had lynally procede
Geffray Plantagenet, Earle of Angeou
The elder brother of Bawdwyn so in dede
And of Almaryk, with mykell blysse and ioye
Whiche Geffray, so Earle of Angeou
Shulde haue be kyng afore of all that realme
Both of Surry, and also Ierusalem
¶ When duke Robert, Ierusalem forsoke
For couetyse to haue, and ioyse Englande
Godfray Boleyne, the realme of Surry toke
And of Ierusalem eke, I vnderstande
And erowned was, to be kynge of that lande
That duke had bene afore, of all Loueyne
A noble prynce, and a worthy Chyefteyne
¶ A thousande was, an hundreth sixty & syxtene
Withoute yssue, of his body cōmynge
Dyed, to whome his brother as was sene
Bawdwin succeded, and of that realme was king
[Page] That ruled the lande, as was full well semyng
Full worthy accompted, amonge all estates
That chrysten fayth susteyned, without debates
To whom his sonne, king Bawdewin did succede
The seconde was, that had so borne that name
A noble Prynce, of all marcyall dede
And in that lande, greate honoure had and fame
Whiche on his wyfe, gate without blame
A doughter then had vnto his heyre
That lande to haue enheryte, and repayre.
Whom then earle Fowke of Angeou, wed to wife
And kyng was of that lande then by her ryght
On whome he gate thre sonnes in his lyfe
Worthy knyghtes, and men of greate myght
The eldest Geffray Plantagenet hyght
That gate this same Henry fytz Empryse
Kyng of Englande, of noble and hye enterpryse.
The .ii. sonne, of Fowke, was Bawdewin yt thirde
Dyed prysoner, as it is expressed afore
Without yssue of his body betyd
The third sonne then, of Fowke & laste was bore
Hyght Almaryk, whiche two were kynges thore
Where erle Geffrey their elder brother had ryght
That suffred them, to ioye that lande by myght
¶ Which Almaryk dyed kyng so of that realme
After whome then reygned, his sonne Bawdwyn
That fourth was of that name of Yerlam
That impotent was, without medecyn
To mayntayne warre, he myght no more enclyne
[Page Cxliii] Who called was Bawdewyn Paraliticus
For with the palsye, stryken was he full hydeous

The .C .xxxvi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe that kyng Henry the seconde was very heyre of Ierusalem, and by consequens, Rycharde of Yorke shoulde be the same.

Wherfore he sent to kynge Henry his crowne
His banner also, of his armes full fayre
Of Ierusalem, that were of great renowne
As to hym that was then the very heyre
Of earle Geffray eldest sonne full fayre
Was to kyng Fowke, and to his wyfe the quene
Doughter and heyre, to Baudewin the .ii. clene.
¶ This fourth Bawdewyn called Paraliticus
This message sent, the yere of Christe a thousand
An hundreth ful, foure score and thre, ryght thus
When Henry was requyred, to haue that lande
Whiche he proroged, and sent agayne his sounde
He shulde be there, yf that the kyng of Fraunce
And he myght well accorde of gouernaunce
¶ He went so forth anon to Normandye
With hoost full great, with kyng Philyp to treat
Of that voyage and warre, accorded on hye
But then the death, hym felly ganne reherte
Wherfore anon, he satte vp in his seate
And to his sonne Rycharde, greate sōme he gaue
Thether to go, that holy lande to saue.
¶ And then he dyed, at Pount Euerard buryed
[Page] The sorowe of herte, and great contricyon
A prynce chrysten, fully notifyed
Withouten pere in all comparyson
Of worthy knygthode, and manly renowne
A thousande yere, an. C, lxxx. and fourtene
And of his reygne, was syxe & thirty clene

The .C .xxxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Richard king of England, duke of Normādy, & earle of Angeou, reygned .x. yere, and beganne the yere of Chryst a. M. an .C .lxxxxiiii. & dyed the yere. M .CC. and .iiii.

RYchard his sōne, to kīg thē was crowned
Kyng Ry­charde the fyrst, called Cure de L [...] [...].
By Bawdewyn archbyshop & primate
Of Cauntorbury, & of England yt stound
That ruled the churche, then by lawe ordynate
His brother Geffray, of baste so procreate
Archbyshop was of Yorke, then newe electe
The Northren churche, vnder him to be protecte.
¶ The lorde Lueye, that Godfray Lucye hight
Afore hym bare a royall pyllyon
And Iohn Marshal, his spores of gold ful bright
Willyam Maundeuile, his mighty hye crowne
That earle was then of Almarle vp and downe
Of his wyues ryght, & willyam Marshal bolde
Earle of Strigeyll, the scepter bare of golde.
¶ Willyam Patryk, that was then Longspee
That Earle was, then create of Salysbury
A staffe of golde, for constable then was he
Of Englande hole, to haue the regeny
By ryght of his offyce of constablery
[Page Cxliiii] For yf the lande were voyde, & none heire knowe
To kepe the realme, by his offyce hym owe.
¶ This ylke Willyam, was earle also create
Of Gloucestre, by whiche that offyce grewe
To hym of ryght, for he was generate
Of Roberte Clare earle of Gloucestre trewe
Foure Barons bare, by theyr seruyce full dewe
Aboue his hed, then in processyon
A cloth of golde, by good direccyon.
¶ Earle Dauyd then, that tyme of Huntyngdon
Brother, of the kyng Willyam of Scotlande
And Iohn the earle of Morten of renowne
Kyng Rychardes brother, as I vnderstone
Ryght worthy lordes, that tyme of this lande
And Robert Ferrers, earle of Leycester tho
Thre swordes bare, afore the kyng there so
Syxe Earls then, and Barons of estate
A cheker bare, with Iueles full royall
And clothes ryche, that were well ordynaté
For that ylke feste, and state imperyall
Fro South, vnto the Septentrionall
Where then, none suche accompted of rychesse
As there were then, as wryten is expresse

The .C .xxxviii. Chapiter.

¶ How kyng William of Scotland, made homage for Scotlande, and then after his coronacyon at Westmynster, he went to Fraunce, and so to Ierusalem, by the assent of the Kynge Phylippe.

THe bishop of Duresme on his right hande
The bishop also of Bathe on his left syde
Homage o the Scottes
The kīg of Scottes Willyā for Scotlād
Made hym homage and feaute leege that tyde
Kyng Rychard then, to Fraūce with muche pride
Anone so yode tharchebishop Bawdewyne
With hym then went, worthy clerkes and fyne
¶ Sir Rauf Fulgence erle of Perche then also
Robert Ferrers erle of Lecester then
With erles fell and barons many moo
Of all this land, went many a worthy then
Of England and Scotland many a manne
Of Ireland Wales, Guyan and Normandy
Then with hym went, in that voyage on hie
¶ The kyng Philip, shippid his hoste at Iene
The kyng Rychard tooke the sea at Marsile
With all his hoste, without other meene
Within short tyme, arriued vp in Cisile
Wher he full faire, receiued was that while
By kyng Tancred soonne of Wyllyam
Whiche Wyllyā wed his suster, Iohan by name
¶ The kyng Rychard, twoo Isles ther cōquered
Byside Cisile, to his suster theim gaue
To hir lyuyng, and bade hir not bee fered
For he should se hir dower, she should haue
Longyng to the right that she should craue
And at Meschyne, kyng Rychard then did make
A Bastell strong, the Sarsyns for to wake
¶ And sailed furth, to Cipres then hy sea
[Page Cxlv] Wher his mother hym mete with dame Barnage
The kyng his doughter of Nauerne faire & free
Whom ther he wed, in lawfull mariage
At Lymosyn in his pilgremage
A citee great full of all habundaunce
Whiche by assaute, he gate of his puysaunce
¶ The kyng Rychard rode then to Nichosie
And gate the citee, with force and might
The citee also of Cheryn mightely
Wher his doughter and heire, he toke full right
To Buffenet and Baffe that were full wight
To Dendamour and Candor his citees
He went anone with greate felicitees
¶ He gate theim all, & all the realme throughout
And toke the kyng Isaak and hym slewe
And wed his doughter, vnto the kyng full stout
Of Ierusalem, whose wife was dedde then newe
That Sibill hight, yt doughter was mēne knewe
Of Almarike, kyng of Ierusalem
The brother of Geffrey, of Angeou hir eme
¶ This kyng Rychard, yt realme of Cipris wāne
To whome the lordes, echeone did their homage
And anone by sea, with many a manne
To Acres wher in that ilke voyage
He toke a ship of high and greate auantage
Of ablementes for warre, and ordinaunce
The whiche he had, with hym in gouernaunce
¶ But fiftene Sarsyns there he dreyncte
And twoo hundred he kept, that ship to gnie
[Page] To Acres then, wher kyng Philip full feyn [...]
Had sieged long without remedie
But kyng Rychard, of Acres toke in hie
The stronger syde, and gaue it greate affraies
Late and erly, bothe by nightes and dayes
¶ He gate it sone, with his greate ordinaunce
And on the walles his baners full hie he sette
The kynges armes, he sette vp also of Fraunce
And kyng Guyes armes of, Ierusalem well bette
The duke of Oistrich Lympold without lette
Set vp his armes after aboue theim all
Whiche kyng Rychard, did cast doūe ouer yt wall
¶ With wages greate, and riches manifold
He ryched his mēne, & rode throughoute all Sur­ry
The citees all and castelles that he would
He gate with force, and came again in hie
To castell Pilgrym, whiche kyng Philip pleinly
Beseged had full long, and went his waye
Whiche Rychard beseged in greate araye
¶ To the whiche there was, no waye but one full straite
On a cawsey with dikes depe and wyde
Strongly walled, with towres on to wayte
With many drawe bridges, wher none might go ne ryde
Strongly cheined, wt barris on eche side
Whiche castell then he gate in dayes ten
With battaill sore, wher he sleugh many menne
¶ The cheynes of yrone, he stroke vp wt his axe
Bothe at Acres and at castell Pilgrym
And brent theim all, as thei had been of waxe
[Page Cxlvi] Cheynes & barres, with muche might that tyme
The Sarasyns also, he slewe with muche gryme
The kyng Philip fell sicke and home would gone
To Fraunce anone, and toke his menne echeone
¶ Vnto the duke of Burgoyn theim to lede
To bide for hym, vpon the warres there
And home so went to Fraunce without drede
Wher then he made greate warre and muche dere
In Normandy and Guyan, fouly hym bere
Against his othe, and his greate assuraūce
At their passage, by couenaunt and concordaunce

The .C .xxxix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Rychard sold the realme of Cipres to Statyn once, & an other tyme to the kyng Guy [...] Lezinaunt to resorte to hym & to his heires, in de faute of issue of theim.

HE sold Cipresse to kyng Statyn of might
An other tyme to Guy Lizenaūt full bold
For great riches, the resort again of right
And for greate sommes of innumerable of gold
His prisoners he raunsomed, sore and sold
But with his hoste, full well he distribute
All that he gate, vnto their greate refute
¶ Ioppen he gate and it repaired newe
He and the duke of Burgoyn full sore sought
On the Soudan and felly did pursue
To castell Assure, fro whens he fled vnfought
But kyng Rychard, that of no perill rought
Was hurt right ther, with dartes venemous
[Page] Fiue woundes sore, mortall and perelous
¶ The droue hym then, into Ierusalem
And layed a sege, about the citee rounde
And kyng Rychard hard, howe fro Egipt realme
Came strong vitail, and ryches in that stounde
With full greate hoste, the Christen to confounde
By night he came, and there theim discomfete
With worship greate, and farpassyng profite
¶ Gase he buylded full faire, and Ascaloyn
To the templers, to whome afore thei longid
He deliuered, and made hym redy boun
For to assayle the citee, and haue fongid
With might of menne, & laddirs full well hongid
Engynes and gonnes, greate stones for to cast
Whiche to haue wonne, thei were full like at last
¶ The Soudan out by night, then stale awaye
And Christen menne, the citee gate anone
And kyng Rychard, with all the hoste his waye
Toke to the Flum of Cedar on his foon
He folowed fast, with hoste as he might goon
With the Soudan faught, & putte hym fro yt feld
And mightely fro hym, he rest his sheeld

The .C .xl. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the Soudā toke a trewce wt kyng Rychard, after he had putte hym to flight & wonne his citee and castels in Surry. Kyng Rychard gaue Ierusalem and yt realme of Surry, to his susters soonne Henry erle of Campa­nya, with the heire Sibill to his wife, and homeward­was takē prisoner in Oistrich, but in his gift of Surrry [Page Cxlvii] [...] Ierusalem, he reserued the resort to hym & to his heires

THe Soudā toke a trewce wt kyng Richard
For thre yere whole to bye all marchandise
And sell and passe saufly thitherward
To the sepulcre, in all maner wyse
With entercomen, as then it did suffice
And home he went, for cause his brother Iohn
Then purposed had, for to bee crouned anon
¶ He sent his mother, and wife to Cisile
And of Acres he made then capitain
The baron bold, sir Rychard Vmfreuile
Ierusalem to Henry erle of Champein
With all Surry to haue and to demain
And made hym kyng therof without delay
For his susters soonne, he was without nay
¶ For the marquis Wyllyam Mountferrate
That kyng therof was, by his wife enherite
Was slain in Tire, his citee by debate
All sodeinly for cause of greate dispite
Vetulo de Mount, his brothers death to quite
His bretherne twoo to Tire, with power hath sent
That slewe hym there, by Vetulo his assent
¶ Whose wife he gaue, to Henry his cousyn
For she was heire of Ierusalem
He made kepers, in euery place full fyne
And homeward came, then by the sea stream
Hoostyng by diuerse countres and realme
To Romany Tuskan and Lumberdy
In to Oistrich, and there was take in hye
¶ Thēperour led home, thē to Mēske he brought
In strong ward brought, to tyme that his finaūce
Was fully payed, emong his commons & sought
Of holy churche, vnto ful greate greuaunce
The marchaūtes also, thē made great cheuisaūce
Of all the shryues, was take full greate riches
Through all England, to raūsom wt, his highnes
¶ And home he came, & Iohn his brother chasti­sed
And his fautours, emprisoned all full sore
To Normandy then went, and there supprised
The kyng Philip, and werred hym euer thore
That stroyed his land of Normandy afore
Against his othe, and his hie assuraunce
Whilest he labored vpon the miscreaunce
¶ He then appeled the kyng Philip to fight
Thei twoo alone, hand for hand in feld
That he was false of his promise and hight
Whiche kyng Philip graunted, but not it held
But cowardly, with royall hoste hym beld
Vpon hym came, all sodeinly to fight
Within three dayes then, for their brothers right
¶ Beside Gysours thei faught with hostes sore
Wher kyng Rychard had the victorie
Kyng Philip fled fro his baner thore
With muche shame, reproffe and vilanie
Kyng Rychard segid a castell then in hie
That Caluce hight, not ferre fro Lymosyne
Wher hurt he was, full sore and dyed fyne
¶ An arblaster with a quarell hym smot
[Page Cxlviii] As he about the castell went to spie
But then he made therto a saute full hote
On euery syde, about full cruelly
And gatte the place so then full myghtely
And slewe theim all, without any grace
Agayn hym so that holden had, that strong place.
¶ He shroue hym then, vnto abbots three
With great sobbyng, and hye contricion
And wepyng teares, that pitee was to see
Mekely askyng penaunce and absolucion
That it might please God, at his peticion
To forgeue his offences tyll domysday
So afterwarde in blysse, he might been ay.
¶ He quethed his corps, then to bee buried
Al Fount Euerard, there at his fathers feete
To whom he graunted, and made it notifyed
Traytour he was, and false of his behete
His herte inuyncyble, to Roan he sent full mete
For their greate truth & stedfast great constaunce
His bowelles lose to Poytou, for deceyuaunce
¶ Whose soule, from the body dyd departe
And into heauen went, where is eternall ioye
Because from synne, he did conuerte
Longyng for that blessed daye
To see Christ, that for his synne dyd paye
That crucyfied was vpon the roode
Redemyng his synne, by the shedyng of his blode.
¶ And of his reigne, he died the .x. yere
And in the yere of Christes incarnacion
[Page] A thousande hole, two hundreth and .iiii. clere
As written is, by clere computacion
Who in his life had hole dominacion
In Normandy, Guyen, Cypers and Surry
Whose honoure shone, aboue all other clerely

The .C .xli. Chapiter.

¶ Iohn kyng of Englande, duke of Normandy and Guyan [...] erle of Angeou, began to reygne the yere. M .CC. and .iiii. and reigned .xvii. yere and died the yere. M .CC .xxi.

HIs brother Iohn, was kyng then of En­glande
Ihōkyng of Eng­lande.
And crouned was, at westminster ful faire
By all estates and lordes of his lande
And sone therafter deuorced, full vnfayre
From his wife wedded, that there afore was heyre
Vnto therle of Gloucestre full wyse
That sonnes had, that tyme of great enterprise
¶ For cause of whiche, and of consanguinitye
Deuorce was made, and toke another wyfe
Dame Isabell, therles doughter fayre and free
Of Englande, and his heyre knowen ryfe
Whiche after made hym ful great warre & stryfe
For she was wyfe, of Hugh Brune of Toreyn
The Viscount then, toke fro hym a virgyne.
¶ Wherfore Hugh Brune, nomore of hym wolde hold
But warred hym, on euery side aboute
Tyll he hym toke, with other many folde
And slewe theim all, were thei neuer so stoute
In his first yere, a taxe he tooke full out
[Page Cxlix] Of eche plough land thre shyllynges fully payed
For whiche the people bitterly for hym prayed

The .C .lxii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Wyllyam of Scotlande did homage leege to kyng Iohn at Lyncolne, the duke Arthure of Britayne & all the lordes of Irelande did the same

IN his first yere, kyng Wylliā of Scotlād
Made hys homage, in Lyncolne his citee
And Arthure duke of Britayne, I vnder­stande
Sone after, made hys homage & feautee
At London then, with great humilitee
The prince of Wales, there made his homage
For Wales then, that was his heritage.
¶ The great a Neele, and Makmurre also
And al the lordes, and kynges of Irelande
Therles also of Vlster, did right so
Of Ormond and Desmond, for there lande
And all estates there, as I vnderstande
Wer sworne to hym, and to hym did homage
For theyr lyuelodes, and theyr heritage
¶ The kyng Philip confedered with Arthure
To rebell sore, agayne his eme kyng Iohn
And graunte hym men, & power stronge and sure
To gette Guyan Poytou and Angeou anon
Wherfore kyng Iohn to Normandy gan gone
And there he tooke Arthure duke of Britayn
In castell Mirable dyed, in mykell payne
¶ Dame Isabell the suster also of Arthure.
[Page] In the castell of Bristowe, was then holde
And died there in pryson, then full sure
As kyng Iohn hir vncle, so it wolde
A lady of greate beautee, she was hold
Beshet in pryson, in paynes strong
So endeth her life, for sorowe liued not long
¶ Thus slewe he both, Athure and Isabell
The chyldren of his brother, duke Geffrey
To ioye the croune of Englande, as men tell
Wherfore moste parte, of all his landes that daye
Beyonde the sea, forsoke hym then for ay
Retournyng to the kyng of Fraunce in hye
To holde of hym and his perpetually
¶ Bishop Hubert of Cauntorbury tho died
Wherfore kyng Iohn, vnto the couent sente
To chose his clarke, whiche they refused & denied
Wherfore the kyng, was wroth in his entente
For they disobeyed the lettre, whiche he sent
For they had chosen mayster Stephan Langton
The pite­ous & lamē table storye of king Ihō who by the Roomyshe byshop and his adherē ­tes was most sham fully & vy­lanously a­bused, as by this hy­story doeth appeare.
An worthy clarke, of all disposicion.
¶ Whom kyng Iohn, then wold not admytte
For Romayn bull, ne for the prelates prayer
But prisoned some, and some to death commytte
Some he exiled and theyr eyen clere
And all personnes and prelates in fere
He then put out and seazed theyr benefice
Through all the lande, as his mortall enemyes
The Romyshe byshoppe curssed hym openly
And all the realme fully did enterdite
[Page Cl] That sacramentes none, therin should occupie
And to the kyng of Fraunce, without respite
He wrote his letters so full fayre endite
To take Englande hole in gouernaunce
For kyng Iohn his great misgouernaunce.
¶ Many erles also, and many great barons
Vnto the kyng of Fraunce, wrote openly
To sende his sonne Lewes, the rebellions
To helpe, to whome they promysed sikerly
To croune hym kyng of England worthely
If that kyng Iohn, would not his trespasse amēd
Vnto the churche, in whiche he had offend.
¶ Wherfore yt kyng of Fraūce, to England sente
His sonne Lewes, with hoste and power strong
With whom many lordes susteyned his entent
And other some, maynteyned kyng Iohn in wrōg
Thus stode this lande, Englande & Wales longe
Hole enterdite, frō all holy sacramentes
That none was done, without priuelegementes
¶ Lewes the sonne, of kyng Philip of Fraunce
Had castelles, fees, and citees many one
At his good rule, and full wyse gouernaunce
In Englande then, well mo, then had kyng Iohn
Tyll on a daye, to lordes he made his moone
By whose coūcel, vnto yt Romishe bishop he wrote
His letters meke, as best he could theim note
¶ Besekyng hym of mercy, and of grace
Of forgeuenesse and absolucion
His defautes all to mend, and his trespasse
[Page] And vndirguage all his punysion
For to release thenterdiccion
For whiche the Romishe bishop as he yt letters see
Wepte fore, hauyng full greate pitee
¶ Thenterdiccion fully he releassed
And to the kyng of Fraunce, anone sent
To ceasse the warre, the peace to be encreassed
Betwene hym, and kyng Iohn bayssent
To whiche he would, put so all his entent
To Lewes then, he sent thesame message
And of Englande, to haue his hole costage
¶ And for Lewes, with Lordes of Englande
Obeyde not the byshops commaundement
He sent Gwalo his legate I vnderstande
To cursse Lewes, and all of his assent
Then died kyng Iohn, in Christen hole entent
At Croxton abbey, and buried was full fayre
At Worcester, with lordes and great repayre
¶ Some bookes sayen, he poysoned was to dead
Of plummes so syttyng at his meate
In thabbey of Cistews at Swynsheade
With whiche a monke, there hym did rehete
Wenyng of God greate thanke to gette
At Newerke died, at Worcester sepultured
In chronicles, as is playnly scriptured.
¶ He gate a sōne, that Hēry of Wynchester hight
And other after, and Richarde was his name
That erle was of Cornwayle, of great might
A Worthy knight, and of right noble fame
[Page Cli] These sonnes on his wyfe, that noble dame
And gate Isabell, the wyfe of Frederyk
Emperoure of Rome, a lorde full poletyk.
¶ In his tymes were these earles in Englande
Geffry Maundeuile, earle of Essex than
Syr Quincy, as I can vnderstande
Earle of Winchester, that was a manly man
And the earle of Cornewayle that was than
Roger of Clare, then earle of Gloucester
That in Englande was, none his better.
¶ Roger Bygot, earle of Northfolke then
That Marshall was, that tyme of Englande
Henry Bowne, then earle of Herforde, as I can
Conceyue was then, Constable of the lande
Aryght worthy knyght, of his hande
And Dauyd, then was of Huntyngdon
Willyam Marshall, earle of Penbroke full boon
¶ Randolfe of Chester, the earle of good estate
Robert Veer of Oxenforde full wyse
Willyam Groos, of Almaryk generate
Willyam Lōgspee, earle then, of great enterpryse
In actes marcyall, a man knyghtly and wyse
Of Salysbury, a mighty lorde that daye
Through all Englande, knowen of greate araye.
¶ Willyam, the earle of Arundell that hyght
Awbeny by his surname, full well then knowe
At Wimondham, in Northfolke buryed ryght
Father was of Philyp, full yonge vnknowe
That full curteous was, both to hye and lowe
[Page] That after hym was earle of Arundell
As chronycles wryten, can clerely tell
¶ This kyng Iohn dyed in hole creaunce
The yere of Chryste, a. M, was then knawe
Two hundreth .xxi. by remembraunce
In chronycles, as I haue red and sawe
And full cumbreous, bothe to hye and lawe
At Worcester, buryed in good araye
As a prynce royall of reason, ought that daye.

The .C .xliii. Chapiter.

¶ Henry the thyrde, kynge of Englande, duke of Normandye and Guyen, and Earle of Angeou, that beganne to reygne the yere of Chryste, a thousande .CC. xxi, and dyed in the yere, a thousande .CC .lxxiii. and of his reygne the .lvi. yere

¶ In his tyme was a batayl at Lincolne, where Earle Rau­dolfe of Chester discomfyted Lewys, yt sonne of kyng Philyppe of Fraunce.

HEnry his sonne, then was of .ix. yere age
Kyng Henry yt thirde
At Gloucester, crowned with the dyademe
By the Legate Gwalo, & the Baronage
Stephan of Langton, helpyng as did well seme
Archbyshop then, as the byshop coulde deme
The same yere then, the kyng wt Lewys faught
Besyde Lincolne, where Lewys was nere caught
¶ Foure .C. knyghtes, of Lewis there was slaine
Therle of Perche, was slayne on Lewis syde
And many fled, with Lewys soth agayne
Therle Randolf, of Chester knowen wyde
The felde there gate, yt daye with mikell pryde
[Page Clii] And Lewys then, all his ryght relesed
And home he went, with mony well appesed.
¶ In the seconde yere, he wedded Alyanor
Therls doughter of Prouynce, good and fayre
Whose elder syster, kyng Lewys wed afore
This earle was then, famed amonge repayre
The noblest prynce, without any dispeyre
That tyme alyue, through all chrystente
Of all honoure, and greate nobilyte
And Iohn, the sonne of Dauyd of Huntingdon
That of Huntyngdon, & Chester earle had bene
Without chylde dyed, his erldome to the crowne
Then sezed were, to tyme yt it was sene
Howe his systers myght them departe betwene
The parliament graunted, yt wardes to the kyng
That helde of hym, by knyghtes seruyce doyng
¶ To make statutes, at Oxenforde & ordynaūce
By whiche, there shulde none alyence enheryte
And put the kyngvnder the gouernaunce
Of certayne lordes, wysest & moste parfyte
Whiche after made amonge them great dispyte
And batayles stronge, & greate contrariaunce
Through all the lande, by longe continuaunce

The .C .xliiii. Chapiter.

¶ Of the byrthe of Edwarde his eldest sonne, and heyre was in the .xxix. yere of his father, and in the yere of Chryste a thousande .CC .xxxix. Howe Symonde Mountforte Earle of Leycester was create.

HIs eldest sonne, and heyre yt Edward hyghe
At Westmynster, of Chrystes incarnacyon
The yere a thousand .CC .ix. and .xxx. ryght
Whome the legate Otho by informacyon
Baptyzed in funt, saynt Edmondes confirmacy [...]
To hym then made, as the churche deuysed
In his baptime holy, then autoryzed.
¶ Symond ye sōne, of earle Symond Moūtfort
Came oute of Fraunce, for ferdnesse of yt quene
To kyng Henry, whome he gaue great comforte
He gaue hym then, his man for ay to bene
Of Leycester, the earldome fayre and clene
With the Stewarde of Englande, in herytage
Whiche is an offyce, of greate priuelage.
¶ And wed his doughter, dame Elyanore
To Willyam Marshall, earle of Penbroke
After whose deathe, she auowed chastyte for euer­more
But he her maryed, and her betoke
For all her vowe, as sayeth the booke
To Earle Symond Mountfort to be his wyfe
Notwithstandyng, yt she vowed chastyte her lyfe.
¶ Tho dyed Lewelyn, the prynce of Wales then
Betwene his sonnes Gryffyth, and Dauid grewe
Greate discencyon and stryfe ay, when and when
And dame Beatryce, the kynges doughter trewe
To earle Symonde, of Britayne wedded newe
The yere of Chryste, a thousand was accompted
Two hundreth moo, fourty and one amounted

The .C .xlv. Chapiter.

