THE Copie of a Letter, sent by an English Gentleman out of France, to a friend of his in England, concerning the great victorie which the French King obtained against the Duke de Maine, and the Romish rebels in his Kingdome, vpon the fourth daie of March last past. 1589.

Wherein is particularly expressed the names of sundrie noble men, with the number of horse­men & footmen which were drowned, slaine, hurt, and taken prisoners in the sayd Battaile.

[printer's or publisher's device]

LONDON Printed for William Wright. 1590.

THE COPY OF A LET­ter, sent by an English Gentleman forth of France, to a friend of his in England, concerning the great victorie which the French King obtained against the Duke de Maine, and the Romish rebels in his Kingdom, vpon the fourth daie of March last past. 1589.

MY good Friend,

the manifold curte­sies by me sundrie waies receiued at your handes, makes me not to bee vnmindfull of you, and the ra­ther for that I finde you not slack to signifie vnto me from time to time, such newes as Englande affordeth, I thought it good there­fore to make requitall of some part of your paines by certefieng vnto you, the most happie and ioyfull newes now generally knowne for truth throughout the whole Realme of France. The circumstance whereof at large deserueth a stately stile, a large volume, and to be regestred in letters of golde, such and so rare an euent the Almightie hath brought to passe, to the great comfort of the Kings Maiestie (whome God preserue and prosper) to the great benefit and ioy of all his dutifull and loiall subiects, [Page 3] which now by the prouidence of God doth daily increase: and to the great discouragement of all the enemies to Christian religion, which to recorde or discourse by circumstance at large, I leaue to those of deepe skill and sufficient learning, to enroll amongst the noble actes of the most renowmed and valiantest of our age. Onely to you I doe heare send a briefe particular of his Maiesties good fortune happened vp­pon the fourth daie of March last past. A matter containing so great certaintie, and yet so incredible (for that the enemie was three to one in the field) as doth make men wonder at the same, and hardly beleeue it. But there is nothing vnpos­sible to compasse or obtaine where God is the guide, nor nothing prospereth or preuaileth where Gods assistance wanteth, as I could proue by many examples: What pow­er can preuaile to fight against Gods truth, then the which, nothing is of more force, as appeareth by that which en­sueth.

It is not vnknowen vnto you by our last conference to­gether at your lodging, where conferring with a Gentle­man that had trauelled into France vpon the present state of that Countrie, he declared that then the state was verie dangerous, and the land was diuided into three seuerall fac­tions, which is since altered into two, the one very lawfull, being vnder the conduct of the lawfull King: the other a greater and of more danger, for that they are Traitours to their King, stirred vp in the life time of the bloudthirstie Duke of Guize, who became the onely capitall enemie a­gainst Christian religion, and the professours thereof throughout all Christendom, as appeared by the great mur­ther, massacre and slaughter of many thousandes by him and his associates inflicted and committed at Paris in his life time vppon the professours of the reformed Religion: who as he liued, died: hee slaughtered innocentes, and ba­thed in their bloud, till other requited him with the lyke death.