[Page Cliii]

¶ The [...] of [...] of Lancaster and of Leicester, long after in the yere of his father one and thirty, and in the yere of Christ M. iiC xli.

THe same yere then, Edmond his soōne was
At Lācastre yt yere of Christ thē writē
A thousand whole, twoo. C, and fourty mo bore
And one therto, in Flores as is wryten
And in the yere next after then ouersetten
The kyng his doughter, Margaret then maryed.
To Alexaunder kyng of Scotland notified
¶ At Yorke citee, wher he then did homage
Homage of the Scottes.
For Scotland whole, and Isles apperteinyng
Then dyed [...]hemperour full sage
Wherfore the lordes of Almaignie variyng
Some chose Rychard kyng, Henryes brother be­yng
And some yt kyng of Castile would haue algate
But erle Rychard of Menske had all the state
¶ Then rose discorde, betwene the kyng Henry
Battaile of Lewes
And certain lordes of mighty greate power
Symond Mountfort, vpon hym toke boldly
To bee cheftein, to hold the feld full clere
At Lewis faught, of christ then was the yere
A thousand twoo, hundred and sixty accompted
And foure also, so muche more amounted
¶ This erle Symond, had then the kyng Henry
And his brother, Rychard themperour
In his kepyng and ward, wer hold strongly
But prince Edward, was sette in Herford toure
And erle Henry of Herford that was floure
[Page] Themperours soonne, at Herford with hym laye
A myle about, disported theim euery [...]aye
¶ Fro whens at last, with horse thei brake awa [...]
And to Wigmour castell thei came in hie
The battaill of Euesh [...].
To sir Roger Mortymer wher he laye
That theim receiued, then full gladly
And so thei assembled with greate hoste manfully
And held the feld, the lordes fast to theim drewe
And at Euesham, thei stroke a battaill newe
¶ In the yere of Christ, a thousand was tho
Twoo hundred mo, sirty also and fiue
When prince Edward faught with his foo
Symond Moūtfort, and raught hym fro his liue
The feld discomfited, there anone as bliue
With help of erle Gilbert, then called Clare
And other lordes with hym that were thare
¶ He slewe many, and some awaye exiled
And some he held in prisone and distres
He toke out then his father, as is compiled
His eme Rychard, holden in greate dures
And all his frendes, of his hie worthynes
He socoured euer, and with his gold supported
And wher it want, with his woord theim cōforted

The .C .xlvi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Robert Ferrers erle of Darby was dishe rite and many other of their compaignie.

RObert Ferrers, that erle was of Darby
Disherite then, for his insurreccion
With many other at Chesterfeld in hie
Faught with Edward, of their presumpcion
And fled awaye, with greate confusion
Vnto the Isle of Axholme, and fro thens
Vnto Lyncolne, and spoyled the citezens
¶ Fro thens to Ely thei went anone
Wher prince Edward, thisle proudely assailed
Thei fled fro it soone, to Yorkeshire gan gone
In freres clothis, that were full long tailed
Robbyng their fooes, when thei of good failed
And other some to Kilyngworth then fled
To Henry Hastynges, who then the castell had
¶ Wher then yt kyng, great siege laied all about
But nought auailed, so strongly thei defende
And for ther was, in euery shire throughout
So greate robbery, and nothyng amende
The kyng was fain, for lordes then to send
By whose aduise, he ordeined for that case
That all disherite and exiled, should haue grace
¶ All disherite, should buye their landes again
To paye for theim gold, as thei might accorde
With theowners, so that no man should payen
More then the land were worth, by greate recorde
In seuen yere whole, and if thei might concorde
For lesse money, so it exceade a yere
The value of the yerly rent full clere
¶ Robet Ferrers erle of Derby then
[Page] The soonnes also, of erle Symond exclude
That perpetuall iudgement fully then
Neuer to redeme their landes, but been exclude
So that theowners, be not with theim delude
Vnto a daye, that fifty thousand pound
Be paide of nobles whole and round
¶ Edmond the soonne, of the same kyng Henry
Was weddid first vnto dame Auelyn
Erle Willyam his doughter, of Almarle womāly
None issue had, neither male ne feminine
Then was he wed to Blaunche yt quene full fyne
Of Nauerne, and so of Lancaster create
With Leicestre also therle denominate

The .C .xlvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Edward theldest soōne & heire of kyng Henry the third, and his brother erle Edmond of Lancaster and of Leicestre went to Ierusalē with greate power whiche twoo princes were coūted the semeliest of all the hoste of Christendome.

HIs brother Edward, and he associate
To Ierusalem, their voiage thē auowed
Two semely princes, together adioynate
In all the world, was none theim like alowed
So large & faire thei were, eche manne he bowed
Edward aboue his menne, was largely seen
By his shulders more hie and made full clene
¶ Edmond next hym, the comeliest prince aliue
Not croke backed, ne in no wyse disfugured
As some menne wrote, the right lyne to depryue
[Page Clv] Through great falsehed, made it to bee scriptured
For cause it should alwaye bee refigured
And mencioned well, his yssue to preuaile
Vnto the croune, by suche a gouernaile
¶ But prince Edward and he held fourth their waye
To Ierusalem, so did themperour
Rychard his eme, and Henry his soonne full gay
To Cisile came by sea, through many a shoure
Edward with hym, then had his wife that houre
Elianour doughter of the kyng of Aragon
A princesse faire at his eleccion
¶ The kyng Lewes also then thither went
And in his waye dyed and expired
Sainct Lewes nowe is named by all assent
Of holy churche, as it is well enquired
Approued trewe as reason well required
But Edward prince, and Edmōd abode two yere
With werres greate, and mighty strong power
¶ For nacions all, vnto prince Edward drewe
And to Edmond his brother, for their semelines
And greate māhode, whiche in theim yt thei knewe
Sir Charles, yt brother of king Lewes doubteles
Kyng of Cisile of noble worthynes
By the Soudan was chasid without beld
Whome prince Edward socoured, & had the feld
¶ And with the Soudan faught in bataill sore
Discomfit hym, and putte hym to the flight
Wher Edward then was hurt and woūded thore
Of woundes fiue, that mortall werre to sight
[Page] His brother Edmond also wounded in that fight
But as Edward in his bedde, sicke then laye
A Sarasyne came, to hym vpon a daye
¶ To leche his hurtes, with salues many one
But false he was, for with a knife full sore
He strake hym foule, as thei were then alone
But yet that prince, the knife fro hym gate thore
And slewe hym then, with it for euermore
At Acres laye he then, with woundes fele
With medicyns, to lech and to hele
¶ The lech so false, was by the Soudan sent
Hym to haue slain, in any maner wyse
For cause he had, discomfite hym and shent
And when he was all whole, that he might ryse
Message he had, fro all the lordes wyse
Of England then, of his father dedde
That praied hym home to come, & been their hede
¶ Kyng Henry had then made, the minster faire
Of Westminster, as it is nowe at this daye
The remnaunt he left vnto his heire
To edifie and make in like araye
Or els a some of money for to paye
The whiche he graunted to the edificacion
At his death, then bequeth and assignacion
¶ Edward then, toke a trewce for tenne yere
With the Soudan, and to Cisile saylid
And landed at Rome, wher thē he had good chere
Bothe of the bishop and cardinalles not failed
That sore had mourned, and greately bewailed
[Page Clvi] That curssed sore, syr Guy Mountforte eche daye
For the slaughter of Henry his cousyn gaye.
¶ The sonne that was of Richarde themperoure
Erle of Cornwayle, whome at Veterbe he slewe
Right in the churche, for olde wrath and rancoure
In Englande dooen, his fathers death to renewe
At masse knelyng horrybly hym all to hewe
Fro Acres as he came, as goddes knight
Without cause of reason or of right
¶ But price Edward & Edmoūd his brother dere
To Sauoye cā, where iustes wer made & tourna­mēt
And ther desired thei, & their knightes in fere
With the duke of Sauoye, and his there presente
To iuste, and proue eche other in good entente
Theyr knightes younge, to learne as dyd suffice
In marcyall fete, knighthode to exercyse
¶ Wher he foriust, the duke full manly
His brother also, the dukes neuewe
And bare hym downe, both horse and man egerly
And euery knight, with other euer iusted newe
Daye by daye, whyles echeone other knewe
By .xiiii. dayes enduryng and conteyned
With feast solempne, by the duke susteyned.
¶ An hundreth ladyes, of worthy good estate
Were set on hye, aboue within a tente
By the duke of Sauoye, well ordinate
To geue the gree, and thanke by iudgement
Whiche then awarde, playnely by hole assent
To prince Edwarde, & erle Edmound his brother
[Page] That had foriust the duke and many other.
¶ The duke hym gaue, gyftes of great honoure
And to his brother, gyftes of hye pleasaunce
And to his knightes, giftes of great valoure
And conueyed hym, into the lande of Fraunce
Where of the kyng with worthy gouernaunce
Receaued he was, as prince full excellente
And homage made to hym, in good entente.
¶ For his landes, lyeng beyonde the sea
The whiche was true, as chronicles witnesse
And home he came, with great felicitee
Of whose cōmyng, the people had great gladnesse
Hym to receaue, in all kynde of worthynesse
And of his brother Edmound also in feer
They were full glad, at all theyr hole power
¶ But kyng Henry was gone to God afore
The yere of Christ, a thousande hole accompted
Two hundreth hole, syxty and thirtene more
On saynt Edmondes daye, when he amounted
This worlde leuyng, full of trouble accompted
Vnto the blysse of heauen, for euer to reste
Emong good soules, where Christe so liked best.

The .C .xlviii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Edwarde of Englande, the first after the con­queste, called Edwarde with the longe shankes, beganne to reigne on the morowe after saynt Edmondes daye yt kyng in the yere a. M .CC. and .lxxiii. & died the yere. M .CCC. and .vii. the eyght daye of Iulye, and the .xxxiiii. yere of his reygne.

EDwarde his sonne & heire, first generate
Kyng Ed­warde the fyrst after yt conquest.
With all honour by all the baronage
Crouned was, in all royall estate
And of thestates, receyued hole homage
Kyng Alexander for his heritage
The ho­mage of yt kynge of Scotlande to kyng Edwarde.
Of Scotlande hole, and ysles apperteynyng
His homage did, right then vnto the kyng.
¶ The duke also of Britayne made homage
For Britayn hole, and there became his man
Whiche princes two, had wed in mariage
His susters two, Margarete and Beatrice then
Margarete to Scotland, & Beatrice to Britayne
Both two maried, and wed in hye estate
By their father full wysely ordinate
¶ A marchaunt toke the wife of prince Lewlyn
Erle Symonds doughter, of Leycester yt had ben
And to the kyng hir brought full femenyn
Wherfore the prince, by heste as then was seen
To be his man, and homage did full clere
And led his wyfe to Wales in good entent
By the kynges grace, and by hole assent
¶ The kyng then, did great right and iustice
Vpon clippers and peirers of the coyne
And newe money made, that then might suffice
Of syluer plate, made out of Boloyne
The grote, half grote, all in newe coyne
He coyned fast, peny, halfpeny, and ferthyng
For porayll to bye with, theyr leuyng.
¶ That same tyme he made a newe statute
[Page] That no man should graunt lande ne tenement
A restraint of lādes to be geuen to the clergye.
To the churche, ne geue nor constitute
No maner grounde, nor no maner rente
Without licence, of the lorde and his assent
Of whome it is holden, aboue in chiefe
And els yt church, this realme had put in mischiefe
¶ The prince Lewlyn, and of Dauid his brother
Made warre vpon the kyng in greate araye
The Marche brent and many harmes other
In Englande did, wherfore the kyng his waye
To Wales held, in all the haste he maye
The lorde Mortimer, toke then the prince Lewlyn
And to the kyng hym brought, for to enclyne
¶ The kyng hym headed, and to the toure it sent
The Walshemen made, Dauid his brother then
Prince of Wales, by theyr commen assent
Wherfore the kyng, to warre on theim began
And of the Walshemen, slewe full many a man
And had Dauid vnto his presence brought
Hanged and drawen, as then he had it sought.
¶ Then seazed he Wales, for euer into his hande
And ordeyned, that no prince therin should be
But he or els his heyre I vnderstande
And that no man, of Wales hole countre
One night shulde lye, in castell nor cytee
But voyde out fro sunne to sunne, thē euery night
Thus kept he Wales, his tyme by royall might.

The .C .xlix. Chapiter.

[Page Clviii]

¶ Howe Gladowys Dewy, the doughter of Dauyd, prynce of Wales, was wedded to syr Raufe Mortymer, of whom came the Earles of Marche.

GWenlyan, yt doughter was of Lewlyne
Without chylde dyed, a vyrgyne aye
In a [...]onnery, of the order of Gylbertyne
And Gladowys Dewy, Dauyds doughter gaye
Yonge, freshe and lusty, as the rose in Maye
To Raufe was wed, that was lorde Mortymer
Of whome yt earles of Marche, become full clere
¶ Then went the kyng, and quene to Gasc [...]yne
And Gwyan, to set that lande in pees
And so forth then, he went to Aragon
To sporte them with theyr father there no lees
To Gwyan then, agayne for his encrees
He came anone, and set in peace that lande
And so came agayne to Englande.

The .C .l. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the kyng dyd atteynt his Iustices, and sette enquery of peace breakers, ryouters, oppressours, extorcyoners, and of the vsurye of Iewes.

HIs Iustyces all, by lawe he dyd attaynt
For wrong domes, & false iudgement
For couetyse, yt false were then & faynt
To helpe the poore cōmons, to theyr entent
He set Iustyces in heyre by all assent
That called was, that tyme Troilebaston
For to enquere, of all extorcyon
¶ Of Ryouters, fyghters, and baratours
Of market beters, that raysed greate debates
Of peace breakers, and all the susteynours
That were with theim of preuy assocyates
Of oppressours, of all the pore estates
And all that were then founde culpable
Emprysoned were, or by theyr pursse excusable
¶ Of Iewes within this lande, yt was abidyng
Great plaintes were made, of Okoure and vsury
Howe they dyd waste, the folke by suche winning
And preuy bondes, made without measure
In payne of double, or elles forfeture
The king thē voided, for whiche yt church a disme
Hym graunted, so dyd the cōmons a quindecyme.
¶ Rys Ap Madoke, a warre in Wales gan take
Agayne the kyng, that great warres had sustened
And prynce hym called, of Wales without make
Who then at Yorke, by lawe full wel mainteyned
On galous hye, as to hym well apperteyned
Was drawen and hanged, his hed vpon ye towre
was set anon, as rebell and traytoure.

The .C .li. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Edmonde Earle of Lancaster, and of Leycester, kept Gwyan, and wed quene Blaunche of Nauerne the kynges syster of Fraunce, and therfore he bare the labell in his ar­mes for dyfference fro the kynges of Englonde euer after.

KYng Edward sent, his brother thē ful dere
To kepe Guyā, and wt him strōg chiualry
Who gouerned there, yt land without pere
[Page Clix] To hye honoure, as made is memorye
In Fraunce sore dred, amonge the aduersarye
And other landes, lyeng there all aboute
Aboue all men, he was there moste bedoute
For euer he put them, to the worse in felde
In armes ay, he had the victorye
And in Parys, at Iustes vnder shelde
Far passyng was, and dyd ay notably
That for his manhode, and famous chyualrye
In so ferforth, that all landes hym commende
For his manhode, whiche so in hym they kende.
¶ He wed dame Blaunche, of Nauerne yt was quene
King Philip sister, yt was ful good & faire
Of whome he gate, Thomas of Lācaster I wene
And Henry his brother, yt afterwarde was heire
And earles both, they were without dispayre
Of Lancaster, and also of Leycestre
As Flores hath expressed well, by lettre.
¶ For whiche weddyng, and noble alyance
He and his heyres, bare for a difference
Englande armes, with labell hole of Fraunce
By whiche all men, maye haue intellygence
That Edmonde was yonger in existence
Then kyng Edward, though some say yt cōtrary
And from the truth, yet haue they wyll to vary

The .C .lii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the fyue portes, toke the nauy of Fraunce on the se [...] in batell.

THe kyng of Fraūce, a nauy great then sē [...]
Vpon Englande, to warre in great aray
Which yt .v. portes toke on the sea & shent
And people greate, there slewe & dreynt yt daye
Theyr shyppes all, by batayl and affraye
Were take, and brought then into Englande
With capitaynes many, and lordes of yt lande
¶ Kyng Philyp then, at Parys in parlyament
Somonde Edwarde, afore hym to appere
Surmittyng hym, of robbery felonoment
Vpon his flete, so done by tymes sere
For faute of aunswere, foreiuged hym there
Destroyed his land, in eche place where he might
But kyng Edwarde, then went to Fraunce ryght
¶ And gate agayne, his landes euerychone
And sought ay where, vpon the kyng of Fraūce
But he fled euer, and batayle wolde geue none
Sone after, so Philyp by ordynaunce
A trewce toke, by good ordynaunce
For all his landes beyonde the sea
To set in peace, with all tranquilyte

The .C .liii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Morgan and Madoke his brother, were sette in the towre for rebellyon in Wales made by comforte of kynge Phylip of Fraunce.

IN Wales, Morgan made war & great di­staunce
And Madoke also, his brother ful vntrew
For whiche the kyng, wt all his ordenaūce
To Wales went, & faught with them all newe
[Page Clx] At straytes great, whiche tho traytours knewe
Yet were they take, and put in sore pryson
Within the towre, for theyr rebellyon.
¶ The kyng Philyp had sent then golde to wa [...]
On England then, with sir Thomas Turbiruile
Who was espyed, by sotell meanes afferre
And heded was anon, for all his guyle
His wyt not holpe hym then, ne yet his wyle
He dyed with shame, repreef and vilany
Engendred all of mede and surquedrye.

The .C .liiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Earle Edmonde was Leuetenaunt of Guyan, and warred vpon the kyng of Fraunce, and defyed hym by let­ter, for he brake the promyse made to Edwarde his brother kynge of Englande.

SIr Edmōd erle of Lancaster thē ful trewe
Leuetenaūt then of Guian, all throughout
On whom yt king Philip, then rode al new
And brake the trewce, wt hostes great and stout
Wherfore he went to hym without doubte
To se howe that, it myght be well defende
He bade hym thus, set to his knee and amende.
¶ Wherfore in ire, he gaue hym vp homage
The whiche he ought for his lande that he helde
And aunswered hym agayne, of great corage
From hens forwarde, I shall you holde the felde
And at my power, eche daye vnder shelde
Proue howe ye do vnto my lorde greate wronge
The whiche I shall amende, or it be longe.
And so departed, withoute more langage
And into Guyan came, with all his myght
And to his brother wrote, & made hym knowlage
And bade hym come wt power for to fyght
With spere and bowe, for other writ of ryght
Maye not be got, within the courte of Fraunce
For to recouer, his hye enherytaunce.
¶ Eche day thēce forth, wt bāners hole displeyed
He helde the felde, and kyng Philyp warred
And leters sent hym defyals and vmbrayde
Of hys suraunce, and othe that he had erred
And castelles gate, f [...]ll many & not differred
Kyng Edward sent, his brother then suppowaile
The Frenche partye, to warre and assayle.

The .C .lv. Chapiter.

¶ Howe syr Roger Mortymer was made Earle of Marche at Kyllyngworthe, and set the rounde table of a thousande knyghtes, and as many ladyes.

ANd in the yere, a. M. was full then
Two hundreth also syxty and nyntene
When syr Roger Mortymer so began
At Kelyngworth, the rounde table as was sene
Of a thousande knyghtes, for disciplyne
Of yonge men after he coulde deuyse
Of turnementes, and iustes to exercyse.
¶ A thousande ladyes, excellynge in beaute
He had there also, in tentes hye aboue
The iustes, that they myght well & clerely se
Who iusted best, there for theyr lady loue
[Page Clxi] For whose beautie, it should the knyghtes moue
In armes so etchone other to reuie
To geate a fame in playe of chiualrie
¶ This Mortimer, was then lord Mortimer
But in these iustes, he held great feastes eche daye
By fourty dayes conteined whole and clere
At whiche one part of ladyes faire and gaye
Gaue hym the price of fame, of all that playe
Wherfore the kyng, to encrese his estate
Proclamed hym erle of Marche there create

The .C .lvi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Edmond erle of Lancaster and of Leicester faught at Bayon with the power of Fraunce and was slain there & sir Wyllyam Valence erle of Pē broke was dedde ther and many other lordes, in the yere a thousand twoo hundred four score & sixtene.

BVt erle Edmond the kynges brother dere
With twenty & sixe baners, proud & stout
The fifth daye of Iune, was accompted clere
Of Christ his date a thousand yere all out
Four score and sixtene with out doubt
At Bayon faught, with the Frēchemenne certain
Wher he in yt feld yt daye, like a knight was slaine
¶ Sir Williā Valence, erle of Pēbroke was thē
Sir Iohn Rychmond and many other baron
Sir Iohn saynct Iohn, right a full manly māne
Thenglishe hoste felly, ther was bore doune
By a busshement, laied by colucion
That brake on theim, sore fighting in the feld
Out of a wode, in whiche that daye were beld

The .C .lvii. Chapiter.

WHen Iohn of Gaunt, yt sone of king Edwarde
Howe a chronicle was fey­gned to make Edmond the elder bro­ther.
For cause his brother yt duke was of Clarēce
None yssue male had then, that menne of herd
But female by all intelligence
When kyng Rychard in his greate excellence
None yssue had, he would haue been his heire
Apparaunt then, by act in perlyament feire
¶ The whiche Thomas Wodstok, duke of Gloucester
And all nobles of England ther present
Proclaymed then, by wrytyng and by letter
Howe that therle of Marche, then in perlyament
Vnto the kyng, was then heire apparaunt
Wher duke Iohn in diuers places made
Feined chronicles, that shewed were full brade
¶ Howe this Edmond thelder soonne of kyng Henry
Broke backed and bowbacked bore
Was vnabled to haue the monarche
And Edward so the younger kyng therfore
Shuche chronicles then, he feined full sore
And putte in place, of diuers religion
To make his soonne, right heire of this region
¶ But when kyng Henry, this chronicle shewed
It was defect, and clerely sette at nought
And vnderfoote cast doune and eke stroyed
The contrarie by chronicles truly wrought
Was proued trewe, and then his title he sought
By resignement and renunciacion
By depoisale and playne coronacion
¶ It is not true, that croke backed he hight
For valyaunt he was, in all his doynges
[Page Clxii] And personable with all, to euery mannes sight
Although false chronicles, haue other saiynges
Kyng Alexander of Scotland, then dyed
That wedded had, the kynges suster Margarete
And Alexander his sonne, beyng in thesame stede
Who with Margatete his wife, on ye sea perished.

The .C .lviii. Chapiter.

¶ How Florēce erle of Holād & his persuers boūd hym to vide the iudgement of the kyng Edward, if he should be kyng of Scotlād.

FLorence therle of Holand & his compeers
That claimed then, the croune of Scotlād
After the death of Margaret as pursuers
Came to kyng Edward, then of England
Requeryng hym in God his name all weldand
As he that was, of Scotland souereigne lord
To trye the right, and sette theim in accorde
¶ For whiche he sette, at Norham a parliament
After Easter then next folowyng
In the kirke of Norham, to that entent
That all Scottes, and other that were pursuyng
Might ther appere, their titles claymyng
At whiche parliament, the pursuantes theim bond
At his decree and iudgement to stond
¶ By one letter, with all their seales ensealed
Whiche doublid was, thei gaue vnto the kyng
The other part, for it should not be repeled
Thei kept with theim selfes, alwaye abydyng
Which lettre, Iohn Hardyng maker of this boke
This was to Henry the fyfth.
To kyng Hēry delyuered, yt gaue hym in recōpēce
The manoure of Gedyngtō, we all yt appurtenēce.
¶ For whiche manoure, then the cardinall
[Page] Of Wynchester vnto the quene disposid
In hir dower and fro hym toke it all
When that the kyng, by death was deposid
Hym recompence, he promised and composid
But nought he had, but might yt prīce haue lyued
He durst full eiuill, his excellence haue greued
¶ An other letter, duble in like wyse
The saied heires deliuered to the kyng
That other part as shuld of right suffice
Semblably with theim, was remainyng
By whiche thei bound, theim self by their sealyng
Hym to delyuer, the kyng his castels all
To kepe, to tyme his iudgement were byfall
¶ Of whiche iudgement without possession
Of castell strong throughout ther all the lande
He might not well dooen execucion
Wherfore the heires to hym, so their theim bound
Whiche letter also, Iohn Hardyng toke on hand
And did deliuer, so then at Boys Vincent
For the saied reward, together by one entent

The .C .lix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Edward made sir Iohn Balyoll kyng of Scotland.

AND in the yere of Christ his incarnacion
A thousād whole two hūdred & four scoure
And therto three by verye computacion
At the feast of sainct Michael set afore
The kyng Edward to Scotland came therfore
Wher twenty then, chosen were of England
And other twenty persones, also of Scotland
¶ By whose aduyse, all other rightes excl ude
The kyng iudged, to Iohn Bailyol the croune
That was discent, as clearely was conclude
Of theldest doughter, of Dauid of Huntyngdon
As chronicles make, therof good mencion
Margarete wedded to Aleyne of Galawaye
Whose doughter was kyng Iohns mother yt day
¶ That Dernegull hight, and was Iohn Bai­liols wyfe.
Whose sonne & heire, kyng Iohn was thē cround
That Bailioll hight, that knowen was full ryfe
In yt mynster of Skone, within Scotland groūd
Syttyng vpon the regall stone full sound
As all the kynges, there vsed had afore
On saynt Andrewes daye, with all ioye therfore
¶ At Christmas nexte after, the same kyng Iohn
To Newcastell, to kyng Edwarde came
His homage made, and feautee leege anone
Homage of ye Scottes.
Of his free wyll, without any blame
And with greate ioye, agayn retourned hame
But then yt Scottes, chose theim .xii. lords by assēt
To rule the kynge Iohn, by their entent.

The .C .lx. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Iohn of Scotlande, made confederacye with Fraunce agayn Englande.

WHiche made him then, to make confederacy
With kyng Philip of Fraunce and aliaūce
Perpetually to be contributorie
[Page] Ether with other, by strong & great assuraunce
Englande to warre, with al theyr hole puyssaunce
The kyng Edwarde, seynge this hye falshede
To Barwike came, with hoste and great māhede
¶ At the nonnes of Barwyke, then he laye
And layde a siege, about on euery syde
At after Easter, but flemynges then that daye
The Leden hall, there helde full strong that tyde
Which wt wylde fyre, was brent & might not byde
That same night, then syr Wyllym Duglas yald
Barwyke castell, to kyng Edwarde and salde.

The .C .lxi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Iohn of Scotlande surrendred his homage to kyng Edwarde, and disclaymed to holde of hym.

IN this same tyme .vii. erles of Scotlande
Sieged Carleile, and so to Hexham brent
And home again, harmeles out of Englād
They went anone, and none harmes hent
Worse to haue dooen, was there entent
But then kyng Iohn, surrendred vp his homage
To kyng Edwarde, for hym and his linage
¶ By letters whiche the kyng, Edward then sent
To abbeys great, in Englande of recorde
To be remembred, of his false entente
Renoūcyng kyng Edwarde, for his souerayn lord
The seuen erles, at Dunbarre by concorde
Then sieged it, fro whiche earle Patrike went
And graunted to holde of hym, at his entent.

The .C .lxii. Chapiter.

¶ Of the battayle of Dunbarre, where that kyng Edwarde preuayled.

WHiche castell so, then the kyng rescowed
And droaue therles, there out of the felde
And much people vnto the deth ther bowed
Without helpe, there slayne vnder shelde
To Ronkesburgh, the kyng Edward so held
That sone was yelde, to hym without stryfe
Their good saufe also, and theyr lyfe.
¶ So he forth to Edenburgh went anone
That yelden was, on thesame condicion
Then was Stryuelyn voyde and lefte alone
Without defence, or any garyson
That Edwarde toke, in his possession
Whiche kyng Edwarde, toke into his power
And saued the people, both farre and nere.
¶ Then came therle of Vlster with great power
Of Iryshemen, and so to saynt Iohns towne
The kyng thē went, wt host through Fyfe ful cher
And brent yt shire, throughout both vpō & downe
Submyssion of ye Scottish kyng & al his lords vnto kīg Edward the first.
When then kyng Iohn, by good direccion
To Edwarde sent, and prayed hym then of peace
And to his grace, submytte hym or he would cease
¶ Thē kyng Edwarde toke his submyssion
At Brighyn then, vpon the water of Taye
And gaue hym there, his realme without condiciō
Of Scotlande so, to hym and his for ay
The lordes all, made hym homage that daye
The .x. daye was of Iuly, and in the yere
[Page] Of kyng Iohn then the .iiii. was counpted clere
¶ And therupon, he sent hym to the toure
Of London then, with certeyne rebelles moo
Kyng Iohn he kept, in worshyp and honoure
Like his estate, where he would ride or god
Ten myle about, for his disport there so
Then kyng Edwarde, on the mountaynes went
That monthes there bee called in theyr entent
¶ And as he came homewarde, by Skone awaye
The regall there, of Scotlande then he brought
And sent it forth, to Westmynster for ay
To be there in a cheire clenely wrought
For a masse preaste to sytte in, when he ought
Whiche there was standyng, besyde the shryne
In a cheire, of olde tyme made full fyne
¶ Thē made the kyng, Iohn Wareyn his regēt
That erle was then, of Sussex and Surray
And treasorer he made, at his entent
[...]ugh Cressyngham, and Wyllyam Ormesby
The chiefe iustice, through Scotlande generally
His chaunceler at Skone, and tresorer
Abydyng wer, to rule the land full clere.
¶ Thē went kyng Iohn, to Flaūders for socoure
Of the dukes of Geldre and Brabant
And also of the noble Emperoure
That hym had hight, great helpe & socoure then
But none he had, and home agayn he want
For in yt meane tyme, whyle he in Flaūders abode
Wyllyam Valoys, all Scotlande ouer rode
¶ He slewe the iudge, and the chaunceler
Thofficers also, and the chaumberleyn
The Capitaynes and the treasorer
And gatte the lande, fro Englyshmen agayn
And slewe theim all, with cruell death and payn
Wherfore the kyng, vpon the Maudeleyn day
At Fowkirke fought, with Scottes in great aray
¶ Where Scottes fled, and fourty. M. slayn
And into Fiffes he went, and brent it clene
And Andrewstoune, he wasted then full playn
And Blakmanshire & Menteth as men mene
And on the ford of Trippour, with hoste I ween
To Bothbile, Glascowe, and to the towne of Are
And so to Lanarke, Longhmaban & Anand thare
¶ Whiche all he had, euer wher he came
And then he wed kyng Philippes suster Marga­rete
A fayre lady, and full of noble fame
Hir sonne and heire, Edwarde Carnauan hete
A mayden wed, kyng Philippes doughter swete
Whom his father, then prince of Wales create
Duke of Cornewayle, & erle of Chester nominate
¶ Then went the kyng to Scotlande agayn
And wan the lande, and had there all obeysaunce
Sauyng Wales, that would not hym obeyn
But fled hym euer, for drede of mischaunce
He ordeyned then by statute ordinaunce
That none should bee, the prince of Wales more
Excepte of the kyng, his eldest sonne first bore

The .C .lxiii. Chapiter.


¶ How the byshop of Rome, at the suggestion of the Scottes wrote to kyng Edwarde vnder this fourme.

ANd in the yere, a thousande .CCC. & one
Bishop Boniface, at yt Scottes suggestiō
To kyng Edward, by lettre wrote anone
Chargyng hym, then vpon his beneson
For to delyuer the Scottes out of pryson
Whiche in Englande, he had holden with wrong
And his officers, call home yt there had be long.
¶ Alledged all, howe Scotlande hole was holde
Of Peters churche of Rome, & nought of hym
But by great wrong, and oppression bolde
He theim ouerled, with warres sore and brym
And theim compelled, in payn of lyfe and lymme
To become his men, & the realme of hym to holde
By homage leege, whether they wold or nolde
¶ And bad hym also, afore hym then appere
At the courte of Rome, his right there for to shewe
And yf it myght beknowe, his right were clere
Without delay, by iudgement iuste and trewe
He shulde it haue by execucion due
By sensours of theyr churche and hole sentence
For to obeye his hie magnificence.

The .C .lxiiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Edwarde wrote agayn an aunswer of his lettre.

THē kyng Edward, wrote vnto hym agayn
An aunswere, by his letters meke and due
All his tytles and duties full playne
Nought in fourme, neuer in effecte to sue
Nor in his courte, no iudgement to pursue
Remembryng well, his fatherhede
Nowe Brutus had Albian, and dyd it possede
¶ In Hely tyme, whiche to his sonnes he deuyde
Vnto his sonne Locryne, fyrste propogate
He gaue Logres, that hath this tyde
To Albanacte, the seconde procreate
He gaue Albanye, Scotlande nowe denomynate
And to Cambre, his yongest sonne he gaue
Cambre, that nowe is Wales, to ioye and haue
¶ To kyng Locrine, of Logres and to his heires
The soueraynte, and homage ay reserued
Of Albanacte and Cambre, and all theyrs
Perpetually Troyan lawe obserued
By which lawes, Bryton hath bene conserued
Sith hitherwarde, without interrupcyon
Afore the tyme, that Rome had prescrypcion.
¶ Afore the tyme also, that Chryste was bore
By many yeres, the kynges of Logres had
Scotlande by eschete, for faute of heyres thore
And remeued kynges, yt were there knowen bad
And other kynges there made, with hertes glad
Whiche yt land couth, there gouerne mikel better
And seruyce dyd to Logres, ofte by letter.
¶ Also, the same Iohn Baylioll I made
[Page] Kyng of Scotlande as lawe and reason wolde
Who made homage, to me with hert full glad
And afterwarde, was false manyfolde
He stroyed my lande, wt hostes stoute and bolde
Wherfore I made hym warre, tyll he were fayne
To my presence to come, and hym obeyne
¶ Where then for trespasse, and rebellyon
He surrendred to me, and to my heyres
The realme of Scotlande, & also the crowne
The lordes of all Scotlande, for them & theyrs
Made me homage, for theyr proper landes
By theyr letter wryten, and theyr bandes
¶ Wherfore then, hauyng therof possessyon
The pryde of my subiectes, and insolence
Howe the Scottyshe kynge & all the lordes of Scotlād made ho­mage vnto dyng Ed­warde.
Where I dyd fynde, theyr false rebellyon
As ryght and lawe, wolde be my regence
I chastysed ay, at myne intellygence
Wherfore, please it to youre fatherhede
Myne aunciente rightes, to haue cōmend in dede

The .C .lxv. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the lordes wrote to the byshop of Rome for the same cause.

THe date was of this letter, a. M. yere
Thre hundreth also & one, the. viii daye of Mayr
And of his reygne .xxix. clere
With that the lordes in Englande were yt daye
By theyr letter, and the byshop dyd praye
The kynges ryght, not to put in questyon
Of eldest tyme, longyng to his crowne.
¶ For in theyr letter, the bishop they did remēber
They wolde not suffer his disherityson
His crowne so foule to hurte, and dismembre
His royalty to put in questyon
For desyre of his rebels false suggestyon
The whiche ryghtes, for death or lyfe mayntaine
They wer so bound, they could none other meane
¶ So seased the byshop, and the mater lette
And kyng Edwarde then, in to Scotlande went
Through all Catnesse, destroyed it in greate hete
The monthes hye, & oute ysles strayte he shent
Tyll they obeyed all, hole his regiment
And wyntred then, at Dunfermlin abbey
Where saint Margarete, is worshpped euer & ay

The .C .lxvi. Chapiter.

¶ Of the batayle of Argyle, where Vmfreuyle tooke Wyl­lyam Waleys, and Iohn Waleys.

ANd then therle of Angos Robert Vmfre­uile
That regēt was, of Scotlād cōstitute
Toke william Wales, then at Argyle
His brother Iohn also without resute
With rebelles mo, that were all destytute
By batell sore, there smyten full cruelly
Where Vmfreuile then had the victorye
¶ And to London them brought, to iudgement
Where they were drawē, & hanged on galowe tre
And quartred then, their quarters home were sēt
At certayne townes, hanged vp there to be
Theyr traytourhede, and falshede for to se
[Page] Theyr heddes also, full hye vpon the towre
At London brydge, were set to great terroure

The .C .lxvii. Chapiter.

¶ How Peirs of Gauerstone, erle of Cornwaile was exyled

ANd in the yere a thousand .iii. C. and fyue
He exyled out Peyrs Gauerston of Corne­wayle
That Earle was then, for treason knowen ryue
And in the yere after, without any fayle
Earle Robert Bruis, of Carrike ganne assayle
Earle Iohn Comen of Bongham, at Dunfryse
And slewe hym there, in feueryere whē it did fryse
¶ Bycause he wolde not, to hym there assent
To be crowned then, kynge of Scotlande
And forthe he fled, to se who wolde consent
And many one drewe to hym in that lande
Became his men, and made syker bonde
To whome Walter Wareyne, the yonger sonne
Of therle of Surrey, yt then dyd wonne
¶ With the lorde Vesty, that had his syster wed
That fro her went, vnto this Robert Bruys
Eyther of other were fayne, for they were fled
Out of Englande, their liuyng had such Guris
For their ryotous lyuyng, and male auentures
Thus went they aboute, harkening euery where
Who were foes, and who their frendes were.
¶ All Scotland through, this Robert wēt about
On fote to spye, who wolde with hym holde
And who wolde not, he warred them all oute
[Page Clxviii] And kylled them downe, in places manifolde
And muche harme dyd, in chronycle as is tolde
And with hym was, alwaye Walter Wareyne
That wt hym went, through mountaynes woode and playne
¶ On nightes they lay, in woodes & in moūtaine
At morowe, on theyr foes came downe and kyll
On day they were thousādes, at euen but twayne
There knews no moo at euē, where they drewe tyl
So were they euer at nyght of lodgyng wyll
For drede of guyle and of greate traytourye
They lodged them on nyghtes full priuely
¶ But on the feaste of the Annuncyacion
Of our lady, saynt Mary the virgyne
Robert Bruys, with greate supportacyon
Was crowned at Skone, as he coulde ymagyne
To whom great folke, with good wyl did enclyne
Full glad of his welfare, & his coronacyon
With greate hoste came, to Perch wt prosperacion

The .C .lxviii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe syr Robert Vmfreuile, Earle of Angeou, and syr Aymer Valence Earle of Pēbroke discomfyted kyng Robert Bruys, besyde saynte Iohns towne, and put hym vnto the flyghte.

ON the morowe, sir Robert erle Vmfreuile
Of Angeous then, yt regent was by north
The Scottes sea, and Aymer Valence yt while
Erle of Pēbroke, by south ye water of Forth
Wardayne was, of Scotlande forsoth
That daye faught, with kyng Robert Bruis
[Page] Beside Iohnstoune, where he fled wtout rescowes
¶ Vnto the Kentir, & many Scottes there slaine
Where then they toke, the wyfe of kyng Robert
And his brother Nygell, the sothe to sayne
And the earle of Athels, myght not a sterte
And sent them to the kyng, wt full glad hert
Whome the kyng kepte, after theyr estate
At London, well together conso [...]yate
¶ Henry Percy, toke the brethren two
Of kyng Robert Alexaunder, & Thomas yt hight
To the Iustes them sent, yt hanged were tho
His other brother, at London hanged ryght
Kyng Roberte then, sieged the Percy full wyght
But Vmfreuyle, hym anon rescowed.
And the syege, from hym anone remoued
¶ Kyng Robert Bruys, faught wt Aimer Valēce
Earle of Penbroke, and put hym to the flyght
At Methfen so, and slewe with violence
All Englyshemen, in batell there downe ryght
Therle of Gloucester, Gylbert Clare yt hight
Thre dayes after, he syeged hym in Are
But kyng Edward therle, then rescowed thare
¶ The king Edwarde wt hoost hym sought full sore
But ay he fled, into woodes & strayte forest
And slewe his men at straytes & daungers thore
And at marreys and mires was ay full prest.
Englyshmen to kyll without any rest
In the mountaynes & cragges, he slewe ay where
And in the nyght, his foes he frayde full sere
The king Edward wt hornes, & hoūdes him soght
With mēne on fote, through marris mosse & myre
Through wodes also, & moūtēs wher thei fought
And euer yt kyng Edward, hight men greate hyre
Hym for to take, and by might conquere
But thei might hym not gette, by force ne by train
He satte by the fyre, when thei in the rain
¶ The kyng Edward for anger, fell in accesse
And homeward came, full sycke and sore annoyed
And bade his soonne, he should for no distresse
No trewce take wt Scottes, that sore hym noyed
But werre theim aye, to tyme thei were distroyed
For he saied thus, yu shalt neuer fynd theim trewe
But whiles thei bee, in thy subieccion dewe
¶ At Burgh vpon the sande he died anone
The de­athe of Edward the first.
And to London, caried then daye by daye
At Westminster buried, with muche mone
With quene [...]garete, he had thē soōnes tway
Thomas Bro [...]ton erle of Northfolke gay
And marshall of England, the other of Kent
Edmond Wodstok, was erle in all entent
¶ This noble kyng died in Iuly the third daye
And toward heauen he then tooke his waye
The yere of Christ a thousand south to saie
Three hundred whole, and seuen by calculacion
And of his [...]ne and coronacion
Fiue and thirty, not fully whole complete
When he so went, vnto the blisse so swete

The .C .lxix. Chapiter.


¶ Edward the second kyng of England began to reigne the yere a thousand three hundred and seuen, the eyght daye of Iuly and was deposed the yere a thousand thre hundred twenty and sixe, and of his reigne nyntene yere.

EDward his soōne, prince of Wales & lord
Kyng Edward the second
At Carnaruan, of his mother bore
Was croūed kīg, by good & whole cōcord
Of all the lordes that were assembled thore
At Westminster, as was his father afore
And at the feast of thassumpcion
Of our lady, he sent for Peers Gauerston
¶ Whom then he made therle of Cornwaile
Again the will, of all the baronage
Whom his father exiled, for misgouernaile
The third yere after, for his misused outrage
The lordes rose, of ire and greate courage
And heddid hym as for an hie traytour
That wasted had, and spent the kyng his tresour
¶ And in yt mean while, kyng Robert Bruys had ge [...]
All Scotland nere, wherfore yt kyng Edward
The battaille of Bānokesburne.
To Scotland went, at Bannokesburne thei me [...]
And faught full sore, till slain was the vaward
And discomfited was the midelward
And to the rereward kyng Edward hym drewe
For greate socour, wher he had battayl newe
¶ Whiche kild was doune, sauf fewe that led the kyng
To Dunbarre then fleand with hym away
Ther was therle of Gloucester slain fleyng
The lord Clifford, and all the lordes that daye
[Page Clxx] Therle of Herford to Bothuile fled his waye
Therle Edmond of Arundell, and erle of Valence
Therles of Warwike & Oxenford take at defence
¶ This battaill was the yere of Christ smitten
A thousand whole three hundred and fiftene
On midsomer daye, and of his reigne thē written
The seuenth yere, by chronicle as is seen
Then was Vmfrey erle of Herford frethed clene
And enterchaungid for kyng Robertes wife
That holden was in England then full ryfe,

The .C .lxx. Chapiter.

¶ Of the relesse that kyng Edward made to Robert Bruys at Dūbarre whiche relesse Iohn Hardyng deliuered in to the tresorye, in the dayes of kyng Henry the fifth at Boys Vincent in Fraunce with other, for whiche he gaue hym Godyngton that the quene hathe nowe.

PAtrike Dūbarre erle of Marche that daye
To kyng Edward was leege mā lōg afore
To his father, and trewe had been alwaye
Sent kyng Edward to Barwik, but therfore
He toke of hym a relesse for euermore
Of his seruice, that due was to the croune
Anentes kyng Bruys to execute his treason
¶ Whiche relesse the maker of this booke
Iohn Hardyng brought with other euidence
And to the kyng Henry the fifth it toke
With other mo, afore at Boys Vincent
Perteignyng to England royall regiment
And nought he hath vnto his sustenaunce
[Page] As oft a fore here, in his remembraunce

The .C .lxxi. Chapiter:

¶ Howe kyng Robert Bruis toke all the lordes of England, and sleugh many at Stryuelin bridge & distroied the Marches and bete doune castelles therin.

KYng Robert Bruys, toke Robert Vmfre­uile
Erle of Angeos Henry then lord Percy
Therle of Marche and also yt lord Neuile
Acton and Scropen and also the lord Lucy
At Stryuelyn bridge, fightyng mightely
In the vaward of the forsaid battaill
Taken prisoners, and raunsomed for auaill
¶ Thē kyng Robert, yt Marchis whole distroied
The castelles wanne and bet theim to the ground
And all Scotland afore that he had noyed
Obeyed to hym and were his lieges bounde
And maintened well, thē furth all Scotlād groūd
The bishoprike of Duresme all throughout
Northumberland, he brent with hoste full stout
¶ Two cardinales yt B. of Rome to Scotlād sent
To treate a trewce, a twene the kynges twoo
And for to stall Lewes Beamount present
Bishop of Duresme, that then was sacred so
Whose brother was Henry, lord Beaumont tho
Licensed and graunted, by the kyng of Fraunce
To bee liege menne, to Edwardes whole plesaūce
¶ But sir Gilbert Midelton theim mette
And sir Walter Selby, misruled knightes
[Page Clxxi] A litell fro Duresme their waye forsett
Gilbert Mideltō robbed yt cardinalles.
And robbed theim openly, on the lightes
And to Midford castell, led theim fourth rightes
And held theim ther, in mighty and strong hold
To tyme thei had, their iwels and their gold
¶ Whiche knightes twoo, robbed the lād about
That castell held, by force and rebellion
A quarter of a yere, with rebelles stout
But thei were take within that garison
And to the kyng sent, by that enchesone
That hanged were▪ as traytours all should been
On galowes hie, that all might theim seen
¶ Then after soone, sir Gosselyn Deynuile
His brother Robert, with twoo hundred in habite
As thei were friers, went about in exile
Robbyng the land, in full greate dispite
The bishopes places, of Duresme in circuite
Thei spoiled clene, leuyng nothyng in theim
But walles bare, whiche thei would not claime

The .C .lxxii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the lordes of England with powre royall dur [...]not ryde into Scotlande passyng fourtene mile, England was so at vnder that tyme.

THerle Edmond then of Arundell
Wardein of the Marches, then constitute
Therle Robert of Angeos Vmfreuile
Of his landes hauyng no refute
Therle Dauid of Athell destitute
Of his erldome, the lord Percy full hardy
The lord Neuell, the lord Beaumont manly
¶ With all the power of the North contree
Distroyed then Scotland and brent
Vpon the March vnto Lyntell Lee
Whome sir Walter Wareyn, by whole assent
Of Iames Douglas, pursued as thei went
With great power, alwaye at their side
That thei were fain, again to England ride
¶ But sir Walter Wareyn and Douglas
With their power, brent all Northumberland
Tyndale became Scottes, and false then was
And rode with theim, & brent through all the land
To Alerton, and so rode home to Scotland
Through the West March, & brent it all through out
And home thei went, without any doubt
¶ The castell then of Berwyke and the towne
Kyng Robert gatte, after strong & greate defence
By treaty with peace, Spaldyng and treason
The Wendesoaye before Easters reuerence
Wher that traitour, without long suspence
Betrayed the towne, and into Scotland went
By Scottes slain, as to a traytour appent

The .C .lxxiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Edward laied siege to Barwyke and for sooke the siege and went South, for Robert Bruys had destroyed mikell of Yorkshire, & discomfited yt archebishop of Yorke & his clergy, at Milton on swale

THe kyng Edward began to siege Berwyk like
And wonne it had, but false tales it let
And tidinges newe, yt nought the kyng did
[Page Clxxii] For Robert Bruys, the kyng of Scotlande mette
With the bishop of Yorke, and hym ouersette
Wherfore he loste the siege, and went awaye
But Bruys had stroyed England in fell araye
¶ To Borough brydge, by east and west he brent
And home agayne, with many a prysoner
Without harme or lette of his entent
With mykell good, but in Myton medowe nere
To Swale water, laye then with great power
Walter Wareyn among the hay kockes bushed
Vpon the byshop sodenly with Scottes yssued
¶ And .xv. hundreth Englyshe there he slewe
And home he went, with kyng Edward full glad
With prysoners many, mo then men knewe
The byshop fled fro the felde full woo bestad
With his clerkes, that then were full mad
For whiche therle Thomas, of Lancastre there
And kyng Edward, depatted halfe in werre.

The .C .lxxiiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe at the nexte parliamente after, Thomas of Lanca­ster and Leycester erle and certayne lordes, exiled the twoo Spencers out of the land, but then yt Spencers made great persecucion with the kyng agayn the lordes, and slewe the erle of Lancaster and the other lordes.

AT ye parliamēt thē at westminster next hold
Erle Thomas, yt then was called ful trewe
Therle Vmfrey of Herford, that was bold
Therle of Marche, full manly as men knewe
The Monbrey also Percy and Clyfford drewe
[Page] All armed came, and two Spencers exiled
Out fro Englande, neuer to be reconsyled.
¶ But sone, the Spencers came to yt kyng again
Syr Hugh the lorde, and syr Hugh his sonne
And put therle of Marche, in great disdayn
Roger his sonne, that with hym did wonne
Appeched hym then of hye treason
Agaynst the kyng, wherfore the kyng hym sent
Into the toure, tabyde the parliament.
¶ Then went the kyng, and Spencers both two
With hostes full great, to Burton vpon Trent
Where the lordes laye, and sparled theim then so
That north they went, then wayes by one assente
To rayse mo men, they trust in theyr entent
The Spencers two, fully for to destroye
Who all the realme, full cruelly did noye.
¶ At Borinbrig, syr Andrewe Hertlaw met
With erle Vmfrey of Herford, and hym slewe
And toke the erle Thomas, without let
And to the kyng, that then to Pountfret drewe
Where then were sette, vpon hym iudges newe
Therle Edmound of Arondell for iustice
And syr Robert Mapilthorpe, his enemyes.
¶ There he was headed, anone vpon the hyll
And buryed was there in a chapell fayre,
Henry his brother, stode at the kynges wyll
Whom the kyng graunted to bee his heyre
That wedded then Alyce, without despayre
The doughter and heyre, of therle Henry Lacy
[Page Clxxiii] Of Lyncolne, so graunted by the kynges mercy.
¶ Wyllyā fitz Wareyn, & many another knight
In diuers shyres, some hanged and some head
That hold with hym, or with his compeers right
Syr Bartholomewe Badelismore, without rede
Drawen and hanged, and put to foul dead
Roger Clyfford and Iohn Monbraye barons
Headed then were, for theyr rebellions.
¶ Therle of Marche, syr Roger Mortymer
His sonne Roger, foriuged were for treason
And by the kyng, of death pardoned were
And put were then, in perpetuall pryson
Into the towre, for that same encheson
Fro that tyme forth, the Spencers other excede
The quene was, but an hand mayden in dede
¶ To tyme the kyng, to her brother hir sent
And also his sonne Edwarde to dooen homage
For Guyen, so to haue at his entente
And for they dwelled, so long in that viage
The kyng theim had suspecte, of theyr message
By councell of the Spencers, theim exiled
As in chronicle pleynly is compiled.
¶ The kyng then made, and playnly did create
Andrewe Hertlawe, erle then of Carlele
Whiche tyme, the kyng Robert full fortunate
Rode all the east Marche, full proudly and well
The byshopryke and Yorkeshire euery dele
Andrewe Hertlawe, erle of Carlele absent
To Lancastre hym drewe in false entente.
¶ The kyng Robert, was passed home agayn
With prayes greate, and many prysoners
Fro Humber north, the people downe were slayn
Of whiche the kyng, and all his councelers
Blamed therle Andrewe, and his compeers
For he had men enough, with hym arayed
The Scottes all, that might haue slayn & frayed.
¶ He hight the kyng, haue brought to hym great powers
Into yorkshyre & held nothing his hight
Therfore the kyng, by counsell of the Spencers
Gaue charge to take hym, either by daye or night
Or kyl hym downe, wher they mete wt hym might
To all shryues, was sent this commaundement
Fro Trent northwarde by writtes & maundemēt.

The .C .lxxv. Chapiter.

¶ Howe syr Roger Mortymer the younger wente oute of the toure of London & went into Fraunce to the quene of Englande and to the prince Edwarde hir soonne, and also howe the lorde Lucye tooke syr Andrewe Hert­lawe erle of carlele, and headed hym at Carlele for treason.

THen [...]r Roger, the yongest Mortimer
Made his kepers dronke, and went away
Out of the toure by night & other in feer
And into Fraunce, anone he toke his waye
Vnto the quene Isabell, in poore araye
And bode with her, at hyr gouernaunce
All tyme that she was soiournyng in Fraunce
¶ And then Antony Lucye lorde of Cokirmouth
[Page Clxxiiii] Syr Robert Lowther, with other many in feere
At Carlele toune, as knowe was full couth
Toke syr Andrewe Hertlawe, with mekill stee [...]
They put on hym, he toke royall power
In truce takyng, with therle of Murrey
Withouten power, in trayterous araye.
¶ In wrongyng of the kynges hye estate
And of his right, full great derogacion
And howe he toke greate golde immoderate
Of kyng Edwarde, through cauelacion
To bryng hym power for his supportaciō
Agayn the kyng Robert, that then destroyed
His lande full foule, and had hym self anoyed.
¶ And howe he had the people hole withdrawe
With hym Westwarde, by false confederacie
Betwene hym and therle of Marrowe
Couened fully before cast traytorie
Wherfore they drewe hym first all openly
And hanged after, and to London sent
Vnto the kynge his head, for great present.