After which, [...] in the right of the Guize for the succession to the Crowue and Kingdome of France, (who had no right at all thereunto) the Duke de Maine, a man supported and maintained by the Pope and all the sworne e­nemies to the Gospell, was found by them the fittest cham­pion in that Countrie, to rebell and rise vp in armes against the King, being no loyall subiect, but a rebellious Traitor to the Crowne of France. For after the death of the French King, he tooke vpon him the title of the King, and in most disloiall sorte repugned against the lawfull and Christian King Henrie of Nauarre, now since proclaimed and repu­ted the lawfull successour to the crowne and kingdome. All which notwithstanding the Duke de Maine resisted his au­thoritie, by meanes of the great forces sent him by the Po­pish enemies, and to the entent to displace and depose him vnlawfully, hath with his power sundry times set vpon the Kinges Forces, and taken his chiefest Cities and walled Townes, and doeth withhold them vnlawfully from the King, contrarie to the dutie of a naturall subiect, so that after many late battailes and skirmishes, one onely battayle was fought vpon the fourth day of March aforesaid, where the enemy was thirtie thousand strong in the field, the King not hauing aboue ten thousand in all: besides there was newly come foorth of the low Countries fiue thousand foote-men, and fouretéene Coronets of Horse-men, all which were ta­ken, slaine, and put to the sword, twelue hundred of the Hor­ses were drowned, and the rest taken by the Kings Souldi­ers. Before the Battaile began, for that the enemy was more then thrée to one, (the King then being in such a place where he must fight it out or die) tooke courage and comfor­ted his Souldiers, shewing them that the cause was a iust cause, and did repose therefore his trust in God onely: in whose quarrell he fought, and he would defend him from the furie of his enemies, as he had sundry times before deliuered him from the like dangers: willing his Souldiers not to be [Page 4] daunted with the multitude which came towards them: for said hee, I will bee the foremost, and will spende my dearest blood before any of you shall perish: which wordes did so en­courage the Souldiers that they fell to it, and got to a firme and faire péece of ground, being of great compasse, and kept that ground still and woulde not giue backe, whereby the enemy might haue any aduantage: who for want of ground to fight and stirre themselues, the multitude pestered one an other, so that their great multitude and want of roome was the greatest cause of their ouerthrowe, which the King perceiued, and encouraged his men to fight, who verie fiercely laide vpon the enemy, and broke their ranke and disordered their Battaile, whereupon the King to the great discomfort of the enemy, stept to the Standard bearer of the enemies Army, hee tooke away the Standard with his owne handes, and slue the bearer thereof, which did so encourage his Souldiers, that they fell to it so fiercely, as that they constrained the Duke to flie, when hee sawe his owne brother slaine before his face, and was almost taken in the flight. The King had the enemy in the Chase seuen Leagues, wherein there were a thousand men of name and account taken prisoners. The Counti [...] Egmont was slaine in this Battaile, and Mounsieur de la Mount, was taken prisoner. Foure hundreth golden Chaines and more, were found in the rifling of the Waggins, and seuen hun­dred Chosts of pillage taken by the King, besides the Dukes Casket, wherein was enclosed his chiefest Letters of priui­tie. All the Switzers haue surrendred themselues to the sub­iection and obedience of the King: And the enemies chiefest field Péeces were taken.

Thus was the enemies Forces, greatly weakened and scattered, so that it is very likely Parris and the chiefest Townes and places now repugnant against him, will not long hold out, but yeeld themselues spéedily to his Maiesties mercy. God be blessed, he hath wonderfully preserued this [Page 5] godly and christian Prince from dan̄ger, being still the most forwardest in the fight, and chased them almost eight houres togither. The God of heauen prosper him and all the fauou­rers of the Christian Religion, that they may beate downe such as seeke the confusion thereof, and giue his enemies grace to see their owne folly and leaue their blind ignorance, that either their conuersion may be speedily seene, with re­pentance of their former follies, or els their destruction pre­sently come vpon them, which God grant speedily, for his mercies sake, Amen.

Your louing friend, T. B.

Another letter the 6. of March.

THe kings Maiesty sent for the gouernour and the Nobility, and for prouision of pow­der to giue battail to the Duke de Maine. The Duke pressed vpon the King, by rea­son of his Wallons, being foure thousand foote and one thousand horse. The gouer­nour in the way met with two companyes of footemen and discomforted them: and tooke theyr Captayn prisoners to Font delarche, vpon his arriuall the King gaue battayl to the Duke, and put him to the worse. The Duke fled, most of the Burgonians were slaine, his ordinance lost: and foure thousand Switzers were receaued to mercy and the seruice of the King. Mounsier Mountpensier did very valiantly, he was a little hurt in the head, the Cownt Egmont Con­ductor of the Spaniards and Wallons, was slain and their standard taken: the King was forced to the battayl by the Duke, and therefore could not refuse it. The Duke was moued thereto by the Popes legat, through discontemnent grown among them of Paris, by reason of the charges they [Page 6] had [...]e put vnto by the Duke and no ser [...]e done, and therefore grew to a [...]tation, whether better to yéeld to the King, or to those of the league: Sundry of the chéefest murmured at the motion of Spayn, which being obserued, were the night folowing apprehended and committed to pri­son. This deuision was the cheefe cause that the leggat made [...]e of battel, whereas the Duke was obedient. To conclude, the enemy was thrée to one, and yet God bee pray­sed few on the Kings side were hurt and the most part of the enemies were drownd, slayn, hurt, and taken prisoners in the battell.

The names of such chiefe persons as were slain and hurt on the enemies side.
  • Slaine.
    • The County Egmont
    • The Duke Brunswicke general of the Reisters.

This keyboarded and encoded edition of the work described above is co-owned by the institutions providing financial support to the Text Creation Partnership. Searching, reading, printing, or downloading EEBO-TCP texts is reserved for the authorized users of these project partner institutions. Permission must be granted for subsequent distribution, in print or electronically, of this EEBO-TCP Phase II text, in whole or in part.