The .C .lxxvi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the quene Isabell treated mariage, of one of the doughters of therle of Henaulde for hir sonne Edwarde to haue to wife, by thauice of her brother kyng Charles & came to Englande with great power, and toke yt kyng and slewe his counsell for treason.

THere by aduise, and good consyderacion
Of the kyng of Fraunce, her brother dere
Quene Isabell accorded for supportacion
[Page] Hir sonne should wed, one of the doughters clere
Of therle of Henauld, that fyue then were
Through whose succour, she & hir sonne Edward
Toke then the sea, to Englande warde
¶ Erle Edmond of Kent, then with her came
Kyng Edwardes brother, & syr Aymer valence
Erle of Penbroke, whiche came with hir fro hame
And Mortymer the yonger, in hir presence
Henauldes and Frenche, with great sufficience
Of people stronge, at Orwell with her lande
Where lordes many, her mette I vnderstande
¶ To London then, she & hir sonne tho wrote
The councellours and traitours for to take
That ruled had, in mykell mysryote
The kyng Edwarde, her lorde & also hir make
And in prieson, to kepe theim for hir sake
Wherfore they voyded, out of the citee then
The quenes enemyes, echone ay when & when.
¶ The kyng then, fled into the west countree
She and the prince, full sore hym then pursued
And at Bristowe, she headed, as men might see
Syr Hugh Spenser the father that was renewed
And syr Hugh his sonne, that was transumed
In hye estate, and erle had be create
Of Wynchester, wher he stode all mate.
¶ Syr Hugh Spēser, his sonne at Herforde take
Was headed then, and vnto London sente
So was Edmond, there headed for hyr sake
That was erle of Arondel there present
[Page Clxxv] His hed smote of, for treason so was shent
Theyr hedes set vp, in dyuerse sere place
In recompence, of all theyr great trespasse
¶ And at London, they heded the Chaunceler
With dyuers other, whiche they founde vntrewe
So dyd they also, the kynges tresourer
And there set they a parlyament all newe
But fyrste they put the kyng, as all men knewe
In Killyngworth, there to be holde in warde
To tyme they se, howe lordes wolde awarde.
¶ At which parlyamēt .iii. bishoppes & erles thre
Thre Barons also, & thre Banarettes electe
To Kyllyngworth, to ryde wt the cominalte
All homage leege, by parliament hole directe
To surrender vp, without any reiecte
The which they dyd, for his mysgouernaunce
With heuy chere and mournyng countenaunce
¶ The kyng full sad, with wordes well auysed
Thanked them all, knowynge his hye trespasse
And that he was, of rule not well prouysed
To the pleasure of God, whiles he had space
Ne cōmon wele to kepe in-euery case
Ne to his wyfe, had bene a trewe husbande
But falsly had her exyled oute of lande
¶ Mekely he prayed, the lordes at parlyament
His sonne to admytte vnto the regyon
Syth he vnable was to the regyment
And foule had ruled, the lande withoute reason
He them besought, for gylte of his caryon
[Page] His sonne were not refused, ne chastyzed
But set in rule, by councell well aduyzed.
¶ These lordes twelue, with heuy countenaunce
Reported vnto the quene, and lordes all
The sorowfull chere, and wordes wt repentaunce
Of kyng Edwarde, as then it was befall
His prayer meke, and his desyre fynall
Of whiche the lordes, in yt same parlyament
Reioysed were, of his noble agrement

The .C .lxxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Edwarde the thyrde, kynge of Englande and of Fraunce, beganne to reygne, the yere a thousand thre hundreth twentye and syxe, and dyed the yere, a thousande thre hundreth thre score and seuentene, and of his reygne one and fyftye yere.

EDward his sonne, yt prince of wales was
Edward ye thyrde.
In tender age, that time of .xiii. yere
Was crowned on saint Brice day & begā than
The yere of Christ was then accompted clere
A thousande hole, thre .C. and syxe and .xx. were
Whose father then had reygned .xix. yere oute
And in his twenty yere, withouten doute.
¶ From the third daye of Iuly by computacyon
Of the yere, vnto sayncte Brycez daye
So muche in his twenty, by relacyon
He reygned had, & then put downe for aye
From Kyllingworth, to the castell of Berkeley
By nyght he was caryed, and translate
From wyfe and chylde, forsake and repudyate
Where he was slayne, with an hote brenning spyt
Through his towayle, vp to his herte within
In September, his bowelles brent for hete
That deed he was, without noyse or dyn
On saynt Mathewes daye, so they dyd hym bre [...]
The fyrste yere was it then accompted, & wonne
Of kyng Edward the third, that was his sonne
¶ At Gloucester entombed fayre, and buryed
Where some say, god shewed for him great grace
Sith that tyme, with miracles laudifyed
Ofte tymes, in dyuerse many case
As is wryten there, in that same place
For whiche kyng Richard, called the seconde
To translate hym was purposed hole and sounde
¶ Sir Iames Douglas, in Englād wt an hoste
Destroyed the lande, wherfore the kyng Edward
With Frenche henauldes, & Englysh for yt moste
In myghty hoste & great then came northward
The seconde yere of his reygne, to regarde
Whome in Stanhope parke, he besieged then
That compted were of Scottes, ten. M. menn [...]
¶ By .xv. dayes, that syege there endured
He helde them in, they myght not passe oute
But through a mosse, yt all men trowed was sured
So depe of myre, and brode it was aboute
No siege was layde, for there they had no doute
By which yt Scottes, cast them what so betyde
To escape awaye, in the nyghtes tyde
But Iames Douglas, their flekes fell dyd make
[Page] Whiche ouer the mosse, echeone at others ende
He layde anon, with fagottes fell ouer the lake
There gate awaye, and passage to pretende
On whiche by nyght, they led their horse vnkend
And home they went, to Scotlande harmelesse
Wherof the kyng was heuy there doutlesse
¶ When they were ouer yt quaking mosse & mire
They drewe the flekes ay after as they went
That Englyshe should not them sue ne conquere
This was a poynt of warre, full sapyent
But on our syde, there was by consequent
But lytell wytte, that lefte the myre vnwatched
And by good watch, yt Scottes myght haue be cached
¶ And in the yere, a thousande [...]ompted clere
Quene Isabell, her doughter maryed
Dame Iane of ye towre, to Dauid Bruis her pere
Kyng Robertes sonne, and heyre hole notifyed
At Berwyk towne, the seconde daye signifyed
Of Iuill, and of kyng Edwarde then was thre
By cause of whiche, the kynge in pryuite.

The .C .lxxviii. Chapiter.

¶ Of the relesse that kynge Edwarde made in his tender age to kynge Robert of his seruyce of Scotlande, whiche Iohn Hardinge delyuered to kyng Edwarde the .iiii. at Leycester with a patent, by which ye earle of Dunbar bound him and his heyres, to holde his landes of yt kinges of Englande.

BY councel of his mother, & the Mortymer were
Relesed there the hole soueraynte
And seruyce dewe, that to the crowne then
[Page Clxxvii] [...]t Berwike then without autorite
Or any parlyament in especialte
In tender age, and youthes intelligence
In his third yere, so of his hie regence
¶ He sent [...]th then, to Henauld for a wife
A bishop [...]other lordes temporall
Wher in chaumbre preuy and secretife
At discouerit dischenely also in all
As semyng was to estate virginall
Emong theim selfes, our lordes for hie prudence
Of the bishop asked counsaill and sentence
¶ Whiche doughter of fiue, should bee the quene
Who counsailled thus, with sad auisement
Wee will haue hir, with good hippis I mene
For she will bere good soonnes, at myne entent
To whiche thei all accorded by one assent
And chase Philip, that was full feminine
As the bishop moost wise did determyne
¶ But then emōg theim selfes, thei laugh fast ay
The lordes then saied, the bishop couth
Full mekill skyll, of a woman alwaye
That so couth chese, a lady that was vncouth
And for yt mery woordes, that came of his mouth
Thei trowed he had, right great experience
Of womanes rule, and hir conuenience
¶ Kyng Robert Bruys, smitten in lepry dyed
To whom his soonne Dauid, then did succede
And crouned was, for kyng and notified
His wife also, was crouned quene in deede
[Page] Kyng Edwardes suster, she was then as I rede
Sir Roger then that was lord Mortimer
With Isabell the quene was holden dere
¶ Through hardinesse of whiche he wasted clene
The kyng his tresour as was notified
For whiche Henry erle of Lancastre for tene
Rose with greate hoste, as then was fortified
To haue withstand, and clerely haue replied
The wantonnes of Roger Mortymer
That was that tyme the quenes playfeer
¶ But treated he was, to sitte in rest and peace
Notwithstandyng, at the coronacion
Of kyng Edward, chose he was without lees
His custode then for good informacion
Of the kyng his persone, and preseruacion
But quene Isabell, and the Mortimer
Would not suffre, ne while that so it were
¶ Edmond Wodstok, that then was erle of Kent
By kyng Edward, of Carnaruan create
Whose brother he was, by quene Isabelles entēt
And Mortimer his mighty and greate estate
Arested was and stode repudiate
At Winchester foriudged in parliament
And hedid there again the common assent
¶ A brother he had, hight Thomas of Brothertō
Erle of Northfolk, and marshall of England
That of his death made none execucion
For lordes all, the greatest of the land
Full sory were, but nought thei tooke on hand
[Page Clxxviii] Fro noone till euen without the castell gate
He stoode condempned as a repudiate
¶ Whome then at euen, a boye of the marshalse
Stroke of his hedde, for whome the lordes than
And commons all, displeased were inwardly
At Notyngham sone after thei began
Wher Mortimer, therle of Marche then
Arested were, and his soonne sir Roger
And to the toure of London sent thei were
¶ On sainct Andrewes daye thei wer drawe and hong
At London, so by dome of the parlyament
At Westminster holden by processe long
Sir Simond Bedford, was of their assent
Drawe and hanged, therfore thei went
And fro the quene his mother he resumed
His landes all, for she had so consumed
¶ His treasour foule, and all his greate riches
He putte hir to hir dower, and nomore
To liue vpon, at the frere minours doubtles
Wher she had not been brought before
And there she dyed, and buryed is therfore
At London nowe, full feire and reuerently
Wher she had dwelt long, full honourably
¶ Edward Baylioll, to claim Scotland thē went
And with hym went, sir Gilbert Vmfreuile
Claimyng to bee erle, by his whole entent
Of Angeous then, as chroniclers compile
Sir Henry Beaumont also went that while
His heritage to gette and to conquere
[Page] Therledome of Boughan, should bee his clere
¶ Henry Percy, with Edward Bailioll went
Galoway to claime, as for his heritage
By shippe thei went, all whole by one assent
At Rauensporne and landed with greate corage
At Kincorne wel in Fyfe by all knowlage
Dauid Strabolgy erle of Athellis by right
With theim thē went, for his landes ther to fight
¶ Thei were accōpted twoo. M. fightyng menne
And fiue hundred byside the mariners
At their landyng, their shipis thei brent right then
And bored some, and sanke at good leysers
Thei thought theim self, of good & strong powers
Thei toke none hede, of shippis home again
But landeway ride, for all the Scottes dain
¶ Thei toke none hede, nor yet consideracion
Of thousandes many, ne of greate multitude
As lordes dooe nowe of commons congregacion
But putte their cause to god his hie excelsitude
And in their owne handes solicitude
At Kincorne, then faught with therle of Fyffe
Discomfit hym and fled awaye with life
¶ His menne were slain, vpon the feld echeone
Thē Robert Bruys, ye bastard soōne their Guyde
The lord Seton, with power came anone
And newe battaill theim gaue, with mekell pryde
That noumbred were, ten thousand on their side
Whiche slain were all, for thei would take none
Saufe the chiefteynes, that fled awaye alone
¶ The kyng Edward Baylioll with his power
To Dunfermelyne abbey, then furth so went
Wher in Glasinore, yt Scottes then sembled were
Fourty thousand, full proud in their intent
And all were slain, without suppowelment
Therle of Marre and therle of Murray
Therle of Carryk, and Menth dyed that daye
¶ And after soone, at Deplyng More mette
Sir Neel Bruys, with ten thousand in feer
That slain were there, and to therth doune beet
The Englishe had the feld that daye full clere
Their ordinaunce was, to take no prisoner
Wherfore thei slewe the Scottes without mercie
Lest newe bataill came on theim in hie
¶ At these battailles, afore that been wrytten
Sixty thosaund Scottes, slain and mortefied
Were more with prees, as afterward was weten
Then wt mānes hand, thei were so feel multiplied
Echeone on other, of pride so reuied
Without rule of marcill gouernaunce
Thei smored were, by their contrariaunce
¶ And but twoo knightes, & thirty & thre squiers
Whiche ther were dedde of the Englishe power
In foure battailles faught, wt axe swerd & speris
At Diplyng Moore, fro tyme the soōne rose clere
To three after noon, as saieth the chronicler
Within seuē dayes thei smote these .iiii. battailies
As chronicles make full clere rehersailes
¶ Thē wēt thei furth, vnto sainct Iohns towne
[Page] That was replete, and full of all vitaile
And kept the toune with manly direccion
Archebald Douglas and erle Patrik no faile
Of Dunbarre then, the toune began tassaile
With thirty thousand, but there thei were well bet
With cast of stones, and greate defence ouerset
¶ The citees then, and tounes to the sea side
At their costage, to Scotland sent a flete
To helpe our lordes, and get theim good that tide
And with the shippis, of Scotland for to mete
And so thei did, and sore theim all to bete
And brought theim home, and some with wildfyre brēt
In Taye water and some thei sanke & shent
¶ Wherfore the Scottes, the siege then forsooke
Thenglish lordes, at Skone the kyng did croune
Edward Baliol the soonne was, who will looke
To Iohn Baliol kyng of that region
Whome then afore, Henry Beaumount brought
Frome Baliol, wher he was lord in Fraunce
As his aunceters had been of remembraunce
¶ This kyng Edward Baliol his fooes sought
And at Rokisburgh, faught▪ wt therle of Murrey
Discomfited theim, in battaill sore ther fought
And to Duresme sent hym fro thens awaye
Ther to bee kept in siker strong araye
Then sir Archbald Douglas and erle Patrike
Then of Dunbar, their kyng thought to bee swi [...]
¶ Thei toke with hym a trewce to Candylmasse
From, October, in trust of whiche he sent
[Page Clxxx] Thenglishe lordes, to England home expresse
Trustyng he had been sure in his entente
All was falshede, that the two erles ment
For they vphelde Dauid, in tendre age
Kyng Robartes sonne, to whom they did homage
¶ Syr Iames Douglas & erle Patrike Dūbare
With all theyr helpe, at the Candilmasse
On Edwarde roase the Bailiol, or he were ware
And slewe all that they found doutlesse
That fayn he was, to Englande to flee helpelesse
At Marche after, he entred then Scotlande
With thesame lordes, then of the north lande
¶ On both sydes they rode, and fast destroyed
And to Berwike Edwarde Bailol came
And sieged it, and felly was annoyed
To whiche Edwarde of Englonde, wt great fame
Came with his hoost, and laye there at thesame
The Douglas then, and Dunbare with power
Northumberlande all through brent full clere.

The .C .lxxix. Chapiter.

¶ Of the battayle of Halidon hill, and howe Edwarde Bay­liol did homage leege, to kyng Edwarde of Englande.

TO Halydon hill, they came wt their prayes
Barwike castell and towne so to rescue
Wher to oure hoste, ful oft they made fra­yes
Both day & euen, and morowes or day dewe
But then the kyng of Englande to hym drewe
The kyng also of Scotland with his might
Full sore that daye in batayll did they fight.
¶ Where Edwardes two, had al the victorye
The royaltes of all Scotlande, there wer slayn
Thyrty thousande, with theim liggand by
Of men of armes, and archers dead certayn
Then in the yere, next after soth to sayn
At newcastell, Edwarde kyng of Scotlande
His homage did, to the kyng of Englande.
Homage of yt Scottes.
¶ For whiche, yt cōmons of Scotlād on hym rose
And slewe his men, that he into Englande came
And gatte an hoste, and rode vpon his fooes
Through Anand, through Kylay & Conyngham,
Carrike and Glascowe, slewe al yt he foūd at hame
The kyng Edwarde of England with power
Through Lowthian, so did to Stryuelyn clere.
¶ And both met there, with great gladnesse
And home they came, destroiyng all the waye
Another yere in Iule, for to redresse
Scotlande agayn, with hostes they gan a fraye
At saynt Iohns towne they met in great araye
And ther they made, therle of Athelis regent
Whome the commons felly slewe and shent.
¶ Kyng Edwarde sent after in another yere
In Maye Henry Lancastre, a noble knight
To Scotlande, with an hoste of good power
And afterwarde he came with mekill might
To saynt Iohns towne, & on the monthes right
Through Murrey to Elgyne, Giluernes & Rosse
Throughout mounteynes woddes myre & mosse.
¶ Kyng Edwarde, then came home into Englāde
[Page Clxxxi] And proclaymed his sonne, Edwarde nominate
The prince of Wales, thens forth I vnderstande
Henry Lancastre, the younger he create
Erle of Derby, to beare the hole estate
Wyllyam Mountague, erle of Salisbury
Of Northampton, Wyllyam Bowne full manly.
¶ Of Gloucester he made, Hugh of Awdely
Of Suffolke then, he made Robert Hufforth
Of Huntyngdon, Wyllyam Clinton gay
Whiche erles, the kyng toke with hym forth
With many a worthy knyght, bothe of south and north
And with the quene, so vnto Andwarpe
And there abode, by all the wynter sharpe.
¶ With great people, and worthy chyualrye
Agayn the kyng of Fraunce, to clayme his right
And wrote his title, vnto yt Romishe bishop on hie
The duke of Barre, and other lordes of might
The quenes frendes, then socoure had hym hight
Where then the quene, of hyr sonne Lionell
Delyuered was, as chronicles do tell
¶ He cherished then Flaundres, that they forsoke
Theyr naturall lorde, and swore feautee
To hym and his, theyr power they betoke
To byde and dwell, vnder his souerayntee
Because they sawe in hym suche humanitee
He chaunged his armes, in banners and penons
And in his seale, quartred of both regions.
¶ And in the yere, then of his reygne thyrtene
His armes chaunged, and called kyng of Fraūce
[Page] He rode in Fraunce on warre, as then was seen
A thousande tounes he brent, by his puysaunce
The kyng of Fraunce, without variaunce
Sent hym worde, that he wold with hym fight
But at the poynt, he did not as he hight
¶ For at that tyme, in sonder they were a myle
He fled awaye, kyng Edward held the felde
Two dayes after he sued and Vmfreuile
Of hym had sight, and then he founde his sheld
By whiche he knewe, his couenaunt he not held
Wherfore the kyng, to Brabant went agayn
The dukes three of Barre Earle and Brabayn
¶ The parliamēt thē, at Westmynster was hold
Wher they graūted hym, the .ix. lābe flees & shaue
Of the commons, but the churche nomore wold
Hym graunt, but one dysme of theim to haue
For which he graūted generall perdone and gaue
The .ix. lambe slees & shaue, graunt was two yere
To helpe the kyng, his right to conquere

The .C .lxxx. Chapiter. [...]

¶ Howe kynge Edwarde smote the battayle on the sea at Sluse besyde Brydges, & howe the kyng firste rode into Fraunce, and quartred his armes with the armes of Fraunce, and sent to kyng Philip, to trye the ryght be­twene theim two.

ANd in his yere next after, then fourtene
At Sluse yt kīg faught, wt the Frēch nauy
Fro noone to eue & to the morowe, as was seen
Where all wer drouned & slayn myghtely
[Page Clxxxii] And kyng Edward, to Fraunce went hastely
With hoste full great, destroied the lande & brent
The cytee of Turnais, besieged and shente
¶ Then wrote he to the kyng Philip of Fraunce
Not namyng hym kyng of that lande
But to Philip of Valoys, for greuaunce
Willyng alone, they two to take on hande
To fyght for the cause, and for to stande
Who hath the better, for euer to holde Fraunce
Withoute warre, or any more dystaunce
¶ Or elles, they two eyther wt an .C. knyghtes
And yf these wayes, please hym not to excepte
Come with his hoste, & all his strongest wyghtes
To the cytee of Tournay, none excepte
At a certayne daye, iustly to be kepte
And who the felde maye get, brooke well Fraunce
Withoute more stryfe, or any varyaunce
¶ The kyng then wrote vnto kyng Edwarde a­gayne
That he wolde not for the letters fight
Whiche touche not kyng Philyp in certayne
But Philyp Valoys, as sheweth well to syght
To whiche he wolde set, neyther daye ne highte
But when he thought it were for his honoure
He shulde hym chase awaye without socoure
¶ Out of his land, which wrongfully he sheweth
Agayne his fayth, feautye made and homage
To his auncesters by letter, as it sheweth
Vnder his seale, of hole and good knowlage
For Guyan, and his other herytage
[Page] And fro Turnace into Brabane agayne
The kyng Edwarde, in wynter dyd remayne
¶ To byde the byshoppes rule and disposicyon
Of good accorde, for then two cardynalles
To take a trewce, by good prouisyon
Duryng two yere, betwene them generals
And all theyr frendes, that were princypalles
Then came the kyng to Edwarde into Englande
His offycers newe made, I vnderstande.
¶ To the trewce then taken at Maltrete
The dukes two, of Burgoyne and Burbone
In the kynges soule of Fraunce, swore and hete
Truly to kepe, for frendes or for foone
And duke Henry of Lancaster, sad as stone
Willyam Bowne Earle of Northhampton
And Willyam Mountague, full hye of renoune
¶ Earle of Salisbury, in kyng Edwardes soule there
In lyke maner, were sworne and biheste
The .xix. daye, then of Ianyuere
The yere of Christ, a. M. then was seste
Thre hundreth and two, and fourty at leest
When these trues were taken so, and sealed
For afterwarde, they shulde not be repeled

The .C .lxxxi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Henry duke of Lancaster went to Guyan, in yt yere of Christe, a thousande thre hundreth .xlv. And of the ba­tayle of Cressy, in the yere of Christe, a thousand, thre hun­deeth fourtye and syxe.

ANd then Henry duke of Lancaster create
Went to Guyen, with many bolde baron
Where then he gate, the cytees of estate
And castelles fele, & many a walled towne
And made the lande Englyshe, both vp & doune
And to the kyng Edwarde obeied, as they ought
And great worshyp and ryches there he caught
¶ And in the yere a thousande and .CCC. gone
Syxe and fourtye, kyng Edwarde at Cressy
Met with Philyp, of Valoyes there anone
That kyng of Fraunce was by intrusery
At whiche batayle, Edwarde had the victorye
And with honoure and myght, there gate yt felde
And Philyp fled, and caste there doune his shelde
¶ And his eldest sonne, with hym went awaye
With an hundreth banners, in her company
The kynges of Beme, were slayne that daye
And of Maliogres, there full manfully
The dukes of Alaunson, also theim by
And of Loreyn slayne were, in batayle
And earles fyue, without any fayle
¶ Of Flaunders, Bloys Harcourt & Melayne
Of gentyls and other, without any Essayne
And of Guntpre, were there in batayle slayne
Fyue score thousande, the twenty daye certayne
And syxe also of Auguste, accompted playne
The kyng Edwarde had all the victorye
The kyng Philyp, had all the vilanye.
¶ The king Dauid theu, of Scotland wt power
[Page] To Duresme brent, where on saynt Lukes daye
The archbyshop, with his clergye clere
And syr Gylbert Vnifreuyle, in good araye
The Lorde Percy the Neuyle, then laye
With all the north, a lytell frome Duresme
Wher then they faught, & on yt king Dauid came
¶ And take he was, yt yere of Christe was then
A thousande, full thre hundreth fourty and syxe
Full sore wounded, full lyke he was a man
And also of his lordes, mo then fyue or syxe
Brought to London priuely, through Essex
For lordes shulde not hym take wt greate power
From Iohn of Coupland, yt was his taker clere
¶ And in ye towre of London, then kept in warde
To tyme the king were come home out of Fraūce
That then in Fraunce, mo castelles to regarde
And townes walled, goten by his hye puissaunce
Then had the kyng Philip in gouernaunce
And lyke was then, all Fraūce to haue conquerde
With his alies, he made that lande afferde

The .C .lxxxii. Chapiter.

¶ Of the greate pestylence, in the yere of Chryste a thousand thre hundreth fortye and nyne, and the yere nexte after, the kynge wente vnto Fraunce, and the prynce of Wales vnto Guyan.

ANd in the yere of Christ clerly accompted
A thousande hole, thre .C. fourty & nyne
The pestilence was in England amoūted
That kyng Edward newe warre ganne ymagine
[Page Clxxxiiii] The nexte yere after, agayne Fraunce fyne
Thether he went, & prince Edward then went
With greate power to Guien, as Regent.
¶ The kyng then put his sonnes yonge of age
In Fraunce then forth, in mighty gouernaunce
Syr Lyonell, Earle of Vlster in wage
Regent of Fraunce, hym made by ordynaunce
Syr Iohn of Gaunt, to haue hole attendaunce
Of all the hoste, as hye and greate constable
To whiche he was accompte, yt tyme full able.
¶ Sir Edmonde Langeley, full of gentylnesse
Sir Thomas Woodstok full of corage
To their banners, them put for worthynesse
To haue rule in that worthy viage
Whiche prynces fyue, approued in yonge age
There was no king christen, had such sonnes fiue
Of lyklynesse, and persones that tyme on lyue
¶ So hye and large, they were of all stature
The leste of them, was of persone able
To haue foughten with any creature
Singler batayle in actes marcyable
The byshops wit, me thinketh was cōmendable
So wel coulde chese the princesse yt them bare
For by practyse he knewe it, or by lare

The .C .lxxxiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the kynge of Fraunce was taken prysoner at the ba­tayle of Poyters, the yere of Christe, a thousande, thre hundreth fyftye and syxe.

IN the yere of Christe, a M accōpted right
Thre hundreth and syxe, and fyfty mo
The prince Edward, at Poytexs sore dyd fyght
The .xix. day of September, was tho
Where kyng Iohn of Fraunce, his sonne also
He toke and had the felde, with victorye
His eldst sonne then, fledde fro hym cowardly
¶ The kyng Dauyd died, and lette his hostage
For his raunsome lygge ay forth in Englande
The yere, a thousande .CCC. by knowlage
Eyght and fyftye, as I can vnderstande
And payde not yet, ne quyt not out his bonde
Ne his hostage, he wolde not so displease
To delyuer, ne putte theim fro their ease
¶ The quene Isabell, & the quene of Scotlande
Her doughter was, and kyng Dauyds wyfe
Sone after dyed, and buryed I vnderstande
At the graye Freres, in lande knewen full ryfe
The whiche yt quene Isabell founded in their lyfe
Full fayre entombed, & wrought full rychely
Where the two Quenes reste full honorably

The .C .lxxxiiii. Chapiter.

¶ Of the seconde pestylence and the greate wynde and earth­quake, the yere a thousande. CCC, lxi.

ANd in the yere of Christ, a. M. wryten
Thre hundreth also syxtye and one
The .ii. pestylence, reigned as was weten
Duke Henry dyed, for whome was mekyll mone
Dame Blaunche his doughter, full faire of fleshe and bone
[Page Clxxxv] His heire was then, whom Iohn of Gaūt did wed
The duchy by hir had, men saied he had well sped
¶ In that same yere was, on sainct Maurys day
The greate winde and earth quake meruelous
That greately gan the people all affraye
So dredfull was it then and perelous
Specially the wind was so boistous
The stone walles, steples houses and trees
Were blow doune in diuerse ferre coūtrees
¶ And in the yere a thousand three hundred also
Sixty and foure, kyng Iohn of Fraunce dyed
Kyng Iohn of Fraūce
In London then, in Sauoy had been sicke
The dukes palice of Lancastre edified
Full royally as it is notified
His boweles buryed, at Poules with royaltee
His corps in Fraunce, with all solempnitee
¶ In that same yere, sir Iohn Moūtfort of newe
Duke of Brytain was by heritage
As heire male, his title was act trewe
At Orrers faught, again the Frenche linage
Sir Charles de Bloys, that clauned by mariage
The duchy whole, of Brytain by the might
Of his wise, wher he was slain by might
¶ Duke Iohn of Gaunt, was at that battaile
Sir Edmond also of Langley his brother dere
Sir Iohn Chaundos treated without faill
All daye, and faught at eue through his aūswere
Whiche treaty is yet, oft remembred here
For Chaūdos trewce, that treted all daye to night
[Page] And made bothe parties at eue together fight
¶ At whiche battaill, duke Iohn of Gaūt in dede
And his brother Edmond, then faught full sore
Were neuer twoo better knightes, thē thei in dede
That better faught vpon a feld afore
It was but grace, that thei escaped thore
Thei putte theim selfes so ferfurth ay in prces
That wounded wer thei bothe, full sore no lees

The .C .lxxxv. Chapiter.

¶ Howe prince Edward of Wales wedded dame Iohā doughter of Edmond Wodstoke erle of Kent, he of yt third degree and she of the second.

THese brethrē twoo wt their Englishe power
Set Iohn Moūtfort ī his whole ducherie
With great honour & manhode all in fere
Erle Iohn of Kent dedde was afore sothely
Erle Edmōdes soōne, to whom dame Iohā truly
His sister was heire, whome therle Mountague
Of Salisbury had wed of maiden newe
¶ And hir forsoke, after repudiate
Whom his styward sir Thomas Holand wed
And gate on hir, Thomas erle of Kent late
And Iohn Holand hir other soonne she hed
Thomas their father, dyed of sickenes bested
The prince hir vowid vnto a knight of his
She saied she would none, but hym self I wis
¶ For hir beaute, all onely he hir tooke
And wed hir so, and to Guyan went
[Page Clxxxvi] The yere was then a thousand who so loke
Three hundred also, sixty and fiue extent
Rychard his soonne, whiles he was there regent
In Burdaur borne was thē with great gladnes
Supposyng then, of hym greate worthynes
¶ The kyng Peter of Castell and Lyon
A battaill in Spain
To Burdeaux came, & ther prince Edward beheld
To gette again his worthy region
Fro whiche his brother bastard wt full strong be­eld
Had putte hym out, & thought it for to weeld
For whiche the prince with all his hole power
Rode into Spain to helpe hym to conquer
¶ Wher thē he faught, against the bastard strōg
The third daye of Aprill accompted then
In battaill sore ferfoughten ther full long
In whiche were slain full many a Spanish māne
The basterd fled, the prince the feld there wan
And sette the kyng Peter in his region
In peace and rest without rebellion

The .C .lxxxvi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the lordes of Italy sent ambassiate to kyng Edward for sir Leonell of Andwarp, to make hym kyng of Italy, who was create erle of Vister by his wife, doughter & heire to Rychard erle of Vister of whom he gate dame Philip, wedded to Edmond Mortimer erle of Marche, whiche erle of Marche gate Roger erle of Marche and my lady Percy.

THe duke of Milayn yt hight sir Bernabo
The lord Mātowe & the marques Ferrar
The lord of Mountpollestrme then also
[Page] The lordes of Iene, of Pyse that then were
The lordes of Venis, and Florence there
To kyng Edward, sent ambassiate
By commen assent, of papall senate
¶ For Lionell his soonne, with theim to send
The duke his doughter of Melayn, for to wed
Promisyng hym then, hym so to recommend
That of Itale the rule sholde all be led
By hym and his frendes, of Italye bred
And in short tyme, to ioye and bere the croune
Of all Italye the royal region
¶ His wife was dedde, and at Clare was buried
And none heire he had, but his doughter faire
Philp that hight, as chronicles specified
Whom quene Philip Christened for his heire
Tharchbishop of Yorke, for his compeire
Hir godmother also, of Warwyk the countesse
A lady was of all greate worthynes
¶ The kyng his soonne, sir Leonell create
Duke of Clarence, and to Melayn hym sent
With chiualrie of fame, well ordinate
And squyers freshe, galaunt and sufficient
With officers and yomen, as appent
And with hym went, that greate ambassiate
At his costage, to Melayn consociate

The .C .lxxxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe sir Leonell when his wife Elionor was dedde was create duke of Clarence, and weddid the dukes doughter of Melayn in Lumbardy, and dyed ther & [Page Clxxxvii] had no childe with her, and some saye he is buried there and some saye, his boones were brought home and bu­ried at Clare in Essex, but in trouth of Clare he had his name, and honoure of duke of Clarence, for Clare is called Clarencia in Latyne, and also Clarence in Frenche.

THis duke royall, of Clarence excellent
At Melayne, wedded was thē in royal wise
With that lady fayre and beneuolent
Full royally, as to suche a prince shuld suffice
And all the rule he had, by councell wyse
Fro mount Godard, vnto the citee of Florence
And well beloued was, for his sapience.
¶ In citees all, he helde well vnitees
Greate iustes ay, and ioyus tournementes
Of lordes & knightes, he made great assemblees
Through all the lande, by his wyse regimentes
They purposed hole, by theyr commen assentes
To croune hym kyng, of all great Italie
Within halfe a yere, for his good gouernaly
¶ In all the world, was then no prince hym like
Of hie stature, and of all semelynesse
Aboue all men, within his hole kyngrike
By the shulders, he might be seen doutlesse
As a mayde in halle of gentilnesse
And in all other places, sonne to rethorike
And in the felde, a Lyon marmorike
¶ In whiche meane tyme, his iustes & his excesse
His great riot, and wynes delicacie
His ghoste exiled, out of his corps doutlesse
[Page] Afore the daye set of his regence
For whom was made great mone, through Italie
Some sayen he is buried at Melayn
And other some saye, at Clare certayn.
¶ But chyldren had he noone, but Philip heire
By Elizabeth his first wyfe, whiche the kyng
Edwarde maryed, to Emond Mortymer
Therle of Marche, that was his warde fulying
Who gate on hir, Roger their derelyng
And Elizabeth wed to Henry Percy
Sonne and heyre, vnto therle Henry
¶ Of Northumberland, which two both father & sonne
Wer knightly men, in warres ay occupied
Beyonde the sea great worshyp had they wonne
In many a realme, full greatly magnified
For marcyall actes by theim multiplied
The whiche were long here to reporte
For in theyr tyme, they were of noble porte.
¶ But of the prince Edwarde, yet wold I saye
Howe he fro Spayne departe then in dede
The kyng Peter toke hym, his doughters tweyn
Thelder hight dame Constaunce as I rede
To duke Iohn wedded, his lyfe with her to lede
The yonger hight dame Isabell by name
The duke Edmōd of Yorke wedded of great fame
¶ And in the yere, a thousande fully written
Thre hundreth eke sixty, and also fouretene
The prince Edwarde died, as well was weten
At Kenyngton, which was his palice clene
[Page Clxxxviii] And buryed was, at Cauntorbury as I wene
Betooke hym hole to goddes disposicion
After his mercy to suffre his punycion.
¶ And in the yere of Christes incarnacion
A thousande hole, and three hundreth signified
The prince pereles, by all informacion
Sixty and seuentene clerely notified
Great syckenesse, so had hym victoried
And droue hym out, from all his region
That neuer prince might haue dooē by persecuciō
¶ In Iune the .xxii. daye expresse
Was, when he died, & from this world expired
That was the floure of earthly worthynes
That to the height of knighthode had aspired
His owne hande pereles, as was enquired
At Westmynster buried in royall wyse
As to suche a prince, of reason ought suffice.
¶ Who was the first of Englyshe nacion
That euer had right, vnto the croune of Fraunce
By succession of bloode and generacion
Of his mother without variaunce
The whiche me thynketh, should be of moste sub­staūce
For Christ was kyng by his mother of Iudee
Whiche sykerer side is ay, as thynketh me.
¶ And of his pedegre vnto the croune of Fraūce
With his bloode, wherof he is discent
Within this booke, without any varyaunce
Mencion is made, only to this entente
That reders by all good auysemente
[Page] The title of his right and heritage
May well conceyue, and haue therof knowlage.

The .C .lxxxviii. Chapiter.

¶ Richarde the seconde kyng of Englande and of Fraunce, began to reigne the yere a thousand thre hundreth & .lxxvii. and was deposed by parliamente, in the yere a. M .CCC .cxix. and the .xxii. yere of his reygne.

RIchard his heyre, yt sōne of prīce Edward
Kyng Richard the seconde.
Crowned was then, with all solempnitee
By all the lordes and barons hole award
Obeying hole vnto his maiestee
Who that tyme, was in tendre iuuensee
Of eleuen yere, fully accompted of age
When he had so his croune and heritage.
¶ And kyng was called, of Englāde, & of Fraūce
In Iune the .xxii. daye full clene
Of Christes death, without variaunce
A thousande was, thre hundreth sixty to neuen
And .xvii. yere therwith to beleuen
When the two realmes, fell to hym by discente
As nexte heyre, to kyng Edwarde thexellent
¶ And in the yere, a thousande thre hundreth mo
Sixty adioynt, and therwith all nynetene
The thyrde pestilence reigned in Englande so
So sore, that moste parte of the people clene
Dyed awaye, as through the realme was sene
And of his reignes of Eglande and of Fraunce
The thyrde yere was, by very remembraunce.
¶ And of his reigne, in Iune then the .v. yere
And of our Lorde, a thousande then accompted
Thre hundreth, eke .iiii. score and one full clere
The commons rose, an hūdreth thousād amoūted
Of Kent and Essex, whiche that tyme surmounted
The kynges power, and all the hie estates
For whiche the lordes fled then as exulates.
¶ And lefte the kyng, alone then in the toure
With tharchbyshop of Cauntorbury there so
And the priour, to been his gouernoure
Of Clerken well, whiche the commons heded tho
And brought the kyng forth, with theim to go
They asked hym, all bondmen to bee free
And taxe none, euer after payed to bee.
¶ They asked eke, Iake Strawe, & Wat Tiler
To bee made dukes, of Essex and Kente
To rule the kyng thens forth, in peace and warre
For they bee wyse, of royall regiment
Thus tolde they the kyng all theyr entent
The whiche he graunte, in all thyng by and by
For he durste no poynt, then theim denye.
¶ Afore Iake Strawe, yt kyng thē stode hodlesse
Of which Walworth, the Mayre of Londō trewe
Areasoned hym then, of his greate lewdenesse
With a dagger, in Smythfelde then hym slewe
The citezens, with hym then strongly drewe
And slewe theim downe, and put theim to flight
And brought the kyng, into the citee right.
¶ The cōmons brent the Sauoye, a place fayre
[Page] For eiuill wyll they had vnto duke Iohn
Wherfore he fled northwarde in great dispayre
Into Scotlande, for socoure had he none
In Englande then, to whō he durste make moone
And there abode, tyll commons all were ceased
In England hole, and all the lande well peased
¶ The .xx. daye of Maye nexte folowyng
And one therwith, as calculers it knowe
The date of Christ a thousande then beynge
Thre hundreth also foure score & two on rowe
Thearth quake was, whiche that tyme I sawe
That castelles, walles, toures and steples fyll
Houses and trees and cragges fro the hyll
¶ And in the yere afore, kyng Richarde wed
Quene Anne, vpon saynt Agnes day that floure
That doughter was, as I haue sene and red
Vnto the kyng of Beeme and Emperoure
And suster also, vnto his successoure
Themperour of Rome, that Segemond hight
Who to kyng Henry in Englāde came full right.

The .C .lxxxix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Richard wente into Scotlande, in the yere a thousande three hundreth and .lxxxvi. and in his reygne the .x. yere, and howe he create two dukes of Yorke and of Gloucestre.

ANd in the yere of Christ, a thousande so
Thre hūdreth also, foure score & .vi. ther tyl
And of his reigne, the .x. yere and mo
The kyng Richard, with hoste went at his wyl
[Page Cxc] In to Scotlande, his corage to fulfyll
To Edinburgh, and brent the lande also
Without lettyng there of any foo
¶ At London so then at his parlyament
He made therle of Cambrydge his vncle dere
The duke of Yorke, to be incontynent
And so he was proclaymed there full clere
That Edmonde hyght, of Langley of good chere
Glad and mery, and of his owne ay lyued
Without wronge, as chronicles haue breued
When all the lordes, to councell and parlyament
Went, he wolde to hunte and also to hawekyng
All gentyll disporte, as to a lorde appent
He vsed aye, and to the pore supportyng
Where euer he was, in any place bidyng
Without suppryse, or any extorcyon
Of the porayle, or any oppressyon.
¶ He made also the earle of Bokyngham
Thomas Wodstoke, that same daye and create
His other vncle duke of Gloucester by name
Proclaymed hole, and so denominate
With his brother to be consociate
The foxe tayle he bare ay on his spere
Where he so rode in peace, or elles in warre.
¶ The kyng then made yt duke of yorke by name
Maister of the mewhouse, & his haukes fayre
Of his venery, and mayster of his game
In what countree he dyd repeyre
Which was to hym, without any dispeyre
Well more comforte and great gladnesse
[Page] Then bene a lorde, of worldly greate rychesse
¶ His vncle Thomas, ye duke then of Gloucester
And wed the doughter, then of therle of Herforth
By whiche he had, by writyng & by letter
The Constablery of Englande, then ay forth
Both by South, Est, West, and North
By herytage, of his wyues lande and ryght
Of auncyent tyme, by kynges graunt & hyght
¶ And in the yere of kyng Richarde elleuen
The duke Thomas that was of Gloucester
* The ba­tail of Rot [...]ote bridge
Henry the earle of Derby dyd beleuen
With hym by worde, and also by his letter
The earle Marshall did, so then for the better
Therle Beanchampe, of Warwyk by his name
Of Arundell the earle, dyd the same.
¶ These lordes fyue together, boldely sworne
Agayne Robert Veer, then duke of Irelande
The kinges pleasure, & one of age both like borne
Whom he loued moste, as they could vnderstand
With batayl stronge, at Rotcot bryge toke on hād
To fyght with hym, where then he fled awaye
Ouer Thamis, without retourne for ay.

The .C .xc. Chapiter.

¶ Of the great parlyament, where the fyue lordes foriuged yt duke of Irelande, and his compeers

AT Lenton nexte accompted in the yere
At London then, ye king set his parliamēt
At westminster to hold it there moste clere
[Page Cxci] Where these fyue lordes came armed, by one assēt
Appealed the duke of Irelande, of greate entent
The archbyshop of Yorke, that hyght Neuyle
And Michell poole, earle of Suffolke that whyle
¶ Sir Nichol Brēbyr of London yt was Mayre
Tresilyan also, and syr Symonde Bourley
Whiche they exyled, & some they honge vnfeyre
Some they heded that tyme, that was full gaye
Holt and Belknap, exyled were awaye
In to Irelande, for hye contryued treasone
Agayne the kyng, and his royall crowne.
¶ The earle Douglas, & the earle of March also
* The ba­tayl of Otturborne
Northumberlande, by west the newe castell
Vnto Morpath norwarde, dyd mikyll wo
At Otturborne, as chronycles dyd tell
Henry Percy, with small hoste on hym fell
And slewe Douglas, & many put to the flyght
And gate the felde vpon his enemyes ryght
¶ He sent the lorde, syr Thomas Vmfreuyle
His brother Robert, & also sir Thomas Grey
And sir Mawe Redmayn, beyond yt Scottes that whyle
To holde them in, yt they fled not awaye
Wherfore the Scottes releued agayne alway
Through which, Henry was take there anone
To Dūbar led, for whom was made great mone
¶ The felde was his, all yf yt he were take
The Vmfreuyle Grey, Ogle and Redmayne
Helde the felde hole, yt myght so for his sake
And knewe nothyng whetherwarde he was gayn
[Page] The Earle of Marche, with preuy men alane
Full priuely to Dunbarre, with hym rode
And kepte hym there, for he was greatly ferde.
¶ The Douglas all yt many were that daye
Laboured full sore, with wyles and great wyt
Hym to haue slayne, for euer and ay
For Douglas death, so sore they rewed it
This batail was on saynt Oswoldes daye cōmyt
The .xii. yere of the kyng, and of Christes date
Thirtene .C. foure score, and eyght socyate

The .C .xci. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the quene Anne dyed, and howe kyng Rychard went fyrste to Irelande with his hooste.

ANd in the yere, a thousand .iii. C. and mo
Foure score & fourtene, quene Anne died
The .xviii. yere, was of the kyng then so
And buryed was, as well is notifyed
Of all vertue, she was well laudefyed
To womanhede, that myght in ought appende
At Westminster, she is full well commende
¶ At Michelmasse nexte after folowyng
In that same yere, the kyng to Irelande went
With greate power, & hoste therin warrynge
Vpon Makmur, with all his hole entente
And on the greate Aneell, by one ascent
Of his lordes, where Makmurre & greate Aneel
To him obeyed, and made hym homage leel.
¶ The earle of Marche, syr Roger Mortymer
[Page Cxcii] The kynge made then Leuetenaūt of Irelande
That yonge was then, and home he came yt yere
And great hoshoulde helde, as I can vnderstand
Far passyng kynges, of any other lande
For whiche, the voyce on hym rose and name
Through christendom, he bare then furth yt fame
¶ And in the yere a thousande, as was then
Thre hundreth eke foure score, & also syxtene
Of his reygne, the .xviii. yere was then
At Alhalowmasse kyng Rychard as was sene
At Calys wed, dame Isabell the quene
Kīg Charles doughter, yt then was kīg of Fraūce
At Christmasse crowned by gouernaunce
¶ And in Smithfelde great, iustes & tornement
Of all realmes and dyuers nacyon
Of Englyshe, Iryshe and Walshe present
Of Scottes also, were at the coronacyon
And iusted there with greate cōmendacy on
By .xiiii. dayes iusted who so wolde
Henry of Derby, bare hym then full bolde
Henry Percy, and Raufe his brother gaye
Robert Morley, and syr Iohn Grene Cornewell
Heer Nichol Hauberke, and eke syr Mawburney
Walter Bytterley, syr Thomas Blankeueile
Syr Hugh Spencer, and Iamco saunz fayle
Heer Hans, heer Iohn, & the lorde fitz Walter
Blaket Dynmoke, and also the lorde Spencer.
¶ Vmfreuyle, and his brother Roberte
Vmfrey Stafforde, and syr Rychard Arundell
[Page] These .xx. helde the felde within full sinert
Agayne all other, that wolde with Iustes mell
Of what nacyon he were, that man can tell
Of in any lande, the knyghtes iusted thare
And squyers also without, yt well them bare

The .C .xcii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the kyng arest the duke of Gloucester, the Earles of Warwyk, and Aroundell, and foreiuged them for treason, and made fyue Dukes, a Marquis, and foure Earles, and watched daye and nyghte with Cheshyre men, for drede of insurreccyon.

THe yere of Christe, a. M. was so then
Thre .C. eke foure score & also seuentene
At mydsomer, the kyng with many a man
At Plashe toke Thomas, of Wodstoke full kene
Of Gloucester, the duke that was full clene
That smyten was, in fell and great syknesse
And in the towre hym put in great distresse
¶ Whome sone he sente, to Calyce secretely
And murthered hym, in the prynces inne
By hole aduice, of his councell priuely
And in eche shyre, of which he did greate synne
His confessyon of treason, more and mynne
Of .ix. poyntes fayned, he then proclaymed
To staunche the folke, yt for hym cryed & claymed.
¶ He then arest Thomas, earle of Warwyke
And Earle Rycharde, of Arundell no lees
The lorde Cobham full trewe, and also manlyke
Foringed them, by strength of men and prees
The earle of Warwyk, his name for to distresse
[Page Cxciii] Vnto this [...]e of Man in sore prison
Of Arundell therle hedded for treson
¶ The lord Cobham in to prisone perpetuall
In the towre to abide for euer more
At Mighelmasse next so then did bifall
The kyng then held his greate parlyament thore
At Westminster, wher the kyng mustred sore
At the Blakeheth, an hundred thousand menne
To make the commons, for to dred hym then
¶ At whiche parlyamēt, he made therle of Derby
Duke of Herford, therle of Rutland also
Of Almarle duke, therle of Kent duke of Surry
Therle of Huntyngton, duke of Excester tho
Therle Marshall he made and no mo
Duke of Northfolke, thus were there dukes fiue
Of newe create, and none was substantiue
¶ He made therle of Somerset marques
Of Dorset then, sir Iohn Beaufort that hight
Of poore liuelode that was that tyme doubtles
Foure erles next he made, in mantiles full right
With swerdes girt, the lord Spencer on hight
That create was then erle of Gloucester
Thomas Percy also erle of Worcester
¶ The lord Neuell then erle of Westmerland
Wyllyam Scrope erle of Wiltshire create
That Chamberleyn was then, I vnderstand
And tresourer of England ordinate
These foure erles were thus consociate
Then all these dukes, and erles with many mo
[Page] Of lordes young he had aye with hym
¶ Bishopes thirtyne, he held then furth eche daye
Barons many, and many a worthy knight
To greate nombre, and squiers freshe and gaye
And officers, well mo then nedid right
In eche office, by tenfold mo to sight
Then were afore, for then he had eche daye
Twoo hundred menne, of Cheshire wher he laye
¶ To watche hym aye, wher so euer he laye
He dred hym aye, so of insurreccion
Of the commons and of the people aye
He trusted none of all his region
But Chesshire menne for his proteccion
Wher euer he rode, with arowes and bowes bent
Thei were with hym, aye redy at his entent

The .C .xciii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe in the tyme of kyng Rychard reigned ouer passyng pryde, aduoutree, and lechery as well in menne of the spiritualtie as in other of his hous.

TRuly I herd Robert Ireleffe saye
Clerke of the grenecloth, yt to the houshold
Came euery daye, for moost partie alwaye
Ten thousand folke, by his messis tould
That folowed the hous, aye as thei would
And in the kechin three hundred seruitours
And in eche office many occupiours
¶ And ladies faire with their gentilwomen
Chamberers also and lauenders
Three hundred of theim were occupied then
[Page Ccxiiii] Ther was greate pride emong th [...]rfficers
And of all menne farpassyng their compeers
Of riche araye, and muche more costious
Then was before, or sith, and more precious
¶ Yemenne and gromes, in cloth of silke arayed
Sattyn and damaske, in dublettes and gounes
In cloth of grene, and scarlet for vnpayed
Cut werke was greate, both in court and tounes
Bothe in mēnes hoddis, and also in their gounes
Broudur and furres, & goldsmith werke aye newe
In many awise, eche daye thei did renewe
¶ In his chapell, were bishoppes then of Beame
Some of Ireland, and some also of Fraunce
Some of England, and clerkes of many a realme
That litill connyng had or conisaunce
In musike honorably, God his seruice to auaunce
In the chapell, or in holy scripture
On mater of Goddis to refigure
¶ Lewed menne, thei were in clerkes clothyng
Disguysed faire, in fourme of clerkes wise
Their peryshyns full litill enfourmyng
In lawe deuine, orels in God his seruise
But right practyfe thei were in couetyse
Eche yere to make full greate colleccion
At home, in stede of soules correccion
¶ Greate lechery and fornicacion
Was in that house, and also greate aduoutree
Of paramoures was greate consolacion
Of eche degre, well more of prelacie
[Page] Then of the temporall, or of the chiualrie
Greate taxe ay the kyng tooke through all the lād
For whiche commons hym hated bothe free & bōd

The .C .xciiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the duke of Herford and the duke of North­folke wer exiled out of England.

ANd in the yere. M. and thre hundred clere
Foure score and therwithall eightene
And of his reigne the twenty & twoo yere
The duke Henry of Herford as was seen
At Couentree, in barres armed clene
Again the duke of Northforke, for treson
Whiche bothe, the kyng exiled fro his region
¶ The duke Henry, exiled was for ten yere
The other was also for terme of life
That died duke, at Venys leide on bere
But duke Henry exiled was beliue
Like as the chronicle can openly discriue
For ten yere whole, for to abide in Fraunce
And to auoyde the realme without variaunce
¶ Vpon the pain of decollacion
And hiyng sone before sainct Edwardes daye
In Octobre called the translacion
Vpon whiche daye, he shipid fourth his waye
At Calice londed, and so rode on alwaye
Vnto Paris, wher he was faire recepte
With lordes many, and worshipfully was mette
¶ In lenton next, duke Iohn his father dyed
[Page Cxcv] Of Lancaster, of weakenes and of age
Entombed faire, at sainct Poules buryed
His heire in fraunce should haue his heritage
In Maye then next, the kyng with baronage
To Ireland went, with hoste and greate power
The wild Irishe to wynne, and to conquere
¶ For then Roger therle of Marche was slain
With wild Irishe, in bushment for hym laye
His soonnes then, full young were bothe twein
In ward were take, vnto the kyng that daye
And then the kyng made full fell araye
In euery shire, blanke charters to bee sealid
Blancke chartres.
For cause his actes should not bee repeiled
In the yere of Christ a. M. was then clere
Kyng Richard his voiage in to Irelāo
Three .C. also foure score and eke ninetene
And of his reigne the twoo & twenty yere
Begynnyng at Midsomer, then as I meane
Whiche afterward turned hym to mikell tene
He was then landed, in Ireland with his hoste
Of chiualrie and power with the moste

The .C .xcv. Chapiter.

¶ Howe duke Henry of Herford and of Leicestre landed in Holdernesse in the same yere, and Thomas Arundell archebishop of Cantorbury that before was exiled, and howe duke Henry swore to therle of Northūberland and to sir Henry Percy wardeyns of the Marches and to therle of Westmerland and to other lordes of yt North.

AT whiche tyme so yt duke Henry toke land
At Reuēsporn i Yorkeshire as was knowe
Tharchbishop Thomas I vnderstand
Of Cauntorbury Arondell that was lowe
Bothe of ryches and gold as menne sawe
For the kyng had hym out of the land exiled
Fro Cauntorbury, neuer more to bee reconsiled
¶ In Holdernesse, he landed with fourty menne
Wher the lordes of Lyncolneshire hym mette
Bothe Wyloughby Roos, and Darcy then
And Beaumoūt also, wt Penouns proudly bette
By ordinaunce of Henry Percy sette
Erle of Northumberland, and sir Henry
His soonne, wardeyns of the Marche seuerally
¶ To Dancaster he rode full manfully
Wher bothe the wardeyns of the Marche mette
Then with the duke, with hostes great & chiualry
Therle also of Westmerland was sette
With his power, as then it was his debt
For he had wed the dukes suster dere
A full good lady without any were
¶ Ther swore the duke vpon the sacrament
To claime no more, but his mothers heritage
His fathers landes, and his wifes in good entent
And to laye downe, bothe taxe and tallage
Whiles he might liue, but of the baronage
And all the states somouned in parlyament
Thought it nedefull and therto whole assent
¶ He swore also, the kyng in gouernaunce
[Page Cxcvi] To be put by good and hole prouision
And Chesshyre men, for theyr misgouernaunce
To voyde out of his house of eiuill condicion
And officers of good disposicion
To rule his house, like his estate royall
Thus was his othe there made in speciall.
¶ Then rode they forth to Bristowe, were thē lay
Scrop and Busshe, and also syr Henry Grene
And headed theim, but Baget fled away
And then the kyng, at Flynt as was sene
Great monstres made, of people that was kene
Whiche toke his wage, and came to duke Henry
And rode ay forth, with hym full redely
¶ In this meane whyle, therle of Northūberlāde
Treated with the kyng, that tyme in Conwaye
To mete with duke Henry, then in Englande
And brought hym then, to hym in meke araye
With litell speche to Chester then the waye
They rode anone and put hym there in warde
And so to London, from thens came southwarde.

The .C .xcvi. Chapiter

¶ Howe duke Henry of Lancaster was made kyng, by resi­gnacion, renunciacion and deposayle and election of the parliamente and crouned at Westmynster on saynte Ed­wardes daye in Octobre.

ANd set hym in the toure, where he resigned
His right, his realme, & his royall croune
To duke Hēry, which no mā thē repugned
And there he made a playn renunciacion
[Page] Of all his righte, for whiche by prouision
The parliament then, for his misgouernaunce
Deposed hym so then, by greate ordinaunce.
¶ Then went they to a free election
Seyng the youth then of the Mortimer
That erle of the Marche, by trewe direccion
Was then, and heire of England then moste ner [...]
To kyng Richarde, as well then did appere
Consydred also the might of duke Henry
They chose hym kyng, there durst none it deny.
¶ Therle of Northumberlande, then had sent
His power home, by councell of duke Henry
So did his sonne Henry, that truly ment
Supposyng well the duke wolde not vary
From his othe, ne in no wyse contrary
And he and his, kepte all theyr power
Tyll he was crouned kyng, as it did appere.
¶ Therles two, then of Northumberlande
Of Worcester, and syr Henry Percy
And the [...]e also of Westmerlande
Councelled hym then, fro his oth not to varye
And though at eue he did to theim applie
On the morowe, by a pryue counsayl
He would be crouned kyng without fayle.

The .C .xcvii. Chapiter.

¶ Henry the fourth kyng of Englande and of Fraunce, was electe by yt hole parliament, the morowe after Michelmasse daye, the yere of our Lorde, a thousande thre hundreth foure score and nynetene, and reigned .xiiii. yere, & died at West­mynster [Page Cxcvii] the .xix. daye of Marche in the yere of Christe a thousande foure hundreth and .xiii. and of his owne reygne the .xiiii. yere.

THis duke Henry, by great loue of the land
Kyng Henry yt fourth
Of many lordes, and of the commontee
Tharchebyshop Arondell toke on hande
To croune hym then, in royall maiestee
On saynt Edwardes day, with great solempnitee
But kyng he was the morowe after Mighelmesse
His reygne begynnyng that day without distresse
¶ Therle of Warwike, and therle of Arondell
That exiled were, and the Lorde Cobham eke
With all theyr frendes, yt kyng Richard did expell
The dukes frendes of Gloucester, nought to seke
Whiche then began for to encrease and eke
Through all the realme, with kyng Henry to stād
To croune hym kyng, that tyme of all Englande.
¶ An hundreth thousande cryed all at ones
At Westmynster, to croune hym for kyng
So hated they kyng Rychard, for the nones
For his mysrule, and wrong gouernyng
For taxes and for blanke charters sealyng
For murder of duke Thomas of Woodstoke
That loued was well, more then all the floke
¶ The great parliament, then he made rehersed
The dukes of Almarle, Excestre and Surry
He depryued and the iudgement reuersed
That then was made, & gaue full wylfully
Agayne Woodstoke and Warwyke for enuie
Arondell and the lorde Cobham full trewe
[Page] Whiche was reuersed and reuoked newe.
¶ The duke of Almarle, was then erle Rutlande
The duke of Surry, erle of kent was agayn
And eke the duke of Excester I vnderstande
Of Hungtyngdon therle was to be fayn
The marques eke of Dorset was full bayn
Of Somerset erle agayn to bene
He chastised theim, no feller as was sene
¶ Therle of Gloucester, was lord Spencer
Then set agayn, to his first estate
The kyng then made his eldest sonne full clere
The prince of Wales, in parliament hole create
Duke of Cornewayle and erle denominate
Of Chester also, that then was yong of age
But yet he was that tyme of hye courage

The .C .xcviii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the kyng gaue the Constablerie and the Marshalsee to therles of Northumberlande and Westmerlande wyth certayn landes, and how syr Robert Vmfreuile was made knight of the Garter & capitayn of Rokesburgh, & faught on fote on Fulhoplewe and wan the feld with victorie and was made lorde Vmfreuile.

AT this tyme yt kyng graūted by parliamēt
The Constablery certayn of Englande
In heritage so at his coronoment
To therle then of Northumberlande
Also of Man thifle I vnderstande
To holde of hym and of his heyres alwaye
By seruyce royall, as wrytten was that daye
¶ And to therle of Westmerlande also
The Marshalsee of Englande then he gaue
All Richemond fee, that was in Englande tho
By patent also, for terme of life to haue
The lordes all he pleased, so God me saue
With office ay, orels with lande or rent
With liberall herte, as to a prince appent.
¶ And whyles that parliament so did endure
The Scottes rode by North, and sore had stroyed
In Cokedale then, where Vmfreuyle had cure
That with theim faught, & had theim sore anoyed
At Fulhaplowe, on fote he theim acloyed
For there he toke syr Richard Rotherforde
His sonnes fyue, full fell of dede and worde.
¶ Syr Wyllyam Stiwarde, also he toke
The lorde of Gordowne, he put to flight
And Willibarde, the felde there then forsoke
And prisoners brought home, well mo at night
Then he had men with hym the felde to fight
For whiche the kyng, hym had ay after in cherte
Consyderyng well his knightly aperte.

The .C .xcix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the kyng Henry remeued kyng Richard from place to place, by night in preuey wise, in whiche tyme theries of Kent, Salisbury and Huntyngdon, the lorde Spencer and syr Raulfe Lomley were headed.

THe kyng thē sent, kyng Richard to Ledis
There to be kepte surely in preuitee
Fro thēs after, to Pykeryng wēt he nedes
[Page] And to Knauesburgh, after led was he
But to Pountfrete last, where he did die
Bothe therles, of Kent and Salisbury
Therle of Huntyngdon, and Spēcers sothelye.
¶ And syr Raulfe Lomley with mo in company
After Christmasse, thought to haue slayn the kyng
They were distured, and fled awaye in hye
But they were slayn at Circester fleyng
By the commons, with theim there fyghtyng
Therles of Kent and of Salysbury
And syr Raulfe Lomley in theyr companye.
¶ The lorde Spencer, take was vpon the sea
At Bristowe was headed and decollate
Therle also of Huntyngdon did flee
And brought vnto the countesse of estate
Of Herforde then, who had hym forth algate
To Plasshe, where she made men hym hede
Without counsayll of any lorde or rede.
¶ Syr Thomas shelly, set full hye in pride
And Mawbleyn with Ferebye drawe and honge
Syr Barnard Brockeys, was heded theim beside
The byshop also of Carleile theim among
In Westmynster, his life there to prolonge
Perpetually by iudgement was commytte
Among his brethren in order for to sytte.

The .CC. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Richard was brought deade frō Pountfret to Powles, and after buried at Langley, for menne shoulde haue no remembraunce of hym. And howe syr [Page Cxcix] Robert Vmfreuyle faught with yt Scottes at Redeswere and had the felde and the victorye.

IN march next after, kig Rychard thē was dede
Fro Poumfret brought with great solempnyte
Men sayde forhungered he was & lapped in lede
At Poules his masse was done and diryge
In hers royall, semely to royalte
The kyng & lordes, clothes of golde there offerde
Some .viii. some .ix. vpon his hers were proferde.
¶ At Westminster then dyd they so the same
When truste he shuld there haue buryed bene
In that mynster lyke to a prynce of name
In his owne tombe, together with the quene
Anne, that afore his fyrste wyfe had bene
But then the kyng, hym faste to Langley sent
There in the freres to be buryed secretement
¶ On Michelmasse day, next after his coronaciō
Sir Robert then my mayster Vmfreuyle
At Redeswyres, withoute excusacyon
With Richarde Rotherforde fought that whyle
And toke the stewarde, as I can compyle
And Iames Douglas, with the lorde Seton
And prisoners many, for to geue raunson
¶ Two hundreth men, vpon yt felde were slayne
Thre hundreth fled, some hole, some maymed sore
That dyed at home, with sorowe and wt payne
Some died homeward, ye home they came nomore
Where so he fought vnto his men right thore
A mery worde he wòlde saye or they met
[Page] To glad theyr hartes, enemyes to ouerset.
¶ The .ii. yere of his reygne, then he went
The kyn­ges voiage into Scotlande.
In haruest tyme, so into Scotlande
And Edenburgh, with the countre brente
In whiche tyme the Scottes brent our lande
All Bamburgh shyre in Northumberlande
For both wardeyns, with the kyng were gone
No wardeyne there, but husbandes by their owne

The .CC .i. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Owen of Glendoure rose in Wales againe the king and made warre on the lorde Gray Ruthin, and toke the lorde Graye and syr Edmonde Mortymer.

THe king came home, and to London went
At Michelmasse, wher thē he had message
That Owen Glendoure, then felly blent
In Englande sore, and did full great damage
For cause the lorde Graye helde his herytage
And to the kyng of it, full sore had playned
No remedye gate, so was he then demeaned
¶ The lorde Gray Ruthin did hym great wrong
Destroyed his lande, and he did hym the same
So both Marches, destroyed were full longe
But Owen wanne him selfe, eche day great name
Of vasselrie, of gentyls and of fame
That he them did, for whiche to him they drewe
And became his men, & to him were full trewe
¶ So on a daye, the lorde Graye, and he met
With great power vpon eyther syde
[Page CC] Where then they faught in batayle sore bet
And toke hym then his prysoner that tyde
And there the felde, he had with mikyll pryde
Greate people toke and slewe, & home he went
The lorde Graye he raunsomed at his entent
¶ Syr Edmonde then Mortimer warred sore
Vpon Owen, and dyd hym mekyll tene
But at laste, Owen laye hym before
Where in batell they faught, as well was sene
Where Owen toke him prisoner, as then ful kene
With mekell folke, on eyther syde slayne
And set Edmonde in prysone, and great payne
¶ He wrote vnto the kyng, for great socoure
For he had made with Owen his fynaunce
To whom yt kyng wolde graunt then no fauoure
Ne nought he wolde thē make him cheuesaunce
For to comforte his foes disobeysaunce
Wherfore he laye, in feters and sore prysone
For none payment of his greate raunsone

The .CC .iii. Chapiter.

¶ The Earle of Northumberlande, & his sonne Henry Per­cy stroke the batayle of Hamildon with the Scottes, & toke syxe Earles, and discomfyte .xl. thousande Scottes.

IN the .iii. yere Therle of Fyffe & Murrey
Of Athell and Angos, & Douglas also
And of Menteth, wt barons fell yt daye
The nomber was .xl. thousande and mo
Had brent the lande, by south Northward tho
To Homildon, where on holy rode daye
[Page] The earle them met in good & stronge araye
¶ His sonne also, Henry Percy was there
George of Dunbar, was in theyr company
And with the Scottes yt daye fought full sere
Discomfyted them, and had the victorye
Six earles taken and .xl. thousande playnly
Some fled, some died, some maimed there for euer
That to Scotlande, agayne came they neuer
¶ The kyng Henry, thryce to wales went
In the haye tyme, and haruest dyuers yere
The kyn­ges voya­ges into Wales.
In euery tyme were mystes and tempestes sent
Of wethers foule, that he had neuer power
Glendour to noye, but euer his caryage clere
Owen had at certayne straites and passage
And to our hoste dyd full greate damage
¶ The king had neuer, but tempest foule & raine
As longe as he was ay in Wales grounde
Rockes & mystes, windes & stormes euer certaine
All men trowed, yt witches it made that stounde
The cōmens all, then of all Englande grounde
Warred his gate, to Wales euery yere
For haye and corne were loste both two in fere
Whiche made greate derth, & of catell morayne
And euen ay in hylles and in mountaynes
Kepte him ful strong, yt king ay wrought in vaine
The king might not, but euer more held yt pleines
And waste his owne lord shippes, & his demaines
And full great parte Owen had and occupyed
By processe so in Wales, and victoryed
¶ Therle Henry, then of Northumberland
Brought to the kyng, his owne prisoner
Therle of Fyffe, was then I vnderstand
Heire vnto the duke of Albany clere
Regent that was of Scotland without pere
But sir Henry his soonne, then would not bryng
His prisoners in no wise to the kyng
¶ But the kyng he prayed for Mortimer
That raunsomed might he been wt his frendes so
He saied hym nay, for he was taken prisoner
By his consent and treson to his foo
Whom he would not comfort for to ouergoo
The prince his landes, ne his owne to destroye
For ay he had greate trust, yt he should hym noye
¶ The kyng hym blamed, for he toke not Owen
When he came to hym on his assuraunce
And he aunswered then to the kyng again
He might not so kepe his affiaunce
To shame hym self with suche a variaunce
The kyng blamed hym for his prisoner
Therle Douglas, for cause he was not there
¶ And saied he should hym fette, but he hym sēde
Sir Henry sawe no grace for Mortimer
His wifes brother, he went awaye vnkende
To Berwyk so, and after came no nere
Afore thei mette, at Shrowesbury in fere
Wher then thei faught, for cause of his entent
He purposed had, Mortimer his coronoment
¶ The lordes all of England had hym hight
[Page] And Owayn also on seuerne hym to mete
Except therle of Stafford young to fight
By their letters, vnder their seales mete
But in the poinct, thei brake all their behete
And he was slain, and all the cause conselid
Why he the feld tooke and the kyng appelid

The .CC .iii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe for therle of Marche his right, sir Henry Percy and sir Thomas Percy his vncle erle of Worce­ster, faught with the kyng and were slain at the bat­taill of Shrewesbury wher all ye lordes deceiued them the yere of Christ a thousand foure hundred and thre and of his reigne the fourth yere, that were bounde to theim by their seales except therle of Stafford, whiche letters I sawe in the castell of Werkeworth when I was constable of it vnder my lord sir Robert Vmfre uile who had that castell of kyng Henry his gift by forfeture of therle of Northumberland.

ON Madleyn euen was on the Saterdaye
After long trete, the prince began to fight
The yere of Christ a thousād was no nay
Foure hundred also and three, therto full right
When the battaill was streken of mikell might
And of the kyng then was the fourth yere
Of his reigne, accompted well and clere
¶ His vncle dere, was with hym there dedde
His father came not out of Northumberland
But failed hym foule, without witte or rede
But to the kyng he came I vnderstand
Holy submittyng hym vnto his royall hand
[Page CCii] Whom then he putte to hold in sore prisone
With twoo menne of his owne in Bagyngton
¶ His castelles, all his mēne held then full strōg
To tyme the kyng had, graunt hym plener grace
But the lordes, in counsaill then emong
Hight hym to help, the sixte yere at the Pasche
But none durst come that tyme, so fell the case
But bishop Scrop and therle marshall
The lord Bardolfe, then of our lordes all

The .CC .iiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe in yt yere of his reigne & in yt yere of Christ a thousand foure hundred and fyue, master Rychard Scorpe archebishop of Yorke, Thomas Mombray [...] [...]rle marshall sir Iohn Lamplewe and sir Wyllyam Plompton were hedded byside Yorke.

IN lenton after he came home to his land
By perliamēt, whole deliuered and acquit
And twoo yere after, in peace I vnderstād
With kyng Henry, full peasebly did sitte
Then in the yere as menne remembre it
Of his reigne the sixte, the bishop Scorp went
Therle marshall with hym of one entent
¶ To Yorkes More, and ther assembled power
Of their owne, and their frendes also
Of therles menne of Northumberland that were
To the nombre of twenty thousand tho
Afore the daye, assigned that was so
By therle then of Northumberland
That there Cheften with theim should haue stād
¶ With other lordes that were to theim assent
But the bishop and therle marshall
Wher slain afore the daye of assignement
Betwene theim made afore in speciall
Hedded were then, nere Yorke as then did fall
Sir Iohn Lamplewe and sir Wyllyam Plomtō
With the bishop were hedded there for treson

The .CC .v. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the lord Hastynges, the lord Fauconbridge and sir Iohn Coluile of ye Dale and his make, and sir Iohn Ruthyn were hedded at Duresme by ye kyng for ther­les of Northumberland & then he gate therles castelles and stroke of seuen heddes at Berwyke.

THe lord Hastynges at Duresme was then take
The lord Faucōbrige together in cōpany
Sir Iohn Coluile of ye Dale & his make
Sir Iohn Ruthyn that knightes were full māly
To therle of Northumberland openly
Were hedded there all foure vpon a daye
And to Werkworth remeuid in greate araye
¶ Wher the castell with in a weke was yolde
Vnto the kyng, after assautes fell and sore
The casteleyns to passe free wher thei would
With horse and harnes, without chalenge more
Then to Alnwike, the kyng remeued thore
Wher the capitains vnto the kyng then sent
Wyn Berwyke ones, he should haue his entent
¶ So went he then to Berwyke without delaye
With assaut and shotte, of gonnis strong yt were
[Page CCiii] He had it then, and ther hedded on a daye
The barons sonne of Graistoke taken there
Sir Henry Bowton and Blenkensop therfore
And Prendirgest ran on the sea also
And Tuwile with other squiers twoo
¶ To Alnwike then, the kyng laied siege again
Without assaute, by whole conuencion
Henry Percy of Athel, with hert fain
And Wyllyam Clifford, without discencion
The castell yeld at the kynges entencion
With horse and harnes, without enpechement
Or forfeture or els impediment
¶ Prodhow Langley and also Cokirmouth
Alnham Newsted, deliuered were anone
Thei remoued then furth in to the south
Therle of Northumberland was then gone
Afore Northward, to Scotland with great mone
The lord Bardolf with hym thither went
And there abode, with their suppowelment
¶ The sommer next, by sea to Wales thei went
Vnto Glendour, and after then to Brytain
And so by sea, to Flaunders or they stent
The other sommer, to Scotland came again
By thest sea, and ther thei did remain
To the winter then, of snowe full depe
That thei were slain, for whom yt folke sore wepe
¶ The nynth yere was then of the kyng Henry
In Feueryer afore the fastyngange
Of Christ his date a thousand certainly
[Page] Foure hundred and eight, counted emong
At Bramham more with speres sharp and long
In Yorkshire, so the Rokeby with theim mette
Shrief of the shire, with power that he gette

The .C. C .vi. Chapiter

¶ Howe the kyng his soonne of Scotlād & heire Iames was taken on the sea and brought vnto the kyng and then dyed Owayn and the kyng of Scotland.

THe same yere also, yt prince thē of Scotlād
Vpon the sea sailyng, then in to Fraunce
Was taken & brought to yt kyng of Eng­lād
Eleuen yere old was he then, by remembraūce
Whom the kyng then putte in gouernaunce
For like a prince, as to a kyng appent
In all honour as was conuenient
¶ The tenth yere then of the kyng his date
The kyng of Scotland, and Owayn of Glendor
His soonne also, the world forsoke then algate
And dyed awaye, of theim then was no more
The prince of Scotland then was kyng therfore
And Wales all became the kyng his menne
In rest and peace without rebellion then
¶ In that same yere Gilbert Vmfreuile
Lord was then of Riddisdale in keyme
That passid not seuentene yere that while
And ward was to the kyng that tyme
But seuentene yere of age was that tyme
At Arrays then faught full worthely
[Page CCiiii] Wth George Turnuile, in lyestes syngulerly
¶ With axe and sworde, and dagger vpon foote
Twenty strokes with euery wepen smyten
Vndeparted without any mote
And on the morowe, there they syten
Twenty coursses, with speres together hitten
A quarter bare vnarmed and vnarayed
Saue there serkes slewe with speres vnasayed.

The .CC .vii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Robert Vmfreuile went into Scotlande and lay in the Scottishe sea .xiiii. dayes, and euery daye faught with yt Scottes, somedaye on the northsyde, and some daye on the southsyde, and gatte .xiiii. greate shippes, & brent there Ga­liot with ordinaunce and sore battayll in the Scottishe sea afore Edynburghe and at the Blakenesse.

THe yere eleuenth, of this same kyng Henry
Syr Robert Vmfreuile toke the see
With .x. sayles, to kepe it notably
When trewce was taken in specialtee
Betwene Scotlande and vs in ce [...]tentee
To the Scottishe sea, both by sea and lande
And to Monshole on our syde I vnderstande
¶ In the Scottishe sea, with his shippes he laye
Where .xiiii. shippes he toke with his manhede
And faught full sore, at full sea euery daye
Sometyme vpon the northside so in dede
And some tyme on the southsyde out of drede
With the duke of Albany and of Fyffe
And his proude scottes, yt faught then full ryffe.
¶ With therle of Douglas, and theim of Lothiā
And brought his fiers, brennyng vpon the sea
In botes and cogges ordened by theim than
With other botes, with mē of armes in propertee
And archers good, well pauȳshed in specialitee
That brent theyr shippes and theyr galiot
A shyppe of auantage was then God wote
¶ When he had ben, there .xiiii. dayes to thende
With his prises, he came to Englande
Full of cloth, wollen & lynnen, that land to amend
Pytche and tarre, both for fre and bonde
For to amende the shepes of our lande
Floure and mele of whete and rye he solde
The market he so amended manyfolde
¶ And wood he had, and other marchaundise
Woll and hide, and yron great quantitee
Woll skynnes, cloth of golde and spyceries
Iewelles in chestes and stones of precioustee
And other marchauntes in specioustee
And prisoners also, and mykell flaxe
Wynes swete, and mykell poleyn waxe.

The .CC .viii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe syr Robert Vmfreuile brent Pebles on there market daye, and made his men to mete their clothe with speres & bowes, and after the Scottes called hym Robyne Mend­market, and his neuewe brente Iedworth and Teuidale sone after.

AT Pebles long, afore that tyme .iiii. yere
He brent the toune, vpon their market daye
And met theyr cloth, wt speres & bowes sere
[Page CCv] By his biddyng without any naye
Wherfore the Scottes from thence forthward ay
Called hym, Robyn mendmarket in certayn
For his measures were so large and playn.
Robyn mēdmar­ket.
¶ His neuewe Gilbert, and he the .xi. yere
Of kyng Henry, vpon the water of Calme than
And also on Roule and Iedworth forest clere
Forrayed full sore, with many a manly man
His banner first, there was displayed then
When he was clerely but .xiiii. yere nomore
When his vncle had battled hym so sore.

The .CC .ix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the prince Henry of Wales sent power to the duke of Burgoyn to helpe hym, the two Vmfreuiles, syr Iohn Graye with other, where Vmfreuile with the Englyshe men helde the felde for he would not kyll the prysoners, as the duke of Burgoyn had ordeyned

THe prince Henry, to duke Philip then sent
That of Burgoyn was so both syr & lorde
Syr Gilbert Vmfreuile, & his vncle vera­mēt
His cousyn also syr Ihō Gray, as mē recorde
With many other worthy, with speare & sweorde
Willyam Porter agayn the duke of Orleaunce
And his armynakes with men of great defence
¶ At S [...]ncle then, again ye duke of Orleaūce
And the duke of Burbon by all a daye
Thenglyshe faught with great sufficience
And wanne the brydge, with battayll bet awaye
Tharmynakes, with many sore affraye
[Page] Where Vmfreuile proclaymed was erle of Kyme
Cheiften was of all Englyshe that tyme.
¶ At Durdan also, and at Etham agayn
They faught all newe, where then they had yt feld
And prisoners many they did opteyne
The which the duke of Burgoyn wold haue weld
Because to hym they were so vnbelde
Theim to haue slayn he cōmaunded then, eche ca­pitayn
His prisoners to kyll then in certeyn
¶ To whiche Gilbert Vmfreuile erle of Kyme
Aunswered for all his felowes and there men
They shuld all die together at a tyme
Or theyr prisoners, so shulde be slayn then
And with that toke the felde as folke did ken
With all theyr men, and all theyr prisoners
To die with theim, as worship it requyers
¶ He said they wer not come thyther as bouchers
To kyll the folke in market or in feire
Ne theim to sell, but as armes requiers
Theim to gouerne without any dispeyre
As prysoners owe home agayn repeire
For fyne paying, as lawe of armes wyll
And not on stockes nor in market theim to sell
¶ With whō syr Iohn Graye, as his cousyn dere
And all Englyshe with many other of Fraunce
With their prysoners full familier
Batayled in felde, with full strong ordinaunce
More like to fight, then to make obeysaunce
And helde therle of kyme for theyr cheiftayn
[Page CCvi] To lyue and dye vnder his baner certayne
¶ The duke Philyppe, full of sapyence
Sawe his manhode, and his knightly courage
Lothe was to lese his noble aduenture
By treaty, and by other tender message
Of prisoners, graunt them to do auauntage
And hym withhelde with all his feloship
As Earle of Kyme, proclaymed of great worshyp.
¶ Then after sone, oure Englishemen anone
Came home agayne, wt great and hye rewarde
Whome then the duke, by letter cōmende alone
In writyng specifyed, with herte inwarde
Vnto the prynce, that sent them to hymwarde
And thanked them greatly of his seruyce
In his warres shewed agayne his enemies
¶ The king discharged yt prince fro his coūsayle
And set my lorde syr Thomas in his stede
Chief of counsayle, for the kynges more auayle
For whiche the prynce of wrath and wilfull hede
Agayne hym made debate and frowardhede
With whom the kyng toke parte, & helde the felde
To tyme the prince, vnto the king him yelde
¶ The king then made his sōne duke of Clarēce
My lorde Thomas, and sent hym into Fraūce
To helpe the duke Lewys of Orlyaunce
Agayne the duke of Burgoyne at instaunce
Of my lorde Thomas, againe yt prince suraunce
Whiche was the cause also of theyr heuynesse
So to refuse duke Philyppes loue causelles
¶ But then the duke of Clarence with power
Came to the duke Lowes of Orlyaunce
Kīg Charles brother, who made hym noble chere
And hym receyued, with full hye reuerence
They two warryed, with mighty suffycience
Vpon the duke of Burgoyne, and hym outrayed
That he went into Burgoyne, all formayed
¶ Then rode the duke of Clarence into Guien
Through Fraunce, with hoste then full royall
And kepte that lande, wt helpe of duke Lewis thē
In whiche meane while, kyng Henry gan fall
In great syknesse, that his strength did pall
With contryte herte, and humble yelden chere
He sayde, O lorde, thy me [...] I requyre.

The .CC .x. Chapiter.

¶ The wordes that the Kynge sayde at hys deathe of hyghe complaynt, but nought of repentaūce of vsurpement of the realme, ne of the restorement of ryght heyres to the crowne

O Lorde he sayde, O God omnipotent
Nowe se I well, thy godhede loueth me
That suffred neuer my foes to haue theyr entent
Of myne persone in myne aduersrte
Ne in myne sycknesse, ne in myne infyrmyte
But ay haste kepte it fro theyr maleuolence
And chastysed me, by thy beneuolence
¶ Lorde I thanke the, with all my herte
With all my soule, and my spirytes clere
This wormes mete, this caryon full vnquerte
[Page CCvii] That some tyme thought in worlde it had no pere
This face so foule, that leprous doth apere
That here afore, I haue had suche a pryde
To purtraye ofte, in many place full wyde.
¶ Of which ryght, nowe yt porest of this lande
Except only, of theyr benignyte
Wolde loth to looke vpon, I vnderstande
Of whiche good lorde, that thou so visyte me
A thousande tymes the lorde in trinyte
With all my herte, I thanke the and cōmende
Into thyne handes, my soule withouten ende.
¶ And dyed so in fayth, and hole creaunce
At Cauntorbury buryed, with greate reuerence
As a kyng shulde be, wt all kynde of circumstaūce
According vnto his hye magnifycence
Besyde the prynce Edward, with great expence
Of Christ was then, a. M. yere full oute
Four hundreth eke, and thirtene oute of doubte.
¶ O very God, what torment had this kyng
The con­ceyte of the maker.
To remember in bryef, and shorte entent
Some in his sherte, put ofte tyme venemyng
And some in meate and drinke great poysonment
Some in his hose, by great ymagenement
Some in bedstraw, yrōs sharpe groūd wel & whet
Enuenemed sore, to slee him, if he had on them set
¶ Some made for hym, diuers enchauntmentes
To waste hym oute, and vtterly destroye
And some gaue hym batayle, full felonoment
In felde within his realme, hym for to noye
[Page] And on them selfes, the hurte and all the anoye
Ay fell at ende that honged were and heded
As traytours ought to bene in euery stede
¶ This kyng dyed, of his reygne in the yere
Fourtene accompted, of Marche yt .xix. daye
The sondaye was then by Kalendre
Of whome the realme, great ioye at first had ay
But afterwarde they loued not his araye
At his begynnyng, full hye he was cōmende
With cōmons then, & also lytell at the ende.

The .CC .xi. Chapiter.

¶ Henry the fyfth, kyng of Englande and of Fraunce, began to reygne the twenty daye of Marche yt was saynte Cuth­bertes daye, and was crowned the ninth daye of Apryl, the yere of Christe, a thousande foure hundreth twenty & two, after he had reigned .ix. yere and an halfe. And in the houre that he was crowned and anointed he was chaunged from all vyces vnto vertuous lyfe, and lycensed the folke to offer vnto Richarde Scrop, and buryed kyng Rychard at West mynster, and graunted to Henry Percy his landes.

HEnry his sōne, yt prynce of wales was thā
On saynt Cuthbertes day in Marche fo­lowynge
Kyng was so, as I remember canne
On passyon sondaye, after was this kyng
Anoynted and crowned, without taryeng
The ninth daye, it was of Apryll so
With stormes fell, and haylestones greate also
¶ In his fyrste yere, the lorde Cobham heretike
[Page CCviii] Confedered with lollers insapient
Lorde Co [...] ham.
Agayne the churche arose, and was full lyke
It to haue destroyed by theyr entendment
Had not the kyng then made suppowelment
And put hym fro the felde, by good direccyon
That sembled were, by greate insurreccyon.
¶ Then fled the lorde Cobham herrorious
To Wales, so with lollers many one
Musyng in his opinyon venemous
Howe that he myght destroye the churche anone
But God that syt in heuen aboue alone
Knowyng his herte, naked of all good entent
Let hym betake, to haue his iudgement
¶ And put he was to prisone in the towre
Of whiche he dyd escape awaye by nyght
And take was agayne within an houre
And after sone dampned, by lawe and ryght
For heresye, by the clergy in syght
And brent he was to ashes deed and pale
Through cursed lyfe, thus came he in greate bale
¶ The houre he was crowned and anoynt
He chaunged was, of all his olde condicyon
Full vertuous he was, fro poynt to poynt
Grounded all newe, in good opinyon
For passyngly without comparyson
Then set vpon all ryght and conscyence
A newe man made, by all good regimence
¶ He gaue leue then of good deuocyon
All men to offer to byshop Scrop expresse
[Page] Without lettynge, or any questyon
He graunted also, of his hye worthynesse
To laye the kyng Rycharde, and Anne doutlesse
His wyfe that was, at Westmynster buryed
As kyng Richard hym selfe had sygnifyed
¶ And fro the freres of Langley where he laye
He caryed hym to Westmynster anone
And buryed hym of royall greate araye
With the quene Anne, in tombe of marbel stone
Full royally arayed, as royals by them sone
And to Henry Percy, he graūted his landes clere
That to the duke of Bedforde, then geuen were
¶ My lorde of Clarence, fro Guyā home agayne
Came to the kyng, with ioye & greate pleasaunce
The second yere, of whome the kyng was fayne
At Leycester then, as made is remembraunce
In his parlyament, without varyaunce
His brother Iohn, duke of Bedforde create
His brother vinfrey, duke of Gloucester of estate
¶ Thomas Beauford, yt was earle of Dorcet
He made duke then, of Excester that whyle
He gaue in charge, that tyme withouten let
Vnto syr Robert there Vinfreuyle
By his wysdome, and manhode that whyle
To treate with the Scottes, to get Henry Percy
Layde in hostage, by his grauntsirez foly.

The .CC .xii. Chapiter.

[Page CCix]

¶ Howe sir Robert Vmfreuile faught at Geteryng the third yere with the Scottes, that had but seuen score speres and three hundreth howes, on Mad [...]lyn day and discomfited of theim .iiii. M. menne & made chase twelfe mile on theim in to their owne land, and went with the kyng to Harflite to the siege with whom I went thether.

THen was it warre betwene vs & Scotland
That sir Robert Vmfreuile might it spede
But at Geteryng wt Scottes hād for hād
He faught on fote, on Maudelyn daye in deede
Wher eightene score Scottes were take I rede
Three score s [...]ain, a thousand putte to flight
With four .C. mēne, discōfited theim fourth right
¶ Twelfe mile thē, he made on theim great chase
In to their land, and home he came again
To his castell of Rokesburgh in that case
Whiche he had then in kepyng soth to sain
Of his greate labour, in harte beyng full fain
With prisoners, many one hurte full sore
Hym self and his, that then had wounded thore
¶ At Lammasse next, the kyng then as he laye
At Southampton, therle of Cambridge toke
The lord Scorp also, and eke sir Thomas Graye
And hedded theim, the cause was who so looke
Emong theim selfes, for thei this counsaill toke
And purposed therle of Marche to croune
Kyng of England, by their prouision

The .CC .xiii. Chapiter.


¶ Howe the kyng wēt in to Normādy and steged Hare­flete and gate it with greate peyn and losse of menne But who maye cas [...] of rennyng hoūdis and many racches but he must lese some of theim.

THE kyng held furth by sea to Normandy
With all his hoste, at Kydcans landed thē
And laied a siege to Hareflete myghtely
On euery side, by land and water wanne
With bulwerkes stoute, and bastell he began
In whiche he putte therle of Huntyngton
Therle of Kent also of greate renoune
¶ Whiche erles twoo, wt other to theim assigned
Cornwaile and Gray, Steward also and Porter
Full greate assautes, made eche daye & repugned
Whiles at last, thei bette the towne toures their
And what the kyng, with fagottes that there were
And his connyng werching vnder the wall
With his gūnes castyng, thei made yt toure to fall
¶ And their bulwerke brent with shot of wildfyre
At whiche place then, therles twoo vp sette
Their baners bothe, without any hyre
The kyng therwith, his gonnes the walles bette
The duke did so, of Clarence without lette
On the ferreside, wher as he then laye
Therle Mountague, did well ther alwaye
¶ The lord Gawcort that thē was their capitain
Of Hare [...]lete tho with other of the toune
Offred then the toune to the kyng full fain
And he with other, to stand at the kynges direcciō
Then made he there, his vncle of greate renoune
[Page CCx] Capitain of it duke of Excester than
And homeward went, through Fraunce like a mā

The .CC .xiiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the kyng came homewarde through Normādy and Picardie, and s [...]ote the battaill of Agyncor [...] wher I was with my maister.

AN hundred mile to Calais had he then
At Agyncourt, so homeward in his waye
The nobles there, of Fraūce afore him wē
Proudly battailled, wt an hūdred thousād in araie
He sawe he must nedes with theim make afraye
He sette on theim, and with theim faught full sore
With nyne thousand, no more with hym thore
¶ The feld he had, and held it all that night
But then came woorde, of hoste and enemies
For whiche thei slewe all prisoners doune right
Sauf dukes and erles, in fell and cruell wise
And then the prees of enimies did supprise
Their owne people, yt mo were dede through pres
Then our menne might haue slain, yt tyme no lese
¶ On our side, was the duke of Yorke ther slain
Therle also of Suffolke worshipfully
And knightes twoo, with other then soth to sain
And at the siege, therle of Suffolke sothely
The father dyed of the flixe contynually
But mikell folke, at that siege yet dyed
Of frute and flixe, and colde were mortified
¶ On yt Frēch partie, yt dukes of Barre & Lorein
[Page] And of Alaunson, in battaill ther were dedde
And take were of Christeans in certain
The duke Lewes of Orliaunce their hedde
The duke of Burbone in that stede
Therle of Vendom and Arthure also of Brytain
And sir Bursigalo [...] marshall of Fraunce certain
¶ And therle of Ewe was taken ther also
Fyue barons also that were at their baner
And fiftene hundred knightes and squyers mo
Were s [...]ain that daye in full knightely maner
With woundes, so as then did apere
As werres would vpon Chrispyn daye
And Chrispynian that sainctes in blisse been aye

The .CC .xv. Chapiter.

¶ Howe themperour and the duke of Holand came to the kyng, the Coūte palatine the duke of Melayn the marquys Farrar, the lorde Mantowe and the marques Mount Ferrete the lorde Moūt Palestrine came with themperour the same tyme, and the duke Bauers and Embeir and the prince of Orenge also

AND in the yere of Christ a thousand clere
Foure hundred also & therwithall fiftene
When this battaill was smiten as dooth apere
In the third yere of his reigne as was seen
To Caleice so he came, and home bee dene
With themperour of Roome sir Sigemond
Vnto hym came then, in to England ground
¶ With a thousand mēne yt were full clene araied
[Page CCxi] The duke of Melayn, the counte Palatyne
The marques Ferrer, yt lord Mantowe wel apay­ed
The coūte Carmeler, the counte Palestryne
With many lordes of the water of the Ryne
And of the Garter was made the secondarye
And in it stalled, for he would not varye
¶ The duke of Holand, then by sea came
With .lx. shippes, in Thamis that did aryue
And to the kyng, he went vnto lambe
To Themperoure after he went belyue
As chronycles then did discryue
Then was he made knight of the Garter
At his desyre, as sayth the chronicler.

The .CC .xvi. Chapiter.

¶ Of the battayle of Sayne, & of the carykes there taken in the sea afore the mouth of Sayne.

THe kyng sent then, yt duke vnto the sea
Of Bedforde, yt with four hūdreth sayles
To vitayl Hare [...]lete, wt therle of Marche no lee
Therle Marshall, without any fayles
With therles armed in plate and mayles
Of Orenforde, Warrewike and Huntyngdon
Of Salisbury, Deuonshire, & many a baron.
¶ Of Arondell also, these erles all
Were in that flote, vnto the noumbre of men
Twenty thousande Herouldes did theim call
On our Lady daye thassumpcion then
All these lordes with many worthy men
[Page] The fyfth yere of the kynge was then expresse
Whē there enemies theim met at Sayn doutelesse
¶ They faught ful sore, afore the water of Sayn
With carrikes many, well stuffed and arayed
And many other shippes great of Hispayne
Barges Balyngers and galeys vnfrayed
Whiche proudly came vpō our shippes vnprayed
And by theuen there sayles aualed were set
Theyr enemyes slayn in battayll, and sore bet
¶ And many dryent, were that daye in the sea
That as our flete rode there then alwaye
Vnto the feast, nexte of his natiuitee
The bodies flete amonge our shippes echeday [...]
Full piteous was, and to see theim ay
That thousādes were .xx. as they then tolde
That taken were, in that same batayll bolde.
¶ In which meane while, whiles our ships there laye
It was so calme, without any wynde
We might not sayle, ne fro thens passe awaye
Wherfore theyr galeys, eche day there gā vs fynd
With ores many, about vs dyd they wynde
With wildfyre oft assayled vs daye and night
To brē [...]e our shippes in that they could or might
¶ The flete came home, than at our Lady day
Frō Sayn, whiche tyme yt kyng then had cōueied
Themperoure then to Caleys on his waye
And home agayn was come right well apayed
Of the welfare of that worthy flete assayed
So well in armes, vnto his hie pleasaunce
[Page CCxii] Vpon his foes, & kepte theim selfe by gouernaūce.

The .CC .xvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the kyng wēt into Fraūce, in the .v. yere of his reigne the seconde time, and landed at Towke in Constantyne in Normandy.

THe king thē in his .v. yere wēt into Fraūce
And landed at Towke and gatte the ca­stell than
And so came with all his ordinaunce
And layde his siege aboute, with many a man
Whiche by processe, at the last he wan
Whiche to Vmfreuile, that thē was erle of Kyme
He gaue to kepe, for great manhode that tyme
¶ Bayons, Falace, Cees, and Argenton
Doumfront, Mortyne and Iuory also
Musterdeuilers, Euerons and Alaunson
Caldebeke and Depe, Arkes, Vnycort tho
With other townes and castels many mo
Gurnaye, Newcastell, Gysours, Estoutuile
Roan, Louers and also Vmfreuile
¶ Pountlarge, Pountoyes & also Pount Dorsō,
Maunte, Vire Balom and also Aueraunce
Castell Galiard, with many other toune
Bolham in Perche, saynt Ioilian in Maunce
Merteyn in Perche, Chirbroke and eke Cōstaūce
Vernell in Perche, Seintlowe and Alauayle
Vernon on Sayn, without any battayle
¶ All Normandy he gate, within two yere
And after then, he trauayled in Fraunce
[Page] For mariage and conuencion clere
Betwene kyng Charles and hym at instaunce
Of duke Philip of Burgoyn, of aliaunce
In whiche tyme, so they were by appoyntment
Accorded well, and clerely condiscent.
¶ That then he wed, his doughter Katheryne
And proclaymed was, then of Fraunce regent
And heritour of Fraunce, by ryght lyne
Of his owne right, fro kyng Edwardes discent
And Normendy and Guyan as appent
Remayn should to hym, and to his heyres
Kynges of Englande euermore, and to theyrs.
¶ Then layde he siege to Melon anone right
Aboue Paris. [...]v. legges vpon Sayn
Whiche by processe and laboure of his might
And full sore siege, full long with passyng payne
He had at laste, of whiche he was full fayn
And toke it, to Vmfreuile erle of Kyme
To haue for euer, ay forwardes fro that tyme
¶ Sauncer in Burgoyn then gate he mightely
And Motreux also, where the duke was buried
Of Burgoyn then, whom he toke vp in hie
And at Dugyon, as it is notified
Hym buried so, in Burgoyn vndenyed
With high honour and great solempnitee
As to suche a prince, of reason ought to bee
¶ And Motreux toke he then to syr Iohn Gray
That then was made erle of Tanōiruile
A manly knight in armes proued aye
[Page CCxiii] And lorde Powes was, by his wyfe that whyle
And emes sonne, vnto therle Vmfreuile
Two better knightes I trowe, there were not thā
Of theyr estate, sith tyme that they began.
¶ At siege of Meloyn, and of all other citees
After folowyng, the kyng of Scotland lay
The prince of Orenge withouten lees
The duke Embarre his sonne and heire alway
That suster sonne then was, full freshe and gay
To kyng Henry at Meloyn, full well arayed
The kyng of Fraūce, with banner hole displayed
¶ The siege helde, fro Midsomer to Christmasse
When kyng Henry at his palayce royall
Of Turnels fayre, besyde the bastell pereles
Of Saynt Antonye helde his hole imperiall
Where then he feasted, these kynges & princes all
Where then therles of Suffolke and of Kyme
With ten men helde the iustes by all that tyme
¶ But whyles the kyng Henry was so in Fraūce
The duke Robert, that was of Albany
Layd about Barwike of great puissaunce
Sixty thousande of Scottes cruelly
Assayled the towne echedaye by and by
The capitayn was syr Robert Vmfreuyle
A knight of the garter, had ben long whyle.

The .CC .xviii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the duke of Albany besieged Barwske, and therle Douglas Rokesburgh in heru [...]ste, in the seuenth yere of [Page] the kyng, and howe Henry Percy erle of Northumberland rescowed Barwike and Roliesburgh, with .vii. score. M. mē, for trust it true, there is no lorde in Englande, that may de fende you agayn Scotlande so well as he, for they haue the hertes of the people by North and euer haue had, and doute it not, the North parte bee your trewe legemen.

THey shot their gonnes, and with their lad­ders scaled
But nought auailed, thei wer so wel of bet
When they our hoste sawe, anone they vnscaled
That stale awaye by night without let
For feare our hoste, vpon theim shulde set
At Baremore then, with .vii. score thousande men
For which the Scottes, fled fro yt duke home then
¶ Vpon the night, and let hym there alone
With his owne men and no mo of weike power
Yet rode he to Norham nere theim anone
And brent the towne, our hoste and he then wer
But two myle of, and durst not come no nere
Wherfore he rode, home then into Scotlande
Our hoste more sone retourned to England
¶ Then syr Robert Vmfreuile, with the garyson
Of Barwike, with his countremen
Folowed after the Scottes, with his penoun
On the hynder ryders, and many of theim then
He toke homewarde, and slewe squyers ten
Within Scotlande, besyde Cherneside towne
And to Berwike came with his garyson.
¶ Therle Douglas, then hight syr Archebalde
Whiche his one eye had lost at Hamyldon
That semed hym well, ay after manyfolde
[Page CCxiiii] At Shrowysbury, for his correccyon
He loste one of his stones, for his raunson
His syege then lefte at Rokesburgh where he laye
And with the duke of Albany rode awaye
¶ The Earles two, of Douglas and Dunbarre
For trewce sent, to Roberte Vmfreuyle
Wardeine of the este marche, full wyse and warre
He wolde none take with them, then for no while
Syth they the trewce had broken, and did fyle
He shuld them holde the warre, to they were faine
To seke peace then, at the kyng agayne.
¶ The kyng was then, in Fraunce hole regent
And Parys had, and all the lande aboute
Troies in Champaine, & Mews in Bry had hent
With all citees, townes and castelles stoute
In all that lande and countree there throughout
Of Mewis he made sir Iohn Graye capitayne
That was lorde Powes, by his wyfe certayne
¶ That tyme syr Raufe Crōwel was gouernour
Of kyng Charles, and Isabell the quene
By kyng Henry ordeyned theyr protectoure
Who kept them at Boys vincent, as was sene
In royall wyse, as to them dyd parteigne
The kyng busy, that tyme in his conqueste
For to set rule in Fraunce, coulde haue no reste
¶ In this meane whyle, sir Robert Vinfreuyle
Wardeine of the March, thought then full great shame
The king in Fraūce, doing so well yt while
He made the warre on Scottes to haue a name
[Page] Two yere complete he wrought thē mekell shame
Thest Marche hole of Scotlande then he brent
And market townes echeone, or that he stente
¶ Howyk Selkirke Ied worth, & all Dunbarre
Laudre also, with all Laudre dale
The forestes also, fro Berwyk that were farre
Of Eteryke Ied worth, and eke all Teuidale
And all the villages in them, both great & small
And none helpe had, but of his countre men
Of the bishopryke, & of Northumberlande then
¶ In this mean time, yt Scottes had great paine
Wherfore therls of Douglas and Dunbarre
To London came, and toke a trewce full fayne
As Vmfreuyle them hight afore the warre
That to the kyng they shulde it seke of farre
Of whiche he kept his hoste then full two yere
For with his warre, he waste the marche full clere

The .CC .xix. Chapiter.

Howe the Kynge and the Quene came into Englaude, in the eyght yere of his reigne.

THe .viii. yere of his reygne, at Cādelmasse
The kinge came home, and brought with hym the quene
That he had wed at Troys, in Chāpein doutlesse
Afore the lordes of Fraunce, as then was wel sene
The duke of Clarence, as men well it mene
He made regent of Fraunce in his absence
To occupye ryght, as his owne presence
¶ The earle of Salisbury, the Mountague
[Page CCxv] He made gouernoure then of Normandaye
Therle of Kyme, a knyght of his full trewe
Marshall of Fraunce, he made full openly
The lordes all, he ordeyned there to lye
Hym to comforte, and to bene attendaunt
To hym, in all that myght hym be pleasaunt
¶ This prynce of princes, in England thē abode
To somer after, eche daye in busynesse
To ordeyne for his passage, and his rode
To Fraūce agayne, in which tyme then doutlesse
I sawe two knightes afore hym then expresse
That none might them accorde, or treate to peace
Ne iustyce none, of fyghting might them cease
¶ The lordes then greatly counsayled the kyng
To make them fynde suretye to kepe the peace
The kyng answered anon without tarying
I shalbe youre borowe nowe or I cease
For of this thyng, I may not longe you prease
But what case fall that slaine is one of you
That other shall dye, to god I make a vowe
¶ They heryng this, anon they were accorde
By frendes that treated, yt time betwene them two
And after that, they were no more at discorde
This was a Iustice of peace, that coulde do so
His offyce kepte, without borowes moo
For when he dyed, Iustyce of peace bode none
But baratours, theyr office kepte anone.
¶ And at the Easter, then in his xv. yere
The duke of Clarence, thenemies had espyed
[Page] At Bangy then for whiche his menne in fere
He sembled, and thyther faste he hyed
On Easter euen, he wolde not bene replyed
With whome were then therle of Huntyngdon
And Somerset the earle, his wyues sonne

The .CC .xx. Chapiter.

Howe on Easter euen, the duke of Clarence smote yt batell of Bawgy, in the yere of Christe, a thousand .iiii. hundreth & twenty, and in the nynth yere of kyng Henry for that yere the feaste of the Annuncyacyon of oure Lady fell on Ester twysdaye, and the date chaunged after that batayle in the Easter weke.

ANd nere at Bawge came Gylberte Vm­freuyle
Marshal of Fraunce, wt .v. horse & no mo
And of good wyt, counsayled hym that whyle
To kepe the churche and goddes seruyce tho
And after the feaste, to seke vpon his foo
And he aunswered hym, yf thou be aferd
Go home thy waye, and kepe the churche yerde
¶ For thou haste bene with the kyng to longe
To make me lese my worshyp and my name
Thou haste ay gote the worshyp euer amonge
And I haue none, thus wolde thou lose my fame
With suche wordes chidyng he dyd hym blame
To whome he sayde, yf that thou be afrayde
And kepe the churche, as thou me nowe hast saide
¶ With yt he saide, my lorde ye haue no menne
With the enemyes, thus hastely to fyght
Youre men wot not of this, ne howe ne whenne
[Page CCxvi] To semble to you of power, ne of myght
For trewly nowe my cousen Graye nowe right
And I haue here but ten men and no mo
But yet ye shall neuer saye we leaue you so
¶ So rode they furth, ay chidyng by the waye
Tyll they to Bawgy, ouer the bridge were gone
Where the enemyes were batayled in araye
Where then they light, & faught with them anon
The duke was slayne yt day there wt his foone
With hym were slayne, then therle Vmfreuyle
And syr Iohn Graye the Earle of Tankeruyle
The lorde Roos, and syr Iohn Lumley
With many other were with hym slayne yt daye
Whose names I can not wryte nor saye
The Earles two, of Huntingdon no naye
Of Somerset also, were taken there I saye
For prysoners, and put to greate raunson
And laye full longe in Fraunce then in pryson
¶ Thenglishe power came, when all was done
And rescowed then, the deed men where they laye
And brought yt lordes home, fro thens thē ful sone
That were there vpon the felde that daye
And buryed them in Englande, in good araye
Echeone in his owne abbaye or colage
Afore founded within his herytage
¶ At Cauntorbury, the duke was of Clarence
Besyde his father kynge Henry buryed
With suche honoure, costage and expence
As the duches his wyfe coulde haue signifyed
[Page] Whiche neded not to bene modifyed
She was so well, within her selfe auysed
Of greate sadnesse, and womanhede preuised.

The .CC .xxi. Chapiter.

Howe the quene wente agayne to Fraunce, & lefte the quene in Englande with chylde, and wanne dyuerse cytees tow­nes and castelles in somer, in the nyngth yere of his reigne

THe kyng then let ye quene in Englande byde
In somer then, the. ix yere of his date
And into Fraunce, agayne he went yt tyde
With heuy harte, to Parys went algate
The castell of Perfount, soone he gate
A royall place of all that men haue sene
The greate cytee of Compyne also I wene.
¶ The cytees also of Cassons Bray and Crayle
Of Owsare also, with many cytees moo
And to Parys agayne without fayle
In his castell of Lowre abidynge tho
Tidynges then came, to him full glad and mo
That of a prynce delyuered was the quene
Of whiche all men reioysed as was sene
Saynt Dionis then, and castell Boys Vynccent
Corbell Pount Melanke, and full great parte of Fraunce
Burgoyne Artoys, and Pycardy to hym sent
To bene his men, without contraryaunce
And eche cytee, to hym sworne in substaunce
Walled townes and castelles euerychone
As hye regent of Fraunce by hym one
¶ Then rode he furth to Bawgy and Orleaunce
Wynnyng the tounes, and citees in his waye
And castelles all, that were of greate defence
Crepy, Lawnesse, and Milly with greate affraye
Nongentle Roy, he gatte with greate araye
Pount Caranton, with many other obeyed
To his highnesse, and were his menne conueghed
¶ The duke of Brytain, then was his manne
For fee belaste, without rebellion
The counte sainct Paule, his manne was then
The duke of Burgoyn, without suspicion
With many other, his menne without collucion
Were sworne thē whole, ye coūtrees in y same wise
Castelles and tounes, eke as he couth deuise
¶ In August so of his reigne the tenth yere
He toke sickenes, and laye at Boy Vincent
In pain strong, as then it did appere
Full like to passe, wherfore in his entent
The duke of Bedford, he made h [...]e regent
Of Fraunce, and of his other landes all
Beyond the sea as chief in generall
¶ And of his soonne Henry, he made custode
Thomas Beauford, his vncle dere and trewe
Duke of Excester, full of all worthy hode
To tyme his soonne, to perfecte age grewe
He to kepe hym, chaungyng for no n [...]
With helpe of his other eme, then fu [...]
The bishop of Wynchester of good a [...]
¶ Therle then of Salisbury manly
[Page] That Mountague then hight by surname
He sette to kepe, then all Normandie
Vnder the regent, as knight of full greate fame
With other lordes, full sage and worthy of name
Therle of Oxenford, and of Suffolke also
Of his counsaill to been with many mo

The .CC .xxii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the kyng dyed the last daye of August the yere of Christ a thousand foure hundred two and twenty and of his reigne the tenth yere, for all his rightwis­nes and iustice that he did, he had no consciēce of vsurpement of the croune.

THe last daye of August then full clere
Of Christ his date, a thousand signified
Foure hundred and twoo and twenty yere
When that this prince of princes so dyed
At Boys Vincent, with death then victoried
That neuer prince in earth might thē haue dooen
But he alone that ruleth sonne and moonne
¶ With whose bones, the quene came to Englād
The kyng of Scottes Iames with hir also
The duke of Excester, as I can vnderstand
Therle of Marche, Edmond Mortimer tho
Rychard Beauchampe, then erle of Warwike so
Humfrey then erle of Stafford, young of age
And erle Edmond, of Morten wise and sage
¶ O good lord God, that art omnipotent
Why streched not thy power and thy might
[Page CCxviii] To kepe this prince, that sette was and consent
With themperour, to conuert Surrey right
And with Christen inhabite, it had hight
Why fauoured so thyne high omnipotence
Miscreaunce more, then his beneuolence
¶ Aboue all thyng, he keped the lawe and peace
Through all England, that none insurreccion
Ne no riotes were then withouten lese
Nor neighbour werre, in faute of correccion
But peasebly vnder his proteccion
Compleyntes all, of wronges in generall
Refourmed were, well vnder his yerd egall

The .CC .xxiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe through [...]we and peace, conserued was the encreaso of his conquest, and els had he been of no po­wer to haue conquered in out landes.

WHen he in Fraunce, was dayly cōuersaunt
His shadowe so obumbred all England
That peace and lawe kept continuaunt
In his absence throughout all this land
And els as I can seyne and vnderstand
His power had been lite, to conquere Fraunce
Nor other realmes, that well were lesse perchaūce
¶ The peace at home, and lawe so well conserued
Were croppe and rote of all his hie conquest
Through whiche ye loue, of God he well deserued
And of his people, by North, South, Est & West
Who might haue slain y prince, or downe him kest
That stode so sure, in rightfull gouernaunce
For common weale, to God his hie plesaunce

The .CC .xxiiii. Capiter.

¶ Henry the sixte kyng of England and of Fraunce that fled in to Scotland without cause, on Palme­sondaye the thirty and nyne yere of his reigne, and of Christ a thousand foure hundred three score and one, began to reigne the yere of Christ a thousand foure hundred twenty and twoo.

HEnry his soōne, thē not .iii. quarters olde
King Hē ry yt sixte
That borne was at. s Nicholas daie afore
At Windesore, so as yt realme thē would
Vnto the croune, succede as he was bore
All England hole, by might of lordes thore
The duke of Gloucester then disired
To haue the kepyng of the kyng enspired
¶ The bishop of Wynchester it withstode
With all the lordes there, hole of his assent
Then would he haue been, as for yt next of bloode
Leuetenaunt then of England and regent
The bishop aye, withstode all his entent
That chaūceler was, by yt fifth kyng Henry made
And so furth stode, and in thoffice bade
¶ For cause he was so noyous with to dele
And office would he haue and gouernaunce
Wherfore thei made hym, for the common wele
Protectour of the realme by ordinaunce
The duke of Glou­cester protectour of Englād.
To kepe the land, fro mischief and varyaunce
The kyng of Fraunce, for sorowe then dyed
The quene his wife also, as was notified
¶ The lord Cromwell, lost therof nothyng
For he had bothe theim in his gouernaunce
[Page CCxix] And home then came, when buryed was the kyng
Charles of Fraunce, with worthy ordenaunce
Quene Isabell also with purueaunce
Accordaunt well to their royall estate
With costages greate, as was preordinate
¶ The first daye of the moneth of Septembre
He gan to reigne, then was a thousand yere
Foure hundred as I can remember
Twenty and twoo accompted then full clere
As I finde write in the chronicler
But not crouned for tendernes of age
Nor yet anoynte, for dred of youthes outrage
¶ The duke of Bedford, stode so furth ay regent
The duke of Bed­fordregēt of fraūce.
The duke of Gloucester, here was so protectour
The bishop of Wynchester by perlyament
Was chaunceller and hiest gouernour
Of the kyng his persone and his greate socour
His godfather and his fatheres eme
And supportour was, moost of all this realme
¶ The regēt then, of Fraunce wed Anne his wife
The duke his suster of Burgoyn, good and faire
The duke of Brytain, hir suster knowen rife
Had wed afore without any dispeire
Whiche was lady of greate repeire▪
Whiche dukes twoo were sworne and aliede
With the regent to stand strongly fortified

The .CC .xxv. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the regent wt lordes of Englād smote the vattaill of Vernoyle in Perche, in ye third yere of kyng Henry yt .vi.

¶ Therle of Boughan and therle Douglas
Therle of Wigton with power of Scotland
And lordes of Fraunce, to gether assembled was
Wher the regent with lordes of England
At Vernoyle in Perche, as I can vnderstand
Faught wt theim sore, & slewe the Scottes cruelly
And bade theim thynke emong on Bawgy
¶ The regent had the felde and victorie
With greate honour and laude full comfortable
Therles were ther, with hym of Salisbury
Of Suffolke also, that were full honorable
The lord Wiloughby, full fortunable
The lord Scales of greate and hie corage
With many other of the baronage
¶ Therle of Ewe, and his brother manly
Faught in that feld, and gate aworthy name
And many mo, did tho full doughtely
I dare well saie, was none therfore to blame
All other also, whiche that were worthy of fame
I would haue wrytē, if I had knowen their mede
But to heraldes, I will commit their deede
¶ Thei sleugh therles, of Boughan & Douglas
And of Wigton, of Scotland that wer there
The lord of Enermeth, of Scotland then was
With greate people, that dedde then there were
Our Englishmenne, full manly theim bere
The regent was there, that daye a lion
And faught in armes, like any champion

The .CC .xxvi. Chapiter.

[Page CCxx]

¶ Howe Mountague erle of Salisbury layde siege to Orle aunce and was slayne there.

THerle of Salisbury, then Mountague
With great power, layd siege to Orliaūce
Wher slayn he was, for whō men sore gan rewe
So manly was his knightly diligence
He laboured euer in marciall excellence
Vnto the tyme as would thende of fate
With a quarell was slayne infortunate
¶ And buried was, in Englande that yere
With greate worshippe and hie solempnitee
Richard Neuell had wed, his doughter clere
And erle was made, that tyme by her in fee
The regent then, of great nobilitee
By counsell of the duke then of Burgoyn
Kepte Fraunce full well, without any essoyn
¶ Then died his wife, and wed then sone agayn
The countee seynt Paules, sister of Fraunce
That leegeman was to kyng Henry certayne
To the regent sworne, as by full greate assuraūce
With true seruice, and all trewe aliaunce
He kepte bothe Fraunce, and eke all Normandy
In peace and rest, full well and worthely
¶ Therle Richarde of Warwike, kepte the kyng
By all this tyme, sith the duke was dead
Of Excester, that first hym had in kepyng
Therle Richard, in mykell worthyhead
Enfourmed hym, but of his symplehead
He coulde litle, within his brest conceyue
The good from eiuill, he could vneth perceyue.

The .CC .xxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the kyng was enoynted and crouned in England in the yere of Christe a thousande .CCCC. and .xxix. and of his reigne the .viii. yere. And afterwarde he was crouned in Fraunce, the yere a thousand .CCCC. and .xxxi. and of his reigne the .x. yere, in whose presence the regent ceased of his office, for whiche he was wroth with the cardinall is vncle for asmuche as the kynge was there presente, therfore there shulde bee no regente.

THe kyng then in his .viii. yere in Englande
At Westmynster vpō saynt Leonardes daye
The sondaye then, as I can vnderstande
And of Christ was then, a thousande full I saye
Foure hundreth and .xx. and .ix. no naye
He crouned was, with all solempnitee
By whole assent of lordes and commontee.
¶ Then of his reigne, accompte the .x. yere
To Fraunce he went, wher then at saynt Denys
His fathers eme, the cardinall full clere
Hym crouned fayre, with bishoppes there full wise
The regent was there, with suche seruice
As was due of reason, and to hym appent
The duke of Burgoyne, also obedient.
¶ The duke also, was there of Britayne
The counte saynt Paule, and the duke Embarre
Therle of Foys, with other lordes of Guyan
The prouoste of Parys, with other great repaire
Of lordes, knightes, and many ladyes fayre
The gouernours of all the great citees
And prelates fele and Barons for there fees.

The .CC .xxviii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the lorde Cromwell was chamberleyne in Fraunce at his coronacion, and discharged at his commyng home in to Englande, and the duke of Bedforde regent of Fraunce died, and then yt duke of Burgoyne was made regent a yere and then therle of Warwike was made regent a yere & died at Roan in the castell.

THe lorde Cromwel was his chamberlayn
Who was so wise, he was of great record
His homagers, as to hym did perteyne
In Fraunce that tyme, by good and trewe accorde
For his fees, as they and he concorde
Of Christes date, was then a thousande yere
Foure hundreth also and one and thyrty clere,
¶ The regēt died, for whō was made great mone
Then bothe councels of Englande and of Fraūce
Chose the duke of Burgoyn then anone
To regent of that lande, for great affiaunce
That kepte it well a yere in all assuraunce
But sone thereafter, with the dolphyn accorde
And was his man, as then was well recorde
¶ Therle Richard of Warwike then conceyued
Of the symplesse and great innocense
Of kyng Henry, as he it well perceyued
Desired to be discharged of his diligence
About the kyng, and by his sapience
Was sent to Fraunce and so was regent
And kepte it well in all establishement.
¶ Tyll that he dyed, out of this worlde awaye
[Page] For whom great mone was made and lamentaciō
For his wisedome, and for his manhode ay
For his norture and communicacion
He stode in grace of hie commendacion
Emonge all folke vnto the daye he died
Regent of Fraunce, full greately laudified.

The .CC .xxix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the duke of Burgoyn besieged Calys and set vp his bastell there, and howe the duke of Gloucester rescowed it.

THe duke of Burgoyn, then to Calis came
And set a bastell then afore the toune
The which therle of Morteyn, by his name
Edmond Beaufort, as made is mencion
With soudyours it gatte and bet it downe
The duke wēt home, and left the siege with shame
When he our flete sawe, saylyng on thesame
¶ The protectour with his flete, at Calys then
Did lande, and rode into Flaunders a litle waye
And litle did, to counte a manly man
But that the siege, for hym then fled awaye
The duke distracte, sore sycke was many a daye
For sorowe and shame, he helde hym out of sight
Many a yere, he went not out to fight.

The .CC .xxx. Chapiter.

¶ Howe kyng Iames of Scotlande besieged syr Raulfe Gray in Renkesburgh, and howe Henry Percy erle of Northum­berlande rescowed it with seuen score thousande men.

IN yt same tyme also, of Scotlād kīg Iames
To Rēkesburgh cā, & layd his siege about
Syr Raulfe Graye, thē kept it frō all sha­mes
Agayn his sautes, yt then were full stoute
Therle then of Northumberlande throughout
Raysed vp the lande, and when he came it nere
The kyng trumped vp and went awaye full clere
¶ Who sawe euer afore, two hostes royall
So easely without stroke discomfite
Of diuers landes, and neither had a fall
And on no parte, smote no stroke perfite
The cōce [...] of yt maker touchynge kīg Iames.
But for the shadowes, that were imperfite
Of our hostes so fled and sawe nothynge
But vmbres two, of our hoste then commynge
¶ But thus I deme, tho princes wer forswore
The kyng of Scottes, the duke of Burgoyn eke
That they not durst on no grounde abide therfore
Their vntruthes, made there hertes feynt & seeke
Truste neuer their manhode after worth a leeke
That vncompelled forsworne or wilfully
Shall neuer after haue honour ne victorie
¶ Take hede ye lordes, of these great princes two
What came of theim, in shorte tyme after this
The kyng murthered, at home in Scotlande tho
The duke was wod, and frantike for his misse
Thus vengeaunce fell vpon theim bothe I wysse
Alas a prince shulde haue suche cowardise
To be vntrewe or false in any wise
¶ Sith he nede nought, so strecheth ay his power
[Page] To kepe his trouthe, and make his [...]o thesame
To kepe to hym with strength of sworde full clere
Or els destroye his land, and all his fame
And put hym so to foule and open shame
For periury occupied, and lawe vnpreserued
Caused many a man, for to bee ouerterued.

The .CC .xxxi. Chapiter.

¶ Howe therle of Stafforde was .ii. yere regent of Normandy and howe therle of Huntyngdon was other two yere, and howe Richard duke of Yorke was regent of Normandy. vii yere with holden, and afterwarde was made liuetenaunte of Irelande.

BVt after then therle of Stafforde went
With power strong, to kepe all Normādy
Two yere with holde, wt all lordes assent
Whiche well he keped, and full honorably
With litle losse, of places fewe sodenly
By enemyes won, that might not longe ben holde
And home he came, when spended was his golde
¶ Then went therle thyther of Huntyngdon
That kept that lad, with sad and trewe seruice
With great power, truely vnto the croune
For all the foes, and eke the kynges enemyes
And fewe places loste, ne had no great supprise
And home he came agayn, at two yeres ende
When his wages were gone and all hole spende
And after hym the duke of Yorke full ying
Thether was sent, with great power royall
[Page CCxxiii] And regent was, of all that longed to the kyng
And kepte full well Normandye in especyall
But Fraunce was gone, afore ingenerall
And home he came, at seuen yere ende agayne
With mekell loue of the lande certayne
¶ The duke of Yorke, sent was then to Irelande
Leuetenaunt then he was there many a daye
And greate thanke there, and loue of all the land
He had amonge the Iryshe alwaye
And all the Iryshe, beganne him to obey
He ruled that lande full well and worthely
As dyd afore, his noble auncetrye

The .CC .xxxii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Edmonde Duke of Somerset, was made keper of Normandy.

THe kyng then made yt marquis of Dorset
Edmōd Beauford, at ye cardinals request
Without delay, then duke of Somerset
And sent hym fourth anon withoute reste
To Normandye, to kepe it for his beste
But in his tyme Fastolfe and Kyriell
Discomfyte were, in batayle sore and fell
¶ Where .vii. M. Englyshe were ouerthrowe
Wherfore the Frenche, assembled newe eche daye
And gate the lande ay, by and by on rowe
For whiche the duke wrote his letters ay
Vnto the kyng and his councell alwaye
For more power, & elles he myght not byde
To kepe the lande, ye French were of suche pryde
¶ He coulde none get, this land was thē so pylde
Through war of Fraūce, they wolde not hī releue
So was the lande wt Frenchmen wonne & welde
With siege eche daye, and sautes fell and breue
The Frenche nought reste yt tyme a daye to eue
We loste more then, certayne within two yere
Then kyng Henry gate in seuen clere
¶ Then was the kyng come vnto mannes age
Wherfore the lordes, wolde no protector
Wherfore the duke loste his great auauntage
And was no more then after defensour
But then he fell in a greate errour
Moued by his wyfe Elianor Cobham
To truste her so, men thought he was to blame
¶ He waxed then straunge, eche day vnto yt kyng
For cause she was foriudged for sossery
For enchaunmentees, yt she was in workyng
Agayne the churche, and the kyng cursedly
By helpe of one mayster Roger Donly
And into Wales he went of frowardnesse
And to the kyng had greate heuynesse
¶ Wherfore ye lordes then of the kinges coūsaile
Made the kyng to set his hye parlyament
At Burye then, whether he came without fayle
Where in parlesey he dyed incontynent
For heuynesse, and losse of regyment
And ofte afore, he was in that sykenesse
In poynt of death, and stode in sore destresse
¶ When of the kyng was .vii. and twenty yere
[Page CCxxiiii] Then he so dyed in full and h [...] creaunce
As a christen prince of royall bloude full clere
Contryte in herte with full greate repentaunce
With mouth confessed, to Goddes hye pleasaunce
Vnto the earth, that is all fleshe his neste
His body went, his soule to heauens reste
¶ And of the kyng, the .xxix. yere
In Maye▪ the duke of Suffolke toke the sea
On pilgramage to passe, as dyd apere
With Brigauntes then with compassed enmyte
Hym slewe and heded with full great cruelte
Agayne assuraunce of the kynges proteccyon
That worthy were the death for insurreccyon
¶ That same yere then at the hye parlyament
Was made a playne, and a hole resumpcyon
Of all the landes by sad and hole aduysement
Whiche the kyng had geuen of his affeccyon
To any wyght by patent, or conccssyon
Then taxe ceased, and dymes eke also
In all Englande then raysed were no mo.

The .CC .xxxiii. Chapiter.

¶ The duke of yorke, was made protectour and chyef of councell, the thyrty yere of kyng Henry the sixte, and the Earle of Salisbury was chaunceller of Englande.

THe duke of Yorke then made was protec­tour
And gouerned wel but .ii. yere not endured
Discharged he was, wt passing great mur mour
Of cōmons hole, amonge them thē ensured
To helpe hym so, with power auentured
[Page] For he was set, the comon wele to auayle
By his laboure, and his hole counsayle.
¶ But ay the better, that he to God was set
The more were other, by worde and dede
The contrarye to laboure, and to let
His good purpose, to pursue and to spede
So that he had no hap for to procede
For sotell menne hym let ay at the ende
The cōmon wele to mayntene and amende.
¶ The Earle Richard also of Salisbury
So was disposed, in all thynges to the same
Whiche was the cause of theyr death fynally
For whiche of ryght, ne muste folowe blame
Their lyues well kepte, had bene without shame
For tho princes two, died in their kynges right
For the publike wele, of eche Englishe wight
¶ The .xxx. yere this was then of the kyng
When they the kyng, then had in gouernaunce
And ruled hym well, in all maner thyng
And made good rule, and noble ordynaunce
Auoyding all misrule, and misusaunce
For worshyp of the kyng, and of his realme
Without doubte, or any other probleme.

The .CC .xxxiiii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the Earle of Northumberlande, the duke of Somer­set and the lorde Clyfforde were slayne at saynte Albones the thyrty and .iiii. yere of his reigne, where yt duke of yorke the Earle of Salisbury, and the earle of Warwike toke the [Page CCxxv] kyng, [...] kept hym in good rule, the twenty & two days of Maye, that was then the Thursdaye next of Pen teco [...]t the yere of Christ a thousand foure hūdred & lv.

THei were put by from all their good entent
And straūge were hold, after many a daye
To the thirty yere and thre by hole consent
At sainct Albones, then vpon the thursdaye
Accompted then next afore Witsondaye
Thei slewe the duke Edmond, then of Somerset
For cause he had the realmes wele so lette
¶ Therle then of Northumberland was there
Of sodein chaunce, drawen furth with the kyng
And slain vnknowne, by any manne ther were
The lord Clifford ouer busie in werkyng
At the barres theim mette sore fightyng
Was slain that daye vpon his owne assaut
As eche manne saied, it was his owne defaute
¶ Therle of Wiltshire with fiue hundred menne
Fled fro the kyng full fast that tyme a waye
The duke of Buckyngham, was hurte there then
The kyng thei tooke, and saued in good araye
To Wistminster with hym thei tooke the waye
And ruled hym well, in all prerogatife
As kyng of right, without any strife

The .CC .xxxv. Chapiter.

¶ Howe yt lord Audely faught with therle of Salisbury at Bloreheth at Mighelmas terme, in the thirty and eight yere of his reigne.

¶ Yet were these lordes, voyde fro yt kyng again
The duke of Yorke, and therle of Salisbury
Therle also of Warwike, nought to layn
Without cause, I can not remembre why
But at Bloreheth, the lord Audely in hie
With therle of Salisbury faught full sore
Therle preuailed, and Audely slain was thore
¶ The thirty yere and eight of the kyng
And so he went to Ludlowe on his waye
The duke of Yorke, in Wales had shippyng
To Ireland then he went, full well awaye
Therles of March, and Salisbury that daye
And of Warwike, as God it had purueighed
To Calais went, their waye no thyng denied

The .CC .xxxvi. Chapiter.

¶ Of the battaill of Northampton, wher the Earle of March, & therle of Warwike preuailed & led the king to Westminster & kept hym there, the yere of his rei­gne right and thirty, and the yere of Christ a thousād foure hundred nyne and fiftie, and slewe the duke of Bokyngham, therle of Shrowisbury tresorer of En­gland, the lord Beaumont, sir Thomas Percy, lord Egremond, and led the kyng with theim to London and gouerned hym full well and worthely, the tenth daye of Iuly.

AT Couentree, the king in his parlyament
Proclaimed theim all thre for rebellours
But afterward, all three of one assent
At Northampton came, as worthy warriours
In somer after, to been the kyng his socours
[Page CCxxvi] Wher then the duke of Buckyngham, theim met
With power greate, and trust haue theim ouerset
¶ Therle of Shrewesbury was with hym thore
The lord Baumount, with hym was also
The lord Egremount, full stout in feate of warre
Whiche foure were slain, with mikell people mo
Beside Northampton, on the Thursdaye tho
The third daye of the moneth of Iuly
And in the reigne of the kyng, eight and thirty
¶ Thei saued the kyng, & kept hym sauf & sound
With greate honour, therle of Marche Edward
Therle also of Warwike, in that stound
And with hym rode, so furth to London ward
Full worshipfully, thei kept hym thens forward
In all state royall as did append
And as his menne vnto hym did attend

The .CC .xxxvii. Chapiter.

¶ Howe the battaill of Wakefeld wher the North par­tie preuailed, was the fifth daye of Christmasse, and of the kyng his reigne the nyne and thirty.

THen in the winter, afore the Christemas
The duke of Yorke, therle of Salisbury
Therle of Rutland, with theim I gesse
With power greate, for their aduersarie
To saue theim selfes, as then was necessarie
At their owne weld at Yool, so then had been
The robberies there, to haue staunchid clene
¶ Wher thē yt lordes, of ye North were assembled
[Page] And faught with theim at Wakefeld thē full sore
And slewe theim downe, whiles thei were dissēbled
And gate the feld that daye vpon theim thore
And Southward came thei, then therfore
To sainct Albones vpon the fastyngange eue
Wher then thei slewe, the lorde Bonuile I leue

The .CC .xxxviii. Chapiter,

¶ Howe therle of Northumberland, the lord Neuell and the North partie, faught at sainct Albones yt seuētene daye of Feueryere, and slewe the lord Bo [...]nuile [...] six Thomas Kiryell and many other, the thirty and nyne yere of the kyng, and the yere of Christ a thou­sand foure hundred & sixty, and led the king to Yorke.

AND sir Thomas Kyriell also of Kent
With mekell folke, that pitee was to se
And spoyled fast, ay homeward as thei wēt
Without rule, into their countree
Thei sette theim nought, on rule and equitee
Ne to kepe lawe nor peace, in nokynd wyse
Howe might thei dure long, in suche a guyse
¶ But then the kyng, alone left on the feld
Came to the quene, and went to Yorke his waye
With the North partie, that thē so with hym held
The duke of Excester with hym went a waye
The duke of Somerset, it is no naye
Therle also then of Deuenshire
And sir Iames Drmond erle of Wiltshire
¶ The lord Moleyns, the lord Roos also
The chief Iudge, and sir Rychard Tunstall
The lord Ryuers, the lord Scales his soonne also
[Page CCxxvii] The lord Welles, and Wiloughby with all
Sir Wyllyam Tailboys, so did befall
And many other, went to the North partie
For to maintein then the sixte kyng Henry

The .CC .xxxix. Chapiter.

¶ Howe Edward duke of Yorke and erle of Marche toke on hym yt roiall charge for the wele of the realme the fourth daye of Marche, the yere of Christ a thou­sand foure hundred and sixty, folowed kyng Henry that refused tho the rule of the land and gaue vp Berwike to the Scottes, and fled in to Scotlād and gaue battaill to the North partie at Feribrig on Palme­sondaye, wher kyng Edward the fourth preuailed, the yere of Christ a thousand foure hūdred sixty and one whiche was then the twenty and nyne daye of Mar­che, foure dayes after our lady daye that tyme.

THe duke Edward, of March thē ye .iiii. day
Of Yorke full young, therle of Marche was then,
By counsaill of the lordes, by south menne saye
Bothe spirituall and temporall, as mēne saie then
Vpon hym toke, estate royall and began
To reigne as kyng, and with hym reised the land
With lordes fele, by south I vnderstand
¶ At Towton feld, he faught on Palmesondaye
Wher then therle Henry of Northumberland
The lord Neuell, the lord Clifford that daye
The lord Dacres were dedde I vnderstand
The kyng Henry, then out of the land
To Berwike toune, yt stounte in Scotland groūd
With certain lordes, and with the quene yt stound
¶ And gaue the toune and castell to the Scottes
By whole assent of his simple counsaill
Whiche might well bee accompted then for sottes
As foules that were then, of no gouernaill
In to Scotland, with foule misgouernaill
The quene Margarete, and the dukes both twoo
Of Excester, and Somerset fled also
¶ The lord Roos, and eke the lord Moleyns
And the chief Iudge, that called was Forscue
And Tailboys also, with other eiuill capitains
That after shall, full sore repent and rewe
If thei also well as I, nowe Scotland knewe
Thei would not so, haue hasted thitherward
From the presence and grace, of kyng Edward
¶ Kyng Edward thus had then the victorie
With his lordes and menne that were full trewe
That halpe hym so, and were contributorie
To wyn his right, whiche then the people knewe
To Yorke he went, and found it not vntrewe
To Duresme also, and to the Newcastell
That to hym were, as trewe as any stele
¶ At Yorke was hedded, that time and decollate
Therle that then was of Deuenshire
And at the Newcastell, so destinate
Hedded then was therle of Wiltshire
The kyng then sette, the land at his desire
Saue castelles fewe, wt force that then were hold
By North and West, with rebell manyfold
¶ And South he went, for his disporte and pla [...]e
[Page CCxxviii] At Leycestre helde he then his great counsayl
In the moneth that then was called Maye
And ordeyned there for good gouernayl
Of al his realme, that enemies nought it assayle
Then in wynter, Margarete that had bene quene
Fro Fraunce so came by shippe, as then was sene
¶ Into Scotlande, with .iiii. thousande Frēchmē
Of soudyours, for whiche the kynge anone
With hoste royall, to Durisme came he then
And sent therle of Warwike agayn his fooen
Therle of Kent also, with good menne many one
They layde a siege, to the castell of Bamburgh
And to the castell also of Dunstanburgh
¶ Syr Raulfe Percy, and the duke of Somerset
Delyuered theim to the kyng by poyntment
By whiche the kyng, without any let
Gaue the kepyng of theim incontynent
Vnto syr Raulfe Percy of good entent
And Alnewike castell was kepte many a daye
To rescouse came, and fet theim thens a waye
¶ Whiche stode in stale, not ferre from the castell
But .viii. thousande, to whom the castelleyns
Came anone out, as men were there to tell
With horse & harnes, & home rode through yt playnes
Into Scotlande, as good & wise chieftayns
I can well thynke, it was a manly dede
To noye theyr foes, and helpe theimselfes at nede
¶ My lorde Vmfreuile, whom that I dyd serue
Sayd to me, it was the best thyng might befall
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